Tutorial

2

TA. Muneerah Al-Eidi

NET 331

Office 2010 -

Building 9

Multiple Choices:
1. The process-to-process delivery of the entire message is the responsibility of the ________ layer. a. Network b. Transport c. Application d. Physical 2. The ________ layer is the layer closest to the transmission medium. a. Physical b. Data link c. Network d. Transport 3. Mail services are available to network users through the ______ layer. a. Data link b. Physical c. Transport d. Application 4. As the data packet moves from the lower to the upper layers, headers are _______ a. Added b. Subtracted c. Rearranged d. Modified 5. As the data packet moves from the upper to the lower layers, headers are ________ a. Added b. Removed c. Rearranged d. Modified 6. The ________ layer lies between the network layer and the application layer. a. Physical b. Data link c. Transport d. None of the above

7. Layer 2 lies between the physical layer and the ________ layer. a. Network b. Data link c. Transport d. None of the above

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Transport c.8. Physical layer c. The ________ layer changes bits into electromagnetic signals. Dialogs c. Application layer 12.If the data link layer can detect errors between hops. but the error at the node (between input port and output port) of the node cannot be detected by the data link layer. Physical b. 2 . Updating and maintenance of routing tables 13. None of the above 10. File transfer and access c. When data are transmitted from device A to device B. None of the above 9. Bits 11. Process-to-process delivery c. Programs b. What is the main function of the transport layer? a. a. Data link c. Mail service d. Physical b. An ISO standard that covers all aspects of network communications is the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model. The physical layer is concerned with the transmission of _______ over the physical medium. Remote log-in b. the header from A’s layer 4 is read by B’s ________ layer. Protocols d. Network layer b. Which layer functions as a liaison between user support layers and network support layers? a. Node-to-node delivery b.How are OSI and ISO related to each other? The International Standards Organization (ISO) is a multinational body dedicated to worldwide agreement on international standards. a. 16. a. Application d. All the above Exercises (From the text book -Data communication and networking-) 15. Which of the following is an application layer service? a. why do you think we need another checking mechanism at the transport layer? The errors between the nodes can be detected by the data link layer control. Transport d. Synchronization d. Transport layer d.

The physical destination address of the frame is corrupted during the transmission.Suppose a computer sends a frame to another computer on a bus topology Local Area Network (LAN). 18. Ensures reliable transmission of data data link and transport layers d. manages. the frame is delivered to the wrong station. Format and code conversion services presentation c. In this case. Error correction and retransmission data link and transport layers c. The logical destination address of the packet is corrupted. Log-in and log-out procedures session e. Mechanical. the packet goes through error checking that may help the node find the corruption (with a high probability) and discard the packet. however. will find the error and discard the frame. available in most data link protocols.Suppose a computer sends a packet at the network layer to another computer somewhere in the Internet. Show the contents of the packets and frames at the network and data link layer for each hop interface. If the corrupted destination address matches one of the stations. computer A sends a message to computer D via LANl. What happens to the packet? How can the source computer be informed of the situation? Before using the destination address in an intermediate or the destination node.In Figure 2. router Rl. Establishes. and functional interface physical layer d. What happens to the frame? How can the sender be informed about the situation? If the corrupted destination address does not match any station address in the network. Responsibility for carrying frames between adjacent nodes data link layer 20. 19-Match the following to one or more layers of the OSl model: a. Normally the upper layer protocol will inform the source to resend the packet.17.22. assume that the communication is between a process running at computer A with port address i and a process running at computer D with port 3 . the error detection mechanism. the source will somehow be informed using one of the data link control mechanisms discussed in Chapter 11. the packet is lost. 22. Provides independence from differences in data representation presentation 21.Match the following to one or more layers of the OSI model: a.In Figure 2. In both cases. electrical. and LAN2. and terminates sessions session b.22. Communicates directly with user's application program application layer b.

Defines frames data link c. What will happen? Most protocols issue a special error message that is sent back to the source in this case. and transport layer for each hop.address j. There is no process with the destination port address running at the destination computer. 23. Interface to transmission media physical layer 24. data link. Flow control data link and transport layers b. 4 .Match the following to one or more layers of the OSI model: a.Suppose a computer sends a packet at the transport layer to another computer somewhere in the Internet. Transmission of bit stream across physical medium physical layer b. Route selection network e.Match the following to one or more layers of the OSI model: a. Provides access for the end user application layer d. Provides user services such as e-mail and file transfer application 25. Show the contents of packets and frames at the network. Route determination network layer c. Reliable process-to-process message delivery transport d.

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