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differentiation

y =(3 x +2 ) 5

let u = 3x + 2

⇒ y = (u ) 5

dy du

= 5u 4 and =3

du dx

dy dy du

= ×

dx du dx

= 5u 4 × 3

=15u 4

= 15(3 x + 2) 4

4

y =(6 x +7)

3

y = 5

(3 x −4)

2

y =1 +3x

y =x 3

( 3 x +2 ) 2

let u = x3 and v = (3 x + 2) 2

du dv

= 3x 2 = 2(3x + 2)1 (3)

dx dx

= 6(3 x + 2)

dy

= x 3 [6(3 x + 2)] + [(3x + 2) 2 (3x 2 )]

dx

= 3 (3x + 2) [2 x (1) +1 (1)(3x + 2)]

2

x

= 3x 2 (3x + 2) [2 x + 3 x + 2]

2

= 3 x (3 x + 2)(5 x + 2)

2

y = 4 x(5 x − 1)

4 6

y = x (1 + 2 x)

3

y = (6 x − 1)(3 x − 4)

4x

y=

5x + 3

let u = 4x and v = 5x + 3

du dv

=4 =5

dx dx

dy (5 x + 3)( 4) (4 x)(5)

=

dx (5 x + 3) 2

20 x +12 −20 x

= 2

(5 x +3)

12

=

(5 x + 3) 2

3x + 2 3x + 8

(a) (d ) 4

4x + 7 x +6

6x 2

x −1

(b) (e)

4 x −3 2

3x + 4

x2 4x

(c ) (f)

3x + 5 x+4

dy ( x1 , y1 )

mtan gent =

dx

y − y1 = mt ( x − x1 )

mt × mn = −1 ( x1 , y1 )

y − y1 = mn( x − x1 )

y = 4 x 2 − 3x at point (1,1).

dy

dx

= 8x − 3

dy

When x = 1, = 8(1) − 3

dx

=5

Gradient of tangent = 5

y = 2 x 2 − 1 at point (2,7).

dy

dx

= 4x

dy

When x = 2, = 4(2) = 8

dx

y − 7 = 8( x − 2)

y − 7 = 8 x − 16

y = 8x − 9

y = 6 x − x 2 at point (2,8).

dy

= 6 − 2x

dx

When x = 2,

y − y1 = mn ( x − x1 )

1

dy y − 8 = − ( x − 2)

mt = = 6 − 2(2) = 2 2

dx

2( y − 8) = − 1( x − 2)

mt × mn = −1

2 × m n = −1 2 y − 16 = − x + 2

1 2 y = − x + 18

mn = −

2

3

y = 2x + 8

2

y = x − 6x

4

y = +3

x

3

y = x −9

2

y = x + 6x

y = (2 x − 1)( x + 1)

4

y=

x

3

y = x +2

12

y=x +

x

dy 2

= 4(3 x ) − 5(2 x) + 7(1)

dx

= 12 x 2 − 10 x + 7

d2y

2

= 12(2 x) − 10(1)

dx

= 24 x − 10

−3

= x

1

3

= 3x −2 + 2

= 3 x −1 − 2

2.

The length of one of its sides is x cm and its

area is A cm².

(ii)Show that A = 30x - x².

(ii) Hence, find the value of x such that the area

of the rectangle is a maximum. Determine the

maximum area.

A 60m wire is bent into the shape of a rectangle. The length of one of its sides is

x cm and its area is A cm².

(ii) Show that A = 30x - x².

60 −2 x

= 30 − x

2

A = x ( 30 - x )

= 30x -x² (shown)

A 60m wire is bent into the shape of a rectangle. The length of one of its sides is

x cm and its area is A cm².

(ii) Hence, find the value of x such that the area of the rectangle is a maximum.

Determine the maximum area.

A = 30x -x²

For maximum area dA

= 30 − 2 x = 0

dA dx

=0 x = 15

dx

Maximum area occurred when x = 15

A = 30(15) - 15²

= 225 cm²

3

Diagram shows a semicircle with centre O.

The diameter PQ can be adjusted and R

moves on the circumference that PR + QR

= 10 cm. Given that QR = x cm and A is the

area of triangle PQR. Find the expression

dA

of dxin terms of x. Hence, find the

maximum value of the area of triangle.

3

Diagram shows a semicircle with centre O. The diameter PQ can be adjusted

and R moves on the circumference that PR + QR = 10 cm. Given that QR = x

cm and A is the area of triangle PQR. Find the expression of dA

dx

in terms of

x. Hence, find the maximum value of the area of triangle.

base× height

Area of triangle A=

2

10 - x x (10 −x )

x A=

2

1

A= (10 x −x 2 )

2

dA 1

= (10 − 2 x) = 5 − x

dx 2

PR + QR = 10

For maximum area 5− x = 0

dA x=5

PR + x = 10 =0

dx Maximum value of the area of triangle

PR = 10 - x A=

1

[10(5) −5 2 ]= 12.5

2

4

Diagram shows a cuboid ABCDEFGH with a

square base EFGH. The volume of the cuboid

is 27cm².

(ii)If A is the total area of the cuboid, show that

2 108

A = 2x +

x

(ii) Find the value of x so that the total surface

area is minimum.

5

Diagram shows a composite solid which consists of

a cone and a cylinder of radius r cm. Given the

slant height of the cone is 3r and the volume of

cylinder is 32π cm³.

(ii)Prove that the total surface area A of the solid is

given by

64π

A = 4πr + 2

r

(iv) calculate the minimum value of the surface

area.

=0.2

x=8

=?

= 3(8) 2

= 192

= 192 x 0.2

= 38.4 cm³sˉ¹

r=7 = 0.5

∂A dA

=

∂r dr

= 14π

= 7π

If y = f(x),

the new value of y,

yb = y a + δy

yb = y a + δy

Find the turning point for

each of the curve below.

turning point is a maximum

or a minimum point.

Find the turning point for each of the curve below.

Determine whether the turning point is a maximum or a minimum point.

2

1 y = 2 + 6x − x

2

2

y = 5 − 4x − 2x

2

3 y = x − 8x

2

4 y = x − 3x + 6

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