Portable Radios

contact

control Detailed Service Manual

Professional Radio

Safety-i

SAFETY AND GENERAL INFORMATION
IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON SAFE AND EFFICIENT OPERATION READ THIS INFORMATION BEFORE USING YOUR TWO-WAY RADIO The information provided in this document supersedes the general safety information contained in user guides published prior to July 2000. For information regarding radio use and hazardous atmosphere please refer to the Factory Mutual (FM) Approval Manual Supplement or Instruction Card, which is included with radio models that offer this capability. RF Operational Characteristics Your radio contains a transmitter and a receiver. When it is ON, it receives and transmits radio frequency (RF) energy. Exposure To Radio Frequency Energy Your Motorola Two-Way Radio, is designed to comply with the following National and International Standards and Guidelines regarding exposure of human beings to radio frequency electromagnetic energy (EME): • • • • • • • • United States Federal Communications Commission, Code of Federal Regulations (47 CFR part 2 sub-part J). American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) (C95.1 - 1992) Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) (C95.1-1999 Edition) National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) of the United States (Report 86, 1986) International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNRP - 1998) National Radiological Protection Board of the United Kingdom (1995) Ministry of Health (Canada) Safety Code 6. Limits of Human Exposure to Radio frequency Electromagnetic Fields in the Frequency Range from 3 kHz to 300 GHz (1999) Australian Communications Authority Radiocommunications (Electromagnetic Radiation - Human Exposure) Standard (1999) (applicable to wireless phones only)

PORTABLE RADIO OPERATION AND EME EXPOSURE
To assure optimal radio performance and make sure human exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic energy is within the guidelines set forth in the above standards, always adhere to the following procedures: Antenna Care Use only the supplied or an approved replacement antenna. Unauthorized antennas, modifications, or attachments could damage the radio and may violate FCC regulations. DO NOT hold the antenna when the two-way radio is “IN USE”. Holding the antenna affects call quality and may cause the radio to operate at a higher power level than needed. Two-Way Radio Operation When using your radio as a traditional two-way radio, hold the radio in a vertical position with the microphone one to two inches (2.5 to 5 cm) away from the lips.

MAN WITH RADIO

• Hearing Aids Some digital wireless radios may interfere with some hearing aids. Use of non-Motorola-approved accessories may exceed FCC RF exposure guidelines. holster. Wireless Technology Research. ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE/COMPATIBILITY Note: Nearly every electronic device is susceptible to electromagnetic interference (EMI) if inadequately shielded. turn off your radio in any facility where posted notices instruct you to do so. if you wear a radio on your body when transmitting. designed or otherwise configured for electromagnetic compatibility. Persons with pacemakers should: • • • • ALWAYS keep the radio more than six inches (15 cm) from their pacemaker when the radio is turned ON. In the event of such interference. Any use of a radio must be in accordance with applicable regulations per airline crew instructions. use the ear opposite the pacemaker to minimize the potential for interference. holder.Safety-ii Body-Worn Operation To maintain compliance with FCC RF exposure guidelines.5 cm) from your body when transmitting. • Other Medical Devices If you use any other personal medical device. or body harness. always place the radio in a Motorola supplied or approved clip. • AIRCRAFT When instructed to do so. Data Operation When using any data feature of the radio. • MEDICAL DEVICES • Pacemakers The Health Industry Manufacturers Association recommends that a minimum separation of 6 inches (15 cm) be maintained between a handheld wireless radio and a pacemaker. position the antenna of the radio at least one inch (2. turn the radio OFF immediately if you have any reason to suspect that interference is taking place. case. consult the manufacturer of your device to determine if it is adequately shielded from RF energy. with or without an accessory cable. Your physician may be able to assist you in obtaining this information. Hospitals or health care facilities may be using equipment that is sensitive to external RF energy. not carry the radio in the breast pocket.5 cm) from the body. turn off your radio when on board an aircraft. If you do not use a body-worn accessory. • FACILITIES To avoid electromagnetic interference and/or compatibility conflicts. These recommendations are consistent with the independent research by. and recommendations of. . you may want to consult your hearing aid manufacturer to discuss alternatives. ensure the antenna is at least one inch (2.

Always obey them When using your radio while driving. install. or beaded chains touch exposed terminals. . and any other area where you would normally be advised to turn off your vehicle engine. Areas with potentially explosive atmospheres are often but not always posted. or in areas posted: “Turn off two-way radio”. Note: The areas with potentially explosive atmospheres referred to above include fueling areas such as below decks on boats. or other container with metal objects. turn off your radio when you are near electrical blasting caps. Factory Mutual. If a damaged antenna comes into contact with your skin. Do not remove. • POTENTIALLY EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES Turn off your radio prior to entering any area with a potentially explosive atmosphere. a minor burn can result. The conductive material may complete an electrical circuit (short circuit) and become quite hot. Obey all signs and instructions. OPERATIONAL WARNINGS • FOR VEHICLES WITH AN AIR BAG ! WARNING Do not place a portable radio in the area over an air bag or in the air bag deployment area. dust or metal powders. keys. If a portable radio is placed in the air bag deployment area and the air bag inflates. such as grain. OPERATIONAL CAUTIONS • ANTENNAS ! Caution Do not use any portable radio that has a damaged antenna. Sparks in a potentially explosive atmosphere can cause an explosion or fire resulting in bodily injury or even death. fuel or chemical transfer or storage facilities. Use hands-free operation. • BATTERIES All batteries can cause property damage and/or bodily injury such as burns if a conductive material such as jewelry. particularly when placing it inside a pocket. Air bags inflate with great force. the radio may be propelled with great force and cause serious injury to occupants of the vehicle. Pull off the road and park before making or answering a call if driving conditions so require. areas where the air contains chemicals or particles. or charge batteries in such areas. CSA. or UL Approved). if available. in a blasting area. unless it is a radio type especially qualified for use in such areas as “Intrinsically Safe” (for example. please: • • • Give full attention to driving and to the road. Exercise care in handling any charged battery. purse. • BLASTING CAPS AND AREAS To avoid possible interference with blasting operations.Safety-iii SAFETY AND GENERAL • Use While Driving Check the laws and regulations on the use of radios in the area where you drive.

Their Approval mark is shown below.Safety-iv Intrinsically Safe Radio Information FMRC Approved Equipment Anyone intending to use a radio in a location where hazardous concentrations of flammable material exist (hazardous atmosphere) is advised to become familiar with the subject of intrinsic safety and with the National Electric Code NFPA 70 (National Fire Protection Association) Article 500 (hazardous [classified] locations). ! . A modification changes the unit’s hardware from its original design configuration. FM APPROVED ! WARNING: Do not operate radio communications equipment in a hazardous atmosphere unless it is a type especially qualified (e. lists manufacturers and the products approved by FMRC for use in such locations. Contact sparking may occur while installing or removing accessories and cause an explosion or fire. An explosion or fire may result. WARNING: Do not operate the FMRC Approved Product in a hazardous atmosphere if it has been physically damaged (e. issued by Factory Mutual Research Corporation (FMRC).g. This label specifies the hazardous Class/Division/Group along with the part number of the battery that must be used. Keep the connector cover in place when accessories are not used.g. cracked housing). WARNING: Do not replace or charge batteries in a hazardous atmosphere. Modifications can only be done by the original product manufacturer at one of its FMRC audited manufacturing facilities. WARNING: Do not disassemble the FMRC Approved Product unit in any way that exposes the internal electrical circuits of the unit. WARNING: Do not operate the FMRC Approved Product unit in a hazardous location with the accessory contacts exposed. Radios will not be “upgraded” to this capability and labeled in the field. Depending on the design of the portable unit. WARNING: Do not replace or change accessories in a hazardous atmosphere. An explosion or fire may result. WARNING: Failure to use an FMRC Approved Product unit with an FMRC Approved battery or FMRC Approved accessories specifically approved for that product may result in the dangerously unsafe condition of an unapproved radio combination being used in a hazardous location. FMRC has also issued a voluntary approval standard for repair service (“Class Number 3605”). FMRC Approved) for such use. WARNING: Turn radio off before removing or installing a battery or accessory. FMRC Approval labels are attached to the radio to identify the unit as being FM Approved for specified hazardous atmospheres. An Approval Guide. this FM label can be found on the back of the radio housing or the bottom of the radio housing. Unauthorized or incorrect modification of an FMRC Approved Product unit will negate the Approval rating of the product. Radios must ship from the Motorola manufacturing facility with the hazardous atmosphere capability and FM Approval labeling. Contact sparking may occur while installing or removing batteries and cause an explosion or fire.

and FM Approved accessories or options. so you may want to obtain a current copy of 3605 from FMRC. The Approval guide. 1994 publication of 3605. An FMRC Approval label shall be ordered from the original manufacturer as needed to repair a specific unit. even if the substitute has been previously Approved with a different Motorola communications equipment unit. You should not repair or relabel any Motorola manufactured communication equipment bearing the FMRC Approval label (FMRC Approved Product) unless you are familiar with the current FMRC Approval standard for repairs and service (Class Number 3605). You do not have to be an FMRC Approved Repair Facility to perform these actions. Relabeling The repair facility shall have a method by which the replacement of FMRC Approval labels are controlled to ensure that any relabeling is limited to units that were originally shipped from the Manufacturer with an FM Approval label in place. This Approved portable and battery combination must be strictly observed. You may want to consider using a repair facility that operates under 3605 repair service approval. a unit with a defective housing displaying an Approval label.Safety-v Repair of FMRC Approved Products REPAIRS FOR MOTOROLA FMRC APPROVED PRODUCTS ARE THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE USER. A repair should be done in an FMRC Approved facility. Per the December. WARNING: Incorrect repair or relabeling of any FMRC Approved Product unit could adversely affect the Approval rating of the unit. but is not limited to: a unit with a damaged Approval label. or the Approval standard Class Number 3605 document for repairs and service. Do Not Substitute Options or Accessories The Motorola communications equipment certified by Factory Mutual is tested as a system and consists of the FM Approved portable. Items not considered as repairs are those in which an action is performed on a unit which does not require the outer casing of the unit to be opened in a manner which exposes the internal electrical circuits of the unit. Massachusetts. FMRC’s Approval Standard Class Number 3605 is subject to change at any time without notice to you. can be ordered directly through Factory Mutual Research Corporation located in Norwood. There must be no substitution of items. FMRC Approval labels shall not be stocked by the repair facility. or in the product FM Supplement. or a customer invoice indicating the serial number of the unit and purchase of an FMRC Approved model. WARNING: Use of a radio that is not intrinsically safe in a hazardous atmosphere could result in serious injury or death. some key definitions and service requirements are as follows: ! Repair A repair constitutes something done internally to the unit that would bring it back to its original condition Approved by FMRC. Replacement labels may be obtained and applied by the repair facility providing satisfactory evidence that the unit being relabeled was originally an FMRC Approved unit. This FM Supplement is shipped with FM Approved radio and battery combination from the manufacturer. . Approved configurations are listed in the FM Approval guide published by FMRC. or both. FM Approved battery. Verification may include.

Safety-vi This page intentionally left blank. .

.......................................... 2-4 MODB/VSTBY Supply .........................................6................................................................................................2 1...........................................................1 1....................................................................................................... 2-5 Antenna Switch.............................2.......................................... 2-5 Figure 2-5:UHF Transmitter Block Diagram................................ 2-1 Radio Power Distribution . 2-9 Synthesizer .......................................................................... 2-4 2............4 1................6 UHF Receiver.5..........6 Related Documents ........vii Table of Contents Chapter 1 1............................................................................................................................................................ 2-6 Figure 2-6:UHF Receiver Block Diagram............. 1-2 Technical Support....... 2-6 2.4.............................................................................................. 2-7 2................................................................................................................................... 2-4 Circuit Description ..........................................................................................................5.4........................................................................ 1-1 Return Instructions ............ 2-5 2................................... 2-7 Receiver Back-End................ 2-3 Figure 2-3:Controller Block Diagram...............3 2........................................................................................................ 2-6 Power Control Integrated Circuit (PCIC) ....................................................................................................1 1..........................2..................................5...................................................................................... 1-1 1......6 Power Amplifier (PA) .............2 2............4........................................................................................... 1-2 Radio Model Chart and Specifications.......................................................................................................4 Receiver Front-End ..3 Keypad ................ 2-10 Figure 2-9:UHF VCO Block Diagram ....................4............................... 2-1 2...................... 1-1 Warranty and Service Support.........2 2.......................................... 1-3 Radio Model Information ............................................................................................... 2-2 Figure 2-2:Keypad Block Diagram ............................. 1-1 After Warranty Period ................6............................5 UHF Transmitter .......................................................7 ....................3 1............................................................... 2-3 2......................................1 2.....6...................................................................5 1...................... 2-4 Audio/Signaling....................................................................................................6................1 Piece Parts Availability ...............................................5.....................5........... 1-2 1................................................................ 2-1 Figure 2-1:DC Power Distribution Block Diagram ............1 2.5 2...................................2........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2-2 2........................1 2.....................5.................................................................. 2-9 Figure 2-7:UHF Frequency Generation Unit Block Diagram................................................................................................................................................4 Controller Board ....1 2........................ 2-8 Frequency Generation Circuit..........................................................1 2...................... 2-11 2............... 2-5 Figure 2-4:RTC Circuit ................................................... 2-6 Temperature Cut Back Circuit ............................................................4............................................................... 2-9 Figure 2-8:UHF Synthesizer Block Diagram .................... 2-6 Harmonic Filter ........................ 1-3 Chapter 2 2........... 2-8 Automatic Gain Control (AGC) ...................1 MCU Digital ...3 2.................................2 2.....1 2................4..........3 Warranty Period........................................................................................................ 2-6 Antenna Matching Network ............................ 2-10 2.............................................................................................4 2.................................2 Introduction Scope of Manual ....8 Voltage Control Oscillator (VCO)..................................................................................................2 Theory of Operation Introduction ....................................................... 2-3 Real Time Clock ........................................................................... 1-1 1.............................................................

viii

2.9

VHF Transmitter .......................................................................................................... 2-12 Figure 2-10:VHF Transmitter Block Diagram.................................................................. 2-12
2.9.1 2.9.2 2.9.3 2.9.4 2.9.5 Power Amplifier.................................................................................................................. 2-12 Antenna Switch.................................................................................................................. 2-12 Harmonic Filter .................................................................................................................. 2-13 Antenna Matching Network................................................................................................ 2-13 Power Control Integrated Circuit (PCIC)............................................................................ 2-13

2.10 VHF Receiver............................................................................................................... 2-13 Figure 2-11:VHF Receiver Block Diagram...................................................................... 2-14
2.10.1 2.10.2 2.10.3 2.10.4 Receiver Front-End............................................................................................................ 2-14 Receiver Back-End ............................................................................................................ 2-15 Automatic Gain Control (AGC) .......................................................................................... 2-15 Frequency Generation Circuit............................................................................................ 2-16

Figure 2-12:VHF Frequency Generation Unit Block Diagram......................................... 2-16 2.11 Synthesizer.................................................................................................................. 2-16 Figure 2-13:VHF Synthesizer Block Diagram ................................................................. 2-17 2.12 Voltage Control Oscillator (VCO) .............................................................................. 2-17 Figure 2-14:VHF VCO Block Diagram ............................................................................ 2-18 2.13 Low Band Transmitter ................................................................................................ 2-19 Figure 2-15:Low Band Transmitter Block Diagram ......................................................... 2-19
2.13.1 2.13.2 2.13.3 2.13.4 2.13.5 2.13.6 2.13.7 Power Amplifier (PA) ......................................................................................................... 2-19 Antenna Switch.................................................................................................................. 2-19 Harmonic Filter .................................................................................................................. 2-20 Antenna Matching Transformer ......................................................................................... 2-20 Power Control Integrated Circuit (PCIC)............................................................................ 2-20 Temperature Cut Back Circuit ........................................................................................... 2-20 Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Protection Circuit............................................................... 2-20

2.14 Low Band Receiver..................................................................................................... 2-20 Figure 2-16:Low Band Receiver Block Diagram ............................................................. 2-21
2.14.1 2.14.2 2.14.3 2.14.4 Receiver Front-End............................................................................................................ 2-21 Receiver Back-End ............................................................................................................ 2-22 Automatic Gain Control (AGC) .......................................................................................... 2-22 Frequency Generation Circuit............................................................................................ 2-22

Figure 2-17:Low Band Frequency Generation Unit Block Diagram ................................ 2-23 2.15 Synthesizer.................................................................................................................. 2-23 Figure 2-18:Low Band Synthesizer Block Diagram ........................................................ 2-24 2.16 Voltage Control Oscillators (VCO) ............................................................................ 2-24
2.16.1 2.16.2 2.16.3 2.16.4 2.16.5 Receive VCO ..................................................................................................................... 2-24 Transmit VCO .................................................................................................................... 2-24 Buffer ................................................................................................................................. 2-24 Diplexer/Output Filters ....................................................................................................... 2-24 Prescalar Feedback........................................................................................................... 2-25

2.17 800 MHz Transmitter................................................................................................... 2-25 Figure 2-19:800 MHz Transmitter Block Diagram........................................................... 2-25
2.17.1 2.17.2 2.17.3 2.17.4 Power Amplifier.................................................................................................................. 2-25 Antenna Switch.................................................................................................................. 2-26 Harmonic Filter .................................................................................................................. 2-26 Power Control Integrated Circuit (PCIC)............................................................................ 2-26

2.18 800 MHz Receiver ....................................................................................................... 2-27 Figure 2-20:800MHz Receiver Block Diagram ............................................................... 2-27
2.18.1 Receiver Front-End............................................................................................................ 2-27 2.18.2 Receiver Back-End ............................................................................................................ 2-28

ix

2.18.3 Automatic Gain Control Circuit .......................................................................................... 2-28 2.18.4 Frequency Generation Circuit............................................................................................ 2-29

Figure 2-21:800 MHz Frequency Generation Unit Block Diagram.................................. 2-29 2.19 Synthesizer .................................................................................................................. 2-30 Figure 2-22:800 MHz Synthesizer Block Diagram .......................................................... 2-30
2.19.1 Voltage Control Oscillator (VCO)....................................................................................... 2-31

Figure 2-23:800 MHz VCO Block Diagram ..................................................................... 2-31 2.20 Trunked Radio Systems ............................................................................................. 2-32
2.20.1 2.20.2 2.20.3 2.20.4 Privacy Plus Trunked Systems.......................................................................................... 2-32 LTR™ Trunked Systems ................................................................................................... 2-32 MPT Trunked Systems ...................................................................................................... 2-32 PassPort™ Trunked Systems ........................................................................................... 2-33

2.21 900 MHz Transmitter ................................................................................................... 2-34 Figure 2-24:Transmitter Block Diagram .......................................................................... 2-34
2.21.1 2.21.2 2.21.3 2.21.4 Power Amplifier ................................................................................................................. 2-35 Antenna Switch.................................................................................................................. 2-35 Harmonic Filter .................................................................................................................. 2-35 Power Control Integrated Circuit (PCIC) ........................................................................... 2-35

2.22 900 MHz Receiver........................................................................................................ 2-36 Figure 2-25:900 MHz Receiver Block Diagram............................................................... 2-36
2.22.1 2.22.2 2.22.3 2.22.4 Receiver Front-End ........................................................................................................... 2-36 Receiver Back-End............................................................................................................ 2-37 Hear Clear IC..................................................................................................................... 2-37 Automatic Gain Control Circuit .......................................................................................... 2-38

2.23 Frequency Generation Circuitry ................................................................................ 2-39 Figure 2-26:Frequency Generation Unit Block Diagram ................................................. 2-39 2.24 900 MHz Synthesizer .................................................................................................. 2-40 Figure 2-27:Synthesizer Block Diagram.......................................................................... 2-40 2.25 900 MHz Voltage Control Oscillator (VCO) ............................................................... 2-41 Figure 2-28:VCO Block Diagram..................................................................................... 2-41

Chapter 3
3.1 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7

Maintenance

Introduction ................................................................................................................... 3-1 Inspection ...................................................................................................................... 3-1
3.3.1 Cleaning .............................................................................................................................. 3-1

Safe Handling of CMOS and LDMOS........................................................................... 3-2 General Repair Procedures and Techniques ............................................................. 3-2 Recommended Test Tools ........................................................................................... 3-4 Replacing the Circuit Board Fuse ............................................................................... 3-5 Figure 3-1:UHF/VHF/Low Band/800MHz/900MHz Circuit Board Fuse Locations ............ 3-6 3.2 Removing and Reinstalling the Circuit Board............................................................ 3-7 Figure 3-2:Circuit Board Removal and Reinstallation ....................................................... 3-7 3.3 Power Up Self-Test Error Codes.................................................................................. 3-7 3.4 UHF Troubleshooting Charts ....................................................................................... 3-9
Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Controller........................................................................................ 3-9 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 1 of 2) ................................................................ 3-10 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 2 of 2) ................................................................ 3-11 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Transmitter ................................................................................... 3-12 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Synthesizer .................................................................................. 3-13 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for VCO ............................................................................................. 3-14

x

3.5

VHF Troubleshooting Charts ..................................................................................... 3-15
Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Controller ...................................................................................... 3-15 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 1 of 2) ................................................................ 3-16 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 2 of 2) ................................................................ 3-17 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Transmitter ................................................................................... 3-18 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Synthesizer................................................................................... 3-19 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for VCO.............................................................................................. 3-20

3.6

Low Band Troubleshooting Charts ........................................................................... 3-21
Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Controller ...................................................................................... 3-21 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 1 of 2) ................................................................ 3-22 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 2 of 2) ................................................................ 3-23 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Transmitter ................................................................................... 3-24 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Synthesizer................................................................................... 3-25 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for VCO.............................................................................................. 3-26

3.7

800 MHz Troubleshooting Charts.............................................................................. 3-27
Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Controller ...................................................................................... 3-27 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 1 of 2) ................................................................ 3-28 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 2 of 2) ................................................................ 3-29 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Transmitter ................................................................................... 3-30 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Synthesizer................................................................................... 3-31 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for VCO.............................................................................................. 3-32

3.8 PassPort Trunking Troubleshooting Chart .............................................................. 3-33 3.9 Keypad Troubleshooting Chart ................................................................................. 3-34 3.10 900 MHz Troubleshooting Charts.............................................................................. 3-35
Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Controller (Sheet 1 of 2) ............................................................... 3-35 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Controller (Sheet 2 of 2) ............................................................... 3-36 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 1 of 2) ................................................................ 3-37 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 2 of 2) ................................................................ 3-38 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Transmitter ................................................................................... 3-39 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Synthesizer................................................................................... 3-40 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for VCO.............................................................................................. 3-40

Chapter 4
4.1 4.2
4.1.1

Schematic Diagrams, Overlays, and Parts Lists
Notes For All Schematics and Circuit Boards...................................................................... 4-1

Introduction ................................................................................................................... 4-1 Flex Layout .................................................................................................................... 4-2 Figure 4-1:Keypad-Controller Interconnect Flex ............................................................... 4-2
4.2.1 4.2.2 4.2.3 4.2.4 4.2.5 4.2.6 Keypad-Controller Interconnect Flex Schematic ................................................................. 4-3 Keypad-Controller Interconnect Flex Parts List ................................................................... 4-3 Universal Flex Connector ................................................................................................... 4-4 Universal Connector Flex Schematic................................................................................... 4-5 Universal Flex Connector Parts List .................................................................................... 4-5 Keypad Top and Bottom Overlays....................................................................................... 4-6

Figure 4-2:Keypad-Controller Interconnect Flex Schematic Diagram............................... 4-3 Figure 4-3:Universal Flex Connector ................................................................................ 4-4 Figure 4-4:Universal Flex Connector Schematic Diagram................................................ 4-5 Figure 4-5:Keypad Top and Bottom Board Overlays ........................................................ 4-6 Figure 4-6:Keypad Board (5000 and 7000 Series) Schematic Diagram.......................... 4-7 Figure 4-7:9000 Series Keypad Top and Bottom Board Overlays................................... 4-9 Figure 4-8:9000 Series Keypad Board Schematic Diagram ........................................... 4-10

......................................................................................... Figure 4-13:VHF/UHF Controller Micro Processor Schematic Diagram . Figure 4-40:UHF (450-527MHz) Receiver Front End Schematic Diagram ................ Figure 4-49:UHF (450-527MHz) Receiver Back End Schematic Diagram ...................................................................... Figure 4-32:UHF (403-470MHz) Synthesizer Schematic Diagram ...........................................................xi Figure 4-9:VHF/UHF Complete Controller Schematic Diagram............................................... Figure 4-46:UHF (450-527MHz) 9000 Series Main Board Bottom Side PCB................................................................ Figure 4-18:UHF (403-470MHz) 5000/7000 Series Main Board Bottom Side PCB 8480450Z03..................................................... Figure 4-10:VHF/UHF Controller ASFIC/ON_OFF Schematic Diagram .................... Figure 4-11: VHF/UHF Controller ASFIC/ON_OFF Schematic Diagram ......................................... Figure 4-38:UHF (450-527MHz) 5000/7000 Series Main Board Bottom Side PCB 8485641Z06........ Figure 4-12:VHF/UHF Controller Micro Processor Schematic Diagram ......... Figure 4-19:UHF (403-470MHz) 5000/7000 Series Main Board Top Side PCB 8480450Z13. Figure 4-25:UHF (403-470MHz) Voltage Controlled Oscillator Schematic Diagram ............... Figure 4-24:UHF (403-470MHz) Synthesizer Schematic Diagram ......... Figure 4-44:UHF (450-527MHz) Transmitter Schematic Diagram.......................................... Figure 4-45:UHF (450-527MHz) 9000 Series Main Board Top Side PCB ....................................... Figure 4-37:UHF (450-527MHz) 5000/7000 Series Main Board Top Side PCB 8485641Z06......................................... Figure 4-48:UHF (450-527MHz) Receiver Front End Schematic Diagram ............ Figure 4-33:UHF (403-470MHz) Voltage Controlled Oscillator Schematic Diagram .......... Figure 4-35:UHF (450-527MHz) 5000/7000 Series Main Board Top Side PCB 8485641Z02...................... Figure 4-39:UHF (450-527MHz) Controls and Switches Schematic Diagram ............................ Figure 4-26:UHF (403-470MHz) Transmitter Schematic Diagram................................................................................................................................. Figure 4-20:UHF (403-470MHz) 5000/7000 Series Main Board Bottom Side PCB 8480450Z13...................................................................................... Figure 4-41:UHF (450-527MHz) Receiver Back End Schematic Diagram ....................... Figure 4-22:UHF (403-470MHz) Receiver Front End Schematic Diagram ............ Figure 4-29:UHF (403-470MHz) Controls and Switches Schematic Diagram ........... 4-13 4-14 4-15 4-16 4-17 4-18 4-19 4-20 4-21 4-22 4-23 4-24 4-25 4-26 4-27 4-28 4-29 4-30 4-39 4-40 4-41 4-42 4-43 4-44 4-45 4-46 4-51 4-52 4-53 4-54 4-55 4-56 4-57 4-58 4-59 4-60 4-69 4-70 4-71 4-72 4-73 4-74 ................................. Figure 4-47:UHF (450-527MHz) Controls and Switches Schematic Diagram .......................................................... Figure 4-21:UHF (403-470MHz) Controls and Switches Schematic Diagram ..................................................................................... Figure 4-17:UHF (403-470MHz) 5000/7000 Series Main Board Top Side PCB 8480450Z03............................ Figure 4-27:UHF (403-470MHz) 9000 Series Main Board Top Side PCB ............ Figure 4-31:UHF (403-470MHz) Receiver Back End Schematic Diagram .................. Figure 4-16:Controller Interface Schematic Diagram..... Figure 4-28:UHF (403-470MHz) 9000 Series Main Board Bottom Side PCB........................................................................ Figure 4-34:UHF (403-470MHz) Transmitter Schematic Diagram........ Figure 4-42:UHF (450-527MHz) Synthesizer Schematic Diagram ............................................................................................................................................... Figure 4-43:UHF (450-527MHz) Voltage Controlled Oscillator Schematic Diagram ..................................................... Figure 4-23:UHF (403-470MHz) Receiver Back End Schematic Diagram ............................................. Figure 4-50:UHF (450-527MHz) Synthesizer Schematic Diagram ....................................................... Figure 4-30:UHF (403-470MHz) Receiver Front End Schematic Diagram ........................................ Figure 4-14:Controller Memory Schematic Diagram......... Figure 4-36:UHF (450-527MHz) 5000/7000 Series Main Board Bottom Side PCB 8485641Z02...................... Figure 4-15:Controller Audio Power Amplifier Schematic Diagram ..............................................................

...... 4-132 Figure 4-88:Low Band (29......... 4-127 Figure 4-83:Low Band (29..... 4-86 Figure 4-58:VHF (136-174MHz)Receiver Back End Schematic Diagram ................. 4-83 Figure 4-55:VHF (136-174MHz) Main Board Bottom Side PCB 8486062B09......... 4-116 Figure 4-76:VHF (136-174MHz) Receiver Back End Schematic Diagram .............7-42/35-50MHz) Receiver Front End Schematic Diagram....................................................................................................................... 4-130 Figure 4-86:Low Band (29.............................................................. 4-96 Figure 4-64:VHF (136-174MHz) 5000/7000 Series Main Board Top Side PCB 8486062B16 ................................ 4-87 Figure 4-59:VHF (136-174MHz)Synthesizer Schematic Diagram .. 4-128 Figure 4-84:Low Band (29..... 4-104 Figure 4-72:VHF (136-174MHz) 9000 Series Main Board Top Side PCB .......................................................................7-42/35-50MHz) Controller AFSIC Schematic Diagram............................7-42/35-50MHz) Controller Microprocessor Schematic Diagram................................................... 4-131 Figure 4-87:Low Band (29.. 4-126 Figure 4-82:Low Band (30-50MHz) Controls and Switches Diagram ........ 4-133 Figure 4-89:Low Band (29...................................................................................................... 4-129 Figure 4-85:Low Band (29........................................................................................................................................................ 4-103 Figure 4-71:VHF (136-174MHz) Transmitter Schematic Diagram..................... 4-95 Figure 4-63:VHF (136-174MHz) 5000/7000 Series Main Board Bottom Side PCB 8486062B12 ................................................................... 4-90 Figure 4-62:VHF (136-174MHz) 5000/7000 Series Main Board Top Side PCB 8486062B12 ............................................................................................7-42/35-50MHz) Receiver Back End Schematic Diagram.... 4-89 Figure 4-61:VHF (136-174MHz)Transmitter Schematic Diagram.............................................. 4-113 Figure 4-73:VHF (136-174MHz) 9000 Series Main Board Bottom Side PCB.................................................................... 4-102 Figure 4-70:VHF (136-174MHz) Voltage Controlled Oscillator Schematic Diagram ........ 4-100 Figure 4-68:VHF (136-174MHz) Receiver Back End Schematic Diagram .......xii Figure 4-51:UHF (450-527MHz) Voltage Controlled Oscillator Schematic Diagram ...............7-42/35-50MHz) Controller Audio PA Schematic Diagram........................................................ 4-115 Figure 4-75:VHF (136-174MHz) Receiver Front End Schematic Diagram ............ 4-125 Figure 4-81:Low Band (29...... 4-117 Figure 4-77:VHF (136-174MHz) Synthesizer Schematic Diagram ................................. 4-97 Figure 4-65:VHF (136-174MHz) 5000/7000 Series Main Board Bottom Side PCB 8486062B16 ........................................ 4-99 Figure 4-67:VHF (136-174MHz) Receiver Front End Schematic Diagram ....... 4-114 Figure 4-74:VHF (136-174MHz) Controls and Switches Schematic Diagram .............................. 4-134 ..... 4-84 Figure 4-56:VHF (136-174MHz) Controls and Switches Schematic Diagram ................... 4-120 Figure 4-80:Low Band (29.............................................................................................. 4-118 Figure 4-78:VHF (136-174MHz) Voltage Controlled Oscillator Schematic Diagram ..........................................7-42/35-50MHz) Main Board Bottom Side PCB ........... 4-98 Figure 4-66:VHF (136-174MHz) Controls and Switches Schematic Diagram ................................................................7-42/35-50MHz) Main Board Top Side PCB ............................ 4-77 Figure 4-54:VHF (136-174MHz) Main Board Top Side PCB 8486062B09... 4-75 Figure 4-52:UHF (450-527MHz) Transmitter Schematic Diagram..... 4-101 Figure 4-69:VHF (136-174MHz) Synthesizer Schematic Diagram .. 4-119 Figure 4-79:VHF (136-174MHz) Transmitter Schematic Diagram........... 4-85 Figure 4-57:VHF (136-174MHz)Receiver Front End Schematic Diagram ....................... 4-88 Figure 4-60:VHF (136-174MHz)Voltage Controlled Oscillator Schematic Diagram .................................... 4-76 Figure 4-53:UHF (450-527MHz) Voice Storage Schematic Diagram .......................................................................................................................7-42/35-50MHz) Controller Memory Schematic Diagram........................7-42/35-50MHz) Controller Overall Schematic Diagram................................................

...................................................................... Figure 4-98: 800MHz Controller ASFIC/ON_OFF....... Figure 4-97:800MHz Complete Controller ....................... Figure 4-108:800MHz Transmitter Schematic Diagram (Rev A) ................................................ Figure 4-112:900MHz (896-941MHz) Main Board Top Side PCB 8485910Z01 ................................ Figure 4-94:800MHz (806-870MHz) Main Board Bottom Side PCB 84860641Z02................................................................. Figure 4-103:800MHz Controls and Switches Schematic Diagram ................................................................................................................. Figure 4-107:800MHz Voltage Controlled Oscillator Schematic Diagram ...........................7-42/35-50MHz) Frequency Generation Unit Synthesizer .................................................................... Figure 4-118:900MHz Controller Audio Power Amplifier ................ Figure 4-95: 800MHz Popular/Preferred (806-870MHz) Main Board Top Side PCB 8480641Z03 (Rev B) .. Figure 4-100: 800MHz Controller Memory............. Figure 4-123:900MHz Synthesizer Schematic Diagram .......... Figure 4-111:PassPort Controller Schematic Diagram ............................................................................................................... Figure 4-93:800MHz (806-870MHz) Main Board Top Side PCB 84860641Z02 . Figure 4-106:800MHz Synthesizer Schematic Diagram ... Figure 4-109:800MHz Transmitter Schematic Diagram (Rev B) .............. Figure 4-116:900MHz Controller Microprocessor ..... Figure 4-96:800MHz Popular/Preferred (806-870MHz) Main Board Bottom Side PCB 8480641Z03 (Rev B) .............................. 4-135 4-136 4-137 4-141 4-142 4-143 4-144 4-145 4-146 4-147 4-148 4-149 4-150 4-151 4-152 4-153 4-154 4-155 4-156 4-157 4-161 4-162 4-163 4-164 4-165 4-166 4-167 4-168 4-169 4-170 4-171 4-172 4-173 4-174 4-175 4-176 4-177 ......................................................................................... Figure 4-101: 800MHz Controller Audio Power Amplifier ........ Figure 4-99: 800MHz Controller Micro Processor.................................... Figure 4-114:900MHz Complete Controller .................. Figure 4-92:Lowband (29.......................7-42/35-50MHz) Frequency Generation Unit VCO Diagram.......... Figure 4-122:900MHz Receiver Back End Schematic Diagram ............ Figure 4-124:900MHz Hear/Clear Schematic Diagram................................................. Figure 4-110:PassPort Trunking Controller PCB Board Side 1 & 2 ..................................................................................................................................... Figure 4-125:900MHz Voltage Controlled Oscillator Schematic Diagram ................................................... Figure 4-91:Lowband (29....... Figure 4-115:900MHz Controller ASFIC/ON_OFF................................................ Figure 4-121:900MHz Receiver Front End Schematic Diagram ............................................................................................................................ Figure 4-104:800MHz Receiver Front End Schematic Diagram ................................................................................................................. Figure 4-117:900MHz Controller Memory.............................................xiii Figure 4-90:Low Band (29..... Figure 4-126:900MHz Transmitter Schematic Diagram........................... Figure 4-119:900MHz Controller Interface............................................................................................................................................ Figure 4-120:900MHz Controls and Switches Schematic Diagram .. Figure 4-105:800MHz Receiver Back End Schematic Diagram .... Figure 4-102: 800MHz Controller Interface................. Figure 4-113:900MHz (896-941MHz) Main Board Bottom Side PCB 8485910Z01.............................................................................................................7-42/35-50MHz) Transmitter Schematic Diagram ..............................

xiv .

1-1

Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Scope of Manual
This manual is intended for use by service technicians familiar with similar types of equipment. It contains service information required for the equipment described and is current as of the printing date. Changes that occur after the printing date are incorporated by a complete manual revision or alternatively, as additions. NOTE Before operating or testing these units, please read the Safety Information Section in the front of this manual.

1.2

Warranty and Service Support
Motorola offers long term support for its products. This support includes full exchange and/or repair of the product during the warranty period, and service/repair or spare parts support out of warranty. Any “return for exchange” or “return for repair” by an authorized Motorola dealer must be accompanied by a warranty claim form. Warranty claim forms are obtained by contacting customer service.

1.2.1 Warranty Period
The terms and conditions of warranty are defined fully in the Motorola dealer or distributor or reseller contract. These conditions may change from time to time and the following notes are for guidance purposes only.

1.2.2 Return Instructions
In instances where the product is covered under a “return for replacement” or “return for repair” warranty, a check of the product should be performed prior to shipping the unit back to Motorola. This is to ensure that the product has been correctly programmed or has not been subjected to damage outside the terms of the warranty. Prior to shipping any radio back to a Motorola warranty depot, please contact the appropriate customer service for instructions. All returns must be accompanied by a warranty claim form, available from your customer services representative. Products should be shipped back in the original packaging, or correctly packaged to ensure no damage occurs in transit.

1.2.3 After Warranty Period
After the Warranty period, Motorola continues to support its products in two ways: First, Motorola's Accessories and Aftermarket Division (ADD) offers a repair service to both end users and dealers at competitive prices. Second, Motorola’s service department supplies individual parts and modules that can be purchased by dealers who are technically capable of performing fault analysis and repair.

1-2

Related Documents

1.3

Related Documents
The following documents are directly related to the use and maintainability of this product. Table 1-1
Title Part Number

Professional Radio Portable Level 1&2 Basic Service Manual- English Professional Radio Portable Level 1&2 Basic Service Manual- Spanish Professional Radio Portable Level 1&2 Basic Service Manual- Portuguese Professional Radio Portable Service Manual Level 3 -English Professional Radio Portable Service Manual Level 3 -Spanish Professional Radio Portable Service Manual Level 3 -Portuguese

68P81088C45 68P81088C47 68P81088C49 68P81088C46 68P81088C48 68P81088C50

1.4

Technical Support
Technical support is available to assist the dealer/distributor and self-maintained customers in resolving any malfunction which may be encountered. Initial contact should be by telephone to customer resources wherever possible. When contacting Motorola technical support, be prepared to provide the product model number and the unit’s serial number. The contact locations and telephone numbers are located in the Basic Service Manual listed under the Related Documents paragraph of this chapter.

1.4.1 Piece Parts Availability
Some replacement parts, spare parts, and/or product information can be ordered directly. If a complete Motorola part number is assigned to the part, and it is not identified as “Depot ONLY”, the part is available from Motorola Accessories and Aftermarket Division (AAD). If no part number is assigned, the part is not normally available from Motorola. If the part number is appended with an asterisk, the part is serviceable by a Motorola depot only. If a parts list is not included, this generally means that no user-serviceable parts are available for that kit or assembly.

Radio Model Chart and Specifications

1-3

Parts Order Entry 7:00 A. M. to 7:00 P. M. (Central Standard Time) Monday through Friday (Chicago, U. S. A.) To Order Parts in the United States of America: 1-800-422-4210, or 847-538-8023 1-800-826-1913, or 410-712-6200 (U. S. Federal Government) TELEX: 280127 FAX: 1-847-538-8198 FAX: 1-410-712-4991 (U. S. Federal Government) (U. S. A.) after hours or weekends: 1-800-925-4357

To Order Parts in Latin America and the Caribbean: 1-847-538-8023 Motorola Parts Accessories and Aftermarket Division (United States and Canada) Attention: Order Processing 1313 E. Algonquian Road Schaumburg, IL 60196 Accessories and Aftermarket Division Attention: Latin America and Caribbean Order Processing 1313 E. Algonquian Road Schaumburg, IL 60196 Parts Identification 1-847-538-0021 (Voice) 1-847-538-8194 (FAX)

1.5

Radio Model Chart and Specifications
The radio model charts and specifications are located in the Basic Service Manual listed under the Related Documents paragraph of this chapter.

1.6

Radio Model Information
The model number and serial number are located on a label attached to the back of your radio. You can determine the RF output power, frequency band, protocols, and physical packages from these numbers. The example below shows one portable radio model number and its specific characteristics

0MHz) U 800MHz (806-824) (851869MHz) N 4-Line Display GB Privacy Plus 6 128F 256F LTR GE Privacy Plus Roaming 8 160F DP PassPort FC Smart Zone . Band Power Level Physical Packages Channel Spacing Protocol Feature Level Model Revision Model Package H 25 K VHF (136174MHz) C 2.742. R1 (29. Table 1-2 Radio Model Number Example: AAH25KC9AA2 and LAH25KDC9AA3 Type of Unit AA or LA Model Series Freq.1-4 Radio Model Information .050. R2 (35.5W C No Display 9 Programmable AA Conventional 2 2F for AA 4F for LA A N AA or LA = Motorola Internal Use H = Portable R UHF1 (403470MHz) D 4-5W D Keypad 6 25 kHz DU LTR 3 16F S UHF2 (450527MHz) E 6W H 1-Line Display CK MPT 5 256F LTR for AA only B Low Band.0MHz) C Low Band.

keypad/option board. SWB+ 3.3V Vdda regulator supplies the microprocessor with operating power.2 Radio Power Distribution A block diagram of the DC power distribution throughout the radio board is shown in Figure 2-1.0V/3. Accessories 20 pin Connector Keypad/Option Board Prime Expansion Board Audio Power Amplifier Int/Ext Vdd Vdda Switching Regulator 4. MCU. and transmit LED. The SWB+ signal supplies power until the radio is turned off. IF AMP Ext. 2. the switched SWB+ is applied to the various radio power regulators. Data is then sent to the controller ASFIC to turn on a DAC which takes over the momentary-on path within 12ms. The Vdda signal from the 3.1 Introduction This chapter provides a detailed theory of operation for the radio components. RX. When the radio on/off/volume control is turned on. If a low battery level is detected by the microprocessor through either of the above conditions. the radio personality data is stored to EEPROM prior to turning off. Schematic diagrams for the circuits described in the following paragraphs are located in Figures 4-1 through 4-120.3V Vdda Regulator UNSWB+ 7.5V Reg. Buffer (NU) LI Ion PA. The Vdd regulator scheme is listed by band in Table 2-1. AMP. and low battery detect circuit. The radio turns off when either of the two following conditions occur: • • Radio on/off/volume control is turned off. ROM and EEPROM LCD Driver ASFIC_CMP FRACTN VCOBIC LVZIF 5V Regulator 5V RF.5V Battery SWB+ Fuse Control On/Off Switch Low Battery Detect Antenna Switch Vddd Regulator Tx Led Vdda MECH. 3. A 7.5V regulator. accessories 20-pin connector. Jumpers for configuring the Vdda and Vddd regulators are shown in Figure 2-1 and described in Table 2-2.2-1 Chapter 2 Theory of Operation 2. antenna switch. power amplifier automatic level control (ALC). audio power amplifier. Low battery condition is detected. Driver PCIC(ALC) Figure 2-1: DC Power Distribution Block Diagram .5V battery supplies the basic radio power (UNSWB) directly to the electronic on/off control.

Once the key is identified.2-2 Table 2-1 VDD Regulator Scheme by Band Vdd Regulator Scheme Dual Dual Dual Dual Dual Band Low Band VHF UHF 800 MHz 900 MHz Table 2-2 Radio Jumpers Dual Vdd Regulator Scheme Y N N N Y R = Regulator Jumper Jumpers R401 R402 R403 R404 R405 Single Vdd Regulator Scheme Y N Y N N 2. The comparator compares the voltage when any one of the keypad row or keypad column keys is pressed. Pressing a key sends a message to the microprocessor through the output (KEY_INT) line signifying that a key has been pressed. The LED_EN is set by the codeplug. then makes a comparison with a map table to identify the key pressed. When the value is set to low. The microprocessor then samples the analog to digital voltages at the keypad row and keypad column. Data Display 18 Pin Connector 40 Pin Connector Keypad Column Keypad Row Key_Int Keypad Button LED Comparator Figure 2-2: Keypad Block Diagram . A high codeplug setting disables this feature. the LED lights up during power up. a corresponding message is displayed.3 Keypad The keypad block diagram is shown in Figure 2-2.

ROM supports 128KB. FC 2 or 3 6 - 128 128 512 32 8 16 16 .3V Regulator (Vddd) Microcontroller EEPROM ROM RAM Figure 2-3: Controller Block Diagram 2.4 Controller Board The controller board is the central interface between the various radio functions. It is separated into MCU digital and audio/signalling functions as shown in Figure 2-3.2-3 2.3V Regulator (Vdda) Internal Speaker To RF Board SPI CLK SCI to Side Connector MCU Digital 3. To Synthesizer 16. Table 2-3 Radio Memory Requirements PROTOCOL FEATURE LEVEL ROM (KB) EXT RAM (KB) EEPROM (KB) AA. Combinations of different size RAM and ROM are available to support various application software. 256KB.4. and ROM memories.8 / 17.DU CK. GE. and 512KB sizes. Table 2-3 lists the ROM. RAM. RAM and EEPROM requirements for different radios. RAM supports 8KB and 32KB sizes. GB.1 MCU Digital The digital portion of the controller consists of a microcontroller and associated EEPROM.0 MHz Reference Clock from Synthesizer Recovered Audio Squelch Mod Out External Microphone Internal Microphone Audio/Signalling Audio Power Amplifier/Filter External Speaker ASFIC 3.DU AA.

UNSWB+ Vddd U410 2 VIN VOUT 3.1 MODB/VSTBY Supply The supply to the MODB/VSTBY pin varies depending on the conditions listed in Table 2-4. As the RTC module is powered separately from the processor Vdd. 2. the RTC is kept active through the MODB/VSTBY pin which provides the lithium battery back-up power when the radio is switched off.4kHz from a crystal oscillator provides the reference signal which is divided down to 1Hz in the processor.2V to MODB_VSTBY Primary battery removed 1 VSS . The clock uses a back-up lithiumIon battery for operating power when the primary battery is removed.4.2V to MODB_VSTBY • Vddd turned off • Q416 gate pulled low by R462 • Q416 switched on • Lithium battery provides 3.2 Circuit Description The RTC module circuit.2-4 2. A clock frequency of 38.4. Table 2-4 MODB/VSTBY Supply Modes Condition Circuit Operation Radio On Radio Off Vddd supply voltage via CR411 • Vddd turned off • Q416 gate pulled low by R462 • Q416 switched on • U410 supplies 3.1 Real Time Clock Radios with displays support a real time clock (RTC) module for purposes of message time stamping and time keeping. shown in Figure 2-4. is powered by the MODB/VSTBY pin and PI6/PI7 from the crystal oscillator circuit. A MOSFET transistor (Q416) switches in the battery supply when Vdd is removed.3V 3 C434 R461 C435 R460 HC11FL0 MODA MODB Q416 PI6 R420 FL401 38. The 3.4. The RTC module resides in the microcontroller.3V regulator charges the Lithium battery. Q416 also provides isolation from BOOT_CTRL function.4kHz OUT GND R426 PI7 C437 TP405 TEST_POINT IN R463 BOOT_CTRL C436 1 R462 3 2 2 CR411 5 4 3 R419 1 LI_ION Figure 2-4: RTC Circuit 2.

5 UHF Transmitter The UHF transmitter consists of the following basic circuits as shown in Figure 2-5. PCIC Vcontrol Power Amplifier (PA) From VCO PA Driver PA Final Stage Antenna Switch/ Harmonic Filter Vcontrol Antenna Matching Network Figure 2-5: UHF Transmitter Block Diagram 2. Inputs include a 16.3W (U101pins 6 & 7) with an input signal of 2mW(3dBm) at U101 (pin 16).5. Antenna matching network.4. modulator output to the synthesizer. 2.8 MHz clock from the synthesizer. • • • • Power amplifier (PA). The power output can be varied by changing the bias voltage. .3V. The current drain is typically 1300mA while operating in the frequency range of 403-470MHz. and amplified audio signals to an internal or external speaker. MCU control signals. recovered audio and squelch. Antenna switch/harmonic filter. Power control integrated circuit (PCIC).1 • • Power Amplifier (PA) The PA consists of two LDMOS devices: 9Z67 LDMOS driver IC (U101) PRF1507 LDMOS PA (Q110) The 9Z67 LDMOS driver (U101) provides 2-stage amplification using a supply voltage of 7. Outputs include a microprocessor clock (CLK).1 Audio/Signaling The audio/signalling/filter/companding IC (ASFIC) and the audio power amplifier (Figure 2-3) form the main components of the audio/signalling section of the controller board. The amplifier is capable of supplying an output power of 0.2-5 2. The current drain is typically 160mA while operating in the frequency range of 403-470MHz. and external or internal microphones.3W. The LDMOS PA is capable of supplying an output power of 7W with an input signal of 0.

and two current limiting resistors (R101 and R170). L104 and C106). back end. This circuit senses the printed circuit board temperature around the transmitter circuits and outputs a DC voltage to the PCIC. Detailed descriptions of these stages are contained in the paragraphs that follow. A block diagram of the receiver is shown in Figure 2-6. . 2.5. This type of filter has the advantage that it can give a greater attenuation in the stop-band for a given ripple level. C134 and C135) control the transmitter rise and fall times to reduce the power splatter into adjacent channels. provides a voltage proportional to the current drain.3 Harmonic Filter The harmonic filter consists of components C104. To accomplish this.5. The harmonic filter insertion loss is typically less than 1.6 Temperature Cut Back Circuit Diode CR105 and associated components are part of a temperature cutback circuit. The PCIC internal resistors.2dB. C103. the transmitter output power decreases to reduce the transmitter temperature.5. 2.2 Antenna Switch The antenna switch circuit consists of two pin diodes (CR101 and CR102).6 UHF Receiver The UHF receiver consists of a front end. the diodes are both off. supplied through R101. 2. In the transmit mode. 2. which is made up of L116. In the receive mode. If the DC voltage produced exceeds the set threshold of the PCIC.2-6 2.5 Power Control Integrated Circuit (PCIC) The transmitter uses the PCIC (U102) to regulate the power output of the radio. This operates as a quarter wave transmission line to transform the low impedance of the shunt diode to a high impedance at the input of the harmonic filter. and automatic gain control circuits.5. L101 and C102. and external capacitors (C133. integrators.4 Antenna Matching Network The antenna matching network. which applies a B+ bias to the antenna switch circuit to bias the diodes “on”. The shunt diode (CR102) shorts out the receiver port and the pi network. The harmonic filter for UHF is a modified Zolotarev design optimized for efficiency of the power module. matches the antenna's impedance with the harmonic filter to optimize the performance of the transmitter and receiver. 2. creating a low attenuation path between the antenna and receiver ports. The PCIC contains internal digital to analog converters (DACs) that provide a programmable control loop reference voltage.5. This voltage is then fed back to the automatic level control (ALC) within the PCIC to regulate the output power of the transmitter. the current to the final stage of the power module. a pi network (C107. L102. B+ at PCIC (U102 pin 23) goes low turning on Q111.

T302. and C104.2-7 Antenna RFJack Pin Diode Antenna Switch Varactor Tuned Filter RF Amp Varactor Tuned Filter Mixer Crystal Filter IF Amp AGC AGC Processing Control Voltage from ASFIC First LO from FGU Recovered Audio Squelch RSSI IF IC Demodulator Synthesizer 16. and C107). After being amplified by the RF amplifier.1 MHz IF signal. Wideband operation of the filter is achieved by shifting the bandpass filter across the band. and CR306. CR301. C304. Both the pre and post-RF amplifier varactor tuned filters have similar responses. C317. the RF signal is further filtered by a second varactor tuned bandpass filter.1 Receiver Front-End The RF signal received by the antenna is applied to a low-pass filter. The output of the post-RF amplifier filter is connected to the passive double balanced mixer consisting of components T301. The 3 dB bandwidth of the filter is approximately 50 MHz. The signal is then applied to a varactor tuned filter bandpass. L302. C103. and CR305. C102.8 MHz Reference Clock SPI Bus Second LO VCO Figure 2-6: UHF Receiver Block Diagram 2. Matching of the filter to the mixer is provided by C381. After mixing with the first local oscillator (LO) signal from the voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) using low side injection. CR304. L307. the RF signal is down-converted to a 45. The filter is electronically tuned by DACRx from the ASFIC (U404) which supplies a control voltage to the varactor diodes (CR301 and CR302) in the filter as determined by the microprocessor depending on the carrier frequency. The filtered RF signal is passed through the antenna switch circuit consisting of two pin diodes (CR101 and CR102) and a pi network (C106. . For UHF. L104. The output of the bandpass filter is coupled to the RF amplifier transistor Q301 via C307. consisting of L306. C303. C313. L102. The UHF bandpass filter consists of components L301. the filter consists of components L101. C302.6. and CR302. This enables the filters to be electronically controlled by using a single control voltage from DACRx.

It provides a received signal-strength indicator (RSSI) and a squelch output. The IF amplifier provides a gain of about 7dB. upon saturation. filtered. The IF IC also performs several other functions. plus the base-emitter voltage (Vbe) present at Q315. CR310. to produce recovered audio at U301(pin 27). hence activating the AGC at certain RSSI levels. C364. The resistor network with thermistor RT300 is capable of providing temperature compensation to the AGC circuit.2 Receiver Back-End The output of crystal filter FL301 is coupled via R351 and C325 to the input of IF amplifier transistor Q302. 2. The IF IC synthesizes the second LO and phase-locks the VCO to track the first IF frequency. In order to turn on Q315. The IF signal applied to U301 (pin 3) is amplified. Additional filtering. and R321. The crystal filter provides the necessary selectivity and intermodulation protection. The RSSI is a dc voltage monitored by the microprocessor. R320. The RSSI voltage is also used to control the automatic gain control (AGC) circuit at the front-end. The control signal for the varactor is derived from a loop filter consisting of components C362. This prevents overloading of backend circuits by drawing some of the output power from the RF amplifier output. The demodulated audio signal is also routed to U404 for processing before being supplied to the audio amplifier. The resistor network at the input to the base of the Q315 is scaled to turn on Q315. C338 and L330 which provides a high-pass T-match for the IF amplifier and U301. The second LO is designed to oscillate at twice the first IF frequency because of the divide-by-two function in the IF IC. This IF IC (U301) is electronically programmable.3 Automatic Gain Control (AGC) The front end automatic gain control circuit provides automatic reduction of gain for the front end RF amplifier via feedback. In the absence of an IF signal. The demodulated signal on U301(pin 27) is also used for squelch control. down-converted. Transistor Q315 provides this current where. a voltage signal. The signal is routed to U404 (ASFIC) where squelch signal shaping and detection takes place. as RSSI generated by U301 is lower at cold temperatures . The second LO/VCO is a Colpitts oscillator built around transistor Q320. collector and emitter of Q315 and R319 before going to ground. The Radio Signal Strength Indicator. whereby the externally generated second LO frequency is divided by two in U301 so that it is very close to the first IF frequency. hence turning it on. Maximum current flowing through the PIN is mainly limited by the resistor R319. Q315 is an NPN transistor used for switching here. A certain amount of forward biasing current is needed to turn the pin diode on. is replaced by internal filters in IF IC (U301). and demodulated. to adjust the VCO frequency. CR308 is a pin diode used for switching the path on or off. Matching to the input of the crystal filter is provided by C324 and L311. RSSI is produced by U301 and is proportional to the gain of the amplifier and the input RF signal power to the radio.6. The IF IC uses a type of direct conversion process.2-8 The IF signal coming out of the mixer is transferred to the crystal filter (FL301) through a resistor pad and a diplexer (C322 and L310). the VCO locks onto the IF signal. RSSI. which is dependent on the radio channel spacing. 2. C363. Voltage supply to the IF amplifier is taken from the receiver 5 volts (R5). and used as a peak indicator during the bench tuning of the receiver front-end varactor filter. current will flow via R347.6. PIN Diode. and the amount of filtering. capacitor C331 provides a low impedance path to ground for this purpose. The VCO has a varactor diode. When an IF signal is received. At high radio frequencies. The amplified IF signal is then coupled into U301(pin 3) via C330. is controlled by the microprocessor. once externally provided by the conventional ceramic filters. is used to drive Q315 into saturation. the voltage across the transistors base to ground must be greater or equal to the voltage across R319. the VCO searches for a frequency. or its frequency will vary close to twice the IF frequency.

3V signal goes to U201(pins 5. In addition to the VCO. The 5V signal goes to U201(pins 13 and 30) while the 3. Designed in conjunction to maximize compatibility. 34 and 36). The synthesizer in turn generates a superfiltered (4.5V) signal to power U241. the two ICs provide many of the functions that normally require additional circuitry.3V.4 Frequency Generation Circuit The frequency generation circuit. is composed of Fractional-N synthesizer U201 and VCO/Buffer IC U241. 20. Resistor R300 and Capacitor C397 form an R-C network used to dampen any transient instability while the AGC is turning on. 2. Internally the audio is digitized by the Fractional-N and applied to the loop divider to provide the low-port modulation. clock. The synthesizer block diagram illustrates the interconnect and support circuitry used in the region. which are provided by ICs U247 and U248 respectively.4MHz for use as reference frequencies. R231. and 2.2-9 compared to normal operation at room temperature.3V dc signal from U201(pin 4) indicates to the microprocessor that the synthesizer is locked. .225MHz. C233. R232. Programming for the synthesizer is accomplished through the microprocessor data. This filter provides the necessary dc steering voltage for the VCO and determines the amount of noise and spurs passing through. and R233. Modulating Signal Attenuator MOD Out To PA Driver Figure 2-7: UHF Frequency Generation Unit Block Diagram 2. 8 and 9) respectively. and chip select lines U409 (pins 7.8 MHz Ref. Together with C206. they build up the reference oscillator which is capable of 2. R204 and CR203. Transmit modulation from the ASFIC is supplied to U201 (pin 10). A 3. C208.8MHz at U201 (pin 19) for use by the ASFIC and LVZIF. Osc. the synthesizer also interfaces with the logic and ASFIC circuits. shown in Figure 2-7. The synthesizer is powered by regulated 5V and 3. C207.1MHz.8MHz crystal (FL201) to provide a reference for the system.5ppm stability over temperatures of -30 to 85°C. uses a 16.7 Synthesizer The Fractional-N synthesizer.6. C232. shown in Figure 2-8. It also provides 16. Refer to the schematic to locate reference designators. The audio runs through an internal attenuator for modulation balancing purposes before going to the VCO (U241 pin 41). The loop filter consists of components C231. 2. The LVFractN IC (U201) further divides this to 2. Voltage Multiplier VCP Vmult1 Vmult2 Aux3 Dual Transistor Aux4 TRB Rx Out Matching Network Low Pass Filter To Mixer Rx VCO Circuit Loop Filter Tx VCO Circuit Synthesizer U201 VCOBIC U241 Tx Out 16.

and level shifters U210 and U211. shown in Figure 2-9. DC5V VDD .20. DATA (U409 Pin 100) CLOCK (U409 Pin 1) CSX (U409 Pin 2) MOD IN (U404 Pin 40) +5V (U247 Pin 4) (U248 Pin 5) Reference Oscillator 7 8 9 10 13. The required frequency is then locked by normal mode charge pump at U201 (pin 47). Both the normal and adapt charge pumps get their supply from the capacitive voltage multiplier made up of C258. are first shifted to 5V.23. After frequency comparison in the synthesizer. A sample of the RF signal from the enabled oscillator is routed from U241 (pin 12).34. this voltage can vary between 3. 3. When the PLL is locked on frequency. The VCOB IC is operated at 4. The resulting LO RF INJECTION signal is applied to the mixer at T302. then along with regulated 5V.5V and 9. put through arrays of diodes and capacitors to build up 13. 180 degrees out of phase. This difference in operating voltage requires a level shifter consisting of Q260 and Q261 on the TRB line. This activates the transmit VCO by enabling the U241 transmit oscillator and buffer. This activates the receive VCO by enabling the receive oscillator and the receive buffer of U241.3V XTAL1 XTAL2 WARP PREIN LOCK FREFOUT GND IOUT IADAPT 4 19 6.2-10 To achieve fast locking for the synthesizer. triple diode CR201. When PTT is pressed during the transmit condition. In the receive mode. in conjunction with the Fractional-N synthesizer (U201) generates RF in both the receive and the transmit modes of operation. The TRB line (U241 pin 19) determines which oscillator and buffer are enabled. U241 (pin 19) is low or grounded. to the prescaler input (U201 pin 32).8 Voltage Control Oscillator (VCO) The VCOB IC (U241). an internal adapt charge pump provides higher current at U201 (pin 45) to put the synthesizer within lock range. The RF signal at U241 (pin 8) is run through a matching network. Two 3. a resultant DC control voltage is received at the VCO. Also in .24 43 45 41 3 2 28 40 39 LOCK (U409 Pin 56) FREF (U201 Pin 21 & U404 Pin 34) 2-Pole Loop Filter Steering Line LO RF Injection U201 Low Voltage MODOUT Fractional-N AUX4 Synthesizer AUX3 SFOUT BIAS1 Dual Transistors Filtered 5V Voltage Controlled Oscillator BIAS2 VCP VMULT2 VMULT1 AUX1 48 15 14 5V Prescaler In TX RF Injection (First Stage of PA) Dual Transistors R405 Voltage Multiplier Figure 2-8: UHF Synthesizer Block Diagram 2.54V (VSF) and Fractional-N synthesizer (U201) at 3. through a low pass filter.36 23 24 25 32 47 DATA CLK CEX MODIN VCC .3V. C259. The level shifter logic is shown in Table 2-5.30 5. five volts is applied to U241 (pin 19). C228.5V.22. The TX RF INJECTION signal at U241 (pin 10) is injected into the input of the PA module (U101 pin 16).3V square waves.3V at U201 (pin 47).

5V) . When a high impedance is applied to U241 (pin 19). In this mode. 5V Level Shifter Network TRB_IN Pin 20 Rx-SW Tx-SW (U201 Pin 28) Steer Line Voltage (VCTRL) RX Tank TX Tank RX VCO Circuit TX VCO Circuit Pin 7 Pin 13 TX/RX/BS Switching Network Presc Pin 12 Prescaler Out U201 Pin 32 Pin 19 AUX3 (U201 Pin 2) AUX4 (U201 Pin 3) Pin 3 Vcc-Superfilter U241 VCOBIC LO RF INJECTION RX Pin 8 Pin 14 VCC Buffers Pin 10 TX RF Injection Attenuator Pin 2 Rx-I adjust Pin 1 Pins 9.17 Tx-I adjust Rx Active Bias Matching Network Low Pass Filter (U201 Pin 28) Pin 4 Collector/RF in Pin 5 Pin 6 Pin 16 Pin 15 Vsens Circuit Pin 18 Vcc-Logic TX Tx Active Bias TX RX (U201 Pin 28) Figure 2-9: UHF VCO Block Diagram Table 2-5 Level Shifter Logic Desired Mode AUX 4 AUX 3 TRB Tx Rx Battery Saver Low High Low High (@3. the VCO operates in BATTERY SAVER mode.2-11 transmit mode. the audio signal to be frequency modulated onto the carrier is received through U201 (pin 41).11.8V) Low Hi-Z/Float (@2.2V) Low Low High (@4. both the receive and transmit oscillators as well as the receive transmit and prescaler buffer are turned off.

9. In the receive mode. and two current limiting resistors (R3572 and R3573). • • • • Power amplifier Antenna switch/harmonic filter Antenna matching network Power control integrated circuit (PCIC) PCIC Vcontrol Power Amplifier (PA) From VCO PA Driver PA Final Stage Antenna Switch/ Harmonic Filter Vcontrol Antenna Matching Network Figure 2-10: VHF Transmitter Block Diagram 2. and C3550). pin 23 goes low to turn on Q3561 applying a B+ bias to the antenna switch circuit to bias the diodes “on”. The shunt diode (D3551) shorts out the receiver port. which operates as a quarter wave transmission line.1 • • Power Amplifier The power amplifier consists of two devices: 9Z67 LDMOS driver IC (U3501) PRF1507 LDMOS PA (Q3501) The 9Z67 LDMOS driver IC contains a 2-stage amplifier using a supply voltage of 7. creating a low attenuation path between the antenna and receiver ports.2-12 2. This RF power amplifier is capable of supplying an output power of 0.3W. The power output is varied by changing the bias voltage. The current drain is typically around 1800mA while operating in the frequency range of 136-174MHz. B+ at PCIC (U3502).9 VHF Transmitter The VHF transmitter consists of the following basic circuits as shown in Figure 2-10. and the pi network. The current drain is typically around 130mA while operating in the frequency range of 136-174MHz. transforms the low impedance of the shunt diode to a high impedance at the input of the harmonic filter. In the transmit mode.3V. a pi network (C3531. L3551.9. the diodes are both off.3W (pin 6 and 7) with an input signal of 2mW (3dBm) (pin16). The PRF1507 LDMOS PA is capable of supplying an output power of 7W with an input signal of 0. .2 Antenna Switch The antenna switch circuit consists of two pin diodes (D3521 and D3551). 2.

3 Harmonic Filter The harmonic filter consists of components C3532 to C3536. L3531.1 ohms). is used to match the antenna impedance to the harmonic filter. Detailed descriptions of these features are contained in the paragraphs that follow. made up of L3538 and C3537.9. The PCIC also contains internal digital-to-analog converters (DACs) that provide the reference voltage for the control loop. C3563. which provides a voltage proportional to the current drain. and L3532. and C3565) control the transmitter rise and fall times. and external capacitors (C3562.5 Power Control Integrated Circuit (PCIC) The transmitter uses PCIC. and automatic gain control circuits. A block diagram of the VHF receiver is shown in Figure 2-11.9. back end.9. 2. U3503 and its associated components act as a temperature cut back circuit. This provides the necessary voltage to the PCIC to cut the transmitter power if the radio temperature gets too high.10 VHF Receiver The VHF receiver consists of a front end. . These are necessary to reduce the power splatter into adjacent channels.2dB. The voltage level is controlled by the microprocessor through the data line of the PCIC. This network forms a low-pass filter to attenuate harmonic energy of the transmitter to specifications level. The resistors and integrators within the PCIC. The current to the final stage of the power module is supplied through R3519 (0. 2. The voltage is then fed back to the automatic level control (ALC) within the PCIC to provide loop stability. 2.2-13 2. This optimizes the performance of the transmitter and receiver into an antenna. The harmonic filter insertion loss is typically less than 1.4 Antenna Matching Network A matching network. U3502 to control the power output of the radio by maintaining the radio current drain.

the RF signal is further filtered by a second varactor tuned bandpass filter. C3311 to C3314. and D3301. The RF signal is then applied to a varactor tuned bandpass filter which consists of L3301. The filter is tuned by applying a control voltage to the varactor diode (D3301) in the filter. L3532. and CR3301. The filtered RF signal is passed through the antenna switch. C3532 to C3563. T3302. L3303. Both the pre and post-RF amplifier varactor tuned filters have similar responses. and L3308. After mixing with the first LO signal from the voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) using high side injection. Depending on the carrier frequency.1MHz IF signal. After being amplified by the RF amplifier. consisting of L3305. The bandpass filter is electronically tuned by the DACRx from IC 404 which is controlled by the microprocessor. and C3550). The output of the bandpass filter is coupled to the RF amplifier transistor Q3302 via C3306. and D3302.2-14 Antenna RFJack Pin Diode Antenna Switch Varactor Tuned Filter RF Amp Varactor Tuned Filter Mixer Crystal Filter AGC Control Voltage from ASFIC First LO from FGU Recovered Audio Squelch RSSI IF IC Demodulator Synthesizer 16. The output of the post-RF amplifier filter is connected to the passive double balanced mixer which consists of T3301. Wideband operation of the filter is achieved by shifting the bandpass filter across the band. L3551. C3301 to C3304. This enables the filters to be electronically controlled by using a single control voltage which is DACRx. The antenna switch circuit consists of two pin diodes (D3521 and D3551) and a pi network (C3531.8 MHz Reference Clock SPI Bus Second LO VCO Figure 2-11: VHF Receiver Block Diagram 2. the RF signal is down-converted to the 45. The 3dB bandwidth of the filter is about 12MHz. .1 Receiver Front-End The RF signal is received by the antenna and applied to a low-pass filter consisting of L3531. C3318.10. L3306. the DACRx supplies the tuning voltage to the varactor diodes in the filter. Matching of the filter to the mixer is provided by C3317.

the VCO searches for a frequency. is controlled by the microprocessor. and the amount of filtering. The controlled gain IF amplifier provides a maximum gain of about 10dB. The amplified IF signal is then coupled into U3220. capacitor C3327 provides the low impedance path to ground for this purpose. then demodulated to produce the recovered audio at U3220. Voltage supply to the IF amplifier is taken from the receiver 5 volts (R5). drives Q3301 to saturation i.2 Receiver Back-End The output of crystal filter Y3200 is coupled to the input of IF amplifier transistor Q3200 by capacitor C3203. whereby the externally generated second LO frequency is divided by two in U3220 so that it is very close to the first IF frequency. RSSI. A certain amount of forward biasing current is needed to turn the pin diode on. The current flowing into the collector of Q3301. In the absence of an IF signal.2-15 The IF signal coming out of the mixer is transferred to the crystal filter (Y3200) through a resistor pad (R3321 . C3207. The demodulated audio signal is also routed to U404 for processing before going to the audio amplifier for amplification. filtered. a voltage signal. 2. the VCO locks onto the IF signal. Resistors R3304 and R3305 make up a voltage divider designed to turn on Q3301 at certain RSSI levels. and R3275. or its frequency will vary close to twice the IF frequency. R3274. pin 27 is also used for squelch control. is drawn through the pin diode to turn it on. Matching to the input of the crystal filter is provided by C3200 and L3200. Pin diode CR3302 switches the path on or off. This prevents overloading of backend circuits and is achieved by drawing some of the output power from the RF amplifier output. once externally provided by the conventional ceramic filters. Additional filtering. The IF signal applied to U3220. the voltage across R3305 must be greater or equal to the voltage across R3324 plus the emitter-base voltage (Vbe) present at Q3301. Capacitor C3209 dampens any instability while the AGC is turning on. To turn on Q3301. turned on. The control signal for the varactor is derived from a loop filter consisting of C3278 to C3280. The demodulated signal on U3220. down-converted. The VCO has a varactor diode (D3270) to adjust the VCO frequency. The IF IC (U3220) also provides a received signal-strength indicator (RSSI) and a squelch output.R3323) and a diplexer (C3320 and L3309).e. The IF IC uses a type of direct conversion process. 2.10. and C3230 which provides impedance matching for the IF amplifier and U3220. This IF IC is electronically programmable. At high radio frequencies. The second LO is designed to oscillate at twice the first IF frequency because of the divide-by-two function in the IF IC.3 Automatic Gain Control (AGC) The front end automatic gain control circuit provides automatic reduction of gain of the front end RF amplifier via feedback. Maximum current flowing through the . The crystal filter provides the necessary selectivity and intermodulation protection. Transistor Q3301 provides this current. pin 3 via L3202. a high current gain NPN transistor. which is dependent on the radio channel spacing. pin 3 is amplified.10. When an IF signal is received. is replaced by internal filters in the IF IC (U3220). The RSSI voltage is also used to control the automatic gain control (AGC) circuit in the front-end. The signal is routed to U404 (ASFIC) where squelch signal shaping and detection takes place. RSSI is produced by U3220 and is proportional to the gain of the RF amplifier and the input power to the radio. The IF IC (U3220) synthesizes the second LO and phase-locks the VCO to track the first IF frequency. The second LO/VCO is a Colpitts oscillator built around transistor Q3270. pin 27. The RSSI is a dc voltage monitored by the microprocessor and is used as a peak indicator during the bench tuning of the receiver front-end varactor filter. Radio signal strength indicator.

8MHz crystal (Y3761) to provide a reference for the system.225MHz. A 16. the gain of the IF amplifier. R3761. shown in Figure 2-13. pin 10. . and the VCO/Buffer IC (U3801). The audio runs through an internal attenuator for modulation balancing purposes before going out at pin 41 to the VCO. Osc. Transmit modulation from the ASFIC is supplied to U3701.8 MHz Ref. 2.3V dc signal from the synthesizer lock detect line (pin 4) indicates to the microprocessor that the synthesizer is locked.1MHz. and D3761. C3762.8MHz signal at U3701. The 5V signal is supplied to pins 13 and 30 and the 3. Together with C3761. they build up the reference oscillator that is capable of 2.4MHz as reference frequencies. R3306. Refer to the schematic for the reference designator. and R3324. uses a 16. A 3. C3763. the two ICs provide many of the functions that normally would require additional circuits. In order to turn on Q3201. Voltage Multiplier VCP Vmult1 Vmult2 Aux3 Dual Transistor TRB Rx Out To Mixer Rx VCO Circuit Loop Filter Synthesizer U3701 VCOBIC U3801 Tx Out 16. The synthesizer in turn generates a superfiltered (4. The synthesizer block diagram illustrates the interconnect and support circuit used in the region. and 2. 2. Designed in conjunction to maximize compatibility. Resistors R3206 and R3207 are voltage dividers designed to turn on Q3201 at a significantly higher RSSI level than the level required to turn on pin diode control transistor Q3301.5 ppm stability over a temperature range of -30 to 85°C. The LVFRACTN IC (U3701) further divides this to 2. clock and chip select lines (pins 7. As current starts flowing into the collector of Q3201.3V signal is applied to pins 5.10. 8 and 9) from the microprocessor.4 Frequency Generation Circuit The frequency generation circuit. is composed of two main ICs. 20. In addition to the VCO. pin 19 is also provided for use by ASFIC and LVZIF. U409.5V) which powers U3801. 2. Modulating Signal To PA Driver MOD Out Tx VCO Circuit Figure 2-12: VHF Frequency Generation Unit Block Diagram The synthesizer is powered by regulated 5V and 3. it reduces the bias voltage at the base of IF amplifier transistor Q3200 and in turn. shown in Figure 2-12.3V which is provided from ICs U3711 and U3201 respectively. The gain is then controlled in a range of -30dB to +10dB.11 Synthesizer The FRACN Synthesizer. 34 and 36 of U3701. Internally the audio is digitized by the FRACN and applied to the loop divider to provide low-port modulation.2-16 pin is limited by resistors R3316. Programming for the synthesizer is accomplished through the data. R3313. Feedback capacitor C3326 provides some stability to this high gain stage. the FRACN synthesizer (U3701). the synthesizer must interface with the logic and ASFIC circuitry. the voltage across R3207 must be greater or equal to the voltage across R3208 plus the emitter-base voltage (Vbe) present at Q3201. An additional gain control circuit is formed by Q3201 and associated components.

pin 19 is low or grounded.2-17 The loop filter. In achieving fast locking for the synthesizer. The RF section of the VCOB IC (U3801) is operated at 4. pin 45 to put the synthesizer within lock range. The TRB line (U3801.3V square waves (180 degrees out of phase) are first multiplied by four and then shifted. C3722. This activates the receive VCO by enabling the receive oscillator and the receive buffer of U3801. while the control section of the VCOBIC and FRACN synthesizer (U3701) is operated at 3. provides the necessary dc steering voltage for the VCO and determines the amount of noise and spur passing through. The resulting LO RF INJECTION signal is applied to the mixer at T3302. to the prescaler input (U3701.12 Voltage Control Oscillator (VCO) The VCOB IC (U3801).22.5V at U3701.3V.23. through a low pass filter.34. a resultant control voltage is received at the VCO. DC5V VDD .5V when the PLL is locked on frequency.20.30 5.5V and 9. 3. The required frequency is then locked by normal mode charge pump at pin 43. an internal adapt charge pump provides higher current at U3701. U3801.3V XTAL1 XTAL2 WARP PREIN LOCK FREFOUT GND IOUT IADAPT 4 19 6. Both the normal and adapt charge pumps get their supply from the capacitive voltage multiplier made up of C3701 to C3704 and triple diodes D3701 and D3702. to build up 13. pin 19) determines which oscillator and buffer are enabled. R3722. and R3723. In the receive mode. Two 3. A sample of the RF signal from the enabled oscillator is routed from U3801. pin 8 is routed through a matching network. After frequency comparison in the synthesizer. pin 32). . R3721. pin 47. DATA (U409 Pin 100) CLOCK (U409 Pin 1) CSX (U409 Pin 2) MOD IN (U404 Pin 40) +5V (U3711 Pin 4) (U3201 Pin 5) Reference Oscillator 7 8 9 10 13. which consist of C3721.54 V (VSF). in conjunction with the FRACTN synthesizer (U3701) generates RF in both the receive and transmit modes of operation. pin 12. shown in Figure 2-14.36 23 24 25 32 47 DATA CLK CEX MODIN VCC .24 43 45 41 3 2 28 40 39 LOCK (U409 Pin 56) FREF (U3220 Pin 21 & U404 Pin 34) 2-Pole Loop Filter Steering Line LO RF Injection U3701 Low Voltage MODOUT Fractional-N AUX4 Synthesizer AUX3 SFOUT BIAS1 Filtered 5V Voltage Controlled Oscillator BIAS2 VCP VMULT2 VMULT1 AUX1 48 15 14 5V Prescaler In TX RF Injection (First Stage of PA) Dual Transistors R405 Voltage Multiplier Figure 2-13: VHF Synthesizer Block Diagram 2. along with regulated 5V. This voltage is a DC voltage typically between 3. The RF signal at U3801. The operation logic is shown in Table 2-6.

Also in transmit mode. This activates the transmit VCO by enabling the transmit oscillator and the transmit buffer of U3801.2 volts is applied to U3801.2V) Low Hi-Z/Float (@1. The RF signal at U3801. when PTT is pressed. both the receive and transmit oscillators as well as the receive transmit and prescaler buffer are turned off. pin 41. the audio signal to be frequency modulated onto the carrier is received through U3701.11. 3. pin16).6V) .17 Tx-I adjust Rx Active Bias Matching Network Low Pass Filter (U3701 Pin 28) Pin 4 Collector/RF in Pin 5 Pin 6 Pin 16 Pin 15 Vsens Circuit Pin 18 Vcc-Logic TX Tx Active Bias TX RX (U3701 Pin 28) Figure 2-14: VHF VCO Block Diagram Table 2-6 VCO Control Logic Desired Mode AUX 4 AUX 3 TRB Tx Rx Battery Saver Not Used Not Used Not Used High (@3.6V) High (@3. pin 19. In this case. This RF signal is the TX RF INJECTION. AUX3 (U3701 Pin 2) TRB_IN Pin 20 Rx-SW Tx-SW (U3701 Pin 28) Steer Line Voltage (VCTRL) RX Tank TX Tank RX VCO Circuit TX VCO Circuit Pin 7 Pin 13 TX/RX/BS Switching Network Presc Pin 12 Prescaler Out U3701 Pin 32 Pin 19 Pin 3 Vcc-Superfilter U3801 VCOBIC LO RF INJECTION RX Pin 8 Pin 14 VCC Buffers Pin 10 TX RF Injection Attenuator Pin 2 Rx-I adjust Pin 1 Pins 9. pin19.2-18 During the transmit condition. the VCO is operating in battery saver mode.2V) Low Hi-Z/Float (@1. pin 10 is injected into the input of the PA module (U3501. When a high impedance is applied to U3801.

Antenna switch/harmonic filter.2 Antenna Switch The antenna switch circuit consists of two pin diodes (D100 and D101).50 MHz.1 • • Power Amplifier (PA) The PA consists of two LDMOS devices: PA driver. SPI Bus PCIC Vcontrol Antenna Switch Bias Antenna Matching Network Gate Bias Power Amplifier (PA) From VCO PA Driver PA Final Stage Antenna Switch/ Harmonic Filter Figure 2-15: Low Band Transmitter Block Diagram 2. The LDMOS driver (U101) provides 2-stage amplification using a supply voltage of 7.3V. This voltage is the output of a programmable DAC inside the PCIC and the output is adjustable with the radio tuner. pin 32 goes low and the diodes are off.13. Power control integrated circuit (PCIC). Antenna matching network. In the receive mode.3W (pins 6 and 7) with an input signal of 2mW at (pin16). L103 and the input capacitance of the lowpass filter form a parallel resonant circuit.13. and a DC feed network (L104. In the transmit mode. pin 24. D100 looks like a high impedance effectively . The power output of this stage is varied by the power control loop which controls the voltage on pin 1.7 .3W. PA final stage.50 MHz. PCIC (U102) pin 32 goes high supplying current via the feed network to bias the diodes “on”. U101.13 Low Band Transmitter The low band transmitter consists of the following basic circuits as shown in Figure 2-15. • • • • Power amplifier (PA). The current drain is typically 120mA while operating in the frequency range of 29. The final stage gate is bias by a voltage from PCIC. Q100.2-19 2. The current drain is typically 2000 mA while operating in the frequency range of 29. a RF network (C147 and L103). The LDMOS PA is capable of supplying an output power of 8W with an input signal of 0. 2. The shunt diode (D101) shorts out the receiver port and L103 is connected from the RF path to ground. C144.7 . and current limiting resistor R101). effectively disconnecting the receiver port from the antenna while not loading the transmit path. The amplifier is capable of supplying an output power of 0.

2-20 disconnecting the transmitter from the antenna while L103 and C147 form a series resonant circuit effectively connect the receiver to the antenna. This circuit senses the printed circuit board temperature around the transmitter circuits and outputs a DC voltage to the PCIC.13. This controls the current drain of the final stage and sets the output power. To protect the device from ESD.14 Low Band Receiver The low band receiver consists of a front end. A block diagram of the receiver is shown in Figure 2-16. The harmonic filter insertion loss is typically less than 0. L101.6 Temperature Cut Back Circuit Temperature sensor VR101 and associated components are part of a temperature cut back circuit.13. 2. C103. but looks like an open circuit to normal RF energy. C111. To accomplish this.13.3 Harmonic Filter The harmonic filter consists of components C103. This voltage is compared to a programmable reference inside the PCIC and the voltage on PCIC pin 4 adjusted. This diode effectively shorts ESD energy to ground. back end. 2. 2.13. 2. the voltage across R102 is sensed. This voltage drop is directly proportional to the current drawn in the final stage of the transmitter. and L102 which are a part of the SH100 assembly. The harmonic filter for lowband is pole zero design.4 Antenna Matching Transformer The antenna matching transformer (T100) matches the antenna impedance with the harmonic filter to optimize the performance of the transmitter and receiver.7 Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Protection Circuit The LDMOS PA device (Q100) is very sensitive to static discharge. 2. C115 and inductors L100. Pin 4 connects to the PA driver IC (U101) pin 1 via resistor R100 and varies RF output power of the driver. a protection circuit consisting of single high-speed Schottky Diode (D104) is connected from the Antenna Nut (J102) to ground. C106. and automatic gain control circuits. The diode turns on when the voltage at the antenna nut exceeds 150V. Detailed descriptions of these stages are contained in the paragraphs that follow. If the DC voltage produced exceeds the set threshold of the PCIC. 2.5 Power Control Integrated Circuit (PCIC) The transmitter uses the PCIC (U102) to regulate the power output of the radio.C110.13. C114. C107. This feature gives greater attenuation in low frequencies where the harmonic energy of the transmitter is the greatest and less attenuation in high frequencies where there is less harmonic energy.8 dB. . the transmitter output power decreases to reduce the transmitter temperature.

T502. The output of the highpass filter is connected to an RF amp consisting of Q509 and associated biasing components.1 Receiver Front-End The RF signal received by the antenna is routed through the transmitter lowpass filter and antenna switch. Matching to the input of the crystal filter is provided by L301. This filter is a pole zero design that filters off harmonic components from the RF amp. C301 and C302. C533 and C504. . The amplifier drives a lowpass filter consisting of L503. C537 and C515.65 MHz IF signal. These circuits are described in the transmitter section. L502. L504 L507. C534. L302. C536. The 3 dB corner of this filter is at 56 MHz.The signal next passes through a highpass filter consisting of L501. C538. R508 and R509) and a diplexer (C516 and L508).0 MHz Reference Clock SPI Bus Second LO VCO Figure 2-16: Low Band Receiver Block Diagram 2. and D501. This filter serves to reject below band signals and has a 3 dB corner frequency of 27 MHz. The 3 pole crystal filter provides the necessary selectivity and intermodulation protection. C535.14. The IF signal coming out of the mixer is transferred to the crystal filter (FL301) through a resistor pad (R507. This is a BJT amplifier powered off 5 volts and has 13 dB of gain. The output of the lowpass filter is connected to the passive double balanced mixer consisting of components T501. After mixing with the first local oscillator up-converted to a 109.2-21 Antenna RFJack Lowpass Filter Antenna Switch Highpass Filter RF Amp Lowpass Filter Mixer IF Crystal Amp Filter First LO from FGU AGC Processing Recovered Audio Squelch RSSI Demodulator IF IC U303 Synthesizer 17.

once externally provided by the conventional ceramic filters. The demodulated signal on pin 27 of U303 is also used for squelch control. Additional filtering. The control signal for the varactor is derived from a loop filter consisting of components C308. When an IF signal is received. it will lower the drain current in U301 and reduce the gain of the stage. When the RSSI line passes a certain threshold. The Radio Signal Strength Indicator (RSS I) voltage signal for the IF IC (U303) is used to drive the AGC processing circuitry consisting of R306. or its frequency will vary close to twice the IF frequency. and the amount of filtering. In the absence of an IF signal. the VCO locks onto the IF signal. C309. The second LO/VCO is a Colpitts oscillator built around transistor Q301. the VCO searches for a frequency. is replaced by internal filters in IF IC U303.3V. the RSSI line will rise. The IF amplifier is a dual gate MOSFET powered off of the 5 volt supply. filtered. 2. This IF IC is electronically programmable. the voltage at the output of U302 will begin to drop.and buffers as well other supporting circuitry. The 5 volt signal to the synthesizer as well as the rest of the radio is provided by U204. whereby the externally generated second LO frequency is divided by two in U303 so that it is very close to the first IF frequency.4 Frequency Generation Circuit The frequency generation circuit. U303. The gain can be varied from a maximum of 13 dB to an attenuation of 55 dB. 2.14. This voltage is connected to one gate of IF amplifier U301 through resistor R305. U303. R304 and L304 which provides matching for the IF amplifier and U303. The signal is routed to U404 (ASFIC) where squelch signal shaping and detection takes place.14. As the received signal gets stronger. The synthesizer block diagram illustrates the interconnect and support circuitry used in the region. TX VCO. The second LO is designed to oscillate at twice the first IF frequency because of the divide-by-two function in the IF IC. R308.2 Receiver Back-End The output of crystal filter FL301 is connected to the input of IF amplifier transistor U301. This will limit the power incident on the IF IC. The . The synthesizer is powered by regulated 5V and 3. is composed of Low Voltage Fractional-N synthesizer U205 and discrete RX VCO. R309 C307 and U302. The second gate receives a DC voltage from U302 which serves as an AGC control signal. The IF IC uses a type of direct conversion process. shown in Figure 2-17.3 v signal is provided by U200 in the controller.3 Automatic Gain Control (AGC) The automatic gain control circuit provides automatic reduction of gain to prevent overloading of backend circuits. down-converted. to produce recovered audio at pin 27 of U303. The RSSI voltage is also used to control the automatic gain control (AGC) circuit at the back end. As this voltage decreases. and demodulated. The demodulated audio signal is also routed to U404 for processing before going to the audio amplifier for amplification.14. The IF signal applied to pin 3 of U303 is amplified. The IF IC (U303) also performs several other functions.2-22 2. The VCO has a varactor diode. is controlled by the microprocessor. This is achieved by lowering the voltage on one gate of U301 which will reduce the drain current in that part and lower its gain. Components L303 and C348 and R301 form the termination for the crystal filter and the signal is coupled to one gate of U301 by C303. It provides a received signal-strength indicator (RSSI) and a squelch output. R307. The first gate receives the IF signal as indicated previously. CR301. to adjust the VCO frequency. which is dependent on the radio channel spacing. The 3. and R310. The output IF signal from U301 is coupled into U303 (pin 3) via C306. This signal reduces the gain of the IF amplifier to prevent overload of the IF IC. Refer to the schematic for the reference designators. The IF IC (U303) synthesizes the second LO and phase-locks the VCO to track the first IF frequency.

3V signal goes to pins 5. C242. R225 and R228. This circuit provides 13. Along with being used in the LVFracN. To achieve fast locking for the synthesizer. 34 and 36 of U201. 20. The internal oscillator device in the LVFracN together with C236.15 Synthesizer The Fractional-N synthesizer.0 MHz Ref. 8 and 9) from the microprocessor. C237. C284. This oscillator is temperature compensated is capable of 2. The synthesizer in turn generates a superfiltered 4. C283. Osc. Both the normal and adapt charge pumps get their supply from the capacitive voltage multiplier made up of C247. pin 47.0 MHz crystal (Y201) to provide a reference for the system. The required frequency is then locked by normal mode charge pump at pin 43. In addition to the VCO. R224. C286. Internally the audio is digitized by the Fractional-N and applied to the loop divider to provide the low-port modulation. Voltage VCP Multiplier Vmult2 Vmult1 VSF Switching Network Aux2 Aux3 Synthesizer U205 Rx VCO Circuit Loop Filter Tx VCO Circuit Buffer Amplifier To Mixer 17. clock and chip select lines (pins 7. Programming for the synthesizer is accomplished through the data. The LVFractN IC (U205) further divides this by 8 internally to give 2.3V at U205. A 3. . (divide by 7 or divide by 7/8). and triple diodes D210 and D211.3V dc signal from pin 4 indicates to the microprocessor that the synthesizer is locked. C285. The audio runs through an internal attenuator for modulation balancing purposes before going out at pin 41 to the VCO. shown in Figure 2-18. the 17.0 MHz signal is provided at pin 19 of U205 for use by the ASFIC and LVZIF. Transmit modulation from the ASFIC is supplied to pin10 of U205.3V which powers the VCOs and buffers. C257. only the divide by 8 function is valid for lowband. uses a 17. This circuit provides the necessary dc steering voltage for the VCO and determines the amount of noise and spur passing through. There is temperature compensation information that is unique to each crystal contained on Y201 that is programmed into the radio when built. C259. While UHF and VHF can use other references. The loop filter consists of components C256. CR211and Y201 comprise the reference oscillator.5 ppm stability over temperatures of -30 to 85°C.2-23 5V signal goes to pins 13 and 30 while the 3. R219. Modulating Signal MOD Out Prescaler Input To PA Driver Figure 2-17: Low Band Frequency Generation Unit Block Diagram 2. U409. an internal adapt charge pump provides higher current at pin 45 of U205 to put the synthesizer within lock range.125 MHz to be used as the reference frequency in the frequency synthesis. the synthesizer also interfaces with the logic and ASFIC circuitry.

50 MHz signals for the transmitter into the power amplifier while . 3.2 Transmit VCO The transmit VCO is a Hartley type design with active devices Q203.29. The oscillator is powered off of the 4. 2.16. The frequency is tuned by varactor diodes CR201 and CR202. DC5V VDD .20.16.7 . Q202 and Q204.3 Buffer Both the receive and transmit VCO are fed to a buffer amplifier Q201.16 Voltage Control Oscillators (VCO) 2.1 Receive VCO The receive VCO is a Colpitts type design and using two active devices in parallel.34. Note that the values of the inductive tap.2-24 DATA (U409 Pin 100) CLOCK (U409 Pin 1) CSX (U409 Pin 2) MOD IN (U404 Pin 40) +5V (U204 Pin 4) (U400 Pin 1) Reference Oscillator 7 8 9 10 13.33.36 23 24 25 32 47 DATA CLK CEX MODIN VCC .3 volt super filter supply when the AUX2 line goes low. The amplifier is powered off the 4. 2. The oscillator operates from 139 to 152 MHz for range 1 and 145 to 160 MHz for range 2.16.16.44 43 45 41 1 2 Switching Network Filtered 4. and the capacitor C215 which couples the varactor to the oscillator tank vary between the ranges.17. The oscillator is powered off of the 4.7 to 42 MHz for Range 1 and 35 to 50 MHz for Range 2.3 volt super filter supply and the feed network is combined with the transmit filter. The oscillator operates from 29. 2.3V Voltage Controlled Oscillators 2-Pole Loop Filter Steering Line LO RF Injection U205 Low Voltage MODOUT Fractional-N AUX2 Synthesizer AUX3 SFOUT BIAS1 BIAS2 28 40 39 TX RF Injection (First Stage of PA) Voltage Multiplier Prescaler In Figure 2-18: Low Band Synthesizer Block Diagram 2.4 Diplexer/Output Filters The output of the buffer drives a pair of parallel filters forming a diplexer. This is a BJT amplifier that boosts the signal levels to +4 dBm and provides reverse isolation to the oscillators.30 5.31.22.3V XTAL1 XTAL2 WARP PREIN VCP VMULT2 14 VMULT1 15 LOCK FREFOUT GND IOUT IADAPT 4 19 LOCK (U409 Pin 56) FREF (U303 Pin 21 & U404 Pin 34) 6. One filter is a lowpass filter in the TX pass that passes 29. The frequency is tuned by varactor diodes in U203. L208 and L209.3 volt super filter supply when the AUX3 line goes low.

This voltage is a DC voltage between 3. This signal is routed to the buffer amplifier consisting of components C287. The 63J66 driver IC contains a 2 stage amplification with a supply voltage of 7.5 Prescalar Feedback The prescalar input signal for receive and transmit is tapped off of the outputs of each filter by resistors R234 and R238. pin 32. After frequency comparison in the synthesizer. The other filter is a highpass filter which passes 139 .2-25 rejecting the receive LO injection signals at 139 .7 -50 MHz. This filter is comprised of C228. The output of this buffer feeds U205. C229.17 800 MHz Transmitter The 800MHz transmitter contains four basic circuits as shown in Figure 2-19: • • • • Power Amplifier (PA) Antenna Switch Harmonic Filter Power Control Integrated Circuit (PCIC). current is transferred in the loop filter and a control voltage is generated at the output of the loop filter to adjust the frequency of the VCO.160 MHz. PCIC Vcontrol Power Amplifier (PA) From VCO PA Driver PA Final Stage Antenna Switch/ Harmonic Filter Vcontrol Antenna Jack Figure 2-19: 800 MHz Transmitter Block Diagram 2.16.5V.17. C230 and C231. 2. . R288. C235 and L215. R287.5V and 9. L211. This filter is comprised of L204.1 • • Power Amplifier The power amplifier consists of two devices: 63J66 driver IC (U101) and 85Y73 LDMOS PA (Q101). Q288. L212. and R289.160 MHz signals for the receive LO into the mixer while rejecting the transmit injection signals at 29.5V when the PLL is locked on frequency. 2.

If the DC voltage produced exceeds the set threshold in the PCIC. The 85Y73 LDMOS PA is capable of supplying an output power of 4. It has been optimized for efficiency of the power amplifier. and the pi network. which operates as a quarter wave transmission line. The harmonic filter insertion loss is typically less than 1. The current to the final stage of the power module is supplied through R104. which provides a voltage proportional to the current drain. transforms the low impedance of the shunt diode to a high impedance at the input of the harmonic filter.5W with an input signal of 0. the diodes are both off. The shunt diode (CR102) shorts out the receiver port. there exists a low attenuation path between the antenna and receiver ports. In the receive mode. The PCIC has internal digital to analog converters (DACs) which provide the reference voltage of the control loop. R102. and external capacitors (C126. There are resistors and integrators within the PCIC. R103). C106. 2. B+ at PCIC (U102) pin32 will go high. and three current limiting resistors (R101.17. This type of filter has the advantage that it can give a greater attenuation in the stop-band for a given ripple level. 2. U103 and its associated components are part of the temperature cut back circuitry. U102 to regulate the power output of the radio.3W (pin 13 and 14) with an input signal of 2. C105. L101 and C109. It senses the printed circuit board temperature around the transmitter circuits and provides a DC voltage to the PCIC. The reference voltage level is programmable through the SPI line of the PCIC. L103 and C110). . The current drain would typically be 1100mA while operating in the frequency range of 806-870MHz.4 Power Control Integrated Circuit (PCIC) The transmitter uses the Power Control IC (PCIC). C130 and C132) in controlling the transmitter rising and falling time. applying a B+ bias to the antenna switch circuit to bias the diodes “on”.3W.5mW (4dBm) (pin16).2 Antenna Switch The antenna switch circuit consists of two PIN diodes (CR101 and CR102). and hence.2-26 This RF driver IC is capable of supplying an output power of 0. L102. the transmitter output power will be reduced so as to reduce the transmitter temperature. These are necessary in reducing the power splatter into adjacent channels.C107. This voltage is then fed back to the Automatic Level Control (ALC) within the PCIC to regulate the output power of the transmitter.2dB. In the transmit mode.17.3 Harmonic Filter The harmonic filter consists of C104. 2. The power out can be varied by changing the biasing voltage and the drive level from the driver IC. a pi network (C109.17. The current drain would typically be 200mA while operating in the frequency range of 806-870MHz.

the RF signal is down-converted to the 109. Antenna Pin Diode Antenna Switch RFJack 3-Pole Ceramic Block Filter RF Amp 3-Pole Ceramic Block Filter Mixer Crystal Filter IF Amp AGC Processing First LO from FGU Recovered Audio Squelch RSSI IF IC Demodulator U351 Synthesizer 16.8dB.The signal is then applied to a fixed tuned ceramic bandpass filter. FL300. the filter consists of L101. . C106. L103 and C110). C107. and C378. The crystal filter provides the necessary selectivity and intermodulation protection.65MHz IF signal.L354. After mixing with the first LO signal from the voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) using low side injection. C377. FL301. The IF signal coming out of the mixer is transferred to the crystal filter (FL350) through a resistive pad and a diplexer (C312 and L306).18.1 Receiver Front-End The RF signal is received by the antenna and applied to a low-pass filter. The insertion loss of each filter across the 851-870MHz band is typically 1.18 800 MHz Receiver The receiver functions are shown in Figure 2-20 and are described in the paragraphs that follow. The output of the post-RF amplifier filter is connected to the passive double balanced mixer. U301. L102. The output of the bandpass filter is coupled to the RF amplifier transistor Q302 via C300. Matching to the input of the crystal filter is provided by L353. The antenna switch circuit consists of two PIN diodes(CR101 and CR102) and a pi network (C109. After being amplified by the RF amplifier. C105.2-27 2. For 800MHz. The filtered RF signal is passed through the antenna switch. C109.8 MHz Reference Clock SPI Bus Second LO VCO Figure 2-20: 800MHz Receiver Block Diagram 2. The RF amplifier provides a gain of approximately 12 dB. Both the pre and post-RF amplifier ceramic filters have similar responses. the RF signal is further filtered by a second fixed tuned ceramic bandpass filter. C104.

The output of inverter U350 is also used to control the receiver front end AGC. the VCO will “search” for a frequency. down-converted. The signal strength indicator (RSSI) output of the IF IC produces a voltage that is proportional to the RF level at the IF input to the IF IC. R356 and C365 which provides the matching for the IF amplifier and U351. The receiver front end automatic gain control circuit provides and additional 20 dB of gain reduction. It provides a received signal-strength indicator (RSSI) and a squelch output.18. once externally provided by the conventional ceramic filters. CR350. The components R317. R354 and C355 and it determines the RF level at which the backend end AGC is activated as well as the slope of the voltage at the output of U350 vs. The second LO is designed to oscillate at twice the first IF frequency because of the divide-by-two function in the IF IC. The control signal for the varactor is derived from a loop filter consisting of R365. This IF IC is electronically programmable. This action is necessary to prevent overloading of the backend IF IC. The IF amplifier provides a gain of about 11dB. R359 and C376. Additional filtering. The demodulated audio signal is also routed to U404 for processing before going to the audio amplifier for amplification. and C318 determine: • the RF level at which the front end AGC is activated. to produce the recovered audio at pin 27 of U351. The amplified IF signal is then coupled into U351(pin 3) via L352. When an IF signal is received. AGC voltage is applied to the second gate of U352. and used to control the automatic gain control (AGC) circuit in both the front-end and the IF. the output of inverter U350 decreases. R353. The signal is routed to U404 (ASFIC) where squelch signal shaping and detection takes place. The IF IC uses a type of direct conversion process. and the amount of filtering (which is dependent on the radio channel spacing) is controlled by the microprocessor. C391.18. The IF IC (U351) synthesizes the second LO and phase-locks the VCO to track the first IF frequency. and the voltage applied to the second gate of the FET is reduced thus reducing the gain of the IF amplifier. the VCO will lock onto the IF signal. is replaced by internal filters in the IF module (U351). and C392. The IF automatic gain control circuit provides approximately 50 dB of attenuation range. The demodulated signal on pin 27 of U351 is also used for squelch control. filtered.2-28 2. The second LO/VCO is a Colpitts oscillator built around transistor Q350. The IF signal applied to pin 3 of U351 is amplified. R314.3 Automatic Gain Control Circuit The automatic gain control circuit provides automatic gain reduction of both the low noise amplifier in the receiver front end and the IF amplifier in the receiver backend. and . The IF IC (U351) also performs several other functions. The inverted output of U350 is applied to the second gate of the IF amplifier U352 via R355. and demodulated. As the RF signal into the IF IC increases the following occurs: • • • the RSSI voltage increases. Voltage supply to the IF amplifier is taken from the receive 5 volts (R5). The VCO has a varactor diode. R351.2 Receiver Back-End The output of crystal filter FL350 is matched to the input of the dual gate MOSFET IF amplifier transistor U352 by components L355. This voltage is inverted by U350. R352. 2. The output of the receiver backend inverter U350 is fed into the receiver front end AGC inverter U302. to adjust the VCO frequency. the strength of the incoming RF at the antenna. whereby the externally generated second LO frequency is divided by two in U351 so that it is very close to the first IF frequency. The RSSI is a dc voltage monitored by the microprocessor. In the absence of an IF signal. or its frequency will vary close to twice the IF frequency.

18. The blocking capacitor C317 prevents DC from the AGC stage from appearing at the input of the filter FL301. A 3. clock and chip select lines from the microprocessor.8 MHz Ref. the two ICs provide many of the functions that normally would require additional circuitry. As the diode becomes more and more forward biased the following occurs: • • C310 loads the output of the low noise amplifier Q302 thus reducing the gain of the low noise amplifier. As the RF into the antenna increases the following occurs: • • • The output voltage of the receiver backend inverter U350 decreases.2-29 • the slope of the voltage at the output of U302 vs. the strength of the incoming RF at the antenna. R315 and R318 provide a DC path for CR301 and also limit the current through CR301. Programming for the synthesizer is accomplished through the data. In addition to the VCO. The synthesizer is powered by regulated 5V and 3. U250 Voltage Multiplier VCP Vmult1 Vmult2 Aux3 Dual Transistor Aux4 TRB Rx Out Injection Amplifier To Mixer Rx VCO Circuit Loop Filter Tx VCO Circuit Synthesizer U201 VCOBIC U250 Tx Out 16. The circuit is composed of the two main ICs: Fractional-N synthesizer. Refer to the relevant schematics for the reference designators. Modulating Signal MOD Out Buffer Amplifier To PA Driver Figure 2-21: 800 MHz Frequency Generation Unit Block Diagram Designed in conjunction to maximize compatibility. Osc. The voltage at the output of the front end inverter U302 increases. 2. The result is the forward biasing of pin diode CR301. The synthesizer in turn generates a superfiltered 4. the synthesizer must interface with the logic and ASFIC circuitry.5V which powers U250. . U201 VCO/Buffer IC.4 • • Frequency Generation Circuit The frequency generation circuit is shown in Figure 2-21.3V dc signal from synthesizer lock detect line indicates to the microprocessor that the synthesizer is locked.3V which come from U247 and U248 respectively. The synthesizer block diagram illustrates the interconnect and support circuitry used in the region.

R213. Internally the audio is digitized by the Fractional-N and applied to the loop divider to provide the low-port modulation. which in turn charge C244.1MHz. and R220. Both the normal and adapt charge pumps get their supply from the capacitive multiplier which is made up of D201.24 43 45 41 3 2 28 40 39 LOCK (U409 Pin 56) FREF (U201 Pin 21 & U404 Pin 34) 2-Pole Loop Filter U251 Low Voltage MODOUT Fractional-N AUX4 Synthesizer AUX3 SFOUT BIAS1 Steering Line 11. 3.0V LO RF Injection Dual Transistors Filtered 5V Voltage Controlled Oscillator 12. R209 and R210 provides the necessary dc steering voltage for the VCO and provides filtering of noise and spurs from U201. Together with C235.5ppm reference oscillator.4MHz as reference frequencies. Y200. Two 3. C236. In achieving fast locking for the synthesizer. Components C238.22.19 Synthesizer The Fractional-N Synthesizer uses a 16. The required frequency is then locked by the normal mode charge pump at pin 43. C245.3Vp-p 5V 3.23.3Vp-p Prescaler In TX RF Injection (First Stage of PA) Dual Transistors R405 Figure 2-22: 800 MHz Synthesizer Block Diagram . R212. 2. The audio runs through an internal attenuator for modulation balancing purposes before going out to the VCO. C226. C237.8MHz at pin 19 of U201 to be used by ASFIC and LVZIF.2-30 Transmit modulation from the ASFIC is supplied to pin10 of U201. R204.225MHz. an internal adapt charge pump provides higher current at pin 45 of U201 to put the synthesizer within the lock range. C246. The LVFractN IC (U201) further divides this to 2. and 2. C246. R219. R211 and CR203. C244.36 23 24 25 32 DATA CLK CEX MODIN VCC .8V 47 Voltage Multiplier BIAS2 VCP VMULT2 VMULT1 AUX1 48 14 15 3. C245. C225. C239.30 5. C241. C236. These square waves switch alternate sets of diodes from D201 and D202.8MHz crystal (FL201) to provide a reference for the system. C208. D202. they comprise the reference oscillator which is capable of 2. FL201. R218. DC5V VDD . R200. C247. Some models are equipped with a packaged 1.20. 2. The resulting output voltage that is applied to pin 47 of U201 is typically 12. R214 and Y200 are placed instead. CR203. C243. It also provides 16. The loop filter which consists of C220. On these models components C235.34. and C247 in a bucket brigade fashion.3V XTAL1 XTAL2 WARP PREIN LOCK FREFOUT GND IOUT IADAPT 4 19 6. and R211 are not placed.8V and allows the steering line voltage (VCO control voltage) to reach 11V. DATA (U409 Pin 100) CLOCK (U409 Pin 1) CSX (U409 Pin 2) MOD IN (U404 Pin 40) +5V (U247 Pin 4) (U248 Pin 5) Reference Oscillator 7 8 9 10 13. C237.5ppm stability over temperatures of -30 to 85°C.3 V square waves (180 degrees out of phase) are applied to R219 and R220.

through a low pass filter. The VCOBIC(U250) is operated at 4.54 V (VSF) and Fractional-N synthesizer (U201) at 3.11.0V (low frequency) and 11. a resultant CONTROL VOLTAGE is received at the VCO.3V. This difference in operating voltage requires a level shifter consisting of Q200 and Q252 on the TRB line. After frequency comparison in the synthesizer. 5V Level Shifter Network TRB_IN Pin 20 Rx-SW Tx-SW (U201 Pin 28) VSF Steer Line Voltage (VCTRL) RX Tank TX Tank RX VCO Circuit TX VCO Circuit Pin 4 Collector/RF in RX Pin 5 Pin 6 Pin 16 Pin 15 Vsens Circuit Pin 18 Vcc-Logic VSF (U201 Pin 28) Pin 2 Rx-I adjust Pin 1 Pins 9.0V (high frequency) when the PLL is locked on frequency. to the prescaler input (U201 pin 32).1 Voltage Control Oscillator (VCO) The voltage controlled oscillator block diagram is shown in Figure 2-23. .17 Tx-I adjust TX Tx Active Bias TX RX Rx Active Bias Pin 7 Pin 13 TX/RX/BS Switching Network Presc Pin 12 Prescaler Out U201 Pin 32 Pin 19 AUX3 (U201 Pin 2) AUX4 (U201 Pin 3) Pin 3 Vcc-Superfilter U250 VCOBIC LO RF INJECTION Pin 8 Pin 14 Pin 10 TX RF Injection Buffer Amplifier Injection Amplifier VSF VCC Buffers (U201 Pin 28) Figure 2-23: 800 MHz VCO Block Diagram The VCOBIC (U250) in conjunction with the Fractional-N synthesizer (U201) generates RF in both the receive and the transmit modes of operation. A sample of the RF signal from the enabled oscillator is routed from U250 pin 12. This voltage is a DC voltage between 2.2-31 2.19. The TRB line (U250 pin 19) determines which oscillator and buffer will be enabled.

In this case. When a high impedance is applied to U250 pin19. A benefit of trunking is that the user is not required to monitor the system before transmitting. During the transmit condition. U250 pin 19 is low or grounded. 2. This standard defines the protocol rules for communication between a trunking system controller (TSC) and user’s radio units.3 MPT Trunked Systems MPT (Ministry of Post and Telecommunications) developed a signalling standard (MPT1327) for trunked private land mobile radio systems. The Privacy Plus Trunked system includes a Central Controller. Once a transmission is completed. which directs the users to the open channels.20 Trunked Radio Systems Trunked systems allow a large number of users to share a relatively small number of frequencies or repeaters without interfering with each other.2V) Low Low TRB High (@4. The Privacy Plus configuration consists of shared multiple channel repeaters.20.2 LTR™ Trunked Systems LTR is a transmission based trunking protocol developed by the E.2-32 The operation logic is shown in Table 2-7. The Central Controller does the monitoring and channels selection for the user. both the receive and transmit oscillators as well as the receive transmit and prescaler buffer are turned off. This activates the receive VCO by enabling the receive oscillator and the receive buffer of U250. which maximizes the amount of airtime available to any one radio and minimizes channel congestion. the VCO is operating in BATTERY SAVER mode. Table 2-7 Desired Mode Tx Rx Battery Saver AUX 4 Low High Low Level Shifter Logic AUX 3 High (@3. This activates the transmit VCO by enabling the transmit oscillator and the transmit buffer of U250.1 Privacy Plus Trunked Systems Privacy Plus is a proprietary trunking protocol developed by Motorola which allows a large number of users to share small amounts of frequencies without interfering with each other. five volts is applied to U250 pin 19.5V) In the receive mode. 2. This RF signal is the TX RF INJECTION. Johnson Company for primarily single site trunking applications. The airtime of all the repeaters in a trunked system is pooled. 2. the audio signal to be frequency modulated onto the carrier is received through the U201 pin 41. a repeater is used for only the duration of a single transmission. F. Q304. The protocol offers a broad range of options which can be implemented in subsets according to user requirements. The RF signal at U250 pin 10 is amplified by Q251 and injected into the input of the PA module (U101 pin1). This kind of Trunked system requires no monitoring of the channel as in conventional systems.20.8V) Low Hi-Z/Float (@2.20. The resulting RF signal is the LO RF INJECTION and it is applied to the mixer at U301 (refer to Figure 4-88: 800MHz Receiver Front End Schematic Diagram). there is scope . when PTT is depressed. In transmission trunking. The Central Controller places the user in a queue to wait for a free channel. The RF signal at U250 pin 8 is run through an injection amplifier. that repeater becomes available to other users. Also in transmit mode. 2. Also.

The OPT_EN line is strobed low only for communications with U601. These are applied to the Low Speed Data Filter and then to the radio transmitter modulation point. 2. it removes noise and voice band signals leaving only the low speed data waveform which is applied to the ADC input of the MCU.4 PassPort™ Trunked Systems PassPort is an enhanced trunking protocol developed by Trident Microsystems that supports wide area dispatch networking.4 Keyboard Circuit The keyboard consists of a matrix of key switches and resistors as described in section 2.20. U612 regulates the SWB+ to 3. The radio also supplies Switched Battery Voltage (SWB+). the standard keypad board is replaced with the PassPort Trunking Controller Board (PTCB). the MCU software generates appropriate PassPort Low Speed Trunking Data waveforms. This board also provides advanced voice storage features. users with PassPort can seamlessly roam among all sites within the network. U605-2 monitors the column voltage and applies an interrupt signal to the radio microcontroller when any key is pressed. The PTCB communicates with the main radio microcontroller by attaching to the same Serial Peripheral (SPI) bus that passes though the PTCB to the LCD on the CLK. DATA. The standard defines only the over-air signalling and imposes only minimum constraints on system design.1 Power Supplies The radio supplies regulated Vdd of 3. RDY. As required.2 Microcontroller (MCU) PassPort Trunking operation is managed by the reprogrammable FLASH ROM based microcontroller (U601).3 VDC. The amplitude of this waveform and the resulting transmitted deviation is controlled by software.3 Low Speed Data Filter This analog circuitry is a 4 pole. PTCB and Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) sub-systems. This offers users an extended communication coverage area. A network is formed by linking several trunked sites together to form a single system. U603-2 and associated passive components. and provision made to further standardized features to be added to the protocol in the future. The MCU includes a Digital to Analog Converter (DAC).20. . A filtered voltage (Vdda) of _ Vdd is developed by U603-4 and is used to supply a clean reference bias for the Low Speed Data filter and Voice Storage circuits. 2.4. Additionally. The circuit of Q607 which can limit the voltage applied to the Voice Storage chip is not used in portable applications and is disabled by 0 Ohm resistor R614. to and through the Radio. When the radio is transmitting PassPort data.4. Refer to Figure 2-2 for connector and signal routing from. The received and filtered subaudible low speed trunking data waveform is applied to one of the ADC inputs. 2. Seamless roaming means that the radio user does not have to manually change the position on the radio when roaming from site-to-site. the MCU DAC low speed data waveform is applied to the input of the filter which removes harmonics that would interfere with voice and applies the resulting sub-audible data to the radio transmitter modulation point. The software in the MCU decodes and acts upon the trunking data.3V which is applied to the PTCB microcontroller U601.3.4. 2. This is used to power the Low Speed Data Filter and Voice Storage circuits.2-33 for customization for special requirements.4. U608-4 isolates the receive signal from the filter in transmit mode. 150 Hz cutoff low pass filter comprised of U603-1.20. 2. The MCU includes an on-chip Analog to Digital Converter (ADC). The MCU clock oscillator uses 8MHz crystal Y601 as a stable resonator. For models which feature PassPort Trunking operation. In receive mode.20. and MISO lines.20.

indicates that the Voice Storage IC requires service from the mP. A low at pin 5 (INT). During playback. DATA (U611-10) and MISO (U611-11).20.5 BackLight Driver and LED's The logic level signal from the radio microcontroller is translated via Q611 and applied to Q610 which uses Switched Battery Voltage (SWB+) to operate the keypad backlight LED’s. the audio from U611 pin 20 is buffered by op-amp U605-1. 2. In this case. through switch U608-2 and fed via line FLAT RX SND to ASFIC CMP pin 10 (UIO). Pin 2 (RAC) of U611 indicates the end of a message row by a low state for 12. To transmit the audio signal.4. through switch U608-3 and through line EXT MIC.20. emerges from the ASFIC CMP (U404) at pin 43.21 900 MHz Transmitter PCIC Vcontrol Power Amplifier (PA) From VCO PA Driver PA Final Stage Antenna Switch/ Harmonic Filter Vcontrol Antenna Jack Figure 2-24: Transmitter Block Diagram . the audio signal enters the ASFIC CMP at pin 48 and is processed like normal transmit audio.4. Voice Storage IC U611 provides all the required functionality and is powered from the regulated 5 volts. through switch U608-1 that is selected by the mP via ASFIC CMP pin 5 (DACR) and then enters the voice storage IC U611 at pin 25. it is fed through resistive divider R657 / R658. the mP first selects the U611 via line VS CS and U611 pin 9. Then the mP sends data through line DATA and receives data through line MISO. this ASFIC CMP pin is programmed as input and feeds the audio signal through the normal receiver audio path to the speaker or handset. The PTCB hosts the Voice Storage circuitry. 2. To transfer data.6 Voice Storage The Voice Storage (VS) can be used to store audio signals coming from the receiver or from the microphone. Any stored audio signal can be played back over the radio’s speaker or sent out via the radio’s transmitter. which is connected to mP pin 55. Audio. either from the radio’s receiver or from one of the microphone inputs. the stored audio emerges from U611 at pin 20.2-34 2. When this path is selected. Switches U608-2 and U608-3 are controlled by the mP via ASFIC CMP pin 6 (DACG) and feed the stored audio only to the ASFIC CMP port UIO when it is programmed as input. To play the stored audio over the radio’s speaker.5 ms and connects to mP pin 65. The mP controls U611 via SPI bus lines CLK (U611-8).

. C157. applying a B+ bias to the antenna switch circuit to bias the diodes “on”.5mW (4dBm) (pin16). There are resistors and integrators within the PCIC.C125.2-35 The 900 MHz transmitter contains the following basic circuits: • • • • power amplifier antenna switch harmonic filter power control integrated circuit (PCIC). 2.2 Antenna Switch The antenna switch circuit consists of two PIN diodes (CR101 and CR102). In the transmit mode. The harmonic filter insertion loss is typically 0. The reference voltage level is programmable through the SPI line of the PCIC. C124.21. 2. If the DC voltage produced exceeds the set threshold in the PCIC. C115. This RF driver IC is capable of supplying an output power of 0. This type of filter has the advantage that it can give a greater attenuation in the stop-band for a given ripple level. L105. The current to the final stage of the power module is supplied through R101. The PCIC has internal digital to analog converters (DACs) which provide the reference voltage of the control loop. U102 to regulate the power output of the radio. C114. and C126.5V. and external capacitors (C156. The shunt diode (CR102) shorts out the receiver port. The 28A09 LDMOS PA is capable of supplying an output power of 4. B+ at PCIC (U102) pin32 will go high.21.5W with an input signal of 0. L109 and C138). 2. which provides a voltage proportional to the current drain.3W. The current drain would typically be 200mA while operating in the frequency range of 896-941 MHz.21.3 Harmonic Filter The harmonic filter consists of L104. The 30C65 driver IC contains a 2 stage amplification with a supply voltage of 7. 2. The power out can be varied by changing the biasing voltage and the drive level from the driver IC. It senses the printed circuit board temperature around the transmitter circuits and output a DC voltage to the PCIC. These are necessary in reducing the power splatter into adjacent channels.4 Power Control Integrated Circuit (PCIC) The transmitter uses the Power Control IC (PCIC). R106). U103 and its associated components are part of the temperature cut back circuitry.9 dB.1 • • Power Amplifier The power amplifier consists of two devices: 5185130C65 driver IC (U101) and 4813828A09 LDMOS PA (Q101). The current drain would typically be 1100mA while operating in the frequency range of 896-941 MHz. and C158) in controlling the transmitter rising and falling time. and less than 1.3W (pin 6 and 7) with an input signal of 2. It has been optimized for efficiency of the power amplifier. and the pi network. and hence. there exists a low attenuation path between the antenna and receiver ports. a pi network (C115. R103. which operates as a quarter wave transmission line.21. and three current limiting resistors (R102. This voltage is then fed back to the Automatic Level Control (ALC) within the PCIC to regulate the output power of the transmitter. transforms the low impedance of the shunt diode to a high impedance at the input of the harmonic filter.2dB. the transmitter output power will be reduced so as to reduce the transmitter temperature. the diodes are both off. In the receive mode.

L105. C114. U301. Matching to the input of the crystal filter is provided by L353.1 Receiver Front-End The RF signal is received by the antenna and applied to a low-pass filter.L354. and C126. the RF signal is further filtered by a second fixed tuned ceramic bandpass filter. and L306). and C378. and CR102) and a pi network (C115. FL300. The filtered RF signal is passed through the antenna switch. The insertion loss of each filter across the 935-941 MHz band is less than 2 dB.22. C115.8 MHz Reference Clock SPI Bus Second LO VCO Figure 2-25: 900 MHz Receiver Block Diagram 2. C125. FL301. C377. For 900 MHz. through matching components C321. The IF signal coming out of the mixer is transferred to the crystal filter (FL350) through a resistor pad and a diplexer (C312. The antenna switch circuit consists of two PIN diodes(CR101. The signal is then applied to a fixed tuned ceramic bandpass filter. The RF amplifier provides a gain of approximately 14 dB.2-36 2.22 900 MHz Receiver Antenna Pin Diode Antenna Switch RFJack 3-Pole Ceramic Block Filter RF Amp 3-Pole Ceramic Block Filter Mixer Crystal Filter IF Amp AGC Processing First LO from FGU Recovered Audio Squelch RSSI IF IC Demodulator U351 Synthesizer 16. the RF signal is down-converted to the 109. and L311. and intermodulation protection.65MHz IF signal. and C138). After being amplified by the RF amplifier. After mixing with the first LO signal from the voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) using low side injection. C124. The output of the post-RF amplifier filter is connected to the passive double balanced mixer. The crystal filter provides some of the necessary selectivity. L109. the filter consists of L104. . The output of the bandpass filter is coupled to the RF amplifier transistor Q302 via C300. Both the pre and post-RF amplifier ceramic filters have similar responses.

The Flutter Fighter Enable line (U851-E3) is controlled by ASFIC DACRX line (U404-4). 2. The amplified IF signal is then coupled into U351(pin 3) via L352. is replaced by internal filters in the IF module (U351). down-converted. The second LO/VCO is a Colpitts oscillator built around transistor Q350. The HC IC comprises three main internal circuit blocks: • • • Compressor. and C376. and used to control the automatic gain control (AGC) circuit in both the front-end and the IF. the VCO will “search” for a frequency. and the amount of filtering (which is dependent on the radio channel spacing) is controlled by the microprocessor. and demodulated. The IF amplifier provides a gain of about 11dB. The RSSI is a dc voltage monitored by the microprocessor. The VCO has a varactor diode. Flutter Fighter. or its frequency will vary close to twice the IF frequency. Table 2-8 Hear Clear Logic and IC Status Name Ref. The signal leaves U851 via pin F4 and is then routed to U404 (ASFIC) where squelch signal shaping and detection takes place. Des Set By RX1* RX2** IC Enable Flutter Fighter Enable LO Clamp Disable U851-C4 U851-E3 U851-A5 SWB+ DACRX SWB+ 1 1 1 1 0 1 . C391. whereby the externally generated second LO frequency is divided by two in U351 so that it is very close to the first IF frequency. R359. and Expander Circuits. The IF IC (U351) also performs several other functions. The control signal for the varactor is derived from a loop filter consisting of R365. The logic control and the IC status is summarized in Table 2-8. The demodulated signal on pin 27 of U351 is also used for squelch control. AGC voltage is applied to the second gate of U352. and C392. The signal is routed to U851 where a “flutter fighter” process is implemented.22.22.3 Hear Clear IC Hear Clear (HC) IC is typically used for 900MHz radios. R356 and C365 which provides the matching for the IF amplifier and U351. Voltage supply to the IF amplifier is taken from the receive 5 volts (R5). to produce the recovered audio at pin 27 of U351. filtered. The IF signal applied to pin 3 of U351 is amplified. the VCO will lock onto the IF signal. When an IF signal is received.2-37 2. Only the Flutter Fighter section of this IC is used by this radio. Additional filtering. It provides a received signal-strength indicator (RSSI) and a squelch output. The Compressor and the Expander are included in the ASFIC. once externally provided by the conventional ceramic filters. This IF IC is electronically programmable. to adjust the VCO frequency. The demodulated audio signal is also routed to U404 for processing before going to the audio amplifier for amplification.2 Receiver Back-End The output of crystal filter FL350 is matched to the input of the dual gate MOSFET IF amplifier transistor U352 by components L355. In the absence of an IF signal. The second LO is designed to oscillate at twice the first IF frequency because of the divide-by-two function in the IF IC. The IF IC (U351) synthesizes the second LO and phase-locks the VCO to track the first IF frequency. The IF IC uses a type of direct conversion process. CR350. There are six enable/control lines on the Hear Clear IC which determine the ICs mode of operation.

2. The improved audio exits the IC at “FF OUT” (U851-F4). C857 connects the signal to FF IN (U851-E4). R351. it monitors the rate of change of RSSI (Receive Signal Strength In) (U303-1).3. R854. After exiting Hear Clear at the “FF OUT” (U851-F4). This action is necessary to prevent overloading of the backend IF IC. R853.22. As the RF signal into the IF IC increases the following occurs: • • • the RSSI voltage increases. the sub-audible signaling is separated from the voice and decoded. the Flutter Fighter is routed from ”FF IN” to “FF OUT” without any processing. This voltage is inverted by U350. and Noise Hold (U851-D5). The IF automatic gain control circuit provides approximately 50 dB of attenuation range.2 Hear Clear Routing of Data/Signaling While receiving. The purpose of the Flutter Fighter is to sample the amount of Noise in the receive audio between 1020KHz using the Noise Filter (U851-B5). sub-audible signals PL/DPL go through the Flutter Fighter along with the audio. While receiving other signals HST/MDC (not sub-audible). the signal passes through a low pass filter and high pass filter limiting the audio bandwidth to 300Hz-3KHz. The inverted output of U350 is applied to the second gate of the IF amplifier U352 via R355. and Hear Clear Ports Ref. The audio is then routed to the Audio PA in the same manner as the standard receive audio. Noise Hold. R352. C861. In this mode. and the voltage applied to the second gate of the FET is reduced thus reducing the gain of the IF amplifier. the strength of the incoming RF at the antenna. . On entering the ASFIC. The detected audio “DISC” enters the Hear Clear Flutter Fighter through C857 and C859. The signal strength indicator (RSSI) output of the IF IC produces a voltage that is proportional to the RF level at the IF input to the IF IC. Noise Filter In. and is unaffected by the Flutter Fighter operation. and Noise Filter Out.1 Receive Path for Radios with Hear Clear The audio signal enters Hear Clear controller from DEMOD_OUT signal on DISC. In addition. R353. PL or DPL (Flutter Fighter can be on or off). It then goes through de-emphasis and exits the ASFIC at AUDIO (U404-41).22.22. Noise Filter Out (U851-C6). The circuit then reduces the amount of popping Noise associated with fading. C859 is a beginning of a noise sampling circuit consisting of components – C859. Within the ASFIC.3. the output of inverter U350 decreases. C860. 2. the signal enters ASFIC at DISC (U404-2). R354 and C355 and it determines the RF level at which the backend end AGC is activated as well as the slope of the voltage at the output of U350 vs. **RX2:refers to receive mode with all other data HST/MDC/DTMF (Flutter Fighter must be off). R855 and C862. the Flutter Fighter is set to the “pass through mode”.2-38 Table 2-8 Hear Clear Logic and IC Status LO Clamp Disable HCI Disable LO Clamp Disable U851-C2 U851-B6 U851-D1 GND SWB+ GND 0 1 0 0 1 0 *RX1:receive voice with carrier squelch. The detected audio DISC enters into the Hear Clear IC at “FF IN” (U851-E4).4 Automatic Gain Control Circuit The automatic gain control circuit provides automatic gain reduction of both the low noise amplifier in the receiver front end and the IF amplifier in the receiver backend. 2.

5V which powers U250. clock and chip select lines from . The synthesizer is powered by regulated 5V and 3. As the RF into the antenna increases the following occurs: • • • The output voltage of the receiver back end inverter U350 decreases. and the VCO/Buffer IC (U250). The receiver front end automatic gain control circuit provides and additional 20 dB of gain reduction. The result is the forward biasing of pin diode CR301. the Fractional-N synthesizer (U201). the strength of the incoming RF at the antenna.3V which come from U247 and U248 respectively. Osc. and the slope of the voltage at the output of U302 vs. R315 and R318 provide a DC path for CR301 and also limit the current through CR301.2-39 The output of inverter U350 is also used to control the receiver front end AGC. In addition to the VCO. the synthesizer must interface with the logic and ASFIC circuitry. the two ICs provide many of the functions that normally would require additional circuitry. Modulating Signal MOD Out Buffer Amplifier To PA Driver Figure 2-26: Frequency Generation Unit Block Diagram The Frequency Generation Circuitry is comprised of two main ICs. The synthesizer in turn generates a superfiltered 4. The output of the receiver back end inverter U350 is fed into the receiver front end AGC inverter U302. The components R317. 2. Designed in conjunction to maximize compatibility. Programming for the synthesizer is accomplished through the data. and C318 determine: • • the RF level at which the front end AGC is activated.8 MHz Ref. The synthesizer block diagram illustrates the interconnect and support circuitry used in the region. The blocking capacitor C317 prevents DC from the AGC stage from appearing at the input of the filter FL301.23 Frequency Generation Circuitry Voltage Multiplier VCP Vmult1 Vmult2 Aux3 Dual Transistor Aux4 TRB Rx Out Injection Amplifier To Mixer Rx VCO Circuit Loop Filter Tx VCO Circuit Synthesizer U201 VCOBIC U250 Tx Out 16. The voltage at the output of the front end inverter U302 increases. R314. Refer to the relevant schematics for the reference designators. As the diode becomes more and more forward biased the following occurs: • • C310 loads the output of the low noise amplifier Q302 thus reducing the gain of the low noise amplifier.

It also provides 16. The loop filter which consists of C801. and R214 comprise the reference oscillator which is capable of 1.5 ppm reference oscillator (Y200) to provide a reference for the system.8 MHz at pin 19 of U201 to be used by ASFIC and LVZIF.3V dc signal from synthesizer lock detect line indicates to the microprocessor that the synthesizer is locked. DATA (U409 Pin 100) CLOCK (U409 Pin 1) CSX (U409 Pin 2) MOD IN (U404 Pin 40) +5V (U247 Pin 4) (U248 Pin 5) Reference Oscillator 7 8 9 10 13.24 900 MHz Synthesizer The Fractional-N Synthesizer uses a 16. These square waves switch alternate sets of diodes from CR201 and CR202. R212. 3. C803. R218.30 5.5 ppm stability over temperatures of -30 to 85°C. A 3.24 43 45 41 3 2 28 40 39 LOCK (U409 Pin 56) FREF (U201 Pin 21 & U404 Pin 34) 2-Pole Loop Filter U251 Low Voltage MODOUT Fractional-N AUX4 Synthesizer AUX3 SFOUT BIAS1 Steering Line 11.0V LO RF Injection Dual Transistors Filtered 5V Voltage Controlled Oscillator 12.3V XTAL1 XTAL2 WARP PREIN LOCK FREFOUT GND IOUT IADAPT 4 19 6. Transmit modulation from the ASFIC is supplied to pin10 of U201. C804.22. and R210 provides the necessary dc steering voltage for the VCO and provides filtering of noise and spurs from U201. R204. R200.3Vp-p 5V 3. R219. C208. C245. and C247 in a bucket brigade fashion. Two 3. C244. 2. R213.4 MHz. The resulting output voltage that is applied to pin 47 of U201 is typically 12. C246. together with C238. Both the normal and adapt charge pumps get their supply from the capacitive multiplier which is made up of CR201. Y200. C802. which in turn charge C244.2-40 the microprocessor.3Vp-p Prescaler In TX RF Injection (First Stage of PA) Dual Transistors R405 Figure 2-27: Synthesizer Block Diagram . The required frequency is then locked by the normal mode charge pump at pin 43. C247.8 MHz to 2. C805. C241. R209.3 V square waves (180 degrees out of phase) are applied to R219 and R220. DC5V VDD . C226.20. C246. C245.225 MHz. In achieving fast locking for the synthesizer. CR202. an internal adapt charge pump provides higher current at pin 45 of U201 to put the synthesizer within the lock range.8V 47 Voltage Multiplier BIAS2 VCP VMULT2 VMULT1 AUX1 48 14 15 3. Internally the audio is digitized by the Fractional-N and applied to the loop divider to provide the low-port modulation. C243. C225. and R220. The LV FractN IC (U201) further divides the 16.8V and allows the steering line voltage (VCO control voltage) to reach 11V. 2.36 23 24 25 32 DATA CLK CEX MODIN VCC . The audio runs through an internal attenuator for modulation balancing purposes before going out to the VCO.23.34.1MHz. C239. and 2.8 MHz packaged 1.

This difference in operating voltage requires a level shifter consisting of Q200 and Q252 on the TRB line. to the prescaler input (U201 pin 32).11.17 Tx-I adjust TX Tx Active Bias TX RX Rx Active Bias Pin 7 Pin 13 TX/RX/BS Switching Network Presc Pin 12 Prescaler Out U201 Pin 32 Pin 19 AUX3 (U201 Pin 2) AUX4 (U201 Pin 3) Pin 3 Vcc-Superfilter U250 VCOBIC LO RF INJECTION Pin 8 Pin 14 Pin 10 TX RF Injection Buffer Amplifier Injection Amplifier VSF VCC Buffers (U201 Pin 28) Figure 2-28: VCO Block Diagram The VCOBIC (U250) in conjunction with the Fractional-N synthesizer (U201) generates RF in both the receive and the transmit modes of operation. This voltage is a DC voltage between 2. The VCOBIC(U250) is operated at 4.0V (low frequency) and 11.54 V (VSF) and Fractional-N synthesizer (U201) at 3. .25 900 MHz Voltage Control Oscillator (VCO) 5V Level Shifter Network TRB_IN Pin 20 Rx-SW Tx-SW (U201 Pin 28) VSF Steer Line Voltage (VCTRL) RX Tank TX Tank RX VCO Circuit TX VCO Circuit Pin 4 Collector/RF in RX Pin 5 Pin 6 Pin 16 Pin 15 Vsens Circuit Pin 18 Vcc-Logic VSF (U201 Pin 28) Pin 2 Rx-I adjust Pin 1 Pins 9. The TRB line (U250 pin 19) determines which oscillator and buffer will be enabled. After frequency comparison in the synthesizer. a resultant CONTROL VOLTAGE is received at the VCO. A sample of the RF signal from the enabled oscillator is routed from U250 pin 12.3V.0V (high frequency) when the PLL is locked on frequency.2-41 2. through a low pass filter.

five volts is applied to U250 pin 19. The RF signal at U250 pin 8 is run through an injection amplifier. . when PTT is depressed. The resulting RF signal is the LO RF INJECTION and it is applied to the mixer at U301. When a high impedance is applied to U250 pin19.8V) Low Hi-Z/Float (@2. the audio signal to be frequency modulated onto the carrier is received through the U201 pin 41. Also in transmit mode. In this case. U250 pin 19 is low or grounded. This activates the receive VCO by enabling the receive oscillator and the receive buffer of U250. This RF signal is the TX RF INJECTION. During the transmit condition. Table 2-9 Level Shifter Logic Desired Mode AUX 4 AUX 3 TRB Tx Rx Battery Saver Low High Low High (@3. both the receive and transmit oscillators as well as the receive transmit and prescaler buffer are turned off. the VCO is operating in BATTERY SAVER mode.2V) Low Low High (@4.5V) In the receive mode. This activates the transmit VCO by enabling the transmit oscillator and the transmit buffer of U250.2-42 The operation logic is shown in Table 2-9. Q304. The RF signal at U250 pin 10 is amplified by Q251 and injected into the input of the PA module (U101 pin1).

These surfaces should be cleaned whenever a periodic visual inspection reveals the presence of smudges.3-1 Chapter 3 Maintenance 3. absorbent. grease. The only recommended agent for cleaning the external radio surfaces is a 0. non-metallic. 1. Make sure that no water remains entrapped near the connectors. Do not use high-pressure air to hasten the drying process since this could cause the liquid to collect in unwanted places. ! CAUTION: The effects of certain chemicals and their vapors can have harmful results on certain plastics. tuner cleaners. lintless cloth to dry the area.2 Preventive Maintenance The radios do not require a scheduled preventive maintenance program. short-bristled brush to work all loose dirt away from the radio. housing assembly. short-bristled brush to dislodge embedded or caked materials located in hard-to-reach areas. and other chemicals should be avoided. Upon completion of the cleaning process. A soft. External surfaces include the front cover. NOTE Internal surfaces should be cleaned only when the radio is disassembled for servicing or repair. absorbent. The only factory recommended liquid for cleaning the printed circuit boards and their components is isopropyl alcohol (70% by volume). however.5% solution of a mild dishwashing detergent in water.3 Inspection Check that the external surfaces of the radio are clean. use a soft. non-metallic. cracks.1 Introduction This chapter of the manual describes: • • • Preventive maintenance Safe handling of CMOS devices Repair procedures and techniques 3. and battery case. and/or grime. 2.1 Cleaning The following procedures describe the recommended cleaning agents and the methods to be used when cleaning the external and internal surfaces of the radio. periodic visual inspection and cleaning is recommended. or crevices. and that all external controls and switches are functional.3. The brush stroke should direct the dislodged material out and away from the inside of the radio. Do not brush or apply any . Aerosol sprays. Cleaning Internal Circuit Boards and Components Isopropyl alcohol may be applied with a stiff. lintless cloth or tissue should be used to remove the solution and dry the radio. Make sure that controls or tunable components are not soaked with alcohol. It is not recommended to inspect the interior electronic circuitry. Cleaning External Plastic Surfaces The detergent-water solution should be applied sparingly with a stiff. 3. 3.

Therefore. 3. Do not attempt to puddle out components. special precautions must be taken to prevent device damage during disassembly. Rigid Circuit Boards The family of radios uses bonded. pull gently. and use small diameter solder such as ST-633. some special considerations are required when soldering and unsoldering components. If the identical replacement component is not locally available. identical parts should be used. Damage can be latent. 3. front cover. DO NOT attempt to disassemble the radio without first referring to the CMOS CAUTION paragraph in the Disassembly and Reassembly section of the basic manual (See Chapter 3). Therefore. resulting in failures occurring weeks or months later.4 Safe Handling of CMOS and LDMOS Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) and lateral diffusion metal oxide semiconductor (LDMOS) devices are used in this family of radios. Excessive prolonged heat on the flexible circuit can damage the material. multi-layer.5 General Repair Procedures and Techniques • Parts Replacement and Substitution When damaged parts are replaced. Flexible Circuits The flexible circuits are made from a different material than the rigid boards and different techniques must be used when soldering. and repair. troubleshooting. closely examine your work for shorts due to solder bridges. Since the inner layers are not accessible. For parts replacement. Their characteristics make them susceptible to damage by electrostatic or high voltage charges. apply the tip of the soldering iron to the component connections while pulling with the seizers. • When soldering near the 20-pin and 40-pin connectors: • • • • avoid accidentally getting solder in the connector. The smaller size solder will melt faster and require less heat to be applied to the circuit. be careful not to form solder bridges between the connector pins. To replace a component on a flexible circuit: • • • grasp the edge of the flexible circuit with seizers (hemostats) near the part to be removed. NOTE Always use a fresh supply of alcohol and a clean container to prevent contamination by dissolved material (from previous usage). check the parts list for the proper Motorola part number and order the component from the nearest Motorola Communications parts center listed in the “Piece Parts” section of this manual (See Chapter 1). . Handling precautions are mandatory for the circuits and are especially important in low humidity conditions. care should be exercised to avoid pulling the plated circuit out of the hole.3-2 Safe Handling of CMOS and LDMOS isopropyl alcohol to the frame. printed circuit boards. Avoid excessive heat and excessive bending. The printed-through holes may interconnect multiple layers of the printed circuit. use the ST-1087 Temperature-Controlled Solder Station with a 600-700 degree tip. Prolonged application of heat may damage the flexible circuit. or back cover.

3 cm) above the component to be removed. . • Begin applying the hot air. select the TJ-65 minithermojet hand piece. • Once the shield is off. Airflow can vary due to component density.General Repair Procedures and Techniques 3-3 • • Chip Components Use either the RLN-4062 Hot-Air Repair Station or the Motorola 0180381B45 Repair Station for chip component replacement. • Position the shield under the heat-focus head. • Position the hot-air hand piece approximately 1/8” (0. To remove the shield: • Place the circuit board in the R-1070’s holder. touch up the first side. • Using a pair of tweezers. turn off the heat. • Add solder paste flux around the base of the shield. • • • • • • Remove the circuit board from the R-1070’s circuit board holder. On either unit. and turn off the vacuum pump. • Apply a drop of solder paste flux to each pad. adjust the temperature control to 700 degrees F. To replace a chip component using a soldering iron: • Select the appropriate micro-tipped soldering iron and apply fresh solder to one of the solder pads. • Lower the focus head until it is approximately 1/8” (0. position the new chip component in place while heating the fresh solder. position the new component in place. • Heat the remaining pad with the soldering iron and apply solder until it wicks to the component. • Once the solder wicks to the component. remove the component using a pair of tweezers. Once the solder reflows. All solder joints should be smooth and shiny. Shields Removing and replacing shields will be done with the R-1070 station with the temperature control set to approximately 415°F (215°C) [445°F (230°C) maximum]. (370 degrees C). • Lower the vacuum tip and attach it to the shield by turning on the vacuum pump. • Once solder wicks onto the new component. When using the 0180381B45 Repair Station. remove the heat and inspect the repair. and adjust the airflow to a minimum setting. grab the part with a pair of tweezers. • Turn on the heater and wait until the shield lifts off the circuit board. • Using a pair of tweezers. To replace the shield: • Add solder to the shield if necessary. • Select the proper heat focus head and attach it to the heater chimney.3 cm) above the component and begin applying heat. using a micro-tipped soldering iron. remove the excess solder from the pads. remove the heat from the solder. If necessary. To remove a chip component: • Use a hot-air hand piece and position the nozzle of the hand piece approximately 1/8” (0. To replace a chip component using hot air: • Use the hot-air hand piece and reflow the solder on the solder pads to smooth it.3 cm) above the shield. • Using a solder wick and a soldering iron or a power desoldering station. All joints should be smooth and shiny.

raise the heat-focus head and wait approximately one minute for the part to cool. 63/37. Use solder wick and a soldering iron to remove excess solder from the solder pads on the circuit board. Contains application notes. • Place the circuit board back in the R1070’s circuit board holder. 3. rub the soldering iron tip along the edge of the shield to smooth out any excess solder. 1080303E45 R1319A (110V) Removal and assembly of surface-mounted integrated circuits and shields includes 5 nozzels. Digitally controlled soldering iron. These tools are also available from Motorola. • Place the shield on the circuit board using a pair of tweezers. Used during all radio assembly and disassembly procedures.3-4 Recommended Test Tools • Next. • Once complete. turn off the heat. Reduces heatsink on multi level boards. Table 3-1 Recommended Test Tools Motorola Part Number RSX4043 6680387A70 R1453A 0180386A78 0180386A82 6684253C72 6680384A98 1010041A86 Description Torx Driver T-6 Torx Bit Digital readout solder station Illuminated magnifying glass with lens attachment. .5mm diameter 1 lb. procedures and technical rework equipment. or R1321A(220V) Rework Station R1364A R1427A 8880309B53 Digital Heated Tweezer System Board Preheater Rework Equipment Catalog Chip component removal. Anti-static grounding kit Straight prober Brush Solder (RMA type). • Remove the circuit board and inspect the repair. Removable Torx driver bit. • Position the heat-focus head over the shield and lower it to approximately 1/8” (0. No cleaning should be necessary.3 cm) above the shield. • Turn on the heater and wait for the solder to reflow. 0. spool SMD tool kit (included with R1319A) ChipMaster Surface Mount Application Tighten and remove chassis screws.6 Recommended Test Tools Table Table 3-1 lists the recommended tools used for maintaining this family of radios.

. The locations of the fuse for both the UHF and VHF boards are shown in Figure 3-1. The radio must be disassembled to replace the fuses as described inthe Basic Service Manual (see Chapter 1 . the circuit board fuse should always be checked as a probable cause of the failure.Replacing the Circuit Board Fuse 3-5 3.Related Documents). then the circuit board separated from the radio chassis as described in the paragraphs that follow.7 Replacing the Circuit Board Fuse In cases where the radio fails to turn on when power is applied.

NO.K. ) ) RLSE.K. ZWG0130073 PROGRAM DISK RK EDITOR 23/Nov/1998 DATE CHECKER DATE LETTERING SIZE: REQUIRES: Illustrator CORRECTED AS MARKED ISS. AS IS O.Replacing the Circuit Board Fuse VIEWED FROM SIDE 2 M300 C523 C437 SH402 E405 M301 C204 C205 M400 VR200 VR201 C281 R318 C319 L307 C437 1 C436 C522 VR442 SH300 C332 C331 C334 SH402 C345 R426 VR506 C382 C359 L330 L331 C330 R463 R414 S502 E403 2 C338 51 C333 R426 26 E406 U200 J1 L200 C258 R420 R343 SH322 E404 C334 R420 4 L505 VR441 C436 E405 4 1 E404 C277 Q302 25 R463 R414 B501 FL401 C326 R313 C383 C346 R311 R415 C433 C431 R312 C361 R344 C449 C463 E401 2 3 5 C279 R350 C344 C335 3 5 C330 C307 R307 U301 UHF Board U409 U303 C336 36 37 C343 1 48 VR202 C328 C327 C326 C324 C323 FL401 R315 C329 C355 C336 C343 U302 C503 R308 R306 3 SH201 R219 F1 R415 C449 C463 U409 3 C433 37 1 E401 C360 C327 E402 R309 2 VR203 C280 Low Band Board C278 U248 E402 24 25 13 12 13 CR200 3 E403 C357 C390 C358 3 S502 2 C337 51 26 E406 C339 C340 C341 SH202 C348 C356 C337 C347 L314 R204 R460 C293 C263 L261 C264 C223 C204 C466 C458 C459 E400 R462 CR203 C342 CR411 C298 C202 C208 C431 C341 C206 Q416 C339 C340 C342 C320 C321 C201 37 R281 R419 C265 C325 C435 C219 R202 C218 C207 76 1 C503 25 R457 L305 C466 R223 C236 F501 SH304 R201 36 37 R224 R225 25 24 R222 C257 C242 R460 C435 C456 R411 R461 R233 C231 R231 R232 L410 SH302 R409 C453 U201 Q416 8 76 1 C458 C395 U210 U410 CR303 R432 L303 L340 CR306 C434 L411 U205 8 SH500 R505 C507 C256 C459 L225 R419 R228 R462 C C R340 C307 C311 R347 C296 3 C258 4 L306 R461 U410 C314 C306 CR305 R512 Q301 C312 R513 L304 C419 C420 R328 R413 C421 C298 R304 C321 R305 C313 C317 R445 R400 C448 L305 C416 C422 C316 C407 R425 C447 SH242 C481 C475 C442 SH403 R431 VR448 VR446 VR445 R472 R423 4 2 C538 R503 C259 C504 L501 C533 D502 C134 R108 C261 L502 C241 C244 L251 L241 C242 R254 SH403 C407 R445 R449 CR243 CR242 U241 C419 C420 C421 R251 C255 L112 H101 C126 L108 R102 C222 C131 R245 10 11 U207 R119 R449 Q111 C135 C134 9 17 C139 R236 R238 R434 J101 L281 13 C450 R111 R118 C125 4 C129 R231 CR241 R331 R330 C410 1 C146 R114 R115 3 4 10 C132 L242 C372 VR432 C371 C409 1 CR203 L109 C135 R475 C447 C408 U420 U404 TP100 C225 R232 C445 C128 C481 CR204 R423 C152 C138 C151 R242 R425 R241 R252 CR251 C422 C170 C150 20 11 R107 C130 C250 C246 37 25 R109 C448 C128 C254 C252 R413 C243 C245 R400 C133 SH202 R424 R475 C479 R473 1 20 E101 R244 C123 C299 C479 R504 R424 C506 R473 C318 R239 R306 R307 R329 C315 VR439 S501 C C Q509 TP200 C434 C255 R432 CR304 C380 C224 C259 4 2 C310 C234 3 4 U211 CR501 48 1 13 12 R409 L411 L410 R303 C309 C453 S501 L307 C232 13 C456 R411 1 R457 E400 R472 C475 C442 VR445 C416 C216 L208 R431 36 37 R113 C215 C214 25 24 VR446 C281 R332 J102 R101 4 R170 C172 R111 C295 R112 R110 C132 U102 C411 20 R110 C108 L207 L212 C408 11 C452 C414 25 C108 C173 C378 C174 R133 R116 R117 CR105 R131 R132 C137 L215 C138 4 1 25 C221 R103 R204 C126 C226 P100 2 R130 C105 J101 1 R206 E100 C230 10 1 8 L204 C452 C140 VR101 C227 C142 9 1 2 M101 L211 C117 C143 4 5 C127 C231 C412 C414 17 C415 3 3 4 C476 C430 Q410 R471 M202 M401 FL0830475O Fuse VIEWED FROM SIDE 1 C852 F1 C860 VR503 SH353 4 C379 2 C374 C372 3 5 25 C381 C380 13 L350 C370 C355 R353 VR507 C522 R350 C350 L505 1 C211 R354 2 C210 C373 C360 1 C356 R853 R420 C383 C394 B501 L851 VR505 C851 C861 R852 R854 C859 R855 R856 B6 B1 C437 C436 S502 A5 A2 SH402 E405 R426 E404 51 R463 R414 26 C862 E406 3 C857 U350 R352 37 C358 R351 C240 C856 C853 C433 Fuse F501 C354 C366 C364 C363 C357 C353 C359 3 SH201 C247 C244 C245 C243 R220 C246 U202 C352 C431 CR201 CR202 C503 C525 R332 R336 R333 C212 L351 C209 R460 C208 R218 CR411 R334 R329 R331 C216 F501 C242 S501 SH301 C308 C225 C317 C218 U410 CR301 C C L301 R335 U302 C302 R411 R318 C305 R307 R315 C303 U303 R432 C801 C803 R309 C318 4 2 C300 CR300 R306 L303 C301 R312 L302 R310 C528 R314 C165 R424 R413 C123 C103 SH250 C306 C102 C422 C448 R445 R400 R425 C419 C420 C421 C280 R423 R257 C292 C262 C407 C264 E101 C122 C259 C291 Q252 43 R449 R472 1 SH102 R101 C475 R475 C274 R281 C263 R473 C104 C105 C106 C204 C231 L204 R203 Q302 VR502 C804 FL301 C802 CR501 C205 C226 R202 C230 C434 SH403 C479 C456 R409 L411 L410 L304 C805 C453 R419 R461 8 2 C439 R439 C310 C201 C214 C222 L202 C221 R204 C219 R210 C223 R209 C203 C234 C435 R330 R200 Q416 R317 C524 C202 R219 76 1 R462 R438 R457 C449 C463 U203 C217 F5 F2 R415 U409 C466 C458 C459 E400 C481 20 L260 C126 C442 R431 37 C108 M101 C107 C159 L259 C267 VR445 C416 R273 C266 R280 R262 C133 R121 C137 25 VR446 U250 C260 C265 C287 R261 R264 R282 R275 C252 L254 C261 R253 C284 C125 C136 VR101 C268 L256 20 C408 10 C253 11 VR448 U404 11 C290 U420 C409 17 C160 C445 9 1 C158 C157 R255 Q251 C250 R118 C286 C405 1 R263 C110 C124 R103 U103 C143 25 C155 C101 R102 C144 R108 R110 R117 1 C150 C156 L265 10 C410 L253 R250 C257 R274 L252 C254 13 R434 C251 C411 C450 C451 J101 U102 R251 R271 C154 C293 R254 C256 C255 L250 C412 C414 C415 3 4 C476 C430 Q410 R471 C492 FL0830703O WARIS VHF RF Board 8486062B12D BOT SIDE ILLUSTRATOR DATE ENGINEER DATE DWG. REVISION CHECK ONE ( O. B M502 M501 C522 VR505 VR506 M400 VIEWED FROM SIDE 2 VR507 4 C379 C381 C383 R350 L505 C523 C436 R426 C241 R420 C437 E405 VR441 L505 VR439 C3242 S502 C3224 R3222 R3760 37 1 R3761 FL401 B501 R3221 C3220 2 C3235 C3231 C3232 C3233 C3234 CR501 C3230 R3220 36 37 C3226 C3239 C3229 1 48 C3221 C3228 C3218 R463 R3763 C3735 C3238 C3731 C3707 C366 C364 VHF Board C206 C233 C353 C433 3 C3762 R3762 C3761 C3732 U409 C431 CR411 C352 C359 3 C3751 C463 SH3702 L3221 L3701 L351 C503 C525 C527 C524 R208 C249 C232 R206 C242 C227 C229 CR203 R211 C237 R460 F501 R212 R217 C435 CR411 R415 C363 C357 E401 C354 C202 L203 C228 C236 C466 C449 C535 F501 C3755 Q416 R3703 C3703 D3701 C3701 C3709 C3704 SH353 R317 R210 R221 C225 37 25 R209 C235 76 C458 C459 C466 24 25 SH3301 C3316 E400 C246 75 Q416 C435 D3702 R318 S501 U302 C3322 C3301 C3323 R3315 R3307 R3314 C3339 C3324 C3321 C3337 8 C3315 C3302 C3303 C3305 C3304 R3306 R3324 L3308 C459 C503 R3727 C220 C3727 C318 L302 R424 R413 C419 C420 Q3301 C3733 L3731 R3304 R3319 R425 R413 C419 C420 C421 20 C422 C279 R261 C265 C3805 C153 C152 C266 R264 C267 R3807 C3508 R3562 Q3561 C3813 CR251 C154 C117 R449 Q3801 U3503 L3801 R3563 U102 R3808 C3815 R3567 32 1 C3561 J3501 4 J3502 3 2 L3523 R3573 R3572 C3526 C3569 R3566 R3571 TP3502 C3560 C3568 R3561 R3570 25 24 R3802 C256 R263 R102 C155 R108 C405 C139 C451 C3804 U420 H3501 R3564 C3562 C3563 R3565 C3565 8 9 L3826 L3809 C3808 R101 C158 R251 C3811 L3811 U3502 17 16 R3569 R3806 R3805 C3810 R3811 C3809 L3812 C414 C440 3 4 1 5 Q410 C476 R471 VR433 C411 C452 10 11 R3816 C3806 C3816 C3818 R3817 R3818 C3812 L3813 R434 R436 C446 48 1 13 12 C450 C415 C451 C430 C478 R116 R117 R115 C145 C156 C146 C157 U103 C290 R269 C414 1 C415 10 VR432 C409 C410 C104 C149 R271 L250 C412 C430 3 Q410 4 C476 R471 SH403 M100 M300 M401 3-6 ZWG0130073-B VR433 R3832 C452 C445 J101 Q251 U3801 C408 U404 R113 C286 25 1 R434 C134 C254 R254 C411 R3831 L3816 20 11 VR448 C105 C130 C126 L263 C410 L253 1 13 C450 VR432 C3564 R3825 R3824 C3821 R3826 L256 C3515 C3509 C3507 C3506 C3566 L259 C3801 1 20 36 37 25 24 C447 17 C3803 R3804 R3812 C477 9 CR253 11 R475 10 R3829 R423 R431 4 Q101 8 C125 C442 C484 5 6 7 C138 C148 C132 C287 C416 C447 C107 C3516 R3519 C3823 C3827 R3830 R425 L3519 C3802 C481 CR252 R262 SH3802 R3801 R3803 C407 R472 C475 C483 R473 U250 R400 3 2 1 C136 C135 C278 R424 SH102 R449 SH403 R445 C479 C448 R104 L262 C3725 SH301 L261 C3326 R3305 C160 C161 C447 R423 1 R3320 C407 4 2 L3301 L3303 C528 SH250 C306 C282 C291 C271 C273 R445 R400 C422 C3325 E101 C448 R3301 RT3301 36 37 R312 C479 C421 R473 CR3301 C3336 C3726 R306 C434 L411 CR300 S501 R310 C C C3708 R3705 1 C3734 48 R3726 VR502 R461 U410 L410 C3317 R3702 C3705 R419 R411 R432 C456 R409 L303 C300 C301 R314 C240 4 2 D3301 R3303 U3701 C453 R457 L301 CR3302 E400 R315 Q302 C218 R462 CR501 FL301 1 R432 C C C305 R309 C303 C317 U410 CR301 R204 C302 C226 C434 13 R223 R222 C162 C163 C164 C213 C222 R200 D201 L411 L410 1 100 C458 1 L304 R307 C453 2 C244 R461 R460 C310 U201 C456 R411 R3704 C3702 13 12 C308 R216 8 C215 R419 R462 R457 R409 C481 R472 C475 C442 C416 R475 C276 C277 37 VR445 R431 25 VR446 20 11 VR448 C268 R255 C255 C408 C409 U404 U420 C445 1 10 800 MHz Board U3220 C3244 C356 3 5 3 C358 R351 SH202 SH402 C3237 R3223 C3243 C3211 R352 C360 C433 C431 U409 3 1 C449 C463 Y3762 E403 E402 U350 2 C3236 R3224 R3222 C3227 VR506 12 C3763 24 25 R414 R426 R353 13 50 25 E406 C373 C367 C369 U248 C217 1 U351 R415 E401 C3240 D3761 R354 B501 C3223 Y200 4 R420 SH3202 C3241 C3219 R3219 4 2 C437 E405 E404 3 5 C372 L350 C370 C355 2 C210 FL401 R463 R414 C374 3 E402 E403 25 SH402 C436 S502 2 13 C238 51 VR503 C211 26 VR442 C380 C350 1 R214 E404 E406 VR433 C452 VR432 900 MHZ Board C367 C369 R851 U351 E6 E1 FL401 C447 E401 E403 U851 E402 VR433 J102 C141 C411 R434 C405 C451 U102 L209 M100 C410 48 1 13 12 U203 C450 VR432 C440 R471 R101 C409 R109 C415 3 C430 C297 R234 R349 3 4 1 C476 R102 C133 C373 VR433 Q310 R436 Q410 C451 R172 VR448 C124 Q203 U404 U420 C445 Figure 3-1:UHF/VHF/Low Band/800MHz/900MHz Circuit Board Fuse Locations CR411 . AS MARKED ( RLSE.

replace ROM (U406).Removing and Reinstalling the Circuit Board 3-7 3. then use a Torx driver and a T-6 bit to remove the four Torx screws shown in Figure 3-2. If message reoccurs. “RAM TST ERROR” “ROM CS ERROR” “EEPRM HW ERROR” RAM test failure. reprogram codeplug with correct version and retest radio. wrong ROM checksum. ROM checksum. Radios with displays are able to display the error codes.3 Power Up Self-Test Error Codes Turning on the radio starts a self-test routine that checks the RAM. Then. retest the radio by turning it off and turning it on again. codeplug structure mismatch or non existence of codeplug. EEPROM hardware and EEPROM checksum. Refer to the Basic Service Manual to reassemble the radio.. After repairs. 2. To correct the problem . 3.. the radio generates two highpitched self-test pass tones. If message reoccurs.. replace EEPROM (U407)..Related Documents) for radio disassembly. Reinstall and tighten the four Torx screws to secure the circuit board to the chassis. wrong codeplug checksum. T-6 Torx screw locations C423 E408 SH400 E409 E407 R410 R437 32 R418 17 VR440 3 SH323 R352 VR444 R300 C521 C502 C505 VR501 L332 C364 R322 L325 C385 C354 R324 C353 C384 R345 R346 R506 Q505 R505 C512 C513 Q502 C305 R502 R507 PB503 PB502 PB504 PB501 8 21 FL201 B503 B504 C397 R351 R334 R314 RT301 C328 R326 R335 R338 C391 R325 R319 RT300 SH321 R321 C362 R320 C363 CR310 FL301 U406 U405 J400 C325 TP201 C432 VR300 R316 C351 C352 C349 C324 1 7 22 C426 C425 SH201 C220 C235 C291 C294 U247 C323 L311 Q316 R355 Q320 Q260 R492 C233 TP402 R435 C443 TP410 VR447 L401 R408 C381 C427 C428 CR201 C230 C424 C308 CR302 Radio chassis 21 C350 R327 L203 C217 L202 1 16 C228 C229 C260 L201 Q210 4 3 R318 Q315 C396 C322 SH303 4 3 TP302 C203 R348 R309 R310 5 4 C333 R336 6 C331 L310 R317 SH301 C304 L302 U407 R255 R256 R429 R428 R478 C297 40 TP401 8 C429 R308 CR308 C214 T302 6 1 4 3 C375 C319 L232 TP202 C238 C511 C210 C213 C211 C320 3 4 R342 C444 RT400 SH401 R447 R448 C480 C482 C257 C303 L309 R302 R301 C514 C292 C212 T301 3 CR503 4 2 R501 C520 CR301 VR443 C302 L301 SH241 C251 C253 Q261 4 3 R260 C247 C248 R248 C286 C285 L282 C273 C121 Q241 L160 C160 R108 R107 C120 SH101 C301 Q403 R446 C472 1 R416 L109 R481 C467 CR440 C115 C116 R106 R103 C119 R104 R120 2 Q110 3 R173 C171 C106 C113 L104 C104 L102 SH100 CR102 C107 R253 C370 C272 R450 C271 C495 C494 J403 C493 C490 R477 C491 Q417 C441 20 22 R421 VR450 C492 CR413 L271 R406 C400 R403 R407 R476 R427 1 R171 U400 5 8 R401 C401 R405 C276 L116 8 3 U101 C103 4 C403 L253 C127 C117 L108 L243 C118 C496 3 4 C402 R243 C497 Q405 PB505 C471 C289 C473 VR449 L273 3 R339 C386 L101 C140 L115 4 3 R402 Q400 R161 C110 C114 C101 CR412 R333 C374 9 16 L321 L107 C102 CR101 L113 C129 C165 C125 C122 C161 C169 C166 L114 C131 C112 L106 C109 C111 VR434 L400 TP406 TP415 TP405 Figure 3-2:Circuit Board Removal and Reinstallation 3. then remove and discard the thermal pad located between the circuit board and chassis. The displayed error codes and related corrections are as follows: If the error code displayed is . Lift the circuit board out of the radio chassis. Refer to the Basic Service Manual (see Chapter 1 . one low-pitched tone is heard. 4.. replace the thermal pad (Motorola P/N 7580556Z01) then reinstall the circuit board into the radio chassis. there is a .2 Removing and Reinstalling the Circuit Board Both the UHF and VHF circuit boards are removed from the radio chassis in the following manner: 1. If these checks are successful. L105 C141 .. 5. If the self-test is not successful. replace RAM (U405). “EEPRM CS ERROR” reprogram codeplug.

Then.. restart radio use CPS to properly program radio and PTCB.3-8 Power Up Self-Test Error Codes If the error code displayed is . . To correct the problem ... No Display improperly connected display module or damaged display module. there is a . For LTR Models: If the error code displayed is ..... To correct the problem ... there is a .. ESN BAD AppCode Fail EER: Watchdog Unprogrammed ERROR: NO PTG Backdoor defective PTCB defective PTCB firmware firmware failure programming error no primary talk group --- return to factory for PTCB replacement. use CPS to program zone with a Primary Talk Group. reflash PTCB firmware. check connection between main board and display module or replace with new display module... turn radio off and restart. Then.

Vdda or Vddd YES MCU is OK ASFIC U404 Pin 14 & 15 high? YES Check U420 Audio PA NO Check U404 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Controller .5V at Pin 3/5 U247? NO 4/3. check SPI clock. U404? NO PTT U409 Pin 53 low? YES NO Check PB504 YES Speaker OK? NO Replace Speaker Press PTT Q502-2 High? No YES YES U409 EXTAL= 7. SPI data. 6 low? NO YES Check MCU U409 Reset Pin 94 High? NO Replace U247/U248 YES Check Accessories See FGU Troubleshooting chart Check any short to SWB+.4 UHF Troubleshooting Charts PTT MCU Check INT AUDIO J403 Audio NO at Pin 2 & Pin 3 Press PTT.R501 OK? No Replace Faulty Component YES Reprogram the correct data. and RF IC select YES NO Check Spk.3V at Pin 1 U248 YES Check Q400 U409 YES Pin 52.8 MHz NO See FGU Troubleshooting J403 OPT_SEL_1 & OPT_SEL_2 Pin 8 & 9 low? EXT SPKR YES J403 Pin 9 low? NO Pin 8 high? NO Check Accessories 5V at U247? 3.UHF Troubleshooting Charts 3-9 3. EXT PTT Radio could not PTT externally U201 Pin 19 16.3V at U248? NO 7. Red LED does not light up Audio at AudioPA (U420) input YES NO Power Up Alert Tone OK? YES Not able to program RF Board ICs Before replacing MCU.3728 MHz? Read Radio OK? YES Check U301 LV ZIF NO NO Audio at Pin 2 U404? YES Check ASFIC U404 Check Q502-2 voltage Check Setup NO LED should light up YES LED Q502. Flex Connec- Check Audio PA (U420) Audio from Pin 41 ASFIC.

C352 No Check FGU 16. check 2nd VCO Q320.1MHz A Yes B Audio heard? Check Q320 bias circuitry for faults No Check 2nd LO Control Voltage at C363 Rotate Freq. Knob No Activity on U301 sel pin? Yes B VCO locked? Check controller Yes No Before replacing U301.8 MHz check at pin 22 U301? Yes A Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 1 of 2) . Check VCO O/P level. C351.3-10 UHF Troubleshooting Charts START Bad SINAD Bad 20dB Quieting No Recovered Audio Audio at pin 27 of U301? No Yes Check Controller Induce or inject 1st IF into XTAL Filter IF Freq: 45.

CR306. U404 can be selected by MCU before replacing U404 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 2 of 2) . trace IF signal path 1st LO O/P OK? Locked? Yes No Check FGU Check T301. Check for bad XTAL filter Q302 collector OK? IF signal present? Yes Before replacing U301.6 VDC Yes A No Check RF amp (Q301) Stage Is R5 present? Yes A Check filter between Yes C301 & C307.UHF Troubleshooting Charts 3-11 B Inject RF into J101 IF Signal at L311? No Yes RF Signal at T301? No Yes Trace IF signal from L311 to Q302. T302. R310 No Yes RF Signal at C310? No Yes RF Signal at C307? No or weak RF Check filter between C310 & T301 Check for 2. L104 Are varactor voltages OK? No Check U404 voltage. program filter to schematic test RF Signal at freq and check varactor C301? voltages No No Check Q210. check U301 voltages. R309. CR102. R308. U201 (pin 48) voltages and U247 Yes Check varactor filter Check harmonic filter L101 & L102 and antenna switch CR101.

3-12 UHF Troubleshooting Charts START No Power Yes Is There B+ Bias for Ant switch No Check Q111 Yes Is Current OK? No Low Is Control Voltage High or Low High Check Drive to Module Check PCIC 1. Check Pin Diodes 2. Check Harmonic Filter Is Drive OK? Inspect/Repair Tx. Output Network Yes Inspect PA Network/ Check Power Out of U101 at Cap C160 No Troubleshoot VCO No Is Power OK? Yes Done Done Yes Is Power OK? No Replace U101 Yes Done Is Power OK? No Replace Q101 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Transmitter .

7V in Rx YES NO Do Pins 7.8 & 9 YES NO Is information from mP U409 correct? Check uP U409 Troubleshooting Chart Is RF level at U201 Pin 32 >-30 dBm? NO If L261. C263 & C264 are OK.UHF Troubleshooting Charts 3-13 Start 3.8MHz signal at U201 pin 23? NO Replace U201 YES Check Q260. L201 & L202 Check CR201.8MHz Signal at U201 Pin 19? NO Is 16. C259 & C228 Correct Problem NO Visual check of the Board OK? YES YES YES 5V NO at pin 6 of CR201 NO YES Check L202 Is U201 Pin 47 NO +5V at U201 Pin’s 13 & 30? YES Is 16. 20. C208. Q261 & R260 Check 5V Regulator YES Check FL201. R233. U210. then see VCO troubleshooting chart YES Replace U201 YES Are R231. C206. 34 & 36 NO Check U248. C207. U211.C231.R232. C258.7 VDC in RX & >4.8 & 9 of U201 toggle when channel is changed? NO Is U201 Pin 18 NO Replace U201 NO Is there a short between Pin 47 and Pins 14 & 15 of U201? YES YES Remove Shorts Check programming lines between U409 and U201 Pins 7.3V at U201 pins 5. & C233 OK? NO Replace or resolder necessary components YES Replace U201 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Synthesizer .C232.3 VDC in TX? NO Are signals at Pin’s 14 & 15 of U201? YES NO Are Waveforms at Pins 14 & 15 triangular? YES NO YES U201 pin 2 at >3V in Tx and <0. CR203 & R204 Is U241 Pin 19 <0.

2V A V ctrl 0V or 13V? No No AUX 4 High? Check for faulty parts or dry joints of L271. L273. C386. R339 & L320 No Check R260 A L253 O/C? Change L243 Yes Yes Pin 19 =0V Yes L243 Open Circuit? No Change U241 Change U201 Yes Change Q261 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for VCO .3-14 UHF Troubleshooting Charts START Change U241 No Yes Yes Change L253 No LO? No Yes No Pin 10 >1V? Yes No TRB = 5V? Tx Carrier? Yes No VCO OK Check R245 for dry joint or faulty AUX 3 High? No Check U201 Pin 2 for 3. C370.

VHF Troubleshooting Charts 3-15 3.8 MHz NO See FGU Troubleshooting J403 OPT_SEL_1 & OPT_SEL_2 Pin 8 & 9 low? EXT SPKR YES J403 Pin 9 low? NO Pin 8 high? NO Check Accessories 5V at U3711? 3. Red LED does not light up Audio at AudioPA (U420) input YES NO Power Up Alert Tone OK? YES Not able to program RF Board ICs Before replacing MCU.5V at Pin 3/5 U3711? NO 7.3728 MHz? Read Radio OK? YES Check U3220 LV ZIF NO NO Audio at Pin 2 U404? YES Check ASFIC U404 Check Q502-2 voltage Check Setup NO LED should light up YES LED Q502. Vdda or Vddd YES MCU is OK ASFIC U404 Pin 14 & 15 high? YES Check U420 Audio PA NO Check U404 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Controller . Flex Connec- Check Audio PA (U420) Audio from Pin 41 ASFIC. 6 low? NO YES Check MCU U409 Reset Pin 94 High? NO Replace U3711/U3201 YES Check Accessories See FGU Troubleshooting chart Check any short to SWB+.R501 OK? No Replace Faulty Component YES Reprogram the correct data.5 VHF Troubleshooting Charts PTT MCU Check INT AUDIO NO J403 Audio at Pin 2 & Pin 3 Press PTT. SPI data. check SPI clock. EXT PTT Radio could not PTT externally U3701 Pin 19 16. U404? NO PTT U409 Pin 53 low? YES NO Check PB504 YES Speaker OK? NO Replace Speaker Press PTT Q502-2 High? No YES YES U409 EXTAL= 7.3V at U3201? NO 7.5V at Pin 1 U3201 YES Check Q400 U409 YES Pin 52. and RF IC select YES NO Check Spk.

No Check FGU 16. check 2nd VCO Q3270.3-16 VHF Troubleshooting Charts START Bad SINAD Bad 20dB Quieting No Recovered Audio Yes Audio at pin 27 of U3220? No Induce or inject 1st IF into XTAL Filter IF Freq: 45. C3273. Check VCO O/P level. Knob No Activity on U3220 sel pin? Yes B VCO locked? Check controller. C3272. No Check 2nd LO Control Voltage at C3279 Rotate Freq. Yes No Before replacing U3220.8 MHz check at pin 21 U3220? Yes A Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 1 of 2) .1MHz Check Controller A Yes B Audio heard? Check Q3270 bias circuitry for faults.

U3701 (pin 48) voltages and U247 Yes Check varactor filter Check harmonic filter L3531 & L3532. L3551. C3552. check U3220 voltages.VHF Troubleshooting Charts 3-17 B Inject RF into J3501 IF Signal at C3200? No Yes RF Signal at T3301? No Yes Trace IF signal from C3200 to Q3200. R3321. C3532 and ant. C3551. T3302. D3551. Check for bad XTAL filter. program filter to schematic RF Signal at C3302? test freq and check varactor voltages No No Check Q3721. CR3301. Q3200 collector OK? IF signal present? Yes Before replacing U3220. Is R5 present? Yes A Check filter between Yes C3302 & C3306.9 VDC Yes A No Check RF amp (Q3302) Stage. L3552 Are varactor voltages OK? No Check U404 voltage and if U404 can be selected by MCU before replacing U404 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 2 of 2) . R3323 No Yes RF Signal at R3313? No Yes RF Signal at C3306? No or weak RF Check filter between C3313 & T3301 Check for 2. trace IF signal path 1st LO O/P OK? Locked? Yes No Check FGU Check T3301. switches D3521. R3551. R3322.

Check Harmonic Filter Is Drive OK? Inspect/Repair Tx.3-18 VHF Troubleshooting Charts START No Power Yes Is There B+ Bias for Ant switch No Check Q3561 Yes No Is Current OK? Low Is Control Voltage High or Low High Check Drive to Module Check PCIC 1. Check Pin Diodes 2. Output Network Yes Inspect PA Network/ Check Power Out of U3501 at Cap C3512 No Troubleshoot VCO Is Power OK? No Yes Done Done Yes Is Power OK? No Replace U3501 Yes Done Is Power OK? No Replace Q3501 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Transmitter .

7V in Rx YES NO Do Pins 7. U3701. R3701 Is U3701 Pin 47 AT = 13 VDC NO +5V at U3701 Pin’s 13 & 30? YES Is 16.3 VDC in TX? NO Are signals at Pin’s 14 & 15 of U3701? YES NO Are Waveforms at Pins 14 & 15 triangular? YES NO YES U3701 pin 2 at >3V in Tx and <0. D3761 & R3761 Is U3701 Pin 19 <0. R3721. C3722. C3761.C3723.C3707 Correct Problem NO Visual check of the Board OK? YES YES YES 5V NO at pin 6 of D3701 NO YES Check L3701. C3762. D3702.8 & 9 of U3701 toggle when channel is changed? Is U3701 Pin 18 AT 4. L3731 Check D3701. R3722. 20. C3763. 34 & 36 NO Check U3201. Q261 & R260 Check 5V Regulator YES Check Y3761.8MHz signal at U3701 pin 23? NO Replace U3701 YES Check Q260.7 VDC in RX & >4. then see VCO troubleshooting chart Replace U3701 YES Are C3721. C3726 & C3727 are OK.3V at U3701 pins 5.8 & 9 YES NO YES Remove Shorts Check uP U409 Troubleshooting Chart Is information from mP U409 correct? YES Is RF level at U3701 Pin 32 >-30 dBm? NO If R3727.VHF Troubleshooting Charts 3-19 Start 3. C3701 . R3723 OK? NO Replace or resolder necessary components YES Replace U3701 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Synthesizer .8MHz Signal at U3701 Pin NO Is 16.54 VDC? NO NO Replace U3701 NO Is there a short between Pin 47 and Pins 14 & 15 of U3701? YES Check programming lines between U409 and U3701 Pins 7.

R3802 & L3801 No Change U3801 Change U3701 Yes Change U3801 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for VCO . L3811 for dry joint or faulty Yes Change L3831. L3832 Yes No LO? No A AUX 3 High? No Check U3701 Pin 2 for 3. R3806.2V A V ctrl 0V or 13V? No No AUX 3 Low? Check R3829 Change L3821. L3823 Open Circuit? Pin 19 =0V Yes No Check for faulty parts or dry joints of L3812 C3806. L3822.L243 Yes Yes L3821.3-20 VHF Troubleshooting Charts START Change U3801 No L3831. Yes L3833 O/ C? Yes No Pin 10 >1V? Yes No TRB = 3. L3823. L3822.2V? Tx Carrier? Yes No VCO OK Check R3811. L3832.

EXT PTT Radio could not PTT externally U205 Pin 19 17. check SPI clock. CR502. Vdda or Vddd YES MCU is OK ASFIC U404 Pin 14 & 15 high? YES Check U420 Audio PA NO Check U404 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Controller .5V at Pin 8 U400 YES NO Check Q400 U409 YES Pin 52.5V at Pin 5 U204? 7.0MHz NO See FGU Troubleshooting J403 OPT_SEL_1 & OPT_SEL_2 Pin 8 & 9 low? EXT SPKR YES J403 Pin 9 low? NO Pin 8 high? NO Check Accessories 5V at U204? 3. 6 low? NO YES Check MCU U409 Reset Pin 94 High? NO Replace U204/U400 YES Check Accessories See FGU Troubleshooting chart Check any short to SWB+.3728 MHz? Read Radio OK? YES Check U303 LV ZIF NO NO Audio at Pin 2 U404? YES Check ASFIC U404 Check CR502-2 voltage Check Setup NO LED should light up YES LED. and RF IC select YES NO Check Spk.R501 OK? No Replace Faulty Component YES Reprogram the correct data. U404? NO PTT U409 Pin 53 low? YES NO Check PB504 YES Speaker OK? NO Replace Speaker Press PTT CR502-2 High? No YES YES U409 EXTAL= 7.3V at U400? NO 7.6 Low Band Troubleshooting Charts PTT Press PTT. Flex Connec- Check Audio PA (U420) Audio from Pin 41 ASFIC.Low Band Troubleshooting Charts 3-21 3. Red LED does not light up Audio at AudioPA (U420) input YES NO MCU Check INT AUDIO NO J403 Audio at Pin 2 & Pin 3 Power Up Alert Tone OK? YES Not able to program RF Board ICs Before replacing MCU. SPI data.

C316 No Check FGU 17.65 MHz A Yes B Audio heard? Check Q301 bias circuitry for faults. Knob No Activity on U303 sel pin? Yes B VCO locked? Check controller. No Check 2nd LO Control Voltage at C308 Rotate Freq.3-22 Low Band Troubleshooting Charts START Bad SINAD Bad 20dB Quieting No Recovered Audio Audio at pin 27 of U303? No Yes Check Controller Spray of inject 1st IF into XTAL Filter IF Freq: 109. Yes No Before replacing U303.0 MHz check at pin 22 U303? Yes A Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 1 of 2) . C315. Check VCO O/P level. check 2nd VCO Q301.

L508 Biaising on U301 OK? No Check filter between Q509& T301 Yes A RF Signal at C147? No Check transmit harmonic filter. T502. R508.C516.Low Band Troubleshooting Charts 3-23 B Inject RF into J101 IF Signal at L301? Yes Trace IF signal from L301 to U301. Check for bad XTAL filter U301 drain OK? IF signal present? Yes Before replacing U303. trace IF signal path No Yes RF Signal at T501? No Yes RF Signal at collector Q509? No Yes RF Signal at C504? No or weak RF Yes Check filter between C147 & C504 Check RF amp (Q509) Stage No Troubleshoot biasing. antenna switch and J101 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 2 of 2) . R507. AGC circuits and U301 Yes 1st LO O/P 310OK? Locked? No Check FGU Check T501. R509. check U303 voltages. D501.

Output Network Yes Check level U101.3-24 Low Band Troubleshooting Charts START No Power Yes Is Current ~ 2 A? No Is control voltage at U101 Pin 1 > 5 Yes Check input to U101. Check Harmonic Filter 3. Check PA Bias Is voltage > 1 Vpp? Inspect/Repair Tx. Check Pin Diodes 2. Pin 16 No Check PCIC 1. Pin 6 No Is Power OK? Yes Done No Is Power OK? Yes Done Done Replace Q101 Is Power OK? Yes No Replace U101 Check components around Q100 Yes Is level >5 Vpp? No Check components around U101 No Troubleshoot VCO Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Transmitter .

34 & 36 NO Check U200 and L225 Correct Problem NO Visual check of the Board OK? YES YES Check C247.C237. C285. and R286 NO Is U205 Pin 47 > 12V NO YES +5V at U205 Pin’s 13 & 30? YES Is 17. R238 & C297 are OK. then see VCO troubleshooting chart YES Replace U205 YES Are loop filter parts R224.C242. C286.0MHz signal at U201 pin 23? NO YES Replace U205 Check 5V Regulator Check Y201. R285. D211.C256.C2 57.R225. R219 YES In receive.8 & 9 of U205 toggle when channel is changed? Is U205.0 MHz Signal at U205 Pin 19? YES NO Is 17.3V at U205 pins 5. pin 18 at 4. C236.8 & 9 YES NO YES Is information from mP U409 correct? Check uP U409 Troubleshooting Chart Is RF level at U205 Pin 32 >-30 dBm? NO If R234. C249.54 VDC? NO Replace U205 Check programming lines between U409 and U205 Pins 7. 20. is Pin 1 < .Low Band Troubleshooting Charts 3-25 Start 3.R229. C283.7 V? NO Signals at Pin 14 and 15 of U205? NO NO YES Do Pins 7.C259 and C260 OK? NO Replace or resolder necessary components YES Replace U201 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Synthesizer .CR211. D210.R 228.7 V and Pin 2 > 3 Vplus in transmit is Pin 1 > 3 V and Pin 2 < .R227. C284.

C229. CR202 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for VCO . TR201. L207. R204. C228. C235. C203. C202. C221. L201.C231. U203 No Check DC voltage across R203 Problem fixed? No Replace Q203 Replace Q202 and Q204 No Level > 500 mV ? Yes Done Yes Check C200. L208. L209. L215. L212. C222. R234. C230.3-26 Low Band Troubleshooting Charts No TX LO or No signal at U205 Pin 32 in TX No RX LO or No signal at U205 Pin 32 in RX Check signal at collector of Q201 Check signal at collector of Q201 Level > +2 dBm Yes Check L204. R238 Yes Level > +10 dBm? No Check signal at drain of Q203 No Check signal at drain of Q202 and Q204 Level > -3 dBm? Yes Replace Q201 Yes Level > +7 dBm? No Check C215. C223. L211. L203. C216.C297.

Red LED does not light up NO Audio at Audio PA (U420) input (U447) YES Power Up Alert Tone OK? YES Not able to program RF Board ICs Before replacing MCU. EXT PTT Radio could not PTT externally U201 Pin 19 16.7 800 MHz Troubleshooting Charts PTT MCU Check INT AUDIO J403 Audio at Pin 2 & Pin 3 Press PTT.8 MHz NO See FGU Troubleshooting No Replace Faulty Component YES J403 OPT_SEL_1 & OPT_SEL_2 Pin 8 & 9 low? NO Check Accessories 5V at U247? 3. and RF IC select YES Check Audio PA (U420) PTT U409 Pin 53 low? NO NO NO Check Spk. SPI data.R501 OK? YES Reprogram the correct data.800 MHz Troubleshooting Charts 3-27 3. 6 low? YES Check MCU YES Replace U247/U248 Check Accessories U409 Reset Pin 94 High? NO NO YES See FGU Troubleshooting chart Check any short to SWB+. check SPI clock. U404? YES Check PB504 Speaker OK? NO Replace Speaker NO Press PTT Q502-2 High? YES YES No Check U351 LV ZIF YES U409 EXTAL= 7.3728 MHz? Read Radio OK? NO NO Check Setup Audio at Pin 2 U404? Check Q502-2 voltage YES Check ASFIC U404 LED should light up NO YES LED Q502. Vdda or Vddd YES NO Check U404 MCU is OK ASFIC U404 Pin 14 & 15 high? YES Check U420 Audio PA Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Controller .3V at U248? NO 7.3V at Pin 1 U248 NO Check Q400 EXT SPKR J403 Pin 9 low? Pin NO 8 high? YES U409 YES Pin 52. Flex Connection Audio from Pin 41 ASFIC.5V at Pin 3/5 U247? 4/3.

65 MHz A Yes Check Q350 bias circuitry for faults Audio heard? B Rotate Freq. C385. Check VCO O/P level. Knob No Check 2nd LO Control Voltage at R365 No Activity on U351 pin 19? Yes B VCO locked? Check controller Yes No Before replacing U351.8 MHz check at pin 21 of U351? Yes A Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 1 of 2) .3-28 800 MHz Troubleshooting Charts START Bad SINAD Bad 20dB Quieting No Recovered Audio Audio at pin 27 of U351? No Yes Check Controller Spray or inject 1st IF into XTAL Filter IF Freq: 109. C387 No Check FGU 16. check 2nd VCO Q350.

CR102.800 MHz Troubleshooting Charts 3-29 B Inject RF into J101 IF Signal at L353? Yes Trace IF signal from L353 to U352. No Check Q210. Is the level of the IF signal of the output of U352 as indicated? Yes No RF Signal at pin 8 of U301? Yes No 1st LO O/P OK? Locked? No Check FGU Before replacing U351. trace IF signal path. check U351 voltages. Is R5 present? No Check U302. and CR300 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 2 of 2) . Check for bad XTAL filter. R321. R320. U201 (pin 48) voltages and U247 No Check harmonic filter L101 & L102 CR101. Are the AGC voltages without RF as indicated? Yes RF Signal at CR300? Yes Check RF amp (Q302) Stage. Yes No Yes RF Signal at C317? Replace filter FL301 Check U301. R322 Yes Is the biasing of U352 OK? A No No or weak RF Yes Replace U352. U350. and CR301 No or weak RF Yes RF Signal at the input of FL300? Replace FL300.

5. C101. 0V for Low Power? No Troubleshoot VCO Yes Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Transmitter .5V? Yes Is the voltage at pin 24 of U102 between 2V and 5V for High Power.5V and 7.2V? Replace Q101 Yes Is the voltage at pin 32 of U102 between 6V and 9V? No Yes Replace U101 No Is the voltage at pins 6.8 and 1. 9 of U101 between 5.3 A when transmitting? No Yes No Replace F501 Is the fuse F501 OK? Check L101.3-30 800 MHz Troubleshooting Charts START Low Power No Power out or Low Power No Power No Is overall radio current between 0.6V? No Replace U102 Find and remove short circuit from antenna switch or harmonic filter Yes No Is the voltage at R105 and C116 between 1. L102.8V and 2. CR101 for open circuit Is there a short circuit after C113? Yes Yes Is the voltage at pin 4 of U102 between 2V and 5. 8.

C231. L204. C235. 34 & 36 NO Check U248 & L202 Check D201. CR203 & R211. C236.8MHz signal at U201 pin 23? NO Replace U201 YES YES Is U201 Pin 28 at 4. C218.800 MHz Troubleshooting Charts 3-31 Start 3. then see VCO troubleshooting chart Replace U201 YES Are C226.6 VDC? NO Replace U201 NO Is there a short between Pin 47 and Pins 14 & 15 of U201? YES Check programming lines between U409 and U201 Pins 7. R216. and R217 OK? NO Replace or resolder defective components YES Replace U201 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Synthesizer .8MHz Signal at U201 Pin 19? NO Is 16.3V at U201 pins 5. C227 & C228 are OK. C246 & C247. Correct Problem NO Visual check of the Board OK? YES YES YES 5V at pin 6 of D201 NO YES Check L200 Check 5V Regulator Are the waveforms at Pin’s 14 &15 of U201 rectangular? YES YES NO Do Pins 7. R210. C220. C225. C245.8 & 9 YES NO YES Remove Shorts Check uP U409 Troubleshooting Chart Is information from µP U409 correct? YES Is RF level at U201 Pin 32 as indicated? NO If L203. 20.8 & 9 of U201 toggle when channel is changed? Check FL201. R209. NO Are Waveforms at Pins 14 & 15 triangular? NO NO Is U201 Pin 47 AT = 13 VDC NO +5V at U201 Pin’s 13 & 30? YES Is 16. D202. C244. C237.

18. Yes Is TRB pin 19 of U250 low? Is TRB pin 19 of U250 high? No No No Is pin 3 (AUX4) of U250 low? Is pin 2 (AUX3) of U201 high? No Yes Yes Yes Yes Check Q252 and Q200.6V biasing circuitry and pin 28 of U201. Yes Yes Are the bias voltages of Q304 as indicated? Yes Rx VCO OK. Troubleshooting Flow Chart for VCO .9V present at R265 as indicated? Check Q252 and Q200.6V biasing circuitry and pin 28 of U201. & 14 of U250? Is the 4.3-32 800 MHz Troubleshooting Charts START VCO is OK. Troubleshoot the Synthesizer. Yes Troubleshoot the Synthesizer. Is the 1. U101? Yes Is LO signal present at the mixer IC U301? No No Resolder or replace U205.6V VSF voltage present at pins 3. No Yes No Is the steering line voltage VCTRL 0V or 13V? Yes Is the PRESC RF level at C227 as indicated? Yes Is the steering line voltage VCTRL 0V or 13V? Is the PRESC RF level at C227 as indicated? No Yes Yes No Is the LO RF level at C253 about 0dBm? Is the Tx RF level at C254 about 0dBm? No Replace U250. No Replace U250.9V present at R266 as indicated? No Replace U250. Replace U250.6V VSF voltage present at pins 3. No Is resonator IC U205 soldered OK? Is resonator IC U206 soldered OK? No Resolder or replace U206. Are the bias voltages of Q251 as indicated? No Check Q251 and its bias circuitry. No Replace U250. Yes Is Tx signal present at the PA driver IC. Is the 1. Yes Tx VCO OK. 18. No Check Q304 and its bias circuitry. Yes Replace U250. No Is the 4. & 14 of U250? Check the 4. Yes No Yes Check the 4.

PassPort Trunking Troubleshooting Chart 3-33 3.8 PassPort Trunking Troubleshooting Chart Start Check Radio Operation on a Non PassPort Zone with a Conventional Personality without the Option Board Enabled OK? Yes No Check Radio PassPort Programming using CPS Check Switched Battery and Vdd from Radio on PTCB OK? No Yes Check Radio PassPort Programming using CPS Yes Rx Demod on J601-6? Yes Install and Reprogram a new PassPort Trunking Controller Board No Tx Mod on J601-10? No Yes Repair Radio .

3-34 Keypad Troubleshooting Chart 3.9 Keypad Troubleshooting Chart Disconnect and reconnect 18-pin flex START Disconnect and reconnect 40-pin flex OFF ON Display End IF STILL OFF OFF Keypad LED ON .

PTT U409 Pin 53 low? NO NO Check Spk. U851? Check ASFIC U404.10 900 MHz Troubleshooting Charts PTT INT AUDIO J403 Audio at Pin 2 & Pin 3.R501 OK? NO No Replace Faulty Component. NO Press PTT Q502-2 High? YES No YES Audio at Pin 2 U404? Check Q502-2 voltage.900 MHz Troubleshooting Charts 3-35 3. HC. YES EXT PTT Radio could not PTT externally. YES YES Audio from Pin F4. LED should light up. U404? YES Check PB504. Check U351 LV ZIF. 6 low? Check MCU. J403 OPT_SEL_1 & OPT_SEL_2 Pin 8 & 9 low? NO Check Accessories. Flex Connection. YES YES Check Audio PA (U420). NO Audio at Audio PA (U420) input (C447). ASFIC U404 Pin 14 & 15 high? NO Check U404. Press PTT. Audio from Pin 41 ASFIC. Check Accessories NO YES See FGU Troubleshooting chart. Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Controller (Sheet 1 of 2) . NO Audio at Pin E4 U851? YES Check HC U851. EXT SPKR YES J403 Pin 9 low? Pin 8 high? NO U409 YES Pin 52. YES Check U420 Audio PA. LED Q502. Red LED does not light up.

NO Check Q400. check SPI clock. Before replacing MCU. U409 Reset Pin 94 High? NO Check any short to SWB+. U201 Pin 19 16. YES YES Replace U202/U203.3V at U203? NO 7. Vdda or Vddd.3V at Pin 1 U203. Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Controller (Sheet 2 of 2) . NO See FGU Troubleshooting. YES MCU is OK. NO Speaker OK? NO Replace Speaker. YES 5V at U202? 3.3-36 900 MHz Troubleshooting Charts MCU Check. YES YES U409 EXTAL= 7. NO YES Reprogram the correct data. SPI data.8 MHz.5V at Pin 3/5 U202? 4/3.3728 MHz? Read Radio OK? NO Check Setup. and RF IC select. Power Up Alert Tone OK? YES Not able to program RF Board ICs.

65 MHz A Yes Check Q350 bias circuitry for faults Audio heard? B Rotate Freq. C387. Audio at pin 27 of U351? No Yes Check Controller. No Check FGU 16. Knob No Check 2nd LO Control Voltage at R365 No Activity on U351 pin 19? Yes B VCO locked? Check controller Yes No Before replacing U351. Check VCO O/P level.8 MHz check at pin 21 of U351? Yes A Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 1 of 2) . No Recovered Audio. Spray or inject 1st IF into XTAL Filter. C385.900 MHz Troubleshooting Charts 3-37 START Bad SINAD. Bad 20dB Quieting. IF Freq: 109. check 2nd VCO Q350.

Check for bad XTAL filter Is the level of the IF signal of the output of U352 as indicated? Yes No RF Signal at pin 8 of U301? Yes No 1st LO O/P OK? Locked? No Check FGU Before replacing U351.3-38 900 MHz Troubleshooting Charts B Inject RF into J101. IF Signal at L353? Yes Trace IF signal from L353 to U352. R322. R321. trace IF signal path Yes No Yes RF Signal at C317? Replace filter FL301 Check U301. CR102. U201 (pin 48) voltages and U247 No Check harmonic filter L101 & L102 CR101. check U351 voltages. U350. Yes Is the biasing of U352 OK? A No No or weak RF Yes Replace U352 Are the AGC voltages without RF as indicated? Yes RF Signal at CR300? Yes Check RF amp (Q302) Stage. and CR301 No or weak RF Yes RF Signal at the input of FL300? Replace FL300 No Check Q210. and CR300 Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Receiver (Sheet 2 of 2) . R320. Is R5 present? No Check U302.

CR101 for open circuit.5V and 7. No Is the fuse F501 OK? Check L104. and C142 for open circuit.8 and 1. C127. 0V for Low Power? No Troubleshoot VCO Yes Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Transmitter . 5. No Is overall radio current between 0.5V? Yes Is the voltage at pin 24 of U102 between 2V and 5V for High Power.6V? No Replace U102. C120. L105.3 A when transmitting? No Yes No Replace F501.8V and 2.2V? Replace Q101 Yes Is the voltage at pin 32 of U102 between 6V and 9V? No Yes Replace U101.900 MHz Troubleshooting Charts 3-39 START Low Power No Power out or Low Power. 9 of U101 between 5. Find and remove short circuit from antenna switch or harmonic filter. Yes No Is the voltage at R105 and C116 between 1. Yes Replace parts. 8. Is there a short circuit after C113? Yes Yes Is the voltage at pin 4 of U102 between 2V and 5. No Is the voltage at pins 6. No Power Check C163.

NO No Resolder or replace U205. Is there a short between Pin 47 Replace U250. C804.3V at U201 pins 5. C244. C236. NO +5V at U201 Pin’s 13 & 30? YES Yes YES YES Yes Check 5V Regulator. Are the waveforms at Pin’s 14 &15 of U201 rectangular? YES Check the 4. Yes Is Tx signal present at the PA driver IC.3-40 START 900 MHz Troubleshooting Charts Start VCO is OK. and R217 OK? Is NOthe Tx RF level at C254 about 0dBm? Replace or resolder defective components. Are C226. Yes Tx VCO OK.6V Check the 4. 34 & 36. C225. R209.8 No U201the 1. C246 & C247. 18. No R210. C218. Check Y201. and Pins 14 & 15 of U201? YES Remove Shorts. No Is the 4. C803.9V & 9. C235. No Is resonator FL201 soldered OK? Is 16. YES Replace U250. C802.6 VDC? NO Check Q252 and Q200. C805. present at R265as indicated? NO Is pin 3 No Do Pins 7. L204. Is information from µP U409 correct? No Yes No Is RF level at U201 Is the PRESC Pin 32 as at RF level indicated? C227 as indicated? YES If L203. line voltage VCTRL 0V or 13V? YES Is the PRESC RF level at C227 as indiReplace U201 cated? Yes No Yes Yes No Is the LO RF level at C253 about 0dBm? No Replace U250. then see VCO Yes Is the steering troubleshooting chart. D202. YES Check D201. No Replace U250. NO Check U248 & L202. Replace U250. C801. NO Yes Are Waveforms at Pins 14 & 15 triangular? Is TRB pin 19 YES U250 low? of NO NO Troubleshoot the Synthesizer. Yes Yes YES Replace U201. 20.8 &(AUX4) of 9 U250 low? of U201 toggle when channel is changed? Yes YES Check Q252 and Q200. NO Is U201 Pin 47 AT = 13 VDC Is resonator FL202 soldered OK? No Resolder or replace U206.8MHz signal at U201 pin 23? Replace U201. & 14 of C237. 18. U101? Yes Is LO signal present at the mixer IC U301? Visual check of the Board OK? YES No 3. YES 5V at pin 6 of D201. NO YES Check L200.6V VSF voltage present at pins 3. Troubleshooting Flow Chart for Synthesizer Troubleshooting Flow Chart for VCO . steering line voltage VCTRL 0V or 13V? Replace U250.9V present at R266 as indicated? NO Check programming lines between U409 and Is Pins 7. No Check Q304 and its bias circuitry. Are the bias voltages of Q251 as indicated? No Check Q251 and its bias circuitry. Yes Check uP U409 Troubleshooting Is the Chart. 3. C227 & C228 NO are OK.8MHz Signal at U201 Pin 19? NO Is 16. Are the bias voltages of Q304 as indicated? Yes Rx VCO OK. Troubleshoot the Synthesizer. Correct Problem. CR203 U250? & R211. & 14 of U250? NO No Is the 4.6V biasing circuitry and pin 28 of U201. R216. Yes Is U201 Pin 28 at 4. C245. C231.6V VSF voltage biasing circuitry present at pins and pin 28 of U201. Yes No No Is TRB pin 19 of U250 high? Is pin 2 (AUX3) of U201 high? No Yes Yes Replace U201. Is the 1.

2.3 Volts (for analog) Vddd = Regulated 3.3 Volts (for digital) CSX = Chip Select Line (not for LVZIF) SYN = Synthesizer DACRX = Digital to Analog Voltage (For Receiver Front End Filter) VSF = Voltage Super Filtered (5 volts) VR = Voltage Regulator . DC voltages are measured from point indicated to chassis ground using a Motorola DC multimeter or equivalent.1. overlays. Reference Designators are assigned in the following manner: 100 Series = Transmitter 200 Series = Frequency Generation 300 Series = Receiver 400/500 Series = Controller and Low-Band Receiver Front End 600 Series = Keypad Board 4.1 Notes For All Schematics and Circuit Boards * Component is frequency sensitive. 1.2 µH choke in series with the voltage probe to prevent circuit loading.4-1 Chapter 4 Schematic Diagrams. Unless otherwise stated. 4. Transmitter measurements should be made with a 1.5V) SWB+ = Switched Battery Voltage (7. and Parts Lists 4. Refer to the Electrical Parts List for value and usage. and parts lists for the radio circuit boards and interface connections. Overlays. resistances are in Ohms (k = 1000).1 Introduction This chapter provides schematic diagrams. and capacitances are in picofarads (pF) or microfarads (µF). Interconnect Tie Point Legend: UNSWB+ = Unswitched Battery Voltage (7.5V) R5 = Receiver Five Volts CLK = Clock Vdda = Regulated 3. 3.

4-2 SIDE 1 LAYER 1 (L1) LAYER 2 (L2) LAYER 3 (L3) LAYER 4 (L4) LAYER 5 (L5) LAYER 6 (L6) SIDE 2 INNER LAYERS 6-LAYER CIRCUIT BOARD DETAIL VIEWING COPPER STEPS IN PROPER LAYER SEQUENCE 4.TO KP Front Metal View from Top side 8480475Z02 REV A J100 C 98 TO CTRL -> Figure 4-1: Keypad-Controller Interconnect Flex 40 J200 .2 Flex Layout 40 <.

20 ohm .2.2.4-3 4. Description J100 J200 0980521Z01 0905505Y04 Connector.1 Keypad-Controller Interconnect Flex Schematic KEYPAD J100 EXT_MIC VS_CS SW_B+ Vddd VS_AUDSEL Det_Aud_Snd Rx_Aud_Rtn Tx_Aud_Snd Tx_Aud_Rtn Flat_Tx_Rtn Opt_Bd_En Rdy/Req Rx_Aud_Snd ON INT_EXT_Vdd Key_Row Key_Col PTT KEY_INT VS_INT RESET LED_EN OFF_BATT_DATA_OUT VS_GAINSEL SrD_Rtn (MISO) SrD_Snd (DATA) R_W LCD_SEL DB0 DB1 DB2 DB3 DB4 DB5 DB6 DB7 A0 SCK_Snd (CLK) VS_RAC Gnd 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 CONTROLLER J200 40 EXT_MIC 39 VS_CS 38 SW_B+ 37 Vddd 36 VS_AUDSEL 35 Det_Aud_Snd 34 Rx_Aud_Rtn 33 Tx_Aud_Snd 32 Tx_Aud_Rtn 31 Flat_Tx_Rtn 30 Opt_Bd_En 29 Rdy/Req 28 Rx_Aud_Snd 27 ON 26 INT_EXT_Vdd 25 Key_Row 24 Key_Col 23 PTT 22 KEY_INT 21 VS_INT 20 RESET 19 LED_EN 18 OFF_BATT_DATA_OUT 17 VS_GAINSEL 16 SrD_Rtn (MISO) 15 SrD_Snd (DATA) 14 R_W 13 LCD_SEL 12 DB0 11 DB1 10 DB2 9 DB3 8 DB4 7 DB5 6 DB6 5 DB7 4 A0 3 SCK_Snd (CLK) 2 VS_RAC 1 Gnd FL0830765O Figure 4-2: Keypad-Controller Interconnect Flex Schematic Diagram 4. 40 pin Speaker.2 Keypad-Controller Interconnect Flex Parts List Reference Symbol Motorola Part No.

4-4 4.3 Universal Flex Connector J403 20 FL0830768O VIEWED FROM SIDE 1 c C402 B ver 30Z9450848 89 J415 J413 J411 J409 J407 J405 J416 J414 J412 J410 J408 J406 J404 M401 FL0830767O M400 Front Metal View From Top Side Back Metal View From Top Side Figure 4-3:Universal Flex Connector .2.

Description C402 M400 M401 M401 2113740A55 5085962A02 5013920A04 5005227J08 8480549Z01 Cap.4 Universal Connector Flex Schematic M400 SPKR_20 SPKR_20 J403 20 PIN CONN 1 2 13 PIN UNIVERSAL CONN EXT_SPKR+ EXT_SPKOPT_B+ EXT_MIC OPT_SEL_2 OPT_SEL_1 GND RX_DATA TX_DATA J404 J405 J406 J407 J408 J409 J410 J411 J412 SPKR_20 SPKR_20 OPT_B+30 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 RSSI RX_AUDIO/TX_AUDIO BOOT_CTRL NC J413 J414 J415 J416 M401 1 2 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 GND INT_SPK+ INT_SPKEXT_SPKR+ EXT_SPKDPT_B+ EXT_MIC OPT_SEL_2 OPT_SEL_1 GND RX_DATA TX_DATA GND RSSI RX_AUDIO/TX_AUDIO BOOT_CTRL NC MIC GND GND C402 100pF Figure 4-4: Universal Flex Connector Schematic Diagram 4.2. 20 ohm Microphone for 5000 and 7000 Series Microphone for 9000 Series Flex. Speaker Microphone . 100pF Speaker.4-5 4.2.5 Universal Flex Connector Parts List Reference Symbol Motorola Part No.

4-6 VIEWED FROM SIDE 2 VIEWED FROM SIDE 1 R615 R614 R617 R616 M604 D601 D602 M605 M606 R610 R609 R608 R607 R620 R621 M607 R605 R604 R603 R602 M608 M609 R626 J602 18 C614 R606 4.2.6 Keypad Top and Bottom Overlays M610 D604 M611 D605 M612 C616 R619 R647 R648 R649 R631 R601 Top View Q603 R618 R613 C609 R612 R611 R630 R625 R639 R641 R643 R645 R628 R644 R642 R640 R638 U602 Bottom View M613 Q602 Q601 M614 M615 M616 D603 M617 D606 R633 R637 C610 C615 R646 R622 C611 R634 Figure 4-5: Keypad Top and Bottom Board Overlays R632 R629 R627 M618 M619 40 M620 M621 2 J601 39 C612 C613 FL0830719O FL0830720O .

FL 33322 Printed in U. Keypad Top and Bottom Overlays) should appear as shown below: R629 R627 R626 J602 2 J601 39 40 C612 C613 VIEWED FROM SIDE 2 18 R620 R606 R632 Q603 Bottom View Figure 4-5: Keypad Top and Bottom Board Overlays Q602 Q601 *FMR-2016A-1* © 2002 by Motorola. REVISION CHANGE: On page 4-6. Inc. Government and Industrial Solutions Sector 8000 W.. Use this information to supplement your manual.2. All Rights Reserved. C610 R637 R622 C611 C615 R646 R634 R633 U602 R639 R641 R643 R645 R628 R644 R642 R640 R638 R612 C609 R613 R611 R630 R625 R618 R648 R619 C616 R647 R649 R631 R601 C614 R604 R603 R605 R621 R602 R609 R608 R607 R610 R617 R616 R615 R614 FMR-2016A-1 4-2-02 . the bottom view of Figure 4-5 (in Section 4. A.® MANUAL REVISION Professional Radio™ 6881088C46-D PRO Series Detailed Service Manual This revision outlines changes that have occurred since the printing of your manual. Ft. Commercial. Sunrise Blvd. 4/02. S.6. Lauderdale.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful