16 Tenses In English

CHAPTER I PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
1.1 THE USE OF PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE We use The Present Continuous Tense when we talk about something which is happening at the time of speaking. Example : Please don’t make so much noise. I’m studying. We also use The Present Continuous Tense when we talk about something which is happening around the time of speaking, but not necessarily exactly at the time of speaking. Example : Silvia is learning English at the moment. We often use the Present Continuous when we talk about a period around the present. Example :You’re working hard today. Yes, I have a lot of to do We use the present continuous when we talk about the changing situation. Example : The population without jobs is increasing very fast. 1.2. THE ADVERBS OF TIME USED The adverbs of time used in Present Continous tense are “NOW, RIGHT NOW, TOMORROW,ETC 1.3. THE PATTERN OF PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE The patterns of Present continous tense consist of : 1.3.A. Positive Pattern S + am/is/are + Verb 4…………………………………………….Now S + sedang + 4……………………………………..sekarang Examples : 1. I am studying English now. 2. We are going to Jakarta tomorrow (akan) 3. You are singing now. 4. He is making a cake now. 5. she is sewing a shirt now. Communicative English Course
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16 Tenses In English 6. They are playing football in the field now. 7. Tom and Ani are doing their homework tomorrow. 8. The students are doing sport now. 1.3.b The Negative Pattern S + am/is/are + Not + Verb 4…………………………………… Now S + tidak sedang + 4 …………………………………….sekarang Example : 1. I am not studying now 2. He is not sleeping now 3. My father is not watching television now. 4. we aren’t going to Jakarta Tomorrow. 1.3.c. The Interrogative Pattern Am/Is/Are + S + Verb 4…………………………………………..Now? Apakah + S + sedang + 4…………………………sekarang ? Examples : 1. Are you studying English now ? Yes, I am/ No, I am not 2. Is he eating fried rice now? Yes, he is/ No, he isn’t 3. Is your father working in the office now? Yes, He is/No, He isn’t 1.3.d. Qusetion-word Pattern QW + Am/Is/Are + S + Verb 4…………………………………...Now? QW + yang + S + 4……………………………………..sekarang? Examples : 1. what are you doing now ? studying 2. Where is he studying English now ? at school EXERCISE I : Translate these sentences into English. 1. Jack sedang tidur sekarang 2. Mary sedang mengerjakan tugas itu 3. Kami sedang menonton sebuah film di televisi 4. Mereka sedang bermain bola di halaman sekarang 5. Guru itu sedang menerangkan pelajaran itu. 6. Perusahaan itu sedang tumbuh dengan pesat sekarang. 7. Harga saham di bursa Efek Jakarta sedang naik sekarang 8. Pak Adi sedang mengajar bahasa Inggris di kampus sekarang 9. Polisi tersebut sedang mencari Ali sekarang. 10. Ana, Ani, dan Tom sedang berdiskusi sekarang. Communicative English Course
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16 Tenses In English

EXERCISE 2 : Change the following sentences into (+), (-), and (?)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. They are speaking English now. We are not reading now. Is your mother frying rice now? No, she isn’t. What is your father looking at now ? a picture. He is watching “Plan to kill” on TV now. The teacher is not explaining tenses to the students now. Is Maradona playing football in Argentina Now?

EXERCISE 3 : Write questions by using question words based on the underlined words in the following sentences. 1. John is eating a plate of rice in the dining room now.
2. The cat is eating fried chicken in the kitchen now. 3. Tom and Jerry are quarrelling about food now. 4. My father is teaching Biology at school now.

EXERCISE 4 : Answer the following questions with your own words.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Are you studying English now ? Is your father reading a newspaper now? Is your mother sewing a shirt now? Are They singing a song at home now? Is Mr.Adi teaching English at school now? What is your mother doing now? What is your brother doing now?

EXERCISE 5 : Write sentences by using the following verbs
Writing, speaking, sewing, growing, discussing, doing, hunting,eating, drinking, dancing, singing, making, building, teaching, explaining, talking, watching, shopping, sleeping, typing, driving, riding, training, working

Communicative English Course

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2. last night. 2. Examples : 1. they didn’t Communicative English Course 4 . this morning . we did/ No. yesterday morning. yesterweek. John didn’t see a crocodile in the river yesterday. 2. 2.3.16 Tenses In English CHAPTER 2 PAST TENSE 2. The Positive Pattern S + Verb 2…………………………………………………… Yesterday S + 2…………………………………………………. The Negative Pattern S + didn’t + Verb 1…………………………………… …….3.. they did/No.1.1. he did/No. The Patterns of Simple Past Tense 2. yestermonth.Yesterday S + tidak + 1…………………………………kemarin Examples : 1. a week ago.3. 3.. 2. Did they play football in the field yesteryear? Yes. We didn’t study here last week. Did you study here last week ? Yes. John saw a crocodile in the river yesterday. etc.3.Yesterday? Apakah + S + 1…………………………………………kemarin? Examples: 1.2. he didn’t 2. yesteryear... They didn’t play football in the field yesteryear.3. The Adverbs of time used The adverbs of time used in this tense are Yesterday. The Interrogative Pattern Did + S + Verb 1…………………………………………….2. Did John see a crocodile in the river yesterday ? Yes. The Use of Simple Past Tense We use the past simple to talk about actions or situations in the past.. They played football in the field yesteryear 2. we didn’t 3. 3. We studied English here last week. last….

Who saw a crocodile in the river yesterday ? John did 2. Siapa yang membuat kue itu kemarin ? ibu saya. What did John see in the river yesterday ? a crocodile 2. EXERCISE II. 2. Kami menjual rumah kami di Jakarta tahun lalu.. 10. Present Continous Tense. 6. Kami menjual mobil kami kemarin 2. What grew in the rice-field last year? A coconut tree did EXERCISE I : Translate these sentences into English ! 1.4. ( ?).………Yesterday? S + did QW + 2……………………………. When did John see a crocodile in the river? yesterday QW + Verb 2……………………………….16 Tenses In English 2.? Examples: 1. Manajer pemasaran tersebut melakukan penelitian minggu lalu. Apakah kamu tidur nyenyak tadi malam ? 5. Apakah kamu pergi ke luar tadi malam ? 3. Kapan anda menjalankan usaha anda di Jakarta ? tahun lalu 9.? Examples : 1. 7. Dia tidak datang ke pesta itu minggu lalu 4. 8. Apa yang jatuh di jalan kemarin ? Tas saya. Apakah perusahaan anda menjual kursi tahun lalu ? Ya. 3. Tom saw the cats having business under the tree yesterday They played cricket at school last week Did the policeman arrest the thief last night ? The teacher did not attend the meeting this morning Chapter 3 Communicative English Course 5 .3.………Yesterday? Qw + yang + S + 1……………………………………. Change the following sentences into (+). (-). 1. The Question-word Pattern QW + did + S + Verb 1………………………………. 4.

The negative pattern of Present Future tense is as follows: S + won’t/shan’t + Verb 1…………………… ………… Tomorrow S + tidak akan + 1 ………………………………. Example: 1. John will run a restaurant in Jakarta Next month. I’ll help with it..g. I’ve asked john to help me but he won’t Promising to do something.g. Mrs. Agreeing and refusing to do something: e. e. The positive pattern of Present Future tense is as follows: S + will/shall + Verb 1…………………………………… Tomorrow S + akan + 1 …………………….Maria Eva won’t play badminton tomorrow C.Maria Eva will play badminton tomorrow B.please! A. I promise. 2. That bag looks heavy. Asking someone to do something. Mrs. John won’t run a restaurant in Jakarta Next month. Example: 1.g. 2. I will come to your house tonight. Will you close the window.16 Tenses In English PRESENT FUTURE TENSE We often use will in this situation: Offering to do something: e. The Interrogative pattern of Present Future tense is as follows Communicative English Course 6 .

2. Are you going to watch it? B: No. She will/No. 4. what we intend to do in the future.Maria Eva play badminton tomorrow? Yes. And it is also used to talk about something which is happened repeatedly or habituallly activities. A:There’s a film on television tonight.g... The QW pattern of Present Future tense is as follows QW + will/shall + S + Verb 1……………………. I am too tired. The pattern : S + am/is/are + going to + Verb 1…………………………………… S +am/is/are + not + going to + Verb 1…………………… ………… Am/is/are + S + going to + Verb 1…………………………………. e.. will Mrs. He will/No. I am going to have an early night. 2. she won’t D.? QW + am/is/are + S + going to + verb 1…………………………… .………Tomorrow? QW + yang + S + akan + 1………………………. Communicative English Course 7 . when will John run a restaurant in Jakarta? Next month who will run a restaurant in Jakarta Next month? John will where will John run a restaurant Next month? Next month what will John do in Jakarta Next month? Running a restaurant We often use will to be going to when we say what we have already decided to do.? 1. . Tomorrow? Apakah + S + akan + 1…………………………. PRESENT TENSE Present Tense is used to talk about something in general.? 4. 3.16 Tenses In English Will/Shall + S + Verb 1………………………………….he won’t. will John run a restaurant in Jakarta Next month? Yes..? 1.

I don’t get up at 8 o’clock every morning ? Do you get up at 8 o’clock very morning? The pattern : S + Verb 1 (s/es)…………………………………… Everyday/today S + don’t/doesn’t + Verb 1…………………… ……Everyday/today Do/Does + S + Verb 1………………………………Everyday/today? QW + Do/does + S + Verb 1…………………….…Everyday/today? We use the present simple when wse say how often we do things: e. + The earth goes round the sun . The action or situation had already started before this time but hadn’t finished: Communicative English Course 8 .g. 5. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE We use past continuous Tense to say that someone was in the middle of doing something at a certain time.16 Tenses In English e.g.The earth doesn’t go round the sun ? Does the earth go round the sun ? + I get up at 8 o’clock every morning . How often do you go to the dentist ? Mary doesn’t often drink tea.

I hurt my back. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE We often use the present perfect Tense to give new information or to announce recent happening: e.g.When + s + Verb 2……. When + s + Verb 2 ……. ….When + s + Verb 2………… Was/were + S + verb 4…………………. The pattern : S + was/were + verb 4…………………. + She was cooking rice when Tom came yesterday She wasn’t cooking rice when Tom came yesterday ? Was she cooking rice when Tom came yesterday ? 6. Do you know about Mary ? She’s gone to Jakarta.16 Tenses In English This time last year I was living in Brazil We often use the past continuous Tense and the past simple together to say that something happened in the middle of something else: When I was working in the garden.…… S + was/were + not + Verb 4……………. Communicative English Course 9 .g.? QW + was/were + S + verb 4……………When + s + Verb 2 …………? e.

thanks. I have been to 47 different countries. (not drives) We often use the present perfect with yet. Nora? Nora: Yes. I’ve just had lunch’..g. We can use the Present Perfect Tense with just (= a short time ago) e. We often use ever and never with the present perfect: e. we use the present perfect. The pattern: S + have/has + verb 3……………………….etc? QW + have/has + S + verb 3………………. We have to use present perfect Tense with This is the first time….16 Tenses In English We can use the Present Perfect Tense with already to say that something has happened sooner than expected : e. e.…. Yet shows that the speaker is expecting something to happen.. It the first time… e.etc S + haven’t/hasn’t + Verb 3……………. This is the first time he has driven a car.etc Have/has + S + verb 3………………….g. Use yet only in questions and negative sentences: e.etc? 7. PAST PERFECT TENSE We use the Past perfect to say that something had already happened before this time : Example : Communicative English Course 10 .g.g. Would you like something to eat? ‘No. Dave: Have you travelled a lot. Don’t forget to post this letter. will you? I’ve already posted it. We talk about a period of time that continuous up to the present. ….g.g. have you ever eaten caviar? We have never had a car. Has it stopped raining yet ? (not ‘did it stop’).

16 Tenses In English - When I arrived at the party. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE S + have/has + been + verb 4…………etc S + haven’t/hasn’t + been + verb 4……etc Communicative English Course 11 . jadi saya langsung pergi tidur Saya tidak lapar. 8. saya baru saja makan siang. Dia baru saja keluar. Semua orang sudah pergi tidur. Rumah itu sangat sunyi ketika saya tiba. 2. Saya merasa sangat lelah ketika saya pulang. 3. To tidak bearada di rumah ketika saya tiba. The pattern: S + had + verb 3…………when/before S + V2 S + hadn’t + Verb 3……… when/before S + V2 Had + S + verb 3………… when/before S + V2 ? QW + had + S + verb 3……… when/before S + V2 ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1. I found that someone had broken into my flat and had stolen my fur coat. It was my first time in an aeroplane. 4. I was very nervous because I hadn’t flown before. George didn’t want to come to the cinema with us because he had already seen the film twice. Tom had already gone home When I got home.

Mereka sudah bermain PS selama tiga jam 9. Saya sudah menonton acara TV tersebut sejak dua jam 4. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE S + had been + verb 4…………when S + V2 S + hadn’t been + Verb 4……… when S + V2 Communicative English Course 12 .etc ? QW + have/has + S + been + verb 4…etc ? Example : . Hari sudah hujan selama dua jam 2. Berapa lama kamu suah merokok ? 6.Pelajar pelajar tengah menyanyi sejak pagi ini + The students have been singing since this morning .The students haven’t been singing since this morning ? Have the students been singing since this morning ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1. Berapa lama kamu sudah belajar bahasa inggris ? 3. Dia (pr) sudah bermain tenis sejak dia berumur 8 tahun 5.16 Tenses In English Have/has + S + been + verb 4……….

. Ken sudah merokok selama 30 tahun ketika akhirnya dia berhenti 3..Mereka tengah mengerjakan PR ketika saya datang kemarin + They had been doing the homework when I came yesterday . PRESENT FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE S + will be + Verb 4 + O + at………….o’clock ? Communicative English Course 13 .16 Tenses In English Had + S + been + verb 4………… when S + V2 ? QW + had + S + been + verb 4……… when S + V2 ? Example : . Orkestra itu sudah bermain selama sepuluh menit ketika seorang laki laki berteriak 4. Saya sudah mengetik selama tiga puluh menit ketika listrik itu padam 5.o’clock Will + S + be + Verb 4 + O + at………. Mereka sudah bermain bola selama satu jam ketika ada petir yang menakutkan 2. Mereka sudah tidur selama 6 jam ketika kebakaran itu terjadi 10.o’clock S + won’t be + Verb 4 + O + at……….They hadn’t been doing the homework when I came yesterday ? Had they been doing the homework when I came yesterday ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1.

PRESENT FUTURE PERFECT TENSE S + will have + verb 3 + ………. George sedang akan meninggalkan Indonesia pada pukul 9 besok pagi 2. Mereka sedang akan makan malam di restauran itu nanti malam 5..by the end….You won’t be going to school at seven o’clock tomorrow morning ? Will you be going to school at seven o’clock tomorrow morning ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1.Kamu sedang akan pergi ke sekolah pukul 7 besok pagi + You will be going to school at seven o’clock tomorrow morning .16 Tenses In English QW + will + S + be +Verb 4…………o’clock ? Example : . Saya sedang akan menyelesaikan PR itu sore nanti 3. Will + S + have + Verb 3 + ………by the end…. Para karyawan sedang akan menyelesaikan pekerjaan itu pukul 9 nanti malam 11.by the end…… S + won’t have + Verb 3 + ………. ? Communicative English Course 14 . Dia (pr) sedang akan menonton acara di stadion tersebut nanti malam 4.

Menjelang bulan depan dia akan membayar hutangnya 4. Will + S + have been + verb 4……since………. PRESENT FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE S + will have been + verb 4………since………. S + won’t have been + verb 4…….16 Tenses In English QW + will + S + have +Verb 3 +…………by the end… ? Example : .Kita sudah akan tiba di Jakarta besok sore. John sudah akan selesai mengerjakan pekerjaanya menjelang akhir minggu ini 2. Kami sudah akan mendapat rumah baru menjelang akhir tahun ini 12.since……….? Communicative English Course 15 .We won’t have arrived in Jakarta tomorrow afternoon ? Will we have arrived in Jakarta tomorrow afternoon ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1. Menjelang minggu depan saya akan selesai membaca buku ini 3. + We will have arrived in Jakarta tomorrow afternoon .

They won’t have been studying since this morning ? Will they have been studying since this morning ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1.? Example : .+ object ……….. Menjelang akhir tahun ini kami akan sudah mempelajari bahasa inggris selama tiga tahun 2. Menjelang hari raya idul fitri saya sudah akan dua kali pulang ke desa 13.since…. Menjelang hari natal saya akan sudah bekerja di kantor ini selama lima tahun 3.etc ? Communicative English Course 16 .….. PAST FUTURE TENSE S + would + V1…IF + S + verb 2………….+ object………….Mereka tengah akan belajar sejak pagi besok + They will have been studying since this morning ..etc S + wouldn’t + verb 1….16 Tenses In English QW + will + S + have been + verb 4…. Menjelang liburan sekolah ini saya sudah mengikuti tes selama 5 kali 4.etc Would + S + verb 1 ….

Saya akan datang ANDAIKATA kamu mengundang saya I would come if you invited me 2.16 Tenses In English Example : 1. Saya tidak akan keberatan tinggal di Amerika jika cuacanya bagus 14. when S + verb 2……etc ? Communicative English Course 17 . Jika saya jadi kamu. Jika saya kaya. PAST FUTURE CINTINUOUS TENSE S + would be + Verb 4……when S + verb 2………. saya akan pergi keluar negeri 5. saya tidak akan membeli rumah itu 2.etc S + wouldn’t + be + verb 4….. Saya akan keluar jika hari tidak hujan 3. saya akan membeli sebuah villa 4. Tom akan melakukan perjalanan JIKAdia punya uang Tom would travel if he had more money Exercise : Translate these sentences into English! 1. Jika saya dapat berbicara bahasa inggris.when S + verb 2………etc Would + S + be + verb 4 ….

PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE S + would have + verb 3….. Saya akan sedang menempuh ujian hari berikutnya pada waktu itu 2.object………..Sedianya mereka sedang akan pulang KETIKA kami datang + They would be going home when we came .16 Tenses In English Example : . S + wouldn’t have + verb 3 ……object………. Kami akan sedang membangun rumah itu pada waktu itu 3. 15.IF + S + had + verb 3……..They wouldn’t be going home when we came ? Would they be going home when we came ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1.etc Would + S + have + verb 3 …….etc ? Communicative English Course 18 . Mereka sedang akan bermain babak kedua pada pertandingan sepakbola waktu itu.

Jika saya telah mengetahui bahwa kamu sakit.Ia sudah akan menjadi presiden ANDAIKATA partainya menang dalam pemilihan umum. Tom tidak akan mengikuti ujian itu jika dia mengetahui bahwa soalnya akan begitu sulit.. saya akan mengatakan hello 4. Jika saya berjumpa dengan mu. saya akan menemuimu 2.object…………etc Communicative English Course 19 . saya akan menikahi mu 5. Jika saya telah mengumpulakan uang. S + wouldn’t have been + verb 4……. He would have become a presiden if his party had won in general election Exercise : Translate these sentences into English! 1.IF + S + had + verb 3……. Saya akan mengirim surat ini jika kamu telah selesai membuatmya 16.16 Tenses In English Example : . PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE S + would have + been + verb 4…. 3.

…….16 Tenses In English Would + S + have been + verb 4. Andaikata ayah saya telah selesai berbelanja. ibu saya akan memasak makanan itu 17.object………. I am 2. Exercise : Translate these sentences into English! 1.Sedianya rapat tengah akan dimulai sejak pagi ANDAIKATA walikota sudah datang tepat pada waktunya The meeting would have been starting since this morning if Mayor had come on time. Abbreviation (singkatan) 1. Sedianya saya tengah akan tidur andaikata mereka belum datang 3. Sedianya concert itu tengah akan dimulai andaikata artis artis itu datang pada waktunya.. 2.. You are 3.etc ? Example : . We are = I’m = You’re = We’re 20 Communicative English Course .

He is 6. PASSIVE VOICE (IN POSITIVE FORM) Penjelasan: 1. Can not 21. Were not 17. Do not 11. It is 8. Is not 14. Has not 19.16 Tenses In English 4. Are not 15. Have not 18. Will not 9. Might not 25. Should not 24. May not = They’re = He’s = She’s = It’s = won’t = Wouldn’t = Don’t = Doesn’t = Didn’t = Isn’t = Aren’t = Wasn’t = Weren’t = Haven’t = Hasn’t = Hadn’t = Can’t = Couldn’t = Mustn’t = Shouldn’t = Mightn’t = Mayn’t 18. Had not 20. Kalimat pasif ialah suatu kalimat yang subjeknya dikenai oleh suatu perbuatan atau yang predikatnya berawalan di…/ ter… Communicative English Course 21 . Was not 16. Must not 23. Did not 13. They are 5. Would not 10. Does not 12. Could not 22. She is 7.

Past Future Tense: S + would be + V3… 14. yaitu kata kerja yang bisa diikuti oleh suatu objek atau benda. 3. Present Future Tense: S + will be + V3…by… 2. Simple Present Tense: S + am/is/are + V3… 6. Past Future Perfect Tense: S + would have been + V3… 16. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense: S + would have been + being + V3… Penjelasan : Communicative English Course 22 . 5. Present Perfect Tense: S + have/has + been + V3 8.16 Tenses In English 2. Simple Past Tense: S + Was/were + V3… 12. Present Future Perfect Continuous Tense: S + will have been + being + V3…. Past Perfect Continuous Tense: S + had been + being + V3… 11. Present Future Continuous Tense: S + will be + being + V3…by… 3. Past Future Continuous Tense: S + would be being +V3… 15. Present Continuous Tense: S + am/is/are + being +V3… 7. Rumus kalimat pasif dalam bahasa inggris adalah sebagai berikut: S + To be + V3…………………………………by… 4. Past Continuous Tense: S + was/were + being + V3… 13. Present Future Perfect Tense: S + will have been + V3 4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense: S + have been/has been +being +V3… 9. To be berfungsi untuk menentukan Tenses dari suatu kalimat dan untuk membentuk awalan : di…. Kata kerja yang digunakan harus kata kerja transitive. Past Perfect Tense: S + had been +V3… 10.atau: ter… 5. To be dapat dijabarkan dalam 16 Tenses (lihatlah 16 Tenses pada rumus kalimat aktif) Pelajarilah Rumus dibawah ini : 1.

7. Tiga kata (will be being. Kata kerja yang dipakai dalam kalimat pasif ialah V3 (bukan V1. c. Satu kata saja (am/is/are/was/were) lihat nomor 5 dan 11. have been being. has been being. will have been. b. Empat kata (will have been being dan would have been being ) no. PASSIVE – VOICE IN NEGATIVE FORM 1.(by him)……… Example : Engkau tak akan dimarahi olehnya. Dua kata(will be. 3. 19. had been. TO BE bisa terdiri dari: a.have been. Communicative English Course 23 = S tak akan di………………… . had been being. Tenses dalam kalimat pasifditentukan aleh bentuk To be nya 3. 4. V2. Present Future Tense S + Won’t be + V3………. 4 dan 16. 10. d. 8. Being dalam kalimat pasif menunjukan: Continuous. (am being-is being-are being-was being-were being) no. 6 dan no. 9. 13. 12.16 Tenses In English 1. has been. would be) lihat nomor1. 14 dan 15. V4) 2. would be being and would have been) lihat nomor 2.

9. Present Perfect Continuous Tense S + (hasn’t/haven’t) + been + being + V3…by…. Example : Rapat tidak sedang akan dimulai oleh mereka pukul 9 besok pagi. 8.(by her) = S belum akan di………… Example : Nasi belum akan dimasak olehnya sore ini 4. Simple Present Tense S + (am not/isn’t/aren’t) + V3…. Present Continuous Tense S + (am not/isn’t/aren’t) + being + V3… (by……) Example : Mobil saya tidak sedang direparasi sekarang 7. Communicative English Course 24 .(by the Judge) Example : Pengacau-pengacau itu tidak dikenakan hukuman oleh Hakim. Example : Korupsi masih belum diberantas oleh pemerintah sejak bertahun-tahun yang lalu.. Past Perfect Tense S + hadn’t been + V3…by….. = S tidak sedang akan di……….(by ……. Present Perfect Tense S + (hasn’t/haven’t) + been + V3….16 Tenses In English 2.(by the Bank)……… Example : Rumah itu belum lagi akan disita oleh Bank pada akhir tahun ini. Present Future Perfect Continuous Tense S + Won’t have been + V3…. Present Future Continuous Tense S + Won’t be + being + V3…(by them)…. 3. Present Future Perfect Tense S + Won’t have been + V3….. 6.) Example : Saya belum diajak dalam percakapan bahasa Inggris oleh kawan-kawan saya. 5.

13 s/d No.16 Tenses In English Example : Tomy belum dituduh sebagai penghianat. 16. 10. Note : Keterangan pelaku (by me. 11. Tergantung kepada : kondisi dan situasi dari tiap kalimat yang diucapkan. 20. dst) dan keterangan waktu. Past Continuous Tense S + (wasn’t/weren’t) + V3…(by………. Present Future Tense Will + S + be + V3…(by. by him.) Example : Buchary masih belum dicalonkan Walikota. hanya menambahkan kata Not. Simple Past Tense S + (wasn’t/weren’t) + V3…(by……….) Example : Tindakan keras tidak dilakukan oleh pemerintah terhadap para koruptor. ketika otonomi dilimpahkan ke-propinsi. sebelum Jaksa Agung terbunuh.. Lihat pada 16 Tenses kalimat pasip bentuk berita. • No.) few years from now ? = Yes/No. PASSIVE VOICE IN INTERROGATIVE 1. pada kata bantu yang pertama. bisa dipakai bila diperlukan.……… Example : Apakah Bahasa Inggris akan dipakai di Pontianak ? Communicative English Course 25 . 12. by us.) Example : Pasien tidak sedang dioperasi ketika ia meninggal kemarin. Past Perfect Continuous Tense S + hadn’t been + being + V3…(by……….

………………. Present Future Perfect Continuous Tense Will + S + have been + being + V3………… ? = Yes/No. ? = Because none is hones in government. 4.. ? = Your job.………………... ? = At 9 o’clock. Example : Apakah norma-norma hukum tengah akan diberlakukan sesudah negara bangkrut ? Why + ………………………….. Simple Present Tense (Am /Is/Are) + S + V3…………….……………… Example : Apakah saya diminta untuk menemani kamu ? By whom + ………………………….16 Tenses In English When + ……………………………… ? = Few years from now. 5. Example : Apakah rapat sedang akan diadakan pukul 9 besok ? What time + ………………. Example : Apakah pekerjaanmu sudah akan diselesaikan sore ini ? What + ……………………. Present Continuous Tense (Am/Is/Are ) + S + being + V3………... 3.. Present Future Perfect Tense Will + S + have been + V3……………? = Yes/No. Example : Apakah penari-penari itu sedang dijemput sekarang ? Where + ……………………. ? = By our director. Communicative English Course 26 .………………. 2.... ? = At the airport. ? = Yes/No.. Present Future Continuous Tense Will + S + have been + V3…………… ? = Yes/No.………………. 6. ? = Yes/No.

11. ? = More than 3 year. Past Perfect Continuous Tense Had + S + been + being + V3……………. Past Continuous Tense (Were/Was) + S + being + V3………… ? = Yes/No. Example : Sudahkah tiket-tiket itu dibeli olehmu ? = Yes/No.………………. ? = Yes/No. 10.……………… Example : Apakah masalah Tomy dibicarakan di DPR ? What + ……………………….. ? = Yes/No.16 Tenses In English 7.. 9.……………… Example : Apakah perampok-perampok itu sudah tertembak dikakinya sebelum mereka menyerahkan diri ? Who + ………………… ? = The robbers. Present Perfect Tense (Has/Have) + S + been + V3 ………… ? How many tickets + ………. Communicative English Course 27 . ? How long + …………………. Simple Past Tense (Were/Was) + S + V3 …………. ? = Yes/No. ? = For 3 days.……………… Example : Apakah Budi tengah diopname di rumah sakit ? = Yes/No. 12.. ? = Tomy’s problem. Present Perfect Continuous Tense (Has/Have) + S + been + being + V3……….……………… Example : Apakah proyek perumahan sedang direncanakan di kota ini ketika saya ada di luar negeri tahun lalu ? By whom + ………………… ? = By the mayor. ? = 5 tickets 8.……………… Example : Apakah ia tengah diperbantukan sebelum kepada Departemen Pendidikan sebelum ia menjadi Menteri ? How long + …………………. Past Perfect Tense Had + S + been + V3……….

Communicative English Course 28 . 2. CAUSATIVE Dengan HAVE Dan GET Fungsi : I. II. Past Future Tense : Hanya mengubah : Will dengan Would dan keterangan waktu : sama di atas (kalimat dikarang sendiri) : sama di atas (kalimat dikarang sendri) 14. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense : sama di atas (kalimat dikarang sendiri) 21. Menyuruh agar sesuatu dikerjakan oleh orang lain. Rumah Tono dicat sendiri olehnya. Past Future Continuous Tense 15. Bandingkanlah kalimat-kalimat berikut: 1. Past Future Perfect Tense 16. Tono mengecat rumahnya hari ini. Menyuruh sesorang untuk mengerjakan sesuatu.16 Tenses In English 13.

He has get me to bring a dictionary D. S + to have + someone + V1 + … etc Eg: 1. S + to get + someone + to + V1 + … etc Eg : 1. He is having a mechanic ………etc now B. He will have a mechanic repair his car tomorrow 3. their… Eg = example = contoh. 4. … One’s (kepunyaan) = my…. He doesn’t get me to come to his house today 3. Tono mengecatkan rumahnya. 3. S + to get + somthing + to + V3 + … etc Eg : 1. S + to have + something + Eg: 1. (have (has) – had – had – having) C. The girl gets her face made up (dihias) 2. (Eg = example gratia) Communicative English Course 29 . He has a mechanic repair his car today 2. I had my tooth pulled out yesterday 2. her…. I won’t get my hair cut short. him.16 Tenses In English 3. Budi is getting his tooth pulled out now Catatan penting : Something = (sth) = sesuatu benda Someone = (so) = seseorang (object): me. our…. Ali has had his hair cut since yesterday Note : Perubahan Tenses hanya terjadi pada kata kerja to have. He will get me to help him tomorrow 2. your…. Tono menyuruh tukang cat mengecatkan rumahnya. Rumus-Rumus Causative: A.

16 Tenses In English THE 16 TENSES Perhatikan perubahan yang terjadi dari Rumus umum ke – TENSES TERTENTU: S + TO HAVE + SOME ONE + V1 + …DST Communicative English Course 30 .

were) + V4 + S. (T. adalah bentuk : Infinitive (=kata kerja pokok) yang berubah menurut Tenses tertentu. He. tidak ada perubahan. 4.O + V1 + … 9. tetap V1. S.O + V1 + … 14. S + (was. bisa menjadi = me. S + will be + having + S. your. V1. (dilahat 16 Tenses diatas). She. S + would + have had + S. Eg : ………………………………………… Do +S + have + Us + V1 …………. her. us.O + … RENUNGKAN: 1.O + V1 + … 12. dan benda-benda lainnya. 3.O + V1 + … 11. You. 2. dalam rumus diatas tidak berubah dalam segala bentuk kalimat dan bentuk Tenses apapun.O + V1 + … 10.O + V1 + … 13. S + would + have + S. S + will + have been + having + S.O + V1 + … 8. S + had + had + S. dan bukan Subjek. S + would be + having + S. 4. S + (have been/has been) + having + S. S + will + have + S. S + had been + having + S. S + would + have been + having + S. her. V1 have V2 had V3 had V4 having PATTERN EXERCISE: TASK : Make free statements according to the PATTERNS (rumus) below: A.V.O + V1 + … S + have + had + S.O = Some One = adalah Object. 2. them.O + V1 + … 15. seperti: I.O + V1 + … 7. to have. Radio. V1. 3. is. Jadi: S. Weather. him. It. We They.O + V1 + … S + will + have had + S. you. the wind). our.O.O + V1 + … S + had + S.O + V1 + … S + have (has) + S. S + didin’t have + me + V1 + … etc 1.16 Tenses In English 1. 5. are) + V4 + S. One’s = bisa menjadi : my. his.O + V1 + … has 6. dsb S = (Subjek).? Communicative English Course Does 31 . S + (am.O + V1 + … 16.

Have + someone + V1 + …… ! = suruhlah ……! Eg : …………………………………… B. Communicative English Course 32 .16 Tenses In English 2. 4. Who + will have + One’s + sth + V3 + …… ? Siapa yang akan berpoto ? = Who will have one’s picture taken ? One’s picture = seseorang yang belum diketahui. won’t have + one’s house + V3 + … etc Saya tidak akan mengecatkan rumahku. = ………………………………………… 2.. QW + did + S + have + something + V3 + … yesterday Dimana Evi mencabutkan giginya kemarin = ……………………………………………. Eg : ………………………………………… 3. ? 3. Who + has + someone +V1 + …… ? Eg : Who has ……………………………… 5.. S +1. Do +S + have + something + V3 …… today ? Does Apakah Budi mereparasikan mobilnya hari ini ? = ………………………………………………. QW + will + S + have + someone + V1 + … ? Eg : When …………………………………………. 4..

melakukan. The Meaning in Indonesian: Communicative English Course 33 .16 Tenses In English LIST OF TRANSITIVE – VERB Infinitive No 1 (Kata Dasar) V1 to do did Past Tense V2 done Past Participle V3 ~ing Present Participle V4 mengerjkan.

menyuruh. ajakan) memperbaiki. pandai berbahasa berkata.16 Tenses In English 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 to have to tell to own to read to write to listen to speak to say to ask to answer to borrow to lend to give to send to repeat to buy to sell to present to wait (for) to see to visit to invite to reject to refuse to inprove to avoid to deny to arrange to plan to make to build to burry to scold had told owned read wrote listened spoke said asked answered borrowed lent gave sent repeated bought sold presented waited saw visited invited rejected refused improved avoided denied arranged planned made buit burried scolded had told owned read written ~ed spoken said ~ed ~ed ~ed lent given sent ~ed bought sold ~ed ~ed seen ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed denied ~ed ~ned made built burried ~ed having ~ing ~ing ~ing writing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing giving ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing inviting ~ing refusing improving ~ing ~ing arranging ~ing making ~ing ~ing ~ing mempunyai mengatakan. mendirikan menguburkan memarahi Communicative English Course 34 . menceritakan. memiliki membaca menulis mendengarkan berbicara. meningkatkan menghindari (kan) menyangkal. merencanakan merencanakan membuat. berkenalan mengunjungi mengundang. mengajak menolak menolak (tawaran. meminta. mengatakan bertanya. materi) menunggu melihat. menyuruh menjawab meminjam (dari) meminjamkan (kepada) memberi (kan) mengirim. menyuruh mengulang membeli menjual menyajikan (cerita. mambantah menyusun. menyebabkan membangun. mengatur. bertemu.

menyogok menyerang mempertahankan memaksa.16 Tenses In English 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 to rebuke to bribe to attack to defend to enforce to learn to study to copy to compose to review to interview to repair to know to understand to take to eat to drink to substitute to succeed to devide to nominate to cook to receive to believe to agree to disagree to propose to oppose to predict to let to put to cut to continue rebuked bribed attacked defended enforced learnt studied copied composed reviewed intervived repaired knew understood took ate drank ~d ~ed ~d ~d ~ed ~d ~d ~d ~d ~d ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d ~d ~d ~ed ~ed ~d learnt studied copied ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed known understood taken eaten drunk ~d ~d ~d ~d ~ed ~d ~d ~d ~d ~d ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d rebuking bribing ~ing ~ing enforcing ~ing ~ing ~ing composing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing taking ~ing ~ing subtituting ~ing dividing nominating ~ing receiving believing ~ing ~ing proposing opposing ~ing ~ting ~ting ~ting ~ing memarahi menyuap. tahu. kenal mengerti mengambil. melanjutkan menggambar. menggantikan membagi mencalonkan memasak menerima percaya setuju tidak setuju mengusulkan menentang. menarik Communicative English Course 35 . memberlakukan belajar mempelajari menyalin menyusun. mengijinkan meletakkan memotong meneruskan. melawan meramalkan membiarkan. mengantarkan makan minum mengganti berhasil. mengarang mengulang kembali mewawancarai mereparasi mengetahui.

menghidangkan Communicative English Course 36 . berpendapat menyatakan. merasa (dengan lidah) memegang. menghafal melupakan mengagumi. memberi tanda menimbang mengukur mengevaluasi mencicipi. memuji memuji menghina menyerahkan melaporkan membuka menutup menutup manandai. mengutarakan membuktikan ingat mengingatkan memperingatkan mengingat-ingat. mengadakan menyentuh. meraba mengajar mengembalikan menjawab membayar menghitung melempar memukul memukul menggigit bersembunyi melayani.16 Tenses In English 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 to draw to think to express to prove to remember to remind to warn to memorize to forget to admire to praise to insult to submit to report to open to shut to close to mark to weigh to measure to evaluate to taste to hold to touch to teach to return to reply to pay to calculate to throw to hit to beat to bite to hide drew thought ~ed ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d forgot ~d ~d ~ed ~ted ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d ~ed ~ed ~d ~d ~d held ~ed taught ~ed replied ~ed ~d threw ~ed ~ed bit hid drawn thought ~ed ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d forgotten ~d ~d ~ed ~ted ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d ~ed ~ed ~d ~d ~d held ~ed taught ~ed replied ~ed ~d thrown ~ed ~ed beaten hid ~ing ~ing ~ing proving ~ing ~ing ~ing memorizing ~ting admiring praising ~ing ~ting ~ing ~ing ~ting closing ~ing ~ing measuring evaluating tasting ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing calculating ~ing ~ting ~ing ~ing hiding berpikir.

“to” pada Infinitive. menggiatkan memotivasi.16 Tenses In English 102 103 104 105 106 107 to serve to explain to interpret to predict to activate to motivate ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d ~d ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d ~d serving ~ing ~ing ~ing activating motivating menerangkan menafsirkan meramalkan mengaktifkan. ialah tanda yang berarti Kata Dasar (Infinitive) Contoh : to work ……~ ed = worked // ~ ing = working. dst. tidak dipakai sebagai predikat dalam suatu kalimat (Lihat Rumus) Communicative English Course 37 . menggerakan Note : tanda ~ (tilde).

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