Wastewater – Its Journey to Treatment and Return to the Environment

ESI

the waste is on its way to your local wastewater treatment plant! .Where does it all go! Where does the water from the washer go? When you flush the toilet where does the contents go? By gravity flow.

Why treat wastewater? • Causes a demand for dissolved oxygen (lower DO levels of streams) • Adds nutrients (nitrate and phosphate) to cause excessive growth • Increases suspended solids or sediments in streams (turbidity increase) .

Sewagesheds .an area where sewage is collected and delivered to a WWPT Blue Plains WWTP Piscataway WWTP Parkway WWTP Bowie WWTP Western Branch WWTP Marlboro Meadows WWTP Mattawoman WWTP approximate boundaries .

.A Where do you locate the WWTP in the watershed? B C D Consider the four possible sites.

The volume of wastewater 35 WWTP Capacity Average Flow million gallon/day 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Pi sc at aw Pa rk ea do ws Bo Br W es te rn ar lb or o PGC 1992 Comprehensive Ten Year Water and Sewerage Plan M M at ta w M om an wa y h wi e an c ay .

lowers suspended solids content (into sludge) .Levels of Treatment Primary – removal by physical separation of grit and large objects (material to landfill for disposal) Secondary Mostly dead microbes – aerobic microbiological process (sludge) organic matter + O2  CO2 + NH3 + H2O aquatic nutrient NH3  NO3.

From primary process Secondary process To tertiary process air diffuser Aeration and rapid mixing Settling collects sludge on bottom .

aeration to strip N2 and re-oxygenate (add DO) . N2 (escapes to atmosphere) – PO4-3 if not removed in sludge in secondary process PO4-3 + Al+3  AlPO4 (s) (into sludge) .Levels of Treatment continued Tertiary (advanced) – anaerobic microbiological process with a different microbe where O2 is toxic (more sludge) NO3.

From secondary process Tertiary process add methanol as food source Effluent Slow mixing to keep suspended and O2 out Settling collects sludge on bottom .

When the treatment is done… • Effluent back to stream after – a final carbon filtration and – chlorination/dechlorination • Sludge – very nutrient rich – applied directly to land as fertilizer – incinerated (good fuel after drying) – composted (Compro® from WSSC) Note – Leafgro® is composted leaves and grass from MES .

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