This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

BooksAudiobooksComicsSheet Music### Categories

### Categories

### Categories

Editors' Picks Books

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Audiobooks

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Comics

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Sheet Music

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Top Books

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Audiobooks

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Comics

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Sheet Music

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Welcome to Scribd! Start your free trial and access books, documents and more.Find out more

Solution to HW-14

Cancelling Magnetic Field Four very long, currentcarrying wires in the same plane intersect to form a square with side lengths of 39.0 cm, as shown in the ﬁgure. The currents running through the wires are 8.0 A, 20.0 A, 10.0 A, and I. Find the magnitude and direction of the current I that will make the magnetic ﬁeld at the center of the square equal to zero.

vector sum of the ﬁelds can only be zero on the line between the wires. The magnitude of the ﬁeld B a distance R from a long wire with current I is B = µ0 I/(2πR). The vector ﬁeld will be zero at a point on the line between the wires a distance x from the left wire and L − x from the right wire, where the magnitudes of the ﬁelds are equal. Then µ0 I2 I1 I2 µ0 I1 = =⇒ = 2πx 2π(L − x) x L−x Solving this equation and substituting values leads to x= I1 I1 + I2 L= 23 23 + 78 38 cm = 8.7 cm

MasteringPhysics asks for the distance from the 78 A wire in the direction of the 23 A wire, which is L − x = 29.3 cm in our notation. (b) Panel (b) of the diagram is similar to panel (a); it shows the two wires and the ﬁelds when the currents are in opposite directions. In this case the vector sum of the ﬁelds can only be zero on the line connecting the wires, but outside the wires. We consider ﬁrst a distance x to the left of I1 ; in this case the condition is µ0 I2 I1 I2 µ0 I1 = =⇒ = 2πx 2π(L + x) x L+x The ﬁeld point at the center of the square is equidistant from 1 all four wires. Let this distance be d = 2 × 0.39 m. We just have to keep track of the direction of each ﬁeld using the right hand rule. Let out of the page be plus, and let I > 0 correspond to up: B out of page = µ0 (−10 + I − 8 + 20) 2πd Solving this equation and substituting values leads to x= I1 I2 − I1 L= 23 78 − 23 38 cm = 15.9 cm

Solving, we get I = −2 A, and the minus sign means I is directed downward. 28-22 Two long, parallel transmission lines, L = 38.0 cm apart, carry currents I1 = 23.0-A and I2 = 78.0-A. Find all locations where the net magnetic ﬁeld of the two wires is zero if these currents are (a) in the same direction or (b) in opposite directions.

(a) L x I1 I2 (b) x I1 L

MasteringPhysics asks for the distance from the 78 A wire in the direction of the 23 A wire, which is L + x = 53.9 cm in our notation. What about a point to the right of I2 in panel (b)? We can set up the equation; a point a distance x to the right of I2 would be x + L from I1 . Then I1 I2 = =⇒ x = x L+x I2 I1 − I2 L

This solution won’t work in our case. I2 > I1 , so x < 0, which contradicts our initial assumption that x is a positive distance. Therefore there are no other solutions. Comparing the two solutions we have obtained for part (b), one can see that a general way of writing the solution is x= I< I> − I< L,

I2

(a) Panel (a) of the diagram shows the two wires end on when the currents are in the same direction. L is the distance between the wires. The magnetic ﬁeld lines due to each wire separately are shown by the concentric circles (dashed for I1 , solid for I2 ). The direction of the ﬁeld follows from the right hand rule and is shown at selected points by an arrow next to each circle. By looking at the directions of the two ﬁelds in various locations, it’s easy to see that for case (a), the

where I< (I> ) is the lesser (greater) of I1 and I2 . The point where the ﬁeld is zero is outside the two currents, a distance x from the wire with the smaller current.

October 14, 2011

and whose direction is perpendicular to the plane in which the current ﬂows. 2πd and by the rh rule one can see that the direction is downward. The force per unit length that each wire exerts on the other is 4. B1 points into the page. The magnitude of the magnetic ﬁeld B1 of wire 1 at wire 2 is µ0 I1 . 28-26 Two long. The inﬁnite wire and loop are in the same plane. and the magnitudes are µ0 I2 Fleft = I1 aB = I1 a 2π(d − a/2) µ0 I2 Fright = I1 aB = I1 a 2π(d + a/2) There is also an upward force (Ftop ) and (Ftop ). and we’ll show that the force between the wires is repulsive.) (b) Is the force attractive or repulsive? (c) Is this force large enough so it should be considered in the design of lamp cord? Since P = IV .027 = 0. so the forces make the wires repel each other. the current in each wire is I = P/V = 100 W/120 V = 0.91 A I1 0. (c) No. with both currents equal: F µ0 I 2 (0.1 kg)9. the currents must ﬂow in the opposite direction.5×107 4. what force per meter does each wire of the cord exert on the other? (Model the lamp cord as a very long straight wire. much larger than the magnetic force. or µ = I1 a .833)2 = = 2 × 10−7 = 5. (a) What is the magnitude F of the net force on the loop? (b) The magnetic moment µ of a current loop is deﬁned as the vector whose magnitude equals the area of the loop times the magnitude of the current ﬂowing in it (µ = IA).10 × 10−5 N/m.833 A. (a) The force per unit length is given by the formula derived in problem 28-26. The diagram shows the forces on the left and right hand side of the loop from this ﬁeld. B1 = 2πd and from the rh rule. One can go through a similar argument to ﬁnd that the force on the upper wire has the same magnitude and is upward. 28-27 The wires in a household lamp cord are typically d = 2. The force is small compared to the gravitational force.10× 10−5 = 7. (a) If the cord carries current to a 100 watt light bulb connected across a 120 V potential diﬀerence. but they are equal in magnitude and oppositely directed.56 × 10−5 N/m L 2π d 0. parallel wires are separated by a distance of d = 2. and the wires repel each other. The force per unit length is F µ0 I1 I2 = L 2π d The question asks for I2 . These forces are obtained from F = Il × B. 2 (b) The magnitude of the magnetic moment µ of the loop is the current times the area. say 0. Find the magnitude F of the force on the loop from Part (a) in terms of the magnitude of its magnetic moment.70 cm.81 m/s ∼ 1 N. The center of the loop is located a distance d from an inﬁnite wire carrying a current I2 . The magnitude of the force F that B1 exerts on a length L of wire 2 is µ0 I1 F = I2 LB1 = I2 L .5 mm apart center to center and carry equal currents in opposite directions.700 A. so I2 = 2π µ0 F L d 0. The net force is to the left and has magnitude Fleft − Fright = 1 1 µ0 I1 I2 a − 2π d − a/2 d + a/2 µ0 I1 I2 a2 = 2 − a2 /4 2π d Let’s assume that the currents ﬂow in the directions shown. two sides of the square loop are parallel to the wire and two are perpendicular as shown.1 kg.0025 (b) The force will be repulsive. Hence the net force is the vector sum of the forces to the left and to the right. Its magnitude is given by B = µ0 I2 /2πR. (a) What is the current in the second wire? (b) Are the two currents in the same direction or in opposite directions? I1 B1 I2 (a) The B ﬁeld is into the page everywhere on the right of the wire in the plane of the square loop. If we guess that a meter of wire weighs a few ounces.Wire and Square Loop A square loop of wire with side length a carries a current I1 . The current in one wire is I1 = 0.7 In general. We can write the net force in terms of µ as Fleft − Fright = µI2 µ0 2π d2 − a2 /4 2 . then mg = (0. where R is the distance to the wire.

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd