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FITOTERAPIA. Fitterapia 72006) 276-278 - swarsleevir com ocate ote Hypoglycemic effect of Bauhinia cheilandra in rats E.R. Almeida “*, M.C. Guedes *, J.F.C. Albuquerque ®, H. Xavier * Laboratvio de Farmacologa do Deparsament de Anibidico, Universidade Feeral de Pernambuco CEP 50670-901 Reif, PE, Brit Laburatrio de Produtos Naas e Sinicos do Departamento de Anubiico, Universidade Federal de Pernamuco CEP 50670901 Recife, PE, Brazil, * Laboraivio de Farmagnésia do Departamento de Farmécia, Universidade Foderal de Pernambuco CEP 50670.901 Recife, PE, Brazil Received 13 July 2004; accept 21 March 2006, ‘Available online 18:Api 2006 Abstract ‘The extract of the methanolic leaves of Bauhinia cheilandra (BC) was tested on glucose loaded and alloxan-induced diabetic rats. In both tests, the methanolic extract at doses of 300, 600, and 900 mg%kg, has shown a statistically significant and considerable hypoglycemic activity. © 2006 Elsevier B.V, All righs reserved, Keywords: Bauhinia chalandra, Hypoglycemic effet, Alloxan induced diabetic 1. Introduction For quite some time, diabetes has been treated orally with various medicinal plants or their extracts based upon. “folkloric” medicine. The term diabetes is a word designating a group of metabolic disorders characterized by an alteration in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fatty substances (1). This disorder causes a complete or relative insufficiency in insulin secretion and/or its action. An investigation of hypoglycemic agents originating from plants used in traditional medicine would be of major public health importance. Bauhinia forticata {2}, which is used in popular Brazilian medicine, has demonstrated a hypoglycemic effect. 8. megalandra has been reported able to inhibit the intestinal glucose absorption (3]. Other species, such as B. purpurea, B. malabarica, B. fassoglensis, B. candica and B. racemosa, are utilized in various other pharmacological functions [3,4]. Bawhinia cheilandra known as pata-de- vaca, unha-de-velho, mororé and “unha-de-anta, is largely recommended for antidiabetic use by folkloric medicine (5— 7). However, till now, no study has been performed in order to confirm its hypoglycemic effect. 2, Experimental 2. Plant material B. cheilandra (Fabaceae) leaves were collected in October 2003, at Patos (Paraiba-Brazil). A voucher specimen (GNOSY 12244) was deposited in the Herbarium of the Pharmaceutical Sciences Federal University of Pemambuco, Brazil ‘Corresponding author, smal addres: ealmeida@utpe br (ER. Almeida), 1367-326X'8 - sce from! mater © 2006 Elkever BLY, Al ight reserved 14:10,10165 fot 2006 03.001 ER Almeida et al. / Fitoterapia 77 (2006) 276-278 27 Table 1 it ofthe methanolic extract ofthe B.ceilandra leaves (BC) othe oa glucose tolerance in ats “Treatment (p0) ‘Blood glucose (me/100 mi) Fasting 30 min 90 min Giese (15 wks) 962119 WsRI38 11939 [BC 300 make B46 nas sa326 11s+30" [BC 600 meres 783122 ns1a3ae 1og.7222°* BC 900 mgfks 75818 9.969% ‘Values are meanszS.D; N=B, *P350 mg/dl) were separated and divided into four ‘groups of eight rats each. Group I served as a diabetic control and was given distilled water. Groups II-IV were treated orally with the tested extract at doses of 300, 600, and 900 mgikg, respectively. Blood samples were collected from the retro-orbital plexus just prior to and I and 4 h after extract administration, Table 2 Effet ofthe methanolic exact ofthe B.chellanra leaves (BC) onthe alloxan induced diabetic rats Treatment (p.0) Blood glucose (g/100 el) Basal value Th th Contra (siled water) 390.141 3681238 36799839 BC 300 make. 3583219) b2sse32" 3153.0 BC 600 mg 349.6422 sores api 722% BC 900 mere 365.8428 3162229" 268923400 Values ae means=S.D, N=8. *P=D.01; *POO0I ve, contol (Zsiled water) m8 ER, Almeida et al. / Fitoterapia 77 (2006) 276-278 ‘Tables Effect of the subacute westment withthe methanolic extract ofthe B. chellandra leaves (BC) on the alloxan induced diabetic as Treatment (69) ‘Bod glucose (mg/100 mi) Basal value Day 1 Day 3 Day 7 Day 10 Diabetic contro DONE 3583 3679439 385.1222 3413192, BC 300 mpg 3583419 s2sse32" SILS#30° Sisaeisst 30544139" BC 600 meg 3496022 soresar aoi7e22" 30.6216 rersi3.7 BC 900 marke 3658828 3162429" 26694346 25992103" 2is9e102" Values ae means! SD; N=8, *P350 mg/100 ml) were divided into four groups of eight rats each. Group I served as the diabetie control and received distilled water. Groups II-IV received the B. cheilandra extract at doses of 300, 600 and 900 mg/kg, as a fine aqueous suspension, orally. The administration of the extract was continued for 10 days, once Gaily. Blood samples were collected from the retro-orbital plexus once daily for ten days. Blood samples were collected ‘through the retro-orbital plexus just prior to and on days 1, 3, 7 and 10 of extract administration. The blood glucose levels were determined for all the samples by the glucose oxidase method, 26. Statistical analysis Data were expressed as the mean-+S.D. The significance of the results was calculated using Student’s test and the results were considered statistically significant when P<0.05, 3 Results and discussion The effect of the B. cheilandra extract on glucose tolerance was reported in Table 1. The extract inhibited the increase in blood glucose levels significantly (P-<0.001) after glucose administration. The maximum glucose tolerance ‘was observed at the 30th min, Also, in alloxan-induced diabetic rats the extract has shown a significant (P<0.001) and considerable fall in the glucose level of blood (Table 2). The sub-acute treatment with the extract on the alloxan-induced diabetic rats produced a consistent reduction in the glucose levels of blood (Table 3). It as shown a maximum reduction in the glucose level of blood by 215.9 mg/g 1on the 10th day corresponding to a reduction of 55.3% compared to the diabetic control Taken together these preliminary results indicated that the methanolic extract ofthe B. cheilandra leaves possesses a significant hypoglycemic activity. It is generally accepted that the alloxan treatment causes a permanent destruction of cells [11,12]. It is, therefore, conceivable that the hypoglycemic principles in the methanolic extract of the B. ccheilandra leaves exert theit effect by an extrapancreatic mechanism in rats [12]. Further studies are needed to better ‘evaluate the activity. References [i] O'Brien RM, Granner DK. Physiol Rev 1996;76:1108. [2] Silva FRM, SepopaniceB, Pzzolt MG. J Ethnopharmacol 2002:3:33, [3] June H, Wachen Shub-Chyung, Albert M. FEBS Let 1996;34:231 [a] Yadava RN, Tripathi .Ftoterapia 2000;7188. [5] Almeida ER. In Editors Hemus LTDA. Conhecimentos Populares e Cientifies: Sio Paulo, Breit; 1993. p. 342. [6] Costa OA. Rev Flora Med 1945:12175. [7] Cons MP. Diciondro das plantas ites do Bravil © das exéticas culvadas, Basia: Misistvio de Agricutrnstinto brasileio de desenvolvimento floestal: 1984.54 {8} Harbone JB, Phytochemcal methods. 3 ed. London: Chapman & Hall 1998 [9] Trinder P Ann Clin Biochem 1966.24 {10} Joy KL, Kuttn RJ Ethnopharmacol 199967183, [11] Chattopadhyay RR. Indian J Exp Biol 1993:31:893. {12] Holmann RR, Tumer RC. Textbook of diabetes. Cambridge MA: Blackwell Science: 191.