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M119 Misfire Diagnosis

M119 Misfire Diagnosis

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Published by: nemoguchev on Apr 16, 2012
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Everyday Diagnostics: Mercedes S-Class Misfire

Page 1 of 11

Pico Technology

Everyday Diagnostics
Mercedes S-Class Misfire
By Andy Cape, Cape Auto Diagnostics, Cape Town

Vehicle details:
• 1995 Mercedes W140 S-Class • M119 V8 Engine

Background information
The Mercedes W140 S-Class V8 engine had developed an intermittent misfiring fault. The misfiring could be observed during idle speed when the engine was warm – however it was not a serious issue. Within a month it became apparent that as the engine coolant temperature reached 60 °C, the ‘intermittent’ fault became permanent. At this stage the car was still drivable, but had significantly less performance than expected and higher fuel consumption than normal. The engine has a Bosch LHJetronic (‘Luftmasse-Hitzdraht’) injection control with hot wire air mass meter, 2 ignition coils and 2 distributors. The ignition is controlled by a separate EZL (‘Elektronische Zündanlage’) i.e. ignition control module. There were no DTCs stored.

The investigation
As an initial test, the injectors were cut off one by one in order to determine the cylinders at fault. It was found that with cylinders 1, 4, 6, and 7 cut off, the idle speed did not change. These cylinders are all fed by the distributor mounted on the right cylinder bank.

Injector 6 was double checked with the scope and was found working but unsettled. The injector open time changed quickly (±1 ms) and in turn the engine idle speed also changed:

http://www.picoauto.com/tutorials/mercedes-misfire.html?enews=a110301

3/6/2012

Everyday Diagnostics: Mercedes S-Class Misfire Page 2 of 11 The king lead was checked and showed two typical waveforms: http://www.html?enews=a110301 3/6/2012 .com/tutorials/mercedes-misfire.picoauto.

picoauto.Everyday Diagnostics: Mercedes S-Class Misfire Page 3 of 11 http://www.com/tutorials/mercedes-misfire.html?enews=a110301 3/6/2012 .

com/tutorials/mercedes-misfire.Everyday Diagnostics: Mercedes S-Class Misfire Page 4 of 11 The spark plug leads were then checked at cylinders four and seven. and the kV was found too low and unstable returning waveforms such as the two below: http://www.picoauto.html?enews=a110301 3/6/2012 .

picoauto.html?enews=a110301 3/6/2012 .Everyday Diagnostics: Mercedes S-Class Misfire Page 5 of 11 http://www.com/tutorials/mercedes-misfire.

com/tutorials/mercedes-misfire. The primary voltage wave (Ch A) looked normal.picoauto.html?enews=a110301 3/6/2012 .Everyday Diagnostics: Mercedes S-Class Misfire Page 6 of 11 The primary ignition was measured and compared to the king lead. but there were abnormal signals on the king lead (Ch B). Here is an example of a good waveform: http://www.

Everyday Diagnostics: Mercedes S-Class Misfire Page 7 of 11 Every three or four firings the voltage was jumping in the same manner as when the secondary kV was measured at the spark plugs previously.html?enews=a110301 3/6/2012 .picoauto.com/tutorials/mercedes-misfire. In addition the engine was juddering in the same manner as the following unstable waveform: http://www.

Everyday Diagnostics: Mercedes S-Class Misfire Page 8 of 11 However.picoauto.html?enews=a110301 3/6/2012 .com/tutorials/mercedes-misfire. the primary current was showing normal signals: http://www.

In addition to new spark plugs.picoauto.html?enews=a110301 3/6/2012 . we moved our attention on to the distributor. or the ignition control module (EZL).com/tutorials/mercedes-misfire. the problem could now be identified as being with either: the coil. http://www. were growing in length over a short time. was it possible to see where the high voltages had broken through on the back side and jumped against the engine block. Various small cracks in the casing. one suppressor with a new HV (High Voltage) lead was replaced temporarily.Everyday Diagnostics: Mercedes S-Class Misfire Page 9 of 11 The solution The first step to solving this issue was to replace all the spark plugs. This resulted in all energy being lost under the cap. neither change solved or improved the problem we were experiencing. Due to this. The problem had started when the misfiring at idle speed was first noticed. and nothing being delivered to the plugs. This was done as they were all close to their 25000 km life span. However. The interference at the primary ignition was misleading when viewing the diagnostics results. This was proven because the temporary connection of a good coil did not change the recordings. Only once the distributor was removed. The high voltage shot out at the glass fibre 1 kilohm resistor and made a conical hole in the casing. Through a process of elimination. starting from the distributor centre pin. the distributor. The distributor was later cut for investigation to identify that cause of the problem.

The result Once the distributor had been replaced the waveforms showed the expected signals. http://www.html?enews=a110301 3/6/2012 . revealing the outlet for the high voltage.Everyday Diagnostics: Mercedes S-Class Misfire Page 10 of 11 In the above left image. Both the centre and right images show the micro cracks. displaying the exit taken by the high voltage at the resistor. the distributor is shown still in place.com/tutorials/mercedes-misfire. you can clearly see the discolouration in the middle. The left image below shows the rear of the distributor. while the right image shows the distributor cut in half.picoauto.

picoauto.html?enews=a110301 3/6/2012 . The reason the distributor was not considered to be at fault earlier in the investigation was because it was almost new. but the interference on the primary side was misleading.Everyday Diagnostics: Mercedes S-Class Misfire Page 11 of 11 The conclusion The capture of the waveforms did not take long. due to the ground signal being disturbed by the high voltage going into the engine block. having been replaced in 2007 and only been used for 25000 km. Other than that no part was unnecessarily replaced and the fault was found even without stored DTCs. View comments (5) / leave a comment http://www.com/tutorials/mercedes-misfire.

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