Dialogues: Grammar


A: “Hi! How's it going?” B: “What's up?” Informal vs. Formal Forms of Address (Introduction) No Verb To Be in the Present Tense Russian to English: Fixed Expressions

Note: The English transcription given in square brackets below the Russian text is a very rough guide that will be used until the entire alphabet is presented. Listen carefully to your instructor and the recordings for the exact pronunciation.

Диалђг A.
ВЎра Véra МЏша Mísha ВЎра Véra МЏша Mísha ВЎра Véra
5 4 3 2 1

ПривЎт! Как делЌ?
МЏша, привЎт! Как дeлЌ? [Mísha, privét! Kak delá?] Хорошђ. А у тeбј? [Khoroshó. A u tebyá?] ТЌк сeбе. [Ták sebе.] ИзвинЏ, мнe нЎкогда. ПокЌ. [Izviní, mne nékogda. Poká.] Ну, лЌдно, до свидáния. (МЏша walks away) Нахáл! [Nu, ládno, do svidániya. (Misha walks away) Nakhál!]
Well, OK, see you later. (Misha walks away) Jerk! Sorry, I’m in a hurry. Later. So-so.

Hi! How’s it going?
Misha, hi! How’s it going? (How are things?) Good. And with you? (How about you?)

Диалђг Б.
Њра Yúra НЏна Nína Њра Yúra НЏна Nína Њра Yúra
10 9 8 7 6

Что слѕшно?
НЏна, привЎт! Что слѕшно? [Nína, privét! Chto slíshno?] Нe спрЌшивай. А у тeбј? [Ne spráshivay. A u tebyá?] Ничeгђ. [Nichevó.] ИзвинЏ, мнe нЎкогда. ПокЌ. [Izviní, mne nékogda. Poká.]

What’s up?
Nina, hi! What’s up?

Don’t ask. And with you?

Nothing. (Everything is pretty much OK.)

Sorry, I’m in a hurry. Later.

Ну, лЌдно, до свидЌния. (НЏна walks away) НахЌлка! [Nu, ládno, do svidániya. (Nina walks away) Nakhálka!]

Well, all right, see you later. (Nina walks away) Jerk!


jerk (male) what’s up?. I have to run (lit: ‘to me there is no time’) (see you) later well. Saying привЎт to your professor would roughly be the same as saying Hey. what’s up?.. Formal Forms of Address (Introduction) привЎт! (1) ВЎра uses привЎт hi. 1-2 .: ‘what is audible?’) don’t ask nothing (Ничегђ also has an adverbial meaning not bad.А Informal vs. what’s new? (lit..1-й урђк Граммáтика СловЌрь 1 1 Vocabulary [privét] [kak delá?] two words – one stress [khoroshó] [a u tebyá?] [ták sebe] two words – one stress [izviní] [mne nékogda] [poká] [nu] [ládno] [do svidániya] two words – one stress [nakhál] [chto slíshno? ] [ne spráshivay] two words – one stress [nichevó] [nakhálka] hi (used only with friends and family) how’s it going? how are things? good. distinguishes between formal and informal forms of address.) female version of нахЌл привЎт как дeлЌ? хорошђ а у тeбј? тЌк сeбе извинЏ мнe нЎкогда покЌ ну лЌдно до свидЌния нахЌл что слѕшно? нe спрЌшивай ничегђ нахЌлка 2 2 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 6 7 8 10 (Numbers following words and phrases below refer to lines in dialogue) 1. an informal greeting. man. speak Russian only to your friends. Until then. OK. (not too advisable). pardon (me). sorry I’m in a hurry. see you later rude person who does not think of others. like many languages. OK. We will see an example of a formal form of address in Lesson 3. Russian. well and you? (lit: ‘and by you?’) so-so (this is somewhat negative) excuse (me). all right (sign of agreement) good-bye. with her friend МЏша.

g. так = so.Б Russian Has No Verb To Be in the Present Tense как делЌ (1). yet together так себе means so-so. there is no verb. the sentence consists of just как = how and дeлЌ = things. e. In Russian the present tense of the verb be (am. not great. 1 The ∅ (‘zero’) symbol will be used throughout this book to indicate the absence of a word or ending. “I teacher. thus + сeбЎ = to oneself. (a) jerk..” 1. Russian is not that different from English. e. the Russian equivalent of the question How’s it going?. My husband engineer. This explains why you may hear а Russian speaking English say.g.. matters. is) is not expressed. до= until + свидЌния = meeting (which is similar to the French au revoir). 1-3 . Some other examples: Как how Что What МЏша Misha ∅1 are ∅ is ∅ is делЌ? things? слѕшно? audible (What’s new?) нахЌл. до свидЌния good-bye (5) The dialogues and texts in this book contain numerous “fixed expressions. are. We will be sure to alert you in such cases. что слѕшно (6) Note that in Как дeлЌ?. and in many cases a literal word for word translation will result in a grammatical sentence − but not always. In other cases no such “addition” is possible.Граммáтика Grammar Lesson 1 1. Actually. Below are expressions from the dialogues roughly in order of predictability of meaning: Predictable что what + + + + + слѕшно? audible = = = = = what’s up? good-bye with you? I’m in a hurry so-so до until свидЌния meeting Somewhat predictable у by тебј? you мне to me нЎкогда there is no time Not predictable тЌк so себе self Just be aware that (obviously!) learning Russian is not simply a matter of translating English words into Russian words and vice versa.В Russian to English: Fixed Expressions тЌк себе so-so (3).” In some cases the meaning of the phrase can be predicted more or less from the sum of the parts.

1-й урђк Граммáтика NOTE ON CHAPTER ONE: DON’T PANIC! Within the next two weeks you will be presented with no small amount of material. Don’t give up! And don’t drop the course either. Practice everything you hear out loud in order to get accustomed to the sounds and intonation of the Russian language. If there’s anything you don’t understand about grammar. will soon become second nature. • • 1-4 . But here are some things to bear in mind during this time: • • The main goal of Chapter One is to master the Russian alphabet and sound system. By doing this. We also wanted to include some useful words and expressions (like asking how things are going or saying that someone is a jerk) and at least some basic grammatical concepts just to get you started. If you can get past Chapter One. rest assured that it will be reviewed and practiced thoroughly in later chapters. all the rules on spelling and sounds. which need to be memorized at the beginning. you can accomplish anything in this class − and in life. The test for Chapter One will be almost exclusively on this.

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