Terrific Teaching Tips, G a mes, Mini-Books & More to Help New Students From Every Nation Build Basic English Vocabulary and Feel Welcome! By Kama Einhorn

SL Activities d Mini-Books
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Living in the USA Mini-Book


School Vocabulary Concentration Game

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Welcome New Student! Collaborative Book


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Terrific Teaching Tips, Games, Mini-Books & More to Help New Students From Every Nation Build Basic English Vocabulary and Feel Welcome! by Kama Emhom

New York Sydney * * Toronto * * London New Delhi * * Auckland Hong Kong Mexico City

No othei part of this publication may be reproduced in whole or in part. NY 10012. write to Scholastic Inc. TRO (c) Copyright 1956 (renewed) 1958 (renewed) 1970 Ludlow Music. photocopying. or transmitted in any form or by any means. New York.For Matty — Yayablyu. Inc.. Used by permission. without written permission of the publisher. Scholastic Inc.S.. THIS LAND IS YOUR LAND words and music by Woody Guthrie. . grants teachers permission to photocopy the activity sheets from this book for classroom use. recording. or stored in a retrieval system. or otherwise. For information regarding permission. mechanical. Printed in the U. 555 Broadway. Edited by Louise Orlando Cover design by Norma Ortiz Interior design by Elizabeth Chinman Illustrations by Cary Pillo ISBN 0-439-15391-3 Copyright © 2001 by Kama Einhorn All rights reserved. electronic.A. New York. in any language. New York.

AND GAMES Using the Mini-Books Welcoming the Newcomers Collaborative Book: My Name Is At School Reproducible: School Picture Dictionary Mini-Book: At School Reproducible: School Concentration Cards . ABC's Mini-Book: My Alphabet Book Reproducible: ABC Practice Sheet 4 4 5 5 6 7 7 8 9 10 12 16 17 19 19 20 21 23 24 25 27 28 29 31 Numbers and Counting Mini-Book: How Many? Reproducible: Numbers and Math Words Reproducible: Dominoes All About Me Reproducible: Parts of the Body Mini-Book: All About Me Colors and Shapes Reproducible: Colorthe Shapes Mini-Book: Make a Rainbow! Food Reproducible: Food Concentration Cards Mini-Book: Food Friends Time and Date Reproducible: Weekly Schedule Mini-Book: Eating Around the Clock Reproducible: Make a Calendar Living in the USA Mini-Books: The Pledge of Allegiance This Land Is Your Land Reproducible: Flags Additional Reproducible Pages What Should I Say? My Personal Dictionary CLASSROOM RESOURCES Newcomer Library CD-ROAAS Useful Web Sites Professional-Development Books CERTIFICATE: CONGRATULATIONS! 32 33 35 36 37 38 39 41 42 43 45 46 47 49 50 51 53 54 55 57 59 60 60 61 62 62 62 62 63 64 lK ... ACTIVITIES.Contents INTRODUCTION Terms You Should Know Levels of Language Learning What Is Proficiency? USING THIS BOOK PART i: WELCOMING NEW STUDENTS The First Few Days The First Week Assessing the Needs of Your Newcomers National Standards Easing Into English Looking at Cultural Differences Language Learning-CenterMaterials PART 2: MINI-BOOKS.

ESL (English as a Second Language) is a program specifically designed to teach English to nonEnglish speakers. Not like Chinese.6 million children m (7 to 10 percent of the population). Creati rtig a comfortable environment for newcom ers who are communicating in a new language is a big job. The goal is for learners to achieve greater proficiency in academic and social language. Most of all. most immediately. You will also find a list of additional resources at the end of this book (page 62). They leave l\ v ariety of environments in their home countrie and arrive with a whole set of culturally base d values and expectations. representing more th. Such a lonely language . How will your new students follow t\ e English-language lessons? How will you asse . primary-language instruction is provided throughout the elementary grades. they will men-." 4ei. TERMS YOU SHOULD KNOW Following is a list of important terms for teachers with second-language learners. They are "pulled out" on a regular basis to receive special help with English as well as additional support with understanding the classroom curriculum.orize basic texts. All are designed to help second-language learners continue to develop grade-level skills in their first language as they acquire English.s these students? Communicate with the new families? Help the students fit into the group so cially? And.. — Mei 1\ newcomer student in I Hate English by Ellen Levine i ^Iviiii^i^ ^^^^^^^^^ The nun iber of children in our schools who are new to t le United States is growing.5 million to 4. Bilingual Education takes several different forms. and ESL policies. such as "The Pledge of Allegi mce. students will complete challeng tig yet achievable tasks that teach words they nee :1 to know immediately. Estimates range fr< > 2. 4 Easy & Engaging EjSL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom I . so students will become thoroughly bilingual. For more information. Use this book as a key resource Remember. if you don't sh.In traduction "In New York in school everything happened in English. how will you commiin icate throughout the day? This g jide gives you quick and easy ways to provic e your second-language learners with a little sir elter from the storm. your students' language proficier oy will continue to grow as they biossom into active. students spend one to three years in a bilingual class before they are "mainstreamed" into an English-only situation. In a maintenance bilingual program. ire the students' first language and they don 't speak any English. ESL is also called English Language Development (ELD). resources. Suppo rting second-language learners in a class full of fluent English speakers can seem a daunti ig task. Mini-books. classroom.. check with your school district. they help maintain the new students' self-esteem and pride in their first language and culture. engaged learners. Later on. Bilingual educators use both the students' native language and English in instruction. they ate scared and anxious about surviving in a new sc tool with a new language. a nd activities help students build a basic English ocabulary and manage their own language -learning experience. ESL Pull-Out Students spend most of each day in a regular classroom. As instructors do this. games. From the first day in th . Each letter stands alone and makes its own noise. In a transitional bilingual program. n 180 different language groups. as well as your local and state departments of education." that their English-speaking peers know by heart.

make logical arguments. Learners in this phase cannot comprehend simple words and phrases. Sheltered English or Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English (SDAIE) uses English to teach the normal grade-level curriculum while using second-language learning techniques that foster academic and linguistic development. too. Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP) is the ability of second-language students to learn academic subjects in English and to handle the language demands of the grade-level curriculum. Learners speak and comprehend most classroom discourse. for instance. 2. 3. Pre-Production Phase. 4. Academic areas. children will be especially busy with these skills during their first year. but adaptations and enhancements are included for more proficient students. This takes five years or more to develop fully. still present challenges. • • • T Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS) is the ability of second-language students to communicate socially with native English speakers. 1. Speech Emergence. Students with this skill can understand and use advanced vocabulary. but they are beginning to understand what people are saying to them. describe. 1980). and cultural adjustment of new immigrants. LEVELS OF LANGUAGE LEARNING Second-language learners pass through four generally recognized stages. Since language learning is inherently social. Students in this phase use basic vocabulary in one. Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . academic. Intermediate Fluency. WHAT IS PROFICIENCY? There are two types of language proficiency (Cummins. follow complex written instructions. and play group games. but they speak in longer phrases and understand most of what is said. A student typically spends only one year in a newcomer program. They may struggle in conversation. and being able to communicate is a prime motivator for learning a second language. A newcomer program is comprised only of students who are new to the United States. it emphasizes systematic Englishlanguage instruction. This stage is also known as the "silent period. They may still struggle with complex grammar and pronunciation. Students show greater independence in this phase. but they can initiate and extend conversations comfortably. The curriculum is taught entirely in English. and one can enrich the other. and comprehend reading in content areas. Early Production Phase. Though silent. they lack basic English vocabulary and knowledge of grammar. compare and contrast. They may struggle to elaborate upon ideas. they are absorbing language all around them and processing it in their own two-word sentences. each type involves distinct sets of skills. Students with these skills can talk on the telephone and in the playground. summarize. Structured English Immersion is immersion in a totally English-speaking environment without native-language support or instruction. The activities in this book are designed for students in the pre-production and early production phases. Secondlanguage learners develop both proficiencies simultaneously. This proficiency is often achieved within six months to two years after arrival in a new country." since learners may appear withdrawn and shy. persuade. such as content reading in science or social studies. Though they often overlap. and begin to follow basic grammar patterns.Newcomer Programs serve foreign-language students in an environment devoted solely to the social.

For instance. Idioms that correspond to the theme are included in each unit for more proficient students. students may cornplete various writing activities. • Home Connection. Th s section also includes suggestions on how tD involve families. continue the -bo)k using the pattern provided. • Book Links. The first section of this book includes pointers for preparing for your students' first days and weeks. Recording the mini-books on tape provides auditory reinforcement and helps students work independently. assessment tools for understanding your students' level of English. Students might illustrate them or depict real-life examples of the idiom. and continued development in the first language are included. a list of the Nation il Standards. adaptations for enhancing the language skills introduced in the unit. focus on building a basic vocabulary. PART 2 INCLUDES: • Mini-Bo jks. Activities that encourage family involvement. A list of books that enhance the theme of the unit. Now. PART D INCLUDES: • Tips for (Welcoming Your New Students. integration of the home culture into the classroom. you are gluing the scraps on. and suggestions on how to involve and welcome the students' families. In Part 2 you will find activity instructions. At the siame time. As your students work on these books. These activities provide ideas for using a listening center in your classroom. Easy & Engaging EL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . Interactive pages that Games.Using this Book This bod)k is divided into two parts that are both de. and cross-curricular links." • Classroom Fun. 1 Picture dictionary Pages. • ListeningCenter. students copy the text onto each page). Directions for completing the: section 's mini-book. they are also key opportunities for simple narration: "I am cutting the paper. • Word Play. This is a teacher-led or smallgroup game or activity that builds language and provides an opportunity to socialize. and/or miniwrite nelw books on the same theme. • Art. The books are visually engaging and feature simple English text to help learners build concepts. with strong visual cues) and writing practice (in some books. :hey gain early literacy experience (the text is patterned and predictable. they begin to build their confide nce ("I made and read a book cover to covei!"). Fun and easy games for new students to get to know their classmates. A writing prompt or activity is often included to help students expand an a theme as they develop their writing skills. igned to give your second-language learners basic literacy experiences. Since art projects are process-oriented. These projects build language skills and help students express themselves non-verbally. Each unit includes: 1 Make aMin i-Book.

if possible. you may be able to get transcripts from their previous schools.. Part 1 4. and their first-language literacy development. and Easy & Engaging SL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . catch the bus. Make sure you know how to pronounce your newcomers' names. parent. Through your school office. grade. such as "bathroom" and "help" 2. backpacks. patience. (There may be students in the class who have moved to the United States who can help build empathy for your newcomers' situations. 5. and have the group complete the "welcome" collaborative book on page 21. Gather materials and set up a language learning center (page 17). classroom. Prepare the rest of the group to welcome the newcomers (page 20). Here are a few ideas for what to include on the tape: • A warm welcome message to each of your new students • Name and address of the school • Reassurance that the teacher and other students will help them learn English • A brief list of supplies students should bring to school every day • How to get lunch. This will be helpful if students become lost. The First Few Days Here are some quick ideas on how to make your new students feel welcome: 1.." Then point to each new student and say. It should include name. Help your new students make an identification card if they don't already have one. 3. sit next to a child who speaks their language. They can keep the card in their notebooks. 4. "My name is.) Communicate friendliness. crayons. then have it laminated. Give them a copy of "What Should I Say?" (page 60) and have them tape it to their desks or keep in a notebook. You might ask the rest of your class how they would feel if they suddenly moved to another country. or school employee) in the first language of your newcomers. teacher.Welcoming Hew Students Before your new students arrive. 2. or pockets.) Have children brainstorm ways they might help new students. Show students how to use the page and fill in the blank spaces. Consider seating options. language spoken. find the school office and the nurse • What to do in case students experience any trouble • English words. home address and number. The new students should be surrounded by other students and. their language proficiency. Make a "welcome" tape with a bilingual volunteer (a student. Find out as much as you can about the native cultures of your new students. pencils. too. Some children might feel uncomfortable in the front row center. family contact numbers. and a list of other children or adults in the school who speak their language. but will also help them read and memorize basic information. Give students paper. try completing some of these simple projects: 1. (They may be so overwhelmed that they shut out all spoken information. and let them relax and draw at their desks. and markers. Point to yourself and say. You might use an index card and include a photo. "What's your name?" Ask the rest of your class to do this. 3.

have someone who speaks the new st jdents' first language give a school tour. Uses for the Personal Dictionary." An English-speaking peer can be a great help with this.) • Story starters (Students make up a story using all five words on the page. Make a weekly schedule (page 50) and an alphabet chart (page 31) so that they have a quick reference at their desks. 2. school office. including important places such as the bath- room. You might also give them some of the books or textbooks that you will be using that year. food. If possit ible. Help your new students get involved. 5. use it in a sentence. such as animals. Have students write a new word.) 3. and either illustrate it or give the translation on the line provided. give new students simple. sports. The First Week Have bilingual and picture dictionaries on hand Younger children can benefit from a simple picture dictionary. games.iipEi warmth with body language and a smile. and then list new words related to the theme on several sheets. so they can browse through them in a low-key. Give students a photo of your whole class labeled with students' names. nonverbal classroom jobs. Cut each page down the middle and help students staple them into a book. Have other students model y what you would like the newcomers • Help students make a Personal Dictionary. Students in grades 3 and up should have a children's bilingual dictionary. such as distributing and cDllecting papers and cleaning the board with a partner. 6.) • Crossword puzzles or word search games (Students create puzzles using new words. Make sure they know how to say "bathroom" and "nurse.) • Personalized spelling tests • Creating theme dictionaries (Students choose a theme. Help students familiarize themselves with how to use it. Here's how: 1. • Weekly vocabulary test • Homework (Help students find five key words in that night's homework assignment. low-dqmand setting. (They might want to design and make their own covers from sturdy paper. or machines. and cafeteria.) Easy & Engagin ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . Involve the rest of your students. nurse.) • Alphabetizing exercises (Students put all the words on the page in alphabetical order. From the start. New students will begin to connect faces to names and build a foundation for socializing. Reproduce page 61 about 10-25 times.

If the students can read in English. In turn. These exercises will give you an initial sense of your students' language capabilities. • Touch your nose. time it takes to complete the task. Next.999 5." Next. what. when. ' Jump. However. • Close your eyes. paper. then write about their families. dayto-day informal assessment will give you a clearer picture of each student's skills. show students these numbers and see if they can name them in English: 2 4 9 13 50 42 86 75 100 205 1. Letter Knowledge.) Speaking. Counting: Share a pile of small objects (pennies.. Ask students to tell you the letter names and/or sounds each letter makes. • Raise your hand. friends. choose a private place to work and a time when students seem relaxed. spelling. subjectverb agreement. give them pencil." Repeat with each color. choose a short passage from a book that you regularly use in your class. "What is happening here?" "What is this for?" or "What is [subject] doing?" As your students speak. Ask the following questions and give the following commands. One. (Don't include word problems. making sure it falls at the low end of the range of reading difficulty. and an eraser. two. Show students an engaging picture (you might use the "School Picture Dictionary. and where. If students can write in English. the length of the writing passage. and how well the students expressed their ideas. Show a copy of the alphabet written in both upper and lower case." page 24) showing some sort of action or interaction. pronunciation.Part 1 Assessingthe Needs of Your Newcomers To get a sense of your students' language skills. Give simple. Try the following exercises. If a student cannot do this. Writing. Next. favorite sports. • (show a book) Open the book. Close it. each one addresses a different area of language development. paper clips. "Let's count these. grammar patterns. ask the students simple comprehension questions using who. Questions: • Can you speak English? • Can you read and write in English? • What is your name? Easy & Engaging SL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . • Open your eyes. Ask them to write their names. ask your new students to read it aloud. using your grade-level math curriculum. subject-verb agreement. • Sit down. color-related commands such as "Show me the red crayon. the time it takes to get the idea across. Ask. Listening Comprehension.. tenses. Say. notice the words they use. and their comfort level. sit with a box of crayons or markers. or former schools.000 1. drop a reading level until you find one where the student is successful. Readingand ReadingComprehension.684 Include a computational math test. or toys) with each student. marbles. Record students' responses (only one word or a nod from a student is necessary): • Where are you from? • How old are you? • Who are the people in your family? Commands: • Stand up. Notice word choice.

and pair discussions • asking and answering questions • requesting information and assistance • negotiating and managing interaction to accomplish tasks • explaining actions • elaborating and extending other people's ideas and words • expressing likes. dislikes. feelings. Standard 1 Goal i. Standard 2 Goal 2.Easlf National Standards The T|ESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages) Association has created national guidelines for grades Pre-K through 8. feelings. arguing. connecting. and explaining information • analyzing. process. and ideas • usingnon-verbal communication in social intt ructions • gettir personal needs met • engagingin conversations • condicting transactions To use English to communicate in social settings. standard 3 To use English to communicate in social settings. and with spo[ken an 1 written English for personal expression and en oyment: • descrbing. and writing about subject-matter information • gathering information orally and in writing • retelling information • selecting. and needs Goal i. Students will use English to participate in social interactions: • sharing and requesting information • expressing needs. Standard i To use English to communicate in social settings. negotiating. and provide subject-matter information in spoken and written form: • comparing and contrasting information • persuading. the goals remain the same across grade '. and justifying • listening to. Students will use English to obtain. Studen :s will use learning strategies to extend their communicative competence: • testin y hypotheses about language • listening to and imitating how others use Engli: h • exploring alternative ways of saying things • focusing attention selectively • seekirg support and feedback from others • conipiring non-verbal and verbal cues Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . reading about. Standard 2 To use English to achieve academically in all content areas. and inferring from information • responding to the work of peers and others • representing information visually and interpreting information presented visually Goal i. evaluating. and ideas participating in popular culture To use English to achieve academically in all content areas. Keep these standards in mind as you plan the in$truction and assess student progress. speaking. You might even create a personalized assessment system fo r each student based on the standards and include it in their portfolios. synthesizing. construct. Students will use English to interact in the classroom: • following oral and written directions. Students will interact in. reading. Though chi ildrcn of different ages achieve these goals differen tly. through. implicit and explicit • requesting and providing clarification • participating in full-class. • self-monitoring and self-evaluating language development • using the primary language to ask for clarification • learning and using language "chunks" • selecting different media to help understand language • practicing new language • using context to construct meaning Goal 2. or participating in a favorite activity sharing social and cultural traditions and values • expressing personal needs. group. levels.

Goal 3.T T T T M •n x c c pgffl 1 • hypothesizing and predicting • formulating and asking questions • understanding and producing technical vocabulary and text features according to content area • demonstrating knowledge though application in a variety of contexts Goal 2. register. and genre according to audience. TESOL: Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages. teachers. Suite 200. scanning. peers.. All rights reserved.. Standard 3 To use English in socially and culturally appropriate ways. specialists. Inc. where. Students will use appropriate learning strategies to extend their sociolinguistic and sociocultural competence: • observing and modeling how others speak and behave in a particular situation or setting • experimenting with variations of language in social and academic settings • seeking information about appropriate language use and behavior • self-monitoring and self-evaluating language use according to setting and audience • analyzing the social context to determine appropriate language use • rehearsing variations of language use in different social and academic settings • deciding when use of slang is appropriate All contents copyright © by TESOL. VA 22314 USA. purpose. Students will use appropriate learning strategies to construct and apply academic knowledge: • focusing attention selectively • applying basic reading-comprehension skills. Standard 1 To use English in socially and culturally appropriate ways. previewing. and reviewing text • using context to construct meaning • taking notes to record important information and aid one's own learning • applying self-monitoring and self-corrective strategies to build and expand a knowledge base • determining and establishing the conditions that help one become an effective learner (e. purpose. Students will use rhe appropriate language variety. Standard 3 To use English to achieve academically in all content areas. and how to study) • planning how and when to use cognitive strategies and applying them appropriately to a learning task • actively connecting new information to ~ information previously learned • evaluating one's own success in a completed learning task • recognizing the need for and seeking assistance appropriately from others (e. and settings • responding to and using slang appropriately • responding to and using idioms appropriately • responding to and using humor appropriately • determining when it is appropriate to use a language other than English • determining appropriate topics for interaction Goal 3. purposes. 700 S Washington Streer.g.g. and setting: • interpreting and responding appropriately to nonverbal cues and body language • demonstrating knowledge of acceptable nonverbal classroom behaviors • using acceptable tone. such as skimming. and intonation. Alexandria. volume. stress. and setting: • using the appropriate degree of formality with different audiences and settings Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . community members) • imitating the behaviors of native English speakers to complete tasks successfully • knowing when to use native-language resources (human and material) to promote understanding • recognizing and using standard English and vernacular dialects appropriately • using a variety of writing styles appropriate for different audiences.. unless otherwise noted. when. Students will use nonverbal communication appropriate to audience. in various social settings • recognizing and adjusting behavior in response to nonverbal cues Goal 3. Standard 2 To use English in socially and culturally appropriate ways.

"Count 20 marbles" or "Put the tiger next to • Use visuals. You may notice cultural differences in children's understanding of hand gestures. When talking about the desert. Move the objects around to demonstrate with a plastic bird. Write five or six key words on paper and illustrate their meaning. Let students handle the such as "He is under [on top of. lor instance. Act out words. a manipulatives: toy people. for example. Repeat. the U. [put lizard on sand]. lists. than just hear them is one more inroad into Here is a sample list of helpful classroom learning | language. Pictures. sentences. encourage them to repeat names after you.] objects as you say the object's name. and ideas. marbles in different colors and sizes. uncomfortable silence.Easing Into English BASIC SHELTERING STRATEGIES Sheltering l s a broad term that includes many different strategies for providing secondrners with language they can language understand ( Krashen. If you were teaching a unit on Use Manipulates A shoebox full of small objects can serve several deserts. animals. and colors. and a picture of a cactus would all give your lessons. and coins from a student's country of origin. Basic messages—"time to Panto rnirpe Preview • Pre-teach important vocabulary. rather than singling out the second-language learner. a cup of from which you can pull visual references during water. Wait patient y for the student to answer. next to. Being able to see words rather tell a story involving what they chose. sentences." "good work"—can all be communicated with a small gesture. even if there seems i o be a long. ing students to pick an object and then write or • Write it out. instructions. • Use props. stamps or Repeat wirds. graphs." "one minute") can grearly aid comprehension of a more complicated message. You might explain the difference directly or demonstrate the gestures with other children first. cars and trucks. the sentence "Birds students aivisual anchor and aid comprehenmigrate south in the winter" can be acted out sion. need repetition to put them together. Show and Tell eat push in your chair. and several blocks in various shapes. Use games such as role-playing and charades. a calendar. small map. a cupful of sand. practice of curling the index finger to gesture "come here" or patting the head to show affection may be perceived as rude m some other cultures. and maps all help students move by putting several of the items in a bag and askconcepts from the abstract to the concrete. 1982). Venn the giraffe. a box questions several times slowly.S. and the blanket. Students may of crayons. Repeat folded cloth. your ideas: "Cacti store water" [hide water You can also illustrate prepositional concepts— behind piiture] or "Lizards live in the sand" use a cloth and a doll to illustrate sentences. be concentrating intently on each word and sizes. a handimportant purposes. charts. etc. draw pictures (or use images clipped Easy & Engaging SL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . a Repeat. You might say. little plastic lizards. For instance. Here are some basic tips toi teaching and communicating with student new to English: Slow Down Speak morefclowlyand pause between sentences. It can be a visual-cue box ful of rocks." Manipulatives are perfect for counting or vocabulary practice." You can also provide story starters diagrams. and a small map. For instance. Simple hand mc vements ("come here. calendar.

• Use simple. we don't perform as well. rocks. and water. When the affective filter is "down. "Look at the picture. For instance. who also speaks a new student's language. lizards. you might point out where the Easy & Engaging SL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom n JTS^aL . what. they will likely remember and understand the information. low self-esteem. you'll learn how plants and animals survive in deserts. Use proper names rather than pronouns to avoid abstraction. when. sand. stick with simple who. but easy enough as to be achievable.] "Where is the lizard?" [You might act like a lizard." you might respond. subject-verb-noun sentences. For example.] Similarly. choose fast over rapid or quick).Part 1 from magazines) on chart paper next to the words lizard. Work Together Working cooperatively in small groups (page 14) gives students more opportunity to speak and interact meaningfully with others. child looks. keep passages short and check comprehension as you go. You can help keep the affective filter low by keeping the student's language demands appropriate—difficult enough so that the children are learning. When we're stressed. "Deserts have very little water. the emotional block that hinders learning." • Break down questions. 1982)." however. break down large chunks of information into smaller chunks. Use highfrequency words as much as possible (e. "Yesterday you made a cake? Great!" Simplify • Choose your words carefully. such as labeling certain parts of a picture with simple words. briefly explain key points from the lesson in the student's first language. language can flow freely to and from the learner. JJr." or "Mikhail runs home. "Yesterday I make cake. if a student says. In your lesson. • Keep it short. " Preview the lesson. When asking questions.g. . This will help new-language learners understand the meanings of words more quickly.] "Is the lizard sleeping or running?" [You imitate both actions. You might find cactus. child points to lizard in picture. "Tomas goes to the store. For instance. perfectionism —all can contribute to the raising of the affective filter (Krashen." Make It Clear That Mistakes Are Okay Most children will take risks in a new language only if they feel it's safe to make mistakes. and sand dunes in a desert. Anxiety." [Indicate picture. and where. Have an English-speaking volunteer. Strategies for making small-group work successful include assigning specific roles and giving the secondlanguage learner one challenging yet achievable task. cactus." second-language learners are from and explain. for instance. shyness. "This is [is not] a desert. On a world map. For instance. child answers with one word. avoiding why and how..\\ Make It Relevant When students can relate concepts in English to their own lives. One way to do this is to correct errors indirectly. When reading aloud from a book. choose three key points that you want students to take away from the lesson. Simplify your questioning strategies. For instance.

Ask parents to bring a translator to the conference. use gestures. if possible. Having the rest of the group try to repeat the new words CROUIP WORK Questions you might ask at a conference: • What is your child's previous schooling experience? • What subject did your child enjoy the most? • What subjects are challenging for him or her? • Does your child read and write in his or her 14 Easy & Engaging SL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . the jigsaw approach (Aaronson. You might rotate Ruddies so that no child feels put upon. volunteer hours. store your books. The group sees how hard it is to learn a new language. • Make a list of the everyday things a new studen: should know. Reasons for this may include discomfort with their English-language skills. a culture of respect for teachers that translates into not asking questions or "favors.Part 1 USING A BUDDY SYSTEM A friendly face. too. For instance." or simply an overwhelming schedule as they adjust to the everyday demands of their new situation. let the new student teach the rest of the group how to count to ten in his or her first language. When gi /en the opportunity to have meaningful. such as being in charge of supplies. Such a buddy can help the newcomer u ith classroom and school routines and help the new student become a part of the group. • Make a certificate for each buddy that shows your appreciation for his or her helpfulness and patience. In a group activity. cutting." • For more proficient the personalities of both students. for instance. Following are some tips and ideas for making buddies work in your classroom: • Consic.) Consider your daily routine. (Your English-speaking students may be able to help with this. be patient. while others are more reluctant. or show a new way to solve a problem (computational <kills may have been taught differently in the student's country of origin). Here are some things that the buddy should do: Speak slowly. and efforts at home in helping their children succeed in school? Have an initial conference to welcome the families into school life and find out as much as you can about the students and their home culture. especially of a child who shares the first language. So how can you communicate to parents the importance and value of their involvement. can make all the difference to a newcomer. and the newcomer sees that other children might be embarrassed trying to pronounce new words. think about whether such a responsibility would be a burden on the buddy. and c reatine charts and timelines. or provide one for them. _ • Let thenewcomer be the teacher. who then works to become the "expert" in that area and reports back to the group. small. drawing. Some parents are eager and willing to visit the classroom and to get involved in various ways. "Ling should be able to count 10 things in the picture you create together. Also. and catch the bus. • Challenge the group as well as the newcomers. INVOLVING FAMILIES Different cultures have different perspectives on family involvement in school. assign one part of a learning task to each student. sharpen pencils. and include the newcomer in playground games and after-school events. Set a simple goal for the group. Be aware that extended family members may also attend the conference. raises awareness on both sides. In a cooperative m ath group. repeat frequently. folding. find th: nurse. secono-1 mguage students are more likely to comnriunicate in English: • Givesecond-language learners specific roles < in whic h they can excel. get interactions with English speakers. Include on the list such things as where you hang your coat. • Coach the buddy in ways he or she can best help. 1978) is a powerful cooperative technique.

their child will probably understand most spoken directions in the classroom. invented spelling. music)? • What motivates your child? * What are some of your family celebrations? * How does your family recognize achievement? p Is there anything special happening in your family right now? p What special skills and talents do you have? Would you like to visit the class and share these skills with the group? You might explain certain school practices that may be unique to American schools. for instance. (Be sure to get permission before giving out such information. • Ensure their child has a quiet. You might also provide them with a list of families with children in your school who speak the same language as they do. and have English-speaking friends. By the end of one year. • Let their child watch high-quality publictelevision programs that enhance and enrich second-language skills. and portfolio assessment. Barney. You might also advise parents to: • Read and speak to their child in their native language. cooperative learning. learning centers. lively classroom debates. gets enough sleep each night. I • Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom 15 . perform at grade level in certain areas of the math curriculum. • Help their child get a public-library card so that they may take out books in both their first language and in English. high-interest extracurricular activities. Many cultures do not put emphasis on cooperative [earning. sports teams. • Encourage children to find real-life reasons to continue writing in their first language. phonics. children's nature programs. • Ask their child to use their first language to tell them all about their day." page 5).Part 1 first language? What does your child like to read? Do you read at home with your child? How does your child handle frustration? Does he or she enjoy working independently? Is it difficult for your child to ask for help? What are your hopes for your child this year? Do you have any questions about your child's school experience this year? How can I help your child this year? What are your expectations regarding your child's English-language development? What are your child's hobbies? Favorite sport? What is your child good at (sports. such as scouting. as it will enrich their second-language development. or art classes. such as writing letters to friends and family in their home country. and even question-and-answer game shows (students can benefit from watching Wheel of Fortune). Explain your classroom practices and procedures. Explain to parents what can be reasonably expected that year. because real interaction is the best way to learn a new language. Make it clear to parents that you value bilingualism and continued language development in the first language. You may also want to print a list of defined special terms that are likely to be new to families. and parent involvement in school. read simple texts in English. karate. such as Sesame Street. Most importantly.) Some parents might expect their child to speak English well within a year. • Help their child with homework if they can. and eats a good breakfast before coming to school. Some cultures place an emphasis on rote memorization of facts. well-lit study space at home. such as whole language. It may be helpful to advise that true social and academic proficiency is a much longer process (see "What is Proficiency?. get his or her basic needs met in English. advise parents to limit the time children spend watching television. • Explore the possibility of signing up their child for social.

CULTURE SHOCK 3. and their process of adaptation may go more smoothly. places . 4. feel ml 2.s. Acceptance. dress. It may to find out if a newcomer's family fled thei : country under difficult circumstances (war. holidays. roles of children and adults. Second-language learning is also secondculture learning. Excitement and euphoria. or withdrawn. or economic worries. history. children and families may litial excitement and euphoria. anxiety. how will their family perceive the situation? Does the child have any food restrictions? Within the household. without the ability to communicate or fully express themselves.Part 1 IE Loo <ing at Cultural Differences Culture shock (the phenomenon. homesickness. political persecution) and whether they ma r be experiencing new difficulties in the Unit d States: separation from friends and family nguistic isolation. estrangement. is also referred to as culture fatigue) is a psychological i ality for newcomer children and can involv anger. food. time and space. find out as much as you can about the culture and bring this understanding into your interactions with the student. and celebrations (Saville-Troike. The emotional trauma of having to function in a complet ly new cultural environment is often compou nded by a set of difficulties that would challeng e even the most stable. Comfort and anxiety. poverty. what emphasis is placed on timeliness or order? How much personal space is the child accustomed to having? Through parent conferences and your own research. and faces become overwhelming. but deep culture involves much more. and develop greater confidence in their bicultural identities. health and hygiene. traditions. The constant stimuli of new language. coined by anthrop ologist Kalervo Oberg in 1960. Upon arrival in tw the ne| country. and frustration. 1978). lonely. sadness. Your un derstanding of the stages of culture shock ca n ease the child's burden and give you a windo N into what's happening: 1. and music of another culture. resilient child. discipline. At this stage. loneline . children may appear anxious. 16 Easy & Engaging liSL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . All these areas have important implications for teachers: What kind of teacher-student relationship does the student expect? If a child misbehaves. food. Children begin to move from anxiety to comfort. religion. periods in a person's life. Shock . Give children the time and understanding they need in order to adjust. scared. gradually learning to cope and to recover from the stress of the new culture's demands. Children begin to accept and adapt to the new environment. DEEP CULTURE We might easily see differences in the language. Think of culture as consisting of various elements: family structure.

g. and teaching blends.. write "bumblebee" on one and draw a bumblebee on the other).Language Learning-Center Materials It doesn't cost much to equip your classroom with a year's worth of supplies for Englishlanguage teaching and learning. and clock (page 23). Call out simple definitions (you say.. Use one color for nouns." and a student places a marker on "butterfly") until a student gets five in a row.g.g. (e.g. such as door. silly). building a sight vocabulary of short words. Write pairs of opposites PICTURE FILE Collect photos from old magazines (many families are willing to donate magazines to the classroom) and glue them on strong backing. jumped). big. • Word-search puzzles are excellent for independent seatwork. Compile groups of synonyms (e. read. writing one word on each index card. Here's a list of supplies to help you get started: WORD GAMES •Boggle™ is good for letter recognition.. sports. or cold. and several prepositional phrases (e. Pre-teach vocabulary sets by cutting index cards into halves or quarters and having children write one new word on each card.. More proficient learners can sort homonyms (e. on the table). and even multiplication (double-word score. • Sounds the same. excited. and the equivalent word in their first language on the other (they can use bilingual dictionaries to do so).. • Labels. INDEX CARDS Keep the following sets of cards in large selfsealing plastic bags so they don't get mixed up: • Silly sentences.. animals. went. such as food. weather. students might do the following: Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom \ } ~ . Write a word on one card and draw a picture on the other (for instance. box. Have older students write a new English word on one side. Students play concentration by placing all cards facedown and then turning over cards in sets of two. Once you have a small library of images. huge. and so on. enormous).g.. boiling. freezing. good-bad) on separate index cards. for instance. learners can play different types of vocabulary-building games. On separate index cards. red. Set them out in a five-card by five-card grid (one blank card in the middle). window. 10 verbs (e. hotcold. and things in school. fine. the adult version has more letter tiles for sorting and counting.. boy. two/too/to) into piles and use each word in the pile in a different sentence. triple-letter score). the student's name).g. into bed. • Concentration.g. common materials are also the most useful. ("How many words can you find that start with ST. be/bee. an. chilly). great. "it flies. There are also commercially available magnetic versions of this activity. • Bingo. Help children use index cards to label things in their desk and around the room. over the moon. hot. amazing) and big (e. another for adjectives.g. warm. Label each picture and keep them in separate boxes or envelopes. shelf. The children's version includes picture cues. With food pictures.and wordrecognition skills.?") • Scrabble ™ assists in spelling. • Opposites. 10 nouns (e. letter recognition. trying to make a picture-word match (see concentration games on pages 27 and 46). gigantic. Some of the most inexpensive. and have children match opposites. Gather pictures in broad categories. 10 adjectives (e.g. Mix up the cards and have students sort synonyms into piles. Help students arrange them in a pocket chart (or on their desks) into silly sentences. • Flash cards. the). consonant and vowel blends. Useful categories include good (e. dog. •Synonym sort. write three articles {a.. and building letter.

My favorite is pizza. md continue to tape at regular intervals throughout the year. she. is. TAPE R ECORDER AND TAPES A simp1 e tape recorder. You can purchase them at game stores. a blueberry or a watermelon?" Color sort. tired. On one block. they make a sentence using the two words. yellow in another. excited. or you might simply use children's building blocks. Students roll the dice and see if their match is grammatically correct. I. so that the learners can begin to memorize them and sing along. Tape your new students speaking Engiisi or reading aloud in the beginning of the year. Younger children might pretend to go shopping in a supermarket or serve a fancy meal with t le images in the file. repeating two symbols). personal preferences. You might interview them (e. If not. "What ingredients do you ne ed to make a cake?" prompting students to pick out pictures of egg. were. make regular dice and talk through math concepts: "What number did you roll?" "What does four plus two equal?" Make a third block into a "symbol" block with "plus. die-shaped blocks can be made into various language games." "divided by. • Assessment. soup or ice cream?" or "Which is bigger.g. was. you. You might ask. such as "I like rice. for instance. but put six different words on the sides of six different blocks. hungry. :IIE Ansvve' simple comprehension questions without speaking. and will be. headphones. and flour. Such tapes can serve as assessment tools and be a morale boost for the • • • • I I'M Easy & EngagingESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom ." and "my favorite." • Sort ard categorize. At the half-way point or end of the year. listen to the tape together to appreciate how much second-language development has occurred. who will naturally encounter low points during the year." and "times" (include both symbols and words. "What is your name?" "Where are you from? "). Use blank stickers or permanent markers to write on them for the following activities: • Math games. • Listen to a book. "Which is warmer.. Say the date at the beginning of the tape. or mad. so that students can become familiar with math language. write he. we. learners. sad. A third block in this game might include adjectives. such as a bell or clap. Students can sort pictures by color: green vegetables or fruits in one pile. Tape songs that the class knows and sings often in school. Here are some ways to use them: • Welcome tape. red vegetables or fruits in another. that signals when to turn the page. one of fruits and one of vegetables. Invent and tell stories. • Listen to a song. write am. Have a "welcome" tape made in your newcomers' first languages and have them listen to it on their first day (page 7). Sort pictures into two piles. On another. For math-equation practice. Make up a story about what is happening in each picture. WOODEN BLOCKS Simple." "don't like. Students sort the pictures into three piles or large envelopes labeled "like." They can then say or write simple sentences. English-speaking children or parent volunteers can read books aloud on tape so that second-language learners can follow along. • Sentence games. they roll one of the dice over again until they get a match. Use the same concept as "Silly Sentences" under the "Index Cards" section (page 17). I don't like chicken. and blank tapes (trie shorter the better) can be an invaluable resource to your language learner.una • Expres:. and they (you might substitute the student's name for he or she). such as happy. You might add a sound effect. If so. • Create open-ended dramatic play scenarios." "minus. • Subject-verb agreementgames. are. blank. (Why is the woman eating the cake so happy? How does the farmer grow so many vegetables? What does t ie whipped cream say to the strawberries?) You might also give the student thre'e pictures and have them make up a story that involves all three. sugar.

left and right. 3. pointing to each word as you say it. Afterwards. This helps students who have not yet begun speaking in English. Make a double-sided copy of the mini-book pages for each student. Fold the pages in half along the solid lines. or pencils. teaching words such as front cover and back cover. one word or sentence per card. 4„ Make sure the book pages are in order. top-tobottom directionality of English writing. Some languages don't share the same left-to-right. make a single-sided copy of the pages for each student. • Give as independent seatwork. pens. they might read to younger students who share the same first language. 1 Put students in the role of leader. They are patterned so that students know what to expect.Mini-Books. This builds sight-word recognition. Point to the pictures that correspond to the text. Invite students to complete their mini-books with crayons. Children can reorder the cards as they compare them to their minibooks. Since the pages are numbered. Have students cut along the dotted lines and put the pages in order. As they use the mini-books on their own. Sit with the student and read together. Second-language learners can tape themselves reading the book (or you might tape yourself or another student). The combined auditory and visual input (the tape and the book) gives students two entry points into English. top and bottom. they can also put them together independently. They might even take the book home and teach new words to their families. Have students cut apart the panels and place the pages in order. Note: To make the mini-books for "How Many?" (pages 33-34) and "Food Friends" (pages 47-48). especially younger siblings. After repeated readings. 1 How to use the mini-books: • Work one-on-one. Easy & Engaging SL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . Once students have mastered the text in a book. Part How to make the mini-books: 1. Build word-recognition and grammar skills. the student may be able to read the books independently. and allow for creativity and a sense of satisfaction. students can listen to the tape as often as they like. Use the mini-books to help students understand and create English books. as well as auditory learners. awareness of sentence structure. Teach English concepts of print. Students who are very new can simply color the book. and beginning and end. students can look up words they don't know in a bilingual dictionary (for older children) or a picture dictionary (younger children). • As part of a listening center. Use the text in the books to teach sound-symbol correspondence and build awareness of the sounds of English: "Red starts with R " [point to the r]. provide strong visual cues that correspond directly to the text. 5. and Games USING THE MINhBOOKS Mini-books are a powerful tool for secondlanguage literacy development. 1 Teach phonics in context. Write all the text on index cards. and visual memory. Activities. placing page 3 behind the title page. then staple the book along the spine. 2. too. working at their own pace.

then have students fill in the name of a place or person in the school. "In our class. language and cultural differences. the principal. "This is the cafeteria" or "This is Ms." Have them illustrate their sentences. write "In our class. write "In [town or city's name]. then complete the sentence "I can help you . a student might write. collaborative book is a way of giving the newcomers a class-made "tour" of their new hometown. and different traditions will inevitably arise. you can . you can draw. then have students fill in the blank with a favorite classroom activity. Make a copy for each student. For instance. "My name is Mara. Here are some co laborative book ideas to help children build a 5 ense of community and support for the new students. For instance. engage the class in a half-day research project to find out everything they can about the students' home countries and languages." Make a copy for each student. For instance. copy the cover ("Welcome to Our Class. " Encourage them to illustrate the page. Have students fill in something fun to do in your town. write "This is " on a piece of paper. you can ." page 22) onto construction paper and bind the pages into a book. write the name of your town and state on construction paper. "In San Francisco." She could then attach a photograph of herself e r a drawing of a bus. . On a sheet of white paper. On a piece of paper. they will also learn important things about the students' culture (see "Looking at Cultural Differences. You might also simply post a world map and help students add pushpins to indicate their family's origins. Make a copy of page 21 for each student. I can help you find the right bus." page 16). Not only will their findings sensitize them to the newcomers' situation. Perez." Make a copy for each student. Our School." Encourage students to draw a picture of what they wrote. FAMILY ORIGINS Consider a whole-class unit on family origins. This CULTURE RESEARCH Before the new students arrive. When everyone has completed their pages. Newcomers might carry this book with them throughout the day so that they begin to connect names with places and faces. Give each student a copy of the page and have them write their names in the space providec. To familiarize newcomers to places around school." Have students illustrate or attach a photograph of whatever they write about. Present the collaborative book to your new students. Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . For the book cover. This collaborative book can help build whole-class responsibility for helping newcomers while also helping the new students learn their classmates' names. MORE COLLABORATIVE BOOK IDEAS Encourage your class to create additional collabor itive books that will introduce newcomers tjo their new environment: OurTowrt. Engage students in a discussion about the many di :ferent ways they might help the newcomers.^ m n m JE Wei owing the Newcomers Preparin g a group of native English speakers to welcome newcomers to the United States can be a vah able and enriching process.. you can ride a cable caij to Fisherman's Wharf.. Themes of immigration. . In Our Class. For instance. a topic relevant to all students. MAKE A| COLLABORATIVE BOOK My Name Is.

Draw yourself (or glue a photo) here My name is I can help you .

^eXco«ne to O u r -—i C / 0 f New Student's Name UAi// i .

drink. times. such as a pen. School Charades. paper clip. HOME CONNECTION Students can take their mini-books home to make an "At Home" version of the "At School" mini-book. Have students complete the mini-book "At School" (page 25-26). Ask students to open their eyes and tell you what is missing. scissors. They might want to use a bilingual or picture dictionary to help them. turn the page. read. Give children crayons and let them rub the paper until the objects show through. ART Crayon Rubbings. Encourage them to label the objects. Use the following activities. jump. run. On index cards. quiet. Rhyming riddles and detailed photographs of school scenes. useful for any age. writing the words on the lines below the pictures. and then ask them to close their eyes. raise your hand. 1995). and piece of paper. tips. line up. calculator. close. This will help new students learn the words for many things in the classroom. write. To play concentration. write verbs and phrases. stand. open. ask them to cover the pictures and test themselves on the words.Part At School Second-language learners will need to know basic vocabulary and how to follow simple classroom instructions. such as sit. paper clip. Give each newcomer student a copy of the Picture Dictionary (page 24) to study and color.. You might also read aloud into a tape recorder some of the books listed in Book Links (below) so that students can begin following along independently. pencil. Make two copies of page 27 for each newcomer student. Make sure students know the objects' names. Easy & Engaging SL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom .g. Then. Remove one item from the group. (Introduce one object at a time. ruler. and turn in your paper. Then break the whole class into small groups to play School Charades using the words and phrases on the index cards. students can use colored markers and index cards to label different objects around your room. (You can also use this idea for English-speaking new readers. with rhyming text. Using both the Picture Dictionary and mini-book as reference. This Is the Way We Go to School: A Book About Children Around the World by Edith Baer (Econo-Clad. eat. Model each action first. An international look at going to school. point. Invite students to color the objects. and mini-books to help them build vocabulary and begin to function in the classroom. then turn over two at a time to make a match. repeating its name several BOOK LINKS I Spy School Days by Jean Marzollo (Scholastic. spiral edge of a notebook) and cover them with a large sheet of thin white paper. What's Missing? Take five small objects found in the classroom. Take several school-related objects (e. CLASSROOM FUN School Concentration. pencil. MAKE A MINI-BOOK At School.) LISTENING CENTER Have students listen to the welcome tape you made earlier (see page 7). eraser. they can cut apart the cards. have students put all the cards facedown. 1999). Scale down the activity to three objects if all the object words are new to the students.) Let students look closely at the objects for a minute. Once they are familiar with many of the words.

School Picture Dictionary .

Friends! 8 board and eraser .

AT SCHOOL i paper and pencil .

teacher and student 2 notebook and book 4 .

scissors and cilus chair and desk 5 .

kJ IS! desk chair paper NJ ______ .School Concentration Cards student teacher scissors crayons clock book notebook friends | i_ 1 map • A l» TT W calendar OiMMr.1 1 » 1 > ffl glue pencil rc i Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom ~ .

1991) Eating the Alphabet: Fruits and Vegetables from A to Z by Lois Ehlert (Harcourt. More proficient students can choose a theme (e. . Hague (Henry Holt. Repeat until the entire alphabet has been covered. animals) or write a book with alliterative sentences (e. Give students a full set of Scrabble™ tiles to alphabetize. When they are finished. HOME CONNECTION If a new student's first language does not use the Roman alphabet. 1993) 26 Letters and 99 Cents by Tana Hoban (Greenwillow. Students can play concentration. Martin Jr. and illustrate it. 1962) Animalia by Graeme Base (Abrams. Cut a sheet of butcher paper or chart paper into a soup-bowl shape and invite children to stamp letters on it with letter stamps or sponges. one letter per page. food. Chicka Chicka Boom Boom by B. Second-language learners can listen to the tape as they read their mini-books. Encourage students to make their own alphabet book. or to sing his or her language's version of the alphabet song. LISTENING CENTER Tape other children singing the alphabet song in different voices: soft. 1992) From Acorn to Zoo: And Everything in Between in Alphabetical Order by Satoshi Kitamura (Farrar Strauss Giroux. 1999) Alligators All Around by Maurice Sendak (HarperCollins. so that each book page features a list. use alphabet cookie cutters (available through school-supply catalogs or toy stores) to make letter cookies. and J.. Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom Ashanti to Zulu: African Traditions by Margaret Musgrove (Dial. matchi ng big to little. For children unfamiliar with the alphabet . and so on.• ABQ's A strong foundation in letter recognition and letter-sound correspondence provides learners with successful early literacy experiences.g. My Alphabet Book. Archambault (Simon & Schuster. cut the top portion of the page along the dotted line and tape it securely to their desks. 1987) Alphabears: An ABC Book by K. When they're finished. point to one letter and say its sound. You can also use the cookie cutters on sliced bread or cheese slices. Big and Little. loud. Have students color and assemble "My Alphabet Book" (pages 29-30). and practice writing each letter on the lines provided. 1987) . 1992) The Z Was Zapped: A Play in 26 Acts by Chris Van Allsberg (Houghton Mifflin. they might add words that begin with each letter. MAKES A MINI-BOOK As a wa rm-up for making their mini-books. invite a family member to teach the class how to write some simple words using the new student's alphabet. CLASSROOM FUN Lots of Lefters. Have children circle that letter in the bowl. 1993) ART Alphabet Soup. "Annie ate apples"). have stu dents practice writing each letter of the alphabe on page 31.g. BOOK LINKS Alphabet books provide a rich opportunity to teach sound-symbol correspondence and build vocabulary. deep voice. Over time. Eat the Letters.. Use 52 index cards to write out of uppercase letter cards and one set one set of lowercase. baby voice.

Now I know my ABC's. 8 . next time won't you sing with me? Draw yourself here.

MY ALPHABET BOOK Aa BbCc bd Ee FfGg Hhli JjKkLIMmNnOo PpQq.Rr SsTt Uu VvWw Xx Yy Zz 3 .

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Rich illustrations help students learn to count to 100. Students can form a domino chain. Students can play math or counting games with the bills. make extra copies. sing "one two three four five six seven. They might act out or illustrate a scenario that reflects the idiom. Have students cut the panels apart. You might want to cover the presidents' faces before you copy the bills so students can draw self-portraits. they get a point. To make play money. •c: LISTENING CENTER Make a tape that puts counting to music. This wordless book contains detailed illustrations. Encourage students to count the children in each panel and practice writing the number words in the space provided. • • • • • • • • • • • • Easy as one. WORD PLAY With more advanced students. share idioms related to numbers. CLASSROOM FUN Make Do ninoes. Students can color them all shades of green. Since most languages share the same numera system as English and since math is a less language-demanding area. Students may later want to make their own counting books. matching dominoes with the same numbers. good for all ages. From One to One Hundred by Teri Sloat (Puffin. 'Do you have a red five?" or "I need a blue two. Have students play wit 1 an English-speaking partner who can model questions using numbers and colors. 1XM Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . creating their own currency. page 36. HOME CONNECTION Encourage students to make a mini-book with their family that explains the money system in their native country. three One-track mind Two peas in a pod Two-faced Four corners of the earth Give me five (high five) Six of one. two. (For a longer game. copy money bills in different denominations onto white paper and cut them apart. placing the pages in sequential order before stapling them into a b^ok. available on tape and CD. Photocopy the dominoes on BOOK LINKS Anno's Counting Book by Mitsumasa Anno (HarperCollins. For instance. eight nine ten and then eleven" to the tune of "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star. If they match b )th. 1995). These activities and references can help them do so. They can follow the format of the "How Many?" mini-book and present it to the rest of the class." More proficient learners can benefit from the "Schoolhouse Rock" math songs. many students can ease: into math right away. You might also have students match numbers or colors.) Have stu dents color each domino a different color one color per domino) and cut apart the dom noes along the dashed lines. 1986).fJHSwm Numbers and Counting Being able to count and do grade-level math in English can help build a new student's confidence. Have them use "Numbers and Math Words" on page 35 for reference. MAK! A MINI-BOOK How Maiy? Make a copy of the "How Many?" mini-book (pages 33-34) for each student. half a dozen of another Behind the eight ball On cloud nine Dressed to the nines Touch something with a 10-foot pole Eleventh hour ART My Money.

How many? How many? How many? Three How many? How many? Tour Five .

How many How many? How many? How many? How many people are in your family? Draw a picture of your family here. .

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Easy & Engaging ES L Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom

All About Me
Being able to share basic autobiographical information, refer to physical characteristics, and express personal likes and dislikes are all important for second-language learners.

Share idioms related to body parts with more advanced students. They might write them on the corresponding body part of their life-size self-portraits. • • • • • • • • • • • • • Butterflies in my stomach Big head I'm all ears Keep a straight face Green thumb Two left feet Knock-kneed Heart of gold On your toes Head and shoulders above the rest Cost an arm and a leg Apple of my eye See eye to eye

All About Me. Invite students to bring in photos of themselves and help them make the "All About Me" mini-book (pages 39-40). Students can interview a friend and make another book based on them. Other mini-book ideas include "My Life Story," which would include stories that reflect important events in the students' life, or "My Home Country," in which students can use maps and photos.

Self-Portraits. Invite students to complete the "Parts of the Body" sheet (page 38). Next, have students take turns tracing each other on large pieces of butcher paper. Students can then cut out the outlines of their bodies and draw life-size self-portraits, labeling each body part. Introduce more advanced vocabulary, such as eyelash, eyebrow, chin, and forehead.

Encourage students to share their mini-books with their families. Together, they might make an "All About My Family" book.

Simon Says. Playing games that require nonverbal responses allows students to demonstrate comprehension without having to speak. You might integrate numbers into the game as well (e.g., "Simon says, 'Show me four fingers.'"). Two Eyes, a Nose and a Mouth by Roberta Grobel Intrater (Scholastic, 2000). Photos of men, women, and children from all over the world, along with simple rhyming text, teach the parts of a face. The Human Body: A First Discovery Book by Sylviane Perols, Gallimard Jeunesse (Scholastic, 1996). This interactive book with a magic paper flashlight is appropriate for older readers who are ready to explore the human body in detail.

Have students read their "All About Me" mini-books into a tape recorder and listen to it again and again. If they are not speaking yet, read it for them so that they may listen and internalize the language patterns.

Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom

Parts of the Body
Head Draw yourself. Copy the words.


) .Nice to meet you! (Draw yourself again. (Draw your family here.) 8 This is my family.

ALL ABOUT ME I am from 3 .

apartment. (city.) 2 I live at (Draw your house. state) 4 . or street.) (street.My name is Hells' (Draw yourself here.

) 7 I am years old.d d s (Draw your class or classroom.) .I ' m In s r . (Add candles to your cake.

and sort color samples according to the taped segment they are hearing. Make a color label by writing the name of each color in its color on a separate piece of paper (write the word "red" in red). Have them listen to a taped version of My Crayons Talk (see Book Links). 1 tsp. Red. is red. Make a copy of "Color the Shapes" (page 42) for each student. CLASSROOM FUN Eye-Color Survey. 1 stick butter. They can make an eye-color chart by gluing small. My Crayons Talk by Patricia Hubbard (Henry Holt. cream of tartar.Part Colors and Shapes Once students know how to use words for colors and shapes. They might act out or illustrate a scenario that reflects the idiom." Let the children choose two colors and help them narrate their color creations just as you did." Color the Shapes. and familiar nouns are presented in a puzzle adventure. WORD PLAY Share idioms related to colors with more advanced students. is red. their expressive vocabulary will be greatly enhanced. Add white dough to teach "light" and "lighter. show a rectangle next to "one stick of butter. • Every cloud has a silver lining HOME CONNECTION Copy the recipe below. shapes. For instance. and let them sit with their "Make a Rainbow" mini-book. Use these activities to build and enrich language. give students no more than 10 crayons or markers in basic colors. • • • • • • • • Turned pink Green with envy Golden opportunity The grass is always greener Feeling blue Red tape Red carpet Black sheep ART Color Clay. Encourage second-language learners to conduct an eye-color survey among their classmates. and 2 eggs together. 1/2 cup shortening. invite students to complete the "Make a Rainbow" mini-book (pages 43^44). Shape into balls and roll in colored sugar or sprinkles." Rainbow Cookies Mix 1 1/2 cups sugar. BOOK LINKS Of Colors and Things by Tana Hoban (Mulberry. Next. adding rebus symbols. Colors. 2 tsp. 1996). MAKE A MINI-BOOK Make a Rainbow. Start by taking a little red and a little blue dough and say "Red [hold up red] and blue [hold up blue] make purple [squish the two colors together]. is red. As children learn the names for different colors. salt. yellow and blue. Give students play dough in red. and 1/4 tsp. 1999). Help them read the directions and color the shapes. Easy & Engaging SL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . have them fill in the blanks in the following pattern to create their own color poems: What is red? is red. Add 2 3/4 cups flour. To prevent initial frustration as they learn the words for specific colors. Bake 8-10 minutes at 400°. baking soda. colored-paper circles (representing different eye colors) to a piece of construction paper. Each crayon in the box has something to say in this rhyming book. LISTENING CENTER Gather paint samples from a paint or hardware store and have children sort them into their own labeled groups.

Color the triangles green. Color the diamonds orange. .Color the Shapes circle square triangle diamond rectangle Color the circles red. Color the rectangles purple. Color the squares blue. Color the ovals yellow.

8 .

MAKE A RAINBOW! (I red )Jp> ( ( orange ( ( Hellow (( green i ( blue (( purple T F P > orange 3 .

red 2 red orange .


g. The Kids' Multicultural Cookbook by Deanna F. grains. Invite students to make a dream grocery list. ". Photographs and simple text explore how bread is eaten and enjoyed all over the world. "Thirty cents. ART Food Group Murals. 1998). Gather old food magazines and invite students to make food-group murals — a poster of fruits. LISTENING CENTER The mini-book will help build readers' confidence.. then the two reverse roles.. Display their work on a bulletin board covered in an old tablecloth. Cook (Williamson. To assemble the "Food Friends" mini-book (pages 47-48).g..g. They might act out or illustrate a scenario that reflects the idiom. Have students tape themselves and listen to the book over and over again. then cut out the cards to play food-group concentration. BOOK LINKS Bread. Tongue twisters. too Butter someone up Baloney! Nuts about .. please. and so on. 1995). 1 Scream. MAKE A MINI-BOOK Food Friends. The students can teach the rest of the group how to make the recipe.. Encourage students to read the finished book with a buddy. Glue the pages to a piece of tagboard. Bread. A great resource for in-class cooking. have students use a picture or bilingual dictionary to label each picture with a sticky note. They might bring in a holiday favorite.") The customer gives the money.. Have students use play money and the poster from above to play supermarket. HOME CONNECTION Invite your new students to bring a special recipe from home. WORD PLAY Share food-related idioms with more advanced students. Your second-language student ("customer") names what he or she wants on the poster and an English-speaking student ("cashier") says how much it will cost (e.. a special family treat. CLASSROOM FUN Grocery List. Easy & Engaging SL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . too. The buddy reads the first word on each page (e. 1993). Bread by Ann Morris (Mulberry. Food Concentration. Make two copies of the Food Concentration Cards (page 46). have students cut the panels apart and put the pages in order before stapling together. proteins. and limericks explore all kinds of food. students will be able to satisfy their primary needs as well as carry concepts of nutrition over to their second language. dairy. and eggs"). or a traditional food from their country of origin. • • • • • • • • • • • • Walking on eggs Top banana The big apple Apple of my eye Bring home the bacon Too many cooks spoil the broth Life is a bowl of cherries Don't cry over spilled milk You can't have your cake and eat it. Next. one of vegetables.Part Food With a basic vocabulary of food words. You Scream: A Feast of Food Rhymes by Lillian Morrison (August House Little Folk. "bacon") and the second-language learner completes the phrase (e. chants.

— n carrot onion salad tomato corn peas Q O bread spaghetti chicken eggs ice cream cheese spoon knife napkin Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom .Food Concentration Cards banana grapes orange opple hamburger sandwich — ————— ———— -.

FOOD FRIENDS bacon and eggs cereal and milk hamburger and french fries spaghetti and meatballs peanut butter and jelly rice and beans bread and butter .

peas and carrots salad and dressing turkey and stuffing chips and salsa oagel and earn c cr4am cheese pie and ice cream 13 milk! and cookies Food friends: Me and you! .

• Dog days of summer • Fresh as a daisy • Spring chicken • Time flies • Waste time • Rome wasn't built in a day • The last minute • Watch the clock • Around the clock • First thing in the morning ART Make a Calendar. such as "Turn the clock to 3:30 or 12:00. Help them write in important days. Contains photos of different kinds of clocks. 12 for months) and write the name of each day or month in pencil. months. date... More advanced learners can make sentences ("Today is. Provide students with a model calendar and art supplies to decorate each month and write in the months and days. provide large index cards (seven for days of the week. To help students learn the days of the week and months of the year. Have your class compare how the calendars are similar and different. or holiday (Presidents' Day. school closed) on a corresponding day or month. Once students can tell time well." or "Two more months until. LISTENING CENTER Provide students with a play clock and a reading of the mini-book "Eating Around the Clock" on tape. Have students trace over the word using markers.... holidays. and seasons can help anchor new students to a routine. BOOK LINKS Take Off With Time by Sally Hewill (Raintree/Steck-Vaughn. Students might also take home the calendar template to make a bilingual calendar with their families.. Easy & Engaging SL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom ."). Encourage them to decorate the card. This way. Includes a template for a make-your-own clock. 1996). Shuffle the cards and challenge students to put them in order. Make 12 copies of the page for each student. • March comes in like a lion and goes out like a lamb. they can see what to expect each day. and uses numbers and words to explore the concept of time. event (school play today). Help them manipulate the hands on the clock as they listen to the book.. WORD PLAY Share idioms with more advanced students and have them illustrate or act out a scenario that reflects the idiom. such as birthdays..Part Time and Date Understanding and using words related to time. make copies of the schedule grid (page 50) and help newcomer students make a weekly schedule.." "The spring months are. You might teach them to count to 30 or to name the days of the week. and class events... you might tape instructions. Use the calendar template on page 53 to help students make their own yearly calendars.." MAKE A MINI-BOOK Eating Around the Clock. a permission slip for a field trip. a daily schedule. such as sneakers for gym class. Chicken Soup With Rice by Maurice Sendak (HarperCollins. CLASSROOM FUN CalendarCounting." "Yesterday was. or extra money for the school fair. 1991).. Help students make and read the "Eating Around the Clock" mini-book (pages 51-52)." "Tomorrow will be. write things students need to remember for the next day. depicting a daily schedule (gym).. This classic introduces the months of the year. HOME CONNECTION Invite children to bring in calendars in their native language. Next. In the space at the bottom of the schedule for each day.

's Week Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Remember! Remember! Remember! Remember! Remember! .

R\ .ix-thirty ( : ) is dinnertime! 8 At five o'clock t ) the worm ate five fries.

.At two o'clock ( : ) the worm ate two tomatoes.

At one o'clock ( : J the worm ate one orange. 2 At three o'clock ( : ) the worm ate three turkeys. .

At six o'clock ( : ) the worm ate six sandwiches. . At four o'clock ( : ) the worm ate four figs.

month Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday .

Working with a small group. "From the Black Sea to my favorite playground.. You might also teach them the simpler state nicknames (e. and blue Old Glory White House Melting pot CLASSR OOM FUN Cross-Country Road Trip..Livi ig in the U. there are celebrations to enjoy. shiny star stickers. Next. have students make a list of their favorite things about living in the United $tates. Continue until there is a line of cards stretching coast to coast. As a writing extension activity. the middle and challenge the students to "travel" from coast to coast using their cards as tickets. Help new students rewrite "This Land Is Your Land" to be about their country of origin. ("We left Moscow on a plane. and giu$. • • • • • • • Big Apple Windy City American as apple pie The red. Encourage them to pick several important or favorite places in their home country (for instance." ART Wave v our Flag. white. or Oregon) they may put one of these states down. have them draw the flag of their country of origin. Help them co|unt the stars and stripes on the U. divide the pile so that each child has a small stack of states. 1987). scissors. comparisons to make.S. simple introduction to C the signs children see in their new surroundings. As students adjust to their new environment. Then. Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . We flew to New York and got in a taxi."). flag and: color the flag. A bright. paint. Let new students listen to the tapes as they make their books. apd songs to sing! LISTENING CENTER Ask an English-speaking student to help you record the mini-books in this section on tape. flag and the flag of their ho me country to share with the class. the student with the California card pui s it down on the map.. The Sunshine State)..A. markers." you may also want to get a musical recording and invite your whole class to sing along.. a star rub 3er stamp. For "This Land Is Your Land. Have them make another one of their least favorite." for instance. WORD PLAY Share some "American" idioms with more advanced students. students can describe the route to the class in English. crayons. You can play by starting on either the West or East Coast or from a northern or southern state. then record their version of the song. We stopped in Germany and changed planes. Provide them with a variety of materials: constructioi i paper. ask student! to make a US. The next day. with the help of a map.S. Students might also start sentences with "It is different here because. Write each state's name on an irdex card.. The Lone Star State.") BOOK LINK / Read Signs by Tana Hoban (William Morrow & Co. If students have e bordering state (Nevada. Arizona. When you say "California. HOME CONNECTION Have students ask their families to relate the route they took to the United States.g. Put a large map of the United States ir. Copy the flags reproducible (page 55') for each newcomer student. MAKE A MINI-BOOK Help s tudents complete the mini-books "The Pledge f Allegiance" (pages 55-56) and "This Land Is Your Land" (pages 57-58).

. indivisible.) for all. 8 one nation.(Draw yourself and your friends or family here. under God.

THE PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE \ — ^s 1 to the flag .

This Land is Your Land (Draw a friend.) 2 From California .

." To the New York Island.To the Gulf Stream Waters.

too. Leave the stars WHITE.) . The Flag of My Native Country: (Draw your f l a g here. Leave the other stripes WHITE. Color around the stars BLUE.The Flag of the United States ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ftft ftftft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft Color every other stripe RED.

May I use the bathroom? Can you speak slower. please? I speak a ittle English. please? May I get a drink? Can you repeat that? Where are we going? What does mean? I don't feel well. I need a This is too hard. Can you show me. I don't speak English. I have a question. Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom .What Should I Say? Translate these sentences into your native language. I know the answer. I know the answer. Can you h4lp me? I understand. This is too easy. How do you say I don't understand. but I can't say it in English.

4. 5. 4. 2. My Personal Dictionary Date: 1. 5.My Personal Dictionary Date: 1. 3. .

1997) Anno's LISA by Mitsumasa Anno (Paper Star. JJsborne's Animated First Thousand Words (Scholastic). 1989) Anno's Journey by Mitsumasa Anno (Paper Star. is a newsletter for: English as a Foreign Language teachers. Chicka Chicka Boom Boom (Simon & Schuster) C is a wonderful musical and visual introduction to the Roman alphabet. you might read it doud to the group so that the newcomer can pick out the basic themes. Clear visua caes and simple text will aid students' comprehension and help them feel that they are not a one in their experience. Dragon Child by Michele Surat Surat (Scholastic. Amigos! by Tricia Brown (Henry Holt.nabe.etanewsletter. There are several excellent resources for second-languagt learners. is a comprehensive vocabulary-building is a comprehensive resource for all teachers working with secondlanguage has games for secondlanguage learners. 1998) Call Me Ruth by Marilyn Sachs (Willam Morrow &c Co. 1992) How My Family Lives in America by Susan Kuklin (Simon & Schuster. Kimberly Danforth (Waterfront Books. Arthur's Reading Race (Creative Wonders) is a "living book" that involves environmental print and allows students to construct their own sentences. 1991) is the Web site for the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages Association.. 1991) Coming to America: The Kid's Book About Immigration by David Fassler. http://www. 1996) The Lor Way to a New Land by Joan Sandin (HarperjTrophy. Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom has chat rooms for teachers of second-language learners. http://eslgames.tesol. 1993) Angel Child.Classroom Resources NEWCOMER LIBRARY These books address the special experiences of ch ldren new to the United States. 1^99) Journey to America by Sonia Levitin (Atheneum.eslmag. 1986) The Star Fisher by Laurence Yep (Puffin. If a book is too advanced for an individual learner. 1995) Children of the River by Linda Crew (Laurel Leaf.nglish! by Ellen Levine (Econo-Clad. visual cues and new vocabulary. Here are a few: 1 Spy series (Scholastic) is rich in rhyme. 1993) Orphan Train Rider: One Boy's True Story by Andrea Warren (Houghton is an online ESL magazine. an interactive picture dictionary. 1992) Hoang Anh: A Vietnamese-American Boy by Diane Hoyt-Goldsmith (Holiday House. America the Beautiful by Katharine Lee Bates (Athene um. http://www. 1992) C / Hate F. 1994) CD-ROMS Independent computer work with CD-ROMS car be a great source of language development. USEFUL WEB SITES http://www. http://www. 1993) Everybody Cooks Rice by Norah Dooley (The Lerner Publishing Group. 2000) Yang the Youngest and His Terrible Ear by Lensey Namioka (Yearling Books. 1992) Train to Somewhere by Eve Bunting (Houghton Mifflin. 1992) In My father's House by Ann Rinaldi (EconoClad. is the Web site for the National Association for Bilingual Education.

Garcia. Ford. Multicultural Teaching: A Handbook of Activities. 1990.Model for the Empowerment of Minority Students: Implications for Teacher Education.C. S. Martin's Press. Glasscock. Maps. New York. Washington. Boston. Boston. J. Englewood Cliffs.. Sara. Haynes. 6(3). Los Gatos. 1988.. .• BI BLIOGRAPHY OF PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT BOOKS Asher. Krashen. MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. Newcomer Program: Activity Copymasters & Teacher's Guide.. Englewood Cliffs. 1978. ed. P.: National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education. 1994. Photos and More! New York. 1982.M. Vilot.. Prentice Hall Regents. 1997. MA: Christopher-Gordon Publishers. New York. NY: St. Classroom Teacher's ESL Survival Kit #1. Elizabeth. 1989. 1995. I. Puzzles. 1991. MA: Allyn & Bacon. 1997. Karen. Saville-Troike. 101 Bright Ideas: ESL Activities for All Ages. Claire. ESL Teacher's Activities Kit. VA: National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education. 1999. Reading. E. NJ: Prentice Hall Trade. Smallwood. Elizabeth and Haynes. Judie. & Tiedt. CA: Sky Oaks Productions. Understanding and Meeting the Challenge of Student Diversity. 323-346. Lily. 1994. Judie. Oxford: Pergamon Press. Upper Saddle River. Cummins. NY: Scholastic Professional Books. Learning Another Language Through Actions. Harris. 1998. M. Wong Fillmore. 1996. Principles and Practices in SecondLanguage Acquisition. Prentice Hall Regents. 1996. 1992. Baicker.A. C. NY: Scholastic Professional Books.. New York. Tiedt. A Guide to Culture in the Classroom. Betty Ansin. Rosslyn. Igoa. New York. J. NY: Longman. Poems. Immigration: Then and Now. Teaching Multicultural Literature in Grades K-8... and Resources. Claire Maria.. Richard-Amato. Claire. D. Reading.. 1992. MA: Houghton Mifflin. The Inner World of the Immigrant Child. 1998.L... J. Making It Happen: Interaction in the Second-Language Classroom. Read-Aloud Plays: Immigration. P." Early Childhood Research Quarterly. Easy & Engaging ESL Activities and Mini-Books For Every Classroom . Inc. The Kids' Book of the 50 Great States: A Stateby-State Scrapbook Filled With Facts. NY: Scholastic Professional Books. NJ: Alemany Press. NJ: Alemany Press. "When Learning a Second Language Means Losing the First. Information. The Literature Connection: A Read-Aloud Guide for Multicultural Classrooms. Norwood. MA: AddisonWesley Publishing Co.

you should be proud. You listened to and spoke English every day.1 I I i i 1 i i ongratulations! Student's Name I I i i You came to a new school and started learning a new language. Yoii began to understand a new country. You didn't stop trying! fa a m i m fa fa Rl m m m a I For all these things. i You made it! m .

the ones that go bo school with us for a day's work . . and a sample chapter or activities (along with color photos. a table of contents. to: M. In fact. address.anuscript Editor Scholastic Professional Books 555 Broadway New York. . . stamped envelope large enou gh to h old your materials. the ones that go home with us to help in planning. NY 10012 Please include a self-addressed. like you. many Scholastic Professional Books are wn tten b y teachers. We' re always delighted when teachers say. phone number. Wei ook forward to hearing from you! — T lie e d i t o r s pOES NLO K R FSO Ag OS I ^SCHOLASTIC You can find Scholastic Professional Books at your local teacher store or call 1 -80C>-SCHOLAS(TIC).V From tke Editors at Scholastic Professional Books Dear Reader. If you have an idea for a book vou believe could help oth er teachers in any grade from K—8. . . . if you have them). . helping you bring fresh ideas into your classroom. and keeping you up to date wi th the 1 atest trends m education. please let us know! Send us a letter that includes your name. who work in schools every day. Your co mm en L tell us that our hooks work for you—supporting you in your daily s planning and long-range goals. and the grade you teach. "Your hooks are the ones we use .

numbers.E S L Activities and Mini-Books for Every Classroom Looking for helpful ways to teach students who are learning English as a second language—andwelcome them into your classroom? This easy-to-use guide contains helpful tips for preparing for your new students/ assessing their needs and abilities/ and communicating with the students' families. A great way to help new students ease their way into the classroom community. and more. foods.. shapes. Jefferson City. <reatlK Activities & Reproducible* That Help Kidi of All Utmtas Slylei Mailer Currive Writ in g Super Practice Sheets Nifty Mnemonic! A Better Utter Mini-Lessons Sensational Stationery Cursive Concentration Cool Clay Writing And Much More! Handwriting Hospital . MO 65102 . Easy & Engaging Other Books of Interest Care & Cooperate i Discussion 4 Art Ac IL villus That Help sponsicllii? & Respect lor Olliers Milium Teaching Kids to 101 Quick. 2931 East McCarty Street. J Jkqg) a c h i n g K i d s to -e & C o o p e r a t e Grades 2 .5 J: 0-439-09849-1 The Big B o o k of R e p r o d u c i b l e Graphic Organizers All Grades ISBN: 0-590-37884-8 C u r s i v e Writing M a d e E a s y & Fun! Grades 2 . time. Thematic mini-books and games help build basic English vocabulary and teach primary concepts/ such as colors.5 ISBN: 0-439-11369-5 ISBN ISBN 3 • T7fl-D-43T-lS3cll-l •:0-431-15311-3 Scholastic Inc.

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