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Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA). with roughly 1. Kargil War and others. The country’s defense expenditure will be around US$112 billion by 2016. including development cooperation. the IAF has had close military relations with the Russia. the Indian Air Force. highly secure and state-of-the-art optical fiber cable (OFC) network for the Army. India imports close to 70% of its weapons requirements.83% of GDP) but the actual spending on the armed forces is estimated to be much higher than that. after the People's Liberation Army and US Armed Forces. Currently. such as on the Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA). and others as well. India's official defense budget stands at US$36. K. 1987 Sino-Indian skirmish.03 billion for FY2011 (or 1. with Israel. Undergoing rapid expansion and modernization. the President Pratibha Patil and managed by Ministry of Defense A. . the Indian Navy. Indian Coast Guard and various other inter-service institutions. The Armed Forces of India possess nuclear weapons and operate short and intermediate-range ballistic missiles as well as nuclear-capable aircraft.16 crore (US$2. The IAF is one of the world's largest military force. closed user group (CUG) networks for exclusive use by the million-plus personnel of the Indian armed forces. India is currently moving to build a 9. The IAF served as India's armed forces in all the country's major military operations — including the Indo-Pakistani wars of 1947. Sino-Indian War. Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. Following 1962.14 million reserve forces thus giving India the thirdlargest active troops in the world as of 2006. Antony. the Central Paramilitary Forces (CPF) and the Strategic Forces Command. Navy and Air Force. Russia and the United States as its top military suppliers.32 million active standing army and 2. the Indian Armed Forces plans to have an active military space program and is currently developing a missile defense shield and nuclear triad capability. India has also maintained close military relation with Israel as well since 1992.2 billion) dedicated. Auxiliary services include the Indian Coast Guard.970. India is the world's largest arms importer accounting for 9% of all global imports and ranks among the top thirty in arms export. The IAF is headed by its Commander-in-Chief. and naval vessels. This will be one of the world's largest. Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.ABOUT INDIAN ARMED FORCES (IAF) The Indian Armed Forces (IAF) are the military forces of the Republic of India encompassing the Indian Army.
The Indian Air Force is divided into five operational and two functional commands. the capital city of India. The Ministry of Defense (MoD) is the ministry charged with the responsibilities of countering insurgency and ensuring external security of India. which includes Indian Army. Air Force and auxiliary forces such as the Paramilitary Forces. The Indian armed force is split into different groups based on their region of operation. The President acts as de jure Commander in chief of the Armed Forces while de facto control lies with the executive.[The Indian Armed Forces has six branches. The Indian Coast Guard operations are split into 4 regions. The Indian Army is administratively divided into 7 tactical commands. The Indian Navy operates four Commands. Each Command is headed by a Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief in the rank of Vice Admiral.SERVICE BRANCHES India maintains the third-largest military force in the world. Admiral Nirmal Kumar Verma is the head of navy Chiefs panel and Air Chief Marshal Pradeep Vasant Naik is the head of air forces Chiefs panel. the Coast Guard. Each Command is headed by an Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief with the rank of Air Marshal. which are: Indian Army Indian Air Force Indian Navy Indian Coast Guard Strategic Nuclear Command Integrated Space Cell Gen V K Singh is the head of army Chiefs panel. Navy. . The headquarters of the Indian Armed Forces is in New Delhi. each under the control of different Lieutenant Generals. each region is headed by an Inspector General or a Deputy Inspector General. and the Strategic Forces Command.
To send own amphibious warfare equipment to take the battle to enemy shores. The officers are appointed and removed only by the President of India. After being commissioned. flooding). . For entrance. Ezhimala. Chennai. Dehradun. These include the National Defence Academy. Air Force Academy. They are at the helm of affairs not only inside the nation but also at abroad. Indian Naval Academy. To defend the country if attacked by a foreign nation. Pune. Participate in United Nations peacekeeping operations in consonance with India’s commitment to the United Nations Charter. RECRUITMENT & TRAINING Recruitment is through four military related academies. To support the civil community in case of disasters (e. Indian Military Academy.DOCTRINE The Indian Armed Forces have six main tasks To assert the territorial integrity of India. These officers are accorded high status of the nature of the officers of the Indian Administrative Service.these officers are posted and deputed. Hyderabad and Officers Training Academy. physicial endurance tests and passing medical fitness tests.g. The complete list of institutions training Indian army were listed in Military academies in India section. Cold start which means Indian Armed Forces being able to quickly mobilize and take offensive actions without crossing the enemy's nuclearuse threshold. one must display that they are both physically and mentally fit to be in the military by written examinations.
danger or adversity. Respect Respect everyone. if you value equal rights for all and you go to work for an organization that treats its managers much better than it does its workers. the Army. Personal Courage Ability to face fear. “Equal rights for all” and “People should be treated with respect and dignity” are representative of values. legally and morally. Integrity Do what is right. There are certain set of values which are to be inculcated in each and every Army personnel during the time of training and it should be made sure that the personnel follow these values and imbibe them in their code of conduct.ARMY VALUES Values can be defined as broad preferences concerning appropriate courses of action or outcomes. It is likely that if the company had had a more egalitarian policy. These values are: Loyalty Be loyal to the nation and its heritage. values reflect a person’s sense of right and wrong or what “ought” to be. your attitude and behaviors would have been more positive. both physical and moral courage. you may not produce well or may perhaps leave the company. Duty Fulfil your obligations. As such. Values tend to influence attitudes and behavior. and your subordinates before your own. Selfless Service Put the welfare of the nation. For example. you may form the attitude that the company is an unfair place to work. . Honour Live up to all the Army values. consequently.
In today’s scenario it’s even more important to maintain high ethical integrity because of various factors which are listed below: Army/Government guidelines. Human right activists and other related NGOs Image of the Armed forces. Punishing unethical behavior. be it the War-Time or Peace-Time. It is desired from army personnel to be ethical in every aspect. Media and so on. Appointing proper body for looking into issues related to the ethical code of conduct of army personnel and their non compliance. Periodic training. Senior level executives should try to be role models for the new entrants and their juniors. In order to promote ethical code of conduct throughout the Armed forces. Promoting whistle blowing. Rewarding ethical behavior.ETHICS AS A VALUE The most important element of all the army values is the ethical and moral code of conduct. following measures must be adopted by the senior level executives: Proper training on ethics at the time of induction. ethically and legally. So it has become even more important than ever for the Armed Forces as a whole to impart training on ethics to its personnel. They must showcase highest levels of integrity and should indulge in activities which are correct morally. .
. and people (countrymen. thinking about owing. the third O stands for oughting. If we think that. By ordering. We know that army ethics demands that we look out for more than ourselves. Before getting to the third O. In this process of moral reasoning. it does not mean telling subordinates what to do. I become what I do. we are much more unlikely to do what we should not do. in effect. and oughting. If we know why we owe what we do. we are able to recognize the obligation. instead to moral structuring and ethical priorities. and oughting Army ethics based upon "me-ism" or "egotism" cannot function. In a sense. we are. It is a defence to any offense that the accused was acting pursuant to orders unless the accused knew the orders to be unlawful or a person of ordinary sense and understanding would have known the orders to be unlawful. airmen. and duty which give rise to moral thinking and ethical reasoning. ordering. . Neither can army ethics properly exist without the concept of ordering. As mentioned. Sensible people do not want to think of themselves as liars even though they may have lied at one time or another. we are becoming liars (not just committing an act). Army ethics cannot properly exist without the concept of owing. by telling a lie. by which I mean an understanding of what airmen or soldiers should do or ought to do. the way to think about the Os is in the context of three Ps: principle (truth-telling and honor) first. responsibility. Army ethics is about knowing whom and what we owe. lest we become what we do not want to be. Every time we act.THE THREE Os Army ethics is rooted in three Os: owing. purpose (mission accomplishment and duty) second. and then I do what I have become. and soldiers) third. we become what we have done. ordering.
we court moral and army disaster. or thinking over. Hartle. .individuals whose actions are consistent with their beliefs. the word decide comes to us from the Latin meaning to "cut off.THE THREE Ds The three Os work in conjunction with the three Ds: We must try to discern the truth. at appropriate times.The Death of Outrage . one has only the impetus of one’s ego as a moral criterion. By the same token. and then to act in truth. and we seek truth. . For we cannot act as we should or be what we ought to unless we are grounded in what is true. if the armed services have no ultimate standards by which to judge their actions and orders. for this is a process of moral decision. we declare the truth. to speak up for truth." for we cut ourselves off from alternatives that we reject as unworthy of what we should do or of who we are.Col Anthony E. Persons of strong character are the ultimate resource for any army organization. talk. We "cut ourselves off" from deception and distortion. a word that the dictionary tells us means "the idea of coming to a conclusion after some question.Moral Issues in Army Decision Making The three Ds tell us that we have a moral charge to educate ourselves as best we can in light of the truth. One more D actually comes into play here. from lies and lunacies. 2). and they are by definition persons of integrity-. as we have discerned it.William Bennett . and then we do what we have discerned and declared (fig." In fact. There are standards and authorities against which one ought to measure his or her life. Without such authorities. we will find ourselves morally and intellectually disarmed. from prejudice and self promotion. USA . If we do not confront the soft relativism that is now disguised as virtue.
This money could be used to satisfy needs for food. Recommendations During certain stages the army personnel might have to look into the recommendations given by government that might not be feasible or in favour of the army. The pacifists’ challenge Since self defence against an attack is considered to be justified whereas when there is no attack how the self defence is justifiable. Individual and social defence Sometimes the question might arise ‘Why am I putting my life at stake for others?’ The problem of security . ETHICAL ISSUES OF PEACE TIME The costs and benefits of standing army There is always a debate on the issue that the money spend on Indian National Army during peace time for buying ammunitions and other trainings etc forms a major chunk of our Gross Domestic Product. maturity and medical fitness. So there might be discrimination on the basis of activities one performs. The main reason has been that the money borne to the army is from these individuals. engineers etc. The moral issue It is one of the fundamental contentions of army that their costs can be morally justified if they are related to benefits for individual human beings. medicine etc. cook etc are considered to be non-professionals. Recruitment Army selection has the maximum number of rounds and it requires attention.ETHICAL ISSUES OF PERSONNEL Professionals and non-professionals Army doctors. are considered to be professionals and they are the people who have no issues in getting a career settled outside army whereas the sweeper. clothing.
withdrawal of financial aid. then no restrictions should be placed on achieving it. Here are some of the arguments that have been put forward: All war is unjust and has no place in any ethical theory morality must always oppose deliberate violence. The alternatives might include diplomacy. Non-violence doesn't just mean not doing violence. The aim of non-violent conflict is to convert your opponent. so following any ethical theory of war handicaps those whom terrorists attack. If the cause is just. The traditional view: A state should only go to war if it has tried every sensible. is war cannot be prevented? The usual solution is non violence. An important element is often to make sure that the opponent is given a face-saving way of changing their mind. and people have been discussing the rights and wrongs of it for almost as long. War must be the last resort. and so on. economic sanctions. Is it right to start a war. to win over their mind and heart and persuade them that your point of view is right.ETHICAL ISSUES OF WAR-TIME Human beings have been fighting each other since prehistoric times. it's also a way of taking positive action to resist oppression or bring about change. These alternatives should be tried exhaustively and sincerely before violence is used. Terrorists are inherently uninterested in morality. There are differing views as to what the term 'last resort' actually means in the context of an ethical war. condemnation in the United Nations. They argue that last resort means that the use of force is ethical only when it is really necessary and when no . non-violent alternative first. Another view: Some people don't think that 'last' in last resort refers to the sequence of time. Non-violent protest seeks a 'win-win' solution whenever possible. This is because a state should not put lives at risk unless it's tried other remedies first. political pressure from other nations. The overriding aim of war should be to achieve victory as quickly and cheaply as possible.
The war must be in proportion. If the victim country uses military force in response it appears to be the aggressor and so to be in the wrong according to international law. as the country that first uses armed force. They argue that sometimes it will be morally better to go to war sooner rather than later. and so appears to make the side carrying out the strike the aggressor it is usually carried out before a formal declaration of war. Who is the aggressor? The aggressor is the country that starts the war. There are two ways of looking at this: The goal of the war should be in proportion to the offence.the purpose of it is to stop the threatening country from carrying out its threat. but it would not be ethical for B to go to war to conquer country A and take over all of it. Thus a state should not set itself a goal that is out of scale to the wrong to be righted. it must prevent more human suffering than it causes . The benefits of waging the war must be in proportion to the costs. or kill more people than an early war would have done. so it must prevent more evil than it causes. Pre-emptive strikes A pre-emptive strike is military action taken by a country in response to a threat from another country . or may allow the enemy to become so established in another country's territory than far greater force will have to be used to remove him than would have been needed earlier. It is carried out before the other side attacks with military force.This might be because waiting too long would allow the enemy to do much more damage. This definition poses a problem when one country takes 'aggressive action' against another without using military force. So if country A invades part of country B. If aggressive countries lead to a war. but morally it may be in the right.reasonable alternative is left. it is ethical for B to go to war to get the captured territory back. But the United Nations definition which is quoted below defines the aggressor more narrowly.
rather than why or if it should be fought. . Good intention. or enslaving people Hatred of the enemy Genocide 10.Preserving colonial power Lawfully declared war. restoring or keeping a just peace Righting a wrong Assisting the innocent Bad intentions could include: Seeking power Demonstrating the power of a state Grabbing land or goods. or the other way around. A war is only a Just War if it is waged from the right motives. For a war to be a just war it must be fought according to certain rules . Good intentions could include: Creating. This is the issue of how a war should be fought. The conduct of war.Personal or national glory 11.a war which is just in case can be unjust in the way it is fought.Revenge 12.
CASE STUDY LT Alioto grew up on a remote Pacific island before his family moved to the US. Now the Army needs LT Alioto as well--for an unaccompanied assignment in the Pacific where the US is building a major new forward support base for naval forces as well as for an Army unit. he is told. She depends on him to assist in family financial affairs. The lieutenant faces a difficult personal situation. three years old. LT Aliotos only daughter. LT Aliotos language skill. where they prospered through hard work. What would you advise him to do? . will be critical in working with some local ethnic groups who are resisting the long-term agreement into which the island government has entered with the US. His widowed mother has never learned English and now lives with him. a task he shares with his wife who otherwise would have difficulty coping. He is apparently the only officer in the Army who speaks a language variant called Tagalog D. LT Alioto is considering whether to ask that his PCS orders be revoked for compassionate reasons and what to do if he does submit such a request and it is denied. was born with a severe physical abnormality which requires four hours of administered exercise a day.
yet it is being met with resistance from the local Islanders. His widowed mother. but it is his native language and apparently the only officer with these skills. . He shares this duty with his wife. The Lieutenant has been called to duty on a mission that would require his language skills and knowledge of his native culture. Not only does he speak the language. performing his regular military duties. now in his care. with no accompaniment. Require Lt Alioto to PCS to the Pacific Island and allow accompaniment of his family. C. who does not speak English and depends on his financial assistance. The hardships Lt Alioto face at home include: A disabled daughter who requires at least four hours of physical care a day. Allow Lt Alioto to remain in the US. B. He is requesting that his PCS orders be rescinded on grounds of hardship and compassion. The mission would allow the military to obtain a strategic stronghold in the Pacific. the Lieutenant has hardships at home. Unfortunately. thus allowing him to care for his family. Issue: Lt Alioto feels that his duty at home should supersede his unaccompanied mission to the Pacific and requests that his orders be rescinded so that he may remain at home to care for his family.RESPONSE Analysis: The case involves an Officer (Lt Alioto) in the US Army who possesses proficiency in a language critical to a military mission. Maintain the original PCS orders. Options: A.
If Lt Alioto submits a request to have his orders revoked. As unfortunate as Lt Alioto’s hardships may be. Instead. He will be given 30 days to arrange for care for his family while he is away. C. Lt Alioto will also be required to acquire his own housing since family would not be allowed to live in US Government quarters. Basic Allowance for Housing (BAH) will continue to be paid.Possible Solutions for each option: A. an accompanied PCS will not be authorized. he has chosen the life of a military officer and must perform his duties to his country as required. it is decided that he shall have a flag placed in his permanent record and allow him to resign his commission and be granted an Honourable or General Discharge status dependant on previous or future disciplinary actions. The critical language skill that Lt Alioto possesses is needed for an important mission. B. Lt Alioto’s permanent record shall be flagged to reflect denial of critical mission. payment for dependant travel will not be authorized. he will be required to complete the mission as stated in the orders with no amendments. When the Lieutenant’s hardships were bestowed upon him. it is assumed that Lt Alioto will accept the mission as required. If Lt Alioto’s request is denied. If PCS orders are rescinded. When one takes the Oath to serve. and serve his country and support missions as needed. If PCS orders are amended to allow for dependant accompaniment. The Army feels he could have resigned his commission. and found work in the private sector that could accommodate his hardships. Since Lt Alioto is an Officer in the US Army. Conclusion: Modern day military duty is optional and based on volunteers. Lt Alioto is fully aware that he retains a critical skill that is mission essential to the Army. Lt Alioto has every right to resign his commission at any time if he feels he cannot perform his military duties. one must do so knowing what could be in store for him or her in the future. he is obligated to fulfil that duty. Lastly. . Lt Alioto chose to remain in the Army. Due to constricted funding and potential dangers in the mission area.
Yadav and Lt. Retd. Conversations with Gentleman Cadet Pranav Seth. WWW.BIBLIOGRAPHY Military ethics by N. Col. S. Waki.BING. Fotion. Gerard Elfstrom.COM. Military edited by Malham M.WIKI. Yadava.SCRIBD. WWW. WWW. Carl Ficarrotta Military Ethics: Reflections on Principles-The Profession of Arms.COM. Case study by Major J. Gen R.COM. .