Making of Standardization Solution KMnO4, And Determine of Mixture Fe2+ and Fe3

Sri Agustiani Basir Department of Chemistry, Makassar State University

Abstract Permanganometri titration is carried out based on the reaction by potassium permanganate (KMnO4). This reaction is focused on the oxidation and reduction reactions that occur between KMnO4 with certain raw materials. The purpose of the experiment Determination of Fe with Permanganometri way is to determine the levels of iron (Fe) contained in the sample. Materials used in these experiments were samples containing Fe, potassium permanganate (KMnO4) sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and oxalic acid (H2C2O4). While the tool used is a set of standardized tools, heaters, measuring cups, and pipette volume erlenmeyer. This experimental procedure is the preparation of a solution of potassium permanganate and potassium standardization permaganat by titrating the solution using sulfuric acid and determine the iron content by titrating the samples using a solution of potassium permanganate. From these experiments show that the levels of ferro and ferri in the sample 4.28 mg/mL and 0.51 mg mL. Key words: Permanganometri, Titration, KMnO4

1. Introduction Titration, also known as titrimetry, is a common laboratory method of quantitative chemical analysis that is used to determine the unknown concentration of an identified analyte. Because volume measurements play a key role in titration, it is also known as volumetric analysis. A reagent, called the titrant or titrator is prepared as a standard solution. A known concentration and volume of titrant reacts with a solution of analyte or titrand to determine concentration (Anonyma. 2011).

To boil the KMnO4 solution until 30 minutes.acts as an oxidant.65 gram crystal oxalate acid and to dissolve with aquades and to dilute to become 100 mL. 2. It involves two steps.Permanganometry is one of the techniques used in qualitative analysis in Chemistry. namely the titration of the analyte with potassium permanganate solution and then the standardization of potassium permanganate solution with standard sodium oxalate solution. To weight 1. ion of MnO4. In this reaction. Standardization is the process of developing and implementing technical standards. Titration technique is commonly used to determine the levels of oxalate or iron in a sample. Preparation of standard solution KMnO4 Preparation of standard solution KMnO4 by dissolving crystals KMnO4 with aquadest. to add 500 mL aquadest and then to close a beaker glass with watch glass. Standardization solution Standard solution is a chemical term that indicates that a solution of known concentration.6 gram of KMnO4 with watch glass.ion will be changed to Mn2+ ions in acidic conditions. Experiment 1. 2011). MnO4. 2008:53) The aim of experiment are to know making of standard solution of KMnO4. and then cooled. Potassium permanganate is an oxidant that is best for determining the levels of iron contained in the sample under acidic conditions using a solution of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) (Khopkar. To take 25 mL solution and then . To put into a beaker glass 1000 mL. The titration involves volumetric manipulations to prepare the analyte solutions (Anonymb. to know the standardization solution and calculate the normality of KMnO4 standard solution and to know the determine mixture of ferro and ferri. It is a redox titration and involves the use of permanganates and is used to estimate the amount of analyte present in unknown chemical samples. To weight 0. 2. Permanganometri is a titration is based on redox reactions.

to add 25 mL H2SO4 1 N solution. In hot conditions. To note the average of titrant volume. 4. To repeat titration until 3 times and note the average of volume titrant. KMnO4 solution then cooled and put in a brown bottle because KMnO4 is a strong oxidizer so it is very easy to react when exposed to add 5 mL H2SO4 and to heat until 70o C. To repeat titration until 3 times and to note the average of volume titration. KMnO4 solution was heated to give a solution purple. 3. Cooled the solution and then to add 10 mL HgCl2 5% to form while precipitate HgCl2. Standard solution is a solution of known concentration. To calculate the normality of standard solution KMnO4. Preparation of standard solution KMnO4 1. to add a few drops SnCl2 5% solution until the yellow color disappeared and turned into green. solution titrated with standard KMnO4 until purple colors of permanganate solution droplets are not lost. .6 gram KMnO4 + 500 mL aquades  purple solution ⃗ purple solution → purple solution (standard solution). Result and Discussion 1. Titrate a solution with KMnO4 of standard solution until become young purple (1-2 drops of color from the excess KMnO4 solution). Determine of mixture ferro and ferri To dropper 25 mL mixture of sample solution. In hot conditions. Preparation of KMnO4 standard solution by dissolving crystals of KMnO4 with aquades. To put 25 mL sample solution. To note the volume of titrant. which will be used in volumetric analysis. To calculate the content of ferro and ferri in mixture. to add 10 mL of concentrated HCl and to heat until 70oC. Titrated solution with KMnO4 standard until to form purple solution.

25 mL oxalate acid + 5 mL concentrated H2SO4 ⃗ 70oC  colorless solution → faint purple solution. 0.12 N Titration is the process of measuring the volume of solution contained in the burette is added into another solution of known volume until there is complete reaction. Standardization of KMnO4 a.4 mL : 0.6 gr oxalate acid → oxalate acid b. Solution of known concentration is called the standard solution.12 mmol/mL = 0. Standard solution that is two standard .2. colorless solution → 100 mL solution of Volume of titrant Volume of titrant (mL) Data Analysis : Known : V1 V2 W : 21 mL : 20.4 BM C2H2O4 : 126 mg/mmol Asked : Normality of KMnO4 Resolving Vaverage KMnO4 : : : 20.65 gr = 650 mg I 21 II 20. The process of determining the concentration of the standard solution is called standardization.7 mL N KMnO4 : : : 0.

Secondary standard solution is a solution whose concentration is obtained by titrating with a solution of primary standard.7 mL I 16.7 II 16. solution of oxalic acid is the solution to be titrated was added concentrated sulfuric acid which serves to provide acidic conditions. usually through titrimetry. therefore standardized KMnO4 solution with a solution of oxalic acid as the primary standard solution. 25 mL of sample solution (faint yellow) + 25 mL of H2SO4  more faint yellow → purple solution Volume of titrant Volume of titrant (mL) I 13. Reactions that occur in the standardization of KMnO4 with oxalic acid solution: 2 KMnO4 + 5 H2C2O4 + 3 H2SO4  2 MnSO4 + 10 CO2 + 8 H2O + K2SO4 3. So the observed endpoint titration is easier.9 II 16. To standardize the KMnO4 solution made warming of the oxalic acid solution was added concentrated sulfuric acid until the reaction temperature of 700 C in order to run fast. 25 mL of sample solution (faint yellow) + 10 mL HCl  yellow solution → 700C + SnCl2  greenish yellow → + 10 mL HgCl2 → brownish yellow Volume of titrant Volume of titrant (mL) Data Analysis : Known : Va1 : 13.7 mL obtained in order to obtain the normality of 0.5 b. Average volume of 20. KMnO4 is a strong oxidizing nature auto indicator and also because it changes color from clear colorless to purple. Determine of mixture ferro and ferri a.12 N.9 .solutions of primary and secondary standard solution. KMnO4 solution is a secondary solution.

Determine of ferro In this experiment used the sample solution and the mixture ferri and ferro and add H2SO4 that function to acidify the iron to soluble iron.51 mg/mL a.28 mg/mL = = = 0.9 mL Vb2 : 16.12 N BM Fe : 59 mg/mmol Asked : Content of ferro and ferri Resolving = = 4.Va2 : 16. and then titrated with KMnO4 produces a purple solution.5 mL Vb1 : 16.9 mL N KMnO4 : 0. In the process of Fe2+ ion titration will be oxidized by MnO4.of titrant Fe3+ ions formed by the reaction: MnO4.+ 8 H+ + 5 Fe 2+  Mn2+ + 5 Fe3+ + H2O .

From the results obtained by titration of the average volume of 15. This addition causes the color change from yellow to green Fe3+. then add HCl that serves to accelerate the reaction between the sample solution and HCl. The content of ferro is 4.Titration end point can be seen from the color change of yellow to a purple solution.51 mg / mL.1 mL with ferro content in the sample solution of 4. Conclusion Conclusions of the research results obtained: 1.9 mL in the sample solution was 0.51 mg/mL . The solution is titrated to brownish green.12 N 3. This happens because all the Fe3+ ions are not completely reduced to Fe2+ ions due to the lack of addition of SnCl2 solution in the solution. The solution add SnCl2 5% to help the dissolving process and to reduce the iron ions Fe3+ to Fe2+.28 mg/mL and ferri is 0. The reaction is: Sn2+ + 2 Fe3+  Sn4+ + 2 Fe2+ But.28 mg/mL. After it was added HgCl2 no white precipitate formed in the absence of excess Sn2+ ions in solution. Determine of ferri In this experiment used a solution of ferro and ferri sample mixture. Normality which get from KMnO4 in this experiment is 0. Average volume obtained and the levels of Ferri 16. Titration was repeated twice to obtain an accurate value. b. To make the standard solution of KMnO4 can done by diluting and heating 2. in this experiment the color of the solution does not fit with the theory that is green but the greenish yellow color. His reaction: KMnO4 + 4 H2O + 2 FeSO4  MnSO4 + 4 H2O 5.

org/wiki/Permanganometry. On Accessed November. http://en. Anonymb. 2008. Permanganometry. Konsep Dasar Kimia Analitik.wikipedia. 2011. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia . 2011.Bibliography Anonyma. http://en. On Accessed Khopkar.wikipedia. November.

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