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TAREK S.

ELHAGE
Electrolysis-Past papers questions

IGCSE - CHEMISTRY
Electrolysis questions + past papers questions
www.chem-exptc.com

2010

UAE – ABU DHABI
www.chem-exptc.com

Electrolysis-Past papers questions

1. During the electrolysis of a MOLTEN salt (compound) the product at the CATHODE
is:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Non – metal
Metal
Sodium
Chlorine

2. During the electrolysis of a MOLTEN salt (compound) the product at the ANODE is:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Non – metal
Metal
Sodium
Chlorine

3. During the electrolysis of a MOLTEN sodium chloride ( NaCl ) the product at the
anode and the cathode are:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Anode

Cathode

Sodium
Sodium
Chlorine
chloride

Chloride
chlorine
Sodium
sodium

4. During the electrolysis of a MOLTEN lead iodide ( PbI 2 ) the product at the anode
and the cathode are:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Anode

Cathode

hydrogen
iodine
lead
lead

iodine
lead
iodide
iodine

5. Circle the correct answer concerning the properties of halogens
Chlorine

Bromine

Iodine

A.
B.

Green, solid
Green, gas

Green, solid
Red brown, gas

Red brown, solid
Pale pink, liquid

C.

Green, liquid

Red brown, liquid

Pale pink, liquid

D.

Green, gas

Red brown, liquid

Pale pink, solid

Electrolysis-Past papers questions

6. During the electrolysis of a CONCENTRATED CuSO4 (aq ) the product at the
CATHODE is:
A.

H 2( g )

B.

O2 ( g )

C.

SO2( g )

D.

Red brown deposit (Cu (s ) )

7. During the electrolysis of a DILUTE CuSO4(aq ) the products at the CATHODE and
the ANODE are:
cathode

anode

A.

O2 ( g )

Cu (s )

B.

H 2( g )

O2 ( g )

C.

Cu (s )

O2 ( g )

D.

Cu (s )

SO2( g )

8. The colour of the universal indicator in a neutral medium is .
A.
B.
C.
D.

Blue
Red
Green
Violet

9. When a few drops of the universal indicator are added to the acid HCl (aq ) , the
expected colour is
A. Blue
B. Red
C. Green
D. Violet
10. An acid reacts with metal to produce
A.
B.
C.
D.

Salt + water
Salt + base
Salt + hydrogen
Water + carbon dioxide

Electrolysis-Past papers questions

11. Name the products of the electrolysis of dilute sulphuric acid
(i) At cathode: …………………………………….
(ii) At anode: ………………………………………

12. Which of the following does NOT contain ions?
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Aqueous hydrogen chloride
Gaseous hydrogen chloride
Solid potassium nitrate
Molten potassium chloride

13. Which of the following does NOT contain free ions?
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Aqueous hydrogen chloride
Aqueous ammonia
Solid potassium nitrate
Molten potassium chloride

14. When aqueous H 2 SO 4(aq) solution is electrolysed using inert carbon
electrodes, the substance formed at anode is
(a) hydrogen gas
(b) Oxygen gas
(c) Copper (II) ion
(d) Copper deposit

15. When aqueous H 2 SO 4(aq) solution is electrolysed using inert carbon electrodes, the
substance formed at cathode is:
(a) hydrogen gas
(b) Oxygen gas
(c) Copper (II) ion
(d) Copper deposit

16. When aqueous H 2 SO 4(aq) solution is electrolysed using inert carbon electrodes, the
substance formed at anode is a:
(a) Gas that burns with pop sound
(b) Gas that relights a glowing splint
(c) Brown gas
(d) Pink solid

Electrolysis-Past papers questions

17. The diagram shows the electrolysis of a molten compound X.
What is compound X?
A. Copper (II) Chloride

+ −

B. Lead(II) bromide
C. Sodium chloride

Carbon electrode

Carbon electrode

D. Sodium bromide
bubbles of
brown gas
Molten compound X

Molten Silvery metal

heat

18. The diagram shows the electrolysis to electroplate nickel with different metals
+ −
1
Ni

2
Ni

3
Ni

Aqueous
Copper (II) sulphate
Which nickel electrodes are plated with a metal?
A- 1 only
B- 1 and 3 only
C- 2 only
D- 2 and 4 only

4
Ni

Aqueous
sodium Chloride

Metal X is ……1…… and the bromide is ……2…… . Which words correctly complete gaps 1 and 2? 1 2 Lead In solution Lead molten C. Sodium molten A. Two elements X and Y form ionic compounds. At which electrodes are these elements formed? copper hydrogen anode anode anode cathode C. cathode anode D. Metal X is low in the reactivity series and it is liberated by electrolysis of its bromide. bromine and oxygen B. bromine and Y C. X and Y . The compounds are separately melted and electricity is passed through the liquids. Sodium In solution D. oxygen and X D. 21. B. 20. XBr2 and Y2O3. Copper and hydrogen can each be formed by electrolysis. What are the products at the cathodes? A. cathode cathode A. B.Electrolysis-Past papers questions 19.

production of fertilisers heat . negative non-metal C. extraction of metal from its ore C. positive non-metal 24. positive metal D. + - electrodes molten compound What is this process used for? A. concentrated hydrochloric acid → hydrogen + chlorine C. lead(IV) oxide → lead(II) oxide + oxygen B. lead(II) nitrate + sulphuric acid → lead(II) sulphate + nitric acid 23. What is the charge on an anode and the type of element formed at such an electrode? charge on anode type of element formed A. removal of oxides from metals B. neutralisation of industrial waste D.Electrolysis-Past papers questions 22. negative metal B. The diagram shows how to cause a chemical change in a molten compound. Which change can take place during electrolysis? A. sodium hydroxide + nitric acid → sodium nitrate + water D.

27..Electrolysis-Past papers questions 25. non-metal metal X2Y3 26.. hydrogen . 2 and 3 correctly completed? 1 2 3 A. Metallic and non-metallic elements can both be extracted by electrolysis. D. metal non-metal X3Y2 B. How are gaps 1. metal non-metal X2Y3 C. Two atoms of X are deposited at the negative electrode at the same time as three atoms of Y are deposited at the positive electrode. In which electrolysis are chlorine.2. oxygen D. These results show that: • X is a …. • Y is a ….…. A molten compound is electrolysed.….1. chlorine C. B. C. hydrogen and sodium hydroxide all produced? aqueous sodium chloride molten sodium chloride A. • the formula of the compound is …3… ... non-metal metal X3Y2 D. Which element is produced at the negative electrode (cathode)? A. bromine B.

Electrolysis-Past papers questions 28. colourless yellow-green C. The diagram shows that two gases are formed when concentrated hydrochloric acid is electrolysed between inert electrodes. sodium hydroxide chlorine C. +ve . Which products are shown at the correct electrodes? anode (+ve) cathode (–ve) A. hydrogen sodium D. yellow-green yellow-green . chlorine sodium hydroxide B. chlorine hydrogen 29. yellow-green colourless D. The electrolysis of concentrated aqueous sodium chloride makes three products. colourless colourless B.ve concentrated hydrochloric acid Which line correctly describes the colours of the gases at the electrodes? anode (+ve) cathode (–ve) A.

brown gas silvery metal B. using inert electrodes P. P and R C. green gas brown metal D. The diagram shows the electrolysis of molten lead(II) bromide. Q. Q and S . The following electrolysis circuit is set up. silvery metal brown gas 31. P only B.Electrolysis-Past papers questions 30. Q only D. R and S. electrode X + − electrode Y molten lead ( II) bromide heat What is seen at each electrode? electrode X electrode Y A. + P − + Q R − S Molten Lead (II) bromide Concentrated hydrochloric acid At which of the electrodes is a Group VII element produced? A. brown metal green gas C.

using inert electrodes At which electrode is a metal deposited? + A + C − B − D Molten Lead (II) bromide Concentrated aqueous sodium chloride 33. The diagram shown is not complete. X concentrated hydrochlor ic acid What should be shown at X when the solution has been electrolysed for some time? A Cl 2 B H2 Cl 2 C H2 H2 O2 D H2 Cl 2 .Electrolysis-Past papers questions 32. The following electrolysis circuit is set up.

Which product is manufactured by electrolysis? A. copper(II) sulphate C. steel D. sodium chloride 35. hydrogen aqueous sodium hydroxide B. aluminium B. oxygen aqueous sodium hydroxide D. hydrogen hydrochloric acid C. The diagram represents the electrolysis of brine (aqueous sodium chloride). oxygen hydrochloric acid .Electrolysis-Past papers questions 34. brine X chlorine Y + positive electrode negative electrode porous wall What are products X and Y? X Y A.

… (e) Draw a labeled dia gram and indicat e the direction of electron flow (f) How are e − removed from outer circuit and where? ………………………………..…………………… (c) Name the product at Anode ………………….…….…….……………………...…………. Define (a)Electrolysis …………………………………………..….. cathode …………….…………………..……………………… (b) Electrolyte (liquid) ………………………………………….……………………… 37.………………….………….………………….… (d) Write the ionic equation to show changes at Anode: ………………………………  → …………………………………… Cathode: ……………………………  → ……….. In electrolysis of molten magnesium chloride MgCl2 using graphite electrodes (a) Give the formula of the ions present ……………………………………………………………………………………… (b) What is observed at Anode ……………………………. cathode …………………………...………………….………………….………………………………… .……………………… (d) Anode …………………………………………..…………………… (c)Conductor (metal) ………………………………………….…………………… (e)Inert electrode …………………………………………..Electrolysis-Past papers questions 36..

………………………………………………………………….  → ……………………………………… (i) What is observed at cathode? …………………………………………………………………… (ii) Name the product at cathode? …………………………………………………………………… (iii) Write the ionic equation that takes place at cathode. ii. at anode……………………. ii. at cathode ………………………………………………… 39. at anode ……………………… .…. at cathode …………………. ii. ii. (ii). at anode………………………………………………….…… (c) Copper (II) sulphate solution CuSO4 ( aq ) i. at cathode …………. at cathode ………………………… (b) dilute potassium nitrate solution KNO3( aq ) (i) at anode ……………………. during the electrolysis ( using inert electrodes) of (a) dilute sulphuric acid solution H 2 SO4 ( aq ) i. In the electrolysis of molten lead(II) bromide PbBr2(l ) using Graphite electrodes (i) What is observed at anode? ……………………………………………………………………… (ii) Name the product at anode? ……………………………………………………………………… (iii) Write the ionic equation that takes place at anode.  → ……………………………………… . Name the products at electrodes.……………… (d) concentrated HCl ( aq ) at anode …………………………… . at cathode……………….Electrolysis-Past papers questions 38.…… (e) Concentrated NaCl( aq ) i. ………………………………………………………………….

..……….…………. (c) what are the products at the electrodes at anode ………………..……….. (e) Write the ionic equation which takes place at ... (f) Name the product at cathode: ..…..…….. In the electrolysis of molten sodium chloride ( M gBr 2 ) ... (g) Write the ionic equation which takes place at cathode At Cathode: …………………..…  → ……………….. In the electrolysis of sulphuric acid ( H 2 SO 4(aq) ) .. .…..………...…  → …………. using inert electrodes (a) Give the formulae of the ions present: ……………….……………………………. (d) Write the ionic equation which takes place at . (c) Which ions move to the negative electrode (cathode): ………………. (d) Name the product at anode: . 41.………...At Cathode: …………...………...………...…….………......………. (b) Which ions move to the positive electrode (anode): ………………………….……….……….. .At Anode: ……. using inert electrodes (a) Give the formulae of the ions present: ……………….......  → ………..At Anode: …………..………..…….Electrolysis-Past papers questions (a) What happens to the ammeter reading if heat is removed? Why? ……………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………….……... (b) How are electrons removed from the outer circuit? and why? ……………………………………………………………………………………… 40. (b) what is observed at each electrode at anode ………………. At cathode……………….……….…….………….  → ………………..……….….. At cathode……………….…………………………..

(b) Pure copper is made cathode ……………………………….…………………….……….……. (d) The formed slime (sludge) has economic importance because …. The following diagram shows electroplating of a an iron spoon with copper (a) The metal of which X is m ade is……………….....Electrolysis-Past papers questions 42. (c) The used electrol yte is ………………...…………………….... Spoon X electrolyte 43. suggest a suitable (i) Anode …………………...……….…….………………… (e) In case we need to electroplate the spoon with silver ...… (d) A suitable electrolyte is ……………………….... (c) Is the spoon anode or cathode ? ……………………….. . (ii) Electrol yte ……………………..….………………………..…….. (b) Is X made anode or cathode ? ………………………..…………. In purification of copper (a) Impure copper is made ……………….………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………….

.……… . b) Substance B …………………………………………………… c) Substance C …………………………………………. The diagram shows a method for obtaining pure copper from impure copper.Electrolysis-Past papers questions 4 4 .……… d) Substance D …………………………………………. positive Electrode ( Anode ) negative Electrode ( cathode ) A B C 1- D electrolyte Name each of the following substances a) Substance A ……………………………………………….

………………………………………… (c) Why should aluminum ore be treated with sodium hydroxide before electrolysis? ………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………… (e) Explain why the substance in part (4) is added to aluminum oxide. Extraction of Aluminum + A − B C Molten Aluminum collecting on the bottom D (a) Label the letters A to D (b) Give the name of the main aluminum ore.……… (d) Name the substance in which aluminum oxide is dissolved in the above electrolysis process. ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… (f) Write the balanced ionic equation for the reaction which takes place at the cathode.Electrolysis-Past papers questions 45..……………………………………………………… .

ZnS ZnO + …….……………………………………………………………………………………….… .…………… (b) How is I 2 obtained from NaI ( aq ) ? ……..………. zinc blende ....……………………………………………………………………………… 46.…………... + …….…………………………………………… …….by reduction with carbon after being roasted with air a) Complete the following two equations for the reactions involved in this process ….…………….  → …. SO 2 + …….…………… …………………………………………………….…………………………… (a) How is Br 2 obtained from KBr ( aq ) ? …………………………………………………….. Zinc is extracted from its ore.………….………….. …………………………………………………… 47.... ZnO + ……. CO 2  → Zn b) Give one use of Zinc. (a)Name the 3 products obtained by electrolysis of KBr ( aq ) using inert electrodes …………………………………………………………………………..….….……………………..Electrolysis-Past papers questions (g) Which electrode has to be frequently replaced during the process? Explain your answer. ………………………………………..

….……………… (e)(a) Name the 3 products of the electrolysis of concentrated KBr(aq ) ..…… ………………………………………………………………………….Electrolysis-Past papers questions 48.………….…....….…. …………………………………………………………………………… (c)How is sodium hydroxide obtained from concentrated NaCl (aq ) ? …………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………… (d) How is chlorine gas obtained from NaCl (aq ) solution? …………………………………………………………………………. (b) Name the solution flows out of the cell..…………….. cathode ………..…… .…….. ………………………………... NaCl (aq) + Porous Wall Anode (a) Name the products at − Cathode Anode …….……  → ………………………..…....……………………………… …………………………………………………………...…… ………………………….………………… (f) Write the ionic equations taking place at (i) anode:……………………. …………………………. In the electrolysis cell of concentrated NaCl (aq ) (Brine) Conc.……….……..……………… ………………………………………………………………………….……  → (ii) Cathode: ……………....……………… …………. ………………………………….

Gas A Gas B Platinium Electrodes Direct Current When the current was passed through the solution..…………………………… ……………………………………………………………….………………… [1] . Like Copper. Label the diagram to show the purification of nickel in the laboratory − + 50.Electrolysis-Past papers questions 49.………………… [2] (b) Which ion caused the litmus to turn red? …………………………………………………………….…………………… [1] (c) Which ion caused the litmus to turn blue? ………………………………………………………………. (a) Give the formula of the four ions in aqueous sodium sulphate ………………………………………………………. nickel can be refined by electrolysis. when ignited. burned with “pop”. Gas A was found to relight a glowing splint and gas B. the solution around the anode turned red and the solution around the cathode turned blue. The diagram below shows an apparatus in which the electrolysis of aqueous sodium sulphate containing litmus solution was carried out.

…………………………… ……………………………………………………………….…………………………… …………………………………………………………….………… ………………………………………………………. no reaction occurs. ………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………….…………………………… ………………………………………………………………………….Electrolysis-Past papers questions (d) (i) Complete the table below Name of gas Name of electrode at which gas is produced Gas A Gas B (ii) Write an equation to show the formation of gas B.…………………… (iii) At which electrode has oxidation taken place? ……………………………………………………….………………… [4] (e) If the experiment is repeated using deionised water without sodium sulphate dissolved in it. (i) Explain why there is no reaction? ……………………………………………………….…………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… (ii) Explain why the addition of sodium sulphate to deionised water allows a reaction to take place..………… [2] .…………………………… ……………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… (ii) What element are the anodes made from? ………………………………………………………………………………………… (iii) At which electrode is the calcium obtained? ………………………………………………………………………………………… (iv) Name the other substance produced during this electrolysis. Calcium may be prepared by the electrolysis of molten calcium chloride CaCl2 .………………………………… .Electrolysis-Past papers questions 51. Steel Cathode Graphite anode + + Graphite anode − Molten Calcium Chloride Graphite (i) How would you convert lime (calcium oxide) into anhydrous calcium chloride? …………………………………………. ……………………………………………………….

………………… [3] .……………………………………………………………………………. Lithium is extracted by the electrolysis of its molten chloride.Electrolysis-Past papers questions 52..…… [2] (ii) How is electricity conducted in the part of the circuit labeled A to B ……………………………………………………………………………… C to D ……………………………………………………………. A − + Part of circuit A to B Carbon Electrodes B Part of circuit C to D D C Molten Lithium chloride heat (i) Lithium chloride is an ionic compound.………………. …. Explain why it conducts electricity in molten state but not in the solid state. [2] (iii) What would be the products of the electrolysis of concentrated aqueous lithium chloride? ……………………………………………………………….

electrical energy is supplied.Electrolysis-Past papers questions 53. (ii) [1] Is the following reaction exothermic or endothermic? Give a reason for your choice. (a) During electrolysis. Chemistry is concerned with the transfer of electrons and energy. 2KBr  → 2K + Br2 ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………[2] (iii) Electrons are removed from the external circuit. electrons move in the external circuit and ions move in the electrolyte. Howe and where is this done? ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………[1] . External Circuit Electrodes Molten potassium bromide heat (i) Draw an arrow on the diagram to show the direction of the electrons in the external circuit. The diagram Power supply shows the electrolysis of molten − + potassium bromide.

the first has been completed as an example. The diagram shows the electrolysis of Lead (II) bromide...……………………………… . Br − (ii) Pb 2+ +  → ……... e −  → Br2 + ……… e − Pb (c) Identify the brown fumes shown in the above diagram ………………………………………………….………………………………… (b) Balance the equations for the reactions that take place at each electrode.. Complete the table.………………………………… (d) Define reduction in terms of electrons …………………………………………………. …………………………………………………. PbBr2 − + Brown fumes Silvery metal Molten Lead (II) bromide Heat (a) Explain why solid lead (II) bromide does not conduct electricity.Electrolysis-Past papers questions (iv) The results of experiments on electrolysis are shown in the following table. (i) ………. Electrolyte Electrodes Change at cathode Molten Carbon Potassium Bromine metal formed formed potassium bromide Aqueous Change at anode Change to electrolyte Used up Copper Stays the same copper (II) sulphate Carbon hydrogen gas evolved Chlorine formed Potassium hydroxide formed [4] 54.

............. (a) The wires connected to the electrodes are made of copper..............................Electrolysis-Past papers questions 55.........………………………......... 56....................................... .............................. The process is called electroplating Cup Metal electrode electrolyte (a) Identify the metal from which the used electrode is made................. ..................... ............................................................................................. Explain why copper conducts electricity. (c) Should the cup be made anode or cathode? ………………………………............................................ .....................………………… (b) Suggest a suitable electrolyte that could be used............. ......... Complete the table to show the electrode (A or B) at which each reaction occurs.................. ..................................... The diagram shows the apparatus used to electrolyse lead(II) bromide.. A metallic cup can be coated in silver by electrolysis....... and the type of reaction occurring (oxidation or reduction)....................... (c) The reactions occurring at the electrodes can be represented by the equations shown in the table....................................... (b) Explain why electrolysis does not occur unless the lead(II) bromide is molten...

…………………………………………………………………………………….………. H+(aq) .. [1] (iii)Sodium hydroxide reacts with fats to make soap and glycerine What type of compound are fats? …………………………………………………………………………………….……………….  → [1] (ii)Complete the ionic equation for the reaction at the positive electrode (anode).Cl –(aq) and OH–(aq).……….Electrolysis-Past papers questions Paper3 57. hydrogen. chlorine and sodium hydroxide.……….………. + ………………. ………………. (i)Complete the ionic equation for the reaction at the negative electrode (cathode). ………………. [1] Nov-2008 . . …………………………………………………………………………………….. The electrolysis of concentrated aqueous sodium chloride produces three commercially important chemicals.  → [1] (iii)Explain why the solution changes from sodium chloride to sodium hydroxide. [1] (b) (i) Why does the water supply industry use chlorine? ……………………………………………………………………………………. (a)The ions present are Na+(aq). [1] (ii)Name an important chemical that is made from hydrogen...

. ……………………………………………………. [2] in cooking utensils. ……………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………. Copper is purified by electrolysis. (a) Complete the following..………. [1] [Total: 10] May-2008 ..……….Electrolysis-Past papers questions 1. in electric wiring. The negative electrode (cathode) is made from …………………………… The electrolyte is aqueous …………………………………………………[3] (b) Write an ionic equation for the reaction at the positive electrode (anode).. The positive electrode (anode) is made from………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………….. [2] (ii) Give another use of copper.……….……………………………………………………. [2] (c) (i) Give two reasons why copper is used. ……………………...………..

Write the equation for this reaction. ………………………………………………………………………. ………………………….……….. 1……………. This is electrolysed with inert electrodes (the electrolysis is the same as that of copper (II) sulphate with inert electrodes).……….………. Zinc blende is heated in air to give zinc oxide . part of the zinc oxide reacts with sulphuric acid to give aqueous zinc sulphate. Zinc is extracted from zinc blende. 2..………………………………………………………. ZnS. ……………………………………………………………………….…………………………………….………..Electrolysis-Past papers questions 1. [1] (iii) The electrolyte changes from aqueous zinc sulphate to ………………………………………………………………………... ions present: Zn2+(aq) SO 24− (aq) H+(aq) OH-(aq) (i) Zinc forms at the negative electrode (cathode). [1] (a) Give two uses of zinc. [1] (ii) Write the equation for the reaction at the positive electrode (anode)..……….. [2] Nov-2007 .

voltmeter V zinc electrode becomes thinner iron electrode bubbles of hydrogen form dilute sulphuric acid Which substance in this cell is the reductant and which ion is the oxidant? reductant ………zinc……………………………………………………… oxidant ………hydrogen ions…………………………………………… (ii) [2] How could the voltage of this cell be increased? magnesium instead of zinc or increase concentration of acid or copper instead of iron ( increase the reactivity difference) ………………………………………………………………………………. (i) The diagram shows a simple cell. relating to iron and steel. They produce electrical energy as well as heat energy..………………[1] (ii) What is the important large scale use. of this type of cell reaction? sacrificial protection or stop iron/steel rusting [1] or galvanising …………………………………………………………………………………………………[1] .Electrolysis-Past papers questions (a) Cell reactions are both exothermic and redox.

Electrolysis-Past papers questions (b) Cells can be set up with inert electrodes and the electrolytes as oxidant and reductant. voltmeter V electron flow carbon electrode (inert) carbon electrode (inert) Potassium iodide(aq) Potassium manganate(VII)(aq) salt bridge (allows ions to move from one beaker to another) The potassium manganate(VII) is the oxidant and the potassium iodide is the reductant. 2I– – 2e  → I2 …………………………………………………………………………………………………[2] May-2006 . (i) Describe the colour change that would be observed in the left hand beaker. pink or purple [1] to colourless or decolourised [1] NOT red NOT clear …………………………………………………………………………………………………[2] (ii) Write an ionic equation for the reaction in the right hand beaker.

.................………………………. OH– (aq) (i) Write an ionic equation for the reaction at the negative electrode (cathode)............ Cu2+(aq)............................................................ ..................………………………………………………………………… [2] Nov-2005 (i) h ydroc hloric acid [1] (ii) Sr 2 + + 2e = Sr [1] 2C l – – 2e = C l 2 [1] or 2C l – = C l 2 + 2e (iii ) hydr ogen [1] and stront ium hydr oxi de [ 1] [2] Nov-2005 (b) Aqueous copper(II) sulphate solution can be electrolysed using carbon electrodes...………….............................................................. H+(aq)...... The reaction at the negative electrode is the same but the positive electrode becomes smaller and the solution remains blue...Electrolysis-Past papers questions (i) The electrolysis of molten strontium chloride produces strontium metal and chlorine........... The ions present in the solution are as follows.. Name the other two.........……………................[2] (c) Aqueous copper(II) sulphate can be electrolysed using copper electrodes........................ (i) Write a word equation for the reaction at the positive electrode... Write ionic equations for the reactions at the electrodes......[1] (ii) A colourless gas was given off at the positive electrode (anode) and the solution changes from blue to colourless..... .……… [2] (ii) One of the products of the electrolysis of concentrated aqueous strontium chloride is chlorine............... ....... SO 24− (aq)..............……… positive electrode (anode) …………........... …………................... Explain these observations......................................[1] ........................... negative electrode (cathode) …………............................................................. ......

.........................................[2] (iii) What is the large scale use of this electrolysis? ......electrons = copper ions [1] accept correct symbol equation (ii) concentration of copper ions does not change or [1] amount or number of copper ions does not change copper ions are removed and then replaced [1] or copper is transferred from anode to cathode (iii) refining copper or plating (core) [1] or extraction of boulder copper May-2004 ...................................... ........................................ .......................................................................................................................................................................Electrolysis-Past papers questions (ii) Explain why the colour of the solution does not change....................[1] May-2004 (b) (i) Cu2+ + 2e = Cu [1] (ii) gas is oxygen [1] (copper(II) sulphate) changes to sulphuric acid [1] or copper ions removed from solution (c) (i) copper atoms ...............

……………………..……….Electrolysis-Past papers questions 1.……………………….………………. ……………………………………………………………………. …………………………. The negative electrode (cathode) is made from ………………….. [1] [Total: 10] May-2008 . The positive electrode (anode) is made from…………………………………... Copper is purified by electrolysis. [2] in cooking utensils.. (a) Complete the following.………...……….. ………………………. [2] (ii) Give another use of copper.………...…………………………………………….………… The electrolyte is aqueous ………………… ………………………………[3] (b) Write an ionic equation for the reaction at the positive electrode (anode). in electric wiring. …………………………………. …………………….………………………………. [2] (c) (i) Give two reasons why copper is used... …………………………………………………………………….

………………………………[1] (b) (i)Suggest a suitable material to make the electrodes.………… ⋅ electrode ……………………………….……………………………….…………………………………….. At what electrode will the gas be given off? ⋅ Name ………………….…………………………[1] May-June .Electrolysis-Past papers questions 2.[1] (ii)Indicate on the diagram the negative electrode (cathode). [1] (c) Name the brown gas..…………………………. Lead bromide was placed in a tube and connected to an electrical circuit as shown below. d.………………….power supply bulb LEAD BROMIDE TOXIC heat The lead bromide was heated until molten.………………………..2004 . ………………………………………….………………………….…………………………..c. A brown gas was given off. (a) State one other expected observation.……………………………….……………………………….………………[2] (d) Why is this experiment carried out in a fume cupboard? ………….. ………….

………………………………………. (a) On the diagram label the electrodes [1] (b)Give three observations when the circuit is switched on.……………………………………………….………………………………………………………………………… 3……………………….……………………………………….…………………………………[1] (ii)State a test for this product and the result of the test. test……….………………………………………………………………[1] May-June-2006 . 1……………………….Electrolysis-Past papers questions 3.………………………[3] (c) (i)Name the product at the positive electrode (anode). The diagram shows the apparatus used to find out the effect of an electric current on a concentrated aqueous solution of sodium chloride.………………………………………[1] result ………………………. ……………………….………………………………………………………………………… 2……………………….

………………[1] a suitable electrolyte. ……………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………….. Name the metal that is alloyed with copper to make brass. …………………………………………………………………….………………[1] (b) Write an ionic equation for the reaction at the negative electrode.…………………………………………….………………[1] (c) One use of this pure copper is electrical conductors. the material used for the positive electrode (anode). (a) Name.………. Impure copper is extracted from the ore. This copper is refined by electrolysis. …………………………………………………………………….……. …………………….Electrolysis-Past papers questions 4.. [1] the material used for the negative electrode (cathode). another is to make alloys.………………[1] Nov-2005 .

[2] oct-Nov-2005 ..…………………………. 1……….…………………………………..………………. hydroge n [1] (b) Give two observations when the current is switched on..……………………………………………. result ……….. test ………. chlorine (a) Label the electrodes.……………………………………………………. 2……….………………………………………… [2] (c) Give a test for the product at the negative electrode (cathode). The diagram shows the apparatus used to pass an electric current through concentrated hydrochloric acid.Electrolysis-Past papers questions 5.………………………………….…………………………………………….

e [1]………………………….t.[1] (c) Suggest why bubbles of gas were not seen immediately in 2.[1] Three observations were noted: 1...………………. gas dissolves (in the solution) o. 2.The solution turned blue around the negative electrode and colourless near the positive electrode.. • Test ……lighted splint (1) ……………. (b) Give a test to show that the gas observed in 1 is hydrogen. 3.[1] • result … pops(1) ……………………………………………….Electrolysis-Past papers questions 6.w. positive electrode − + carbon rods negative electrode Concentrated aqueous sodium chloride and universal indicator (a) Suggest a suitable material for the electrodes. …alkali/(sodium) hydroxide (1)………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………..…….……….g. platinum/nickel………………….Bubbles of gas formed after some time at the positive electrode. carbon/graphite/any unreactive metal e.t..[1] ... Electricity was passed through a concentrated solution of sodium chloride containing Universal Indicator.[2] (d) (d)What causes the colour change in 3 at the negative electrode..Bubbles of gas seen immediately at the negative electrode.………………..[1] the positive electrode? …chlorine/bleach (1) not chloride or chlorine ions……….

............. (ii)at the end of the experiment? .......................................................................... A constant current was passed through aqueous copper(II) sulphate using inert electrodes as shown in the diagram below......................................... Copper was deposited at one of the electrodes..[1] (d) What was the colour of the electrolyte (i) at the start of the experiment.................................................................................................................... [2] ............. ........... D or E? ……………………………… [1] (c) What was seen at the other electrode? ......................................................................... aqueous copper(II) sulphate ……………………………… [1] (b) At which electrode was copper deposited..........................................Electrolysis-Past papers questions 7................ A variable resistor + – D E (a) Name a suitable material for the inert electrodes........

......... ................. .................................................... The cup must be very clean and also rotated during the process........[1] 2 (a) cathode / negative [1] (b) silver [1] (c) silver nitrate (1) solution (1) [2] // any silver salt not Cl -..........................................................................[1] (c) Suggest a suitable electrolyte that could be used to electroplate this cup............................. .................................................................Electrolysis-Past papers questions 8................................................ I(d) (i) silver will not coat / stick or similar [1] (ii) to give even coating / all of it gets coated [1] [Total 6] ................................................................................................................................................ ...............................................[1] (b)Identify the metal from which the electrode is made................. A metal cup can be coated in silver by electrolysis.............................. metal electrode cup electrolyte (a) Should the metal cup be the anode or the cathode? ......................... .......................[2] (d)Suggest why the cup must be (ii) very clean...............[1] (iii) rotated during the electrolysis...................................................................................................... ....................................................... which is known as electroplating.............................................................................................................

...................................................... (iii) What was produced at electrode B? ............ A student electrolysed lead bromide and aqueous sodium chloride in the apparatus shown below........ [4] ..................................... + - + A B carbon electrodes + C D molten lead bromide carbon electrodes aqueous sodium chloride heat Each of the electrodes is labelled with a letter............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... (a) Why was it necessary for lead bromide to be molten? ...................Electrolysis-Past papers questions 9..............[1] (b) (i)What was produced at electrode A? .... (ii) What was the appearance of this product? .......................................................................................... (iv) Where did this product collect? .........

................................. (i) the gas produced at C ........[1] ........................................................................................................................................................................ [4] (d) What change should be made so that sodium is produced at one of the electrodes? ............................................................................................................................................................................................. In each case name the gas and give a test to confirm its presence............................................... (ii) gas produced at D ......................... test for this gas ......................... test for this gas ........Electrolysis-Past papers questions (c)Gases were produced at electrodes C and D.............

............................................................................................................................................. (ii)Name the gas collected in tube X and give a test for this gas.................................... gas ..................................................................................... (iii) Name the gas collected in tube Y and give a test for this gas.................................................................................................................................. gas ...............[5] .................................................................................................................................................. test ........................Electrolysis-Past papers questions 10.......... test ....... The apparatus below was used to electrolyse water.......... X Y graphite electrodes H 2SO 4 (aq) (a) (i) Why was a small volume of sulphuric acid added to the water? ............

................................ What observations were made? sodium .................................................................................................................... ........................................................... [2] (d) A student added a small piece of sodium and a small piece of iron to separate samples of water.................. test .......Electrolysis-Past papers questions (b) State how the volume of gas collected in tube X compares with the volume of gas collected in tube Y................................................................................................................................................ [3] ............................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ [1] (c) Name a gas that may be used to sterilise water and give a test for this gas.. gas ................................................. iron ..... ......................................

...................................... [1] .................................................. [1] (ii) Suggest what happened to the colour of the solution around the anode as the electrolysis proceeded.............. ........... [1] (ii) Give a test for this gas............ The solution also contained litmus solution................................ …................................... ...........................................................................………............ .......................................................................................................................................................................................………......... + - Carbon anode Carbon anode aqueous sodium chloride containing some litmus solution (a) (i)Name the gas produced at the anode (positive electrode).......................................... [1] (b) (i)Name the gas produced at the cathode (negative electrode)...... A student electrolysed concentrated aqueous sodium chloride using the apparatus below........................................................................... [1] (iii) Why did this change take place? ……....Electrolysis-Past papers questions 11........................................................

................................................................ [1] (iv) Why did this change take place? .................................................. (d) Under what conditions does the electrolysis of sodium chloride produce sodium at one of the electrodes? [Total: 9] ....................... [1] (c) The solution was replaced by a dilute solution of an acid.......................................... Suggest which acid would produce the same gases as those produced with concentrated aqueous sodium chloride.Electrolysis-Past papers questions (iii) What happened to the colour of the solution around the cathode as the electrolysis proceeded? ...........................................................................

......................[1] (b) This table shows the results when rods of three metals.... voltmeter rod of metal X..... The diagram shows a cell that can be used to make electrical energy............. rod 1 magnesium rod 2 Voltmeter reading / V X 2........ Y and Z.......10 magnesium magnesium Place the metals in order of reactivity most reactive magnesium ……………………… ……………………… least reactive ……………………… .................. X..78 Z 1. ..........72 Y 0....... are used in separate experiments.................. All the metals are less reactive than magnesium.... Y or Z Magnesium rod electrolyte (a) Explain why distilled water is not used as the electrolyte....................Electrolysis-Past papers questions 12..............

.......................................................................................... (ii) What would you expect to see after the reaction had been taking place for some time? ................................................................................................................................................................. .... (i) Write an ionic equation............................ ...........[3] ...................................... for the reaction which happened................................Electrolysis-Past papers questions (c) A student places a rod of magnesium in aqueous silver nitrate................ with state symbols......................................

........... [1] (c) The voltage of the cell was measured when the following metals were used as electrode 2............. copper iron lead zinc Complete the table by entering the metals in the correct order............. [1] .. ....... it produced a higher voltage than zinc.............. (a) Write an ionic equation for the reaction between zinc and aqueous copper(II) sulphate.... .... meter reading / V 1....... [1] V electrode 2 (Zinc) copper electrode aqueous copper (II) sulphate (b) Drawn an arrow on the diagram to show the direction of the flow of electrons in the wire.................................78 0......................Electrolysis-Past papers questions 13................................................ This reaction can be used to generate electricity in a cell..21 0............................................................................... Suggest a name for metal M.......................10 metal 0...............00 (d) When metal M was used as electrode 2..

. (d) Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin. [1] (ii)Explain why solid copper(II) sulphate does not conduct electricity but an aqueous solution of copper(II) sulphate does conduct. Bronze is less malleable than pure copper. such as a knife. (b) The electrodes and the electrolyte conduct electricity. with nickel. Use ideas about the structure of metals and alloys to explain why bronze is less malleable than pure copper.Electrolysis-Past papers questions 14. The diagram shows a cell for purifying copper. - + Pure copper cathode impure copper anode Electrolyte (aqueous copper (II) sulphate (a) Describe what you would observe during this electrolysis and write the equations for the reactions at the electrodes. (c)Describe how the apparatus shown in the diagram could be modified in order to electroplate an iron object. (i) Explain how the structure of metals allows copper electrodes to conduct electricity.

[1] . V magnesium copper Electrolyte (magnesium sulphate) (a) Explain why the flow of electrons is in the direction shown in the diagram.Electrolysis-Past papers questions 15. [2] (b) Suggest why silver nitrate would not be a good electrolyte to use in this cell. An electric current can be generated by a simple electrochemical cell such as the one shown.