Mechanical I IES 2010 | Viscosity | Liquids

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Test Booklet Series

. Serla I

N-n•

032176
TEST BOOKLET
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
PAPER I

Time Allowed . Two Hours
INSTRUCTIONS
1.

Maximum

Marks:

200

THERE WILL BE PENALTY FOR WRONG ANSWERS MARKED BY A CANDIDATE IN THE OBJECTIVE TYPE QUESTION PAPERS. (i) There are four alternatives for the answer to every question. For each question for which a wrong answer has been given by the candidate, one-third (0'33) of the marks assigned to that question

will be deducted as penalty. If a candidate gives more than one answer, it will be treated as a wrong answer even if one of the given answers happens to be correct and there will be same penalty as above to that question. (iii) If a question is left blank, i.e., no answer is given by the candidate, there will be no penalty for that question.
(ii)

DO NOT OPEN THIS TEST BOOKLET

UNTIL YOU ARE ASKED TO DO SO

11

1.

ff
~y'

~
2

~v

c~v
stream function in a two-dimensional flow field is given by \If = x2 - y2. Then the magnitude of velocity at point (1, 1) is

he velocity potential in a flow field is 5. ~ ~ = 2xy. The corresponding value of stream function is - x') + constant

(b)
(c) (d)

(x2 -

i)

+ constant

1 2 2 - (x - y ) + constant 2(x - y) + constant
(d) 8

2. ~s an index of comfort, the temperature of 6. r!J saturated air at which a person would U experience the same feeling of comfort as J experienced in the actual unsaturated ~ environment is called the

t:ii

In air-water vapour mixture, the partial pressure of water vapour corresponds to the saturation temperature called ~ (b) (c) (d) Dew point temperature Wet bulb temperature Dry bulb temperature Adiabatic saturation temperature

(a) / (c) (d)

Comfort temperature Effective temperature Wet bulb temperature Soothing temperature

7.

Consider the following: The components of velocity u and v along X and Y directions in a 2D flow problem of an incompressible fluid are 1. u
-

3.

When moist air passes through a bed of silica gel, the (a) ~ (c) (d) Dry bulb temperature of air decreases Dry bulb temperature of air increases Specific humidity of air increases It undergoes adiabatic saturation

~r~ ) &.>
2.

=

x2 cos y; v
'I -:.--:;

=-

2x sin y

2-?f...&1) -

»»

1.?L~

u

=x
I - \

+ 2; v = 1 - y

1.. ~ 1 ,I: ""'r y/x

3. 4.

u u

= =

xyt; v

=

x3

-It/2
= xy -

CJ(
1" ~~ ;.,

In x + y; v

l..,.
](. t1

#
'f

Stream and velocity potential functions for a 2D flow field given by u = 2x and v = - 2y are ::7.\If

..1 .,."A 1 =rof:'.these _will• ~' Which

satisfy the continuity

equation?

= 2xy,

\$

= x2 _ y2
x2 + y2

V
(b) (c) (d)

1, 2 and 3 only 1, 2 and 4 only 2, 3 and 4 only 1,2,3 and 4

(b) (c) (d)

\If = \If \If

x2 - y2, \$ = 2xy

= x2i, ~=

= x2 + y2,

\$ = x2y2

Q-(

Q-GUG-K-NFA

( 2 - B )

3 and 4 16. 3 and 4 only 1. decrease m 4.. 2. can the oxides of nitrogen in the engine exhaust be controlled ? ~lonlY (b) 2 and 4 only 2./'1 . '\ Use of high degree of supercharger. 2.? the If one 20. 4. 3.1 15. EGR Increased Thermal manifold.\. Use of high compression Oxidation manifold. NO x Which of these are used to control emission from engine exhaust? 2. compression reactor m ratio. 2. ) 17. catalyst In relative motion. 3.B ) . rotational speed of 20 rad/s. 3 and 4 (a) ~2only Which of the above statements 1 only is/are correct ? ~. The points of maximum pressure lie on a horizontal centre of sphere by (a) (b) (c) (d) 12·5 em 6·96 em 2·45 em 1·96 em plane below the By which of these techniques. /1 (b) (c) (d) only 1. Consider the following: 1. 3 and 4 only 1. Piezometer is used to measure small variation of pressure above or below ambient pressure. 2. temperatures TR = 3·5 kW. '.23°C and betweeri 27°C. Consider the following: 1. Catalytic converter. (c) (d) Both 1 and 2 Neither 1 nor 2 A refrigerator of opeynes . Use of 5% lean mixture. Thixotropic fluid exhibits viscosity with time. '( t (c) (d) Consider the following statements: 1. rotated diameter the vessel about spherical vessel IS 18.) . ratio. "J/1 ~ P i FO 1. the minimum power required per TR to operate the refrigerator is (a~'5 ~ (c) (d) kW 0·7kW 0·9 kW 1·0 kW The main object of Morse test is to find out (a) (b) ~ (d) Performance Performance Frictional of a petrol engine of a diesel engine power of a petrol engine of a single cylinder Indicated power diesel engine Q Q-GUG-K-NFA ( 4 . the exh aust 19. A 50 cm 0'8. the exhaust completely gravity then without filled up with a liquid of specific and the liquid the at vertical a are axis. 2 and 4 only 2.

are correct ? Both 8 and h increase 8 increases. temperature Which of the above statements change in properties across wave? / (a) (b) 1 and 3 only 1. 3. 2. h increases J 2. Droplets of bubbles attached to a solid surface can remain stationary in a gravitational fluid if the surface tension exceeds buoyant forces. J3. 3 and 4 Which of the above statements (a) ~by. The droplets of a fluid move upward or downward in another fluid due to unbalance between gravitational and buoyant forces. COP of the reversed Carnot cycle is ~ " 1'1 28.B ) . / decreases. 2. 2. 3 and 4)" '992 567 464 ~812 (c) (d) ~1. 1. Q-GUG-K-NFA ( 5 . leading edge as (a) (b) c) (d) yfeY (d) 9·26 Consider the following statements: 1. 3 and 4 2 and 4 only and 3 only 2. (d) 1.21. 8 decreases. 2. 3 and 4 only Efficiency of a Carnot engine is 75%. h decreases Both 8 and h decrease t 3. are correct for normal shock 0·75 0·33 1·75 ')J pressure (d) Static temperature Stagnation 25. For film-wise condensation on a vertical plane. If the cycle direction is reversed. i~creases. 2. Molal specific heats of an ideal gas depend on 26. Surface tension of a bubble is proportional to its radius while buoyant force is proportional to the cube of its radius. Which of these are intensive (a) (b) ~ (d) 24./ decreases. /(a) 1·33 (b) (c) /!. 2 and 4 only Y' 2 and 3 only (d) 1. 1. The radiative heat (W/m2) between surfaces whose maintained at 400 (a) transfer rate per unit area two plane parallel grey emissivity is 0·9 and K and 300 K is 4. J 4. Kinetic energy Entropy Thermal conductivity Pressure properties? 4. = Consider the following statements: Static pressure Stagnation increases. Consider the following: 1. 2 and 3 only 2 and 4 only 3 and 4 only 1. the film thickness 8 and heat transfer coefficient h vary with distance x from the 27. 23. (a) Its pressure Its temperature A Carnot· temperature COP is (a) heat limits pump works of 2J7°C and In) :'/ 1·108 1·2 2·2 (c) Both its pressure and temperature (b) The number of atoms in a molecule 22. A small bubble of one fluid immersed in another fluid has a spherical shape.

3. . (d) Two radiating surfaces Al = 6 m2 and A2 = 4 m2 have the shape factor F _ = 0'1.~ 1 and 3 only .12. It can burn engine. C1 engine has a higher relative to S1 engine. Which of the above statements (a) (b) are correct ? 1 and 3 only 2 and 40nlyj 1 and 4 only (d) 1. 4. 1. ' Its exhaust pollution to C1 engine. 2. For a floating body. ~ 33. specific outputJ relative Which of the above statements are correct for maximum compression efficiency in a 2-stage compresSor? (a) ~2and30nlY (c) (d) 2 and 4 only 1. 30.29. stability is not determined simply by the relative positions Of centre of gravity and centre of buoyancy. Consider the following statements C1 engine: 1. output IS j) J 2. regarding a by is '! . PI + P3 2 31.. Which of the (a) above statements are correct? 1 and 3 only 2 and 4 only 2 and 4 only (b) ~. its / power output is lesser than C1 engine. 2. The metacentre should be above the centre of gravity of the floating body for stable equilibrium during small oscillations. Work in the LP cylinder work in the HP cylinder. Thermal efficiency of a C1 engine lower relative to a S1 engine. Which of the above statements (a) (b) (c) is/are correct ? 3. C1 engine knock can be reduced increasing compression ratio. Large value of metacentric height reduces the period of roll of the vessel. The position of metacentre of a floating body is fixed irrespective of the axis of oscillations.B ) . 3 and 4 . 1 Consider the following statements: 1. related to Consider the following statements S1 engine: 1. JPIP3 1ntercooling is perfect. 2./ C1 engines use leaner mixtures to S1 engines. 4. leaner mixtures than C1 For a given volumetric capacity. is twice the 3.~ /"" ( I ( 6 . 3 and 4 0·12 0·10 (d) Q-GUG-K-NFA Q . 3 and 4 t regarding than C1 higher 32. 2. is higher relative 4. 2. Specific engine. 3 and 4 2 only 2. J. Consider the following statements the stability of floating bodies: 1. 3 and 4 only and 4 only 4. I 2 the shape factor F2_I will be (a) 0·18 ~0'15 (c) 1.

/!lnd an evaporator temperature of'-:vC. are correct? Which of the above statements (a) (b) (c) 1. compression ratio. 7·75 Consider the following factors : Diesel engine increasing 1. 4. air turbulence. its coefficient of performance will be \I' Consider the following: 1. 2. 2.< ~ ~y7'00 /" 35. 3 and 4 1. metacentres in 40. In rocket propulsion. 'j. A body will be in a stable floating condition if equilibrium in a of Degree of supercharge .~ 1.lh J . is/are correct ? ~ 'y (a) The metacentre gravity The metacentre gravity IS below the centre Which of the above statements (a) IS above the centre of 1. 4. 3 and 4 /"" reduced by Engine speed. 2 and 3 only 2 and 4 only (c) (d) 2. The frequency of pitching can be reduced by adding more loads along the length of a ship below its centre of gravity. knock can be Which of the above factors reduce physical delay in the diesel engine ? (a) . An ideal refrigerator is opera~i~Jbetyf1en a 37. v' FO~ ~f injection advance.0 t' '1 (i 34.. 3 and 4 only Which phenomena have the most adverse effect on volumetric efficiency when engine works at high speeds? (a) (b) (c) / Flow friction and choking Ram effect and choking Flow friction and charge heating Charge heating and back flow (d) Q-GUG-K-NFA ( 7 . 2 and 4 only 1. 3. Compression fJ ratio. 2. 2. 2 and 3 only 2. 3 and 4 only 1. If the machine is functioning as a I£at pump. . 3. A ship has different rolling and pitching.3 and 4 2 and 3 only 1. condenser temperature of . 4./ Injection advance./ 38. 3. 3 and 4 only 2 only : Jb1 (c) (d) (c) (d) The metacentric height is zero coincides with The centre of buoyancy the centre of gravity 36.2. the oxygen combustion of its fuel is taken from (a) /rhe (c) (d) Surrounding air for rocket itself Compressed Surrounding atmospheric atmospheric air air and air compressed J -/ ( Stability can be improved by increasing the width and reducing the draft. ship causes increase in the period of rolling.v (a) 6·00 6·75 / ~' (b) \ " ~\ 1'. Increased Increased Increased Increased cetane number. Consider the following statements Increasing the metacentric height of a 39. -.B ) .

t "X . isothermal compression of a 2. 3 and --i<. Centre of gravity of the body Point of intersection of the buoyant force and the gravitational force Point of intersection of the buoyant force and the centre line of the body Centre fluid of the volume of the displaced More suitable for aviation due to lower frontal area. Mass transfer refers to mass in transit due to a species concentration gradient in a mixture. (a) (b) energy. 2. 3 and 4 only 3 and 4 only 42. 3. mass than Which of the above statements (a) (b) (c) (d) are correct ? (c) 1 and 3 only 2 and 3 only 1. 3 and 4 45~ (a) (b) (c) (d) 1.B ) . 2.2. ~-+' 4.. Can be designed for higher pressure ratios than centrifugal compressors... Mass transfer by diffusion is analogous to heat transfer by conduction. Consider the following: 1. 2 and 4 only 2.3.3 2 ~d and 4 4 only The following statements refer to axiaJ flow compressors as compared to centrifugal com pressors : 1. Theoretical gas. 0 Consider the following statements: 1. Must have a mixture of two or more species for mass transfer to occur.fv . measured below the liquid surface. .-\ Q-GUG-K-NFA ( 8 . 2. 3 and 4 1 and 4 only 2. Diffusion of two ideal gases into each other at constant pressure and temperature. 2 and 3 only 1. Lighter in compressors. The depth of centre of pressure on onecside.>li-' ~ t. 2. 3. 2 and 3 only 1. 2... The species concentration gradient is the driving potential for mass transfer. 4. (c) /(d) -J 43.-' .41. Theoretical polytropic process with heat atmosphere.. Consider the following statements: 1. Temperature Viscosity Internal Entropy -1 'f A circular area of 1·2 m diameter is immersed vertically in a liquid of unit weight 800 N/m3 with its top edge just on the liquid surface. Which of these processes are irreversible? Which of the above statements (a) (b) (c) (d) 1.leX rc)¥Z(~ rr1v J 46. 3. 3 and 4 only 1. 2 and 3 only 3 and 4 only 2.71. Maximum efficiency centrifugal compressors speed range. compression rejection to 4. higher than but in a narrow gas turbines centrifugal The centre of buoyancy is (a) (b) .~ Which of these are extensive properties? (a) (b) 1. Boiling of water from a heat source at the same boiling temperature.. 4.r/ (c) (d) 0·80 m 0·75 m 0·60 m 0·64 m i\i. are correct ? 44.P 4.

For a balanced the temper~ture (a) counter-flow heat exchanger..-' -r '" "I. ..V-:> q.47. the value of T 2 will be 700 K (a) . The space above the liquid in the trough is connected to a gas chamber. When the movement of meniscus in the tube is 8 em.. )1) J 4... profiles of the two fluids are Parallel and non-linear Parallel and linear I J ~ (b) (c) (d) . (d) Hagen-Poiseuille Dittus-Boelter equation equation A curved surface has the shape of one-quadrant of a 3 m long 2 m diameter 52.. / <J .~. .. j)~~ '11 '/ ' . r: .-. 51./ ~. The curved surface is immersed in a 3 stationary liquid of unit weight 10 kN/m such that one straight edge is on the liquid surface and the other 1 m below the surface. change in gas pressure. Q-GUG-K-NFA ... '30'> .. is (a) (b) (c) (d) 1·35 em 1·44 em 1·80 em 1·53 ern .B ) The tube of an inclined tube manometer has its upper end open to air and the lower end connected to a vertical cylinder trough having a diameter 4 times that of the tube. Consider the following statements: 1..3 and 4 If a fluid flows through a capillary tube of length L and diameter D. of water from an electric 50. Slow heating heater.-? quv ~"J ~ jh) (c) 600 K 750 K 650 K ().- Linear but non-parallel Divergent from one another I If -'-- I ( 9 .. is (a) (b) (c) (d) 7·854 kNm 10·0 kNm 11·781 kNm 15·708 kNm 53. An engine operates between temperature limits of 900 K and T2 and another between T 2 and 400 K. --- '0. about the axis of circular arc.. cylinder with two edges parallel to the axis. A Carnot engine rejects 30% of absorbed heat to a sink at 30°C. The moment of vertical component of hydrostatic thrust on one side of the surface. the viscosity of the fluid can be estimated from the (a) (b) ~c) (d) Euler equation Bernoulli's equation J# Y J 48. and the mass flow rate and the pressure drop are measured.1 Which of these processes is/are reversible? (a) (b) (c) 3 only 2 and 3 only 2 and 4 only 1. _ (d) A 49..> "'\ .r1 . Constant pressure heating of a gas by a constant temperature source. For both to be equally efficient.. The slope of the tube is 1 in 4 and specific gravity of manometer liquid is 0·72.\---.rV 7 l ~\--" .. The temperature of the heat source is (a) (b) (c) J Evaporation of a liquid from a heat source at the evaporation temperature. in height of water column.2.. Isentropic expansion of air.

with (c) Which of the above statements is/are correct ? ~d) J(a) 1. of equal length.B ) .54.J 55. 2. The capacity ratio of the heat exchanger is 59. In a heat exchanger. List II (Parameters responsible) Zero at design point Proportional head Proportional of relative square to 57. then the third system will also be in thermal equilibrium Two systems not in thermal' equilibrium with a third system are also not in thermal equilibrium with each other When two systems are in thermal equilibrium with a third system. Code: A (a) B 2 3 c 3 " 1 2 1 The annular space between two co-axial vertical cylinders. the hot liquid enters with a temperature of I§O°C and leaves at 160°C. The cooling fluid enters at 30°C and leaves at no°c. 3. Consider the following statements reciprocating air compressor: 1. 2. Entrance loss to half velocity 58. (a) 0·25 /' (d) Fins are made as thin as possible to (a) (b) (c) )d) Reduce the total weight Accommodate more number of fins Increase the width for the same profile area Improve flow of coolant around the fin regarding a (b) (c) 0·40 0·50 0·55 states that 60./ If two systems are in thermal equilibrium. they are in thermal equilibrium with each other ~. (d) 56.I Q-GUG-K-NFA ( 10 . Assuming that Newton's law of viscosity holds good (a) (b) (c) The tangential velocity of liquid varies linearly across the gap Viscous shear stress in liquid is uniform across the gap The tangential velocity of liquid varies non-linearly across the gap Viscous shear stress in liquid linearly across the gap varies (b) 2 (c) 3 1 J(d) 3. The Zeroth law of thermodynamics (a) Two thermodynamic systems are always in thermal equilibrium with each other . is to reduce the (b) The clearance has no effect on work done per kg of air delivered. The outer cylinder is held fixed and the inner cylinder is slowly rotated about its axis at a uniform rotational speed. The effect of clearance volumetric efficiency. The volumetric efficiency decreases increasing pressure ratio.2 and 3 (b) (c) (d) 1 and 2 only 2 and 3 only 3 only . Leakage loss B. fins are provided gradient m so as for To increase temperature to enhance heat transfer To increase turbulence enhancing heat transfer flow A. On heat transfer (a) (b) surface. is filled with an incompressible liquid of constant viscosity. Friction loss To increase surface area to promote the rate of heat transfer (d) To decrease fluid the pressure drop of the C. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code ~iven below the lists: List I (Losses) 1.

Which of the above statements (a) Jb) \ is/are correct ? (b) than size of 1. It permits the turbine the tail race without drop in available head.2 and 3 (c) 1 and 2 only 2 and 3 only 1 only ( 11 . and reaction Y) (d) Closed system with a movable boundary Closed system with fixed boundary Specific speed of a turbomachine (a) Is the speed of a machine dimensions Relates the machine Remains conditions shape rather having unit 'xI3. I It is used in both impulse type of water turbines. Consider the following statements regarding draft tube used in water turbines: a Isothermal compression of air in a Stirling engine is an example of (a) (b) Open system Steady flow diabatic system J.Aa) (b) (c) (d) Adhesion is more than cohesion Cohesion is more than adhesion Cohesion is equal to adhesion Adhesion and cohesion have no bearing with angle of contact (c) (d) JK1K2 65.61. 62. 2.B ) the same under of operations different (c) (d) (d) Depends only upon the head which the machine operates under Q-GUG-K-NFA . KIK2 If angle of contact of a drop of liquid is acute then J(b) Kl + K2 2KIK2 Kl + K2 . 63. A closed when ~) thermodynamic system manifests Matter is not allowed to cross the boundary but energy transfer occurs across the boundary (b) There is transfer of both mass and energy across the system boundaries There is only transfer of mass but no heat and work energy are transferred There is absolutely no interaction system with surroundings of the Ll = L2 of the (c) The equivalent thermal conductivity wall as shown in the figure above is (d) (a) 64. It reduces the discharge velocity of water to minimize the loss of kinetic energy at the outlet. to be set above any appreciable 66.