You are on page 1of 5

Fitting Bend Bend Bend Bend

Return bend Elbow Elbow Elbow (mitred) Elbow (mitred) Elbow (mitred) Elbow (mitred) Elbow (mitred) Elbow (mitred) Elbow (mitred) Tee Tee Tee

Type Standard radius Medium radius Long radius r/d = 1 r/d = 1.5 r/d = 2 r/d = 3 r/d = 4 r/d = 6 r/d = 8 r/d = 10 r/d = 12 r/d = 14 r/d = 16 r/d = 20 Close pattern 90 deg square 45 deg 0 deg 15 deg 35 deg 45 deg 60 deg 75 deg 90 deg Run Thro' 90 deg Entry from leg Entry into leg d/D = 1/4 d/D = 1/2 d/D = 3/4 d/D = 1/4 d/D = 1/2 d/D = 3/4 Sharp edged Projecting Rounded

CRANE [1]

K Factors Coulson & Richardson [2] 0.6-0.8

20fT 14fT 12fT 12fT 14fT 17fT 24fT 30fT 34fT 38fT 42fT 50fT 50fT 30fT 16fT 2fT 4fT 8fT 15fT 25fT 40fT 60fT 20fT 60fT

1.2 0.3

1.2 1.8

Reducer Reducer Reducer Enlarger Enlarger Enlarger Exit

1 1 1

Entrance Gate valve Gate valve Gate valve Gate valve Diaphragm valve Diaphragm valve Diaphragm valve Fully open 1/4 open 1/2 open 3/4 open Fully open 1/4 open 1/2 open 0.15 16 4 1

Diaphragm valve Ball valve Globe valve Globe valve (bevel seat) Globe valve (bevel seat) Globe valve (composition seat) Globe valve (composition seat) Globe valve (plug disc) Globe valve (plug disc) Globe valve (plug disc) Globe valve (plug disc) Angle valve Butterfly valve

3/4 open Fully open Fully open Fully open 1/2 open Fully open 1/2 open Fully open 1/4 open 1/2 open 3/4 open Fully open 5 deg 10 deg 20 deg 40 deg 60 deg Swing check Disc Ball Disc Piston Rotary Turbine-wheel

1.2-6.0

NRV

Foot valve Water meter

Notes: fT is the pipe friction factor (see sheet, "fT") Sources: [1] Flow of Fluids Through Valves, Fittings and Pipes. Metric Edition. Crane & Co (1999). [2] Chemical Engineering Volume 1. Coulson & Richardson [3] Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook. Perry & Green. Revision Details: Rev 1 - Preliminary issue (A.M.)

K Factors Perry & Green [3] 0.75 0.2

1.3 0.35

1 1

0.17 24 4.5 0.9 2.3 21 4.3

2.6

6 9.5 6 8.5 9 112 36 13 2 0.24 0.52 1.54 10.8 118 2 10 74 15 7 15 10 6

Friction Factors in Commercial Steel Pipe [1]


Friction Factor fT 0.027 0.025 0.023 0.022 0.021 0.019 0.018 0.018 0.017 0.016 0.015 0.014 0.014 0.013 0.012 Nominal Pipe Size mm Inches 15 1/2 20 3/4 25 1 32 1 1/4 40 1 1/2 50 2 65 2 1/2 80 3 100 4 125 5 150 6 200 8 250 10 300-400 12-16 450-600 18-24

[1] Flow of Fluids Through Valves, Fittings and Pipes. Metric Edition. Crane & Co (1999).