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Î~yi Åeä{ √häÉq
Î~yi
msÖsÇø
ixiÅa~Åd{aÉc
we.ehSÉca
- wfYdac yø.É  

64 äÅ
Î~yia iÉ®ä
fäÅqfäÅa
Y%S •xcd Éy Çexc=fT
meäe{aäQ W{aiäfha µ
meäe{aäQ f~aYÅh 

i

ïm%∞hla ú†hg wms yeu fmnrjd˙ 04 fjks ∞ j l u
uy nexl= m˙Y%hg weú;a" ksoyia W;aijh cd;sl ksoyia
W;aijhg iu.dój pdï j mj;ajkjd' wm w;˙ka ljqrey˙
f;dard.;a flfkla" ksoyi ksñ;s lr.k woyia oelaùula
lrkjd' fuh fyd| mqreoaola' ksoyi wruqKq lr.k mehla
folla fyda m%fhdackj;aj .; lrkak th wjldYhla
i,ikjd'
ksoyi ;rï ukqIHhd w.h lrk ukqIHhdg jqjukd lrk
;j;a fohla keye' ñksiqka ;ukaf.a ksoyi fjkqfjka „ú;h
jqj o mQcd lrkafka ta ksid' ta;a ukqIH;ajh wr®: oelafjkafka
ksoyi;a Bg tfrys j ;yku;a iuÛhs' fï ksoyfia iy
;ykfï iSudjka úiskqhs rgl ixialD;sh i,l=Kq lrkafka'
orejl= ujql=iska ìysjqkq mu◊ka" ta orejd ujf.a Y¯rfhka
.e,fjkafka keye' orejd ujf.a Y¯rfhka .,jd iudchg
we;=<;a lrkafka ˆ;yxÑh˜ úiska' orejl= ˆ.eyeKq˜" ˆms˙ñ˜ nj
,nkafka ,sxf.akaøshkaf.a fjki ksid u fkdfjhs' ˆksoyi˜ iy
ˆ;yku˜ úiska ,l=Kq flfrk wr®:oelaùïj, fjki ksid' fï
fjki y˙hg wr®:oelajQfka ke;s T¨j, ,sx.sl jHdl+,;ajh
we;sfjkjd' fmr†. .eye◊hla" wmr†. .eye◊hlf.ka
fjkia fjkafka ;yxÑfha iy ksoyfia iSudjkaj, fjki ksid'
ukakdru fldafkaYajrï fldaúf,a ld,s uE◊hkaf.a mQcdjg
l=l=,a¨" tΩfjda urK tlg fn!oaO wms úreoaO th fn!oaO
ms<sfj;g wkqj ;ykula ksid' tfy;a" orejka ke;s whg
orejka ,ndfok" f,v frda. iqjlrk n,hla ld,s wïudg
we;ehs úYajdi lrk ne;su;a mqcdjlg tfia i;=ka >d;kh
ls¯u mQcdjla' tu ne;su;=kaf.a wvúhg n,y;aldrfhka
we;=¨ j i;=ka uq∞.ekSu fn!oaO wmg ùrlula' ta;a tal u ta
ne;su;a m%cdjg lrk y;=relula' 

je† rcqkaf.a wjirh fkdue;sj OkqoaOr l=udrhd ukfï
l=u˙h iuÛ ysu.s˙ jk wvúhg msúiSu foaYiSud ¯;s
W,a,x>khla' ùid fkdue;sj we;=¨jqkd jeks hula'



udf.a wjir fkdu f.k $$$
wdj o ;d udf. ú‚f;gd
forK fy<d iqka lr f;dm
f.d≥re lrñ lekeys¨kag ''''''''''¶

lshd jeos rcq OkqoaOrg ;r®ckh lrkafka ta ksid' tfia
˜;yku˜ lvd ysu.srg we;=¨jkakkag lef,a kS;shg wkqj
o~qju urKhhs' wdhqO ikakoaO jeos fiakdjla iuÛ
isáh;a" w;awvx.=jg f.k urd oeñh yelshdj ;snqK;a"
Okqoaor hkq rc l=url= neúka" Tyqg „ú;h i|yd
wjia:djla °u ms◊i oajkaO igklg wdrdOkd ls¯u
je† rcqf.a ˆi∞pdrhhs˜' igkska weo jegqkq OkqoaOrg lvq
fldmqj;a" je† rcqg lvqj;a ms˙keófuka" ukfï l=u˙h
w;ska ì| jefgkafka kd.˙l újdy i∞pdrfha úYajikSh
nkaOkhhs' 

uqia,sï .eye◊hla isrer ysfia isg fom;=, olajd jid f.k
ysig mr®∞jl=;a me<|.k bkakjd olsk isxy, wmg ta
ldka;djg udkj ysñlï wysñ ùu ms<sn| ≥lla we;sfjkjd'
wef.a isrer meye†,sj olskakg ne˙ ksid' ta ldka;djg tu
we∫u m%Yakhla fkdfõ kï" weh tfia ye| me<| bkafka
leue;af;ka kï" wmg we;af;a wyj,a re∞jla o lsh,d
wms wfmka wykafka keye' tfy;a Deep cut, Sleeveless
yeÜghla we|.k" fmlksfhka my< m∞ihla ksrdjrKh
jk m˙† bfkkq;a my<ska id˙hla ojgd.k bkak isxy,
;re◊hla ≥gqúg" tu oiqk ryfia ri ú¢ñka u wfma wh
flaka;sfhka úfrdaOh m,lrkjd'

fï wkqj ˆukqIH;ajh˜ hkq ixialD;sh úIhfhys iSudjkag
wkqj idfmaCIj wr®: ≤lajqkq ñksia „ú;hhs' i;=kag lsis
†fkl ukqIH;ajhg <Ûdúh fkdyelafla" Wka ixialD;shla
f.dvkxjkafka ke;s ksid' Tjqka iycfhka Wreujk lsishï
yeis¯ï rgdjlg wkqj „j;aj ñh hkjd' tfy;a ñksid
;uka „j;ajk m˙irhg wkqj hñka o" th fjkialr
.ksñka o" ixialD;sh f.dvk.d .kakjd' Tyq i;=ka f.a
f,dalfhka .e,fjkafka fï ksid' ixialD;sl ;yxÑh ksid
yslaufjk ñksid" ;ukaf.a ksoyi fjkqfjka i∞;ksl
wr.,hl ksr; fjkjd' ufkda úYaf,aIKfha ° kï fuh
y∫kajkafka lmamd≥j ksid wysñjk wdYdj fydhd.k hkjd
lsh,hs'
ta wo †kfha uf.a woyia oelaùu i|yd ud ilid .;a
mQr®úldjhs'

bx.%Siskaf.ka foaYmd,k ksoyi ,nd wm f.jk 64 jk
wjqreoafoa wdr®œlh ms<sn|j;a" wfma wfmaCId iy jev ms<sfj,
ms<sn|j;a jvd;a nridr úia;rd;aul l;djlg wms wjqreoafoa
jev mgka.kak fldg u ijka ≥kakd' ta wêm;s;=ud 2012
jr®Ih i|yd uy nexl=fõ m%;sm;a;s iy jevms<sfj, ms<sn|j
meje;a jQ úia;rd;aul l;djg' ta l;djg ijka ≥kakdg miq
;j flfkl=g tjeks l;djla ls¯ug bvlaj;a" jqjukdjlaj;a
b;s˙jkafka keye' th ta ;rï u úia;rd;aul ksid'
ux wo ksoyia ojfia" fjk;a wNHdihla lrkakg is;d.;a;d'
tkï" ksoyi hk ixor®Nh we;=f, Ñ;%máhla iy lúhla
.S;hla ri ú¢kakg' ta weiqre lr.k wfma ksoyi ;=<g fjk
fldaKhlska tfnkakg' 

Ñ;%mgh 2009 jr®Ifha ° ;sr.; jqkq iqm%lg fyd,sjqâ
rx.k Ys,amsfhl= iy wOHCIjrfhl= jk Clint Eastwood
wOHCIKh l< Invictus Ñ;%mgh' invictus lshk jpkfha
ir< bx.%Sis f;areu undefeated lshk tlhs' isxyf,ka
wmrd‚;' fï ku Ñ;%mgh i|yd Wlyd .efkkafka Invictus
hk kñka u tk w;sYh iqm%lg úlafgda˙hdkq lúhlska' lúhd
William Ernest Henley. jir 1847 isg 1903 olajd
ld,h ;=< „j;ajqkd' Tyq fï lúh rpkd lrkfldg jhi
wjqre≥ 26 l ;reKfhla' tfy;a" ta jk úg fï ys˙u,a
;reKhdf.a „ú;h wiaœ-CIhfrda.fhka neglñka" tla mdohla
o bj;alrkq ,≥j frda.S we|lg iSud lrkq ,en ;snqkd'
Out of the night that covers me,
Black as the Pit from pole to pole,
I thank whatever gods may be
For my unconquerable soul.
In the fell clutch of circumstance
I have not winced nor cried aloud.
Under the bludgeonings of fate
My head is bloody, but unbowed.
Beyond this place of wrath and tears
Looms but the Horror of the shade,
And yet the menace of the years
Finds, and shall find, me unafraid.
It matters not how strait the gate,
How charged with punishments the scroll.
I am the master of my fate:
I am the captain of my soul. 

tys ir, isxy, m˙jr®;khla fï'
O%ejdka;rh ueo
lΩjr wd.dOhla jeksh
ud jid.;a >k w∫r
ljqrejqk;a Tn foúhks"
uu Tnj miiñ
uf.a wmrd‚; wd;auh fjkqfjka
re≥re .%yKhkag wiq ù
weo jegqkq úg
fõokdfjka fkdyel=Ωfkñ
y~ k.d fkd ye~qfjñ
n,y;aldrfha uq.=re myr ueo Wksñ
f,a jel=Kq uq;a fkdkeuqKq ysiska
l∫,ska frdaIfhka msreKq
fï ìfuka tyd
wúYo j fmfkkafka wka lsisjla fkd j
NS;sfha fiahdjhs
ìfhka o wk;=rej,ska o ms˙ jir .Kkla f.jq uq;a
oefkhs ksYaÑ; j u ud fkd ìh nj
wruqKq fj; <Ûdùu
wiSre jqj o fl;rï
,shejqkq fpdaokd yd o~qjï
lïke; l=ula jqj;a
uu fjñ uf.a brKfï iajdñhd
uu fjñ uf.a wd;aufha kshuqjd

^m˙jr®;kh - †,sks ks,x.d ú,;a.uqj& 

fï lúfha yeu mohla u fjk fjku;a iuQy jYfhkq;a
fkdfhl=;a ldr®hhka i|yd wdor®Y mdG iy WmYSr®I f,i
fhd∞.k ;sfhkjd' th fld;rï nyq,j Ndú;dfõ fhfokjd
o lshkjdkï Oxford YíofldaIfha unbowed hk w;S;
l%shdfõ f;areu meye†,s lrkak fhd∞.k ;sfhkafka fï lúfha
tk “My head is bloody, but unbowed” mohhs' fï
lúfha úúO lshùï wikakg olskakg leu;s wh Youtube
ys Invictus Reading fidhkak'
fï lúh tk Invictus Ñ;%mgh" fk,aika uekafâ,d p˙;h
jgd ;ekqkq Ñ;%mghla' Ñ;%mgh i|yd mdol jkafka John
Carlin f.a Human factor: Nelson Mandela and the
Game that Changed the World fmd;'
isrf.hska ksoyiaj 1994 ue;sjrKh ch ,nd ol=Kq wm%sldfõ
ckdêm;s njg m;ajk fk,aika uekafâ,d" jr®KfNaojdofha
lDDr;ajfhka ;=jd, ,nd l¨ iy iq≥ jYfhka fjkajqkq
ol=Kq wm%sldkq cd;sh tl wruqKlg" tl yeÛSulg f.dkq
lrkakg 1995 jifr® ° ol=Kq wm%sldfõ meje;afjk f,dal
l=i,dk r.aì ;rÛdj,sh fhd∞.kafka flfia o lshk
i;H is≥ùu jgdhs Ñ;%mgh f.dvkef.kafka' Ñ;%mgfha
uekafâ,df.a N=ñldj rÛmdkafka iqm%lg fyd,sjqâ k¨ Morgan
Freeman. Tyq fl;rï fyd¢ka fï N=ñldjg mkfmdjkjd
o lshf;d;a" uekafâ,d hk kug wkqrEmj oeka uf.a ysf;a
uefjkafka we;a; uekafâ,d fkfjhs' fï Freeman f.dvk.
k uekafâ,d hs' 

tys tk wdrïNl or®Ykhla fï jf.hs' ysfrka ksoyia j tk
uekafâ,df.a fudagr® r:h we° tk udr®.fha" tla mil l¨ cd;sl
<uhska mhg mdjyka fkdue;sj mdmka≥ l%Svdlrñka bkakjd' Tjqka
l%Svdj kj;d uekafâ,df.a r: fmryerg yqfr® ouñka wdpdr

lrkjd' wfkla mi fyd¢ka r.r® nQÜ" cr®is we|.k úêu;aj
r.r® l%Svdlrk iq≥ cd;sl <uhska ms˙ila bkakjd' Tjqka l%Svdj
kj;d uekafâ,d /.;a r: fmryer Odjkh jk foi n,d
isákjd' <uhska w;r isák iq≥ mqyqKqlre <uhskag lshkjd'
§u;l ;shd.ks,a,d fï rg n,a,kag .sh oji wo hs¶ 'This is
the day that this country went to dogs' lsh,d' ;j;a
wjia:djl uekafâ,d olskjd ol=Kq wm%sldkq lKavdhu
l%Svdlrk r.r® ;rÛhl ° wm%sldfõ l¨ cd;slhska" ol=Kq
wm%sldkq ^wm%sldkdia& lKavdhug tfrys ish úcd;sl lKavdhu
†˙.kakjk whqre'
uekafâ,d ksoyiaj tkafka" jr®KfNaojdohg tfrys j wr.,h
ch.%yKh lrñka' l¨cd;shg tfrysj iq≥ cd;sfha mSvdj
ch.;a ;ud fï w¨;a ;r®ckfha wjodku ch.kafka fldfydu
o lshk tlhs uekafâ,d b†˙fha meje;s wNsfhda.h' Tyq ta i|yd
fhd∞.kafka b†˙fha tk f,dal l=i,dk r.r® ;rÛdj,sh'
Tyq ta i|yd /äl,a mshjr .kkla .kakjd' l¨ cd;sl
wdrCIl ks,Od¯kaf.a úfrdaOh fkd;ld ckdêm;s wdrCIl
fiajdjg fnda;d ^uekafâ,dg fmr ol=Kq wm%sldfõ iq≥ cd;sl
ckdêm;s& f.a wdrCIl ks,Od¯ka wkqhqla; lr.ekSu" l¨
cd;slhska ffjrfhka .skshï l, wm%sldkdia r.r® lKavdhfï
fld< iy ly meye;s r.r® cr®ish ye| wjidk ;rÛfha
lkavdhï y∫kd.ekSfï fmfrÜgqjg iyNd.sùu bka iuyrla'
Invictus kï lúh" fï fufyhqfï ° uekafâ,d Wmld˙
lr.kafka fldfydu o@
Invictus ffOr®hh" wmrd‚; wêIaGdkh leájqkq rKldó
lúhla' uekafâ,d jir 27 l ish isr.; †úh ;=< „ú;h
iy ;ud fh° isák wr.,fha ch.%yKh i|yd wd;au 

10

Yla;sh fkd is|jd mj;ajd .;af;a fï lúfha idrh iy
yeÛSu weiq˙ka' Tyqg ch.%yKh i|yd wjeis wêIaGdkh
iy Woafõ.h iemhq lúh" ol=Kq wm%sldkq r.r® lKavdhfï
ch.%yKh fjkqfjka o W;af;ackh imhkq we;ehs Tyq úYajdi
lrkjd' ol=Kq wm%sldkq r.r® lKavdhfï kdhlhd Francois
Pienaar (Matt Damon úiska mkfmdjk) ish ks, ksjig
le|jk uekafâ,d Tyqg tu lúh ;ukag isr f.or ;=<
° „j;aùug wdiajdoh;a" ch.%yKh i|yd wêIaGdkh;a
iemhq whqre .ek my∞ fokjd' uekafâ,d ch.%yKh ,enqfõ
Pienaar o wh;ajk iq≥ wm%sldkdia fj;ska l¨ cd;slhska
fj; uq∞ye˙ lDDr jr®KfNaojd° mSvkfhka iuia; wm%sldj u
uq∞ .ksñka' uekafâ,d iuÛ idñÑfha .;lrk Pienaar oeä
f,i wêIaGdk iy.; iy yeÛSïnr fjkjd' Tyq ;r.hg
fmr uekafâ,d isr.; lr isá" frdìka ¥mf;a isr ue†˙hg
hkjd' isrue†˙fha isg" .,ajevfmdf<a isg uekafâ,d fï lúh
uquqKñka bkakd whqre Pienaar g wefikjd' ueù fmfkkjd'
wjidkfha uq¨ ol=Kq wm%sldj u tl u isyskhl tl u Wreuhl
fldgialrejka njg m;alrñka ol=Kq wm%sldkq Springbok
lKavdhu" m%n, kjiS,ka; All Blacks mr∞ r.r® f,dal
l=i,dkh †kd.kakjd' Ñ;%mgh wjidkfha" uekafv,df.a
r:h chmeka fndk wm%sldkqjka ue†ka .uka lrkúg Tyq
olskjd l¨ - iq≥ fjkila ke;sj ñksiqka m%S;sfhka tlg .=,s
ù kgk yeá' tu or®Ykh olsk ukqIH;ajh ms<sn| W;a;¯;r
yeÛSu" ohdj /∫kq yoj;la iys; ´kEu flfkl=f.a weig
l∫,la kef.k tl j<lajkak neye' hï weilg l∫,la
fkdkef.kjd kï tu wei Wreu Y¯rh ñksia wd;auhla ord
.kakg iq≥iq tlla fkdfjhs' fï Ñ;%mghl or®Ykhla jqk;a"
we;a;g u f,dal l=i,dk r.r® ;rÛfhka miafia we;sjqk
;;a;ajh'

ol=Kq wm%sldj tfia ksoyi ,enqfõ" iq≥ wdêm;Hfhka' l=re∫"
.ïì˙ia jeks l=¨ nvq iy ;j;a lDIsldr®ñl fnda. fidhd.k
meñks hQfrdamShhka fmr†. ish hg;aú‚; njg m;alr.;a;d'
Tjqka u wm%sldkq uyoaùmhg lvd je≥fka r;a;rx iy jk
„j iïm; fydhd.k' fï wdl%uK fu fia is≥ùu udkj
ixjr®Okfha ft;sydisl wjYH;djlg wkqj is≥jQjla' th
f.ù yudr w;S; fudfyd;la' ldr®ñl úma,jh úiska f.k≥ka
ch.%yK iuia; ukdj ixy;sfha u ch.%yK' tajd fmr†.
g" wm%sldjg .,d f.k wdfõ wdl%uK ú†hg' ta;a" ta jf.a
u wdl%uKj,ska .e,ù úuqla;sh ,eîfï úoHdj iy oekqu
.,d wdfõ;a ta m%Njhkaf.kauhs' hg;aú‚;jdofhka .e,ùfï
{dKh hg;a ú‚;j,g ,enqfka o hg;aú‚; mshdf.ka'
Colonial Father f.ka u hs'
uekafâ,d fuh fyd¢ka oek isáhd' Tyq jir 27 la isrn;a lñka
wr., lf<a ol=Kq wm%sldj kej; f.%da;sl iudchlg le|jd.
k hkakg fkdfjhs' kj úoHdfõ" oekqfï iy ixjr®Okfha
ch.%yK iuia; ol=Kq wm%sldkq ck;djgu ;yjqre lrkakghs'
l¨ iy iq≥ jYfhka fn≥kq ol=Kq wm%sldkq cd;sh l¨ iy iq≥
w;r úisreKq jr®Kdj,shl /∫kq foa≥kq cd;sh (Rainbow
Nation) ìyslrkakghs' ta fjkqfjka" ish fldf,daksh,a
;d;a;df.ka ,enqKq ∞hdo Tyq ish Wreuhla f,i .;a;d' tajd
w;dr®lsl f,i neyer lf<a keye' †hqKq iïNdjH bx.%Sis
idys;Hfha lúhla ish úuqla;s igkg wdiajdoh" f.k fok
W;af;aclhla f,i fhd∞.;a;d' oejeka; wm%sldkq wdr®œlh
Yla;su;a l< iq≥ ksIamdol m%cdj wm%sldkqjka f,i u kj
wm%sldjg wjfYdaIKh lr .;a;d' iq≥ cd;slhka úiska w;S;fha
l¨ cd;slhska u; megjqkq mSvdj fld;rï o lshkjd kï uq¨
wm%sldju f,a ú,la njg m;alrkakg ;rï ffjrhla" ;ryla
l¨ wm%sldkqjka ;=< myiqfjka wjq¨jkakg yelshdj wm%sldkq

11

cd;sl fldka.%ihg;a fk,aika uekafâ,dg;a ;snqkd' tfy;a"
uekafâ,df.a me;srekq foaYmd,k oDIaGsh;a" wkd.;h ms<sn|
m%.;sjd° oelau;a úiska th j<lkq ,enqKd'
Bg jvd álla fjkia w;aoelSula wmg bka†hdfjka yuqfjkjd'
wms okakjd" uy;aud .dkaê iy rùJøkd;a ;df.dar® lshkafka
bka°h ksoyia wr.,fha iqúfYaIS u p˙; folla' fï fokakd
u" bka°h ksoyia igk fmdaIKh lrkak ∞hl jqk;a" fofokd
ysáfha oDIaGsuh ia:djrhka foll'
uy;aud .dkaê hkq w;sYh wysxidjd° kdhlhl= nj wms
ljqre;a okakjd' uy;aud kdhl;ajh iemhq bka†hdkq ksoyia
wr.,fha igka l%shdudr®.h jQfka wúysxidjdohhs' tfy;a"
Tyqf.a wúysxidjdoh ;=< mjd u;=flreKq ˆfoaYfm%auh˜ we;eï
úg" ffjrh foig ;,a¨ flfrk wk;=r rùJøkd;a ;df.dar®
≥gqjd'
“foaYfm%auh wmf.a wjidk wOHd;añl kjd;ekafmd< úh hq;=
keye' uf.a kjd;ekafmd< jkafka W;a;¯;r ukqIH;ajh hs'
†huka;s ñ,g ux ù≥re ñ, ° .kafka keye' ta jf.a u" ux
„j;=ka w;r isák ;=re foaYfm%auh g ukqIH;ajh hglrkakg
bv ;shkafka keye” lshd ;df.dar® jrla mejiqjd'
foaYmd,kh iy ixialD;sh ms<sn|j;a" cd;sl;ajh iy
wka;r®cd;sl;ajh ms<sn|j;a" iïm%∞h iy kQ;k;ajh
ms<sn|j;a ;df.dar®f.a wdl,am Tyqf.a .S;dxc,S moH ix.%yfha
tk my; lúfhka ;rï meye†,sfjk fjk ;ekla keye'

12

Where the mind is without fear and the head is held
high;
Where knowledge is free;
Where the world has not been broken up into
fragments

By narrow domestic walls .....;
Where words come out from the depth of truth
Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection
Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way
Into the dreary desert sand of dead habit;
Where the mind is led forward by thee
Into ever-widening thought and action
Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake

tys wkqjdohla uy.u fialr lúhd úiska .S;hlg f.dkql<d' mKaä;a wurfoaj
ix.S;h imhd wurfoaj iy iqks,a t†˙isxy tlaj .dhkd lrk tu .S;h hs fï'






mgq woyia kï mjq˙ka f,dalh
lefn,s j,g fkd fn°
{dkh ksjy,a ù
ìfhka f;dr j ysi fl,ska ;ndf.k
isákg yels fldysfoda
ta jQ ksoyfia iajr®. rdcHhg
udf.a foaYh wj† lrkq uek mshdKfka

i;Hh m;=,ska .,kd
ms˙is≥ jpk fldyso we;af;a
.;dkq.;slj mejf;k is˙f;a
ure l;rg je†,d
ksr®u, c, Odrdj ;r®lfha
is£ .s,S fkd.sfha
ta jQ ksoyfia iajr®. rdcHhg
udf.a foaYh wj† lrkq uek mshdKfka

13

miq fkdnisk ù˙h ms˙mqka nj
foig oE; úoyd
iod †hqKq jk is;sú,s Wfoid
lï lghq;= Wfoid
b†˙h fj; Tn ud is; fhdujd
we;af;a fld;eklfoda
ta jQ ksoyfia iajr®. rdcHhg
udf.a foaYh wj† lrkq uek mshdKfka'

;df.dar® ;=< ksoyi i|yd jQ wkqrd.h hful= w;S;fha
isrlrejl= lrk wfya;=l iïm%∞hjd° ùug meye†,s j u
tfrys jQjla' w;S;h flfrys wm ;=< we;s jkaokduh Nla;sh"
“lKqjl .eg .eiQ ì,s mQcdjg lemjqkq tΩjl=g iudk hehs”
jrla ;df.dr® mejiqjd' w;S;h kue;s lKqjg .eg .eiQkq
miq †ú .,jd .ekSu i|yd mekhdug bvla keye' urKh
ksh;uhs'
w;S;fha wêld¯;ajh ;df.dar® ish ˆlr®;dr® N+;a˜ ^kdhlhd
f.a wj;drh - The Ghost of the Leader& kñka jQ ish
WmfoaY l;dfjka ^oDIaGdka;hlska - Parable& úYsIaG f,i
meye†,s lrkjd'

14

tla;rd uk#l,ams; †jhskl f.!rjdkaú; kdhlhl=
ñhhk fudfydf;a lK.dgqjg m;ajk jeishka meñK
Tyqf.ka b,a,d isákjd “kdhl;=uks Tn ñh.shdg
miq;a wm;a iuÛu wmg .=reyrelï foñka wm w;ru
/f|kakg” lshd' Tyq tu b,a,Sug tlÛfjkjd' tfy;a ál
l,lska Tyqf.a wkq.dñl jeishka f;areï .kakjd ;ukaf.a
ffoksl yeis¯ï yq≥ mqo mQcd iy hd;=lr®u i|yd muKla iSud ù
we;s nj' ;uka b†˙hg ;,aa¨ fkdjk nj' wjidkfha jeishka
.syska N+; kdhlhdf.ka b,a,d isákjd ish wdêm;Hfhka

;uka ksoyia lrk f,i' kdhlhd Tjqkag fok ms<s;=r jkafka"
“uu bkafka WU,df.a T¨ ;=< ú;rhs' WU,df.a T¨ uf.ka
ksoyia lr.ks,a,d” lsh,d'
bka†hdkq wdr®œlh f.dv.kak kï yeu f.orl u fr†
úhk frdaoh lrljkak lshk .dkaêhdkq wdr®œl oelaug;a
;df.dar® leue;a;la oelajQfha keye' rcfha iykdOdr
fkdue;sj fï fr† frdaoh lrljkak neye' tfia l,;a
bka bka†hdkq wdr®œlh b†˙hg ;,a¨ lrkakg neye lshk
b†˙jd° oelau u;hs ;df.dr®f.a ;r®lh mokï jqfka' uy;aud
l;dlf<a ñksiaiqkaf.a yeÛSïj,g' ;df.dar® nqoaêhg' ta;a
;df.dar® .dkaêg wiSñ;j f.!rj l,d'
bka†hdkq ksoyia wr.,hg kdhl;ajh ≥ka “foaYmd,k{fhl=
f,i ixúOdhlhl= f,i ñksiqkaf.a kdhlhl= f,i iy
i∞pdrjd†fhl= f,i úYsIaG;uhl= jk .dkaê" Tyq ;=< mj;akd
uyd ñksi;alu mrhd ke. tkafka keye” hkqfjka ˆ.dkaê kï
jQ ñksid˜ kñka 1938 ° ;df.dar® úiska l, rpkdfõ ° Tyq
.dkaêj w.hkjd' tfy;a" .dkaêf.a wúysxid jHdmdrh ;=<
w;sYfhdala;shg kexfjk wkaO úYajdih" ifya;=l;ajh uÛ
ye¯u jeks w;dr®ls; n,dfõ.j, ke. tau fjkqfjka wmg
miq lf,l jka† f.ùug is≥jk njg ;df.dar® wk;=re wÛjd
;sfnkjd'
wjidkfha bka†hdj ksoyi ,nkafka" tlu .skscd,djla"
f,a je.s¯ula ueo' fï jHikh olskakg ;rï
;df.dar® wjdikdjka; keye' Tyq bka†hdj ksoyi
,nkakg yh jirlg fmr tkï 1941 ° ñh hkjd'
;df.dar®f.a urKh wdrxÑ jk fkare ˆisrf.hs igyka˜ j,
,shkjd'

15

“f,dalfha;a" bka†hdfõ;a b†˙fha ° we;súh yels w;sYh
Nhxldr is≥ùï fkdoelu Tyq wo ñh .sh tl fyd|hs' Tyq
wkka;j;a lkiai,a iy ≥lauiq jkq we;s” lsh,d'
ta jf.a u mYapd;a ksoyia bka†hdj ;=< m%cd;ka;%jdoh
;yjqre ù we;s m%udKh ms<sn|j ;df.dar® ;rula iEySulg
m;ajkq we;s lsh,d miqlf,l wdr®œl úoHdjg fkdfn,a
;E.a. †kQ wur®;Hd fika Thargoe and his India lshk
rpkdfõ ° mjikjd' Tyq fï rpkdj ilia lrkafka 50 fjks
bka†hdkq ksoyia iurejg iu.dój New York Review
of Books iÛrdjg' foaYmd,kh ;=< §is;Sfï ksoyi;a¶
m%ldYkfha yd NdIKfha ksoyi;a mYapd;a ksoyi bka†hdj
;=< fï jk f;la mj;ajd.k we;s wdldrh ms<sn|j o
;df.dar® i;=gq jkq we;ehs wur®;Hd fika mjikjd'
;df.dar® yd ixikaokh l, yels nqoaêuf;la" m%d{fhla
wmg iuld,Skj ,xldfjka yuqfjkjdkï" ta wdkkao
l=udriajdñ
ú;rhs'
Tyq
úYsIaG
mr®fhaIlfhla'
Tyqf.a §uOHld,Sk isxy, l,d¶ fmd; ug u;lhs" wfma
;d;a;df.a ;d;a;d" uf.a w;a;d .fï fkdfhla ieris,s
lrkfldg w;afmd;la yeáhg mdúÉÑ lrkjd' tal wfma ck
„ú;h ;=<g u lsπneis lD;shla'

16

wjdikdjg wmf.a ksoyia igkg oDIaGsuh mokula
W;af;ackhla ilid .kakg Invictus jf.a lúhlaj;a"
.S;dxc,S jf.a lúhlaj;a yuqjkafka keye' ,xldj
lshkafka" fld<U k.rh lshkafka úúO ck jr®.j,
ñksiqka „j;ajqkq w;sYh iqkaor rgla' mqrjrhla' wms
WfmaCIdfjka" Wmydifhka ta jf.a u wdorfhka úúO
cd;Skaf.a iu meje;au bjid ord isáhd' 1913 ;rï wE;l
,shjqKq my; .S;h" ta ck úúO;ajfha wmQr®j;ajh ms<sn|

meye†,s yeÛSula wmg f.fkkjd'
Ydka; fcdakaf.a ù†fha lfâ" fyj;a St.John’s ud¨ udlÜ
tfla .S;h ∑
idka; fcdakaf. ù†fha lfâ
udΩ fjf<|du udΩ fjf<|du
idka; fcdakaf. ù†fha lfâ
udΩ lfâ jfÜ .EKq - mdΩ ke;=j b¢;s fmaKq'''
iji fofla isg,d ? - kjh oyh miqfjk ;=re
biaika l+ksiaika yd,aueiaika fmdls˙iaika hi
fyd| n,hka weg kÛ=,ka fnda ,dfng fnda úlsfKa
idka; fcdakaf. ù†fha lfâ ''''
fuõj .kav ;ïì,d ;ïì - wmamq, wdh, is[af[dar®, '''
fndfydjq cd;s fou< bx.%Sis - ;+myskao wrdì t;s
fkl fkl †. rkamdge;s kka kka udΩ;a úlsfK;s'''
rg,nq jïngq lrmsxp o fiaro úl=Kkafkh'''
idka; fcdakaf. ù†fha lfâ '''
^is˙,l ;=< isxy, wfm mskaj;a kdfug f.!rj
fï mo nekafoa if;diska ta fcdaYma wekavDDh uu&
tjlg fld<U ;snqKq wdr®œl miqìu;a" ck úúO;ajh;a fï
.S;fha Wm fm< ;=< úoHudk fjkjd'
ud¨ lfâ jfÜ .Ekq - md¨ ke;sj b¢;s fmaKq
iji fofla isg,d ? - kjh oyh miqjk ;=re

17

Ydka; fcdakaf.a ù†fha .eyekq whg ? fjkl,a nhla ke;sj
md¨ ke;sj bkak mqΩjka' fï ud¨ lfâ oj,a fofla b|,d
? oyh ú;r fjkl,a újD;hs' fld<U rd;%sfha;a weye˙,d
bkafka' ta jf.au" fï ud¨ lfâ ud¨ .kak tk wh" tys
úl=Kkak ;sfhk ud¨ jf.a u úúOhs'

biaika l+ksiaika yd,aueiaika fmdls˙iaika hi
fyd| n,hka weg kÛ=,ka fnda ,dfng fnda úlsfKa

úúO jr®.fha úúO ;rd;srfï ud¨ fuys ;sfhkjd' fïjd
.kak tkafk;a" úúO jr®.j," úúO mka;sj, ñksiqka'



fuõj .kav ;ïì,d ;ïì wmamq, wdh, is[af[dar®,
fndfydjq cd;s fou< bx.%Sis ;+myskao wrdì t;s

b;sx fï .S;h ,shk rplhd fï úúO;ajh jdr®;d lrkafka"
wdvïnfrka

is˙,l ;=< isxy, wfm mskaj;a kdfug f.!rj

fï mo nekafoa if;diska ta fcdaYma wekavDDh uu
lsh,hs rplhd ;u .S;fha moj, whs;sh ;yjqre lrkafka'
ta;a wjdikdjg f,dal fn!oaO mqkreoh fjkqfjka úYsIaG
fiajdjla l< wk.d˙l Or®umd, jeks úh;l=f.a uqúka
msgfjkafka fufyu lshuka'
“u;l ;shd .ks,a,d"
ljo y˙ iqoafoda fï rg od, hkjd'
Wka hkafka Wkaf.a orefjda jf.a lΩ iqoafoda
úis ;sia odyla fndal<dg miafihs'

18

Bg miafi fï wfma rg md,kh lrkafk"

fï lΩ iqoafoda'

Wka isxy, NdIdjg"

is˙;a ú˙;aj,g ffjr lrkjd'

Wka WU,f. orejkag W.kajdú

cd;s" wd.ï" NdId fNaohla tmd lsh,d'

fou<;a" urlal,h;a" yïnh;a" fldÉÑh;a"

fndardldrh;a tlh lsh,d'

tfyu lsh,d Wka bx.%Sishu rc lrdú'

mkai,a jfÜ m,a,s fldaú,a yodú'

WU,d"

WU,d fjkqfjka †hfiak l=udrh,d

bmfokl,a n,d bkakjd'

Wm†kak bkak †hfiak,d

;sô˙f.hs ° u urd oukak

fï lΩ iqoaokag mqΩjka nj u;l

;shd.ks,a,d'

wfma yduq≥rejkag Wka todg bkd fí;a

fokjd'

bka miafi WU,f. fld,af,da fl,a,kag

weá flfy,a ldmq ˙,õ jf.a

ksfhda ksfhda bkak isoaO fõú”

- wk.d˙l Or®umd,

wfkld ms<sn| ffjrhla we;s lrk wfmaCIdjla nqoaOd.u
ms<sn| m%udKd;aul oekqula ;snQ Or®umd,;=ukag fkd;sfnkakg
we;s' tfy;a miqlf,l fuu lshqï wfma iudch ;=< jemqrefõ

19

ffjrfha ìcqjghs' wmg ksoyi yïnfjkfldg f,a je.s¯ula
jqfka keye' ta;a ksoyi ,n,d oYlhla f.ù hkakg;a fmr
wms tys M, fk,Su wdrïN l<d' wka;sug ksoyi ,n,d oYl
;=kla fl<jr jqkq ;ek wmj ;,a¨ ù .sfha ìysiqKq hqoaOhlg'
fï hqoaOfha ° iqkqúiskq ù .sfha wmg wysñj .sfha foam,"
iïm;a iy w.kd ñksia „ú; muKla fkfjhs' wmf.a .eUqre
ksixi, wOHd;auh o b˙;,d .shd'
wjqre≥ 30 lg wdikak ld,hla" wmf.a ksoyia „ú;fhka
y˙hg u Nd.hlg wdikak ld,hla wms fï fjkqfjka f,hska
l∫,ska jka† f.õjd'
jdikdjg uyd úkdYhlg miafia jqk;a ta l=˙re hqoaOh
wjikafj,d ;sfhkjd' w¨;a yqiaula wrka" w¨;a ú†hlg
„ú;h mgka.kakg wjia:djla ,eì,d ;sfhkjd' f,dalh
wdr®œl iy foaYmd,ksl jYfhka b;sydifha oreKq;u
l=Kdgqjla miq lrñka isák úg wmg ta l=Kdgqjg yiq fkdù
uÛyer bkkag mqΩjka fj,d ;sfhkjd'
i;=gq úh yels wdr®œl m˙irhla rfÜ we;s fj,d ;sfhkjd'
wdr®œl jr®Okh i;=gq∞hl uÜgul mj;skjd' WoaOukh
fu,a, lr.kakg mqΩjka fj,d ;sfhkjd' úfoaY ixÑ;
iykodhs uÜgul mj;ajd.kakg yels fj,d ;sfhkjd'
l%Svdx.k b†fjkjd' fIdmska fuda,a yefokjd' ixpdrl fydag,a
yefokjd' k.rfha uv j.=re or®YkSh ú,a" fmdl=Kq njg
m;afjkjd' „ú; fof.dv;,d.k ˆyhs fõ˜ .,d niskjd'

20

rfÜ wdr®œlfha m%udKd;aul jr®OkSh nj úoyd olajk
or®Ylj, ms<sìUqj hym;a' ta;a fï or®Ylj,ska fmkakqï
fkdflfrk" tys †iakh ksid fkdfmfkk" fkdi,ld yefrk"
lsishï ck iudchl ixialD;sl Yla;su;a nj fmkajk lsis≥
or®Ylhla jr®OkSh †Ydk;shla fmkakqï lrkafka keye'

ud okakd y∫kk" W.;a" ie,lsh hq;= jegqmla ,nk /lshdjla
lrk wfhl=f.a †h◊hg" Wmka †k folla ;sfhkjd' tlla mdi,
iy .=rejr hy¨ fhfy,shka i|yd jk tl' wfkl W;aij"
kel;a iqN uqyqr®;s ieliSu i|yd Ndú;d lrk tl' fojeks tlhs
we;a; Wmka †kh iy fõ,dj' uq,a Wmka†kh mdi,g we;=<;a
ls¯u i|yd jHdc f,i ieliq tlla' ug yuq jQ ;j;a wfhl=g
woyd.; fkdyels wOHdmk iq≥iqlï ;sfnkjd' jdykhl
iqlaldkug w; ;ndj;a ke;s wh <Û ˙he≥re n,m;% ;sfnkjd'
wvq uqo,lg" jeä uykaishla ke;sj Wmamekak iy;slfha isg
Wmdê iy;slh yryd urK iy;slh olajd ,shlshú,s wjYH
kï flfkl=g ilia lr.kak mqΩjka' wjYH kï fidajdka
ilDod.dó" wry;a wd° jYfhka jQ udr®.M, o ,nd .kak
mqΩjka' i,a,s ;sfí kï" „ú;h fï ;rï myiqjqkq jljdkqjla
b;sydifha ljr lf,lj;a ;snqkd o lsh,d iel iys;hs'
i,a,s ñksiaiqkag ˆksoyi˜ f.k;a †,d ;sfhkjd' ta ksoyi
YsIaG;ajfha ˆ;yxј lvd ì| oukjd' ukqIH;ajh wr®:
oelafjkafka ksoyfia iy ;yxÑfha iSudjka ;=< lsh,d ux
uf.a l;dj mgka .kakfldgu lshd isáhd' ksoyi úiska wms
m˙l,amkfha wkka; úYajh fj; ;,a¨ lrkjd' ;yxÑh
fyj;a ;yku úiska wm ta wkka; úYajfha kQ, levqkq
irex.,hla fia bnd.df;a .id.k hdu j<lkjd'
ksoyi ,nkak biair fï ;yxÑh mekjqfka" hg;a ú‚;
mshdf.ka' Tyqf.a kS;sfhka' Tyq y∫kajd≥ka wOHdmkfhka ,enqKq
≤kqñka iy YSCIKfhka' Tyq mdrj,a yo,d ta mdrj,aj, .uka
lrk ms<sfj, lshd ≥kakd' yqrf;a,g" wdrCIdjg n,a,ka we;s
lrk fldg n,a,ka ovdjf;a hk tl bnd.f;a fndajk tl
.ek m˙iaiï jkakg wk;=re weÛjqjd' th wffOr®h lrkak
n¨ noao lsh,d tlla y∫kajd fokfldg" wfma wh úreoaO
jqkd'

21

“.fï f.orlg fifka we;s j isá n¨ l=lalg fudk n≥ o wfka
;fka ;sfhk ls˙ álg;a noaola f.jkak fõú o b†˙ †fka''''''''”
lsh,d'
wo n,a,ka ;sia ,CIhla urd oukafka ke;sj ovdjf;a hk n¨
m%Yakh úi|kakg fkdyels nj rch jgyd.k ;sfhkjd'
fï ,dNhg myiqjg yuqjk „ú;h ;=< i,a,sj,ska msrúh
fkdyels wvqjla ;sfnkjd' Ök wdOdr we;sj ˆfk¨ïfmdl=Kla˜
b†lr.; yelshs' tfy;a tu fk¨ïfmdl=K fõ†ldfõ
rÛolajkakg isxy, ^fyda fou<& Tfmrdjla ksr®udKh ls¯ug
ksr®udKlrefjla" tys rÛkakg .hkakg ish .Kkl k¨
ks<shka myiqfjka ìyslr.kak neye' tjeks lD;shla ú£fï
risl;ajh Ökfhka fyda hqfrdamfhka i,a,sj,g y†isfha ñ,
° .kakg neye' ú¢fï iïm%∞hla yryd ìysjk rislfhl="
jHdc wOHdmk iy;slhla yryd ìyslr .kak neye' f,dalfha
†hqKq u iskud leurdj ñ,shk .Kka uqo,a f.jd f.kajd.
kak mqΩjka' tfy;a" tu leurdj Ndú;d lr jákd iskud
lD;shla ls¯fï ksr®udKYS,s;ajh ,dNhg wdkhkh lrkakg
neye' ñ,shk .Kka jehlr l%slÜ l%Svdx.k b†lr .; yelshs'
tfy;a f,dal uÜgfï l%slÜ l%Svlfhl= ìysls¯fï" úkh.;
jev ms<sfj,la iïm%odh.; ls¯u myiqfjka lrkakg neye'
chiQ˙h jf.a w;s oCI l%Svlfhl= y∞.kak mqΩjka fjhs' ta;a
uvq.,a, jf.a" fj;a;uqks jf.a l%slÜ l%Svdlrk uy;auhl=
myiqfjka y∞.kak neye' f,dafla ;sfhk fyd|u fudagr®
r:h wdkhkh lrkak mqΩjka' ta;a ta jdykh mojk úkhg
flfkla myiqfjka yqrelrkak neye'

22

ysia uq≥fka isg fom;=, olajd jefik we∫ula we£u kS;s.;
lrkak mqΩjka' tfy;a ta we∫ug háka weú†k ksrej;a
ñksid yslaujkakg tu kS;shgu mqΩjka lula keye' ta i|yd
wOHdmkh ;=, yev.eiqkq YsCIKhla ´kE'
cd;s wd.ï jYfhka fjka fkdflrekq tl u yDo idCIshla
fn∞.; yels YsCIKhla wmg ;snqkd ksoyi ,efnkfldg'
uydpdr®h ir;apkaø ukfï kdgHhg .S ;kq fidhd.kafka
hdmfka jvqfldÜfghs .fï l+;a;= kdgH lKavdhïj,ska' ta
kdgHlrejkag ta .S ;kq ,enqfka f.dkaid,afõia msh;=udf.ka'
isxy, kdgHfha uqødj n∫ jq úYsIaG ukfï kdgHfha iïNjh
yuqjqfha cd;s" wd.ï jYfhka fkdfn≥kq fmd≥ ,dxlSh ñksid
f.a yDo idCIsh ;=<hs'
fmdä ldf,a b|,u fjila tlg fjila l+vq f;drka yokakg;a"
k;a;,g k;a;,a .ia" .jf,k yokak;a ux mqre≥fj,d ysáhd'
wog;a ux tal lrkjd' tfyu ug ˆfï nq≥kaf.a foaYhhs˜ lsh,d
msgqmi ù≥refõ yryg f,dl= wl=˙ka .y.;a; nia tlla ly
b˙" r;= t<s fkd;ld" ;ks br vn,a b˙ lmd.k Odjkh
fjkjd olskfldg nh ysf;kjd' ta ux okakd nq≥kag foaYhla
;nd ìï wÛ,laj;a ke;s ksid' nia tl msámiafi tfyu
f,dl= wl=˙ka .y,d ;sfhkafka ;ukag ú¢kakg fkfjhs'
th ;ukag fmfkkafka keye' th fmfkkafka msámiafia tk
l%sia;shdksldrhdg" ysx≥ Nla;slhdg" uqi,audkqjdg'
fmd≥ Y%S ,dxlsl yDo idCIsh foorjk fujeks or®Yk
olskfldg ug nh ysf;kjd' ta nh Tn yefudagu;a oefkkjd
kï" wdfh;a fï rfÜ hqoaOhla we;s fkdù j<lajd.kak wmg

23

mqΩjka fõú' uf.a i;=g" Woaoduh ;j flfkl=f.a fk;g
l∫,la Wmojkjd kï" th fudllafoda jrola' wvqjla ms<sn|
yeÛùula' wm ta jro jgyd.; hq;=hs' ta wvqj mqrjd oeñh
hq;=hs' ;ud fkd ú¢k wfkld ú¢k i;=g fudllao lshk
l=;=y,h wm urd oeñh hq;=hs' uekafâ,d oukh lr.k isáfha
ta l=;=y,h hs' .dkaêg fkdfmkqk ;df.dr® oelal wk;=r
talhs' Or®umd,;=uka w;ska uÛyerek i;Hh talhs' wdkkao
l=udriajdñ g jvd fk¨ïfmdl=K wmg f,dl=jg fmfkkafka
ta ksihs' hqoaOh ksu jqk;a" hqoaOhla we;súh yels njg ;sfhk
wúYajdifhka wmsg .e,fjkak ne˙ talhs'
wm fkdú¢k wfkld ú¢k i;=g fudllao lshk l=;=y,fhka
.e,jqkduhs wmg" wm ú¢k i;=g mru i;=g njg m;alr.;
yels jkafka'
“ta jQ ksoyfia iajr®. rdcHhg

udf.a foaYh wj† lrkq uek mshdKfka”

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