# Introduction to Fluid Mechanics 7th Edition

Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald
Answers to Selected Problems, Chapter 6

6.5

r
a = 9iˆ + 7 ˆj ft/s2
r
alocal = 10 iˆ + ˆj ft/s2
r
aconv = 300iˆ − 200 ˆj ft/s2
r
a = 1iˆ + 7 ˆj ft/s2

6.7

v = − Ay

∇p = −0.0139iˆ − 0.544 ˆj psi/ft
r
a = 8iˆ + 4 ˆj m/s2

6.9

∇p = −12iˆ − 6 ˆj − 14.7kˆ Pa/m
Incompressible
∇p = − ρ (4 x − 10)iˆ + (4 y − 6) ˆj + gkˆ

p(x) = 190 − 3x2/1000 (p in Pa, x in m)
Stagnation point: (2.5, 1.5)
Δp = 9.6 Pa

6.1

6.3

6.11
6.13

6.15

6.17

6.19
6.21

6.23
6.25
6.27
6.31
6.33
6.35
6.37

(

∇p = −0.125iˆ − 0.544 ˆj psi/ft
r
aconv = A( Ax + Bt )iˆ − A(− Ay + Bt ) ˆj
∇p = −4.17iˆ + 2.56 ˆj − 0.43kˆ psi/ft

)

[

U2 ⎛
x ⎞
⎜1 −

2L ⎝ 2L ⎠
r
a = −0.127eˆr + 0eˆθ m/s2
r
a = −0.0158eˆr + 0eˆθ m/s2
∇p = 127eˆr + 0eˆθ Pa/m

dp
U2 ⎛
x ⎞

⎜1 −

dx
2L ⎝ 2L ⎠
r
a = −0.127eˆr + 0eˆθ m/s2

ax = −

pout = 43.3 kPa (gage)

∇p = 127eˆr + 0eˆθ Pa/m
∇p = 15.8eˆr + 0eˆθ Pa/m
2
⎧ ⎡
⎤ ⎫
⎥ ⎪⎪
Ai
ρui2 ⎪⎪ ⎢
p = pi +

⎨1 − ⎢
2 ⎪ ⎢ A − ( Ai − Ae ) x ⎥⎥ ⎪
i
L
⎦ ⎭⎪
⎩⎪ ⎣

∂p
ρAi2 L2ui2 ( Ae − Ai )
=−
∂x
( Ai L + Ae x − Ai x )3
ax = −

]

2Vi 2 (Do − Di )

⎡ (D − Di ) ⎤
Di L ⎢1 + o
x⎥
Di L

Fz = − 1.56 N (Acts downwards)
2V 2 x
ax = 2
b
2
ρV 2 L2 ⎡ ⎛ x ⎞ ⎤
p = patm +
⎢1 − ⎜ ⎟ ⎥
b 2 ⎢⎣ ⎝ L ⎠ ⎥⎦
q2 x
ax = 2
h
2Λ2 ρ
∇p = 5 eˆr + 0eˆθ
r
Δp = − 30.6 Pa
B = − 0.6 m−2·s−1
r
a = 4iˆ + 2 ˆj ft/s 2
r
a = 0.5iˆ + ˆj m/s2
Δh = 1.37 in
5

∂p
= −10 MPa/m
∂x max

L≥1m

2 ρV 2 x
∂p
=−
b2
∂x
Fy =

4 ρV 2 L3W
3b 2

∂p
ρq 2 x
=− 2
∂x
h

r
a = 6iˆ + 3 ˆj m/s2
R = 5.84 ft
R = 5.84 ft

an = 6.45 m/s2

9 lbf p3 = 706 Pa (gage) (5.60 in F = 83.87 6.29 mm Hg) Ry = – 0.93 0.70 ⎥ ⎬ ρ w V0 ⎦ ⎪ ⎪⎩V0 ⎣ ⎭ Cc = ½ ax = 10.6.107 V = x2 + y2 ψ = 3 Ax 2 y − 6.55 6.2 kPa (gage) (98.9 mm Hg) Rx = 0.101 ψ = (x 2 − y 2 ) − 2 Axy 2 r 6.73 6.109 Incompressible Irrotational A 2 φ = ( y − x 2 ) − Bx − Cy 2 q (θ1 − θ 2 ) + Ur sin θ 6.83 6.77 F = 0.4 psig 6.32 Bernoulli can be applied 6.61 6.588 ⎧⎪ V ⎡ 2 p0 At ⎤ ⎫⎪ t M w = ρ wV0 ⎨ − ⎢1 + 1.676 ft3/s) 1 p = p∞ + ρU 2 (1 − 4 sin 2 θ ) 2 F = − 278 N/m Q = 2.516 m3/s/s Dj/D1 = 0.79 psig F = 0.41 6. 210o.105 lbf F = 14.5 lbf B 3 x 3 Stagnation point: (− 2.65 6.53 psig h = 17.95 Incompressible 6.105 V = −( A + 2 Bx )iˆ + 2 Byˆj ψ = − (Ay + 2Bxy) 6.53 6.89 6.67 q 2π Unsteady F = 1.3 kN p1 = 11.97 ψ= 6.39 6.52 lbf θ = 30o.35 psig Δh = 6.99 NOTE: Error – function is ψ = Ax2y − By3 6.11 psig p2 = 13.59 6.55 x 10−3 m3/s p1 = 7.491 N p0 = 1.8 kPa φ= q ⎛ r2 ⎞ ln⎜ ⎟ − Ur cos θ 2π ⎜⎝ r1 ⎟⎠ ]} Δp = 12 kPa .69 6.0 ft 1 A = A1 2 g (z1 − z ) 1+ V12 V = 262 m/s Q = 304 gpm (0. 150o.91 6.379 lbf h = 628 mm p2 = 291 kPa (gage) p = 9.51 6.375 N p1 = 1.75 6.47 6.113 ψ = 2π F = 18.57 6.63 6. 4/3) Δp = 55.49 6.5 ft/s2 dQ/dt = 0.1 lbf dM dV = − ρ w air dt dt ⎡A 2 ⎤ ( y − x 2 ) + Bxy ⎥t ⎣2 ⎦ φ=⎢ Irrotational ⎡ −1 ⎛ y − h ⎞ −1 ⎛ y + h ⎞ ⎤ ⎢ tan ⎜ x ⎟ + tan ⎜ x ⎟⎥ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠⎦ ⎣ {[ ][ q 2 2 ln x 2 + ( y − h ) x 2 + ( y + h ) 2π A φ = 3Bxy 2 − x 3 3 φ=− B 6. 330o Kx = 12.79 m& = A 2 pρ 6.

π K 6.82 m r= Δp = 317 Pa .r ⎡ q ⎛ cos θ1 cos θ 2 ⎞ ⎤ q ⎟⎟ + U ⎥iˆ + − V = ⎢ ⎜⎜ r2 ⎠ ⎣ 2π ⎝ r1 ⎦ 2π Stagnations points: θ = 0.117 Stagnations points: θ = 63o.115 ψ = Ur sin θ − ln r 2π r ⎛ K ⎞ V = U cos θeˆr + ⎜ − U sin θ ⎟eˆθ ⎝ 2πr ⎠ Stagnations point: θ = π/2 6.367 m ψstag = 0 K φ = −Ur cos θ − θ 2π K 2πU r = 1. 297o ⎛ sin θ1 sin θ 2 ⎞ ˆ ⎜⎜ ⎟j − r2 ⎟⎠ ⎝ r1 r = 0.