Question

:
B = 6.40 ’unit’ y
Two vectors A and B respectively are described as follow:
Determine:
a)
A + B.
b)
A–B
c)
A•B
d)
AxB
by using both graphical and mathematical methods.

A = 7.28 ‘unit’
θ2 = 51.3

o

o

θ1 = 15.9

x

Answer:
a) A + B.
i) Graphical Method:
A + B (parallelogram) :

A + B (tip to tail) :

A + B = 7.62 ’unit’
A + B = 7.62 ’unit’

B = 6.40 ’unit’

B = 6.40 ’unit’
θT = 66.8
θ2 = 51.3

o

θ2 = 51.3
o
θT = 66.8

o

A = 7.28 ‘unit’

o

A = 7.28 ‘unit’

o

θ1 = 15.9

o

θ1 = 15.9

ii) Mathematical Method:
A + B (resolved vector) :
Vector

x - component

y - component

A

Ax = A cos θ1
= 7.28 cos 15.9o = 7.00 ‘unit’

Ay = A sin θ1
= 7.28 sin 15.9o = 2.00 ‘unit’

B

Bx = B cos θ2
o
= 6.40 cos (180º - 51.3 ) = -4.00 ‘unit’

By = B sin θ2
o
= 6.40 sin (180º - 51.3 ) = 5.00 ‘unit’

∑ x = 3.00 ‘unit’

Sum

Then, A + B = Resultant =

(∑ x) + (∑ y)
2

2

= (3.00)2 + (7.00)2
= 7.62 ‘unit’.



With direction, θT = tan 

-1

∑ y = 7.00 ‘unit’

∑ y 
∑ x  = tan

 7.00 
o

 3.00  = 66.8 (quadrant I)

y

∑ y = 3.00 ‘unit’

A + B = 7.62 ‘unit’

-1 

θT = 66.8

o

x

∑ x = 3.00 ‘unit’
1

i 3.  7.00 ‘unit’ 2 . j A + B = 7.8 (quadrant I) Then.8 o x.00 i + 2. A + B = (7.00 j + 0 k B = -4. the magnitude : y.00 j + 0 k A + B = (3.00 ‘unit’ θT = 66.00)2 = 7.00  -1 o With direction.62 ‘unit’ 3.00 i + 5. A and B can be written in the form of unit vector as follow: And A = 7.00) j + (0 + 0) k = 3.00 j + 0 k Then. θT = tan  3.A + B (unit vector) : Based on the table in resolved vector.62 ‘unit’.00) i + (2.00  = 66.00 + (-4.00)2 + (7.00 + 5.00 i + 7.

40 ‘unit’ 3 .00 ‘unit’ θT = 15. θT = tan   ∑ y  ∑ x  = tan  −3.00  = -15.00 )2 + ( −3.3 = 15.00  o o   11.28 ‘unit’ A = 7.component y .40 ’unit’ Concept : A – B = A + (-B) by assuming –B = C A–B =A+C Then.3 ) = 4.B.00 ‘unit’ o x A + C = 11.Answer: B = 6.3 ) = -5.40 ’unit’ A + C = 11. A + B = Resultant = ∑ y = -3.3 ∑ y = -3.28 sin 15.40 ’unit’ b) A .00 ‘unit’ Ay = A sin θ1 o = 7.00 ‘unit’ ∑ x = 11. i) Graphical Method: A .3 (quadrant IV) -1  y ∑ x = 11.component Ax = A cos θ1 o = 7.40 ’unit’ A + C = 11.B (parallelogram) : A + B (tip to tail) : A = 7.3 o θ2 = 51.   -1 With direction.3 o θT = 15.B = C = 6.9 o o θ2 = 51.9 = 7.28 ‘unit’ θ1 = 15.9 = 2.00 )2 = 11. .40 cos (360º .00 ‘unit’ Cy = C sin θ2 o = 6.00 ‘unit’ Sum Then.00 ‘unit’ Cx = C cos θ2 o = 6.40 sin (360º .3 θT = 15.40 ’unit’ C = 6.40 ‘unit’.9 o θ1 = 15.3 o C = 6.51.40 ’unit’ ii) Mathematical Method: A + B (resolved vector) : Vector A -B=C x .28 cos 15.00 ‘unit’ (∑ x) + (∑ y) 2 2 = (11.51.

00 j + 0 k Then.  −3.40 ‘unit’.00)2 = 11.00 ‘unit’ Answer: c) A • B.3) = 112.00 i + 5. A + B = (7. the magnitude : y. i 3.00 j + 0 k B = 4.5.00) + (0)(0) = -18.06 ‘unitA’’unitB’ ii) Mathematical Method (Unit Vector): And A = 7.00 i .3 = 15.00 j + 0 k A + B = (11.3 (quadrant I) Then.00  = -15.3.62 ‘unit’ 3. θT = tan  11.28 ‘unit’ θ2 = 51.00 j + 0 k B = -4.00 .00)(5.00 i + 5. A and B can be written in the form of unit vector as follow: And A = 7.40) cos (112.00) + (2.00 + 4.A + B (unit vector) : Based on the table in resolved vector.00)(-4.00 i + 2. j A + B = 7.00  -1 o o With direction.5.40 ’unit’ o o θAB = 180 – (15.00)2 + ( −3.00 j + 0 k A • B = (Ax i + Ay j + Az k) • (Bx i + By j + Bz k) = (7.00 j + 0 k) = (7.00 ‘unitA’’unitB’ 4 .3 o θ1 = 15.00) j + (0 + 0) k = 11.9 + 51. i) Graphical Method: A • B = A B cos θAB B = 6. A • B = (7.00 i + 2.28)(6.8 o x.9 o o Then.00 j + 0 k) • (-4.00) i + (2.00 i .8 ) = -18.00 ‘unit’ θT = 66.00 i + 2.8 o A = 7.

5 .00) – (-4.8 o A = 7.95 ‘unitA’’unitB’ The direction : Based on the Right Hand Rule: AxB (Vector Product) A st (1 Vector) θ B nd (2 Vector) Based on the Corkscrew Rule : ii) Mathematical Method (Unit Vector): And A = 7.00 j + 0 k AXB= i j k 7.00 0 = [(2.00 j + 0 k B = -4.28)(6.00 ‘unit’.00)(0)] i .3) = 112. direction = positive z axis).00 5.[(7.00)(2.00 2.28 ‘unit’ θ2 = 51.00 i + 5.00 k = 43.0 j + 43.00)(5. the magnitude: o θ1 = 15.00 0 − 4.00)(0) – (5.00)] k = 0 i .Answer: d) A X B.9 + 51.3 Then. i) Graphical Method: A x B = A B sin θAB B = 6.9 o o A • B = (7.00)(0) – (-4.00)(0)] j + [(7.40) sin (112.8 ) = 42.00k (magnitude = 43.00 i + 2.40 ’unit’ o o θAB = 180 – (15.

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