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Popular amazing battered extended patched invidious reverent generous well known Surprising beaten heavily, worn out offered sewn unjust respectful benevolent inexperienced opposing worthless sullen, dejected, displeased untidy sad, sorrowful offerings forsaken, lonely ordered felt, experienced very strongly that cannot be satisfied not showing respect offer prestigious demanding absolutely, pursue continue, pursue victim compensation rising, increasing struggle fear
unsophisticatedhostile ineffectual glum ragged piteous alms forlorn -
commissioned profound -
unquenchable irreverent tender privileged exacting -
indispensable prosecute prey redress soaring scramble panic -
welt decade pursuit
mark a period of ten years chase victoriously refused cruelty steady effort carrying out punished at the same time travellers not often, rarely chirping limited very interesting bravery insufficiently massive, monumental cutting lavishness, richness steadfast fine, delicate generosity splendid impressive support mighty
triumphantly denied brutality diligence -
simultaneouslyvoyagers seldom twittering restricted fascinating valour scantily monolithic notching opulence staunch intricate munificence -
magnanimous grandiose patronage Herculean -
Inability Eagerly Piteous Private Rare Wide Clean Foreign Sweet Proud Selfish Impressive Opulence Reverence Patronized Ascended Privileged Narrow Violence Tragedy Brutality Slavery Seasonal Far away Mighty Artificial Fascinating Valour Impressive Sacred x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x ability indifferently Joyous public Common narrow dirty local / native bitter humble generous unimpressive poverty irreverence discouraged dethroned miserable wide non – violence comedy kindness freedom erratic nearby tiny natural uninteresting cowardice dull unholy
Abbreviations and Acronyms
1. PA 2. P.S 3. BPO 4. KPO 5. B.Tech 6. SBI 7. RRB 8. UFO 9. CA 10. UAE 11. NGO 12. SSC 13. TAFE 14. TANSI 15. RAM 16. ROM Personal Assistant Personal Secretary / Post Script Business Process outsourcing Knowledge Process outsourcing Bachelor of Technology State Bank of India Railway Recruitment Board Unidentified Flying object Chartered Accountant United Arab Emirates Non Governmental Organisation Staff Selection Commission Tractor and Farm Equipment Tamilnadu Small Scale Industries Random Access Memory Read Only Memory Visual Communication All India Radio United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation Career Aptitude Test North East West South Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Radio Detection And Ranging Subscriber’s Identity Module
17. VISCOM 18. AIR -
19. UNESCO 20. CAT 21. NEWS 22. AIDS 23. RADAR 24. SIM -
1. The Colour of your hair is the same as that of the hare (hair / hare) 2. Do you know the answer? No, I don’t (no / know) 3. I can hear the bell from here (hear / here) 4. Our day on earth is measured by the hour (hour / our) 5. He wants to buy a flat by selling his house ( by / buy) 6. The prince is the next heir to the throne / The ball is thrown into the air (heir / air – thrown / throne) 4
British English and American English Memory Tips British English LL l our re nce que ce SS American English L ll or er nse ch se S British English Centre Metre Theatre practise focussed organise programme colour skilful neigbour favourite tyre fellow jam anti clockwise bonnet boot blind chips cot cutting American English Center Meter theater practice focused organize program color skillful neighbor favorite tire guy jelly counter clock wise hood trunk window shade French fries Crib Clipping 5 .
ae . trash can Fire department freight train intermission pitcher raise sales clerk one way flash light sink wind shield witness stand zee horn tempest Give the plural form Memory Tips Singular ending .ex Singular axis crisis focus terminus memorandum stratum aquarium alumna alumnus Plural axes crises foci termini memoranda strata aquaria alumnae alumni Plural ending -a -i .ix.ices 6 .us .es . . .on .um.dust bin fire brigade goods train interval jug rise shop assistant single torch wash basin wind screen witness box zed trumpet storm Garbage can.is -a .
genie analysis criterion series erratum cupful innings curriculum medium dining room man servant daughter – in – law genies analyses criteria series errata cupsful innings curricula media dining rooms men servants daughters – in – law Syllabification Pro – per – ly en-ter-tain-ment as-tro-no-my ob-ser-va-ble per-ma-nent a-bout in-side peo-ple mu-sic gui-ta-rist pri-so-ners sur-vi-val in-ter-nal bare-ly fa-na-tic phil-har-mo-nic ex-tra-va-gan-za ar-ti-cu-late Compound words Foot hills Fly catcher Ice caps Air port Hand written Over load Moon light River bed Type write Land mark Sea food Star light Water fall Free drive Dry clean Deep fry Out run Well defined 7 .
Child hood Good will Soft ware Gentle man Insight Outpost Fast food Safe guard School boy Sewing machine Walking stick Wash out Flash back Make over Night fall Day break Down cast Radio active Light sensitive Pale blue Light green Out sourcing Incoming Prefix and Suffix Prefix un – in – en – ig – sub – em – ultra – hyper – trans – over – inter – im – pre – dis – mis – non – Suffix able or tion ly ment ian ble ful ity ic ive y ous ness ance ion ship 8 .
Examples in secure en vision un announced ig noble em power ultra violet inter lock dis play mistaken non violent sub standard hyper tension trans form over lap im possible prefix Securely Security Musician Comparable brightness education colourful dangerous friendship party performance secretive metallic colourful announcement inferior. cope with yield continue to resist keep for future use abandon an attempt to do something return move back stop at a place on journey aloof. reserved take care support discontinue 9 . director Phrasal verbs get on give in stand out lay by give up get back stand back lay over stand-offish look after back up drop out have a friendly relationship.
harmonious In some film songs. I did not got to school yesterday. On account of heavy rain. Divine Testimony To err is human. The old man’s testimony helped the family to win their case. but to forgive is divine. The teacher took up the second lesson. On the rear side of . an array of An array of little children in cartoon figures stood as guards of honour for the children’s day function. on the rear side of our house flows the river cauvery. Bill Gates was magnanimous when he went out to help the needy countries.hold on get over put off set in call forth depend on come in turn off - wait overcome post pone begin meet with rely enter switch off Use the words / Phrases given below in a sentence of your own Use to take up I used to go to the local library every Sunday. we find a harmonious blend of classical music and western music. on finishing the first one. On account of - To make matters worse – Already the price of Onion is very high. To make matters worse.In our village. the price of the other Vegetables is also going up everyday. Magnanimous - 10 .
ate .ic .er / .tion .fy .or Noun .ce .ful .sion .ness .ity .es .Give the verb form / Noun form / Adjective form / Adverb form Memory Tips Verb .cy .ible .ed .en .ire / ize .ly Adverb Verb Feared loved relate understand define astonished excite exceed emptied depend fear love Noun Adjective fearful lovable relative understand definite astonishing excited excessive empty dependent Adverb fearfully lovingly definitely astonishingly excitedly excessively dependently relationship understanding definition astonishment excitement excess emptiness dependence 11 .hood .ive .th .ant .ave .ment .ent .dom .ship .ance .ant .al .ar .ing -y Adjective .able .ish .
vendetta 22. climax 24. cover in good faith. finale 21. chaos 23. genuine and the rest for example in the same place. repertoire 16. lathi 8. repartee 17. dhoti 6. id est (i. dal / dhal 5.Words borrowed from other languages 1. Ibidem - 13. etcetera the policy of not harming any living being a discipline through which one seeks union with the divine a sauce made with vegetables split pulse loin cloth worn by men mountain pass. 11. skills of performing different tasks a ready and witty retort an attendant a situation to make extra money or to be successful canteen the final part of a performance. yoga 3. sour or mind. purdah 9. bonanza 19. a heavy stick a veil. psyche - 12 . valet 18. kudos 25. ghat 7. passage that is notice well inventory. ahimsa 2. curry 4. cantina 20.e) 14. Notabene 15. trauma 26. a long violent agreement confusion or disorder culminating point praise emotional shock. bonafide 10. exempligracia 12.
in hot water 19. don’t make a strong and dance about. 13 . 6. 4. The president’s frank speech struck a chord with the audience 5. 7. when there is a power – cut during a storm. So don’t harp on the same 3. If you do something good for the world. A penny for your thoughts? 2. heart and soul 16. future generations will sing your praises. fish out of water 18. two sides of the same coin what are you thinking about? a very slim chance two contrasting characters in the same category 4. 2. He left the company as he did not want to play second fiddle to the new manager. in deep water 17. a chance in a million 3. second child hood 20.Know your idioms 1. extract from 13. out of place in serious trouble old age some one who rises early Complete the following sentences with idioms 1. So. It’s natural to feel uncomfortable. drag up a child 9. If we don’t complete the work by tomorrow. thirty pieces of silver 8. we will have to face the music. drop out 11. as good as gold 6. done to a turn 10. to cash in on 7. I don’t agree with you on this matter. a million dollar question a question with a much awaited and valuable answer 5. drop outs 12. follow something up 15. with utter dedication in difficulties a person who does not fit in. feather in one’s cap 14. an early bird very well behaved to take advantage symbol of betrayal bring up a child without proper training extremely well done cease to complete those who withdraw demand and get from something one may feel proud of pursue completely. Most of the students beat the drum for the student Leader’s college campus reforms.
Pus / secretion 3. The wound hasn’t healed. 14 . there is still some discharge . If he studied well. If Raj had got enough water. if he had performed well. the dog would bite us. If he went late. he would have shared it with his neighbour. I can buy a new car 3. 11. we could have survived the drought. (Present) If you worked hard (Past) If you had worked hard (Past perfect) Main Clause You will pass (Future) You would pass You would have passed Type – II Type – III Improbable Condition Impossible Condition 1. I shall get wet. he will be punished 4. 12. If I won a lottery. She discharges her responsibilities well 4. If we had saved rain water more in ponds and lakes. If the bus breaks down. If Naveen is late. If it rains. you will suffer 2. If Bagya hadn’t started early. The rifle was discharged accidentally performs duties Flow fired unintentionally Section – B (Grammar) If Clause Clause Type – I Condition Probable Condition If – Clause If you work had. I would feed a lot of people 9. If we got out of the gate. If you lend me some money. Anandh would have found a job. she would have been late to work. if he had attended the interview 15.Parts of Speech 1. The rivers discharge into the Bay of Bengal 5. 5. he would not get water 8. If I had more money. The Patient has been discharged from hospital given permission officially to leave 2. he would pass the exam 7. 14. 6. If you waste water. 10. I would buy a BMW car. I won’t be able to attend the class. 13. James would have got a prize.
S + V + O + C S V O C 6. (A) Respond to the Following as directed 23.S + V + IO + DO 4. He was going to school – S + V + A S V A Book (Page No. He wore his new uniform . Which of the options given below will suit the following sentence? If the driver had been alert.11.S + V + IO + DO S V IO DO 4.S + V + O S V O 3. The accident could have been avoided. S V C 2. His father gave him his school bag .Raj is a teacher. Reading made him a complete man .S + V + O + A S V O A 5. He is my friend S V C 3. 135) Passage : 1 1. He invited me to Sriperumbudur . Sentence Pattern 1. He was excited S V C -S+V+C 5. ________________ (a) The accident cant be avoided (b) The accident could be avoided (c) The accident could have been avoided Answer: C. Mr. Raju woke up S V -S+V 2. I visited the temple at Sriperumbudur -S+V+O+A S V O A 15 . He Wrote him a letter S V IO DO -S+V+C -S+V+C .
All his patients / adore / him – SVO If the pattern is given. He / works / cheerfully / throughout the day – SVAA 6. S V O C 16 . Never / is / he / tired! – AVSC 7. His car is painted green S V C 8. SVA – He / sings / loudly.SVC 2. We both enjoyed the trip S V O Passage -2: -S+V+A -S+V+C -S+V+O 1. He / treats / his patients / at his clinic – SVOA 3. S V A 7. SVIODO – He / gave / me / a pen S V IO DO 5. SVOC – He / called / me / fool. SVO – He / gave / a pen S V O 4. SVC – He / is / a teacher S V C 3. He / loves / his profession – SVO 8. We travelled in his car S V A 7. He / has dedicated / his life / for their welfare – SVOA 5. SVIODOA – He / gave / me / a pen / yesterday S V IO DO A 6. you can use the following method to write the sentences : 1. He / shows / kindness / to his patients – SVOC 4. Nanjappa / is / a dentist .6. Dr. SV – Birds / fly S V 2.
scarcely. I haven’t answered your questions. seldom. little . They seldom see each other nowadays. She won’t be late. don’t they? 10. is he? b. have I? 9. won’t she? b. 2. Suggestion : a.10/. hardly.(24). Plants give out oxygen during the day. Let us play hockey. Our team will win the match. The bus is early today. shan’t I? 5. Question Tag . She will be here soon. shall we? b. won’t it? 7. The conductor will not give you change for Rs. none and never form negative sentence. Words like few. Wasn’t there? 2. The flag has four colours on it. (a) SVOA (b) SVCA (c) SVIODO. I shall carry the bags for you. rarely. He is scarcely aware of the tragedy. Will she? b. There was a lot of problem. a. People ought to keep the streets clean. Identify the pattern of the following sentence : He answered my question instantly. hasn’t it? 8. shall I? 17 . Let me go for a walk. Positive Sentence – Negative Tag : a. Negative Sentence – Positive Tag. a. outghtn’t they? 4. Use positive tag. Do they? 3. do they? 4. 1.will he? 6. is there? 3. There is no water in the tank. Answer (a) SVOA. You should treat each other with respect. isn’t it? 2. They don’t like it. shouldn’t you? 1.
either. Ice is as light as snow. The cream cake is richer than the plain cake.Note am + not = ain’t (or) aren’t will + not = won’t shall + not = shan’t can + not = can’t 25. 12. Bar soap doesn’t clean as effectively as soap powder. Her pen doesn’t write as smoothly as his. My old cycle isn’t as expensive as a new one. This soap removes stains as effectively as the other. 15. The girl’s cycle is as heavy as the boy’s. The new menu is more expensive than the old menu. 18. Her pen isn’t as big as his. 9. And it doesn’t look as attractive as the new one. 17. She types as quickly as her tutor. She is as good as he is. 8. 7. Choose the correct question tag for the following statement. He rides as fast as she does. Your words are not as effective as your father’s. My watch is just as expensive as yours. shouldn’t they? Degrees of Comparison 1. 20. 16. 14. Students should be allowed to use the library every day. 6. 2. 10. 5. The girl runs as fast as the boy. The girl isn’t as fast as the boy. 11. 18 . it is not so comfortable as the new one. The new waiters are better than old waiters. Of course. 4. 19. The servant cooks as deliciously as my mother. 21. The new sweets are better. 13. too. 3.
Air conditioners are be becoming less and less expensive. 25. 27. as clever as Note : 1. Shorter the queue the faster the service. Q. 24.26. Positive Sweet Happy Big Cool Beautiful Good / Well Bad/ Evil / Ill Many / Much Little Far Comparative Sweeter Happier Bigger Cooler More Beautiful better Worse More Less Farther Superlative Sweetest Happiest Biggest Coolest Most Beautiful Best Worst Most Least Farthest + than 2. More cleverer as c. Superlative degree the + Adj + est the + most + adj. The more expensive the restaurant the heavier the bill.22. 26. 23. It is getting more and more and more difficult to find an expensive restaurant. The prices of vegetables are going higher and higher. Most clever as b. Complete the sentence : No other girl in the class is as clever as Kamala. It is getting harder and harder. Positive degree as + Adj + as Adj + er more + adj 3. a. Comparative degree 19 .
Can anyone be more patient than a mother? (Interrogative) No one can be more patient than a mother.Negative Interrogative sentence Statement Affirmative 2. Leave the room now. Identify the sentences according to their kind 1. Imperative sentence. No one dares to disobey the headmaster. No one can match his intelligence (into an affirmative sentence). Fill all the Vessels with water. 2. The rivers run dry summer 20 . Transform as directed. May I go out to play. 7. (into as statement). How talented you are! Exclamatory sentence. Does anyone dare to disobey the headmaster?? (into a statement). Statement . (Statement). (into a negative) He is never early in completing his work. Is there any substance hotter than fire? (into a statement) There is no substance hotter than fire. (into a statement) You should fill all the vessels with water. 3. 3. 8. You should check your belongings before you leave. (Statement). (Statement). He is always late in completing his work. please? 5. Check your belongings before you leave. Open your books at page 80 3. 1. 5. (Imperative) You should leave the room immediately. What an amazing performance! (Exclamatory) The performance was amazing. 4. 2. 6. I do not want to see this movie 4.Change of Kinds of Sentences : 1. How ferocious the tiger is! (into a statement) The tiger is very ferocious. How can you give up the project when it is nearing completion? (into a statement) No one can give up project when it is nearing its completion. His intelligent is matchless.
Can you show me the way to the railway station? 8. As soon as the bell rang. Please. What a dirty place this is! Exclamatory sentence.any None of these books is yours. I could not find my lost purse anywhere. There is no water in the lake Statement Negative Interrogative sentence 7. Everyone can remember how India won her freedom. 3. Nothing – anything Nothing is possible for a lazy man. 4. 2. (b). No body can forget how India won her freedom. 21 . 9. Note : 1. Anything is impossible for a lazy man. 5. (a). No sooner than – as soon as. You should stop talking like this.6. Everyone cannot remember how India won her freedom. No sooner did the bell ring than all the students ran home. Any of these is not yours.No.anywhere Nowhere could I find my lost purse. Statement Affirmative Q. (c).should You had better stop talking like this. leave your footwear outside the hall. 27 : Choose the sentence which correctly conveys the meaning of the sentence given below. Answer : (b). 10. This lesson is interesting Imperative sentence. None . all the students ran home. had better . Everyone cannot forget how India won her freedom. Nowhere .
Rajan rarely writes to his mother. We do not have sufficient food for all of us here (barely). He works day and night in order to earn a lot. he could not walk too far 8. In case of his coming late. he was poor. (Scarcely) He scarcely comes late to school. (hardly). 3. Women were not given equal rights. 6. she was absent. they danced. 2. 5.Negative sentences : 1. He does not come late to school. 11. 9. 4. Due to her illness. Despite her poverty. he ran away. Nathan never listens to me.No. 28 Complete the sentence ………………the rain. Owing to joy. you will win the prize. 5. Seeing a tiger in front of him. 10. she did not attend her office. Buses do not stop here often (Seldom). Q. In the event of playing well. (a) In the event of Ans: (a) Inspite of (b) Inspite of (c) Because of 22 . don’t wait. 2. Phrases / Phrase Propositions 1. she is honest. Rajan writes to his mother only once in three months (rarely). the match continued. Nathan hardly listens to me. On account her illness. Inspite of his hard work. 7. We barely have sufficient food for all of us here. 3. Because of his old age. Buses seldom stop here. 4. According to old tradition.
the 2. (a). 23 . ( participle). Participle 1. Q. on harvesting Articles : 1. The Hindu 6. The Ganges 8. Definite article . (infinitive). (infinitive) 4. Indefinite articles – a. The first house. 5. 29 : Choose the correct verb form to complete the sentence: He agreed to buy me a computer. for harvesting (b). I like to swim in the sea. (gerund). I saw a boy reading a story book in the class ( participle). an Usage of Definite article : 1. He saw a man stealing a purse from his neighbour’s pocket. 3. To walk is a good exercise (infinitive) Walking is a good exercise (gerund).No. (a).Infinitive. Gerund. on harvesting (c). 3. 9. The Bible 2. 2.No. 30 Choose the correct phrase to complete the sentence : The farmers were keen on harvesting the fields before the monsoon. The Cow. I like swimming in the sea. to harvesting Ans: (b). The Violin 4. Padma likes practicing regularly (gerund). 5. Padma likes to practice regularly. The Sun. The tallest 7. buy (b) buying (c) to buy Ans: (C) to buy Q. The East.
Usage of Indefinite article : 1. This is a rose. 2. Babu is a teacher. 3. Prem is a man. 4. An apple. 5. An hour. 6. A university. 7. A European. 8. A one rupee note. 9. A one-eyed man. 10. A useful idea.
Q.No. 31. Choose the appropriate article to complete the sentence: I have brought you a collection of ………award winning books of this year. (a). a (b). an (c). the
Preposition : 1. along – marks movement. They move along the highway. 2. at – marks time of action, place of action and town. We met him at 10 ‘o’ clock. I saw her at the post office. Prem lives at Rajapalayam. 3. Of – It marks possession. He is the son of prem. 4. About – describes a person or thing. He speaks about Kumar. 5. On – marks a surface, a day or a date. The pen is on the table. He met them on the last Monday. I was born on 08.06.1970.
Up, down – marks upward movement, marks downward movement. The man climbs up a tree. He climbs down a tree.
for-marks duration, purpose and help. It has been raining for two hours. We pack our luggage for the tour. I shall draw it for you.
Since – marks starting of an action. We have been singing since 10 ‘o’ clock.
from, to – marks starting place and reaching place. I come from Chennai. The bus goes to Madurai.
into – marks movement into a place or reservoir. The students went into their class. I jumped into the well.
By-marks ‘doer’ in passive and approximate time of an action. The painting was drawn by Ravi. We may reach home by 7 ‘o’ clock.
Near, beside – mark the location of a person or a thing near somebody something. There is a tree near our house. Suresh is seated beside Naresh.
in – marks larger area, covered surface and year. I live in my country. The office is in Trichy. My brother was born in 1968.
Under – marks location of a thing below some other thing. My bag is under the desk.
till – marks ‘time-limit’ of an action. Please, wait here till 11 ‘o’ clock.
upto – marks ‘place – limit’ of an action. We shall walk upto your house.
between, among – used with number. The property was divided between his two sons. The property was divided among his sons. (Here it means more than two sons)..
Fill in the blanks with correct preposition : 1. The work will be over by this evening. 2. The papers are to be prepared within a month. 3. My uncle will visit me in May. 4. The cat hid behind the door. 5. Ravi stayed with his uncle for six months.
Q.No. 32 Choose the appropriate preposition to complete the sentence : The people stood …… the road to watch the procession go by. a). across b). along c). on Voice – Rules Voice Active Voice Passive Voice More importance to Doer / Agent Action
Active to Passive Voice Simple AV Present I help a beggar PV Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous a I have been helping a beggar
I am helping I have helped a beggar beggar
A beggar is helped A beggar is A beggar has been No Passive Voice by me being helped me by helped by me
Past I helped a beggar
I helping beggar
a I had been helping a beggar
was A was
beggar A beggar had been No Passive Voice being helped by me by
helped by me
Future I shall help
I shall be I shall have helped a I shall have been a helping beggar a beggar helping a beggar
A beggar will be No Passive A beggar will have No Passive Voice helped by me Voice been helped by me
Model II : Question Form Ex : Who took the spoon? By whom was the spoon taken? – took – did + take Was + III Verb
Command : Ex.: Don’t touch the wire. Let not the wire be touched.
Rewrite as directed : 34. Rewrite this sentence using the passive voice. I had sharpened my pencil and I had used it to sketch the diagram. Ans : My pencil had been sharpened by me and it had been used to sketch the diagram.
Voice I. Fill in the blanks using the correct voice of the verbs given in the brackets. 1. You cannot meet the captain of the cricket team, now, as he is being interviewed (interview) by the reporter at the moment. 2. I was chatting (chat) with Prema on the phone when I was interrupted by the sound of the door bell. 3. Arun is busy now. He is drawing (draw) the diagrams in his science record. 4. Our work was completed (complete) last night. 5. Sneha was baking (bake) cookies when she was interrupted (interrupt) by a loud noise. 6. Kavitha is an impulsive buyer. By the time she goes back home most of her money is spent. (spend).
The manager did not give them a bonus. The government awarded him a prize. 3. 2. 4. 6.II. 5. 6. (by them). 5. On hearing his winning of the first prize. From the context of the two sentences given below form a single sentence. The old man completed his work. 5. Answers 1. We cannot use it yet. Linda (had been ridiculed / is being ridiculed) by her insensitive classmates for her spelling problems. He was awarded a prize by the government. They must arrest the culprits. 4. 2. 6. The certificates were issued to the students. Anand heard that he had won the first prize. We should help the poor. Anand jumped with joy.M issued the students their certificates. Identify the voice and select the correct verb form from the brackets in the following sentences : 1. Anand jumped with joy. III. His work was completed by the old man. The dusk-to-dawn curfew (will have lifted / will have been lifted) by the end of this week. The banquet (is being attended / was attended ) by distinguished guests last night. The florist (delivers / is delivered ) flowers to my office everyday. 3. The culprits must be arrested. 3. The kitchen ( is tiled / is being tiled). They were not given a bonus by the manager. Rewrite the sentences in the other voice : 1. The poor should be helped by us. 2. 4. The H. Synthesis 33. 28 . The children (looked after / are looked after) by their grandmother.
The school congratulated Nithyashree. (for). Kothai could not drink the soup. Ans: Kiran is too ill to go to school today. The boys were taken to the Principal’s room. Sekar cannot be allowed to take the examination. Then he goes to bed. 2. Velan could not solve the problem. I cannot open it. Ex : 1. Ans : Prem completes his home work before going to bed. Maran is too tired to finish the work.Combine the following pairs of sentences using too the infinitive. Rewrite the following pairs of sentences. replacing the underlined part into a phrase with a gerund. 3. She had won a prize at the contest. It is very narrow. 2. 1. The soup was too hot for Kothai to drink. Examples Kiran is very ill. This street is too narrow for vehicles to enter. (on) Ans: The school congratulated Nithyashree on her having won / wining at the contest. He cannot finish the work. It was very difficult. The time is very short. 5. 4. Ans: The lid of the bottle is too tight for me to open. She cannot go to school today. The lid of the bottle is very tight. The time is too short for him to learn Spanish in a week. (before). Maran is tired. Vehicles cannot enter this street. He has to pay the fee (without). Ans: The boys were taken to the Principal’s room for quarrelling with each other in the class. Ans: Sekar cannot be allowed to take the examination without paying the fee. They quarrelled with each other in the class. Examples : Prem completes his home work. II. It was very hot. 29 . He cannot learn Spanish in a week. You can use the preposition given in brackets. This problem was too difficult for Velan to solve. 3.
Ans : Scoring high marks in the public examinations. He was selected for the final round in the quiz contest. I questioned the boy. He worked hard. he was able to overcome his grief. 1. He was able to overcome his grief. I found out the truth. the dog barked loudly. It barked loudly. Combine the following pairs of sentences changing one of the finite verbs into a participle. 5. 2. (by) Ans: He secured the first place by working hard. Opening the door. Example: He resorted to music. I found out the truth. Seeing the stranger. She expects to get admission easily. He secured the first place. Vendhan answered the questions well. 4. Malar scored high marks in the public examinations.4. Ans : Answering the questions well. (verb+ing). The dog saw the stranger. You need not take the examination. Ex. Vendhan was selected for the final round in the quiz contest. 5. Malar expects to get admission easily. She opened the door. 30 . She started cleaning the room. 3. (from) Ans: I shall exempt you from taking the examination. Questioning the boy. she started cleaning the room. I shall exempt you. III. Ans : Resorting to music.
She is a famous sports person. My key was missing. This is Ram. He is the hero of this movie. Ans : Pritam said to the shop keeper. (whom / who). They will be given special prizes. “will you exchange the defective torch which I have bought from him yesterday?. They were willing to do it. (who / which). 4. You met the actor. 8. The performance of these students has been outstanding. He suggested many ideas that were not practical. Join the sentences given below. choosing the correct relative pronoun furnished in brackets. (whose / when). They were not practical. Pritam asked the shopkeeper whether he would exchange the defective torch which he had bought from him the previous day. He is the leader of our class. 31 . I found it. The bridge was repaired.IV. 5. The students whose performance has been outstanding will be given special prizes. You met the actor who is the hero of this movie. Did you buy the book? You saw it in the shop (when / which) Did you buy the book which you saw in the shop? Direct to Indirect 35. 3. 1. ( which / what) I found the key which was missing. (whom / who ). 7. 6. 2. I know the girl. (that / what). He suggested many ideas. Rewrite this sentence in direct Speech. The bridge was repaired by those who were willing to do it. I know the girl who is a famous sports person. This is Ram who is the leader of our class. (Who / when).
”. 32 . “Hurrah! I have won the match” Indirect: He exclaimed that he had won the match. The prime minister said. Exclaimed: Direct: He said. The prime minister said that he was determined to abolish poverty. The boy replied that he had come to ask him for a scholarship. Interrogatives – Yes/No questions : (Direct Speech) The doctor asked the patient. “Do you smoke?”. (Indirect Speech) The doctor asked the patient whether (if) he smoked. 2. (Indirect Speech) The Headmaster asked the boy what he could do for him. “ Don’t write on both sides of the paper” (Indirect Speech) The teacher asked the boys not to write on both sides of the paper.Direct to Indirect (Reported Speech) Reported Speech Statements (Direct Speech) “What can I do for you?” the Headmaster asked the boy. The teacher told the students that the students had done very well in the test. “you have done very well in the test. “I am determined to abolish poverty”. The teacher said to the students. “ I have come to ask you for a scholarship” the boy said. Exercise: 1. Exclamatory Sentences (Direct) “What a beautiful view it is” said my friend. Interrogatives – ‘Wh’ questions : (Direct Speech) The teacher said to the boys. (indirect) My friend exclaimed that it was a very beautiful view. “ where do you want to go?” (Indirect Speech) The teacher asked the boys where they wanted to go. Imperative Sentence : (Direct Speech) The teacher said to the boys.
The teacher said to me. 2. Ans : “Sunitha.” Mohana said to her aunt. Ans : “Oh! I am tired!” I have been working hard for my examinations. were Wrote Have / has written was were did had wrote had been had written had written 33 . All holy scriptures say. All holy scriptures advise us to do our duty without worrying about the result. 5. 5.” Librarian said to sunil. 3. Raghu has not brought the leave letter.3. am Are Do. “Do your duty without worrying about the result”. Mohana has been working hard for her examinations. Ans: “Which is the way to the Museum?” Tourist said to the Police man. You have not brought the leave letter”. A tourist wants to find his way to the Musuem. Changes Is. has Write Was. Don’t you have enough change?” the conductor said to the passenger. Ans : “I don’t need a 50 rupee note. you ought to return the library books on time. The passenger has not brought enough change. Sunitha has failed to return the library books on time. Indirect to Direct Speech : 1. “Are you going to join the Medical course or the Engineering course?”. 4. The teacher asked me whether I was going to join the medical course or the engineering course. teacher said to Raghu. Ans : “I will not excuse you. Shyam’s grandfather said to him “Don’t waste your time in unnecessary activities”. 4. does Have. Shyam’s grandfather advised him not to waste his time in unnecessary activities.
May Must Will. shall Can This These Today Here Ago Here after Yesterday Tomorrow Said to Said - might had to would could that those that day there before there after the previous day / the day before the next day / the following day told said Persons Singular I Person II Person III Person I You he She It Plural We you they Subject I We You He She It They Possessive adjective My Our Your His Her Its Them 34 .
Change statement from Direct – Indirect Changes Said to Said Conjunction Comma. Interrogative Sentence Changes Said to W/H question Yes / No Question asked write the same ‘wh’ word If / whether III. I. Imperative Sentence Changes Request Said to Please Command Said to Conjunction Conjunction ordered / advised / commanded to don’t – not to requested omitted 35 . quotation removed.Object Me Us You Him Her It Them Possessive Pronoun Mine Ours Yours His Hers Its Theirs Note: Conjunction added. comma. quotation told said that removed II.
very few. er / more. no other – positive degree II. as / so……… as. as ………. Exclamatory Sentence Said Conjunction omit exclaimed that Hurrah! Alas! Oh! Ah! Degrees of Comparison Points to Remember I. Adjective with two or more than two syllables will have more and most to form their comparative and superlative degree respectively. than – comparative degree III. est / the most – superlative degree Notes: Adjective with one syllable will have “er” and ‘est’ to form their comparative and Superlative degree respectively. Prem is as good as Sundar (P) Sundar is not better than Prem (C) No other fruit is as sweet as Mango (P) Mango is Sweeter than any other fruit (C) Mango is the Sweetest fruit (S) Very few men here are as handsome as Rahim (P) Rahim is more handsome than most other men here (C) Rahim is one of the most handsome men here (S) 36 .IV.
and so but / yet / still So…… that…… not though / although / even though 6. Compound. Complex If – Clause 36) From the context of the two sentences given below form a single sentence using the “If” clause. 7. therefore Very …….Degrees of Comparison 37) Read the Following Sentences about Smitha’s family and write an observation in a single sentence using any one of the degrees of comparison.5 feet tall Prem is 5. because owing to / due to so. Smitha is 5 feet tall Kumar is 4.5 feet tall Nina is 3. 2.No Simple 1. otherwise and immediately and Complex If.5 feet tall Mohan is 6 feet tall Ans: Mohan is the tallest of all Simple. unless Unless as soon as When On account of / and so. Ans: The glass falls The glass breaks If the glass falls. it will break. 5. In the event of Without – ing On – ing v – ing Compound and or. 4. since.. Simple. Compound & Complex S. too – to Inspite of / despite 37 . As. 3. therefore.
When we heard a noise. 10. the child smiled (S) The Child saw the mother and immediately it Smiled (d) As soon as the mother saw the mother. On seeing the mother. you can’t be rich III. it smiled (X) IV. Hearing a noise. 1.8. Without saving money. We heard a noise and looked out (d) 3. Play well and you will win the Prize (D) 3. don’t save money. you will win the prize (S) 2. Besides / being Not only…… but also 9. you can’t be rich (S) Save money otherwise you can’t be rich (D) If you. Noun phrase Having + III form And And then Who / which After Note: S – Simple D – Compound X – Complex Eg: I. you will win the prize (X) II. you can’t be rich (X) (or) Unless you save money. 1. we looked out (S) 2. If You Play well. In the event of playing well. we looked out (x) 38 .
Having done our exercises. she was absent (S) 2. I saw a boy and he was tall (d) 3. She was ill and so she was absent (d) 3. Though he worked hard he was poor (x) VIII. 39 . we took bath (s) 2. I saw a tall boy (s) 2. 1. After we had done our exercises we took bath (x) PUNCTUATE Good Heavens I gave him a Sovereign and he sank into an armchair Gave him a Sovereign Shouted Trevor and he burst into a roar of laughter. The question was so tough that we couldn’t answer it (x) VII. I saw a boy who was tall (x) X. He worked hard but he was poor (d) 3. 1. 1. Answer: “Good Heavens! I gave him a Sovereign!” and he sank into an armchair. We did our exercises and then we took bath (d) 3. The question was very tough and so we couldn’t answer it (d) 3. The question was too tough for us to answer (s) 2. Babu is not only a singer but also an actor (d) IX. 1. Besides being a singer. On account of her illness. 1.V. 1. “Gave him a Sovereign!” Shouted Trevor and he burst into a roar of laughter. he was poor (s) 2. As she was ill. she was absent (x) VI. Inspite of his hard work. Babu is an actor (s) 2.
Section – C English – I – Paper Prose – 2 Mark Question 1. 6. So Hughie feared an adverse reaction from the baron. wrinkled and sad. Why did Hughie wish to apologise to the Baron? Hughie had treated the Baron like a beggar. Why was Hughie Upset? Hughie was unable to fulfil the colonel’s condition. my Parents were not Sure what the value of music was. What made the oldman look a typical beggar? The old man’s face was dried up. he was upset. 3. Answer I Still remember my mother’s remark when I announced my decision to apply to music school. 40 . She said. 5. One of the richest men in Europe.II. Why did Hughie fear an adverse reaction from the Baron? Hughie had treated the Baron like a beggar. 2. I think. Baron Hausberg. This made the old man look like a typical beggar. He held out his battered hat for alms. So. He did not know how to earn money. What was Hughie’s financial status? Hughie was poor and unemployed. 4. I Still remember my mothers remark when I announced my decision to apply to music school she said you re wasting your SAT Scores On Some level I think my Parents were not Sure what the value of music was what its purpose was. what its purpose was. What was the beggar’s true identify? The beggar was Mr. So he wished to apologies to him. “you’re wasting your SAT Scores!” On Some level.
He rewards Hughie. 9. Differentiate “Millionaire Models” and model Millionaires? Millionaire models → Models Who pose themselves as millionaires. it found a place even in concentration camps. How is music different from astronomy? Music is the study of relationship between invisible and internal hidden objects. What is the Significance of art? Art is part of Survival. How did Hughie grow angry with Trevor? Trevor had explained Hughie’s personal affairs to the old model. Model millionaires → Millionaires who live as a model example to other millionaires in the society. who mistook him for a beggar. 13. So Hughie grew angry with him. He won’t share his affairs with others. Messiaen wrote a music composition – “Quartet for the End of Time” 12. Unit – 2 10. It is an expression of our selves. b) The Baron → The Baron is generous and forgiving. 41 . 8. 11. Attempt a Character sketch of a) Hughie → Hughie is poor but kind.7. It is a part of survival. But astronomy is the study of relationship between observable and external objects. Why did art find a place even in concentration camps? Art is essential for life. How did Messiaen spend his time in prison? In prison. So.
2001 Unit – 3 17. I should acquire a character of action and generous sentiments. Why isn’t music an extravaganza or a hobby? Music is a basic need of human Survival. So. 16. Which period of life does Gohale consider a happy one? Gokhale considers studenthood a very happy period of life. So. 42 . 15. he didn’t play the piano after the terrible incident. What is the two fold duty to be acquired by students? Acquiring knowledge and acquiring characters is the two fold duties to be acquired by students. 19. Incident2: The Americans sang songs inspite of the terrible incident on Sep 11. it isn’t an extravaganza or a hobby. It helps to express our feelings. It should also raise the life of people around me.14. What are the two incidents that stress the importance as music as an essential art? Incident 1: Messiaen wrote a music composition in jail. What kind of Character should you acquire when you are a student? As a student. 18. How would you define the true spirit of discipline? A feeling of reverence for the teacher is the true spirit of discipline. 20. Why didn’t the narrator play the piano after the terrible incident? The narrator was completely lost.
What according to peter Gleick will be the future when the water supplies are diminished? There will be tension over shared water resources. 26. What will be the future if the Himalayan glaciers become ice free? If the Himalayan glaciers become ice – free there will be a scarcity of water. I have to study them at home 3. I have to get good marks in exams. because success in life depends more upon character than upon knowledge. acquisition of knowledge. I have to do my home work daily 4. Obedience to parents 2. there will be an exodus. I have to listen to the lessons taught. They become the water resource for the Ganges and the Yamuna. alone won’t help me achieve success in life. 22. Reverence to Teachers are the two valuable qualities to be practiced by us as students. 29. What are the two valuable qualities to be practiced by you as students? 1. 43 . What should be the student’s attitude towards the government? Loyal acceptance should be the student’s attitude towards the government. 27. 2. These tensions will lead to violence. 24. if the rivers dwindle. Prepare a list of all the responsibilities you now face as a student 1. Will acquisition of knowledge alone help you achieve success in life? Why? No. Unit – 4 25. 23. 28. What according to Diwan singh will happen if the rivers dwindle? According to Diwan singh. What is a metropolis? A metropolis is a chief city with a huge population.21. Do you know how the Himalayan glaciers are useful? The Himalayan glaciers melt in Sunlight.
37. 38. What do birds do every year during autumn and early winter? Every year during autumn and early winter birds travel from their nesting places to warmer lands. twittering and calling. Andhra Pradesh. Who are the brave little voyagers? Migrating birds are the brave little voyagers. warblers and shore birds fly after fluttering. Karnataka. They should know their rights. 44 . and developmental policies are the causes for the increase in domestic workers. Why is the world of domestic workers “invisible”? The world of domestic workers hasn’t got the recognition of law and the society. Can you suggest two reasons as to why birds travel in flocks? Birds travel in flocks for safety from enemies and to avoid losing their way. Kerala. How are some domestic worker’s lives similar to those of slaves? Some domestic workers work full time. 31. Unit – 6 35. their lives are similar to those of slaves. Thus. Which are the states in India that have shown concern for the domestic workers? Maharashtra. 32. So. They should give them a fair wage. 33. Describe the manner in which birds travel in flocks? Cranes and geese usually fly in the shape of “V”. Bihar and Rajasthan have shown concern for the domestic workers. flycatchers. it is “invisible”.Unit – 5 30. 34. Swallows. 36. How should employers with a change in attitude treat their domestic workers? Employers should accept their domestic workers as workers and not as servents. What are the causes for the increase in domestic workers? Changes in the economy.
45 . Describe how ringing is done? (Or) Describe how ringing of migrant birds is done? A band is tied on a bird’s leg. the birds are blown by storms and drowned in sea. During Summer → Birds migrate to escape heat and get nesting sites. Identify the reasons why birds migrate? During winter → Birds migrate to escape cold and get food. What is the distance covered by the smallest bird every winter? 3. identification mark and sender’s address. How do they return to the same place yearly? 45.200 km is the distance covered by the smallest bird every winter. With the place of finding it. So migration is one of the greatest mysteries of bird life. birds travel yearly from their nesting place to warmer lands. its place of migration is found. 44. 41. Which is the smallest of all birds? The willow warbler is the smallest of all birds. 40. The bright lights confuses them. They return during spring and early summer. It has a number. In What way is migration one of the greatest mysteries of bird life? During autumn and early winter. There are many unsolved problems in the study of bird migration? What are they? Many unsolved problems in the study of bird migration are 1.39. 43. date. How do the birds knew their way over the sea without any landmarks? 2. The migration of birds faces two main dangers. The bird is freed. 42. What are they? Danger 1: Danger 2: Sometimes.
This evokes wonder in the onlookers. Rajaraja Chola built it. 54. There the granite stones are interlocked harmoniously. it is unbeatable. In what way is the tower unbeatable? The tower has perfect geometry and clarity.Unit – 7 46. What is the speciality of the vimanam? The vimanam is built with stones and without mortar. 2. 46 . It stands testimony to the chola’s opulence. It was renovated by the Marathas. Who built the palace? By whom was it renovated? The Nayaks built the place. 50. 47. The topmost stone weighs 80 tons. What evokes wonder in the on lookers? 1. 52. 51. 49. 48. What aspect of the temple baffles engineers till this day? The topmost stone of the vimanam weighs 80 tons. Thus. The pillared cloisters have deities and lingas. 53. How the builders lifted it so high without machines baffles engineers till this day. How is the king’s reverence to the lord revealed? The enormity of the deities reveal the king’s reverence to the lord. How old is the Brihadeeswarar Temple? Who built it? The Brihadeeswarar Temple is thousand years old. What were the Pallava and the Chola eras famous for? The Pallava and the Chola eras were famous for monolithic statues. What stands testimony to the chola’s opulence? The Bigtemple has a walled fortress.
So. What are the contributions of the Cholas towards arts and culture? 1. Hughie was upset. Tanjore was Cholas capital. These reflect the generous attitude of the Chola King and his family. 5 Mark Questions Paragraphs: 1. it is greatly necessary to preserve them. dance and traditional handicrafts are the specialities of Tanjore. Besides. 59. They donated gold and silver to the temples. Cholas built many temples. He had no job. Then. 2. 3. 57. Hughie took pity on him and gave him a sovereign. 58. Thus Hughie treated the model as a beggar. He wanted to marry Laura. Who was Hughie? How had Hughie treated the model who posed for Trevor? Hughie was a handsome Youngman.55. They also patronized for the development of art and culture. Who consecrated the temple? How? Rajaraja Chola consecrated the temple by climbing a ladder with a copper pot of holy water. The Big temple. How necessary is it to preserve these monuments of our culture? Why? These monuments symbolize the flourishing sculptural expertise and rich culture of ancient India. 47 . Carnatic music. Laura’s father asked him to earn 10000 pounds for their engagement. What are the things that reflect the generous attitude of the Chola King and his family? Rajaraja. The beggar battered his hat for alms. Hearing it. 56. List out the specialities of Tanjore. What is written on the vimanam? The inscriptions on the vimanam talk about Rararaja Chola’s gifts to the big temple. The beggar’s face looked sad. The gold came from his treasure. 60. Trevor was painting a beggar’s picture. his sister and queens donated gold and silver to the Big Temple. He visited trevor his friend. So.
It is to get a stock of knowledge.000 pounds. It will continue in all his life. Values of knowledge and character are similar. 3. Duty 2 → A student should have co-operation with his co-students. He sent Hughie a cheque for 10. A student should help the people in need. the ice-cap in the Arctic Ocean is becoming thin. So. What are the various duties of a student? Describe any two duties of a student as pointed out by Gokhale? Duty 1 → A student’s primary duty is towards himself. the millionaire forgave Hughie. So. 4. What are the alarming threats foreseen by environmentalists. Further. He should also get good character. 5. What was the result of Hughie’s mistaking the Baron for a beggar? Hughie had treated the baron like a beggar. Our character should have energy of action and generous sentiments. A water expert says that there will be tension in sharing water. Later he came to know that the beggar was Mr. Cereal Production will decrease in South Asia. Both are important. So. It would help him to earn his livelihood. the ocean won’t have ice anymore. we should give importance to both. The tension will cause violence.2. How is character important in life? Success depends more upon characters. it should also raise the life of people around us. Further. Yet. Baron Hausberg. It was his present for Hughie’s marriage. 48 . Knowledge alone cannot get success. He should have respect for the teachers. He gets discipline by respecting teachers. Duty 4 → Duty 5 → A student should accept the government truly. These are the threats of water scarcity. due to water scarcity? An environmental activist says that people of Delhi are facing a hard situation. Duty 3 → A student should have obedience to parents. A person should get knowledge. water scarcity will be more. Soon. Hughie expected an adverse reaction from Baron. one of the richest men in Europe. He had learnt his condition.
it is a testimony for ever. The vimanam was built by skilled artisans. The pillars have different designs. They are really admirable. without the breeze. We ran as if to meet the moon That slowly dawned behind the trees The barren boughs without the leaves without the birds. their migration is interesting. The vimanam is built with stones and without mortar. But once within the wood. ready to run to hiding new with laughter when she found us soon. It is a symbol of our sculptural skill and culture. Cranes and geese fly in “v” shape. Describe briefly how birds migrate? Bird’s migration is a great mystery. So. What makes the Brahadeeswarar temple unique and outstanding? The Brahadeeswarar temple is an architectural wonder.6. 7. They return during winter. Thus. we paused like gnomes that hid us from the moon. Small birds don’t exceed 48 km. we knew we heard the brook 49 . The large Linga and Nandhi show their generosity. The temple looks majestic. Going for water (3rd. It attracts us Birds migrate for warmth. They travel during autumn. They fly from 48-64 km an hour. 4th & 5th stanzas) . They fly in flocks. It was built by Rajaraja Chola. There is a fort in the temple. Sometimes they are confused by bright lights. and in the hush we joined to make we heard. It shows the Chola’s richness and vision. Engineers discuss it even now. Memory Poems 1. The topmost stone weighs 80 tons. They don’t travel far sometimes they are blown by storms. Each laid on other a staying hand to listen ere we dared to look.Robert Frost. food and nesting places.
Basheer The globe’s my world. Our knees tremble surely in the stooping. and.Famida Y. I breed my brood where’r I will. (The first nine lines of the poem) “For oh” say the children. “we are weary. I spawn and splash in distant spills. No flags. No I will not. no machine guns that blast Citizens of those border states Brothers of her brother’s sons. the reddest flower would look as pale as snow. 3. 50 . The cloud’s my kin I care not where the skies begin. The cry of the Children Elizabath Barrett Browing. underneath our heavy eyelids drooping.2. no vigil gates. and we cannot run or leap From your pleasures fair and fine! If we cared for any meadows. I spread my wings through all the din. No maps. We fall upon our faces. I won’t look down. MIGRANT BIRD . with speed of wings I hasten past And close my eyes against the sun To dream my dreams and make them last. trying to go. it were merely To drop down in them and sleep. no boundaries to block My sojourn into unknown lands. Through fears and fright I fly my flight No walls for me.
If you can think and not make thoughts your aim.4. and brave men die. A creature of that old distorted dream that makes the sound of life an evil cry. a. Good men perform just deeds. what is more. And. If you can force your heart. 51 . 2. How is the world described as per the poem? The world is in darkness as per the poem. and thou in the midst of it with blows that gleam. MANLINESS . (ii) What does the millionaire make the life? The millionaire make the life of an evil cry. (i) Who is the creature mentioned here? The creature mentioned here is the millionaire. you’ll be a man. And won not honour such as gold can give. (iii) What is the millionaire’s old distorted dream? The old man’s dream is to make millions. Read the following set of poetic lines and answer the questions given below each set. 3. The world in gloom and splendor passes by. Yours is the earth and everything that’s in it. my son. And treat those two imposters just the same. And so hold on when there is nothing in you Except the will which says to them.Rudyard Kipling. “Hold on!” If you can fill the unforgiving minute With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run. and nerve and sinew To serve your then long after they are gone. Unit – 1 To a Millionaire 1. If you can meet with triumph and disaster. 1. If you can dream and not make dreams your master.
By want and rags and homelessness made vile. (i) Who is the narrator? The poet D. (iii) What do you mean by ‘Vista’? ‘Vista’ means the visual percept of a region. till I see. PIANO Taking me back down the vista of years. (i) Do the working class people get their needs? No. in the boom of the tingling strings And pressing the small. 5. 4. Unit 2 1. in the dusk. (i) Where is the child sitting? Who is sitting under the piano? A child is sitting under the piano.H. and all the meaner parts That balances thy one grim misgotten pile. Lawrence is the narrator. (ii) Who is singing to the poet? A woman is singing to the poet. misfed. the working class people do not get their basic needs. (ii) What is the misgotten pile? The money earned by the millionaire is misgotten pile. (ii) How are the ‘youth’ and ‘old age’ similar here? They are mistaught and misfed. Old age and youth alike mistaught.(i) What does good men perform? Good men perform good deeds. Softly. a woman is singing to me. They are homeless. The grief’s and hates. (ii) Why do the brave men die? The brave men fight in the war and die. (i) What attributes to the millionaire’s misgotten pile? The grief’s and hates contribute to the millionaire’s misgoten pile. (iii) What does gold gain? Gold gains honour. poised feet of a mother who smiles as she sings. 2. A child sitting under the piano. (or) 52 .
If you can think and not make thoughts your aim. my manhood is cast Down in the flood of remembrance. the tinkling piano our guide. Poem – 3 1. If you can meet with triumph and disaster. Manliness – Rudyard kipling If you can dream and not make dreams your master. ----------------------------. a) What does the poet instruct us? The poet instructs us to dream. (i) What is cast down in the flood of remembrance? The poet’s manhood is cast down in the flood of remembrance. I weep like a child for the past. 4. 3. 2. they can become the masters. 53 . (ii) Who is their guide? The piano is their guide.The glamour of childish days is upon me. (ii) What does the poet do at last? The poet starts weeping like a child. b) How can dreams become masters? If we always think about the dreams. To the old Sunday evenings at home. with winter outside and hymns in the cosy parlour. (i) Where does the poet spend his Sunday evenings? The poet spends his Sunday evenings outside. c) What does the poet warn us? The poet warns us not to make the thoughts our aim. and treat those two imposters just the same.(ii) What is the child captivated by? The child is captivated by the music of the strings. a) Who are the imposters mentioned here? Triumph and disaster are the two imposters mentioned here.
3. 4. my son. The well was dry beside the door. a) What does the poet expect from you? The poet expects us to forget and forgive the mistakes of others. Poem – 4 1. If you can dream and not make dreams your master. 5. And. he could even control his heart. what is more. a) what did they go with? They went with a pail and can. b) What is the significance of the phrase “Hold on”? If a man has strong will power. b) When can one become a ‘man’? When one wins the hearts of others. “Hold on” a) What quality of a man is mentioned in these lines? “Will power” is the quality mentioned in these lines. he can become a man. Yours is the earth and everything that’s in it. 6. And so hold on when there is nothing in you Except the will which says to them.Robert Prost 54 .. b) Which is the essential quality of a man mentioned here? Forgiveness is the essential quality of a man. It is used as a conditional word. If you can fill the unforgiving minute. you’ll be a man. a) How can one own the earth? One can own the earth by forgiving the sinners or wrong doers. b) How was the well in their home? The well was dry in their home c) Where is the well? The well is beside the door. a) Which is the significant word used here? ‘If’ is the significant word used here. nerves etc. Going for water . And so we went with pail and can. b) What is the significance of that word? Man should dream.
So they to listen to the sound of the brook. they had to seek the brook. They checked their look as they are about to reach the brook. b) Why did they lay hand on each other? The speakers were enjoying the fun. 4. c) Where did they go now? They went to the fields. Not loth to have excuse to go. c) What did they listen to? They listened to the sound of the brook. a) What was the season when this incident happened? It was autumn season when this incident happened. But once within the wood we paused Like gnomes that hid us from the moon. a) How was the atmosphere? The atmosphere was chill. a) Who laid hand on? Both the speakers laid hand on each other. b) Where was the brook? The brook was near their woods. Each laid on other a staying hand To listen ere we dared to look.2. b) Why did they pause? They reached the woods. Now. Because the autumn eve was fair. 55 . a) Where did they pause or stop? They paused or stopped in the woods. b) What part of the day was it when they went out? It was evening time when they went out. (Though chill) because the fields were ours. 5. 3. And by the brook our woods were there.
. 4. we drag our burden tiring.. . turning. The cry of the children. a) Where do they work? They work in the dark coal mines. For. all day.. with pulses burning. 2. 5... b) What is their work in the factories? They have to drive the heavy iron wheels in the factories.. “For oh!” say the children.. the wheels are droning.6. 56 .. For all day. “we are weary. So they are weary. underground .. Or. ... Like pearls........ all day. Now drops that floated on the peol.. 3. The river reflects the light and it looks like silver blade. and now a silver blade.. 1.. a) What are the drops of water compared to? Drops of water are compared to pearls. And we cannot run or leap” a) Why are the children weary? They work throughout the day..Elizebeth Barrett Browning..... b) What is the silver blade here? The moonlight falls on the river... our head.. we drive the wheels of iron In the factories.. a) Where do the children work? The children work in factories. b) What is their burden? The heavy coal is their burden. Through the coal-dark. round and round. Till our hearts turn. Their wind comes in own faces.
a) What does the word “walls” refer here? The word. 6. 1. no boundaries to block My sojourn into unknown lands. No flags.. MIGRANT BIRD. 5. it has no particular map of its own. a) Who is the speaker here? The migrant bird is the speaker here. a) Why does the bird have no map? Since it does not belong to a single land. And the walls turn in their places. no vigil gates. a) How can the children see the sky? The children can see the sky through the high window. No maps..a) How is the wind from the wheels? The wheels blow hot wind. b) What is the effect of the hot wind on them? The children feel their pulses and hearts burning. Turns the sky in the high window blank and reeling. I care not where the skies begin. 3. c) How is the world of the bird? The world of the bird is so peaceful where there is no gun sound.. the bird has no nativity..... no machine guns that blast.... “walls” refers to the restrictions for the birds entry into other land. 2. 57 . b) Does the bird have any nativity? No. No walls for me.. The cloud’s my kin.. b) What happened to the walls? The walls seem to turn in their places. b) Who is the relative of the bird? The cloud is the relative of the bird. b) How long does the bird stay in unknown lands? The bird stays for a short period on unknown lands. “The globe’s my world.
4. Bleary eyes. Decades of practice Heir dooms of rich traditions 58 . 5. b) What does it show? It shows the changing moods of the Shilpi. A mirror of his changing moods Now sure. it will not hate anyone. SHILPI . b) will the bird hate anyone? No. 7. I spawn and splash in distant spills. It is sure. 6. b) What does he do? The bird dreams. b) What does the bird do during its flight? It closes its eyes against the sun. now steeped in thought a) What is the mirror here? The Shilpi’s face is the mirror here. c) What is sure now? The Shilpi is now filled in thoughts. With speed of wings I hasten past and close my eyes against the sun.Ashwin Parthiban. It lays eggs and produces its species. Sinews taut yet steady. a) How does the bird fly? The bird flies with great speed. I breed my brood where’r I will a) What does the bird do? It splashes its wings. 1. To dream my dreams and make them last. 2. a) What does the bird want to do with its dreams? The bird wants to make the dreams stay for a long time.
b) How long has he practiced the art? The Shilpi has practiced the art for decades. 3. the Shilpi toiled for days to finish his work. Hammer and chisel laid asidea) Did the Shilpi work hard to finish his work? Yes. c) Why did he leave his tools aside? The Shilpi wanted to take a look at his finished work. These figures of speech are employed in a poem. His eyes are dull and tired. 4. using words in other than their literal sense to enhance the way a thought is expressed. POETIC DEVICES Introduction : A figure of speech is a change from the ordinary manner of expression.a) How are the eyes of the Shilpi? The Shilpi’s eyes are dull. 59 . c) Who is in man’s image? God is in man’s image. So he left his tools aside. So his eyes are bloodshoot. Only bloodshot eyes betray Deep pride. then reverence Lo! God in man’s image! a) Why are the eyes blood shot? The Shilpi has spent a many sleepless nights. The days of tail. b) What did he leave aside? The Shilpi left his tools like hammer and Chisel aside. b) What are the emotions mentioned here? The poet feels pride and he respects his work.
Here the word ‘tinkling’ refers to the sound. or a nonexistent character. Personification : A figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstraction is endowed with human qualitites or abilities.. The world is personified. 60 . an inanimate object... Metaphor : Metaphor is an implied comparison between two unlike things that actually have something important in common. It is an implied Onamatopoela : It is the use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to.. It is Onamatopoela.. Slimile : It is a stated comparison (usually formed with “like” or “as”) between two fundamentally dissimilar things that have certain qualities in common.. The cloud’s my kin. Here the wheels that are inanimate things are addressed... A slender tinkling fall that made.. The well was dry beside the door.. it is the apostrophe. comparison between cloud and relations.. O ye Wheels’. Here the bird thinks that the cloud is like his kin (relation). In this line we can see that the consonant sound / d / is found alliterated in the words dry and door. This is the alliteration. some abstract quality. Apostrophe : When there is a breaking off discourse to address some absent person or thing. The world in gloom and splendour passes by.. The world here is animated as a human being passing by. It is metaphor. we call it an apostrophe.Alliteration : Alliteration is the repetition of an initial consonant sound.
eg: The wisest fool. b) What are the rhyming words? The rhyming words are die – I and give – live. b) What are the rhyming words? The rhyming words are by-cry and gleam – dream. water is compared to pearls. and live. Like pearls. The rhyme scheme of this stanza ia abba. 3. Here. 2. Good men perform just deeds. But I a) Identify the rhyme scheme of this stanza. Harmonic cacophony. a) Idntify the rhyme scheme of this stanza. a) what is the figure of speech employed here? The figure of speech present here is Personification. They are not similar. A creature of that old distorted dream That makes the sound of life an evil cry. The world in gloom and splendour passes by. And serve the curse that pins them down. her the poet employed simile. And thou in the midst of it with brows that gleam.Now drops that floated on the pool. 1. To a Millionaire Read the following lines from the poems and answer the questions given below them: 1. 61 . The world in gloom and splendour passes by. Oxymoron : It is the usage of contradictory terms. and brave men die. And win not honour such as gold can give. and now a silver blade. So. The rhyme scheme of this stanza is abba. Pearls are precious and attractive and the colour of the pearl is as good as that of water. While the vain multitudes pold on.
6. a) What are the rhyming words? The rhyming words are “me and see” 62 . It is the alliteration. It is the alliteration.4. till I see. It is the alliteration. in the dusk. Old age and youth alike mistaught. 2. And win not honour such as gold can give. The consonant sound / m / is alliterated in the words mistaught and misfed. a) What are the rhyming words? The rhyming words are bread – misfed 5. The poet is lead by memory down the lane of his childhood days. 2. The hunger and the mortal strife for bread. Softly. A creature of that old distorted dream a) Mention the alliteration here. Memory is personified. Think only of the unnumbered broken hearts. till I see. a woman is singing to me: Taking me back down the vista of years. Old age and youth alike mistaught. misfed. a) Mention the alliteration here. a) what is the figure of speech employed here? The figure of speech used here is personification. The consonant sound / g / is alliterated in the words gold and give. a) Mention the alliteration here. 7. The consonant sound / d / is alliterated in the words distorted and dream. misfed. PIANO Read the following lines from the poems and answer the questions given below them: 1. By want and rags and homelessness made vile. Taking me back down the vista of years.
The consonant sound / p / is alliterated in the words – pressing and poised. A child sitting under the piano. a) What is the figure of speech employed here? The figure of speech employed here is ‘alliteration’. in the boom of the tingling strings And pressing the small. The consonant sound / b / is alliterated in the words – betrays. a) What is the figure of speech employed here? The figure of speech employed here ‘alliteration’. 63 . till the heart of me weeps to belong. smiles and sings. a) What is the figure of speech employed here? The figure of speech employed here ‘alliteration’. The figure of speech employed is Onomatopoeia. It is Onomatopoeia. 5. b) What are the rhyming words? The rhyming words are “strings and sings” c) Pick out the work that refers to a sound. a) What is the figure of speech employed here? The figure of speech used here are Onomatopoeia and alliteration. 7. back and belong. the tinkling piano our guide. poised feet of a mother who smiles as she sings. The word ‘tinkling’ refers to the music of the piano.3. a) What imagery can you draw from this line? Like a young one caressing its mother. the insidious mastery of song. Betrays me back. poised feet of a mother who smiles as she sings. 6. the poet presses his mother’s feet. This imaginary I can draw from this line. The consonant sound / p / is alliterated in the words – parlour and piano. And pressing the small. What is the figure of speech employed here? The word that refers to a sound is ‘tingling’. In spite of myself. The consonant sound / m / is alliterated in the words – myself and mastery. It is the alliteration. 4. And hymns in the cosy parlour. . The consonant sound / s / is alliterated in the words – small.
Of childish days is upon me. If you can force your heart. And treat those two impostors just the same. my manhood is cast Down in the flood of remembrance. If you can think and not make thoughts your aim. 3. abab b) Pick out the rhyming words. If you can meet with triumph and disaster. abab b) Pick out the rhyming words. a) Find out the rhyme scheme of these lines. a) Pick out the words in alliteration? Treat. Master – disaster. two. those. 64 . The rhyming words are ‘cast – past’ b) What is the figure of speech used in the line “I weep like a child”? The figure of speech used here is smile. aim – same 2. nerve. a) Pick out the words rhyming. 3. “Hold on”. and sinew To serve your turn long after they are gone. And treat those two impostors just the same. If you can dream and not make dreams your master.8.on c) Pick out the words in alliteration? Will – which. MANLINESS Read the following lines from the poems and answer the questions given below them: 1. And so hold on when there is nothing in you Except the will which says to them. gone . Sinew – you. a) Find out the rhyme scheme of these lines. If you can meet with triumph and disaster. I weep like a child for the past.
And. c) What are the rhyming words? The rhyming words are can – ran. seconds. you’ll be a man. man. a) Give the words in alliteration. Yours is the earth and everything that’s in it. If you can fill the unforgiving minute With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run. Minute – it. a) Which are the words in aliteration. The consonant sound / w / is alliterated in the words we. a) Which are the words in aliteration. what is more. 5. a) Which are the words in aliteration. 65 . If you can fill the unforgiving minute With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run. b) What is the rhyme scheme of this stanza? The rhyme scheme of this stanza is abcb. a) What is the rhyme scheme used here? abab. 4. The well was dry beside the door. 7. my son. you’ll be a man. The words in aliteration are The consonant sound / d / is alliterated in the words dry and door. b) Pick out the rhyming words. Sixty. run-sun. my son.4. 6. went and with. Earth – everything. And. Yours is the earth and everything that’s in it. More. GOING FOR WATER Read the following lines from the poems and answer the questions given below them: 1. And so we went with pail and can Across the fields behind the house To seek the brook if still it ran. what is more. my.
The barren boughs without the leaves. went and with. We ran as if to meet the moon That slowly dawned behind the trees. And by the brook our woods were there. without the breeze. c) What are the rhyming words? The rhyming words are fair – there. 66 . “We ran as if to meet the moon”. Because the autumn eve was fair (Though chill).2. Without the birds. The words in alliteration are The consonant sound / m / is alliterated in the words meet and moon. birds . a) Give the words in alliteration The words in alliteration are The consonant sound / b / is alliterated in the words barren – boughs. c) What are the rhyming words? The rhyming words are trees and leaves. a) What is the rhyme scheme of this stanza? The rhyme scheme of this stanza is abbb. a) What is the figure of speech employed in this line? The figure of speech employed in the line is hyperbole. 4. b) Give the words in alliteration. a) Give the words in alliteration The words in alliteration are The consonant sound / d / is alliterated in the words dry and door. because the fields were ours. Not loth to have excuse to go. b) What is the rhyme scheme of this stanza? The rhyme scheme of this stanza is abcb. The consonant sound / w / is alliterated in the words we. 3.breeze.
a) What imagery is employed in this poem? Auditory imagery is employed in this poem. We heard. Each laid on other a staying hand To listen ere we dared to look. and now a silver blade. b) What is the figure of speech employed in this line? The figure of speech employed is ‘onomatopoeia’. say the children. 67 . we knew we heard the brook. a) What is the rhyme scheme of this stanza? The rhyme scheme of this stanza is abcb. a) Give the words in alliteration The words in alliteration are listen. The cry of the children. A slender tinkling fall that made Now drops that floated on the pool Like pearls. “we are weary. 7. look. a) What is the rhyme scheme of this stanza? The rhyme scheme of this stanza is abcb. “For oh”. 5. we knew we heard the brook. c) What are the rhyming words? The rhyming words are look and brook. c) What is the imagery employed in this line? Auditory imagery is employed in this line. And in the hush we joined to make We heard. We and weary. 6. a) Pick out the words in alliteration. b) What are the rhyming words? The rhyming words are made and blade. Read the following lines from the poems and answer the questions given below them: 1. A note as from a single place. A slender tinkling fail that made.5.
faces – places. a) What is the rhyme scheme used here.2.. b) Which are the rhyming words here? Turning – burning.. b) Pick out the rhyming words in these lines. a) Pick out the words in alliteration.. Till our hearts turn. 68 . From your pleasures fair and fine! a) Pick out the words in alliteration. Simile..snow. To drop down in them and sleep... a) Pick out the words in alliteration. our head.. Their wind comes in our faces. The reddest flower would look as pale as snow.. trying to go. . 3.. 5. faces.. down.. underneath our heavy eyelids drooping The reddest flower would look as pale as snow. with pulses burning. go . Stooping – drooping. Our knees tremble sorely in the stooping. 6.. Drop.. For. all day.. 4. . And. The rhyme scheme employed here is abab... fine.. turning . Fall... a) Idnetify the figure of speech employed in this lines... fair.. The rhyme scheme is abab... the wheels are droning. c) What is the significance of the dash (-) used in these lines? They are the gap fillers.. From. And the walls turn in their places. We fall upon our faces. a) Bring out the rhyme scheme used in these lines.
a) What is the rhyme scheme used here? abab is the rhyme scheme used here.. 11.... we drag our burden tiring... Turns the long light that droppeth down the wall . For.. turn are the words in alliteration. 6.. I spread my wings through all the din. . our head with pulses burning.. b) Which are the rhyming words here? Reeling – seeling. . b) What is the archaic word used here? The archaic word used here is ‘droppeth’.7... a) Pick out the words in alliteration.. Turns the long light that droppeth down the wall. Till.drag. a) Pick out the words in alliteration.. droppeth. and we with all.. Long.. 69 . 9.... down.. Thill our hearts turn... Turn the black flies that crawl along the ceiling ... day .. all day.. 8. Through fears and fright I fly my flight. All are turning.... The cloud’s my kin I care not where the skies begin...... ‘O ye wheels’ (breaking out in a mad moaning) ‘Stop! be silent for to-day!’ a) What are the poetic devices used here? Personification and Apostrophe. “The globe’s my world. . all the day... wall – all..... a) Pick out the words in alliteration. Turns the sky in the high window blank and reeling ... light. MIGRANT BIRD Read the following lines from the poems and answer the questions given below them: 1.. 10.
Citizens of those border states. a) Pick out the words in alliteration. fly. 3. ‘No maps. fright. b) What imagery is employed here? Visual imagery is employed here. Brothers of her brother’s sons. breed – brood. a) Which are the words in alliteration? Fears. b) Pick out the rhyming words in these lines. a) What are the poetic devices used here? The poetic license (skies) is used here. a) What is the poetic device used here? Onomatopoeia is the poetic device used here. no boundaries to block’. Boundaries – block. b) Pick out the words in alliteration. 70 . a) Pick out the words in alliteration. Spills. ‘Through fears and fright I fly my flight. 5. will 6. I breed my brood where’r I will. I care not where the skies begin. flight.a) What is the rhyme scheme used in these lines? The rhyme scheme used in these lines is aaab. I spawn and splash in distant spills. kin. din 2. begin. Brothers – brother’s 4. c) Pick out the rhyming words.
last. The consonant sound / b / is 4. The consonant sound / s / is alliterated in the words steady and staccato. a) What is the imagery employed here? Auditory imagery is employed here. Sinews taut yet steady. 71 . a) What is the figure of speech employed here? Alliteration is the figure of speech employed here. 7. Dream – dreams. b) What is the figure of speech used here? The figure of speech used here is Oxymoron. a) Which are the rhyming words? Past. There is alliteration in the first two lines of the poem. The consonant sound / s / is alliterated in the words ‘sinews’ and ‘steady’. alliterated in the words ‘bloodshot’ and ‘betray’. Harmonic cacophony to oblivious ears. Write down those words which are in alliteration. Only bloodshot eyes betray. SHILPI Read the following lines from the poems and answer the questions given below them: 1. Steady throb Then staccato rhythm. With speed of wings I hasten past And close my eyes against the sun To dream my dreams and make them last. b) Pick out the words in alliteration. This is alliteration. Bleary eyes. 2.7. a) What is the poetic device employed here? Alliteration is the poetic device employed here. 3.
Our heart and nerve may be weak. Brave men give their lives for honour. He steps back. The consonant sound / m / is alliterated in the words melt and merge. hunger. We may have success and failure. Further many people suffer. But we should make them serve our team. Good men do honest actions. Manliness has many qualities. This is alliteration. rags and homelessness. he is selfish and dishonest. fades The consonant sound / s / is alliterated in the words stark and softens. This is alliteration. then sharp critical glare. We should treat them equally. now steeped in thought. surveys with Close scrutiny. Answer in a paragraph any one of the following question. Point out at least four more instances of alliteration. Then the millionaire earns more money dishonestly. When the world is sad. But the millionaire gets honour using gold. Then we should stand firm. b) Describe the various qualities success and failure manliness. 72 . We can have dreams.No: 61-63) a) How does the poet portray a millionaire? A millionaire is bright. Our will should be strong. He is like a creature making the life’s sound evil cry.5. This is alliteration. Rugged lines melt Sharp edges merge. The consonant sound / s / is alliterated in the words sure and steeped. The consonant sound / s / is alliterated in the words steps. IV. Thus. Then the earth is ours. surveys and scrutiny. (Q. D. We should be patient at the time of injustice. Now sure. But we should not make them our master. This is alliteration. from the poem. In stark evidence The knocking softens.
11. For the passage refer to the text book on page No: 11 & 12. 1. Then he pressed his mother’s feet. 5. II.H. What does ‘The Falling Man’ refer to? “The Falling Man” refers to a film depicting a man’s fall on Sep. his manhood is kept away. Buffet is currently rated as the wealthiest person in the world – false. He hears a woman’s song. Lawrence describes his childhood days in “Piano”. What is the present status of Euro? Now almost all the European countries have accepted Euro as valid currency. Edward warren Buffet is appreciated for his largest contribution to charity. Buffet did not wish to transfer his huge property to the next generation. For the passage refer to the text book page No: 33 & 34. Buffet is known as the legendary investor. 4. he sang hymns. This currency belongs to Europe. 3. 1. To which continent does this currency belong? Find out the name of at least three countries whose currency is the Euro. There was sibling rivalry with Dollar. 3. Bring out the sibling rivalry in the family of Euro. 2002. 5. They were jealous. In Sunday evenings. When did Euro come into world wide acceptance? Euro came into worldwide acceptance on 1st January. he was sitting under the piano. So. Having too much money would make people idle. She smiled while singing her song. Germany.c) What are the poet’s reminiscences about his childhood days in the poem “Piano”? D. Austria and Belgium are the countries which use the Euro. Questions & Answers. Euro was accepted without opposition – False. As a child. 4. Lira and sterling in the family of Euro. a) I. His childhood days attract him. He was hearing the boom of the strings. 2. III. It reminds him his mother’s song. He weeps for the past. 73 . 1. SECTION – E (Language Functions) V. 2. For the passage refer to the text book page No: 13.
Page 59. according to official sources? The identity of the falling man has never been officially confirmed. 4. Was the man jumping head long or falling from the Tower? Give reasons for your answer. 74 . What clothing would Briley usually wear to work? Briley usually would wear an orange undershirt to work. People who fell to their deaths on September 11 are not “jumpers?” The people who fell to their deaths on September 11 had no intention of committing suicides as jumpers. Why weren’t the deaths of the hijackers considered homicides? The death of the hijackers were not considered homicides because they killed themselves. 2. For the passage refer to the text book. How is the victim’s identity revealed in the film? The victim’s identity is revealed in the film by his brother in the morgue by the victim’s hands and shoes. We should speak only when required and when of utmost little and only with necessity. 6. Who is the falling man. 1. spiritual and psychological aspects of a person. Personality is the combination of physical. We should have a positive attitude to everything. IV. emotional. The man was jumping head long to save himself from the fire and smoke. 4. 7. 2.2. 5. 3. The holy grail of football refers to the FIFA trophy. 5. 1. 3. Victory owes its name to the Greek goddess Nike. 3. The higher you reach the more humble you should be. For the passage refer to the text book page No: 57. V. The phrase “lay its hands on” means to secure. Words have the power of motivating one or discouraging one.
Pickles is the name of a dog on a morning walk. 2. The Indian Government passed the right to education act in April 2010. Jules Rimet was an eminent personality in the patronage of football. Children in India between the age of six and fourteen will be provided education. 1. 5. 4. What can eradicate rural poverty? More rainfall can eradicate rural poverty. a sudden very heavy rain fall. For the passage refer to the text book. 3. The government has banned the hiring of children in hotels and tea shops. Try to identify the grammatical error in each.4. VII. VI. 3. 7. 2. 5. wipe out ability to solve problems in clever new ways the unpleasant sound that is made by crows. Lakes brim. Children of all nations will be assured of a life of dignity if they have basic rights. 75 . Call 1090 / 1091 for help in crimes against children. For the passage refer to the text book. The phrase is “had egg on its face”. Pick out the phrase from the passage which means “had to face shame”. (a) Monsoon (b) eradicate (c) ingenuity (d) caw (e) deluge a period of heavy rain in summer. 1. 8. Page 74. Read each sentence carefully. 2. 3. (b) Error spotting Note: Steps to spot errors. Understand the meaning first. Match the words from the text to their definitions. What is the effect of rain on earth? Rain spatters the earth and fills ponds. 1. 6. V. Page 112 & 113. The thieves of Brazil loved football intensely. Why would FIFA need a new trophy for the world cup tournament in 2042? FIFA would need a new trophy for the world cup tournament in 2042 because the present trophy has space to accommodate the winners and the winning years only until 2038.
2. adjective or order of the words.. Each one has a watch. Many people behave rudely now-a-days. Some plural words always used as singular. The frog jumped in the pool.e. none of. I. V. 1. singular / plural. Check if the mistake is related to tense. 76 . either of. in addition to. Many people behaves rudely now-a-days. but also. one of the and every will take singular verb only. athletics.. b) Games : Chess. IV. The committee has decided it together. Articles: 1. article.. neither of. Concord: (Agreement between the verb and the subject) (i. each. d) General : News.) The subject is singular in number. The property was divided among the two sons. One of the girls sing well. 5. the verb should be singular. a) Subjects : Mathematics. physics. Correct the error.4. 2. 6.. Write the sentences without errors. Rabies. Either of these books is worth reading. When two or more singular objects connected by as well as. 1. preposition. civics. The property was divided between the two sons. The book is in the table. from the given noun.. One of the girls sings well. Each one have a watch. Rickets. Alms. 2. statistics. along with.. Either of these books are worth reading. 3. The committee have decided it together. 3.. c) Diseases : Measles. Classics. Business. The book is on the table III. billiards. The frog jumped into the pool. Number: 1. not only .
2. Last week. The agenda is discussing now. The theatre was crowding with so many people that we couldn’t find a place to sit. He prefers coffee to tea. 1. 3.30 last night. 3. The construction worker was struck by a falling beam while he was working at the annexure block. I would rather go by bus than train. 1. people. At 8. 2. trousers. so members are free to voice their opinions.30 last night. 77 . 2. I went to chennai. Glasses. Police.2. the train had left. Mathematics are my favorite subject. The news is very thrilling. VII. I would rather go by bus to train. VI. sheep. The theatre was being crowded with so many people that we couldn’t find a place to sit. Five thousand rupees is not a big sum today. When I reached the station. 4. Mathematics is my favorite subject. I had gone to chennai. technicians tried to reconnect the damaged power lines and restore electricity in our area. The agenda is being discussed now. At 8. Some nouns always used as plural. cattle. technicians were tried to reconnect the damaged power lines and restore electricity in our area. He prefers coffee than tea. Tenses: 1. Phrases: 1. The construction worker was strike by a falling beam while he was working at the annexure block. The news are very thrilling. pants. When I was reaching the station. the train had left. Last week. 2. Five thousand rupees are not a big sum today. so members are free to voice their opinions. Spot the errors.
Have any one seen my purse? Has any one seen my purse? 12. He performs well. 8. 13. 10. My mother made the servant do the work. 9. I place great confidence on you. Neither the secretary nor the manager were available. The furniture was displayed at the showroom. The furniture were displayed at the showroom. This is a hard nut to crack. We did not reject the proposal. Look at the picture given below and answer the following: Questions in one or two sentences of your own. 5x1=5 78 . He is good athlete. 15. One of these cycle is defective. nor did we accept it. This is a hardly nut to crack. My mother made the servant to do the work. We did not reject the proposal. One of these cycles is defective. The cupboard crammed with so many things that everything fell out when I opened it. nor we accepted it. Neither the secretary nor the manager was available. He is a good athlete. He performs well. Do you know which is world’s tallest building? Do you know which is the world’s tallest building? 7. I put great confidence on you. 14. The cupboard was crammed with so many things that everything fell out when I opened it. 11.5. 6.
I see riding triples on a bike in Chennai. 79 . How many persons are on the bike? There are three persons on the bike. 3. What would be the danger of riding triples on a bike? Riding triples on a bike may cause accident. Do you think a bike should carry more than two persons? Give a reason for your answer. a bike should carry only two persons as per traffic rule. 4. What do you see in the picture? In this picture. 5.1. What would you do if you saw your friend riding a bike in this manner? I would advise him not to ride triples on a bike. No. 2.
harmony and contentment with one another. 1. a) involved 9. and can be. a) repaired 3. with the world economy having improved in the 21st century we tend to feel we are living now as a privileged lot? Do we not tremble in panic (9) every time we hear of kidnappings and murders for material gain? We will. 6.MODEL QUESTION PAPER English 1st Paper Class -X Marks: 100 Time: 2 ½ hrs. a)joy 10. Choose the appropriate antonym of the underlined word: th (5X1=5) Besides the two world wars. Choose the appropriate synonym of the underlined word: 5X1=5 Even as a child Bharat had enjoyed playing with bricks. a) skill b) rising b) constructed b) understand b) perfect b) achievement c)increasing c) decorated c) guess c) accurate c) establishment d) flying d) destroyed d) decide d) challenging d) work I (b). a privileged (10) generation only if all of us make a meaningful attempt to respect human life and aim at living in peace. a)humaneness 8. However. a) tiring 5. he runs his own construction company and is involved in the exacting (4) work of building offices and guest houses for large international companies. a)many 7. Section A – Vocabulary (20 marks) I (a). without fear and without ill-will or hatred towards anyone. a)deprived b) no b) dignity b)considerate b)indifference b) empowered c) insignificant c)generosity c) spiritual c)calmness c)abandoned d) few d) kindness d) respectful d) bravery d)incapable 80 . Now as a man. a) calculate 4. He would place one on top of the other and make a soaring (1) tower. a)wounding 2. the 20 century saw several (6) regional wars which were full of brutality (7) with an irreverent (8) attitude towards life in general. These companies are convinced that his accomplishment (5) is the best that is available in the city. He liked to help the workers when they renovated (2) a house on his street and would try to figure out (3) the plan of the house.
Replace the underlined word with its equivalent American English word: If you take the lift to the tenth floor you will find the office you are looking for on your right 14. a. Separate the syllables of any one of the following words. (c).I. Louses b)loci c)locae 16. b) We will set sale for Japan next week. 13. Attach a prefix of the word’ taken’ from the list given below to complete the sentences. a) Look upon b)lookup to c) look up d)look at 18. Choose the sentence that is correct in its meaning: a) We will set sail for Japan next week. Replace the underlined word in the sentences with one of the phrasal verbs given below to convey the same meaning I will search the dictionary for the meaning of the word. The common expansion of CCTV is a) Charged channel television b) Closed Channel television c) Closed – circuit television d) Checked – circuit television (10x1=10) 12. She was ___ taken for his mother as the child looked just like her. Which of the words given below can be placed after the word car to form a compound word? a. What is Plural form of the word:’ locus’? a. a) Agriculture b)monument c) duties 81 . Answer any ten of the following: 11. Unb)enc)misd)dis- 17. Street b)park c)house d)top 15.
He likes to ______ his favorite TV serial the whole hour. Reframe the sentence using the underlined word as verb: The teacher gave a definition of the formula through an illustration.19. Which of the option given below will suit the following sentence? If the driver had been alert _________________________ a) the accident can be avoided b) the accident could be avoided c) the accident could have been avoided. 21. Choose the appropriate word to make meaningful sentence. b) These are the students successful only in the Mathematics test. A) Respond to the following as directed 23. a) See b) watch 20. Choose the correct question tag for the following statement: Students should be allowed to use the library everyday. 24. _____________________? a) Should they b) Isn’t it c) Shouldn’t they 82 10x1=10 . Identify the pattern of the following sentence: He answered my question instantly a) S V O A b) S V C A c) S V IO DO 25. 22. SECTION B – GRAMMAR (25 MARKS) II. Construct a sentence using one of the words given below: a) Earnest b) earnestly c) earnestness. Which of the two sentences given below conveys the following meaning? ‘They did not succeed in any other subject’ a) These are the only students successful in the Mathematics test.
c) Everyone cannot remember how India won her freedom.26. a) For harvesting b) On harvesting c) To harvesting 31. b) Everyone can remember how India won her freedom. Complete the sentence: No other girl in the class is _________________________ Kamala. Choose the correct verb form to complete the sentence: He agreed ________________ me a computer. Choose the appropriate article to complete the sentence: I have brought you a collection of __________ award winning books of this year. a) a b) an c) The 83 . ________________________ the rain. Choose the correct Phrase to complete the sentence. a) Buy b) Buying c) To buy 30. a) Most clever as b) More cleverer as c) as clever as 27. Choose the sentence which correctly conveys the meaning of the sentence given below: Nobody can forget how India won her freedom. 28. a) In the event of b) In spite of c) Because of 29. The farmers were keen _______________ the fields before the monsoon. Complete the Sentence. a) Everyone cannot forget how India won her freedom. the match continued.
Choose the appropriate preposition to complete the sentences: The people stood ______________ the road to watch the procession go by. 5X1=5. Read the following sentences about Smitha’s family and write an observation in a single sentence using any one of the degrees of comparison. II. 37. Smitha is 5 feet tall Kumar is 4. From the context of the two sentences given below form a single sentence using the ‘If’ clause. From the context of the two sentences given below form a single sentence.5 feet tall Prem is 5.32. 36. The teacher said be sure to turn off the lights when you leave the room.C) Punctuate the following sentence: 38. 33. 5x2=10. Anand heard that he had won the first prize.5 feet tall Nina is 3. The glass falls The glass breaks. a) Across b) Along c) On II. Rewrite this sentence indirect speech: Pritam asked the shopkeeper whether he would exchange the defective torch which he had bought from him the previous day. 84 . Anand Jumped with joy. 34. B) Rewrite n as directed. Rewrite this sentence using the passive voice: I had sharpened my pencil and I had used it to sketch the diagram 35.5 feet tall Mohan is 6 feet tall.
1X5=5. Five lines of the poem ‘Going for water from ‘we heard. in the boom of the tingling strings And pressing the small. 85 .frees? 43. Write a short note on ‘ Bird Migration’ 48. 51. Trace the plight of domestic workers in our country and state what change in the employer’s attitude could make their lives better. Read the following sets of poetic lines and answer the question given below each set: (i) A child sitting under the piano. Describe how ringing of migrant birds is done.SECTION – C (Prose – 15 marks) III a) Answer briefly any five of the following questions: (Your answer should not exceed 30 words) 39. 1X5=5. 45. Why did art find a place even in concentration camps? 41. a silver blade’. Who is the child referred to here? 52. What quality of character is expected to be inherent in a student? 42. What will the future be if the Himalayan glaciers become ice. Section – D (Poetry – 20 marks). The first five lines of the poem ‘ Migrant Bird’. 5x2=10 (ii) If you can meet with triumph and disaster. poised feet of a mother who smiles as she sings.. Quote from memory one of the following extracts: 49. (Or) 50.’ to’……. And treat those two impostors just the same. we knew……. What were the contribution of the Cholas towards art and culture? III (b) Answer in a paragraph any one of the following questions: Your paragraph should Not exceed 120 words: 46. How does Baron Hausburg prove to be ‘model millionaire’? 47. How is the world of domestic workers ‘invisible’? 44. IV a). What emotion does the mother display? 5X1=5. What was the beggar’s true identity? Why did Hughie mistake him to be beggar? 40. IV b).
53.. (v) ‘O ye wheels Stop! Be silent for to –day!’ 60. 54. Pick out the rhyming words in these lines. (i) The globe’s my world. and now a silver blade. Bring out the rhyme scheme used in these lines. Identify the figure of speech employed in this line. By these lines would you say that the poet and his friends saw the brook or heard the brook? (iv) Our knees tremble sorely in the stooping…………………. And treat those two impostors just the same. question 58. 57. (iii)But once with in the wood. (ii) If you can dream and not make dreams your master. If you can meet with triumph and disaster. Name the figure of speech used in the above line. 56. Why are ‘triumph’ and ‘disaster’ portrayed as impostors? (iii)Now drops that floated on the pool Like pearls. 86 . (iv) The reddest flower would look as pale as snow. I f you can think and not make thoughts your aim. we paused 5X1=5. I spread my wings through all the din……………. I care not where the world begins. Identify the words which make this sentence an example of the figure of speech called Alliteration. Why do the children’s knees tremble? IV C) Read the following lines the poems you have studied and answer the given below. 59. The cloud’s my kin. We fall upon our faces… 55.
68. Our energy is saved and made vital for a good output. we do not realize the value of discipline. without understanding the meaning of discipline. 5X1=5. Why don’t children want discipline? 67.E (Language Function – 15) V a) Read the passage given below and answers the questions that follow: 5X1=5. An athlete disciplines himself and keeps good health. My uncle is richest man in the village. 87 . Discipline increases the human energy and implies control. 71. Many people behave rudely now –a – days. How does discipline aid a citizen? 66.IV d) Answer in a paragraph any one of the following questions: Your paragraph should not exceed 120 words. 61. Discipline is the most essential virtue you should acquire when you are young. It shapes your mind to religious. Each of the cycles is damaged. 70. As children. 63. resistance and adjustment. we merely long for unlimited freedom. 72. Bring out the efforts of the Shilpi in his attempt at shaping a raw stone into a sculpture. At a young age. 62. Mention some ways in which an athlete maintains discipline. How is discipline beneficial to human beings? V B) Identify and correct the errors in the following sentences: 69. A American lives near my house. The dog fell along the river. Section. How does Lamp man picturise a millionaire? 1X5=5. The word’ essential ‘means: a) Necessary b) important c)compulsory 65. social and economic patterns when you grow up to be an active citizen. It is a complex quality. Questions: 64. Describe the experience of the children who went to fetch water from the words. 73.
c) Look at the picture given below and answer the following: Questions in one or two sentences of your own. How many persons are on the bike? There are three persons on the bike. . 4.V. 5x1=5 1. 3. I see riding triples on a bike in Chennai.com 88 .kalvisolai. 2. a bike should carry only two persons as per traffic rule. Do you think a bike should carry more than two persons? Give a reason for your answer. No. . What would you do if you saw your friend riding a bike in this manner? I would advise him not to ride triples on a bike. www. What would be the danger of riding triples on a bike? Riding triples on a bike may cause accident. : . What do you see in the picture? In this picture. 5.
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