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Bow & Wow Times Issue 11 Safety First

Bow & Wow Times Issue 11 Safety First

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Bow & Wow Times Issue#11 Pet Safety
Bow & Wow Times Issue#11 Pet Safety

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Published by: Bow & Wow on Apr 24, 2012
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Safety First
As a mom to two babies—one furry, one human— safety is incontestably one of my top parenting priorities. The world as we now know it is a veritable hazard zone, and sadly, even our own households are not exempt from the possible perils of seemingly harmless everyday objects (strings and yarns, for example!). Smart pet parents must be aware of what to do, and not to do, in order to raise their pets as safely as possible. If you’re unsure of how and where to start, read through this issue and you’ll be a safety expert in no time! The easiest way to pet-proof (and yes, even child-proof) your home is to put everything out of sight and out of reach. Pets are curious by nature and love to explore the world around them, so they will stop at nothing to satiate their curiosity. Thus it is ideal to make sure potentially unsafe things are stowed away safely in their proper places. Never ever leave things where they don’t belong. I know this is much easier said than done. But keep in mind that by doing this, you get to achieve two important things: ensuring the safety of your baby, and maintaining a beautiful, clutter-free home! By the same token, never leave potentially safe but positively prized possessions lying around, unless you want your precious Hermès bag or Louboutin heels gnawed, scratched, or even drooled on! This is especially important for pet parents raising teething puppies. I remember when my own furry baby was teething—he basically destroyed all of my mom’s furniture! Luckily, he outgrew this phase fairly quickly and with proper training he has never since chewed on anything he shouldn’t be chewing on… unless it’s something that he knows I secretly want destroyed, like my husband’s Bluetooth device that’s perennially stuck to his ear. When he chewed on that, I really laughed out loud and told him, “Good job, baby!” Kidding aside though, it is also a good idea to train your dog or cat from the very beginning on what he or she should and shouldn’t be doing around the house. Training aids such as treats and keep off sprays work great for this, but make sure you choose safe and healthy products to use. It goes without saying that healthy means safety. To ensure safety comes first in your baby’s life, feed him or her only the best all-natural food and treats available. Also, make sure that he or she gets quality and routine health care from a great veterinarian with whom you have a great relationship with. Oh, before I sign off, I’d like to invite you and your furry baby to two of our upcoming—and very exciting—campaigns: • 1. Bow & Wow Next Pet Model: Launching on April 16th, this is the search for the next cover baby of the Bow & Wow Times and spokesperson for PAWS. Two lucky winners (one dog and one cat) also get to win a full year’s sponsorship of food and treats from Bow & Wow. Most importantly, each entry we receive helps feed homeless animals by donating 100grams of pet food to the PAWS animal shelter.To join, just visit our Facebook page and upload a photo of your furry baby. • • 2. Bow & Wow Benefit Dinner: Happening on June 30th at the Rockwell Tent, all of us are beyond excited for this event! When we did this at The Gallery of Greenbelt 5 last year, we were able to raise P200,000 for PAWS. This year, CARA is the chosen beneficiary and all ticket proceeds will benefit their organization. Since seats are VERY limited, I urge you to get your tickets as early as possible—we’ll start selling them in the stores by early May. Check out last year’s event photos in our Facebook photo albums… and expect an even bigger and better event this time around!

to transform pet owners into pet parents

our vision

We believe dogs and cats must have the best nutrition and health care available. We believe dogs and cats are not toys for our amusement; they have feelings, they are very loyal and they need our tender loving care. We believe the best way to acquire new pets is through pet adoption from the animal shelters. We are against selling dogs and cats in pet shops which involves prolonged confinement in small cages. We are against all forms of animal cruelty including chaining and caging dogs. We support the good work of organizations like Philippine Animal Welfare Society (PAWS), Compassion & Responsibilities for Animals (CARA), and People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA).

our values

editorial staff
Christian Tan
president publisher

Romy Sia Pam So-Suarez
editor-in-chief

Joy Ann Cardeño
circulation manager editorial assistant

Lou Bootan

Tennie Hung
encoder

Wilzen Wobby Tiang
layout & design

Sky Printing
printer directory

Level 5, Shangri-La Plazal Mall, EDSA Mandaluyong City (632) 638-3372 Lower Ground Floor, Greenbelt 5, Makati City (632) 501-3680

Happy Pet Parenting!

We digest it for pet parents... The Bow & Wow Times tracks all relevant pet information from key websites, magazines, journals, animal research and studies, and other credible sources. Then we summarize what is essential for you to know in order to raise healthy and happy pets, and become the best pet parents you can be.The Bow & Wow Times is in no way intended to replace the knowledge and/or diagnoses of veterinary professionals. Always consult with your veterinarian whenever a health problem arises which requires expert care.

Pam So-Suarez pssuarez@bowandwow.com.ph
Issue No.11

The Bow & Wow Times is a quarterly publication of the Healthy Options Group of Companies with corporate offices located at #3 Economia Street corner Calle Industria, Barangay Bagumbayan, Libis, Quezon City, 1110 and trunk line of (632)637-8888. For subscription inquiries, visit any of our stores listed above. Bow & Wow is a trademark registered at the Philippine Patent Office. ENTERED AS THIRD CLASS (PM) POSTAGE PAID AT QUEZON CITY CPO Under Permit No. NCR-05-07-201 valid until December 31, 2012. Subject for Postal Inspection.

www.bowandwow.com.ph

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safety first

Pet-Proof Your Home
Prevent your furry baby from turning your home upside down.

He’s man’s best friend and she’s a comforting purr machine. They’re both treasured family members, but they need a little help to keep from getting into mischief. Pets are like children in many ways. They have a curious nature and a natural tendency to get into things that could be harmful. Here are some quick and easy ways you can make your home—and theirs—safer, cleaner, and more organized.

An open and shut case.
Cats and kittens are attracted to dark enclosures, so look carefully before closing drawers and closets. Consider adding child-proof locks to cabinets for particularly agile puppies and kittens.

Watch out for the puddle!
Accidents will happen. Scolding, sticking his nose into the stain or swatting him with a newspaper will only confuse your puppy. And it could make him think you just don’t want to see him peeing. (Then your pup might seek out more hidden locations, like behind the sofa.) To a puppy, the mess and the act are unrelated. Say a sharp “no!” when you catch him going indoors; then immediately take the puppy outside and stay out until he goes again. Then praise him lavishly and consider giving him a treat to help the behavior along.

Get down to your pet’s level.
When you’re on your hands and knees, you’ll suddenly notice things from your pet’s point of view. Like tantalizing wires and electrical cords, toy and game pieces, loose string, candy wrappers or coins and pills that may have dropped and rolled out of sight. (A single acetaminophen tablet can kill an adult cat.) Check those places where your vacuum cleaner couldn’t reach—your puppy or kitten can squeeze in there—and block off any small spaces and crevices. Wires or electrical cords are a big attraction to most pets. It can be very dangerous for a cat or dog to get shocked by chewing on electrical cords. It could even prove fatal. Try to keep cords out of sight if possible. Run them behind furniture, staple them to baseboards, or cover with electrical tape if necessary.
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Clean spills thoroughly.
Some products such as bleach are deadly to pets. Be careful when using these and other similar products. If spills occur, clean the area thoroughly and flush with water several times.

Pet-Proof Your Home

safety first

Chew on this.
Dogs chew to explore their world. And that can mean anything from your favorite shoes to a corner of your furniture. You can prevent this by making sure closet doors are closed and keeping things off the floor. Also, many dogs don’t like the taste of lemon or bitter apples—try spraying pet-safe products in these flavors on tempting chewables. With a puppy, try to keep him from getting bored—and therefore getting into trouble. Or use child-safety gates to keep him in a pet-friendly room or in a place where you can easily keep an eye on him.

sink or nibble on bits of food left after rinsing dinner dishes. Make sure to clean the sink out after use and rinse thoroughly. Treat the bathtub in the same manner.

Use insecticides with care.
If you need to use insecticides or pesticides around your home, take ever y precaution to protect your pet from harm. Open windows or turn on ceiling fans for proper ventilation. Put your pet in another room. Make sure your pet doesn’t escape through any open windows. If necessary, take your pet to a friend or relative’s house for a couple of hours. Take precautions when using a pesticide outdoors in your garden as well. Even if your pet is an indoor pet only, there is always a chance that he may get outside.

Scratch that idea.
Cats need to scratch to claim their territory and exercise the muscles and tendons of their paws—and they won’t know which one is your prized sofa. You can use double-sided tape on upholstery (test it first to make sure it won’t leave a mark or stain) because cats hate things that stick to their fur. Place scratching posts close to where she eats and sleeps. And get your kitten used to having her nails clipped as a youngster by rewarding her with praise and treats.

Keep medications and cleaning supplies under lock and key.
Dogs and cats love to chew. Their teeth are sharp enough to penetrate plastic bottles. Placing items on a high shelf may deter dogs in their curious quest but not cats. Your feline friend can easily reach places that you have to stand on a chair to reach. It’s best to keep medications in a medicine cabinet. Although many people keep household cleaning products under the sink it is best to put a latch on cabinet doors if they are easily opened. Cats and dogs are pretty adept at using their paws and even their noses to pry or nudge doors open.

Put a lid on it.
We all know that dogs are notorious for drinking from the toilet and so are some cats. People have been known to flush all sorts of substances from medication to leftover hair dye down the toilet. People also may pour bleach or cleanser into the toilet bowl and let it stand to remove stains and odor. Chemicals are used in much the same way to treat clogged drains. Fresheners are placed inside the toilet bowl to keep it clean and odor free. While some toilet bowl deodorizers are non-toxic, others can be harmful. Keep the lid down and the bathroom door closed for your pet’s protection. Cats and dogs are natural born garbage pickers. They will rummage through the trash like a veritable treasure chest if given the chance. Digging through trash cans may pose a hazard to our four-legged friends since we toss all sorts of harmful substances into the garbage.

Make sure screens are in and doors are latched.
If your pet, is an indoor pet make sure that your windows are down and screens are in place. Be certain that family members close the door behind them as they come and go throughout the day. Pets often get outside and become lost or injured because windows are left up or doors are not completely closed. A cat or dog can easily slip outside when you’re not looking.

Training camp begins at home.
Praise good behavior with a treat and distract your pet from less desirable behavior. Most pets are food focused, so keep small treats or kibble on hand, so you’re ready with praise and a reward. If you take care to make sure things are in their proper places, you can keep your pet safe and healthy by preventing careless accidents.
Sources: EzineArticles.com and rightathome.com

Always rinse out the sink and bathtub.
Cats have a bad habit of jumping in sinks, on tables, countertops, or anywhere else they can get to. They will lick water from the

Pet-Proof Your Home

Issue No. 11

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Vital Signs of Cats and Dogs
Recognizing the normal and abnormal vital signs of dogs and cats is the first step in evaluating if an animal is sick and requires first aid and veterinary attention. It is very important to know how to properly gauge your furry baby’s vital stats. Ask your veterinarian on the proper techniques necessary to determine the temperature, heart rate and respiratory rate of your beloved cats and dogs.

HEALTH CONCERN
NORMAL HEART RATE

DOG
70-120 beats per minute Larger dogs have slower rates than small dogs, and dogs that are in good physical shape will have lower heart rates than dogs of similar age and size who are not physically fit. Puppies typically have higher heart rates; up to 180 beats per minute is normal up to one year of age.

CAT
120-140 beats per minute When stressed, hear t rates will increase. This will normalize as the cat calms down in healthy animals. In some cases cats that suffer from heart conditions (cardiomyopathy) or diseases such as hyperthyroidism will have increased heart rates — over 200 beats per minute. Cats: 20-30 breaths /minute Cats that are panting: up to 300 pants/minute Cats do not usually pant unless they are in a stressful situation (going to the vets), frightened, or in hot weather. They should not pant for more than a few minutes at a time. If panting persists and the cat cannot return to normal breathing, treat this as an emergency.

NORMAL RESPIRATORY RATE

Dogs: 10-30 breaths/minute Puppies or Toy breeds: 15-40 breaths/minute Dogs that are panting: up to 200 pants/minute If while breathing the abdomen is expanding instead of the chest on inhalation, your pet is not breathing normally. You should seek veterinar y care.

NORMAL TEMPERATURE

100.5o - 102.5oF A body temperature below 100oF or above 103oF warrants a call to your veterinarian. Gauging body temperature by the moistness of the nose or how warm the ears feel may not be always reliable.

100.5o - 102.5oF A body temperature below 100oF or above 103oF warrants a call to your veterinarian. Cats may become stressed in the veterinar y office (or car ride to the office), creating a higher-than-normal body temperature temporarily. Gauging body temperature by the moistness of the nose or how warm the ears feel may not be always reliable.

Sources : pendervet.com, exceptionalpetsitting.com and cvmbs.colostate.edu

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Vital Signs of Cats and Dogs

safety first

Source: aspca.org

Pet Grooming 101

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pet safety

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Choosing The Right Shampoo For Your Pet

safety first

Handling Emergencies for Cats and Dogs

Heat Stroke
Over-exercise and hot summer temperatures can easily lead to heat stroke for dogs. A digital thermometer reading of 105o5 or 106oF is serious enough to warrant immediate attention. HEAT STROKE CAN BE LIFE THREATENING, so don’t wait! Call your veterinarian immediately for additional directions.

Broken limbs
A broken paw or leg is a serious injury that needs immediate veterinary care. If you can muzzle or safely handle the pet, you may want to stabilize the dangling limb with a splint before rushing it to the hospital. Otherwise, simply wrap the dog in a blanket or towel and seek medical attention immediately.

Ingesting a potential poison
Call your veterinarian or Poison Control Hotline for advice. Some toxins can be safely eliminated by inducing vomiting with hydrogen peroxide. Others can be helped by giving the pet activated charcoal to absorb the toxin. The key to effective poison control is matching the correct response to the poison, so seek professional advice before taking action.

Shock
A lowered body temperature, pale gums, general weakness and cold feet are some common signs of shock. Causes range from serious illness to blood loss, hypoglycemia, severe diarrhea and poisoning. Keep the pet warm (with blankets or hot water bottles) and hydrated (warm water with honey). Seek medical attention immediately.

Cuts & Scrapes
Many cuts and scrapes are superficial and just need a thorough cleaning and some anti-bacterial ointment. For deeper cuts, however, you may need to apply bandages and seek immediate veterinary care.
Handling Emergencies for Cats and Dogs

Source: pendervet.com

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safety first

10 Things Veterinary Professionals Want You to Know About Pet Care
By Wendy C. Fries

Regular exams are the single most important way to keep pets healthy, says Kara M. Burns, MS, Med, LVT, president of the Academy of Veterinary Nutrition Technicians. Annual vet visits should touch on nutrition and weight control, says veterinarian Marla J. McGeorge, DVM, as well as cover recommended vaccinations, parasite control, dental exam, and health screenings.

2. Spay and Neuter Your Pets
Eight million to 10 million pets end up in U.S. shelters every year. Some are lost, some have been abandoned, and some are homeless. Here’s an easy way to avoid adding to that number -spay and neuter your cats and dogs. It’s a procedure that can be performed as early as six to eight weeks of age. Spaying and neutering doesn’t just cut down on the number of unwanted pets; it has other substantial benefits for your pet. Studies show it also lowers the risk of certain cancers, and reduces a pet’s risk of getting lost by decreasing the tendency to roam.

3. Prevent Parasites
Fleas are the most common external parasite that can plague pets. They can lead to irritated skin, hair loss, hot spots, and infection. Fleas can also introduce other parasites into your cat or dog. All it takes is for your pet to swallow one flea, and it can to end up with tapeworms, the most common internal parasite affecting dogs and cats. It can be difficult to stay on top of what’s best for your own health and well-being, so knowing what’s good for your pet may seem a little confusing. Keep your feline friends and canine companions healthy and happy by following these 10 pet care tips the pros want you to know. Year-round prevention is key, says McGeorge, who suggests regular flea and intestinal parasite control, as well as heartworm prevention in endemic areas. Because some parasite medications made for dogs can be fatal to cats, talk to your vet about keeping your precious pets wormfree, flea-free, and safe.

1. Regular Exams are Vital
Just like you, your pet can get heart problems, develop arthritis, or have a toothache. The best way to prevent such problems or catch them early is to see your veterinarian every year.

4. Maintain a Healthy Weight
Many dogs and cats are overweight or obese. And just like people, obesity in pets comes with health risks that include diabetes, arthritis, and cancer.

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10 Things Veterinary Professionals Want You to Know About Pet Care

safety first

Overfeeding is the leading cause of obesity, says Douglas, who adds that keeping our pets trim can add years to their lives. Because pets need far fewer calories than most of us think_as little as 185-370 a day for a small, inactive dog; just 240-350 calories daily for a 10-pound cat_talk to your vet, who can make feeding suggestions based on your pet’s age, weight, and lifestyle.

Dental disease is one of the most common preventable illnesses in pets, says Ohio veterinarian, Vanessa Douglas, yet many people never even look in their pet’s mouths. It’s estimated 80% of dogs and 70% cats show signs of dental disease by age three, leading to abscesses, loose teeth, and chronic pain. In addition to regular dental cleanings by your vet, periodontal disease can be avoided by proper dental care by owners, Douglas says. Owner care includes brushing, oral rinses, and dental treats. Your vet is a good source of information about brushing techniques, oral rinses, and dental treats.

5. Get Regular Vaccinations
For optimal health, pets need regular vaccinations against common illnesses, such as rabies, distemper, feline leukemia, and canine hepatitis. How often your dog or cat needs to be immunized depends on their age, lifestyle, health, and risks, says McGeorge, so talk to your vet about the vaccinations that make sense for your pet.

9. Never Give Pets People Medication
Medicines made for humans can kill your pet, says Georgia veterinarian Jean Sonnenfield, DVM. As a matter of fact, in 2010 the ASPCA listed human drugs in the top 10 pet toxins. NSAIDs like ibuprofen and naproxen are the most common pet poisoning culprits, but antidepressants, decongestants, muscle relaxants, and acetaminophen are just a few of the human drugs that pose health risks to pets. Human drugs can cause kidney damage, seizures, and cardiac arrest in a dog or cat. If you suspect your pet has consumed your medication or anything toxic, be sure to immediately check with your vet, and if it is during evening or weekend hours when your regular veterinary clinic may be closed, check for a local 24-hour emergency veterinary clinic and take your pet there for an examination. Many metropolitan areas have these clinics.

6. Provide an Enriched Environment
An enriched environment is another key to the long-term health and welfare of your canine and feline friends, says Tony Buffington, DVM, PhD, a veterinary nutritionist and professor at Ohio State University Veterinary Medical Center in Columbus. Pets need mental stimulation, say the pros, which may mean daily walks for your pooch, and scratching posts, window perches, and toys for your cat. It means play time with you, which not only keeps your pet’s muscles toned and boredom at bay, it also strengthens your bond with your four-footed companions.

7. ID Microchip Your Pet
Lack of identification means as few as 14% of pets ever find their way home after getting lost. Fortunately, microchipping allows for the pet to be reunited with its family, no matter how far away your furry baby is when found, Burns says. About the size of a rice grain, a microchip is inserted under the skin in less than a second. It needs no battery and can be scanned by a vet or an animal control officer in seconds. Be sure to register the chip ID with the chip’s maker. A current registration is the vital last step in making certain your pet can always find his way home.

10. Proper Restraint in a Vehicle
You buckle up for safety when you’re in the car, shouldn’t your pet? Unrestrained pets in a car are a distraction to the driver, and can put driver and pet at risk for serious injury, “or worse,” says veterinarian Douglas. To keep pets safe in transit: Never allow pets to travel in the front seat, where they’re at risk of severe injury or death if the airbag deploys. Don’t let dogs ride with their head out the window or untethered in the back of a truck bed. Both practices put them at risk of being thrown from the vehicle in the event of an accident. To keep cats safe, confine them to carriers, suggests Douglas, then secure the carrier with a seatbelt. For dogs, there’s the option of a special harness attached to a seat belt, or a well-secured kennel.
Source: pets.webmd.com

8. Pets Need Dental Care, Too
Just like you, your pet can suffer from gum disease, tooth loss, and tooth pain. And just like you, regular brushing and oral cleanings help keep your pet’s teeth strong and healthy.

10 Things Veterinary Professionals Want You to Know About Pet Care

Issue No. 11

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Common Household Dangers for Pets
By the Humane Society of the United States

Many common household items can pose a threat to animal companions. Even some items specifically meant for pets could cause health problems. To protect your pet, simply use common sense and take the same precautions you would with a child. Although rodent poisons and insecticides are the most common sources of companion animal poisoning, the following list of less common but potentially toxic agents should be avoided if at all possible.

Keep medication containers and tubes of ointments and creams away from pets who could chew through them, and be vigilant about finding and disposing of any dropped pills. Poisonous household plants include azalea, dieffenbachia (dumb cane), lilies, mistletoe, and philodendron, among others. String, yarn, rubber bands, and even dental floss are easy to swallow and can cause intestinal blockages or strangulation. Toys with movable parts—like squeaky toys or stuffed animals with plastic eyes—can pose a choking hazard to animals. Take the same precautions with pets as you would with a small child. Rawhide dog chews may be contaminated with Salmonella, which can infect pets and humans who come in contact with the chews. These kinds of chews should be offered to a pet only with supervision, as they can pose a choking hazard as well. Holiday decorations and lights pose a risk to cats and dogs. Keep these items out of the reach of animals, and if possible, confine your pet to an undecorated area while you are out of the home.

Outside hazards
Cocoa mulch contains ingredients that can be deadly to pets if ingested. The mulch, sold in garden supply stores, has a chocolate scent that is appetizing to some animals. Chemicals used on lawns and gardens, such as fertilizer and plant food, can be easily accessible and fatal to a pet allowed in the yard unsupervised. Cans and garbage cans pose a danger when cats or smaller dogs attempt to lick food from a disposed can, sometimes getting their head caught inside the can. To be sure this doesn’t happen, squeeze the open end of the can closed before disposing. Traps and poisons. Pest control companies frequently use glue traps, live traps and poisons to kill rodents. Even if you would never use such methods to eliminate rodents, your neighbor might. Dogs and cats can be poisoned if they eat a rodent who has been killed by poison (called secondary poisoning).

Kitchen Dangers
Chocolate is poisonous to dogs and cats. Leftovers such as chicken bones easily shatter and can choke a cat or dog. Other human foods to keep away from pets include onions and onion powder ; alcoholic beverages; yeast dough; coffee grounds and beans; salt; macadamia nuts; tomato, potato, and rhubarb leaves and stems; grapes; and anything with mold growing on it.

Trouble on the inside
Insect control products, such as the insecticides used in many over-the-counter flea and tick remedies, may be toxic to companion animals. Prescription flea and tick control products are much safer and more effective. Pet owners should never use any product without first consulting a veterinarian. Human medications such as pain killers (including aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen), cold medicines, anti-cancer drugs, anti-depressants, vitamins, and diet pills can all be toxic to animals.

Safety first
The HSUS recommends that pet owners use all household products with caution and keep a pet first aid kit and manual readily available. If all of your precautions fail, and you believe that your pet has been poisoned, contact your veterinarian or emergency veterinary service immediately. Signs of poisoning include listlessness, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle tremors, lack of coordination, and fever.
Source : humanesociety.org

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Common Household Dangers for Pets

pet nutrition

5 Human Foods Cats Can Eat
By Jane McGrath

It can be hard to resist spoiling your beautiful feline friend with a special treat from the dinner table. But as wise cat owners know, many human foods can be unsafe for your cat because we have vastly different nutritional needs from them. Even some kinds of food your cat loves and begs for might wreak havoc on your lovable furball’s digestive system. We spoke with Dr. Elizabeth Colleran, President of the American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP), who said that the list of foods you can never feed your cat is a lot smaller than most people think. Cats should never have onion, garlic, kelp, grapes or raisins, sugary treats, chocolate, and alcoholic or caffeinated drinks, even in small doses. However, you’ll find many veterinary lists of dangerous foods are longer. The truth is, if you examine the fine print, some foods on these warning lists can be safe for your cat -- but only in small doses. And a good rule of thumb is that human food should not make up more than 15% of a cat’s diet. So, what foods can Fluffy eat safely off of the table?

You’ll also find conflicting advice as to whether you should worry about fat content. Dr. Colleran explains that it’s largely a matter of calories. Fat is nutritious in itself, but cats, like humans, shouldn’t consume too much. And cats suffer from an obesity problem in the United States, too. Even if your cat could use the extra calories, however, too much fat in one sitting can cause diarrhea. This is why you shouldn’t let your cat finish your rejected fat trimmings from the table. So, it seems that moderation is important for everything we can give a cat—except of course, our unconditional love.

2. Eggs
Eggs are great for humans and cats because they’re rich in protein. In fact, many books that promote natural cat diets strongly encourage owners to give their cats eggs. After all, in the wild, cats would occasionally raid the nests of birds. Vets agree that cooked eggs, such as scrambled or hard-boiled, make an excellent and nutritious treat for a cat. However, although some natural diet books recommend raw eggs which provide more nutritional benefits and are what a cat would get in the wild Dr. Colleran again says, this is too dangerous. Salmonella and E. coli have become too much of a risk. “Not only do you not want to make your cat sick,” she notes, “but you don’t want to bring those kinds of organisms into your environment.” This can be a problem if, for instance, something harmful passes through the animal but remains in its excrement. Another concern is that eggs are ver y allergenic. Dr. Colleran recommends watching for manifestations of an allergic reaction if you do feed your cat eggs.

1. Meat

Because cats are carnivores, animal meat is one of the safest human foods to give a cat, which it why we rank it at No. 1. Cooked poultry is probably the best choice. Uncooked meat brings with it the same safety concerns as uncooked fish or eggs. Nevertheless, as with fish and eggs, you’ll find a few vets who prefer raw for the nutritional value.

3. Fish
Most cats love fish, and it can provide some much needed nutrients for them. After all, you’ll find it in many commercial cat foods. So, if you’re preparing a nice tuna sandwich, it shouldn’t do any harm to sneak your cat a bite.
...continued on page 12

5 Human Foods Cats Can Eat

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pet nutrition

...continued from page 11

But you should be aware of some concerns with serving your cat too much fish. The high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids in a heavy tuna diet will deplete a cat’s supply of Vitamin E. You should also be aware that carnivorous fish like tuna, salmon and swordfish are more likely to contain higher levels of mercury than cod, halibut and flounder. And although you’ll find some vets who believe that it’s fine and even preferable to give your cat uncooked fish, Dr. Colleran disagrees. She warns that uncooked oily fish contain too much thiaminase, which breaks down thiamine, an essential vitamin. This is addition to the safety hazard of eating raw fish. For instance, uncooked freshwater fish might carry a tapeworm.

If you only feed dairy to your cat occasionally as a special treat, you’ll be able to use it to get a finicky cat to take its medicine. Some sneaky cat owners actually grind up pills for their feline and put the powder on cheese or butter to get them to ingest the medicine.

5. Vegetables
While humans are omnivores, meaning we can survive on meat and vegetables, a cat is classified as an obligate carnivore, meaning it needs meat to survive (or at least thrive). So, it’s true that cats, unlike humans, don’t derive much nutrition from vegetables. But Dr. Colleran assures us that carbohydrates aren’t inherently bad for cats. Rather, cats are just able to derive more energy from protein and use it more efficiently. Some cats enjoy chomping on plants every once in a while to get roughage or fiber. If you’ve noticed that your cat has this craving, keep houseplants away from it, because they may be toxic. Instead, serve up small portions of veggies to your cat. Some recommended vegetables include baked carrots, steamed asparagus or broccoli, green beans, winter squash, or chopped greens. Dr. Colleran advises cat owners to wash veggies thoroughly and avoid anything that might be indigestible, like uncooked carrots.

4. Cheese
Many cats love cheese, and it’s a good source of protein for them. And although some cats are able to eat it without any problem, you’ll find that dairy products often make the list of dangerous foods for cats. That’s because as many cats mature to adulthood, they become lactose intolerant. For these adult cats, any cheese, milk or other dairy will cause diarrhea. If you’re interested in feeding your cat dairy, give it a ver y small amount at fir st to see how its digestive system handles it. It might be able to safely handle small por tions of cottage cheese, or even yogur t and sour cream. You can also try giving your cat low-lactose varieties of cheese and milk.

Along these same lines, some cats chew on and eat grass in order to throw something up, like a hair ball that’s caught in their throat. Some cat owners without lawns will bring in some grass if their cat gets that craving.
Source : animal.discovery.com

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5 Human Foods Cats Can Eat

pet nutrition

10 “People” Foods for Dogs
By Elizabeth Pask and Laura Scott

As a responsible and informed dog lover, you probably know that too much “people food” can make your dog ill or overweight, but there are some human foods that can be safely added to your dog’s meals in moderation to give a nutritional boost to your pet’sdiet and add a bit of variety to her food bowl. Just remember : any additions to your dog’s meals shouldn’t comprise more than 25% of her weekly caloric requirement.

3. Salmon is a fatty fish which is also a good source of Omega 3 fatty acids. These fats support the immune system and can be beneficial for skin and coat health.There has also been some indication that they may benefit dogs with allergies. You can feed salmon or salmon oil. If feeding salmon, make sure it’s cooked before serving, as raw salmon can carry a parasite that can make your dog sick. 4. Pumpkin is a good source of fiber and beta carotene (a source of Vitamin A). Dogs need fiber in their diet. The current trend is towards highly digestible diets that lower stool volume and this is not necessarily a good thing. Keeping the GI tract moving helps keep the cells lining the gut healthy. 5. Sweet Potatoes are another source of dietar y fiber and contain Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, beta carotene, and manganese. Sweet potatoes are great sliced and dehydrated as a chewy treat for your dog. There are so many dog treats on the market that we often overlook the simple, healthy, and reasonably priced treats available at our grocery store. 6. Green Beans are a good source of plant fiber, itamin K, itamin V V C, and manganese. If your dog has a tendency to put on weight, then replacing some of her regular food with green beans is a great low calorie way to fill her up and help her maintain a healthy weight. Many dogs enjoy green beans frozen.

1.Yogurt is a good source of available calcium and protein. When choosing yogurt, pick one that has live active bacteria and no sugars or artificial sweeteners. The active bacteria may act as probiotics. If your pooch is pudgy, make sure that you pick fat-free yogurt but not one that contains fat substitutes. Frozen yogurt is a nice summer treat for dogs. 2. Flax Seed (ground or oil) is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, which are essential fatty acids that are good for skin and coat. Whole flax seeds are best if ground right before feeding as this type of fat can go rancid quickly. Flax seed can also be added to your dog’s diet as a source of fiber. Flax oil is a more concentrated form of omega- 3 fatty acids without the fiber. Make sure that you store the oil or seeds in the fridge in an air tight dark container.

...continued on page 14

10 “People” Foods for Dogs

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pet nutrition

...continued from page 13

7. Eggs are a great source of very digestible protein, riboflavin, and selenium. For some dogs that are prone to digestive upset, eggs can give them a little protein boost. Adding eggs to your dog’s food is a healthy treat. Make sure to use cooked whole egg, as raw egg whites can cause biotin deficiency. If you do a lot of training with your dog, consider taking cooked eggs to your next class as training treats. 8. Brewer’s Yeast is the yeast that’s left over from making alcohol. Dogs seem to really enjoy the tangy taste of brewer’s yeast. It’s full of B vitamins which are good for skin, coat, and carbohydrate metabolism. Make sure you’re using brewer’s yeast, not baking yeast which will make your dog sick. Brewer’s yeast can spice up your dog’s appetite. Just sprinkle a little on the food of a picky eater and watch her dive into her food. 9. Apples are wonderful crunchy treats for your dog. Apples with the skin on are full of plant chemicals (phytonutrients) that are thought to be protective against some types of cancer in humans. They are a source of Vitamins A and C and fiber. Apple seeds, however, contain cyanide so your dog should not be allowed to eat the core. Though the effects of a few apple seeds will likely not harm your dog, the deleterious effects can accumulate over time if allowed to eat apple seeds regularly. 10. Oatmeal is a good source of soluble fiber. This can be beneficial for some older dogs that may have trouble maintaining bowel regularity. Oatmeal is also an alternative source of grain for dogs that are allergic to wheat. It can be fed in conjunction with probiotics to enhance their function. Keep in mind oatmeal should always be fed cooked and plain with no sugar or flavouring. As always, check with your veterinarian before making any major changes to your dog’s diet, especially if they are on any medications. Upsetting the vitamin and mineral balances in your dog’s diet can have negative effects on your dog’s health and some medications interact badly with some nutrients. The aim of most dog owners is to give their dogs the best diet possible. Good nutrition coupled with a health care program may result in extending your dog’s life by as much as 15%. The suggestions above are not meant to replace your dog’s normal, balanced diet. Rather, they are ideas for alternative treats or for adding a little variety to your dog’s meals.

Source: moderndogmagazine.com

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10 “People” Foods for Dogs

pet care

Source: vetmedicine.about.com

Dental Care for Cats & Dogs

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pet health

ask the vet

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Health Benefits of Grooming a Pet

breed spotlight

American Shorthair Cat
The first American Shorthair to be registered was an orange tabby male named Belle that was imported from England in the early 1900s. It wasn’t until 1904 when the first American-born American Shorthair (named Buster Brown) was registered under the breed name of Shorthair. Later, the breed was renamed Domestic Shorthair, and in 1965 the breeders voted to change the name again, this time to the American Shorthair. The same year, CFA named a silver tabby male (Shawnee Trademark) Best Cat, and the breed finally began to receive some hard-earned respect in the cat fancy. Today, American Shorthairs are playing at show rings everywhere, and earning their due share of admiration and rosettes.

Personality
When describing the American Shorthair, the expression “happy medium” springs to mind. These all-American cats are medium in size, build, type, and temperament; neither too big nor small, not overly cuddly nor distant, neither couch potatoes nor hyperactive. Breeders note that the American Shorthair is the perfect breed for the person who wants a cat that enjoys being in your lap but not in your face. American Shorthairs are known for their quiet voices and adaptable personalities; they are sociable, easily trained, and adapt well to other animals and children. They generally do not like to be picked up; like their Pilgrim companions who left England to find independence, they cherish their freedom. Because of the American Shorthair’s history as a working cat, they make great companions in terms of health, strength, and vitality. With proper care Americans enjoy long life spans, generally between 15 and 20 years.

History
In the 370 or so years that American Shorthairs have inhabited this continent, the environment and more recently, humancontrolled breeding have shaped them into their present form. Shorthaired domestic cats arrived in America with the Europeans. Evidence indicates that several cats may have sailed over from England aboard the Mayflower in 1620. Upon arrival, these felines became working cats in the barns and fields of the early Americans. Years of natural selection turned them into a strong, hardy breed of dependable temperament. With the impor t of foreign breeds, however, the original American Shor thair bloodlines became diluted. In the early 1900s, a group of breeders began a selective breeding program to preserve the natural beauty, mild temperament, and hardiness of the American Shorthair. Acceptance in the show ring was a long time coming for the American Shorthair. As late as the 1960s, American Shorthairs were treated like the strays of the cat fancy. Breeders also battled confusion between their carefully bred American Shorthairs and randombred domestic cats. While a nonpedigreed domestic cat may look like a pedigreed American Shorthair, the mix of uncertain genes means that the domestic generally will not breed true; you cannot count on type, temperament, and length of hair as you can with a purebred American Shorthair.

Conformation
The American Short-hair is known as a healthy, hardy breed with few genetic defects, not surprising since the breed developed from hardy domestic stock. A relatively large gene pool helps keep the breed healthy. The standard emphasizes that the American Short-hair should be a “true breed of working cat” and that no part of the anatomy should be exaggerated as to foster weakness. The most striking and best known color is the silver tabby; more than one- third of all American Shorthairs exhibit this color. With the black markings set against the brilliant silver background, the pattern is dynamic and memorable.
Source: animal.discovery.com

American Shorthair Cat

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pet health

Dog Summer Health Concerns
By Elizabeth Wasserman

Apply a paw balm to your dog’s paws regularly to help keep them moist and prevent cracking, which is painful and can increase the risk of infection.

2. Water Safety
Wherever your family goes during the summer, be it the beach or backyard pool, be aware of the risks these bodies of water hold for your pooch. Dogs may drink from stagnant ponds and contract intestinal ailments, such as giardia. Canines may also jump into a lake or pool and panic when they realize they don’t know how to get out. What’s more, pools contain chlorine, which can be harmful to your dog’s health.

What to do:
If you have a pool, consider using dog-friendly pool chemicals, which are now commercially available. Keep a life preserver on hand in case your dog jumps in. Dog life vests are also available. Don’t leave your pooch alone when there is an open body of water, as you wouldn’t leave a child in a similar situation. Make sure fresh drinking water is available at all times.

The hot and sunny stretches of summer can bring with them a whole set of health concerns for your dog. A wide range of summer hazards can plague canines, from paw problems to the hazards of wildlife.

3. Wildlife Contagions
Dogs can pick up diseases, such as rabies, from infected animals from the wild, including bats, raccoons, foxes, skunks, and cattle. Rabies is transmitted through saliva, usually after a bite. The virus affects an animal’s central nervous system, and common symptoms are erratic movements, partial paralysis and unprovoked aggression.

Here’s how you can keep your pet safe in the summer sun:
1. Paw Problems
The pads on your dog’s paws are very sensitive, so the heat on concrete, asphalt, beach sand or other surfaces can be a big problem during the summer. The pads can burn, dry and crack.

What to do:
Keep your dog’s vaccinations against rabies up to date. Don’t let your dog roam free and unsupervised, particularly when you are in areas where he is more likely to encounter wildlife. Supervision is the key to summer dog safety. “Be mindful of where your dog is. If you let them off the leash, keep them in visual contact. That way, the “dog days” might just be some of the best days of the year that you and your dog will enjoy!
Source: thedogdaily.com

What to do:
Walk your dog on the grass. That way, your pet doesn’t have to deal with the intense heat of the pavement. Try doggie booties. Some pet stores sell booties for your dog to wear in winter, but these shoes may also help protect your dog’s paws during the summer.

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Dog Summer Health Converns

pet health

Help Your Cat Beat the Heat
Don’t Take Chances with Heatstroke and Sunburn
By Franny Syufy

Heatstroke
You know the drill: the sun is blinding, relentlessly beating down reminiscent of a Stephen King novel. If you don’t have air conditioning, you seek out shady spots and sigh in relief from the slightest breeze, otherwise you huddle inside. Your thirsty body craves fluids, and the beverage of choice suddenly becomes water. If you stay in the sun too long you may become dizzy, have heart palpitations, and increased internal temperature, all signs of impending heat exhaustion. Consider this: before you ever reach that point, your cat may also be showing signs of heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Although heat stroke is more commonly discussed in dogs, because of people’s propensity to leave them in parked cars, cats can be affected too. Cats can’t always tell you they’re not feeling up to par, but they sure can show you. Early symptoms of heat stroke and the accompanying dehydration are: Panting Anxiety, possibly demonstrated by pacing Increased heartbeat Respiratory distress or hyperventilation (Breeds with flat noses may exhibit this earlier because of compromised airways.) Dark red gums Lethargy Increased internal body temperature. A temperature of 104° or more is a definite warning sign.

Make sure he has several bowls of cool water available. It doesn’t hurt to drop an ice cube in once in awhile, not only to cool the water, but to pique kitty’s interest in drinking. Strangely enough, cats affected by external heat may refuse to drink water, exacerbating the problem of dehydration, so you may want to “force” water by using an eyedropper or syringe. Be careful not to shoot the water down his throat as it can enter his lungs and/or cause choking. Just dribble a drop or two at a time in the corner of his mouth, which will help hydrate them and draw his interest to drinking on his own. If your cat exhibits any of the signs above that lead you to think he is suffering heat exhaustion, cool them down as quickly as possible by immersing them in cool water, and then wrapping them with wet towels. Then get them to the veterinarian immediately. This is a serious, potentially fatal condition.

Sunburn
White cats, or cats with white ears and faces, are particularly susceptible to sunburn. Over a period of time, exposure to the sun can cause squamous cell carcinoma, a cancer found most often on the tips of the ears and nose. Early signs include a sore that does not heal, or that bleeds. My own introduction to squamous cell carcinoma was with our beloved little white cat, Arthur, who died of it at 18 years. Because of her age, we were reluctant to allow either surgery or chemotherapy, the two treatments of choice, and she passed on about three months after being diagnosed. White cats should be kept out of direct sun as much as possible, and if they must be in the sun, you can help them prevent sunburn by using a sunscreen on their ears and noses. Your veterinarian can recommend one which will not be harmful if ingested. The sun is a powerful giver of life and still worshiped by people all over the world, but it is not always your cat’s best friend. Be aware of his condition on sweltering summer days, and if you have any doubts at all, get them to the veterinarian immediately. You are the only defense he has.
Source: cats.about.com 19

How to Help Your Cat Avoid Heatstroke
You can help your cats survive extremely hot weather by keeping them indoors in a cool interior room. Rubbing them down with a damp towel will help; so will immersing his feet in a tub of cool water. Wrapping a cold compress under the cat’s neck will also help cool them off. He may fight at first, but most likely will appreciate it once he gets used to the idea. Try wrapping a plastic bag of frozen peas in a towel, and placing in his bed for a cool spot to lie. The peas will rearrange themselves to fit his contours and he’ll have a “custom spa” for cooling off.

Help Your Cat Beat the Heat

Issue No. 11

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ask the vet

Ask the

et

By : Ma. Mylene L. Maranan, DVM Bow & Wow resident veterinarian

Q : H ow mu c h w a t e r should a dog drink in a day? How many times can she normally pee in a day?
A. The amount of water that any pet would consume in a day would depend primarily on their activity level and environmental temperature. Be aware of your pooch when he’s playing outdoors in the sun; he’ll need more water. Because summer is a time of playing under the sun, be sure to keep your pet hydrated. The activity level and environmental temperature would also determine the amount of urine and frequency of urination of the pet. Just make sure that there is always a supply of clean water available for your dog.

Q: My cat are used to eating commercially-available pet bio spot foods in the market. I’d like to try and shift them to natural pet foods. What are their advantages over the former?
A. Natural pet foods are made from meat products and do not contain any fillers that are used as a substitute for meat and protein needed by your furry baby.The ingredients in natural food are highly digestible and would mean less waste production and better digestion for your cat. Simply put, natural food is the best food you can give your baby.

Q: Are “spot-on” flea killers safe to use?
A. Spot-on flea/tick treatment is relatively safe for use in dogs (even cats) if the user of the product follows the instruction on the label. The amounts of active ingredients used to develop such products are formulated in order to create an effect on the parasite and not the pets.

Q: Why does my Shih Tzu keeps on having lice?
A. Your Shih Tzu can be infested with lice if they are in contact with other pets that have access to the outdoors and especially pets that are also infested with lice. This can be remedied with anti-lice, fleas and ticks shampoos and sprays that kill and repel other pests. Keep your furry baby lice-free by cleaning the area with hot water, killing the eggs in the process.

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