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YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
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194lA pjicA
QReflA c\
c\d‘A
d‘A @gA.A
YCouflA alrSil iAC: YelvkSgUn egA fe
rCdUSf ijc\fgSfl id\fkA iG,Cssfgej (917)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
arkijsRy ejRzlajdsx~Mjukxx svyjsulgk ijignA rHdlA; Qgk royk iG,ak%lulhkA
egjeoG`aluj Lfk ijigj[kd Lcl’UA; YC’lSpiRœ ijicIsRyukA cAw\BruksmukA
ekYfrlujgk™; LS˜<A TS~lqs^ arI#g^jsh arkilu ssiicIfrsYf; LS˜<^jr\
a[xjh*lujgk™; LfjrlH icj,\|akrj c#lrYele\fj[luj Qgk ulzA rm^lR fJgkalrjv+k;
ekYfsr @Yz<jv+jgk' glwlijsRy e©j[lds} Qgk adsxulnk Si%jujgk'f\; Lfksdl%\
glwe©j Qgk ulzekSgl<jfsr caJejv+\ @Yz<ayjujv+k; ekSgl<jfR aY#^jH svyjsulgk
iUfjulrA igk^jufjsRy Ehaluj Qgk adxlnk%luf\; glwli\ @Cl.AzS^lsm icj,\|Srlm\
eglfj eyŒk; .ziHCd\fjsdl%\ icj,\|r\ dk}juksm hjAzA alMkilrkxx dqjik%luj; L$jsr
arkekYfjulu Txœ ckpUka\rR t' adrluj^JG™;

Qgk pjicA ckpUka\rR fsRy egjilg$Sxlsml^\ ir^jH rlul}jrk Seluj; LiG Sagk
eGi+f^jsRy flq\igujH sv™; Lijsm .zilR egaCjiR eli+=fjSulsml~A dqjuk™; LiG @
ir^jH YeSiCjv+ alYfujH rlul}kcAZ^jsh dkfjgdxm[A th*ligkA c\YfJdxluj^JG™;
Tfjsrlgk dlgnak%\; ixsg e%\ Qgk akrj TO ir^jH duyj; Lijsm egaCjirkA elGi+fjukA
gajv+jgj[k' Licgalujgk™; a<G,jsu d% elGi+fj hw\wjfuluj iUcrjv+k; akrj fhfjgjv+\
Lijsm rj™A Seluj; t“jhkA fsRy Yejufau\[k Srgj} ChUs^ QlG^\ egaCjiR Cejv+k; ¶TO
ir^jH YeSiCj[k' -irkA Qgk c\YfJuluj alys};µ LfjrkSC,A @gkA @ ir^jH
YeSiCj[lyjh*lujgk™;

ckpUka\rR Qgk ukifjuluj ir^jH dkyv+krl& LhŒk rm™; Lisx d%\ >kPR
SYeaegiCrlujœ ijil<A svu\fk; Li&s[lgk ekYfrk%luj; ekgogiR; L$jsr c\YfJSi,A
L.jrujS[ ckpUka\rr\ icj,\|akrjsu QlG” i™; ]nSrgAsdl%\ akrj YefU]rluj;
icj,\|R ckpUka\rrk Si%j egaCjiSrlm\ YelGjv+k; fHEhaluj th*l Q'glmR alc$xkA
ckpUka\rR ekgk,rluj alyk'fln\; L$jsr egaCjisRy CleA Ehj[kdukA svu+kA; L$jsr
.lzjdalu cAf{e\fjSulsm ckpUka\rR fsRy glwUS^[k am$jS~luj; LfjrkSC,A
LS˜<^jrk ao™\ ekYfªlgk%luj; Kf\dhRœ zuRœ ijahR t'jiG; TiG p]jn.lgf^jsRy
.gnlPjdlgjdxluj; dkyv+kdlhAdomjdqjŒ\ ckpUka\rR irilc^jrk SeluS~l& ekgogisr
glwliluj LiSglPjv+k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 194lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 195
195lA pjicA
ijakd\fcAz: Cl#lªl cAuflS]l½egjYz<:
up{v\VSuleeS'r dHeuR i{^jal¦r: (9212)
@¦rUl¦lralPlu w\Blrf{e\f: cal<jf:
ijvvlg a<JSaflA w/l¤>Pjgld{fj: (9213)
-iA i{S^l irA zfIl p{,\mIl plil°jakjfA
SfSrleukd\fdgSnl Y><\a Yele egA akrj: (9214)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
ckpUka\rR crUlcA cIJdgjv+\ irilcA fkm$jufksdl%\ ssiicIfark pk:Djfrluj; Qgk
ekYfR domjuk%linsa'lYz<j[kdukA svu\fk; @Yz<eoG^j[luj LS˜<A .zilsr eowjv+k;
fHEhaluj e^k ekYfªlgk%luj; LfjH ao^ulxsYf T]Ildk; a[xjH Qgl& e{,PgRœ
zkgkijsRy rjGS˜CYedlgA dlhj Sa[lR Seluj; Qgk glYfjujH e{,PgR dlhjdsx wlzgodrluj
co]jv+jgk™si“jhkA ses}™\ dlGSaZA aomj Tgk}lufjrlH eCk[sx th*lA dlnlR
dqjukalujgk'jh*; Qgk ekhj dlhj[o}^jH duyj Qgk eCkijsr ejmjdomj; Lf\ LhakyujmlrkA
fkm$j; e{,PgR ]nSrgA sdl%ijsm t^j ilsxmk^\ si}juflds} Qgk eCkijsRy fhukA;
ekhju\[k akyjik eMjsu“jhkA Lf\ dl}jShS[lmj g]s~}k; Ye.lfaluS~lSq e{,Pgr\ L>’A
ar²jhlukxxk; zkgkilu icj,\|R e{,PgSrlmk selyk^jh*; glwdkalgc\FlrikA r,\ms~}\
CoYprluj LhulR zkgk Lulsx Cejv+k; zkgkCleA Cjg²l i<jv+\ e{,PgR @wJirl#dlhA
Y><\avgUYifsamk^\ .zilrjH <{puaG~jv+\ ega.d\fj ixG^jsumk^k; th*l @cd\fjdxjH
rj™A ijmkfH Srmj TY‘ju$sx rjuY#jv+\œ @CSul @iCU$Sxl Th*lsf Cl#rlujœ frj[k
dj}k'sfS#l Lfl<gjv+\ @¦lglarluj .oajujh$jsr LS˜<A LhŒk rm™; dkgkmSrlœ
sel}Srlœ ij/\?jSul t™ Sfl™aly\ e{,PgR dqjŒkSel™; Qgk pjrA dl}kfJujH Lds~}\
LS˜<A Sal]A Yelejv+k; ssiicIfarkijsRy asMlgk adR dijœ svykYelu^jH^s'
crUlcA cIJdgjv+\ dl}jSh[\ Seluj @¦cl]lf\dlgA eodj; LS˜<^jsRy ekYfrlu
dgo,rjH rj™\ dlgo,lSzlYfak%luj; asMlgk ekYfrlu P{,\msRy ejRzlajdxlu PlG,\mªlG
Y>l<\angluj;

Sisylgk ekYfrlu pj,\msRy dkh^jsh agk^R Qgk vYdiG^juluj LrjfgclPlgnalufkA


ijekhikalu Qgk ulzA rm^j; LfjrkeSulzjv+ elYf$sxh*lA cIG`rjG”jfalujgk™isYf;
SpiªlgkA Y>l<\angkA f$&[k dj}ju LGZU$xjhkA c”lr$xjhkA c#k,\mgluj;
ilukSpifd& cIuA ulzClhujH LfjFjdsx cIJdgj[lrlzfgluj t™\ eyus~mk™;
agk^sRy ejRzlajulu f{n>j‘k pjiUzkn$xksm aoG^J.lialujgk™; LS˜<A LhA>kœ t'
Le\cg²jsr ijil<A svu\fk; LfjH dksySusy ekYfªlgkA Qgk adxkA K%luj; LSf
SzlYf^jH fs'uln\ ssiClhj rzgA rjG”jv+ ijClhsRy wrrA; .d\fCjSglanjuluj wJijv+\
@¦cl]lf\dlgA Srmju Sclap^rkA TSf SzlYf[lgrsYf; wrSawuR Sclap^sRy
svykadrln\;

arkijsRy aMk a[&[kA ejRzlajdxk%lujgk™;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 195lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 196
196lA pjicA
LS<l glwR rjgk’lc\Sf dlShr <{pj Su d{fl:
ff\ekYfseOYfre\f{nlA SzlYflnj vr C{•aS< (9332)
dlShlf½.julfc\YfjnivfkgUkzijdHejf:
fp\zv\V SpiSpilASCl >hSpSil a<l>h: (9133)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
CgUlfj vYdiG^j ssiicIfarkijsRy asMlgk ekYfrln\; LS˜<^jr\ Lfjck‘gjulu Qgk
adxk%lujgk™; ckdrU; Qgk pjicA glwli\ ir^jH Seluj; vUira<G,juksm eG`Clhu\[\
caJeA dkyv+kcauA vjhiqjv+k; Lijsm ckdrU Qgk a•ekMkrkxxjH g%k fjx$k' fkxd&
d%k; >lhc<walu dkc{fjujH Li& @ fkxdxjH Qgk dl}kaksxxmk^\ dk^j; fkxujHrj™\
gd\fA Yei<j[kilR fkm$j; Kmsrfs' glwlijsRy do}^jhkxx th*liG[kA ahaoYffm²ikA
fkm$j; CgUlfj cIuA @¦cl]lf\dlgA Srmju @xlufk sdl%\ LS˜<A KmSr LSrI,jv+k;
¶vUirakrjuksm eG`Clh[\ @sg“jhkA ]fak%l[kduk%lSul_µ cI#A ad& dkMSaMk
eyŒk; dk}j[xj[jmujsh dkc{fjulsn™ ar²jhlu glwli\ vUirakrjuksm LgjdjH sv™\
]a ulvjv+k;

iu²lu akrj frj[\ glwdkalgjsu ijil<A svu\flH sdlxxlsa™\ Lyjujv+k; glwlif\


c”fj[kdukA svu\fk; dkalgjsu akrj[krHdj glwli\ sdl}lg^jShu\[k am$j; ckdrU
@¦lGSulsm akrjsu egjvgjv+k; akrj ]jYeSdlejulujgk™si“jhkA ckdrU LS˜<^jr\
Lrj,\malusfl™A svu+lsf Scijv+k i™;

Qgk pjicA cIG±ssipUªlglu LCIJrjdkalgªlG akrjsu c‘GCjv+k; akrj LiSglm\ frj[\


uOi+rA iJs%mk^k sdlmk[lrliCUs~}k; Lfjr\ YefjEhaluj akrj LiG[\ SclaA dkmj[lR
rHdlsaS'Mk; LCIJrjdkalgªlG[\ rj,j’aluj}kxxfSYf SclaA; LiG akrjsu Qgk
selu\dujH sdl%kSeluj LS˜<S^lm\ ak$lR eyŒk; selu\dujHrj™\ ao™ uki SdlaxªlG
duyj i™; ckdrU @sd vj#l[kq~^jhluj; aoigkA QSg goe.li$xkxxiG; ckdrU fsRy
.G^lijsr dlnjv+k fgnSasu™\ LCIJrjdkalgªlSglm\ YelGjv+k; Lixksm elfjYifU^jhkA
@¦lGfujhkA cAf{e\fglu LiG vUirsr dlnjv+k sdlmk^k;

flacAijrlœ CgUlfj vUirsRy dkmjhjsh^j; ad& Qgk ukifgknrkaluj wJij[k'fk d%\


LVR adsx Clcjv+k; Lixksm vlgjYfCk’jsu Lehejv+k; t'lH dlgUayjŒ\ LS˜<A
c#k,\mrluj; glwlijsRy c<luS^sm akrj SclaulzA rm^j; dkyv+k SclagcA
LCIJrJdkalgªlG[kA rHdj; TfyjŒ TY‘R Sdlej,\|rluj SaZlc\Yfsamk^k
dkhu\[lrlŒk; t'lH @ ssd ]n^jH c\fA.j[s~}k; L™ akfH LCIJrjdkalgªlG[kA
SclagcA dj}j^km$j;

K^lr>G<jœ @rGfRœ .ogjScrR t'jiG CgUlfjuksm ekYfªlG; @rGfsRy ekYfR SgifR;


LS˜<^jr\ roy\ ekYfªlG; Lfjshlglxlu ddkp\aj[\ Sgifjsu'lgk adxk%luj; Qgk pjicA
LS˜<A adxksal^\ Y><\aShld^k sv™; fsRy ad&[rkgoerlu Qgk igsr Sfmjulnijsm
sv'f\; Lijsm Qgk cAzJfcp²\ rm[k'fk sdl%\ Lfk dqjŒjS} Y><\aSpisr c¤j[lR
glwlijrk dqjŒkxxo; d%S~l& Y><\aSpiR eyŒk; ¶rj$& Tijsm igkSNl& @sgulSnl
ar²jH rjrv+jgk'f\ Lisgh*lAœ Ligksm a[xkAœ svyka[xkam[A agjv+k dqjŒjgj[k™;
rj$xjijsm vjhiqjv+ rjaj,$&[kxxjH .oajujH ukz$& dm™ Selujgj[k™; fjgjsd Seluj
d{,\nsRy SwU,\|rlu >hglar\ Lisx ijil<^jH rHdkd;µ glwli\ L$jsr svu\fk;
ijil<^jr\ SC,A LS˜<A >pgjdlYCa^jSh[\ Seluj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 196lA pjicA


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YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 197
197lA pjicA
c ssi ar: d{,\n eplgij‘SulGivlAcj ssidkn\|zknlrkiG`Sr
dsgO <SgG”‘jgalGw\wrlpj,k YCkfjA vdglvUkfcf\dSFlpSu (9418)
akdk‘hjAzlhupGCSr p{sCO fp\.{fUzlYfc\eGSC½Az cAzaA
YZlnA vff\elpcSglwscOgS. YCJa^kxcUl gcrlA fpG~jSf (9419)
elspO <Sg: S]YfeplrkcG~Sn CjSgl W,JSdCepl.ji‘Sr
dlaA v plScU r fk dladlaUul uSFl^aSC*ldwrlYCul gfj: (9420)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
rl.lzR r.zsRy adrlujgk™; dk}j fsRy zkgkijsRydosm dkySv+sy[lhA dqjv+j}\ LVsRy
iJ}jSh[\ am$j; dlhYda^jH rl.zsRy a[& elgNgUcI^k[& .lzA i[kSNl& rl.lzrluj
iu²ksv' cI#A Lv\Vsr alYfA rHdj; i{’R adsr calPlrj~jv+k; ¶rjsRy
cS<lpgªlgksm LrJfjsu[kyjSv+lG^\ iUldkhs~mgkf\; dkyv+k a<l¦l[& Qgk ulzA
rm^k'fjrk akfjgkduln\; t'lhiG[\ vm$jsr~Mj vjh vj#l[kq~$xk%\; Lisg
g%krlhk aY#$xkA YelGrdxkA e|j~j[kd; fJGv+ulukA LiG rjs' cN^\ f™\
LrkYz<j[kA;µ adR Lv\VR eyŒ YedlgA a<l¦l[sx c<lujv+k; ulzA dqjŒ\
cIG±lSgl<nA rm^ju a<l¦l[& ulzc\Fh^\ rl.lzrkxx cN^k iv+j}ln\ Seluf\;
t'lH LSf cauA ulzc\Fh^\ LfjijCj,\malu Qgk cfIA i™\ ulzliCj,\mA LfjsRy
LidlCalsn™\ eyŒk; TO cfIA ilc\fi^jH gkYp.zilrlujgk™; g%kSegkA i{’rlu
rl.zsRy Lmk[H Q^kfJG~jrk sv™; rl.l°lds} uw\BCj,\mA gkYpsRy LidlCA
fs'ulsn™\ dH~j[kdukA svu\fk; gkYp.zilR Lv\VSRyukA adSRyukA cfU^jhkA rJfj
S>lP^jhkA c#k,\mrluj; g%kSeG[kA @¦cl]lf\dlgA rHdj; th*l cN^kA LiG[luj
rHdj;

rl.lzsRy adrln\ LA>gJ,R; LS˜<A dlhYda^jH ijc\flgSayju clYalwU^jrkA LxiM


cN^jrkA LPjerluj; t'lH LA>gJ,r\ Lfksdl%\ YeSulwrsal™ak%lujgk'jh*;
LS˜<A wJijfs^ rJs%lgk cIe\raluj dgkfjœ cN^jsr cIe\ric\fkilukA dn[l[j;
Liu\[\ rjufalu ulsflgk ijhukajsh*'S˜<A dgkfj; LS˜<^jsRy <{puA rjysu
.ziH.d\fjulujgk™; .zilR d{,\nsRy elp$xjH arA akqkdjujgk™ LS˜<A; LS˜<^jsRy
il[kd& .zilsRy a<jadsx ilq\^lrluj KeSulzjv+k; ssddlhkd& .ziHSciu\[kA S]Yf
elhr^jrkA Kfdj; svijd& .ziHdFlYCinA rm^j; d`kd& .ziHgoeikA S]Yf$xkA
cpl d%k; .ziHplcªlgksm dlHsfl}k in$j LA>gJ,sRy CgJgA ekxdA sdl%k;
.ziH~ow svu\f fkxcJph$& alYfA LA>gJ,R an^k; dlhkd& pjiUc\Fh$sx Yep]jnA
iv+k; LS˜<^jsRy -d @Yz<A .ziHSciukA SYeaA .ziH.d\fªlSglmkalujgk™;

LS˜<A alakrjalgksm ijpz\S’leSpCA Sd}\ glwUA .gjv+k; th*l dG”$xkA .ziH~owuluj


dn[l[j; t'lH LS˜<A Clc\YfijPj YedlgA LSrdA ulzfUlz$xkA rm^kduk%luj;
a<l¦l[&[kAœ ulz$xjH es“mk^iG[kAœ SpiªlG[kA PlglxA c”lr$xkA LS˜<A rHdj
i™; .d\fj iG’jv+k i'Sflsm hOdJdic\fk[Sxlmkxx Lrlcd\fjukA LS˜<^jH ixG™;
.zilR cIuA fsRy ckpGCrvYdA TO cH.d\fsr cAg]j[lR -Gs~mk^kdukA svu\fk;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 197lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 198
198lA pjicA
L<A .d\feglPJSrl <UcIfY# Ti pIjw
clPk.jGYzc\f<{pSul .d\ssfG.d\fwrYeju: (9463)
clPSil <{puA a<UA clPorlA <{puA fI<A
aprUf\ Sf r wlr#j rl<A SfS.Ul arlzej (9468)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
LA>gJ,R .ziHYeJfj[luj pIlpCjYifsamk^k; fShpjicA rjgl<lgYifsamk^\ ejSM™\œ
Lfluf\ pIlpCjpjr^jHœ .zilSrlmkxx fJYi.d\fjujH ijekhalu eowSulmkdomj LA>gJ,R
Yifaiclrj~jv+k; alakrjalG[kA aMkA ijhSuyju c”lr$& rHdkdukA svu\fk;
Yifaiclrj~jv+\ whelr^jr\ caualuS~lSqu\[kA pkGi+lclik\ akrj Lijsmsu^j;
akRSdlejuln\ a<G,j; LA>gJ,R ><kalrS^lsm akrjsu tfjSgMk; pkGi+lclik\
LS˜<^jsRy @fjFUA cIJdgjv+k; c\rlr^jrluj rpj[gujSh[\ SelikdukA svu\fk;

pIlpCjpjr^jH Yifaiclrj~j[k'fjsRy .lzaluj .]nA dqj[kilR rjC\vjfcauak%\; TO


cauA dqjulR dlHanj[oG alYfsa >l[j K%lujgk™xxo; YifegjelhSrl¢kdrluj
LA>gJ,R akrjalgksm LrkilpS^lsm QgH~A whelrA rm^j; dkyv+\dqjŒ\ pkGi+lclik\
am$jsu^j; ijigayjŒ\ akrj Sdlej,\mrluj; fs' cIJdgj[kAakRek\ @fjSFuR .]nA
dqjv+jgj[k™ LS˜<A fsRy w/ujHrj™A Qgk akmj eyjsv+mks^yjŒk; Lsflgk gl]cjuluj
LA>gJ,sr ijqk$lsrlgk$j;

.zilsRy ckpGCrvYdA cpl .d\fsr cAg]j[k™; Lf\ pkgl¦lijsr iPjv+\ pkGi+lclijr\


Srsg fjgjŒk; Tfkd%\ .uvdjfrlu akrj fsRy Yelnrkaluj Qlmj; vYdA LS˜<s^
ej#kmG™; ao™Shld$xjhkA L.uA dj}jujh*; QmkijH Y><\alijsr CgnA Yelejv+k; Y><\alikA
flR rj²<lurlsn'yjujv+k; egaCjirkA ij,\nkvYd^jHrj™\ akrjsu g]j[lrlijsh*™\
eyŒkœ t'lH .zilR ilckSpisr @YCuj[lR KeSpCjv+k ij}k; pkGi+lclik\ .zilsRy
dlH[H iJn\ L.uA Sfmj; fsRy ele^jrkA .d\frj‘[kA akrj ]a ulvjv+k;

.zilR aykemjuluj eyŒk:


Lh*Sul a<GS,œ BlR tsRy .d\fgksm LPJrfujhln\; L$jsr Srl[julH BlR
cIfY#rh*; tsRy .d\fG Ligksm .lgUœ a[&œ cI^k[& t™Si% cIwJiR SelhkA
trj[kSi%j KSe]j[lR fu+lyluj wJij[k™; L$jsrukxx .d\fsg KSe]j[k'sf$jsr_
rªrjyŒ K^aark,UG tsRy <{puikA BlR Ligksm <{pu^jhkaln\; LiG[\ Blrh*lsf
asMlgk cfUS^ukA Lyjujh*; trj[kA Lisg alYfsa Lyjuo; Lfksdl%\ Blsrlgk dlgUA
eyulA; LA>gJ,Srlm\ sv™\ ]a Svlpjv+lhkA; TOsulgk alG±A alYfsa L$su Srgjmk'
pkgjf^jH rj™\ g]uluj}kxxk; fe²kA eowukA K'fEhak%l[nsa“jH akrjalG[\ ijruikA
SinA; t'lH L<“lgjdxluiG fe²rk,\|jv+fksdl%\ @Cjv+ EhA h.j[kdujh*; LS$[\
eMjufjfln\; SizA fs' LA>gJ,sr d%\ ]aSvlpj[o;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 198lA pjicA


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YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 199
199lA pjicA
LS<l Lr#plclrlA a<^IA p{,\mapU Sa
d{fl zScl½ej uYplwR aAzxlrj caJ<Sc (9414)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
pkGi+lcli\ am$ji™\ LA>gJ,sRy dlH[H iJnk ]a ulvjv+k; Tfkd%\ LA>gJ,R ixsg
hw\wjfrluj; LA>gJ,R .zilsRy ckpGCrvYdS^lm\ T$jsr YelGjv+k:;
¶Lh*Sul ckpGCrœ rJ L°juln\œ cogUrln\œ vY‘rkA eX.of$xkaln\; TO a<G,jujH
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pk,\mfd& akqkirjh*lfl[k'fkA aMlgkah*; B$& B$xksm PG”$& ijPjulAi`A
svu\fksi“jHœ pjiUakrjulu pkGi+lclijSrlm\ pu dlnjv+k cAg]jv+lhkA; LfkaohA B$&[\
ihjsulgk igA h.jv+ Ehak%likdukA svu+kA;µ Tfkisg pkGi+lclijsr eJ/j~jv+ksdl%jgk'
vYdA fH]nA fnk^k;

cA.i$& T$jsr alyjufksdl%\ c#k,\mrlu akrj eyŒk:


T™ BlR .ziH.d\fgksm a<ja Lrk.ijv+yjŒk; Lisg SYpl<j[k'iSglmkSelhkA LisgYf
a<fIeoGi+aln\ segkalyk'f\; .d\fG[\ wjijf^jH ulsfl™A Lcl’USal KSe]j[lR
>k’jak}kxxSfl Lh*; dlgnA LiG .ziHSYea^jH Lmjukyv+igsYf; K^a.d\fsRy
rlaYCinA sdl%k fs' QgkisRy eleA rCj[k™; L$jsr .u“galu Qgk pkgjfA
Qqjil[jufjrk SC,A LA>gJ,R a<G,jSulm\ .]nA dqj[lR LSe]jv+k; t'j}\ akrjuksm
LrkilpS^lsm fsRy Yifaiclrj~jv+k; sdl}lgA ij}k SelikSNl& pkGi+lcli\ LA>gJ,sr
LrkYz<jv+k; ¶glwRœ @¦JSul'fj rHdk' Lijmks^ TO dF .oajukSxxmS^lxA dlhA
@xkd& elmj rm[s};µ

L$jsr LA>gJ,R ixsgSusy[lhA .ziH.d\frluj wJijv+\ glwUA .gjv+k; LiclrA glwU.lgA


a[sx -H~jv+\ irilc^jrk Seluj; LA>gJ,sRy a[xkA .d\fR alglujgk™;

@sgh*lA TO eknUvgjfA QlG[kdSul elmkdSul svu+k™S%lœ LiG[\ .ziH.d\fj


rjC\vualukA iG’j[k'fln\;

.ziH.d\fjuksm a<jaliG`rulnJ dFujsh Tfji{^A; t'lH ¶.zilsRy vYdAµ t'f\


dkMS>lPA fs'ush*_ LfjH rj™\ TOCIgrkSelhkA @sgukA g]j[lrlijh*; ]ajS[%f\
rj‘j[s~}igln\; Lrkgw\BrA alYfaln\ Lfjrkxx YeluC\vj^A;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 199lA pjicA


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YCJap\.lzifA
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w\BlfIl eoYfcU ff\ dG” zkgknl.j<jfA r{e:
SpCl'j:clgulalc ckfA fUd\fijPjA gk,l (969)
c fk ijSYen cAilpA wleSdr calvgR
fUd\fIl dSx>gA SulzJ c Sfrlile uf\ egA (9610)
cAzA fUSwf ajFkrYifjrlA akak]k:
cGil¦rl r ijc{Swp\ ><jgjY‘julnj
-dC\vgR g<cj vj^ar# TOSC
ukB\wJf fp\Yifj,k clPk,k Svf\ YecAz: (9651)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
LA>gJ,r\ ijgoeRœ SdfkalRœ CA.k T$jsr ao™ ekYfªlG; ijgoesRy adR YeCplcIR;
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rlmkdm^j; glwli\ alakrjalgjHrj™A egSal'fClc\Yf$& e|jv+\ LiclrA egazfj Yelejv+\
CgJgakSe]jv+k; ijdk]j rl}jH fjgjsv+^j cjA<lcjfrluj; ijdk]juksm adR ekgB\wuR
YeCc\frluj ehSegkdxkA cNlpjv+k; LckgªlGs[fjgluj LS˜<A rm^ju Qgk uk’^jH
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ddk,\fR t™A Lyjus~}k; @yk fhakyd&[k SC,Aœ TSf egNgujH Cl>c\fR ejy™;
Cl>c\fj rzgA LS˜<^jsRy Segjhyjus~mk™; Lsf dkh^jhln\ ukirlCIsRy wrrA;
LS˜<^jr\ royk .lgUalgk%lujgks'“jhkA dk}jdxk%lujgk'jh*; Lfksdl%S˜<A
irilc^jr\ Seluj; dgknlauglu a<G,jalGœ glwlijr\ dk}jdxk%lilR Qgk ulzA rm^j;
L™glYfjœ ekSgl<jfR Ky$jdjm[kSNl& fsRy e©jd&[luj iv+ ijCk’whA glwli\
pl<lG^rluj i™ dkmjv+k; fHEhaluj glwli\ zG.A Pgjv+k; dlhYda^jHœ glwlijsRy iuyk
ejxG™\ Qgk ekYfR eky^k i™; dguk' dk}j[luj TY‘R fsRy vo%kijgH La{fjH ak[j
rknulR sdlmk^k; ¶TO CjCk ts'ulnk rknukdµ (alAPlfl); Lfksdl%\ dk}j[\ a£lfR
t™ SeG; ukirlCIRœ pjiUYe.sdl%\ g]s~}k; dkyv+krl& eG`ClhujH wJijv+SC,A
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dqjŒk; Qgk pjicA LS˜<aj$jsr @Shlvjv+k; ¶Blsrlgk akrjulujgk™; TnSvgk'
a¢U$sx[%\ BlrJ TY‘juihujH iJnkSeluj; egacl]lHdlgA @Yz<j[k' @gkA
hOdJdfukaluj cNG[agkf\; -drluj .ziH.d\fjujH alYfA akqkdj SinA Lul& wJij[lR;

LS˜<A Qgj[H[omj iJmkSe]jv+kSeluj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 200lA pjicA


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Ckr: SCecU al<lf\aUakegj,\mlf\ Yev]USf
cfUclglA P{fjA p{,\mIl c.lgUcU v .oeSf: (9724)
ijCIlajSYfl .{CA YeJSfl ppliij<flA zfjA
ar: e{FjiUlA flap\.j c\SfwclSel½rjShr ff\ (9725)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
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(cG~gl]cG) CYfk[xlu zr\PGi+Ralsg idigk^j; TO c<luA QlG”j[k' @sgukA
cG~ij,A >lPj[kdujh*s'lgk YefjEhA rlzRalG Lirk rHdj;

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Si%jsulgk cIGz\zA fs' rjG”jv+k; Lsflgk r]Yfaluj T™A dlns~mk™;

YfjC“kijsRy ekYfR <gjC\vY‘r\ ekYfRalgk%lujgk'jh*; rlgpakrjuksm KeSpCYedlgA


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t™\ ilz\plrA svu\fk;

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sdl%\ TS~l& Qgk rJ% fJGf\FulYf[\ Selikdulnk^asa™A Lisr KeSpCjv+k; T$jsr
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ijhu\[k il$kdukA svu\fk;

<gjC\vY‘R Ckr:SCesr igknr\ >hj rHdj; ]n^jH glwlijsRy aS<lpgA alykdukA


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fsRy S>lPfhs^ eX.of$xjH rj™A ejRihjv+\ Sulzlz\rjujH ijhujv+\ TOCIgcl]lf\
dlgA Srmj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 201lA pjicA


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r clPkilSpl akrj Sdle.Gw\wjfl
r{SeY‘ekYfl Tfj c^IPlarj
dFA fSal Sgl,auA ij.lliUSf
wzf\ eijYflf\arj SD gSwl .ki: (9813)
uScUgjfl clADUauJ p{S?< srOG
uul akak]kc\fgSf pkgfUuA
.ilG`iA a{fUkeFA ijeC\vjf:
eglf\a.ofcU dFA e{Fb\afj: (9814)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Sgl<jfsRy dkh^jhln\ .lgkdR t' glwlijsRy wrrA; LS˜<A irilc^jrk SelikdukA
agjv+S~l& .lgUalgjshlgl& cfjurk,\|j[lsrlgksNmkdukA svu\fk; t'lH QOGi+akrj Lisx
fmŒk; zG.jnjulujgk'fksdl%\ cfjurk,\|j[lR akrj Lisx Lrkipjv+jh*; c<.lgUalG
Li&[\ ij,A sdlmks^“jhkA Li& agjv+fkajh*; Li& clzgrk (ij,ikaluj wrjv+iR
t'Gf\FA) wRaA sdlmk^k;

clzgR vYdiG^juluj; eSh glwl[RalSgukA SflH~jv+k; cI#A @PjefUaky~j[lR LS˜<A


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dejhakrjuksm @YCaegjcg^k ij}k; clzgsRy LykefjrlujgA @•a[& @YCa^jH
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LS˜<s^ sdlh*lsrlgksN}k; t'lH dejh.zilR d`kfky' alYfujH clzgsRy ekYfRalG
tgjŒk vlNhluj; TO dkalgRalG dejhakrjuksm Sdlelz\rj ujshgjŒk t™ eyuk'f\
Cgjuh*; t$jSrulnJ pkGzknA LijmS^[k%lik'f\_ claJeUalSYfr egjCk’j rHdk'
.zilrjH SYdlPak%lik'sf$jsr_ t$jsruln\ pI‘I.liA dejhSpirjhk%likd_ egSal'f
ijw\Blralu clADUA (LsspIfA) Shlds^ e|j~jv+ .zilrjH sspIf.liA t$jsruk
%lilrln\_ clzgsRy ekYfRalG tgjŒf\ Ligksm fs' pk,\mf dlgnasYf;

clzgr\ LcaB\wcR ts'lgk ekYfR domjuk%lujgk™; Lulsx vJ^ ark,UR t'ln\


ijxjv+jgk'f\; dlgnA Lulxksm Yei{^jd& dlq\v[\ vJ^ulujgk™; Kpl<gn^jr\ LS˜<A
dk}jdsx dxjuluj rpjujshyjukA; t'lH @xkd& Cdlgj[kSNl& fsRy SulzCd\fjsdl%\
CjCk[sx fjgjv+k sdl%kigjdukA svu+kA; LcaB\wcsRy ekYfR LACkalR; LACkalrkA fsRy
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akrjujH ij,\nkijsr pGCjv+\ T$jsr YelGf\Fjv+k; SpiRalG[kSelhkA Lijmks^ cfUA
Lyjujh*; ¶Lijmks^ uFlGf\Falu .liA @G[kA Lyjukdukajh*; th*lMjhkA rjicj[k'f\
Lijmk'lsn“jhkA tS'S~lsh Lw\Brlu QgkiR t$jsruln\ Lijmks^
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Lw\Blr >r\PrA Ldhk™;µ

dejhSpiR eyŒk:
rJ LCIs^ sdl%k selu\s[lxxkd; L”liRalG zAzlwhA sdl%\ ekrGwJijv+k sdlxxkA;
LACkalR ulzlCIikaluj am$j; clzgR uw\BA rm^j QmkijH egazfj eodj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 202lA pjicA


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clPSil rUlcjr: Cl#l Y><\aj,\|l Shldelirl:
<g#UZA Sf½AzcAzlf\ Sf,Ilc\Sf <UZ.j’gj: (996)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
LACkalR zAzsu .oajujSh[\ sdl%kiglrluj eSh fe:C\vgUdxjhkA -Gs~}k; t'lH
@Yz<cEhJdgn^jrk akRe\ LS˜<A agjv+k; LS˜<^jsRy adR pjhJerkA TO egjYCa^jH
akqkdj; pjhJejsRy adR .zJgFr\ d|jralu fec\cjsRy Ehaluj Qgk cIe\rpGCrak%luj;
cIGz\zJu zAz YefU]s~}k eyŒk: ¶.oajujSh[k iglR BlR fu+lyln\; es] tsRy
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rpJwh^jsRy Cd\fj LfJialujgj[kA; alYfah* elee“jhG rpjujH dkxj[k'fk aohA
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glwli$jsr svu\ff\; L$jsr glwli\ ajYfc<rkA dh\a,elprkaluj Lyjus~}k; glwli\
pkglf\aliluj LhŒkrm™; L$jsrujgjs[ Qgk pjicA Qgk Y>l<\anpNfjd&
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fsRy .G^lijsRy Lc\FjdomA tmk^\ vjfujHsiv+\ flrkA LfjH[uyj T<ShldA simjŒk;
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Qgk ekYfsr wrj~jv+k; zG.c\FCjCk -qksdlh*A L”uksm zG.elYf^jH dqjŒk; LiclrA
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dkmkA>^jhln\ DmIlAzR wrjv+f\; a<lrlu glwlilujgk™ LS˜<A; fsRy agn^jf\ Qgk
anj[oG akRe\ LS˜<^jr\ dlgUA arc\cjhluj; KmSr fs' arcl LS˜<A ao™\ Shld$xkA
fUwjv+k; Lisuh*lA fjdv+kA ]njd$xkA Lc\FjgikA Lc^kA @sn™ d%\ .zilrjH
eoG`alukA cIuA caG~jv+k; Kmsr fs' DmIlAzR TOCIgcl]lf\[lgA Srmj; .zilR
ilckSpisRy cGi+l#gUlajfIA Lrk.ijv+k;

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.lzifA rjfUelglunA 204
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zkGiGf\SF fUd\fglSwUl iUvgprkirA ep\aep\.UlA Yejulul:
elnjc\eGCl]al.UlA a{wjfeFgkSwl Sul <gJY‘lrkwl.UlA
ssigoeUlv\VoG~nDUl: Yejuijg<gk,l½½SglejfY.oijw{A.
Yfc\fl>\PjG>+’ Scfk: Dhpip<r: SdlcShSY‘l½ifl': (9104)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
DmIlAzsRy svykadrlujgk™ gZk; LS˜<^jsRy svykadR pCgFR; .ziHYelGf\Fruksm
Ehaluj .zilR cIuA pCgFekYfrlu glarluj Liflgsamk^k; LS˜<A Lv\VsRy ilz\plrA
elhj[lrluj glwUikA LPjdlg$xkA KSe]jv+\ dl}jH LhŒk rm™; Lrkwrlu h]\anrkA
<rkalrkA alYfSa do}jrk%lujgk™xxo; LS˜<^jsRy Yeju ef\rjukA r,\ms~}k; ej'Jm\ Qgk
elhA sd}j ihjsulgk do}A gl]csg sdls'lmk[j Yejufasu ijs%mk^k; @ .zilR glaR
r”sx cAg]j[s};

ijCIlajYfakrj rm^ju ulz$sx ijZ\rs~mk^lR i' gl]csg glaR LmjSv+lmjv+k;


siyksalgk hJhuluj CjielCA >r\Pjv+\ c”lraluj cJflSpijsu cIJdgjv+k; ]Yfju dkhs^
eJ?j~jv+k sdl%jgk' egCkglasr rYaCjgc\drl[j; pCgF rjGS˜Carkcgjv+\ >r\PkajYflpjdsx
KSe]jv+\ cjfSulmkA h]\anSrlmksal'jv+\ irilcA rm^j; Lijsm CoG~nDSuukA aM\
LckgRalSgukA idigk^j; CoG~nDuksm cS<lpgrlu glinr\ cJfujH @Yz<A
wrj[kdukA Lisx f}js[l%kiglR L”lirlu algJvsr cIG`alrjsRy Si,^jH
Lu[kdukA svu+kduk%luj; algJvR gla>ln^lH sdlh*s~}k; c\YfJdSxlm\
@cd\fjukxxisRy ijPj[kpl<gnA dlnj[lsr' a}jH glaR cJflijg<^jH LfJi
pk:Djfrlujgk™; .d\frlu wmlukijr\ glaR cluowUA rHdj;

ckYzJirkaluj cDU^jShGs~} SC,A cJflSpij tijsmulnkxxsf™\ glaR d%kejmjv+k;


cJfsu ijs%mk[lR h“ujSh[\ ekys~mkdukA svu\fk; cakYpA LS˜<^jr\ iqj sdlmk^k;
eGi+frjgd& sdl%\ cakYp^jr\ dkyksd Qgk elhA fJG^\ dm™sv™\ glarkA do}gkA h“su
@Ydajv+k; ilrgScruksm c<luS^lsm LcADUA gl]cRalSglmk uk’A svu\f\ QmkijH
glinsr iPj[kdukA svu\fk; cJfle<gnS^lsm glinsRy @Gw\wjfeknU$sxh*lA fJG™
Selujgk™; glinsRy rjGw\wJiCgJg^jrk vkMkA gl]cc\YfJd& Qv+uj}k rjhijxjv+k;
ijdlg^jrk iCAiprluj Lcau^k agjv+ glinR agns^ ijxjv+k igk^kdulujgk™;

glaR ij.J,nsr h“lPjefjul[j; t'j}\ cJf h]\anR ckYzJiR <rkalR t'jiSglmk


domj cI#A rlmlu LSulPUujSh[\ ey™; LS~lSq[\ irilcdlhA dqjŒjgk™; glasRy
LrkwR .gfR Lisg tfjSgMk; SwU,\|sRy L.li^jH LS˜<^jsRy safjumjd&
cjA<lcr^jH siv+\ .gfR glaplcrluj glwUA .gj[kdulujgk™; th*l >r\PkajYflpjdxkA
YewdxkA glasRy fjgjv+k igijH LfJi c#k,\mglujgk™; glaR LSulPUujH
cjA<lcrlgo|rluj; glaglwU^\ ClgJgjdSal alrcJdSal @u Sglz$& Q™ak%lujgk'jh*;
PG”rj,\mujhkA stCIgU^jhkA glaglwUA wIhjv+k ijx$j; cI#A wJijfvgUsdl%\ glarkA
cJfukA z{<c\FwJijf^jsRy K^a alf{duluj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 204lA pjicA


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YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 205
205lA pjicA
rSal Y><\anUSpilu glaluldkn\|SaPSc
K^aSC*ldPkgUlu rUc\fpn\/lG~jflb\YZSu (9117)
c\YfJekAcAz -flp{d\cGiYf Yflcali<:
LeJCIglnlA djakf YzlaUcU z{<Svfc: (91117)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
.zilR glaR fsRy @f\aYeclp^jr\ Si%j Qgk ijCk’ ulzA rm^j; glaR ij,\nk .zilR
fs'ulnSh*l; ulzlicg^jH frj[k%lujgk'sfh*lA LS˜<A plrA svu\fk; glwUikA
cN^kakqkirkA glwUA .gj[lR SulzUfukxx a<lf\al[&[k alYfA rHdj; cI#aluj
Kmkic\YfA alYfsa LS˜<^jrk%lujgk™xxo; cJfukA glasr ej#kmG™\ th*lA plrA svu\fk;
glasRy cH[G”$xjH cAf{e\fglu a<lf\al[& glwUA glar\ fjgjv+k rHdj; t'j}j$jsr
YelGf\Fjv+k; ¶.zilsr B$& rac\dgj[k™; B$xksm <{pu$xjH YeSiCjv+\ Lw\Blrs^
fkmv+k alMk'f\ Lijmk'sYf; ijw\Blr^jsRy KyijmikA LfjYeCc\frkA L<jAclilpjdxlu
a<lf\al[& in$k' elp$Sxlmk domjuirkalu .zilsr B$& raj[k™;µ

glaR Si,Yev\V'rluj fhc\Flr^\ wr<jfayjulR rm[lyk%lujgk™; Qgk glYfjujH Qgl&


fsRy .lgUsu fjgc\dgj[k'f\ LS˜<A d%k; Lul& eyŒk; ¶rJ asMlglxksm iJ}jH
flacjv+ixln\; cJfSelhkA L$jsr svu\fj}k%\; glaR fsRy .lgUSulmkxx LfJic\Sr<A
sdl%\ LfjH sfsMl™A dlnk'jh*lujgj[lA; eS] Blr$jsruh*; trj[\ rjs' cIJdgj[lR
iu+; wr<jfA alrjv+\œ cIJdgj[lR >k’jak}kxxsf“jhkA glaR d|jralu Qgk fJgkalrsamk^k;
zG.jnjulu cJfsu dl}jSh[uv+k; LPjdA flacjulsf cJf g%\ @•dk}jdsx Yecijv+k;
hirkA dkCrkA; cJf Lisg ilHaJdj akrjuksm cAg]n^jhl[juj}\ .oaj[mjujShu\[k Seluj
T<ShldilcA simjŒk; TO ilG^uyjŒ glaR pk:Dldkhrluj; glarkA cJfukA TO pjiU
rlmdagS$yjuf\ c\YfJekgk,cAzA t™A pk:DikA d,\m~lmkdxkA K%l[k™ t™
dlnj[lrluj}sYf; SpiRalG SelhkA Tfjreilpah*;

TfjrkSC,A glaR efjaoilujgA sdlh*A glwUA .gjv+k; t'j}\ fsRy pjiUcijP^jSh[k am$j;
pk,\mSgukA gl]cRalSgukA glaR sdls'lmk[jufjH Lf\.kfsal™ajh*; glinrkalukxx
uk’^jH ilrgRalG (TiG vjh SzlYfiGz\z[lglujgk'jgj[lA) glark fkn rHdjufkA
Lf\.fah* fs'; dlgnA glaR .zilR ij,\nkfs'ulnSh*l; Lijmks^ a<ja LelgasYf;
glasRy Liflg[lh^\ LS˜<ikaluj >r\Ps~} th*ligkA egaepA Yelejv+k; pjiUalu TO
gladF fkmGv+uluj @iG^jv+k Sd&[k'iG[\ dG”>r\Pr^jH rj™ SalvrA h.j[k™;

dkCsRy ej#kmGv+uluj cogUiAC^jH <jgnUrl.R ejy™; sswajrj a<G,juksm


Cj,Urlujgk' LS˜<A ihju Sulzjulujgk™; ulw\BiHdUr\ @f\aw\BlrakeSpCjv+f\ TO
<jgnUrl.rsYf; TO dkh^jsh Liclr d`j Y><p\>hrln\; LS˜<A L$uksm Lv\VR
L.jarUkijrlH sdlh*s~}k; dhjukzaiclrj[kA isg TO dkhA rjhrjH[kA; ckajYfrlujgj[kA
Liclrs^ glwli\; Lfk dqjŒ\ dlhleYzla^jH icj[k' K^aSulzjulu agk
cogUiACs^ ekrgk’gj[kA;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 205lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 206
206lA pjicA
ucUSulzA r ilB\V#j ijSulz.udlfgl:
.w#j vgnlAS.lwA akrSul <gj SaPc: (9139)
Sp<A rligkgkf\Sc½<A pk:DSCld.uli<A
cGi+YflcU uSfl a{fUkG”f\cUlrlakpSd uFl (91310)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
T,IldkijsRy adrlujgk™ glwlilu rjaj; Qgk ulzA fkm$j iv+j}\ LfjH es“mk[lR glwli\
icj,\makrjsu ]njv+k; TY‘sRy ]nYedlgA asMlgk ulz^jH es“mkS[%fks%™A
LfkdqjŒ\ rjajuksm ulzClhujSh[\ i™sdlxxlsa™A akrj eyŒk; t'lH aMk
ekSgl<jfRalsgiv+\ glwli\ ulzA fkmG™; rjaj ulzdG”$&[\ ihju ijh dH~jv+jgk'jh*;
dlgnA Shld^jsh th*lA ]njd$xlsn™\ LS˜<^jr\ Lyjulalujgk™; icj,\mR fjgjv+k
i'S~l& ulzA fkmG'fyjŒ\ Sdlej,\|rluj; LS˜<^jsr iUd\fjegaluj rj‘jv+fluj
dgkfkdukA svu\fk; akrj glwlijsr Cejv+k; ¶rjr[\ th*lA Lyjulsa' .liak%\; t“jhkA rJ
agjv+k iJqkA;µ glwlikA akrjsu LYedlgA Cejv+k; L$jsr icj,\mr\ KGiCjukSmukA
ajYfigknRalgkSmukA ekYfrluj wrjS[%fluj i™;

ekSgl<jfglu Y>l<\anG rjajuksm CgJgA ssfhaj}k iv+\ ulzc'j<jfglu SpiRalSglm\


rjajuksm wJiR fjgjv+k dj}lR YelGf\Fjv+k; t'lH wJiR akqkiR r,\ms~}j}jh*l^ rjaj
TYedlgA eyŒk; ¶tsRy CgJg^jr\ wJiR fjgjv+k dj}nsa™\ BlR @Yz<j[k'jh*; BlrJ
CgJgs^ Qgk fmiyuluj dgkfk™; Qgk w\BlrjukA Qgk CgJg^jH^s' rjicj[lR
@Yz<j[kdujh*; dlgnA LiG[\ agn.uA cpl Th* fs'; ijw\Blrjulu -sflgkirkA
.zilsRy flag~lp$sx eowj[lrln\ @Yz<j[k'f\; tsRy CgJgA ssfhaj}\
ekrgk’gj~j[lR trj[lYz<ajh*; dlgnA TO CgJgalnSh*l pkgjf$&[kA .u^jrkA
pk:D^jrkA dlgnA; SpiRalG LS~l& T$jsr LrkYz<jv+k; ¶CgJgajh*lsf fs' rJ
th*ligksmukA d`kd&[kxxjH icjv+lhkA;µ (d`jsRy Lm[hkA fky[hkA rjajuln\
svu+k'f\);

ej'Jm\ ekSgl<jfG rjajuksm CgJgA dmŒ\ LfjHrj™\ wJirkxx Qgk SdlCA SiGfjgjsv+mk^k;
Lf\ asMlgk ark,UwJijuluj ixglR sdH~kxx Q'lujgk™; Lfln\ rjajekYfrlu wrdR; Qgk
ekfju glwdkhA wrdrlH fkm$j iv+k; LS˜<A CgJgajh*l^ Qglxksm adrlujgk'fjrlH
ssiSp<R t'yjus~}k; (ijSp<sRy ekYfR); ajFjhR t™A LS˜<^jr\ Segk%\;
(dmsŒmk^iR t'Gf\F^jH); ajFjhlekgj rjG”jv+fS˜<asYf;

egJ]jS^œ TO glwegNgujH eSh glwG,jdxkA K%lujgk™; Lisgh*lA ijw\Blr^jsRy


egSal'fepijd& Srmjuiglujgk™; ulw\BiHdUR fkm$ju akrjigURalgksm cf\cAzA
sdl%lnJ glwl[RalG @f\arj,\|gluj^JG'f\; Lisgh*lA wJijf^jsRy pI‘.li$sx
wujv+iglujgk™; z{<c\Fgluj wJij[kdulujgk™si“jhkA LiG ckDpk:D$sx fkhUaluj
dgkfj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 206lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 207
207lA pjicA
ijPlulxJdijYCA.aw\SB,k fUd\fscO<{pl:
riA ria.Je\c#U: ekAC\vhU: sscIgi{^u: (91438)
-d -i ekgl Sip: Yeni: cGiilb\au:
SpSil rlgluSnl rlrU -Sdl½z\rjGiG` -i v (91448)
ekgogic -ilcJf\ YfuJ SYfflakSD r{e
Lz\rjrl Yewul glwl ShldA zlr\PGiSaujilR (91449)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
LYfjœ c{,\mjdG^lilu Y><\alijsRy ekYfrlujgk™; LS˜<^jsRy cS#l,lYCk[xjH rj™\
vY‘Spifulu SclaR La{fk rjyŒirluj wrjv+k; c{,\mli\ Sclasr a<G,jalgksm
cAg]u\[lukA QO,Psv+mjdxksm g]u\[lukA rjuajv+k; r]Yf$xksm do}^jH
K'falsulgk c\FlrikA rHdj; Qgj[H SclaR Spizkgkilu Y><c\efjuksm .lgU flgsu
YeShl.j~jv+k; flgujH >kPR wrjv+k; ekgogic\c\ >kPsRy adrln\; LS˜<A LfJick‘grkA
cp\i{^rkalujgk™; Le\cgc\clu KGi+Cj ekgogic\cjH Lrkgd\fuluj; SYeaekgc\cgA
ekgogicjsr caJejv+\ g%\ @}jRdk}jdsx sdlmk^\ KGi+Cj eyŒk; ¶L$\ Tidsx
cAg]j[k' dlhaYfukA BlR L$Sulmkdomj dqjŒk sdlxxlA; es] Qgk rj>r\Pr;
ssaFkrlicg^jhh*lsf L$uksm rz\rCgJgA trj[\ dlnlrjmuligkf\;µ ekgogic\c\
rj>r\Prd& c”fjv+\ KGi+Cjukaluj ccS#l,A dqjŒk i™; TY‘c.ujH KGi+Cjuksm
Lcl'j’UA LyjŒk fkm$j; TY‘R dkyv+k zr\PGiRalsg ij}\ KGi+Cjsu fjgŒk ejmjv+k
fjgjsd sdl%kiglR -G~lmk svu\fk; LiG ekgogic\cjsRy sdl}lg^jH sv™\ glYfj
cau^\ @}jRdk}jdsx Le<gjv+k; Lidxksm dgv+jH Sd}\ KGi+Cj Sgl,ldkhuluj;
@}jRdk}jd&[\ cAg]nSudl^fjH glwlijsr Cdlgjv+k; glwli\ ses}™\ djm[ujH
rjs'nJM\ ilxksamk^\ ekys~}k; P{fjujH ic\YfA Pgj[lR ay™A Selujgk™; zr\PGiRalG
@}jRdk}jdsx sdl}lg^jrmk^\ KSe]jv+jgk™; Tmjaj'H sixjv+^jH KGi+Cj glwlijsr
pjzA>grluj d%k; L$jsr cI#A fJgkalrYedlgA glwlijsr KSe]jv+k SelikdukA svu\fk;
glwli\ KGi+Cjuksm ejysd sv™\ fjgjv+kiglR SdnSe]jv+k; t'lH Le\cgc\clds}œ
c\YfJekgk,>r\P$& cIlGf\Ffœ pk:DAœ pkgjfAœ Ti rjyŒflsn™\ caGf\Fjv+k; Li& eyŒk;
¶pkG”fjulu c\YfJd& Lw\Blrjulu ekgk,RalgjH ijCIlcakxil[jufjrk SC,A th*l
cO<{p.liikA KSe]j[k™; t'j}\ ekfju ekfju Sr}$xjH YC’iu\[k™; KGi+Cj glwlijsRy
dosm Qgk iG,A dqjŒ\ Qgk pjicA domj[qjulA t'yjujv+k; Li& TO ilz\plrA
rjySiMjsu“jhkA glwlijr\ cAf{e\fjulujh*; ekgogic\c\ zr\PGiRalsg Qgk YelGf\Fr svlh*j
@glPjv+S~l& LiG LS˜<^jr\ Qgk elYf^jH Lz\rj rHdj; Lfjhosm .zilsr eowjv+\
KGi+Cjsu c”lraluj Srmlsa™\ zr\PGiRalG Lyjujv+k; ijdlgijiCrlu glwli\ elYfs^
KGi+Cjsu™\ dgkfj Lfkaluj ehujm$xjhkahŒk rm™; es] LfjsRy cfUlic\F
arc\cjhluS~l& elYfA dl}jhkSe]j[kdukA svu\fk; SYfflukzA ejy'S~l&
Lz\rjeowsu~Mj glwlijr\ QlG”igjdukA ir^jSh[\ fjgj[kdukA svu\fk; Lijsm Lz\rj
h.j[lŒ\ ulzlz\rj sdlxk^lR g%k fmj[,n$& tmk^k; flqS^f\ KGi+Cjsu™A
akdxjhS^f\ flsr™A c“H~jv+\ Lfjrk g%jmujhkakxxf\ Yewrralsn™A dgkfj;
KGi+CJhl.^jrkSi%j rm^ju uw\B^jHrj™A ao™\ Lz\rjeowdxk%luj; L$jsr c“H~jv+\
Lz\rjuk%l[j ekgogicc\\ SpiShldA eodj; ¶SYfflukz^jrk akRe\ QSg Qgk SipA alYfA QlA
alYfSa K%lujgk™xxo; QSg Qgk Spif  rlglunR; QSg Qgk Lz\rj; QSg Qgk wlfj; Ti alYfsa
K%lujgk™xxo; ekgogic\cln\ Lisu ao'l[juf\;

@#gJdlGf\F^jH QSgsulgk ijCIClc\YfSaukxxksi™A sspiA ijCIekgk,rlsn™A Lz\rj


rjyakxx ark,Usgh*lA QSg wlfjulsn™A arc\cjhl[lA;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 207lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 208
208lA pjicA
iuA <j Y>l<\anlc\flf ]aulG<nflA zfl:
uul ShldzkgkGS˜i: elgSa,\|Uazlf\ epA (91539)
]aul SglvSf h]\aJGY>l<\aJ scOgJ uFl Ye.l
]ajnlalCk .zilAc\fk,USf <gjgJCIg: (91540)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
ekgogicjsRy ejRfhaky[lgjshlglxlujgk™ zlPj; dkClA>kijsRy ekYfR; zlPj[\ cfUifj
ts'lgk adxk%lujgk™; Wvjdakrj[\ cfUifjsu ijil<A svu+nsa™%lujgk™; t'lH
akrj[fjrk SulzUfukS%l t' cACu^lH zlPj LS˜<S^lm\ @ujgA dkfjgdsx
@iCUs~}k; WvjdR igknrjH rj™\ @ujgA dkfjgdsx il$j glwlijr\ rHdj; cfUifjsu
elnjYz<nA svu\fk; cfUifj[kA Lixksm L”u\[kA ekYfhl.^jrlYz<ak%luj; Lfjrluj
Wvjdakrj aY#akv+gjv+\ vgkik%l[j (L'Asdl%kxx elvdA); ad&[\ Qgk Y>l<\an dkalgrkA
L”u\[\ Qgk ijh*lxjiJgrkA wrj[nsa'lujgk™ KS˜CA; t'lH akrj fsRy .lgUSulm\ YeSfUd
c\Sr<A dlnj[ksa™ dgkfj L” ad&[kxx ij<jfA .]jv+k dxŒk; cfUifj TfyjŒ\
pk:Djfuluj; WvjdR Tfk aohak%lik' .ij,U^jsr~Mj eyukdukA svu\fk; Qgk igsa'
rjhujH fsRy adrh* adsRy adrlujgj[kA eglYdajulu Sul’li\ t™\ WvjdR Lyjujv+k; TO
eOYfrln\ egCkglaR;

TO cau^\ LGwkrR t™ Seglu Qgk vYdiG^juk%lujgk™; Qgj[H LS˜<A dxjuluj


glinsr ejmjv+k sd}kduk%luj; TO dlG^iJgUlGwkrR dl}jH LhukSNl& wapz\rjakrj
uksm @YCaA YC’ujH se}k; egCkglasRy Lv\Vrln\ wapz\rj; glwlijr\ Kvjfalu cpUukA
cH[lgikA @YCa^jH rj™ h.jv+k; wapz\rjakrj cGi+l.J,\mYepulu dlaSPrkijsRy
c<luS^lsmuln\ ijgks'lgk[juf\; glwlijr\ akrjuksm ssdiCakxx dlaSPrkijH @Yz<A
wrjv+k; LxiM cN^jsRy KyijmalnSh*l @ pjiUalu eCk; LGwkrR >hYeSulzA rm^j
eCkijsr sdl%kSeluj; egCkglaR TO ijigayjŒ\ Sdlej,\|rluj; fsRy aqkiksamk^\
glwlijsRy SrG[\ elŒk;

fsRy SrG[\ @Ydan^jsrlgk$k' Sfwc\ckM Y>l<\ansr d%\ LGwkrR fsRy


iJgScrdsx Selgjruv+k; egCkglaR Scrsu fkg^jSulmjv+k; LGwkrrkA egCkglarkA SrG[k
Srsguluj uk’A; glwliuv+ vl}kxjd& th*lA egCkglaR fmk^k; LgwkrsRy LSrdA ssddxkA
dlhkdxksah*lA egCkglaR si}jsuyjŒk; LiclrA fhukayks^mk^k; eCkijSrukA sdl%\
LS˜<A Lv\VsRyumk[H sv™; LS˜<A c#k,\mrlujsh*™ alYfah* T$jsr zkn
Spl,j[kdukA svu\fk;

¶adSrœ Y>l<\anG Ligksm ><kalrUfuk%l[jsumk^j}kxxf\ ]alzknAsdl%kA


c<rCd\fjsdl%kaln\; c{,\mlilu Y><\alikSelhkA TO zkna<jad& sdl%ln\
rjhsdlxxk'f\; ]alCJhaln\ Y>l<\angksm @f\aJucN^\; LfjrlH
.ziHYeJfjuk%lik™; Qgk glwlijsr sdlh*k'f\ Y>l<\ansr sdlhk*'fjSr[l& <Jralu
Yei{^juln\; Lfksdl%\ TO eleegj<lg^jrluj .ziHS]Yf$xkxx eknU.oajdxjSh[\ Qgk
fJGf\FlmrA fkm$kd;µ

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 208lA pjicA


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YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 209
209lA pjicA
SuaPkv\V‘Scl SwU,\|l: dkChA SarjSg r ff\
LCef\ flRakrj: YdkS’l Sa*v\Vl .if pkGw\wrl: (91633)
cS<lilv aPkv\V‘l: clG’A eXlCfl ff:
uS'l .ilR cAwlrJSf fc\aJA c\fj,\|laS< iuA (91634)
SwU,\|A aY#p{CA vYdkc\fIlarISXl iuA c\a <j
ijCIlajYf: ckflrl< iJgiS#l .ij,UF
Su alrA Sa½rk z{<\nS#l iJgi#adG^ alA; (91635)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
egCkglaR Qgk sdlh*A fJGf\FlmrA rm^j Lv\VsRy @YCa^jH fjgjsv+^j; Qgk pjicA
egCkglasRy L” Sgnkd dkxj[kSNl& rpjujH Qgk zr\PGi+R Le\cgdrUdSxlsml^\
YdJ/j[k'fk d%k; TYfuPjdA cO‘gUakxx zr\PGi+sr d%\ Sgnkduksm arc\c\ vXhs~}k;
t'lH Kmsr @YCa^jSh[\ am$kdukA svu\fk; wapz\rjakrj[\ .lgUuksm arc\cjH K%lu
vXhs^~Mj Lyjik%luj; elej[\ Cj] rHdlR LS˜<A fsRy ekYfRalSglmlB\wlejv+k;
egCkglark alYfsa Lfjrk ssPgUak%lukxxk; egCkglaR L”uksm fh si}j; adSrlm\
cAYeJfrlu akrj t#k igaln\ Si%sf™\ Svlpjv+S~l& fsRy L”su wJij~j[nsa™A
sdlhelfd[lgUA L” QlG”j[lrjmiggksf™A egCkglaR @iCUs~}k; igA KmSr fs'
rHds~}k;

LGwkrsRy a[& f$xksm Lv\Vsr sdl'fjsRy YefjdlgA iJ}lR f[A elG^jgk™; Qgk
pjicA egCkglaR @YCa^jhjh*lfjgk'S~l& LiG Lijsm duyj wapz\rjakrjsu sdl™
dxŒk; ilij}\ dgŒ Sgnkduksm cIgA Sd}\ Qlmjsu^ju egCkglaR agjv+kiJn
Lv\Vsruln\ d%f\; aqkiksamk^\ egCkglaR LGwkrsRy fhc\Flrrzgjulu
al<jc\afJujH sv™\ flryks^mk^ uk’iJgRalgksm fhd&s[ls%lgk eGi+fA fs'
uk%l[j; agjv+kiJnigksm Svlgsdl%ijsmsulgk ekq fs'sulqkdj; t'j}kA egCkglasRy
SdleA Cajv+jgk'jh*; Lv\Vsr sdl'fjsRy Yefjdlgsa' rUlu^jH th*l ]YfjuSgukA
pk,\msg™ dn[l[j Lisg Tgkes^l™i}A caohA rCj~j[lR egCkglaR fjgkalrjv+k;
egCkglaR Lv\VsRy KmhkA fhukA SvG^kiv+k t'j}\ ulzlz\rj[\ caJeA iv+\ .ziHYeJfj
igk^j; ulzliclrA fsRy du+jhk%lujgk' cNs^h*lA ulzekSgl<jfG[\ plraluj rHdj;
L$jsr glwl[Ralsgs[l' ele^jH rj™\ Ck’jSrmkdukA LCk.agn^jHrj™%lik'
YefUlZlf$xjH rj™\ wapz\rjakrj[\ Salvrak%likdukA svu\fk; CgJgA eoG`aluj
ekr:c\Flej[kdukA @f\aJuiH[gj[kdukA svu\f\ LS˜<A ce\fG,jdxjshlglxluj ijCIs^
cAg]j[k™; egCkglaR aS<Y‘eGi+f^jH TS~lqkA dqjuk™; Lmk^ ShldvYd^jH
LS˜<salgk W,julujgj[kA; zlPj[\ ijCIlajYfsr' SegjH Qgk ekYfrk%lujgk™; LS˜<^jr\
aPkv\V‘Ralsg'yjus~mk' roMjsul™\ ekYfRalgk%lujgk™; LS˜<A LwJzG^sRy adR
CorSCesr ps^mk[kdukA Lisr drj,\mekYfrl[j ilqj[kdukA svu\fk; Qgk pjicA
CorSCesr ulz>hj[luj <gjC\vY‘R fu+lyl[jujgk™; t'lH ijCIlajYfsRy rjGS˜CYedlgA
Spifdsx YeJfjs~mk^j CorSCesr g]j[kduk%luj; ijCIlajYfsRy a[xjH LNfkSeG
CorSCesr ao^SwU,\|rluj LAzJdgj[lR fu+lylujh*; akrj Lisg vn\/lxRalglilR
Cejv+k; >l[j LNs^l™ SeG W,juksm fJgkalrA Cjgcli<jv+k; Lisg akrj
iJgSul’l[xksm ejfl[xlilR LrkYz<jv+k; T$jsr ijCIlajYfsRy dkhA rjhijH i™;

TYclSuhjH <cG t' c\Fh^\ ekglic\fkzSi,dG ds%mk^ Qgk ekglfrrzgjujH


Tgkes^l™ fin Lfk rCj~j[s~}fjsRy sfxjikdxk%\;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 209lA pjicA


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YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 210
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K^aC\vj#jfA dkgUlf\ SYeld\fdlgJ fk a’Ua:
LPSal½YC’ul dkgUlpdGS^lv+gjfA ejfk: (91844)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
ekgogic\cjsRy ekYfR @ukijr\ LXk ekYfRalG; r<k,R ]Yfi{’R gwj gA.R LSrrR
t'jiG; r<k,r\ LX\ ekYfRalG; ufj uulfj cAulfj @ufj ijufj d{fj t'jiG; ufj[\
hOdJdwJijfS^lm\ flf\egUsal™ajh*lfjgk'fjrlH caualuS~l& uulfj glwliluj; aMk
rlhk cS<lpgRalG YeijCUl .gnlPjdlgjdxkaluj;

Lckg glwlilu i{,eGi+r\ CG”j,\| t' SegjH Qgk adxkA Lckg zkgkilu CkYdlvlgUG[\
Spiulrj t' Qgk adxkak%lujgk™; Qgj[H LiG Sflqjalgksal^\ Qgk fmld^jH
rJglmjsdl%jgj[kSNl& egaCjiR @ iqj igk'fk d%k; P{fjujH th*ligkA ic\YfA
ilgjihjv+kmk^k; t'lH CG”j,\| L>’^jH Spiulrjuksm ic\Yfalnkmk^f\; Ydk’ulu
Spiulrj glwdkhA Y>l<\andkhS^[l& flq\'flsn' ijCIlc^lH CG”j,\|su
Cdlgjv+k; ¶B$& Y>l<\anG .zilsRy ipraln\; LckgglwekYfjulu rjrs[$jsr
B$xksm ic\YfA Pgj[lR ssPgUA i™_µ ar:c\ssFgUakxx CG”j,\| Y>l<\andkhs^ rj‘jv+\
f[ aykemj rHdj; ¶rj$& siykA ejv+[lG; B$xksm ilfjH[H dl^k rjH[k' dl[d&[k
caA;µ t™ eyŒ\ Spiulrjuksm ic\YfA vJ#j[xŒ\ Lisx Lmk^kxx Qgk djnMjH
fxxjujmkdukA svu\fk;

uulfj Lijsm @ cauA iglrjmuluj; LS˜<A fs' fsRy SaHic\YfA Spiulrj[kmk[lR


rHdj; t'j}\ ssd rJ}j djnMjH rj'isx dgu\[k ejmjv+kduMj; fsRy ssd ejmjv+fksdl%\
fs' ijil<A dqjSv+ fJgo t™\ uulfjSulm\ Spiulrj @iCUs~}k; Li& Y>l<\an
dkh^jHs~}ixlsn“jhkA .ziH<jfsa™\ dgkfj uulfj c”fj[kdukA svu\fk; Spiulrj
iJ}jsh^j CG”j,\|uksm pk,\YeiG^jsu~MjukA K%lu cA.i$sx~MjukA CkYdlvlgUSglm\
eyŒk; ]jYeSdlejulu CkYdlvlgUR sdl}lgA ij}kSelilR fJgkalrjv+k; i{,eGi+glwli\
@vlgUSrlm\ rzgAij}\ Seldgksr'Se]jv+k; akrj adxksm akDS^[\ Srl[j t#\ fjgkalrj[
nsa'lglŒk; Spiulrj eyŒk; ¶CG”j,\| tsRy .{fUuluj igksa“jH alYfA Lv\Vrjijsm
fkmG'lH afj; µ glwlifk c”fjv+k;

CkYdR Spiulrjsu uulfj[\ rHdj; eS] glwlijSrlm\ Qgk fl[JfkA rHdj; CG”j,\|su
YeShl.j~j[gkf\ t™\; Spiulrj Qgl•dk}j[\ wRaA rHdj; CG”j,\|[kA Qgk ekYfR
Sinsa'lYz<A wrjv+k; Li& uulfjsu caJejv+k; uulfj Lixksm @Yz<A rjySiMj; TfjH
LfJiYdk’ulu Spiulrj Lv\VsRy LmkS^[\ Seluj; CkYdlvlgUR uulfjsu Cejv+k;
¶rjsRy uOirA r,\ms~}\ KmSr rJsulgk i{’rlis}µ; frj[\ hOdJdckDA Si%Selsh
Lrk.ij[lR dqjŒj}jsh*™\ glwli\ CkYdlvlgUSrlmSe]jv+k; CkYdlvlgUR CleSal]aluj
glwlijr\ fsRy ilG’dUA -sf“jhkA Qgk svyk~[lgSrlm\ ssdalMA svu+lsa'yjujv+k; uulfj
fsRy ekYfRalsg caJejv+k; ao^ ao™SegkA Lfjrk fu+lylujh*; t'lH eogk Lv\VsRy
ilG’dUA -sMmk[lR fu+lyluj; ¶TsfsRy -MikA ihju dmauln\; Lv\VsRy @Yz<$&
arc\cjH[%\ Lisu rjySiMk'iR K^aekYfrsYf; Lv\VR eyŒfk Sd}\
YeiG^j[k'iR a’UaR; LParluiR Lv\VsRy rjGS˜CA arajh*larc\Sclsm
YeliG^jdal[k™; Lv\VsRy il[kd& Lrkcgj[l^iR Lv\VsRy KVj,\masYf;µ L$jsr
uulfj uOirA iJS%mk^k; Spiulrjukaluj hOdJdckD$xrk.ijv+kilnk; LSflsml~A
PlG”jd YeiG^r$xkA rujv+k Sel™;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 210lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 211
211lA pjicA
uf\ e{FjiUlA YiJ<juiA <jgnUA eCi: c\Yfju:
r pk<U#j ar: YeJfjA ekAc: dla<fcU Sf (91913)
r wlfk dla: dlalrlakeS.lzr ClaUfj
<ij,l d{,\niGf\Sai .ou -il.jiGPSf (91914)
upl r dkgkSf .liA cGi.oSf,IaAzxA
cap{,\Smc\fpl ekAc: cGil: ckDaul pjC: (91915)
ul pkc\fUwl pkG”fj.jGw\wJgUSfl ul r wJgUSf
flA f{,\nlA pk:Drji<lA CG”dlSal YpkfA fUSwf\ (91916)
alYfl cIYcl pk<jYfl il rlijijd\flcSrl .Sif\
>hilrjY‘juYzlSal ijpIlA caej dG,fj (91917)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
flacA ijrl uulfj fsRy @f\aJulP:efrs^~Mj S>lPilrluj; Qgk pjicA .lgUSulm\
@f\adFlegalu Qgk dF eyŒk; ¶YejSuœ Qgj[H Qgk se`lm\ Qgk djnMjH iJnk; Qgk doMrlm\
Lfkiqj SeldlrjmulikdukA Lfjsr g]j[kdukA svu\fk; se`lmjr\ @njSrlm\ c\Sr<A
Sfl™dukA LiG ijil<A svu\f\ wJij[kdukA svu\fk; @nlmjsr asMlgk se`lm\
@Yz<j[k'fkisg pNfjd& cckDA ilnk; se`lm\ Kmac\FsRyumk[H LcouaohA
eglfjukaluj sv™; Kmac\FR doMrlmjsr ,n\/rl[j; t'lH LisRy fkmGv+ulukxx
LSe] Sd}\ Lirk ekgk,fIA fjgjv+k rHdj; fkmG™\ @nlmkA se`lmkATY‘juckD$x rk.ijv+\
wJijv+k; µ

uulfj fkmG™;: L$jsr BlR TY‘juckD$xksm ihujH dkmk$jujgj[k™; t'lH Qgk dlgUA
YejSu rJ arc\cjhl[nA; TY‘jurjuY#najh*l^ QgkisRy dlacAeoG^j[\ .]nSal
c\YfJdSxl Q™A afjulijh*; TY‘juckD$&[kxx @cd\fj LfjH ak$j wJij[kSNl& fJsg
dkyuk'jsh*™\ alYfah* fJujH srsu+lqj[kSNlsh Lfk iG’j[k™; t'lH rlrlfI.li
$sxh*lakSe]jv+\ th*lMjSrukA fsRy @f\aliluj dgkfk' QgkiR th*l Lrk.i$sxukA
@cIpjv+\ wJij[k™; Cl#jukA ckDikalYz<j[k' -sflgkirkA TY‘julcd\fj KSe]jv+\
-sfl'jr\ ilG’dUak%lik'jh*Sul -sfl™\ CgJgA rCjv+lhkA rCj[k'jh*Sul Lfjsr
ds%^lR YCaj[nA; Lfksdl%\ QgkiR fsRy L”SulsmlS^l cS<lpgjSulsmlS^l
adSxlsmlS^l SelhkA QM[k dqjugkf\; w\Blrjulu QgkirkSelhkA TY‘ju$xksm Cd\falu
@dG,n^jHrj™\ vjhS~l& g]s~mlrlijh*; QglujgA iG,A TY‘juckD$xrk.ijv+\ BlR
wJijv+ksi“jhkA t'jsh @cd\fj dkyŒj}jh*; Lfksdl%\ BlrJ hOdJdwJijfA fUwj[k™;
@f\acl]lf\[lg^jrluj BlR @Yz<j[k™;

uulfj ekgoijr\ uOirA fjgjv+k rHdj ilG’dUA il$j; glwUA ekYfRalsg -H~jv+\ ir^jSh[\
Seluj; Lijsm egalf\alijsr rjg#galu PUlr^jhosm cl]lf\[gjv+k; uulfjuksm fJgkalrA
Sd}\ SpiulrjukA Lrlcd\fuluj hOdJdckD$xkSe]jv+\ ilckSpisRy flag~lp$& eodj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 211lA pjicA


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YCJap\.lzifA
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alfl .c\Yfl ejfk: ekSYfl Sur wlf: c -i c:
.gcI ekYfA pk,U# aliaAc\Fl: Cdk#xlA (920(92021)
21)
SgSflPl: ekSYfl rufj rgSpi ua]ulf\
fIA vlcU Plfl zG.cU cfUal< Cdk#xl (92022)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
ekgkijsRy dkh^jhln\ ssg.UsRy adrluj pk,U#R ejy'f\; Qgk pjicA pk,U#R
rlul}jrluj dl}jH Seluj; dnIa<G,juksm @YCa^jrk caJeA Qgk ck‘gjulu
ukifgknjsu[%\ @pUSrl}^jH^s' SYea^jhluj; ¶rJ glwgd\falujgj[nA; Lsh*“jH
tsRy <{puA rjr[k Si%j T$jsr @Yz<j[kdujh*;µ ¶Cgjuln\µ; Li& aykemj eyŒk:
BlR Cdk#xuln\; ijCIlajYfakrjukSmukA SardukSmukA ad&; Cdk#xukA pk,U#rkA
zlr\PGi+ijPj (cIl.J,\m) YedlgA ijil<jfgluj; flacjulsf glwli\ sdl}lg^jSh[\ Seluj;
Cdk#x zG.jnjuluj; dlhYda^jH Li& .gfr\ wRaA rHdj;

dkyv+k rl& dqjŒ\ Cdk#x .gfsrukA do}j .Gf{z{<^jH sv™; t'lH vYdiG^j Lisx
fjgjv+yjŒjh*; @ cau^\ @dlC^k rjs'lgCgJgj Sd}k; ¶L” Lv\Vrk Si%j ekYfsr
rHdlrkxx elYfasYf; TO >lhsr cIJdgjv+lhkA (.gcI); Cdk#xsu Liznj[kdukagkf\;
Tfk rjsRy ekYfrln\; cI#A dk}jdxkxx ekYfR fsRy LVsr uaShld^jH duylsf
co]j[k™; Cdk#x cfUaln\ eyuk'f\;µ

dlhYda^jH .gfR .zilsRy LACliflgA fs' vYdiG^juluj; ijc\auj~j[k' fg^jH


LSrdA fin LS˜<A LCISaPulzA rm^j; LN^juXkfin zAzlfJg^kA
tqke^jsus}`A uakrl fJg^kaln\ rm^juf\; es“mk^ ekSgl<jfRalGs[h*lA Kplgalu
c”lr$& rHdj; TO ulz$&sdl%\ .ziHd{euk%likdaohA .gfr\ alul>r\Pr
ak%lujgk'jh*; Tfkisguk%luj}jh*l^ gJfjujH a,\rlgulzikA LS˜<A rm^j; th*l
LuHYeijCUdxkA .gfsRy dJqjhluj; elflx$xjH rj™A Spi.lgUalsg fm“hjH rj™\
g]j~jv+k sdl%ki™ LS˜<A; cIGz\zikA .oajukA f$xksm cN^kA Eh$xkA Lxijh*lsf
iG,jv+k; glwlikA YewdxkA LPjdA L’Ilrj[lsf fs' rh* ijxik%luj;

.gfr\ ao™ .lgUalgjhluj ao™ a[xk%luj; t'lH LVrkaluj claUajsh*™ d%\ LiG @
dk}jdsx KSe]jv+k; dkhA rjhrjH[lrluj ilukSpiR Qgk dk}jsu rHdj; Y><c\efj akrj[\
cS<lpg.lgUulu aafujhk%lu dk}jsu pk,\YeilpA .u™\ LiG KSe]jv+flujgk™; .gpIlwR
t'lnJ dk}juksm Seg\;

.gcI t'lH (elYfA) rjy[kd t'Gf\FA; L$jsr .gfR t' Segk%luj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 212lA pjicA


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.lzifA rjfUelglunA 213
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r dlaSu ½<A zfjaJCIglf\ egl
a,\mG’j ukd\flaekrG.iA il
@G^jA YeeSpU½DjhSp<.lwl
a#:c\FjSfl Sur .i#U pk:Dl: (92112)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
.gpIlwsRy Qgk ejRfhaky[lgrlujgk™ g#jSpiR; L˜<^jsRy a<ja T<Shld^jhkA aMk
Shld$xjhkA ilq\^s~mk™; g#jSpiR glwlilujgk™si“jhkA .j]lASp<juluj wJijv+k;
Svlpj[lsf h.j[k'fksdl%kalYfA wJijfA rujv+k; t'lH aMkxxigksm pk:DA LS˜<s^
ih*lsf Khv+k; Lfksdl%\ du+jhkxxsfh*lA aMkxxiG[luj plrA svu\fk; L$jsr LS˜<^jrkA
dkmkA>^jrkA .]najh*lsf -syrl& dqjSu%j i'j}k%\; Qgj[H LS˜<A rlH~^jSuqk
pjicA e}jnj djm™;

rlH~^jsulNflA pjicA glijsh LS˜<^jr\ dkyv+\ @<lgikA elhkA whikA dj}j;


dkmkA>iksal^\ Lf\ dqj[lrjgj[kSNl& Qgk Y>l<\anR i™; .zilsr^s' Y>l<\anrjH
cIuA pGCjv+\ .]n^jsRy Qgk .lzA plrA svu\fk; iJ%kA th*ligkA domj .]j[lR
fkm$kSNl& Qgk CoYprijsm i™; Lul&[kA .]nA iJfA iv+k; ej'Jm\ dkyv+k
rlu\[xkalsulgl& i™; th*ligkA ijC™\ ihŒiG; g#jSpiR Lul&[\ .]nsah*lA plrA
svu\fk; whA alYfSa ej'JmiSC,jv+kxxk; @ cau^\ Qgk vn\/lxR Lijsm YefU]s~}\
pl<wh^jrliCUs~}k; g#jSpiR pulilu\S~lsm T$jsr eyŒk; ¶BlR cN^jrlSul
Lfj.OfJdcj’jd&[lSul rjGi+lnakd\fj[lSul @Yz<j[k'jh*; trj[\ th*l
c<wJijdxksm <{pu^jsh pk:D$sxukA dlnlR dqjus}; LiujH YeSiCjv+\ @ pk:D$sx
cIlACJdgjv+\ Lisg pk:DijSalvjfgl[kd t'fk alYfalsnsRyulYz<A; tsRy ijC~kA
pl<ikA ]JnikA rj$xksm pl<CarA sdl%\ clPj[kA;µ LS~l& Lijsm YfjaoG^jd&
c{,\mlilu Y><\ali\œ c\FjfjdG^lilu ij,\nkœ cA<lgdrlu aS<CIgR YefU]s~}k;
LiG Si,Yev\V'gluj Y>l<\anrkA CoYprkA vn\/lxrkaluj i'flsn™ sixjs~mk^j;
g#jSpiR ig$sxl™A @iCUs~}jh*; LS˜<A aluu\[kA Yed{fjzkn$&[kA LfJfrluj
dqjŒjgk™;

.gpIlwsRy dkmkA>^jhln\ <c\fjuksm wrrA; <c\fjrlekgA rjG”jv+fS˜<asYf; eXlhRalG


aO/\zhURalG (Y>l<\anG) zOfaef\rjulu L<hU CgpIlR Tisgh*lA .gpIlwsRy
dkh[lgln\; Qgj[H CgpIlR Le\cgc\clu KGi+Cjsu posg rj™ d%S~lSq[kA Sgfcc\\
iqjŒk eky^k i™; Lf\ ekh*jH iJn\ g%k dk}jdxluj egjnajv+k; Qgl•dk}jukA Qgk
se•dk}jukA; C#rk a<lglwli\ Lisg ixG^j; @•dk}j d{erkA se•dk}j d{eukaluj
ixG™; d{eR dOgizkgkiluj; se•dk}j SYplnlvlgUgksm ef\rjukA;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 213lA pjicA


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egj]JSn,k dkgk,k sYpOSnGY><\alc\YfSfwcl
fIA v d{,\nlrk.lSir cwJSil SalvjSfl½#dlf\ (92234)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
L<hUuksm Lv\Vrlu .GaUlCIr\ pjSilplcR t' SegjH Qgk adR K%luj; TO egNgujH
eh iJgRalgkA wrjv+k; dkgkS]YflPjerlu dkgk (cogUSpisRy ekYfjuln\ dkgkijsRy L”);
Y><YpFsRy .lgU g%k .lz$xluj Qgk ekYfsr Yecijv+k; wgsu' Segkxx Qgk ejClvjrj Lisg
SvG^kiu\[kdulH Lir\ wglcr\PR t™ Segk%luj; Yefjer\ Spilejœ C#rkœ >l<*JdR
t'J ekYfRalgk%luj; Spilej dl}jSh[\ fec\cjrluj Seluj; C#rk glwliluj; C#rkijsRy
ssdd&[\ c\eGCalYfujH @SglzUikA uOi+rikA YeplrA svu+lR dqjik%lujgk™;
LS˜<^jsRy .gncau^\ glwU^k aq seu\fjgk'jh*; glwUlidlCjulu SwU,\|rjgj[kSNl&
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glwUlidlCA r,\ms~}k; rl}jH aq seu\fk; Spilej Sulzl.UlcA svu\f\ wJijv+k;

C#rkijr\ zAzujH .J,\agk%luj; cfUifjujH vjYflAzprkA ijvjYfiJgUrkA wrjv+k; cfUifj[\


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eln\/kijr\ Qgk Cle^lH sshAzJd Siq\v+ rj,j’alujgk'fjrlH LS˜<^jsRy ef\rjalG
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ShlSglgk^G[kA selfk.lgUulu sYpOepjujH QlSgl a[xk%luj; aMk.lgUalgjhkA
dk}jdxk%lujgk™; LGwkrr\ d{,\nSclpgjulu ck.Ypujhk%lufln\ glwlSi fl“xksm
LVrlu L.jarUk; dkgkiACA akqkiR a<luk’^jH rCjv+k; t“jhkA fl“& .zilR d{,\nsRy
d{e sdl%\ LCIf\FlalijsRy ejmjujH rj™A Lf\.kfdgaluj g]s~}k; zG.^jH iv+\ fl“sx
iPj[lrlnSh*l LCIf\Flali\ YCajv+f\;

f]drlH LS$[\ agnak%lik'fyjŒ\ L$uksm adR wrSawuR cG~dkhs^ akqkiR


sdls'lmk[lR ulzA rm^kA; ShldA akqkiR .gj[kdukA svu+kA; LS˜<^jsRy adR
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glwU.gnA rm^kA; T$jsr TO iACA dhjukzliclrA isg fkmgkA;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 214lA pjicA


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iG`ulaj a<leknUA cGiele<gA r{nlA
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uYflifJGS`l .zilR egalf\al rgld{fj:
uSpl: c<Ycwjf\ SYdl,\ml rSxl gjekgjfj YCkfl: (92320)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
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%lujgk'jh*; t'lH LS˜<^jsRy .lgU[\ PJgZm\aR t' akrj akSDr @ykekYfRalG wrjv+k;
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dk}jdxk%lujgk'jh*; pCgFa<lglwli\ LS˜<^jsrlgk adsx ixG^lR sdlmk^k; Cl#;
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ej'Jm\ rm^ju Qgk ulz^jsRy Ehaluj ShlaelprkA dk}jdxk%luj; pCgFa<lglwlijrk
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asMlgk ekYfrlnSh*l upk; TO iAC^jhln\ d{fiJgUekYfrlu dlG^iJgUlGwkrsRy wrrA;
LS˜<^jr\ p^lSYfurjH rj™A @f\aw\BlrA cj’jv+k; p^lSYfuR .zilsRy LACliflgA
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t'jigjhosmuln\ rjhijH i'f\; upkdkh^jsh asMlgk ijDUlfrlaA CC>j‘kijSRyfln\;
LS˜<A a<lrlu Qgk SulzjukA LfUk'f zkn$xksm ijxrjhikalujgk™;

ej'Jm\ wUlaZR TO dkh^jH ejy™; LS˜<^jsRy .lgU ssC>U[\ dk}jdxk%lujgk'jh*;


t'lH .lgUsu Semjv+jgk' wUlaZR asMlgk ijil<A dqjv+fkajh*; LS˜<A Qgj[H
S.lwglwUs^ dJqm[j c”lraluj S.lwglwdkalgjsu sdl}lg^jSh[k sdl%ki™;
glwgF^jH asMlgk c\YfJsu d%\ ssC>U Sdlej,\|uluj; t'lH glwli\ glw\Bjsu
calPlrs~mk^lR T$jsr eyŒk; Ti& rjsRy c\rk,uln\; glwli\ Semjv+k
ijyv+ksdl%lnjfk eyŒf\; Lfksdl%\ SpifdxkA ejf{[xkA glwlijH pu Sfl'j ssC>U[\
Qgk ekYfsr rHdj; dlhYda^jH T~kYfR S.lwglwdkalgjsu elnjYz<nA svu\fk;
ijpG.sr'lnJ glwlijsRy rlaA;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 215lA pjicA


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upl uSp< PG”cU ]Sul i{’jC\v ele\ar:
fpl fk .zilrJC @f\alrA c{wSf <gj: (92456)
ucUlrrA adg dkn\/hvlgkdG`
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rlSgUl rglC\v akpjfl: dkejfl rj SaC\v (92465)
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Spidr\ LSrdA ekYfRalgkA ekYfjalgkA K%lujgk™; @ do}^jshlglxln\ Spidj; ickSpiR
th*l cS<lpgjalSgukA ijil<A svu\fk; KYzScrrkA dksy dk}jdxk%lujgk™; Lfjshlglxln\
dAcR; asMlgk ejRfhaky[lgrlu CogScrr\ ickSpirm[A e^k ekYfRalG; ickSpiR
wrjv+S~l& @dlC^\ segkNy akq$jufjrlH LS˜<^jr\ @rdpk‘k.j t™A SeG; CogScrr\
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Li& dkŒjsr Qgk se}jujhl[j rpjujshlqk[j; dk#juksm cS<lpgj YCkfSpi
i{’CG”rjhosm p#liYdr\ wRaA rHdj; gl]czkn$xlnul& Yedmj~jv+f\; asMlgk
cS<lpgj YckfYciu\[\ Svmjglwlijhosm paSZl,R CjCkelhR t'J ekYfRalgkA K%luj;
TigkA gl]cJucI.li[lglujgk™;

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dk}jdxkA LS˜<^jr\ wrjv+k; SpidjujH LS˜<^jr\ eSh dk}jdxkA wrjv+k; .zilR
cAZG,nR; .zilR d{,\nR; L$uksm ak^C\Cj ck.Yp t'jiG SpidJ c#lr$xsYf;

¶tijsmulSnl PG”vUkfjuk%lik'f\ tijsmulSnl eleA iG’j[k'f\ Lijsm .zilR


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Yedmal[k™; t'lH .ziHd{eulH QgkiR th*l egjnlaijdlc^jSRyukA L#jah]Ualu
@f\acl]lf\dlg^jSh[\ ruj[s~mk™; .oaj glwl[RalgkSmukA .gndG^l[xkSmukA
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Liflgsamk^\ eSh Lf\.kf$xkA svu\fk; TO a<jalijSC,$& Qgj[sh“jhkA
Sd&[k'iG[\ dG”elC^jHrj™A SalvrA h.j[k™; fsRy QlSgl il[jhkA vj#ujhkA
YeiG^jujhkA @<*lpwrd$xlu hJhlijSrlp$xjhkA .zilR fsRy cadlhJrG[\
LfJicS#l,A YeplrA svu\fk; LiG YeSfUdjv+kA c\YfJwr$& .zilsRy egack‘galu
akDdahA pGCjv+\ f{e\fj iglsf rjajSulm\ Lc<Uf Yedmj~jv+k; d•eJhjdsx Tm[jmu\[\
Lm~jv+\ .ziHpGCr^jr\ .AzA igk^k'f\ rjajulnSh*l; µ

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 216lA pjicA