Main input data

:
Vs
10 knots
T
1080 kN
RPM
1500
n=
25 Hz
D
4m
xboss
0.1
rboss

Resulting performance:
Thrust
Torque
Power
Vs

Circulation distribution parameters:
k=
20
a=
0.1
m=

0.4

RPM
KT

0.2 m

z

KQ

3 blades

JA
η

Water Density
Kin.viscosity

1025 kg/m3
0 m2/s

x=r/R
r
xx
w
t
c
Γ
VA

0.2
0.41
0.12
0.149
0.219
1.29
12.17

0.28
0.57
0.2
0.137
0.198
1.49
15.19

0.36
0.73
0.29
0.129
0.178
1.64
17.34

0.44
0.89
0.38
0.123
0.158
1.74
18.87

0.52
1.05
0.47
0.118
0.138
1.8
19.82

0.6
1.21
0.56
0.113
0.118
1.8
20.15

0.68
1.37
0.65
0.110
0.097
1.76
19.78

0.76
1.53
0.74
0.107
0.077
1.64
18.59

4.379

4.440

4.482

4.514

4.540

4.561

4.579

4.594

UTmean

4.747

4.258

3.791

3.382

3.010

2.655

2.302

1.937

UAmean

20.219

23.152

25.062

26.349

27.124

27.398

27.120

26.180

βi

13.212

10.420

8.603

7.315

6.333

5.535

4.851

4.231

Χ(x,z,βi)
UT
UA
βi
V∞ [m/s]
Lift [N/m]
CL
Rn
CF
CD
dr
dDrag [N]
dTD [N]
dQD [Nm]
dT [N]
dQ [Nm]

1

1

1

1

0.99

0.98

0.96

0.92

4.747

4.258

3.791

3.393

3.031

2.698

2.388

2.096

20.219

23.152

25.062

26.428

27.316

27.843

28.133

28.334

13.21
10.42
8.60
7.33
6.37
5.60
4.99
4.49
63.393
88.553 113.738 138.926 164.116 189.307 214.503 239.705
790647 1379162 2021860 2687343 3334341 3910284 4349566 4568563
0.099
0.077
0.062
0.052
0.045
0.039
0.035
0.031
6.87E+07 1.11E+08 1.57E+08 2.03E+08 2.48E+08 2.88E+08 3.17E+08 3.32E+08
2.20E-03 2.05E-03 1.95E-03 1.88E-03 1.83E-03 1.80E-03 1.77E-03 1.76E-03
5.90E-03 5.20E-03 4.76E-03 4.45E-03 4.23E-03 4.07E-03 3.94E-03 3.86E-03
0.37
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
17267
14917
24775
36759
50334
64666
78360
89561
3946

2698

3706

4691

5581

6313

6811

7010

6859
279311
33990

8333
214329
31002

17833
316152
53061

32375
421769
81099

52425
524624
114420

77743
616343
151531

106791
686485
189544

136429
721718
223847

0.009
0.065
1.075

0.007
0.055
1.063

0.006
0.047
1.054

Cavitation check:
(This is just one of several possible methods)
Draught at propeller:
10 m
h=
8
Water vapour pressure:
1500
Atm.pressure101325
σ
t/c
v/V
∆v/V
Vx

0.086
0.170
1.194

0.043
0.133
1.152

0.026
0.109
1.124

0.017
0.091
1.104

0.012
0.077
1.088

0.028

0.021

0.017

0.014

0.012

0.011

0.010

0.009

77.461

103.898

129.831

155.358

180.567

205.515

230.110

254.637

(Vx/V∞)2-1

0.493

Cavitation? Yes

0.377
Yes

0.303
Yes

0.251
Yes

0.211
Yes

0.179
Yes

0.151
Yes

0.128
Yes

Calculation of geometric pitch distribution:
kc
ka
kt
f/c
αi3

1.668
1.0124
11.516
0.0108

1.614
1.0334
9.662
0.0081

1.557
1.0704
8.332
0.0063

1.509
1.1278
7.280
0.0051

1.483
1.2101
6.383
0.0043

1.494
1.3217
5.573
0.0038

1.553
1.4672
4.798
0.0035

1.675
1.6511
4.017
0.0034

0.1550

0.1223

0.1024

0.0905

0.0836

0.0801

0.0791

0.0801

αt
P/D

1.9596
0.1756

1.2857
0.1868

0.9066
0.1937

0.6618
0.1981

0.4908
0.2004

0.3646
0.2010

0.2649
0.2005

0.1884
0.1998

Resulting performance:
5044.4 kN
1349.5 kNm
211984 kW
10 knots
1500

20.5

0.031

20

0.0021

19.5

0.045
0.108

19

1.544

1.082 Average induced tangential velocity. Calculated.

28.935
4.13
264.920
4446756
0.029
3.20E+08
1.77E-03

1.75

0.220

0.210
15
1.7eq.
20.844 Average induced axial velocity. Calculated by solving second degree
0.200 0.150
14.5
1.65
2.972 Initial hydrodynamic pitch angle.
0.190 0.148
14
0.66 Goldstein factor, from diagram
1.6 0.180 0.145
13.5
0.143
1.639 Induced tangential velocity at blade
1.55 0.170
13
0.140
31.581 Induced axial velocity at blade
1.5 0.160 0.138
12.5
4.03
0.150
1.45
0.135
290.182
12
0.140
3737034 Radial lift distribution.
0.1 0
0.2 0
0.30.133
0
1.4
0.130 0.130
.15
.25
.35
0.027 Blade section lift coefficient
1.35 0.120
2.62E+08
0.128
1.3 0.110 0.125
1.82E-03

3.83E-03 3.89E-03
0.16
0.15
94787
81993

1.25

1.2

6825

5767

1.15

159585
702809
246060

151148
560855
224981

1.1

Wake fraction w [-]

0.84
1.836

1.8

Blade max thickness [m]

3.631

1.85

Chord length [m]

24.334

Blade section circulation G

4.608

18.5
0.92 Dim.less radius. Selected.
18
1.85
0.92
17.5
0.102 Wake fraction. Empirical formula
17
0.037 Blade max thickness for each radius. Empirical formula
16.5
1.07 Chord length. Selected (designed) values
12.56 Circulation distribution. See parameters above
16
4.620 Local axial inflow velocity
15.5

0.84
1.69
0.83
0.104
0.057
1.44
16.38

0.4 0
.45

0.100 0.123
0.090 0.120
0.080 0.118
0.070 0.115

0.060 0.113
1.05 0.050 0.110
0.20.040
0.25 0.108
0.3

0.35

0.

0.030 0.105
0.103
0.2
0.25 0.3 0
0.100
0.2 0.25
0.005
0.040
1.045

0.004
0.035
1.039

0.008

0.007

279.049

303.814

v/V (12%)=

1.14

0.12

0.110
Yes

0.096
Yes

1.873
1.8778
3.180
0.0035

2.159 Correction factor for camber
2.1518 Correction factor for angle of attack
2.166 Correction factor due to thickness
0.0038 Camber distribution

0.0830

0.0894 Correction of ideal angle of attack due to 3-D effects

0.1263
0.2012

0.0749 Correction of ideal angle of attack due to thickness effects
0.2130 Resulting pitch distribution

1.85
1.8

1.75
1.7

1.65

0.220
0.210
0.200 0.150
0.190 0.148
0.180

1.55

0.170

1.5

1.45

0.2
1.4

1.35

0.145
0.143

0.140
0.138
0.150
0.135
0.140
0
0.30.133
0
0.130 0.130
.25
.35
0.120 0.128
0.160

Wake fraction w [-]

Blade max thickness [m]

1.6

0.4 0
.45

0.5

0
.55

xx

0
0.7
.65

0
.75

0.8

0
.85

0.9 0
.95

istribution f/c [-]

Radial thrust distribution dT [N]

Lift coefficient CL [-]

0.110 0.125
0.100 0.123

Velocities [m/s]

0.01
0.01
0.1
1.25
0.01
0.090
0.120
0.09
0.01
1.2
32.5
300
0.080 0.118
0.01
0.09
1.15
0.01
30
280
0.070 0.115
0.01
1.1 0.060 0.113 0.08
725000
250000
27.5
0.01
260
240000
700000
1.05 0.050 0.110 0.08
0.01
230000
675000
25 0.45 0.5 0.55 0.6 0.65 0.7 0.75 0.8 0.85 0.9 0.95
0.20.040
0.25 0.108
0.3 0.07
0.35 0.4
240
0.01
220000
650000
Dim.less radius x=r/R
0.01
0.030 0.105 0.06 22.5 625000
210000
0.103
0.2
0.25 0.3 0.35 600000
0.4 0.45 0.5 0.55 0.6 0.65 0.7 0.75 0.8 0.85 0.90 0.95 220
200000
0.06
20
0
Row 31
190000
0.100
Dim.less radius x=r/R
575000
200
0
Row 34
180000
0.2
0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5 0.55 0.6 0.65 0.7 0.75 0.8 0.85 0.9 0.95
0.060.25
17.50.3 550000
0.01
0.22
0
170000
180
Row
21
Dim.less
radius
x=r/R
525000
0.05
0.01
0.21
0
15
160000 Row
26
500000
0
0.05
160
150000 Row
0.01
0.21
27
12.5 475000
0
140000
Row
29
0.04
4500000.01
0.21
0
140
130000
Row 39
10 425000
0
0.04
0.01
0.21Row 40
120000
120
0
110000
7.5 4000000.01
0.03
0.2
375000
0
100000
100
0.2
5 3500000.01
0.03
0
90000
0.2 0
0.3
0 0.01
0.4 0
0.5 0
0.6 0
0.7 0
0.8 0
0.9 0
325000
0.2
8080000
2.5
.25 300000
.35
.45
.55
.65
.75
.85
.95
70000
0.01
0.2
Dim.less radius x=r/R
0 275000
6060000
1.3

0.1

0.6

Row 21
0.21
Row 26
0.21
Row
27
Row
29
0.21
Row 39
0.21Row 40

Camber distribution f/c [-]

Radial thrust distributio

Velocitie

Lift

0
170000
180
5250000.01
0
15
160000
500000
0
0.05
160
150000
0.01
12.5 475000
0
140000
0.04
4500000.01
0
140
130000
10 425000
0
0.04
0.01
120000
120
400000
0
110000
7.5
0.03
3750000.01
0
100000
100
5 3500000.01
0.03
0
90000
0.2 0
0.3
0 0.01
0.4 0
0.5 0
0.6 0
0.7 0
0.8 0
0.9 0
325000
8080000
2.5
.25 300000
.35
.45
.55
.65
.75
.85
.95
70000
0.01
Dim.less radius x=r/R
0 275000
6060000
0.01 0
50000
0.2250000
0
0.3
0.4 0
0.5 0
0.6 0
0.7 0
0.8 0
0.9 0
.25 0.01 .35
.45
.55
.65
.75
.85
.95 40000
225000
200000
30000
Dim.less radius x=r/R
0.01
0.2 0 0.3 0 0.4 0 0.5 0 0.6 0 0.7 0 0.8 0 0.9 0
.35
.45
.55
.65
.75
.85
.95
0.01 .25
0.05

0

Dim.less radius x=r/R

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.18

0

0.18

0

0.18

0

0.18
0.2 0
0.3 0
0.4 0
0.5 0
0.6 0
0.7 0
0.8 0
0.9 0
.25
.35
.45
.55
.65
.75
.85
.95
Dim.less radius x=r/R

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
300
0.01
0.01
280
0.01
250000
0.01
260
240000
0.01
230000
240
0.01
220000
0.01
210000
220
0
200000
0
Row 31
190000
200
0
Row 34
180000
.85 0.9 0.95
0.22
0
170000
180
Row 21
0.21
0
160000 Row
26
0
160
150000 Row
0.21
27
0
140000 Row 29
0.21
0
140
130000
Row 39
0
0.21Row 40
120000
120
0
110000
0.2
0
100000
100
0.2
0
90000
0.2
8080000
5
70000
0.2
6060000

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

170000
180
160000
160
150000
140000
140
130000
120000
120
110000
100000
100
90000
8080000
5
70000
6060000
50000
0.9 0
.95 40000
30000
0 0.9 0
85
.95

Row 21
0.21
Row 26
0.21
Row
27
Row
29
0.21
Row 39
0.21Row 40

0
0.8 0
0.9 0
.75
.85
.95

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18

Row 61
Row 64

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