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# SOLID AND WATER BALANCE IN COAL PREPARATION

V. K. Gupta Fuel & Mineral Engineering Department INDIAN SCHOOL OF MINES, DHANBAD

Gupta Fuel & Mineral Engineering Department INDIAN SCHOOL OF MINES. DHANBAD .Data Reconciliation For Material Balance V. K.

NEED FOR SAMPLING AND MATERIAL BALANCE • Assessment of the performance of the individual process units. • Generating reliable data for estimation of unknown parameters of the process mathematical . • Assessment of the performance of the Plant as a whole. Assays and Size Distributions that could not be measured. • Estimation of Flow Rates.

hydrocyclone circuit .To Flotation Hydrocyclone ROD MILL Combination of Mill BALL MILL Discharges Middling from flotation BALL MILL Sump Box Sampling points for rod mill – ball mill.

Adjustment of Raw Plant Data for Material Balance Tools Used : • Linear algebra • Function minimization (optimization) techniques Information Obtained : • Values of unknown flow rates and other data. • Corrected/ Refined values of raw data collected in .

Sources of Error • Fluctuations in the Quality and Feed Rates • Sampling Errors • Measurement Errors .

Problems Faced • More Measurements than the Unknowns !  Process is over-defined. • Errors are Random !  How to correct the data? .  Estimate of the unknown parameter depends on the choice of relationship and/or data used.

01 2.4 5.1 2.0 7.1 8.3 8.7 11.01 .RMD D1 = 1.5 7.3 6.0 3 21.01 2.01 2.31 K (reconciled data) 2.0 #1 D2 = K D3 = 1+ K #3 SUMP CYF D1M1 + D2M2 = D3M3 M1 + KM2 = (1+K)M3 BMD #2 K= (M1 – M3)/ (M3-M2) Screen size (mesh) 100/150 150/200 200/270 270/400 Wt % in Branch # 1 12.69 2.77 2.31 1.4 K (exp.5 3.0 2 26.) 1.

Approach to Solution • Minimize : “Weighted Sum of Squares of Error” with inverse of the variance associated with each measurement as the weight .

Try to reduce their variance by improving sampling and measurement techniques.DISCUSSION • For greater reliability in the Mass Balance results :  Use proper samplers for each stream.    . Sample only when plant is running in ‘steady state’.  Find out by carrying out ‘ Sensitivity Analysis’ which measurements are critical . Establish values of variance for each measurement by carrying out a sufficiently large number of experiments. Use correct sampling procedure.

Thanks for your kind attention and making this session interesting THANK YOU .