# MAE-403 - AIR CONDITIONING

Static Regain Method: lower the velocity for next section, to “regain” friction and
localized losses, so that ALL outlets have the
SAME STATIC PRESSURE.
This is best accomplished by the use of a computerized spreadsheet.

V22
V12
P2 + ρ
= P1 + ρ
+ ∆Plosses
2
2
we want :
P2 = P1
so :
V22
V12
−ρ
= ∆Plosses
ρ
2
2
or :
V2 = Cr
2/24/2005

2

ρ

V12
+ ∆Plosses
ρ
2
1

AIR CONDITIONING 200 cm 440 cm 150 l/s 150 l/s 375 cm 180 cm 5 440 cm 7 8 30 x 15 40 cm 150 l/s 150 l/s 60 x 15 4 215 cm 170 cm 6 3 2/24/2005 2 .MAE-403 .

09 Length m 2. 3-4 4-5 5-6 Diffuser 0.Loss Pa/m 2.40 - - 150 150 150 20 20 60 x 15 x 15 x 60 5.25 - ν= Pdyn Pa 26.75 x H Veloc Dh Re x cm m/s cm 24.25E+04 0.02075 0.38 -37.203 2.6E-05 Loss Pa -4.35 -37.981 4.00 5.44 -20.83 m2/s Sum Pa -4.964 4.01982 0.82 -54. 7-8 Diffuser ALT to 7-8 regain 7-8 Diffuser straight straight 150 150 15 60 x 15 x 60 6.02264 1.67 15.1 5.09% .40 -16.75 -8.67 x 15 6.02230 3.80 mm Co 0.36E+04 0.63 -16.AIR CONDITIONING STATIC REGAIN METHOD EXAMPLE 1.40 - - 2/24/2005 -17.83 -7.67 - 1.0 1.72 -20.02230 0.21 ∆P Sect.83 -33.67 x 60 fprime f 0.33E+04 x 15 6.18 regain 11-12 Diffuser 3 -0.00E+05 x 15 6.74 -11.15 1.uses hydraulic diameter = 0.00 17. Descr.2 kg/m3 Cr ρ= Sect.00% Section 7-8 is now designed to give the same static pressure at the diffuser (or as close as we can).0 6.67 20.74 -6.01982 0.MAE-403 .98 -20.02264 0.0 8.67 -4.65 11-12 Diffuser 8. Air Flow W l/s cm 3-4 straight 600 60 4-5 wye-br 300 30 5-6 straight 300 30 Diffuser 150 60 .02075 ε= F.767 0.

MAE-403 .AIR CONDITIONING 200 cm 440 cm 150 l/s 150 l/s 375 cm 180 cm 5 440 cm 7 8 30 x 15 40 cm 150 l/s 20 x 15 150 l/s 60 x 15 4 215 cm 170 cm 6 3 2/24/2005 4 .

85xfprime+0.018 THEN f=fprime ELSE f=0.Vin^2)/2 2/24/2005 5 .0028 F.AIR CONDITIONING formulas Veloc.MAE-403 .25 Eq 21 Ch 32 f: IF fprime >= 0.Loss=f x r x Veloc^2/(2xDh) Loss=L x F. 24 Ch 32 Re=VelocxDh/ ν fprime=0.11x(ε /Dh+68/Re)^0.= (Air Flow)/(W xHx10) Dh=4x(W xH)/(2*(W +H)) Eq.Loss or Loss=Co x Pdyn Pdyn = r x V^2/2 Regain = Cr x r x (Vout^2 .

AIR CONDITIONING A computer program to solve Colebrook's Formula in Excel follows. 2/24/2005 6 .MAE-403 .

f1 As Double. incr As Double. fold As Double.2 eq. eps As Double) Dim iter As Integer. 3rd. _ arg As Double. eq.(29b) corrected 'according to Shames.AIR CONDITIONING Option Explicit 'Calculates friction factor using Colebrok's formula 'Uses ASHRAE Hndbk of Fundamentals 1997 Ch. Per As Double. itlim As Integer. a As Integer Dim Area As Double. _ tol As Double.0000000001 itlim = 100 Area = Wlocal * Hlocal Per = 2# * (Wlocal + Hlocal) 2/24/2005 7 . Wlocal As Double. _ epslocal As Double Log10 = Log(10#) Vdotlocal = Vdot / 1000# 'l/s -> m3/s Wlocal = W / 100# ' cm -> m Hlocal = H / 100# ' cm -> m epslocal = eps / 1000# ' mm -> m tol = 0. W As Double. Dh As Double. _ H As Double. Log10 As Double. f As Double. Mechanics of Fluids. conv As Double. nu As Double. _ Re As Double.(9-18) Static Function ffriction#(Vdot As Double. _ Vdotlocal As Double. _ Hlocal As Double. invsqrtf As Double.MAE-403 . Vel As Double. ed. Df1 As Double.

"error!") Return End If If (Abs(incr) > tol) Then GoTo 100 ffriction = f End Function 2/24/2005 8 .MAE-403 . 0.35 * invsqrtf / Re) f1 = invsqrtf .incr fold = f If (iter > itlim) Then a = MsgBox("iterations: limit exceeded!".01 iter = 0 100 iter = iter + 1 f = fold invsqrtf = 1# / Sqr(f) arg = (epslocal / Dh + 9.1.14 + 2# * Log(arg) / Log10 Df1 = -(0.AIR CONDITIONING Dh = 4# * Area / Per Vel = Vdotlocal / Area Re = Vel * Dh / nu fold = 0.5 + 9.35 / (Re * arg * Log10)) * (invsqrtf ^ 3) incr = f1 / Df1 f = f .

AIR CONDITIONING 2/24/2005 9 .MAE-403 .

6/0.2/1. l/s NC Throw .7 1.9/1.2/1.6 1.2/2.2/2.826 7.5 5 6 7 8 2.45 78.1 0.62 11.2/2.064 6.2 0.6/0.AIR CONDITIONING Performance Data .8/2.8/2.5 22.6/1.50.3/0.55 66.75.2/2.4 0.99 103 129 154 180 206 232 257 309 360 412 -- -- -- 17 21 25 28 34 39 43 0.24 19.6/0.68 15.7/3.5 3 3.8/2.24 x 24 / 600 x 600 Face Size .83 25.75.2 2.8 0.8/3.5 7.84 8.7/3.1 1.7 1.91 37.5 0.6/1.METRIC Lis te d Size Diffuser Data 6 Ne ck V e locity (m /s ) V e locity Pre s s ure .9/1.1/2.9/1.51 20.6/1.9/1.81 24.5 4 4.50.6/0.6/1.8/3.2/2.MAE-403 .71 37 46 56 65 74 83 93 111 129 148 -- -- -- -- -- 19 22 28 33 37 0.2/1.2/1.8/2.1/2.4/3.75. l/s NC Throw m .2/1.6/1.5 10 .9/1.8 0.6/0.7 4.3/4.25 10 Total Pre s s ure Flow Rate .70 16.9/1.04 66 83 99 115 132 148 165 198 231 263 -- -- -- -- 19 22 26 31 36 40 0.5/2.6 4.48 60.5/2..75 10 12.88 34..5 4 5.5/2.1 0. Pa Total Pre s s ure Flow Rate .4 40 3.24 19.89 30.4/3.29 46.7 1..4 1.6 1.30 23.2 0.7/3.9/1.64 11.40 12.9/1.1 0.5/2..4 0.9/1..18 15.0 1.9 2.5 30.45 60.4/3.2/2.08 50.5 0.8 0. l/s NC Throw .35 9.8/3.1/3.6 2.5/2.1/3.81 5..7 1.5 15.5/2.25 8 Total Pre s s ure Flow Rate .99 44.3/4.2/1.50.5/2.9/1.25 2/24/2005 2 2.3/0.3 1.3 1.0 1.

MAE-403 .AIR CONDITIONING 12 13 200 cm 11 14 440 cm 150 l/s 150 l/s 10 375 cm 9 5 440 cm 7 8 20 x 15 150 l/s 150 l/s 60 x 15 4 2/24/2005 170 cm 6 30 x 15 40 cm 215 cm 180 cm 3 11 .

83 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 13-14 Diffuser #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! -20.0 5.75 2.767 0.02245 #DIV/0! 0.67 - #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 3.20 -5.67 - 2.02075 0.767 0.42 -49.33E+04 8.33E+04 0.02075 0.12 - #DIV/0! - 2.767 2.67 6.68 -22.47 -1.67 6.88 -28.02075 0.40 0.0 8.13 - 26.00 0.67 26.02075 20.33E+04 0.20 -9.767 2.00 0.0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.11 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! -20.67 6.AIR CONDITIONING 4 4-9 9-10 10-11 11-12 Diffuser ALT to 4-12 4 4-9 regain 9-10 10-11 11-12 Diffuser wye-st straight straight elbow straight wye-st straight straight elbow straight 13-14 straight Diffuser ALT to 13-14 regain 13-14 straight Diffuser 300 300 300 300 300 150 30 30 30 30 30 60 x x x x x x 15 15 15 15 15 60 6.77E+04 #DIV/0! 0.83 -8.11 -10.40 3.25 4 4-9 9-10 10-11 11-12 Diffuser 32.34% -3.723 #DIV/0! 4.0 8.12 - 26.20 -9.02075 20.83 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! regain 13-14 Diffuser #DIV/0! 12 .67 6.98 -20.37 -3.47 -1.31 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 4 4-9 regain 9-10 10-11 11-12 Diffuser #DIV/0! -11.33E+04 0.13 0.40 4.53 -20.2 0.40 - - - - -3.0 8.67 6.0 20.71 150 150 150 0 0 60 x 15 x 15 x 60 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 2/24/2005 20.50 60 x 15 x 60 5.02245 #DIV/0! 2.75 2.67 300 300 300 300 300 300 150 30 30 0 0 0 0 60 x x x x x x x 15 15 15 15 15 15 60 6.02075 0.31 -19.02075 0.0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 16.67 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 150 150 17.02075 0.83 -8.MAE-403 .

AIR CONDITIONING Assignment: Use the spreadsheet and the drawing posted.MAE-403 . and complete the design of the rest of the duct system using Static Regain. Due: 2/24/2005 next class 13 .