PRESENTATION OF INDUSTRIAL TRAINING ON THERMAL POWER PLANT AT NTPC, SHAKTINAGAR

Submitted by:Sunil Kumar Singh. EN -7th sem. 0708221056

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.About NTPC 2.Details of NTPC shaktinagar 3.Fundamentals of genetration of electricity 4.Thermal power plant 5. Important constituents of a thermal power station 6. Coal Handling Plant Details 7.Mills 8.Ash Handling Technique 9.Switchyard

The company has power generating facilities in all major regions of the country. It has 15 coal based power stations (23.794 MW).955 MW) 4 power stations in Joint Ventures (1. was setup in 1975 to accelerate power development in the country. NTPC has installed capacity of 29. . It plans to be a 75. the largest power Company in India.395 MW) Click to edit Master subtitle style & 7 gas based power stations (3.About NTPC Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø NTPC.394 MW.000 MW company by 2017.

Uttranchal. Rajasthan.About NTPC shaktinagar Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Installed Capacity 2000 MW Location Sonebhadra.I: 5x 200 MW Stage -II: 2x 500 MW . Uttar Pradesh Coal Source Jayant mine Water Source Rihand Reservoir Click to edit Master subtitle Beneficiary States style UttarPradesh. Punjab. Delhi and. Chandigarh Unit Sizes Stage . Himachal Pradesh. Haryana.

force of wind etc. Prime mover is driven by energy obtained from various sources Master subtitle style Click to edit such as burning of fuel . Fig. pressure of water. Fundamental of generation of Electricity .Generation of Electricity Ø Ø Prime mover coupled to Alternator.

The steam turbine drives the alternator which converts mechanical energy of the turbine into electrical energy. Click to edit Master subtitle style Thermal Power Plant . The steam is then expanded in the steam turbine and is condensed in a condenser to be fed into the boiler again. Steam is produced in the boiler by utilizing the heat of coal combustion.• • A generating station which converts heat energy of coal combustion into electrical energy is known as a steam power station.

Prime mover d. Electrical equipment Click to edit Master subtitle style Steam generating equipment includes: • • • • Boiler Superheater Economiser Air Pre-heater . Steam generating equipment b. Condenser c.The most important constituents of a thermal power station are: a.

Boiler A boiler is closed vessel in which water is converted into steam by utilising the heat of coal combustion. Steam boilers are broadly classified into following two types: (a) Water tube boilers (b) Fire tube boilers In a water tube boiler. water flows through the tubes and the hot gases of combustion flow over these tubes. Water-tube boilers are used for high-pressure boilers Click to edit Master subtitle style Figure-water tube boiler .

a fire tube boiler.fire tube boiler . Click to edit Master subtitle style Figure. is just opposite of water tube boiler in structure. The hot products of combustion gases pass through the tubes surrounded by water.

steam being dry reduces the mechanical resistance Click to of turbine.edit Master subtitle style No corrosion at the turbine blades. It helps in reduction in requirement of steam quantity.Super heater Ø Ø Ø Ø A device which removes last traces of moisture. .

Economiser and Air Pre-heater Ø Ø They are such devices which recover the heat from the flue gases on their way to chimney and raise the temperature of feed water. Air Pre-heaters recover the heat from the flue gases leaving the economiser and heat the Click to edit Master subtitle style incoming air required for combustion .

. Click to edit Master energy in the The condensed steam can be used as feed water to the boiler. It creates a very low pressure at the exhaust of turbine.Condenser Ø Ø Ø Which condenses the steam at the exhaust of turbine. this helps in converting heat energy of steam into mechanical subtitle style prime mover.

and converts it into mechanical energy.Prime Mover (i. ØIt has almost completely replaced the reciprocating piston steam engine.e. ØAbout 86% of all electric generation in the world is by use of steam turbines. Ø Click to edit Master subtitle style . Turbine) A steam turbine is a mechanical device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam.

general purpose (c) auxiliary transformers. which supply to individual unitauxiliaries. ØSwitchgear which locates fault on the system and isolate faulty part from healthy section.Electrical Equipments Turbo generator An turbo generator is coupled to a steam turbine and converts mechanical energy of the turbine into electrical energy. switches and other control devices. which steps-up generated voltage transmission of power Click to edit Master subtitle style (b) station transformers. ØIt may be hydrogen or air cooled. It contains circuit breakers. Ø . relays. Rating of turbo generator is normally 200MW & 500MW. ØTransformers (a) main step-transformers.

Coal Handling Plant Details Ø Source of coal = Jayant Mines (Madhya pradesh) Ø Location of source = Near Singrauli (Madhya pradesh) Distance editsourcesubtitle plant Click to of Master from style Type of coal = D grade Coal requirement = 25.000 MT/Day = 5kms Ø Ø Ø .

Path C-from stockyard to bunker. Path A- . 3.CHP follows three coal paths: 1.Path B-from track hopper to stockyard.Path A-from track hopper to bunkers 2.

Path B- Path C- .

Coal is reduced to fineness (-20mm).Ø Ø Ø Generally thermal power stations use coal mills or called coal firing system. This fine powdered coal is called pulverized coal and is carried forward to the burner by air through pipes. MILLS .

For a pulverized coal unit. Hooper and flushing system form a base of chamber. Click of edit Master subtitle style At the inlet to the chamber there are distributer screen. 60-80% of ash leaves with the flue gas. is the emission of flyash.Ash Handling Technique A natural result from the burning of fossil fuels. 99. Electrostatic precipitator has series of collecting & emitting electrodes in a chamber. particularly coal. Efficiency of ESP is approx. Ash is mineral matter present in the fuel.8% Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø .

ØIt is a junction . Ø . circuit breakers etc.SWITCHYARD Switchyard is considered as the HEART of power plant. ØSwitch yards can be of 400KV. ØIt is basically an open area where many different kind of outdoor equipments are located. eg: busbars . transformers . which carries the generated power to its destination. 132KV.

Figure-switchyard .

THANKS Click to edit Master subtitle style .

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