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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi born in Porbandar, the 2nd October 1869, died at Delhi the 30 January 1948, was

the pre-eminent political and spiritual leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He was the pioneer of resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, a philosophy firmly founded total nonviolence. Gandhi has inspired many liberation movements and civil rights around the world and many other personalities like Martin Luther King, Nelson Mandela, the Dalai Lama He is officially honoured ; his birthday is commemorated in the worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence. Gandhi first employed non-violent and civil disobedience during the Indian community's struggle for civil rights. He organized protests by peasants, farmers, and urban labourers concerning excessive land-tax and discrimination. Gandhi led * nationwide campaigns to ease poverty, expand women's rights, build religious and ethnic amity, end untouchability, and increase economic self-reliance. Above all, he aimed the independence of India from foreign domination. Later, in 1942, he launched civil disobedience movement demanding immediate independence for India. He was imprisoned several times in South Africa and India for hes activities; he spent a total of six years of his life in prison Gandhi lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and He made his own clothes. He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as a means of both selfpurification and social protest.