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Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics - Question bank
1. Nonwoven means a) With warp & weft fabrics b) Looped fabrics c) Interlocking of fibre or web fabric d) Braided fabrics 2. European disposables and non woven association is stands for a) ADANA b) EDANA c) DDANA d) GDANA 3. One of the most common fibres used in production of nonwovens are a) High twist yarn b) Rayon fibres c) Orlon yarns d) Hosiery yarns 4. One of the method of web preparation is a) Wet laid method b) Cut laid method c) Twist laid method d) Normal method
5. Bicomponent fibres with different polymers in the core and sheath are widely used in ___________ process. a) Needle punching b) Thermal bonding c) Chemical bonding d) Spunlacing 6.___________ fibre is dominating in usage in the nonwoven industry. a) Polyester b)Polypropylene c)Viscose d) cotton 7. Air laid webs are _________ in structure. a)Isotropic b) Anisotropic c) Orthotropic d)Quasi-isotropic 8. Parallel laid webs are _________ in structure. a)Isotropic b) Anisotropic c) Orthotropic d)Quasi-isotropic 9. Cross laid webs are _________ in structure. a) Isotropic b) Anisotropic c) Orthotropic d)Quasi-isotropic 10. Random laid webs are _________ in structure. a)Isotropic b) Anisotropic c) Orthotropic d)Quasi-isotropic 11. Flocculation increases with increase in __________ ratio of the fibre in the wet laid process. a) Length/diameter b) Diameter/length c) Aspect d) Uniformity 12. Dispersibility of fibre is important for _______ laid process. a) dry b) wet c)polymer d)air 13. Cross lapper is used in _______ process. a) air laid b)cross laid c)wet laid d) polymer laid
14.__________ is polymer laid process. R.Senthil Kumar, Asst.Prof (SRG), KCT,Coimbatore-49. Page 2
Question bank a) Melt blown b) cross lapper c) spun bond d) spun lace 15. a) Polymer b)dry c)wet d)cross 16._________ is responsible for homogenous blending of fibres.___________ is coarse fibre opener.________ is used for bale opening. Page 3 . __________ technology produces thickest fabrics.___________is fine fibre opener. KCT.Senthil Kumar. a)step cleaner b)ERM cleaner c) Unimix d) Bale plucker 22. a) dry b)polymer laid c) wet d)cross 17. a) dry laid b) wet laid c) polymer laid d)cross laid 18.__________ is natural fibre. Asst. Water is used in __________ process. a) cotton b)viscose c)polyester d)jute R. a) cotton b)viscose c)polyester d)jute 29. Polyester is used as raw material in ______ process. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Spunlacing 26. __________ is bast fibre. a) spun bond b)melt blown c) needle punching d) spun lace 25.Nonwoven consists of _________ a)yarn b) fibres c) whiskers d) fabrics 23. a) cotton b)viscose c)polyester d)jute 28. a) Needle punching b)spun bonding c)melt blown d) Spunlacing 24. a)step cleaner b)ERM cleaner c) Unimix d) Bale plucker 21. a)bale plucker b)step cleaner c) ERM cleaner d)Unimix 19.Prof (SRG). Polydispersity is important for __________ laid process.Coimbatore-49. Cotton is not processable in ________ laid process. a) cotton b)viscose c)polyester d)jute 27. __________ is thermoplastic fibre. Flocculation is related to _______ process. __________ is regenerated cellulose fibre. a)step cleaner b)ERM cleaner c) Unimix d) Bale plucker 20.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .
a) Polyester b) cotton c) silk d) wool 32. Define Nonwovens as per INDA.0%. 4. Production rate of melt blown is __________ compared to needle punching process. a) Higher b) lower c) depends on fibre d) same 38. Mention any two mechanical bonding systems in nonwoven manufacturing process. a) cotton b) viscose c)polyester d) wool 36.__________ fibre is having moisture regain of 8.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a) Needle punching b) tufting c) spun lacing d) melt blown 33. Asst.0%.__________ fibre is having moisture regain of 0. a) cotton b) viscose c)polyester d) wool 35. 7.__________ fibre is having moisture regain of 16. Mention any two web laying systems. Production rate of spun lacing is __________ compared to needle punching process.___________ is widely used in absorbent applications.Coimbatore-49.Senthil Kumar. 5. a)cotton b) polyester c)PP d) PVC 31. Orientation of fibre in the web can be mapped using _____________ a)optical microscopy b) IR spectroscopy c) X-ray diffraction d) Electron microscopy Part-B 1. R. Define Nonwovens.3%.Prof (SRG).Question bank 30. KCT. 2. Classify nonwoven web bonding systems. a) cotton b) viscose c)polyester d) wool 37. 6. Page 4 . a) Higher b) lower c) depends on fibre d) same 40.__________ fibre is having moisture regain of 13. Production rate of spun bonding is __________ compared to needle punching process.____________ needle punched fabric is widely used in geotextiles applications. a) Higher b) lower c) depends on fibre d) same 39.5%. a) cotton b) viscose c)polyester d) wool 34. Classify nonwoven web laying systems. 3. Define Nonwovens as per EDANA.__________ process produces the thinnest fabric.
17. Explain briefly the principle of working of parallel laid web laying process with neat sketch. 8.5dtex and 25mm respectively. Mention the fibres used in wet laid process. 16. and application. Explain briefly the properties of various fibres used in Dry laid and wet laid process. List the characteristics of parallel laid web. List the characteristics of air laid web. Asst. How do you evaluate fibre orientation? 14. Mention any two thermal bonding techniques in nonwoven manufacturing process. Anisotropic and orthotropic? 12. Classify the web laying and web bonding techniques of nonwoven manufacturing process. What is cross lapper? 11.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . then calculate the critical concentration of dispersion? 9. What are the properties influenced by fibre orientation in the web? 15. Explain briefly the principle of working of cross laid web laying process with neat sketch. KCT. Page 5 .Question bank 8.Coimbatore-49. Explain briefly the various opening & cleaning machines used in Dry laid process with neat sketch. R. 9. The fibre fineness and length of the fibre used in wet laid process is 0. 7. 4. 18. Explain briefly about the fibre orientation in different web laying system. Define fibre orientation. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of weaving. What is isotropic. 2. Compare the various fabric manufacturing systems w. 3. 20. Mention the fibres used in dry laid process. Also discuss the various properties influenced by the fibre orientation in the web. properties. 13. 10. Explain briefly the principle of working of Air laid process with neat sketch.t production.Senthil Kumar. 19. 5.r. List the characteristics of wet laid web. knitting and nonwoven fabric manufacturing process.Prof (SRG). Part-C 1. 10. Explain briefly the principle of working of wet laid process with neat sketch. Draw the cross section of cross lapper. 6.
Spinnerette is related to __________ process. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 12. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) Infra red bonding 7. Barb is related to __________ process. a)spun lacing b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) Infra red bonding 3.Coimbatore-49. powder. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) Ultrasonic bonding 6. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 8. KCT. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 4. web.Prof (SRG). a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Thermal bonding R. a)Needle punching b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) Infra red bonding 2. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Thermal bonding 13. film. High velocity air is blown at die tip in __________ process. Barb is related to __________ process. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 11.__________ is the non-contact thermal bonding process. Asst. __________ is the mechanical bonding process.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 9. __________ is the thermal bonding process. Page 6 . hot melt ores a sheath as part of a bicomponent fibre. ________ requires a thermoplastic component to be present in the form of a homofil fibre. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 10. __________ is the thermal bonding process.Senthil Kumar. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) calendering 5. The polymer flows by surface tension and capillary action to fibre-to fibre crossover points in ___________ bonding process. Binder is used in ________ bonding process. __________ is the mechanical bonding process.Question bank Unit-2 Part-A 1. __________ is the thermal bonding process.
chemical and mechanical properties of the fabric in the thermal bonding process. KCT. a) calendering b) through air c) IR heat d) Ultrasonic 17.Question bank 14. a) calendering b) through air c) IR heat d) Ultrasonic 16.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . In ___________bonding. Cohesive bonds are formed in __________ bonding process. a) 50% b) 55% c) 60% d) 10% 25.Area bonding is possible in ________ bond process. Commercially. light-weight webs of 25-30 g/m2 for medical and hygiene applications and medium-weight webs of l00 g/m2 for interlining and filtration applications are thermally bonded using ___________. Page 7 . a) Calender b) engraved calender c) Through air d) IR heat 19. a) calender b) engraved calender c) embossed calender d) dotted calender 18. a) Base b) binder c) blended d) low density 23. Point bonded fabrics are _______ in nature. a) Stiff b) limpy c) stronger d) weaker 20.Prof (SRG). a hot air is forced through a preformed web. Point bonding is possible in ________ bond process. a) calendering b) through air c) IR heat d) Ultrasonic R. At a binder content of _____ % the fabric is a bulky. a)5-50% b)1-2% c)90-95% d)70-80% 22. porous and flexible structure with relatively low strength. Asst. a) 1% b) 5% c) 50% d) 10% 24. The binder fibre component normally ranges from _________ on weight of' fibre depending on the physical property requirements of' the final product. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Thermal bonding 15. Area bonded fabrics are _________ in nature.Senthil Kumar. The______ fibre contributes to key physical. friction between contacting fibers due to the application of ultrasound causes partial melting of the fibers. If the binder content is more than ____% of the total blend the fabric behaves like a reinforced plastic. a) Stiff b) limpy c) stronger d) weaker 21.Coimbatore-49. In _________.
No binder is necessary when synthetic fibers are used since these are self-bonding in ______ bonding.Coimbatore-49.100 c) 6. Page 8 . a) 1500-5000 b)15-50 c)150-500 d)1-5 37.100 b) 60.__________ carries and interlocks the fibers in needle punching. Fabric distortion minimizes in __________ technique of thermal bonding process.Prof (SRG). The number of needles in the needle board varies from ___________ needles per meter. KCT. In belt calendaring. a) 9 b) 20 c) 100 d) 1000 31. 10 33.Senthil Kumar. In belt bonding the pressure does not normally exceed ____ N/mm. and medical products. The heating time in point bond hot calendering is typically of the order of _________. a) Calender b) engraved calender c) Through air d) IR heat 34. Working widths up to ____ m and production speeds of up to _____ m/min are claimed for belt bonding. ________ is the main method of thermally bonding in disposables as diaper. time in the nip is extended to ______seconds. a) Calender b) engraved calender c) Through air d) Ultrasonic 36. the roller diameter ranges from 40-250 cm and is usually coated with ________ to increase its life. a) 10 b) 20 c) 100 d) 1000 30. a) PTFE b) PU c) PVC d) silicone 32. Asst. a) 6. a) barb b) shank c)point d)hook R. a) Calender b) engraved calender c) Through air d) Ultrasonic 35. Pressure in a calendar roll nip in calender bonding process is in the range _____ N/mm. In roller calendaring the heating time is measured in milliseconds whereas in belt bonding. a)seconds b)minutes c)hours d)milliseconds 28.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a) Point bond b) area bond c) IR heat d) Ultrasonic 27. ________ process involves the application of rapidly alternating compressive forces to localized areas of fibers in the web. a) 1-10 b) 50-60 c) 40-50 d) 30-40 29. 10 d) 60. sanitary products.Question bank 26.
a) Increased. Jet diameter in the water jet of hydroentanglement process will be in the range of ____ m. a) improve b) deteriorate c)no influence d) reduce 40. large 50. increased c) decreased. R.Question bank 38. a) Hydroentanglement b) spun bond c)melt blown d) needle punching 44. decreased 39.Prof (SRG). a) Stitch density b) Amount of needling c) punch depth d) areal density 41._________ the fibre. large c) decreasing. The number of penetrations per area square is termed as _________ in needle punching process. Hydroentanglement is hampered by __________ stiffness and _______ specific surface. a) preheated b)prewetted c)prebonded d) interlaced 47. a)J/kg b)J/N c)J/g d)J/m 46.Senthil Kumar. Mechanical properties of needle punched structures ________ with depth of penetration. Asst. better the hydroentanglement effect. _______due to high kinetic energy reorientates fibers according to the shape of the support screen. a) 2-12% b) 20-120% c) 15-20% d) 40-50% 43. ____________ process uses fine. a) Increasing. KCT. a)Water jet b)air jet c) needle d) barb 45. decreased b) increased.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .Specific Energy is expressed in ________. The fibrous web is first ________to eliminate air pockets during hydroentanglement process. increased d) decreased. The area ratio of the fibre plugs in the needle felt is in the range of ________. Page 9 . high pressure jets of water to cause the fibres to interlace. small d) decreasing. a) Area mass b) thickness c) strength d) homogeneity 42. a)increases b)decreases c) same d) increases and decreases 48. a)coarser b) finer c) stronger d) weaker 49.Coimbatore-49. The pressure of water jets _________ in hydroentanglement process. The web ___________ has a great influence on air permeability in the needle punched fabric. small b) increasing. If the depth of the barb is ________ or the distance between the barbs is ______. the dimensional stability is improved during needling.
Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . Venturi tube is related to ___________ process. woven. __________is the most widely used polymer for spunbond nonwovens production. High strength-to-weight ratios compared to other nonwoven. a) Nylon-6. Velocity of water jet the hydroentanglement process will be in the range of_______ m/sec. a) 10-200 b) 1-9 c) 2000 d) 5000 63. ________products are employed in carpet backing. Pressure inside the jet manifold in the hydroentanglement process will be in the range of ____ Mpa. Typical GSM achieved in spun bonding process is __________. a) Opacity b) strength c) orientation d) air permeability 62. a)Isotactic PP b)syndiotactic PP c) Atactic PP d) Polyester 58. and knitted structures is achieved in __________process. a)10-130 b) 1-9 c) 200 d) 500 54. Spun bond web structures have high__________.Coimbatore-49. _______spunbond fabrics are produced with weights as low as 10 g/m2 and with excellent cover and strength. The typical range of the sieve wire diameter used in the hydroentanglement process is ___m. a)10-350 b) 1-9 c) 500 d) 1000 53. KCT.Prof (SRG). No chemical or melt binders used in ___________ process.0 c) 250-600 d) 10-20 52. a) 25-60 b) 2. Page 10 . a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 64. a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 60.Senthil Kumar. a) chemical bonding b)thermal bonding c) belt calendaring d)spun lacing 55. Spun bond web structures are ___________.Hydroentanglement is also called as _________ process. a) spun bond b)melt blown c) needle punched d) spun lace 57. a) chemical bondin b)thermal bonding c) belt calendaring d)spun lacing 56. a) Isotropic b) anisotropic c) orthotropic d) quasi-isotropic 61.Question bank a)8-60 b) 80-800 c)10-70 d) 1-8 51.5 -6. Fiber diameters range between 15 and 35 um is preferred in ____________ process. Asst.6 b)PP c) PET d) Nylon 6 59. R.
Asst. 100 miles/hr d) 1000C. a) die-to-collector distance b) polymer type c) die temperature d) air throughput 72. a)2-4 b) 20-40 c)200-400 d)2000-4000 68. The ___________increases slightly with increase in die-to-collector distance in the melt blown process. Melt Blown microfibers generally have diameters in the range of ______ µm. _________ process is a one-step process in which high-velocity air blows a molten thermoplastic resin from an extruder die tip onto a conveyor or take-up screen to form a fine fibrous and self-bonding web.Senthil Kumar.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 66. The __________ generally affects the openness of the fabric and fiber-to-fiber thermal bonding in melt blown process. The ___________supply the high velocity hot air (also called as primary air) through the slots on the top and bottom sides of the die nosepiece. air throughput rate c) fibre. The _______________in conjunction with air flow rate affect the appearance and hand of the fabric. polymer d) die. a) polymer/die and air temperatures b) polymer throughput rate c)air throughput d) polymer type 74. KCT. fabric uniformity and fabric defects in the production. ___________webs offer random fibre orientation. ___________is difficult to draw because of its melt elasticity in melt blown process. a) air manifolds b) extruder c) die nosepiece d) spinneret 70.Coimbatore-49. The _______ and __________basically control the final fiber diameter. a) Polymer. a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 67. 300 miles/hr b) 1000C.Prof (SRG). air throughput rate b) fibre. 300 miles/hr c) 2300C. a) Polyethylene b) PP c) Nylon d) cotton R. extruder 71. Page 11 . In the melt blown system. molten polymers are forced through small slit openings and high temperature _________ air is impinged _________ at both sides of the exiting film. a) 2300C.Question bank a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 65. fiber entanglements and the extent of zone of attenuation in the melt blown process. a) fibre diameter b) fibre crimp c) fibre strength d) fibre length 73. 100 miles/hr 69.
_________ is composed of very short and very fine microfibers not trapped on the drum or belt during lay down.Question bank 75. ___________ processing is more energy intensive because of compressed hot air is used for fiber attenuation.7-0. but instead contaminates the surrounding environment.8 86. Melt blown web structures are ___________. _______ are small. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 79. The number of fibers and resulting surface area are greatly increased as _________decreases in the melt blown process. a) 7-8 b) 70-80 c) 700-800 d) 0. a) 2-3 b) 20-30 c) 200-300 d) 0.Coimbatore-49.______________ fibre is having high Melt Flow Rate. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 80. ______ are generally caused by excessively high temperatures or by too low a polymer molecular weight. a) fibre diameter b) fibre strength c) fibre length d) fibre crimp 84.3 87. Asst. Page 12 .Senthil Kumar. __________ is more difficult to melt-blow into fine fibrous webs than is polypropylene. A typical melt blowing process consumes about _______ kWh/kg of polymer process. A typical spunbond process consumes _________ kWh/kg.Prof (SRG). R. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 81. spherical particles of polymer formed during the blowing operation. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 78. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 82. a) Polyethylene b) PP c) Nylon d) cotton 76. a) PP b) PET c) PU d) PVC 85. _________ is caused by uncontrolled turbulence in the air-stream and by movement of fibers during and after lay down. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 83. __________can be caused by too violent blowing conditions.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .2-0. ________ is a defect that does not go directly into the web. KCT. a) Isotropic b) anisotropic c) orthotropic d) quasi-isotropic 77.
neps.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . melt blowing b) melt blowing. AFIS is used to evaluate ___________ in the fibres. a) Length. a) Vibrodyn b) Vibroscope c) CTT d) Sheffield Micronaire 99.Senthil Kumar. KCT. Asst. The production speed of __________ is inherently faster than that of _________. a) 200 b) 100 c) 20 d)10 98. spun bonding d) needle punching. a) 2 b) 3 c) 10 d) 20 100. Calendaring of nonwoven fabric improves_____________.Prof (SRG). Trash b) Length.Coimbatore-49. _________ bonding is used in conjunction with processes which require rapid binder addition._____________ form is preferred for nonwoven fabric during coloration. Page 13 . maturity. a) saturation b) calendaring c) Foam d) IR bonding 92. ________ bonding is a means to apply binder at low water and high binder-solids concentration levels. a) Beam b) Jet c) Jigger d) soft flow 95. Linear density of filament is measured by __________ tester. spun bonding c) needle punching.The pressure level recommended for testing nonwoven with less than 20 mm thickness is _____. a) saturation b) calendaring c) needle punching d) IR bonding 91.Question bank a) Melt blown b) spun bond c) spun lace d) needle punching 88.02 kPa b) 2 kPa c) 20 kPa d)1 kPa 97. a) Smoothness b) strength c) lustre d) GSM 93. melt blowing 89. The minimum number of test samples required for testing mass per unit area is _____.The size of the test sample for testing mass per unit area of nonwoven is _______ cm2. Neps. a) Open width b) rope c) tubular d) twisted 94.___________ dyeing machine is preferred for processing low density nonwovens. trash d) fineness R. a) saturation b) calendaring c) needle punching d) IR bonding 90. a) spun bonding.____________ bonding is an example of chemical bonding. a)0. a) 500 b) 50 c)100 d) 5 96. Strength c) Crimp.The recommended gauge length for testing tensile strength of nonwoven is _______ mm.
Page 14 . 7. Why nonwoven fabrics produce deeper shade in dyeing process compared to woven and knitted structure under controlled conditions? 25.Senthil Kumar. What are the limitations of chemical bonding? 16. How do you calculate the Specific energy (K) in Spunlacing process? 23.Coimbatore-49.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . 9. List the characteristics of needle punched fabric. What is spray bonding? 14.Question bank Part-B 1. 3. What is print bonding? 15. What is chemical bonding? 13. Mention any four applications of nonwovens.Prof (SRG). 18. Define melt blown process. Mention any four mechanical finishing processes. What is ultrasonic bonding? 17. Which thermal bonding technique is preferred for the delicate web which needs less or no contact? 12. What are the causes of roping defect in melt blown process? 21. 4. What is thermal bonding? 8. How do you calculate punch density in needle punching process? 6. Define spun bonding process. KCT. 20. 19. What is depth of penetration in needle punching process? 5. Mention any four thermal bonding techniques. What is mechanical bonding of nonwoven? 2. What are the two major differences between spun bonding and melt blown process? 22. Asst. Define Needle punching. What is area and point bonding? 10. Mention any four mechanical finishing done in nonwoven fabrics. R. What is contact time in thermal bonding? 11. Draw the cross section of barb needle and mention the parts. 24.
Explain briefly the principle of working of Melt blown process with neat sketch. 3. Part-C 1.Question bank 26.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . 10. R. Emerging Filament velocity = 220 mpm Density of polymer = 0. Page 15 . KCT. 6. Explain briefly the principle of working of Spun bonding process with neat sketch. What are the tests performed for nonwovens used in hygiene applications.Senthil Kumar.91 g/cc. Explain briefly the principle of working of various Thermal bonding processes with neat sketch. Explain briefly the principle of working of Spunlacing or Hydroentanglement or water jet needling process with neat sketch. 27. Explain briefly the various mechanical finishing processes with neat sketch. What are the tests performed for nonwovens used in geotextiles applications. 9. 2. 28. Explain briefly the principle of working of various chemical bonding processes with neat sketch. 7. Calculate the production of the spun bonding machine with the following details: Nozzle diameter = 3 mm. Explain briefly the various chemical finishing processes with neat sketch. 5. What are the tests performed for nonwovens used in roofing applications.Prof (SRG). Number of nozzles per metre/spinning width = 1000 Filament velocity = 250 mpm. Explain briefly the principle of working of various mechanical bonding processes with neat sketch. Explain briefly the principle of working of needle punching process with neat sketch.Coimbatore-49. Asst. 8. Belt velocity = 25 mpm Also calculate the Filament fineness in dtex and mass per unit area of spun bonded fabric. 4.
greater c) higher. The widely used polymer adhesive in the coating process is _________. resulting in a higher weight add on. The _________ the viscosity of the compound. Page 16 . ________coating is mainly used for fabric produced from smooth continuous filament yarns.Prof (SRG). backward 7. backward d) thin. sharp one and a blade angled __________ will tend to increase add-on compared to a perpendicular blade. on dry weight of goods in the foam finishing process.Question bank Unit-3 Part-A 1. a) PU b) PET c) Nylon d) PLA 4. etc… a) Knife on air b) Knife on table c) transfer d) hot melt 9.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . R. lightweight. a) Direct b) transfer c) hot melt d) spray 6. a) higher. the _________ will be its tendency to force the web away from the knife. KCT. Resin add-on can be ‘fine tuned’ by _________of the blade. A _______ profile blade produces a higher add-on than a thin. a) Subtle angling b) sharpening c) profile d) tension 8. __________ is the process of applying a viscous liquid (fluid) or formulated compound on a textile substrate. heat. forward c) thick. a) Coating b) Lamination c) carbonizing d) sanforisation 3.___________ coating technique is useful for applying very thin. The actual add-on of the chemical finish is usually of the order of _______% or less. forward b) thin.Coimbatore-49. __________consists of bonding a prepared polymer film or membrane with one or more textile substrates using adhesives. a) thick. smaller 10. anoraks.Senthil Kumar. a) Floating knife b) floating bar c) floating hook d) transfer 5. Asst. Knife over air technique is also called as ___________ coating. smaller d) lower. a) Coating b) Laminating c) carbonizing d) sanforisation 2. impermeable coatings (as low as 7–8 g/m2) suitable for hot air balloons. greater b) lower. or pressure.
a) Polyurethane b) PET c) Nylon d) polystyrene 19. a) Polyolefin b) PET c) Nylon d) PU 14. Other term for fabric impregnation is__________. a) ‘Powder point’ b) calendering c) flame lamination d) gravure Part-B 1.3 d) 10-12 11. Asst.Coimbatore-49. The __________ technique. a) rotary screen b) hot melt c)spray d) direct 15. Extrusion coating is especially suitable for coating _______ on different substrates. a) Fabric ‘padding’ or ‘dipping’ b) spraying c) swelling d) dissolving 16. The flame lamination process has come under environmental scrutiny in recent years. What is Knife over table coating? R. a) direct b) transfer c) hot melt d)spray 12.22-0. an extruder converts solid thermoplastic polymers into a melt at the appropriate temperature required for coating. The Crumple-flex tester twists fabric samples made into a cylinder through ______ and stretches and crumples them at the same time. a) Direct b) transfer c) hot melt d) spray 13. is used mainly for textile printing. _______ coating technique is used for knitted fabrics which. a) glue-line b) machine c) fabric d) adhesive 20.Prof (SRG).Senthil Kumar. because it produces potentially toxic fumes by the burning of ____________. The temperature in between the two substrates where the adhesive actually is termed as __________ temperature.Question bank a) 2 – 3 b) 20-30 c) 0. a) 87° b) 77° c) 67° d) 97° 18. The pressure on the nip roll during fabric impregnation determines the __________for any given fabric. In __________ coating process. __________ lamination is also known as the Intaglio Process. Page 17 . which applies compound to a fabric by forcing it through a cylindrical screen. compared to woven fabrics. KCT. a) Expression b) strength c) shrinkage d) colour 17.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .
Define coating. 3.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . 5. 18. How do you evaluate the abrasion resistance of coated fabric? 16.Prof (SRG). 8. How do you evaluate the flexing of coated fabric? 15. List the advantages of spray lamination technique.Senthil Kumar. Explain briefly the Testing for adhesion. Mention any four hot melt lamination techniques. Explain briefly the foam finishing processes with neat sketch. How do you evaluate the adhesion strength of coated fabric? 14. What is hot melt extrusion coating? 11. Define foam finishing.Coimbatore-49. 7. Explain briefly the calendar coating and rotary screen coating with neat sketch. What are the applications of coated fabrics? 9. Mention the various polymer adhesives used in coating process. Define transfer coating. Explain briefly the coagulated polyurethane coating process with neat sketch. Define lamination. Explain briefly the various types of coating by direct method with neat sketch. What is Knife over roller coating? 4. 5. 17. 2. Part-C 1. 8. Define flame lamination. What is calender coating? 13. Page 18 . What is Knife on air coating? 3. Abrasion resistance of the coated fabric with neat sketch. 7. Flexing. Explain briefly the hot melt extrusion coating with neat sketch. R. Asst. 19. Explain briefly the foamed and crushed foam coating processes with neat sketch. What is ball licking roller technique? 10. What are the problems associated with water based adhesives? 20. Explain briefly the ball licking roller technique and Transfer coating process with neat sketch. 12. 6. What are the advantages of crushed foam coating? 6.Question bank 2. 4. KCT.
Three dimensional bands in __________ used for sports footwear. a) Polyester b) Nylon c) Cotton d) PP 12.____________ fibre is commonly used in seat belts. Explain briefly the various hot melt lamination techniques with neat sketch. KCT. a) Carbon b) nylon c) cotton d) PP 11._______ weave is normally employed in ribbons._________ tapes used as support fabric for loud speakers.Prof (SRG). Compare the advantages. a) Polyester b) Nylon c) Cotton d) PP 9. R. An example for narrow fabric is ____________. Wide_________ taffeta ribbons are used in blanket bindings. Page 19 .________ fibre is used for diagonal belts. a) Satin b) sateen c) plain d) twill 6.Senthil Kumar.5 3.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a) Kevlar b) cotton c) aluminium d) polyester 10._________ inserts are used for producing racing footwear. a) 25 b) 250 c) 5 d) 2.Coimbatore-49._________ weave is normally employed in safety belts.Question bank 9. safety coverings on airline engines._________ are used for variety of load bearing applications.________ tapes are used for lining tubes. a) ribbon b) tapes c) airbag d) webbings 7. Unit-4 Part-A 1. a) 2/2 twill b) plain c) satin d) sateen 8. Asst. a) Air bag b) geotextile c) seat belt d) canopy 2. a) Nylon b) cotton c) PP d) viscose 4. 10. a) Nylon b) PET c)PP d) Cotton 5. Narrow fabrics will have width less than ______ cm. disadvantages of various lamination techniques.
a) Last b) Sole c) Upper d) Vamp Part-B 1.___________ bands are used in first aid. Define tapes. Mention the constructional details of webbings or safety belts.__________ is the interior bottom of a shoe. a) Lace b) sole c) upper d) vamp 18. Define ribbons. Define Narrow fabrics. Define webbings or belts. 3. KCT. Asst. a) Polyester b) Nylon c) Cotton d) PP 15. Mention the constructional details of tapes. a) Insole b) outsole c) Midsole d) upper 20.____________ fabrics are used as seat liners. a) Insole b) outsole c) Midsole d) upper 19. What are the requirements of safety belts? 6. What are the requirements of foot wear fabrics? R. 5.Senthil Kumar. substituting normal plastering. 10. a) Fibre glass b) PET c) PP d) Nylon 16.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .Coimbatore-49. a) Polyester b) Nylon c) Cotton d) PP 17. 2.___________ is responsible for shock absorption in the shoe.___________ bands are used in conveyor belts for eggs.Prof (SRG). 7. 8. 4.__________ ribbons are used as reinforcements for sports helmets.__________ is a plastic shape that simulates the foot shape.____________ is made up of Styrene butadiene rubber. Mention the applications of narrow fabrics. 9. Page 20 .Question bank a) Carbon b) nylon c) cotton d) PP 13. a) Carbon b) nylon c) cotton d) PP 14. Mention the constructional details of ribbons.
Explain briefly the types and applications of narrow fabrics. 9. seaming. functions of sole with neat sketch. Explain briefly the requirements. Carpet: Non-pile carpet weaves and their looms. Explain briefly the requirements. nets. labels. raw materials. 6. 16. 2. Page 21 . Explain briefly the various woven narrow fabrics and their constructions with neat sketch. 14.Coimbatore-49. 7.Senthil Kumar.Question bank 11. KCT. trimmings. 5. Define Outsole. Define Midsole. What are the raw materials used for midsole? Part-C 1. construction details and production process of socks. ladder tapes. raw materials. What are the various components of shoe? 12. flocked fabrics. R. Define Insole. Define Sole. 13. braids. 3. curtain heading tapes. Pile surfaced carpet weaves and their production. 10. 4. heat setting. 15. Explain briefly the requirements of footwear fabrics. 8. functions of toe and puff with neat sketch. Elasticated fabrics. Asst.Prof (SRG).Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . functions of stiffness and laces with neat sketch. What are the requirements of Outsole? 20. raw materials. Explain briefly the Shoe making Methods. Explain briefly the requirements. What are the requirements of Midsole? 19. Explain the various requirements of sports shoes and socks. Explain briefly the production process of narrow fabrics with neat sketch. finishing. Define Upper. What are the requirements of Insole? 18. Explain briefly the requirements. 17. laces. raw materials. Felted fabrics: Manufacture of forming fabrics – raw material selection. zip fastener tapes.
_____________ fabrics are fabrics that stretch and recover to their original length. with several fine continuous-filament yarns—often as many as eight. The width of the forming fabrics will be in the range of _______mm. a) Compressed bead bulk b) elongation c) impact strength d) temperature resistance 11. a)monofilament b)multifilament c)staple fibre d) split film 7. Page 22 .Prof (SRG). a) Elasticated b) forming c) flocked d) felt 2. _________ is formed by covering one or more parallel-laid condenser-cotton yarns. The weave employed for the tape in zip fastener is _______.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . Asst. a) Cotton b) polyester c) silk d) viscose 5. of similar type to the gimp core. a)Gimp b) slub c) corkscrew d) Cover 12.Coimbatore-49.____________ fibres have better resistance to deterioration by perspiration. a) Cotton b) polyester c) wool d) spandex 3.Question bank Unit-5 Part-A 1. a) Stringer b) slider c) zip d) stop 9. _________ is made by covering a cotton core. Cloth tapes in the Zip fastener are made from _________. Axminister carpets are made up of ___________. ____________ is a textile tape having a corded edge to which is attached a row of metal members designed to interlock with a similar row similarly attached to another tape. KCT. Forming fabrics are made up of _________ yarns. a) Plain b) 2/2 twill c) 3/1 twill d) sateen 4.Senthil Kumar. a) 500 b) 50 c) 5 d) 5000 8. R. a) Wool b) nylon c) cotton d) polyester 6. The important property requirement of zip fastener tape is _____________. a) Cotton b) polyester c) both d) nylon 10. The Pile in the carpet is made up of ________ fibre.
Asst. What are elasticated fabrics? 2.Prof (SRG). _______is used extensively for knitting chainette. a) Plain-weave b) twill weave c) satin weave d) herringbone twill Part-B 1. What are ladder tapes? 8. What are curtain heading tapes? 6.Coimbatore-49. Mention any two fibres used in ladder tapes? R. __________ is a yarn knitted by the circular-weft-knitting method with one feeder and usually on four or six needles (normally latch needles) only. a) Gimp b) Bullion c) corkscrew d) Chainette 16. Mention any two fibres used in zip fastener tapes? 5. What are zip fastener tapes? 4. Mention any two fibres used in curtain heading tapes? 7. a) Gimp b) Bullion c) corkscrew d) Cover 14.___________ is used in heavy theatre curtains. a) Gimp b) Bullion c) corkscrew d) Cover 15. A braid is a complex structure or pattern formed by __________ three or more strands of flexible material such as textile fibres or wire. Page 23 .Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .Question bank a) Gimp b) Bullion c) corkscrew d) Cover 13.) width.Senthil Kumar. a) Belts b) ropes c) composites d) apparel 19. Mention any two fibres used in elasticated fabrics? 3. KCT. Braids are commonly used for making __________. a)Flocked b) forming c)felt d) lace 20. ________taffeta ground weave is used for most labels up to 37-mm (1 -875-in. ________ is used as the main constituted of the woven structures which are used for the edging of furniture. a) Intertwining b) interlooping c) interlacing d) interlocking 18.__________ fabrics are widely used in upholstery. a) Viscose rayon b) cotton c) polyester d) nylon 17.
Part-C 1.Senthil Kumar. 9. Explain briefly about the non-pile carpet weaves and their production. Asst. construction details and production process of Curtain heading tapes.Question bank 9. heat setting. Explain briefly the requirements. What are trimmings? 10. 10.Prof (SRG). Explain briefly about the raw material selection. nets and flocked fabrics. 3. Explain briefly the various non-pile and pile surfaced carpet constructions. Page 24 . What are labels? 12. Mention any two fibres used in carpets? 17. construction details and production process of Elasticated fabrics. 4. Mention any two fibres used in labels? 13. R. What are carpets? 16. construction details and production process of Ladder tapes. construction details and production process of braids. construction details and production process of Zip fastener tapes. List the properties required for forming fabrics. raw materials. raw materials. Why heat setting is essential for forming fabrics? 20. Explain briefly the requirements. trimmings. Mention any two fibres used in laces? 11. 7. Explain briefly the requirements. What are forming fabrics? 18. Explain briefly about the Manufacturing of forming fabrics. raw materials. raw materials.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . Explain briefly the requirements. 5. and laces. 8. KCT. 2. 6.Coimbatore-49. Mention any two fibres used in flocked fabrics? 15. Explain briefly the requirements. Mention any two fibres used in forming fabrics? 19. seaming and finishing of forming fabrics. raw materials. What are flocked fabrics? 14. Explain briefly about the pile surfaced carpet and their production.
Question bank R. KCT. Asst.Senthil Kumar. Page 25 .Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .Coimbatore-49.Prof (SRG).
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