UMTS: Universal Mobile Telecommunications System

Submitted To: Telecom Network Solution Noida

Presented By:
Mahendar Singh IHP/57th

Aim of Presentation
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To attain a general understanding of UMTS systems GSM Evolution Towards UMTS 2.5G Standards (Transition between 2G-3G) Difference between GSM-UMTS UMTS: FDD/TDD UMTS Network Elements and Architecture
UE: User Equipments UTRAN:UMTS Terrestrial Radio Accesses Network CN: Core Network

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Major Interfaces in UMTS Introduction to 3G Planning Techniques

one can say that its a resultant of R&D done on various levels of 1st and 2nd generation GSM system It is a universal Mobile telecom system designed to provide seamless telecomm services with enhancement in quality.UMTS: A Brief Overview   UMTS is the recent telecomm Standard system (3G) developed from the existing GSM and next generation technologies …and so on . reliability.connectivity . rate. system interfaces adaptability .

e. UMTS is the third generation solution developed and adopted by ETSI (European Technical Standards Institute).   UMTS is a 3G GSM successor standard i. It is therefore expected that the vast majority of current GSM operators will become involved in deploying UMTS networks . downward-compatible with GSM.

GSM Evolution Towards UMTS Evolution of GSM towards UMTS can be explained in terms of ―generations‖: The entire cellular systems since intoduced has effectively been replaced at times. . These major changes are referred to as a new “generation” of cellular systems.

6kbps 4 slots with 14. 14.6kbps.4kbps channel coding per slot .4kbps per timeslot) Multiple timeslots Circuit Switched Data rates to 57.2.5G Standard A Transition 2G-3G HSCS    High Speed Circuit Switched Data Enhancement to the GSM standard Utilises: Multiple channel coding schemes (4. 9.8kbps.

2kbps for 8 timeslots  UMTS Introduces serving GPRS support node SGSN .GPRS    General Packet Radio Service Enhancement to the GSM standard Utlilises Multiple Timeslots Packet Switching  Packet Switched Data typically to rates of 56kbps Theoretically 171.

6 MHz carrier under IS-136 8 Channel Coding Schemes Multiple Timeslots (similar frame structure to GSM) TDMA  Data up to rates of 384kbps (typically less) .EDGE  Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution Sometimes called E-GPRS (Enhanced GPRS)   Enhancement to the GSM and TDMA standards Utlilises: 8PSK Modulation Possible 1.

Difference GSM and UMTS Major difference is air interface – GSM: TDMA and FDMA – UMTS: Wide-band code division multiple access (WCDMA) .


UMTS FDD • Universal Mobile Telecommunications System Frequency Division Duplexing Mode • Built onto enhanced GSM core network • Utilises: • QPSK modulation (Quadrature phase shift keying) • Multiple channel coding and bearer rates • Variable spreading factors and multi-code transmission • CDMA • FDD • Asynchronous operation • Data up to rates of 2Mbps .

UMTS TDD • Universal Mobile Telecommunications System Time Division Duplexing Mode • Built onto enhanced GSM core network • Utilises: • QPSK modulation • Multiple channel coding and bearer rates • CDMA • TDD • Asynchronous operation • Data up to rates of 2Mbps • Will happen after UMTS FDD .

UMTS Architecture Overview .



User Equipment UE The UMTS UE is based on the same principles as the GSM MS— the separation between mobile equipment (ME) and the UMTS subscriber identity module (SIM)card (USIM). UE consists of :  Display and User Interface  Holds the Authentication Algorithms and keys  User End Termination of the Air Interface  Application Platform .

Mobile Equipment The radio terminal is used for radio communication over the Uu interface UMTS Subscriber Identity Module The smartcard that holds the subscriber identity. authentication and encryption keys Etc Terminal Equipment The terminal equipment connects to the UE. This carries the application specific user interface .

General Core Network Architecture Home Location Register (HLR) The database storing the master copy of a users profile Visitor Location Register (VLR) The database holding a copy of a visiting users profile Mobile Switching Centre (MSC) Switch for Circuit Switched Services Gateway MSC (GMSC) Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) Router for Packet Switched Services Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN) .

UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network UTRAN Node B Acts as the radio basestation (BTS in GSM) Converts the data flow between the Iub and Uu interfaces RNC • Responsible for the use and integrity of the radio resources within the RNS • Responsible for the handover decisions that require signalling to the UE • Provides a combining/splitting function to support macrodiversity between different Node Bs .

Major Interfaces in UMTS • There are four major new interfaces defined in UMTS • Iu The interface between UTRAN and the CN • Iur The Interface between different RNCs • Iub The interface between the Node B and the RNC • Uu The air interface .

3G is a multiservice network and 3g requires the practical implementation of WCDMA .Radio Planning for UMTS  Principle Design Considerations There are two design considerations when planning a 3G network.

Planning can be broken into 3 phases Dimensioning: To determine the approximate number of sites.Odyssey · Nokia – NetAct Planner · CRIL . · Radio Link Budget · Coverage Analysis · Capacity estimation · Required numbers of network elements eg RNC’s Detailed planning: Involves the use of a radio network planning tool. Ericcson . cells and number of network elements.ELLIPSE M-NPT Optimisation:In WCDMA system optimisation starts right back at the planning phase .ICS Telecom System · Logica .TEMS Cell planner · ATDI .

this can be done through Optimisation of Site Location and configuration Height. direction.  Interference is the biggest problem in WCDMA and need to control. beamwidth and tilt of antennas Cable losses Mast head amplifiers .

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