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Available from: http://www. 26 July. J. T. Mazahir. D. and Gupta.bioline.stm (Accessed 2009 Feb 16) 12.. and Mulla. P. Pakistan.47-51. Murali. Tewar.97. P. Tobacco habit in northern India. 15. 1. Health. N. B. BBC News online. Smokeless tobacco use among adolescents in Iiaia Municipality.C.. J. Hamner III and P.uk/1/hi/health/398630. Gupta. R. Dongre. 77-83. 2002. Murti. and Peters. IARC. Tanzan. Available from: http://news. AR. S. Tanzania.. http://monographs. 370..S.J.. S. 1992. Meljol's submission to the public hearings on the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.C.org. Tobacco Free Initiative.. 2006.. B. Kitua. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. J. Institute of Medicine Tribhuvan University. C. Global epidemiology or areca nut usage. AY. P. V. 6. Summary Report. Monday. BioI. Sch.intltobacco/framework/public hearings/meljol. U.. Nepal April 2003.Warnakulasuriya. Gupta P.pdf (Accessed 2009 Feb 16) Continued . Bhonsle. In Control of tobacco-related cancers and other diseases. 7. S. Linking Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2003 and 2006 data to tobacco control policy in India. 7.M. Cancer. Mouth cancer in India: a new epidemic? J. p. 78. 39. International Symposium. 28-33. 2. Gutka. p. Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Smokeless Tobacco and Some Tobacco-specific N-Nitrosamines. 2004. 2008.C. 17. Available from: http://www. P. Sinha. Mbatia.S. Tobacco use among adolescent students in secondary schools of Pokhara Health.. Bala.wikipedia. A Areca nut-abuse liability. Trivedy. 2000. 45.lnternational Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Paudel. Murti).Kaduri. U.bioline. Ind. J.319-20. 1999. and Warnakulasuriya. Wikipedia. 13. pp. 2006. October. 2002. 1990. 2008. risks to humans.J. 5.bbc. Tobacco and youth in the South East Asian region. S. C. 25-46. R. (eds. and Oanh.Chandra.World Health Organization (WHO). 19. India. 2008. P.R. 799-800. Areca nut: the hidden Indian 'gateway' to future tobacco use and oral cancers among youth. San Francisco. C. 4. Areca nut use: an independent risk factor for oral cancer. 239. Health Section. 2008.php (Accessed 2009 Feb 16) 18. ~HealiS . Wikimedia Foundation.N. and Subramoney. Lyon. 10. Vol 85. 100-106. 324. E. Tobacco habits in India. Gupta. and Mbwambo. Gupta. R.. 2007. J. and Garg. 61. P.fr/ENG/Monographs/PDFs/index.org/wiki/Gutka (Accessed 2009 Feb 16) 3.lnternational Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). 2006. Epidemiology. H. Kitua. Indian J Med Sci. 104. Lyon. 16. P.iarc. J. N. Bioi. Deshmukh. Tobacco consumption among adolescents in rural Wardha: Where and how tobacco control should focus its attention? Indian J. Addict. 5-35.co.370-3.org. Addict.br/request?th08006 (Accessed 2009 Feb 16) 14. P.br/request?cn08032 7. Smokeless tobacco use during pregnancy and risk of stillbirth: A cohort study in Mumbai. Assoc. Chewing tobacco cancer warning. 368-73. 8. 1999. 9. 133-8. 2002. et al. 2002. Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic chewing and some areca-nut-derived nitrosamines. dependence and public health.T. B.10.who. S. 2007. Pandey. Socio-demographic correlates of betel. K. 17. areca and smokeless tobacco use as a high risk behavior for head and neck cancers in a squatter settlement of Karachi. Health Res. Indian Med. Kumar. Cancer. Oxford University Press. 89.Winstock. PC and Ray. et al.19-22. Bombay. Vol.1.C. IARC Press. Thesis for Master's Degree in Public 11. J Indian Med Assoc.Gupta. Betel-quid and areca-nut Risk of Chemicals to Humans.. D. Available from: http://www. 24.http://en. 10.
61(6):317-319. Gupta.RB. C. New Delhi. a controlled study.S. dentists. Epidemiological and etiological study of oral submucous Patna. 8.02). 32. D. 2007 Dec 19. and physicians. 2008. Cancer Prev.Salaam Bombay Foundation [homepage on the internet]. A comparative clinico-pathological Clin. J.htm 30.E. and Sankaralingam S. P. Tobacco use amongst children in Karnataka. 61.: SE IND TOB 29. Nichter. Smokeless Tobacco and the Risk of Stroke.org/statistics.salaambombay. 200S. Available from: http://www. J. Terent. F. K.317-22. Dent. Int. 24. [Oral submucous Gesichtschir. Assoc.. 12. Tobacco Use among Students and School Personnel in India. Lifeline. Pedod. German. Ramakant. Cancer. Smokeless tobacco and increased risk of hypo pharyngeal and laryngeal cancers: a multicentric J. PA and Philipsen. Popular perceptions Sci.. A comparison 38. Prabhakar AK. 109S-8.' 2008 Jan 17. Laboratory Testing of Smokeless 001. Pan masala advertisements of tobacco products and patterns of use among male college students in India. AS. A et al. Indian J. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. 2006. 200S.Hergens.. study of oral submucous fibrosis in habitual chewers of pan masala and betelquid. Tobacco use Among Students in Orissa and Uttar Pradesh. 84-9. P. and Singh A Prevalence of Tobacco Use in Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh in India.in/dental/dental. 93. M. J. 2007. G. 1996.Sapkota. 127-8. and Gupta. 7. Indian Express (online). Ind.Ahmad. Final Report to the India Office of the WHO (Allotment No. 10. J. and Sharang.Babu.C.19. 59.. Indian J. Toxicol. 23. New Delhi. 2S. Reichart. 33. 41. 3S.ernet. Med.Gururaj. D. 36. and Van Sickle. 40.55.Mehta. S. India. Soc. 41S-31. 28.Gupta. A pilot. Sci. New Delhi. 121. 24. 200S Ju16. et al. High levels of gutka intake among students. 42.Chaudhry K. 34. and Singh. fibrosis among gutkha chewers of 31. Kannauj. 2007. 22. C. M. Epidemiology.34. G.The Economic Times (online). H. Indian J. 2007. 42. Basic Dental Research Unit. 2001. 1793-8. and Ye. 200S. Care. 94-98. and Girish. Toxicol. B. et al. Gutka ban gives perfume makers a bad time. 26. 74.Gunaseelan. Physicians India.. 846-847. M. S. 21. Nurs J India. R.Anwar.htm 'Kids getting addicted to tobacco. An exploratory study on gutkha and smokeless tobacco consumption.. Prabhakaran PS.Sinha. BK.N. P. Available from: http://www. Ramesh.S.. Cancer. M. 39. S. Prevo Dent. Indian Soc. 42. 2007. 2007. Areca nut use in India..Nichter. Singh K.N. J.Kaur. S. Maharashtra 43. a growing threat. D. of attitudes and practices of gutka users and non-users in Chitrakoot.. Ali. 1999 Jan 19.Sushma.K. Cause for concern in Punjab villages. Available from: http://findarticles. Tobacco Products. M. Prasad A. 1993. Lambe. 34. India. A. Times of India (online).Bansode NN. Med.27-31. Sci.. Areca nut use in rural Tamil Nadu. et al. 2006. Prim. 2004.The Hindu (online). 2002. 192-6. P. S. CBEC introduces lump-sum tax on gutkha manufacturers. Ali.com/p/articles/mi qa4036/is 200206/ai n9120377?taq=content·coI1 (Accessed 2009 Feb 16) 37. Pershagen.C. 2002. Statistics.. and Chaubey.20. 2007. Asian Pacific J..Gupta.794-799. Pediatr.C. Available from: seeks Centre's approval for imposing ban on Gutkha.Sinha. 332-337. ~HealiS .eis. Cardiovascular risk factors in tobacco-chewers: M-P.417-421. Final report of the study by the Indian Council of Medical Research and the WHO South East Asian Regional Office. Indian Pediatrics. and Gangadharan.Gupta. 2004. fibrosis in a 31-year-old Indian women: first case report from Germany]. 27. Bihar. Mund Kiefer case-control study from India. and Hamner III. Mumbai.P. are surrogate for tobacco products. P. S-10. Med.Marpakwar 44. SA. Tobacco related oral mucosal lesions and conditions in India A guide for dental students. by personal communication. P. N.