You are on page 1of 101

´

YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 217
217lA pjicA
pCac\
pCac\d‘A
d‘A @gA.A
a{fUkGw\wRaiflA iJg SpS<r c< wluSf
LpU il>\pCflS# il a{fUkGssi YelnjrlA YPki: (10138)
fc\al' dcUvjp\ SYpl<alvSgf\ c fFlijP:
@f\ar: S]aarIjv\VR SYplz\’kGssi egSfl .uA (10144)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
gl]cRalgksm .gnA sdl%\ .lgA fl$lrlilsf .oaJSpij Y><\alijSrlmk eglfjs~}k;
Y><\aSpiR egaCjirksal^\ .ziHYeJfj[luj @glŒk; LS~l& SpiRalG QgCgJgj Sd}k;
¶.zilR .oajSpijuksm egjfleA arc\cjhl[k™; LS˜<A flacAijrl ark,Ugoesamk^\
.oajujhifgj[k'fln\; LS~l& rj$xkA ark,Ugoe^jH LS˜<^jsRy Lrkulujdxluj
Lijsm wrj[kd;µ .ziHC>\p^jH cAYeJfglu Spifd& f$xksm ilcc\Fh$xjSh[\
am$j; .oajujH aFkglPjeR KYzScrrkA dAcR LS˜<^jsRy adrkalujgk™; dAcsRy
cS<lpgj (LVsRy cS<lpgsRy ad&) Spidjsu ickSpir\ ijil<A svu\fk sdlmk^S~l&
dAcR Spidjsu ><kalrj[lR cIuA Sfglxjuluj; LS~l& @dlC^k rj™A T$jsr
Sd&[luj; ¶ij/\?J rJujS~l& ><kalrj[k' TO c\YfJuksmfs' t}las^ adR rjr[\
agns^ c”lrj[kA;µ SYdlPS^lsmukA .uS^lsmukA dAcR Spidjsu sdlh*lR
fkrjŒS~l& ickSpiR fmŒk; t'j}j$jsr LSe]jv+k;

¶L$\ a<lrlsulgk glwdkalgR; TO se•dk}j Lijmks^ SclpgjukA; alYfah* Lixksm


ijil<A TS~l& dqjŒjS}ukxxo; TO aAzxlicg^jH Lisx iPj[k'f\ KvjfSal_ -sflgk
CgJgA wrj[kSNlqkA agnA dosm^s' wrj[k™; TS~l& Lsh*“jH royksdlh*A dqjŒ\
th*ligkA agj[kA; Qgk vjYfCh.~kqk Qgk ekHs[lmjujH rj™\ asMl'jSh[\ vlmk'fkSelsh
@f\ali\ Qgk CgJg^jH rj™\ asMl'jSh[\ alyk™; TfyjŒksdl%\ aMkxxisg SYpl<j[k'
fjHrj™A QgkiR ej#jgjunA; LirisRy rRau\[luj aMkxxiG[\ SYpl<A svu+k'iSr
aMkxxiSglm\ Semjukxxo; Lfksdl%\ L$uksm TO Sclpgjsu siyksf ijmkd;µ dAcR KeSpCA
Sd&[lrkxx aSrl.li^jhlujgk'jh*; ickSpiR @Shlvjv+k; ¶clPj[k'jmS^lxA cauA
QgkiR agns^ fmŒk rjG^nA; BlR asMlgk alGz\zA eyulA; trj[\ SpidjujH
dk}jdxk%lulH Lisg BlR dAcsr -H~j[lA; Lfkisg dAcR wJijv+jgj[ksa“jH; alYfah*
.zilsRy pjiUhJhd& ts#™\ @G[yjulR dqjukA_ LS˜<A eyŒk; ¶Lh*Sul a<lf\alSi TO
SpidjujHrj™\ LS$u\[\ .us~Sm%fkaluj Q™ajh*; Lixksm adrjH rj™ alYfaSh*
.u^jridlCakxxo; Lixjhk%lik' dkŒk$sxsuh*lA L$su -H~j[lA; L$uksm <jfA
Selsh Lisg t#k Sinsa“jhkA svu+lA; dAcr\ ickSpisRy il[kd& ijCIlcaluj;
Spidjsu dAcR siyksf ij}k; ickSpiR fsRy @pUekYfsr dAcrk sdlmk^k; ickSpisRy
cfUcr\PUfujH YeJfrlu dAcR Lisr LVrk fjgjv+k rHdj; ¶TirjH rj™\
Semj[lsrl™ajh*; LCgJgjurkcgjv+\ t}larln\ Ledmdlgj;µ

t“jhkA rlgpakrj dAcr\ fl[Jf\ rHdj; ¶i{w^jsh wr$& i{,\njd& ickSpisRy


Srf{fI^jhln\; ulpiG Spidjuksm dJqjhkA; th*ligkA SpiRalgkaln\; co]jv+jgj[kd;µ
tS#l pjiUalu egjelmjdxksm @coYfnA rm[k'fluj rlgpR dAcr\ covrukA rHdj;
pk,\mrlu dAcR KmSr fs' ickSpiSrukA SpidjSuukA fkyk“jhmv+k; Ligksm dk}jdsxsuh*lA
Qs'l'luj sdl™; KYzScrsr c\FlrY.,\mrl[j cIuA cjA<lcrc\Frluj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 217lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 218
218lA pjicA
c -, wJiR Dhk cAeSgSfl iGS^f Sul½fU#r{CAcjSfr
SpS<½a{Sf fA arkwl: Ce#j z#l fSal½r\PA frk alrjSrl YPkiA (10222)
@cJr: cAijCAc\fj,\|R .kw\Blr: egUmR a<JA
vj#ulSrl <{,JSdCaeCUf\ fRauA wzf\ (10224)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
ulpiSgukA i{,\njdSxukA SYpl<j[lrkxx th*l egjYCa$xkA dAcR svu\fk; gl]cRalsg
frj[k vkMkA rjG^j pk,\mglwl[Ralgksm c<luS^lsm ulpisg KeYpijv+k; LiG glwUA ij}\
QlmjS~luj; glwU^iSC,jv+iG dAcSrlm\ dydxΠdoyk ekhG^j; dlhYda^jH Spidj @y\
dk}jdsx Yecijv+k; ickSpiR Lisg cfUcr\Paluj^s' dAcr\ dlq\v+ iv+k; dAcR @
dk}jdsx LS~l&^s' iPjv+k; Spidjuksm -qlas^ zG.^jH .zilsRy LACliflgalu
Lr#R YeSiCjv+k;

LSf cauA .zilR fsRy alulCd\fjSulm\ TYedlgA dH~jv+k; ¶.zifJ Spidjuksm SulrjujH
rj™A zG.s^ tmk^\ ickSpi.lgUulu Sgl<jnjuksm Kpg^jH rjS]ej[kd; t'j}\ .ifj
cIuA uSClpuksm adxluj ejy[kd; BlR Spidjuksm t}las^ ekYfrluj ejy[k'fln\;
L$jsr .ifj[\ ark,Udkh^jsRysuh*lA <{pu$xjH c\FlrA h.j[kA; wr$&
Spilhu$xk%l[j .ifjsu eowj[kA; Lijmks^ ijijP .li$xlu pkGz\z .Ypdlxj ijwu
ssi,\nij dkakp vn\/jd d{,\n alPij drUd alu rlglunj TOClrj Clgp LA>jd
t'j$jsrukxx goe^jH .ifjsu LiG @glPj[kA;µ .ziSpV Selsh alu YeiG^jv+k;
Spidjuksm zG.ahcjsu' ilG^ Sd}\ th*ligkA c<fejv+k;

flacAijrl .zilR ickSpi<{pu^jH YeSiCjv+k; LfjsRy Ehaluj TO .d\fCjSglanj


eoGi+lPjdA Ye.ukxxirluj dlns~}k; ej'Jm\ Spidj .zilsr <{pu^jH Yz<jv+k;
ickSpirjH rj'ln\ Spidj[\ .ziH.lirukpjv+f\; SpidjujH .ziHYe.leogA d% dAcr\
.zilR cIuA .oajujH Lifgj[lR Selik™ t™ Sfl'j; pk,\mrjYz<^jrluj
.zilsr^ksa' .uaks%“jhkA dqjuk' th*l ijP^jhkA dAcR fsRy c\FlrA g]j[lR
YCajv+k; Spidjsu iPj[hln\ -MikA txk~akxx alGz\zsa“jhkA pk,\mrlu dAcr\ SelhkA
Lfj,\malujgk'jh*; Lfjrjd{,\malu Ydogf dlnj[k'iG wJijv+jgjS[ agjv+fjrk caasYf;
@xkd& Lisg siyk[k™; LiG TO ShldA ij}k SelulH rgd^jSh[ln\ svh*k'f\; t“jhkA
dAcR Ledms^ Liznjv+jh*; Lfksdl%\ LS˜<A cpl .zilsr~Mj^s' c\agjv+k
sdl%jgk™; Tgj[kSNlqkA djm[kSNlqkA rjH[kSNlqkA KOnjhkA rm^ujhkA th*lA Lul&
.zilsr alYfA d%k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 218lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 219
219lA pjicA
cfUYifA cfUegA YfjcfUA cfUcU SulrjA rj<jfA v cSfU
cfUcU cfUa{fcfUSrYfA cfUlf\adA fIlA CgnA Yee'l: (10226)
fIu+A>kwl]lDjhc^IPla\rj calPjrl½½ SiCjfSvf sscSd
fIf\elp SelSfr a<f\d{Sfr dkGi+#j Szlif\cepA .il>\PjA (10230)
a!UlCIdv\Ver{cjA<igl<<Ac glwrUijYeij>kSP,k d{fliflg:
fIA elcj rc\Yfj.kirA v uFlPkSrC.lgA .kSil <g upo^a i‘rA Sf (10240)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
SpiRalgkA alakrjalgkA .zilR egaCjisRy Srf{fI^jH SpidjukA ickSpirkA fm“hjhkxx
dlglz{<^jH sv™\ TrjukA wrjv+j}jh*l^ .zilsr T$jsr iG`jv+k YelGf\Fjv+k;

¶.ziR: L$\ tS~lqkA Lijmks^ il[k elhj[k™; Lijmk™ cfUs^ alYfA egasa™
dn[l[k™; Lijmk™ .of .lij iG^alr$xjsh cfUasYf; Lfjco]\a$xlu
eX.of$xksm aohA Lijmk'sYf; Liuksm K•aukA aMlgkah*; Lijmks^ d`kd& cfUikA
PG”ikasYf; cfU^jsRy @f\alikA Lijmk™ fs'; B$& L$su L.uA Yelej[k™;
c{,\mjsu'yjus~mk' i{]A pjiUfsu' QSg Qgk .oajujhln\ rjh sdlxxk'f\; rRafjRad&
fkm$ju Eh$xlnfjH; Yfjzkn$xldk' Sigkd&; PG”lGf\FdlaSal]$xldk'
ekgk,lGf\F$& @ i{]^jsRy gc$&; eSXY‘ju$& LfjsRy .lz$xsYf; @y\
Lic\Fd&: wrrA wjijfA ixGv+ edIf ilG’dUA agnA t'jiuln\; sflhj alAcA gd\fA
Sapc\ aw\w Lc\Fj Ckd*A t'J -qk Sflhkdxln\ ag^jr\; t}k vjh*d&: eSXY‘ju$& arc\c\
>k’j L<“lgA t'ji; ripIlg$&: d`kd& svijd& rlcjdd& g%\ ijcGw\wrliui$&
ilu\ t'ji ag^jsh sel^kdxsYf; @ ag^jsh g%k e]jdxjshl™\ wJilf\alikA aSMf\
egalf\alikA fs'uln\; Lfjsh e^jhd& Tiuln\: LX\ YePlr YelnRalgkA LX\
KeYelnRalgkA Lfluf\ YelnR LelrR iUlrR KplrR calrR rlzR doGaR d{dhR
Spip^R Prw\BuR t'jiG; Lijmk'ln\ TO i{]^jsRy Ye.ic\FlrA; Lijmk'fjsr
egjg]j[k™; t“jhkA Lijmk™\ th*lu\S~lqkA Qgk cl]j alYfaluj rjhsdlxxk™; L$ujH
.d\fgluj}kxxiG wrragn$xkxx cAclgclzgs^ Szl,\eps^su'SelH fgnA svu+k™;
Ligksm wJijSflpl<gnA aMkxxiG[\ TO cAclgclzgfgn^jr\ iqjdl}juluj iG^j[k™;
.ziHcl]lf\[lgelfujH rj™\ LiG iUfjvhj[k'jh*; QlSgl fmc\c$xkA >k’jak}kdxkA
cIuA fgnA svu\f\ LiG h]UA Yelej[k™; Lijmks^ rlaA YCij[kdSul Lijmks^
rlaa<jad& Sd&[kdSul eyukdSul svu+k' .d\fr\ ekrGwRaA Th* fs';

.zilSr Lijmk™\ PG” cAc\Fler^jrluj .oajujH iJ%kA iJ%kA Lifgjv+j}k%\; af\cUalukA


dkfjgulukA @aulukA rgcjA<alukA e'julukA <AcalukA glwdkalgrlukA Y>l<\anrlukA
aMSrdgoe$xjhkA L$\ Liflgsamk^j}k%\; Lijmk™\ th*lu\S~lqkA B$sx cAg]j[k™;
TS~lqkA .zilSr Lijmk™\ .oaJSpijsu TO Lajf.lg^jsRy pkgjf^jH rj™\ Salvj~jv+lhkA;µ

T$jsr YelGf\Fjv+\ Spii{‘A cIGz\z^jSh[\ am$j;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 219lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 220
220lA pjicA
YCJd{,\
YCJd{,\n wu#j
rjCjSF fa Kp\.oSf wlualSr wrlG˜Sr SpidUlA SpigoejnUlA ij,\nk:
cGi+zk<lCu: @ijglcJpUFl YelvUlA pjCJ‘kgji ek,\dh: (1038)
aGS^Ul a{fUk iUlx.Jf: ehluR ShldlR cGi+l'jG.uA rlPUzv\Vf\
fIf\elpl>\wA YeleU upv\VulpU cIc\F: SCSf a{fUkgc\alp ssefj (10327)
Ckdakrj fkmG™: .ziHwrr^jrkxx pjiU ak<kG^A calzfaluj; Yed{fj akqkirkA
pjiUCjCkijsr igSiH[lR t'a}jH cS#l,A eo%k; pjiUcAzJfikA YelGf\FrdxkA ilukijH
rjyŒk rj™; LG’glYfjujH SpidjujH rj™A .zilR eky^ki™; @ cauA Spidj Qgk
Spic\YfJsuS~lsh YeSCl.jv+k; @dlC^kpjv+kugk' eoG`vY‘sRy Ye.leogA Selshulujgk™
Lf\; rlhk f{ss[dxkA ij,\nkijsRy Lmulxh]n$xkA rjyΠCjCkijsr d%\ ickSpiR
fsRy d`kd&[k eknUSadj; dlglz{<^jhlufk sdl%\ TO LicgA LS˜<A arc\cl
@SZl,jv+k; Y>l<\anG[\ ijhejmjv+ c”lr$& arc\cl plrA svu\fk; LS˜<A
.ziHa<jadsx T$jsr ilq\^j: Lijmk™\ th*l wJiwlh$xkSmukA L#gUlajulu @
egaekgk,R fs'; L$\ wJijdxjH duyj rjicj[k™ t™ eyuk'f\ Cgjuh*fs';
th*lujmikA rjyŒk ijx$k'fk sdl%\ Qgjm^\ duyj t™ eyukd iu+sh*l; Lijmk™\
fs'uln\ c{,\mj c\Fjfj cA<lg$& rm^k'f\; T$jsrsuls[ulsn“jhkA B$xksm
K`juluj Lijmk'jS~l& wRasamk^jgj[k'f\ pjiUlf\.kfA fs'; Lijmk™ fJGv+ulukA
.oajujsh pkgjf^jriclrA ds%^kA; pk,\msg Th*lfl[kA; t'lH BlR TS~l&
dAcsr[kyjSv+lG[kSNl& @dlA]l.gjfrln\; Lijmks^ SwU,\|cS<lpgRalsg dAcR
iPjv+k; L$SuukA dAcR KeYpij[kSal t'lsnsRy .uA; Spidj TYedlgA .zilsr
YelGf\Fjv+k in$j: agn.uA >lPjv+ Qgkir\ Shlds^lgjm^kA L.uA h.j[kdujh*; t'lH
Lijmks^ elplgij‘$sx CgnA Yelej[k'ir\ .usah*lA Th*lflik™; B$& dAcsr
.us~}k dqjuk™; rjr[k alYfSa @ .u^jH rj™\ B$sx Salvj~j[lrlio;

d{elrjPjulu .zilR ickSpiSrlmkA SpidjSulmkaluj T$jsr eyŒk: akRwRa$xjshl'jH


ek,\njukA ckfeukaluj wJijv+ rj$&[\ dk}jdxk%lujgk'jh*; rj$& TgkigkA svu\f
LrjfgclPlgnalu fec\cjsRy Ehaluj BlR rj$&[\ pGCrA rHdj; igA Svlpj[lR
@iCUs~}S~l& rj$& tS'S~lshlgk ekYfsr Sinsa'ln\ eyŒf\; t'lH tS'S~lsh
asMlglxk%likd cl’Uah*l^fksdl%\ BlR rj$xksm ekYfR ek,\njzG.rluj wrjv+k; Lmk^
wRa^jH LpjfjukA dCUerkaluj rj$& wrjv+k; LS~l& BlR KSeY‘rluj (ilarR) rj$xksm
ekYfrluj~jy™; TS~lqjfl ao'lafkA BlR rj$xksm adrlujgj[k™; tsRy ils[S~lqkA
cfUalujgj[kA; BlR ark,Uliflgsamk[kSNl& alYfSa wr$&s[s' fjgjv+yjulrlik™xxo;
TO wRa^jH ts' c\Sr<j[k'fk iqj rj$&[jgkiG[kA egacl]lf\dlgA h.j[k'fln\;
KmSr fs' .zilR clPlgn CjCkiluj alyj; pziHYeSvlprak%lu ickSpiR pjiUCjCkijsr
Qgk dk}ujhl[j dlglz{<^jrk sixjujH t^j; dliH[lG zl?rjYpujhlujgk™;
dlglz{<^jsRy dr^ ilfjhkd& flsr fky™; v$hdxkA eo}kdxkA CjCkikaluj i'
ickSpisr d%elsm frjsu LqjŒk fky™; svyjsulgk vlMH aquk%lujgk™; pjiUcG~alu
SC,R g%k SeG[kA dkmuluj; uakrlrpjujH sixxA sel$jujgk™; t'lH ickSpirkA
.zilrkA Si%j rpjujH Qgk elfuk%luj; Tsfh*lA .zilsRy alulCd\fjulhlnk%luf\;
ilckSpiR i{‘lir^jsh^j; th*l SzleRalgkA Ky[^jhlujgk™; uSClp Qgk se•dkŒjrk
wRaA rHdjujgk™ (Lf\ alufs'ulujgk™); .zi'jGS˜CYedlgA Spij Lifgjv+flnSh*l;
uSClp Yeci^jrk SC,A Ky$jS~lufjrlH dk}j @Snl seS`l t™ domj rjC\vuajh*lsf
djm~lujgk™; ickSpiR fsRy ekYfsr Lijsm djm^j uSClpuksm adsx tmk^\ fjgjsd
dlglz{<^jSh[\ Seluj; uSClp KnG'S~l& Qgl•dk}jsu Lgjd^k d%k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 220lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 221
221lA pjicA
uFl½½aSul½ASz cakSe]jSfl r{.jG
'CdUSf go?epC\vjdjf\cjfkA
uSFY‘ju Yzla KSe]jfc\fFl
gjeoG”<lR >’>Shl rvlhUSf (10438)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
ickSpiR dlglz{<^jSh[\ fjgjv+k i'ukmSr ilfjhkd& LmŒk; du+jhkxx
se•dkŒjsRy dgv+jH Sd}\ dliH[lG KnG™; dAcsr ijigayjujv+k; Qlmjsu^ju dAcR
fsRy dlhrlu t}las^ c#lrs^ d%k; Spidjuksm LSe] idi[lsf dkŒjsr
ihjsv+mk^\ rjh^mj[lR fkrjŒk; t'lH dkŒ\ ijCIalflijsRy Sal<rgoeA ssdsdl%\
@dlCS^[k ey™Seluj; Lijsm ssddxjH Lmulx vj<\r$xkA @ukP$xkA Pgjv+\ Spij
rjhsdl%k; dAcsRy ij/\?j^s^ dxjul[j vjgjv+\ T$jsr eyŒk; ¶ts' iPjv+fk
sdls%#lnk YeSulwrA_ ij/?J rjsRy agn^jrk^gilpjuluiR asMlgjm^k wrjv+k
dqjŒk; Lfksdl%\ rjgeglPjdsx SYpl<j[gkf\; pjiUalfliu wzw\wrrjsu eShujm$xjH
eh rla$xjH rlA eowj[k™;

cA.i$xksm zfjujH dAcR ixsg vXhrluj dlns~}k; KmSr fs' SpidjSuukA


ickSpiSrukA >r\P ijSalvjfgl[j; Ligksm dlH[H iJnk ]a ulvjv+k; ¶trj[\ al~k fgo;
rj$xksm rjgeglPjdxlu dkŒk$sxsuh*lA sdl' elejuln\ BlR; t'lH pk:Dj[gkf\;
Lisgh*lA Ligksm dG”Eh$& Lrk.ij[kduln\ svu\ff\; alYfah* wrragn$& fkm$ju
alM$& CgJg^jrk alYfalnkxxf\; @f\alijrh*; @G @f\alijsr CgJgalukA CgJgs^
@f\alilukA dn[l[k™Sil Ligln\ f$& aMkxxisg sdl™siS'l aMkxxiG
sdlh*s~}ksiS'l dgkfj Sdqkdukxxo; SpidjukA ickSpirkA dAcsRy ijw\BlrrjG.galu
il[kd& Sd}\ Cl#gluj; ickSpiR eyŒk: TsfSRyf\ Lf\ tSRyfh* fkm$ju iUfUlcA
K%lik'f\ Lw\BfujH rj'ln\; TO iUfjgjd\ffujH rj™A Kegjuluj}kxxir\ pk:DjS[%j
igjdujh*;µ

dAcR fsRy KeSp,\ml[sx ijxjv+\ rm' cA.i$& ijigjv+k; a<lalu t#lnk eyŒsf™A
LiSglm\ eyŒk; gl]cG dAcsr c<luj[lrkxx Kf\cl<^lH t#kA
svu+lsrlgk[alujgk™; ¶e^k pjic^jH flsq Yeluakxx th*l dkŒk$sxukA rak[\
iPj[lA; rs” fmk[lrlgk%\_ SpiRalG .Jgk[xln\; LiG[\ L$su .uikaln\; YfjaoG^jd&
SelhkA LS$u\[k akRejH rjH[kdujh*; ij,\nk -drluj .d\fRalgksm <{pu^jsh g<cU
Lydxjhln\ icj[k'f\; egaCjiR ir^jH; Y><\ali\ fec\cjhkaln\; rlA @Shlvjv+k
cauA dxugkf\; dlgnA CYfkijr\ >hA iG’j[kS#lykA Lisr SrgjmlR >k’jakS}ykA;
fkm[^jSh vjdjf\cj[l^ SglzA Selshulnf\; Lsh*“jH Qgk vJ^ cI.liA Sigky[kA akRe\
TY‘ju$sx rjhu\[k rjG^l^fk Selshulnf\; dlgnA Lmjukyv+k Selu pk:cI.lis^
rjuY#j[kd pk,\[gasYf; ij,\nkiln\ SpiRalgksm YePlr @YCuA; crlfrPG”A
ekhgk'ujm^ln\ ij,\nk; crlfrPG”^jsRy Tgj~jmA Y>l<\angjhkA
a<lf\al[xjhkalufjrlH LiSgukA rak[\ iPjv+kdxulA; a<lf\al[sx SYpl<j[lR LiG
fjgkalrj[kdukA L$jsr Ligksm eknUA dkyŒk igjdukA svu\fk;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 221lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 222
222lA pjicA
dlShr c\rlrCOvl.UlA cAc\dlssgc\feScwUul
Ck’U#j plssr: c#k,\mUl YpiUlnUlf\alf\al½½ijpUul (1054)
LS<l Sf SpidJekYfl: dAScr ><Sil <fl:
-dliCj,\mligwl drUl clej pjiA zfl (10529)
rorA <Up{,\mrj,\S|l½uap{,\m egSal wr:
Lp{,\malf\arc\f^IA Sul Sip r c ak<Ufj (10530)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
frjs[lgk adR ejy'jgj[k'fjsRy cS#l,A r‘SzleR fsRy >r\PkajYflpjdxkaluj
e“kiv+k; ekSgl<jfRalgksm c<luS^lsm adsRy wRadG”$sxh*lA rjGi+<jv+k; @ cau^\
><kalrUgluiG[kA Y>l<\anG[kA PlglxA c”lr$& rHdj; YpiU$& dlhYdaA sdl%kA
dkxj Ck’JdgnA PG”ulz$& feC\vgUd& t'ji sdl%kA c”lr$& cAf{e\fjsdl%kA
egjCk’alik™; t'lH @f\aCk’juk%lilR @f\aw\BlrA domjSu dqjuo; rlmkakqkiR
cS#l,^jhl%k; t$kA Kf\ciVlu eg™; SzleRalgkA SzlejdalgkA ekfkic\Yf$xnjŒ\
Lh“lg$Sxlsm Ligksm <{pu$xjsh Kh*lcA Yedmal[j; th*l iJ}jhkA Lijmks^ QlSgl
ekgk,rkA c\YfJ[kA dk}j[kA f$xksm -MikA ihju @Yz<A clPjv+fk Selshulujgk™ @
rl}jsh wr$xksm .liA; th*ligkA egc\egA ckijSC,A Lyjujv+k; th*ligkA f$xksm
SzlYf^hirlu r‘sRy iJ}jSh[\ sv™; LiG QMu\[kA do}lukA CjCkijrk Si%j YelGf\Fjv+k;
c\YfJd& YelGf\FrdxjH -Gs~}S~l& ekgk,RalG eShijP dxjdxjhkA falCdxjhkA -Gs~}k;
ssfgkA si`ukA egc\egA ilgjS^v+\ vjhG LiujHs^Mj ayjŒ\ iJnk; ickSpisRy .lgUulu
Sgl<jnj r‘rlH ><kalrjfuluj Lijsmsuh*lA Qlmj rm™; i{‘lir^jH a<lh]\aj
.lzUh]\ajuluj ijglwjv+k; .zilR cIuA Lijsm Lifgjv+kiSh*l;

dAcrkxx dgamu\[lR r‘r\ aFkg[\ Seldnalujgk™; adsRy ckg]su~Mj QlG^\ r‘R


iUldkhrlujgk™; rl}kdlSgukA rlmjSrukA egjelhj[lR aMk SzleRalsg -H~jv+\ <{pu
.lgS^lsm r‘R ulYfuluj; r‘sRy aFkglulYfsu~Mj LyjŒ ickSpiR r‘sRy QOSpUlzjd
dG”$&[\ SC,A LS˜<s^ c‘GCjv+k; egc\egA @hjAzrA svu\f\ KevlgA ssdalyju SC,A
ickSpiR r‘Srlm\ Svlpjv+k; ¶LS$[\ Qgk ekYfrk%lu ilG^ Sd}\ BlR ixsguPjdA
cS#l,j[k™; Szldkh^jsh wr$&[\ stCIgUalsn™A LiG c#k,\mgkalsn™\ BlR
ijCIcj[k™; Szl[& @SglzUakxxiulsn™A Liu\[\ T,\mASelsh @<lgrJ<lglpjd&
Ks%™A BlR YefJ]j[k™; tsRy adR L$uksm iJ}jH ckDaluj dqjuk™iSh*l_
ijw\Blrjd& eyuk'f\ PG”A stCIgUA cS#l,A Ti Cgjuluj @cIpj[nsa“jH Li
f$xksm c\Sr<jfgkaluj e“ksi[nsa'ln\; t'lH pk:DA L$jsr e“jmlrkxxfh*;
LfjrlH >r\PkajYflpjdxkA ckDcS#l,$xkA ixsg YePlrasYf;µ Tfjrk aykemjsuS'lnA
r‘R eyŒk; ¶L$uksm a[sx ehSgukA dAcR iPjv+k ts'rj[yjulA; L$uksm adSxukA
dAcR sdl%kSeluj; t'lH Tsfh*lA Lp{,\malufkA akw\wRadG”EhS<fkikasYf;
Tfyjuk'iR pk:Dj[k'jh*;µ

ickSpiR r‘sr i{‘lir^jSh[\ ses}™fs' fjgjv+k SelilR SYegj~jv+k;


i{‘lir^jShSfl @e^k iglR Selik'fjsRy Qgk covr ickSpir\ Sfl'jujgk™; r‘R
aFkg ij}\ LfjSizA Szldkh^jSh[\ fjgjv+k;

Lp{,\mA t'fjr\ eoGi+ dG”EhA t'lnjijsm LGf\FA; dG”A ijPj .lzUA t™A eyulA;
dlns~ml^f\ t'ln\ L]glGf\FA;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 222lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 223
223lA pjicA
r uYf YCinlpJrj gS]lZ\rlrj cIdG”ck
dkGi#j clfIflA .G^kgUlfkPlrUC\v fYf <j (1063)
eofrl Shld >lhZ\rJ gl]cJ gkPjglCrl
wjZlAcul ej <gSu c\frA p^Il½½ecp\zfjA (10635)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
TSf cau^\ dAcsRy @w\Burkcgjv+\ eofr t' gl]cj i{‘lir^jH sv™;
L$jsrukxx gl]cjdxkA pkglf\al[xkA YeSiCj[k'f\ .ziHdFdxkA a<jadxkA elml^
z{<$xjhln\; zlG<jdPG”$& iqjulAi`A svu+k'jm^lulhkA .ziHdJG^rakgjulml^
Tm$xjH LiG sv™duyk™; eofr fY#eoGi+A Lfjck‘gjulu ukifjuksm goe^jhln\
i{‘lir^jH sv'f\; a<lh]\ajsu sih*k' cO‘gUA; dkŒk$sx sdls'lmk[lR fJGv+
s~mk^ju dAcsscrU^jHs~}ixln\ eofr; efks[~fks[ eofr r‘z{<^jH YeSiCjv+k;
t'j}\ d{,\nsr tmk^k; uSClpukA Sgl<jnjukA rjc\c<lugluj Srl[jrjHs[^s';
LigkA ukifjuksm cO‘gU^jH @d{,\mglujgk™; eofr dkŒjsr amjujhjgk^j
c\Sr<eoGi+A akhuo}lR fkm$j; Lixksm akh[`kdxjH ij,A ekg}jujgk™;

pjiUCjCk Lixksm akhujH rj™A @SiCS^lsm ij,~lH akqkirkA dkmjv+k fJG^k; Lfk
dkŒjsr fJsg >lPjv+jsh*™\ alYfah* Lixksm YelngcA fS'ukA d{,\nR ihjv+k dxŒk;
YelnSiprSulsm Li& dkfyjalylR YCajsv+“jhkA d{,\nR ejmj ij}jh*; sBxjejgjsdl%\
@dlCS^[kuG™\ eofr fHcIgoeA dl}j; ag$sx fdG^\ Lixksm .JaldlgA flsq iJnk;
>J.HcikA .ulrdikalujgk™ @ p{CUA;

i{‘lir^jsh SzlelhRalG Semjv+k ijyv+ksi“jhkA LiclrA cS#l,jv+k; f$xksm


.lzUlfjSgdA sdl%ln\ sdlv+kd{,\nR ihjsulgle^jH rj™A i{‘lirs^ g]jv+sf'iG
ijCIcjv+k; t'j}iG th*lijP^jhkxx aY#fY#$xkA svu\f\ dkŒjsr >lPj[lrjmukxx
.ofSYeflpjdsx Qqjil[j; .ziHrlaakgkij}ksdl%\ d{,\nsRy Sp<^jsRy ijijP .lz$xjH
sfl}\ @ pjiUCgJg^jH SYef>lPdxk%ldlfjgj[lR YelGf\Fjv+k; uSClp d{,\nsr akhuo}j
Ky[j; TO cau^\ r‘SzlelhR aFkgujH rj™A am$jsu^j; ickSpiR akRdo}j[% @e^\
Tflsn'yjŒ\ @C\vgUs~}k; LfJY‘jup{,\mj fs'uf\; r‘R d{,\nsr @SC*,jv+k;

i{‘lirilcjd& eofruksm w?A cAc\dgjv+k; vjfujH rj'S~l& cIGz\zjuckzr\PakuG™;


.zilR akhdkmjv+S~l& Lixksm ele$sxh*lA Selujgk™; .zilsRy L”uksm c\FlrikA
Li&[\ h.jv+k; TO gl]cj, dkŒk$sx sdlh*k'ixluj}kdomj d{,\nr\ akhuo}jsu'
dlgnA sdl%k alYfA egaepA @Gw\wjv+k; pkgkS˜CS^lsmulsn“jhkA .zilsr SYeajv+iG[kxx
YefjEhA Tflsn“jH .zilsr rjG”h.d\fjulH <{puA rjyv+kiv+k SYeaj[k'iG[kxx
c”lrA t#lujgj[kA_

eofrl Sal]^jsRy dF Sd&[k'iG[\ ega .d\fjuk%lik'fln\;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 223lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 224
224lA pjicA
eJfYelucU wrrJ cl fcU gkvjgc\ajfA
akDA hlxufJ glwR w{A.Sfl pp{SC TpA (10735)
DA Sgl pcJ SwUlfjgrJdalCl: coSgU‘k i<\rjCIcrlA >kPJAC\v
pIJelR rzlA c\f˜k<jf{Gi+rlrj .oflrj ulrj c\FjgwAzalrj (10736)
cl iJ]U ijCIA c<cl glwR cAwlfSieFk
c”JhU a{zCl>l]J SrSYf @cJf\ ckijc\ajfl (10737)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
d{,\nR dajqlR fkm$juf\ i{‘lirilcjd&s[h*lA @r‘^jsRy Licgaluj; dlgnA
d{,\nsr i{‘lir^jsh iJmkdxjshh*lA cI#A dk}juluj dgkfjS~l™; LisRy wJijf^jsh
QlSgl cA.i$xkA th*l iJmkdxjhkA @SZl,licgaluj; Kf\cicau^\ uSClp d{,\nsr Qgk
dlxi%juksm LmjujH djm^j aMk c\YfJdSxlm\ iG^alrA eyŒjgk™; i%jujH rjysu elhkA
aMkA iv+jgk™; ><x^jH dkŒjsRy dgv+jH L” Sd}kajh*; d{,\nR fsRy ejXk
elp$&sdl%\ i%jujH vij}juS~l& i%j fdjmAayjŒ\ elhkA aMk clPr$xkA Lijsm
vjfyjS~luj; L”ukA aMkxxigkA Qlmjsu^j CjCkijsrl™A cA.ijv+jsh*'yjŒ\ calPlrjv+k;
SzlelhG Yzla^jsh akfjG'iSglm\ sdlv+kd{,\nrln\ i%j ayjv+sf™\ eyŒk; Ligf\
ijCIcj[lR do}l[jujh*; LiG Y>l<\ansgs[l%\ YeSfUd YelGf\Frd& rm^jv+k;
LiG[fjH Kyv+ ijCIlcak%lujgk™; Qgk pkglf\ali\ i%jujH YeSiCjv+ksi™A LfjsRy
CgJgajh*l^ zfjujHrj™A d{,\nsRy elpc\eGCAsdl%\ Lfjrk Sal]A h.jv+ksi™A
eyus~mk™; asMlgk pjicA uSClp adsr amjujhjgk^j dxj~j[kdulujgk™; ses}™\ adr\ .lgA
iG’jv+k; a<lSagkijsRy .lgak%ir\ t'”[\ Sfl'j; Tfjsr~MjulShlvjv+\ ijc\auA eo%k @
L”; @es^l™A igSh* t™\ YelGf\Fj[kdukA svu\fk;

Qgk pjicA YzlaA akqkiR vkqhjsdlmk“lMjrmjs~}k; egc\egA dlnlR iu+l^Yf selmjemhA;


pjiUCjCkijsr dlnlR dqjulsf uSClp ij,ajv+k; fhvkMj iJnk; dAcsRy Qgk gl]c~mulxj
vkqhjuluj i™\ dk}jsu f}js[l%k Seluj; t'lH dkŒ\ YdSan .lgA iG’jv+\ gl]cr\
sel[lR iu+l^Yfuluj; t'lH Lir\ d{,\nsRy ejmjujH rj™\ ijmkfH dj}j g]s~mlrkA
dqjŒjh*; d{,\nR LisRy dqk^jH ejmjdomjujgk™; LiclrA LirkA cIgoe^jH rjh^k
dkqŒk iJnk agjv+k; d{,\nR LisRy srX^jgk™ dxjv+k; vkqhjsulfk$j Cl#aluS~l&
ihjsulgk gl]csRy srXjH duyj dxj[k' d{,\nsruln\ i{‘lirilcjd& d%f\; dk}j
Lf\.kfdgalAi`A g]s~}fk d%\ LiG @<*lpjv+k;

Qgk pjicA uSClp adsr akhuo}kSNl& LisRy ilu\ fkmv+k sdlmk^k; d{,\nR
Sdl}kilujmkSNl& LisRy ilujH ijCIA akqkiR: @dlCA r]Yf$& cogUvY‘RalG wJijd&
th*lA LiG pGCjv+k; @ p{CU^jH uSClp @C\vgUvdjfuluj; LH~A .uikA @C“ukA @
L”u\[k%luj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 224lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 225
225lA pjicA
><orj c#j rlalrj goelnj v ckfcU Sf
zkndG”lrkgoelnj flrU<A Sip Srl wrl: (10815)
if\clR akXR dIvjpcaSu SYdlCcAwlf<lc:
c\SfuA cIlpI^UF pPj eu: dH~jssf: c\SfuSulssz:
aG[lR S.l]UR ij.wfj c Sv'l^j .ln\/A .jr^j
YpiUlhlS. cz{<dkejSfl ulfUkeSYdlCU SfldlR (10829)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
dk}j[k Segjmlrkxx caualuj; dkh SwUlfj,julu zGzSrlm\ uSClpuksmukA Sgl<jnjuksmukA
ekYfRalG[\ Segjmk' vm$\ rm^js[lmk[lR r‘R L.UGf\Fjv+k; t'lH zGzR fsRy @C“
Yedmj~jv+k; ¶dAcR TO vm$jsr~Mj LyjŒlH uSClpuksm dkŒ\ SpidJekYfrlsn™\
cACujv+\ KeYpij[lsrlgk$jSu[kA; Lfksdl%\ egag<cUaluj Qgk eCks^lqk^jH iv+ln\
rladgnA rm^lA; zGzR eyŒk: TO adR eSh wRa$xkA tmk^j}k%\; LiujH
sixk^irlukA vki™A aŒrjy^jhkakxx goe$& LiR Pgjv+j}k%\; TS~l& LiR d{,\nR
t'yjus~mkA; CUlarjyalnSh*l LiSRyf\; dlhldlh$xjsh @iCU$&[rkcgjv+\ Tir\ eSh
rlagoe$& K%luj}k%\; ickSpiekYfrlufk sdl%\ ilckSpiR t™A Tiryjus~mkA; TiR
.zilR rlglunr\ fkhUrsYf; Tisr c\Sr<j[k'iG[kA TirjH .d\fjukxxiG[kA
CYfk[xjH rj™\ SYpl<ak%likdujh*; Lfksdl%\ Lisr rh* Selsh egjg]j[kdµ; aSM dk}j
>hR t™A glaR t™A Lyjus~}k; g%k >lhRalgkA ixsg SizA ixG™; ak}jhjqulR fkm$j
dlH^xanjdxjsh aPkgC>\p$xlH LijmA akDgjfaluj; Ligksm CgJgA aj[ilykA selmjukA
svxjukA ekg%jgk™; Lf\ Ligksm .Azj iG’j~j[kdukA svu\fk; i{‘lir^jsh c\YfJdxksm
d`jhk`jdxluj LiG; @ dk}jd& dkc{fj^g$& dl}j tS~lqkA ijYCag<jfaluj Ligksm
L”alG[\ @C“ukA .uikA rHdj; flaacsaSrU LiG rm[lrkA fkm$j;

Qgj[H SzlejdalG uSClpSulm\ eglfjs~}k; ¶vjhS~l& rj$xksm adR elhk dy[k'


cau^jrk akRSe eCk[k}jsu Lqjv+k ijmk™; B$xksm iJmkdxjH rj™\ si`ukA elhkA
Sal,\mj[k™; t'j}\ Lirf\ dkg$RalG[k SelhkA rHdk™; iJ}jH Q™A fj'lR dj}jujsh*“jH
djm™y$k' dk}jdsx rkxxj Srlijv+\ dguj~j[k™; LirjHrj™\ Q™A Qxjv+kiu\[lR iu+;
dlgnA LiR cIYe.sdl%\ akyjulsd YedlCj~jv+\ dh$xjH t#lnkxxsf™\ Srl[lsf fs'
arc\cjhl[k™; Tsfh*lAdqjŒ\ Q™ayjul^Selsh LiR rj$xksm Lmk^k igk™;µ
asMlgicg^jH LiG eglfjs~}k; ¶rj$xksm adR a`k fj™;µ uSClp d{,\nsr Sp,Us~}k;
d{,\nR eyŒk: BlR a`k fj'j}jh*S”; t'j}\ ilukA fky™dl}j; d{,\nsRy ilujH uSClp
TO ijCIs^ akqkiR pGCjv+k; i{‘lirikA flrkA th*lA LfjH sfxjŒkdlnlA;
@C\vgUvdjfuluj LiG cIuA cAclgj[lR fkm$j; Tf\ aluSul cfUSal_ cfUsas#™\
TOCIgryjulA; BlR @ .zilrjH L.uA Yelej[k™; Lijmks^ alulCd\fjulhlnSh*l BlR
r‘Szlegksm .lgU uSClpulsn™A TisrsRy adrlsn™A dgkfk'f\; d{,\nR L”u\[k
akdxjH alulemA iJ%kaj}k; uSClp adsr dkc{fj[kmk[ulu d{,\nR t™ fs' dgkfkdukA
svu\fk;

egJ]jS^ Y><\ali\ SpiRalSglm\ i{‘lir^jH wrj[lR @w\Blejv+Sh*l; LS~l& SYplngkA


.lgU PlgukA TO wRa^jH .zilrjH LfJi.d\fjuk%lilrluj YelGf\Fj[kdukA LiG r‘rkA
uSClpukaluj wrj[kdukA svu\fk; L$jsr .zilsr cI#A ekYfrluj c\Sr<j[lrkxx
ega.lzUA h.j[kdukA svu\fk;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 225lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 226
226lA pjicA
cIlalfk: cIj'zlYflul ijYcc\fd>gYcw:
p{,\mIl egjYCaA d{,\n: d{eul½½cJf\ cI>r\PSr (10818)
-iA cA pGCjfl <UAz <gjnl .{fUiCUfl
cIiSCrlej d{,\Snr uScUpA ScICIgA iSC (10819)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Qgk pjicA uSClp ssfgkdmŒ\ si`uk%l[k' fjg[jhlujgk™; Lmk~jH elhk fjxu\[k™;
fsRy arc\c\ K`j[`sRy >lhhJhdsx~MjSulG^k gcjv+\ LfjH akqkiR hJruluj LiG
Tgk™; LS~l& akhdkmj[lrluj d{,\nR Lijsm i™; d{,\nR akhdkmj[k' cau^\
Lmk~jH elH fjxv+k foilR fkm$j; KmSr d`sr rjh^jgk^j elhk dxulsf co]j[lR
Lmk~jrmkS^S[lmj; ihju Sp,US^lsm d{,\nR ssfg\ dkmA sel}jv+\ akyj ij}k Seluj;

uSClp fjgjŒk Srl[kSNl& KmŒ elYfikA foijS~lu ssfgkA d%k; d{,\nsr Lijsm
d%fkajh*; LiR Lmk^ akyjujH si` co]jv+k iv+jgj[k'ujm^lujgk™; Lijsm Qgk KgH
ayjv+j}\ Lfjr\ akdxjH duyj rj™\ KyjujH rj™\ si`sumk^\ Lmk^k rjH[k' Qgk dkg$r\
sdlmk[k™; uSClp Qgk imjuksamk^\ d{,\nsr caJejv+k; ihju .uA L.jrujv+ksdl%\ LiR
KghjH rj™ vlmjujy$jSulmj; L” imjukaluj ejySdukA;

uSClp K`jd{,\nsr ejmjdomju gAzA iG`rlfJfalu .AzjukxxfsYf; SulzjigURalG[kdomj


-dlYzvj^^jH dlnlR dqjul^ p{CUasYf Lf\; dj}lR Seldk' Cj]su .u'js}'
Selsh d{,\nR Kys[ dgŒk; d`k fjgk”j SrYflB\wrA akqkiR akD^\ d`Jgkaluj
dh$jsulhjv+jy$j; uSClp imj ihjsv+yjŒk; Qgk agKghjH d{,\nsr sd}jujmlR Qgk d,nA
duySrI,jv+k d%k ejmjv+k; duyjsRy QgMA KghjrkvkMkA sd}j aSMuMA d{,\nsRy LgujhkA
vkMlR fkm$kSNl& duyjrk rJxA Selgl; LiG dkyv+kdomj dusymk^\ iJ%kA sd}lsrlgk$j;
LS~lqkA rJx^jH QgH~A dkyi\; L$jsr ehikgk uSClp duG sdl%ki™; LiG
LNgS~lsm fxG™\ ijc\auvdjfuluj rj™;

d{,\nR Tfk d%\ ses}™\ L”u\[\ cIuA sd}lR rj™ sdlmk^k; L$jsr c\Sr<elCA
sdl%\ fs' >r\Pj[lsa™\ dlnjv+ksdlmk^k; cGi+l#gUlajukA Lr#rkaldulH arc\cjrkA
TY‘ju$&[kA LYeleUrlnSh*l Lijmk™\; L$jsrukxx d{eldml]A SpiRalG[kSelhkA
h.Uah* fs'; CgJgl.jalrakxxiG[lG[kA .zilsr Yelej[kd cl’Uah*; w\Blrjd&[kA
L$jsr fs'; Lijmks^ Yelej[lR <{puA rjyΠ.ziHSYeaA sdl%k alYfSa clPj[o;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 226lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 227
227lA pjicA
r<USrUl wo,Sfl Swl,UlR >k’jY.ASCl gSwlzkn:
YCJaplpl.jwlfUlpjgUYf c\YfJ pUofalci: (10108)
<rUS# eCSil uYf rjG˜ssugwjflf\a.j:
arU alssrgjaA Sp<awgla{fUA rCIgA (10109)
@cf: YCJaplr\PcU plgjYpUA egaB\wrA
@f\aOeSaUr .oflrj pgjYp: egaJ]Sf (101013)
ilnJzknlrkdFSr YCisnO dFlulA
<c\sfO v dG”ck arc\fi elpSulG':
c\a{fUlA Cjgc\fi rjilcwzf\ YenlSa
p{,\mj: cflA pGCSr½c\fk .i^rorlA (101038)
(101038)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
KgH ej'jH sd}j ihjv+k sdl%\ d{,\nR g%k dkS>gekYfRalsg Salvj~jv+k; LiG rlgpCleA
aohA g%k ag$xluj rjH[kdulujgk™; Qgj[H TO g%\ zr\PGi+RalgkA @dlCrpjujH
Le\cgc\ckdxkaluj whYdJ? rm^kdulujgk™; th*ligkA rz\rG; rlgpR Lfkiqj i'S~l&
Le\cgc\ckd& rlnA ayv+k; t'lH aSplRa^glujgk' dkS>gekYfRalG rlnA ayu\[lsf
rj™; Ligksm Yefle^jH L<“gj[kdukA svu\fk;

rlgpR @Shlvjv+k: cN^jsrukA elgNgU^jsrukA eMjukxx L.jalrA >k’jY.aak%l[k™;


L$jsrukxxiG tS~lqkA c\YfJ apUA vofkdxj Tiukaluj SvG'jgj[k™; T$jsr
L<“lgjuluiG fsRy CgJgA wglrgd&[fJfalsn' .li^jH a{z$sx sdlh*k™;
T$jsrukxx L<“lgA iv+k ekhG^k'fjhkA ihju i“^A t#lnkxxf\_ T$jsr
L<“lg^jsRy @r\PUA >lPjv+ir\ plgjYpUaln\ rsh*lgk aykagk™\; dlgnA elis~}iR
aMkxxisg LisRyfs' @f\alsi™\ dgkfj aMkxxigksm pk:D$& arc\cjhl[k™;
elis~}isRy fjd\flrk.iwJijfA fs' Qgk fec\ckSelsh LisRy dG”lrk.i$sx
Th*lfl[k™; a<lf\al[xksm cf\cAz^lH LiR .d\fj ixG^j .zilsRy flag~lp$&
eodk™; L$jsr ijvlgjv+\ dkS>gekYfRalsg Ligksmfs' L<“lg^jH rj™\ g]j[lrluj
rlgpR Lisg Cejv+k; g%k ag$xluj Sp<A ayu\S[% @iCUajh*l^ CgJgS^lsm Lig$jsr
SvG™ rj™; @ Lic\FujhkA .ziHvj# LiG[k%ldksa™\ rlgpR LrkYz<ikA rHdj;
.zilR tS~l& LiG[gjdjH igk™Sil LS~l& eleSalvrA dj}ksa™A Lisg Lyjujv+k;

.zilR d{,\nr\ Tfyjulalujgk™; .d\frlgpsRy il[kd& elqlikd iu+; Kghkakgk}j TO g%k


ag$&[jmujhosm d{,\nR rm™; akS'l}k rm'S~l& KgH ag$&[jmujH dkmk$j;
Cd\fjSulsm Q™ ihjv+S~l& ag$& dmekqdj ayjŒkiJnk; g%k SfwcIjd& eky^k i™;
LiG T$jsr YelGf\Fjv+k: d{,\nl Lijmk™\ fs' egAselgkxkA ekgk,rkA Yed{fjukA th*lA;
Lijmk™\ cNoG`liflgsamk^\ ark,UG[\ stCIgUikA akd\fjukA YeplrA svu+k™;
rlgpakrjuksm d{eulhln\ B$&[\ Lijmks^ pGCrak%luf\; B$xksm il[kdsxh*lA
Lijmks^ a<jaldjG^r$xlds}; B$& Sd&[k'sfh*lA Lijmks^ a<jadxlis};
B$xksm arc\c\ Lijmks^ elplgij‘$xjhkyv+jms}; ssddlhkd& Lijms^
Scij[lrlis}; B$xksm fh th*l wJiwlh$xjhkakxx Lijmks^ c\Flrs^ raj[s};
B$& dlnk'sfh*lA; Lijmks^ fs' Yedmjfgoe$xlu a<lf\al[sx alYfalis} t™
YelGf\Fjv+\ d{,\nsr iJ%kA in$j LiG LYefU]gluj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 227lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 228
228lA pjicA
Tfj r‘lpSul Szlel: d{,\ngladFlA akpl
dkGi+S#l gaalnlC\v rlij‘R .iSiprlA (101158)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
ag$& dmekqdjiJn C>\pA Sd}\ Yzlailcjd& Qlmj[omj; d{,\nsRy sdlv+k do}kdlG
t#lnk%lusf™\ eyŒk; vjhG ijCIcjv+k; vjhG[\ LfYf ijCIlcUalujgk'jh*; t'lH
th*ligkA fs' fkmGv+uluk%lu pk:cA.i$xjH @C“ldkhglujgk™; t'lH d{,\nR
ark,UCjCkijsRy th*l vehfdxkA dl}j ixG™; do}gksal^k dxjv+kA iJ}jH vjhsfh*lA svu\fk
LiR rm™; r‘R iUldkhrlujgk™; SYef>lPukxxsf™\ Sfl'ju SzldkhA ij}kSelilR
LS˜<A fJGv+ul[j; eofrujH rj™A f{nliG^rjH rj™A ayjŒk iJn dlxi%jujH rj™A
dmekqdju ag$xjH rj™A d{,\nR Lf\.kfdgaluj g]s~}jgj[k™; t'lH TrjukA
@e^kd&[icgA sdlmk[lriG fu+lylujh*; th*l YzlailcjdxkA r‘sRy fJgkalrs^
LAzJdgjv+k; LiG i{‘lirsa'yjus~mk' Qgk svyju irYeSpCS^[\ flacA alMj;
i{‘lirikA SzliG’reGi+fikA eXlganHfj}ukxx uakrl rpjukA d{,\nr\ Yeju“g$xluj;

d{,\nrkA SwU,\|R >hglarkA >lhRalgluj ixG™; LiG[\ eCk[sx Sa[lR T,\malujgk™;


LiG eCk[sx ekH^djmjdxjSh[\ rujv+\ pjicA akqkirkA Lisg SaulR ij}\ ssidkS'gA
Yzla^jSh[\ fjgjv+k i™; Qgk pjicA eCk[& ekh*kfj™SNl& do}^jH Qgk ijvjYfrlu
eCk[k}jsu d{,\nR d%k; iHclckgR t' gl]crlujgk™ Lf\; Cl#rluj LisRy
ejydjHsv™\ ejRdlhkd& fo[jsumk^\ Lmk^kxx ag^jSh[\ d{,\nR @Œmjv+k;
g]csRy wJiR SeluSflsm LisRy eCkSi,ikA Seluj; .Jdgrlu gl]cgoe^jH LiR
v^k ahv+k iJnk; aMk SzlelhRalG d{,\nsRy ajmk[jsr ssdsdl}j L.jr‘jv+k;

asMlgicg^jH TO ijCIg]dG >hglarkA d{,\nrkA Ligksm SzlelhPG”^jH


akqkdjujgk™; eCk[xksm pl<A fJG[lR Lisg rpJ fJg^k sdl%kSeluj; LS~l& Lijsm
d{,\nR cACulc\epalu goe^jH Qgk sdl[jsr d%k; Lf\ gl]crlu >dlckgrlsn™\
d{,\nr\ arc\cjhluj; dAcsRy rjGS˜CYedlgA d{,\nsr rjYz<j[lR Lirijsm
t^juflujgk™;; >dlckgR dk}jdxksm LmkS^[\ vlmjiJn\ d{,\nsr L~lsm
ijqk$j[xŒk; SzlelhRalG rjC\C>\pgluj ijyv+k rj™; LH~rjaj,^jrkxxjH d{,\nR
LckgsRy ilujH rj™\ eky^\ i™; sdl[jsRy dn\|A d{,\nR tgjv+k dxŒjgk™; ej'Jm\
fsRy sdl[kd& sdl%\ d{,\nsr @Ydaj[lrluj LckgsRy YCaA; d{,\nR LisRy sdl[\
ejmjv+\ g%luj ejxG™\ LisRy dqk^kisgsu^juS~lSq[kA LckgR Si,A afjul[j
cIgoe^jhluj; >lhRalG[\ rsh*lgk ijSrlpA d%fkSelshuluj; Yzla^jSh[\ am$j
LiGdl}jsh gcdgalu cA.i$& eyulR fkm$j; d{,\nR t$jsr ijwujv+k ts'h*lA
LiG eyŒk eg^j; tYf fin TO pjiUCjCk @Ydaj[s~}ksi™A th*l finukA
t$jsruiR g]s~}sf™A CYfkijsr wujv+sf™A YzlaJnG Lf\.kfA doyj;

T$jsr d{,\nSRyukA >hglaSRyukA Lfj .OfJd svu\fjd& QlG^kA eyŒkA r‘rkA


aMkYzlaJngkA cAclgwJijf^jsRy th*l pk:D$xkA Lisg >lPj[lsf dqjŒk Sel™;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 228lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 229
229lA pjicA
uf\elpelAckG><k wRa d{v\V\ySfl P{flf\a.jSgUlzj.jgeUh.U:
c -iu˜{zIj,u: cIuA c\Fjf: djA iG`USf pj,\maSfl YiswOdclA (101212)
cd{pUpAz Yefjal#gl<jfl aSrlauJ .zifJA pspO zfjA
c-i rjfUlf\a ckDlrk.ofU.j iUkpc\falSul½#Gz\zSfl <j djA ekr: (101239)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Qgk pjicA d{,\nrkA do}gkA SrgS^ fs' dl}jSh[\ Seluj; Kh*lculYfulniG L™
egjelmjuj}f\; dl}jsh^ju LiG eSh dxjdxjhkA akqkdj; eCk[& ekh*k SaŒk rm™;
egAselgkxlu .zilsRy Sflqgluj dxj[lrjmigkd tYf .lzUdgasn™ Srl[kd; Sulzjalgksm
PUlrrjplralu .zilsRy dxj[o}kdlglu i{‘lirilcjd& LfJi .lzUClhjdxsYf;
a<lf\al[&[kA SulzjigURalG[kSelhkA @gksm elpSgnk[& LYeleUalSnl @ .zilR
LiGs[l~A wJij[k™; Tf\ fJGv+ulukA Ligksm akw\wRa ckd{fEhA fs';

@ SzlelhRalgjgj[k' c\FhS^u’[\ dAcsRy rjGS˜CYedlgA LZlckgR t^j;


eofrukSmukA >dlckgSRyukA cS<lpgrlu LZr\ d{,\nSrlm\ eduk%lujgk™flrkA;
ihjsulgk ahNlNjsRy goe^jH LiR d{,\nSrukA do}kdlSgukA dl^kdjm™; ilu\ fky™
iv+\ dJq\vk%\ .oajujhkA SaHv+k%\ @dlCA aks}ukA ihj~ak%lujgk™ @ ilu[\; th*liSgukA
Q'jv+k ijqk$lrlujgk™ LisRy egjelmj; cAZA ilujSh[\ rm™ duylR LiR dl^jgk™;

dxjdxjH akqkdj d{,\nsRy do}kdlG LZlckgsRy Lmks^^j; LisRy ilu ihjsulgk


zk<ulsn™A rli\ elfulsn™A vomk dlM\ Lmj[k™si™A dgkfj LiG rm™; TO
zk<su[%\ vjhG[\ cACuak%lsu“jhkA aMkxxiG Lisg calPlrs~mk^j; Tsflgk
.JdgwJijulsn“jH SelhkA d{,\nR dosmukxxfksdl%\ Semj[lrjh*; >dlckgsr sdl'f\
d{,\nSh*_

d{,\nR ahNlNjsr d%\ do}kdlsg fmulR @Yz<jsv+“jhkA LiG rm™ akS'l}k


Seluj[qjŒjgk™; gl]cR d{,\nR duyj iglR dl^jgk™; fsRy do}kdlSgukA Szl[SxukA
g]j[lrluj d{,\nrkA Ld^k duylR fJgkalrjv+k; .zilR ilujH duyjufkA LckgR
ilumv+k; LisRy dn\|^jH .zilR .Jaldlgrluj ixG™; Lir\ CIlcA ak}j; Yelniluk
dj}lsf d`k fkyjv+\ LiR v^k iJnk; d{,\nR fsRy dmS[lnjsRy Qgk Srl}A sdl%\
Szl[sxukA SzlelhRalsgukA g]jv+k; Yelniluk SeluS~l& gl]csRy fhSul}j
ejxG'jgk™; @ pIlg^jhosm d{,\nrkA do}kdlgkA eky^k i™; d{,\nR Srl[j rjHs[
L.Oaalu Qgk SwUlfjGSzlxA LckgrjH rj™A d{,\n<{pu^jSh[\ YeSiCjv+k; Lckgr\
akd\fjuluj; Lf\.kfSafkajh*; .zilR cIuA LisRy CgJg^jrkxxjH duyjuSh*l;
L$jsrukxx Qgkir\ .zilR t#kfs' rHdkdujh*_ Qgj[sh“jhkA f$xksm <{pu^jH
.zilsr @crc\Frl[k'ir\ @ egAselgk& akd\fj eps^ rHdk™;

d{,\nsRy LXlA iuc\cjhln\ LZlckgr\ akd\fj rHdjuf\; t'lH @ylA iuc\cjhln\


>lhRalG YzlailcjdSxlm\ LS~l& cA.ijv+k t' a}jH T[lgU$& ijigjv+f\;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 229lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 230
230lA pjicA
>jY.SpInkA w|eemSul: C{AzSiSYf v dS]
ilSa elsnO ac{nd>xA ff\EhlrUAzkhJ,k
fj,\|R aS’U cIegjck<{Spl <lcuR rG”.j: sscI:
cIGz\Sz ShlSd aj,fj >k.kSw uw\B.kz\>lh Sdxj: (101311)
ulipIf\ceif\cdlHediekgUlif\ dglb\YZUlpjdA
ulipU,\mj ij,lnSinkpxCj zUli˜Ij.o,lA>gA
uliv\VJhzknl.jPld{fjiSul ulipIj<lglpjdA
cGi+A ij,\nkauA zjSgl½Azipw: cGi+cIgoSel >s.O (101319)
@ Qgk iG,A t$jsr dqjŒk Seluj t' egJ]j^jsRy SvlpU^jrk^galuj Ckdakrj
fkmG™: ahNlNjsRy (LZlckgR) ilujHrj™A th*ligkA eky^ki™ t™ eyŒkish*l;
d{,\nR th*lisgukA do}j rpJfJg^\ Kh*lculYf[\ Seluj; eXlganHfj}; eCk[k}jd&
ekh*k Sauk™; d{,\nR rmkijhjgk™\ aMk dk}jd& vkMkA i}^jhjgk™\ .]nA dqj[lR fu+lyluj;
Lisgh*lA cI#A ijmkdxjHrj™A @<lgA sdl%k i'jgk™; ThdxkA agS^lhkA aMkA
elYf$xluj; Kh*lc^jajGS~lsm LiG .]nA dqjv+k; falC eyŒkA sel}jv+jgjv+kajgj[k'
>lhRalG[k rmkijhluj d{,\nR; Qlm[kqH amjujH^jgkdj imjukA sdlNkA d]^jhjyk[j
si`do}j dkqv+ Svly\ Tmfk du+jhkA sfl}kdyjd& ijghkd&[jmujhkA iv+\ d{,\nR do}kdlsg
Kh*cj~jv+$jsr ijx$j; Spifd& .zilsRy TO >lhgoeA d%\ LfjCujv+k;

L$jsrujgjs[ sse[k}jd& ekh*kSaŒ\ dlmkduyjS~luj; rpj[gujH do}kdlsg Tgk^j


sse[sx fjgjv+k sdl%kiglsa™A eyŒ\ d{,\nR Lisg calPlrs~mk^j; d{,\nR
Szl[sx fjguk' cau^\ c{,\mlilu Y><\ali\ d{,\nsRy hJhlijSrlp$& d%\
@C\vgUs~}jgk™si“jhkA Qgk alulYeSulzA rm^j; eCk[k}jdsxukA SzlelhRalsgukA
Le<gjv+\ Lisg Qxj~jv+kiv+k; flrkA Qxjv+k rj™; d{,\nR ssedk}jdsx dlnlfhŒ\ fjgjsd
rpJfJg^k igkSNl& SzlelhRalglgkA Lijsmujh*; d{,\nr\ Y><\alijsRy ijpU arc\cjhluj;

cGi+A ij,\nkauA wzf\ t' Clc\YfijxA>gs^ LrIGf\Fal[lR .zilR sse[k}jdxlukA


SzlelhRalglukA cIuA egjnajv+k; alYfah* Liuksm @.gnlpjdxkA claYzjdxkA
ic\fk[xksah*laluj LSfemj .zilR cIuA alyj; Y><\alik Sal,\mjv+k sdl%kSelu
eCk[xkSmukA Sav+krm' SzlelhRalgkSmukA aMkA uFlfFefj>jA>$& ]nSrg^j
hijsmuk%luj; LSf rjyA fgA cI.liA YeluA .li<lilpjd& rlaA alrcJdlic\Fd&
t'jisuh*lauj d{,\nR cIuA YedlCjv+k; L™\ ssidkS'gA d{,\nR cAZs^
rujv+ksdl%\ Yzla^jH fjgjsv+^j; fsRy @f\acIgoeA cIuA d{,\nrkA eCk[xkA
SzlelhRalgkA th*laluj Yzla^jsh^juelsm QlSglgk^gkA Ligigksm iJmkdxjSh[\
dlhjdSxukA sfxjv+k sdl%k Seluj; Lijsm ulsflgk iUfUlcikajh*lsf flacjv+k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 230lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 231
231lA pjicA
-iA cS”l<uR ij,\nkA ijSal<A ijCISal<rA
cIssui aluulSwl½ej cIuSai ijSal<jf: (101344)
fSYflpI<f\ eCkeiACCjCkfIrlmUA
Y><\al½pIuA egar#azlPS>lPA
if\clR cDJrji ekgl egjSfl ijvjrI
SpdA celnj d>xA egSa,\|U v,\m (101361)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
@ pjicA akfH i{‘lir^jsh SzlelhRalG[kA SzlelhjdalG[kA d{,\nsr cI#A adrlukA
akM^k rjH[k' eCk[xlukA th*lA dn[l[j wJij[lrkxx LfJicO.lzUA h.jv+k;
SzlejdalG[\ f$xksm ekYfRalG Qgk glYfjsdl%\ LiSglm\ tYfukA c\Sr<akxxigluj
alyjufluj Lrk.is~}k; eCk[xlds} sse[k}jdsx r[j^km[lrkA elhk dkmj~j[lrkA ihju
flf\egUA dlnj[kdukA svu\fk; ts#ls[ YeSdler$xk%lulhkA L”alG[\ >lhRalsg
Cdlgj[lR Sfl™'Sfujh*; .zilsRy SwU,\|rlu >hglaR @pUA vj#l[kq~^jhluj; TO
Yzla^jH TYf alYfA c\Sr<.liA iqjsŒlqkdk'fjsRy dlgnA t#likA_ dk}jdSxukA
sse[k}jdSxukA th*ligkA tYfalYfA c\Sr<j[k™; t'lH L#:SrYf^lH >hglar\
arc\cjhluj Tisgl™A alakrjalgkSmukA SpiRalgkSmukA Liflg$xluj i{‘lir^jH
wrjv+igh* ayjv+\ .zilR cIuA Tisgh*lalujgj[k™; >hglaR Svlpjv+S~l& d{,\nR g<cUA
sixjs~mk^kdukA svu\fk;

Qgk ark,UiG,A dqjŒS~l& Y><\ali\ i{‘lir^jsh^j; Lijsm d{,\nR do}kdlSglmkA


sse[k}jdSxlmksal^\ dxjv+ksdl%jgj[k™; equSelsh fs'; Y><\ali\ d{,\nsr
alulSal<jfrl[lR YCajv+k; t'lH TS~l& TSf d{,\nsRy alulihu^jhld{,\mrluj
cIuA rjH[k™; Y><\ali\ Qxj~jv+kiv+ d™dk}jdxkA >lhRalgkA aY#ihu^jH^s'
@ujgk™; t“jhkA Tijsm LiSgS~lshfs'ukxx >lhRalSglmkA sse[k}jdSxlmksal^\
d{,\nR hJhulmk™; Y><\alijr\ Lisg fjgjv+yjulrlujh*; flsrlxj~jv+kiv+igkA TS~l&
d{,\nsRy dosmukxxigkA QSg Selhjgj[k™; .zilsRy alu fsRy alusu LfjwJijv+fyjŒ\
LNgS~lsm Y><\ali\ L$jsr rj™; aomHaŒ\ sdl%k%lik' Tgk}\ glYfjuksm Tgk}jH hujv+k
SeldkASelsh d{,\nsRy aluujH Y><\alijsRy alulCd\fj Th*lfluj; T[lnk'
SzlelhRalgkA sse[k}jdxksah*lA eSh d{,\nRalglsn™\ Y><\ali\ d%k; ej'Jm\ Lsfh*lA
@ egAselgk& fs'su™\ Y><\alik arc\cjhl[j;

.zilsRy alulCd\fjujH Lf\.kfelgiCUS^lsm Y><\ali\ rjhsdlxxkSNl& d{,\nR fsRy


alusu ejRihjv+k; Y><\alijrk Yew\B fjgjv+k dj}j; cfUA arc\cjhluj; eijYfalu
i{‘lir^jH .ziHcl'j’UAsdl%\ th*ligkA c\Sr<S^lsm calPlrS^lsm stdUS^lsm
dqjuk™; clPlgnuk%lik' edSul ijSpI,Sal SelhkA Ligjhk%lujgk'jh*; @
i{‘lir^jH egAselgk& cIuA Szlelh>lhrluj sse[k}jdSxukA eCk[SxukA Sfmk'fkA
edkfj dqjv+ Svly\ Tmfkdu+jH ejmjv+k rjH[k'fkA th*lA equemj fs' Y><\ali\ d%k; flR
Qxj~jv+k iu\[k'fjrk akRekxx LSfemjfs' th*lajgj[k™; c{,\mlilu Y><\aSpiR .zilR
d{,\nsRy dlH[H iJnk ]aulvrSulsm YelGf\Fjv+k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 231lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 232
232lA pjicA
SYCu: YckfjA .d\fj akpcU Sf ijS.l d*jCU#j Su SdihS>lPh>\PSu
Sf,lascO Sd*Ch -i Cj,USf rlrUpUFl c\Fohfk,liZlfjrlA (10144)
fp\.kgj.lzUaj< wRa djaeUmiUlA
up\SzldkSh½ej dfalb\YZj gSwl½.jS,dA
uw\wJijfA fk rjDjhA .zilR akdk‘
c\fIpUlej uf\epgw: YCkfj a{zUSai (101434)
Y><\ali\ eyŒk:
BlR L$su rac\dgj[k™ YeS.l; a{pkhelp$Sxlsm Qgk du+jH imjukA Qlm[kqhkA ejmjv+\ aSM
du+jH SvlykgkxukA iv+k rjH[k' Lijmks^ goes^ BlR raj[k™; Lijmks^ a<jasu
iG`j[lR trj[lijh* fs'; Lijmks^ selgkxyjuk'iR L$ujHalYfA
ega.d\fjukxxirsYf; eSh @f\aJualGz\z$xjH ij<gjv+\ LijmkS^lmkxx .d\fjsu
Liznj[k'iG ssiS[lH safj[k'fk Selsh ijEhYei{^jdxjH -Gs~}jgj[k™;
.d\fjulds} eh am$\ LrkYz<pludasYf; Lijmks^ .d\fr\ L$\ LfJY‘jualu Ye.lis^
dlnjv+k sdlmk[k™; rlagoerj>’ah*l^fSYf Lijmks^ selgk&; @iCUs~mlsf fs'
.d\fr\ akd\fjepA h.j[k™;

L<“lgs^ sih*lR .d\fj[k alYfsa clPj[o; Lijmks^ Sal<j~j[lR YCajv+ BlR tYf
ij/\?j; BlR TO .oSzlxs^ rjuY#j[lR dmas~} siyksalgk .ofcAYz<CgJgA alYfA; LS$l
Lijmks^ CgJg^jsh Sgladoe$xjHrj™A LSrdaSrdA .oSzlx$& Lnk[&Selsh
rjg#gA dm™Seldk™; Lijmk™\ th*l^jSRyukA egalf\alilu rlglunrsYf; (rg t'lH
wJijdxksm do}A; LurA t'lH @f\ali\); Lijmk™\ rju#lisYf (LurA t'lH SYegdR
t™A LGf\FA); Lijmk™ fs' cl]jukA (LuSf t'lH Lyjuk™); Lijmk™\ rgsRy
ic\fk[xjH rjicj[k'fk sdl%\ rlglunR; t'lH Tisuh*lA egacfUah* fs';
Tisuls[ Lijmks^ siyksalgk hJhalYfA; trj[kfs' Lijmk™ cIuA
sixjs~mk^juS~lqh*lsf Lijmks^ rlglunrluj cl]lf\[gj[lR dqjŒjh*;; t'lH
L$\ L” uSClp[\ Lijmks^ ilu\[kxxjH ijCIA akqkiR dlnjv+k sdlmk^k; @pUSa fs'
Lijmk™ alYfSa K%lujgk™xxo; BlR sse[k}jdsxukA Szle>lhRalsgukA Qxj~jv+S~lqkA
Lijmk™ fs'uln\ Lisgh*lalujgk'f\; TS~lqkA Lijmk™alYfSaukxxk; th*l cau^kA
Lijmk™ alYfSa rjhrjH[k™xxo; ijCIA Yedmjfalsn“jhkA Lsh*“jhkA; Lijmks^
alulCd\fjulH Lijmk™ fs'uln\ th*l SpifdxlukA rjhsdlxxk'f\; Lijmk™\ cIuA
pjiURalglukA ark,UglukA Keark,UglukA Lifgj[k™; TO alulijCIA cfUaluj Sfl™'f\
Lf\ Lijmks^ @YCujv+jgj[k'fksdl%kA Liflg$& L$jH cA.ij[k'fksdl%kasYf;
>r\PikA akd\fjuksah*lA siykA il[kdxln\; Tgk}kA sixjv+ikA cogUrkaluj >r\Ps~}jgj[k'fk
SelshusYf Lf\;

Lfksdl%\ .ziSr TO wRa^jhkA igkA wRa$xjhkA L$jH ega.d\fjuk%lilR


LrkYz<jv+lhkA; BlrJ Szldkh^jH -sflgk wJijulukA wrj[lrjmigs}; L$jsr Lijmks^
elpSgnk[xjH trj[k ak$lrjmigs}; Lijmks^ LyjulA t™ eyuk'iG L$jsr eyŒk
sdlxxs}; t'lH Lijmk™\ aSrlil[kd&[fJfrlsn™\ trj[yjulA;

Y><\aSpiR d{,\nSrlm\ ulYfeyŒ\ Seluj; d{,\nR uakrlfjg^\ fsRy do}kdlG irS.lwrA


rm^k'ujm^k sv™; th*ligkA cS”l<jflic\FujH rj™nG™; L™\ ssidkS'gA do}kdlG
Yzla^jH fjgjv+k sv™\ d{,\nR ihjsulgk cG~s^ sdl™si' ilG^ th*liSgukA
Lyjujv+k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 232lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 233
233lA pjicA
fA Szlgw: Vkgjfdk#x >’>G<
irUYecorgkvjSg]nvlgk<lcA
SinkA dIn#arksszgrkzJfdJG^jA
SzlSeUl pj p{]jfp{SCl½.UzaR cSafl: (101542)
eJfIl akdk‘akDclgZa]j.{Assz
c\fleA w<kGi+jg<wA YewSul,jSfl½<\rj
ff\cf\d{fjA caPjzaU ijSiC Szl,\|A
cYiJ/<lcijruA upelAzSal]A (101543)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
@g%k pjiU>lhRalG TS~l& ixG™ hkfluj; eCk[sx Sau\[lR Seluj^km$j; d{,\nR
Yed{fj.Azjd& @cIpjv+k rm™; e]jdxksm cAzJfA SfrJv+dxksm aoxj~l}\ irUa{z$xksm
C>\p$& th*lA d{,\nrk Yejualujgk™; >ghlasRy dlhkdsx fqkdj ekngk'
ekHsdlmjdsxukA svyju svmjdsxukA Srl[j d{,\nR eyŒk: ¶.zilSr, Srl[o TO
ekHs[lmjd& tYf Lrkz{<JfG; L$uksm dlhjnd& vkA>j[k'fk sdl%kalYfA Liuksm
Lw\Bflic\F Th*lflik™; TO Lw\BlrA Q™sdl%k alYfalnSh*l Li[\ TO
svyksvmjdxksm wRasamkS[%fluj i'f\_ Lisgh*lA dqjΠwRa$xjH
pjiURalglujgk'jgj[nAµ; vjhS~l& LiG fxG™\ ijYCaj[kA; >hglaR Qgk SzlelhsRy
amjujH fhiv+kdjm[kSNl& d{,\nR SwU,\|sRy elpA KqjukA; d{,\nR ijYCaj[kSNl&
aMkxxiG d{,\nSrukA Scij[kA; T$jsr d{,\nR fsRy alulCd\fjulH cI#A pjiUfsu
ayv+\ clPlgn[lgrlu Qgk Szlelhrluj dqjŒk i™;

Qgk pjicA YCJplaR t™\ Segkxx Qgk SzlelhR glad{,\nRalSglm\ eyŒk: Ldshsulgk
ir^jH rjysu aPkgEh$& rjyŒ i{]$xk%\; Lf\ SPrkdR t™ Segkxx Qgk
gl]csRy LPJrfujhln\; Lul&[\ dqkfuksm goealn\; t'lH rgS.lwjukaln\;
Lfksdl%\ @xkd&[ijsm SeldlR .ualn\; @G[kA @ Eh$& @cIpj[lR dqjuk'jh*;
t'lH @ eq$xksm aPkgzr\PA rak[jijsmisg @cIpj[lR dqjuk™; rj$& ijvlgjv+lH
rak[\ @ eq$& dqj[lR clPj[kA; d{,\nrkA >hglarkA sel}jv+jgjv+k; t'j}\ th*ligkA domj
@ dl}jSh[\ Seluj; >hglaR agA dkhk[j eq$& flsq iJq\^j; SzlelhRalG[\ ssdrjysu
aPkgEhA dj}j cS#l,aluj;

@ cau^\ SPrkdR >hglasRy SrG[\ Qlmji™\ ejRdlhksdl%\ sflqjv+k; t'lH >hglaR


Lisr dlhjH fo[j KuG^j @dlC^jH vkqMj Lmk^kxx Qgk ag^jH QMumj; >hglasRy
vkqMjhjH fs' LiR agjv+jgk™; SPrkdsRy CgJgA dmekqdj iJnk; eq$& th*lujm^kA
vjfyj iJnk; gl]csRy Ydk’glu >r\Pk[& glad{,\nRalGs[fjsg @Œmk^k; es]
Qgk falCSelsh Lisgsuh*lA d{,\nrkA >hglarkA fkg^jSulmjv+k;

gl]cRalgjHrj™A SemjS[%fjh*lsf YzlaJnG @ aPkgEh$& @cIpjv+k; d{,\nR


Yzla^jH fjgjsd i'S~l& YzlaJnG d{,\nsRy aPkgaSrlw\BakDdahA d%lcIpjv+k;
dlhj[kxNmjsdl%\ KuG™sel$ju a`kA selmjukA sdl%\ d{,\nsRy akmjuksm rjyA
alyjujgk™; Lf\ @ goe^jsRy cO‘gU^jr\ alMkdo}j; SfrJv+d& eo[xjHrj™ SfRrkdgkA
Selsh @ YzlaJngksm d`kd& d{,\nsRy akDdah^jsRy La{fk%k; edHcau^\
d{,\nsr SiGejgjSu%ji'fjsRy pk:DA L$jsr LiG ay™; <{puA @<*lp.gjf
aluj^JgkdukA svu\fk;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 233lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 234
234lA pjicA
LrkYzS<l½uA .if: d{Sfl <j Srl pn\S/l½cflA SfDhk dh\a,le<:
u˜‘CkdfIaak,U Sp<jr: SYdlSPl½ej Sf½rkYz< -i c”f: (101634)
r rlde{,\|A r v clGi.OaA r elgSa,\|UA r gclPjefUA
rSulzcj’JgekrG.iA il ilX\V#j uf\elpgw:Yee'l: (101637)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
uakrlrpjuksm Qgk .lzalu dlxj‘j dlxjuR t™\ Segkxx Qgk cG~^jrlH
ij,hje\falujfJG'jgk™; -sflgk wJijukA rpj[gujsh^kSNlSq[kA dlxjusRy
ij,iJgU^lH agjv+k iJnk; cGi+alrwJiwlh$xkSmukA cAg]nlGf\FA Lifgjv+ .zilR
d{,\nR dlxj‘J rpJfJg^k sv™\ Lmk^kxx Qgk ag^jH duyj LfjH rj™\ ij,aualu
sixx^jSh[\ tmk^k vlmj; t'j}\ dxjv+kh*cj[lR fkm$j; ij,^jrk dlgn.ofrlu cG~A
]nSrgAsdl%\ d{,\nsr vkMjigjŒk akyk[lR fkm$j; .zilR Lr$lsf rj™ sdlmk^k;
Lfk d%\ SzlelhRalG S>lPA sdmkdukA eCk[& pJrgluj fhflq\^kdukA svu\fk;
pk:C\Cdkr$& pGCjv+ YzlaJnc\YfJd& f$xksm d`jhk`j[`R Ledm^jhlsn™\ dgkfj
d{,\nsRy dlhmj~lmkd& ej#kmG™\ rpj[gujsh^j; r‘rkA aMk SzlegkA ij,wh^jshmk^k
vlmlsrlgk$juS~l& >hglaR Lisg fmŒk rjG^j;

d{,\nr\ fsRy do}kdlgksmukA eCk[xksmukA ar:YeulcA d%\ arc\chjŒk; alulCd\fjulH


d{,\nR fsRy CgJgs^ ijdcj~j[lR fkm$j; LS~l& cG~A d{,\nsRy Sahkxx ejmjij}k;
t'j}\ ilhksdl%\ Lmj[lsrlgk$j; d{,\nR elNjrkvkMkA r{^A iv+k; Tmjaj'H Selhkxx
vhr^jsr ej#kmG™\ cG~A fxG™; fsRy ssdd& sdl%\ cG~^jsRy EnaaG^j d{,\nR
Lfjrk akdxjShyj r{^A svu\fk; @dlCcAzJfikA segkNyukA akq$j; d{,\nsRy
dlHvij}jH LaG™ ij,ajv+ dlxjuR .zilR rlglunsr PUlrjv+\ S>lPaMk iJnk; Lfkd%\
dlxjusRy .lgUalG d{,\nsRyumk[H i™\ YelGf\Fjv+k; ¶TO cG~s^ Cj]j[kd t'f\
rUluA fs'; es] Tsflgk Cj]uh*fs'; Tf\ LS˜<s^ Ck’Jdgj[k' Qgk LrkYz<A
fs'uln\; Lijmks^ SYdlPA QgrkYz<asYf dlgnA B$xksm .G^li\ Qgk cG~aluj
wrj[lrjmigk^ju @ eleA akqkiR rCjv+jgj[k™; L$uksm elpakYpd& LS˜<^jsRy
Cjgc\cjhnjulrjmigk'f\ LrkYz<A fs'; L$uksm elpSgnk[& Cjgc\cjH
LnjulrjmuluiG .OfJdSal cIGz\zJuSal @u ulsflgk EhdlA]ukA iv+k ekhG^k'jh*;
t#jr\ Sal]epA SelhkA LiG[k Si%; dlgnA Lfkfs' -MikA ihju Sr}A; B$&
L$su rac\dgj[k™; th*l wJijdxkA clfIJdgkA gwcjdgkA flac.liakxxigkA th*lA
L$jH rj™\ Kf\.ij[k™; TS~l& L$\ clfIJdsg cAg]j[lR Kmshmk^jgj[k™; Lijms^
.{fUrlu LS˜<S^lm\ ]ajv+lhkA;µ dlxjurkA T$jsr YelGf\Fjv+k; B$& cG~$& wRarl
ij,akxxigkA Yed{fUl LYdailcrukxxigkaln\; B$& wJijd&[\ Yed{fjp^alu
c<wzkns^ cIuA LfjiG^j[kd fkShlA Lcl’UasYf; LijmkS^[\ alYfSa TO alusu
fgnA svu+lR B$sx c<luj[lrlio;

LS~l& d{,\nR dlxjuSrlm\ rpjij}k cakYp^jH Seluj icj[lR dH~jv+k; ark,UG[kA


dlhjd&[kA ChUaldl^ijPA L$jsr dqjulsa™\ dlxjuR c”fjv+k; L$jsr rpj
Ck’alikdukA wr$&[kA d™dlhjd&[kA cS#l,alikdukA svu\fk;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 234lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 235
235lA pjicA
d{,\n d{,\n a<l.lz S< glalajfijYda
-, SZlgfSal i<\rjc\flidlR YzcSf <j r: (101723)
ckpkc\fgl': cIlR el<j dhlz\Sr: ck<{p: YeS.l
r Cd\rkac\fIv+gnA cAfUd\fkadkSfl.uA (101724)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
dlxjuR dlxj‘jujH dqjŒkSelglR dlgnak%lujgk™; th*l eOG`ajujhkA cG~$& zgk/r\
LGZUA rHdkd efjik%lujgk™; dlxjuR Lfjrk ijZ\rA igk^j; cI#A Cd\fjujH
L.jalrikA zGi+kA K%lujgk™ dlxjur\; zgk/rkA dlxjurkA f”jH d|jralu Qgk uk’A
fs'uk%luj; zgk/sRy d|jrfl/rSaM dlxjuR dlxj‘J rpjujH iJnk; TO whA zgk/r\
LYeleUalujgk™; Qgj[H LfjH rjs'lgk aJRejmjv+fjH Ydk’rlu cO.Ypj akrj zgk/sr
Cejv+jgk™; rJ Trj TO wh^jH rj™\ -sflgk wJijsuukA ejmjv+lH @ rjaj,A rJ agj[kA;
dlxjur\ alYfSa TO Cles^~Mj Lyjik%lujgk™xxo; Lfksdl%\ dlxj‘jujH L.uA Sfmj
wjij[kdulujgk™ LiR; t'lH TS~l& TO fmldA ij}\ SelSd%j i™si“jhkA d{,\nR
rHdju egag] Lirk do}k%lujgk™; zgk/R rjs' ChUs~mk^kdujh*; tsRy dlhmjd&
rjsRy En^jH efjŒflnSh*l;

d{,\nR ij,hje\falu wh^jHrj™\ dgSuyjuS~l& -igkA @<*lpjv+k; agjv+fkSelsh


Sal<lhcUs~}\ djm'iGdomj tqkS'Mki™; d{,\nsRy K•asu~Mj Lyjik%lujgk' >hglaR
Kys[s~l}jv+jgjv+k; glar\ d{,\nsRy svu\fjdxjH Lf\.kfSal .uSal K%lujgk'jh*;
Y>l<\anG r‘sRy Lmk[H i™\ KeSpCjv+k; ¶TOCIglrkYz<Asdl%\ fl“xksm adR
LfUle^jH rj™\ g]se}k; r‘jcovdaluj >l<\anG[\ plrA rHdj Ligksm LrkYz<A
il$julhkA;µ L$jsr r‘R Y>l<\anG[\ eCk[xkA cIG`ikA plraluj rHdj;

wr[o}A akqkirkA L™glYfj rpJfJg^k dqjv+kdo}lR fJgkalrjv+k; L's^ cA.i$sxh*lA


dqjŒ\ th*ligkA fxG'jgk™; elfjgliluS~l& vkMjhkA dl}kfJ emgk'f\ LiG d%k; vomk
c<j[lrlilsf LiG d{,\nSrlmj$jsr YelGf\Fjv+k; ¶d{,\nl .zilSr fkhUCd\fjukxx glal
TO sdlmkAvom\ B$sx selxxj[k™; YeS.l g]jv+lhkA; B$& LijmkS^fk alYfalnSh*l;
L.uaohc\Flralu Lijmks^ elp$& ij}\ B$&[lYCusal™ajh* fs'; µ

@xkdxksm purJulic\F d%\ arahjŒ d{,\nR @ dl}kfJsu L~lsm ijqk$j[xŒk;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 235lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 236
236lA pjicA
dIvjpIrc\efj SYdlS/ zk<lulA vl.jiG,fj
rjGijCU .zilR SgSa d‘aohEhlCr: (102028)
@C*j,U caCJS\fl,\nA YecoriralgkfA
wrlc\fleA w<kGz\SzlSeUl r d{,\n<{fSvfc: (102045)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
i{‘lirA dlhiG,algjujH @sd dkxjv+Jyrlujgk™; cogUR SirH[lh^lijuluj
.oajujHrj™ cA.gjv+kiv+ whA TS~l& aquluj eky^k ijmk™; K^arlu .gnlPjdlgj
@xkdxjH rj™\ dgAejgjv+\ cGi+wrrRa[luj Lfk vjhiqj[kA SelshuSYf Lf\; dlMjH
ey™i' aqSaZ$sx Tmjaj'H akyjv+\ akqkirluj .oajujSh[\ svlgjŒjgj[k™; ig% .oaj[k
Sel,dSadlR cIuA @ SaZ$& caG~nA svu\fjgj[k™; d{elhkilu QgkiR
Lzfjd&[luj c<lusa^j[k'fk SelshusYf Lf\; Tfkisg ig%kn$jujgj[k'
Lic\FujHrj™alyj .oajujH wJiR fkmjv+knG™ dlns~}k; feC\vgUujShGs~} SulzjigUsRy
CgJgA SCl,jv+kn$ksa“jhkA ej'Jm\ @SglzUA iJs%mk^\ igk'fkSelsh .oaj dlns~}k; glYfj
dlh$xjH r]Yf$xksm fjx[^jrk edgA aj'lajrk$kdsx alYfsa dlnlrk%lujgk™xxo;
dhjukz^jH ajFUlClc\Yf$xksm fjx[aln\ dlns~mkd t™A uFlGf\F SipClc\Yf$&
ayŒjgj[ksa™A Tfk rs” arc\cjhl[k™; cakYpalds} cIfSi TxdjayjŒjgj[k™; t'lH
rpjd& rjysŒlqkdj cakYp^jsh^j Lfjsr domkfH Ye]k>\Pal[jujgj[k™;
LedIafjulu Sulzjuksm arc\c\ cIfSi @Yz<$& rjyŒjgj[k™; t'lH
TY‘juic\fk[xksm pGCralYfujH @ arc\c\ Txdjayjuk'fkSelshuln\ cakYpajS~l&;
vY‘R fs' ayu\[k' dlGSaZ$sx YedlCalral[k™; eSXY‘ju$sx YeiG^SrlR
akDal[k'f\ wJirlsn“jhkA TY‘julign^lH^s' Lfk ayŒjgj[k™; .oajujH TS~l&
iG`$xksm Qgk ijxul}A dlns~mk™; ev+~orjyŒ svmjd& vki' Yelnjd& donkd&
Tisuh*lA SvG™\ ihjsulgk sscrUrjgSelsh .oaj iG`l.aluj; t'lH eGi+f rjgd& aqujH
dkhk$lsf rjhsdl%k; .ziH!~lp$xjH <{puaky~jv+ QgkiR ulsflgkijP ije^k[xjhkA
vXhvj^rlil^fkSelshulnf\; d{,\nR Szl[sx Sav+k rm™; ih*lsf aqseu+kSNl&
LiG Qgk zk<ujShl ixxj[kmjhjShl L.uA Sfmj; Lijsm eq$xkA aMkA dqjv+\ LiG
@r‘jv+kh*cjv+k; eCk[& ekh*kSaŒ\ cAf{e\fgluj ekH^djmjujH ijYCaj[k'f\ d%\
d{,\nR @<*lpjv+k;

Lfk dqjŒ\ Cgf\ dlhA i™; fmld^jShukA rpjujShukA a`k rjyŒk dh$jujgk' whsah*lA
TS~l& sfxjŒk rjG”halujgj[k™; Tm[lh^\ dhk,alujS~lu SulzjigUsRy arc\c\
egjCk’j iJs%mk^fkSelshulnjf\; aq[lh^\ whsah*lA Sdlgjsv+lgjŒ SaZ$& TS~l&
sixk^k YedlCA svlgjŒk rjH[k'fk d%lH @Yz<$xkSe]jv+ crUlcjigURalG
YfjShldckD$xkSe]j[ulH @f\aYedlCA svlgjŒk ijhckdulSnl t™ Sfl'jS~ldkA;
d{,j[lG f$xksm elm$xjH rj™\ sixxA eky^kSelik'f\ wlzgozfSulsm rjuY#j[k™;
YC’lilrlu SulzjigUR fsRy wJi:Cd\fjsu arc\cjhosmukA TY‘ju$xjhosmukA
vjhiqj[k'f\ tYedlgalSnl LfkSelshuln\ @ dG,dG whA KeSulzj[k'f\; vY‘srv+kMj
rjH[k' r]Yf$&Selsh d{,\nsrv+kMj SzlelhRalG t™A cGi+G[kA @<*lpSadj;
ajfCJSfl,\nalu dlhlic\F i{‘lir^jsh c\YfJwr$&s[lqjsd asMh*liG[kA
@CIlcSadj; Ligksm <{pu$& th*lA d{,\nR Le<gjv+jgk™iSh*l;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 236lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 237
237lA pjicA
Szlewlfj Yefjv\Vs'O Spil Szlelhgoejn:
TO/jSg d{,\nglsaO v rml Ti rmA r{e (101811)
Y.lassnGh*b\Zssr S]sseglc\SElmr ijdG,ssn:
vjYdJ/fkG'jukS’r dlde]PsgO dIvjf\ (101812)
dIvj'{fUf\ck vlSrU,k zlusdO ilpsdO cIuA
CCAcfkG”<lglw clPk clPIjfj ilpjsrO (101813)
d{,\ncU SulziJgUA fSpUlzalulrk.lijfA
plilz\Srglf\ar: S]aA iJS]U Sf Sa rjSg½agA (101914)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Lsflgk SirH[lhalujgk™; t'lH i{‘lir^jsh™A ic#A fs'; d^jsugjuk' cogUR
i{‘lir^jr\ akdxjH cOaUaluj YedlCjv+\ d|jralu vomjrk edgA KO,\axf alYfA rHdj;
LSrdA fmld$xjsh whAsdl%\ fnk^kA eglzegjan^lH cOg.UalG™A i{‘lir^jH
dlMk iJCj; .zilrk rm[lR d}j~giflrjukaluj ekh*kA eosv+mjdxkA Lijsm rjyŒk;
e]ja{zlpjd& aPkgcAzJfikaluj .zilsr @r‘j~jv+k; d{,\nR Lisgsuh*lA c\Sr<jv+k;
d{,\nR cIuA SYeaA fs'ulujgk™; SzlelhRalG d{,\nsr c\Sr<jv+k; Lisgh*lA
SzlelhSi,^jH wrjv+ SpiRalgsYf; LfkSelsh d{,\n>hglaRalG TOCIgliflg$
xlsn“jhkA SzlelhSi,almkdulnSh*l; Qgk pjicA Lisgh*lA domj eShijP dxjdxjShG
s~}jgk™; Lisgh*lA f$xksm Lxd$sx dlMjH ey[lR ij}\ LfUldG,daluj dlns~}k;
egc\egA ssdejmjv+\ i}AvkMkdukA rJx^jH vlmkdukA .lgsayjŒkA sd}jayjŒkA
zkc\fjejmj[kduksals[ svu\fk LiG; aMk >lhRalG dxj[kSNl& d{,\nrkA >hglarkA
cAzJSfledgn$& ilujv+\ >Sh S.,\ t™eyŒ\ Lisg SYelf\cl<j~j[kdukA svu\fk;

TfjrjmujH YehA.R t™ Seglu Qgk gl]cR Szlei{‘^jH duyj[omj; d{,\nR Lisr


fjgjv+yjŒksi“jhkA LisrukA do}j cAZs^ g%luj^jgjv+\ dxjd& fkmglsa™\ rjGS˜Cjv+k;
d{,\nrkA >hglarkA QlSgl cAZ^hiRalgluj; LiG eSh dxjdxkA dxjv+k; Qgk cAZA
wuj[kSNl& SflMiG wujv+isg QlSglgk^sg vkahjShMj rm[nA t'lujgk™ fJgkalrA;
L$jsr dxjd& fkmG™sdl%jgk™; Tmu\[\ d{,\nsRy cAZA ijwuj[kA Lh*l^S~l&
>hglaSRyfkA; Qgj[H d{,\ncAZA SflH~j[s~}k; LS~l& d{,\ncAZ^jhk%lujgk'
YehA.sRy vkafh >hglasr vkahjShMkd t'flujgk™;

>hglasr Sflx^k duMj QlmkSNl& YehA.r\ >hglasRy .lgA Lc<UalujS^l'j;


.lg^jhaG™\ YehA.R fxG™; LiR fsRy cIgoeA sixjs~mk^j; >hglaR
@pUsal'Ng™si“jhkA cIuA fsRy pjiUfsu~Mj S>lPilrluj gl]csr @sŒl™\
iJCjumjv+k; Tmjaj'hjsRy Cd\fjujH iJn Ye<g^jH YehA.R v^k iJnk; SzlelhRalG
@<*lpjv+lG^k ijxjv+k; >hglasr L.jr‘jv+k; glarkSi%j YelGf\FrukA rm^j;
asMlgicg^jH Szlelhi{‘s^akqkiR dl}kfJ @Ydaj[lR fkm$juS~l& d{,\nR
th*liSglmkA d`mv+jgj[lR eyŒj}\ cIuA @ fJ akqkiR ijqk$j[xŒk; i{‘lirilcjd&
d{,\nsr Lalrk,jdsr™ dgkfjS~l™;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 237lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 238
238lA pjicA
L]nIflA EhajpA regA ijpla:
cDU: eCorrk ijSiCuSflGiusscU:
id\YfAYiSwCckfSulgrkSink wk,\mA
ssuGil rjeJfarkgd\fdml]Sal]A (10217)
(10217)
SzleU: djalvgpuA dkChA c\a SinkG
˜lSalpglPg ckPlaej SzlejdlrlA
.kb\d\Sf cIuA upiCj,\mgcA Y<pjSrUl
<{,U^ISvl½YCk akakvk c\fgSil uFl½½gUl: (10219)
i{‘lirA cDj .kSil ijfSrlfj dJG^jA
uS˜idJckfeplA>kw h>\Ph]\aj (102110)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
d{,\nrkA >hglarkA eCk[sx Sau\[lR Yzla^jrk eky^kSeluj fjgjv+kigkSNl&
i{‘lir^jsh drUdalG TO pjiUcS<lpgRalsg ds`mk[lsf Srl[kalujgk™; YeSfUdjv+kA
d{,\nsr; d{,\nR iralhukA aujH~JhjukA LnjŒjgk™; aŒ~}kSdlndA LgujH; LiR
Qlm[kqhjsr ixsg T,\ms~}k; Tmu\s[h*lA d{,\nR LfjH aPkgzJf$& ilujv+k;
SzlejdalG[\ Qlm[kqH C>\pA t'lH d{,\nR t™Sfl'j; Lfk Sd&[kSNlsqh*lA LiG
d{,\nsr QlG”jv+k; Qgk Szlejd asMlglSxlm\ eyŒk; Qgl&[\ d`kdxkxxfjsRy KS˜CikA
LrkYz<ikA d{,\nglaRalgksm akDdahpGCrah*lsf asMl™ah*; eCk[sxs^xjv+\
ekH^djmjSh[\ Seldk' LiG aSrl<gic\Yf$xnjŒ\ YezH.glu rmRalsgS~lsh
dlns~mk™; r”& SzlejddalG[\ LidlCs~} d{,\nlPg$& rjfUikA @cIpj[k' @
Sdlh[kqH ts#h*lA eknU$& @Gw\wjv+jgj[nA_ @ TOy[kqhjsRy alflejfl[xlu
rpjdxkA akx[o}$xkA f$xksm ekYfsRy ijSC,cO.lzUs^SulG^\ @<*lpj[k™;

i{‘lirA LrkYz<JfA fs'; TO Shld^jsRy akqkiR a<ja iG’j~j[k' i{‘lirA; .zilR


d{,\nsRy elpPoxjdxlH Yel.leogalds~}jgj[k™ i{‘lirA; Srl[k d{,\nsRy el}jH
au$jujgj[k'iG r”& SzlejdalG alYfah*; @ alRSemdsx Srl[o; @dlC^jsh
Le\cgc\ckdxkA eCk[xkA eCk[jml$xkA th*lA d{,\nR Qlm[kqH iluj[kSNl& LfjH
akqkdj th*lAay™\ KRa^glik™; @ dl}kag$xjsh djxjdsx Srl[o; d{,\ncAzJf^jsRy
aPkgS^rk%jgk™\ Li[\ eq$sxl™A Si% t'lujgj[k™; fJGv+ulukA Lisgh*lA
Si,Yev\V'glu alakrjalgln\; rpjd&SelhkA rjyŒkdijŒ\ d{,\nelp$sx fqkdj
Qqkdk™; Srl[o @ eGi+fCjDg$& Qlm[kqH~l}kSd}\ SglalXalG'jgj[k™; ekHsv+mjd&
dk^sr rjiG™\ fgjv+jgj[k™; @ ahrjg fjdv+kA ckd{fjusYf; .zilR d{,nrkSi%
@<lgrJ<lglpjdxkA fnhkSadlR Lfjrk .lzUA h.jv+kiSh*l;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 238lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 239
239lA pjicA
c“HS~l ijpjf: clSPIUl .ifJrlA apGv+rA
aulrkSalpjf: Scl½scO cSfUl .ijfkaG<fj (102225)
rauUlSiCjfPjulA dla: dlalu dH~Sf
.Gw\wjfl dIFjfl Plrl YelSul >Jwlu Sr,USf (102226)
LS<l -,lA igA wRa cGiYelnUkewJirA
ckwrScUi Su,lA ssi ijakDl ul#j rlGf\Fjr: (102233)
-fliw\wRaclEhUA Sp<jrlaj< Sp<j,k
YelssngGssf\FG’jul ilvl SYCu -ilvSgf\cpl (102235)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
i{‘lir^jsh vjh drUdalG d{,\nrjH f$xksm <{puaG~jv+k dqjŒjgk™;
alGz\zCJG,alc^jH LiG dlGfUlurJSpijsu T$jsr Kelcjv+k; ¶dlGfUlurJ a<lalSu
a<l SulzjrUPJCIgJ r‘SzleckfA Spij efjASa dkgk Sf ra: (Lh*Sul dlGfUlurJSpiJ
d{,\nsr trj[\ .G^liluj dj}nSa); LiG glijsh Srgs^ tqkS'M\ rpjujH
dkxjv+fjrkSC,A eowd& rm^j;

Yifaiclrj[k' pjicA LiG efjikSelsh rpjujH dkxj[lR Seluj; LiG ic\Yf$sxh*lA


Lqjv+k rpj[gujH iv+\ rz\rgluln\ dkxjv+f\; TfyjŒ\ d{,\nR Lijsmsu^j; ses}™\
th*ligksm ic\Yf$xkA ilgjsumk^\ Lmk^kxx Qgk ag^jH duyj Tgj~luj; Lijsmrj™\
d{,\nR ijxjv+k eyŒk; ¶rj$& ic\Yf$& Sinsa“jH sixx^jHrj™\ duyji™
il$js[lxxkd;µ se•dk}jd& eShijP^jhkA d{,\nSrlm\ sdXjuSe]jv+k Srl[j; Lsfl™A
rm[lsf i'S~l& LiG dgu\[kduyj i™; Ligksm SYeaA d%\ c#k,\mrlu .zilR eyŒk;
¶rpjujH Ty$j rz\rgluj dkxj[k'f\ cplvlgijgk’aln\; rj$& Clc\YflPj,\|jfalu Qgk
YifA Srl[kdulnSh*l; cplvlgijgk’alu dlgU$& TO Yif^jsRy YeSulwrA Th*lfl[kA;
Lfksdl%\ ssdd& g%kA KuG^j sflqkfk ejmjv+k .d\fjSulsm i'lH BlR ic\Yf$& fjgjv+k
fglA; µ se•dk}jd& d{,\nR eyŒfkSelsh sflqkfk in$j ic\YfA il$j Pgjv+k; LiG[\
d{,\nSrlm\ Sp,Usal™A Sfl'juSfujh*; dlgnA Lisgh*lA d{,\nsr LYfu\[k
c\Sr<jv+jgk™; LiG[k dj}ju Cj] rUlualsn'iG[\ Sfl™dukA svu\fk;

d{,\nR LiSglm\ eyŒk; ¶rj$xksm <{pul.jhl,sas#s'rj[yjulA; Lisuh*lA


rjySiykdukA svu+kA; t'jSh[kiglrkxx @Yz<A @Yz<ah* fs'; iyk^j}ij^\
ij^h*l^fkSelshusYf Lf\; rj$& SpiJukelcrsvu\ffjsRy EhA KmSr fs'
rj$&[k%likA;µ se•dk}jd& Yzla^jSh[\ am$j;

d{,\nR dkSy do}kdlgkaluj Qgk Sfl}^jH Seluj Lijsm ag$sx vo%j[lnjv+\ eyŒk; ¶Qgk
i{]^jsRy wRaA tYf LrkYz<JfA; Li th*l wJiwlh$&[kASi% @<lgikA fnhkA
rHdk™; f$&[kxx cN^jsr e“kiv+krHdlsf Li @G[kSrSgukA ekyA fjgj[k'jh*;
Eh$xlukA eo[xlukA ThdxlukA SigkdxlukA ags^lhjulukA LiclrA ijydlukA Li
th*liSgukA Scij[k™; Tfln\ -MikA ihju PG”A; aMkxxisg fsRy wJirkA PrikA
TY‘juaSrl>k’jdsxh*lA KeSulzjv+k Scijv+\ Sal]alGz\zanukdusYf ega PG”A;µ

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 239lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 240
240lA pjicA
SpC: dlh; e{Fz\YpiUA aY# fY#G^IjSwl½z\ru:
Spifl uwalrC\v YdfkG’G”C\v uRau: (102310)
fA Y><\a egaA cl]lp\ .zi#aSPl]wA
ark,Up{,\mUl pk,\Yew\B aG^Ulf\alSrl r SarjSg (102311)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
dl}jh$jsr dy$jrm[k' Licg^jH Qgk pjicA Szle>lhRalG d{,\nSrlmk eyŒk;
¶B$&[\ ih*lsf ijC[k™; ts#“jhkA @<lgA f'lhkA;µ d{,\nR do}kdlSglmk eyŒk:
¶Lijsm Qgjm^\ dksy Y>l<\anG ulzdG”$& rm^k™%\; Lijsmsv+™\ >hglaSRyukA
tSRyukA Segk eyŒ\ raks[h*laliCUakxx .]nA il$js[l%k i'lhkA;µ Szle>lhRalG
Y>l<\ansg dlnlR sv™; a<lf\al[Sx B$& >hglaSRyukA d{,\nSRyukA ScidgkA
do}kdlgkaln\; LiG Lmks^lgjm^\ @crc\Fgln\; TYfpogA B$& iJmkij}kSel'fjrlH
TS~l& ijC™ihuk™; B$xksm Ye.k dkyv+\ @<lgA fglr.UGf\Fj[k™; rj$& @ Ye.kijsRy
L.UGf\Fr rjgcj[kdujh* t™\ dgkfs};

Y>l<\anG aMkxxiG[\ .]nA plrA svu+k'f\ Clc\YfijPjs[fjgh*; eS] LiG SzleRalsg


siyksf Srl[jufh*lsf fglsaS'l Tsh*S'l eyukduk%lujh*; Tijsm Tfl .zilR d{,\nR
cIuA -sflgk ulzdG”$xkSmukA @f\alikA dlhikA SpCikA ulzic\fk[xkA Sip$xkA
dG”jdxkA Lz\rjukA SpifukA eowuksmukA eowlgjuksmukA th*lA @f\alikA @sn'yjulsf
Y>l<\anG Ligksm ijdh>k’jujH .zilsr SdihA rCIgwJijsu™\ dgkfj; Y>l<\anG[\
d{,\nR cIuA .ziHegAselgkxlsn'yjulR dqjulsfSeluj; Szle>lhRalG siykAdSu+lsm
d{,\nsRyumk[Sh[\ am$j;

d{,\nR <{puAfky™ys[ vjgjv+k; t'j}isg fjgjv+uv+k; T^in Y>l<\angksm .lgUalgksm


LmkS^[\; LiG Y>l<\anc\YfJdSxlm\ eyŒk; d{,\nrkA SwU,\|R >hglarkA
Lmks^lgjm^jgj[k™; B$& Ligksm ck<{^k[xln\; B$&s[h*lA ijC[k™;
dkyv+l<lgA f'lhkA; LiG[J il[kd& La{fjrk fhUalujgk™; LiG d{,\nsr~Mj
Sd}j}k%lujgk™; Lisr dlnlR dl^jgj[kdukalujgk™; ses}™ fs' eSh elYf$xjhluj
th*lijP .]n$xkA rjyv+\ LiG d{,\nR Tgj[k'jmS^[k sv™;

eo“lir^jH d{,\nR rm[k'f\ Y>l<\an c\YfJd& d%k; LiR CUlaCgJg^jH aŒ~}\


Pgjv+jgj[k™; eo[xkA aujHeJhjdxkAsdl%\ cIuA r'luh“gjv+jgj[k™; Qgk ssd do}kdlgsRy
SflxjHv+lgj aSM[u+jshlgk flag~o vkqMjs[l%\ d{,\nR rjH[k™; <{puArjysu d{,\nsr
cIJdgjv+\ TO ckvgjfd& d{,\nsr cI#A @f\alijH K&s[l%k; L$jsr SdihikA Siprl
rjG.gikalu wjijfs^ LiG YeCl#aPkgal[j alMj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 240lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 241
241lA pjicA
Pjz\wRa rc\Yfji{pIjpUlA Pjz\YifA Pjz\><kw\BflA
Pj[khA Pjd\Ydjulpl]UA ijakDl Su fISPl]Sw (102339)
(102339)
rorA .ziSfl alul Sulzjrlaej Sal<jrJ
upIuA zkgSil r{nlA cIlGf\SF ak<UlaS< pIjwl: (102340)
LS<l iuA PrUfal Su,lA rc\flp{CJ: c\Yfju:
.d\fUl ulclA afjGw\wlfl Lc\aldA rjC\vhl<sgO (102349)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
.zilR d{,\nR @ a<fjdsx cIlzfA svu\fk; µBlR rj$xksmsuh*lA
@f\alikfs'ulufksdl%\ rj$& TYf .d\fjukxxiglufjH Lf\.kfsal™ajh*; alYfah* Tijsm
igk'fksdl%k%lSu[lik' .ij,U^k[sx~Mj rj$& iUldkhgkah*; Trj rj$& cI#A
iJmkdxjSh[\ fjgjv+kselu\s[lxxo; .G^l[RalG rj$sx dl^jgj[k™; ulzdG”A
eoG^jul[naSh*l; t'lH c\YfJd& d{,\nSrlmk eyŒk;µ Clc\YfYedlgA Lijmks^
elplgij‘$sx Yelejv+iG[\ YeleXjdalu wJijf^jSh[\ fjgjv+k SelSd%fjh*; B$&[\
alflejfl[SxlSml .G^l[RalSglSml dk}jdSxlSml Q™A TS~l& ulsflgk aafukajh*; t'lH
Lijmks^ elp$sx c\eGCjv+ fkxcJpx$Sxlm\ B$&[\ tYf YejualsnS'l_ alYfah*
Lrkilpajh*lsf TS$l}ki'fksdl%\ B$xksm .G^l[RalG B$sx rjgcj[kdukA svu+kA;
d{,\nrlds} Ligksm .G^l[RalG Lisg cIJdgj[ksa™y~k rHdj; alYfah* LiG[\
c\YfJdSxlm\ rJgcA Sfl™dukajh* t™A d{,\nR eyŒk; .OfJdalu Lmk~Sal claJeUSal TO
Shld^jH .d\fj ixG^kdujh* fs'; -MikA YePlrs~} dlgUA arc\cjsr t'jhky~jv+k
rjG^kd t'fln\; d{,\nrkA do}kdlgkA .]nA dqj[lrjgk™; c\YfJd& am$jS~luj;

Y>l<\anG ulzA eoG^jul[j; Y>l<\anc\YfJdxjshlgl& .G^lijsRy Lrkilpajh*l^


fjrlH d{,\nsr dlnlR Selujgk'jh*; t'lH LiG d{,\nrjH fJYi.d\fuluj
calPjumŒ\ CgJgakSe]jv+k;

Tsfh*lA d%\ Y>l<\anG cIuA Cejv+k; B$xksm wRaikA Clc\YfYedlgakxx Yif$xkA


w\BlrcNlprikA dkha<jaukA ulzA rm^k'fjhkxx dlgU]afuksah*lA rj‘lf\adikA
sel$v+ikasYf; dlgnA Tisuh*lAsdl%\ B$& .zilrjH rj'd™Selujgj[k™; .zilsRy
alulCd\fj LelgA fs'; SulzjigUsgS~lhkA Sal<j~j[lR Lfjrk dqjukA; wr$xksm
zkgksi™ cIuA L.jruj[k'iG cIlGf\FSal<jdxsYf; t'lH TO c\YfJd&
Clc\Yfl.Ulcsal™A Th*l^igln\; fe:C\vgUdxjShGs~}\ ulzijPjd& e|jv+ r”Sx[l&
LigksmukxxjH .zilrjhkxx LvXh.d\fj domkfhsYf; fJGv+ulukA T$jsrukxx c\YfJdsx
rak[\ c<PG”vlgjdxluj h.jv+fksdl%\ Ligjhosm rak[kA .d\fjukxildkA; ao™
Shld^jsRyukA LPjerkA ijCIcAg]dulu h]\ajuksm efjukalu .zilr\ r”ksm
du+jHrj™A .]nA ulvjS[% @iCUsal™ajh*; LS˜<A ijC~.jrujv+\ r”ksm @f\aJufsu
KnG^jujgj[k™; t'j}kA r”xl LicgA i{Flijhl[j; .zilR rak[\ alS~ds};

LiG[\ glad{,\nRalsg dlnnsa™%lujgk™si“jhkA .uA aohA Ligfjrk fkrjŒjh*;


dAcSrlmkxx .ualujgk™ dlgnA; glwlilu dAcr\ TO cS<lpgRalSglmkxx ijSpI,A
LiG[yjulalujgk™;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 241lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 242
242lA pjicA
cI.lifSY#l <j wr: cI.liarkiG^Sf
cI.lic\FajpA cGi+A cSpilckgalrk,A (102416)
Sp<lrkv+livlB\w#k: YelSeUlf\c{wfj dG”nl
CYfkG”jYfakplcJr: dGss”i zkgkgJCIg: (102417)
fc\alf\ cAeowSuf\ dG” cI.lic\F: cIdG”d{f\
LB\wcl Sur iGS^f fSpilcU <j sspifA (102418)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
-Sfl ulzdG”^jrkxx ijekhalu Qgk[A do}kdulujgk™ Yzlailcjd&; d{,\nR Lfkd%j}\
Lv\VSrlmj$jsr Svlpjv+k: ¶ark,UG dG”$xjShGs~mk™; vjhS~l& Liuksm
cI.liijSC,$xyjŒkA vjhS~l& LyjulSfukA; cI.liijSC,$xyjulsf svu+k'
dG”$xksm EhA LiG[rkSulwUah*l^fkA eglwu^jSh[\ ruj[k'fkasYf; Tijsm -Sfl
ulzdG”^jrluj ijekhalu Qgk[$& rm[k™iSh*l; LfjsRy KS˜CikA @sg Yeclpj~j[l
rlnsf™A eyŒk f'lhkA;µ

r‘SzleR eyŒk: rlajS~l& TY‘YeJfj[kSi%j Qgk ulzdG”A rm^lR Selik™; adSr


TY‘R aquksm LPJCrln\; cau^\ Si%Yf LxijH dj}k' aq dlgnaln\ rak[kA
Szl[&[kakxx .]nPlrU$& K%l[lR clPj[k'f\; Lfksdl%\ @ SpisRy
LrkYz<Eh^jsRy QgACA LS˜<^jrG~jv+\ YeJfj Srmk™; L$jsr EhYepikA
cS#l,Yepikalu wJijfA rak[ky~lik™;

d{,\nR eyŒk: ¶dG”EhA Lrkcgjv+ln\ QgikR wrj[k'fkA agj[k'fkA; eoGi+


dG”$xksm Ehaluj Lir\ ckDpk:D$xkA wueglwu$xkA K%lik™; Tfjshh*lA TY‘r\ t#k
e“lnkxxf\_ ark,UG LirisRy cI.lizkn$&[\ iCAiprsYf; @ Yed{fj
zkn$&[rkcgjv+\ LiR dG”$& svu+k™; ark,UrkA SpirkA LckgrkA th*lA Yed{fj
zkn$&[rkcgjv+SYf wJijfA ruj[k'f\; dG”Eharkcgjv+\ @f\alik CgJgsamk[kdSul
KSe]j[kdSul svu+k™; dG”EhA ck<{^k[SxukA CYfk[SxukA rakS[dk™; Lfk
fs'uln\ QgkisRy zkgkikA sspiiksah*lA; Lfksdl%\ cIYed{fjujH rj™sdl%\ dG”A
svu+nA; LirisRy PG”arkcgjv+\ iG^j[nA; -sflgk dG”alSnl Qgkir\ Cgjulu
@r‘s^ YeplrA svu+k'f\ LfkalYfSa pjiUdG”alukxxo; eCk[xkA Y>l<\angkA TO
eGi+fikaln\ rak[\ cS#l,s^ YeplrA svu+k'f\; Lfksdl%\ rak[isg eowj[lA;
TY‘eowu\[luj Qgk[ju TO ic\fk[&sdl%\ rak[\eCk[SxukA Y>l<\anSgukA SzliG’r
eGi+fS^ukA eowj[lA; TO @<lgclPr$sxh*lA wlfjafS.psaSrU th*liG[kaluj e“jmlA;
th*l a{z$&[kA rak[fk iJfjv+k rHdlA; r”ksm eCk[sx rak[\ Si% gJfjujH
cH[gj[lA; th*l .]nikA rak[J ahrjgd&[G~j[lA;

d{,\nR eyŒfk Selsh dlgU$& rm™; SzliG’r^jsRy @f\ac^ulujgk™ sdl%\


d{,\nR fs' th*l LGZU$xkA cIJdgjv+k; r‘ekYfrluj d{,\nR cIuA Tfjrk Srf{fIA
rHdj; t'j}j$jsr YeDUlejv+k; ¶TO eGi+frjgujH icj[k' sspiA r”ksm iqjelmkd&
t$jsruln\ @cIpj[k'sf™Srl[oµ iqjelmkdsxh*lA .Azjuluj dqjv+\ SzleRalG
Yzla^jSh[\ am$j;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 242lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 243
243lA pjicA
r<j cp\.liukd\flrlA ckglnlaJC ijc\au:
aS^l½cflA alr.Az: YeCalSuledH~Sf (102517)
SpSi iG,fj uw\Bije*igk,l iYwlC\aiG,lrjssh:
cJpf\ elheCkc\Yfj @f\aCgnA p{,\mIlrkdAeUkf\c\auR
Kf\elssmUddSgn ssCha>Shl hJShlv\VjhJr\YPA uFl
>jY.p\ Szl,\|aelRaS<Y‘ap.jf\ YeJul' TSY‘l zilA (102625)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
frj[k dj}lykxx LGZUA rjS,Pj[s~}fjH Ydk’rlu TY‘R fsRy LPJrfujhkxx YeSfUd
SaZ$Sxlm\ SzleYzlaA akqkiR rCj~j[lrlw\Blejv+k; @ SaZ$&[\ Yexuaquk%l[lR
dqjik%\; pkg.jalrAsdl%\ arc\ck rjyŒjgk'fjrlH d{,\nsRy pjiUf TY‘R ay™
Selujgk™; d{,\nsr siyksalgk ark,Urluj TY‘R dgkfj; aquksm Spirlu TY‘sRy
@w\BYedlgA SaZ$& i{‘lir^jrk akdxjH f$xksm rCJdgnCd\fj akqkirkA
YeSulzj[kilR fkm$j; .u™ijyv+ SzleRalgkA SzlejdalgkA d{,\nsr L.uA Yelejv+k; Tf\
TY‘sRy edSel[hlsn™\ d{,\nr\ KmSr arc\cjhluj; d{,\nR Lisg calPlrs~mk^j;
¶BlrjS~l& pjiUCd\fjsdl%\ TY‘sRy L<“lgA Liclrj~j[lR Selik™; SpiRalG
dx“aMiglsn“jhkA Ligln\ Shld^jsRy rju#l[& t™ dn[l[lR elmjh*; Ligksm
L<“lgA Liclrj~j[k'f\ Ligksm fs' Cl#j[kfdk'fln\; t'jh.uA Sfmjuisg BlR
g]j[kd fs' svu+kA;

TYfukA eyŒ\ .zilR hJhuluj SzliG’reGi+fs^ Qgk ssd sdl%kuG^j; eGi+fs^ Qgk
dkmSelsh ejmjv+\ i{‘lirilcjdSxlm\ Lfjrk dJqjH rjH[lR d{,\nR eyŒk; tsRy du+jH
rj™A Tf\ vlmjS~liksa™\ SemjS[%; Tfjrk flsq rj$&[\ aqujHrj™A sdlmk“lMjHrj™A
KeYpiA K%likdujh*; YzlaA akqkirkA wr$xkA sse[xkAsah*lA SzliG’r^jrk dJqjH rjg™\
L.uA Sfmj; d{,\nR Qglq\v SzliG’rs^ fl$j Lijsm rj™; L$jsr Yzlas^ rCj~j[lR
dqjulsf d{,\nrjHrj™A eglwuA -Mkil$j TY‘R aqSaZ$sx ejRihjv+k; sixxs~l[A
Liclrjv+S~l& @xkd& iJmkdxjSh[\ am$j; d{,\nR eGi+fA fsqiv+k; wrA d{,\nsr
L.jr‘jv+\ @glPjv+k;

LiG r‘SzleSrlm\ T$jsr f$xksm Lf\.kfA eyŒk; ¶@glnJ d{,\nR_


CjCkilujgj[kSNl& eofrsus[l™; ej'JmkA eh gl]cSgukA d{,\nR iPjv+k; .u“grlu
dlxjusr dJqm[j; alYfah* B$sxh*lA fJYialuj c\Sr<j[k'gJfjujH QgldG,nJuf
d{,\nrk%\; d{,\nrkA B$sx c\Sr<j[k™; >lhr\ -qk iuc\Scukxxo; t'j}\ TO ah
kqkiR KuG^j ejmjv+jgj[k™ @glnjiR t'ln\ B$&[H.kfAµ zlGzakrj rladgncau^\
eyŒ dlgUA r‘R LiSglm\ eyŒk; trj[jS~l& Ky~ln\ d{,\nR .zilR rlglunsRy
LACliflgA fs'ulsn™\;; YzlaJnG cAf{e\fgluj;

frj[kxx LGZUA r,\ms~} SYdlP^jH Yzlas^ Yexu^jhlq\^lR SZlgaq seu+jv+ TY‘sRy


Yefjdlg^jH rj™A i{‘lirs^ g]j[lR SzliG’reGi+fs^ Qgk ssd sdl%kuG^j
ejmjv+ .zilR d{,\nR B$xjH d{elhkilds};

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 243lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 244
244lA pjicA
ejfl zkgk c\fIA wzflaPJSCl pkgfUu: dlh Kel^pn\/:
<jflu ScIv\Vlfrk.j: caJ<Sc alrA ijPkrIR wzpJCalrjrlA (10276)
rac\fk.UA .ziSf ekgk,lu a<lf\aSr
ilckSpilu d{,\nlu clfIflA efSu ra: (102710)
cIv\VS‘lel^ Sp<lu ijCk’w\BlraoG^Su
cGi+c\ssa cGi+>Jwlu cGi+.oflf\aSr ra: (102711)
fISuClrkz{<JSfl½c\aj PIc\f c\fAS.l i{SFlpUa:
TOCIgA zkgkalf\alrA fIla<A CgnA zf: (102713)
d{,\n d{,\n a<lSulzjR ijCIlf\aR ijCIcA.i
.ifl ShldrlSFr crlFl iuavUkf (102719)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
cIGz\zSPrkilu ckg.jukA cIGz\zrlFrlu TY‘rkA d{,\ncijPanŒk; eglwjfrluj fhukA
dkNj}\ TY‘R .zilSrlmj$jsr ]a ulvjv+k;;

Lijmk™\ ark,USi,^jhlsn“jhkA th*l Yefj.lc$&[ka~ky^lnSh*l; LijmkS^[\


@Yz<$& Q™ajsh*“jhkA Lijmk™\ pk,\msg Cj]j[k™; Lf\ Ligksmsuh*lA
rRau\[kfs'ukaln\; Lijmk'ln\ ejflikA zkgkikA ShldrlFrkA; Lijmk'ln\ dlhA;
CgJgsamk^j}kxx wJijdxksmsuh*lA rRau\[luj Lijmk'ifgjv+jgj[k™; L<“lgjdxksm apA
Caj~j[k'fjrkaln\ Lijmk'ifgjv+f\; d|jralu pkgic\FdxjHS~lhkA Lijmk™ dlnj[k'
YeCl#f L<A.lijdxjH hw\wukA .d\fjukakxil[lR Sel'fsYf; tsRy pk,\mfu\[k al~k
rHdjulhkA; Lijmks^ svu\fjd& fs' L<“lgjd&[kxx CdlgasYf; trj[JijPalu
vj#d& K%ldlfjgj[lrluj LrkYz<jv+lhkA;

ilckSpil d{,\nl LijSm[\ rac\dlgA; Lijmk'lnSh*l cfIfuksm SdplgA; .d\fwr$&[\


<jfalu goe.li$Sxlsm ScIVulH Lifgjv+ .zilr\ rac\dlgA; Lijmk'lsnh*ligkSmukA
K•aukA L#gUlajukA th*lMjSRyukA KyijmikA; tsRy L<“lgA Cajv+jgj[k™; tsRy
Yeuf\r$& i{FlijhlikdukA svu\fk; BlR Lijmks^ elp$xjH L.uA Sfmk™; Lijmk™
fs' zkgk; ffIacj;

.zilR TY‘Srlm\ eyŒk: µrj$xksm L<“lg Car^jrluln\ BlR rj$&[kxx ulzA


akm[jv+f\; BlR @sgsu“jhkA LrkYz<j[kSNl& @pUA Ligksm Prc\Flr cN^k[&
LigjH rj™\ rJ[A svu+k™; th*l L<#ukaiclrj~j[o; t'j}\ equSelsh cIGz\zs^
.gjv+lhkA;

cIGz\zSPrkilu ckg.j d{,\nsr ilq\^j; eCkdkh^jsRy TY‘rluj .zilR Lisg


cAg]j[nsa'Se]jv+k; ckg.j YelGf\Fjv+k; d{,\nl Lijmk™\ egaSulzjukA ijCIlf\alikA
LfjsRy KyijmikasYf; Lijmk'ln\ ijCIcAg]dR; B$&[kA Lijmks^ ckg]
rHdjulhkA; t'j}\ ckg.j fsRy c\frUAsdl%\ .zilsr L.jS,dA svu\fk; TY‘R
@dlCzAzujsh whAsdl%\ .zilsr Plg svu\fk; t'j}\ TY‘R d{,\nsr Szl[xksm TY‘R
Szlij‘R t™\ rladgnA svu\fk djgJmikanjujv+k; @dlCilcjd& elmjukA r{^A svu\fkA
@<*lpA dl}j; Shld^jsh eCk[& th*lA @r‘jv+k; TY‘R cIGz\zShld^jSh[\ am$j;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 244lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 245
245lA pjicA
wSrl ssi Shld -fc\aj'ijpUldladG”.j:
Kv+livlck zfj,k rSip cIlA zfjA Y.aR (102813)
Tfj cXj#U .zilR a<ldlgknjSdl <gj:
pGCulalc ShldA cIA SzlelrlA fac: egA (102814)
cfUA w\Blrar#A up\Y><\a SwUlfj: crlfrA
u’j eCU#j akrSul zknlelSu cal<jfl: (102815)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Qgj[H -dlpCj YifA dqjŒfjsRy ejSM pjicA Srgs^ tqkS'M\ r‘SzleG dlxj‘J rpjujH
dkxjv+\ ijPjYedlgA Yifaiclrj~j[lR ekys~}k; LfjrkeMju ak<oG^A Srl[juln\ r‘SzleG
dlxj‘jujH Seluf\; t'lH @ cauA Tgk}jsRy Cd\fjdxksm ijxul}akxxfkA LiG[\
Yejus~}fkalujgk™; Lfksdl%\ r‘R wh^jhjy$jufkA whSpifulu igknsRy
pofRalgjshlgl& LS˜<s^ ejmjdomj igkncijP^jsh^jv+k;

i{wilcjd& r‘R rpjujH ak$jagjv+k t™dgkfj Kys[ dgulR fkm$j; TfkSd}k i'
d{,\nR Lv\Vsr Sfmj Srsg igknsRyumk[H t^j; .zilR d{,\nsr fsRy
ilfjH~mjujH d%S~l& igknR c\Sr<.d\fUlpgikdSxlsm LS˜<s^ cIlzfA svu\fk;
LS˜<A eyŒk: T™\ tsRy wJijf^jsh -MikA LrkYz<Jfalu pjicasYf; ijCI^jsRy
akqkirkA c^kA rjPjukalu .ziHcl'j’UA trj[\ h.jv+jgj[k™; Blr$su rac\dgj[k™;
L$ln\ egAselgk&; alulfJfR; Lijmks^ LVR Tfl; Lijmks^ ijrJf.{fURalglu
B$Sxlm\ selyk^lhkA; LyjulsfululhkA Lijmks^ LVsr Tijsm sdl%ki™\ L$Sulm\
B$& LeglPA svu\fk; B$Sxlm\ ]ajv+lhkA;

d{,\nrkA r‘rkA i{‘lir^jSh[\ fjgjv+k i™; r‘R igkncijP^jsh PrcN^kA


YeO?juksah*lA d%k; LSf cauA igknrkxx .d\fUlpgikA LS˜<A arc\cjhl[j; @
Shld^jsRy glwlijr\ fsRy adSrlmkxx c\Sr<><kalr$xkA r‘R d%k; LS˜<A TO
dlgU$sxh*lA i{w^jsh fsRy @xkdSxlm\ eyŒk; Lisgh*lA Lf\.kf egiCglikdukA
.zilR th*liSgukA fsRy pjiUcijP^jSh[\do}jsdl%kSelikA Qgj[H t™\ YefUlCj[kdukA
svu\fk; L#gUlajulu .zilR Tfk arc\cjhl[j T$jsr @Shlvjv+k: ark,UG TO Shld^\
f~j^mŒ\ cXgj[k™; vjhS~l& K'falu elfujH; Lsh*“jH fSq[kxx efr^jH;
t'lH th*lu\S~lqkA Lw\Bfu\[k iCAipgluj dqjuk™; @G^jSulsm cIlGf\FdG”$&
svu+k'f\ @f\aJuelfsu[kyjv+\ Lyjih*l^fksdl%SYf; fsRy do}kdlglu SzleRalSglmkxx
pulilu\s~l™sdl%kalYfA d{,\nR fsRy egaz{<A LiG[\ dlnjv+ksdlmk^k; Lr#sa™A
cs^™A S>lPsa™A Tgk}jrka~ky^kxx Y><\aA t™A Lyjuk'fkA Yfjzknlpjdsx si'
alakrjalG Lrk.ijv+yjŒfkalu LijmA SzleRalG d%k; Sip$& d{,\nrk
c“JG^ralhej[k'fijsmusYf; TO pGCr.lzUA Lf\.kflpg$Sxlsm K&s[l%SC,A
i{‘lirilcjd& iJ%kA d{,\nsr f$xjshlglxluj d%k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 245lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 246
246lA pjicA
L#Gz{<zfl: dlC\vjp\SzleUl½h>\P ijrjGz\zal:
d{,\nA fp\.lirlukd\fl pPUkG”JhjfShlvrl: (10299)
pkc\c< SYe,\|ijg<fJYiflePkflCk.l:
PUlrYele\flvUkflSC*,rjGi{fUl ]JnaAzxl: (102910)
fSai egalf\alrA wlg>k’Ulej cAzfl:
w<kGz\zknauA Sp<A cpU: Ye]Jn>r\Prl: (102911)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Lsflgk Cgf\dlhalujgk™; sfxjŒ rJhldlC^\ eoG`vY‘rkpjv+k rj™; Tf\ pjiUhJhu\[kxx
Kvjfalu cauA fs'su™\ d{,\nR ijvlgjv+k; dl}jhjgk™\ fsRy @lglPjdalglu
SzlejdalG[\ LrkYz<iG,A svlgjuk'fjrluj d{,\nR fsRy Qlm[kqhjH dkyv+\ glz$&
ilujv+k; cAzjfA d{,\nSYea^jsRy fJrlxs^ @xj~mG^j Szlejdalgksm <{pus^
iCJdgjv+k;

-Sfl alc\agjdfsu'Selsh LiG d{,\nrjgj[k'ujmS^u\[\ t^jSv+glR fkm$j; vjhG


eCkijsr dy[kdulujgk™; aMkvjhG elhk fjx~j[kdulujgk™; TrjukA vjhG elvd^jhkA
.G^{CkYCo,ujhkalujgk™; vjhG dk}j[\ akhuo}kdulujgk™; vjhG .]nA dqj[kdulujgk™;
aMkvjhG @mul.gn$xnjukdulujgk™; d{,\nakgxJrlpA Sd}alYfujH f$& svu\fjgk'
Yei{^jdxYfukA KSe]jv+\ LiG d{,\nsRy LmkS^[\ rm™; @G[kaisg fmulrlujh*;
LiG Kvjfaluj ic\YfA Pgjv+jgkS'l LnjsŒlgk$jujgkS'l ts'l™A YC’jv+jh*;
d{,\nakgxjuksm rlpiJvj Ligksm dG`ekm^jsh^ju alYfujH Ligksm <{puikA
@f\alikA wJiR fs'ukA d{,\n elp$xjsh^jujgk™; CgJg^jr\ ejs' wJisr ej#kmgkdSu
Si%jujgk™xxo;

vjhG f$xksm iJ}jsh ilfjhkdsxh*lA Lmv+keo}jufluyjŒk; LiG d{,\nsr f$xksm


<{pu^jH PUlrjv+\ d`kdxmv+jgk™; d{,\nrkSi%jukxx fJYialu @Yz<A Ligksm
<{pu^jshgjŒjy$j; Lfigksm eoGi+wRalGw\wjfalu eledG”$sxsuh*lA tgjv+k dxŒk;
fJYialu PUlr^jrlH LiG d{,\nsr @hjAzrA svu\fk; LfjsRy egalr‘A
Ligksmukxxjsh cp\dG”Eh$sxS~lhkA Th*lfl[j; L$jsr rh*fkA vJ^ukalu dG”Eh
$sxl™ajh*lsf d{,\nR f$xksm dajfliluj PUlrjv+\ LiG .zilsRy egaepA eodj;
.OfjdCgJgs^ KSe]jv+k; Tf\ cfUasYf; -sflgkiR SYeaS^lSmSul .u^lShl
cO<{p^lShl .zilsr caJej[k™Sil LiG @ egaeps^ Yelej[k™; Tfk fs'ulnJ
LiflSglS˜CA; wRasamk^ wJijd&[\ txk~^jsh^jSv+glik' gJfjujH .zilR
Lifgjv+jgj[k™;

Lisgh*lA i'S~l& d{,\nR eyŒk:


LrkYz<Jfglu a<jxlanjdSx cIlzfA; r”sx#ln\ svSu+%fjS~l&_ t#jrln\ rj$&
iJmkSe]jv+jS~l& TS$l}\ i'f\_ rj$xksm Lv\Vr”algkA .G^l[RalgkA egjY.aj[kA;
rj$&s[h*lA tS'lmk aafuks%™xxfk Cgjfs'; dlgnA th*ligjShukA @f\ac^
BlrlnSh*l; t'lH ijil<jfulu Qgk c\YfJ .G^lijSrlm\ ijCIc\Fulujgj[nA; Lulsx
.zilsr™ rjrv+k Scij[nA; Lul& pk,\mSrl pgjYpSrl rjG.lzUilSrl iuc\cSrl SglzjSul
@sn“jH SelhkA; tsRy .d\fG[\ .OfJdaluj tsRy cl'j’UA @iCUajh* fs'; t'lH
tsRy a<jadxkA hJhdxkA Sd}k PUlrjv+\ rj$& cI#A iJmkdxjSh[\ am$julhkA;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 246lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 247
247lA pjicA
ssaiA ijS.l ½G<fj .ilR zpjfkA r{CAcA
c#UwU cGiij,ulA c\fi elpaohA
.d\fl .wcI pkgiYz< al fUwlc\alR
SpSil uFl½½pj ikgkS,l .wSf akak]oR (102931)
uG<UA>kwl] fi elpfhA galul
p^]nA dIvjpgnUwrYejucU
Lc\Yel]\a ff\Ye.{fj rlrUca]aAz
c\FlfkA fIul.jgajfl >f elgula: (102936)
SzlejalG eyŒk:
B$sx L$jsr fjgc\dgj[gkSf .zilsr; B$& Shld^jsh ic\fk [sxh*lA KSe]jv+\
L$uksm elp$sx @YCujv+k i'jgj[kduln\; Lijmks^ .{fUgluj B$sx dn[l[julhkA;
akd\fjepA Yelejv+SC,A ijCIrlFrkA L$jsrulnsh*l clPdsg dn[l[k'f\; Lijmk™\
eyŒk B$xksm egaalu PG”A cI#A .G^l[Ralsg CkYCo,j[hlsn™\;
L$jsrulujsdlxxs}; es] Lijmk'h*Sul th*l wJiwlh^jSRyukA @f\ac^_
Lfksdl%\ B$xksm dl#RalgkSmukA @f\ac^ Lijmk™fs'; LS~l& Lijmks^
Scij[k'f\ Lisg Scij[k'fjrk fkhUasYf; @sgh*lA cIPG”A @vgj[kdukA
Clc\YflPj,\|jfalu ulz$& rm^kdukA svu+k™Sil LigkA eowj[k'f\ Lijmks^
alYfalnSh*l_ B$&[jS~l& Lijmks^ claJeUcO.lzUA h.jv+jgj[k™; Lijmk™xxS~l&
B$& dkmkA>lAz$sx CkYCo,jv+\ Ligjhosm eknUalGw\wj[lR t#jrk fkrjunA_ B$&
Sinsa™ iv+lH SelhkA ssdd& akNksvu\fjgk' SwlhjdxjSh[\ am$lR do}l[k'jh*;
dlhkdxlds} Lijmks^ akNjHrj™\ alyjS~lik™ajh*; B$& rjG>r\PeoGi+A iJmkdxjSh[\
fjgjv+k Seluj}\ TO Lic\FujH t#k svu+lrln\_ Lijmks^ ekXjgjulhkA dxxSrl}^lhkA
B$xksm <{pu^jsh SYealz\rj KnG'jgj[k™; Lijmks^ LPgekm$xjH rj™akfjgk'
La{fksdl%\ @ fJ Lm[julhkA; Lsh*“jH @ Lz\rj B$xksm wJic^su akqkiR
dJqm[j[xukA;

B$& Lijmks^ elpc\eGCrA rm^jufksdl%\ <{puAsdl%\ alMlSgukA Yejurluj


dgkfk'jh*; cN^jsRy Spifulu a<lh]\aJSpij SelhkA Lijmks^ flag~lp$& fqkdju
fkxcjujhu\[luj pl<j[k™; ShldA akqkirkA @ Spifuksm LrkYz<A dlA]j[k™; eS]
B$&[ijmks^ elplgij‘Sgnk[& alYfA afj; Lijmks^ Sdlh[kqH cAzJfA Sd}\ e]j
a{zlpjd& SelhkA Sal<jfgluj rjH[kSNl& t#k alrUfuksm Segjhln\ Lijmks^
dl#ihu^jH semlfjgj[lR B$& cAuarA elhjS[%f\_ Lijmk™\ wRaAsdl%f\
B$xksm .uS^ukA pkgjf$SxukA Th*lu\a svu+lrlnSh*l_ Lfksdl%\ B$&
sdXjuSe]j[kduln\ Lijmks^ pjiUdg$& B$xksm alyjm$xjhkA fhdxjhkA iv+lhkA;

Ckdakrj fkG™: ekXjgjSulsm Szlejdalgksm fJgkalrs^ LAzJdgjv+\ .zilR LiSglsm~A


hJhulmj; th*ligkA @ eo“lir^jH @mlrkA elmlrkA fkm$j; LS˜<A Lisg
uakrlekxjr^jSh[\ rujv+k; Lijsm eSh gJfjdxjH Ligkaluj d{,\nR dxjv+kh*cjv+k;
L$jsr d{,\nsRy SYeaikA YC’ukA h.jv+ Szlejd& Ligln\ fjgsŒmk[s~}isg™A asMh*l
c\YfJdSx[lxkA KuG'igln\ f$& t™A dn[l[lR fkm$j; th*ligkSmukA L#gUlajulu
.zilr\ Tfyjulalujgk™; L$jsr Ligksm L<“lgikA L.jalrikA Th*lfl[lR .zilR
Ligksm TmujHrj™aYefU]rluj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 247lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 248
248lA pjicA
zfjc\ajf SYe]n .l,nlpj,k Yejul: YejucU Yefjgo?aoG^u :
Lcli<A fIjfU>hlc\fplf\ajdl rUSipj,k: d{,\nij<lgijY.al: (10303)
e{v\VSfal hfl >l<oreUlC*j,\ml irc\eSf:
rorA ff\dgwc\e{,\ml >jY.fUkf\ ekxdlrUS<l (103013)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
d{,\nR LYefU]rluSflsm SzlejdalG pk:Dldkhgluj;; d{,\nijg<pk:DA >lPjv+\ Liglsd
ijiCgluj; Ligksm <{puA d{,\nSYeaA sdl%\ rjyŒjgk™iSh*l; SzlejdalG d{,\nsRy
goe.li<lilpjd& QlG”jv+k; d{,\nsRy ekXjgjukA dxxSrl}ikA svu\fjdxkA LiSglG”jv+k;
d{,\nsRy hJhd& LiG Lrkdgjv+\ L.jruj[lR fkm$j; LiG Ligksm CgJgikA
vkMkelmkdxksah*lA ijc\agjv+\ d{,\nrluj rmjv+k vjhG; Qgk Szlej d{,\nrkSi%j
pl<jv+krjH[k'f\ d%\ asMlgk Szlej ¶BlR d{,\nrln\µ t™\ eyŒ\ calPlrj~jv+k; iJ%kA
cauSasysv+'S~l& d{,\nR Ligksm do}^jH Tsh*' cfUA fjgjv+yjŒ\ f$xksm
Yejus~}isr dl}jH fjgulR fkm$j;

@ dl}jsh -dl#fujhkA rjC\C>\pfujhkA d{,\nsr dS%lsu™\ Svlpj[lR Lijsm


ark,UglgkA K%lujgk'jh*; LiG eo[SxlmkA svmjdSxlmkA ekHrlNjSrlmkA Svlpjv+k; ¶B$xksm
Yeju“gR d{,\nR Tfkiqj dm™Selsul_ LiR @ flag~lp$& Tijsm sfl}kSil_ LiR
rjsRy ckzr\PA @cIpjv+kSil_ LiR -fk iqjuln\ Seluf\_ rak[J eoixxjSulm\ Svlpj[lA;
ag^jsr vkMj~mG'jgj[k™ t“jhkA TO eoixxj d{,\nsRy eoSarjsu sfl}jgj[nA;
Lsh*“jH Srl[o ekfkeorlNkd& rjyŒjgj[k'f\ @ <GS,lRalp^jsRy sfxjilnSh*lµ;
ijg<pk:D^jsRy fJYifujH SzlejdalG Qgj[H[omj Ligksm LiS>lPs^
iUd\fjfIS>lP^jHrj™akuG^j d{,\nliS>lP^jH huj~jv+\ d{,\nhJhd& L.jruj[lR
fkm$j;

Qgk Szlejd eofruluj; asMlgl& d{,\nrluj eofruksm akhuk%k; Qgki& f{nliG^rluj;


asMlgki& Lckgsrs[l' d{,\nrluj; ses}s'lgk Szlejd eCkijsr sfxj[k'
d{,\nrluj; t'j}\ aPkgcIg^jH sse[sx ijxjv+k; Qgki& akgxJzJfA selqjv+k; Qgki& Qgk
sdlmjsumk^k iJCj T$jsr YeDUlejv+k; ¶TY‘Srlm\ .us~Sm%fjh*; YexuSaZ$SxlmkA .uA
Si%; Srl[o BlrJ eGi+fA KuG^j~jmjv+\ rj$sx cAg]jv+k sdlxxlAµ; Qgk Szlejd
asMlgkixksm fhujH vlmj[uyj rj™\ dlxjuaG˜rA rmjv+k; dlxjusr LijmA ij}\ SeldlR
Cdlgjv+k; asMlgk Szlej SzlelhRalSglm\ d`mv+jgj[lR eyŒj}\ dl}kfJujsr L~lsm
ijqk$k' d`rluj L.jrujv+k; L$jsruiG d{,\nrluj^s' d{,\nrjH rjicjv+k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 248lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 249
249lA pjicA
Lrul½½glPjSfl #rA .zilR <gjgJCIg:
uS'l ij<lu Szlij‘: YeJSfl ularuYp<: (103028)
<l rlF gan SYe,\| dIlcj dIlcj a<l.kw
plcUlc\Sf d{enlul Sa cSD pGCu c'jPjA (103040)
fRarc\dlc\fplhlelc\fpIj Sv,\mlc\fplf\ajdl:
fp\ zknlSri zluS#Ul rlf\alzlglnj cc\agk: (103044)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
L$jsruiG d{,\nsr Sfmj rm[kSNl& LisRy dlhmj~lmkd& d%k; Lfkd%\ LiG
<G,ekxdjfgluj; t'lH @ dlhmj~lmkdxksm dosm Qgk fgknjuksm dlhmjdxkA dlnluj;
¶@gkSmflnJ dlH~lmkd&_ T$jsr d{,\nsRy YeSfUd c\Sr<^jr\ .lzUA h.jv+ Li& @g\_
fJGv+ulukA Li& d{,\nsr LYfalYfA fJYifSulsm c\Sr<jv+lglPjv+jgj[nA; Lsh*“jH
rs”suh*lakSe]jv+\ Lisx alYfA d{,\nR do}jsdl%kSelikdujh*sh*l; r”ksm d{,\nsRy
SYea^jrk .lzUA h.jv+ Lixksm dlH~lmkd& dlnk'fkSelhkA SiprlwrdA; Lh*l Srl[o
Lixksm dlhmj~lmkd& dlnk'jh*Sh*l; fJGv+ulukA d{,\nR Lisx SflxjShMjujgj[kA;
L$jsr LiSxlmkxx aaf dkyv+kdomj iUd\fal[jujgj[kA; Tijsmrj™\ akS'l}kxx
dlhmj~lmkd&[\ drA domkfhk%Sh*l; Tfl Tijsm; d{,\nR Lisx flsqujy[jugk^j fhakmj
ej'juj}k sdlmk^k dlnkA; Lixksm akmjujH eo[xkA fjgkdjs[lmk^jgj[kA; Srl[o dkyv+k
eo[& Lijsm vjfyj[jm[k™ak%\;µ d{,\nsRy elpakYpd& ej#kmG™\ Lig$jsr rm™;

Ligksm LrkalrA Cgjulujgk™; d{,\nR fjgsŒmk^\ ijxjv+ksdl%kSelu Szlejd Qgk


cau^\ cS#l,lPjdU^lH d{,\nsRy arc\cjsh YeakDc\FlrA dj}jufjsRy L.jalrikA
zGi+kA dlnjv+k; d{,\nSrlm\ Lisx tmk^k rm[lR @iCUs~}k; ¶Cgj t'lH tsRy SflxjH
duyjS[lxoµ t™\ d{,\nrkA eyŒk; Lix$jsrsvu\f ]n^jH d{,\nsr dlnlfluj;
Li& Kys[ dgŒk ijxjv+k: .zilSr tsRy @f\aYejuSr tijsmulnk rJ_; Yejus~}
do}kdlgl Blrijmks^ plcjuh*Sul Blrijmks^ d%ksdlxxs}; @ Szlejd
rjuY#nlfJfalu pk:D^jhlujgk™; @ cau^ln\ aMkSzlejdalG Lisx dlnk'f\
(glPulSnl Li&_) Li&[\ d{,\nsr dlnlŒ\ LfJipk:DikA d{,\nsRy fjSglPlr^jr\
flrlnk^gilpj t' Sfl'hkA K%luj;

TS~l& th*ligkA domj d{,\nsr fjgulR fkm$j; @f\ac^akqkirkA d{,\nvj#ulH


eogjfaluj; th*l vj^$xkA LirjH ijrJhalujgk™; Lisr~Mj LiG dFd& eyŒk;
LisRy Leplr$& elmj; d{,\nsRy svu\fjdsx Lrkdgjv+k; LiG[\ cI#A
dlgU$sx~MjSul dkmkA>$sx~MjSul ulsflgk vj#dxkA K%lujgk'jh*; ses}™\ LijmA
akqkiR Tgk}luj; LiG uakrlekxjr^jSh[\ fjgjv+k rm™; Lijsm d{,\nsRy a<jad& elmj
Lig$jsr dqjŒk;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 249lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 250
250lA pjicA
wufj Sf½PjdA wRarl YiwA YCuf T‘jgl CCIpYf<j
pujf p{CUflA pj]k flidl c\fIuj P{flcic\fIlA ijvjrISf (10311)
rDhk Szlejdlr‘Srl .il rDjhSp<jrla#glf\ap{d\
ijDrclGf\FjSfl ijCIzke\fSu cD KSpujilR clfIflA dkSh (10314)
fi dFl½a{fA fe\fwJirA dij.jgJ/jfA dHa,le<A
YCin aAzxA YCJaplffA .kijz{n#j Sf .kgjpl wrl: (10319)
SzlejdalG elmj:
L$jijsm .owlfrlufjH~js' stCIgU^jsRy LPjSpif Tijsm c\Fjgflacal[jujgj[k™;
Yejus~}iSr rjsRy .d\fG rjs' fjgŒk rm[k'fk dlnk'jSh**_ SYeackg.jhalu dml]A
sdl%\ B$xksm wJisr^s' Lijmk™ diGs'mk^jgj[k™; t'lH B$&
i{‘lirilcjdsx dlhldlh$xjH rj™%lik' pkgjf$xjH rjs'h*lA rJ g]j[kdukA
svu+k™; B$&[yjulA rJ Szlejdalgksm siykA dxjS^lqR alYfah*l t™\; rJ cdh
wjijd&[kA L#gUlajulu cl]J.liasYf; c{,\mlijsRy YelGf\FrYedlgA clfIjdgksm
TmujH wRasamk^jgj[kduln\ Lijmk™\ t™A B$& Lyjuk™;

.zilSr Lijmks^ ssd& fhujHiv+\ LrkYz<jv+lhkA; @ ssdd& Lijmks^ L.uA


Yelej[k'iG[k .uijSalvrA rHdk'iuSYf; B$sx ijrJfplcjdxluj dn[l[j B$&[\
Lijmks^ pGCrckDSadjulhkA; Lijmks^ dkNjmk'igksm cdhele$SxukA rCj~j[k' @
elplgij‘$sx B$xksm alyjm^jH iv+lhkA; LSf elp$xlnSh*l B$&[\ stCIgUSadk'
eCk[sxukA sse[k}jdsxukA Sau\[k'f\; dlxjusRy pG~aiclrj~j[lrluj r{^A svuffkA
LSf elpahgkd& fs'; Yejus~}iSr B$xjsh KplcJralujS~lu Svfrsu Lijmks^
LPgekm$xjH rj™salqkdk' La{fksdl%\ KnG^julhkA; Lijmks^ a<jadxkA hJhdxkA
iG`j[k' dFd& SelhkA pk:Djfgksm Yelnsr ekrGwJij~j[k™; a<lf\al[& @ dFd&
elmj iG`j[k'f\ pk,\mfsu rCj~j[k'fkA aAzxdgikA Cl#jSudk'fkaSYf; Li
Sd&[k'iG LrkYz<JfgkasYf;

Lijmks^ a{pkhelp$xjH akSxxl dSNl sdl%ksi™\ Sd&[k'f\ B$&[\


Sipruk%l[k™; rJ pjiScr eCkijsr Sau\[lR dl}jShu\[\ Seldk'fkA B$&[\
Sipruln\; rJ fjgjv+ki™d%lSh B$&[\ cS#l,alio; ak'jShlmk'eCk[kxNmjulH
KuG™sel$ju selmjunjŒ Lxd$& elyj[xj[k' rjsRy aPkgaSrlw\BakdkgA
B$x$jsr Srl[j rjH[kA; B$xksm d`kd&[kakdxjH Tadsx iv+jgj[k' @ Spisr
B$xS~l& Cejv+k Selik™; fkmGv+uluj rjs' dlnlri c”fj[kdujh*Sh*l;

Yejus~} .zilSr Lijmks^ aPkglPgla{fA B$&S[djulhkA; Lfksdl%lnSh*l


Qlm[kqhjr\ th*liSgukA caldG,j[lR dqjuk'f\; .G^li\ dk}jd& fkm$ju th*l
>r\Pk[SxukA th*lakSe]jv+\ B$& rjsRy elp$xjh.uA Sfmjujgj[k™; B$sx
KSe]j[gkSf; i{w^jsh rjsRy cl'j’UA Lijmks^ wr$xksm pk:Ds^ LdMjujgj[k™;
ijg<pk:D^jsRy fJYifulH B$sx eJ?j~j[gkSf YeS.l;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 250lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 251
251lA pjicA
Tfj SzleU: Yezlu#U: Yehe#UC\v vjYfPl
gkgkpk: ckcIgA glwR d{,\npGCr hlhcl: (10321)
flclalijg.osv\VOgj: c\aualrakDlA>kw:
eJflA>gPg: YczIJ cl]lRaRaFaRaF: (10322)
fA dlvjS'YfgSr\SYPn <{pjd{fU rjaJhUv
ekxdlAzUke zk<Ulc\Sf SulzJilr‘cAe*k fl (10328)
rl<A fk cSDUl .wSfl½ej w#oR .wlaUaJ,larki{^ji{^Su
uFl½PSrl h>\PPSr ijr,\Sm fv+j#ulrU'j.{Sfl r Sip (103220)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
L$jsr SzlejdalG .zilsr dlnlrkxx LfUldlA]sdl%\ egiCgluj Y.l#kejmjv+fk Selsh
elmkdukA dgukdukA svu\fk; Ligksm TmujH ses}™\ d{,\nR YefU]rluj; aŒ~}kmk^\
akDplijH ekXjgjfodj cl]lH aRaFsrS~lsh d{,\nR dlns~}k; SzlejdalG
cS#l,lPjdUA sdl%\ cIuA ay™\ ulsflgk cS“lvikajh*lsf Lfk Yedmj~j[kdukA svu\fk;
Qgki& d{,\nsRy elp$& LaG^j; asMlgki& d{,\nsRy dsu+mk^\ fsRy SflxjH iv+k;
Trjuksalgk Szlejd d{,\nsRy dlhmj fsRy alyjm^jH iv+k; Qgki& d{,\nsRy akDs^
Tasi}lsf Srl[j rj™; asMlgki& d{,\nsRy elp$sxukA; Qgk Szlejd d{,\nsr fsRy
d`kdxjhosm Ld^k duMj Kmsr d`mv+k; LfUl<*lpaoGV\ujH SglalXS^lsm Li&
<{pu^jH d{,\nsr @hjAzrA svu\fk; Li& Qgk SulzjigUSrS~lsh @crc\Fuluj;
Ligksmsuh*lA Yelnc“mA selu\S~luj;

d{,\nrisg uakrlfjgs^ eXlganHfj}ujSh[\ rujv+k; LijmA eoG`vY‘rlH


YeSCl.jfalujgk™; Ligijsm f$xksm K^gJu$&sdl%\ d{,\nrjgj[lrjmsalgk[j;
rjhlijH SzlejdalglH vkMs~}jgj[k' d{,\nR LshOdJdalsulgk dlq\v fs' @ujgk™;
d{,\nrk caJe^jgk' ck‘gjulu Qgk Szlejd Svlpjv+k; =vjhG f$sx c\Sr<j[k'isg
fjgjv+k c\Sr<j[k™; aMkvjhglds} c\Sr<j[l^isg[omj c\Sr<j[k™; TrjukA vjhG f$sx
c\Sr<j[k'iSg[omj c\Sr<j[k'jh*; t#lnjfjrk dlgnsa™\ eyulSal_=

d{,\nR eyŒk:
ck<{^k[& egc\egA c\Sr<j[k'f\ cIlGf\FflHegU$& sdl%SYf; aMkvjhG fjgjv+k
dj}kSal t™\ Srl[lsf c\Sr<j[k'f\ dG^iUS>lPA sdl%kA cO<{pS>lPA sdl%kaSYf;
LVr”algksm c\Sr<A L$jsruln\; Lf\ dkMaMfSYf; fs' c\Sr<j[k'iSgS~lhkA
c\Sr<j[l^iG Q™djH @f\alglaRalglu a<G,jalSgl r‘jujh*l^iSgl akfjG'iSgukA
rRasvu+k'iSgukA siyk[k'iSgl @n\; Blrlds} ts' c\Sr<j[k'iSgS~lhkA
c\Sr<j[k'jh*; dlgnA LiG L$jsr ts' ay[lrjmigjdSul ts' dj}kd ]jYecl’Usa™
rjru\[kdSul svu+kdujh*; LiG t'jShu\[k iglrkxx YCa^jH akqkdjujgj[kaSh*l; elis~}
Qgkir\ ijhejmjsv+lgk ak^k dj}j Lf\ r,\malulH ej'Jmfk Sfmj rm[kA Selsh ts'S^mj
LisgS~lqkA rm[k™; TO dlgn^lhln\ BlR rj$&[jmujH rj™A LYefU]rluf\; eS]
BlrjS~l& eyuk™; BlR eSh ukz$xjH tYfalYfA wRasamk^lhkA rj$xksm
rjG”hc\Sr<^jrk edgA rHdlR trj[k dqjukdujh*; rj$Sxlmkxx dmA iJ}kd
Lcl’UasYf;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 251lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 252
252lA pjicA
-iA egj,IAzdgl.jaGCc\rjz\S’]Snl˜laijhlc<lssc:
SgSa gSaSCl Yiwck‘gJ.j gUFlG.d: cIYefj>jA>ijY.a: (103317)
PG”iUfjYdSal p{,\m TOCIglnlA v cl<cA
SfwJuclA r Spl,lu i<\Sr: cGi+ .kSwl uFl (103330)
TOCIglnlA iv: cfUA fssFilvgjfA dIvjf\
Sf,lA uf\ cIiSvlukd\fA >k’jalAc\ff\ calvSgf\ (103332)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
d{,\nsRy SYeackg.jhalu il[kd& Sd}\ Kh*lc^jajGS~lsm SzlejdalG Lirk vkMkA rj™\
glcr{^A fkm$j; d{,\nR fsRy pjiUCd\fjulH QlSgl Swlmj SzlejdalG[jmujhkA
dlns~}k; r{^A fkm$j; ij`iG TO LeoGi+ p{CUA dlnlR fj[jfjg[j @dlCA rjyŒk;
d{,\nrkA SzlejdalgkA @mjukhŒ\ r{^almj; Ligksm CgJg$& L$kaj$kA @mj;
vkMj^jgjŒ\ vlmjukhŒ\ Ligksm ic\Yf$xkA K^gJu$xkA dkykrjgdxkA dlMjH ey™dxjv+k;
SzlejdalG d{,\nsRy dosm zlralhejv+k; QlSglgk^gkA Q'jsrl™ sav+aluj d{,\nsrl~A
glchJhujH es“mk^k; Qgki& fxGv+Sulsm d{,\nsRy SflxjH ejmjv+k; asMlgki& SYeaeoGi+A
d{,\nsRy du+jH vkA>rSadj @r‘lrk.ofjujhlylmj rj™; asMlgk Szlejd LHeA
fxG'jgk™; Li& d{,\nsRy ssd^hA fsRy alyjH SvG^k iv+k; L$jsr d{,\nsRy
ssdd& f$xksm dqk^jH vkMj Li& th*l gJfjujhkA hJhulmj; Lisg sfl}kekHdjsdl%\
ekXjgjfodj Srl[js[l%\ .zilR Ligkaluj glchJh fkmG™; cI#A rjqhjsr
Srl[j[xj[k' dk}jsuS~lsh LS~l& .zilR dlns~}k; @ cauA vY‘rkA flgdxkA aMk
Yz<$xkA r]YfcXu$& L~lsm rjC\vhaluj rj™Seluj t™\ eyus~mk™; TO LfjCu
p{CUs^ .zilsRy hJhlijhlcs^[%\ .zilR fsRy cIc^ujH L.jgaj[k'fjrk
cl]UA i<jv+\ Lig$jsr rj™; SzlejdalglH vkMs~} d{,\nR rpJwh^jSh[jy$j; Lijsm
Szlejdalgkaluj d{,\nR whYdJ/ujhl%k; egc\egA sixxA f}js^yj~jv+\ LiG
dxj[k'fkd%\ cIGz\zilcjd& cS#l,jv+k; LfkdqjŒ\ d{,\nR rpJfJgs^
eoS#l~kdxjhkA eqS^l}$xjhkA Szlejdalgkaluj Qlmj[xjv+k gcjv+k;

egJ]j^\ Svlpjv+k:
PG”A dl^kco]j[lrluj d{,\nrluj Lifgjv+ .zilR t#ksdl%ln\ egekgk,
dxYf$xkaluj T$jsr hJhulmlrjmi'f\_

Ckdakrj eyŒk:
vjhS~l& a<lf\al[xksm segkalM^jH PG”vUkfjsu™ Sfl'jSu[lik' vjhsfh*lA
dlns~}ksi'jgj[lA; t'lH Li a<lf\al[sx dx“s~mk^k'jh* fs'; ijw\Blrjulu
QgkiR TO a<lf\al[xksm @vlg$xjhkA segkalM$xjhkA frj[k vjfaluj}kxxisu alYfSa
cIJdgj[kdukxxk; aMkxxigksm dlq\v[\ ijSPualuisu LiG cIlACJdgj[kdujh*; ScIV
domlsf ulp{C\vjdaluj L<A.lis^ si'iG svu+k' -sflgk dG”ikA rjcIlGf\FasYf;
L^gA svu\fjd&[\ cplvlgrjua$xkA Clc\Yf$xkA >lPdah*; -MikA sdlmju
elejsuSelhkA rjG”hal[lR Lijmks^ elpSgnk[&[\ dqjukSNl& .zilR svu+k'
ulsflgk Yei{^jujhkA ele^jsRy dyuk%lik'sf$jsr_ d{,\nR Szlejdalgksm
L#gUlajusYf; Ligksm .G^l[RalG[\ Lfksdl%\ d{,\nSrlm\ ulsflgk ijSglPikA
K%lujgk'jh*; glchJh dqjŒ\ Ye.lfA ijmgk'fjrkakRe\ arc\cjh*larSclsm SzlejdalG
iJ}kdxjSh[\ am$j; d{,\ndFujsh a<^lu KelDUlrA Sd&[k'ir\ fJGv+ulukA
@f\arjuY#nikA d{,\n.d\fjuksm LrkYz<ikA h.UasYf;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 252lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 253
253lA pjicA
c vkSYdlCl<jrl Yzc\f: d{,\n d{,\n a<lruA
cGS~l alA YzcSf flf Yee'A egjSalvu (10346)
c ssi .zif: YCJaf\ elpc\eGC<flCk.:
S.Sw cG~iekG<jfIl goeA ijpUlPglGv+jfA (10349)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Qgj[H i{wilcjd& LA>jdlir^jSh[\ Seluj; Lijsm LiG cgcIfJrpjujH dkxjv+\
CjisrukA elGi+fjsuukA eowjv+k; egjeoG`Yifsamk^ LiG @ glYfj rpj[gujH ijYCajv+k;
LS~l& Qgk segkNlN\ ijC'lG^rluj Lijsmsu^j; LiR r‘sr ijqk$lR fkm$j;
LS˜<A d{,\nsr ijxjv+\ Kys[ dgŒk; =d{,\nl d{,\nl ihjsulgk segkNlN\ ts'
ijqk$k™; trj[\ rJuh*lsf L.ualgkxxo_ ts' g]j[o;= SzlelhRalG fJ~#ikaluj
LS˜<^jsRy g]s[^jsu“jhkA t#k svu\fj}kA elN\ ejmjijmk'jh*; LS~l& d{,\nR
Lijsmsu^j elNjsr fsRy dlhksdls%l™ sfl}k; ses}™\ segkNlNjsRy KmH goeA alyj
cIGz\zilcjulu Qgk ijpUlPgrluj fJG™; LiR d{,\nsr rac\dgjv+k; d{,\nR
Lirlglsn™\ Svlpjv+k;

ijpUlPgR LisRy dF eyŒk; =cIGz\zilcjulu tsRy Seg\ ckpGCrR; ck‘grlu BlR


@dlCil<r$xjH duyj Lhukd efjilujgk™; Qgj[H BlR ijgoeglu dksy
alakrjalsg[%\ Lisg dxjul[j vjgjv+k; Ligksm Cle^lhln\ BlR segkNlNluj
wrj[lrjmi'f\; t'lH @ CleikA tYf LrkYz<Yepaluj t™\ BlR Lyjuk™; Lijmks^
elplgij‘c\eGCSaH[lrkxx .lzUA trj[k cj’jv+kiSh*l; @ rlSalv+lgnA Q™sdl%k fs'
cGi+ele$xkA Th*lfldk™; Lfksdl%\ Lijmks^ elpc\eGCSaM tsRy eleikA rCjv+k t™
eySu%fjh*; ts' SeldlR Lrkipjv+lhkA; agniYd^jH rj™A g]s~} r‘rkA aMk
i{‘lirilcjdxkA d{,\na<jaujH @C\vgUA eo%k;

Qgk pjicA glad{,\nRalG Szlejdalgksal^\ @mjukA elmjukA ir^jH dqjukdulujgk™;


SwU,\|lrjuRalgksm aPkgzjf$& Sd}\ cS#l,jv+\ arA au$ju SzlejdalG cIuA ay™
r{^almj; LS~l& Lijsm PrlPJCrlu dkS>gsRy .{fUR CADvo/R t^jSv+G™; LiR
Szlejdalsg QgldlCil<r^jSh[\ >haluj ejmjv+k duMj LiSgukA sdl%\ Siz^jH Qlmjv+k
dm™dxŒk; c\YfJd& d{,\nsr ijxjv+k dgŒk; SwU,\|lrkwRalG CADvo/rk ejySd sv™\
Lisr dJqm[j; sfMk arcjhl[j LiR c\YfJdsx KSe]jv+\ Qlmjg]s~mlR Srl[j; t'lH
d{,\nR Lisr ej#kmG™; >hglaR SzlejdalG[\ dliH rj™; d{,\nR CADvo/sr
ejmjdomj fhsi}j LisRy fhujsh anjgf\rsamk^k sdl%ki™\ SwU,\|rk c”lrjv+k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 253lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 254
254lA pjicA
if\cShl YiwzilA upzSYPl i‘Ualrvgn: eFj i{ss’:
d{f\c\rSzlPrakSel<U pjrlS# zJfSinkgrkSz/j fdJG^j: (103522)
Kf\ciA YCagkvlej p{CJrl ak'uR Dkggw: VkgjfYcd\
pjf\cssufj ck<{plCj, -, SpidJ w|g.ogk/kglw: (103523)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
edH cau^\ .zilR YCJd{,\nR eCk[sx Sau\[lR SeldkSNl& SzlejdalG[\
ijg<ark.is~}k; LiG T$jsr elmj; =Qlm[kqH ilurujH LYzznUrluj}kxx d{,\nR
fsRy vk%kd& Qlm[kqhjH LaG^j ssdijghkd& LfjH r{^A svu+lR Lrkipj[kSNl&
Le\cgc\YfJd& SelhkA SYeaijiCgluj^Jgk™; Lh*h* d{,\nsRy cAzJfA alRSemdSxukA
eCk[SxukA @dG,j[k™; <{puA SYeackg.jhaluj^JG' LiG ilujhjgj[k' ekh*k fj'lR
SelhkA ay'jgj[k™;=

=d{,\nR eCk[sx ijxj[kSNl& rpjd& Ye]k>\’alik™; LiG fjgdxldk' ssdd&


KuG^j d{,\nelpSgnk[& sflmlR YCaj[k™; t'lH LisRy aPkgcIgA Sd}\ LiG
c\f>\pgluj rj™Selik™; d{,\nsRy C>\pA Sd&[kSNl& ag$xkA ixxjsv+mjdxkA
Kh*lc^jajG~jH Sfsrlqk[k™; SfrJv+dxkA <Ac$xkA sdl[kdxkA aMk e]jdxkA d{,\nrk
vkMkA domk™; d{,\nR elmkSNl& SaZ$& akgxk™; Li d{fUalu cauA elhjv+\ dkmSelsh
rj™\ eo[& svlgjuk™; TY‘rkA Y><\alijrkA domj d{,\nsRy cAzJfA Sd&[kSNl& .zilsRy
z<ralu iCUCd\fjuksm @qax[lR dqjulsf rj™Seldk™; LS~l& ejs' i{wc\YfJdxlu
rak[\ d{,\npGCrA sdl%\ Sp<>k’jukA ShldS>lPikA r,\malik'fjH Lf\.kfsa#kxxo_=

d{,\nR fsRy SflqSglmkA SflqjalSglmksal^\ uakrlfjg^\ ij<gj[kSNl& a‘algkfR


Lisr iJCk™; cIGz\zzludG LisRy a<jadsx ilq\^k™; Lfl igk™ d{,\nR
i{wcAg]dR SzlehR; akfjG'iGSelhkA @ elpdah$xjH i‘j[k™; eCk[sx Sau\[lR
sdl%kSeluj fjgjv+kigk' d{,\nR fxG'Selsh dlns~mk™si“jhkA @ akDA tYf ck‘gikA
ganJuikaln\; dqk^jhnjŒ eoalh eCk[xNmjdxjH rj™xx selmjunjŒjgj[k™; @
eCk[xlds} d{,\nSrMikA Yejus~}iuSYf; svyjsulglr rm[k'fkSelsh LiR igkSNl&
r”jsh ijg<pk:Dsah*lA selu\S~lik™;

L$jsr SzlejdalG Lisr[kyjv+k elmj; cGi+caG~nA sdl%kA egjeoG` SYeaA sdl%kA


Szlejdalgksm <{pu$& rjyŒjgk™;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 254lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 255
255lA pjicA
glwR arJ,jfA cYPUd\ fi cIlipUalGw\wrA
cj’UcjS’Ul: caA dkgUlf\ sspiA <j EhclPrA (103638)
aSrlgFlR dSglfUkssv+Gw\wSrl sspi<flrej
ukwUSf <G,SCldl.UlA fFleUlw\BlA dSglajSf (103639)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
ej'Jm\ i{w^jH Lgj,\mR t™\ Seglu Qgk gl]cR Qgk doMR dlxuksm Si,^jH wr$sx
Semj~jv+k sdl%\ i™SvG™; @xkd& .uS'mkdukA dlhjd& ijg%\ eg[A elukdukA svu\fk;
zG.jnjdxlu c\YfJdxkA eCk[xkA caualdlsf Yecij[kdukA svu\fk; SzleRalgkA Ligksm
.lgUalgkA d{,\nsr L.uA Yelejv+k; d{,\nR ah*uk’[lG fu+lsymk~k rm^kA Selsh
fkmu\[mjv+\ i{,.lckgsr fmk[lR fu+lsymk^k; =ij/\?J rjs'S~lhkxx pk,\msg sdlh*lrln\
Blrjijsmukxxf\;= dlx[oMR d{,\nrk Srsg elsŒ^j; d{,\nR Lisr fmŒ\ ejS'l}\
fxxj; ej'Jm\ LisRy sdlNogjsumk^\ Lisdl%\ fs' Lgj,\msRy dF dqjv+k;

d{,\nsRy LfUfjCuiJgdFdxjsh -MikA Qmkijhs^ cA.iA Sd}yjΠrlgpR dAcsRy


glwPlrjujsh^j; LckgglwlijSrlm\ d{,\nwRa^jsRy g<cU$sxh*lA rlgpR eyŒk
sdlmk^k; ickSpirkA r‘rkA dkŒk$sx ssdalyjufkA d{,\nR siykA falCSelsh dAcsRy
@w\Burkcgjv+k rjYz<^jr\ i' gl]cRalsg sdl' dFdxkA rlgpR eyŒk; dAcr\
LS~l& fs' ickSpisr iPj[lrkxx SYdlPak%luj; t'lH rlgpR dAcsr fmŒk;
SpidjukA ickSpirkA iJ%kA fmijhluj;

dAcR fsRy gl]caY#jalgkaluj vGv+ svu\fk; t'j}\ T$jsr @w\Blejv+k; =SdCj i{w^jH
Seluj >hglaSrukA d{,\nSrukA sdlh*s}; Lfjrk clPjv+jsh*“jH Lisg Tijsm igk^j
ah*iJgRalglu ak,\mjdsrukA vlnogsrukA ij}\ Lisg idigk^lA; LfjrkA clPjv+jsh*“jH
@rdxjH -MikA Cd\fjalrlu dkihuleJ/s^ sdl%\ SwU,\|lrjuRalsg rjYz<j[lA; Lisg
sdl}lg^jSh[\ ijxj[lsrlgk c‘G.^jrluj Qgk a{z>hjukA ulzikA CjiYeJfj[luj rm^lR
BlR dH~j[k™;=

LSfcauA dAcR LYdogsr ijxjv+\ LrkrucIg^jH T$jsr eyŒk; =tsRy wJijf^jsh


rjG`ludalu TO Lic\FujH BlR rj$xksm c<luA Sfmkduln\; d{,\nR ts'
iPj[lrluln\ wrjv+j}kxxsf™\ trj[\ ijigA h.jv+jgj[k™; rj$& i{‘lir^jH Seluj
trj[k Si%j glad{,\nRalsg ]nj[nA; ulz>hjukA uw\BikA dlnlR BlR ]nj[k™
t™\ eyunA; t'H LiG sdl}lg^jsh^kA akRe\ ah*iJgRalSgl a^zwSal Lisg sdlh*kA;
LiG agjv+k dqjŒlH~js' tsRy tfjglxjdsxsuh*lA BlR elsm rjG”lGw\wrA svu+kA;
tsRy cjA<lcrs^ @Yz<jv+jgj[k' tsRy ejflijsrS~lhkA rjYz<jv+\ vkMkakxx
akxxkdsxsuh*lA alMj BlrJ Shld^jsRy cGi+lPjerlikA; TO e’fjdsxh*lA rj$sx
@YCujv+lnjgj[k'f\;=

LYdogR eyŒk; =cIg][luj L$\ @coYfnA svu\f e’fjd& rh*i`A vj#jv+ky~jv+fk


fs'; t'lH Qgj[H dG”^jShGs~}lH~js' dG”Ehs^~Mj @dkhs~mgkf\; dlgnA Lf\
sspi<jfasYf; pjiU<jfA ijegJfalsn“jH domj @xkd& KuG' @Yz<$& iv+k ekhG^k™;
t'lH BlR L$uksm @w\Burkcgjv+ksdlxxlA;= TO vGv+u\[k SC,A dAcR
L#:ekg^jSh[kA LYdogR cIz{<^jSh[kA am$j;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 255lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 256
256lA pjicA
SpiG,jgkecAzaU .lzifYeiSgl r{e
d{,\nad*j,\mdG”lnA g<ScUfp.l,f (103710)
d{,\nd{,\nl YeSaulf\aR SulSzC wzpJCIg
ilckSpilDjhlilc clfIflA YeigYeS.l (103711)
fIalf\al cGi+.oflrlSaSdl SwUlfjgjssiPclA
zoS?l zk<lCu: cl]J a<lekgk, TOCIg: (103712)
@f\arl½½RalYCu: eoGi+A aluul cc{Sw zknlR
ssfgjpA cfUc“He: c{wcUf\cUicJCIg: (103713)
c fIA .oPgY.flrlA sspfUYeaFg]clA
LifJGS`l ijrlClu ScforlA g]nlu v (103714)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
dAcsRy @w\BlrkcgnA SdCj Qgk sidjxj ejmjv+ dkfjguksm Si,^jH i{‘lir^jSh[\
ekys~}k; LiR i{‘lir^jH h[kA hzlrkajh*lsf Qlmj rm™; LisRy akYdujmhkA aMkA
Yzlailcjdsx .uvdjfgl[j; flacjulsf d{,\nR Lisr sih*k ijxjv+k; LirkA d{,\nsr
ah*uk’^jrk ijxjv+k; cjA<S^S~lsh zGw\wjv+\ Qlmjumk^\ vkMj^jgjŒ\ SdCj d{,\nsr
fsRy ejRdlhksdl%k sflqjv+k; LisRy dlhkd& d{,\nsRy SaH efj[kA akRe\ d{,\nR
LfjH ejmjdomj Lisr fo[j vkqMjsuyjŒk; dkfjg[\ cIS>lPA iJ%k dj}lR dkyv+k cauA
Si%ji™; t'j}\ LiR iJ%kA ilu\ fky™ ejmjv+\ d{,\nsRy SrG[\ elŒmk^k; fJfk~kA
Selsh SYdlPalG' LisRy ilujSh[ \d{,\nR fsRy ssd dm^j; LS~l& d{,\nsRy ssd
ihkflilR fkm$j; Lckgr\ CIlcA ak}j; LS~l& LiR fsRy cIgoeA @Gw\wjv+k; L$jsr
L#UCIlcA ihj[kdukA svu\fk; d{,\nR YeSfUdjsv+l™A cA.ij[l^fkSelsh fsRy ssd
ihjv+ogj rm'd™;

pjiUG,julu rlgpR d{,\nsr g<cUaluj cr\Pjv+\ T$jsr eyŒk:


=d{,\nl Lijmk™\ Lr#rlu .zilR fs'uln\; Lijmks^^s' Ye.lialu alulCd\fjuksm
c<lu^lH L$\ ijCI c{,\mj c\Fjfj cA<lg$& rm^k™; Lijmk'jS~l& aGfU
wRasamk^jgj[k'f\ pk,\mfsu rjG”lGw\wrA svu+lrkA PG”s^ K’gj[kilrkasYf;
Lfksdl%\ SpiRalG[kSelhkA SemjcIe\ralujgk' TO LckgR L$uksm ssd sdl%\
rj,\YeulcA iPj[s~}fjH Lf\.kfSafkajh*;= .zilR d{,\ngoe^jH dAcrm[A th*l
gl]cRalSgukA iPj[ksa™A pIlgdlPjerluj ilqksa™A rlgpR eyŒk; alYfah*l
a<l.lgfuk’^jrk cl]juluj rj™\ pCh][n[jr\ ark,UG agj[k'fk dlnksa™A
rlgpryjujv+k; .zilsr in$j SpiG,j am$j;

asMlgicg^jH d{,\nrkA do}gkA dxxrkA dliH[lgrkA dxj[kSNl& SiUlalckgR Ligksm


do}^jH Qgk SzlelhSi,^jH es“mk^k; dxjujH dxxrluj L.jrujv+\ LiR d{,\nsRy
do}kdlsg dkSyS~sg Qgk zk<ujshlxj~jv+k; d{,\nrisr dSu+lsm ejmjdomj; LckgR fsRy
cIgoeA dlnjv+\ d{,\nsRy ejmjujH rj™A g]s~mlR i{FlYCaA rm^j; rjh^mjv+\
d{,\nrisRy dF dqjv+k; zk<lakDs^^j >haluj LfjsRy ilfjH fky™\ d{,\nR Sflqsg
g]jv+k; LiG LfJi c#k,\mgluj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 256lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 257
257lA pjicA
djA aul½½vgjfA .YpA djA fe\fA egaA fe:
djA ilFleUG<Sf p^A uYp]UlaUpU SdCiA (10383)
assafp\ pkGh.A arU K^aSC*ldpGCrA
ij,ulf\aSrl uFl Y><\adJG^rA CoYpwRar: (10384)
ssaiA aalPacUlej cUlSpilvUkrpGCrA
Yejualn: dlhrpUl dIvj^gfjdC\vr (10385)
aalpUl aAzxA r,\mA EhilAC\ssvi Sa .i:
u'aScU .ziSfl SulzjSPUulb\YZje“wA (10386)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
glad{,\nRalsg aFkgu\[k do}js[l%k iglR dAcR @iCUs~}fjrkSC,A LYdogR
LfUl<*lpvj^rlujgk™; dj}lR Seldk' .ziHpGCrcO.lzUSalG^\ LYdogR T$jsr
vj#jv+k; =T^gA egalrkYz<A h.j[lrkxx eknUA Blsr$jsr @Gw\wjv+k_ elmjh*; Blr$jsr
vj#jv+kdoml; dlgnA causa' rpjujshlqkdj rm[kSNl& vjhG vjhS~l& @ caurpjsu
fgnA svu+k™; T™ BlR @ .zilsr dlnkA; cIl.lijdalukA tsRy cdhele$xkA
LSflsm Liclrj[kA; tsRy wRaA cEhikaldkA; pk,\mrlu dAcrkA trj[J Swlhj
f'fjrlH tS'lm\ a<^galu Qgk c<lualn\= svu\ff\; T™ BlR c{,\mlikSelhkA
fhujH vomk' @ elplgij‘$& dlnkA; @ dlhmjd& TS~l& dlhjd&[\ ej'lsh ahukA
dlmkA vij}jduyjujy$k™; SzlelAzralgksm alyjm$xlH @ dlhjnd& hlxj[s~mk™; dlgU
dlgn$&[fJfrkA Lw\BflShCajh*l^irkaluiR TS~l& i{‘lir^jH aG^USglsml~A
Ligjshlglsx'Selsh iUlegj[k™; Ck.lpG[alu t#jrkakmaukA dlq\vujH LfJi
cO‘gUakxxirkA egazkgkikA a<lf\al[xksm wJijfh]Uikalu @ .zilsr Blrj™ dlnkA;
LYdogR arcl .zilrkalukxx domj[lq\v QlG^.jrujv+kfs' @r‘
elgiCU^jsh^jujgk™; cGi+l#gUlajulu .zilR fsRy CYfkilu dAcsRy pofrlsn“jH
domj fs' Qgk ijrJf.d\frluj cIJdgj[ksa™\ LYdogrky~lujgk™;

ssidkS'galuS~lqln\ LYdogsRy gFA i{‘lir^jsh^juf\; iqjujH d{,\nsRy


dlH~lmkd& LYdogR pGCjv+k; KmSr vlmjujy$j d{,\nelpc\eGC^lH eijYfal[s~} @
PoxjujH LYdogR djm™gk%k; =Tfk d{,\nsRy dlH~lmkd& fs'= t™ eyŒ\ cS#l,lYCk
selqjv+k;

flacjulsf, LYdogR glad{,\nRalgksm ak'jsh^j; LS˜<A Lisg egAselgksx™ fs'


dfkfj Ligksm dlH[H iJnk rac\dgjv+k; LiG LYdogsr @hjAzrA svu\flpgjv+\ iJ}jSh[\
do}js[l%k Seluj; >hglaR LYdogsRy elpA dqkdj; d{,\nR @<lgikA eoalhukaluj i™;
r‘R dkChA Svlpjv+k; “ckDAfs'uSh* LYdogl_ pk,\mrlu dAcsRy puijH dqjukSNl&
t#k ckDikA calPlrikA Lsh*_” L$jsrul pjiU dkmkA>^jrlhkA d{,\nrlhkA
egjvgj[s~}\ LYdogR aFkgujH rj™xx ulYfuksm ]JnA ay™;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 257lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 258
258lA pjicA
LS<l ijPlfc\fi r dIvj˜ul
cASulwU ssaYfUl YenSur Sp<jr:
flAC\vld{flGf\FlR ijukrb\]U elGf\FdA
ijYdJ/jfA Sf½G.d Sv,\mjfA uFl (103919)
-iA Y>kilnl ijg<lfkgl .{CA Yiwc\Yfju: d{,\n ij,d\falrcl:
ijc{wU hw\wlA gkgkpk: c\a ckcIgA Szlij‘ plSalpg alPSifj (103931)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
aPkglekgjujsh >r\Pkwr$xksm cODUaSrI,j[k'fjrjm[\ d{,\nR eyŒk: =d,\mA; tsRy
SegjH tsRy alflejfl[&[\ tYf pkgjfark.ijS[%fluj i™; tsRy SegjH^s' tYf
dkŒk$& iPj[s~}k; B$&[\ Lijms^ d%fjsRy cS#l,A eyulifh*; LS$[luj
B$& t#k svu+nsa'yjujv+lhkA;= Tfjrk aykemjuluj aPkgujH rm' dlgU$sxh*lA LYdogR
ijCpJdgjv+k; rlgpsRy YeivrikA dAcsRy e’fjuksah*lA LYdogR eyŒfkSd}\
glad{,\nRalG Kys[ sel}jv+jgjv+k; LiG r‘SzleSglm\ glwlijsRy ]ns^~Mj eyukdukA
svu\fk; YzlailcjdSxlm\, rzg^jH glwsdl}lg^jsh^j[lrkxx ssfgkA si`ukA aMk
]JSglH~'$xkA cAZmj~jv+k siu\[lR r‘SzleG @iCUs~}k; i{w^jsh ekgk,RalG
aFkglulYf[luj fu+lsymk^k;

t'lH c\YfJwr$& ih*lsf rjglCgkA @dkhgkaluj dlns~}k; LiG Q'jv+kdomj T$jsr


ilij}kdgŒk; =wz'ju#lSi rJsuYf YdogR; Shld^\ Lijmk™ ark,Usg Q'jv+k SvG^j}\
Ligksm @Yz<$& th*lA rjiG^j[kA akRSe Lisg ejgj[k™; TO dAcpofr\ LYdogR t™\
Seg\ rHdjuflgln\_ Lul& B$xksm wJisRy wJisr Tijsmrj™A sdl%kSeldlR i'
YdogrsYf; d,\mA; r”ksm d{,\nsr Srl[o; TS~l& rs” Srl[k'fkSelhkajh*; Tijsm
CYfksiS'l ajYfsaS'l Qgk .liS.pikA d{,\nrjh*; LiR Tfjsrh*lA LfJfR; Qgk eS]
rzgc\YfJdxksm ihujHs~}\ d{,\nR rs” ay™SelSu[kA; @ c\YfJd&[\ d{,\npGCrA
dj}k' pjicA a<^lujgj[kA; dlgnA .zilsRy aPkgaSrlw\Balu akDalnSh*l LiG dlnlR
Seldk'f\;= gFA SeldlR fkm$juS~l& c\YfJd& hw\wSufkajh*lsf Kys[ dgŒk; Szlij‘l
plSalpgl alPil t'j$jsr ijxjv+\ ijg<pk:DSipr c<j[lsf vjhG gF^jrk ejySd Qlmj; aMk
vjhG Sal<lhcUs~}k; d{,\nR Qgk cS‘CA sdlmk^uv+k; =BlR igkA=; LfjrkSC,A
i{‘lir^jsh Szlec\YfJd& d{,\nsr[kyjv+kfs' cpl QlG”jv+\ LisRy hJhd& iG`jv+k
Sel™;

a’Ul<\reowlcau^\ LYdogR dlxj‘JfJg^\ gFA rjG^j; d{,\nrkA >hglarkA gF^jhjgk™;


LYdogR rpjujhjy$j ak$j; wh^jH cGi+Ye.Sulsm glad{,\nRalsg LYdogR pGCjv+k;
LS˜<A wh^jHrj™\ fhukuG^j gF^jSh[\ Srl[j; SwU,\|lrkwRalG gF^jH Tgj~k%\;
Lh* Tsflgk Sfl'hh*; Qgj[Hdomj LS˜<A wh^jH ak$j; LS~l& LS˜<^jr\
Lfja<^lu Qgkw\wIh p{CUA dlnluj; .zilR elH[mhjH Lr#rjH Cuj[k™; SpiRalgkA
aMk cIGz\zilcjdxkA vkMkA rjH[k™; YCJ, ek,\mj, cgcIfj, dl#j, dJG^j, fk,\mj, Thl,
KOGw\wA, ijpU, LijpU, Cd\fj, alu, fkm$ju th*l pjiUCd\fjdxkA .ziHSci[luj dl^k
rjH[k™;

YCJ stCIgUA; ek,\mj Sel,dfIA; cgcIfj LyjikA w\BlrikA; dl#j ssi.iA; dJG^j
YeCc\fj; fk,\mj cAf{e\fj; Thl .oaj; KOGw\wA cGi+Cd\fj; ijpU @f\aw\BlrA; LijpU
Lw\BlrA;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 258lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 259
259lA pjicA
-SdfIlDjhdG”lnj cArUScUleCaA zfl:
w\BlrjSrl w\BlruSwBr uw#j w\BlrijYz<A (10406)
cGi+ -i uw#j fIlA cGi+SpiaSuCIgA
Su½eUrUSpifl .d\fl upUeUrUPju: YeS.l (10409)
uFlYpjYe.il rpU: eGw\wrUleogjfl: YeS.l
ijC#j cGi+f: cjr\PkA fpI^IlA zfSul½#f: (10010)
rac\Sf ilckSpilu cGi+.of]uluv
<{,JSdC rac\fk.UA Yee'A el<j alA YeS.l (104030)
LYdogR T$jsr YelGf\Fjv+k:
Lh*Sul rlglunl LijSmu\[\ rac\dlgA; th*l dlgn$&[kA dlgn.ofalu
LS<fkdS<fkilu L$jH rj'sYf cGi+.of$xkA Liuksm dlgn$xkA Kf\.ofaluj}kxxf\;
egjnajv+k%lu Q'jrkA Lijmks^ Lyjukd cl’Uah* fs'; t“jhkA vjh SulzjigURalG
Lijmks^ PG”Clc\YfijPjYedlgakxx dG”lpjdxlH eowj[k™; aMk vjhG cIuA dG”l.jalrA
KSe]jv+\ Lijmks^ Ck’S>lPcIgoealuj @glPjv+\ w\Blruw\B^jShGs~mk™; (w\Blr
uw\B^jH w\BlrcIgoes^ w\Blr^lH fs' eowjv+k PUlrj[k™); vjhG Lijmks^ alYfA
goes^Sul rlrlgoe$sxSul eowj[k™; eSh zkgkigRalgkA Lgkxjsvu\fS~lsh L$su
vjhG Cjirluj @glPj[k™; t'lH th*ligkA Lijmks^^s'uln\ eowj[k'f\; dlgnA
th*l pjiUfukA Lijmks^ fs' ijijP .li$xsYf; eGi+f$xjH eShm^luj KH.ijv+\
flq\ilg$xjhosmsulqkdj cakYp^jhlnsh*l rpjdsxh*lA t^jSv+gk'f\; cakYp^jshl'luj
Sv+gk' rpjd& Selsh ijijP alGz\z$xjH eowjsv+'lhkA th*lA LijSmu\[k fs'
t^jSv+gk™;

Yed{fjuksm ao™ zkn$xln\ th*l wJiwlh$&[kA Spifd&[kSelhkA wRaSadk'f\;


Yed{fjulds} Lijmks^ Yed{fjusYf; L$jsr th*lA L$jShu\[k fs' fjgjv+k svh*k™;
Lijmk'ln\ ijCIc^; ijCIYed{fjujhkxx th*lA Lijmks^ ijijP .lz$xsYf; Lijmk™
egjeoG` cIfY#rkA >r\PSafkajh*l^irkalnSh*l; th*lsah*lalu L$\ cdharc\ckd&[kA
cl]jusYf; Lijmk™\ cIuA T<Shld^jhifgj[k™; Lijmks^ Liflg$sxsuh*lA BlR
rac\dgj[k™; pjiUrlu af\cUA; dkfjgakDakxx <uYzJiR; pjiUrlu doG”A; igl<A; rgcjA<A;
ilarR; egCkglaR; YCJglaR; d{,\nSrukA >hglaSrukA Blrjfl rac\dgj[k™; >k’rkA
dH[jukalukxx Lijmks^ a<^lu Liflg$SxukA BlR rac\dgj[k™;

ijCIwJijdsxh*lA Lijmks^ alulCd\fjijSC,^lH Sal<jfgsYf; LfjrlH B$& CgJgs^


@f\alilukA dlq\vsu cfUalukA rjqhjsr rjwalukA pk:Ds^ @r‘alukA sfMj’gj[k™;
Lw\BlrA sdl%\ B$& L$jH rj™ ekyA fjgjŒ\ ckD^jr\ ej'lsh eluk™;
agJvjdujSh[\ sixx^jrluj Qlmjsv+h*k' ij/\?jdsxS~lshusYf B$&; eluHaomj[jm[k'
cI#A fmldakSe]jv+SYf B$& agJvjdSfmj Lhuk'f\; BlR Lijmks^ elp$sx L.uA
Yelej[k™; ts' g]jv+lhkA;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 259lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 260
260lA pjicA
ekrJ<j elpgwcl z{<lR Srl z{<SaPjrlA
usv\VOSvrlrkf{eU#j ejfg: clz\ru: ckgl: (104113)
LirjwUlb\YZjukzxalcJV\ SxlSdUl >hjG”<lR
stCIgUafkhA ShS. zfjA ssvdl#jrlA fkul (104114)
@ec\Sf½b\YZU iSrwrUc\YfJA ShldlR CkvSul½ekrR
CjgclP^ ul: CGi: cIgUlfl: czglf\awl: (104115)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
LYdogR T$jsr c\fkfjv+k sdl%jgj[kSNl&^s' @ pGCrA ejRihjŒk; LYdogR fsRy
YelGf\Frd& eoG^Jdgjv+ SC,A gF^jSh[\ am$j; LYdogsRy au[alG' akDA YC’jv+\
d{,\nR Svlpjv+k; =Lf\.kfdgalu ts#“jhkA @dlCS^l .oajujShl wh^jShl
dlnkduk%lSul_= Lfjrk aykemjuluj LYdogR eyŒk; =BlR L$su d%k; TS~l& tsRy
ak'jhkA L$su d%ksdl%jgj[k™; TfjhkA Lf\.kfdgaluj asM#k%\_=

LiG aPkglekgjuksm Yel#YeSpC^jsh^jSv+G™; d{,\nR eyŒk: =L”lil L$\ @pUA


rzg^jSh[\ selu\s[lxxo; B$& ejysd iglA;= .zilsr ejgjŒjgj[k' dlgUA LYdogr\
@Shlvj[iu+; d`JSglsm drA fo$ju <{puS^lsm LS˜<A ulvjv+k; =ts' Kse]j [gkSf
.zilSr BlR Lijmks^ ijrJf.{fUrSh*l; B$xksm iJmjsr Lijmks^ elpSgnk[& sdl%\
eijYfal[julhkA; L$jsrulnSh*l ejf{[xkA SpiRalgkA c#k,\mglik'f\;
.d\fCjSglanjd&[\ alYfA YeleUalu egaepA a<lglwlilu >hj[\ h.jv+f\ Lisg
eowjv+j}lnSh*l; Lijmks^ elpc\eGCA sdl%\ egjCk’alu fJGf\FwhA ao™ Shld$sxukA
eijYfal[k™; @ fJGf\F^lhlnSh*l clzgekYfRalsg ekrGwJij~jv+f\; SpiSpiYeS.l
Lijmks^ BlR rac\dgj[k™;

aPkglekgjujsh fsRy d{fUrjGi<n^jrk SC,A .ir^jH iglsa™\ d{,\nR LYdogr\ Ky~k


rHdj; LYdogR rzg^jSh[k Seluj; d{,\nrkA do}gkA rzg^jrk eky^\ flixaky~jv+k;
t'j}\ rzgA vkMj rm™ d%k; fsRy ak'jH[% Kw\wIh$xlu Sdl}dsx d{,\nR cldofA
iJ]jv+k; rzg^jsh ic\fkdhlssipz\’UikA cN'fukA LS˜<A @cIpjv+k; rzg^jsh
se•sdlmjd& @ g%k ukiSdlaxRalsg d•dkxkGs[ d%k;

d{,\nR Qgk Lh[kdlgsr Lijsm d%k; LisRy du+jH rh*ujrkA ic\Yf$xk%lujgk™;


d{,\nR eyŒk: =tsRy SwU,\|R >hglarkA trj[kA Si%j rh* ic\Yf$& f'lhkA; rjr[\
fJGv+ulukA LrkYz<A h.j[kA;= Pj[lgjulu @ Lh[k[lgR dAcsRy .d\frlujgk™; LiR
ekv\VS^lsm d{,\nsRy @iCUs^ rjgldgj[kduln\ svu\ff\; d{,\nR rj,\YeulcA
LisRy fh vkahjHrj™\ SiGs~mk^j Lisr iPjv+k; t'j}\ SwU,\|rkA LrkwrkA
f$&[liCUakxx ic\Yf$& tmk^k; dkyv+\ dqjŒ\ Qgk sru\^k[lgR LiG[k Si%
K^gJu$xkA aMk ic\Yf$xkA rHdj; d{,\nR Lisr LrkYz<jv+k; ej'JmiG ckplaR t™\
Segkxx eo[lgsr d%k; LiR d{,\nsr eowj[kdfs' svu\fk; iG`C>xalu eoalhd&
sdl%\ glad{,\nRalsg LiR Lh“gjv+k; LirjH cAYeJfrlu d{,\nR LirliCUs~}
ig$sxh*lA rHdj; LirkA @ sru\^kdlgSRyfk Selsh QSg Qgk igSa @iCUs~}kxxo- .zip\
epe“w$xjhkxx LvXh.d\fj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 260lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 261
261lA pjicA
YecS'l .zilR dk>\wlA YfjiYdlA gkvjglrrA
WwIJA dG^kA arC\vSYd pGCuR pGCSr EhA (10426)
ep\.UlalYdaU YeeSp pIUA zkhUk^lrelnjrl
Yez{<U vj>k Sd½PUlf\aakprJrapvUkf: (10427)
cl fpGw\wk calrlAzJ >{<v\V\SylnjeSulPgl
akdk‘c\eGCrlf\ cSpUl >.oi YeaSpl^al (10428)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
rzg^jShu\[k rm[kSNl& dorks%“jhkA ck‘gjulu Qgk ukifj v‘rSheikaluj rm[k'f\
d{,\nR d%k; LiSxlm\ v‘raliCUs~}S~l& TO SherA dAcrkSi%j YeSfUdaluj
Lgv+k%l[juflsn™A Lixksm TO do}\ dAcr\ -sy Yejus~}flsn™A Lixyjujv+k; t'j}k
eyŒk; =L$Su[l& domkfH TfjrG<aluj aMlgk%\_= Li& v‘r[o}\ .d\fUlpgSilsm
glad{,\nRalG[\ rHdj; v‘r[o}\ Sp<^njŒ\ LiG eoGi+lPjdA .AzjSulsm SCl.jv+k;
dorjulu ukifjuksm rjSipr^jH cAYeJfrlu d{,\nR Lixksm elp$& fsRy
elp^lhaG^j~jmjv+\ g%kijghkd&s[l%ixksm flmj KuG^j; LS~l&isg YfjiYdulujgk'
Li& Qgk rjaj,Asdl%\ Srsguluj; .zilsr dlnk'fkA .ziHSci svu+k'fkA a<jausYf;
@ .zilsRy dgc\eGCA Q™sdl%k alYfA dorjulu c\YfJ ck‘gjulu fgknJanjuluj alyj;
LixkA .zilrjH @d{,\muluj; pjiUukilijSrlmkxx YenuelgiCUA sdl%\ Li& d{,\nsr
cIz{<^jSh[\ ]njv+k; aFkgujsh d{fUrjGi+<nSC,A Lisx c‘GCj[lsa™\ d{,\nR
il[k sdlmk^k;

egaCjisRy ijh*k co]jv+k iv+jgj[k' c\FhSasf™\ d{,\nR LSrI,jv+k; LijsmS~luj


Lsfmk^kuG^lR LS˜<A sv'S~l& dliH[lG fmŒk; t'lH d{,\nR
Lsfmk^kuG^j g%k d,nal[j Qmjv+k dxŒk; ijh*k akyjŒ C>\pA dAcsRy
svijujhksa^j; dAcsRy Sul’l[& d{,\nsr Sfmj i™; t'lH glad{,\nRalG ijh*jsRy
edkfjsdl%\ th*liSgukA fkg^jSulmjv+k; cogUlc\faualuS~l& LiH rzglfjG^jujsh
flix^jSh[k am$j; Lijsm glYfj dqjv+k do}j;

dAcR fsRy Sul’l[sx glad{,\nRalG fkg^jSulmjv+ dlgUayjŒ\ iUldkhs~}k; glYfj


akqkiR rjYplij<Jrrluj[qjŒk; Ky$lR fkrjukSNlsqls[ pkcIe\r$& dlnkdukA svu\fk;
Lmk^ Ye.lf^jH dAcsRy Lrkulujd& Qgk ah*uk’^jrkSi% dxgjsulgk[j;
dlnjd&[kxx Tgj~jm$& fu+lyluS~l& wr$& af\cgA dlnlR fjg[k[o}jsu^j; dAcR
glwdJuc\Flr^jgk™; YeCc\fglu ah*uk’iJgRalG af\cg^jrk fu+lsymk^k; r‘srukA aMk
SzlelhRalsgukA dAcR YeSfUdA ]njv+kigk^jujgk™; LiG[luj YeSfUdA Tgj~jmikA
fu+lyl[jujgk™; th*ligkA cIc\Flr$xjhjgj~luj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 261lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 262
262lA pjicA
ah*lrlaCrjGr{nlA rgig: c\YfJnlA c\aSgl aoG^jalR
SzlelrlA cIwSrl½cflA ]jfj.kwlA Clc\fl cIejSYfl: CjCk:
a{fUkGS.lweSfGi+jgl/ijpk,lA f^IA egA SulzjrlA
i{,\nJrA egSpiSffj ijpjSfl gAzA zf: clYzw: (104317)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
cA.i><khaluj^JG' @ edhjsr glad{,\nRalgkA aMk SzleRalgkA Ye.lfYelGf\Fr
dSxlsm tfjSgMk; segkNy akq$k' C>\pA .zilrkA Sd}k; ah*uk’iJgRalgksm SzIlzIl ijxjdxkA
aMkA dxgjujH rj™ Sd}\ d{,\nR cldofA LijSmu\[k Seluj; dxgj[k eky^\ dkihuleJ|A
t™ Seglu @ .JdgR @r rj'jgk™; d{,\nR @rc\cilgj[lgSrlm\ iqjalylR @iCUs~}k;
t'lH @r[lgR Sfl}jsdl%\ dk^j d{,\nrk Srsg @Ydaj[lR @rsu
SYegj~j[ulnk%luf\; @r d{,\nsr fsRy fkNjss[ sdl%\ vkMj~jmjv+k; t'lH .zilR
LisRy ejmjujH rj™A iqkfj alyj @ruksm ilH ejmjv+k ihj[lR fkm$j; dksy pogA
Seluj[qjŒS~l& ilhkejmjv+\ @rsu i}A vkMj[lR fkm$j; Qgk cau^\ TO
pI‘uk’^jrjmu\[\ d{,\nR Qgk iJq\v+ L.jrujv+k; LS~l& @r fsRy sdlNk sdl%k
flSq[lŒk dk^j; d{,\nR QqjŒkalyj; Sdlelr\Prluj @r iJ%kA d{,\nsRy SrG[\
elŒmk^k; .zilR LisRy fkNjss[ ejmjv+k fjgjv+Sflsm LiR rjh^k iJnk; d{,\nR
@rs[lNkd& g%kA ihjv+ogjsumk^\ @rSuukA @r[lSgukA dlhekgj[uv+k;

glad{,\nRalG dxgjujSh[\ YeSiCjv+k; @rs[lNkA ssdu+jH ejmjv+kA akD$& ijuG~k


anjdxlH Lh“gj[s~}kA LrjfgclPlgnalu Qgk Sal<rp{CUA fs'ulujgk™ Lf\;
ah*iJgRalG[\ d{,\nR aj'HejnG Selsh dlns~}k; @nk$&[\ d{,\nR
Qgfjalrk,rlukA c\YfJd&[\ dlaSpisRy LiflgalukA SzleRalG[\ >r\PkilukA
LPlG”jdglu glwl[RalG[\ Cj]drlukA alflejfl[&[\ dk}julukA dAcr\ dlhrlukA
Lw\Blrj[\ siyksalgk >lhrlukA SulzjigURalG[\ egacfUalukA i{,\njd&[\ a<^lu
pjiUfuksm YefjgoealukA d{,\nR dlns~}k; d{,\nR SwU,\|R >hglarksal^\
dxgj[x^jSh[\ dm™ sv™; af\cg$& dlnlsr^juiG d{,\sr Ligksm <{^m$xjSh[\
eSXY‘ju$xlhkA arc\cksdl%kA >k’jsdl%kA cIJdgjv+k; LiG d{,\nsr~Mj egc\egA
cAclgj[lR fkm$j; ickSpiekYfrluj wrjv+fkA i{w^jSh[\d{,\nsr alMjufkA LisRy
>lhUhJhdxksah*lA LiG egc\egA eyŒlr‘jv+k;

LS~l& ah*uk’iJgrlu vlnogR d{,\nsr pI‘uk’^jrluj ]njv+k; =svyk~[lgl Tfk


glwlijsRy Kh*lc^jrk Si%juln\; glwlijsr cAf{e\fjs~mk^k' dlgU$& svu+kdiqj
Yewd& Ligksm @Yz<$& clPj[kdukA LiG[\ stCIgUak%likdukA svu+kA;=

d{,\nR eyŒk: =rlsah*lA dAcsRy Yewdxlu c\Fjfj[\ a<lglwlijsr c#k,\mal[k'


dlgU$& rlA svSu+%fk fs'; eS] pI‘uk’^jH es“mk[k'iG fkhUCd\fglujgj[nA;
Lsh*“jH Lf\ LPG”aldkA;= vlnogR vlmj[uyj~yŒk; =fJGv+ulukA; t'lH rj$& uki
fgknRalgluj dlnk™si“jhkA rj$& dkihuleJ|S^lm\ svu\fsfs#S'lG[kSNl&
L$jsr dn[l[lR iu+; rj$& tsRy sih*ijxj[\ SulzUG fs'; >hglaR ak,\mjdrkaluj
ah*mj[s};=

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 262lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 263
263lA pjicA
c rjfUSplpIjz\rPjul faJCIgA
ej>R ipR il ijvgR cIeX\VIcR
ppGC vYdlukPaYzSflu
c\fSpi goeA pkgileale (104439)
KmSrfs' g%k pI‘uk’$& @gA.jv+k; vlnogrkA d{,\nrkA; ak,\mjdrkA >hglarkA; @
ah*uk’A Lf\.kfdgalsulgk dlq\v fs'ulujgk™; glad{,\nRalG ah*iJgRalgksm
vlfkgUS^lsm LclPgn Cd\fjSulsm KGw\wIcIhgluj vlnogrkA ak,\mjdrkaluj Selglmj;
t'lH dlnjd&- YeSfUdjv+kA c\YfJwr$& LfkhUgluigksm af\cg^jH PlG”jdSgl,A
eo%k; =Tf\ LPlG”jdaln\;= LiG egc\egA eyŒk; =rak[jijsmrj™\ fjgjv+k SeldlA; dlgnA
Tijsm LrJfjukA LPG”ikA rmalmk™; Tijsm rj'lH rlakA TO LYda^jrk do}k rjH[k'
fjrk fkhUalikA; TO ukiSdlax>lhRalG ak,\[gkA ah*uk’iJgRalgkalu vlnogSrlmkA
ak,\mjdSrlmkA djmejmj[k'sf$jsr_ @ >lhRalG tYf ck‘gRalgkA arA au[k'igkaln\;
i{w^jsh c\YfJwr$& .lzUA svu\fiG fs'; pjrikA Ligksm d`kd& TO >lhRalsg
dlnkdsu' La{fk`k™iSh*l;=

d{,\nR vlnogsr iPj[lR fJgkalrjv+k; uk’A LiclrZ}^jsh^j; vlnogR d{,\nsr


rjhS^s[yjŒ\ @Œmjv+k; d{,\nrf\ f}jalMj vlnogsRy ssdu+jH~jmjv+kuG^j fhu\[k
vkMkA vkqMj rjh^mjv+k; LckgsRy dF dqjŒk; LSf cauA >hglaR ak,\mjdsrukA
idigk^j; gd\fA iajv+\ LirkA agjv+k iJnk; g%kSegkSmukA Lrkulujd& glad{,\nRalG[k
Srsg elŒmk^ksi“jhkA LisgukA SwU,\|lrkwRalG idigk^j; aMkxxiG Qlmj g]s~}k;

SYdlPldkhrluj dAcR Lhyj; =Pj[lgjdxlu Tisg ejmjdomj tsRy glwU^k rj™A rlmk
dm^kd; Ligksm LVrlu ickSpisr iPj[kd; tsRy LVrlu KYzScrSrukA sdl™
dxuunA;= t'lH d{,\nR dAcsRy Tgj~jm^jSh[\ vlmj[uyj dAcsr ssdejmjv+\
dxgjujSh[\ ihjv+jy[j; dAcr\ ilxoglR SelhkA cauA dj}jujh*; d{,\nR dAcsRy
srXjSh[\ vlmj[uyj; dAcR agjv+k; t'lH gledH CIlczfjujhkA KOnjhkA Ky[^jhkA
rm^ujhkA cAclg^jhkA dAcR d{,\nsr~Mj cpl vj#jv+k sdl%jgk'fjrlH fkShlA
LYeleUalu @ rjGi+lneps^^s' Yelejv+k;

dAcsRy t}k cS<lpgRalgkA glad{,\nRalgksm SrG[k fjgjŒk; >hglaR Lisgsuh*lA


idigk^j; d{,\nsRy SaH ek,\ei{,\mjuk%luj; cIGz\zzludG .ziHa<jad&
elmj~kdq\^j; agns~} gl]cgksm .lgUalsglqjsd th*ligkA cS#l,jv+k; LiG T$jsr
eyŒk; =S.lwglwrlu LS$[\ PlG”Jd gJfjdsx~Mj r'luyjulalujgk™; t'j}kA L$\
puSifkajh*lsf PG”j,\|glu ark,Usg SYpl<jv+\ rjGS˜l,jdxluiG[\ eyulrgkfl^
d,\mr,\m$& igk^j; L$jsrulnSh*l LijSm[Juic\F i™ SvG'f\; rjGS˜l,jd&[\
SYpl<A svu+k'iG[\ T<Shld^jH c#k,\mjsul™A YefJ]j[kd iu+; d{,\nsr
Lrlpgj[k'iGs[l™A L.ji{’juk%likdujsh*™A rlA d%k; .zilR ijCI^jsRy
cAg]drkA egjelhdrkasYf;= d{,\nR cIuA Lisg calPlrj~jv+k; LfjrkSC,A fsRy
alflejfl[xlu ickSpisrukA SpidjsuukA dlglYz<^jH rj™A Salvj~jv+k; Ligksm
dlH[H iJnk rac\[gjv+k; Liglds} rjC\C>\pgluj rj™Seluj; pjiUfuksm
Liflgekgk,rln\ f$xksm dlH[H iJnk rac\[gj[k'sf™\ LiG[yjulalujgk™;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 263lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 264
264lA pjicA
Ye.siO cGiijpUlrlA cGisw\BO wzpJCIsgO
rlrUcj’lahw\BlrA zo<alsrO rSg<jssf: (104530)
LSFl zkgk dkSh ilcajv\V#lik ewz\afk:
dlCUA cl‘JerjA rla <Ui#JekgilcjrA (104531)
uSFleclpU sfO pls#O zksgO i{^jarj‘jflA
Yzl<u#likSesfO c\a .d\fUl Spiajilp{sfO (104532)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
fsRy alflejfl[Sxlmkxx egaSYeaA sdl%\ d{,\nR Ligksm arc\cjsh aluuksm aomkemA
rj[j; c\Sr<eoGi+A =LVl= =LS”= t™\ ijxjv+\ fsRy ssCCidlh c<ilcA sdl%\ LiG[\
@r‘SadlR dqjul^fjH LiSglm\ al~jg™; =cI#A alflejfl[sx Scij[l^ a[&[\
T<Shld^kA uaShld^kA dj}k' Cj] .u“galujgj[kA; iuc\ck sv' Lv\Vr”alsg
egjg]j[l^ a[& wJijv+jgj~ks%“jhkA v^fjrk caasYf;= d{,\nR eyŒk; ickSpigkA
SpidjukA @r‘vj^gluj adsr zl?A eknG™;

ej'Jm\ d{,\nR dAcsRy ejflilu KYzScrsr iJ%kA glwliluj ilqjv+k; f$sx


SYpl<jv+jgk' dAcsRy agnilG^uyjŒ\ cIuA glwUA ij}kSelujgk'igkA aMkA
fjgjsv+^jujgk™; d{,\nR r‘SzleSglm\ eyŒk; =Lijmk™\ B$Sxlm\ -MikA c\Sr<ikA
aafukA dlnjv+j }kxx @xln\; LVr”alG KSe]jv+ CjCkijsr cI#A CjCkilsu`j
c\Sr<ilf\chU$& rHdj egjelhjv+iG fs'uln\ LisRy uFlGf\F alflejfl[&;
TS~l& puiluj i{w^j Shu\[k fjgjv+k SelulhkA; BlR flacjulsf LS$l}k i™sdlxxlA;
.zilR LiG[\ rjysu c”lr$xkA rHdjuln\ i{‘lir^jSh[k eyŒuv+f\; arajh*l
arSc\clsm r‘SzleG d{,\nSrlm\ ijm eyŒk;

LPjdA flacjulsf ickSpiR glad{,\nRalG[\ KerurA rm^j; LiG Y><\avgUl


YCa^jSh[\ dm™; LiG fJGv+ulukA th*l Clc\Yf$xjhkA dhdxjhkA rjeknglujgk™; LiG
egaalu @ ijw\Blr^jrkmadxlnSh*l; t“jhkA Lfk ayv+kiv+\ cl‘Jerjuksm @YCa^jH
zkgkdkhilcalYz<jv+\ sv™; LijsmuiG zkgkijsr LfJi .d\fjSulsm Scijv+k; Qgkir\ fsRy
zkgkijSrlmk%lSi% .d\fj t$jsr Sinsa'fjr\ LiG K^Salpl<gn$xluj;

Lijsm LiG th*l SipClc\Yf$xkA dhdxkA e|jv+k; el|$& Qgj[H Sd}lH fs' LigfjH
rjekngluj^JG™; ijpUl.UlcA dqjŒ\ zkgkdkhA ijmlyluS~l& zkgkp]jnuluj t#kSinsa
'iG zkgkijSrlmlglŒk; Cj]Ugksm pjiUfsu~Mj rh* Lyjik%lujgk' cl‘Jerj cakYp^jH
ak$jagjv+kSelu fsRy adsr fjgjsd sdl%kiglR @iCUs~}k;

KmSr fs' d{,\nR cakYp^jH sv™\ Lijms^ LPjSpifsu d%k; elXwrR


ts'lgckgrln\ ukilijsr idigk^jusf™\ igknR eyŒk; cakYp^jhjy$j elXwrsr
d{,\nR iPjv+k; LckgsRy goeA Qgk CADjSRyflujgk™; elXwrUA; Lckgsr sdls'“jhkA
zkgkekYfsr ds%^jujh*; d{,\nR uaShld^k sv™\ CADofj; TfkSd}\ uaglwR eky^k i™\
ukilijsr wJij~jv+\ d{,\nrk ak'jH rjG^j; zkgk d{,\nrjH cAYeJfrluj; cl‘Jerj
eyŒk; =rjs'S~lhkxx Cj,URalgkxx zkgk[RalG .lzUA svu\figsYf; Ligksm
@Yz<$sxh*lA ]Snr clPj[s~mk™; rjsRy a<ja th*lisgukA eijYfal[s};=

glad{,\nRalG aPkgu\[k am$j;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 264lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 265
265lA pjicA
fl aRarc\dl af\ Yelnl apGf\SF fUd\fssp<jdl:
alSai pujfA SYe,\|alf\alrA arcl zfl:
SufUd\fShldPG”lC\v apGf\SF flR >j.G”U<A (10464)
ukiSulSgi ssrilualf\aSwl .zilR <gj:
cGSi,lalf\aSwl <Ulf\al ejfl alfl c TOCIg: (104642)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
K’iR d{,\nsRy @f\aajYfalujgk™; Qgk pjicA d{,\nR K’iSrlm\ eyŒk; =ck<{S^
i{‘lirA isg Q™ Seluj igo; L$jsr trju[k Si%j Lijsmukxx SzlejdalG[\ LH~A
@CIlcA rHdjulhkA; i{w^jsh c\YfJwr$& ts' ejgjŒfjhkxx ijg<pk:D^JujH
dqjuk™; ts' iJ%kA dlnlR dqjuksa™xx YefUlC alYfalnisg wJij~j[k'f\; Ligksm
arc\c\ t'jH ijhJralujgj[k™; BlR Ligksm wJirsYf; trj[kSi%j th*l hOdJd>r\P
$xkA dmadxkA LigkSe]jv+k; BlR Ligksm -dlYCuasYf;=

K’iG Kmsr i{w^jSh[\ ekys~}k; eCk[& ekh*k SaŒk rm[k' Srg^ln\ K’iG
i{w^jsh^juf\; ulzlz\rjSuukA Y>l<\anSgukA @glPjv+k eowj[k' i{w^jsh
YzlaiJFjdxjhosm K’iG dm™Seluj; QmkijH r‘Szlegksm iJ}jsh^j; r‘R aFkgujsh
>r\PkajYflpjdxksm cODUalglŒk; LS˜<A LfJi c#k,\mrluj YeSfUdjv+\ >hglasrukA
d{,\nsrukA dkyjv+\ Svlpjv+yjŒk; d{,\nsRy >lhUdlhhJhd& LS˜<A QlG”jv+k; Li
i{wilcjd&[\ rjfU el|alujgk™ish*l; ijdlgelgiCUA sdl%\ LS˜<^jr\ d{,\nhJhd&
LPjdA iG`j[lrlujh*; d{,\nsRy dFd& Sd}\ uSClp fkmsg fkmsg d`Jsglqk[j
ijiCulujgk™;

Ligksm d{,\nSYeaA d%k arc\chjŒ K’iG eyŒk; =rj$xksm d{,\nSYeaA


LrUlp{CUasYf; >hglasrukA d{,\nsrukA rj$& cIekYfRalgluj dn[l[k™ t'fk
Cgjfs'su“jhkA uFlGf\F^jH th*l c{,\mjdxksmukA YpiUegikA KOGw\wegikalu
dlgnasYf LiG; Lisg rj$&[\ ekYfRalgluj h.jv+k t'f\ rj$xksm cO.lzUasYf; t'lH
d{,\nr\ LVSrl L”Sul ekYfSrl >r\PkajYflpjdSxl Th* fs'; dlgnA d{,\nR rj$&
dlnk' @ .OfJd CgJgah*; t“jhkA LS˜<A eSh w#kiGz\z$xjH Liflgsamk[k™;
d{,\nR rj$xksm adR alYfah*; LS˜<A .zilR <gjuln\; th*l^jSRyukA @f\ac^ukA
th*ligksmukA adrkaSYf d{,\nR; Lh*l LS˜<A th*ligkSmukA LVrkA L”ukA .zilrkasYf;
ulsfl™ dlns~mk™Sil Sd&[s~mk™Sil vgSal LvgSal svykSfl ihkSfl Lsfh*lA
.ofiG^alr.lijdlh$xjH rjhrjH[k'sfS#l Lsfh*lA .zilR d{,\nrjH rj™A Siyj}k
rjhrjH[k'jh*; .zilR cIuA th*lMjSRyukA Kxxjsh cfUcIgoeasYf;= T$jsr d{,\nsr~Mj
eyŒksdl%\ LiG glYfj dqjv+k do}j;

coSgUlpualuS~l& r‘z{<^jrkakRejH glwdJu il<rA d%\ SzlejdalG d{,\nsr sdl%k


SeldlR LYdogR i' dlgUSalG^k; LS~lqlnsh*l f$xksm wJisrfs' rJ[k' a}jH
LYdogR d{,\nsr sdl%kSeluf\; LYdogR iJ%kA i'jgj[kdulSnl t'iG Lf\.kfs~}k;
TS~l& t#lnul&[k sdl%kSelilrkxxf\_ @ cau^\ K’iG dkxjukA SfilgikA dqjŒ\
rpj[gujH rj™A am$jsu^j;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 265lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 266
266lA pjicA
.ifJrlA ijSulSz Sa r <j cGilf\arl dIvjf\
uFl .oflrj .oSf,k DA iluIz\rjGw\whA a<J
fFl<A v ar:Yeln .oSfY‘juzknlYCu: (104729)
@f\SarUilf\arl ½½f\alrA c{Sw <RaUrkelhSu
@f\aalulrk.lSir .oSfY‘juzknlf\arl (104730)
@f\al w\Blrau: CkS’l iUfjgjd\Sfl½zknlrIu:
ck,ke\fjcIe\rwlYzp\.jG”luli{^j.jgJuSf (104731)
SuSrY‘julGf\FlR PUlSuf a{,l cIe\ripkf\Fjf:
f'jgkr\PUlpjY‘julnj ijrjYp: YefUepUf (104732)
-fp#: cala\rlSul Sulz: cADUA arJ,JnlA
fUlzc\f Sel pa: cfUA cakYpl#l Tilezl: (104733)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
SzlejdalG K’isr d%k; d{,\nSRyfkSelsh fs'uln\ Si,A; d{,\n.d\frkA
ck<{^kalnk’iR t'iG fjgjv+yjŒk; LiG LS˜<s^ cIJdgjv+k in$j d{,\nsr~Mj
LSrI,jv+k; =Lijmk™\ .zilsRy ck<{^kA pofrkalsn™\ B$&[yjulA; fJGv+ulukA
d{,\nsRy alflejfl[sx dlnlR i'fkaln\; i{w^jH LS˜<A QlG”jS[%fluj
asM#lnkxxf\_ @xkd& -crUlcjd&S~lhkA- Ligksm >r\PkajYflpjdsx~Mj QlG”j[kA;
t'lH vjhG dlgUA d%kdqjukSNl& cO<{psah*lA KSe]jv+kdxukA;= t'lH SzlejdalG
d{,\nsRy >lhUhJhdsx~Mj QlG[lrkA eyulrkA fkm$j; Ligksm <{pu$& d{,\nSYeaA
sdl%kA d`kd& d`Jgksdl%kA rjyŒjgk™; Qgk Szlejd Qgk dgji%\ frj[k vkMkA
aoxjsdl%\ elyj~y[k'fk d%\ LfjSrlsm' a}jH K’iSrlm\ frj[k eyulrkxxf\ akqkiR
d{,\nSYeaelgiCU^lH T$jsr eyŒk; =rJ Tijsm t#jrln\ i'f\_ d{,\nzlFdxkA
a<jadxkA B$sx Sd&~jv+fksdl%\ rjrs[#ln\ Sr}A_ B$xksm <{puA diG'fjrkSC,A
d{,\nR B$sx KSe]jv+k Seluj; Cgjfs'; d{,\nr\ B$xksm c\Sr<A t#jrlnjrj_
Lijmks^ elpeowsvu+lR cN^jsRy Spifulu cl]lH h]\aJSpij fs'uk%Sh*l; Lirk
Si%j B$& cI#A iJmkdxkA >r\P$xkA KSe]jv+k; LS˜<^jrk Si%j B$xjH ehgkA
wRailcrdsxukA @Yz<$SxukA ijdlg$sxukA Qfk[j; T,\mlrj,\m$sx Qqjil[j
fecIjdsxS~lsh wJij[k™; LS˜<^jsRy Segk Sd&[kSNlSq B$&[kxxjH d|jralu
iUFukA elgiCUik ak%lik™; eyuo B$sx d{,\nsRyumkS^[\ sdl%kSeldlSal_=

dgji%jSrlmk eyŒfjsRy selgkxyjŒ K’iR aykemjuluj eyŒk; =d{,\nsRy a<rJu


.d\fdSx rj$& cIwJijfA sdl%\ @f\acl]lf\dlg^jsRy elf ijgjv+jgj[k™; Lf\
egaSYea^jSRyfsYf; Trj d{,\nR rj$&[luj f'uv+ YeSfUd cS‘CA Sd}lhkA; =rj$&[\
Qgj[hkA t'jH rj™\ ejgjukd cl’Uah*; dlgnA BlR cIuA wJirkA th*lMjsRyukA
@f\alikasYf; TO ijCIs^ akqkiR BlR c{,\mjv+k cAg]j[k™; cA<gj[k™; Tisuh*lA
BlR cIuA t'jH fs' svu+k'fln\; @f\ali\ cGi+Ck’ikA S>lPA fs'ukaln\; Lfjsr
S>lP^jsRy ao'ic\Fdxjhosmfs' Sfmj ds%S^%fln\; cIe\r^jH d% Qgk
ic\fkijsrS~lsh Shlds^ dlnlR dqjuk' Qgk alrcJdlic\Fujhlujgj[nA; th*lijP
@f\aJuclPrdxkA arc\cjsr rjuY#j[lrk'A iv+kxxfsYf; Tfjrluj rj$& .OfJdaluj
tsRyumk^\ tS~lqkA K%linsa'jh*; t'jH rj™A Ld™ rjH[kSNlqln\ ehS~lqkA
rj$& @f\aJualuj tS'lmmk^k rjH[k'f\;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 266lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 267
267lA pjicA
S< rlF S< glarlF YiwrlFlG^jrlCr
az\rak’g Szlij‘ SzldkhA i{wjrlG`ilf\ (104752)
iS‘ r‘Yiwc\YfJnlA elpSgnka.J]\nC:
ulclA <gjdSFlp\zJfA ekrlfj .kirYfuA (104763)
arScl i{^Sul r: cUk: d{,\n elplA>kwlYCul:
ilSvl½.jPluj rJG'la\rlA dluc\ff\ Ye<Inlpj,k (104766)
dG”.jGY.laUalnlrlA uYf dIleJCISgv\Vul
aAzhlvgjssfG˜lssr gfjG' d{,\n TOCISg (104767)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
d{,\nsRy cS‘CA Sd}\ SzlejdalG LfJic#k,\mgluj; LiG K’iSrlm\ Svlpjv+k; =d{,\nsr
zl?A c\Sr<j[k' B$sx .zilR QlG”j[k™S%l_ vkMkelmkA glwdJu irjfdxkxxS~lqkA
.zilr\ B$sx QlG”ukS%l_ rj$sxh*lA cAclgj[kSNl& d{,\nR B$sx~Mj eyulykS%l_
glchJhlr{^^jsRy alc\agJdfsu~Mj d{,\nR eyŒj}kS%l_ B$xksm ijg<^J
sdmk^lR LS˜<A ts'“jhkA fjgjsd igkSal_ @Yz<$xjh*lfjgj[hln\
cS#l,ak%lilrkxx -d alGz\zsa™\ B$&[yjulsa“jhkA d`R Qgkrl& fjgjv+k igksa™A
.zilrkaluj Q'jv+k Svglsa™A B$& @Cjv+k Selik™; i{‘lir^jsh ekHSamkdxkA
sse[xkA Sdlh[kqH~l}kA th*lA B$xjH d{,\nsr~Mjukxx vj#dxk%l[k™; B$xksm
arc\c\ th*lu\S~lqkA d{,\nrjH rjyŒjgj[k™; .zilSr, h]\aJeSf, i{‘lirlPjel,
LijmS^[k alYfSa B$xksm pkgjfaiclrj~j[lR dqjikxxo; Szldkhs^ pkgjfcakYp^jH
rj™ dgduMjulhkA;=

SzlejdalG ega.d\fjuksm .OfJdgoesa™ arcjhl[j K’iR dkSy alc$& Ligksm dosm


vjhiqjv+k; LiG th*lu\S~lqkA d{,\nsr[kyjv+k eyŒk sdlS%ujgk™; LS˜<A @Shlvjv+k;
=TO rj,\[x“glu SzlejdalG rgwRaclEhUA Srmjujgj[k™; t'lH eowdxjhkA
ulz$xjhkSaGs~}jgj[k' eowlgjdxkA en\/jfRalgkA Ligksm cauA i{Flijhl[kduSYf
svu+k'f\; TO SzlejdalG elee“jhsa™\ Sfl'jSu[lik' wJijfA rujv+k sdl%lsn“jhkA
a<lf\al[Sx[lxkA Y>l<\anSg[lxkA pjiUalu wJijfaln\ ruj[k'f\; dlgnA Ligjsh
d{,\nSYeaA LrUlp{CUasYf; Lmk^ wRa^jH TO i{‘lir^jsh Qgk svmjSul ekHrlSNl
@uj wrj[lR trj[k .lzUak%lds}; L$jsr TO Szlejdalgksm elpSgnk[xnjŒ\ BlR
LrkYz<Jfrlis}; =ao™ Shld$xjhkA d{,\na<jad& elmj eijYfal[k' TO
Szlec\YfJdxksm elpSgnk[sx BlR rac\[gj[k™;

K’iG aFkgu\[k am$lrluj r‘SzleSglm\ ulYf eyŒk; i{wilcjd& eyŒk; =B$xksm


arc\ckA vj#dxkA th*lu\S~lqkA d{,\nsRy elplgij‘$xjhlis}; B$xksm QlSgl il[kA
Lijms^ YedJG^j[lrlis}; cGi+l#gUlajulu Lijmks^ Scij[lrkA dkNjmkilrkaluj TO
Sp<$& B$xjfl caG~j[k™; B$xksm ijPjsu#kfs'ulujgk'lhkA B$&s[™A
d{,\n.d\fjuk%ldkalylds};=

K’iR aFkg[\ am$j d{,\nSrlm\ th*lA ijCpaluj eyŒk Sd&~jv+k; t'j}\ d{,\nsRy
dlH[H iJn\ @ elp$sx fsRy ega.d\fjuksm d`Jgksdl%.jS,dA svu\fk;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 267lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 268
268lA pjicA
pkglgl’UA calgl’U ij,\nkA cGSi+CISgCIgA
Sul i{nJSf aSrlYzl<Uac^Ilf\ dkarJ,UscO (104811)
Vjr\PUlCk r: ckfdxYf Prle\f Sz<
Sp<lpjSal<gCrlA .i pJualulA (104827)
.ipIjPl a<l.lzl rjS,iUl LG<c^al:
SYCuc\[lssaGr{.jG'jfUA Spil: cIlGf\Fl r clPi: (104830)
r <U”ulrj fJGf\Flrj r Spil a{v\Vjhlaul:
Sf ekr#Ukgk dlShr pGCrlSpi clPi: (104831)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
.zilR d{,\nR YfjiYdSulmk svu\f ilz\plrSalG”jv+k; YfjiYdsu' dorkxx plcj[\
@SglzUikA cO‘gUikA d{,\nR rHdjujgk™iSh*l; K’irkaluj LS˜<A Lisx c‘GCjv+k;
Li& LfJi cS#l,ifjuluj LfjFjd&[\ Tgj~jmA rHdj; t'j}\ dkxjv+\
@mul.gn$xnjŒk; hw\wlifjuluj Qfk$j rj'jgk' YfjiYdsu Lmk~jv+k rjG^j d{,\nR
Lixksm alyjm$xjH cI#A elp$xaG^lR Lrkipjv+k; Li& d{,\nsr @hjAzrA svu\fk
eknG™; L$jsr th*l pkgjf$xjH rj™ai& Salvjfuluj; d{,\nR Lixksm @Yz<YedlgA
Lijsm dkyv+k rl& flacjv+j}\ K’irkaluj am$j; h.j[lR -sy Yeulcakxx .ziH d{e
h.jv+fjrk SC,ikA arc\cjsRyukA TY‘ju$xksmukA @Yz<rji{^j[luj egjYCaj[k'igksm
dlgUA rjG.lzUdgsaS' eySu%o;

d{,\nR LYdogrk sdlmk^ ilz\plrikA QlG”jv+k; >hglarkA K’irksalgkajv+\ LS˜<^jsRy


.ir^jH d{,\nR c‘GCrA rm^j; LYdogR cS#l,^jsRy Kv+Sdlmjujhlujgk™;
glad{,\nRalG Yelu^jH svyjuisg“jhkA Ligksm pjiUfsus#™\ LYdogryjulalujgk™;
LYdogrisg eowjv+jgk™; LS˜<A YelGf\Fjv+k; =cdhvglvg$&[kA L#gUlajulu Lijmk™\
.zilsRy LiflgikA egaCd\fjukasYf; Lijmk™\ ijCIs^ c{,\mjv+\ cAg]j[k™;
Lw\BlrcJa[ka~kyaln$\; dlhYda^jH alM$xk%lik' TO CgJg^jH rj>’ah*
Lijmk™\; Lijmk™\ LwrkA Lr#rkA LrCIgrkasYf; PG”egjelhr^jrluj ScIVYedlgA
egjeoG` cfIcIgoealu Qgk CgJgA cIJdgjv+\ Lijmk'ifgj[k™; cGi+G[kA ck<{^kA th*lA
rHdk'irkA (Lijmks^S~lhkA) @u .zilsRy ak'jhh*lsf w\Blrjd& asMlglxksmukA e[H
L.uA ulvj[ujh* fs'; B$xksm ega.lzUA sdl%ln\ Lijmks^ elpSgn[& TO
z{<^jH efjulR Tmuluf\; .zilSr cAYeJfrlulhkA; ekYfR, .lgU, cN^\, ck<{^k[&,
z{<A, CgJgA fkm$ju th*l >r\P$xkA Lijmks^ fs' aluulnSh*l; Lidsx Lyk^k
dxulR B$sx LrkYz<jv+lhkA;

d{,\nR eyŒk: =B$& rj$&[\ a[xlnSh*l; rj$& dlgniRalgkA; w\Blrjd&


rj$SxS~lhkxx isguln\ eowjS[%f\; SpiRalGSelhkA cIlGf\FafjdxsYf; t'lH
L$suS~lhkxx a<lf\al[& L$jsruh*; dksySusy[lhs^ .d\fjclPrd& sdl%\
eknUrpjdxkA >jA>$xkA .d\fsr Ck’Jdgj[ksa'fk Cgj fs'; t'lH a<lf\al[xksm
Srl}sal™sdl%k fs' .d\fR eijYf elirrldk™; puiksvu\f\ L$\ <c\fjrlekgA
isgsul™\ Seluj Lijms^ dlgU$& LSrU,jv+k ignA; eln\/iRalG Lw\BlfilcA
dqjŒ\ am$jujgj[k™; t'lH pk,\mekYfRalgksm SYegn sdl%\ P{fgl,\Yma<lglwli\
eln\/k ekYfRalSglm\ rJfj dl}lR amj dlnj[k™; L$k SrgjH[%\ dlgU$& arc\cjhl[j
i'j}\ r”ksm ck<{^k[xkA .d\fgkaluigksm g]u\[k Si%j Kvjfaluj t#k svu+nsa™
fJgkalrj[lA;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 268lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 269
269lA pjicA
d{,\n d{,\n a<lSulzjR ijCIlf\aR ijCI.lir
Yee'lA el<j Szlij‘ CjCk.jC\vlicJpfJA (104911)
rlrU^i eplA S.lwlf\ eCUlaj CgnA r{nlA
>j.UflA a{fUk cAclglpJCIgcUleiGz\zjdlf\ (104912)
ra: d{,\nlu Ck’lu Y><\aSn egalf\aSr
SulSzCIglu Sulzlu fIla<A CgnA zfl (104913)
-d: YecouSf w#kSgd -i YehJuSf
-Sdl½rk.kAd\Sf ckd{fSad -i v pk,\d{fA (104921)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
LYdogR <c\fjrekg^jShu\[k Seluj; Lijsm LS˜<A i{’rlu P{fgl,\Ymsg d%k;
LS˜<^jsRy ekYfRalsgukA aY#jalsgukA .J,\aejfla<srukA LS˜<A c‘GCjv+k; Lisgh*lA
LYdogrkaluj @CAcd& ssdalyj; eln\/kekYfRalG[\ e]elfegaluln\ i{’glwlijH
rj™xx segkalMsa™\ dk#jukA ijpkgrkA LYdogSrlm\ eyŒk; glwli\ fsRy
pk,\mekYfRalSglmkxx aaf sdl%\ eln\/kekYfRalSglm\ LrJfj dlnj[k™si™\ LYdogR
arc\cjhl[j; d`JSglsm dk#j LYdogSrlm\ eyŒk; =aFkgujhkxx tsRy >r\Pkwr$&[\
ts' QlG” ukS%l tS#l_ tsRy pjiUrlu agkadR d{,\nR t#k eyuk™_ Lir\
B$sx~Mj - LisRy cI#A @&[lsg~Mj - Qgk vj#su“jhkakS%l_ B$& cI#A
.G^{cS<lpgrjH rj™A LS˜<^jsRy ekYfRalgjH rj™A Lrk.ij[k' LrJfj
Liryjuk™S%l_ LiR i™\ B$&[\ Cl#jSudj TO pkgjf^jH rj™\ B$sx dgduMkSal_=
d{,\nsr~MjSulG^\ dk#JSpij T$jsr Kys[ YelGf\Fj[lR fkm$j; =d{,\n d{,\nl
a<lSulzjR, ijCIlf\aR, ijCI.lir, Lijmks^ elp^jH L.uA Sfmjujgj[k' pk:Djfglu
ts'ukA dk}jdsxukA cAg]jv+lhkA; Lijmks^ L.uah*lsf asMl™A egakd\fjYepaluj}\ BlR
dlnk'jh*; LijmkS^u\[k rac\[lgA;= LYdogR dk#jsu calPlrj~j[lR YCajv+k; Lixksm
ekYfRalG SpiRalgjH rj™%luiglufk sdl%\ Ligksm cAg] Ky~lsn™\ LYdogR
QlG”j~jv+k; aFkgu\[k am$kA akRe\ LYdogR P{fgl,\Ymsg caJejv+\ T$jsr KeSpCjv+k;
=Lijmk'jS~l& cjA<lcr^jhjgj[k'f\ Lrkwrlu eln\/k dlhA eodjufk sdl%lnSh*l;
Tf\ LijSmu\[\ ihjsulgk^gilpjfIA rHdk™; L$\ cIekYfRalSglmkA eln\/kekYfR
alSglmkA e]elfA dlnj[lsfujgk'lH alYfSa Lijmks^ Swlhj stCIgUeoG`aluj
rjGi+<j[lR clPj[kdukxxk; ts#ls[ululhkA aMkxxigkaluj rak[kxx >r\PkfIA
tS'u\[kakxxfh* fs'; rlA LiSglsml~A ts'S'u\[kA wJij[lR Seldk'jh*; QgkiR -
drluj wrj[k™; -drluj agj[k™; Lul& cIdG”$xksm cHEhA @cIpj[kdukA
pk,\[G”EhA Lrk.ij[kdukA svu+k™; TfkA frjv+k fs'; Lfksdl%\ aMkxxisg dkMA
eyuk'fjH dlgUajh*; PlG”JdalukA LPlG”JdalukA rlA cA.gjv+k iu\[k'sfl™A rak[\
LiclrA dosm sdl%k SeldlrkA clPj[ujh*; eleSal eknUSal alYfSa LisRy dosm
Seldk™xxo; T<ShldA siyksalgk rJ% cIe\ralsn™\ arc\cjhl[kd; cI#A
>r\Pkwr$Sxlm\ Lajfalu aaflSal<A sdl%\ aMkxxiSglm\ LrJfj dlnj[lrjmiggkf\;

LYdogsRy w\BlSrleSpCs^ @pgjv+ksi“jhkA fsRy rjc\c<lulic\F P{fgl,\YmG


Lyjujv+k; cIekYfRalgksm pk,\mf arc\cjhl[juj}k SelhkA Ligkalukxx aaflSal<^jHrj™\
ij}k rjH[lR LS˜<^jrlujh*;; ulpidkh^jH Lifgjv+j}kxx @ a<lYe.kijsRy TVsu
fmk[lrlG[k dqjukA_ .oajuksm .lgA dkyu\[lrlulnSh*l LS˜<^jsRy wrrA; pkGYzl<Ualn\
Lijmks^ hJhd&; @ .zilsr BlR rac\[gj[k™;

LYdogR aFkg[\ am$j d{,\nSrlmkA >hglaSrlmkA th*l dlgU$xkA eyŒk;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 269lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 270
270lA pjicA
-fpGf\SFl½iflSgluA .o.lg<gnlu Sa
cAg]nlu clPorlA d{Sfl½SrU,lA iPluv (10509)
LSrUl½ej PG”g]lssu Sp<: cAY.juSf aul
ijglaluleUPG”cU dlSh Ye.if: dIvjf\ (105010)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
wglcr\PR dAcsRy .lgUlejflilujgk™; d{,\nR dAcsr iPjv+ dlgUA fsRy ekYfjalgjH
rj'yjΠwglcr\PR Sdlelr\Prluj ihjsulgk sscrUS^lsm aFkgsu @Ydaj[lR ekys~}k;
Tfk d%\ d{,\nR @Shlvjv+k; =wglcr\PsRy TO sscrUs^ rCj~j[kd fs' SinA;
t'lH TS~l& Lulsx iPj[gkf\; wJiSrlsm ij}lH Lul& aMk pk,\mRalgkaluj Sv+G™\
trju\[k Srsg iJ%kA @YdanA rm^kA; L$jsr Lisg d%kejmjS[% >k’jak}\
trj[k%likdujh*; pk,\m.lgA dkyv+\ .oajsu egjg]jv+\ PG”cAg]nlGf\FalnSh*l BlR
.oajujhifgjv+j}kxxf\; BlR aMiflg$sxmk^j}kxxfkA PG”egjelhr^jrk Si%j^s';=
T$jsr vj#jv+kyv+\ aFkglekgj rjilcjdsx cAg]j[lrkxx dlgU$& KmR fs' d{,\nR
svu\fk;

@ cau^\ g%\ @dlCgF$& rjysu pjiUlc\Yf$xkaluj Lijsmsu^j; d{,\nrkA


>hglarkA LiujShyj rzg^jH rj™\ ekys~}k; d{,\nR akq[ju CADrlpA CYfksscrU^jH
L“hl~kxil[j; glad{,\nRalgksm svyk~s^ wglcr\PR egj<cjv+k; wglcr\PsRy
Lc\Yf$xksm ayujH g%\ pjiUcS<lpgRalgkA LYefU]gluj; dlnjdxlu c\YfJwr$&
cAY.l#gluj; es] LiG ses}™ YefU]s~}\ wglcr\PsRy sscrUs^ akqkirkA rCj~jv+
@YdanA rm^j; em[x^jrgjdjhkxx rpjujH emujH agjv+ a{z$xksmukA ark,UgksmukA
CiCgJg$& gFvYd$SxlmkA div$SxlmkA domj Qqkdjs[%jgk™; ijCIA akqkirkA c{,\mjv+k
egjg]j[k' .zilR TOijP uk’ssreknUA dl}jufjH Lf\.kfsa#kxxk_ >hglaR
wglcr\Psr ejmjv+k sd}j; d{,\nR Tmse}jh*lujgks'“jH Lulsx LS˜<A dlhekgj[uSv+sr;
t'lH wglcr\Psr LiG siykSf ij}k; Lul& rlnS[mk sdl%\ akDA dkrjv+\ Lijsmrj™\
Seluj; d{,\nrkA >hglarkA aFkgujSh[\ am$j; KYzScr glwlijr\ emujH d%ksd}ju
gf\r$xkA cN^kA dlq\viv+k;

wglcr\PR iJ%kA iJ%kA emsulgk[j ihju sscrUikaluj efjSrqk fin aFkgsu @Ydajv+k;
th*l^inukA glad{,\nRalG sscrUs^ sdls'lmk[jsu“jhkA wglcr\Psr siyksf ij}k;
Lflujgk™ d{,\nsRy fJgkalrA; wglcr\PR efjsr}las^ @Ydan^jr\ Qgk$k' cauA;
uirdkhs^ sscrUlPjerlu dlhuirR ulpisg~Mj Sd}jgk™; f$&[\ fkhUA rjH[lrluj
ulpiSgukxxo t™\ akrjujHrj™\ Lul& LyjŒjgk™; TfyjŒ\ d{,\nR aFkglekgjilcjdsx
akqkiR Qgk LYefjSglPUalu Sdl}uk%l[j LfjrkxxjH cAg]jv+k; SpiCjH~juln\ QM
glYfjsdl%\ @ Sdl} rjG”jv+f\;

S>lA>\ s,H}ylSnl Tf\_

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 270lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 271
271lA pjicA
wRadG”l.jPlrlrj c#j Sa½b\z c<YcC:
rCdUS#½rk cADUlfkar#fIlRaulej<j (105137)
dIvjY‘ wlAcj ijaSa elGf\FjilrUkgkwRa.j:
zkndG”l.jPlrlrj r Sa wRalrj dG<jvjf\ (105138)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
d{,\nR Sdl}u\[kxxjH rj™ eky^k i'S~l& dlhuirR d{,\nsr pI‘uk’^jr\ sih*k
ijxjv+k; d{,\nR rjglukPrlufjrlH uirrkA @ukP$& ihjsv+yjŒk; t'j}\ d{,\nsr
ejmj[lR sv™; d{,\nR QlmlrkA fkm$j; tS~lqkA uirr\ ejmjsdlmk[kA t' a}jH Qlmj Sulmj
d{,\nR Qgk zk<u\[kxxjH YeSiCjv+k; dlhuirR d{,\nrk ejySd egj<lcA
svlgjŒksdl%\ rj‘jv+k; =CYfkijH rj™A rJ Qlmjalyk'sf#ln\_= zk<ujH @Sgl djm™y
$k'fk d% dlhuirR Lfk d{,\nrlsn™\ sfMj’gjv+\ Lulsx sflqjv+k; Ky$j[jm'ul&
KnG™\ QsglM Srl}A sdl%\ uirsr .c\aal[j;

Lf\ akvkdk‘rlujgk™; alr\FlflsRy adR; Lul& SpiRalsg -sy[lhA d`ja eo}lsf


cAg]jv+k; ej'Jm\ Cjidkalgrlu zk<R -ckY>e\anUR- SpisscrUlPjeR @uS~l& SpiRalG
akvkdk‘sr SwlhjujH rj™A Qqjil[j; LiSrlm\ t#\ igaln\ Si%sf'lglŒk; akvkdk‘r\
@gksmukA fmc\FA domlsf Ky$nsa'lujgk™ @Yz<A; SpiRalG igA rHdj; akvkdk‘sRy
rjYp[\ .AzA igk^k'irlglulhkA LiR vlgaluj Seldksa™A LiG YeDUlejv+k; L$jsruln\
dlhuirsRy L#UA cA.ijv+f\;

LHe cauA dqjŒS~l& d{,\nR akvkdk‘rk ak'jH YefU]rluj; .zilsr ak'jH[%\


akvkdk‘R <G,ekxdjfrluj; .zilR pjiUfuksm LiflgA fs'su™\ akvkdk‘R L#:G
w\BlrA sdl%\ arc\cjhl[jujgk™; LS˜<A .zilSrlm\ Svlpjv+k; “cogUvY‘RalgksmukA
Lz\rjuksmukA Ye.su sih*k'fsYf Lijmks^ Ye.; L$\ ij,\nkijsRy Liflgalsn™\ BlR
ijCIcj[k™; puiksvu\f\ TS~l& Lijmk™\ -fk dkh^jH ejy'jgj[k™si™A Lijmks^
a<rJu d{fU$& ts#ls[su™A eyŒk f'lhkA;” LS˜<A d{,\nSrlm\ fsRy dF akqkiR
eyŒk; t$jsruln\ zk<ujH djm™y$lrjmulusf™A dlhuirR tgjŒk Selusf™A
akvkdk‘R ijCpJdgjv+k;

.zilR eyŒk: “adSr, tsRy Liflg$xkA svu\fjdxkA t`julshlmk$l^iuSYf; trj[k


SelhkA Li t`lrlijh*; Qgl&[\ Shld^jsh a•selmjdxksm t`samk[lR
dqjŒksi'jgj[kA; t'lH tsRy Liflg$sx t`kd Lcl’UA; tsRy zknzn$xkA
svu\fjdxkA LYedlgA fs'; t'lH tsRy TS~lqs^ Liflgsas#™\ eyulA; Y><\alijsr
eowjv+fjsRy Ehaluj BlR ickSpiekYfrluj wrjv+k; dAcrm[A eh pk,\msgukA BlR iPjv+k;
ilc\fi^jH dlhuirsrukA rjsRy d`jsh fJYifujhosm iPjv+f\ BlR fs'uln\; BlR
L$jsr fJgkalrjv+fln\; rJ e%\ dlh^\ .d\fjekgc\cgA ts' Sfmjujgk™; Lfjrlhln\
TS~l& rjsRy ak'jH rjH[k'f\; rjrs[#k igalnk Si%f\_”

L$jsr .zilR cAclgjS[ .d\fCjSglanjulu akvkdk‘R T$jsr YelGf\Fjv+k;:

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 271lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 272
272lA pjicA
ekgl gssFGS<aegj,\d{ssf C\vgR afAzsswGi+l rgSpicAw\Bjf:
c-i dlShr pkgfUSur Sf dSx>Sgl ijm\d{aj.c\acA w\Bjf: (105151)
.ileiGz\Szl Y.aSfl upl .Si w\wrcU fG<UvUkf cf\calza:
cf\cAzSal uG<j fsspicp\zsfO egliSgSC fIuj wluSf afj: (105154)
fc\alpIjc{wUlCj, TOC cGi+Sfl gwc\fa: c^Izknlrk>r\Prl
rjgB\wrA rjGzknapIuA egA fIlA w\Be\fj alYfA ekgk,A YiwlaU<A (105157)

akvkdk‘R eyŒk: “.zilSr, Lijmks^ fs' alulCd\fj[mjas~}\ @xkd& Lijmks^


eowj[k'fjrk edgA z{<S^lmkA aMkA aaflcd\fgluj rjhsdlxxk™; ckDA Sfmk™si“jhkA
L#ajh*l^ SipralYfaln\ LiG[k h.j[k'f\; fkShlA pkGh*.alu ark,UwRaA h.jv+fjrk
SC,ikA pk,\mijvlgakxxiG L$su eowj[k'fjrk edgA hOdJdfuksm @qSayju du^jH
iJnkSeldk™; tsRy dlgUA fs' tmk^lhkA; BlR Pj[lgjulu Qgk .gnlPjdlgjulujgk™;
vkMkA >hilRalglu egjilg$&; TO CgJgs^ @f\alsi™\ dgkfj, cN^jhkA
hOdJd>r\P$xjhkA akqkdjuln\ BlR dqjŒk i'f\; t'lH Lijmk™\ dlhaluj
ark,UwJijf^jH rkqŒk duyj Lisr rjC\SC,A Th*lu\a svu+k™; glwlsi™ ilq\^s~} TO
CgJgA fs', emdxkA, a{z$xkA LdNmj Scijv+ TO Sp<A dlhYda^jH LSapUsa™A,
vlgsa™A, d{ajsu™A ej'Jmyjus~mk™;”

.zilSr, ShldvYdiG^j SelhkA dla^jrmjas~}\ TY‘juckD$&[mjauluj^Jgk™;


Lsh*“jH dksy eknUYei{^jd& svu\f\ cIGz\z^jH Qgk Qqjik dlhA @cIpj[k™; vjhS~l&
Lijmks^ .gnlPjdlgjukalik™; t'lH QgkisRy wrragnvYd^jsRy
LiclrZ}^jhln\ LiR Qgk eknUekgk,sr dlnk'f\; @ domj[lq\v LijmkS^lmkxx
.d\fjsu K˜Jej~j[k™; @ .d\fjulds} TO wJilf\alijsRy egdlu YeSiC$& Liclrj
~j[k™; Lijmk™\ tS'lm\ igsa#lnk Si%sf™\ Svlpjv+kiSh*l; t'lH trj[kxx igA h.jv+k
dqjŒk; Lijmk™\ ts' cIfY#f t' ajFUl.jalr^jH rj™A g]jv+kish*l; L$uksm
elp$xjH rjg#gA eow svu+kilR dqjukd t' igA alYfsa trj[k Si%k; aSMfk igikA
@f\alijsr >r\Pr^jhl[lR Sel'flsn'yjuk'fksdl%\ Lijmks^ elp pGCrA
dj}jufjrk SC,A @gln\ asMlgk igA @iCUs~mkd_ Lfksdl%\ Yfjzknlrkclgjulu TO
Shld^jsh LrkYz<$sxsuh*lA BlR fjgc\[gj[k™; Lijmks^ elp$xjH L.uA
SfmlrlYz<j[k™; Lijmk'ln\ egA selgk&; Ck’S>lPcIgoeR; dG”elC^lhkA LpjiUalu
cI.li^lhkA eJ?j~j[s~}jgk' trj[\ Lijmks^ d{eulH @ pGCr.lzUA h.jv+k; ts'
g]jv+lhkA YeS.l;

.zilR Lgk& svu\fk; =.d\fjuksm Cgjulu cI.liA sixjs~mk^lrln\ BlR rjS'lm\ igsa#k
Sinsa'lglŒf\; Yiflrk,\|lr$xksm c<lu^lH equ eledG”$sx dqkdj dxukd;
glwlilujgj[kSNl& rlul}\ akfhlui svSu+%fluj igksa“jhkA @ ele$& fec\ck sdl%\
Th*lu\a svu+lA; rjsRy Lmk^ wRaA Qgk pjiUY>l<\anR @uj}lujgj[kA; L$jsr rJ
cACuAijrl t'jH i™ Svgk'fln\;=

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 272lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 273
273lA pjicA
ijYelR cIhl.cAfk,\mlR clPoR .ofck<{^alR
rjg<“lgjn: Cl#lR raScU Cjgcl½cd{f\ (105233)
YCkfIl zknlR .kirck‘g z{nIflA Sf
rjGijCU dG`ijissgG<gSfl½b\zfleA
goeA p{ClA p{CjaflaDjhlGf\Fhl.A
fIuUvUkflijCfj vj^aeYfeA Sa (105237)
Ckdakrj fkmG™: akvkdk‘R .zilsr ij%kA rac\[gjv+k; LS˜<A zk<u\[kxxjH rj™ eky^k
i™; ark,UgkA a{z$xksah*lA ixsg svykfluj dlns~}k; LS˜<A dksySusy[lhA zk<ujH
Ky[alujgk™iSh*l; Tf\ dhjukzalujgj[k™si™\ arc\cjhl[ju akvkdk‘R <jalhu^jH
Seluj .zilR rlglunsr @glPj[lR fJGv+ul[j;

dlhuirR sdlh*s~}k; Lulxksm emukA fkg^s~}k; d{,\nR uk’^jH ejmjsv+mk^


cN^kaluj am$kSNl& wglcr\PR Lisg d%k; T^inukA wglcr\Psr
iPjS[%fjsh*™\ fjgkalrjv+\ d{,\nrkA >hglarkA cNs^h*lA Lijsm KSe]jv+\ QlmlR
fkm$j; wglcr\PR ejySdukA; SwU,\|lrkwRalG Qgk ahujShS[lmj duyj Lijsm ekdaŒjH
LYefU]gluj; Lisg[lnlŒ\ wglcr\PR ahu\[k akqkiR fJuj}k; LiG sdlh*s~}k t™
dgkfj rzg^jSh[\ am$kdukA svu\fk; d{,\nrkA >hglarkA ahakdxjH rj™\ vlmjSulmj
ahumjilg^jhosm cafh^jhjy$j g]s~}\ pIlgdujhkxx Sdl}ujH t^jujgk™; dkyv+k dlhA
dqjŒ\ @rG^ glwlilu dkdkp\aj fsRy ekYfj Sgifjsu >hglar\ ijil<^jH rHdj;
d{,\nR gkz\ajnjsu gl]ccYNpluarkcgjv+\ ijil<A svu\fk; CjCkelhR fkm$juigksm
CYfkf Srmkaly\ gkz\ajnjsu f}js[l%k Seluln\ d{,\nR Lisx elnjYz<nA svu\ff\;
gcdgalu @ vgjfA BlR eyŒk fglA; ijpG.uksm glwli\ .J,\adR; LS˜<^jr\ gkz\ajum[A
LXk ekYfRalgkA gkz\ajnjsu' ekYfjukA; gkz\ajnj d{,\nsr~Mj Sd}\ LS˜<s^ Yenujv+k;
d{,\nrkA Lisx ijil<A dqj[lR fJGv+ul[jujgk™; t'lH gkz\aj d{,\nsr siyk^jgk™;
fsRy ck<{^lu CjCkelhr\ gkz\ajnjsu rHdlR LS˜<A fJgkarjv+k; ijil<^Jufj
rjC\vujv+S~l& gkz\ajnj Qgk pjiU Y>l<\ansr d{,\nsRy umk[H cS‘CA sdlmk^uv+k;
d{,\nR Y>l<\ansr uFlijFj cIlzfA svu\fk; =c#k,\mrlu Qgk Y>l<\anR -MikA
LrkYz<JfrsYf; t'lH LcAf{e\frlu glwli\ L#ajh*l^ Siprurk.ij[k™; cdhG[kA
ck<{^kA L<“lg g<jfrkA dj}k'fjH c#k,\mrkalu Ck’Y>l<\anrlu LS$u\[k
rSalildA; Ls$#jrlnjS~l& i'sf™\ eyŒlhkA;= Y>l<\anR ijpG.ujsh dlgU$xkA
gkz\ajnjuksm cS‘CikA d{,\nSrlm\ eyŒk;

gkz\ajnj eyŒk: =.zilSr, Lijms^ pjiUgoes^~MjukA a<jadsxukA eMj dlfjhosm Sd}\


<{puA rjyuk'Sflsm Qglxksm wJiSd*CA akqkiR Th*lflik™; Lijmks^ dlnkd t'fk
fs' egalrkYz<A; tsRy <{puA Lijmk'jH ijhJralujgj[k™; Blr$su .G^liluj
fjgsŒmk^k dqjŒk; Lfksdl%\ aMlgkA ts' sflmkilR SelhkA L$rkipjv+k doml;
Tfjrluj L$\ Qfk fkxxj SvlgSelhkA iJq\S^%fjh*; ijil<pjicA ssidkS'gA
elGi+fJS]Yf^jH BlR Selik™%\; Lijsm S]Yf egjc^k i™\ ts' TO d,\m~lmjH
rj™A dgduMkd; L$fk svu\fjsh*“jH BlrJ wJijfA Liclrj~j[kA;=

Y>l<\anR eyŒk; Tfln\ cS‘CA; LS$u\[\ ukd\fA Selsh t#k svu+nsa™\


fJgkalrj[lA;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 273lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 274
274lA pjicA
flA glwdrUlA gFalgkgk]fJA
wG<lg d{,\Snl pIj,flA caJ]flA
gFA calSgleU ckeG`h]nA
glwrUvYdA egj.ou alPi: (105355)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
ekXgjSulsm, flrkA gkz\ajnjukaluj LfJi Yenu^jhlsn™A Lisx ijil<A dqj[lR
fJgkalrjv+j}ks%™A .zilR Y>l<\ansr Lyjujv+k; t'j}\ ijil<^jsRy ak<oG^ikA aMkA
Y>l<\anrjH rj™A arc\cjhl[j; t'j}\ cIuA fu+lyluj, SizfSuyju Qgk gFSayj QM glYfj
sdl%\ ijpG.ujsh^jSv+G™;

ijpG.ujH .J,\ad glwli\ ijil<lSZl,$&[luj ijekhalu Qgk[$& rm^jujgk™;


Y>l<\anG SipClc\YflPj,\|jfalu th*l ulzdG”$xkA rm^j; glwli\ cIuA ijhejmjv+
c”lr$& plraluj rHdj; SvmjglwlikA fsRy ekYfR CjCkelhsRy cS#l,^jrluj Si%Yf
Qgk[$& rm^jujgk™; CjCkelhrkA dkmkA>ikA ijpG.ujsh^j; Lisg .J,\adR YeSfUdaluj
sd}j~mk^ cOP$xjH flacj~jv+k; CjCkelhsRy ck<{^k[xlu LckgRalgkA Lijsm
t^jujgk™; d{,\nrkA do}gkA Lijsmi™ dkq~ak%l[julH SrgjmlR LiG fu+lylujgk™;
LigkA eh sdl}lg$xjH flacal[j; d{,\nR ijpG.ujSh[\ ekys~}j}ks% 'yjΠ>hglaR
Qgk emukaluj LS$l}k fjgjv+k;

d{,\nrkA >hglarkA i'j}ks%'yjΠ.J,\adR Lisg .d\fj ><kalr ekgc\cgA cIJdgjv+k;


LiG[luj Qgk sdl}lgsalgk[j; gkz\ajnj L]auluj Y>l<\anpofsRy igikA YefJ]jv+jgk™;
Li&[\ YefUlCujh*lfluj^km$j; =t'jH -sf“jhkA dkyik d%\ .zilR ts'
elnjYz<nA svSu+% t™\ fJgkalrjv+k dlnkA;= Li& d`Jsglfk[j S]Yf^jSh[\ SelilR
Qgk$j; iqjujH cp\h]n$& d%\ Li&[\ YefJ]uk%luj; @ cau^\ pofk Selu
Y>l<\ansr pog^luj Li& d%k; LPjdA cAclgj[lsf fs' LiG cS‘CA ssdalyj;
Li& LA>jdlSpijSulm\ SizA fs' d{,\nsr igj[lrluj YelGf\Fj[kdukA svu\fk;
d{,\nR i'j}ks%™\; ijil<lSZl,ulYf d%k rj'jgk' rzgilcjd&[yjulalujgk™;
d{,\nsr[%\ gkz\ajnj[rkgoerluj aMlgkajsh*™\ LiG egc\egA eyŒk;

eowd&[k SC,A YeclpikA il$j gkz\ajnj S]Yf^jr\ eky^k dm™; dl^k rj'
gF^jrmkS^[\ Li& rm™; iuc\cyjujv+j}jsh*“jhkA cO‘gUPlaalujgk' gkz\ajnj d`k
sdl%\ d{,\nsr Lijsmsu^jujgk' glwdkalgRalG[jmujH fjgŒk; glwdkalgRalG
Lixksm cO‘gU^jH afjay™\ CIlcA r,\ms~}Selsh rjH~luj; Li& gFSaylR
fkm$juS~lSq[kA d{,\nR Qgk gF^jH elŒmk^\ Lixksm ssdejmjv+kuG^jsumk^\
gF^jhjgk^j aMkxxiG rjc\c<lugluj Srl[j rjHS[ Siz^jH dm™dxŒk; t'lH
d{,\nsRy gFA pIlgdujSh[\ dkfj[kSNl& wglcr\PsRy Srf{fI^jH glwdkalgRalG
egc\egA T$jsr eyŒk; =tYf rlnS[mlnjf\_ iJgSul’l[xlu rlA Srl[j rjHs[
TmuRalG glwdkalgjsuukA sdl%\ dm™ dxŒk;=

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 274lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 275
275lA pjicA
@f\aSalS<l r{nlSa, dHeUSf Spialuul
ck<{p\pkG<{pkplcJr Tfj Sp<lf\aalrjrlA (105443)
-d -i eSgl <Ulf\al cGSi,laej Sp<jrlA
rlSri z{<USf aoss?gUFl SwUlfjgUFl r.: (105444)
rlf\aSrl½SrUr cASulSzl ijSulzC\vlcf: cfj
fS’fkfIl^f\ YecjS’Gp{Yzoel.UlA uFl gSi: (105446)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
CjCkelhsRy glwck<{^k[& d{,\nsRyukA ulpi~muksmukA ejysd sv™; ses}™\
d{,\nsRy Srf{fI^jH ulpi~m elhlurA rjG^j LYdajdsx SrgjmlR fkm$j; CYfk[&
ulpi~muksm SrG[\ Cgalgj svlgjŒk; d{,\nR .uvdjfulu gkz\ajnjsu calPlrj~jv+k;
fsRy pjiUCd\fjsuh*lakeSulzjv+\ CYfk[&[k Srsg SelglmkdukA svu\fk; CYfk[&SflHij
c”fjv+\ eg[A elŒk; glwdkalgRalG ej#jgjSŒlmj; LiG CjCkelhSrlm\ K'f
ijw\BlrclgA rHdj T$jsr calPlrj~jv+k; “iUldkhs~mlfjgj[kd; T<Shld^jH
wulewu$xkA ckDpk:D$xkA alrlealr$xkA fkShlA ]njd$xsYf; Lisul™A ClCIfah*
fs'; dlhaln\ Lidsx fkmsg^kmsg sdl%ki™ fgk'f\; Tfyjuk' QgkiR
iUldkhs~mkdujh*;”

gkz\ajnjuksm SwU,\|R gkz\ajsu calPlrj~j[lR @G[kalujh*; Qgk Scrukaluj aMk


glwdkalgRalgksm c<luajsh*“jhkA gkz\aj d{,\nsr ej#kmG™; d{,\nrk Srsg LPjS]e
il[kd& svlgjŒ\ gkz\aj LS˜<s^ Selgjrluj sih*kijxjv+k; ses}™ fs' d{,\nR
gkz\ajuksm SfgkA sdlmjdxkA dkfjgdSxukA fsRy @ukP$& sdl%\ rCj~jv+k; gkz\aj
t#lukPsamk^lhkA Lfk iJCkAakRe\ d{,\nR rCj~jv+k; d{,\nR Lulsx
fo[jsumk^kuG^j ilxogj iPj[lR fu+lyluj; t'lH gkz\ajnj fsRy SwU,\|sRy
wJirkSi%j ulvjv+fjrlH d{,\nR Lisr iPj[lsf ij}k; gkz\ajuksm edkfj aJCukA
dkmkajukA d{,\nR akyjv+k dxŒk; gkz\aj Lealrjfrluj Lijsm rj™;

LS~lSq[\ >hglaR Lijsmsu^j th*lisgukA calPlrs~mk^j; “T$jsr Qgk >r\Pkijsr


ijgoejul[k'f\ Lisr iPj[k'fjrk caA; LfYf Cgjuh*; cIdG”$xlH v^fjrk fkhUalu
Qglsx iPj[k'fjsh#ln\ dlgUA_ Qgk Sul’lijsRy PG”^jH c{,\mlik fs' ijPjv+j}kxxf\
YdogfusYf; cI#A cS<lpgrlsn“jH domj YeSfUd cl<vgU$xjH Qgk Sul’lijr\
iPjS[%fluj iS'[lA; ij/\?jdxluiG alYfsa fsRy ckD^jrkA cI#A dlgUA Srmlrkaluj
YdogfujShGs~mkdukxxo; ilc\fi^jH T<Shld^jH @gkA CYfkSil ajYfSal Lh* fs';
.zilsRy alulCd\fjsdls%l™ alYfaln\ vjhsg CYfk[xlukA aMkvjhsg ajYf$xlukA TrjukA
vjhsg rj,\e]afjdxlukA QgkiR dn[l[k'f\; cfU^jH th*l wJi wlh$xjshukA
@f\ali\ Q™ fs'; ij/\?jdSx LiujH rlrlfIA dlnkdukxxo; cGi+iUlejulu @f\alsi'
rjhujH Lfjr\ cASulzijSulz$& Th*; wrragn$sxh*lA CgJgs^ alYfsa
>lPj[kdukxxo; @f\aJualuj rjYpujhl%irkA cIe\rwJijukalu Qgw\Blrj wJijf^jH
iUfjgjd\ff dlnk™; t'lH @f\aJualuj KnG'irlds} TO rlrlfI.lis^ KSe]jv+\
fHEhalu pk:DS^ukA Sal<S^ukA Th*lu\a svu+k™;”

gkz\ajnj[\ calPlraluj; d{,\nsr eglwus~mk^j cS<lpgjSuukA sdl%h*lsf


fhc\FlrS^[\ fjgjv+k igjh* t'lujgk™ gkz\ajuksm Yefjw\B; Lfksdl%\ Lul& S.lwdmA
ts'lgk rzgA rjG”jv+\ Lijsm flacal[j; d{,\nR pIlgdujSh[\ gkz\ajnjukaluj am$j;
sdl}lg^jsh >r\PkajYflpjdxksm cl'j’U^jH gkz\ajnjsu ijil<A dqjv+k; pIlgdlilcjd&
TO aAzxlicgA @Szl,jv+l<*lpjv+k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 275lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 276
276lA pjicA
uA ssi ak<k: ejf{cIgoerjSwC.lil
c\fRalfSgl up.wR g<go?.lil:
vjYfA r ff\ Dhk galc\ep>jA>>jAS>
dlSa c\aSg½]jij,Su djakfUlrUrlgU: (105540)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
dlhYda^jH gkz\ajnj Qgk ekYfsr Yecijv+k; CjCk dlaSpiR fs'ulujgk™; dlaSpirlds}
egaCjirlH .c\aal[s~}jgk™; TO d{,\nekYfR YepUka\rR t' SegjH Lyjus~}k;
cO‘gU^jH d{,\nrk fkhUrlujgk™ LS˜<A;

CA>gR t™\ Seglu gl]cr\ YepUka\rR fs' iPj[lrln\ wrjv+j}kxxsf™\ Lyjulalujgk™;


LfjrlH L”ukA adrkA zG.z{<^jH dqjukSNl& CA>gR dk}jsu Sal,\mjv+k dm™ dxŒk;
t'j}fjsr dmhjH tyjukdukA svu\fk; ihjsulgk af\cUA CJCkijsr ijqk$j; TO af\cUs^
ihuj}k ejmjv+ ak[kiR Lfjsr CA>grk dlq\v rHdj; CA>gR Lfjsr elvdA
svu+lSrH~jv+k; aJR akyjv+ dkCjrj[lgR wJiSrlsm dk}jsu LfjsRy iuMjH d%k; CA>gsRy
Sih[lgjulu alulifj[\ ihhR CjCkijsr rHdj; alulifj gfJSpijulujgk™; aRaFsRy
PG”plgA; rlgpakrj CjCkijsRy iUd\fjfIA alulifj[\ arc\cjhl[j sdlmk^k;

gfjuksm c\Sr<ilf\chU$Sxlsm CjCk ixG™\ ukililuj; gfj -alulifj- uksm C{Azlg


.li$& ukilijr\ ar:Sd*Cakxil[j; alulifj dFdsxh*lA Lisr eyŒk arc\cjhl[j;
rlgpR eyŒ dlgU$sxh*lA alulifj aRaFSrlm\ eyŒk; CA>gsRy dF dqj[lR alulifj
LS˜<s^ SYegj~jv+k; a<lalu t™ Seglu alulijpUukA Li& LS˜<s^ e|j~jv+k;
Lfksdl%\ th*lijP @.jvlg$xjH rj™A aluujH rj™A Qgkirk g]s~mlR dqjuksa™A
alulifj e|j~jv+k;

YepUka\rR CA>gsr pI‘uk’^jrk sih*k ijxjv+k; CA>gR eShijP alulwlh$xkA


YeSulzjsv+“jhkA YepUka\rsr Lsfl™A >lPjv+jh*; LiclrA aoGv+Suyju Qgk il&akrulH
CA>gR iPj[s~}k; alulifj fsRy rlFrksalgkajv+\ pIlgdujSh[\ Seluj; d{,\nsRy
sdl}lg^j sh^juS~l& d{,\nR i'jgj[kdulsn™\ ijvlgjv+\ c\YfJd& akDA ayv+k;
pNfjdsx d%\ gkz\ajnj @glnjisg™\ ijc\aujv+k; d{,\nrkA Lijsm i™\ Lisg d%k;
LS˜<^jr\ dFd& th*lA Lyjulalujgk™; rlgpakrj Lijsmsu^j ukipNfjdsx
th*liG[kaluj egjvu s~mk^j; YepUka\rsRy wjivgjYfA akqkiR eyŒk arc\cjhl[j;
gkz\ajnj fsRy YeFa ekYfsRy r,\m^jH arAsrl#k dqjŒjgk™; TO ekr:calzaA gkz\ajnjsu
-sy c#k,\m ul[j; YepUka\rR th*l ijP^jhkA fsRy ejflijrk fkhUrlujgk™;
c\YfJwr<{pu$sx LS˜<ikA caldG,jv+k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 276lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 277
277lA pjicA
wlSr fIlA cGi+.oflrlA Yeln Qlw: cS<l >hA
ij,\nkA ekgln ekgk,A Ye.ij,\nkaPJCIgA (105626)
fIA <j ijCIc{wlA Yc,\ml c{ wUlrlaej uv+ cf\
dlh: dhuflaJC: eg @f\al fFl½½f\arlA (105627)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
pIlgdujH cogUSpisRy .d\frluj cYflwj^\ ts'lglxk%lujgk™; Qgk pjicA cogUSpiR
cYflwj^jr\ cUa#dA t™\ Seglu Qgk a<rJu gf\rA rHdj; cUa#dA LfJi Ye.SuyjufkA
LfjsRy Kmau\[\ rjhu\[l^ cN^k rHdkilR dqjuk'fkalujgk™; @ gf\rikanjŒk
sdl%\ cYflwj^\ pIlgdujH YeSiCjv+k; wrA LS˜<s^ cogUSpisr™\ sfMj’gjv+k Seluj;
d{,\nR cYflwj^jSrlm\ gf\rA fsRy du+jH fglR @iCUs~}k; dlgnA L$jsrukxx
LeoGi+ cN^\ glwlijsRy ssdiCalujgj[nA; KYzScrglwlijsRy du+jH co]jv+\ Lf\
selfk rRau\[luj KeSulzj[lA t'lujgk™ d{,\nsRy L.jYeluA; t'lH cYflwj^\ Lf\
svijs[l%jh*;

Qgk pjicA cYflwj^jsRy cS<lpgrlu YeScrR cUa#dikA Pgjv+\ ir^jH Seluj;


fjx$k' dh*jsRy @dG,n^jH Qgk cjA<A YeScrsr @Ydajv+\ sdlhs~mk^j; cjA<A
cUa#ds^ Qgk zk<u\[k caJeS^u\[k sdl%kSeluj; ckYecj’rlu wlA>ilR LfjH
wJijv+jgk™; fsRy ekYfr\ dxj[lrluj gf\rsamk[lR rjC\vujv+\ wlA>ilR cjA<^jsr
idigk^j; TSf cauA pIlgdujH d{,\nrln\ YeScrsr sdl™\ gf\rA Sal,\mjv+sfs'lgk
djAip#j eg™; Leilp^jH rj™A cIuA g]j[lR d{,\nR YeScrR ir^jSh[\ Selu
elf ej#kmG™; Lijsm YeScrsRy ejnA d%k; Qgk cjA<ikaluj aH~jmk^ak%lufjsRy
h]nikA dlnluj; ej'Jm\ cjA<^jsRy w?A Qgk zk<lakD^\ d{,\nR d%k; gf\rikA Sfmj
d{,\nR zk<[kxxjH duyj; Lijsm sfl}jhjrk akdxjH Lf\ fo$j[jm[k™;

d{,\nsr[%\ CjCkijsRy @u Kys[ ijxjv+k dgŒk; wlA>ilR Qlmjsu^j; Lijsm


wlA>ilrkA d{,\nrkaluj ihjsulgk aH~jmk^A fs' rm™; dkSy pjic$& fkmGv+uluj
Selglmj[qjŒS~l& iJgeglYdajulu wlA>ilrln\ fxG™ Seluf\; Lf\.kfegiCrlu
wlA>ilR eyŒk; “Lijmk™\ .zilR fs'; th*l wJiwlh$xksmukA selgk&; Lijmk'ln\
egaekgk,R; c{,\mlijsRy YewlefjukA dlhikA Lijmk'SYf; Lijmk™ fs' th*lMjsRyukA
egAselgk&; Lijmk™\ dqjŒ wRa^jsh glavY‘Ye.k fs';” L$jsr .zilsr fjgjv+yjŒ\
wlA>ilR d{,\nsr @glPjv+k; d{,\nR dFdsxh*lA sixjs~mk^j; wlA>ilR
@<*lpekgc\cgA cUa#ds^ d{,\nrk rHdj; domlsf c#k,\mrluj fsRy ekYfjulu
wlA>ifjsu d{,\nrk elnjYz<nA svu\fk sdlmk[kdukA svu\fk;

pIlgdujH gf\rA SfmjS~lu d{,\nsr dlnlŒ\ th*ligkA pk:D^jhl%k; d{,\nR


zk<ujShyj -sy rlxluj}kA fjgjv+k i'jh*; d{,\nsRy L”ukA gkz\ajnjukA aMkA Yifsamk^\
d{,\nsRy cAg]u\[k Si%j SpiJ Kelcr rm^j; d{,\nR cUa#dikA sdl%\ wlA>ifJ
cSafrluj pIlgdujH fjgjsv+^juS~l& -igkA @<*lpjv+k; .zilsr dl^k g]jv+fjH LiG
.zifjSulmk r‘jeyŒk; d{,\nR cYflwj^jsr c.ujH ijxjv+\ cUa#dA fjgjSv+H~jv+k;
fsRy gf\rA r,\ms~}fjrkA cS<lpgsRy agn^jrkA d{,\nsr eqjvlgjufjH cYflwj^\
hw\wjv+k; >r\PA r'l[jsumk[lR fsRy ekYfjulu cfU.lasu d{,\nr\ ijil<A svu\fk
sdlmk^k; LS˜<A cUa#danj ij}ksdlmk[lR fu+lylikdukA svu\fk; t'lH d{,\nR
cYflwj^jSrlm\ gf\rA cIuA co]jv+k sdlxxlR eyukduln\ svu\ff\; t'lH LfjsRy
cHEh$& pIlgdlilcjdxkaluj e“kiu\[nsa™\ LS˜s^ KeSpCj[kdukA svu\fk;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 277lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 278
278lA pjicA
u: TpA hJhul ijCIA c{wfUifj <#j v
Sv,\mlA ijCIc{Swl ucU rijpkGS”l<jfl wul (105715)
u: ce\f<lur: ssChakH~lssmUSdr elnjrl
pPlg hJhul >lh Kv\VjhJr\YPajilG.d: (105716)
rac\fc\ssa .ziSf d{,\nlulp\.kfdG”Sn
Lr#lulpj.oflu domc\Flulf\aSr ra: (105717)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
cI#A ejf{cS<lpgekYfRalglu dOgiRalglH eln\/iRalG wJiSrlsm p<j~j[s~}k
t'yjŒ d{,\nR <c\fjrlekgS^S[\ ekys~}k; d{,\nsRy Lcl'j’UA akfshmk^\
LYdogrkA d{fiG”likA CfPrIlijsr sdl%\ cYflwj^jsr sdlh*lrkA cUa#dA f}jsumk
[lrkA e’fjuj}k; cYflwj^\ Ky$j[jm[kSNl& CfPrIli\ LS˜<s^ iPjv+\ gf\rikaluj
dm™dxŒk; LVsRy rjgUln^jH pk:Dldkhulu cfU.la Kmsr fs' <c\fjrlekgS^[\
Seluj d{,\nSrlm\ eglfj eyŒk;

d{,\nR pIlgdujSh[\ am$j; pk,\msg Cj]j[lrkyv+ln\ LS˜<A i'f\; Semjv+g% CfPrIli\


LYdogsrukA d{fiG”lijsrukA caJejv+k; LiglnSh*l SYegn svhk^j Lisrs[l%\
Ydogd{fUA svu+jv+f\; d{fiG”R c<luA svu+lR isu+™\ eysŒlqjŒk; LYdogR eyŒk;
“d{,\nsrukA >hglasrukA CYfkil[lR @G[k dqjukA_ d{,\nsRy hJhuln\ TO
ijCI^jsRy c{,\mj-c\Fjfj-cA<lg$&; LS˜<^jsRy pjiUCd\fjdxkA svu\fjdxkA
clPlgn[lgluiG[\ fjgjv+yjulR dqjul^f\ Lijmks^^s' alulCd\fjulhsYf; -qk
pjicA QM[u+k sdl%\ ahukuG^j~jmjv+isr tfjgjmlR rak[likSal_ LfjCualu Yei{^j
ijSC,$xkxx .zilR d{,\nsr BlR raj[k™; LS˜<A th*ligksmukA KxxjsRy Kxxjsh
c^usYf; CfPrIli\ LYdogsRy du+jH gf\rSaH~jv+\ Lijsmrj™A QlmjS~luj; d{,\nR
Lisr ej#kmG™\ LisRy zxSVpA svu\fk; LisRy CgJg^jH egjSClPr rm^juj}\
cUa#dA dlnlu\dulH d{,\nR iUcrjv+k; Lisr iPjv+f\ i{Flijhluj; gf\rA LisRy
ssdiCalujgk'jh*; CfPrIli\ fsRy ck<{^jsRy du+jH gf\rA -H~j v+j}k%likA t™\
>hglaR L.jYelus~}k; t'j}\ >hglaR ajFjhujH wrda<lglwlijsRy Lmk[H dkyv+k
cauA vjhiqjv+k; Lijsm iv+ln\ pkSgUlPrR zpluk’cYNplu$& >hglarjH rj™A
L.Ucjv+f\;

dlgU$sxh*layjŒ\ LYdogR gf\rikaluj pIlgdujH rj™A ulYfuluj; LYdogsRy ejfli\


TY‘epijujsh^jujgk™; aquksm SpirlnSh*l TY‘R; Lfksdl%\ fsRy ekYfR
LYdogrkxxjms^h*lA aq ca{’alujgk™; LYdogR pIlgd ij}S~lSq[kA Lijsm pk:Cdkr$&
d%k fkm$j; .zilR ilnjgk' pIlgdujH pk:Cdkr$& t$jsr dlns~mlrln\_ wr$xksm
Sf'hlikA Lf\; t'lH d{,\nR TfyjŒ\ LYdogSrlm\ fjgjv+kiglr.UGf\Fjv+k; “CfPrIli\
gf\rA L$su -H~jv+k t'f\ Cgjfs'; t'lH agns~} cYflwj^jsRy cI^lnf\;
Lfksdl%\ LS˜<^jsRy a[&[kA dk}jd&[kA LidlCs~}fkaln\; t'lH L$f\
cfU.lau\[k rHdnA t™\ BlR eyuk'jh*; Lijmk™\ cfUcr\PrkA ijCIcj[klR
sdlxxlik'irkalufjrlH cUa#dA cIuA co]jv+k sdl&d; t'lH th*ligksmukA
cACu$& pogJdgj[lR Lfjsr c.ujH dlnj[kd;” LYdogR L$jsr svu\fk; L$jsr
cUa#dikaluj >r\Ps~} th*l dkM$xjhkA wrA d{,\nSrlm\ ]ajv+k;

TO Lf\.kfdgalu dF iluj[kdukA vj#j[kdukA svu+k'iG[\ eleijSalvrikA


Leilp$xjH rj™\ ijmkfhkA ar:Cl#jukA h.UasYf;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 278lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 279
279lA pjicA
rSf½c \fj cIegY.l#jGijCIcU ck<{plf\ar:
fFlej c\agflA CCIf\ Sd*ClR <Acj <{pj c\Fjf: (105810)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Qgj[H d{,\nR eln\/isg c‘GCj[lrluj TY‘Yec\F^jSh[\ Seluj; eln\/igkA Ligksm
L”ulu dk#JSpijukA d{,\nsr c\Sr<><kalrekgc\cgA cIJdgjv+k; dk#j eyŒk; “L$\
B$xksm cODUaSrUl,j[lR LYdogsr Lu[kSNl& SelhkA B$&[k cO.lzUaluj t™\
B$& dgkfj; LS$u\[\ LijmkS^~MjSul aMkxxisg~MjSul alulSal<$sxl™ajh*; dlgnA
L$\ th*ligksmukA cGi+#gUlajukA L.UkpudlA]j ukasYf; t'lH L$su~Mj
vj#j[k'igksm KxxjH rjicjv+k sdl%\ Ligksm pkgjf$& Th*lu\a svu+k'fkA Lijmk™
fs';” d{,\nR eln\/iSglsml~A dksy alc[lhA vjhiqjv+k;

Qgk pjicA d{,\nR LGwkrSrlsml~A ir^jH Seluj; Lijsm Qgk ck‘gfgknj -duluj
icj[k'fk d%k; LSrU,jv+fjH Lixksm Seg\ dlxj‘j t'lsn™A .zilsr alYfSa igj[o
t™\ CeFA svu\f\ d|jralu feC\vgUdxjShGs~}jgj[kdulsn™A LGwkrR arc\cjh[j;
d{,\nSrlm\ LGwkrR dlgU$& eyŒfrkcgjv+\ .zilR Lisx rzg^jSh[\ do}jsdl%k
Seluj; ej'Jsmlgj[H LGwkrsRy Sfglxjuluj rj™ sdl%\ d{,\nR Dln\/iirs^
Lz\rju\[k caG~jv+k; TfjH cAYeJfrlu Lz\rjSpiR LGwkrrk Dln\/JiA t'
@z\Srulc\YfA c”lrjv+k; dosm rsh*lgk SfgkA; LSf cauA Lz\rjujH rj™A fs' g]jv+fjr\
r‘juluj auR ukPj,\|jgrk Si%j rsh*lgk sdl}lgA enjfk sdlmk^k; LfjH rjysu p{,\mj
iUlSal<$xk%l[k' enj^g$& Qgk[jujgk™;

pIlgdujSh[\ am$ju d{,\nR dlxj‘jsu ijil<A dqjv+k; dkyv+kdlhA dqjŒ\ Li#jujsh


ij‘sRyukA Lrkij‘sRyukA cS<lpgjulu ajYflij‘ fs' igj[lrkyv+jgj[k™ t™
arc\cjhl[ju d{,\nR >haluj Lisx ijxjv+jy[j sdl%k i™\ elnjYz<nA svu\fk;

rz\rwj^\ SdlchglwUs^ glwlilujgk™; ad& cfU[\ Lrkgoerlu Qglsx ds%^lrkxx


YCa^jH glwli\ Qgk rj>r\Pr iv+jgk™; -qk doMR dlxdsx sagk[jsulfk[k' Qgl&[\
alYfsa fsRy adsx rHdo t'lujgk™ Lf\; eSh glwdkalgRalgkA dlxdsxlm\ selgkfj th*k
rkyk$j am$jS~luj; Qgk pjicA d{,\nR sdl}lg^jH sv™; glwli\ @<*lpS^lsm
LS˜<s^ cIJdgjv+k; d{,\nR dkalgjsu Svlpjv+k; glwlijrk cS#l,alujgk™; dkalgj
d{,\nrjH Lrkgd\fukalujgk™; t'lH fsRy rj>r\Pr glwli\ d{,\nsr Lyjujv+k; cIuA
-qluj segkdj d{,\nR siyksalgk hJhuluj -qk dlxdsxukA sagk[j Qfk[j; c#k,\mrlu
glwli\ ekYfjsu d{,\nrk rHdj; ixsgSusy c\YfJPrikA rHdj; glwdkalgjsu elnjYz<nA
svu+lR YCajv+k SflM dkalgRalG iqjujH pNfjalsg fmŒksi“jhkA LGwkrR th*lisgukA
@}judMj; ej'Jm\ d{,\nR fsRy akys~`lu .Ypsu ijil<A svu\fk; LS˜<A h]\an t™
Seglu aYpglwdkalgjsuukA do}js[l%k i™; alYfah*l rgdlckgR fm“hjhl[j iv+jgk'
glwdkalgjalsg g]jv+\ Lisg ijil<A dqj[kdukA svu\fk d{,\nR;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 279lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 280
280lA pjicA
ra: e“w rl.lu ra: e“w alhjSr
ra: e“wSrYflu rac\Sf e“wlb\YZSu (105925)
rSal .ziSf fk.UA ilckSpilu ij,\nSi
ekgk,lulpj>Jwlu eoG`S>lPlu Sf ra: (105927)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
.oajSpijuksm ekYfrlu rgdlckgR TY‘sRy dkmukA TY‘alflijsRy dkn\/h$xkA Sal,\mjv+k;
TfyjŒ d{,\nR cfU.lasuukA do}j YelSwUlfj,ekgA t' c\FhS^u\[k ey™; e}n^jrk
vkMkA dksy Sdl}dxkA @ukP$xkA K%lujgk™; t'lH d{,\nR Lisu fsRy zpsdl%\
fgj~nal[j; Sdl}uksm afjhkd& d{,\nsRy zpuksm LmjSuMk fdG™; d{,\nsRy
CADPIrjuksm fJYifujH @ukP$xkA rCj~j[s~}k; LS~lSq[kA LXk fhukxx akgR t'
gl]cR fsRy ilcc\Fhalu dmhjH rj™A duyj i™\ YfjCohikaluj d{,\nrk Srsg
@Ydan^jr\ fu+lyluj; gl]cR cogUfkhUrkA @xj[^k' fJSelhkxxirkalujgk™;
LisRy LhGv+ .oajsu dkhk[j; g%c\YfA sdl%\ d{,\nR YfjCohs^ akyjsv+km^k; ej'Jm\
LisRy ilujH @sŒlgjmjukA; akgR fsRy zp iJCj; d{,\nrkA fjgjv+mjv+k; flacAijrl
d{,\nR LisRy fhdxXkA Lyk^k; eGi+fA dnS[ LiR v^k ahv+k; akgsRy -qk
ekYfRalgkA d{,\nsr tfjG^k; LisgukA Ligksm @ukP$sxukA d{,\nR fdG^k
dxŒk;

rgdlckgR cIuA d{,\nsr @Ydaj[lR i™; Lul& dmhlrdxlH vkMs~}\ @zfrluj;


d{,\nR cfU.lauksalgkajv+\ QgldlCgF^jH i™; rgdlckgR Qgk vl}kxj LiG[k Srsg
iJCj; d{,\nR fjgjSd Luv+ @ukP^jr\ g%k vjydkdxk%lujgk™; Lf\ rgdsRy emsu
rlaliSC,al[j; zgk?il<rSayj d{,\nR LckgsRy @rdsxukA rCj~jv+k; Li rzg^jH
duylR fkm$jujgk™; rgdR QM[\ d{,\nsr tfjgj}k; e%\ TY‘sRy SaZlc\Yf^jrk Srsg
KeSulzjv+\ ijwujv+ LSf Lc\YfA zgk/rk Srsg YeSulzjsv+“jhkA Lf\ i{Flijhluj; LckgR
Sisylgc\YfA YeSulzj[lR fkm$kA akRe\ d{,\nsRy vYdlukPA LisRy dF dqjv+k;
LckgsRy >r\Pk ajYflpjd& pk:Djv+k; Y>l<\angkA a<lf\al[xkA cS#l,jv+k;

LckgsRy alfli\ dkn\/h$& fjgjv+k rHdj; ssiwu#j t™\ Segkxx alhukA, igknsRy
dkmukA anjeGi+fikA d{,\nrk fjgjv+k rHdj; LiG d{,\nSrlm\ YelGf\Fjv+k; “rl.jujH
flagukxx @ .zilrlujs[l%k rac\[lgA; flag~oalhuj}irkA flag[`kdxkxxirkA
flagss[dxkxxirkalu @ egaekgk,rk rSalildA; L$ln\ cdhfjsRyukA c{,\mlikA
Ye.kikA; puiluj rgdsRy adrlu TO >lhsr LrkYz<jv+lhkA;”

>lhsr LrkYz<jv+j}\ d{,\nR rgdsRy sdl}lg^jH duyj; Lijsm LckgR fmijhl[j


ujgk' efjrlylujgA glwdkalgjalsg cIfY#gl[j; Lisgh*lA stddn\S|r d{,\nsr
.G^liluj igj[lR @Yz<jv+k; d{,\nR fsRy pjiUCd\fjulH LSrdA iUd\fjdxluj segkdj
QlSgl sdl}lgikak%l[j K^arlu z{<c\Frluj c<PG”jnjdxkaluj wJijv+k;

rgdlckgrkalukxx uk’A L™%lujgkS'[lik' @nilukP$sx~MjukA ak$jd~hkdsx


~Mjukakxx ijign$xlH fkShlA @dG,dasYf;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 280lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 281
281lA pjicA
Lc\e,\m iGf\arlA ekAclaShldeFaJuk,lA
@c\Fjfl: epiJA ckY.o: Yelu: cJp#j Sul,jf: (106013)
rj,\djXrliuA CCI'j,\djXrwrYejul:
fc\alf\ YelSun r <Ul?Ul alA .w#j ckaPUSa (106014)
uSulglf\acaA ij^A wRssaCIgUl d{fjG.i:
fSulGi+jilS<l ssaYfJ v Srl^alPaSul: dIvjf\ (106015)
(106015)
KplcJrl iuA rorA r c\YfUefUlGf\F dlakdl:
@f\ah>\PUl½½c\aS< eoG`l Sz<SulGSw\wUlfjgYdju: (106020)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Qgk pjrA .zilR SflqjdxlH Scij[s~}\ glwsdl}lg^jH ijYCaj[kdulujgk™; .zilrjH
LfJi.d\fjukxx gkz\ajnj Qgk Sflqjuksm du+jH rj™A iJCyj il$j .zilsr iJCj^km$j;
dlq\v[\ gkz\ajnj LfJi ck‘gjuluj dlns~}k; .zilsr SYeaeoGi+A dml]jv+k sdl%\
LS˜<s^ egjScij[k'fjH iUle{fulujgk™ gkz\ajnj; akDplijhkA vk%^kA ijxulmk'
ekXjgjSulsm d{,\nR LiSxlm\ eyŒk: YejSu, ts' .G^liluj fjgsŒmk[lR rJ
t#ksdl%k fkrjŒk t™\ BlR Lf\.kfs~}k Selik™; aMk glwdkalgRalsgh*lA ihju
iJgRalgkA cN'gkA Cd\fRalgkalnSh*l; rJulsn“jH glwdkalgj; BlR rjr[\ fkhUrh*fs';
ilc\fi^jH pk,\mglu glwl[Ralsg .u™\ BlR dmhjH, pIlgdujH L.uA Yelejv+jgj[k™;
alYfah* c\Fjgalsulgk sflqjhjh*l^isrukA selfkwr$xjH rj™\ ij.j'rluisrukA ijil<A
svu+kdsu'lH pkgjf$& cIuAigj[kd t'Gf\FA; B$& Lzfjdxln\; B$sx @YCujv+\
dqjuk'igkA fssFi; selfksi eyŒlH cN'gkA YeO?gkA tsRy cO<{pA dlA]j[k'jh*;
LfkhUgluigkalukxx ijil<>r\PkfIA, cN^\, dkhA, Cd\fj, .lij t'jisu~Mj
@Shlvjv+lH L.jh,nJuah*; vjhS~l& trj[\ Sfl™A rjr[k sfMkeMjuln\ ts' T$jsr
fjgsŒmk^sf™\; ts' ilq\^k'f\ .j]lASp<jd& alYfaln\; trj[lsn“jH
zknzn$xkajh*; TS~lqkA rjsRy sfMk fjgk^lR ssidjuj}jh*; rjr[\ LrkSulwUrlu Qglsx
fjgsŒmk^lhkA; alYfah* glwl[Ralsgh*lA -rjsRy SwU,\|rm[A- tS'lm\ CYfkfujhkaln\;
Ligksm L<“lgam[lR BlR rjs' f}js[l%kSel™ tS'ukxxk; ilc\fi^jH trj[\
c\YfJdxjhkA dk}jdxjhkA cI^jhkA dNsal™ajh*; iJ}jH YedlCj[k' Qgk ijx[kSelsh BlR
rjhsdlxxk™; LYfalYfA;”

gkz\ajnj[\ @ il[kd& Siprlwrdalujgk™; d`Jgksdl%\ dlq\va$j; fkmj~lG'


<{puS^lsm ijCyj ejmj[lRSelhkA ssdd&[\ SC,jujh*lsf gkz\ajnj Sal<lhcUs~}k iJnk;
d{,\nR siykA falCu\[\, g%k gJfjujH iUlDUlrj[s~mlik' gJfjujH gkz\ajnsu dxjul[j
ufln\; @ il[kd& gkz\ajnjsu Siprj~jv+ksi'yjΠd{,\nrkA iUldkhs~}k; @hjAzrA
svu\fk fShlmj S>lPifjul[j .ziilR fsRy SYeaA Lisx Lyjujv+k; Lixksm
Yefjdgnayjulrluj svu\fflnjsf™A d{,\nR eyŒk; Tfln\ z{<c\FsRy cS#l,A;
fsRy c<PG”jnjukaluj dkyv+k Srgsa“jhkA ch*ej[lR clPj[kd;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 281lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 282
282lA pjicA
rSrIiSafpgij‘ ijShlvrl< usspI .ilR .ziSfl½cp{CJijY.a\r:
dIScI a<ja\rU .jgSfl .zilAc\YfUPJC:
dIl<AzknYed{fjgw\Bz{<Jfelpl (106034)
cfUA .ulpji zkSn.U KgkYdal#: SCSf cakYp KehA.ralYf @f\al
rjfUA dpjY‘juzssn: d{fijYz<c\fIA
fISf\cissdGr{eepA ijPkfA fSal½r\PA (106035)
rj,\djXSrl rrk.ilR ruSfl½c\fjdjXj
pUc\ssa >hjA >hj.kSwl½ej<g#UwlpUl:
r fIl ijp#Uckf{Sel½#dal?Uflr\Pl:
SYe,\S|l .ilR >hj.kwlaejSf½ej fk.UA (106037)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
L$jsr d{,\nrlH cl#Irj[s~} gkz\ajnj T$jsr eyŒk; “fJGv+ulukA BlR
L$SuS~lshuh*; Cgjfs'; Lijmk™\ egAselgkxsYf; YfjaoG^jdxlH @glPj[s~mk'iR;
BlSrl zknlPj,\|alu YpiUgoeukA Lw\BlrjdxlH egjScij[s~mk'ixkA; L$\
.d\f<{pualik' cakYp^jhlnk icj[k'f\ t™ eyŒfk cfUA; Yed{fjzkn$sx
Semjv+lnSh*l Lijsm[qjuk'f\; pk,\mglu TY‘ju$xksm CYfkilnijmk™\; Lijmks^
ScidRalGSelhkA egalPjdlgA t' Spl,s^ KSe]j[k™; L$\ @gksmukah*l LS$u\[\
@gkA cI#alujh*flrkA (LdjXrR) dlgnA Lijmk'h*lsf asMl™ajh*Sh*l; f$xksm
cN^kdxlH d`kaoms~}iG Lijmks^ arc\cjhl[k'jh*;

BlR tsRy .G^lijsr fjgsŒmk^f\ L$\ .zilrkA, Lijmks^ a<jadsx ilq\^k'


alakrjalG <jAcukA <Jrd{fU$xkA simjŒiglsn™A LyjŒksdl%k fs'uln\; TO
ijCI^jsh th*lMjSRyukA @f\ac^ Lijmk'sYf; glwl[RalsgukA ijh*lxjdsxukA
LijmkS^u\[k .ualsn™ eyŒf\ rh* falCuluj; dlgnA .oajujsh -MikA Cd\frlu
SelglxjSelhkA L$uksm fonJgrlpYCinalSYfr ijyv+k Selik™; Tfjsrls[~kySa
Lijmks^ elplgij‘$& akd\fjpludikalnSh*l; -sflgk ij/\?juln\ @ epdah$sx
sflmlR LicgA dj}jujSC,A aMkxxigksm c<ilcA @Yz<j[kd_ L$\ dkyv+\ iJgRalgksmukA
glwl[RalgksmukA dlgUA eyŒkiSh*l; Lisgh*lA f$xksm .lgUalG[\ Lmjadxln\; @
c\YfJd&S[l @ iJgRalG siykA iJ}ka{z$sxS~lshukaln\; L$k eyŒSh*l LS$u\[\
c\YfJdxjH dNsal™ajsh*™\; ijigakxx Qgk c\YfJukA Qgk ekgk,sRy CgJgs^ .G^liluj
igj[ujh*; dlgnA, CgJgsa'lH gd\f-ah-aoYf$xksm cXualu Qgk svxj[oNlgalnSh*l;
BlR @Yz<j[k'f\ Lijmks^ elplgij‘$xjH rj™salqkdk' rykA SfR alYfaln\;

Tfk Sd}\ cAYeJfrlu d{,\nR gkz\ajnjsu C*lZjv+k; “BlR rjs' Q™ dxjul[jufln\;


tsRy il[kdxksm K'falu LGf\FA rjr[\ arc\cjhlujgj[k™; rjsRy fJgkalr$&
@Shlvjv+kyv+i fs'; akd\fjclPdalu tsRy claJeUA h.jv+SC,ikA hOdJdckD$&[luj
YelGf\Fj[k'iG ij/\?jd& fs', cACuajh*; w\Blrjd& akd\fjepA alYfSa @Yz<j [ukxxk;”

TO a}jH d{,\nR fsRy c<PG”jnjdSxigkaluj hJhulmj; cIuA rlagoelpjg<jfrkA


ulsflgkijP @r‘lrk.ofjdxkA @iCUajh*l^irksa“jhkA .zilR LiSglsmh*lA Q^kgajv+\
ijxulmj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 282lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 283
283lA pjicA
rj<Sf gkz\ajnj cUlSh rlY>iJf\ clPIclPk il
gkz\ajnJ>hSul glwR c\Sr<.Az.ul’gj: (106139)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
frj[\ LSrdA c<PG”jnjdxks%“jhkA d{,\nR th*lu\S~lqkA QlSglgk^gksm dosmukA
QSgcauA dqjŒki™; LiGs[h*lA d{,\nsRy cp\goesas#'yjulaujgk™; d{,\nsRy pjiU
Yed{fjukA LiG[yjulalujgk™; QSgl .lgUalgkA d{,\nr\ e^k ekYfRalsg rHdj; dladhujH
ijpz\’dxlujgk™si“jhkA d{,\nsRy arajx[lR LiG[\ dqjŒjh*; d{,\nsRy claJeUA
LiG -MikA T,\ms~}jgk'fksdl%\ LS˜<^jsr Scij[lR LiG cpl fu+lylujgk™;
plcjd& LriPjuks%“jhkA d{,\nsr LiG fs' egjvgjv+k;

YepUka\rR fkm$juiG gkz\ajnjuksm ekYfRalG; .lrk fkm$juiG cfU.laujhkA CA>R


fkm$juiG wlA>ifjujhkA wrjv+k; rz\rwjfjujH iJgR akfhluigkA dlxj‘jujH YCkfjukA aMkA
wrjv+k; YeSZl,rkA do}gkA h]\anuksm ekYfRalG; i{drkA aMkA ajYflij‘uksm dk}jdxlukA
cAYzlavj^\ fkm$juiG .YpujhkA wrjv+k; d{,\nR g]jv+ efjrlylujg^jsu}k drUdalgjH
YeakDulu Sgl<jnjujH pJe\fjalR fkm$ju ekYfRalgkA d{,\nrk%luj;

YepUka\rR gkz\alifjsu ijil<A svu\fk; gkz\ajuksm adxln\ gkz\alifj; LiG[\ YeCc\frlu


Lrjgk’R wrjv+k; YepUka\rR dlaSpisRy wRaalufksdl%\ gkz\alifj LS˜<s^
fjgsŒmk^k; Lixksm @Yz<YedlgA aMk glwdkalgRalsg tfjgj}k SflH~jv+\ YepUka\rR
Lisx f}js[l%k Selgkduln\ svu\ff\; gkz\aj d{,\nsrfjgluj sdlmju edukaluj rm™;
t“jhkA fsRy cS<lpgjulu gkz\ajnjsu siyk~j[lR LulxlYz<jv+jh*;

@ dlgUA sdl%k fs' fsRy svykadxlu Sglvrsu Lrjgk’rk rHdlrkA gkz\aj amjv+jh*; @
ijil<lSZl,^jH es“mk[lR d{,\nrkA >hglarkA aM\ YezH.glwl[RalgkA S.lwdm^jH
calzfgluj; pkgkeSpCdG >hglasr vofkdxj[luj sih*kijxjv+k SflH~j[lR gkz\ajsu
SYegj~jv+k; >hglar\ vofkdxj Yejualujgk™si“jhkA r'luj dxj[lR Lyjukalujgk'jh*; gkz\aj
fkmGv+uluj dxj wujv+k; QlSgl finukA e#u~nA domjS~l™; e#u~nA ixsg
domkfhluS~l& >hglaR wujv+k; iJ%kA KuG' e#uA; >hglaR fs' ijwujv+k; t'lH
gkz\aj dxx[xjujH cIuA wujv+fluj YeDUlejv+k; QgCgJgj C>\pA >hglar\ ijwuA t™\
eyŒksi“jhkA gkz\aj Lfk idiv+jh*; Lul& >hglasr LPjS]ej[lR fkm$j;
“rJsulgjmusv+yk[R; glwl[Ralgksm dxjulu vofjsr~Mj rjrs[#yjulA_” TfkSd}k
Ydo’rlu >hglaR pk,\mrlu gkz\ajsu fsRy TgkNkimjsdl%\ idigk^j; fs' tfjG[lR
i' aMk glwl[RalsgukA >hglaR dlhekgj[uv+k; d{,\nR Tsfh*lA rjC\C>\prluj
d%jgk™; Tfk r'luj tS'l, Tfk Cgjulujh* tS'l d{,\nR eyŒjh*; >hglasrSul
gkz\ajnjSuSul siyk~j[lsf d{,\nR dqjv+k do}j; ijil<A dqjŒ\ th*ligkA pIlgdujSh[\
am$j;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 283lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 284
284lA pjicA
raScU fIlA a<lSpi ShldlrlA zkgkaJCIgA
ekAclaeoG`dlalrlA dlaeoglaglb\ YZjeA (10627)
fA rlz elssCG>+hj r‘Srl >hJ
Z\r#A cIsscrUA dkejSfl >>r\P <
KO,l .{CA SCldij,lp ij<Ihl
>’A rjCaUlYCkdhl]UsgOpj,Jf\ (106235)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
.zilsRy eOYfrlu Lrjgk’R >lnsRy adxlu K,su ijil<A dqjv+k; >hjuksm
ekYfrlujgk™ >lnR; LVSrS~lshfs' YewlS]afHegrkA plrCJhrkA zknilrkalujgk™
LS˜<A; LS˜<A SClnjfekgA t™ Seglu rzgA .gjv+k; >lnR egaCjisRy .d\frlujgk™;
aS<CR fsRy .d\frjH cAYeJfrluj T,\makxx igA sdlmk^k; t[lhikA fsRy rzg^jr\
dliH rjH[lrln\ >lnR egaCjiSrlm\ @iCUs~}f\; LS~l&akfH CjiR
SClnjfekg^jsRy dliH[lgrluj;

Qgk pjicA fsRy Cd\fjujH L<“lgA eo% >lnR eyŒk: “BlR a<lSpisr
rac\[gj[k™; L$ln\ ijCIzkgk; cGi+gkSmukA L.J,\mA clPj~j[k'f\ Lijmk'SYf; .ziR,
Lijmks'rj[\ @ujgA ssdd& rHdjuj}k%\; es] Lfksdl%\ uk’A svu+lrluj trj[k
eMju tfjglxjd& @gkajh*; tsRy @ujgA ssddxkA Qgk uk’^jrluj fIgsdlxxk™; BlR
Srl[kSNl& trjs[fjgjmlR Lijmk™ alYfsaukxxk;” .zilR >lnsRy LPjdYecAzs^
vjgjv+k eky#xxj; t'j}\ eyŒk: “]aj[\ ij/\?J, rjsRy sdlmj[oyukA flsq iJqkA; L™\ rjs'
tfjG[lR Cd\frlu QgkiR rjsRy L<“lgA rCj~j[kA;”

>lnsRy ad& K, QgkglYfj fs'sulgk ukiSdlaxR ekHdk'fluj cIe\rA d%k; d`kfky™


Srl[juS~l& @sgukA d%jh*; SYeaegiCuluj Li& “Ls$ijsmuln\ YejuSr_” t™A
eyŒk sdl%\ rm~luj; K,uksm Sflqj vjYfShD eSh SpiRalgksmukA, zr\PGi+RalgksmukA,
glwdkalgRalgksmukA vjYf$& igv+\ K,su dlnjv+k; K, LfjHrj™A Lrjgk’sr fjgjv+yjŒk;
flR cIe\r^jH ekHdju dlakdR Lrjgk’R fs'; vjYfShDu\[\ alY#jd
Cd\fjdxk%lujgk™; pIlgdujH Ky$j djm'jgk' Lrjgk’sr vjYfShD sdl%ki™;

>lnsRy sdl}lg^jRy Ld^x$xjH dr^ dlihk%lujgk™si“jhkA K,ukA Lrjgk’rkA


Lijsm ckDjv+k ilnk; dlhYda^jH K, drUdush*' ic\fkf arc\cjhl[ju dliH[lG
ijigA glwlijsr Lyjujv+k; glwli\ LijSmu\[\ elŒksv™\ cfUA arc\cjhl[j; Cd\frlu
Lrjgk’R >lnsRy Sul’l[sx ehSgukA SflH~jv+k iJq\^j; Lrjgk’R Sul’l[sx
Srgjmk' cau^\ >lnR Lisr rlzelC$xlH dkgk[j}\ >r\Pjv+k; fsRy YejuR
>RPjfrlufk d%\ K, LhakyujmlrkA fkm$j;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 284lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 285
285lA pjicA
Y><\alc\YfcU vY><\alc\YfA iluiUcU v elGi+fA
@z\SruucU v elGw\wrUA ssrwA elCkefcUv (106313)
Sal<ujfIl fk zjgjCA w{A.nlc\SYfn w{A.jfA
>lncU e{frlA sCOgjGw\w ZlrlcjzSp,k.j: (106314)
Yfj Cjgc\Sf YecS'l½c\aj SiUfk Sf aw\wIglp\ .uA
Sul srO c\agfj cAilpA fcU fI' .Sip\ .uA (106329)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
pIlgdujH Lrjgk’sRy fjSglPlrA ihju @dlA]ukxil[j; rlgpR i™ eyukAisg
sdl}lg^jH @G[kA dlgUA arc\cjhlujgk'jh*; ihjsulgk sscrUikaluj d{,\nrkA
>hglarkA >lnsRy fhc\FlrS^u\[k ekys~}k; rzg^jsRy elhdrlu egaCjiR fsRy
.ofzn$xkaluj LYdajdsx Srgj}k; ij`iGSelhkA SglalXvdjfgluj @ uk’A Srl[jrj™;
>lnsRy Lc\Yf$SxlSgl™A d{,\nR fmk^k; Y><\alc\Yfs^ Y><\alc\YfA sdl%kA
Lrjhlc\Yfs^ eGi+fA sdl%kA @z\Srus^ igknA sdl%kA ssCilc\Yfs^
rlglunlc\YfA sdl%kA Srgj}k; aSrlijY.aak%l[lR Sels'lgc\YfA sflmk^\ Cjisr
vj#l[kq~^jhl[j d{,\nR >lnsscrUs^ Srgj}k; Cjidkalgrlu c\d‘RSelhkA fsRy
Sul’l[& agjv+k iJqk'fk d%\ em[x^jHrj™\ ejRalyj;

>lnR d{,\nrk Srsg fsRy LfjfJYialu QglukPikaluj i™; LŒoy\ pIlg$xkA QlSgl
pIlg^jhkA g%c\Yf$xkA Lfjrk%lujgk™; d{,\nR Lfjsr >lnsRy du+jHrj™A flsq
iJq\^j; fsRy ekYfR Ledm^jhlsn'yjΠ>lnalfli\ em[x^jH rz\ruluj rjH~luj;
d{,\nR LixjHrj™A d`kalMju f[A Srl[j >lnR rzgl#G.lzS^s[lxjv+k; LS~l&
Cjizn$xkA d{,\nCd\fjdxkaluj Selgl}A fkm$j; ao™ fhdxkA ao™ dlhkdxkakxx ‘wIgA’
t™ Segksxxlgk cfIA d{,\nrk Srsg elŒmk^k; d{,\nrkA flR rjG”jv+ Qgk wIgcfIs^
eyŒk ij}k; d{,\nsRy wIgA CjiwIgs^ eJ/j~jv+k SflH~jv+k; CjiwIgA d{,\nsr in$j
.zilsRy wIgs^ ejRihj[lR L.UGf\Fjv+k; d{,\nR LYedlgA svu\fk; TO uk’dF
QlG[k'iGs[l™A wIg>lPuk%ldk'fh*; t™\ LS˜<A Lgkxjsvu\fk;

>lnR em[x^jSh[k fjgjv+k i™; fsRy @ujgA ssdd& sdl%\ em selgkfj; d{,\nR
LisRy ssdd& rlsh`salqjsd th*lA si}j[xŒk; Lfk d%\ CjiR L.UGf\Fjv+k;
“Lijmk™\ ijCI^jsRy akqkirkA LPJCrkA Lijmks^ CgJgA TO ijCIikasYf; tsRy .d\frlu
TisRy wJiR ij}ksdlmk^lhkA;” d{,\nR eyŒk: “TisRy L<“lgA Caj~j[lrluln\
ssdd& si}juf\; BlR Ye<*lpr\ sdlmk^ ilz\plrarkcgjv+\ LisRy dkmkA>^jhkxx @sgukA
iPj[k'fh*; >lnr\ rlhk ssdd& Trjukak%\; Lckgsr“jhkA SC,dlhA calPlr^jhkA
cS#l,^jhkA LiR ilqk'fln\;”

>lnR Lrjgk’srukA K,suukA d{,\nrk dlq\v iv+k; t'j}\ rzg^jSh[\ am$j; d{,\nR
fsRy eOYfsrukA eOYfiPkijsrukA sdl%\ pIlgdujSh[\ am$j; pIlgdlilcjd& LiG
fjgjv+ki'fkd%\ c#k,\mgluj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 285lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 286
286lA pjicA
Y><\acIA pkgrkw\BlfA .kd\fA <#j Yfj eogk,A
Yec<U fk >hlf\ .kd\fA pC eoGi+lR pCleglR (106435)
uFl<A YenSa ijYelrrkdlhA cal<jf:
fFl raf uouA vSul½rUFl Sa c pn\/.ld\ (106442)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Qgk pjicA d{,\nsRy ekYfRalgkA aMkxxigkA QgkpUlr^jH dxjv+k gcj[k' cauA LiG pl<A
fJG[lrluj Qgk djnMjRdgujSh[\ Seluj; LfjH LfjdlurlsulSgl#jsr d%k;
LfjCus~}\ LiG dlgUA d{,\nSrlm\ eyŒk; Srgj}SrU,j[lR .zilR KpUlr^jsh^j;
d{,\nsRy c\eGCralYfujH Ql#\ fsRy goeA alyj ck‘grlu Qgk glwdkalgrluj alyj;
d{,\nR Lulsx SvlpUA svu\fk; glwdkalgR eyŒk; “BlR r{zR t™\ Seglu Qgk
glwlilujgk™; T,IldkijsRy ekYfR; plrPG”dlgU$xjH BlR LfJi YeCc\frlujgk™;
tsRy pJrpulhkfIikA LfjgMflujgk™; .oajujhkxx a•fgjdxksmuYfsu`A eCk[sx -
@dlC^jsh r]Yf$xksmuYf - Lsh*“jH .oajujH iJqk' aq^kxxjdxksm LYf Szlplr$&
BlR svu\fj}k%\; Li h.jv+iglds} egacfUs^ eowj[k' Y>l<\angkA; LiG
Sipe|r^jhkA feC\vgUdxjhkA akqkdjuigkalujgk™;

Qgj[H BlR plrA svu\sflgk eCk do}A sfMj, plrA svu+lR Qgk[j rjG^jujgk'iuksm dosm
i™ SvG™; Lfjsr BlR arc\cyjuslf iJ%kA plrA svu\fk; Y>l<\anR eCk[xkaluj
SelikSNl& akRe\ @ eCkijsRy Kmac\Frlujgk' Y>l<\anR Tmse}\ fG[aluj; fG[A
tsRyumk[sh^j; g%kSesgukA calPlrj~j[lR BlR YCajv+ksi“jhkA Lfk clPjv+jh*;
LS~lSq[kA ua.mRalG ts' sdl%kSelilR t^jujgk™; BlR agjv+k iJnk; uaR Svlpjv+k;
“rj$xksm cH[G”$xksm EhA TS~l& Lrk.ij[kS'l LSfl pk,\dG”Eh$& @pUA
cIJdgj[k™Sil_ rj$&[\ cH[G”$& tsyuk%Sh*l;” @pUA pk,\dG”Eh$& Lrk.ijv+k
fJG[lsa™\ BlR fJgkalrjv+k; Lfrkcgjv+\ uaR ts' .oajujSh[\ fjgjv+uv+k; QlSgl wJij
dxluj wrjv+k wJijv+ksi“jhkA eoGi+wRac\a{fjd& t'jhk%lujgk™; LS~lsqh*lA BlR
Lijmks^ .d\frkalujgk™; TS~l& Lijmks^ pGCrA h.jv+fjsRy @r‘^jhlnk BlR;”

glwli\ .zilsr dkNj}\ in$j; LS~lSq[kA Lijsm calzfalu QgldlCrOdujH duyj


LS˜<A cIGz\z^jSh[\ Seluj; Lijsm domjujgk'iSglmluj d{,\nR eyŒk; “Y>l<\anSglm\
LrJfj dl}kdSul Ligksm cN^\ Le<gj[kdSul svu+k'iG[\ Tsflgk el|alds};
Y>l<\ancN^\ fJ Selshuln\; Lfjsr sfMlu gJfjujH ssddlgUA svu+k'isRy ao™\
fhakyd& rCj[k™; Y>l<\ansRy cN^jsr LisRy c”fA domlsf >hA YeSulzjv+\
digk'isRy ejf{[xksm e^kfhakydxkA .lijujsh e^kfhakydxkA rlCEh$&
[jgulik™; Y>l<\ancN^jsr Sal<j[k' glwl[RalG .Jdg$xlu rgd$xjH efj[k™;
Y>l<\angksm cI^k[sxl™A tsRy DwrlujH iJqlfjgj[s}; BlR Y>l<\ansg
eowjv+lglPj[k™; rj$xkA L$jsr svu+lR BlR LrkClcj[s}; r{zglwsRy dF,
Y>l<\ancI^\ LyjSŒl LyjulsfSul Le<gjv+ QgkisRy ijPj t#lsn™ rs”
arc\cjhl[k™;

th*ligkA f$xksm sdl}lg^jSh[\ am$j;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 286lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 287
287lA pjicA
LpUlej p{CUSf glwR uakrl½½d{,\miGf\arl
>hcUlr# iJgcU ijgUA covufJi <j (106531)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
i{w^jsh fsRy >r\PkajYflpjdsx dlnlR >hglar\ Lfjulu @Yz<ak%lujgk™; LS˜<A
Lijsm sv'S~l& SzlelhRalgkA SzlejdalgkA zA.Jgalu cIJdgnA rHdj; f$xksm
pIlgdujhkxx >r\Pkwr$xksm S]aA LSrUl,jv+k; LiG d{,\nsr~Mj eyŒk; “LS˜<A
B$sx~Mj QlG”j[k™S%l_” d{,\nR LigksmujmujH dqjŒkSelu dlhs^~Mj LiG
eyulR fk$j; pIlgdujH c\YfJwr$& d{,\nsRy il[k ijCIcj[k™S%l t'iG Lf\.kfA
doyj; Lsf$jsr_ SzlejdalSglm\ -MikA Lmk~aks%™\ dlnjv+k wjijv+k i'j}\ QsglM rjaj,A
sdl%\ th*l aafukA KSe]jv+\ LS˜<A Selujsh*_ “d{,\nsRy dm[`ksdl%kxx Srl}ikA
ekXjgjukA @G[kA svyk^k rjH[lrlijh*”, asMlgk Szlejd eyŒk; L$jsr pIlgdujhkxx
c\YfJdxkA d{,\nr\ iq$jujgj[kA; “d{,\nr\ rs” ejgjŒjgj[lR ssi,aUajsh*“jH rlakA
LS˜<s^ domlsf wJij[lR e|j[nA; rak[\ asM#“jhkA cAclgj[lA;” t'jgk'lhkA
Lisgh*lA d{,\nrjhkA, d{,\nhJhldFdxjhkA, a<jadxjhkA LfUld{,\mglujgk'fksdl%\
.zilsr~Mj cAclgj[k'fkfs' LiG[\ @<*lpA rHdj; >hglarkA cA.l,n$xjH
es“mk^k; SzlejdalG[\ @<*lpSadjsdl%\ g%kalcA LS˜<A i{‘lir^jH dqjŒk;

uakrlekxjr^jH a‘algkfR iJCj; eOG`aj pjrA; >hglaR SzlejdalSglsml^\ gaj[k™;


ilgknj t™\ Seglu apUA h.j[k' Qgk i{]A Lijsmuk%lujgk™; apUzr\P^jhld{,\mrlu
>hglaR Lsfmk^\ @SilxA dkmjv+k; h<gjejmjv+ Lic\FujH LS˜<A dl}jH vkMj rm™;
uakrlrpjSulm\ zfjalyjsulqkdlR LS˜<A dH~jv+k; Szlejdalgkaluj flR rjH[k'jm^\
whYdJ/ svu+lrlujgk™ >hglasRy KS˜CA; a^kejmjv+isRy Yehersa™\ Pgjv+\ uakr
>hglasRy @w\Bsu Liznjv+k; Sdlej,\mrlu >hglaR fsRy dh~ukaluj i™\ uakrsu
@ujgA svyk vlhkdxl[ksa™\ .J,njs~mk^j; dh~sdl%\ uakrsu ihjv+jq[lrkA fk$j;
@qSayju Qgk vlhk%l[j >hglaR;

uakrlrpj >hglaSrlm\ ulvjv+k; ”.zilSr Qgk rjaj,A L$lglsn™\ BlR ay™ Seluj; BlR
L$su L.uA Yelej[k™; @pUS^fk Selsh QMuluj QqkdlR Lrkipjv+lhkA;” >hglaR
c”fjv+k; Szlejdalgksal^\ LS˜<A uakrujH whYdJ/ rm^j;

“egJ]jS^, TS~lqkA uakr Qqkdk'f\ >hglaR vlhkdJyj zfjalMjujm^k domjuln\;


>hglasRy Cd\fjijSC,^jr\ sfxjiluj Lfk rjhsdlxxk™;”

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 287lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 288
288lA pjicA
c rjfUA .zi’UlrYe’Ic\flDjh >r\Pr:
>jY.lnC\v <Sg glwR cIgoeA fRaSul½.if\ (106624)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
>hglaR i{‘lir^jhlujgj[kSNl& dgk,glwU^jsh glwlilujgk' eOn\Y/dR pIlgd
ujSh[\ Qgk pofsr Luv+\ Cd\falsulgk ak'yjuj~\ rHdj; d{,\nR cIuA ilckSpirlsn™\
dgkfgksf™A flrln\ Cgjulu ilckSpisr™A, L$jsr dn[l[l^ e]A .ij,U^kd&
zkgkfgalujgj[ksa™A @ujgk™ cS‘CA; “@ukP$Sxlsm trj[\ dJqm$js[lxxkd;”
d{,\nrkA do}gkA <lG˜ialuj sel}jv+jgjv+k; d{,\nrkA f[flsulgk cS‘CA Luv+k;
@&alyl}A KmSr Liclrj~j[lrlujgk™ d{,\nsRy fl[Jf\; KmSr fs' d{,\nR dlCjsu
@Ydajv+k; dgk,glwliS~l& Lijsmulujgk™; d{,\nScrsu[%\ dlCjglwlikA eOn\Y/drkA
rzg^jrk sixjujH Scrukaluj i™; eOn\Y/dR d{,\nsRy LSf Si,^jhlujgk™;
ckpGCrA akfhlu @ukP$xkA Lul& Pgjv+jgk™; aŒ~}\, iralh, djgJmA th*lA QgkSelsh;
d{,\nR fsRy goes^ Lrkdgjv+ eOn\Y/dsr d%\ sel}jv+jgjv+k; eOn\Y/dsRy sscrUA
d{,\nScrsu @Ydajv+ksi“jhkA .zilR Lisg ses}™ fs' rCj~jv+k; eOn\Y/dsRy gFikA
LisrukA d{,\nR rCj~jv+k; ses}™\ dlCjglwsRy fhuyk^\ fsRy Lc\YfakrujH SdlG^\
rzgilfjH[Sh[\ eyŒuv+k; eOn\Y/dR d{,\nrluj @&alyl}A rm^ji™;
LS˜<S^S~lsh Si,A Pgjv+k; tS~lqkA d{,\nsr~Mj vj#jv+kA dqjŒk i™; agjv+k
iJnS~lqkA d{,\nCgJgA Pgjv+ln\ Lul& cIGz\zA eodjuf\; d{,\nrkA do}gkA pIlgdujSh[\
am$j;

dlCjujH glwli\ iPj[s~}fyjŒ\ ihju pk:DlvgnA rm™; fsRy ejflijsRy agn^jrk


edgA iJ}lR dlCj glwdkalgR CeFA svu\fk; dkmkA>ekSgl<jfsRy c<luS^lsm
C“g.zilsr PUlrjv+\ Lul& L.J,\migA Srmj; dkalgR egaCjisr fsRy @Yz<ayjujv+k;
YeSfUd fg^jhkxx Qgk ulzA rm^lR CjiR KeSpCjv+k; ulzlz\rjujH rj™A .ulrdalu Qgk
cfIA Ty$ji™; Lz\rjc\fA.A Selhjgk' Lf\ pIlgdsu h]Ual[j Qlmj; pIlgdlilcjd&
Semjv+g%\ .zilsr L.uA Sfmj;

cGi+l#gUlajulu .zilR Lz\rjc\fA.A ts#™\ arc\cjhl[j; T^gA SYpl<Cd\fjd&


clfIJdsgukA a<lf\al[sxukA @glPj[k'iG[\ >lPdalijh* fs'; fsRy vYd^jH
rj™%l[ju Qgz\rjihuA sdl%\ dlCjglwdkalgR eyŒuv+ Lz\rjc\fA.s^ .zilR fmŒk;
Lfjsr Kf\.ic\FlrS^[\ elhlurA svu+jv+k; Lz\rjc\fA.A glwdkalgsrukA
ekSgl<jfRalsgukA th*lA rCj~jv+k; egaCjiR glwdkalgrk ak'yjuj~\ rHdjujgk™; ulz$&
sdl%k%lik' cj’jd& a<lf\al[sx eowj[k'iGs[fjgluj YeiG^j[ujsh*™\ .zilR
eyŒksi“jhkA fsRy ejflijsRy agn^jrk edgA iJ}lR dkalgr\ fjmk[ak%lujgk'fjrlH
Lul& KeSpCA svijs[l%jh*;

TO dFsu PUlrj[k'iG[\ eleijSalvrA cj’j[k™;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 288lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 289
289lA pjicA
wu C>\Spl raC\C>\p: clPk cl’Ijfj vlA>Sg
ckgcj’akrJY‘lnlalcJf\ dkcka iG,jnlA (106727)
(106727)
-iA rj<fU pIjijpA wzpIUfj dgli<A
cAc\foualSrl .zilw\Bssr: cIekgalijCH (106728)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
L[lh^\ pIjijpR t™\ SegjH Qgk ilrgR rgdlckgsRy ck<{^luj ilnjgk™; .zilR
rgdsr iPjv+fjsRy ed fJG[lrluj rl}jhiR rlCr,\m$& igk^j i™; efjrlujgA
@rdxksm Cd\fjuk%lujgk™ Lisr'ln\ dF; d{,\nsRy glwUlfjG^j[kxxjhlujgk™
LisRy cA<lgYei{^jd&; LiR ahdxjmjv+kA iJmkd& rCj~jv+kA, sixxs~l[ak%l[j
dmShlg$xjsh z{<$& rCj~jv+kA gcjv+k; alakrjalgksm eG`Clhdsx @Ydaj[lrkA LiR amj
dlnjv+jh*; Ligksm ulzc\Fh$sx LiR i{^jSdml[j; @nk$sx fmijhl[j Ligksm
c\YfJdsx LiR alr.Azs~mk^j;

Qgk pjrA ssgifdahuksmumk[H aPkgcAzJfA Sd}\ pIjijpR Lijsmsu^j; >hglaR Qgk do}A
c\YfJdxkaluj hJhujShGs~}jgj[k™; dlmkrCj~jv+kA aG[mSv,\md& dlnjv+kA LiR
>hglasr Ydk’rl[j; >hglaR ihjsulgk dsh*mk^\ Lisrujmjv+k; ilrgR Lsflqjil[j
iJ%kA c\YfJdsx ChUs~mk^j; ej'Jm\ Lijsm ihjsulgk pI‘uk’A rm™; ag$xkA elydxkA
LiG egc\egA ihsv+yjŒk; ak,\mj vkgk}j pIjijpR >hglasRy srXjH @Œmjv+k; >hglarkA
fsRy @ukP$& ihjsv+yjŒ\ Lisr ak,\mjsdl%\ Ye<gj[lR fkm$j; Sflsxh*k sel}j gd\fA
VG˜jv+\ LiR rjh^k dkqŒk iJn\ agjv+k; “SpiRalgkA a<lf\al[xkA @dlCrOddxjH
rj™\sdl%\ uk’A dlnk™%lujgk™; >hglark SaH LiG ek,\ei{,\mj rm^j; Lijmk™
wuj[s};”

“ijwuJ.i” t'j$srukA “S.,\, >ShS.,\” t™A eyŒ\ LiG >hglasr LrkYz<jv+k;


pIjijpsr sdl™\ rlmjsr g]jv+\ >hglaR rzg^jH fjgjsv+^juS~l& wr$& LS˜<^jsRy
a<jad& ilq\^j;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 289lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 290
290lA pjicA
gla glalDjhlPlg Ye.liA r ijpla Sf
ao/lrlA r: dk>k’JrlA ]#kaG<cUfjYdaA (106844
fISai aoG’\rJpar# hJhul
.oan\/hA >j.G,j c<YcaoG’R
LS# v u: cIlf\arj gk’ijCI:
SCS, ½pIjfJu: egjCj,Ualn: (106846)
rac\Sf cGi+ .oflf\aR cGi+Cd\fj PgliUu
ijCIdG”R rac\Sf½c\fk fIlA iuA CgnA zfl: (106848)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
wlA>ifjujhk%lu d{,\nekYfR clA>R pkSgUlPrsRy ekYfj h]\ansu cIuAig~#hjH
rj™A f}js[l%kSeluj; dOgiRalG clA>sr ej#kmG™; LirkSrsg Lc.UA svlgjŒk
sdl%\ pkSgUlPrm[A @yk uk’iJgRalG clA>rk Srsg Lc\YfYeSulzA fkm$j;
d{,\nekYfrlu clA>R Ydk’rluj; Qglsx @Ydaj[lR TYfukA SeG igk'f\ PG”uk’^jrk
rjg[k'fh*; QMu\[\ @yk Segksm SrG[kA clA>R fkgkfksg Lc\Yf$& Luv+k; Ligksm
SfgkdxkA dkfjgdxkA Ligksah*lA clA>sRy Lc\Yf$&[jguluj; t'lH LiG t`^jH
dksySusyuk%lujgk'fksdl%\ clA>R eglwus~}k; clA>sr >r\Prc\Frl[j dOgiG
<c\fjrekgS^[\ sdl%kSeluj;

d{,\nekYfSrlmk svu\f dmkAdu+jsr~Mj rlgprjHrj™A ulpiG LyjŒk; KYzScrsRy


@w\BYedlgA <c\fjrekgs^ @Ydaj[lR LiG fu+lsymk^k; t'lH >hglaR Lisg
fmŒk; dlgnA T^gsalgk svyju dlgU^jr\ uk’A rm^k'f\ Kvjfash*'
L.jYelu[lgrlujgk™ LS˜<A; flR cIuA <c\fjrekg^k Seluj dOgigksm Lmk[H rj™A
clA>sr Salvj~jv+k sdl%k iglsa™\ >hglaR eyŒk;

<c\fjrekg^jsRy Yel#YeSpCs^^juS~l& >hglaR K’isRy e[H Qgk cS‘CA


sdlmk^uv+k; >hglaR c‘GCr^jsr^jufyjŒ\ dOgiG -sy cS#l,jv+ksi“jhkA
t#jrlnk i'j}kxxsf'yjŒ\ Lc#k,\mgluj; f$xksm Cd\fjujhkA LPjdlgzGi+jhkA
ijSidA r,\ms~} LiG ulpisg rj‘jv+\ Qgk pofk sdlmk^uv+k; “LiG Qgk glwUA .gj[k'fjsRy
cO.lzUark.ij[k'f\ B$xksm QOplgUA sdl%k alYfaln\; siykA elpg]dxln\ B$&[iG;
t'j}\ B$xksm djgJmalilrlnlYz<A; B$& t#ln\ svSu+%sf™\ eyŒkfglR
LiGs[Yf QO’fUalsn™ Srl[o!”

>hglaR Ydk’rluj; “BlR th*lisgukA rCj~j[lR Selik™” t'hyjs[l%\ fsRy


pjiUlc\Yfalu dh~ukSa#j <c\fjrekgs^ @sd Kqkfkayj[lR fkm$j; rzgA >hglasRy
dh~ujhkuG™; >hglaR zAzlfJgS^[\ rzgs^ ihjv+jq[lR fkm$j; rzgilcjdxkA
rzgS^lsml~A ijyv+k; dOgiG dJqm$j; LiG clA>srukA h]\ansuukA >hglark
ak'jHs[l%k i™; “B$&[\ al~k rHdjulhkA; Lijmks^ Cgjulu a<fIA B$& ay™
Seluj; Lijmk™\ .oajsu fl$j rjG^k™; LiclrA ijCIYexu^jrkSC,A LiSC,j[k'f\
Lijmk™ alYfA; cdh wJiwlh$xksmukA @f\ac^ukA cGi+Cd\fjalrkalu LijSm[\
rac\dlgA B$& L$su L.uA Yelej[k™;” pkSgUlPrR fsRy adsx alYfah*l dksySusy
cN^kA pNfjd&[\ rHdj; >hglaR pIlgdujSh[\ am$j cA.i$sxh*lA ijigjv+k; T™A
<c\fjrekgA zAzlrpjujSh[\ svgjŒln\ rjhsdlxxk'f\;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 290lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 291
291lA pjicA
fA c'jgJ]U .zilR c<Sclf\Fjf: YCJ -
egU“f: cdhPG”.{flA igj,\|:
@raU elpukzxA Cjgcl djgJm
wo,\Smr clB\whjgiJijCplcSr ScI (106914)
fcUl irjwU vgsnO fpe: cIaoG’\rl -
>jY. w\wzp\ zkgkfSgl½ejcflA efjG<j
Y><\anUSpi Tfj up\zknrla ukd\fA
fsscUi uv+gnsCOvaSC,fJGf\FA (106913)
Y><\aR PG”cU id\fl<A dG^l fprkSalpjfl
fv\Vj]uA Sh*ldajaalc\Fjf: ekYf al Djp: (106940)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
rgdlckgR iPj[s~} dlgUikA .zilR efjrlylujgA glwdkalgjalsg fmijH rj™ Salvj~jv+\
dh*UlnA dqjv+ksi™A rlgpR LyjŒk; rlgpr\ d{,\nR t$jsruln\ z{<c\FlYCaPG”A
rjySiMk'sf™\ Lf\.kfaluj; cIuA @ Lf\.kfA iJ]j[lR LS˜<A pIlgdujShu\[k Seluj;
pIlgd LfJick‘alu Qgf\.kfrzgA fs'ulujgk™; svykfkA ihkfkalu fmld$xjH
flag~o[xkA <Ac$xkA ij<gjv+k; sflxxlujgalujgA anja‘jg$& rzgs^ Lh“gjv+k;
Liuksm vkagkd& ijhejmjv+ dh*kd&, cIG`A, sixxj, c\EmjdA TiulH Salmj ejmj~jv+jgk™;
rzg^jsRy goeSgDukA @coYfnikA LfJi ssip’UA rjyŒflujgk™; elfdxkA, ilnjwU
SdY‘$xkA, cS”xr[xgjdxkA, LNh$xkA th*lA sdl%kA ulsfl'jrkA dkyijh*l^ Qgk rzgA;
SpiRalgksm ilc\fkdhlijpz\’rlu ijCIdG”liln\ pIlgduksmukA CjHej; LS˜<A fs'uln\
Tfk enjffkA; rlgpR Qgk alxjdujH duyj; Lijsm .zilR gkz\ajnjukaluj Qgk
aX^jhjgj[k™; akrjsu[% alYfujH d{,\nR vlmjsuqkS'Mk in$j, cIlzfA svu\f\
L.jilpUA svu\fk; rlgpsRy elp$& dqkdj @ fJGf\FwhA cI#A Cjgc\cjH fodj;
t'j}S˜<^jsr aX^jhkeij,\mrl[j; L$jsr cGi+ShldlPJCrlu .zilR fsRy
Y>l<\an.d\fj sixjil[j; LfjrlH .zilR Y>l<\anUSpiR t™A Lyjus~mk™; d{,\nR
rlgpSrlm\ Svlpjv+k; “B$& t$jsruln\ Lijmks^ ScijS[%sf™\ puiluj eyŒlhkA”;
.ziH~pdah$& t™A <{pu^jH cakw\wIhj[nsa™\ alYfSa flR @Yz<j[k™xxosi™\
alakrj aykemjukA eyŒk;

fsRy wjw\Blcsu cAf{e\fjs~mk^lR rlgpR asMlgk z{<^jH Seluj; LijsmukA d{,\nR


c<PG”jnjukaluj z{<PG”$xjShGs~}jgj[k™; LijsmukA d{,\nR rlgpsr tfjSgMk
eowjv+k; L$jsr rlgpR c‘GCjv+ z{<$xjshh*lA d{,\nsrukA QlSgl c<PG”jnjSuukA
rlgpR d%k; PlG”JdSal z{<c\FSal @u dlgU$& rm^js[l%\ LiG dqjuk™; LiclrA
duyju iJ}jH iv+\ rlgpR fsRy LfUlpjCuA sixjil[j; Lfjrk aykemj uluj .zilR eyŒk;
“a<lf\alSi, BlR PG”cAc\Fledrln\; BlR PG”alvgj[k™; BlR PG”s^
LAzJdgj[k™; BlR tsRy Yei{^jdxlhkpl<gnSadj aMkxxiG[\ alf{dulik™;”
d{,\nsRy LhOdJdalu Ye.li^jhkA Cd\fjijSC,^jhkA ijc\auA eo%\ rlgpR ulYfuluj;
L$jsr .zilR K^arlu Qgk z{<rlFsRy wJijfA, LSrdA c<PG”jnjdxks%“jhkA
QlSglgk^gksal^\ rujv+k; TO a<HcfUs^ PUlrj[k'iG[\ .ziH.d\fjuk%lik™;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 291lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 292
292lA pjicA
Y>l<\Sa ak<oGS^ Kf\Flu ilgUkec\e{CU alPi:
psPO Yec'dgn @f\alrA fac: egA (10704)
-dA cIuA SwUlfjgrrUaiUuA
cIcAc\Ful rjfUrjgc\fdh\a,A
Y><\alDUaScUlp\ .irlCS<fk.j:
cICd\fj .jGh*]jf.lirjGi{fjA (10705)
Lfle*k Sfl½A.cUaSh uFlijPj
Ydjul dhleA egjPlu ilccJ
vdlg cr\SPUlezalpj c^Sal
<kflrShl Y><\a wwleilzUf: (10706)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
YCJd{,\nR Y>l<\aak<oG^^jH (coSgUlpu^jr\ g%ganj[oG akRe\) pjiciksaqkS'M\
Sp<Ck’j igk^j; t'j}\ Tgk}jrfJfikA cIuA YedlCjfikA Lr#ikA LrCIgikA ega
eijYfikA Y><\asa'yjus~mk'fkA ijCIc{,\mjc\FjfjcA<lgYei{^jdxlH Lr#
cl’Ufdsx sixjil[k'fkalu @f\alijsr .zilR PUlrjv+k; dkxjdqjŒ\
ekfkic\Yf$xkanjŒ\ zluYfJ weS^lsm .zilR coSgUlpueowdxkA Lrk,\|j[k™; LS˜<A
cogUrkA cdhdlh$xjShukA W,jigURalG[kA ejf{[&[kA eowuG~jv+k; Tisuh*lA .zilsRy
cI#A LAC$xsYf; t'j}\ eCk[sxukA Y>l<\anSgukA akfjG'iSgukA aMk wJiwlh$sxukA
in$j - Tisuh*lA Lijmks^ @f\a.li$xsYf; .lgUalG[kA >r\PkajYflpjd&[ksah*lA
t`salmk$l^ LrkYz<lCjc\ckdxkA .zilR rHdj; Ye.lfdlh^\ fs' .zilR
glwc.ujSh[\ fjgjv+k; d{,\nrkA aMk c.lilcjdxkA cIc\Flr$xjhkeij,\mglikSNl&
c.ujH dhldlgRalgkA ijpo,dgkA dijdxkA zludgkA rG^dgkA Lisg gcj~jv+k;
glw.gncA>r\Palu dlgU$& fkm$kduluj; Qgk pjicA c.ujSh[\ pofkaluj Qgl& i™\
d{,\nr\ rjSiprA caG~jv+k; Lul& wglcr\PsRy fmijH djm[k' dkSy glwl[Ralsg
YefjrjPJdgjv+\ d{,\nsRy c<luA Sfmj i'fln\; wglcr\PR pjrAYefj ScIVlPjefUA
do}kdulsn™A tYfukA ses}™\ .zilR Ligksm pkgjfA Liclrj~j[nsa™alujgk™
glwl[RalG[\ eyulrk%lujgk'f\; LiG YelGf\Fjv+k; “Lijmk™\ ijCIrlFrsYf;
PG”cAg]n ^jrlukA pk,\mrjYz<^jrlukA Lijmk™\ Lifgjv+jgj[kdulnSh*l; Lijmks^
elp$sx @YCuj[k'igksm eoGi+dG”Eh$& SelhkA rjGiJgUaldk™; B$sx
Salvjfgl[julhkA;”

Lh\ecauA dqjŒS~l& rlgpR c.ujH YeSiCjv+k; .zilR cjA<lcr^jH rjs'qkS'M\


akrjsu rac\dgjv+k; LfJi ><kalrS^lsm LS˜<s^ cIJdgjv+k; ao™ Shld$xkSmukA S]aA
akrjSulmSrI,jv+k; “Lijmk™\ th*layjuk™; th*lujm^kA L$uksm cl'j’Uak%Sh*l” t™\
eyŒk sdl%ln\ .zilR rlgpSrlm\ cAclgjv+k fkm$jufk fs'; ukPj,\|jgR glwcouulzA
rm^lR @Yz<j[k™si™A @ufjH alakrjalgkA SpiRalgkA glwl[RalSglsml~A
es“mk[k'flsn™A rlgpR Lyjujv+k; ukPj,\|jgR d{,\nsr YeSfUdaluj eowj[k'fkaln\;
KmSrfs' .zilR TY‘Yec\F^jSh[\ Seldnsa™\ akrj LSe]jv+k; Lijsm glwcou^jr\
.zilR L’U]A i<j[nA; c.ujsh ehG[kA wglcr\Psr idigk^lR ssidgksf'
L.jYeluak%lujgk™; rlgpsRy KeSpCA LiG[Yf f{e\fjdgalujgk'jh*; d{,\nR K’irk
Srsg fjgjŒ\ KeSpCalglŒk; “L$\ tsRy d`kdxsYf; t#lnjS~l& svSu+%sf™\
LS$[yjulA; trj[\ L$jH cNoG` ijCIlcalnkxxf\; t#ln\ svSu+%sf™\
KeSpCjv+lhkA; BlR Lfrkcgjv+k YeiG^jv+k sdlxxlA;”

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 292lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 293
293lA pjicA
SplG.UA egj,IwU galahlhuA
akdk‘zlYfA r{efjG<flCk.:
ShS. eglA rjGi{fjaYCk ShlvSrl
<{,U^rkG ijc\a{fShldijY.a: (107126)
e{Fll ijShldU Y.lSYfuA d{,\nA Yfj.kiSrCIgA
YeJflf\Salf\Flu egU“lf\ cc\rkS,l egj,cISw (107139)
(107139)
K’iR eyŒk:
.zilSr, SpiG,j rlgpsRy rjGS˜CA g%kS˜C$sxukA Srmj^gk™; ukPj,\|jgR glwcouA
rm^lR rjC\vujv+j}ks%“jH ScIVlPjefjulu wglcr\PsRy LiclrikA Ky~ln\; L$jsr
fmijhl[s~} glwl[RalG[kA SalvrA h.UalikA; t'lH trjs[lgk rjGS˜CA rHdlrk%\;
wglcr\Psr rjufalu Qgk uk’^jhosm idigk^k'fjhkA rh*f\ Qgk ah*uk’^jhosmuln\;
Lul& Y>l<\an.d\frkA LiG eyŒlhrkcgj[k' @xkalnSh*l; Lfksdl%\ .JaR Qgk
Y>l<\anSi,A Pgjv+\ wglcr\Psr Qgk pI‘uk’^jSh[\ ijxjv+ksdl%k igjd; Lijmks^
d{eulH .Jar\ ijwuA ckrjC\vjfA; @xkd& TfkA Lijmks^ a<jadxjshl'luj sdl%lmkA;

Ckdakrj fkmG™:
e’fj dkMaMfkA KeSpCA ukd\fjeoGi+ikA @ujgk™; TY‘Yec\F^jSh[\ ekys~mlrkxx
Qgk[$&[luj d{,\nR @w\Bd& rHdj; fmijhkxx glwl[Ralgksm pofRiCA LiG[\
SalvrA Ky~k rHdj .zilR; .zilR fsRy glw\BjalSglmkA egjilg$Sxlmksal~A ulYf ekys~}k;
rlgpakrj TO dlq\v d%\ c#k,\mrluj .zilsRy LrkilpS^lsm @dlCalGz\zA pIlgdij}k;

iqjujH eSh cAc\Flr$xkA ej'j}\ d{,\nR TY‘Yec\F^jsh^jSv+G™; rzgA akqkiR


Kf\ciYefJfjujhlujgk™; ukPj,\|jgrkA cS<lpgRalgkA d{,\nsr igSiH[lR rzg
ilfjH[H dl^krjH~k%lujgk™; d{,\nsr @hjAzrA svu\fksdl%\ h]\aJefjsu pGCjv+
cO.lzU^jH afjay™\ glwli\ d`Jsglqk[j; L.Oaalu Qgk egalr‘^jsRy
cAYflc^jhlylmj LS˜<^jsRy arcc\ hOdJdS>lPsa' aluJdfsu KSe]jv+\
LCk.dg$xlu th*l ij,u$&[kA LfJfaluj^JG™; glwlijsRy cS<lpgRalgkA
d{,\nsr @hjAzrA svu\fk; Y>l<\aneowukA rm^j; d{,\nR rzg^jH YeSiCjv+k;

sdlmjSflgn$& t$kA rjyŒkrj™; ckiG`dalr$& .zilrk cIlzfSalfj; QlSgl


z{<$&[k ak'jhkA ckiG`dhC$xjH sixxA rjyv+k iv+jgk™; <{puA rjyŒ .d\fUl
pgikdSxlsm .zilsr tfjSgH[k'fjsrulnfk covj~j[k'f\; wr$& Salmjukxx
ic\Yf$xkA ckzr\PYpiU$xkanjŒ\ @<*lpvj^gluj dlns~}k; erjrJgjsRy ckzr\PA
ilukijH rjyŒk; QlSgl z{<$&[k akdxjhkA ckiG`Szlxdd& sixxj[lhkdxjH
c\Flejv+jgk™; d{,\nR fhc\Flrrzgjuksm .AzjukA stCIgUikA Srl[j[%k; iJmkdxjH rj™A
eky^ki' c\YfJwr$& d{,\nsr Lrkzajv+ glw\Bjalgksm cO.lzU^jH Lcoulhk[xluj;

d{,\nR sdl}lg^jShu\[k YeSiCjv+k; eln\/ialflilu dk#j d{,\nsr d%alYfujH


Tgj~jm^jH rjs'qkS'Mksv™\ @hjAzrA svu\fk; ekYfiPkilu YpOepjukA glwalflijsRy
dosm d{,\nsr cIlzfA svu+lrk%lujgk™; glwli\ cS#l,^jH afjay™\ .zilsr eowj[lR
SelhkA ay™; YpOepj d{,\nsRy c<PG”jnjdSxukA tfjSgMk; L$jsr eln\/isg
@r‘^jhlylmjv+ksdl%\ d{,\nR dkSy alc$& sdl}lg^jH vjhiqjv+k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 293lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 294
294lA pjicA
fIf\ elpkSd LijgfA egjSu vg#j
PUlu#U.YprCSr CkvSul z{n#j
ij‘#j Sf dahrl. .ileiGz\z
alClcSf upj f@Cj, TOC rlSrU (10724)
djA pkG”,A fjfj]onlA djadlgUaclPk.j:
djA rSpuA iplrUlrlA d: eg: capGCjrlA (10729)
Sul½rjSfUr CgJSgn cflA SzuA uSCl YPkiA
rlvjSrlfj cIuA dH~: cilvU: SClvU -i c: (107220)
<gjC\vSY‘l g#jSpi KX\Vi{^j: Cj>jG>+hj:
iUlP: dSelSfl ><Sil <UYPkSin YPkiA zfl: (107221)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Qgk pjicA ukPj,\|jgR .zilR d{,\nSrlmk eyŒk; “LijmkS^ukA aMk SpifdSxukA
eowj[lR BlR dkyv+k rlxluj @Yz<j[k™; glwcouA rm^nsa™ ijvlgj[k™; Lfjrkxx
LrkilpA f'lhkA; .ziR, Lijmks^ elpeow svu+k'igjHrj™A pk,\mfdsxh*lA
rJ$jS~lik™; Lijmks^ PUlrj[k'iG[\ Sal]ikA LiglYz<j[k' e]A ShlssdCIgU$xkA
h.j[k™; Lijmk™\ th*lMjsRyukA @f\ac^usYf; Lijmk™\ rj,\e]afjukA th*lisgukA
cfkhUA c\Sr<j[kdukA svu+k™; ark,UG[\ Ligigksm Yei{^jd&[rkcgjv+kxx YefjEhA
h.j[k™;” d{,\nR glwlijsRy KS˜Cs^ C*lZjv+k; “L$kA cS<lpggkA Lwu+gsYf;
rj$sxh*ligkA SpiwlfRalglnsh*l; alYfah*l rj$& cp\zkn$xlH ts'ukA
dJqm[jujgj[k™; @f\arjuY#najh*l^iG[\ LYeleUalu Q'lnf\; tsRy .d\fsr @G[kA
TO Shld^jH SflH~j[lR dqjujh*fs';” LfjrkSC,A glwli\ rlh\ LrkwRalsgukA
rlmjsRy rlhk pjCdxjSh[kA Luv+k; ulz^jsRy Qgk[$xksm akS'lmjuluj cS<lpgRalG
rlHigkA glwU$sx dJqm[j iNjv+ cI^k[xkaluj am$ji™; wglcr\PR Qgl& alYfA
ukPj,\|jgsRy vYdiG^j epA LAzJdgj[lR fu+lylujh*; ukPj,\|jgR TfyjŒ\ rjglCrluj;
.zilR K’isRy e’fjYedlgA wglcr\Psr rj,\dlcjfrl[lR ekys~}k; d{,\nR
LGw\wkrsrukA .JasrukA do}j Y>l<\anSi,^jH wglcr\Psr sv™ d%k; t'j}k eyŒk;
”a<lglwR, LS$u\[\ cGi+aAzx$xkA .ij[s}; Lijmk™\ rHdksa“jH
B$&s[lg.UGf\Fruk%\; c<rCJhrlu Qgkir\ Lc<Ualusf#k%\_ -sflgk Yei{^jsu
pk,\mrlsulgkiR KSe]j[kA_ plrCJhrlsulgkiR t#kfs' rHdjh*_ cap{,\mjulsulgkir\
Legjvjfrluj @gk%\_ TO rCIgalu CgJg^jrlH rjfl#alu YeCc\fj SrmlR Qgkirk
dqjukdujh* fs'; <gjC\vY‘R, g#jSpiR, Cj>j, >hj, Y>l<\anG, ak/\zhR t' SimR, Yeli\
t'j$jsr ehgkA LrCIgfsu Yelej[lR fkShlA ]njdalu CgJgs^ KSe]jv+igsYf;”
ssdxjsh ijh*kejmjv+ Lmulx$xjHrj™A LfjFjd& Y>l<\angsh*™\ wglcr\Pr\ arc\cjhluj;
t“jhkA LiG Svlpj[k'sf#kA rHdlsa™\ LS˜<A ilz\plrA svu\fk; aoigkA f$xksm
eoGi+goe^jSh[\ fjgjv+ki™; t'j}\ eyŒk; “rak[\ Qgk pI‘uk’A rm^lA;” wglcr\PR cIuA
.Jarkaluj aH~jmk^A @ilA t™\ fjgkalrjv+k; .Jark Si% @ukP$xkA LS˜<A rHdj;
Tgke^jSuqkpjicA rJ%krj™ uk’A; edHcau^\ g%lxkA sdlmju Selgl}A rm^j; t'lH
glYfjujH LiG KM v$lfjalglujgk™; .JasRy ukS’lHcl<A rCjv+k fkm$j; d{,\nr\
wglcr\PsRy wRag<cUayjulaujgk™; CgJgA g%luj dJyjulH alYfSa wglcr\Psr iPj[lR
clPj[o t™\ d{,\nR eyŒfrkcgjv+\ .JaR Lulsx idigk^j; wrragnpk:D$xjH rj™\
cdhwJijdsxukA Salvj~j[k'f\ -sflgk .zilsRy elpdah$xlSnl LS˜<A wglcr\PsRy
fmijH djm' glwl[Ralsgsuh*lA Salvj~jv+k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 294lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 295
295lA pjicA
a{zf{,\nlA uFl >lhl arU# KpdlCuA
-iA ssidlgjdJA alulaukd\fl ic\fk v]Sf (107311)
iuA ekgl YCJapr,\m p{,\mSul
wjzJ,ulcUl TfSgfgc\e{P:
Z\r#: Yewl: cIl LfjrjGZ{nl: YeS.l
a{fUkA ekgc\fIlijznu+ pkG”pl: (107312)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Tgkefjrlujg^jt`oy\ glwdkalgRalG wglcr\PsRy dlglz{<^jhlujgk™; LiG
dkxj[lsfukA ak,jŒic\Yf$xnjŒkA SCl.ujh*l^ akDS^lsmukA Lijsm dqjŒki™;
@CuMk dqjŒjgk' LiG[\ .zilsRy pjiUakDpGCrA h.jv+Sflsm ekfkwJiR h.jv+k;

glwdkalgRalG eyŒk;
.zilSr g]jv+lhkA; B$& Lijmks^ L.uA Yelej[k™; B$&[\ wglcr\PSrlm\
ijSglPsal™ajh*; dlgnA Lijmks^ dlgknUA sdl%kfs'uln\ B$sx wglcr\PR
fmijhl[jus™ B$& arc\cjhl[k™; T<ShldA rjfUcfUalsn™xx ao?ijCIlc
^jhlujgk™ B$&; agk~v+su whsa™ ijvlgj[k' dk}jdsxS~lsh, SdihA cpl
alyjs[l%jgj[k' hOdJdShldYefj.lcs^, L$ujH -dlf\adf Yelej[l^iG rjfUsa™\
dgkfk™; akRe\ cN^jsRy Segjhkxx L<“lgA sdl%\ B$& egc\egA SelglmkdukA svu\fk;
L$jsr B$& cIwr$&[\ fs' rlCA igk^j; agn^jsRy goe^jH L$k ak'jH
rjH[k'f\ dlnlrkA B$& do}l[jujh*; Lijmks^ d{eulshl™ alYfaln\ L$\
wglcr\PsRy goe^jH i™\ B$sx KnG^j cfU^jSh[\ rujv+f\; B$&[\ @
egAselgkxjsRy p{CUA Qgk Srl[\ h.jv+kiSh*l; Trj B$& cN^jrkA Yefle^jrkA Si%j
@Yz<j[ujh*; B$&[\ Lijmks^ elpdah$xjsh™A .d\fjuk%lis}; B$& Lijmks^
rac\[gj[k™; B$& svSu+% dmadsxs#™\ @w\Blejv+lhkA;

.zilR d{,\nR eyŒk:


glwdkalgRalSg, rj$xksm il[kd& Kvjfalujgj[k™; cN^kA YefleikA aohA
SpiRalgksmukA ark,UgksmukA LckgRalgksmukA fhfjgjΠYei{^jd& BlR d%j}k%\;
rCIgalu CgJg^jhkA LfjSrlmrk>r\Pjv+ ic\fk[xjhkA @cd\fglilsf ts' @glPj[kd;
z{<c\Fgksm dG”$& c#lSrlH~lprA fkm$ju dlgU$& Lrk,\mj[kd; YewlegjelhrA
rm^kd; ckDpk:D$Sxl hl.r,\m$Sxl t#k fs'ulujgk'lhkA Lisu QgkSelsh
cIJdgj[kd; t'jH <{puaky~jv+\ LiSulm\ Yefjdgj[lsfukajgj[kd; L$jsr tS'lmkxx
eijYfSYea^jH rj$& rj,\mgluj^Jgk'fln\;

Ckdakrj fkmG™:
.zilR LiG[\ c\rlr^jrkA ekfkic\Yf$&[kA Si% -G~lmkd& svu\fk; gf\r$xkA
Ligigksm SulzUflrkcgnA rHdj; glwl[RalG .zilsRy rjGS˜C$xrkcgjv+\ SC,dlhA
PG”wJijfA rujv+k; d{,\nR .JaSrlmkA Lgw\wkrSrlmksal~A TY‘Yec\F^jSh[k fjgjv+k
Seluj; Lijsm @<*lpc\Sr<rjG.galsulgk igSiH~\ Lisg dl^k rj'jgk™;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 295lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 296
296lA pjicA
uplf\adajpA ijCIA YdfiC\v uplf\adl:
Lz\rjgl<kfSul aY#l: clADUA SulzC\v uf\eg: (107420)
-d -ilpIjfJSul½clssifplf\aUajpA wzf\
@f\arl½½f\aluYCu: c.Ul: c{wfUifj <#Uw: (107421)
cGi+.oflf\a .oflu d{,\nlulrrUpGCjSr
SpuA Cl#lu eoG`lu p^cUlr#Uajv\Vfl (107424)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
L$jsr wglcr\PR Th*lfluSflsm ukPj,\|jgR glwcou^jrkxx fu+lsymk~lgA.jv+k;
alakrjalsgukA pjiURalsgukA t`aM LfjFjdsxukA ]njv+k igk^j; YfjaoG^jdxkA SpifdxkA
pjiUuw\B^jH cA>r\Pjv+k; Ligksm LrkYz<lCjc\ckdsxlsm ulzA calgA.jv+k; Qgk pjicA
ulzcA>r\Pjuluj -MikA Kvjfrlsulgk iUd\fjsu fjgsŒmk^k ><kalrjS[% Qgk
vm$k%\;

c<SpiR eyŒk;
tsRy L.jYelu^jH YCJd{,\nsrlqjsd aMlG[kA TfjrG<fujh*; LS˜<aln\ th*lMjsRyukA
- TO ijCI^jsRyukA glwcou^jsRyukA th*lA- @f\ac^; Lz\rjukA aY#$xkA w\BlrikA
SulzikA th*lA @ .zilsrulnSh*l h]Ual[k'f\; LS˜<aln\ ijCIlf\ali\; c{,\mj, c\Fjfj,
cA<lg$& LS˜<^jH rj™H.ijv+\ LS˜<^lH LS˜<^jH cA.ij[k™; -sflgkiR
fsRy c”lrA LSrdam$\ iG’j[nsa'lYz<j[k™Sil LiG YCJd{,\nsr
><kalrj[nA; .zilsr ><kalrj[k'fjhosm rlak&~sm th*lMjsrukA ><kalrj[kd
fs'ulnk svu+k'f\;

Ckdakrj fkmG™:
CjCkelhsrlqjsd th*ligkA c<SpisRy L.jYeluA Cgjiv+k; ukPj,\|jgR YCJd{,\nsr
eowj[lR fJgkalrjv+k; CjCkelhR eyŒk; “dlhaln\ uFlGf\F^jH .zilsr™ eyus~mk'f\;
rj$& TS~l& svu\ffkSelsh dlh^jsRy cIlPJrf[mjas~}\ ijigikA ijSidakxxiG
SelhkA sfMlu fjgkalr$xjsh^jSv+gk™; TO c.ujH^s' e|j~jhkA ijig^jhkA alrUfujhkA
pjiUfujhkA K'fglu tYfSul Segk%\; t'j}\ TO d™dlhj sv[srulSnl K'falu
c\FlrS^[\ fjgsŒmk[k'f\_ Lulxlsn“jH clao<jdalu Qgk iUic\FujhkA
wJij[k'ulxh*; th*l cHcI.liYda$&[kA LfJfaluln\ d{,\nsRy segkalMA;
Clc\YflPj,\|jfalu rj>r\PrdSxl clYNplujdalu dlgU$sxl Lul& Lrk,\mj[k'jh*;
YealnlrkcgnA .zilSrSul .ziH.d\fSgSul rj‘j[k'jm^krj™\ KmSr^s'
QlmjS~ldl^iG[\ rgdA ckrjC\vjfaSYf;” CjCkelhsRy eknU$& akqkirkA Liclrjv+jgk™;
Y>l<\anG ehgkA LijmA ij}kSeluj; eh glwl[RalgkA CjCkelhsrfjSg fjgjulR fkm$j;
d{,\nR fsRy vYdA sdl%\ ]n^jH CjCkelhsRy fhuyk^\ th*lisgukA Cl#gl[j;
th*lisgukA Lf\.kfvdjfgl[js[l%\ Qgk pjiUYe. CjCkelhsRy CgJg^jH rj™\
d{,\nrjSh[\ YeSiCjv+k; CjCkelhR rjg#gA ijegjf.d\fjujH akqkdj d{,\nrjH fs'
arc\ckyv+irlujgk™iSh*l; .zilR ij,\nkijsRy pIlgelhdglujgk' wuijwuRalgksm
ao'las^ wRaalujgk™ Lf\; glwcouA .Azjuluj Liclrjv+k; pkSgUlPrsrlqjsd -igkA
@<*lpvj^gluj;

ukPj,\|jgsRyukA CjCkelhsRyukA Sal]dF e|j[k'iG[\ eleijSalvrA h.j[k™;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 296lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 297
297lA pjicA
.JSal a<lrclPUS]l PrlPU]: ckSulPr:
c<Spic\fk eowlulA rdkShl YpiU clPSr (10754)
zkgkCkYCo,Sn wj,\nk: d{,\n: elpliSrwSr
egjSi,Sn Ypkepwl dGS`l plSr a<larl: (10755)
rjgoejfl a<luw\SB rlrldG”ck Sf fpl
YeiG^S# c\a glSwY‘ glw\B: YejuvjdJG,i: (10757)
egJ]j^\ Svlpjv+k:
a<GS, pkSgUlPrsrlqjsd th*ligkA c#k,\mglujgk™si™\ eyŒkiSh*l; t#ksdl%lnS˜<A
Lc#k,\mrluf\_

Ckdakrj fkmG™:
glwcou^jH a<lglwli\ ukPj,\|jgR fsRy cS<lpgRalG[\ QlSglsgl SwlhjdSxH~jv+jgk™;
QlSglgk^G[kA QlSgl ij.lz^jsRy cNoG`alu vkafhdxkA K%lujgk™; .JaR Lmk[xuksm
dlgU[lgR; ckSulPrr\ Dwlr; c<SpiR LfjFjdsx cIJdgjv+k; rdkhR dhiy co]jv+k;
LGw\wkrR Y>l<\ansg cH[gjv+k; d{,\nR th*l LfjFjdxksmukA dlhkd& dqkdj; YpOepj
th*liG[kA c”lr$& rHdj; Tisgh*ligkA a<lglwlijsr c#k,\mrl[kilR f[ijPA
f$xksm Swlhj svu\fk; ulzegjcale\fjujH ukPj,\|jgR zAzujH Li.{fc\rlr^jr\ Seluj;
cIGz\zilcjdxm[A th*ligkA @<*lpjv+k; YCJd{,\nrkA fsRy YejufaalSglsml~A
whSdxjulmj; egc\egA sixxA f}js^yj~jv+k; Ligksm darJualu SarjdxjH ic\Yf$&
Q}jrj™\ SarjuqdkA imjikA eky^k dlnluj; fkShlA rj,\dx“alu TO Sdxjd& d%krj'igjH
LCk’arc\[gluigksmukxxjH pk,\m ijvlg$xkxiluj;

vYdiG^juksm ulzc\rlrA dqjŒS~l& YewdxkA zAzujH dkxjv+\ eleakd\fj igk^j; glwli\


th*ligjhkA th*lMjhkA egAselgkxjsr pGCjv+\ .ziHeowuluj LSrdA c”lr$& ijfgnA
svu\fk; cGi+l#gUlajulu .zilsr L$jsr @glPjv+k; eh LfjFjdxkA glwlijSrlm\ ulYf
eyŒk ejgjŒk; aMkxxiG glwlijsRy L.UGf\Frsu alrjv+\ sdl}lg^jH flacjv+k;

ukPj,\|jgsRy cN^kA stCIgUikA @f\aJual<lf\aUikA tfjglxjulu pkSgUlPrr\


Lcouuk%l[j; YpOepjujH Lul&[\ LS~lqkA @Cuk%lujgk'fksdl%\ Li& fsRy
.G^l[Ralsg Scij[k'fkd%\ pkSgUlPrsRy <{puA fejv+k; tgjfJujH t`sulqj[kA
Selsh asMl™domj cA.ijv+k; cIGz\z^jsh ilc\fkCjH~julu auR ukPj,\|jgrluj enjfk
sdlmk^ sdl}lg^jsRy rjG”jfj Lf\.kfli<alujgk™; rjqhk sdl%kA sixjv+A sdl%kakxx
alulijpU sdl%\ sdl}lg^jsRy fy Qgk fmldA Selsh Sfl'jv+k; sixxakxxujmA rjhA
SelshukA Sfl'jv+k; pkSgUlPrR TO aluujH dkmk$jS~luj; c.ujH YeSiCjS[ whsa™\ dgkfj
pkSgUlPrR ic\YfakuG^j~jmjv+\ co]jv+\ rm™; rjhsa™\ dgkfjuujm^\ sixx^jH dlhkiqkfj
iJqkdukA svu\fk; c\FhwhijY.l#jujH pkSgUlPrR ihuk'fk d%\ YCJd{,\nsRy
SYelHcl<rS^lsm c.ujsh c\YfJwr$& se}jv+jgjv+k; ukPj,\|jgR LiSglm\ cAuarA
elhj[lR eyŒksi“jhkA pkSgUlPrr\ Lfjulu LealrA Sfl'j; Lulxkmsr <c\fjrl
ekgS^[\ am$j; Tsfh*lA @gksmukA dkMalujgk'jh*; .zilR d{,\nsRy pjSiUv\V @G[k
ijigj[lrlikA_

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 297lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 298 298lA pjicA
><kgossedgoeA fp\p{CUSf r v p{CUSf
alulauA aud{fA pkGij.liUA essgg.of\ (107621)
dIvjp\.osaO dIvjp\SiUla\rj zjgjaoG’\rj wSh dIvjf\
LhlfvYd ip\ Y.laUsf\cO.A fp\pkgic\FjfA (107622)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
CjCkelhsRy ck<{^lu clhIR gkz\ajnJ<gncau^\ fsRy Sflqrk eMju Lealr^jr\
edgA Svlpj[lrkA ulpidkhs^ rCj~j[lrkA rjC\vujv+jgk™; Lfjrluj LS˜<A Qgk d|jr
fec\clgA.jv+k; pjicikA Qgk ejmj selmj alYfA dqjv+\ LS˜<A egaCjisr PUlrjv+k; egaCjiR
]jYeYeclpjuSYf; egaCjiR YefU]rluj igikA rHdj; clhIrk Si%jujgk'f\, SpiRalglhkA
ark,UglhkA LckgRalglhkA rCj~j[lR dqjul^fkA fsRy arc\ck eyuk'jmS^u\[k ey™
svh*lR dqjuk'fkalu Qgk ijalralujgk™; @ufksdl%\ ulpiRalGs[lgk SemjcIe\raluj
alylrkA dqjunA; egaCjiR clhIsRy @Yz<cl’U^jrluj SpiCjH~julu aurlH
rjG”jfalu Qgk ijalrA rHdj; cO.A t'lnfjrk Seg\; TgkNk sdl%\ rjG”jv+ cO.A Qgk
svyju rzgA Selsh dlns~}k; Ld^k akqkiR dogjgk}\; @G[kA dm™ svh*lR dqjukdukajh*;
LfjsRy Kmac\FsRy @Yz<arkcgjv+\ ijalrA cXgj[k'fln\;

cO.^jShyj clhIR pIlgd h]Ual[j ey™; LisRy sscrUA pIlgduksm Yel#YeSpC$xkA


@Ydajv+k; cO.^jH rj™A Lfj.u“g$xlu Lc\YfYeSulz$& rm^j clhIR; d{,\n
ekYfrlu YepUka\rR ulpig]u\[lsu^j; cI#A Lc\Yf$& sdl%\ cO.s^ vkMjrj'
alulihus^ YepUka\rR fdG[lrkA ijalrs^ @Ydaj[lrkA sscrUs^ fkg^lrkA fkm$j;
cO.^jsRy rjG”jfj Lf\.kfli<alujgk™ t™ eyŒkiSh*l; QSg cauA Q'lukA ehflukA
Lfk dlns~}k; Lf\ vjhS~l& YefU]s~mkA; vjhS~l& LfjsRy c\FlrA @G[kA rjC\vuj
[lrlil^ ijPA rjhsdl%k; vjhS~l& rjh^kA aMkvjhS~l& @dlC^kA ahakdxjhkA
whrjg~jhkA cO.A dlns~}k; Qgz\rjChldSelsh Qgjm^kA rjH[lsf Lf$jsr elyj rm™;
clhIR fxG™ iJqkAisg ulpisscrUA YefUlYdanA fkmG™;

pUkalR, YepUka\rsRy CgalgjSuM\ iJnjgk™; t'lH Lul& ses}™ vlmjsunJM\ fsRy


zpsumk^\ YepUka\rsRy srXjH @Œjmjv+k; srXk fdG'Selsh LS˜<A uk’[x^jH
iJnk; LS˜<^jsRy clgFj ses}™ gFA elujv+\ CkYCo,jv+\ YepUka\rsRy wJiR g]jv+k; S>lPA
iJnS~l& YepUka\rR clgFjsu Cdlgjv+k; uk’[x^jH rj™A QlmjS~ldk'f\ .JgkfIsa™\
iUlDUlrj[kA t'lujgk™ LS˜<^jsRy afA; t'lH clgFj eyŒk: LS˜<^jsRy
PG”aln\ T$jsrukxx Qgle^jH fsRy uwalrsRy wJiR g]j[kd t'f\;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 298lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 299
299lA pjicA
-iA ip#j glwGS, W,u: Sdv rlrIjfl:
uf\ cIilSvl ijgkSPUf rorA Sfr c\ag#Ukf (107730)
dI SCldSals<O c\SrS<l il .uA il Su½w \BcA.il:
dI vlDn\/jfijw\Blrw\BlssrCIgU c\fIDn\/jf: (107731)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
YepUka\rR fsRy SfglxjSulm\ gFs^ em[x^jShu\[k fs' fjgjv+k sdl%kSelilR
@w\Blejv+k; t'j}\ pUkalsr sih*kijxjv+k; YepUka\rR pUkalsRy SfgjsrukA SfglxjsuukA
dkfjgdsxukA pUkalsrukA iJq\^j; clhIsRy emsu ulpisscrUA fkg^j; zA.Jgalu Selgl}A
fkmG™;

TY‘Yec\F^jHrj™\ pIlgdujShu\[k am$k' iqj[\ d{,\nR rl}jsh LCk.h]n$xjH


rj™A uk’s[mkfjdsx~Mj arc\cjhl[j; KmSr fs' fhc\FlrrzgjujH sv™\
ijCpijig$xyjŒk; >hglasr rzg^jsRy vkafhSuH~jv+j}\ cIuA clhIsr SrgjmlR
d{,\nR ekys~}k; clhIR d{,\nrk SrsgsuyjΠdk#A .zilR Vj'.j'al[j; clhIsRy
ijalr^jrk Srsg d{,\nR Cgalgj fodj; LSfcauA clhIR tu\f QgN\ d{,\nsRy
du+jH^}j @ukP^jsRy h]UA sfMjv+k; dlnjd& Lf\.kfA eo%k rjHs[ clhIr\ fsRy
Sr}^jH L<“lgA Sfl'j; d{,\nsr LPjS]ejv+k cAclgj[lR fkm$j; d{,\nR Cl#rluj
aykemj eyŒk; “iJgRalG sel$v+A eyulyjh*; Ligksm Yei{^jd& il[kdSx[l& ihkfsYf;”

d{,\nR clhIsRy Sflsxh*\ fdG^k; Lul& Svlgfk~j ses}™\ LYefU]rluj; LPjdA


dqjukA akRe\ QgegjvjfpofR d{,\nalfli\ SpidjujH rj™salgk pofkaluj i™; “clhIR
L$uksm ejflijsr f}js[l%k Selujgj[k™;” d{,\nR ilG^ Sd}\ iUldkhrluj dlns~}k;
fHcauA clhIR Lijsm YefU]rluj .zilsRy ak'jHiv+\ ickSpigksm fhuyk^k; Tfkd%\
.zilR dkyv+k SrgS^[\ pk:DlG^rluj rj™; “egJ]jS^, vjh alakrjalG Ligksm fs'
ijCIlc^jrkA .d\fj[kA tfjgluj T$jsr vjh >k’jY.a$& d{,\nrkak%lsu™ eyuk™;
Lw\BflwrUalu afjY.aikA pk:Diksaijsm_ -sflglxksm elpe“w$xjH rj™fjgk' selmj
sdl%k alYfA aOhJdalu Lw\Bf Th*lfldk™Sil @ .zilr\ >k’jY.aak%ldk'sf$jsr_”
d{\,\nR cfUlic\F arc\cjhl[j; clhIsRy alujdCd\fjukA Lulxk%l[ju
alulilckSpirkA KmSr LYefU]aluj;

LfjrkSC,A d{,\nR ijalrs^ fsRy Lwu+alu CgalgjujH selfjŒk; ijalrA fdG™\


dmhjH iJnk; clhIR rjh^k vlmj d{,\nsRy SrG[k elŒk; d{,\nR Lulxksm zp
ejmjv+jgk' ssd si}j[xŒk; t'j}\ fsRy vYdlukPsamk^\ Lulxksm fhukA fdG^k;

Tsfh*lA d%\ SpiRalG cS#l,jv+k; clhIsRy em LhakyujmlR fkm$j; CjCkelhsRyukA


clhIsRyukA ck<{^lu p#iYdR d{,\nsr tfjgjmlR i™;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 299lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 300
300lA pjicA
-iA SulSzCIg: d{,\Snl .zilw\BzpJCIg:
TOuSf eCkp{,\mJrlA rjGw\wjSfl wufJfj c: (107816)
Lpl#cUl ijrJfcU i{Fl en\/jf alrjr:
rzknlu .i#j c\a rmScU ilwjflf\ar: (107826)
-fpGf\SFl <j ShlSd½c\aj'iflSgl aul d{f:
iPUl Sa PG”PIwjrc\Sf <j elfdjSrl½Pjdl: (107827)
p#iYdR d{,\nSrlm\ eyŒk:
T™ BlR .lzUilrln\; dlgnA L$su ak'jH dj}jujgj[k™; tsRy ck<{^k[xlu
CjCkelhsRyukA clhIsRyukA agn^jrk edgaluj rj$sx sdlh*lrkxx Licgalujgj[k™;
rj$& tsRy >r\Pkilsn™xxfk Cgj fs'; t'lH Sglz$& CgJg^jsRy CYfksi'fk
Selsh rj$xkA trj[\ CYfk fs';

Ckdakrj fkmG™:
p#iYdR zpukSa#j d{,\nrk Srsg elŒmk^k; d{,\nR gF^jHrj™\ vlmjujy$j ssdu+jH
zpukaluj Lisr Srgj}k; QsglM Lmjsdl%\ d{,\nR LisRy srXk fdG^k; Lf\.ksaS'
eySu%k; LckgsRy Sp<^jH rj™A Qgk Ye.ldjgnA d{,\nCgJg^jH YeSiCjv+k;
CjCkelhrkA p#iYdrkA .zilsRy dliH[lglu wuijwuRalglujgk™iSh*l;

@ cauA p#iYdsRy cS<lpgrlu ijpogPR d{,\nrkaluj SelglmlR i™; d{,\nR fsRy


vYdlukPA sdl%\ LisRy dF dqjv+k; d{,\nR pIlgdujSh[\ fjgjv+k; @dlCzludG .zilsRy
alulijhlcikA a<jaukA ilq\^j; “L$jsr SulSzCIgrlu d{,\nR vjhS~l& alYfSa
ijwujuldk™xxksi™\ c“kvjfp{,\mjukxxiG[\ Sfl™sa“jhkA .zilR cGi+pl ijwuj[k™;”
>hglaR eln\/iRalgksmukA dOgiRalgksmukA TmujH Qgk uk’A LrjilgUalsn™ d%\
rj,\e]f elhj[lR fJgkalrjv+k; Lfksdl%\ LS˜<A Qgk fJGf\FulYf ekys~}k; eSh
c\Fh$xkA c‘GCjv+\ ssraj,lgnU^jH YeSiCjv+k; Lijsm LSrdA Y>l<\anG Sgla<G,nR
ts'lgk cofsRy (Y>l<\anc\YfJuksmukA ]Yfjuekgk,sRyukA adR) YeivrA
Sd&[kdulujgk™; cofR Y>l<\anSg[lxkA a<lf\al[Sx[lxkA KuGs'lgk
eJ|^jhlnjgk'jgk'f\; alYfah* >hglasr[%\ LS˜<A tqkS'M\ cIlzfA svu\ffkajh*;

>hglaR eyŒk; “ijw\Blrakxxfksdl%\ Qgkir\ QO’fUikA Lv+m[ajh*lu\aukA @dlA


t'jh*; th*l ajFUlvlgjdsxukA PlG”Jdsg™ rmj[k'isgukA rCj~j[lrln\ BlR
wrjv+j}kxxfk fs'; LiG LPlG”JdwJijfA ruj[k'iSg[l& rJvgsYf;” TYfukA eyŒ\
LS˜<A cofsRy dF dqjv+k; c.ujH domjujgk' Y>l<\anG >hglasr .Gcjv+k; ‘B$&
L.UGf\Fjv+frkcgjv+ln\ LS˜<A KuG' eJ|^jhjgk'f\; LS˜<s^ iPjv+\ rj$&
Y><\a<fUleleA igk^j ujgj[k™; L$\ egAselgkxlsn™\ B$xyjuk™; t'lH
clao<Urjua^jr\ alf{d dlnj[k'fjrluj YeluC\vj^A svSu+%fln\; L$k eSulzjv+
Lc\Yf^jsRy Lwu+f[kA agn^jsRy LrjilgUf[kA Sdl}A igl^ ijP^jH L$fk
Si%Selsh svu\flhkA;’ >hglaR eyŒk; “Qgk ark,UR cIuA ekYfrluj ejy[k™ t'ln\
Clc\YfafA; Lfksdl%\ Sgla<G,nsRy ekYfr\ pJGZlukc\ckA @SglzUikA
rj$xlYz<j[k'sfS#l LfkA rHdlA;” Y>l<\anG KeSpCjv+k; “>hIhR ts'lgk gl]cR
B$sx SYpl<j[k™; Lisr iPjv+lhkA; t'j}\ Qgk iG,S^[\ Y>l<\a<fUu\[k
YeluC\vj^aluj glwUA akqkirkA fJGf\FulYf rm^kd; LS$u\[$jsr eleijSalvrAh.j[kA;”

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 300lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 301
301lA pjicA
rfpIldUA wz{<fkG>+’ssisgO r{elGf\Fif\
Lrkc\ag#liSrUlrUA pkgkd\fA pk,\d{fl rjv (107928)
pj,\mA fprkarIlSrl glSal pIlgifJA usuO
KYzScrlpj.j: YeJssfGw\Blfj.j: cakelzf: (107929)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Lfk dqjŒkxx eOG`ajujH alakrjalgksm ulzClhujH >hIhsRy dkc{fjd& iJ%kA
dlnluj; th*l^g^jhkakxx alhjrU$& S<ladkn\/s^ LCk’al[j; .Jaldlgrlu Qgk
gl]cR @dlC^k YefU]s~}k; >hglaR @ ey[kA .Jaldlgsr flsqujy[j; fsRy
dh~sdl%\ Lisr @dlC^krj™A flsq iJq\^j akchA (Kh[)sdl%\ Lisrujmjv+\ dF
dqjv+k; SpiRalgkA alakrjalgkA >hglasr LrkYz<jv+k;

>hglaR KmSr fs' YeluC\vj^fJGf\Flmr^jrk ekys~}k; LS˜<A YeulzujSh[\ Seluj;


ekhc\fsRy @YCa^jH Seluj; Szlafj, zn\/dj, ijelCA, SClnA t'J rpjdxjH ak$j;
zuujH Seluj ejf{[&[\ fG~nA rm^j; zAzukA cakYpikA cAzaj[k'ujm^kA
aS<Y‘eGi+f^jhkA Seluj; Lijsm egCkglasr pGCjv+k; SzlpligjujhkA, Sir^jhkA, .JagFJ
rpjdxjhkA eNlfmld^jhkA ak$j[kxjv+k; dlG^jSdusr eowjv+ SC,A egaCjisRy
@c\Flralu YCJssCh^k Seluj; Yplij/YeijCUujsh Lfjeliralu si“jmeGi+f^jhkA,
dlXj, dlSigj t'jijm$xjhkA >hglaR pGCrA rm^j; <gj rjicj[k' YCJgAz^kA,
W,.eGi+f^jhkA aFkgujhkA elesalqk[j[xulR egUle\falu glSaCIg^kA pGCrA rm^j;
d{falh, flageGnj t'J rpjdxjH dkxjv+\ ahueGi+f^jH Seluj Lzc\fUakrjsu pGCjv+k;
t'j}\ drUldkalgj, EHzkrfJGf\FA, eXle\cgc\c\ t'jijm$xjhkA Sdgxrl}jhkA,
f{zG^^jhkA cXgjv+\ >hglaR SzldG`^kA CogelG[^kA Seluj; fe\fj, eSulC\rj,
rjGijr\PU rpjdxjH c\rlrA svu\f\ LS˜<A pn\/dlgnUA eodj; rG”pujhkA arkfJGf\F^jhkA
ak$j; Lijsmrj™\ LS˜<A Ye.lc^jSh[k am$Si eln\/iRalgkA dOgiRalgkA f”jH
KYzuk’A rm[k™ t'yjŒk;

.JarkA pkSgUlPrrkA f”jH rm' Liclruk’^jsRyu™\ >hglaR dkgkS]Yf^jH sv™\ TO


pI‘uk’^jH rj™\ ejRalylR Lisg KeSpCjv+k; t'lH egc\egA g%lxkA svu\fj}kxx
LYda$xkA LPjS]e$xkA QlG”jv+\ uk’^jH rj™ ejRalylR LiG fu+lylujh*; uk’A svu+H
Ligksm ijPjij<jfalsn™\ dgkfj >hglaR LijmA ij}\ pIlgdujSh[\ am$j;

>hglaR ssraj,lgnU^jH sv'S~l& alakrjalG LS˜<s^ cIlzfA svu\fk; LiG


LS˜<^jr\ @f\aijpU rHdj LrkYz<jv+k; th*lMjsRyukA cGi+vglvg$xksmukA
rjhrjH~jhkxx -dfIA LiG cIuA cl]lf\dgjv+k; egJ]jS^, >hglaR @ egAselgk&
fs'uln\; LS˜<^jsRy a<jaSul iG`rlfJfA; >hglasRy a<jaSuyju svu\fjdsx
PUlrj[k'iG[\ .zilrjH LfJi.d\fjuk%lik'fln\;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 301lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 302
302lA pjicA
cssi cf\dG”nlA cl]lp\pIjwlSfgj< cA.i:
@SpUl½b\z uYflYCajnlA uFl<A w\BlrSpl zkgk: (108032)
rrIGf\FSdlijpl Y><\aR iG`lYCaiflaj<
Su aul zkgknl ilvl fg#USB\wl .ilG`iA (108033)
rl<ajwUlYewlfj.UlA feScleCSaril
fkS,UuA cGi+.oflf\al zkgkCkYCo,ul uFl (108034)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
L[lh^ijsm pgjYprlsulgk Y>l<\anR K%lujgk™; d{,\nsRy YejuajYfalujgk™
Y>l<\anR; ijw\Blrjulu LS˜<A z{<c\FlYCajuluj, .OfJdic\fk[SxlmkA TY‘juckD
$SxlmkA @cd\fjdomlsf dqjŒk i™; LS˜<^jr\ Kmkic\Yf$& SelhkA Si%Yf
K%lujgk'jh*; Lfksdl%\ dkSvhR t' SegkA iJnk; LS˜<^jsRy .lgU[lds} Si%Yf
K`lrkxx iduk%lujgk™ajh*; LiG[\ ]kf\,la t™A Segki™; fsRy ck<{^lu
d{,\nsr sv™\ d%\ c<lua.UGf\Fj[lR LiG dkSvhSrlm\ eyulyk%\; t'lH
cN^jrkSi%j .zilSrlmk YelGf\Fj[k'fjH dkSvhr\ T,\mak%lujgk'jh*; LiclrA
.lgUuksm rjG>+’^jr\ iq$j d{,\nsr sv™\ dlnlR LS˜<A fJgkalrjv+k; “LS˜<^jr\
c”lraluj sdlmk[lR rJ t#lsnrj[\ f'u[kd_” LS˜<A Svlpjv+k; Y>l<\anef\rj
LuHe[$xjH rj™A ulvjv+k sdl%ki' Qgk ejmj Lgjujmjv+ijhl[j dkSvhsRy du+jH
sdlmk^uv+k;

@r‘fk‘jh <{puS^lsm dkSvhR pIlgdujH YeSiCjv+k; LiclrA d{,\ncijP^jsh^j;


gkz\ajnjSuukA aMkxx c.lilcjdSxuksah*lA ay™\ d{,\nR vlmjsuqkS'M\ pgjYprkA Lrkvjf
ic\YfPlgjukalu Y>l<\ansr tfjSgMlhjAzrA svu+lR Qlmjsv+™; d{,\nR cIuA
LS˜<^jsRy dlhk dqkdj; fsRy Tgj~jm^jH^s' @crA rHdj; gkz\ajnj dkSvhr\ ijCyj
iJCj; c.lilcjd& LNg™; @glnJ Y>l<\anR_ sdl}lg^jhkxx th*liSg[l& YelPlrUA
LS˜<^jsr$jsr i™_

d{,\nR Y>l<\anSrlmluj eyŒk;


zkgkdkh^jH rj™A ejgjŒ SC,A ck<{S^ rj$& t#k svu\fk_ tS'S~lhkxxiG Shld^\
dkyv+kSesgukxxk; PG”^jrkqjŒksiv+, TY‘ju cODU$Sxlm\ @cd\fjSufkajh*l^ wJijfA
ruj[k'iG fkShlA ijgxA; zkgkdkh^jH raks[Yf rh* caualujgk™; QgkiR T<Shld^jH
cI#A ejflijSrlmkA fsRy zkgkijSrlmkA ijw\BlrA rHdk'ulsx' rjhu\[\
.d\fjukxxirlujgj[nA; zkgkijsRy il[kd& Lrkcgjv+\ T<Shld cAclgclzgA dm[k'iG
alYfSa EhYepalu wJijfA ruj[k'iglukxxk; zkgk.d\fjSu[lxkA zkgkSciSu[lxkA ihkfh*
uw\BdG”lpjdxkA fec\ckA PUlriksal™A fs'; fl“SxlG[k™S%l rlA L™\
zkgkef\rj[luj ijydk SCDgj[lR SelufkA SealgjujH se}kqyjufkA zkgk LSrU,jv+ki™\
LfJi c#k,\mrlufkA_ @f\afUlzeoGi+alu zkgkSciuln\ zkgkijr\ rHdlik' -MikA
Kvjfalu YefjEhsa™\ zkgk L™ rS”lmkeSpCjv+k;

dkSvhR eyŒk;
Cgjuln\, BlSrlG”j[k™; t'lH BSrMikA ihju cO.lzUsa™ dgkfk'f\ th*l
ijw\Blr$xksmukA h]UikA alGz\zikalu L$uksm dosmulujgk™ BlR @ LrkYz<Jf
zkgkdkh^jH dqjŒf\ t'fln\;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 302lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 303
303lA pjicA
djXjf\ dSglfUkGi+ejuf\ cIp^A
ck<{f\d{fA Eh\zIej .ogjdlgJ
aSulerJflA e{Fk ssddak,\mjA
YefUYz<Jf\ YeJfjukSfl a<lf\al (108135)
.d\flu vjYfl .zilR <j cAeSpl
glwUA ij.ofjG' caGf\FufUw:
LpJGZ S>lPlu ijv]n: cIuA
eCUR rjelfA PrjrlA aSplp\ .iA (108137)
d{,\nR dkSvhSrlmk eyŒk:
YejuajYfSa, trj[luj t#\ c”lrikA sdl%ln$k i'j}kxxf\_ trj[\ ijhejmjv+fkA
sel$v+Sayjufkalu c”lr$xjshl™A flHegUajh*; tsRy cp\.d\frjH rj™A QgjhSul,
eoSil, eqSal Lsh*“jH LHeA whSal dj}julH BlR cAYeJfrluj;

Ckdakrj fkmG™:
flR sdl%k i' svyju LijHs~lfj ekys^mk[lR dkSvhrk amjukxxfk d%\, fsRy pgjYp
ck<{^jsr cN^kA cO.lzUikA cS#l,ikA rHdj LrkYz<j[lrkxx iUYzfsdl%\
d{,\nR dkSvhsRy amjujH rj™A LijHs~lfj >haluj ejmjv+k il$j; “@<l,
TflsnrjS[MikA YejuA” t™\ eyŒ\ d{,\nR @ LijH ilgj fj'lR fkm$j; asMlgk
ejmjdomj ilgj ilujH TmlR fkm$kSNl& gkz\ajnj LS˜<s^ fmŒk; d{,\nR ShldcN^k
akqkiR Qgk ejmj Lijhjr\ edgaluj rHdj dqjŒjgk™;

d{,\nrkaluj Qgk glYfj equdFd& eyŒkA .zilsRy egalr‘ claJeUlrkYz<A rkdG™A


dkSvhR sdl}lg^jH dqjŒk; glijsh cIz{<^jSh[\ ekys~}k; .zilsRy .d\fSYeaA, ijruA,
Y>l<\an.d\fj, egacO<{pA, L.jzaUf th*lMjsrukA eMjSulG^\ dkSvhR rm™; ses}'S˜<A
QlG”jv+k; .zilR Q™A f'uv+jh*Sh*l; t'lH ses}™\ fs' cIuA eyŒk; “d{,\nR trj[\
cNs^l™A f'rkYz<j[l^fk Cgjfs'; tS'S~lsh pgjYprlsulgkir\ cN^k
f'rkYz<jv+lH BlR LS˜<s^ ay[lrjmulSu[kA”;

pgjYprlu @ Y>l<\anR fsRy Yzla^jsh^juS~l& Lijmalsd alyjujgj[k™;


LS˜<^jsRy iJsmlgk sdl}lgalujgj[k™; dh*kdxkA, ak^kdxkA, gf\r$xkA efjv+ @rs[lNkA
cIG`ikA sdl%h“gjv+ darJualsulgk sdl}lgA; vjYf~njdxkxx pJec\fA.$xjH rj™A
fo[juj} gf\r$xjH rj™A Ye.eg™; vkigkd& c\EmjdrjG”jfA; iJ}jsh c\YfJd& ijhSuyju
@mul.gn$& LnjŒjgj[k™; Tsfh*lA d{,\nsRy LrkYz<A alYfalsn™\ dkSvhR
arc\cjhl[j; t#p\.kfA! LS˜<alShlvjv+k; Tsfl™A LS˜<A tS'lm\ covj~j[kdSelhkA
svu\fjh*; t'lH @ rj#jgkimj[luj sdl%kSelu LijH selfjujHrj™A
ts#h*lalnk%lujgj[k'f\; ts'S'[kA Lijmks^ .d\frlukA, ck<{^lukA, ScidrlukA
wRawRal#g$& dqjulrjmigs}; .zilR fJGv+ulukA fsRy .d\fr\ cNprkYz<A rHdlR
dqjukA t'lH @ LrkYz<A Qgk Clealuj alyjSu[lA t™xxfksdl%\ .zilR Lfk
rHdk'jh* fs'; L$jsr calPlrjv+\ Y>l<\anR z{<c\FlYCawJijfA fkmG™; ckD
cN^k[xjH @cd\frlilsf wJijv+\ LrkpjrA fsRy .d\fjixG^j LS˜<A ckd{fA Srmj;
.zilsRy Y>l<\anSYea^jsRy TO dF YCij[k' -iG[kA .ziHSYeaak%lik'fln\;
dG”Eh$xkA Lisg fJ%k'fh*;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 303lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 304
304lA pjicA
.zilA c\flc\fFl.ofl ijid\f KecAzf:
@C*j,UlrlauA e{,\mIl Ye<c'jpaY>iJf\ (108241)
LeUiPUluFlc\alR cIjpd{fw\BlijC“ul
rorA .oflrj .zilR ukrd\fj ijukrd\fj v (108243)
auj .d\fjG<j .oflrlaa{ffIlu dH~Sf
pj,\mUl uplcJRaf\ c\SrS<l .ifJrlA apler: (108245)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Qgj[H eoG`cogUYz<nlicg^jH ca#eXdA t' c\Fh^\ glwU^jsRy th*l
.lz$xjH rj™akxxiG Q^k SvG™; Tijsmuln\ pk,\mglwl[Ralsg sdl™\ LXk
fmld$xjhluj egCkglaR gd\fA rjyv+f\; ulpiRalG Lijsm d{,\nsRy Srf{fI^jH a[xkA
svyka[xkaluj c'j<jfgluj; elgNgUarkcgjv+\ eknUfJGf\F^jH ak$j LiG .zilsr
eowjv+k; Kf\ciijigayjŒ\ i{‘lir^jHrj™A SzleRagkA SzlejdalgkA ca#eXd
^jsh^jSv+G™; r‘SzlerkA ickSpirkA d%kak}ju LicgA fjdv+kA <{pu<lgjulujgk™;
ulpic\YfJdxkA SzlejdalgkA egc\egA cIlzfSalfj; L#:gJ]A akqkiR .ziHSYea^jsRy
egjSi,^jhlujgk™; th*ligkA YCJd{,\nsr~Mj cAclgjv+k;

eh glwl[RalgkA .gnclgFjdxkA ulpisg ekdq\^j cAclgjv+k; “T<Shld^jsh wr$xjH


rj$xln\ -MikA LrkYz<JfG; -fk .zilsRy QSgsulgk pGCr^jrluj SulzjigURalG
@Yz<j[k™Sil, @ .zilR rjfUikA rj$xksm dosmuk%\; rj$&[\ .zilrkaluj gd\f >r\PA
Selhkak%\; rj$& LS˜<s^ dlnk™; Qgkajv+\ .]nA dqj[k™, LS˜<s^ sflmk™;
Qsgsulgkfin pGCr.lzUA h.jv+lH fs' cluowUA h.j[k' @ .zilsRydosm rj$&
tS~lqkA dqjuk™;”

Sgl<jnjukA SpidjukA uSClpSulm\ f$&[kxx ><kalrikA r‘jukA dm~lmkA sixjs~mk^j;


“dAcSrlmkxx .uA rjaj^A B$xksm a[sx .ifjsu -H~jv+k; ixsg[lhA LiG cI#A
alflejfl[sx dlnkduk%lujh*; rj$xlsn“jH cI#saS'l Lsh*S'l Kxx ulsflgk
.liS.pikajh*lsf Lisg ixG^j ihkfl[j; ”

SzlejdalG d{,\nSYeaclzg^jH rJ#j .zilsr iJ%kA iJ%kA d`kdxjhosm <{pu^jH


rjyv+\ .zilrkaluj Q™ SvG™; d{,\nrkA Lisg g<cUaluj cr\Pjv+k; “.zilrln\ @xkdsx
Lmk~j[k'fkA LdMk'fkA; rj$&[\ tS'lm\ egaalu SYeaakxxfjrlH rj$&
LrkYz<JfgsYf; dlgnA ts' SYeaj[k'f\ LafgI^jSh[kxx elfusYf; .lzUA sdl%\
rj$xlSYeaA ix^jsumk^jgj[k™; BlR th*lMjsRyukA @f\aac^usYf; BlR Liuksm
@pjukA wJijfikA h]UikasYf; th*l wJiwlh$xksmukA c^ @f\alikA CgJgA Lfjsr
selfjuk' ic\YfikasYf; BlR Tiu\s[h*lA LfJfrln\; t'lH rj$sxh*lA t'jhln\
rjhsdlxxk'f\;“ .zilsRy TO a<lcS‘CA PUlrjv+\ SzlejdalG cluowUA Yelejv+k; fkmG™A .
ziHSYea^jH ijglwj[lrjmignsa™\ LiG YelGf\Fjv+k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 304lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 305
305lA pjicA
riuA clPIj clYalwUA cIlglwUA s.OwUavUkf
ssiglwUA elgSa,\|UA v @r#UA il <Sg: epA (108341)
dlaula< -fcU YCJaf\ elpgw: YCju:
dkvdk“ka zr\Pl?UA aoGP\rl Sil?kA zpl.{f: (108342)
Yiwc\YfJSul upIlX\V#j ekxj‘Uc\f{niJgkP:
zliC\vlguSfl Szlel: elpc\eGCA a<lf\ar: (108343)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
d{,\nsr f$xksm zkgkikA h]Uikal[j dgkfjujgk' SzlejdalG LS˜<s^ i‘jv+k; .zilR
egaekgk,R fs'ulsn'iG[yjulalujgk™; ulpic\YfJdxkA SzlejdalgkA egc\egA
.ziHa<jadsx~Mj elmj ekdq\^j; eln\/ief\rjulu YpOepj d{,\nsRy c<PG”jnjalSglm\
.zilR t$jsruln\ Ligksmsuh*lA rlFrluj ilqk'sf'lglŒk;

gkz\ajnj, cfU.la, wlA>ifj, dlxj‘j, ajYfij‘l, cfU, .Yp t'jiG f$& .zilsr igj[lrjm
ulusf$jsrsu™\ eyŒk; .Ypuksm L”lisRy ekYfrln\ d{,\nR; fsRy ekYfj[\
d{,\nSrlmkxx LrkglzayjŒ\ ccS#l,A Lisx d{,\nr\ rHdjuflnSh*l;

h]\an eyŒk;
BlrkA .zilsRy a<jadsx~Mj rlgpakrjujH rj™alnyjŒf\; L$jsr, aMlsgukA igj[jsh*™\
BlR rjC\vujv+k; YpOepJ, rj$xksm LVR cIuAigcau^\ vkMj^jgjuk' af\cUs^
tu\fkiJq\^lrkxx aHcgSaGs~mk^jufk Selsh tsRy LVrkA Qgk aHcgA iv+jgk™;
vkMj^jgjuk' af\cUs^ dnj[lsf, LfjsRy Yefj>jA>A alYfA wh^jH dlnlik'
gJfjujhlujgk™ cAijPlrA; eSh a<lRalgkA tsRy ssd ejmj[lrlYz<jv+k; vjhG[\
ijsh*mk[lrlujh*; vjhG[\ ijh*k dkhu\[lrlujh*; aMkvjhG ijh*k* dkhsv+“jhkA af\cUsaijsmsu™\
d%kejmj[lrlujh*; LGw\wkrR ijh*k dkhv+\ sflmk^ksi“jhkA af\cUs^ iJq\^lR dqjŒjh*;
t'lH d{,\nRi™\ siyksalgk hJhuluj ijh*kdkhv+\ Lfjsr iJq\^j; BlR
LfJicS#l,^jhlujgk™ t™ eySu%fjh*Sh*l; d{,\nR ts' gF^jhjgk^j; aMk
Ye.k[RalG tfjgjmlR QgksNmk'cau^\ d{,\nR gFSalmjv+\ pIlgdujSh[\ Sel™; fmulR
YCajv+iG Q™djH agjv+k iJnk, Lsh*“jH ej#jgjSŒlmj; B$xksm ijil<pjicA LVR
ijhejmjv+ LSrdA c”lr$& .zilrk rHdj; .zilr\ Q'jrkA dkyik%luj}h*; LS˜<A
egjeoG`rkA Lr#rkalnSh*l; B$sxsh*lA d{,\nsr .G^liluj h.j[kdiqj
egalrkYz<JfgsYf;

Sgl<jnj, efjrlujgA .lgUalsg YefjrjPJdgjv+\ T$jsr eyŒk;


.zilR rgdlckdgsr iPjv+fkA B$sx g]jv+\ ijil<A svu\ffkA rj$&[yjulash*l; B$&
LrkYz<JfG; cIGz\z^jSRysul .oajukSmsul @PjefUSal akd\fjepA fS'sul B$&[k
Si%; B$&[kxx -d @Yz<A TYfalYfA; B$& t™A Cjgc\cjH @
elpdahPoxjunjulrjmigs}; B$& .zilsRy elpc\eGCr^jrluj alYfA @G^j
ejmjv+igsYf; SzleJSzleRalgkA eCk[xkA i{‘lir^jsh ekHs[lmjukA LfjrlulnSh*l
@Yz<jv+f\;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 305lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 306
306lA pjicA
LS<l iuA wRa.{Sfl h>\PA dlGf\c\SrUr ff\EhA
Spirlaej pk,\YeleA uSpUlSzCIgpGCrA (10849)
ucUlf\a>k’j: dknSeYfjPlfkSd
cIPJ: dxYflpj,k s.Oa TwUPJ:
u^JGf\F >k’j: chjSh r dG<jvj
w\BSr,I.j w\SB,k c -i SzlDg: (108413)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
YCJd{,\nsRy a<jadsx~MjukA SYeas^~MjukA th*ligkA SvG™ rm^ju vGv+d& Lisg
@f\Sal’lgnegaluj cIlPJrjv+k; @ cau^\ alakrjalgjH SYC,\|gluiG d{,\nsr dlnlR
Lijsmsu^j; LiG i'S~l& glwl[RalgkA Ye.k[xkA ><kalrekgc\cgA tqkS'Mk rj™;
d{,\nrkA >hglarkA Lisg cIlzfA svu\fk; akrjalgksm elp$& dqkdj LiG[\ Kvjf$xlu
@cr$& rHdj;

d{,\nR eyŒk:
T™ rlA fjdv+kA LrkYz<JfgsYf; r”ksm wRa^jr\ T™ clEhUA ssdi'jgj[k™;
SulzjigURalgjH SYC,\|glu a<G,jalgksm pGCr.lzUA rak[k%lujgj[k™; pjiUrpjd& siykA
whah*; Spi ijYz<$& siykA a`kA dh*kah*; Li .d\fsr -sy[lhA sdl%\ Ck’Jdgj[k™;
t'lH pjiUalakrjalgksm Qsgsulgk pGCrA sdl%\ .d\f<{puA cACk’aldk™; Lz\rj, cogUR,
vY‘R, r]Yf$&, .oaj, @dlCA, Yelniluk[&, il[\, arc\c\ t'jisu rjuY#j[k'
Spifd& SelhkA rlrlfI.lisa' dHa,^jrmjas~}igsYf; LiGs[l™A ark,U<{pus^
Ck’Jdgj[lR dqjukdujh*; t'lH pjiURalglu TO a<G,jalgksm -flrkA rjaj,s^
cf\cAzA sdl%\ QgkisRy th*l ele$xkA Th*lsfulik™; cICgJgs^ @f\alsi™
dgkfk'iR siyksalgk dqkfusYf; LiR .lgUukA dk}jdxkA aMkA cI#sa™ dgkfk™;
hOdJdic\fk[sx eowjv+\ rpjdsx eknUfJGf\Fsa™\ dgkfj rm[kSNlqkA a<G,jalgjH Lir\
.d\fjSufkajh*;

Ckdakrj fkmG™:
alakrjalG, f$sx .zilR d{,\nR ekdq\^k'f\ Sd}\ Lf\.kfc\f>\Pgluj rj™Seluj;
LiG[yjulalujgk™ .zilR TO ark,U Si,A Pgjv+\ ark,UPG”arkcgjv+k rmj[kdulsn™\;

LiG eyŒk: YeS.l, L$su @gyjulR; L$\ -dsr“jhkA LSrd$xluj dlns~mk™; .oaj
Q'lsn“jhkA Lf\ i{]$xkA elydxkA aMkalulnSh*l dlns~mk'f\; tS~lqkA
alyjs[l%jgj[k' TO Yefj.lc^jsRy vhrSafkajh*l^ Lmj^y Lijmk'sYf; Lijmk™\
rlagoe$&[fJfsr“jhkA dlhldlh$xjH PG”cAg]n^jrluj, pk,\mcA<lg^jrluj,
rlagoe$& Pgj[k™; cIe\rA dlnk'iG cI#A CgJgs^~Mj S>lPilrh*l^fkSelsh
alulwrUalu afjY.a^jrmjs~} ark,UG[\ Lijmks^ eMjukxx LiS>lPajh* fs'; Lijmk™\
th*lu\S~lqkA Ligksm @f\ac^uluj rjhsdlxxk™si™\ Ligyjuk'jh*; L$jH alYfA
rjfl#.d\fjukxxiG[k alYfSa Lijmks^ cl]lf\dgj[lrlio; Lijmks^ dlnlR
clPjv+fjrlH B$& LrkYz<Jfglujgj[k™;

alakrjalG KmSr fs' am$jS~lilR fkrjuSi ickSpiG LiSglmk Svlpjv+k; “t$jsruln\


QgkiR dG”elC^jH rj™A Salvjfrlik'sf™\ eyŒk f'lhkA;”

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 306lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 307
307lA pjicA
c'jdGS,l <j aG^UlrlarlpgndlgnA
zlAzA <jfIl uFlrUlA.c\fYfSfUl ulfj Ck’Su (108431)
ijss^]nlA uw\B plssrGz{ss<G˜lgckssf,nlA
@f\aShlssd,nlA Spi dlShr ijc{Swp\>kP:
YzlSa fUd\ssf,nl: cGSi uukGPJgglc\fSelirA (108438)
al glwUYCJg.of\ ekAc: SYCuc\dlacU alrp
cIwrlrkf >r\PoR il reCUfj uulr\Pp{d\ (108464)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
ickSpigksm L.UGf\Fr Sd}\ rlgpakrj T$jsr eyŒk; “alakrjalSg, ickSpiG[\ TO
cGi+w\Brlu d{,\nR fsRy adrlnSh*l; Lfksdl%ln\ SvlpUA rj$Sxlm\ Svlpj[k'f\;
vjgegjvjffIA sdl%\ @xkd& vkMkakxxigksm al<lf\aUs^ arc\cjhl[k'jh*; zAzlfJg^k
icj[k'iG @f\acAc\dgn^jrluj aMk eknUfJGf\F$& Sfmj Seldk'fkSelshusYf
Tf\;”

alakrjalG T$jsr aykemj eyŒk;


dG”Eh$xjH rj™ akd\fj Srmlrkxx alGz\zA, th*l dG”$xkA .ziHeowdxluj svu+kd
t'fln\; .zilrlnSh*l th*l ulzeowlpjdxksmukA dG”ikA h]UikA; ark,UG
T<Shld^jH ao™ fg^jhkxx @Yz<$&[kA @cd\fjd&[kA Lmjas~}jgj[k™;
cN^jrlukxx @Yz<A; .lgUlekYflpjd&[lukxx @Yz<A; cIGz\zhl.^jrlukxx @Yz<A;
QgkiR cN^jrlukxx @Yz<s^ eowlpjd& sdl%kA plrPG”$& sdl%kA;
.lgUlekYflpjd&[lukxx @Yz<A PlG”Jdalu z{<c\FlYCawJijfA sdl%kA;
cIGz\zhl.^jrlukxx @Yz<A cIGz\z wJijf^jsRy ]njdfsu~Mj arc\cjhl[jukA
LfjwJijS[%fln\; SpifdSxlmkxx dmA fJG[lsf (ulzeowlpjd& rm^lsf)ukA
Clc\Yflpjd& e|j[lsfukA Yevgj~j[lsfukA alakrjalSglmkxx dm~lmkd& fJG[lsfukA
c#lr$xk%ldlsf ejf{[Sxlmkxx dmA iJ}lsfukA z{<c\FlYCaA KSe]j[k'iR fsRy
@f\aJuixGv+ujHrj™A fSqu\[k efj[k™; Lfksdl%\ Lh*Sul ickSpiSg, ulzdG”lpjd&
svu\f\ .zilsr Yeclpj~jv+lhkA;

KmSr fs', a<G,jalgksm KeSpCs^ alrjv+\ ickSpiR Qgk ulzA rm^j; Clc\YflPj,\|jfikA
alakrjalgksm rjGS˜C$&[rkcgjv+kA rm^ju ulz^jrk SC,A th*liG[kA ijhejmjv+
c”lr$& ijfgnA svu\fk; rlu\[&[k SelhkA c”lr$& h.jv+k; LfjrkSC,A
glwl[RalgkA Ye.k[xkA cI#A c\Fh$xjSh[\ am$j; ickSpir\ r‘SzleSglm\ -MikA domkfH
Lmk~ikA c\Sr<ikA K%lujgk™; LS˜<A eyŒk; “r”ksm cO<{pA il[kd&[fJfaln\;
r‘SzleSg, rj$& t™A B$Sxlm\ rRa alYfSa dlnjv+j}kxxk; t'lH B$Sxl, r‘jsd}iG;
dAcR B$sx fmijhl[jujgk'S~l& B$& ijvlgjv+k rUlualukA rj$xksm puijr\
YefjEhalsul™A svu+lR B$&[\ dqjujh* t™\; t'lH B$& cIfY#gluS~lqkA rj$Sxlm\
Si%Selsh r‘jYedmj~j[lR B$&[\ dqjŒjh*; Lfln\ LPjdlgc\Flr$xjhkxxigksm
Lic\F; LiG[\ cO<{pA sdls%lgkeSulzikajh*; Lfksdl%\ -sflgkiR cfUalukA
S]as^ dlA]j[k™Sil, LiR .gnlPjdlgikA c\Flralr$xkA KSe]jS[%fln\; dlgnA
Li cO<{p$sxukA >r\PkfsuukA LdMj rjG^k™;” ickSpigksm @fjSFuA @cIpjv+k
sdl%\ r‘SzlegkA do}gkA dkyv+krl&domj Lijsm dqjŒk; ickSpiR th*lisgukA
eShijP$xjH cH[gjv+k; dkSy[lha$jsr Kh*cjv+kdqjŒ\ r‘SzleR i{‘lir^jSh[kA
ulpiG pIlgdujSh[kA am$j;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 307lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 308
308lA pjicA
uYf SuruSfl ucU uc\ssa upUpUFl upl
cUlpjpA .zilR cl]lf\ YePlrekgkS,CIg: (10854)
L<A uouaclilgU TSa v pIlgsdOdc:
cGSi½SeUiA upk SYC,\| ija{CUl: cvglvgA (108523)
@f\al S<Ud: cIuA SwUlfjG'SfUl½SrUl rjGz\zkSnl zkssn:
@f\ac{,\ssmc\ff\ d{Sf,k .oSf,k ><kSPuSf (108524)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Qgk pjicA efjikSelsh d{,\nrkA >hglarkA ickSpisr i‘j[lR LS˜<^jsRy
sdl}lg^jH sv™; flR cI#A ekYfR t™ alYfA dgkfjujgk' d{,\nsr~Mj rlgpakrj eyŒ
pjiUdlgU$xkA glad{,\nRalsg~Mj a<G,jigURalG elmjekdq\^ju dJG^r$xkA
ickSpiSrlG^k; t'j}j$jsr eyŒk;

“d{,\nl! rJuln\ cf\-vjf\-@r‘A; rJuln\ YpiU^jsRyukA KOGw\w^jsRyukA rlFR;


rJuln\ tijsmukA t[lh^kA c\Fjfj svu\fjgk' t#jsRyukA Ye.k; @gksm Yeuf\rA
sdl%lulhkA t#k dlgnA sdl%lulhkA Tf\ cfUasYf; L$k fs' TO ijCIA cIuA K%l[j
Lfjsh @f\alikA c^ukaluj; YelnsRy YelnR fs' rJuldk™; rJ fs' cogUsRy
sixjv+ikA r]Yf$xkA aj'hksah*lA; ahrjgdxksm cAfkhrikA eX.of$xjsh zkn$xkA rJ;
TY‘juSzlvg$xlu ic\fk[&, TY‘ju$&, Liuksm cASiprCd\fj th*lA Lijmk™ alYfA;
TY‘ju$xjhosm h.j[k' Svlprdsx YdaJdgj[k'fkA wJijd&[kxx >k’jukA rJ fs';
rJuln\ eX.of$sx rjG”j[k' flacl<“lgA; glwcl<“lgS<fkilu TY‘ju$xkA
clfIJdl<“lgS<fkilu arc\ckA rJuln\; c{,\mj[s~}j}kxx .of$xksmsuh*lA dlgUA
dlgn^jhm$jujgj[k™; t'lH LS<fkd S<fkilufksdl%\ rJsuh*l dlgU$xjhkA c\Fjfj
svu+k™; Lfksdl%k fs' th*l c{,\mjdxjhkA; t'lH cfU^jH Li rj'jH Yedmalik'f\
dlhzfj[rkcgjv+k alYfA; dlgnA rJ YfjzknlfJfrkA LfJY‘jurkA th*l
YpiUegjnla$&[kafJfrkalik™; -sflgl& rjsRy egY><\a.liA, LfJY‘jufIA,
YfjzkncA.ialu Liflga<fIA t'jiuksm co]\afgalu iUfUlc$&
arc\cjhl[k'jh*Sul Lul& wrragnvYd^jsRy ejmjujHs~}k dqjuk™; rJuln\ ekgk,rkA
(@f\ali\, S>lPA) Yed{fjukA (YpiUA); rJuln\ ijCI^jsRy YpiUegikA KOGw\wegikalu
dlgnA; dlnjukA dlq\vukA rJ fs'; t'lH rJ Tiu\s[h*lA LfJfrkaYf; rjsRy fs'
alulCd\fjulhln\ BlR Sp<>k’j[mjas~}\ rjs' tsRy adrluj alYfA dgkfjuf\; BlR
rj'jh.uA Sfmk™; TO cAclgvYd^jH rj™xx SalvralGz\zA eyŒk f'lhkA;”

LVR eyŒ il[kd& Sd}\ d{,\nR ijrJfrluj aykemj eyŒk; “BlR Lijmks^ ekYfR
alYfaln\; L$\ TS~l& eyŒsfh*lA trj[\ e|j[lrlulsn™\ Blryjuk™; L$kA BlrkA
pIlgdlilcjdxkA vglvgic\fk[xkA th*lA cIuA Ye.ulG' Lr#alu Yfjzkn$xlH
alMSafkSaCl^ @f\alisYf; Lf\ rlrlijPic\fk[xjH LfjrlH c{,\mj[s~}fkSelsh
Yedmaluj dlns~mk™;” TfkSd}\ ickSpir\ @f\aw\BlrA cj’jv+k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 308lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 309
309lA pjicA
f': YecJp rjgSe] ija{zUuk,\af\ -
elplgij‘Pj,nlrU z{<lr\Pdoelf\
rj,\YdaU ijCICgnlb\YZUkeh>\Pi{^j:
ClS#l ussFd Kf cGi+cssDC\vglaj (108545)
u TparkC{Snlfj YCliSupIl akglSg -
C\vgjfaa{fdJGS^Gi+G`jfA iUlcekssYf:
wzpZ.jphA fp\.d\fcf\dG` eogA
.zifj d{fvjS^l ulfj ff\S]aPla (108559)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
Spidj fsRy ekYfsRy pjiUfsu cl]lf\dgjv+\ dAcrlH sdlh*s~} fsRy @pUs^
@ykekYfRalsg~MjSulG^j}\ d{,\nSrlmj$jsr eyŒk; “d{,\nl, rJuln\ TOCIgsr™A
c{,\mlijrkSelhkA Ye.kiln\ rjsu™A trj[yjulA; rJ zkgkekYfsr uaSpisRy Lmk^krj™A
fjgjsd do}js[l%ki'fk Sd}\ BlR Lf\.kfvdjfuluj}k%\; trj[kA tsRy a[sx
dlnnsa™%\; dAcR iPjv+ tsRy dkŒk$sx iJ%kA dlnlrkxx tsRy @Yz<A clPjv+k
f'lhkA;”

d{,\nrkA >hglarkA f$xksm Sulzalusdl%\ ]nSrg^jH ckfhsa' elflx


Shlds^^jSv+G™; ckfh^jsRy glwli\ a<lrlu >hjulujgk™; pjiUcS<lpgRalsg[%\
LS˜<A <G,ekxdjfrluj; Lisg eowjsv+fjSgM\, d{,\nsRy elpdah$sx @hjAzrA
svu\fksdl%\ >hj T$jsr eyŒk; “.zilSr B$& LckgRalG L$Sulm\ siyk~k
iv+kekhG^k'igsYf; t“jhkA K^a.d\fRalSgS~lsh^s' B$xkA L$Sulmmk^k fs'
rjhsdlxxk™; .d\fjulShl, siyk~lShl B$& tS~lqkA L$Sulsml~asYf; -MikA a<lrlu
SulzjigURSelhkA L$uksm uFlGf\F.liA Lyjuk'jh*; @Yz<ShCajh*l^iG @Yz<j[k'
Lijmks^ elplgij‘$xjH rjg#g.d\fjuk%lilrln\ BlR YelGf\Fj[k'f\; L$jsr
hOdJdfsu' Tgk}kdkqjujH rj™\ trj[\ cIlfY#UA h.j[kaSh*l; LfjrkSC,A cIfY#rluj
LhŒkfjgjukdSul cGi+wJiwlh$sxukA ck<{^luj dn[l[k'igkalukxx
cf\cAzcO.lzUalcIpj[kdSul svu+laSh*l;”

d{,\nR eyŒk;
Lh*Sul LckgglwR, agJvjakrj[\ fsRy .lgUulu KOGnujH @yk ekYfRalgk%lujgk™;
Y><\ali\ fsRy ekYfjsu ij,ulcd\frluj caJej[k'fk d%\ TiG agUlpsd} gJfjujH
sel}jv+jgjv+k; L$jsr Y><\aSdle^jrjguluj; L$jsruiG <jgnUdCjekijsRy
c#lr$xluj wrj[lrjgk™si“jhkA tsRy L”uksm iuMjSh[\ alMs~}k; Lisg dAcR
iPj[kdukA svu\fk; tsRy L”uksm @Yz<A clPj~jv+\ cS#l,j~j[lrluj Lisg
.oajujSh[\ sdl%k Seldlrln\ B$& i'j}kxxf\;” >hj fH]nA @ykSesgukA
ekrGwJij~jv+k; cS<lpgRalG Lisg Spidjuksm Lmk[H sdl%kSeluj; YCJd{,\nsRy
dgc\eGCralYfujH LiG[\ TOCIgcl]lf\[lgA h.j[kdukA LiG
cIGz\zcJadxjSh[kugkdukA svu\fk; Spidj Lf\.kfc\f>\Puluj; fsRy ekrGwJij[s~}
ekYfRalsg iJ%kA r,\ms~}fjH LiG[\ pk:DSafkA Sf'jufkajh*;

@sglgkiR .zilsRy cGi+ cACk’Jdgalu TO dFd& eyukdSul Sd&[kdSul svu+k™Sil


LiG[\ fJYi.d\fjuk%likdukA LiG[\ .ziHcijPA eodlrjmigjdukA svu+kA;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 309lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 310
310lA pjicA
uFl Culr: ekgkS,l arsscilf\a aluul
c{,\mIl ShldA egA cIle\rarkijCUli.lcSf (108645)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
fsRy ak^C\CrkA ak^C\CjukA f”jH t$jsruln\ ijil<jfglusf™\ egJ]j^\
Svlpjv+fjrk^galuj Ckdakrj eyŒk; “rj$xksm ak^C\CR LGw\wkrR fJGf\Flmr^jrluj
Ye.lc^jH SelikSNlqln\ cI#A L”lisRy adxlu ck.Ypsu~Mj Sd&[k'f\; >hglar\,
Lisx pkSgUlPrrk rHdnsa™%lujgk™ t'ln\ Sd}k Sd&ij; LGw\wkrR Qgk crUlcj
Si,^jH rzg^jH YeSiCjv+k; rzgilcjd& stCIgUilrlu crUlcjsu c<G,A
cIJdgjv+lpgjv+k; @vlgarkcgjv+\ aq[lhalu (vlfkGalcUA) rlhkalc[lhA Lijsm dqjŒk
domlR LS˜<A fJGv+ul[j; >hglarkA crUlcjsu @xyjulsf ijxjv+\ sdl}lg^jH
flacj~j[kdukA svu\fk; LGw\wkrR ck.Ypsu[%\ Lrkglz^jhluj; LixkA LGw\wkrrjH
Lrkgd\fuluj; K.uc”fYedlgA akfjG'igksm LrkYz<ikA il$j S]Yfeow[\ Selu
ck.Ypsu LGw\wkrR Qgk SfgjShyj i™\ duMjs[l%k Seluj; d{,\nrkA do}gkA >hglasr
calPlrj~jv+k; LiclrA LS˜<ikA ijil<^jrk c”fjv+k; alYfah*l ijhSuyju LriPj
c”lr$xkA rHdj;

L[lh^\ ajFjhujH YCkfSpisr™\ Seglu Qgk pjiUY>l<\anR wJijv+jgk™; LS˜<A


cGi+lf\arl d{,\n.d\frlujgk™; ajFjhlglwrkA d{,\n.d\frlujgk™; Blrm[A dksy
akrjalgksal^\ Lisg LrkYz<j[lrluj d{,\nR ajFjhu\[\ ekys~}k; a<lglwli\
><khlcIrkA Y>l<\anR YCkfSpirkA <GS,lRalp^jhlujgk™; .zilR g%k Segksm
icfjdxjhkA QSg cauA c‘GCrA rm^j; sdl}lg^jH glwli\ d{,\nsr
cGi+vglvg$xksmukA @f\ac^uluj^s' cIlzfA svu\fk; .zilR Qgj[Hdomj
frjS[MikA Yejus~}f\ - cS<lpgSr[lxkA cS<lpgjSu[lxkA - fsRy .d\fglsn™\
sixjil[j (YCJglavY‘rkA Tfk eyŒj}k%\); Y>l<\anz{<^jH YCkfSpirkA .lgUukA
<G,ekxdjfgluj d{,\nSrukA alakrjalSgukA tfjSgMk;

YCkfSpiR eyŒk
Lw\Blrjd& Lijmks^ Ligksm <{pu$xjsh rjfUc<vlgjulu @f\aliluj
dn[l[k'jh*; Lijmk'lnk•a; Ky$k' QgkiR cIe\r^jhosm cI#A Shld$& arc\cjH
tYedlgA c{,\mjv+\ LfjH YeSiCjv+\, Lfjsr~Mj S>lPilrldk™Sil LYedlgA Lijmk'J ijCIA
akqkiR c{,\mj[k™; LfjH YeSiCj[kdukA svu+k™;

YCJd{,\nR Lgkxj:
TO alakrjalG rj$sx c‘GCjv+f\ rj$sx LrkYz<j[kilR alYfaln\; fJGv+ulukA alakrjalG
ShldA vkMk'f\ TO cpkS˜CS^lsm alYfaln\; Ligksm elpPoxj .oajsu Ck’Jdgj[k™;
TOCIg>jA>$&, pjiUc\Fh$&, pjiUrpjd&, fmld$& t'ji -sy[lhA Lisu
@YCuj[k' .d\fsr cACk’Jdgj[k™; Ligksm TO Cd\fjukA TO pjiUalakrjalgjH
rj'lniglGw\wj[k'f\; tsRy TO CgJgam[A Q™Afs' trj[\ TO pjiUG,jdsx[l&
Yejus~}fh*; tsRy >jA>$sxukA aMkA eowj[k'iG[\ iqjejqv+ Lyjilnkxxf\; Lcou
sdl%\ LiG alakrjalsg eowj[k™ajh*; Lfksdl%\ YCkfSpil, Lisg eowjv+lhkA;

a<lglwli\ ><khlcIrkA YCkfSpiY>l<\anrkA S>lSPlpuA h.jv+k;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 310lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 311
311lA pjicA
wu wu w<U wlawjf Spl,z{.JfzknlA
fIacj uplf\arl caigk’cac\f.z:
LzwzSpldclaDjhCd\fUiS>lPd Sf
dIvjp wul½½f\arl v vgSfl½rkvSg'jza: (108714)
KpgakelcSf u W,j iGf\ack doG~p{C:
egjcge’fjA <{pualgknSul p<gA
ff Kpzlpr# fi Pla Cjg: egaA
ekrgj<uf\ cSafU r ef#j d{fl#akSD (108718)
egJ]j^jsRy asMlgk SvlpU^jrk^galuj Sip^jH eyŒj}kxx .ziHc\fkfj Ckdakrj
TYedlgA svlh*jS[&~jv+k:

“Lwu+YeS.l, LijSmu\[k rac\[lgA; @f\aYedlCcIgoerlu .zilSr, YfjzkngoealG™ eleA


ijfyk' Lw\Blrs^ rCj~jv+lhkA; ijw\Blrjd& TO ijCIs^ egY><\a^jH rj™A
ij.j'aluj dlnk'jh*; dlgnA, ijCIA YedmalikA akRekA ejRekA Yedmjflic\FujhkA
LvXhaluj rjhsdlxxk'f\ egalf\alik alYfA; Lijmk™\ >k’j[kA il[jrkA LfJfrlsn™\
Sip$& eyuk'fjsRy dlgnikA Lfln\; >k’j[\ t^lrkA ijCpJdgj[lrkA dqjuk' -fkA
Lijmk™ fs'; ark,UG t#jShu\[k dlhmj iv+lhkA .oajujSh[lnSh*l igk'f\; LfkSelsh
th*l vj#dxksmukA ijign$xksmukA Lmj^y Lijmk'sYf; Lfksdl%\ ijSidakxxiG
Lijmks^ dFdxjhkA a<jaldFr$xjhkA @<*lpvj^gluj pkgjfSd*C$xjH rj™A
ijakd\frlik™; th*l egjajfjd&[kA dlh^jrkafJfrluj Lul& egalr‘cv+jflr‘alu
L$ujH .d\frluj wJij[k™;

L$ujSh[kxx elfujH vhj[k'iG alYfsa wjij[k™xxo; aMkxxiG CIlcA ihj[k' siykA


ic\fk[& alYfA; B$xksm wJisRy wJiR Lijmk'ln\; vgic\fk[sx vhj~j[k'fkA
Lijmk™ fs'; L$\ th*l YpiUic\fk[&[kafJfrlsn“jhkA Liu\[\ Lc\fjfIA h.j[k'f\
Lijmks^ Cd\fjulhsYf; elfdsxh*lA L$ujsh^jSv+gk™; c\Fohalu pGCrakxxiG Ligksm
KpgS^lm\ .d\fjukxxiglujgj[kA; Lfluf\, LiG L$su PUlrj[k'f\ Kpg.lz^\
wJiSdY‘s^ Yefj,\|jv+j}ln\; w\BlSrlpuA dj}juigksm pGCrA co]\aasYf; LiG <{pus^
ij.lirsvu\f\ Lijmks^ .d\fglik™; Lfluf\, <{pu.lz^\ wJiSdY‘s^ Yefj,\|jv+\ LiG
PUlrA svu+k™; Lfjrk akdxjH Cjgc\c\; Lfln\ Lijmks^ Tgj~jmA; Lijsm Qgj[H
t^juiG hOdJdlc\fjfI^jSh[\ fjgjv+k igk'jh*;

Lijmk™\ LrlpU#cIgoerlufk sdl%\ cGi+l#gUlajusYf; t“jhkA c{,\mj[s~} rlrl


fg$xlu vglvg$xjH Lijmk™ cIuA YeSiCjv+k t™ eyus~mk™; @sglgl& TO Shld^\
rjcIlGf\Fjuluj LirisRy PG”A YefjEShV domlsf rjGi+<j[k™Sil Lul& Lijmks^
ulFlGf\FUA arc\cjhl[k™; cGi+cplc<walu cGi+l#gUlajuluj Lijmks^ Lul&
cl]lf\dgj[k™;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 311lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 312
312lA pjicA
wrj acf: cSfl a{fjakflf\arj Su v .jplA
ijena{fA c\ag#UkepjC#j f @gkejssf:
Yfjzknau: ekalrjfj .jpl upS>lPd{fl
fIuj r ff: egYf c .SipiS>lPgSc (108725)
fi egjSu vg#UDjhc^IrjSdfful
f Kf epl½½Yda#U ijznu+CjSgl rjg{Sf:
egjiuSc eCorji Cjgl ij>kPlrej flA
c\fIuj d{f scO<{pl: Dhk ekr#j rSu ijakDl: (108727)
Sipc\fkfj fkmgk™:
SipClc\Yf$& wjilf\alijsr Lijmks^ @Cualuj dn[l[k™; TO ijCIlc^jH ijSidj
Lijmks^ elplgij‘$xjH .d\frlik™; LS~lqln\ ijdlcegjnlaA aoG’rUpjCujsh^k'f\;
vjhG T<Shld^jsh Lr#alu Lhv+jH afjul[j z{<wJijfA KSe]jv+\ akd\fjepA SelhkA
@Yz<j[lsf Lijmks^ dFdxjhkA a<jaldFr$xjhkA akqkdj dqjuk™; ark,UwRaA h.jv+fjrk
SC,ikA vjhG L$su .d\fjekgc\cgA SYeaj[k'fjsRy @r‘ark.ij[l^f\ d,\mA fs';
Ligksm -d L.UkpudlA]jukA @f\alikalnSh*l L$\; CgJgarc\ckdxksm
@Yz<l.jhl,$&[k iqjs~}\ @f\arlSClRakDalu elfujH vgjv+\ LiG L#ajh*l^
wrragnvYd^jrmjas~mk™; L$uksm CYfk[&[k SelhkA vjg:c\agn sdl%\ Sal]A
h.jv+kiSh*l;

c{,\mj[s~} Qgk wJij[kA Lijmks^ K•a K&s[lxxlrlijh*; dlgnA L$\ th*lMjrkA akRSe
rjh rj'jgk™; th*l cj’l#$xkA Lw\BlrlPj,\|jfasYf; LulFlGf\FUA up{Vul
wJijdxlik™ ts'lgk afA; K•aukA rCj[ksa™\ asMlgk afA; @f\alijH rlrlfIs^ dlnk™
vjhG; aMk vjhG dlgUdlgncA>r\Pjulu dG”cj’l#^jH Lmjukyv+k ijCIcj[k™;
Tisuh*lA Lw\Blr^jhkA sfMj’lgnujhkA LPj,\|jfasYf; L$\ th*l KO<lSel<$&[kA
LfJfR; L$jH Lw\Bfu\[k rjhrjH[lrlikdujh*l^fksdl%\ Lijmk™\ Ck’w\BlrasYf;
ijCIA ulFlGf\FUsa™ Sfl™'f\ LfjsRy Lmj^yulu Lijmk™\ K•aulufk sdl%ln\;
ijSidClhjd& Shlds^ KSe]j[kdujh*; cIG`A LSrI,j[k' QgkiR cIG`l.gn$sx
KSe]j[kdujh* fs'; t'lH L$su <{pul#gilcjuluj dn[l[k'irk alYfSa
agns^ rjG.ualuj Srgj}\ Lfjsr vij}j safj[lrlio; LiG cIuA w\Blrjdxlsn™\
dn[l[julH domj LedIafjdsx Lijmk™\ hOdJd >r\Pr^lH fxu\[k™; Lijmks^
.d\fr\ alYfsa akd\fjukxxo; LiG[k alYfSa aMkxxisg akd\fjalGz\z^jSh[\ ruj[lrkalio;
L$jH rj™ad'iG[\ Lf\ cl’Uah* fs';

@gkA LS$u\[k YejuSgl LYejuSgl Lh*; Lijmk™\ cI#A c{,\mjCd\fjujSh[\ p{,\mj


eluj[kSNl& wJilf\ali\ Lfjh#GhJralu dG”arkcgjv+\ co]\aCgJgA t' Qgk ic\YfA
cIJdgj[k™; TO @f\al[& Lr#Sal ClCIfSal Lh*; YpiUikA KOGw\wikA egc\egA
SvG™%lik' vj#l[kq~^jhsYf iUd\fjd& wrj[k'f\; Qgk dkajxSul fjgSul K%lik'fk
Selshulnf\; Lijmk™ fs' Liujshh*lakxx K•a; TO cfUA Lyjulsa™ rmj[k' ehG[kA
Lw\Blfalnl K•a; dlgnA Lyjulsa™ eyuk' w\Blrsah*lA fkShlA LeoG`w\BlrSal
siykA KO<lSel<Sal alYfasYf;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 312lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 313
313lA pjicA
r upjpaYz @c r .ij,UpSfl rjPrl
prkajfa#gl fIuj ij.lfj a{ss,dgSc
Lf KeaJuSf YpijnwlfjijdHeessFG-
i+jfF aSrlijhlca{fajfU iu#U>kPl: (108737)
fIpizaJ r Si^j .ipkf\FCk.lCk.SulG
z\zkn ijzknlrIulAc\fG<j Sp<.{flA v zjg:
LrkukzarI<A czkn zJfegNgul
YCin.{Sfl uf c\fIaeiGz\zzfjG”rkssw: (108740)
Sipc\fkfj fkmG™:
LYzl<Ualu aluuksm alujdfsu~Mj Lyjuk' ijSidClhjd& L$su L.uA Yelej[k™;
dlgnA LijmkS^u\[k alYfSa Lisg TO iUlSal<^jH rj™ dg duMlrlio;LiG[k alYfsa
vXhikA selfksi rjuY#nlfJfikalu arc\cjsr Qfk[j rjG^lR dqjuo; cI#A zkgkelp
$sx eowj[lsf fsRy TY‘ju$sxukA Yelnsr^s'ukA Selglmj aMkxxiG Qgk roykdo}A
pkgjf$sx ijxjv+k igk^k™; egalr‘aluj Lijmk™\ ark,U<{pu^jH icj[kSNl& cN^kA
.lgUukA dk}jdxksals[ t#jrk Si%juln\_ LfkSelsh f'jhPjicj[k' @
cGi+l#gUlaj[k alYfSa ClCIfalu cS#l,ikA ckg]ukA rHdlR dqjuo t'yjulsf
.lgU[kA dk}jd&[kA cN^jrkA ej'lsh Qlmk'fksdls%#lnk EhA_ Lijmks^
elplgij‘$xjH .d\fglu a<lf\al[& eknUc\Fh$xjhkA rpjdxjhkA Lhuk™; dlgnA
z{<c\FlYCawJijf ckD^jhkA ckg]ujhkA LiG[\ flf\egUajh*;

Lijmk™ alYfaln\ egac^; c{,\mjd&[\ Lisu c{,\mj[kA akRe\ Lc\FjfIajh*;


cA<lg^jrk SC,ikA Li rjhrjH[k'jh*; LfjrlH Li TS~lqkA ilc\fi^jH
rjhrjH[k'jh* t™\ eyulA; B$& Sip$& eShijP Kpl<gn$xjhosm TO cfUA
sixjs~mk^k™; Lw\BlrjalYfSa TO ShldA ClCIfalsn™\ dgkfkdukxxk; Lw\Blrj
wrragnvYd^jH se}kqyk™; Lw\Blrj[\ Yelej[lik'fjhkadShuln\ Lijmk™\;
TY‘ju$&[mjaulu demSulzjd&[kA LYeleUrln$\;

Lijmks^ c^ujhkA K•aujhkA fjgjv+yjikxx QgkiR rRafjRad&[fJfrln\;


Lw\BlrwrUalnSh*l Ti; L$jsrukxxiG[\ SipClc\YfYealn$& >lPdah*; Li
CgJg>k’julH egjajfalu ijdlcegjnlapjCujhkxxisg ruj[lrkxxiuln\; LigkA
LiclrA fhaky fhakydxluj elmjS[} SipClc\Yflpjdxksm c<luA sdl%\
egaCl#jumuk™;

Ckdakrj eyŒk:
TO c\fkfj pjiUG,j rlglunR rlgpakrjsu Sd&~jv+k; rlgpR iUlcsrukA;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 313lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 314
314lA pjicA
ucUl<arkz{<\nlaj <gjS,U f’rA Cssr:
fSfl½PrA fUw#UcU cIwrl pk:Dpk:DjfA (10888)
cupl ijfSFlSpUlSzl rjGi+j`: cUl’Sr<ul
af\essg: d{fssaYfcU dgjS,UaprkYz<A (108839)
fp\ Y><\a egaA co]\aA vjRalYfA cpr#dA
LSfl alA ckpkglglPUA <jfIlrUlR .wSf wr: (108810)
egJ]j^\ glwli\ Svlpjv+k;
t$jsruln\ egaCjisrS~lhkxx aMk SpifdxjH .d\fgluiG[\ L.ji{’jukA .zilR <gjujH
.d\fgluj}kxxiG[\ -LS˜<A cNsspCIgU$&[kmaulsn“jhkA- plgjYpUpkgjfikA i™ Svgk'f\_

Ckdakrj fkmG™:
.zilR CjiR tS~lqkA Cd\fjukaluj SvG'jgj[kdaohA YfjzknlPJrsaYf; L<“lg^jsr
YefjrjPlrA svu+k' Spif Lfksdl%\ LS˜<s^ YeJfjs~mk^k'iG[\ YfjzkncA>r\Pj
ulu ic\fk[& rHdk™; t'lH .zilR <gj Tfjsrh*lA LfJfR; LfjrlH th*l
hOdJdh]U$xkA fUwjv+lH alYfsa Lijmks^eowj[lR cl’Ualio; LCISaPulz^jrk
SC,A d{,\nR ukPj,\|jgSrlm\ TYedlgaln\ Lgkxj svu\ff\; “BlR @sgsu“jhkA
LrkYz<j[lR @Yz<jv+lH dlhYda^jH Lulxksm cN^jsr rCj~j[k™; L$jsr eliA
ark,UR >r\PkajYflpjdxlH KSe]j[s~}\ tsRy .d\fgkalukxx c<ilcA dlA]jv+\
cf\cAz^jShGs~mk™; LS~l& BlR tsRy pulilu\ekA a<jaukA LirjH svlgjuk™;
L$jsr Lul& egA selgkxjsr cl]lH[gj[k™; T[lgn^lhln\ ehgkA ts' KSe]jv+\
aMk Spifdsx CgnA Yelej[k'f\; t'lH LiSgl L.J,\mcl’UA ssdi' SC,A @
SpifdsxS~lhkA ay™ dxuk™;”

egaCjiR ]jYeYeclpjusYf; Lf\ eh Licg^jhkA LS˜<^jrk fs' tfjgluj^JG


'j}k%\; e%\ i{dR t™\ Seglu QgckgR K%lujgk™; egaCjiR txk~^jH Yeclpj[s~mkA
t™\ rlgprjH rj™ arc\cjhl[ju Lul& CjiYeJfj[luj d|jr fec\cjShGs~}k; LiclrA
cI#A ssddlhkd& si}j CjirG~j[lrkA fJgkalrjv+k; cI#A Cjgc\ akyj[lR fkrjuSi CjiR
YefU]s~}k; T,\makxx igSafkA Svlpj[lR LrkafjukA rHdj; i{dR eyŒk; “tsRy
ssdsdl%\ @gksm fhujH sfl}lhkA Lul& LS~l& agj[nA;” CjiR igA rHdj;
egaCjisRy c<PG”jnjulu elGi+fjujhlYz<A eo% i{dlckgR igsal™ egJ]jv+k
Srl[lR LS˜<^jsRy ejySd elŒk; CjiR th*l Shld$xjhkA Seluj g]s~mlR YCajv+\
LiclrA ssidkn\|^jH .zilR <gjuksm cijPanjŒk; Cjisr ij,aZ}^jH rj™\
g]j[lrluj .zilR Qgk Y><\avlgjuksm Si,^jH Lckgsr fmŒk rjG^j; “L$\
fJGv+ulukA tS#l fjmk[^jH QlmkdulnSh*l; t#lnjYf P{fj_” LckgR dFdsxh*lA ihju
zGSi+lsm Y>l<\andkalgsr Sd&~jv+k; Y>l<\anR sel}jv+jgjv+k; “egaCjiR
.ofSYefejClvk[xksm Srflilsn™\ LS$[yjujSh*_ Lulxksm il[jsr @gk ijCIcj[kA_
rj$&[\ Cgj[kA igA h.jv+ksis'rj[\ Sfl™'jh*; ts' ijCIlcajsh*“jH cI#A ssd
fhujH sisv+l™ egJ]jv+k Srl[gkSfl_” .zilR igk^jiv+ vj#l[kq~^jrmjas~}\ i{dR
fhujH ssdiv+\ KmSr agjv+k iJqkdukA svu\fk; .zilR <gj CjiSrlm\ eyŒk; “fjRa
svu+k'isrlgj[hkA cS#l,ak%lik'jh*; L$su rj‘j[k'ir\ t$jsr stCIgU
ak%lilrln\_” TO dF eyukdSul Sd&[kdSul svu\flH cGi+CYfk.u$xkA
Th*lflik'fln\;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 314lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 315
315lA pjicA
PG”: cl]lpUSfl w\BlrA ssiglzUA v fprIjfA
stCIgUA vl,\mPl uc\alpUCC\vlf\aahle<A (108916)
akrJrlA rU c\fpn\/lrlA Cl#lrA caSvfclA
LdjXrlrlA clPorlA ual<k: egalA zfjA (108917)
cfIA ucUYejul aoG^jGY>l<\anlc\fIj,\mSpifl:
.w#UrlCj,: Cl#l uA il rjekn>k’u: (108918)
YfjijPld{fuc\fcU gl]cl Lckgl: ckgl:
zknjrUl aluul c{,\ml: c^IA f^JGf\F clPrA (108919)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
alakrjalgksm Qgk cpc\cjH YfjaoG^jdxjhlgln\ LYzznUR t' ij,u^jshlgk vGv+ rm™;
T[lgUA fJgkalrjv+k iglR LiG Y><\aekYfrlu .{zkakrjsu -H~jv+k;

@pUA .{zkakrj ejflilu Y><\alijsRy Lmk[H sv™; akrj @pgsil™A dlnjv+jh*;


Sdlejfrlsu“jhkA cI#A ekYfrlufksdl%k alYfA Y><\ali\ a<G,j[k al~k rHdj;
ej'JmS˜<A ssdhlcS^u\[k Seluj; Lijsm fsRy Y.lflilu egaCjisr d%k; CjiR
tqkS'M\ .{zkijsr tfjSgM\ @hjAzrA svu+lR akfjgSi a<G,j LyS~lsm cIuA QqjŒkalyj;
“rj$& th*l PG”Clc\Yf$sxukA Pj[gjv+k wJij[k™; ts' sfl}k Seldgkf\;” CjiR
Sdlej,\mrluj; fsRy YfjCohsamk^\ akrjsu dk^lsrlgk$jsu“jhkA elGi+fj Tms~}\ Lfk
fmŒk;

.{zkakrj ej'Jm\ ssidkn\|^jShu\[k Seluj; LijsmulnSh*l ij,\nk; .zilR


h]\aJSpijuksm amjujH fhiv+k djm[k™; eyulsf ses}™ dm™i™\ .{zk .zilsRy
srXjshlgk vij}\; ij,\nk ses}™nGs'nJM\ akrjuksm dlH[H iJnk; “puiluj ]ajv+lhkA;
LS$[G<alu cIlzfA rHdlR trj[k dqjŒjh*; L$uksm dlhmjd& tsRy
Tgj~jms^ukA an\/hs^ukA ts'ukA eijYfal[j; L$uksm dlhmj~lmk sdl%\ eijYfalu
tsRy alyjmA Trj h]\ajuksm Tgj~jmalik'fln\;” .zilsRy ijrueoGi+akxx il[kd& Sd}\
aykemjsul™A eyulrlilsf akrj rj™; LS˜<A alakrjalgksm c.ujH fjgjsv+^j .zilR
ij,\nkfs'uln\ egAselgk& t™ YeDUlejv+k;

.zilR ij,\nkijH rj™A PG”A, w\BlrA, rjGi+jdlgf, fw\wrUalu L,\ssmCIgU$&,


aSrlalhjrU$sx rJ[k' a<jalijSC,A t'ji Kp\.ij[k™; L<jAclpjffI$xkaluj
wJij[k' alakrjalgksm h]UA Lijmk'sYf; @ alakrjalG Cl#CJhgkA cap{,\mjdxkA
hOdJdic\fk[xjH S.lzlcd\fjujh*l^igkasYf; clfIJdfuln\ .zilsRy goeA;
a<lf\al[xln\ Lijmks^ cI#A Spifd&; ijw\BlrijSid$xlGw\wjv+igkA Cl#CJhgkA
.OfJdlYz<$& ij}kSeluigkA .zilsr eowj[k™; SpiRalgkA LckgRalgkA aMkxxigksah*lA
.zilsRy cI#A aluujHrj™f\.ofaluigsYf; clfIJdfsdl%\ alYfSa .zilsr Yelej[lrlio;
TO cfUs^ PUlrjv+\ a<G,jalG egaepA eodj;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 315lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 316
316lA pjicA
eoG` dlaliej ukilA rgrlglunli{,J
PG”alvgflA c\FjssfU W,s.O ShldcAYz<A (108960)
TfUlpj,\smO .zifl sfO d{,\snO egSa,\|jrl
QlajfUlraU .oalralplu pIjwplgdlR (108961)
rUiG^flA cIdA Pla cAYe<{,\smO uFlzfA
ijYelu ppfk: ekYflR uFlgoeA uFliu: (108962)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
pIlgdujH Qgk Y>l<\anef\rj eh vlejxxdsxukA Yecijv+k; LfjrlH Y>l<\anR
<{puiUFjfrlujgk™; Qgk rl& d{,\nrkA LGwkrrkA Tgj[k' sdl}lg^jH Qgk CjCkijsRy
w?ikaluj LS˜<A t^j; t'j}j$jsr Kys[ ijhejv+k; “fJGv+ulukA r”ksm glwli\
LPlG”jdrlujgj[nA; dlgnA Lulxksm ele$xksm Ehaluln\ CjCkagn$&
cA.ij[k'f\;” LGwkrr\ Y>l<\ansRy dkMs~mk^H Sd}\ ilCjuluj; Lul& eyŒk;
“pIlgdujH TO rh* ark,UsRy dk}jdsx cAg]j[lR dqjikxx ijh*lxjd& @gkAfs'
ujsh*S'l_ fjGv+ulukA Qgk glwli\ fsRy glwU^\ Qgk Y>l<\anr\ pkgjfark.ij[lrjmigk^k
dulsn“jH Lul& siyksalgk dohj~mulxj[\ fkhUA; Lul& glwlih* fs'; Lh*Sul
Y>l<\anl, BlR cIuA rj$xksm Lmk^ dk}jsu cAg]j[k'fln\; Semj Si%;” t'lH
Y>l<\anr\ LGwkrsRy dqjijH cACuak%lujgk™;

Y>l<\anef\rj[\ iJ%kA Yeciamk^S~l& Y>l<\anR LGwkrsr cajejv+\ cAg]nA Sfmj;


LGwkrR Y>l<\anz{<^jSh[\ Seluj Lfjrk vkMkA eShijP^jhkxx Cd\fjSuyju Cg$&
sdl%\ Qgk Sdl} fJG^k; @glhkA fdG[lrlil^ YefjSglPA iJ}jrkvkMkak%l[j; CjCk wrjv+k;
dkyv+k dgŒk; t'j}\ CgJgS^lsm LYefU]aluj; pk:Dldkhrlu Y>l<\anR ijhejv+k;
“Blsrlgk ij/\?j; TO @nkA se`kah*l^isRy il[kA ijCIcjv+\ dqjŒkiSh*l;” LGwkrR
Sdlej,\mrluj; CjCkijsr flR fjgjsd sdl%kigkA Lsh*“jH @f\a<fU; Lflujgk™
LGwkrsRy fjgkalrA;

LGwkrR uaShld^k sv™; CjCkijsr Lijsm d%jh*; cIGz\z^jhkA elflx^jhkA


Selsu“jhkA CjCkijsr d%jh*; LGwkrR Sp<fUlzA svu+lR vjfsulgk[j; d{,\nR
LGwkrsr fmŒk; Y>l<\ansRy dk}jdsx dlnjv+k sdlmk[lsa™\ ilz\plrikA rHdj; t'j}\
LGwkrSrukA do}j ulYfuluj; LiG eh cOguoF$xkA an\/h$xkA dm™Seluj; LiG,
Lis[h*la~ky^kxx ShldlShldeGi+f$xkA dm™; d{,\nsRy Ye.leogalu cIYedlC^jH
LfJi fac\cjhosm LiG ulYf fkmG™; .zilsRy egjeoG`liS>lPA fs' TO Ye.; LiG
Tgk}jsRy LS$ LMs^^j; Lfjr~kyA egaYedlCA; Lfjrka~kyA whan\/hA; Lijsm @ujgA
En$xkxx cG~^jsRy eky^\ pjiUCd\fjdxlH egjScijfrluj .zilR ij,\nk Cuj[k™;
d{,\nrkA LGwkrrkA .zilsr rac\dgjv+k; .zilR eyŒk; “rj$sx g%lsxukA dlnlR
dl^jgj[kdulujgk™ BlR; BlR Y>l<\ansRy dk}jdsx Tijsm sdl%ki'j}k%\; rj$&
a<lf\al[xlu rgrkA rlglunrkasYf; rj$&[\ SrmlR YeSfUdjsv+l™ajsh*“jhkA rj$&
cGi+wJiwlh$xksmukA S]a^jrluj PG”elfujH vgjv+lhkA;” d{,\nrkA LGwkrrkA
Lr#rlu .zilsr in$j eyŒk; “Cgj”;

Y>l<\anekYfRalsg dosm[o}j LiG pIlgdujSh[\ Seluj; Y>l<\anr\ ekYfRalsg fjgjv+k


rHdj;

><jgldlCulYfsu dkyj[k™ TO dF;

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 316lA pjicA


´
YCJap\
YCJap\.lzifA
.lzifA rjfUelglunA 317
317lA pjicA

Tf\FA egcU rjwiGf\agjg]ul½½^


hJhlfSrlc\fprkgoeij/A>rlrj
dG”lnj dG”d,nlrj upo^acU
YCoulpak,U epSulgrki{^jajv\VR (109049)
Ckdakrj fkmG™:
pIlgdlekgjuksm .AzjukA a<jaukA iG`rlrfJfalujgk™; Lijsm .zilR fsRy LSrdA
c<PG”jnjalgksal^k ilnk; Lisgh*lA .zoilrjH LfJi .d\fdxlujgk™; LiG .zilrk
sal^\ ijxulmj; .zilsr dxjul[j, @hjAzrA svu\fk; LiG[\ .zilR th*lalujgk™; @pjukA
L#ikA; LS˜<^jHrj™xx ijg<A Qgk rjaj,A SelhkA LiG[\ fl$lrlikalujgk'jh*;
Shld^jhkxx th*lA LiG[\ .ziHc\agn rHdj; vglvg$Sxlm\ LiG ehS~lqkA .zilsr~Mj
cAclgjv+k;

“Lh*Sul cakYpSa, B$sxS~lsh rjr[kA Ky[ajh* LSh*_ rjsRy Cl#jukA clY‘fuksah*lA @


.zilR diG™Sil_ Lh*Sul aqSaZSa, rjr[kA .zilsRy rJhrjyalnSh*l; B$sxS~lsh
rJukA .zilsr rjg#gA PUlrj[k™%linA; B$& svu+k'fkS~lsh rJukA
LS˜<s^SulG^\ vjhS~l& SYea[`Jgk selqj[k™! Yejus~} ahrjgdSx, rJ fJGv+ulukA
@qSayju PUlr^jhln\; @ .zilsRy elpc\eGCA h.j[lrliksa™\ YefUlCukak%\ Lsh*_
rjsRy eGi+fCjDgA B$xksm alyjmA Selshuk%\;” “Lh*Sul rpjdSx, rj$sxYf
sahjŒjgj[k™; rj$&[\ SaZ$xjHrj™A Si%Yf aq dj}k'jh*; B$& .ziHpGCrA
h.j[lsf iUF eo%jgj[k'fkSelshulnSh*l Lf\; TO cp\c\YfJdxksm rlFR, SulzjigUalG
cl]lf\dgj[lR @Yz<j[k' .zilrsYf; glwR, .zilR d{,\nsRy dFdxkA
a<jaliG`rdxkA Sd&[k'iG LiujH LfUld{,\mglik™; .ziHcijP^jH Q~A
wjijv+igksm cO.lzUckd{fs^ @G[lnx[lrlikd_ .zilsRy Sp<c\eGCA h.jv+igksmuYf
LrkYz<Jfgluj @gk%\_ .ziHelpSci svu+kdukA d{,\nsr .G^liluj h.j[ukA
svu\figksm dF eyulrkS%l_

YCJd{,\nR cIwJijf^jhosm hOdJdwJijf^jsRy ao™ h]U$& -PG”A, LGf\FA, dlaA-


t$jsr z{<c\FlYCawjijfA sdl%k clPj[lA t™\ rs” dlnjv+k f™; d{,\nr\ LSrdA
ef\rjalgkA dk}jdxkak%lujgk™; YepUka\rsRy adR Lrjgk’R gkd\ajuksm adsx ijil<A svu\fk;
LfjH iYwR t™\ Seglu adR wrjv+k; ulpidkhA akqkiR rCj[lrjmulu @ do}s[lhujH
iYwR alYfsa LiSC,jv+kxxk; LS˜<^jsRy ejRfhaky dlhYdSan ixG™ i™; TO
dkmkA>^jsh @gkA LH~luk,\afjdSxl ]JnjfSgl @ujgk'jh*; th*ligkA .ziH.d\fgkA
a<lf\al[Sxlm\ @pgikxxigkalujgk™; cdhwJiwlh$&[kakxx -dlYCuA YCJd{,\nR
alYfA; LS˜<A th*lisgukA K’gjv+k; th*ligkA Lijmks^ c\Sr<jv+k; .zilsr cpl
c\Sr<jv+iSgukA cpl siyk^iSgukA .zilrjH ck<{^jsr[%iSgukA .zilrjH rlFsr
pGCjv+iSgukA th*lA .zilR g]j[k™; .zilR YCJd{,\nr\ ijwuA, aAzxA; “egjeoG`
wjijf^jr\ K^aalf{duluj .zilR d{,\nR L$jsr .oajujH ilngkxj; PG”cAc\FlerA
rm^j; .ziHdFdSxlG”jv+\ PUlrj[kdiqj cdheleijSalvrikA dG”elC^jH rj™\ g]ukA
h.j[k™; .ziH.d\fjixG^lrlYz<j[k' QgkiR cpl .ziHdFd& YCijS[%fln\;

PG”A = PlG”JdwjijfA LGf\FA = cNsspCIgU$&


dlaA = hOdJdckDlcIlprA Sal]A = ijSalvrA

YCJap\.lzifA rjfUelglunA 317lA pjicA