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**01 - Motion Graphs
**

Due: 8:00pm on Wednesday, February 1, 2012

Note: To understand how points are awarded, read your instructor's Grading Policy. [Switch to Standard Assignment View]

[ Print ]

**Given Positions, Find Velocity and Acceleration
**

Learning Goal: To understand how to graph position, velocity, and acceleration of an object starting with a table of positions vs. time. The table shows the x coordinate of a moving object. The position is tabulated at 1-s intervals. The x coordinate is indicated below each time. You should make the simplification that the acceleration of the object is bounded and contains no spikes. time (s) x (m) 0 0 1 1 2 4 3 9 4 16 5 24 6 32 7 40 8 46 9 48

Part A Which graph best represents the function x(t), describing the object's position vs. time?

ANSWER:

1 2 3 4 Correct

Part B Which of the following graphs best represents the function v(t), describing the object's velocity as a function of time?

Hint B.1

**Compute and plot the average velocity
**

Hint not displayed

Hint B.2

**Finding the position from the velocity graph
**

Hint not displayed

Hint B.3

**Implications of zero velocity
**

Hint not displayed

Hint B.4

**Characteristics of the velocity function
**

Hint not displayed

ANSWER:

http://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=1737843

4/16/2012

Time Graph Learning Goal: To learn to read and interpolate on a graph of position versus time and to change units. . http://session. describing the acceleration of this object? [ Print ] Hint C.3 Regions of constant acceleration Hint not displayed ANSWER: 1 2 3 4 Correct Average Velocity from a Position vs.1 Definition of average velocity Hint not displayed Answer to the nearest integer. Thus is the Part A Find the average velocity over the time interval from 0 to 1 second. We will use the notation to .masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=1737843 4/16/2012 .MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 2 of 5 1 2 3 4 Correct Part C Which of the following graphs best represents the function a(t). In this problem you must find the average velocity from a graph of to indicate the average velocity over the time interval from average velocity over the time interval from 1 to 3 s.2 Acceleration in the region of constant velocity Hint not displayed Hint C.1 Identify the region of constant velocity Hint not displayed Hint C. Hint A.

at . Hint F. Now see if you can express this result in terms of kilometers per hour. Hint E. find . .1 How to interpolate because the graph is clearly not at one of the horizontal lines (or midway in between). Hint D. You would have to double the weight given to because it is for an interval twice as long. Answer to the nearest integer. Mathematically. You will need to interpolate to find the position at time the position or you will likely not be able to obtain the solution to the desired accuracy. ANSWER: = Answer not displayed Round your answer to two significant figures.1 Simple method to change units Hint not displayed Hint E.1.2 What other conversion to use Hint not displayed Express your answer to the nearest integer. time graph is linear. because they are averages for time intervals of different Note that length. Hint D.0 seconds.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 3 of 5 ANSWER: = 0 Correct [ Print ] Part B Find the average velocity over the time interval from 1 to 3 seconds.masteringphysics. Give your answer to three significant figures. Part D Find the average velocity over the time interval from 1 to 5 seconds.3 Correct is not equal to the simple arithmetic average of and . ANSWER: = 6. ANSWER: = 13. then use a bit of algebra (or geometry). ANSWER: = 24 Correct Part F Find the average velocity over the time interval from 2.5 to 6. then: (one-third of the time between The difference in position between and ) the position will have changed by one-third of the total 40 Round your answer to three significant figures. Do not simply eyeball The most difficult thing here is reading the position at proceed is to note that the graph is straight between Find the position at . The best way to and and has easy to read values at these times. ANSWER: = 20 Correct Part C Now that you have and . Because the position vs.7 Correct Part E Obtaining this answer required some interpolation on the graph.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=1737843 4/16/2012 .1 Formula for interpolation and is 40 .1 Determining the displacement What is the displacement? http://session.

A diagram is shown of a time-exposure image where a stroboscope has illuminated the rockets at the uniform time intervals indicated.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=1737843 4/16/2012 . Part A At what time(s) do the rockets have the same velocity? Hint A.2 Express your answer to two significant figures.6 Correct Motion of Two Rockets Learning Goal: To learn to use images of an object in motion to determine velocity and acceleration.masteringphysics. ANSWER: = -30 Correct Determining the time interval Hint not displayed [ Print ] Hint F.1 How to determine the acceleration http://session.1 How to determine the velocity Hint not displayed ANSWER: at time at time at times only only and and at some instant in time between at no time shown in the figure Correct Part B At what time(s) do the rockets have the same x position? ANSWER: at time at time at times only only and and at some instant in time between at no time shown in the figure Correct Part C At what time(s) do the two rockets have the same acceleration? Hint C. Two toy rockets are traveling in the same direction (taken to be the x axis). ANSWER: = -8.MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 4 of 5 Answer to the nearest integer.

MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View Page 5 of 5 Hint not displayed ANSWER: at time at time at times only only and and [ Print ] at some instant in time between at no time shown in the figure Correct Part D The motion of the rocket labeled A is an example of motion with uniform (i. http://session.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignmentID=1737843 4/16/2012 .masteringphysics. ANSWER: and nonzero acceleration velocity displacement time Correct Part E The motion of the rocket labeled B is an example of motion with uniform (i.. You received 27.92 out of a possible total of 30 points.1 Use the diagram Hint not displayed ANSWER: before after before between only only and after and at no time(s) shown in the figure Correct Score Summary: Your score on this assignment is 93. constant) __________.e. ANSWER: and nonzero acceleration velocity displacement time Correct Part F At what time(s) is rocket A ahead of rocket B? Hint F.1%..e. constant) __________.

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