Form 2 science Chapter 3
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3.1 Diversity of Living Organisms

1. The diversity of living organisms is the variety of different kinds of living organisms.

2. The place where organisms live is called the habitat.


3.2 Classification of Living Organisms Vertebrates Animal Inveterate Organisms Flowering Plant Nonflowing .

.Vertebrate and Invertebrates Animals 1. More than 90% of the world's animal species consist of invertebrates. Vertebrates are animals with backbones whereas invertebrates are animals without backbones. 2.

Invertebrates Animals Animals without backbones .


Usually lay eggs and the eggs are fertilised externally 6. Move or swim using fins .Fish 1. Live in water 2. Breathe through gills 5. . Cold-blooded (Poikilothermic) 3. Body covered with scales 4.

Live on land and in the water. Have moist skin without scales or hair 4. Breathe through lungs and moist skin 5. 2.Amphibians 1. Usually lay eggs and the eggs are fertilised externally Mexican salamander . Cold-blooded (Poikilothermic) 3.

Cold-blooded (Poikilothermic) 3. Lay eggs and the eggs are fertilised internally. Most reptiles live on land 2. Body covered with dry and hard scales 4.Reptiles 1. Breathe through lungs. . 5.

Warm-blooded (Homoiothermic) 3.Birds 1. Lay eggs and the eggs are fertilised internally . Breathe through lungs 6. Live on land 2. Body covered with feathers 4. Have beak and scaly legs 5.

Give birth to young (except for platypus and anteater) 6. Warm-blooded (Homoiothermic) 3. Breathe through lungs 5.Mammals 1. Most mammals live on land (whales and dolphins live in the sea) 2. Feed the young with milk from mammary glands . Body covered with hair or fur 4.

Plants Dicotyledons Flowering Monocotyledons Plants Algae Conifers Non-flowering Mosses Ferns .

Has a taproot system 4. Has two cotyledons in the seed 2.Flowering plants ~~ Dicotyledon 1. Has a woody stem . Has net-veined leaves 3.

Flowering plants ~~ Monocotyledon 1. Has a fibrous root system 4. Has a non-woody stem . Has one cotyledon in the seed 2. Has parallel-veined leaves 3.


Dicotyledon or monocotyledon ? A B Free Powerpoint Templates Page 17 .

Non-flowering plants do not produce flowers and seeds. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 18 .Non-flowing plants 1.

Do not have leaves.Non-flowing plants ~~ Algae 1. Have chlorophyll 3. stems and roots 2. Grow in water or damp areas. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 19 .

Have chlorophyll 3.Non-flowing plants ~~ Conifers 1. stems and needlelike leaves 2. Produce cones 4. Reproduce by seeds Free Powerpoint Templates Page 20 . Have true roots.

Reproduce by spores 4. stems and roots 2. Do not have real leaves. Grow in damp areas Free Powerpoint Templates Page 21 . Have chlorophyll 3.Non-flowing plants ~~ Mosses 1.

Leaves have spore-producing structures 4. Grow in moist and shady places Free Powerpoint Templates Page 22 . stems and roots 2. Have chlorophyll 3. Have leaves.Non-flowing plants ~~ Ferns 1.

2. Biodiversity is important to our environment. Biodiversity is important to maintain balance in nature. It brings us ecological. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 23 . economical and cultural benefits.3 The Importance of Biodiversity to the Environment 1.3.

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