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Nonwovens and Speciality Fabrics - Question Bank

Nonwovens and Speciality Fabrics - Question Bank

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Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics - Question Bank

Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics - Question Bank

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Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics Question bank

Assistant Professor (SRG), sen29iit@yahoo.co.in
l

R.Senthil Kumar,

KCT, Coimbatore-49.

Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics - Question bank
Unit-1 Part-A
1. Nonwoven means a) With warp & weft fabrics b) Looped fabrics c) Interlocking of fibre or web fabric d) Braided fabrics 2. European disposables and non woven association is stands for a) ADANA b) EDANA c) DDANA d) GDANA 3. One of the most common fibres used in production of nonwovens are a) High twist yarn b) Rayon fibres c) Orlon yarns d) Hosiery yarns 4. One of the method of web preparation is a) Wet laid method b) Cut laid method c) Twist laid method d) Normal method

5. Bicomponent fibres with different polymers in the core and sheath are widely used in ___________ process. a) Needle punching b) Thermal bonding c) Chemical bonding d) Spunlacing 6.___________ fibre is dominating in usage in the nonwoven industry. a) Polyester b)Polypropylene c)Viscose d) cotton 7. Air laid webs are _________ in structure. a)Isotropic b) Anisotropic c) Orthotropic d)Quasi-isotropic 8. Parallel laid webs are _________ in structure. a)Isotropic b) Anisotropic c) Orthotropic d)Quasi-isotropic 9. Cross laid webs are _________ in structure. a) Isotropic b) Anisotropic c) Orthotropic d)Quasi-isotropic 10. Random laid webs are _________ in structure. a)Isotropic b) Anisotropic c) Orthotropic d)Quasi-isotropic 11. Flocculation increases with increase in __________ ratio of the fibre in the wet laid process. a) Length/diameter b) Diameter/length c) Aspect d) Uniformity 12. Dispersibility of fibre is important for _______ laid process. a) dry b) wet c)polymer d)air 13. Cross lapper is used in _______ process. a) air laid b)cross laid c)wet laid d) polymer laid

14.__________ is polymer laid process. R.Senthil Kumar, Asst.Prof (SRG), KCT,Coimbatore-49. Page 2

Water is used in __________ process. a) cotton b)viscose c)polyester d)jute 28. Polyester is used as raw material in ______ process. a)step cleaner b)ERM cleaner c) Unimix d) Bale plucker 22. Flocculation is related to _______ process. __________ is thermoplastic fibre.___________ is coarse fibre opener.___________is fine fibre opener. a) dry laid b) wet laid c) polymer laid d)cross laid 18. a)bale plucker b)step cleaner c) ERM cleaner d)Unimix 19. a) Needle punching b)spun bonding c)melt blown d) Spunlacing 24. a) spun bond b)melt blown c) needle punching d) spun lace 25. KCT.Senthil Kumar. Cotton is not processable in ________ laid process.Nonwoven consists of _________ a)yarn b) fibres c) whiskers d) fabrics 23. a)step cleaner b)ERM cleaner c) Unimix d) Bale plucker 21. a) Polymer b)dry c)wet d)cross 16. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Spunlacing 26.Coimbatore-49._________ is responsible for homogenous blending of fibres. Asst. a)step cleaner b)ERM cleaner c) Unimix d) Bale plucker 20.Prof (SRG). Polydispersity is important for __________ laid process. __________ technology produces thickest fabrics. a) cotton b)viscose c)polyester d)jute R. __________ is bast fibre.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .________ is used for bale opening.__________ is natural fibre.Question bank a) Melt blown b) cross lapper c) spun bond d) spun lace 15. a) cotton b)viscose c)polyester d)jute 27. a) cotton b)viscose c)polyester d)jute 29. a) dry b)polymer laid c) wet d)cross 17. Page 3 . __________ is regenerated cellulose fibre.

__________ fibre is having moisture regain of 16. Asst. 4. 5. Define Nonwovens. 2. Classify nonwoven web laying systems. a) cotton b) viscose c)polyester d) wool 37. 6. Define Nonwovens as per EDANA. a)cotton b) polyester c)PP d) PVC 31.0%. a) Higher b) lower c) depends on fibre d) same 40. Classify nonwoven web bonding systems.Coimbatore-49. Production rate of spun bonding is __________ compared to needle punching process.__________ fibre is having moisture regain of 13.Senthil Kumar. a) cotton b) viscose c)polyester d) wool 34. Define Nonwovens as per INDA.__________ fibre is having moisture regain of 8. Mention any two web laying systems. R. Orientation of fibre in the web can be mapped using _____________ a)optical microscopy b) IR spectroscopy c) X-ray diffraction d) Electron microscopy Part-B 1.__________ process produces the thinnest fabric.____________ needle punched fabric is widely used in geotextiles applications.Question bank 30.Prof (SRG). Mention any two mechanical bonding systems in nonwoven manufacturing process. a) cotton b) viscose c)polyester d) wool 36.___________ is widely used in absorbent applications.5%. a) Needle punching b) tufting c) spun lacing d) melt blown 33.3%. KCT. Production rate of melt blown is __________ compared to needle punching process. Page 4 . a) cotton b) viscose c)polyester d) wool 35.0%. 3. 7. Production rate of spun lacing is __________ compared to needle punching process. a) Polyester b) cotton c) silk d) wool 32. a) Higher b) lower c) depends on fibre d) same 39.__________ fibre is having moisture regain of 0.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a) Higher b) lower c) depends on fibre d) same 38.

Explain briefly the principle of working of parallel laid web laying process with neat sketch. What is isotropic. The fibre fineness and length of the fibre used in wet laid process is 0. properties. 13. 19. and application. Define fibre orientation. 5. Page 5 . What are the properties influenced by fibre orientation in the web? 15. Explain briefly the principle of working of wet laid process with neat sketch.Prof (SRG). then calculate the critical concentration of dispersion? 9. KCT. Explain briefly the principle of working of cross laid web laying process with neat sketch.r. Draw the cross section of cross lapper.5dtex and 25mm respectively. R. 2. 18. Explain briefly the properties of various fibres used in Dry laid and wet laid process. Explain briefly the principle of working of Air laid process with neat sketch. 3. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of weaving. Mention any two thermal bonding techniques in nonwoven manufacturing process. List the characteristics of wet laid web.Senthil Kumar. What is cross lapper? 11. List the characteristics of parallel laid web. 9.Coimbatore-49. 10.Question bank 8. List the characteristics of air laid web. 20. Explain briefly about the fibre orientation in different web laying system. Classify the web laying and web bonding techniques of nonwoven manufacturing process. knitting and nonwoven fabric manufacturing process.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . Compare the various fabric manufacturing systems w. Mention the fibres used in wet laid process. Also discuss the various properties influenced by the fibre orientation in the web. 4. Asst. 10. 6. Anisotropic and orthotropic? 12. Mention the fibres used in dry laid process. How do you evaluate fibre orientation? 14. 7. 17. 16. Explain briefly the various opening & cleaning machines used in Dry laid process with neat sketch. 8.t production. Part-C 1.

__________ is the mechanical bonding process. film. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) Infra red bonding 7. a)spun lacing b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) Infra red bonding 3. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 12. Barb is related to __________ process. web.Senthil Kumar. __________ is the thermal bonding process.Coimbatore-49. ________ requires a thermoplastic component to be present in the form of a homofil fibre. Page 6 . hot melt ores a sheath as part of a bicomponent fibre. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Thermal bonding 13. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Thermal bonding R. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) Ultrasonic bonding 6. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 8. __________ is the mechanical bonding process. __________ is the thermal bonding process. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) calendering 5. a)Needle punching b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) Infra red bonding 2. The polymer flows by surface tension and capillary action to fibre-to fibre crossover points in ___________ bonding process. Asst.Prof (SRG). Barb is related to __________ process. High velocity air is blown at die tip in __________ process.__________ is the non-contact thermal bonding process. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 9. powder.Question bank Unit-2 Part-A 1. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 4. Binder is used in ________ bonding process. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 10. Spinnerette is related to __________ process. KCT. __________ is the thermal bonding process.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 11.

Cohesive bonds are formed in __________ bonding process.Prof (SRG). In _________. a hot air is forced through a preformed web.Question bank 14. friction between contacting fibers due to the application of ultrasound causes partial melting of the fibers. If the binder content is more than ____% of the total blend the fabric behaves like a reinforced plastic. a)5-50% b)1-2% c)90-95% d)70-80% 22. chemical and mechanical properties of the fabric in the thermal bonding process. porous and flexible structure with relatively low strength. light-weight webs of 25-30 g/m2 for medical and hygiene applications and medium-weight webs of l00 g/m2 for interlining and filtration applications are thermally bonded using ___________. a) 1% b) 5% c) 50% d) 10% 24. a) Calender b) engraved calender c) Through air d) IR heat 19. Asst. a) calendering b) through air c) IR heat d) Ultrasonic 17. a) calendering b) through air c) IR heat d) Ultrasonic R. a) Stiff b) limpy c) stronger d) weaker 20. Area bonded fabrics are _________ in nature. a) calender b) engraved calender c) embossed calender d) dotted calender 18. Page 7 .Area bonding is possible in ________ bond process. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Thermal bonding 15. a) 50% b) 55% c) 60% d) 10% 25. In ___________bonding. KCT.Senthil Kumar. Point bonding is possible in ________ bond process. The______ fibre contributes to key physical. Commercially. a) Base b) binder c) blended d) low density 23.Coimbatore-49. The binder fibre component normally ranges from _________ on weight of' fibre depending on the physical property requirements of' the final product. At a binder content of _____ % the fabric is a bulky. a) Stiff b) limpy c) stronger d) weaker 21.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . Point bonded fabrics are _______ in nature. a) calendering b) through air c) IR heat d) Ultrasonic 16.

Pressure in a calendar roll nip in calender bonding process is in the range _____ N/mm. The heating time in point bond hot calendering is typically of the order of _________. Asst. a) 9 b) 20 c) 100 d) 1000 31. a) barb b) shank c)point d)hook R.Prof (SRG). a) PTFE b) PU c) PVC d) silicone 32. Working widths up to ____ m and production speeds of up to _____ m/min are claimed for belt bonding. ________ is the main method of thermally bonding in disposables as diaper. a) Calender b) engraved calender c) Through air d) Ultrasonic 35.100 b) 60. a) Calender b) engraved calender c) Through air d) Ultrasonic 36. a) Point bond b) area bond c) IR heat d) Ultrasonic 27. Page 8 .__________ carries and interlocks the fibers in needle punching.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . In belt calendaring. 10 33.100 c) 6. In roller calendaring the heating time is measured in milliseconds whereas in belt bonding. and medical products.Question bank 26. ________ process involves the application of rapidly alternating compressive forces to localized areas of fibers in the web. Fabric distortion minimizes in __________ technique of thermal bonding process. In belt bonding the pressure does not normally exceed ____ N/mm.Coimbatore-49.Senthil Kumar. time in the nip is extended to ______seconds. the roller diameter ranges from 40-250 cm and is usually coated with ________ to increase its life. a) 6. a) 1500-5000 b)15-50 c)150-500 d)1-5 37. a) 10 b) 20 c) 100 d) 1000 30. No binder is necessary when synthetic fibers are used since these are self-bonding in ______ bonding. 10 d) 60. a) Calender b) engraved calender c) Through air d) IR heat 34. a)seconds b)minutes c)hours d)milliseconds 28. The number of needles in the needle board varies from ___________ needles per meter. sanitary products. KCT. a) 1-10 b) 50-60 c) 40-50 d) 30-40 29.

large 50. R. a) Increased. Mechanical properties of needle punched structures ________ with depth of penetration. a) Hydroentanglement b) spun bond c)melt blown d) needle punching 44. Asst. decreased 39.Coimbatore-49. high pressure jets of water to cause the fibres to interlace. a) 2-12% b) 20-120% c) 15-20% d) 40-50% 43. a) Increasing.Prof (SRG). a) preheated b)prewetted c)prebonded d) interlaced 47. Jet diameter in the water jet of hydroentanglement process will be in the range of ____ m. ____________ process uses fine. increased c) decreased. The fibrous web is first ________to eliminate air pockets during hydroentanglement process. increased d) decreased. a)increases b)decreases c) same d) increases and decreases 48. The area ratio of the fibre plugs in the needle felt is in the range of ________. The web ___________ has a great influence on air permeability in the needle punched fabric._________ the fibre. a)J/kg b)J/N c)J/g d)J/m 46. small d) decreasing. small b) increasing. The number of penetrations per area square is termed as _________ in needle punching process. Page 9 . The pressure of water jets _________ in hydroentanglement process. a) Stitch density b) Amount of needling c) punch depth d) areal density 41. a)Water jet b)air jet c) needle d) barb 45. a) Area mass b) thickness c) strength d) homogeneity 42. _______due to high kinetic energy reorientates fibers according to the shape of the support screen. Hydroentanglement is hampered by __________ stiffness and _______ specific surface. KCT. a)coarser b) finer c) stronger d) weaker 49.Question bank 38. better the hydroentanglement effect. the dimensional stability is improved during needling. large c) decreasing.Senthil Kumar.Specific Energy is expressed in ________. decreased b) increased. a) improve b) deteriorate c)no influence d) reduce 40.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . If the depth of the barb is ________ or the distance between the barbs is ______.

________products are employed in carpet backing. _______spunbond fabrics are produced with weights as low as 10 g/m2 and with excellent cover and strength. Fiber diameters range between 15 and 35 um is preferred in ____________ process. a) 25-60 b) 2. a) chemical bonding b)thermal bonding c) belt calendaring d)spun lacing 55. a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 64. a) chemical bondin b)thermal bonding c) belt calendaring d)spun lacing 56. __________is the most widely used polymer for spunbond nonwovens production. a) Nylon-6. KCT. a)10-130 b) 1-9 c) 200 d) 500 54.Senthil Kumar. Spun bond web structures have high__________. Typical GSM achieved in spun bonding process is __________. Pressure inside the jet manifold in the hydroentanglement process will be in the range of ____ Mpa. Spun bond web structures are ___________. and knitted structures is achieved in __________process.Question bank a)8-60 b) 80-800 c)10-70 d) 1-8 51. Venturi tube is related to ___________ process. a)Isotactic PP b)syndiotactic PP c) Atactic PP d) Polyester 58.Coimbatore-49.Prof (SRG). a) 10-200 b) 1-9 c) 2000 d) 5000 63. No chemical or melt binders used in ___________ process. R. woven. a)10-350 b) 1-9 c) 500 d) 1000 53. Asst.6 b)PP c) PET d) Nylon 6 59. a) Opacity b) strength c) orientation d) air permeability 62. High strength-to-weight ratios compared to other nonwoven. a) spun bond b)melt blown c) needle punched d) spun lace 57.5 -6. Page 10 . a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 60. Velocity of water jet the hydroentanglement process will be in the range of_______ m/sec.0 c) 250-600 d) 10-20 52.Hydroentanglement is also called as _________ process. The typical range of the sieve wire diameter used in the hydroentanglement process is ___m. a) Isotropic b) anisotropic c) orthotropic d) quasi-isotropic 61.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .

a) 2300C. fiber entanglements and the extent of zone of attenuation in the melt blown process.Question bank a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 65. air throughput rate c) fibre. molten polymers are forced through small slit openings and high temperature _________ air is impinged _________ at both sides of the exiting film. ___________webs offer random fibre orientation. KCT. a) air manifolds b) extruder c) die nosepiece d) spinneret 70. a)2-4 b) 20-40 c)200-400 d)2000-4000 68. ___________is difficult to draw because of its melt elasticity in melt blown process. a) Polymer. The ___________increases slightly with increase in die-to-collector distance in the melt blown process. The __________ generally affects the openness of the fabric and fiber-to-fiber thermal bonding in melt blown process. Page 11 . Asst. 300 miles/hr b) 1000C. air throughput rate b) fibre. a) die-to-collector distance b) polymer type c) die temperature d) air throughput 72. The _______________in conjunction with air flow rate affect the appearance and hand of the fabric. a) polymer/die and air temperatures b) polymer throughput rate c)air throughput d) polymer type 74. Melt Blown microfibers generally have diameters in the range of ______ µm. 300 miles/hr c) 2300C. a) fibre diameter b) fibre crimp c) fibre strength d) fibre length 73. The ___________supply the high velocity hot air (also called as primary air) through the slots on the top and bottom sides of the die nosepiece. a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 67. The _______ and __________basically control the final fiber diameter. a) Polyethylene b) PP c) Nylon d) cotton R. extruder 71.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . 100 miles/hr 69. polymer d) die.Prof (SRG).Senthil Kumar.Coimbatore-49. In the melt blown system. a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 66. fabric uniformity and fabric defects in the production. 100 miles/hr d) 1000C. _________ process is a one-step process in which high-velocity air blows a molten thermoplastic resin from an extruder die tip onto a conveyor or take-up screen to form a fine fibrous and self-bonding web.

Prof (SRG).______________ fibre is having high Melt Flow Rate. a) 2-3 b) 20-30 c) 200-300 d) 0. _______ are small. spherical particles of polymer formed during the blowing operation.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 81. Melt blown web structures are ___________. __________can be caused by too violent blowing conditions. a) 7-8 b) 70-80 c) 700-800 d) 0. KCT. __________ is more difficult to melt-blow into fine fibrous webs than is polypropylene. R.Question bank 75. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 82. The number of fibers and resulting surface area are greatly increased as _________decreases in the melt blown process. ______ are generally caused by excessively high temperatures or by too low a polymer molecular weight. Asst. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 80.2-0.3 87. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 79.Coimbatore-49. a) Polyethylene b) PP c) Nylon d) cotton 76. a) PP b) PET c) PU d) PVC 85. A typical melt blowing process consumes about _______ kWh/kg of polymer process. ___________ processing is more energy intensive because of compressed hot air is used for fiber attenuation. _________ is caused by uncontrolled turbulence in the air-stream and by movement of fibers during and after lay down. a) fibre diameter b) fibre strength c) fibre length d) fibre crimp 84. but instead contaminates the surrounding environment.8 86. ________ is a defect that does not go directly into the web. _________ is composed of very short and very fine microfibers not trapped on the drum or belt during lay down. Page 12 . a) Isotropic b) anisotropic c) orthotropic d) quasi-isotropic 77. A typical spunbond process consumes _________ kWh/kg. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 78. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 83.Senthil Kumar.7-0.

a) saturation b) calendaring c) Foam d) IR bonding 92. The minimum number of test samples required for testing mass per unit area is _____.Prof (SRG). Neps.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . Page 13 . a) Vibrodyn b) Vibroscope c) CTT d) Sheffield Micronaire 99.The pressure level recommended for testing nonwoven with less than 20 mm thickness is _____. KCT.02 kPa b) 2 kPa c) 20 kPa d)1 kPa 97.___________ dyeing machine is preferred for processing low density nonwovens. trash d) fineness R.The size of the test sample for testing mass per unit area of nonwoven is _______ cm2.Senthil Kumar. a) 200 b) 100 c) 20 d)10 98. Asst. _________ bonding is used in conjunction with processes which require rapid binder addition. spun bonding c) needle punching. a) Length. a) spun bonding.Question bank a) Melt blown b) spun bond c) spun lace d) needle punching 88._____________ form is preferred for nonwoven fabric during coloration.Coimbatore-49. a) Beam b) Jet c) Jigger d) soft flow 95. a) saturation b) calendaring c) needle punching d) IR bonding 91. a)0. Linear density of filament is measured by __________ tester. a) 500 b) 50 c)100 d) 5 96. neps. melt blowing b) melt blowing. a) Smoothness b) strength c) lustre d) GSM 93. maturity. a) Open width b) rope c) tubular d) twisted 94. Calendaring of nonwoven fabric improves_____________. Trash b) Length. Strength c) Crimp. melt blowing 89. ________ bonding is a means to apply binder at low water and high binder-solids concentration levels. spun bonding d) needle punching.The recommended gauge length for testing tensile strength of nonwoven is _______ mm. AFIS is used to evaluate ___________ in the fibres. a) 2 b) 3 c) 10 d) 20 100. a) saturation b) calendaring c) needle punching d) IR bonding 90.____________ bonding is an example of chemical bonding. The production speed of __________ is inherently faster than that of _________.

What is ultrasonic bonding? 17. Draw the cross section of barb needle and mention the parts. 20. 24. Mention any four mechanical finishing done in nonwoven fabrics. Mention any four mechanical finishing processes. Page 14 . What are the limitations of chemical bonding? 16. Mention any four thermal bonding techniques. Which thermal bonding technique is preferred for the delicate web which needs less or no contact? 12. How do you calculate punch density in needle punching process? 6. Asst.Coimbatore-49. What are the two major differences between spun bonding and melt blown process? 22.Senthil Kumar.Prof (SRG). Why nonwoven fabrics produce deeper shade in dyeing process compared to woven and knitted structure under controlled conditions? 25. What is print bonding? 15. 7. 3.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . What is contact time in thermal bonding? 11. How do you calculate the Specific energy (K) in Spunlacing process? 23. What is depth of penetration in needle punching process? 5. KCT. Define Needle punching. What is spray bonding? 14. 18. What are the causes of roping defect in melt blown process? 21. List the characteristics of needle punched fabric. R. 19. What is area and point bonding? 10. Define spun bonding process. 4. What is chemical bonding? 13. 9. Define melt blown process. What is mechanical bonding of nonwoven? 2.Question bank Part-B 1. Mention any four applications of nonwovens. What is thermal bonding? 8.

Question bank 26. Explain briefly the principle of working of various Thermal bonding processes with neat sketch. Number of nozzles per metre/spinning width = 1000 Filament velocity = 250 mpm. 7. 2. Explain briefly the principle of working of various chemical bonding processes with neat sketch. Part-C 1. 6. R. 4.Senthil Kumar. Explain briefly the principle of working of needle punching process with neat sketch. Belt velocity = 25 mpm Also calculate the Filament fineness in dtex and mass per unit area of spun bonded fabric. Explain briefly the principle of working of Spun bonding process with neat sketch. Explain briefly the principle of working of Melt blown process with neat sketch.Coimbatore-49. 5. Asst. Page 15 . Explain briefly the various mechanical finishing processes with neat sketch. 10.Prof (SRG). Explain briefly the principle of working of various mechanical bonding processes with neat sketch. Emerging Filament velocity = 220 mpm Density of polymer = 0. What are the tests performed for nonwovens used in hygiene applications. Explain briefly the various chemical finishing processes with neat sketch. 27. Explain briefly the principle of working of Spunlacing or Hydroentanglement or water jet needling process with neat sketch. Calculate the production of the spun bonding machine with the following details: Nozzle diameter = 3 mm. 3. What are the tests performed for nonwovens used in roofing applications. 9.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . 8. KCT. 28. What are the tests performed for nonwovens used in geotextiles applications.91 g/cc.

Knife over air technique is also called as ___________ coating. backward d) thin. A _______ profile blade produces a higher add-on than a thin. The actual add-on of the chemical finish is usually of the order of _______% or less.Question bank Unit-3 Part-A 1. anoraks. a) thick. a) Subtle angling b) sharpening c) profile d) tension 8. impermeable coatings (as low as 7–8 g/m2) suitable for hot air balloons. etc… a) Knife on air b) Knife on table c) transfer d) hot melt 9.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .___________ coating technique is useful for applying very thin. a) Coating b) Lamination c) carbonizing d) sanforisation 3. the _________ will be its tendency to force the web away from the knife. smaller d) lower. heat. on dry weight of goods in the foam finishing process. ________coating is mainly used for fabric produced from smooth continuous filament yarns. backward 7.Senthil Kumar. resulting in a higher weight add on. forward b) thin. a) Direct b) transfer c) hot melt d) spray 6. The widely used polymer adhesive in the coating process is _________.Prof (SRG). greater c) higher. R. KCT. lightweight. The _________ the viscosity of the compound. sharp one and a blade angled __________ will tend to increase add-on compared to a perpendicular blade. __________ is the process of applying a viscous liquid (fluid) or formulated compound on a textile substrate. __________consists of bonding a prepared polymer film or membrane with one or more textile substrates using adhesives. greater b) lower. or pressure. a) Coating b) Laminating c) carbonizing d) sanforisation 2. a) Floating knife b) floating bar c) floating hook d) transfer 5. a) higher.Coimbatore-49. Resin add-on can be ‘fine tuned’ by _________of the blade. Asst. a) PU b) PET c) Nylon d) PLA 4. forward c) thick. Page 16 . smaller 10.

a) ‘Powder point’ b) calendering c) flame lamination d) gravure Part-B 1.3 d) 10-12 11. __________ lamination is also known as the Intaglio Process. a) Expression b) strength c) shrinkage d) colour 17. a) Polyolefin b) PET c) Nylon d) PU 14. because it produces potentially toxic fumes by the burning of ____________. an extruder converts solid thermoplastic polymers into a melt at the appropriate temperature required for coating.Prof (SRG). a) glue-line b) machine c) fabric d) adhesive 20. a) direct b) transfer c) hot melt d)spray 12. The Crumple-flex tester twists fabric samples made into a cylinder through ______ and stretches and crumples them at the same time. a) Polyurethane b) PET c) Nylon d) polystyrene 19. a) Fabric ‘padding’ or ‘dipping’ b) spraying c) swelling d) dissolving 16. compared to woven fabrics. _______ coating technique is used for knitted fabrics which. a) rotary screen b) hot melt c)spray d) direct 15. In __________ coating process. Asst. The flame lamination process has come under environmental scrutiny in recent years. The pressure on the nip roll during fabric impregnation determines the __________for any given fabric. What is Knife over table coating? R. a) Direct b) transfer c) hot melt d) spray 13.22-0. Page 17 . is used mainly for textile printing.Coimbatore-49.Senthil Kumar. The __________ technique.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a) 87° b) 77° c) 67° d) 97° 18. Extrusion coating is especially suitable for coating _______ on different substrates. Other term for fabric impregnation is__________. which applies compound to a fabric by forcing it through a cylindrical screen. The temperature in between the two substrates where the adhesive actually is termed as __________ temperature.Question bank a) 2 – 3 b) 20-30 c) 0. KCT.

18. 7. 17. What are the problems associated with water based adhesives? 20. Explain briefly the ball licking roller technique and Transfer coating process with neat sketch. What are the advantages of crushed foam coating? 6. What is calender coating? 13. 6. Flexing.Coimbatore-49. Mention any four hot melt lamination techniques. 7. What is hot melt extrusion coating? 11. Explain briefly the coagulated polyurethane coating process with neat sketch. 8. List the advantages of spray lamination technique. Define lamination. Abrasion resistance of the coated fabric with neat sketch. 4. What is Knife over roller coating? 4. Mention the various polymer adhesives used in coating process. 3. What are the applications of coated fabrics? 9. How do you evaluate the flexing of coated fabric? 15. 8. Explain briefly the foam finishing processes with neat sketch. Explain briefly the hot melt extrusion coating with neat sketch. How do you evaluate the adhesion strength of coated fabric? 14. 5. What is ball licking roller technique? 10. Define transfer coating. Part-C 1. Explain briefly the various types of coating by direct method with neat sketch. 5. KCT. R. Page 18 . Explain briefly the Testing for adhesion. What is Knife on air coating? 3.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . Define flame lamination. 19.Question bank 2. Asst. 12. Explain briefly the foamed and crushed foam coating processes with neat sketch. Explain briefly the calendar coating and rotary screen coating with neat sketch. Define coating. 2.Senthil Kumar. How do you evaluate the abrasion resistance of coated fabric? 16.Prof (SRG). Define foam finishing.

Prof (SRG). Asst.Senthil Kumar.________ tapes are used for lining tubes._________ tapes used as support fabric for loud speakers. R. Explain briefly the various hot melt lamination techniques with neat sketch. safety coverings on airline engines. a) Air bag b) geotextile c) seat belt d) canopy 2. disadvantages of various lamination techniques.Coimbatore-49._________ are used for variety of load bearing applications. a) Carbon b) nylon c) cotton d) PP 11.____________ fibre is commonly used in seat belts. Unit-4 Part-A 1. a) Kevlar b) cotton c) aluminium d) polyester 10. Wide_________ taffeta ribbons are used in blanket bindings.________ fibre is used for diagonal belts.5 3. Three dimensional bands in __________ used for sports footwear._______ weave is normally employed in ribbons. a) Nylon b) cotton c) PP d) viscose 4. a) 25 b) 250 c) 5 d) 2._________ inserts are used for producing racing footwear._________ weave is normally employed in safety belts.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a) 2/2 twill b) plain c) satin d) sateen 8. 10. a) Nylon b) PET c)PP d) Cotton 5. a) Polyester b) Nylon c) Cotton d) PP 12. Narrow fabrics will have width less than ______ cm. KCT.Question bank 9. a) Satin b) sateen c) plain d) twill 6. An example for narrow fabric is ____________. a) Polyester b) Nylon c) Cotton d) PP 9. a) ribbon b) tapes c) airbag d) webbings 7. Page 19 . Compare the advantages.

Mention the constructional details of ribbons. 7. 4. a) Insole b) outsole c) Midsole d) upper 19.Coimbatore-49. KCT.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . Mention the constructional details of tapes.__________ is a plastic shape that simulates the foot shape.___________ bands are used in conveyor belts for eggs. 10.__________ is the interior bottom of a shoe. What are the requirements of safety belts? 6.____________ fabrics are used as seat liners.____________ is made up of Styrene butadiene rubber. Mention the applications of narrow fabrics. a) Insole b) outsole c) Midsole d) upper 20.Prof (SRG). a) Carbon b) nylon c) cotton d) PP 14. Page 20 . 2. a) Last b) Sole c) Upper d) Vamp Part-B 1. a) Polyester b) Nylon c) Cotton d) PP 15.__________ ribbons are used as reinforcements for sports helmets. 9. Mention the constructional details of webbings or safety belts. Define webbings or belts. Define ribbons.Question bank a) Carbon b) nylon c) cotton d) PP 13. 5.___________ is responsible for shock absorption in the shoe. Asst. a) Fibre glass b) PET c) PP d) Nylon 16. Define Narrow fabrics. 8. a) Polyester b) Nylon c) Cotton d) PP 17.___________ bands are used in first aid. substituting normal plastering. a) Lace b) sole c) upper d) vamp 18. What are the requirements of foot wear fabrics? R.Senthil Kumar. 3. Define tapes.

16. Pile surfaced carpet weaves and their production. construction details and production process of socks. braids. Explain briefly the requirements. Page 21 . flocked fabrics. 17. Define Midsole. 13. KCT. curtain heading tapes. Asst. Explain briefly the requirements of footwear fabrics. Carpet: Non-pile carpet weaves and their looms. Define Outsole. 9. 2. Explain the various requirements of sports shoes and socks. raw materials. functions of stiffness and laces with neat sketch. functions of toe and puff with neat sketch.Coimbatore-49. What are the requirements of Midsole? 19. Explain briefly the various woven narrow fabrics and their constructions with neat sketch. raw materials. zip fastener tapes. 5. What are the various components of shoe? 12. heat setting. What are the requirements of Insole? 18. Define Insole. What are the raw materials used for midsole? Part-C 1. 6. Elasticated fabrics. 7. nets.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . Felted fabrics: Manufacture of forming fabrics – raw material selection. functions of sole with neat sketch. seaming.Senthil Kumar. Explain briefly the requirements. Define Sole. Explain briefly the requirements. Explain briefly the types and applications of narrow fabrics. 15. ladder tapes. laces.Question bank 11. trimmings. 3. labels. raw materials. R. What are the requirements of Outsole? 20. 8. Define Upper. finishing. Explain briefly the requirements. Explain briefly the Shoe making Methods. 4. 14. 10. raw materials.Prof (SRG). Explain briefly the production process of narrow fabrics with neat sketch.

The Pile in the carpet is made up of ________ fibre. a) Compressed bead bulk b) elongation c) impact strength d) temperature resistance 11. a)Gimp b) slub c) corkscrew d) Cover 12. The weave employed for the tape in zip fastener is _______.____________ fibres have better resistance to deterioration by perspiration. a) Cotton b) polyester c) both d) nylon 10. a) Elasticated b) forming c) flocked d) felt 2. a) Cotton b) polyester c) wool d) spandex 3._____________ fabrics are fabrics that stretch and recover to their original length. Axminister carpets are made up of ___________.Question bank Unit-5 Part-A 1. The width of the forming fabrics will be in the range of _______mm.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a) Cotton b) polyester c) silk d) viscose 5. Cloth tapes in the Zip fastener are made from _________. a) 500 b) 50 c) 5 d) 5000 8. a) Wool b) nylon c) cotton d) polyester 6. Page 22 . a) Stringer b) slider c) zip d) stop 9. Asst.Senthil Kumar. of similar type to the gimp core. a)monofilament b)multifilament c)staple fibre d) split film 7. a) Plain b) 2/2 twill c) 3/1 twill d) sateen 4.Prof (SRG). ____________ is a textile tape having a corded edge to which is attached a row of metal members designed to interlock with a similar row similarly attached to another tape. KCT. with several fine continuous-filament yarns—often as many as eight. Forming fabrics are made up of _________ yarns. The important property requirement of zip fastener tape is _____________. _________ is made by covering a cotton core.Coimbatore-49. R. _________ is formed by covering one or more parallel-laid condenser-cotton yarns.

________ is used as the main constituted of the woven structures which are used for the edging of furniture. What are zip fastener tapes? 4.Question bank a) Gimp b) Bullion c) corkscrew d) Cover 13. a) Viscose rayon b) cotton c) polyester d) nylon 17.___________ is used in heavy theatre curtains. Mention any two fibres used in zip fastener tapes? 5. a) Gimp b) Bullion c) corkscrew d) Chainette 16.Coimbatore-49. A braid is a complex structure or pattern formed by __________ three or more strands of flexible material such as textile fibres or wire. Page 23 . a) Gimp b) Bullion c) corkscrew d) Cover 15. a)Flocked b) forming c)felt d) lace 20. a) Intertwining b) interlooping c) interlacing d) interlocking 18. a) Plain-weave b) twill weave c) satin weave d) herringbone twill Part-B 1. What are ladder tapes? 8.__________ fabrics are widely used in upholstery. a) Belts b) ropes c) composites d) apparel 19. Mention any two fibres used in curtain heading tapes? 7. Braids are commonly used for making __________. Asst. Mention any two fibres used in ladder tapes? R. a) Gimp b) Bullion c) corkscrew d) Cover 14. __________ is a yarn knitted by the circular-weft-knitting method with one feeder and usually on four or six needles (normally latch needles) only.Prof (SRG).Senthil Kumar. What are elasticated fabrics? 2. ________taffeta ground weave is used for most labels up to 37-mm (1 -875-in. What are curtain heading tapes? 6.) width. _______is used extensively for knitting chainette.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . Mention any two fibres used in elasticated fabrics? 3. KCT.

Explain briefly about the non-pile carpet weaves and their production. 3. Mention any two fibres used in laces? 11. construction details and production process of braids. Explain briefly about the pile surfaced carpet and their production. KCT. Mention any two fibres used in flocked fabrics? 15. 5. Explain briefly the requirements. Part-C 1. construction details and production process of Zip fastener tapes.Senthil Kumar.Prof (SRG). 7. What are labels? 12. Page 24 . What are trimmings? 10. Explain briefly the requirements. Explain briefly about the raw material selection. R. Mention any two fibres used in forming fabrics? 19. raw materials. raw materials. construction details and production process of Curtain heading tapes. 4. 6. Mention any two fibres used in labels? 13. and laces. 8. What are flocked fabrics? 14. Explain briefly the various non-pile and pile surfaced carpet constructions.Question bank 9.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . heat setting. List the properties required for forming fabrics. construction details and production process of Elasticated fabrics. What are forming fabrics? 18. seaming and finishing of forming fabrics. Explain briefly about the Manufacturing of forming fabrics. construction details and production process of Ladder tapes. Explain briefly the requirements. Asst. 2.Coimbatore-49. Explain briefly the requirements. What are carpets? 16. raw materials. 9. Explain briefly the requirements. raw materials. 10. Mention any two fibres used in carpets? 17. Why heat setting is essential for forming fabrics? 20. raw materials. nets and flocked fabrics. trimmings.

KCT. Page 25 .Question bank R.Senthil Kumar.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .Prof (SRG).Coimbatore-49. Asst.

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