Aspen Tutorial 2

页码,1/12

ChE 473K January 21, 2000

Absorption Column Simulation Tutorial
1. Insert a RADFRAC column model in the workspace. 2. Attach two streams to the feed of the RADFRAC model. One should be labeled 1 and the other
labeled 2. Note: The order that you attach the feed blocks is very important. If they are not numbered as seen in the illustration, you will have problems later.

3. Attach the Vapor Distillate output from the top of the RADFRAC model to one of the product
output arrows. This arrow should be labeled 3. 4. Attach the Bottoms output from the bottom of the RADFRAC model to one of the product output arrows. This arrow should be labeled 4. The simulation should look like this.

5. Hit the Next button, enter the title of “Example Adsorption Problem”. 6. Hit the Next button again. Enter the following in the Comp ID field:
METHANE ETHANE PROPANE N-BUTANE N-DECANE

http://www.che.utexas.edu/~che473k/aspen/aspentutor2.htm

2005-2-24

or first stage.utexas. 10. 7.edu/~che473k/aspen/aspentutor2. The Stream-1-Input form should look like this: http://www.995 Total MOLE-Flow: 10000 LBMOL/HR Note: Make sure that you have changed the pressure units to ATM and the you have changed the composition basis to Mole-Frac. 9. and the Properties-Specifications window should appear. 8. Hit the Next button.005 N-DECANE: . Use the Next button to get to the Stream-1-Input form. Enter the following values: Temp: 100 F Pres: 5 ATM Composition Basis: MOLE-FRAC N-BUTANE: . Choose NRTL for the Property Method.che. In this simulation Stream 1 is the lean oil absorbing medium. This is because it is feeding into the top. of the RADFRAC model.Aspen Tutorial 2 页码,2/12 The Components-Specifications form should look like this.htm 2005-2-24 .

Note: Do not enter zero in the other component MOLE-FRAC fields. Stream-2-Input should look like this: http://www.04 PROPANE: .Aspen Tutorial 2 页码,3/12 11. 12.03 Total MOLE-Flow: 5500 LBMOL/HR Note: Make sure that you have changed the pressure units to ATM and the you have changed the composition basis to Mole-Frac.88 ETHANE: .utexas.05 N-BUTANE: . Enter the following values: Temp: 100 F Pres: 5 ATM Composition Basis: MOLE-FRAC METHANE: .edu/~che473k/aspen/aspentutor2. Use the Next button to get to the Stream-2-Input form. just leave them blank.che.htm 2005-2-24 .

che. We do not have a condenser or a reboiler. Hit Next and the Blocks-B1-Setup-Configuration form will appear. 15. Blocks-B1-Setup-Configuration should look like this: http://www. Define the number of stages as 5. 14. so we enter none in the condenser field and none in the reboiler.edu/~che473k/aspen/aspentutor2.utexas.Aspen Tutorial 2 页码,4/12 13.htm 2005-2-24 .

Aspen Tutorial 2 页码,5/12 16.edu/~che473k/aspen/aspentutor2. 18.che. http://www.utexas. Stage 1 (the top of the column) and the feed location for Stream 2. Stage 5 (the bottom of the column). 17. 19. Hit Next and the Blocks-B1-Setup-Streams form appears. Make the feed location for Stream 1.htm 2005-2-24 . Change the Convention for Stream 2 to ON-STAGE. Product stream 4 (the exit liquid) should be coming from stage 5 (the bottom of the column) and should be labeled as a liquid phase. Product stream 3 (the exit gas) should be coming from stage 1 (the top of the column) and should be labeled as vapor phase. by clicking on the field and using the list function.

Hit Next and the Blocks-B1-Setup-Pressure form appears. In the Stage 1 / Condenser pressure enter a pressure of 5 ATM.edu/~che473k/aspen/aspentutor2.htm 2005-2-24 . 21.Aspen Tutorial 2 页码,6/12 Blocks-B1-Setup-Streams should look like this: 20. http://www.utexas.che.

Now open the Blocks-B1-Convergance form. 23.htm 2005-2-24 . Select the Advanced tab.Aspen Tutorial 2 页码,7/12 Blocks-B1-Setup-Pressure form should look like: 22.utexas. http://www. Change the Absorber option from No to Yes.che.edu/~che473k/aspen/aspentutor2.

utexas. Under Specification Target enter .01. 28.Aspen Tutorial 2 页码,8/12 Blocks-B1-Convergance-Advanced form should look like: 24. Next select open the Blocks-B1-DesignSpecs form.che. http://www. number of 1 will be set. Hit OK and a default Spec. 27. Note: This sets the total removal of propane in the vapor stream to about 80%.htm 2005-2-24 . 26. 25. The stream type should be set to Product. Click New in the Object Manager.edu/~che473k/aspen/aspentutor2. This will open the Blocks-B1-DesignSpecs-Specifications form. Under Design specification type enter Mole purity.

Hit the Next button and the Blocks-B1-DesignSpecs-Components form will appear. 30.utexas.edu/~che473k/aspen/aspentutor2. Under Available components select PROPANE and move it to Selected components using the > button.Aspen Tutorial 2 页码,9/12 Blocks-B1-DesignSpecs-Specifications form should look like: 29. http://www.htm 2005-2-24 .che.

htm 2005-2-24 .Aspen Tutorial 2 页码,10/12 Blocks-B1-DesignSpecs-Components form should look like this: 31.che.edu/~che473k/aspen/aspentutor2. Under available product streams select 3 and move it to selected stream using the > button. 32. Hit the next button and the Blocks-B1-DesignSpecs-Feed/Product Streams form will appear.utexas.01. http://www. The completed design specification states that you wish for the mole fraction of propane in the product stream number 3 to be equal to .

Set the following values: Lower bound: 5000 lbmol/hr Upper bound: 20000 lbmol/hr Maximum step size: 1000 http://www. Hit the New… button and hit OK to accept the default vary ID of 1. Click the Next button and the Blocks-B1-Vary-Object Manager will appear.che.htm 2005-2-24 .Aspen Tutorial 2 页码,11/12 Blocks-B1-DesignSpecs-Feed/Product Streams form should look like this: 33. Set the stream name to 1. 34. Set the Adjusted variable type to Feed rate.edu/~che473k/aspen/aspentutor2. This will open the Blocks-B1-Vary-1-Specifications form.utexas. This means that you are going to vary the feed rate of the lean oil absorbing medium. 36. 35.

edu/~che473k/aspen/aspentutor2. You will notice that the mole fraction of propane is stream 3 is . This will make interpreting the results easier. This indicates that the vary block had to increase the feed rate to meet the desired specification. Save the simulation and then run the simulation.01 as we specified. http://www.utexas. Before running the simulation you may want to go to the Setup-Report Options-Stream form and the Mole Fraction Basis output.htm 2005-2-24 . and that the molar flow basis of stream 1 is larger than the 10000 lbmol/hr value that we initially specified. 38.Aspen Tutorial 2 页码,12/12 Blocks-B1-Vary-1-Specifications form should look like this: 37.che.

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