DIAGNOSTIC TEST | US HISTORY 90 QUESTIONS

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1)

By the time the Europeans arrives, the Native Americans of the Northeast Woodlands lived primarily by (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) fishing farming hunting trade raiding

5)

The issue of protective tariffs led to fierce debate in Andrew Jackson’s administration over (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) internal improvements Indian removal state’s rights popular sovereignty specie circular

2)

Great Britain’s policy of governing its colonies to build up its own gold reserves and expand trade is known as (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) nationalism favorable balance of trade mercantilism Navigation Acts enumerated goods

6)

All of the following were true of U.S. foreign policy during the second half of the nineteenth century EXCEPT (A) the United States purchased Alaska from Canada (B) business interests influences U.S. annexation of Hawaii (C) the Open Door policy in China brought the United States little gain (D) the Spanish American War resulted in U.S. acquisition of an empire (E) in an effort to improve relations with Latin American nations, the United States invited them to an Inter-American conference in Washington in 1889

3)

“On almost all questions, great and small, which have come up since the first session of Congress, __________ and __________ have been found among those who want to limit federal power. In respect to foreign policy, the views of these gentlemen are, in my judgment, equally unsound and dangerous. They have a womanish attachment to France and a womanish resentment against Great Britain.” The above statement was probably written by (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Thomas Jefferson James Madison Alexander Hamilton Alexis de Tocqueville Edmund Burke

7)

The major problem with enforcing the Sherman Antitrust Act was (A) few cases were brought to court under the act (B) the law did not define the terms trust, conspiracy, and monopoly, so it was difficult to prove illegal activity (C) the administrations of Harrison, Cleveland, and McKinley did not actively prosecute companies and individuals under the law (D) there was little political support for the law (E) the law was used against labor unions rather than corporations

4)

The two men whose names are omitted in the quotation above are most probably I. II. III. IV. V. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Thomas Jefferson James Madison Alexander Hamilton Alexis de Tocqueville George Washington

8)

“The next great economic disturbance in which phases of ultraradicalism appeared was the coal strike of 1919. As always, the ultra-radical element took advantage of an industrial disturbance….Evidence obtained at the time of this strike showed active participation therein of the Communist Party of America.” The writer of the above would most likely agree with which of the following statements? (A) All union members are ultra-radicals. (B) Immigration should be severely limited. (C) The Communist Party works with unions during strikes to negotiate better contracts for workers. (D) The Communist Party should be banned. (E) Without Communist influence, workers would not strike.

I and II only II and III only I and III only III and IV only II and V only

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9)

All of the following were part of Eisenhower’s foreign policy EXCEPT (A) breaking off diplomatic relations with Cuba (B) supporting a revolt by the Shah of Iran against Communistleaning politicians (C) providing economic support to the South Vietnamese under Diem (D) sending troops into Hungary to aid the freedom fighters (E) supporting nuclear disarmament

14) Marbury v. Madison established (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) the principle of one man, one vote the principle of judicial review the principle of implied powers in the Constitution Congress’s right to regulate interstate commerce the principle of separate but equal

15) James Madison vetoed a bill to continue work on the National Road at deferral expense because. 10) All of the following are characteristics of the 1960s EXCEPT (A) failure to make progress in eliminating racial inequalities (B) conservative backlash against civil rights and antiwar demonstrations (C) “war on poverty” (D) Inability to balance the cost of social programs and the war in Vietnam (E) Deepening government commitment to an unpopular war in Vietnam (A) Southerners wanted the road to go south rather than west (B) Westerners were against the use of federal money for internal improvements (C) Madison believed that using federal money for internal improvements was beyond the scope of what the U.S. Constitution authorized (D) New Englanders supported the bill and Madison, as a Southerner, opposed it (E) Canal owners lobbied Madison to veto the bill in exchange for their support

11) Which of the following statements is consistent with the data in the graph below? (A) The number of minority students enrolled in higher education is estimated to grow between 2000 and 2005. (B) Americans’ recognition of the need for a college degree in order to advance in the workplace is evident in the projected increase in college enrollment between 2000 and 2005. (C) Part-time enrollment for men and women shows an increase between 2000 and 2005. (D) More men than women are enrolled as full-time students. (E) The number of college students aged 18 to 25 is greater than the number of college students aged 25 to 30.

16) Which of the following best describes the purpose of the Freedmen’s Bureau? (A) To oversee the distribution of land and supplies to former slaves (B) To help freed slaves adjust to their new lives (C) To sign up former slaves to run for office (D) To feed, clothe, and educate former slaves (E) To assist former slaves in finding work and to negotiate fair work terms for them

17) Which of the following statements about the labor market in the second half of the nineteenth century is NOT true? 12) Which of the following statements about the economic development of the thirteen British colonies is INCORRECT? (A) Large Southern plantations were the exception rather than the rule. (B) Slavery failed to develop in New England because of the environment. (C) The Middle Colonies developed an economy based on subsistence farming. (D) Southern farming for the most part was at the subsistence level. (E) New England developed a mixed economy of framing, manufacturing, fishing, shipbuilding, and trade. (A) Union strikes and boycotts were considered “conspiracies in restraint of trade.” (B) The national labor market was highly competitive because of the movement of people from farms to cities and the influx of immigrants. (C) The AFL effectively recruited and organized immigrants. (D) A series of economic depressions drove wages down. (E) Installment of new machines sometimes resulted in technological unemployment.

18) The Zimmerman Note (A) requested U.S. neutrality in World War I (B) offered Canada an alliance (C) announced that all vessels near Great Britain, France, and Italy would be sunk without warning by U-boats (D) promised Mexico that in exchange for an alliance, it would return Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona at the end of the war (E) revoked the Sussex Pledge

13) All of the following were weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation EXCEPT (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) nine of the thirteen states had to approve all laws a national court system ruled on the constitutionality of laws Congress worked in committees without a chief executive all states were required to approve amendments Congress could raise money by borrowing or by asking the states for money

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19) Which statement best describes why Prohibition failed? (A) Racketeers took control of the illegal manufacture and sale of alcohol. (B) It was easy for people to set up stills and make alcohol for their own use. (C) The long un-policed borders and coastlines made smuggling alcohol into the country relatively easy. (D) Many Americans did not take the law seriously. (E) Communities continued to observe local option laws.

(D) value placed on education (E) lack of diversity among the population

25) The major achievement of the government under the Articles of Confederation was (A) the defeat of the Whiskey Rebellion (B) levying of the nation’s first protective tariff (C) establishment of the procedure for settling the Northwest Territory (D) the negotiation of the treaty with Spain giving the United States the right of deposit at New Orleans (E) removal of the Native American threat in the Ohio Valley

20) Roosevelt’s stated purpose in proposing the alleged “court packing” bill was to (A) avoid Supreme Court rulings against the National Labor Relations Act and the Social Security Act (B) remove judges who were still living in the “horse-and-buggy era” (C) increase the efficiency of the federal judicial system (D) establish a “Roosevelt court” (E) preserve the constitutional system of checks and balances

26) Which of the following contradicts Thomas Jefferson’s position as an advocate of states’ rights and strict construction? (A) He opposed Hamilton’s financial program during Washington’s administrations. (B) As president, he reduced taxes. (C) He maintained U.S. neutrality with Europe. (D) He authorized the Louisiana Purchase. (E) He employed laissez-faire policy toward the economy during his administration.

21) The ruling in Miranda v. Arizona established (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) the right to privacy the right to be represented by counsel the principle of clear and present danger the rights of a suspect under questioning that the defendant had been rightfully convicted for failure to relocate

27) The painters and novelists of the new nation took inspiration for their works from all of the following EXCEPT (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) European Romantics Native Americans factory life nature colonial life

22) The Truman Doctrine was issued in support of “free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressure” in (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Turkey and Greece Poland and Hungary Albania and Yugoslavia East Germany Cyprus

28) The major difference between the Knights of Labor and the AFL was that the Knights of Labor (A) did not accept African Americans, women, and immigrants as members (B) was organized by industrial unions, and the AFL was organized by craft unions (C) were radical labor unionists (D) advocated arbitration rather than strikes (E) campaigned for shorter workdays and high wages

23) The only Native Americans who were able to unite and become strong enough to resist the English colonists successfully were the (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Powhatan Confederacy Seminoles Iroquois League Pequots Wampanoag

29) The National Origins Act of 1924 can best be described as (A) necessary stopgap measure after World War I to control limitless immigration (B) an effort to remedy the Gentlemen’s Agreement of 1907 between Theodore Roosevelt and Japan (C) having been passed in response to Sacco and Vanzetti (D) discriminatory against all those who did not come from Northern or Western Europe (E) an effort to equalize the flow of immigrants from all countries
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24) A major characteristic of colonial British society on the even of the revolution was the (A) lack of free Africans in the colonies (B) ability of indentured servants to move into the middle class after they served their term of indenture (C) relatively low position of women
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30) Which of the following agencies benefitted African Americans LEAST during the New Deal? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) AAA SSA NYA CCC NRA

36) All of the following were part of U.S. foreign policy under Washington EXCEPT (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Pinckney’s Treaty Jay’s Treaty Proclamation of Neutrality Treaty of Greenville XYZ Affair

31) Which of the following did not contribute to the growth of suburbia after World War II? (A) (B) (C) (D) The availability of low-cost housing The development of a national highway system Low-interest loans to veterans A boom in the construction of schools, factories, offices, and government buildings (E) The railway system

37) Which of the following was an example of sectional interests intervening in national politics (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Hartford Convention New England Confederation Albany Congress Annapolis Convention Niagara Movement

32) According to the two pie graphs below, the fastest growing source of government revenue between 1972 and 1982 was (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Personal Income Taxes Social Insurance Contributions Corporate Income Taxes Excise and Customs Duties Estate and Gift Taxes

38) “The autumn of 1854 witnessed the erection of the first loghuts…by a few families of New England settlers. During the year 1855 its population increased rapidly, chiefly by the arrival of emigrants from the Northern States. Its log-hut existence gave way to a more advanced stage, …and the growing prosperity…early began to excite the jealousy of the abettors of slavery. Viewed as the stronghold of the Free-state party, it was made the point of attack…” The description above was most likely written about

33) Social Insurance Contributions (FICA) include (A) Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance; Medicare; Unemployment Insurance (B) Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance and Medicare (C) Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance; Medicare; and Medicaid (D) Worker’s Compensation (E) Unemployment Insurance

(A) the settling of Missouri (B) the settling on the frontier of Irish laborers who had left New England mill towns (C) the fight over the admission of Kansas as a free or slave state (D) a settlement of New Englanders in the South (E) a settlement of Republicans in the South

39) Which of the following Union strategies did the most damage to the South’s economy during the Civil War? (A) breaking off diplomatic relations with Cuba (B) supporting a revolt by the Shah of Iran against Communistleaning politicians (C) providing economic support to the South Vietnamese under Diem (D) sending troops into Hungary to aid the freedom fighters (E) supporting nuclear disarmament

34) The Stamp Act was significant because (A) it was the first tax levied on goods imported from Great Britain (B) it was to be strictly enforced by the British (C) it was the first tax placed on goods made and sold in the colonies, and therefore, not part of mercantile policy (D) if enforced, it would drain colonial merchants of gold and silver (E) it was the first instance of taxation without representation

40) “…[C]onsider all surplus revenues which come to him simply as trust funds, which he is called upon to administer…in manner which, in his judgment, is best calculated to produce the most beneficial results for the community.” The above reflects the philosophy of

35) Common Sense would most likely have been bought and read by (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Patriots secessionists Unionists Loyalists abolitionists (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Andrew Carnegie Theodore Roosevelt William Jennings Bryan Frederick Douglass Jane Adams
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41) Between 1860 and 1920, the largest number of immigrants from one country to come to the United States was (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Russian Austro-Hungarian German Canadian Mexican

(D) Americans were used to working on their own as farmers or skilled craft workers (E) women who made up a significant part of the work force of early factories were reluctant to join unions

47) “No race can prosper until it learns that there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in writing a poem. It is at the bottom of life we must begin, and not at the top.” (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Paul Laurence Dunbar W.E.B. Du Bois Langston Hughes Booker T. Washington Ralph Ellison

42) Which of the following presidents is correctly paired with the domestic policy enacted during his term in office? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) John F. Kennedy: “war on poverty” Lyndon B. Johnson: Medicare Ronald Reagan: establishment of the Peace Corps Jimmy Carter: integration of Little Rock High School Dwight Eisenhower: Camp David Accords

48) All of the following are examples of reforms supported by progressives EXCEPT 43) The most significant difference between Spanish and French colonial policies in the Americas was that the French (A) did not establish an extensive system of colonial settlements (B) were on friendly terms with the English colonists (C) were not interested in converting Native Americans to Catholicism (D) system of colonial government was more democratic than the Spanish system (E) established a successful fur trade with Native Americans (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Adoption of the Australian ballot welfare reform use of the initiative, referendum, and recall direct election of U.S. senators women’s suffrage

49) Which of the following novelists of the early twentieth century wrote about the hypocrisy and materialism of small-town life? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Sinclair Lewis Ernest Hemingway Edith Wharton Gertrude Stein Langston Hughes

44) In the English colonies in the 1600s, the role of Africans shifted from that of indentured servant to slave for life because (A) European indentured servants were no longer interested in coming to the colonies (B) Agricultural colonies like Maryland were looking for a cheap, plentiful labor supply (C) Africans found it difficult to cope with European ways (D) New England merchants found that they could profitably transport Africans on the Africa-to-Caribbean leg of the trans-Atlantic trade (E) the English believed that they were superior to the Africans

50) Which of the following applied pressure to Franklin Roosevelt to ensure that defense industries did not discriminate against African American workers in hiring and employment practices? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Martin Luther King Marcus Garvey Ralph Abernathy A. Philip Randolph Mary McLeod Bethune

45) What action of Andrew Jackson is the subject of the cartoon? (A) Jackson’s support for the annexation of Texas (B) Jackson’s support of Indian removal (C) His issuance of the “Proclamation to the People of South Carolina” (D) His veto of the charter of the Second Bank (E) His veto of the Maysville Road bill 51) U.S. immigration policies in the 1950s reflected all of the following EXCEPT (A) the desire to help displaced persons and children orphaned by World War II (B) fear of immigrants who might subvert the U.S. government (C) the goal of equalizing immigration between Asian nations and European nations (D) the desire to provide a haven for those fleeing Communist governments (E) the need to hurry development of the U.S. missile program by admitting a limited number of scientists and technicians

46) Labor did not think of itself as a powerful force in the U.S. economy in the 1830s and 1840s because (A) immigrants were willing to work for low wages (B) the Panic of 1837 caused many people to lose their jobs (C) only Massachusetts recognized the legality of labor unions
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52) César Chávez used which of the following tactics in the National Farm Workers of Association strike against grape owners in California? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Sit-down strike Injunction Huelga National consumer boycott of grapes Jurisdictional strike

58) The decision in Scott v. Sanford did all of the following EXCEPT (A) overturn the Missouri Compromise (B) outlaw the teaching of slaves to read and write (C) uphold the right of slave owners to their property in new territories (D) overturn the Compromise of 1850 (E) call into question the validity of popular sovereignty

53) All of the following were goals of James I’s charter to the Virginia Company EXCEPT to (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) bring Christianity and civilization to the native people build a commonwealth based on God’s word explore for precious metals trade with the native people find a Northwest Passage

59) The primary reason that Mexicans immigrated to the United States between 1910 and 1920 was (A) for better economic opportunities (B) to participate in the bracero program that provided workers for the United States defense industry (C) to flee the Mexican Revolution (D) to be able to practice their religion as Roman Catholics without government interference (E) the U.S.’s proposal to impose quotas on Mexican immigration

54) The Maryland Toleration Act of 1649 was significant because it (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) made it easier to fulfill the terms of indenture granted religious freedom to Christian sects provided for gradual emancipation of slaves in Maryland was the earliest colonial statute related to religious freedom allowed any male to hold office 60) The primary reason that the TVA was controversial was that it (A) used government money to build factories (B) moved farmers off their lands (C) served as a yardstick to measure the fairness of electricity rates charged by private utilities (D) diverted the river through a series of twenty dams (E) aided large farmers at the expense of small farmers

55) The map above shows North America in which of the following years? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) 1754 1763 1776 1789 1803 61) Which of the following laws of the New Deal was declared unconstitutional? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Civilian Conservation Corps Works Progress Administration Federal Housing Authority National Industrial Recovery Act National Youth Administration

56) Ten years later, the above map would look different because (A) British would have lost its territory along the Atlantic in the Revolutionary War (B) Russians would have claimed the northern California coast (C) Northwest Territory would have been carved out of the Great Lakes area (D) United States would have taken control of the center of the continent after the Louisiana Purchase (E) French would have lost their territory after the French and Indian War 62) The General Court banished Roger Williams primarily because he (A) believed that the colonists should pay the Native Americans for their lands (B) preaches separation of church and state (C) believed in the right of women to vote (D) challenged the rights of leaders to force people to attend religious services (E) was a secret Pilgrim

57) Belief in the divinity and unity of people and nature and the supremacy of intuition over reason as a source of knowledge were characteristics of (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) The Hudson River School Transcendentalism nationalism deism the Harlem Renaissance

63) The greatest disparity in wealth in the British colonies was found among people in (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) the Piedmont New England towns cities in all the colonies the cities of the Middle Colonies the backcountry of all the colonies
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64) “This kingdom…has always bound the colonies by her laws, her regulations…in every thing except that of taking their money out of their pockets without their consent. Here I would draw the line.” The above statement was most likely spoken by (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Benjamin Franklin Edmund Andros Patrick Henry William Pitt Alexis de Tocqueville

(B) (C) (D) (E)

the Sacco-Vanzetti case anti-immigration laws anti-Semitism and Catholic-baiting the power of organized labor

70) Which of the following is the correct chronological order in which the events occurred? I. II. III. IV. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Gulf of Tonkin Resolution Invasion of Cambodia Tet offensive Commitment of U.S. ground troops to the war in Vietnam

65) Which statement best describes the significance of the War of 1812? (A) Neither the United States nor Great Britain lost any territory; they agreed to return to their prewar boundaries. (B) The two nations eventually agreed on a boundary between the United States and Canada. (C) Any movement toward secession among New Englanders ended with the end of the war. (D) The United States emerged as a power in its own right having fought the most powerful nation in the world to a draw. (E) The possibility of U.S. entanglement in European wars increased after the war. I, II, III, IV I, IV, III, II IV, I, II, III IV, I, III, II III, IV, I, II

71) The end of Communist governments in Eastern Europe in the late 1980s proved the wisdom of the (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) domino theory Eisenhower Doctrine Truman Doctrine policy of containment Marshall Plan

66) A major document of the women’s rights movement was (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions The Feminine Mystique “Ain’t I a Woman” Liberator A Century of Dishonor

72) The case against John Peter Zenger is considered a landmark in the development of which freedom? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Speech Religion The press Right to bear arms Right to assemble

67) The most significant fact about free African Americans in the North before the Civil War was (A) custom rather than law kept whites and blacks separated (B) African Americans could not attend public schools (C) African Americans faced competition in the job market from European immigrants with fewer skills (D) In most Northern states, African Americans could not vote, serve on juries, or testify against a white person (E) free African Americans were free and not free

73) A broad discussion of the significance of the Stamp Act, Declaratory Act, and the Townshend Acts would necessarily mention which of the following? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Power of the purse Virtual representation Balance of trade Mercantilism New England Confederation

68) The most significant effect of “dollar diplomacy” was (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) the Panama Canal intervention in domestic elections in Nicaragua suspicion and mistrust of the United States large profits for U.S. banks from Latin American investments the reduction of U.S. protective tariffs

74) Which of the following events is an example of the economic problems facing the government under the Articles of Confederation? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Whiskey Rebellion Stono Uprising Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions Shay’s Rebellion Tariff of Abominations
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69) All of the following contributed to the period of intolerance after World War I EXCEPT (A) fear of the Bolsheviks
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75) Which of the following was not one of Lincoln’s beliefs about reconstructing the South? (A) Reconstruction was part of his responsibility as commander in chief; it was not Congress’s responsibility. (B) Congress did not have the authority to abolish slavery; a Constitutional amendment was needed to end slavery. (C) Lincoln wanted a generous practical policy of reconstruction in order to “bind up the nation’s wounds” with “malice toward none, with charity for all.” (D) Lincoln believed that the rebellion had been caused by individuals; the Southern states had never left the Union. (E) The right of African Americans to vote should be guaranteed in each new Southern state constitution.

80) In the coalition Franklin Roosevelt put together, which of the following groups was to the Democratic Party? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Northern political machines Southern whites African Americans Southern political machines first- and second-generation immigrants

81) Executive Order 9981 guaranteeing equal opportunity in the military was issued by (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) General Douglas MacArthur Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Dwight Eisenhower Lyndon Johnson

76) African Americans were disenfranchised in Southern states by all of the following practice EXCEPT (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) poll tax literacy test property test white primary elections separate but equal ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson

82) President Nixon resigned rather than face Articles of Impeachment accusing him of (A) income tax evasion (B) using income tax records against political enemies (C) ordering a cover up of the break-in and attempt to wiretap Democratic National Party headquarters (D) obstruction of justice, abuse of power, and refusal to supply subpoenaed information (E) the use of campaign funds to buy the silence of the Watergate burglars

77) “You come to us and tell us that the great cities are in favor of the gold standard. We reply that the great cities rest upon our broad and fertile plains. Burn down your cities and leave our farms, and your cities will spring up again as if by magic; but destroy our farms, and the grass will grow in the streets of every city in the country.” The above reflects the philosophy in the election of 1896 of a (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Silver Democrat Republican Gold Democrat Wall Street banker Greenback Party member

83) Which statement best supports the data in the above table? (A) The colonies generally bought more from England than they exported to it between 1700 and 1775. (B) Mercantilism sought to create a closed system in which the empire would provide for all its own needs. (C) The end of the French and Indian War created a demand in England for raw materials and a market for manufactured goods. (D) According to mercantilism, the colonies should never compete with England. (E) There was a steady increase in both exports and imports from 1700 until 1775.

78) The U.S. Senate did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles principally because (A) Wilson agreed to the end of the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East (B) Wilson waffled but then agreed to require Germany to repay the Allies for their costs in fighting the war (C) Wilson insisted that the League of Nations be part of the peace treaty (D) Wilson would not agree to the division of Austria-Hungary (E) of Wilson’s intemperate remarks about the “narrow, selfish, provincial purposes” of his critics in Congress

84) In order to gain passage of the Assumption Bill, Alexander Hamilton agreed to (A) withdraw his tariff bill (B) specify that speculators would be paid the full value of their bonds (C) hold the bill authorizing the First Bank until Washington’s second term (D) support building the new capital city on Southern land (E) support Madison’s version of the bill

79) “If you are scared to go to the brink, you are lost” reflects the foreign policy of (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) President Dwight Eisenhower President John F. Kennedy John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State Madeline K. Albright, Secretary of State Neville Chamberlain, British Prime Minister

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85) The Grange movement did all of the following EXCEPT (A) successfully lobby for passage of laws in several states that set maximum railroad passenger and freight rates (B) win Munn v. Illinois (C) support laissez-faire capitalism (D) organize businesses such as mills, banks, and grain elevators (E) admit women on an equal basis with men

86) The Census Bureau’s report in 1890 that the frontier was “closed” resulted in (A) the opening of Oklahoma to white settlement (B) concern that there would be nowhere for the “social discontent” to go (C) speculation in the remaining open land (D) a shift in power from rural areas to cities (E) forced removal of Mexican Americans from their lands in New Mexico and Arizona

87) The election of 1928 is significant because (A) it demonstrated the anti-Catholic prejudice that had been underground up to that time (B) However broke the Democratic Party hold on the “solid South” (C) Smith transformed the Democratic Party from a rural, smalltown party to an urban party (D) it showed a shift in the rural/urban alignment of the parties (E) the election repudiated the policies of Harding’s return to normalcy 88) The counterculture of the 1960s was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) antiwar protests a sexual revolution the reemergence of the women’s movement materialism distrust of authority

89) During the Nixon administration, state governments would most likely have favored which of the following forms of federal aid? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) revenue sharing grants in aid block grants categorical grants supply-side economics

90) The trend in the 1990s was (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) rising employment and decreasing inflation an expanding federal deficit declining unemployment and rising inflation rising unemployment and rising inflation a favorable balance of trade
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