Casing Design

1.8-1

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Collapse and Tension Effect of Axial Tension on Collapse Strength 2 .1.8-2 Casing Design  Why Run Casing?  Types of Casing Strings  Classification of Casing  Burst.

8-3 Casing Design What is casing? Why run casing? Casing Cement 1. To prevent water migration to producing formation 3 . To prevent the hole from caving in 2. Onshore .1.to prevent contamination of fresh water sands 3.

To confine production to the wellbore 5. but an upper zone will fracture at 12 lb/gal. To enhance the probability of drilling to total depth (TD) e.8-4 Casing Design 4.. What do you do? 4 . To provide an acceptable environment for subsurface equipment in producing wells 7. To control pressures during drilling 6. you need 14 ppg mud to control a lower zone.g.1.

1.000’ (BML) 8 5/8”-20” 13 3/8” 5 . Surface pipe.1.000’ .600’ (BML) 16”-48” 20” 3. 100’ .4. 2. Conductor string. 16”-60” 30” 2.8-5 Types of Strings of Casing Diameter Example 1. Drive pipe or structural pile {Gulf Coast and offshore only} 150’-300’ below mudline.

1. Liner(s) 7.) 6. Production String (Csg. Tubing String(s) 7 5/8”-13 3/8” 4 1/2”-9 5/8” 9 5/8” 7” 6 . Intermediate String 5.8-6 Types of Strings of Casing Diameter Example 4.

1.8-7 Example Hole and String Sizes (in) Hole Size 36” 26” 17 1/2 12 1/4 8 3/4 Structural casing Conductor string Pipe Size 30” 20” Surface pipe 13 3/8 9 5/8 7 7 IntermediateString Production Liner .

g. Wall thickness 3.g. wt/ft incl.g.g. Length of each joint (RANGE) (e. Grade of material (e.g.g. Range 3) (Avg. N-80) LCSG) 4. 47 lb/ft) 8 . 1/2”) (e.1. Outside diameter of pipe 2. API 6. Nominal weight 5. Wt.8-8 Classification of CSG. Coupling) (e. 1. Type to threads and couplings (e. 9 5/8”) (e.

8-9 σ ε 9 .1.

1.8-10 Casing Threads and Couplings API round threads ..short API round thread ..long Buttress Extreme line Other … See Halliburton Book. 10 { CSG } { LCSG } { BCSG } { XCSG } .

9-1 11 . and Tension 1.Burst. Collapse.

8 1.000 lbf 10.000 lbf 11.000 psi 12 .125 Tension Burst 1.1 Design 11.1.9-2 API Design Factors (typical) Required 10.250 psi 180.000 psi Collapse 1.000 psi 100.

1.9-3 Abnormal Normal Pore Pressure .0.433 gp > normal 13 .465 psi/ft Abnormal Pore Pressure 0.

Hydrostatic pressure increases with depth Tensile stress due to weight of string is highest at top 14 .9-4 Casing Design Tension Depth Tension Burst Collapse Collapse Burst: Burst Collapse: Tension: STRESS Assume full reservoir pressure all along the wellbore.1.

we shall also assume the following: Worst Possible Conditions 1. assume that the casing is empty on the inside (p = 0 psig) 2. assume no “backup” fluid on the outside of the casing (p = 0 psig) 15 . For Collapse design.9-5 Casing Design Unless otherwise specified in a particular problem. For Burst design.1.

They are also simplified for easier understanding of the basic concepts. For Collapse design. assume no buoyancy effect The casing string must be designed to stand up to the expected conditions in burst.9-6 Casing Design Worst Possible Conditions.1. For Tension design. collapse and tension. cont’d 3. 16 . assume no buoyancy effect 4. Above conditions are quite conservative.

Solution Burst Requirements (based on the expected pore pressure) Depth Pressure PB = pore pressure * Design Factor = 6. 17 .1 PB = 6.600 psi The whole casing string must be capable of withstanding this internal pressure without failing in burst.1.9-7 Casing Design .000 psi *1.

18 .1.9-8 Casing Design .Solution Collapse Requirements For collapse design. we start at the bottom of the string and work our way up.

631 ft * 53.8 * 386.5# / ft ) = 386.1.0# / ft ) + (1.8 for tension.602 lbs actual weight With a design factor of 1.602 = 695.080 lbf is required 19 . a pipe strength of 1.369 ft * 47.9-9 Tension Check The weight on the top joint of casing would be (6.

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