TheAppendicular Skeleton
Bonesof the Pectoral Girdle and UpperExtremity
1. Match the bone namesor markings in column B with the descriptionsin column A.

s; deltoidtuberosiry 1. raised areaon lateral surfaceof humerusto which deltoid muscle attaches 2. arm bone

Column B a. acromion b. capitulum

i: humerus
d; clavicle o; radius a: acromlon D: scaDula d; clavicle ,

c. carpals p; scapula t; ulna 3. 4. bonesofthe shouldersirdle d. clavicle forearm bones e. coracoidprocess

5. scapular region to which the clavicleconnects
f. coronoidfossa to 6. shouldergirdle bonethat is unattached the axial skeleton g. deltoid tuberosity
7. shoulder girdle bone that articulateswith and transmits forces

to the bony thorax
h; glenoid cavity e; coracoidprocess d; clavicle s; trochlea t; ulna b: caoitulum f: coronoid fossa

h. glenoidcavity i, humerus J. metacarpals k. olecranonfossa l . olecranonprocess m. phalanges n. radial tuberosity o. radius p. scapula

8 . depressionin the scapulathat articulateswith the humerus

9. processabove the glenoid cavity that permits muscle attachment 10. the "collarbone"
l l . distal condyle of the humerusthat articulateswith the ulna

12. medial bone of forearm in anatomicalposition
13. rounded knob on the humerus; adjoins the radius 14. anterior depression,superior to the trochlea, which receivespart
of the ulna when the forearm is flexed

t: ulna c; carpals m; phalanRes i; metacarpals p; scapula

15. forearm bone involved in formation of the elbow joint
q. sternum

16. wrist bones
r. styloid process

t7. finger bones
s. trochlea

18. headsof thesebonesform the knuckles
a: sternum

t. ulna 19. bonesthat articulate with the clavicle


identify the anatomicallandmarks and regions of the scapula. pisiform'triangular'Iunate'scaphoid In the distal row. What is the total number of phalangesin the hand? l4 4. k. d. Using items from the list at the right. suprascapular notch L fossa supraspinous 70 ReviewSheet1''l . trapezium 5. i. J. 3. 1 f.) How is the arm held clear of the widest dimension of the thoracic caee? (therefore arm) Iaterallyawayfrom the narrowest Theclavicleactsas a strut to hold theglenoidcavityof thescapula the dimension of therib cage. trapezoid. b' lateral border medial border spine superior angle superior border o h.capitate. thev are (medial to lateral) hamare. acromion coracoidprocess glenoid cavity inferior angle infraspinousfossa b. Key: a. c. What is the total number of carpalsin the wrist? i Name the carpals (medial to lateral) in the proximal row.

Compare the pectoral and pelvic girdles by choosing appropriatedescriptive terms from the key. distalradioulnarjoint d. surgicalneck s. Bonesof the PelvicGirdleand LowerLimb 7. b. head of humerus f. styloid processofradius q. I lterur Pectoral: 8. by the pelvic girdle? Review Sheet 11 71 . at least in part. trochlearnotch Circle the correct term for each pair in parentheses: ThehumerusisaGigfri}eft)bonein{ananterior@view. coronoid process c. -----!-. proximal radioulnarjoint m. styloid processofulna r. radial groove n. e. headofradius g. anatomical neck b. olecranon l. olecranonfossa process k. insecureaxial and limb attachments secureaxial and limb attachments weight-bearingmost important Pelvic: -----3-. flexibility most important massive lightweight a . d. medial epicondyle j. Also decide whether the bones shown are right or left bonesand whether the view shown is an anterior or a posterior view. k Key: a. greater tubercle e. trochlea t. f. Key: a.TheradiusandulnaareGiEfri}eft)bonesin@ a posterior)view. f lfpmnlpl urinnru hlndder tmnll intectine rprhtm What organs are protected. headof ulna h. c.Match the terms in the key with the appropriateleader lines on the drawings of the humerus and the radius and ulna. lateral epicondyle i. radial notch o. radial tuberosity p.

from theskeletal Abdominal area orRansreceive the least 13. What doesfallen arches mean? A weakening. Distinguish between the true pelvis and the false pelvis. heart-shapedpelvic inlet 11. Use letters from the key to identify the bone markings on this illustration of an articulated pelvis. Key: a. the tendonsand lig. Thus. h. c. e. acetabulum ala of sacrum anterior superior iliac spine iliac crest iliac fossa ischial spine pelvic brim pubic crest pubic symphysis sacroiliacjoint sacrum Acetabula are close together. k. A person instinctively curls over his abdominal areain times of danger.9. narrow sacrum. g. i. thefemur runs downward to the knee more obliquely than in the male of supportinl the arches of the foot. For what anatomical reasondo many women appearto be slightly knock-kneedl Thepelvisis broaderand theacetabula and ilia are more laterally positioned. j.Why? protection system. d. whichis encircled by bone. Thetruepelvisis theregioninferior to thepelvic brim. 10. b. This is u male (female/male) pelvis because.The and falsepelvisis theareamedialto theflarin| iliac bones liessuperiorto thepelvic brim. pubic anglelarch is lessthan 90". 14. Make an educatedguess as to whether the illustration shows a male or female pelvis and provide two reasonsfor your decision. Thepelvicgirdle doesnot haveto carry theentireweightof thetrunkin thequadruped animal. 12. Deduce why the pelvic bones of a fourJegged animal such as the cat or pig are much less massive than those of the human. f.aments 72 ReviewSheet11 .

fibula e. obturatorforamcn e. tibia v. metatarsals q. Iemur d: fibula x. pubis k. sacroiliac c. tarsals p. tibial tuberosity 11. talus 21. tarsalbonethat "sits" on the calcaneus 22. kneecap 13. shinbone 14. sites of muscle attachmenton . ankle bones 18. femur d. largest tarsal bone 17. tibia 10. calcaneus c. opening in hip bone formed by the pubic and ischial rami and un1j f. and in in ColumnA i: ilium Column B and k. strongestbone in body 8. thin lateral leg bone 9. joint betweenaxial skeleton and pelvic girdle 7. tarsal bone that articulateswith the tibia Review Sheet 11 73 . acetabulum b.r. acetabulum l . deepsocket thecoxalbonethatreceives headof the in the thighbone 6. lateral ankle projection 16. pubic symphysis h. "sit-down"boneof thecoxalbone join 3. tibia o: medial malleolus l: lateral malleolus b: calcaneus w. gluteal tuberosity f. medial ankle projection 15. superiormost marginof thecoxalbone 5. gregter lessertroclnnters 20. patella x. longest. ischium s. heavy medial leg bone x. bonesforming kneejoint joint u. femur y. tibia c. ischium a. point wherethepatellar ligament attaches 12. Matchthe bonenames rnarkings columnB with thedescriptions columnA.15. point wherethecoxalbones anteriorly 4. greater and lesser trochanters greater sciatic notch iliac crest ilium ischial tuberosity ischium lateral malleolus lessersciatic notch Iinea aspera medial malleolus metatarsals obturator foramen patella pubic symphysis pubis sacroiliacjoint talus tarsals tibia tibial tuberosity t. weight-bearing bone of the leg 23. bonesforming the instep of the foot 19. glutealtubergsity theproximalfemur v: talus x. fuseto form thecoxalbone 2. iliac crest a.

@view. of Summary Skeleton 17. intertrochantericcrest i.16.Thetibiaandfibulaare(Etr}tert)bonesin@ a posterior) view. lateralcondyle j. tibial anterior border S. Key: a. medial epicondyle o. medial malleolus p. head of fibula g. greater trochanter e. Also decide if thesebones are right or left bones and whether the view shown is an anterior or a posterior view. medial condyle n. proximal tibiofibular joint r. lateralepicondyle k. Identify all indicated bones (or groups of bones) in the diagram of the articulated skeleton on page 73. Match the terms in the key with the appropriateleader lines on the drawings of the femur and the tibia and fibula. tibial tuberosity Circle the correct term for eachpair in parentheses: ThefemurisaGlgtr?Deft)bonein(ananterio. headof femur f. lesserffochanter m. 74 ReviewSheet11 . intercondylareminence h. lateral malleolus l. neck of femur q. fovea capitis c. gluteal tuberosity d. distal tibiofibularjoint b.

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