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Physics Exam2&3

Physics Exam2&3

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Published by: Grace Mai Cat on Apr 21, 2012
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1. A square coil and a triangular coil each have sides of length L.

The triangular coil has twice as many turns as the square coil. If a the same current is sent through each coil, when the coils are placed in the same uniform magnetic field making an angle of 30 degrees with the planes of the coils, which coil experiences the greater torque?
X the square coil the triangular coil Both coils experience the same torque. It depends on the magnitude of the magnetic field that the coils are placed in.

2. Electrical charges and magnetic poles have many similarities, but one difference is:
opposite magnetic poles repel. one magnetic pole cannot create magnetic poles in other materials. X a magnetic pole cannot be isolated. magnetic poles do not produce magnetic fields.

3. Geophysicists today generally attribute the existence of the Earth's magnetic field to which of the following?
X convection currents within the liquid interior iron ore deposits in the crust nickel-iron deposits in the crust solar flares

4. The force on a charged particle created by its motion in a magnetic field is maximum at what angle between the particle velocity and field?
X zero 180 degrees 90 degrees 45 degrees

5. Assume that a uniform magnetic field is directed into this page. If an electron is released with an initial velocity directed from the bottom edge to the top edge of the page, which of the following describes the direction of the resultant force acting on the electron?
out of the page X to the right to the left into the page

6. If a proton is released at the equator and falls toward the Earth under the influence of gravity, the magnetic force on the proton will be toward the:
north. south. X east. west.

7. A 2.0-m wire segment carrying a current of 0.60 A oriented parallel to a uniform magnetic field of 0.50 T experiences a force of what magnitude?
6.7 N

0.30 N 0.15 N X zero

8. Which of the following devices makes use of an electromagnet?
loudspeaker galvanometer X both loudspeakers AND galvanometers None of the above.

9. The force exerted on a current-carrying wire located in an external magnetic field is directly proportional to which of the following?
current strength field strength X both current strength AND field strength None of the above are valid.

10. A circular current loop is placed in an external magnetic field. How is the torque related to the radius of the loop?
directly proportional to radius inversely proportional to radius X directly proportional to radius squared inversely proportional to radius squared

11. The path of a charged particle moving parallel to a uniform magnetic field will be a:
X straight line. circle. ellipse. parabola.

12. When a magnetic field causes a charged particle to move in a circular path, the only quantity listed below which the magnetic force changes significantly as the particle goes around in a circle is the particle's:
energy. X momentum. radius for the circle. time to go around the circle once.

13. The current in a long wire creates a magnetic field in the region around the wire. How is the strength of the field at distance r from the wire center related to the magnitude of the field?
field directly proportional to r X field inversely proportional to r field directly proportional to r2 field inversely proportional to r2

17.80 m of wire B.80 m of wire B.25 m. 15. straight wire produces a magnetic field. c. Two parallel wires are separated by 0. 16. b. X a. If the currents are flowing in opposite directions: the two wires will attract each other. d. The force on 0. X the two wires will repel each other. X form circles that go around the wire. Oersted. the two wires will exert a torque on each other. Wire A carries 5. That a current in a wire produces a magnetic field was discovered by: X Maxwell. Tesla. come in from infinity to the wire.14. away from Wire B. Magnetism had been a known phenomenon for some time before its relation to electric currents was found.0 A and Wire B carries 10 A. straight parallel wires. neither wire will exert a force on the other. Consider two long. Ampere. 18. The magnetic field lines: go out from the wire to infinity. . one-fourth that on 0. X toward Wire B. both currents in the same direction. A current in a long. form circles that pass through the wire.80 m of Wire A is: half that on 0. each carrying a current I.

When an electromagnet has an iron core inserted. It decreases. It must decrease by 25%. Since it depends on the metal used in the wires of the electromagnet. . It must increase by 25%. More information is needed to make this conclusion. what happens to the strength of the magnet? X It increases. any of the above. The magnetic domains in a non-magnetized piece of iron are characterized by which orientation? X parallel to the magnetic axis anti-parallel (opposite direction) to the magnetic axis random perpendicular to the magnetic axis 21. It decreases. A sensitive ammeter is connected to a wire loop and placed within the magnetic field of a strong horseshoe magnet. X the current. The field strength is directly proportional to: the coil area. It increases. 20. It remains the same. 24. 22. The ammeter shows a deflection when: the wire is moved parallel to the field. A current in a solenoid coil creates a magnetic field inside that coil. 23. It remains the same. It must increase by 33%.19. It must increase by 125%. Both the coil area AND the current are valid choices. None of the above choices are valid.

29. 28. A coil is placed in a changing magnetic field and an emf is induced. A metal rod is falling toward the surface of the Earth near the equator. with no acceleration. The principle or law that says "an induced emf in a circuit loop produces a current whose magnetic field opposes further change of magnetic flux" is credited to: Faraday. the wire's axis is parallel to the field. What happens to the induced emf if the rate of change of magnetic field quadruples? There is no change. The emf quadruples. the induced current is zero. the loop is near the middle of the magnet. the rod is horizontal with the positive end toward the west. Lenz. The emf increases by a factor of 16. 27. The operation of a tape player to play music depends on which of the following? the Doppler effect the photoelectric effect the force acting on a current-carrying wire in a magnetic field induced current from the motion of a magnet past a wire 30. The north pole enters first. the rod is horizontal with the positive end toward the east. one end of the rod becomes positively charged due to the motional emf of the rod through the Earth's magnetic field. neither wire nor magnet is moving. According to Lenz's law the direction of an induced current in a conductor will be that which tends to produce which of the following effects? enhance the effect which produces it produce a greater heating effect produce the greatest voltage oppose the effect which produces it — PAGE 2 — 26. The rod is oriented so that: the rod is vertical with the positive end higher. As it falls. . Volta. The induced current will be greatest in magnitude when the magnet is located so that: the loop is near either the north or the south pole. 25. Ampere. the rod is horizontal with the positive end toward the north.the wire is moved perpendicularly to the field. The emf doubles. the loop is near the north pole only. A bar magnet is falling through a loop of wire with constant velocity.

the plane of the loop makes an angle of 45 degrees with the magnetic field. and ammeter and switch are connected in series. the magnet is halfway through. This force between the magnet and the loop will be attractive when: the magnet enters the loop.31. zero. 32. the magnetic flux through the loop is a maximum. 6 A. If a bar magnet is falling through a loop of wire. is now closed. 35. the magnet is leaving the loop. the secondary. The secondary loop has twice as many turns as the primary loop. battery. The induced current is greatest when: the plane of the loop is parallel to the magnetic field. will induce a current in the other. There is insufficient information to work this problem. An inductor. Electricity may be generated by rotating a loop of wire between the poles of a magnet. 36. initially open. resistance. what is the current's final value? zero battery voltage divided by inductance battery voltage times inductance battery voltage divided by resistance . never. the induced current in the loop of wire sets up a field which exerts a force on the magnet. Two loops of wire are arranged so that a changing current in one. If the switch. the primary. The current in the secondary must be: 3 A. The current in the primary at this moment is 3 A and increasing. the plane of the loop is perpendicular to the magnetic field. The operation of an electric motor depends on which of the following effects? the Doppler effect the photoelectric effect the force acting on a current-carrying wire in a magnetic field current from the motion of a wire in a magnetic field 33. The basic function of the electric generator is which of the following conversion processes? mechanical energy to electrical electrical energy to mechanical low voltage to high or vice versa alternating current to direct 34.

Which of the following is now true about the phase angle? It is still positive.0 km and inductance 50 H. If a current of 1. or zero. The values of the resistance.0 ms 4. battery and switch in series. resistance. How is the energy stored in a current-carrying inductor related to its self-inductance.0 x 104 A were started in a huge toroidal coil of radius 1.5 ms 3. In a 60-Hz RLC circuit. how much electrical energy (in kWh) could be stored? 300 kWh 480 kWh 690 kWh 840 kWh 41.37. ammeter. the phase angle is positive. Because they are resistanceless. It could be zero. Superconductors have been discussed as a means for electrical energy storage. and the capacitance are now doubled. 42.0 ms 39. but it cannot be greater than its original value. inductance. In a circuit made up of inductor. L? directly proportional to L2 directly proportional to L1/2 directly proportional to L inversely proportional to L 40. What is the effective (rms) current value for an AC current with an amplitude of 10 A? 28 A . negative. d. It will be negative. a current once started in a loop would continue without loss. It could be positive.0 ms 5. at which of the following times after the switch is closed is the rate of current increase greatest? zero one time constant reciprocal of one time constant ten time constants 38. 1.

If the AC frequency doubles. The frequency in an AC series circuit is doubled.0 A 44.6 A 2.1 A 14 A 43. In an AC series circuit. .3. 26.8 A 4.0 degrees 63. 2.4 degrees 47. In an RLC series circuit the phase angle between the current and voltages is 30 degrees. the voltage in the inductor differs in phase with the voltage in the capacitor by what angle? zero 45 degrees 90 degrees 180 degrees 46.4 degrees 87.1 A 7. what is the resulting phase angle? 30 degrees more than 30 degrees less than 30 degrees Additional information is needed to reach a determination.6 degrees 18.0 A 5. By what factor does this change the capacitive reactance? 1/2 1/4 2 4 45.

The primary winding of an electric train transformer has 400 turns. works with direct current. has an output frequency of 60 Hz. An ideal transformer is one that: has a turn ratio. 53. equal to 1. Which one of the following scientists made the theoretical prediction that electromagnetic waves travel through a vacuum at the speed of light? Hertz Faraday Maxwell Lenz . and the secondary has 50. what is the output voltage? 480 V 60 V 15 V 10 V 52. If the input voltage is 120 V(rms). 1 540 W 1 300 W 1 160 W 1 020 W 49. by what factor must the capacitance be multiplied to again achieve resonance? 4 2 1/2 1/4 — PAGE 3 — 51. The power factor in an AC series circuit is equal to which of the following ratios? resistance to inductive reactance capacitive reactance to inductive reactance inductive reactance to capacitive reactance resistance to impedance 50. If the radio station is changed to AM 1 200 kHz. A series RLC circuit in a radio is in resonance with AM 600 kHz. experiences no power loss.48. N2/N1.

54. radio. c. wavelength. energy. 56. d. b. which of the following is correct? visible. 57. gamma. moving electric charges produce magnetic fields. visible. ultraviolet and gamma visible. ultraviolet and x-ray infrared. Maxwell guessed that visible light was an electromagnetic wave because of its: frequency. In order of increasing frequency. visible and gamma 59. changing electric fields produce magnetic fields. Temperature variation of different parts of a person's body can be detected by analyzing the emission pattern of which type of electromagnetic radiation? microwave infrared . Maxwell developed his theory of electromagnetism by combining previous discoveries. a. x-ray. speed. Which one of the following scientists first built and operated devices that could emit and detect man-made electromagnetic radiation? Hertz Ampere Maxwell Lenz 55. changing magnetic fields produce electric fields. ultraviolet and x-ray infrared. He added his own original hypothesis that: electric charges produce electric fields. 58.

Of the various types of electromagnetic radiation. The speed of light for color 2 is greater than that for color 1 in this prism. The Doppler shift for electromagnetic radiation from distant galaxies moving away from the observer is called a: red shift. which is the most penetrating through all forms of matter? infrared gamma visible light ultraviolet 61. which of the following gives the greatest shift in frequency? the source moving toward the non-moving observer at speed v the observer moving toward the non-moving source at speed v the source moving toward the approaching observer.0 1.73 3.ultraviolet x-rays 60. Which of the following is not true? The index of refraction for color 2 is greater than that for color 1. The two colors of light have different frequencies associated with them. blue shift. 63. According to the photon energy formula. black shift. 62. both at speed v/2 All of the above give the same shift. tripling the frequency of the radiation from a monochromatic source will change the energy content of the individually radiated photons by what factor? 0. 64. In the Doppler effect for electromagnetic waves. and the various colors are separated in typical fashion. Light of colors 1 and 2 are sent through a prism and the rays of light of color 2 bend more. White light is sent through a prism.0 .33 1. vacuum shift. The wavelength for color 1 is different than that for color 2 in this prism. Which of the following colors would have the highest index of refraction in this prism? red green yellow blue 65.

It passes through glass (n = 1. 71. none of the above. a wave that moves from one place to another if there is material to vibrate. which of the following will not occur? reflection refraction dispersion All of the above will occur. What is its wavelength in the carbon disulfide? 361 nm 387. According to present theories of light. in some experiments light seems to be: composed of particles which can neither be created nor destroyed. partial transmission partial reflection. interference effects.5 nm 895 nm 960 nm . a particle whose quantized energy depends on its velocity. Who formulated the theory explaining the photoelectric effect? Hertz Maxwell Newton Einstein 69.63). retroreflection. A monochromatic beam of light in air has a wavelength of 589 nm in air. diffraction effects.66. Which of the following describes what will happen to a light ray incident on an air-toglass boundary? total reflection total transmission partial reflection. double reflection. total transmission 70. When light reflects and produces a clear image. 67. 68. this reflection is referred to as: specular reflection. 72. diffuse reflection. One phenomenon that demonstrates the particle nature of light is: the photoelectric effect. When light of one wavelength from air hits a smooth piece of glass at an angle. the prediction by Maxwell's electromagnetic theory.52) and then through carbon disulfide (n = 1.

Monochromatic light hits a piece of glass. 74.63.5) with the ray perpendicular to the glass surface.73. what is the angle of incidence for the ray in air as it impinges upon the other side of the slab? 33 degrees 45 degrees 67 degrees 58. d. respectively.5 degrees 77. A light ray passes from air through a thin plastic slab (n = 1.0 degrees. c. If the ray in air makes an angle of 45 degrees with the normal after leaving the slab. Speed is same as that in glass.2 degrees 32. Speed is same as that before it entered glass. b. Speed is less than before it entered glass. A light ray in air enters and passes through a block of glass.3 degrees 38. which of the following will occur? a.3) with parallel sides. . What can be stated with regard to its speed after it emerges from the block? Speed is less than when in glass.0 degrees 76. What is the angle of refraction for the ray moving through the liquid? 23. A ray of light travels from a glass-to-liquid interface at an angle of 35. Indices of refraction for the glass and liquid are. 1. What happens to the wavelength in the glass as the index of refraction increases? decreases increases remains constant approaches 3 x 108 m 75.52 and 1.4 degrees 46. When light from air hits a smooth piece of glass (n = 1.

What is the critical angle for internal reflection inside a diamond that is in air? . is dispersed into its various color components. a material slows down some wavelengths more than others. 84. light has different speeds in different materials. A ray of white light. the Huygens Effect. Some angle less than 30 degrees. Insufficient information to answer. Speed in air is less than in glass. Which one of the following colors experiences the greatest angle of deviation? orange violet red green 80. 83. A rainbow is a result of: different color droplets of water. the effect is a result of: different wavelengths traveling at different speeds. different wavelengths having different indices of refraction. 30 degrees . Speed in glass equals square root of that in air. incident upon a glass prism. a material changes some frequencies more than others. 82. 79. 81. When light passing through a prism undergoes dispersion. All of the above. Speed in air equals that in glass.419. Diamond has an index of refraction of 2. Dispersion occurs when: some materials bend light more than other materials. Huygens's wave theory requires which of the following with regard to the relative speeds of light in glass and in air? Speed in air is greater than in glass. interference. dispersion. different wavelengths refracting differently.78. Some angle more than 30 degrees.

which describes the image formed? real. is 1. The lateral magnification for a flat mirror: is a function of the object distance. inverted. depends on both the height of the man and the distance from the man to the mirror. If total internal reflection occurs at a glass-air surface: no light is refracted. A concave mirror has radius R. light is leaving the air and hitting the glass with an incident angle greater than the critical angle. You stand two feet away from a plane mirror.0 ft 4. light is leaving the air and hitting the glass with an incident angle less than the critical angle. is a function of the image distance. depends on the distance the man stands from the mirror. A convex lens has a focal length of magnitude F. When an object is located a distance 2R from the lens.0 ft 5. no light is reflected.4 degrees 48. This cannot be done with a convex lens.0 ft 4. .0 ft 3. diminished real. At which of the following distances from this lens would a real object give an inverted virtual image? 1/2 F 2F Any value greater than 2F. is equal to one half the height of the man. diminished real. How far is it from you to your image? 2. 68 EXAM 3 1. upright. enlarged virtual. If a man wishes to use a plane mirror on a wall to view both his head and his feet as he stands in front of the mirror.8 degrees 155 degrees 131 85. inverted. 5. the required length of the mirror: is equal to the height of the man. is a function of the object and image distance. 3. of equal size 2. inverted.24.

11.0 cm behind the plastic 7. How far is the object from the mirror? 40.33) inside a spherical plastic bowl of index of refraction 1. at the center of curvature. A convex mirror with focal length of -20 cm forms an image 12 cm behind the surface. what is its focal length? 18. where does the goldfish appear to an observer in front of the bowl? 6. 10.4 cm 5.0 cm. will always be enlarged.33. If the goldfish is 10 cm from the front wall of the 15-cm radius bowl. When the reflection of an object is seen in a convex mirror the image will: always be real.3 cm 56. which has a focal length of 10.0 cm 12. one from her nose and one from her mouth that are parallel as they are traveling toward the mirror.5 cm 12.0 cm away from a concave mirror. Ron fills a beaker with glycerin (n = 1. A goldfish is swimming in water (n = 1.0 cm 3. always be virtual.473) to a depth of 5.5 cm 15 cm 22 cm 30 cm 9. A woman looking in a makeup mirror sees her face at twice its actual size and rightside up. at the image point. If he looks straight down through the glycerin surface.0 cm 35. he will perceive the liquid to be what apparent depth? 7.0 cm 48. The real image of an object is located 45. may be either real or virtual. These rays will come together: at the focal point.0 cm from the mirror.6 cm 44.0 cm behind the plastic . A girl is standing in front of a concave mirror. Where is the object located as measured from the surface? 7.0 cm. behind the mirror if she is too close to the mirror.0 cm 8. If she is 28. Consider two rays of light.9 cm 7.0 cm 22.4 cm 1.6.

15.5 cm 17. how would the apparent time of sunrise and sunset be changed? Both would be later.5 3. Sunrise would be later and sunset earlier.3 cm and 1. If the object distance is 40.0 cm behind the plastic 9. chromatic aberration. running left to right. If atmospheric refraction did not occur. A 3.3 cm 18. An object is located at a distance of 15.0 cm to the left of the 10-cm lens. Atmospheric refraction of light rays is responsible for: spherical aberration.3 cm and 7.0 2. what is the focal length of the lens? 30 cm 15 cm 10 cm 7. which of the following best describes the image distance and height. mirages.0 cm are aligned on a common axis. A distance of 20.8. 14. the 10-cm lens being on the left. If a real image forms at a distance of 10 cm from the lens.0 cm focal length. light scattering.0 cm behind the plastic 13.0 cm.67 cm +6. Where will the final image appear as measured from the 20-cm lens? -13.0 cm 16.0 cm separates the lenses.3 cm 120 cm and 1. For a converging lens with two curved surfaces. the radius of curvature for both surfaces is 10 cm.0 — PAGE 2 — .0 cm 17. respectively? 17.0 cm 120 cm and 9.0 cm tall object is placed along the principal axis of a thin convex lens of 30. If the focal length is 10 cm. Ansel places an object 30 cm from a thin convex lens along the axis.0 cm and 20. Both would be earlier.3 cm -6.5 2. what must the index of refraction be? 1.67 cm +13. Two convex thin lenses with focal lengths 10. Sunrise would be earlier and sunset later.

An object is placed 25 cm to the left of a lens of focal length 20 cm. What is the resulting focal length of the combination? f 3f f/3 3/f 21. Interference effects observed in the early 1800s were instrumental in supporting a concept of the existence of which property of light? polarization particle nature wave nature electromagnetic character 25. Three thin lenses. Where does the final image form? 25 cm to the right of the mirror 25 cm to the left of the mirror 50 cm to the left of the lens 100 cm to the left of the lens 22. each of focal length f.5 cm. Which of the following effects is the result of the fact that the index of refraction of glass will vary with wavelength? spherical aberration mirages chromatic aberration light scattering 23. A contact lens is made of plastic with an index of refraction 1.00 m from the double slit are separated by 2. In a Young's double-slit experiment. are placed in contact. 24. What is its focal length? -20 cm +6.0 cm and an inner radius of curvature of +2. The distance stays the same. A Young's double slit has a slit separation of 2. The distance increases by a 100% or more.30 x 10-2 m. both the wavelength and the slit separation are increased by 50%. 75 cm to the right of this lens is a plane mirror. The resultant bright fringes on a screen 1.50. It decreases by 50%.50 x 10-5 m on which a monochromatic light beam is directed.19. What is the wavelength of this beam? (1 nm = 10-9 m) . The lens has an outer radius of curvature of +2. What happens to the distance between two adjacent bright fringes? It increases by 50%.7 cm +10 cm +20 cm 20.

and the spacing between the two slits is 0. For what soap film thickness. some light is reflected with a 180 degree change of phase.373 nm 454 nm 575 nm 667 nm 26. When light passes from a material with a high index of refraction into material with a low index of refraction: none of the light is reflected. other than the minimum thickness. A Young's double-slit apparatus is set up. The distance between alternating bright fringes is 1. The blue tint of a coated camera lens is largely caused by what effects? diffraction refraction polarization interference 29. What is the light source wavelength? (1 nm = 10-9 m) 710 nm 490 nm 280 nm 355 nm 27. c. will constructive interference occur? 63 nm 86 nm 172 nm 257 nm 30.46). Light of wavelength 500 nm shines on a soap bubble film (n = 1. 28. . the light that is not reflected has a 180 degree change of phase.040 0 mm.60 m from the double slits. A screen is positioned 1. d. some light is reflected without a change of phase.42 cm. b. In a Young's experiment. Which of the following path difference would cause this constructive interference? a. the paths from the slits to a point on the screen differ in length causing constructive interference at the point.

Find the wavelength of the monochromatic light that will have its second order bright fringe diffracted through an angle of 38.31. Newton's rings: are a sound that light can cause. A beam of unpolarized light in air strikes a flat piece of glass at an angle of incidence of 54.39 1. If the reflected beam is completely polarized.1 mm 4.3 mm 34. 2. are an interference phenomenon.0 mm 3. A multiple slit diffraction grating has a slit separation of 2.60 1.2 mm 5. 32. At what angle will the highest order maximum appear for a wavelength 450 nm using a grating with 600 lines per mm? 36 degrees 54 degrees 81 degrees 90 degrees 36.00 x 10-6 m. what is the index of refraction of the glass? 1. A Fraunhofer diffraction pattern is created by monochromatic light shining through which of the following? single slit double slit triple slit more than 3 slits 33.52 2.2 degrees. are a result of Fraunhofer diffraction. require oil to occur.0 degrees.48 — PAGE 3 — . (1 nm = 10-9 m) 120 nm 500 nm 616 nm 687 nm 35.

LCD stands for: linearly collimated diffraction. lighted compact disk. scattering. Which characterizes the main result of the Michelson-Morley experiment? verified the existence of ether involved measuring the speed of sound from a moving source detected no difference in the speed of light regardless of speed of the source relative to observer was designed purposely to verify Einstein's theory of relativity 43. Sunlight reflected from a smooth ice surface is completely polarized. Determine the angle of incidence.37. . twin paradox.26 degrees 40.60 degrees 47. liquid crystal display. The experiment that dispelled the idea that light travels in the ether is called the: Michelson-Morley experiment. A time interval of 100 s on the spaceship would be measured by the observer to be which of the following? 50 s 100 s 150 s 200 s 42. double refraction.62 degrees 56. Polarization of light can be achieved using a dichroic material like Polaroid by which of the following processes? reflection double refraction selective absorption scattering 38. (nice = 1. but the observer measures its length as 50 m. Fitzgerald-Kennedy experiment. The blue light from the sky has been polarized by: selective absorption.309) 25. 41. Hafele and Keating experiment.89 degrees 52. Its length at rest is 100 m. longitudinally combined depolarization. 39. A spaceship is moving away from an observer at relativistic speed. reflection.

97 c 49.600 c in an accelerator. A mass is bouncing on the end of a spring with a period T when measured by a ground observer. 46.44. What is its relativistic momentum? (c = 3.00 x 108 m/s) . An earth observer sees a spaceship at an altitude of 980 m moving downward toward the earth at a speed of 0.60 T 1. Laws are same only in inertial frames moving at near speed of light. At what speed would a clock have to be moving in order to run at a rate that is onethird the rate of a clock at rest? 0.0 T 1.44 T 0. What would the period of oscillation be (as measured by the same observer) if the mass and spring were moving past the ground observer at a speed of 0. Space and time are absolutes.89 c 0.80 c? 0. According to a postulate of Einstein.7 T 47. Energy is conserved only in elastic collisions. Einstein's theory of relativity is based in part on which one of the following postulates? Mass and energy are equivalent.79 c 0.67 x 10-27 kg moves with a speed of 0. which of the following describes the nature of the laws of physics as one observes processes taking place in various inertial frames of reference? Laws are same only in inertial frames with zero velocity. What is the spaceship's altitude as measured by an observer in the spaceship? 1 630 m 1 270 m 893 m 588 m 48. 45. Laws are same in all inertial frames.800 c.94 c 0. Speed of light in a vacuum is same for all observers regardless of source velocity. Laws are same only in inertial frames moving at low velocities. A proton with mass 1.

— PAGE 4 — 55. The gravitational field is equivalent to: the inertial mass. d. then what is the kinetic energy of the proton? mc2 2mc2 3mc2 4mc2 53.67 52.600 0. how fast is the remaining half going? 0. more than doubles its momentum.60 c 0. has no effect on its momentum. After this is done. Half of the lump's mass is going to be totally converted into kinetic energy of the other half.970 1. an accelerated frame of reference.87 c 1. 50. general relativity.a. c. gravitational relativity. Galilean relativity.0 kg. A lump of uranium has a mass of 2. The total energy of the object will be what factor times that of the rest energy? 0.80 c 0. a clock running slowly. less than doubles its momentum. doubling the speed of an object: doubles its momentum. If the proton is moving so fast that its total energy is three times its rest energy.500 c (1/2 the speed of light). an event horizon. . The mass of a proton at rest is m. b. Including relativistic effects. 51. and begins at rest.15 1. An object moves by an observer at 0.0 c 54. Relativity dealing with gravitation is known as: inertial relativity.

Which of the following statements best describes the relation between the quantum theory and the photoelectric effect experiment? Quantum theory explains the photoelectric effect. The ultraviolet catastrophe predicts that: all objects should radiate extreme amounts of ultraviolet light. and yellow light each emit light with a power of 50 mW. a black body can absorb an infinite amount of radiation if the radiation is in the ultraviolet region. which photons have the greatest energy? red yellow green blue 57. . Sources of red. The photoelectric effect explains quantum theory. yellow. Quantum theory has no bearing on the photoelectric effect. what is true of the stopping potential for a photoelectric current as the wavelength of incident light becomes shorter? increases decreases remains constant stopping potential is directly proportional to wavelength 61. and blue light. Planck's quantum theory is compatible with the experimental data related to which of the following? blackbody radiation the photoelectric effect line spectra emitted by hydrogen gas all of the above 58. blue.56. The photoelectric effect contradicts quantum theory. what happens to the peak wavelength of the radiation? increases decreases remains constant is directly proportional to temperature 59. the radiated energy approaches zero as the wavelength approaches zero. As the temperature of a radiation emitting blackbody becomes higher. 62. According to Einstein. light. Which source emits more photons per second? the red source the blue source the yellow source They all emit the same number per second. as an object gets hotter its light will change from dull red to blue white. Of photons of red. 60.

from the reflecting crystal plane from the normal to the reflecting crystal plane from the direction of the incident beam from the normal to the direction of the incident beam 66. the wavelength of the minimum wavelength x-ray that will be produced. According to the de Broglie hypothesis. 12. Which process cannot occur if only one photon is involved? Compton Effect pair production the photoelectric effect x-ray production 68. 65.9 x 10-12 m 64. 67. Energy is conserved.5 x 10-12 m 19. The Compton experiment demonstrated which of the following when an x-ray photon collides with an electron? Momentum is conserved. Both b and c are correct. Momentum and energy are both conserved. which of the following statements is applicable to the wavelength of a moving particle? directly proportional to its energy directly proportional to its momentum inversely proportional to its energy inversely proportional to its momentum .8 x 10-12 m 24.63. Wavelength of scattered photon equals that of incident photon.4 x 10-12 m 16. Changing the accelerating voltage of an x-ray machine without changing the target material must change: the work function of the material. the wavelength of all the x-rays produced.

6 x 10-8 m 3. According to the Rutherford model of the atom. When a wire carries high current causing it to glow. That light has a dual nature is referring to light: having high. In the n = 4 shell.69. What is the wavelength of the line in the Balmer series of hydrogen that is comprised of transitions from the n = 4 to the n = 2 level? (R = 1. 70. having energy and momentum.3 x 10-6 m 0. The wave function as derived in Schrödinger's equation is best described as being a measure of which of the following? photon beam frequency photon wavelength particle wavelength probability 72. how many distinct values of mt are possible? 4 8 9 The correct value is not given. 2.63 x 10-4 m 1. . it will emit which type of spectrum? line emission line absorption continuous monochromatic 74. — PAGE 5 — 73. undergoing pair production.097 x 107 m-1 and 1 nm = 10-9 m) 380 nm 486 nm 523 nm 630 nm 75. most of the volume of an atom: is empty space. acting as waves and particles.or low-energy photons.1 x 10-3 m 71.

those that are associated with transitions from higher levels down to the n = 1 level produce which of the following? infrared visible mixture of infrared and visible ultraviolet 78.052 9 nm. Of the various wavelengths emitted from a hydrogen gas discharge tube.4 nm 122 nm . what is its radius for the n = 5 level? (Assume the Bohr model is valid). What is the wavelength of the line in the Paschen series of hydrogen that is comprised of transitions from the n = 4 to the n = 3 levels? (R = 1.097 x 107 m-1 and 1 nm = 10-9 m) 1 282 nm 1 875 nm 1 923 nm 2 251 nm 79.097 x 107 m-1 and 1 nm = 10-9 m) 91. contained positive charges.106 nm 0. 76. What is the shortest wavelength in that series? (R = 1. If the radius of the electron orbit in the n = 1 level of the hydrogen atoms is 0. excluded electrons. what is the wavelength of the second line? 49 nm 103 nm 364 nm 486 nm 77. The Lyman series of hydrogen corresponds to electron transitions from higher levels to n = 1. 0.265 nm 0.was occupied by the nucleus. What is the longest wavelength in that series? (R = 1. If the first line in this series has a wavelength of 122 nm.32 nm 80.097 x 107 m-1 and 1 nm = 10-9 m) 365 nm 820 nm 1 094 nm 313 nm 81.846 nm 1. The Lyman series of hydrogen is made up of those transitions made from higher levels to n = 1. The Paschen series of hydrogen corresponds to electron transitions from higher levels to n = 3.

The ground state electronic configuration for aluminum is 1s22s22p63s23p1. there will be how many different permitted orbital quantum number(s)? one two four five 85. Balmer series. 83. What is the orbital quantum number of the last (3p1) electron? . 84. there will be how many permitted spin magnetic quantum numbers? two three four seven 86.273 nm 456 nm 82. In which shell is the last (3p1) electron? K L M N 88. Paschen series. The quantum mechanical model of the hydrogen atom requires that if the orbital magnetic quantum number is 3. The visible lines from hydrogen are all members of the: Lyman series. The Bohr model of the hydrogen atom accounts for which quantum number? principal orbital orbital magnetic All of the above. The quantum mechanical model of the hydrogen atom requires that if the principal quantum number is 4. The restriction that no more than one electron may occupy a given quantum state in an atom was first stated by which of the following scientists? Bohr de Broglie Heisenberg Pauli 87. Brackett series. The ground state electronic configuration for aluminum is 1s22s22p63s23p1.

. Which of the following conditions must be satisfied for laser action? A ruby or similar crystalline material must be used. A binary system must be used. Which of the following demonstrated the relation between the atomic number of a given element and the wavelength of the K-alpha x-ray photon emitted by that element? Bohr Compton Moseley Pauli 91. The x-rays that occur when a high energy electron beam is incident on a metal target will show what type of spectrum? continuous line continuous spectrum superimposed with a line spectrum absorption 90. A population inversion must occur. The photons must be red.0 1 2 3 89.

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