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Published by: Bhavitha Neeharika Raavi on Apr 21, 2012
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A networking professional needs to know how to select and interconnect the proper devices for a network.
Routers,hubs,and switches are common network devices. As a networking professional,you need to be famil-
iar with the different device selection factors,including cost,types,and speeds of different ports and interfaces,
expandability,and manageability. It is essential that you have knowledge of the different media types and the
distinct roles they play with the devices that they connect. In this chapter,you identify the cables needed to
make successful LAN and WAN connections and learn how to use device management connections. The
design of an IP addressing scheme is presented and then practiced with the help of concept questions and the
hands-on labs.

Concept Questions

1.Compare and contrast the function of hubs and switches. Be as detailed as possible. Explain the advan-
tage of one device over the other.

A hub is a Layer 1 device, whereas a switch is a Layer 2 device. Hubs do not filter frames. They flood
all the frames they receive on one port out all other ports. Hubs do not segment networks. All of the
ports of a hub are part of one collision domain. Hubs are less expensive and less efficient than switch-
es. Hubs should be used in small LANs.

Switches are Layer 2 devices. They filter frames. Switches segment networks into multiple collision
domains. Each switch port is its own collision domain. Switches are more expensive than hubs but use
bandwidth more efficiently. They also allow for the interconnection of segments with different speeds.

2.Explain how adaptability to new technologies can be taken into consideration when selecting devices for
a LAN. How does this affect the cost calculations?

When selecting devices for a LAN it is important to allow for future growth. Growth consists of more
user devices, more capabilities, more speed, and also new technology. To allow for growth, devices
will need to be selected that go beyond the current need of the LAN in terms of number of ports, sup-
ported speeds, and capabilities. Devices need to have empty slots that allow the addition of modules
that have more capabilities or that support new technologies. That affects the cost calculation because
the costs will seem high compared to the current network needs. In the long run, this up-front invest-
ment might save money, though.

10_583x_ch10.qxd 1/3/08 1:33 PM Page 263

Multiple-Choice Questions

Choose the best possible answer for each of the following questions.

1.How can redundancy be provided in a switched network?

a.By deploying one central switch with a high port density

b.By using high-speed fiber-optic media

c.By providing multiple interconnections between a number of switches

d.By delpoying gigabit switches only

2.How do switches create collision domains?

a.Each switch port creates a point-to-point dedicated connection to the devices connected to that


b.Switches regenerate each bit of the frames they receive.

c.By using a special cable type to connect to the devices on its ports.

d.By allowing the interconnection of segments with different speeds.

Vocabulary Exercise: Completion

Fill in the blanks for the following statements.

1.Even though hubs can be interconnected,they remain in a single collision domain.

2.A swich is used to segmenta network into multiple collision domains.

3.A switch provides dedicated bandwidthon each port,which can increase LAN performance.

Device Interconnections

When planning the installation of LAN cabling,there are several physical areas to consider. Each area
has its unique requirements and standards. A network administrator needs to be familiar with the dif-
ferent standards that define devices and cabling in these areas.

Concept Questions

1.Explain what will happen when you use a straight-through cable to connect your computer to
the Fast Ethernet interface of a router.

The computer and the router both have Medium Dependent Interface (MDI) connections with
pins 1 and 2 for transmitting and pins 3 and 6 for receiving. The straight-through cable will
connect with its pins 1 and 2 to pins 1 and 2 of the computer. The transmit wires of the
cables will be connected to the transmit pins on the router and the computer, and no data
transfer will be possible. Pins 3 and 6 of both devices will be connected in the same way.

264Network Fundamentals: CCNA Exploration Companion Guide

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2.Explain how the serial connection to a WAN service provider differs from the way the serial
connections are set up for the curriculum labs.

The Data Communications Equipment (DCE) is a device that supplies the clocking services
to another device. Typically, this device is at the WAN access provider end of the link.

Data Circuit-Terminal Equipment (DTE) is a device that receives clocking services from
another device and adjusts accordingly. Typically, this device is at the WAN customer or user
end of the link. A router is considered a DTE device.

In the lab setting, there is no service provider. The routers are connected back to back.
Therefore, one router will act as the DCE and uses a DCE cable. This router will provide the
clocking that is usually provided by the service provider’s equipment.

3.There are four physical areas to consider when planning the installation of LAN cabling. List
these four areas and their main components.

Answers may vary.

Work area:Work areas are dedicated to end devices. This is where the users access the net-
work. Main components are jacks to connect individual devices to the network, patch cables,
hubs, and switches.

Telecommunications room: hubs, switches, routers, data service units (DSU), patch panels,
patch cables, sometimes servers

Backbone cabling: Cabling that connects the telecommunications room to the equipment

Distribution/horizontal cabling:Typically, high-bandwidth cabling that connects the telecom-
munications room with the work area, or connects telecommunications rooms, cabling to
access outside resources.

Vocabulary Exercise: Completion

Fill in the blanks for the following statements that discuss features and issues related to different types
of media.

1.The ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-Bstandard specifies the maximum cable length in UTP installations.

2.Attenuationis the decrease in signal strength along an electrical or optical cable.

3.Signal attenuation and exposure to possible interference increasewith cable length.

4.Interferencecan be produced by electrical machines,lighting,and other communications
devices,including computers and radio equipment.

5.UTP cabling uses RJ-45connectors.

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