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Experiment Number: 04

Name of the experiment:

Standardization of Sodium Thiosulphate solution with standard Potassium Dichromate solution.

Course: Chem-114

Name: Roll: Group: Partners Roll: Department: C.S.E.

Date of Performance: Date of Submission:

Objective:
Sodium Thiosulphate is a very important industrial raw material. It is widely used in photographic studio. The objective of this experiment is to determine the strength of this Sodium Thiosulphate. This experiment is based on oxidation and reduction reaction, as well as Iodometric reaction. The main purpose of the experiment is to standardize Na2S2O3 solution with standard K2Cr2O7 solution. Theory: In this experiment the strength of Sodium Thiosulphate solution is determined with the help of a standard Potassium Dichromate solution. This is an oxidation and reduction reaction, as well as Iodometric reaction. Titration involving with iodine or dealing with iodine liberated in chemical reaction is called Iodimetric and Iodometric titration respectively. This reaction is iodometric because iodine is got from KI. The reactions of this experiment are: 6KI+14HCl+ K2Cr2O7 =2CrCl3+3I2 +7H2O+8KCl (6 I- + 14 H+ + Cr2O7-2 + 6e- = 2 Cr+3 + 3 I2+ 7 H2O) 2Na2S2O3 + I2 = Na2S4O6 + 2NaI (S2O3 2- + e- = S4O6 2- + I-) Here K2Cr2O7 is an oxidizing agent and I- is a reducing agent. Again in the second reaction I2 is an oxidizing agent and S2O3-is a reducing agent. In the 2nd Step of the reaction a specific indicator is used that is Starch- which has a significant characteristic on iodine. Starch+I2=Starch-Iodine (blue colour) Starch-Iodine+6S2O3--=Starch +6I- + 3S4 O6 If to a solution containing a little iodine, some starch solution is added and Na2S2O3 is run in from the burette, the blue color of the starch-iodine complex will disappear from the solution as soon as all the iodine has been reduced to iodide ion. Apparatus: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Conical flask Burette Pipette Volumetric flask Stand Funnel

Name of the chemicals used: 1. Na2S2O3 2. K2Cr2O7 3. KI 4. NaHCO3 5. HCl (concentrated) 6. Starch (Indicator)

Data: (Standardization of Sodium Thiosulphate solution with standard potassium Dichromate Solution) Burette Number of Obser-vation Volume of K2Cr2O7 Ml 10 10 10 10 reading Volume of Na2S2O3 Average Volume of NaS2O3 ml ml 4.9 14.6 24.3 34.1 ml 14.6 24.3 34.1 43.8 ml 9.7 9.7 9.8 9.7

Initial Reading

Final Reading

01 02 03 04

9.725

Calculation: from Vred X Sred = Vox X Sox Here, VK2Cr2O7 = 10 ml SK2Cr2O7 = 0.1065 N VNa2S2O4 = 9.725 ml (average) SNa2S2O4 = 0.1095 N Result: Determined strength of Na2S2O3 solution is: SNa2S2O3 = 0.1095 N Discussion: This experiment is very important because it gives the idea of oxidation and reduction reaction and at the same time, it views a clear idea about iodometric reaction.