CWB Form 111 E/2004-2


CSA STANDARD W59-03
STUDY GUIDE


CANADIAN WELDING BUREAU
A Division of the CWB Group - Industry Services

"CERTIFICATION MAKES THE DIFFERENCE"

CWB Form 111 E/2004-2

CSA STANDARD W59~03 STUDY GUIDE
In order to assist welding supervisors in their study of CSA Standard W59, the Canadian Welding Bureau has compiled this study guide. It includes questions with short answers, multiple choice and true or false exercise questions. The clause reference for the correct answer is shown in brackets followed by the answer.

SHORT ANSWER FORMAT Clause 1

1.

Question: Answer:

CSA Standard W59 covers the welding requirements for what type of steel construction?

(CI.1.1, 1.2, CI.1.4) The welding requirements of CSA Standard W59 can be applied to carbon and low alloy welded steel construction, except where other special codes such as Lloyd's or ASME, for instance, govern.
The standard is not intended for use with steels having a minimum specified yield strength> 700 MPa (100,000 psi) or for stainless steels.

2.

Question: Answer:

What types of structures are covered in CSA Standard W59? (CI.1.1) CSA Standard W59 covers statically loaded structures and cyclically loaded (repetitive loading) structures. Clause 12 deals with provisions that are specific to cyclically loaded structures only, and Clause 11 deals with provisions specific to statically loaded structures only.

Clause 2 3. Question: Answer:
What is a low-hydrogen electrode? (CI. 2.1) A low-hydrogen electrode is an electrode which deposits weld metal with a specified maximum limit of diffusible hydrogen. E4918 and E4928 are examples of low-hydrogen electrodes.

4.

Question: Answer:

Who is the "engineer" as described in CSA Standard W59? (CI. 2.1) The engineer is the person representing the regulatory authority, or the purchaser.

3.1. 3.' 8 Question: Answer: Does CSA Standard W59 contain provisions for prequalified joints? (CI. CI 3.1 and 3.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 • Clause 3 5.2. FCAW.2. MCAW (spray transfer mode only) and GMAW (spray transfer mode only) processes. ESW.2.2. Question: Answer: What are the requirements for contractor certification? (CI. at the option of evidence to satisfy the Engineer the required weldments. 9.1 & CI 3. SAW. Question: Answer: Does CSA Standard W59 specify requirements for stud welding? (CI. Question: Answer: What base metals can be welded under CSA Standard W59? (CI 3.4 together with the additional conventions developed for CSA Standard W59 and shown in Appendix 0 of CSA Standard W59 .2. the fabricator must provide that the fabricator is competent to produce 6. 3. GMAW. There are prequalified joints for SMAW. certified under the requirements of CSA by the governing design standard or by the the Engineer. SAW.1) Yes. FCAW. Clause 5 has requirements for stud welding. 10.1) Contractors shall be Standard W47. Question: Answer: What welding processes are covered in CSA Standard W59? (CI.1) This standard covers the SMAW. Question: Answer: The requirements for welding symbols are specified in what standard? (CI.1. Clause 10 has details for the geometry of joints which are prequalified.3.1. EGW and SW processes 7.3. . • 2 .2.1. 3.2 or other recognized specifications of equivalent welding quality approved by the engineer.2) Steels that can be welded shall conform to the requirements of the CSA or ASTM steels listed in clauses 3. MCAW. Or.4) Welding symbols shall be as shown in AWS Standard A2.2) Yes. 3.1 when stipulated Engineer. providing all other requirements of CSA Standard W59 (See Clause 10) are followed.

4.3. 4. (c) groove depths and joint preparations. welding sequence.2).2. Question: Answer: What is a partial joint penetration groove weld? (CI. Question: Answer: What are the types of welds as specified in CSA Standard W59? (CI.1. size and length of all welds: (b) distinguish between shop and field welds. CI4. • 14. such as the selection of material with improved through-thickness ductility.2.1.1. . 13.1. Question: Answer: What requirements are specified in CSA Standard W59 to minimize the possibility of lamellar tearing? (CI. control of distortion. together with the position of welding. Question: Answer: What typical welding drawing? information would you expect to find on a detail (CI. if there are partial penetration joints. measures shall be taken to minimize the possibility of lamellar tearing. e.1) Welds are classified as groove. (b) the effective throat thickness shall be defined. 4.1.1. If this type of joint cannot be avoided. 4.1.1. 15. 4.1.3) A partial joint penetration groove weld is defined as one having joint penetration less than complete.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 Clause 4 11.1. CI 4.1 & CI. CI. In the case of corner joints using single bevel or J-grooves.1. type.1. etc. fillet. • 12. 4.1.3. the preferred preparation is as shown in Figure 4.1.1.1. 16. Question: Answer: What is a complete joint penetration (CJP) groove weld? (CI.2.2.1. Corner or T -joint details causing through-thickness tensile stresses resulting from welding executed under conditions of restraint shall be avoided when possible.2. if there are partial penetrating joints. (d) any notes required.3.1.2. 4. 3 .3) A detail drawing should contain the following information: (a) location. plug or slot welds.1. Question: Answer: What information should be given on a design drawing? (CI.2) A CJP groove weld is one which has complete penetration and fusion of weld and base metal throughout the thickness of the joint.1.1.1.g. 4.4) A design drawing should contain: (a) information for preparation of detail and erection drawings.

3.1.5) Yes. 0 .) plate? groove weld (CI. in such cases the weld shall be considered to be a partial joint penetration groove weld.1.3. 21.3.1. 0 0 • 20 .) plate to a 25 mm (1 in. 23.3.2. If the groove angle is between 45° and 60 the effective throat is equal to the depth of preparation less 3mm (1/8 ln. These welds cannot be bent about their longitudinal axis if such bending produces tension at the root of the weld. Question: Answer: Does GSA Standard W59 allow for the use of intermittent groove welds? (CI. 4.1 .1.3.3. Question: Answer: What is the effective throat of a complete joint penetration connecting a 19 mm (3/4 in. Can single fillet welds or single partial joint penetration welds be subjected.2.). The effective throat will be the shortest distance between the root of the groove and the surface of the fillet weld less 3 mm (1/8 in. 0 .2) No.1) No. 4. 4. Question: Answer: If a partial joint penetration groove weld is reinforced with a fillet can the fillet portion be included as part of the effective throat of the weld? (CI.).8).2) The effective length is the width of the part joined.2 or as otherwise permitted by the Engineer. 22. For angles over 1350 fillet welds shall not be relied upon to transmit calculated loads (see Clause 4.1.4 . in service.).) Fillet welds may be used in joints with fusion faces forming an included angle of 60° to 135 (see Figure 4.4) It the groove angle is equal to or greater than 60 the effective throat is equal to the depth of preparation. however. except as provided in Clause 4. Angles less than 60 are permitted.CWB Form 111 E/2004"2 • 17. Groove welds must be continuous for the full length of the joint.3.1. to bending about the longitudinal axis of the weld if it produces tension at the root of the weld? (CI.5). Question: Answer: What is the effective length of a skewed butt joint? (CI. 4. Question: Answer: What is the effective throat of a partial joint penetration groove weld? (CI.3. 4. 4. Question: Answer: What are the restrictions on the use of fillet welds? (CI. which in this case is 19 mm (3/4 in.3) The effective weld throat is equal to the thickness of the thinnest part joined.3.3. where such reduction is required by Clause 4. •• 4 .3. 4.1. Question: Answer: 19.3. 18.1.

2) For plate thicknesses less than 6 mm (1/4 ln.1. Question: Answer: What is the effective length of a fillet weld? (CI.2.2. If the minimum length cannot be achieved then the effective fillet size shall be one-fourth of its effective length.CWB Form 111 Ef2004-2 24.3. the fillet weld size may be equal to the thickness of the plate. CI.2. 4.2. Answer: 5 • . 4.6.3.3.3.6. Question: What is the minimum diameter of the hole or the width of the slot for plug and slot welds? (CI. 4. For plate thicknesses 6 mm (1/4 in.4. Question: What is the effective throat thickness of a flare bevel groove weld in a butt joint? CI.3) It can be both. Question: Answer: What is the minimum allowable effective length of a fillet weld? (CI.).4. whichever is larger. CI.1.4.3).) unless designated on the drawing to be built out to obtain full throat thickness. • 29.1.2. Answer: • 25.4.1.3. 4.) The minimum fillet weld length shall be 38 mm (1-1/2 in.2) The diameter or width is equal to the thickness of the material containing the hole or slot plus 8 mm (5/16 in.) or more.3. 28.2.4.1.1. 4.1.6.2) The effective length is the overall length of the full-size flilet including end returns.) or 4 times the size of the fillet. 4. Question: What is the maximum fillet weld size that can be detailed along the edges of a plate? (CI. Answer: 26.2.4.4) The effective throat for partial joint penetration flare bevel groove welds in butt joints shall not be greater than the wall of thickness of the HSS member or 60% of the thickness of the planar edge (see Figure 4. 27.3) The length of a curved fillet is measured along the centerline of the effective throat.1. Answer: 30. Question: Answer: How is the length of a curved fillet weld measured? (CI. 4. the fillet weld size shall not exceed the thickness of the plate less 2mm (1/16 in. Question: Is a flare bevel groove weld considered a complete or partial joint penetration weld? (CI.).

rain and snow and all necessary means shall be provided to enable the welder or welding operator to work in reasonable comfort. 5. Question: Answer: What are the requirements in CSA Standard W59 for filler plates? (CI.4) Yes. 4. Question: Two plates.) or less. What is the minimum fillet size that may be made? Table 4-4 5 mm (3/16 in.).) Answer: • 34. but not less than 16 mm (5/8 in.) in thickness or less shall not be used to transfer stress. CI.1. Question: What is the minimum groove depth for a partial joint penetration groove weld in a 25 mm (1 in.1.2. Table 5-1.2. 4. Question: Answer: What is the required depth of filling for plug and slot welds? (CI. 32. • 37. each 12 mm thick are to be joined by a fillet weld. 5. For part thickness greater than 16 mm (5/8 in. Answer: 6 .).1.1) The welder or welding operator.eWB Form 111 E/2004·2 • 31. the work and welding consumables must be adequately protected against the direct effect of wind.3) Fillers 6 mm (1/4 in. 36. the depth of filling must be the thickness of the part.) Answer: Clause 5 35.) plate with a 45° groove angle? Table 4-3 11 mm (7/16 in. Question: Answer: What environmental factors must be taken into account when welding? (CI. the weld thickness must be at least half the material thickness. atmospheric corrosion resistance and color matching of weathering steels? (CI. 4.3) For parts 16 mm (5/8 in.) in thickness shall be extended beyond the edges of the splice plate or connection material and connected with sufficient weld to transmit the splice plate or connection material stress. 33. Question: Can welding be performed when the ambient temperature (O°F)? is below -18 OC Answer: (CI.6.2.6.4. gives filler metal requirements for exposed bare applications of weathering steels.2) Welding in such temperatures may only be done with the express consent of the Engineer. Question: Are there special provisions in CSA Standard W59 for weld metal with . 5. Fillers over 6 mm (1/4 in.

(c) (d) and (e).3 or 5.2) No. 5.2. Question: What is the meaning of "H-X or -XX".5 (a).4.2.2.2) Carbon steel electrodes conforming to CSA Standard W48 shall be baked for at least 2 hrs at a temperature between 230CC (450°F) and 260CC (5000F) before being used.5) Low-hydrogen electrodes with strength levels higher than the E49 classification must be used within a time period equal to 50% of the maximum permissible exposure time for E49 electrodes as specified in Clauses 5. Question: What is the maximum time that an E4918 electrode may remain out of an electrode oven before it requires reconditioning? (CI. Question: If atmospheric corrosion resistance is required but exact colour matching is not required.4.1.4 applies. Low-alloy steel electrodes conforming to CSA Standard W48 shall be baked for. (b).4.2. Allowable deviations are specified in Clause 5.4.2.4. Question: What action must be taken when a container of low-hydrogen electrodes is damaged before opening? (CI.1.2. 41.2.2. Alternative baking temperatures may be used if procedures have been developed and are recommended by the manufacturer.2.2.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 38.4. 5. as you may see after a FCAW electrode classification? (CI. D Answer: 7 . 5. Answer: • 42.3) Electrodes should be used within a 4 hour period unless Clause 5.4. 5. Question: Low-hydrogen electrodes with a strength higher than E49XX (E70XX) must be used within what time period? (CI. Low-hydrogen electrodes do not have to be used for welding the steels listed in Column 2 of Table 5-3.4 otherwise they must be baked at 370CC (700 OF)to 430CC (800 F) for 1 hour. Answer: 43.1.4. can you deviate from the requirements of Table 5-1? (Clause 5.2.~~t least 1 hour at a temperature between 370CC (7000F) and 430CC (800qF). Answer: 40.2.2.2. otherwise they must be reconditioned in a baking oven.2.3) An electrode designated as "H" deposits weld metal with a controlled amount of diffusible hydrogen. Question: Answer: Do low-hydrogen electrodes have to be used for welding of all steels? (CI. 5.5 a-e) Yes. • Answer: 39.2.2.5 d.1 & 5. 5. e & CI.2.2.2.

46. the leg of the fillet weld shall be increased by the amount of the separation.9.2.2 & 5. Question: How many times can a low-hydrogen electrode be rebaked.6) Low-hydrogen once. Wet electrodes must be discarded. 5.3. (b) Shielding gas mixtures for the GMAW process do not contain hydrogen. 5.3. Question: What is the maximum gap between the faying surfaces of a lap joint or between the faying surfaces of a butt joint and steel backing? (CI. If the separation is 2 mm (1/16 ln. Answer: 8 . The separation between parts shall normally not exceed 5 mm (3/16 in. Answer: • 47.) or greater. a low-hydrogen electrode and an approved welding procedure must be used.) thick or greater when.4) Yes. provided that a sealing weld or suitable backing material* is used to prevent melt-through. the gap cannot be closed sufficiently to meet this tolerance. 5. glass tape.).2.4.1) The parts to be joined by fillet welds shall be brought into as close a contact as practicable.1 & 5. moisture.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 • 44.4.2) The gap shall not exceed 2 mm (1/16 in. 5.4. 5. and what must be done if the electrode becomes wet? (CI.2.) except in cases involving shapes and plates 75 mm (3 in.2.5.) is acceptable. a maximum gap of 8 mm (5/16 in.4. however. after straightening and in assembly. 5. etc. Question: The separation between parts to be joined by fillet welds shall not exceed what limits? (CI. electrodes shall only be rebaked Answer: 45.2. for what distance from the weld area? (CI. 5.3.4.2. provided: (a) SAW consumables are stored and conditioned as per the manufacturer's recommendations or as specified in CSA Standard W59. grease. *8acking to prevent burn-through may be of flux.2.1) The material must be cleaned within 50 mm (2 in. Question: Answer: Are the SAW and GMAW processes designated as low-hydrogen processes? (CI. Question: Can occasional notches be repaired on the edge of material that IS to be welded? (CI. In such cases.3.4.4) Yes.) of any weld locations.4. Question: Surfaces and edges to be welded must be clean and free from paint.2. iron powder or similar material or it may be provided by means of root passes deposited by low-hydrogen electrodes or electrodes of other arc welding processes that are specified to an appropriate diffusible hydrogen designator. Answer: 48. t Answer: • 49.

55.5. • 54. Question: Answer: What are the requirements for seal welds? (CI. 51.1. Spacers shall be of the same material as the base material. 5.1 or 12.5. 5.7. What are the requirements for the depth to width ratio of weld passes? (CI.1 may be any of the listed steels. Seal welds shall not carry calculated stresses.4. 5.2. Question: Answer: • f 11 9 . run-off plates and backing? (CI. Seal welds shall meet all workmanship requirements of CSA Standard W59. and backings used for the welding of steels up to and including 480 MPa (70 ksi) minimum specified tensile strength and referred to in Clause 11 . minor defects may be acceptable provided the quality of the final weld is acceptable. 53. Question: Answer: If a tack weld is to be incorporated into the final weld must it be subject to the same quality requirements as the final weld? (CI. Question: Answer: What is the purpose of extension bars or run-off plates? (CI. Question: Answer: What steel should be used for extension bars. Extension bars.2) These are bars or plates tacked at each end of the groove to serve as a starting and termination point for the arc and to ensure that sound welds with the specified throat are made.2.2.10) The minimum preheat requirements shall apply. Question: Answer: What is the allowable offset between abutting parts to be joined by a groove weld? (CI. •.4) The abutting parts are to be aligned so that the offset does not exceed 10% of the thickness of the thinner part but in no case more than 3 mm (1/8 in.1.5) For all processes except ESW and EGW neither the depth nor the maximum width in the cross-section of weld metal deposited in each weld pass shall exceed the width of the face of the weld pass. run-off plates.). and backings used for the welding of steels of over 480 MPa (70 ksi) minimum specified tensile strength and referred to in Clause 11.1 or 12. 5. 5. run-off plates.1) Extension bars.1. This is intended to help prevent centreline cracking when the weld cools. The minimum fillet size of Table 4-4 does not apply to seal welds.1 shall be of the same material as the base material.5.4.1) Yes.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 50.4.2. 52.5. When they are incorporated into the final weld.

3).4. 5.5. 5.6) SAW prequalified joints are for flat position welding only. (CI. except root and surface layers shall not exceed 6 mm (1/4 in. 58.3) The thickness of weld layers.3. (CI. (CI. (c) The progression of weldinq must be from points where the parts are relatively fixed in position to points that have a greater relative freedom of movement.3. Question: Answer: Prequalified joints are specified in GSA Standard W59 for the SAW process in what welding position? (CI. with the exception of fillet welds.5. (b) 900 A for parallel electrodes when making the root pass in a groove that has steel backing or a spacer bar. the steel manufacturer's recommendations stating the maximum permissible heat input.5. preheat and interpass temperature necessary to achieve proper welding shall be taken into account. (b) Develop a welding sequence plan.6) For welding of quenched and tempered steels.6. (e) Complete the welding of each component before connecting the components to one another.2.).3.). and (d) no restriction on welding current for the final layer. Question: Answer: What actions will help to control distortion and shrinkage stresses due to welding? (a) Balance the applied heat of welding. (c) 1200 A for parallel electrodes for all passes except in the final layer.6.CWB Form 111 E/2004·2 56. 60.2). 5. 5. Question: Answer: When welding with the single electrode SAW process requirements for the allowable thickness of each weld pass? what are the (CI. (d) Joints in which shrinkage will be most significant must be welded first.6) .5) The maximum welding current in making a groove weld shall be as follows: (a) 700 A for parallel electrodes when making the root pass in a groove that has no root opening and does not fill the groove. 5.3.6. Question: Answer: What are the maximum allowable welding currents when making a groove weld with the SAW process using two electrodes in parallel? (CI. Question: Answer: What are the maximum preheat recommendations for welding quenched and tempered steels? (CI. • 10 .1. (CI. 57. 5. • 59.5.6. (CI. 5.1.6.5). 5. 5.

5.).) 11 . and for welding joints where transfer of tensile stress occurs in the through thickness direction of the material. What is the workmanship tolerance on the root face of root is not to be gouged? (Table 5. Preheats above the minimum may be required for highly restrained joints. 5.15) Maximum localized heat shall not exceed 590CC (1100°F) for quenched and tempered steel.) thick G40. Peening is not permitted on the root and surface layers of a weld and on quenched and tempered steels.14) Arc strikes should be avoided on any material. for hlqn-strenqth weld metals. the maximum localized heat shall not exceed what temperature? (CI.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 61.7) 67. Question: Answer: a groove weld if the ± 2 mm (±1/16 in.5.10. Question: Answer: Does GSA Standard W59 allow welds to be peened? (CI.1) Yes. for certain combinations of steel thickness and weld energy input levels when the steel composition contains certain elements that are at or near the maximum values permitted for the steel grade. Question: Answer: 66.11) Peening is permitted only when specified by the contractor's engineer under the supervision of the engineer responsible for welding. What is the required preheat temperature for welding a 25 mm (1 in. 64. they should be ground smooth and the surface checked for soundness by the magnetic particle inspection method. 5. CI. 5.' 65. how far in advance of the welding arc must the base material be at or above the specified preheat temperature? (Table 5-3 Note 2) The welding joint must be preheated laterally and in advance of the welding arc for a distance equal to the thickness of the part being welded. Question: Answer: If a weldment is heated to correct distortion from welding.21 grade 350W steel with a low-hydrogen SMAW electrode? . If they appear on cyclically loaded structures. nor 650CC (1200°F) for other steels. • 62. Question: Answer: When preheating.7. 63. Question: Answer: If an arc strike occurs outside of the weld area what action should be taken? (CI. Question: Answer: Are preheats higher than required by Table 5~3 sometimes used? (CI. but not less that 75 mm (3 in.5.

Question: Answer: What is the recommended minimum radiography using radioactive isotopes? steel thickness for performing (CI. Question: Answer: GSA Standard W59 specifies requirements for prequalified joints for which welding processes? (Cl.). SAW.the recommended minimum is 12 mm (112 in.).1. G060 recommended minimum is 38 mm (1-1/2 ln. 9. Question: Answer: For the SMAW process. Radiographic methods are not recommended for fillet welds.1) The procedures apply solely for examination of groove welds in butt joints.3.1) Prequalified joints in GSA Standard W59 cover 5 welding processes .3. Question: Answer: The procedures in CSA Standard W59 for radiography apply to what types of joints? (CI. length. GMAW-SP. FCAW.1) Surfaces to be welded shall be cleaned thoroughly. Clause 8 69. type and location of all welds.4. MGAW. the maximum thickness of weld layers and the maximum one-pass fillet size . Question: Answer: What should be done when welding in the field on structures that have been painted? (CI.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 • Clause 7 68.l0. - the • Clause 9 71.1. 70. 7. • 12 .l.SMAW.1.9) Ir192 . removal of paint film.S. Question: Answer: What information should be made available to the welding inspector? (CI. including Clause 10 72. 8.3) Complete detail drawings showing size.1. are there additional requirements welding of designated prequalified joints? placed on the (Table 10~1) Table 10-1 defines the maximum size of electrode. 73.

The load cannot be distributed between bolts and welds. Welds shall be provided to carry the entire load in the connection. (b) no visible lack of fusion between welds and base metal. which are applicable to statically loaded structures but not applicable to cyclically loaded structures.12) The minimum fillet size shall be not less than t/4 where t is the thickness of the groove welded member. but it need not be more than 10 mm (3/8 in. Question: Clauses 1 through 10 inclusive relate to structures. Question: Are high strength bolts. For weld lengths of less than 300 mm (12 in).4 for the primary stress direction category applicable to the area containing the undercut.4. Any individual pore shall have a dimension not exceeding 2.1) No. but in no case may the undercut be greater than 1. which are either statically or cyclically loaded. 77. What is the visual examination acceptance criteria for welds in a statically loaded structure? (el 11. Clause 12 applies to cyclically loaded structures but not to statically loaded structures. (d) weld profiles in accordance with Clause 5.1) A weld subject to visual inspection shall be acceptable if visual inspection shows (a) no surface cracks. the undercut may be twice the value permitted by Figure 11.5.4 (for the applicable load category) for an accumulated length of 50 mm (2 in) in a 300 mm (12 in) length of weld.!-' 13 . 11. 11. .4. Similarly.. (c) no craters.9.6 mm (1 /16 in). Further.5 mm (3/32 in).3. What do Clauses 11 and 12 cover? Clause 11 contains special clauses. Question: Answer: . • Answer: 75. irrespective of length. I)n i'f. undercut does not exceed the value shown in Figure 11. what size should the reinforcing fillet weld be for T and corner joints? Answer: (CI. used in bearing.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 Clause 11 74.4. Question: When specified. (e) that the sum of diameters of visible porosity does not exceed 10 mm (3/8 in) in any linear 25 mm (1 in) length of weld and does not exceed 20 mm (3/4 in) In any 300 mm (12 In) length of weld.). and welds in the same connection permitted to share the load in statically loaded structures? Answer: (CI. the permitted accumulated length of undercut shall be proportional to the actual length of weld. (f) that. 76.

• CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 78.21 Grade 300W are to be joined using the SMAW process. What would be the matching electrode classification to weld this grade of steel? Table 11-1 or Table 12-1 (E49XX). Question: Two steel plates each consisting of CSA G40. Answer: • • 14 .

GTAW.1) (a) The steel supplier. 2. Structures governed by l.CWB Form 111 E!2004-2 MULTIPLE CHOICE AND TRUE OR FALSE EXERCISES Clause 1 1. The provisions of CSA Standard W59 are not intended for use with steels having a specified minimum yield strength of over 700 MPa (100. The Canadian Welding Bureau. FCAW. What is a low-hydrogen electrode? (CI. GMAW. "Contractor" refers to: (CI. EGW. (a) and (b).1) (a) (b) (c) (d) An electrode depositing weld metal having a specified maximum limit to the diffusible hydrogen content. 1.4) 1\ i (a) (b) True False.2) Pressure Vessels.2. None of the above answers are correct.000 psi). RW. 15 . 1. CSA Standard W59 can be applied (a) (b) (c) (d) • to: (CI.loyds. Clause 2 4. (e) 2. (CI. MCAW. GMAW. (b) (c) (d) The fabricator or erector who performs the welding. E4101 0 (E6010) electrodes. CSA Standard W59 contains provisions for which of the following welding processes? (CI. SW.3) (a) (b) (c) SMAW. The general contractor responsible for the whole job. Structures governed by American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). SAW. ESW. 5. Structures governed by American Petroleum Institute (API). An electrode used for basic flat only type of welding. (d) 3. 1. Any electrode that is being used.

Shop and field welds.3). 3. (C1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Location. 11. FCAW. -All of the above. Prequalified joints are included in CSA Standard W59 for which of the following welding processes? (CI. SAW.1) (a) (b) (c) (d) All information necessary for preparation of erection drawings.1. GTAW.1.1. SW.1. (CI.2. type.1.1. SAW. Clause 10 has details of joint geometry for joints.1) (a) (b) (c) (d) FCAW~SMAW. (CI.3.1) (a) True False (b) 8. GMAW (spray transfer mode). 4. 4.1. size. (a) and (b). Groove depth and geometry if the weld is a partial joint penetration groove weld. ESW. CSA Standard W59 contains requirements for stud welding. SMAW.2.3.SAW .2. 5 and 10 of CSA Standard W59.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 • Clause 3 6. • 9.1. Steel base metals must conform to the requirements of CSA or ASTM standards or other recognized specifications of equivalent welding quality approved by the engineer. 3.1. which are prequalified.2) (a) (b) True False Clause 4 10. Length and type of groove weld requirements. All information necessary for preparation of detail drawings. and length of all welds.1. 3. What information must be included on design drawings? (CI.1. GMAW (spray transfer mode). MCAW (spray transfer mode). Any special fabrication procedures required such as the welding sequence . 4.2. What information must be shown on erection and detail drawings? 4.1.2) (a) (b) True False 7.1.2. EGW. • 16 . 3. (C1. providing that welding procedures also conform to Clauses 4.

4. What is a complete joint penetration groove weld? (CL 4.1. The width of the part [otned. . A weld having fusion of weld and base metal throughout the thickness of the joint. None of the answers are correct.1. (CI. (a) and (b).2) (a) (b) The skewed length of the weld.3) (a) (b) True False 15.1. (CI. What weld types does GSA Standard W59 cover? (CL 4. 14. What is the effective weld length for any groove weld.'.". A weld having joint penetration less than complete.1.3.1.3. Single fillet and single partial joint penetration groove welds shall not be subjected to bending about the longitudinal axis of the weld if tension is produced at the root of the weld. 4.3.'. Corner and T welds. (a) (b) True False 17 . A weld having complete side-wall fusion of weld and base metal only. All flare bevel groove welds in butt joints made from one side are classified as partial joint penetration grooves. A partial joint penetration groove weld is defined as one having joint penetration that is less than complete.1.3. perpendicular direction of stress? (CL 4.1.1. 4. The length of the part joined.1.2) (a) (b) (c) (d) A type of fillet weld. Plug and slot welds.6. or skewed to the (c) (d) 17.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 12. 16. 13.3.3.2).2) (a) (b) True False '. (CI.1) (a) (b) (c) (d) Groove and fillet welds.3.1 .

) or 5 times the size of the fillet.1) (a) (b) Two-tenths of the radius of the bar.1.6. 6 mm (1/4 in. One-half of the radius of the bar. What is the minimum fillet size required when joining a 12 mm (1/2 in. 20. Two inches minimum.) .3.3.) or 4 times the size of the fillet. whichever is larger.) thick. whichever is larger.) or 4 times the size of the fillet. 50 mm (2 in.2) (a) The overall length of the full-size fillet.4) (a) (b) • (c) (d) 21. whichever is larger.) plate? (Table 4. not including end returns.) or more in thickness. 8 mm (5/16 in.).3. for material less than 6 mm (1/4 in. 4. for material 6 mm (1/4 in. What is the minimum effective length of a fillet weld? (CI.) plate to a 20 mm (3/4 in. 4.).4. One-quarter of the radius of the bar.4. • 18 .2. whichever is larger. (a) and (b). Three-tenths of the radius of the bar.the effective throat thickness for flare-bevel-groove flush to the surface of the bar? (CI.2. What is the maximum fillet weld size that shall be detailed along the edges of material? (CI.2) (a) (b) (c) (d) 38 mm (1-1/2 in. (b) (c) (d) The overall length of the full-size fillet.) or 5 times the size of the fillet. 4. What is the effective length of a fillet weld? (CI.1. 4.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 18. welds on a solid bar when filled (c) (d) 19. that has not been detailed to be built to obtain the full throat thickness. 75 mm (3 in.5.). 22. including end returns.2) (a) (b) (c) (d) The thickness of the material.). The thickness of the material less 2 mm (1/16 in. 10 mm (3/8 in. Table 4. What is. The maximum fillet weld size shall always be the full thickness of the material. 60 mm (2-1/2 in.2. Five times the size of the fillet minimum. 5mm(3/16in.

Be packaged in hermetically sealed packages. (b) (c) (d) Not less than those specified by deslqn requirements and detail drawings. 5.I . Changed to make the job easier for the steel erector. 5.2) (a) (b) Meet AWS specifications.1.2. Electrodes must: (CI.4) (a) (b) True False 27. 5.2. 28. ace (32°F). Meet certain length and weight requirements. 5. nor shall they be substantially in excess of those requirements without approval of the Engineer. All low-hydrogen electrodes shall be delivered in sealed containers? (el. -sa-c (26°F).4. Below what ambient temperature shall welding not be done without the express consent of the engineer? (el.3) (a) Modified as necessary to conform to actual job site conditions.1) • (a) (b) True False 24. (b) (c) (d) 25. length and location of welds shall be: (CI. Back-gouging shall conform to the geometry of a prequalified single U-joint. 5. 26. rain. . and all necessary means shall be provided to enable the operator to work in reasonable comfort. (CI. and snow. (c) (d) Conform to CSA W48 or the applicable AWS AS Standard.1) (a) (b) True False 19 • . -18OC (01=).1. (CI.2) (a) Temperature is not a concern.1. The size. The operator and the work shall be adequately protected against the direct effect of the wind.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 Clause 5 23.1. 5. • <. Increased slightly to ensure that there is enough weld metal to achieve the required factor of safety.

The separation between parts to be joined by fillet welds shall normally not exceed: (Cl. They must be discarded. 5.4. A container of low-alloy steel electrode has been delivered in a damaged condition. shall be done with the electrodes? (CI. At what minimum temperature shall low-hydrogen electrodes be stored immediately after being removed from sealed containers or from drying ovens? (CI.2.). Once. 8 mm (5/16 in. 5.4.• CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 29. Twice. 5 mm (3/16 in.5. 150"C (300 F).2. 30.5.).2) (a) (b) (c) (d) 65"C (150°F). (a) (b) Wet low-hydrogen 120CC(250"F). 33. D 32.4.2.). 120ac (250Df).2.2. (c) (d) 31.1) (a) (b) (c) (d) What The electrodes shall be used immediately. The electrodes shall be stored in an oven and held at a temperature of at least 1200C (250"F) for four hours prior to use.6) (a) (b) (c) (d) Low-hydrogen electrodes cannot be rebaked. A batch of low-hydrogen electrodes has become wet.1) (a) (b) (c) (d) 2 mm (1/16 in.2. 3700C (700"F).4. 150"C (300"F).1). The electrodes must be discarded and new ones ordered. 5. 950C (200DF). 3 mm (1/8 in. The electrodes shall be baked for at least one hour at a temperature between 3700C and 430"C (700 Of' and 800°F) before being used.2. At what temperature electrodes be baked to remove the moisture? (CI. • 20 . Three times. electrodes must the cannot be rebaked.) . How many times can low-hydrogen electrodes be rebaked? (CI.4.2.

(CI. • What is the workmanship tolerance on a groove angle of a joint? (CI.2) (a) 2 mm 3 mm 5 mm 6 mm (b) (c) (d) 35.7.6.4. Tack welds that are incorporated into the final weld shall be made with electrodes meeting the requirements of the final welds and shall be cleaned thoroughly. direction of 21 . Table 5. +5. (CI. For joints where transfer of tensile stress occurs in the through-thickness the material. + 10. For high-strength weld metal. A welding procedure and sequence shall be such as to minimize distortion and shrinkage when welding reinforcing parts to members.1) (a) (b) True False 39. (1/8 in.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 34. -10. (1/4 in. -5.5.4. 5.). Under what conditions may preheat temperatures Table 5-3 be required? (CI. Seal welds shall be included in any strength calculations. 5. (CI.7) (a) +5. +10. -10. What is maximum gap permitted between faying surfaces of lap joints? (CI.4.).1) that are above the minimum shown in (a) (b) (c) (d) For highly restrained welds.4. The direction of general progression in welding on a member shall be from points that are relatively fixed to points that have a greater relative freedom of movement.2) (a) (b) True False 37. (CI. 5.7. 5. (b) (c) (d) 36. (3/16 in. 5. (1/16 in.4) (a) (b) True False 40. All of the above.1 0) (a) (b) True False • j 38.).6.1. 5. -5.5.).

1) (a) (b) (c) (d) Reduce by removal of excess weld metal. Under what conditions may peening be used on a weld? (CL 5. Only under the supervision of the engineer responsible To repair any defects such as cracks.3) (a) True False (b) 42.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 e 41.13) (a) (b) True False :e \.5. Remove defective portions and reweld. (CI.). Preheat temperatures lower than shown in Table 5-3 may be used.). 5. 110OC(225°F). 5 mm (3/16 in. 5.11) (a) (b) (c) (d) On quenched and tempered steel. Slag shall be removed from all finished welds and before welding over previously deposited metal.2. 5. All of the above. 45.2. 6 mm (1/4 in. • 44. What is the maximum allowable groove weld reinforcement in a butt joint? (CI. Clean and deposit additional weld.1 0.3) (a) (b) (c) (d) 2 mm (1/16 in. (175°F).2. What is the minimum preheat temperature requirement for welding a 40 mm (1-1/2 in. 5.7.) thick 300W (44W) steel with a low-hydrogen electrode? (Table 5-3) (a) (b) (c) (d) so-c so-c 10 OC (50 OF). On the root and surface layers of the weld. (125°F).5.7.). 3 mm (1/8 in.9. (CI. 43. 22 . What corrective action must be taken for excessive convexity? (CI.2.).1.7. 46. for welding.

5. 6 mm (1/4 in. of the start of any welding operations.14) (a) (b) True False • Clause 7 48. Groove welds in T joints. Arc strikes outside of the area of permanent welds should be avoided on any materials.3. in advance. 8.).1. Fillet welds in corner joints. Who is responsible for meeting all of the quality control requirements of this Standard? (CI.1) (a) (b) The The The The welding supervisor. 8.1.3. (c) (d) Contractor. 12 mm (1/2 in. (Cl.1. (CI. engineer responsible for welding. What is the minimum recommended material thickness for which the radioactive isotope Ir192 may be used for radiographing a steel weld? (CI.9) (a) (b) 3 mm (1/8 in. 25 mm (1 in.). 7. What type of weld is suitable for inspection by radiographic methods? (a) Fillet welds in lap joints. Clause 8 50.4) (a) (b) True False 49. (c) (d) 23 • .CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 47. welder.1.). 7. (CI. 51.). The welding inspection organization shall be notified.1) (b) (c) (d) Groove welds in butt [olnts.

GMAW. FCAW.1. 56.4. (d) Clause 11 55. MCAW (spray transfer mode). Design and construction of cyclically loaded steel structures. RW. FCAW. GMAW. GTAW. 6 mm (1/4 in. 54.).6.1.1) (a) (b) (c) (d) Design and construction of statically loaded steel structures. Clause 10 contains provisions for prequalified processes? (CI. including paint film in the area Clause 10 53.4. SMAW. What is the maximum size SMAW electrode that is permitted under any conditions for welding prequalified joints? (Table 10-1) (a) (b) (c) 4 mm (5/32 in. 10. FCAW. GMAW (spray transfer mode).). 11. be returned continuously around the corners for a distance at least twice the nominal size of the weld. immediately adjacent to the weld. 8 mm (5/16 in.1) (a) True False (b) 24 .CWB Form 111 Ef2004-2 52.1) Increase the amperage to burn through the paint and other foreign matter.). wherever practicable. Wash the old material with soap and water. None of the answers are correct. 5 mm (3/16 in.).1) (a) joint for which of the following welding (b) (c) (d) SMAW. 9.1. MCAW. of parts or members shall. Design and construction of cyclically and statically loaded steel structures.3. SAW. What is to be done before welding on existing structures? (a) (CI. respectively. (b) (c) (d) Clean thoroughly all foreign matter. 10. CI. Side or end fillet welds terminating at ends or sides. Use a larger diameter electrode. (CI. Clause 11 supplements Clauses 1 through 10 and covers the: (CI. 11. MCAW. SAW.1. SAW.

Under Clause 12 extensions or run-off bars used in groove welds shall be removed upon completion of welding.5. (CI.11.4) (a) (b) True False 60. 12. Under Clause 11 extensions or run-off bars used at termination of groove welds need not be removed unless required by the Engineer. Craters are not considered a weld defect in statically loaded steel structures. (CI.1).2) (a) (b) True False 59.' (a) (b) True False 58.1) (a) (b) True False 63. Design and construction of cyclically and statically loaded structures.5.12. Under Clause 11 steel backing in groove welds need not be removed unless required by the Engineer.1) . 11.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 57. The visual inspection of completed welds is optional.5.1. steel backing of welds that are transverse to the direction of applied load shall be removed and the joint shall be ground or finished smooth. (CI.2. (CI.5. • (d) 62.5. (CI.12. (CI.1) (a) (b) True False Clause 12 61.5.4. 11. None of the above answers are correct. 11. Clause 12 supplements Clauses 1 through 10 and covers the: (CI. Design and construction of cyclically loaded structures. Under Clause 12. (a) (b) (c) Design and construction of statically loaded structures.3) (a) (b) True False 25 • .

12.5.1) (a) True (b) False • • 26 .4. (CI.CWB Form 111 E/2004-2 Visible porosity in groove welds is not a consideration in cyclically loaded structures.

Ontario LSN 5N1 Telephone: (90S) 542 1312 / 1 800 844-6790 (In Canada only) Fax: (905) 542-1318 WEB: www. Mississauga. 6th Floor.cwbweb.2.i. Edmonton. a CANADIAN WELDING BUREAU / BUREAU CANADIEN DE SOUDAGE A Division of the CWB Group· Industry Services / Division du Groupe CWB .1.i and the W48 Series of Standards. Alberta T6E 5Y4 Tel: (780) 465-7788 I Toll Free: 1-800-503-0793 (within Alberta 1 Be 1 Midwest) Fax: (7BO) 469-1856 1 E-Mail: cwb_ab@cwbgroup. V1 M 2Y2 Tel: (604) 455-0335 I Toll Free: 1-800-503-0792 (within BC I Alberta I Midwest) Fax: (604) 455-0301 1 E-Mail: cwb_bc@cwbgroup. Nova Scotia 82W 3Y6 Tel: (9Q2) 435-1114 1 Toll Free: 1-800·503-0796 (For Area Codes: 902/709/506) Fax: (902) 434·2255 / E-Mail: cwb_al@cwbgroup.org • . W47. W178. Ontario L5N 1P7 Tel: (905) 826-5133 / Toll Free: 1-800-844-9246 (In Canada Only) Fax: (905) 826-9733 I E-Mail: cwb_onl@cwbgroup.org Ontario: 2000 Argentia Road.. Suite 300.42110 Avenue. Laval. "not-for-profit" organization is accredited by the Standards Council of Canada as a Certification Body for the administration of CSA Standards W47.1 etdes normes CSAde la series W48. W178.org o" Alberta / Manitoba Saskatchewan I Suite 206.: / BUREAUX REGIONAUX AU CANADA 505 _ 884021 Street. Services A L'lndustrie HEAD OFFICE / SIEGE SOCIAL 7250 West Credit Ave. federally incorporated. Wi86. Le Bureau canadien de soudage (Ie Bureau).org Quebec: 950 Michelin.C. Suite 411. Quebec H7L 5C1 Tel: (450) 663-8668 / Toll Free: 1-877-663-8668 (For Area Codes: 418/514/450/819/613) Fax: (450) 663-5565 / E-Mail: cwb_qc@cwbgroup.org Atlantic: 73 Tacoma Drive. une organisation federaiement lncorporee but non lucratif est accreditee par Ie conseil Canadien des normes comme une organisation de certification pour I'administration des normes CSA W47. Langley. Dartmouth. B. Plaza 1. Wi86. 9622 .C.• The Canadian Welding Bureau (the Bureau).2. Mississauga. W47.com M M M REGIONAL OFFICES ACROSS CANADA B.

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