NYA SOLUTION QUIZ: MOMENTUM

Winter2012

CONCEPTUAL QUESTION [1] Both take the same time. Since p is the same, then Ft is equal. If the same force is applied, therefore it will take the same time interval to stop the objects. In this situation, for both the bowling ball and the pingpong ball to have the same momentum, it means that the velocity of the pingpong ball is really big!

PROBLEM

[9]

a) Momentum is conserved: pix = pfx and piy = pfy In x:

m1v1i  m2v2i  m1v1 f  m2v2 f 2(3)  1(0)  2(1.50cos30)  1v2 f v2 f 
In y:

2(3)  2(1.50cos30) ˆ  3.40 i m / s 1

m1v1i  m2v2i  m1v1 f  m2v2 f 2(0)  1(0)  2(1.50sin 30)  1v2 f v2 f  2(1.50sin 30)  1.501 ˆ m / s j 1

ˆ v2  (3.40i  1.50 ˆ) m / s j

b) To find the type of collision, the kinetic energy of the system before must be compared with the kinetic energy of the system after the collision. Kinetic energy uses speed. Therefore the magnitude of the velocity vector found previously has to be calculated.

v2  3.402  1.502  3.71m / s
1 1 1 1 2 Ki  m1v12i  m2v2i   2  33  1 02  9 J 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 K f  m1v12f  m2v2 f   2 1.502  1 3.712  9.15 J 2 2 2 2 K  0.155 J

Energy is not conserved, therefore we can conclude the collision is inelastic

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