ANALOG INTEG.

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CIRCUIT DES'.GN David Johns Ken Martin

University of Toronto

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. '"G:~ CI C"11 _.~.~ DUtl'Y!5 cM.I:!) As.1' ~ b/V... r1)j + ~il'lVifl.(..f.f..) to. V/tI) =Ct V.(It) ~1 I CP1 ...(vtoT tv sea u. ...00.. Cz.* = .r+VOO) Cz V(1 {n) :=C.(.d ':._be.{~) -1 -C.} Vl~~) = -(\/Cl.z V" {!1-1) -C1 Vdrt) ~~L V" (z) ~ Cl._ --_1---Z_4----~~) _ V. Vi(t..p".. tra"sf~ .( '%:) + CPl £1 124 .~J tN~ = .. VO'~.Kill Vi" 1:1 (Vs. --.: Th. 1_:z-1 -=? T~)c.-htre. vir~ g(?J-UTLd.. . VI (II) 4l'Z. Z \{. T Cpl. ~ cLu.) =9.~ V.. {1I-1) -C.g Vi(I't)·Cf/~·..t..suPliI1J V"".J. Vt\":~1}_e..J CL.ri~ wiJ.K2 Vts -= ..lS ~ .-... :l ~ - K2. 1S 011.J...l.iM.V.VoJf:z.

J" b cc=. H ~1 ) ..152 pF GAd I =r-» . - ..z.::::::. c.ert C~r-c-Om.:. ~) q.it.__..'.IJB ~ 10:7-) H (t. t-(A.. o~8S1.o(U::: ----t-f.II1 50 kflz.1.t-~2....I :::) k: lf71 e.~8) pf .Z: 1. .: by (10. z«1 I fsA f~/2.. 1U-W Hh) wirv.21 {1) ==0 .s: "" "g._.:: HT-1}= -------.13) r.1 0.1 ci Eg... W(-.-_ Z.0'5'3321 T~ tratlffer fllll~1l 1S to.. .) ~ __ K.[2+ ..I.1z>1 d.~) C2.1"52 rF At .'1~ we £~1 C:-'I "" wfF 1)U..... \-\Ij) ~ 0. (/0..3 ~ "oe:...kRl.(.---»..·o· 126 ~i27 ..".{(' 1S.rre.:.: o.-.:.. ~ _ (0..ten k. --. Ai - H (.~ z-..j.) -. .0t ~ T~ .f"U:I t...3 ._ ~ 0...o ~P..t) = rI.tLlt.¥-. (1a.. -'6.e.613 ...j-6t.(i.. p }-\:-1) .::j Z=-1 ) --~------~------.0.. ) -Cl_ u.<S"ubd~ T·lf.E At ....1·H"t) --"> .33).~o~ - __ C.. ~--~------~--=L1 ~ '. 1-1(11 :::::..~ .

::::-Cl..±_L ~.e..11- 01 we kl. 0 1-11(.8 r i. 0.=.I' • . . k.:c 1. Zi '" .nL~1.. "" 1 ..u...tJbvs) 5in{JL cJj.00 6. 10 .u.q) k: 1.z:'L 0-00/5'7 l.0011 +4 Tk-t.f-.. z: 0./". =- o."i.J)z + 1 :::= 0 reoJ_ iUj.'· . fl.o.' r Cd mf. ~~~. Z. traflsfer U. .1.. ~ +... r .o .1HS7 1::1. ut0 ~rcl._ k4..1J1 1U.j. Oil Z/" J H (el - .. -J/8 l:.~ 0.74J 0.00] L _ - o. ~t.~( ~~ :'~' ~I two pTbcUlJ (i../ L_j__ ' :1_ ~.k5" ::..l.()oJt4-S- l<l-:: 01<. I ~ 1 rlt-tta ~'-h't ..~j.. ·ho.".(L ThitJ t<. nu. c... t.J.e 2".G.Ool'i''7..1). I 2'1 '" K] =I(.'iM win. {.~) Vi (z) He?:):=: o. (Jc"~)-(iO.'Ie..~'--' /4) i L J. J(~ ~ are tk. CA-t' .~I z.06).qkll. d: -()' LDth.~ LoWrQ.'Q ~i q4q.. bf-"~r. er-aiJ..o. 1J. =1 ~ ' Iz.jp'11u.. '1'(1197..-7 l.7 Z2 -r (f(~ oKs-. O..."C +.11-.) 'k:l -= 10.J. ..tf 11 KJ (.f ZurlS 0{ 1tu d.Z 1 _ tLe on..... o-r..1. 128 129 .oo612.64-" 1I4Il.tAIJrnillahr..e..00l5(.AQr-/"'l k( =0 ~ .'.I\..fde. Uo.sr) >pr.~ lr 0. [<IV -~ k. "A.4 q) fundion fr. OOI5"7l_ .o1-U 0". ~otf. -00. fA-elf-lciwsQN.)..f.cir:J ("10.w>? cIJ Th..

~ OJ 0 ~ I 0 j 0 <-. jf91'1'4.'" ~ rejlA... Corr-eet of l.. DI44 • 0 Vrd wt.s s« J ~ :=r= . " SIVt( ~ 1€1-q . 00 . . is . . .itv~{u. e.tim!MYI jNR . fh is pu-jor'"nted AS be/ot'e <.r _~ ._ .S dB in JNR.J to k.o' ~/eh1e~t --4> 5 010 I -'0- /0 = ----.2.Off.. '"'tn' iOl1 I e Ill!...he VI.16 d8 ~...Jr~) J =:.{( sCRle (eve l . 6f1. V ~~ lb.. hn1 6l..:. MfA.l'J .__.." q..M ::.T1: Jee tkcvt we.3 J Q i" +5 :D::!..) C«lu·t!wle. T l. inp"d.-t:" .·~ighuJ}.__ 1lf..... the.lh."~" ~ iVJ !If.".sB Fron.(?h. .. t J1.dB Thil is pf"ov.) t '''''''"I""''c.f) V""1l ~ ( 2....... '.t11. Ys-or2 ~.. (. ·130 in.. .f %.... the three.U.. C l"" .d UtJe) ~ ."1 === . to WPy The It1.Problems nl) L (W{J(_J/ ~ vollrt !ft:...pl e n.T pu... o.. pO'Jible. SNR crf odS tht.. . 1~·· dB" :::6. "3l/"z n. =: J) I". 1->"1 liV'LS lo~effrn."ly hte. K.. :=.>' 0 (I +..d the."3 1hYfJhold. .( wi!! O11ly..~c Ia0! 00 I I V (i~I..f. !OJe lO~1~UI:J)·::. Vpl'...TJ {--01.Chapter. ~..01._.ruue f!1ewunl.. f4l-o 4Ua.Jda iob« 7'fdl3 ItS) j lAW1m~i/if1-l il1 Ft7r.Q..02..0 ""'1/'60'" ij 0 h ./'vi Vee..jll//?~:'. M a.(:. . s.~~=a16 ~ rno [[I! I f [9]0101 I ~1 j a.t -5 -1- OJ 10 OJ I 001 ! 0 I 0a f"t -5 ..P:J.": V t/.u..'~ Cow!'pf(!Yl1~t ~I1Jwey.1_ Fa Y" . It.]li!dJ ~ btlow ..de(the I/fPj. I Yl r.. $pa-v.f . qUfW·rficcdiol1 V If.d flil [§Jail! 00I0 131 .c.02 ~Jl + 1.._.~ he-r-s.t + .. ~oydj 3Y... )i"te of Two'j (0 i'I-1.

.061..-. : -0.2 : ». 0 n : O.. I. 061 " ONI. J. DOY.iY'lArI d : .s ! LS13 .lhlNiYt aha [f t~e. difltrel1 - M I.{6 [ 0 : +0.GQ ~.00 q. 0 LSg ~r LSI! - - 2... -0...) are..J th (. •• q oc:. Oiq..0'".. 0 t 1- : :. .: ~. 01:} ~o. l. O..-0.O. U.~Jtl1aic.."" i. I..' tlW( ~JI1'~ Nun.'1$ (". '!1/ UB I t: r~ ihot res k_.02-1 : +0".1. is '0.013 .fyj (Ollli.//J?eM'iiy :' er. .or I '.031}: -0. i . lJ....CI~ . : -0.. 0 n ._ 1. 03'45 Ls MiL . 0 S"7 0 ....H ~. US 2.. 132 133 ...-~ -0. i'kC«. aFt o ::. -0.G 't >-----~____o Co {ll L"l. • ~ -------------~-----------4 "~o-----~--------------_" 'l TYlM..o. bJ~"'T"""Tl MSi3s lri--f----+--! ~-----------_. .

. O'1ILS(!.. -::.} r~iIl1.il. CO(It...C.f?:D~ . &.58 -=..1.a.lAj Wr'Irr. Fw Wone.()If.:Q. (()YfeJF/JI-1.Jpftl4 .Oo1:~O. "1M "-tr'i~ hid (i.iYr.6 brts and.01 lH~ 6. MuiWt~ ahSOUA-fe. at Ndlrd . J'. Lu z: 3 . aMd Err offset =: 0... tt'nd IN L..~. tM. .. J./J1.li.02.:"i - fiw..1l ..'Vi p.(t:<i/lJe errcr t: -io~ -0. so-.d5 -- I ~o. - 0. t _ • L".Ie. el1.J.. %1. /. .SB Lo! =:..'y. OJ J O.'.' ~jw' lil .. ~ the. 03L}1..0) .J. INL e..>:V . Find lute a .vy of the.....". til!Yl i!J-gO/'>1. - NtH~~ ~ b.r b..O( J Absok-t-fe WYUYJ "0.V lNt#rd -::.ctflVtfMII/ fS ..Nvt_~'(.ErY"qf).y'y"OYS .<:1/3 .V It/.... '-134 re. . '(V ._.' 1 V ThMJ ... or I "'00) "002. "h.~) The.J.QOrLSB . rtSpu" )'vely.(. tffm ttii..1.01111.· IAbJil Yl. error is ..:. r ». :::.Qr3LS8 +O. &tbsoude..... h.S V h1~/'I'IWW\ I i.0 L..a~lM"(l.. I I 'I -0 Os..H1.J fo Vrtr .. ...("oflut . J4..OI. tttiJ.c}l J _: .5$. error: or -'11 -:::: f""l. b. rel« t tvc aalNVfl. -0.01 : LSS [fO.-1j ~ 0..1.. ~ Le o -=..v€ (l.O'Z. VlfP.__. ~PJ)O~ O.. I M'"q{j I t. "o. - • te. L.)O tutt to'dYJ it re : {U~ : .fh".: L10 = l._. ¥u-~ =2Ntt/Ilb:.(.a 'f'. t 0. ':tlv. PIP-x/mUM INJ. V 10 0 Fur rt{l4.SS W.. "O.&l_\1-=_ -0. Mu. 6.

'""fre u.. .--...C ~ . i . __________ 136 137 ."'\iddlt_ a{ fu s...:t< "IN. .6 '. = 1-0987 X ~2.2.: 1.. toM 'L TV.'..0... -is "\ i"" ~ iN'" . . ~ CiictiJ:Skou::mJ i:..-~ Tkt.. TluU- -is ON..l.T' _.~ "flu ~ s"-' ii-cLt Tki.< c.•.1I ) .2 [( ir) 1\ (L. 1.:rc. rc i~1 ". "".. "'t=i 1<.. . 10 be .~.n.. d~ j 'wj rcJ. ~_'_ -1) .J:. lH" :t{~ ~~_ (rIJ Y 0=.ct~.2(.O'l'l~r of sroi~ .1 f :.... 15" 1 c.trjI<L3 for 11-u. .7 A"\A.O~r.-i)rj c + ·C ' i"'_l r lin: r) 1 ='1 . '<J 2.~S- - ~ -l5"6 rc uS"' 2 ' 1.:! 2.J II1"'tk... 6".'j 'ii.' .. 1 pF.. 1==1 _1. .....

1.u WJ..~ h ~ . /lv.fA..J..il"~..lVJio == 1b P-j( 2. a 3 «: 3IL 511'.u rMKi rz:U. tn.L 1. ==: ~ .to =- 1. M..l QIJ a ba I<\...~ :lit 14 10 :2.E-!!::.sJ:6i is a 1£~) Ct~ 4 tirTll1..") 'Tkl.JJ~K. 1SF!. ... ~~· b3 (_. b_2.If-/L'J-I-) ~'" 136 139 . • q -c. ~~ at b1.. re5'-. f?_. J wtd p.. S(lJl1.U. ? s 1"N. (L) :_:<ti '1' ~ 11\9. "8 o..resitibt> ~. nu.a.j.: 5"12.s~bil$r V..v.) .o. al'lal 64 red. -.

_ 5':r. ~for{J ~ ~ a.O'!L$S ---(J1..iJJ ~~ n..01 -::-1) i'~ LS~ == O.(.... .. .cnuS" ihi ~wi~.d . Iil- 63".ball. I"~. Tkio wILL wi dul.!. 14 ~ vo~ ()I.s..2. _ . v~ .. .~sisYllfS R .:A.:y R.r~ k/.L. .A :. ~nfll<h_d U+1 -w~ ~ owJ.~ ~ 100 mV W~ dflJf G. TVU.W..l b. .:~i) fl-1c1) .. '. ( .. t/u.t.At 140 -nuN. -ii-..fl1b.cJW.~_U fM.shown k-ltJw.CAl~1t ...:..d: d~"h\ TI1ro?.!.e. 3 - ---. ~-Vlll£rti .i~~ . Cd.!:1..j for tiJr(~ . _ "" ikL ~ ZiL. ""'''"T (> - Z[<.L hL t'YI()~ addJ CLJ.3 r. ...~ ' f v.J.I circ.[). I.01 • R. V~ $~ru.r~ _ r.5 J tiu M-M ~- 11u.y-~r(...~ o~~ dR.... 1) 1krov~ IL -t~ ~ ci. 100 1'111Vaftz:. ...._ ..

...r-~ tiu: Mdt.. . W3d . ~n~~ 6~ G1J e~/Gfld..s.J.v 1" .) LsB '" 2.or: 5fl- C 1 21~ 3. do': o. 1158 = o.'t MHL· . 0.V .2.... voJtu.":. 1. lP+ 0.13) FlssuMi.<_. 1111 ..Or" 6'1000" 1~) '-! ':: t'l-tO...:dOKIlJ C~O·5'f!= o = -\{.- -1 .C.Q31 V ~ 31 ------ mV . -= _L :: . .1Sf" 0.2 is:d.. 7::::..C-:>i.1'[ x.::rV I ... 11.i-'i12s-R." . .'.Se..' I r. .. It. T"" .. .::...15) (=.- Let:r Q3 duvoi e 1he.:. -VI#2.2. CJ ~+C2.2. .s-V' Ls8 ~ 4'0000" 1~ Va::::.w~ 1l. ~/ 143 .. 'iil.~ F()r' R ~~K_fl f =.0 bzs.Q . o nSI:!.__ V'j _ .

~ ~ID:: Sm AVers:::. "'!"l... (A'o£k c.~.Ct -::..Pil.r.2 l' {OS Cydes L./\t o~( M c.. -<' .0 ~ .: II h"J\1 H. -= bID. F'iiid Rl _"'.2. 1Ix -= 101/.n..ll I-Q.....Wr"j vv ~~ L L I'" -.1[· .J - . D...h(}. 1mv' =' 50 .ycfes i1 . 2.J!. .. . ~ t 1. -". h~J:..(O." ." t h e.·""T1• R.LX / \i'W'liUh -1/ ~ e- m IN'W\ ~.) T" e ( I~. Si11Ml-tiffl1 iJ 111. L..d_ V :( 1!Tl V :=: f{" YI..'.. ser..'. " {H·. '- --+. .. ... lYle.. r.o~g~$i tiCiWtd(Ol-\ I1rr PlU.r. ::'~ .t.> 7_ 11Tdlc ::. of := Phvue 1/. 6 ~ )( 10 r hilt. "'!I" .'.. 1 171V V' . '2 .a... 5U . 'i'-g....."p 51./ k... doon6'l.. ~ P.U'Otc. [I ~ ':::. ~ IDV 't.(A II x.f T dk.- \{.. {.. G... t~1.b 1 C9n. l. ~et R.~v irs. ~t45 . At tht..' 1-2. Ir.:.sec. of .a.J..Cj-t71..L . -+ I -::....V r-e f" 11-'1 kt h'IU"l ..t. . (. =-- 1...d T f::' 7.-"t' Ired..: whel-t Tft{U"t Vis..je. I~ - Prob~ '. e1-1.v (£iUe.___~ nA Wone N[.

..:·. Vftf.. [Ompleftly [}.J IVU'vt ~.~.o~ Vv i tG pWl'Dd... h(f Vr~t A5 U~ Ml Gf"UJ. 2 ..·Witt.-t/O'Yi Y/0. ~ (v'f1'~V'Ih) ." tVth . I. qS 1t(Q-1.r.3) I ::.__...f1)i1Y!.t:ty.C.:l ij.Href io .. " I =:0 V"4.3 Ho:c 1/ =.. RICt v.002. ~lLple.ie...t .. :.'r'd. -I lIOi~ ~. Alb Vrft - V~UL wh e¥t. TdA.~ .l 1111(1. Naw I..IN rdl:..:.' . frGWi. J He cure ()..s th!Vt are.qn-l. U mINi fip{u 0 (-{ / ~ 6tmf ~ B-olort ':... 1M-h. ev(" =..~ ~ = . =-::. it. th.t Tdle."1.. 8G«. tt. .f:eJ. ..-t~ -V...~ ofhe.- I S)'h (11 .a lion../ US) rhe QUJe.")If dB 147 ... . V'<1t:.L 0.Va#-l -rdk .~~" IO~Hc. I sili'(?1fTdl TTfTI tM t..re.-Vll~h 'I).c4 .2'" &w....~ Ij V. hotv~w. it.~plth~ a.H!' Vitf'-VJli( I I l3. rJij.. = ~ 1 H {We.~ V~. T. 7r bO/l}. R..':'l 10 V!-5(1 xlNTdl. error of LS8-:.:..t _ . cf titt iVlfe.:boA~. b S..r . ct mn u.~O •• V. ~'h - .i AA (. 11... 'COUe..f~JeG.oibi 11S) Th e f('€-f}i.JP. - VoU . '_ 0/ IS.:..y). -r. /15.... 7".e I 1/ T. (JIIAI1 1t -=..5"I.tflllkAtei. Proble. -:.~" Vf~'-V"U~ . .lt~nlMted.t 1..

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