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Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics - Question bank
1. Nonwoven means a) With warp & weft fabrics b) Looped fabrics c) Interlocking of fibre or web fabric d) Braided fabrics 2. European disposables and non woven association is stands for a) ADANA b) EDANA c) DDANA d) GDANA 3. One of the most common fibres used in production of nonwovens are a) High twist yarn b) Rayon fibres c) Orlon yarns d) Hosiery yarns 4. One of the method of web preparation is a) Wet laid method b) Cut laid method c) Twist laid method d) Normal method
5. Bicomponent fibres with different polymers in the core and sheath are widely used in ___________ process. a) Needle punching b) Thermal bonding c) Chemical bonding d) Spunlacing 6.___________ fibre is dominating in usage in the nonwoven industry. a) Polyester b)Polypropylene c)Viscose d) cotton 7. Air laid webs are _________ in structure. a)Isotropic b) Anisotropic c) Orthotropic d)Quasi-isotropic 8. Parallel laid webs are _________ in structure. a)Isotropic b) Anisotropic c) Orthotropic d)Quasi-isotropic 9. Cross laid webs are _________ in structure. a) Isotropic b) Anisotropic c) Orthotropic d)Quasi-isotropic 10. Random laid webs are _________ in structure. a)Isotropic b) Anisotropic c) Orthotropic d)Quasi-isotropic 11. Flocculation increases with increase in __________ ratio of the fibre in the wet laid process. a) Length/diameter b) Diameter/length c) Aspect d) Uniformity 12. Dispersibility of fibre is important for _______ laid process. a) dry b) wet c)polymer d)air 13. Cross lapper is used in _______ process. a) air laid b)cross laid c)wet laid d) polymer laid
14.__________ is polymer laid process. R.Senthil Kumar, Asst.Prof (SRG), KCT,Coimbatore-49. Page 2
KCT. Page 3 .________ is used for bale opening. a) dry laid b) wet laid c) polymer laid d)cross laid 18. a) dry b)polymer laid c) wet d)cross 17. Flocculation is related to _______ process.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . Cotton is not processable in ________ laid process. a)bale plucker b)step cleaner c) ERM cleaner d)Unimix 19. a)step cleaner b)ERM cleaner c) Unimix d) Bale plucker 21.___________ is coarse fibre opener.__________ is natural fibre.Senthil Kumar. Asst. a) cotton b)viscose c)polyester d)jute R. a) Polymer b)dry c)wet d)cross 16.Nonwoven consists of _________ a)yarn b) fibres c) whiskers d) fabrics 23. a) cotton b)viscose c)polyester d)jute 29. a) Needle punching b)spun bonding c)melt blown d) Spunlacing 24. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Spunlacing 26. a) spun bond b)melt blown c) needle punching d) spun lace 25. a)step cleaner b)ERM cleaner c) Unimix d) Bale plucker 20.Question bank a) Melt blown b) cross lapper c) spun bond d) spun lace 15. a) cotton b)viscose c)polyester d)jute 27. __________ technology produces thickest fabrics. __________ is regenerated cellulose fibre. a) cotton b)viscose c)polyester d)jute 28. Polydispersity is important for __________ laid process. __________ is thermoplastic fibre. Polyester is used as raw material in ______ process. a)step cleaner b)ERM cleaner c) Unimix d) Bale plucker 22.Prof (SRG).___________is fine fibre opener._________ is responsible for homogenous blending of fibres. __________ is bast fibre.Coimbatore-49. Water is used in __________ process.
a) Higher b) lower c) depends on fibre d) same 39. Production rate of melt blown is __________ compared to needle punching process. 7.____________ needle punched fabric is widely used in geotextiles applications. Production rate of spun lacing is __________ compared to needle punching process. a) Needle punching b) tufting c) spun lacing d) melt blown 33.__________ fibre is having moisture regain of 0.__________ process produces the thinnest fabric.Coimbatore-49.__________ fibre is having moisture regain of 8. 3.Prof (SRG).__________ fibre is having moisture regain of 13. a) Higher b) lower c) depends on fibre d) same 40. Define Nonwovens as per EDANA. R.3%.__________ fibre is having moisture regain of 16.0%. Page 4 .___________ is widely used in absorbent applications. a) Higher b) lower c) depends on fibre d) same 38. KCT.5%. 2. Orientation of fibre in the web can be mapped using _____________ a)optical microscopy b) IR spectroscopy c) X-ray diffraction d) Electron microscopy Part-B 1. a) cotton b) viscose c)polyester d) wool 34. 5.0%. a) Polyester b) cotton c) silk d) wool 32.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . Classify nonwoven web laying systems. a) cotton b) viscose c)polyester d) wool 36. 6.Question bank 30. Define Nonwovens. Production rate of spun bonding is __________ compared to needle punching process. Mention any two mechanical bonding systems in nonwoven manufacturing process. Asst. a) cotton b) viscose c)polyester d) wool 37. a) cotton b) viscose c)polyester d) wool 35. Mention any two web laying systems. a)cotton b) polyester c)PP d) PVC 31. 4. Classify nonwoven web bonding systems.Senthil Kumar. Define Nonwovens as per INDA.
16.Prof (SRG). properties. 7. 10. 10. Explain briefly the principle of working of wet laid process with neat sketch. Part-C 1. then calculate the critical concentration of dispersion? 9.t production. Classify the web laying and web bonding techniques of nonwoven manufacturing process. 4. KCT. 20. and application. Anisotropic and orthotropic? 12. 3. Draw the cross section of cross lapper. Compare the various fabric manufacturing systems w. 6. What is isotropic.r. 18.5dtex and 25mm respectively. Explain briefly the principle of working of Air laid process with neat sketch. Mention the fibres used in dry laid process. 13. How do you evaluate fibre orientation? 14. 2. List the characteristics of wet laid web. knitting and nonwoven fabric manufacturing process. What is cross lapper? 11. 8.Senthil Kumar. R.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . The fibre fineness and length of the fibre used in wet laid process is 0. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of weaving. Explain briefly about the fibre orientation in different web laying system. List the characteristics of air laid web. Define fibre orientation. Explain briefly the principle of working of parallel laid web laying process with neat sketch. Page 5 . 17. Explain briefly the various opening & cleaning machines used in Dry laid process with neat sketch. Mention the fibres used in wet laid process.Question bank 8. 5. 9. Asst.Coimbatore-49. List the characteristics of parallel laid web. 19. Explain briefly the properties of various fibres used in Dry laid and wet laid process. Also discuss the various properties influenced by the fibre orientation in the web. Mention any two thermal bonding techniques in nonwoven manufacturing process. What are the properties influenced by fibre orientation in the web? 15. Explain briefly the principle of working of cross laid web laying process with neat sketch.
a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Thermal bonding R. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 4.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . __________ is the mechanical bonding process. __________ is the mechanical bonding process. powder. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Thermal bonding 13. ________ requires a thermoplastic component to be present in the form of a homofil fibre.Coimbatore-49.__________ is the non-contact thermal bonding process. Spinnerette is related to __________ process. a)Needle punching b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) Infra red bonding 2. Binder is used in ________ bonding process. Asst. High velocity air is blown at die tip in __________ process.Prof (SRG). a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 12. __________ is the thermal bonding process. web. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 8. Barb is related to __________ process. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) Infra red bonding 7. __________ is the thermal bonding process. __________ is the thermal bonding process. film. a)spun lacing b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) Infra red bonding 3. The polymer flows by surface tension and capillary action to fibre-to fibre crossover points in ___________ bonding process. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 10. hot melt ores a sheath as part of a bicomponent fibre. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 11.Senthil Kumar. Page 6 . a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) Ultrasonic bonding 6. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c)melt blown d) calendering 5. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Infra red bonding 9. Barb is related to __________ process. KCT.Question bank Unit-2 Part-A 1.
Asst. a) calendering b) through air c) IR heat d) Ultrasonic R.Senthil Kumar. If the binder content is more than ____% of the total blend the fabric behaves like a reinforced plastic. Point bonded fabrics are _______ in nature. a) Base b) binder c) blended d) low density 23. KCT. a) Needle punching b) spun bonding c) melt blown d) Thermal bonding 15. Area bonded fabrics are _________ in nature. a) calendering b) through air c) IR heat d) Ultrasonic 16. friction between contacting fibers due to the application of ultrasound causes partial melting of the fibers.Area bonding is possible in ________ bond process.Coimbatore-49.Prof (SRG). In ___________bonding. The______ fibre contributes to key physical. a) 1% b) 5% c) 50% d) 10% 24. a)5-50% b)1-2% c)90-95% d)70-80% 22. porous and flexible structure with relatively low strength. The binder fibre component normally ranges from _________ on weight of' fibre depending on the physical property requirements of' the final product. Commercially. Cohesive bonds are formed in __________ bonding process. a) Stiff b) limpy c) stronger d) weaker 21. a) Stiff b) limpy c) stronger d) weaker 20.Question bank 14. a) 50% b) 55% c) 60% d) 10% 25. Page 7 . a) calender b) engraved calender c) embossed calender d) dotted calender 18. light-weight webs of 25-30 g/m2 for medical and hygiene applications and medium-weight webs of l00 g/m2 for interlining and filtration applications are thermally bonded using ___________. chemical and mechanical properties of the fabric in the thermal bonding process. In _________. Point bonding is possible in ________ bond process. a) calendering b) through air c) IR heat d) Ultrasonic 17. a) Calender b) engraved calender c) Through air d) IR heat 19.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a hot air is forced through a preformed web. At a binder content of _____ % the fabric is a bulky.
________ process involves the application of rapidly alternating compressive forces to localized areas of fibers in the web. a) 9 b) 20 c) 100 d) 1000 31. a) Calender b) engraved calender c) Through air d) IR heat 34. 10 33.Prof (SRG). a) 1-10 b) 50-60 c) 40-50 d) 30-40 29. a)seconds b)minutes c)hours d)milliseconds 28.__________ carries and interlocks the fibers in needle punching. The heating time in point bond hot calendering is typically of the order of _________. a) Calender b) engraved calender c) Through air d) Ultrasonic 35. a) 10 b) 20 c) 100 d) 1000 30. Working widths up to ____ m and production speeds of up to _____ m/min are claimed for belt bonding.100 c) 6. Pressure in a calendar roll nip in calender bonding process is in the range _____ N/mm. time in the nip is extended to ______seconds. Fabric distortion minimizes in __________ technique of thermal bonding process. Page 8 . a) Point bond b) area bond c) IR heat d) Ultrasonic 27. a) Calender b) engraved calender c) Through air d) Ultrasonic 36. the roller diameter ranges from 40-250 cm and is usually coated with ________ to increase its life. a) 1500-5000 b)15-50 c)150-500 d)1-5 37. In roller calendaring the heating time is measured in milliseconds whereas in belt bonding. KCT. In belt calendaring. sanitary products.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .Coimbatore-49. a) PTFE b) PU c) PVC d) silicone 32. a) barb b) shank c)point d)hook R. ________ is the main method of thermally bonding in disposables as diaper. The number of needles in the needle board varies from ___________ needles per meter. No binder is necessary when synthetic fibers are used since these are self-bonding in ______ bonding.Question bank 26.Senthil Kumar. In belt bonding the pressure does not normally exceed ____ N/mm. a) 6. and medical products.100 b) 60. Asst. 10 d) 60.
small b) increasing. a) Hydroentanglement b) spun bond c)melt blown d) needle punching 44. a) preheated b)prewetted c)prebonded d) interlaced 47. The fibrous web is first ________to eliminate air pockets during hydroentanglement process. small d) decreasing. better the hydroentanglement effect. Mechanical properties of needle punched structures ________ with depth of penetration. high pressure jets of water to cause the fibres to interlace. a) 2-12% b) 20-120% c) 15-20% d) 40-50% 43. a) Stitch density b) Amount of needling c) punch depth d) areal density 41. the dimensional stability is improved during needling.Senthil Kumar. If the depth of the barb is ________ or the distance between the barbs is ______. decreased b) increased. The web ___________ has a great influence on air permeability in the needle punched fabric. Asst. a) Area mass b) thickness c) strength d) homogeneity 42. The number of penetrations per area square is termed as _________ in needle punching process. large c) decreasing.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . increased c) decreased. a)coarser b) finer c) stronger d) weaker 49. a) improve b) deteriorate c)no influence d) reduce 40. KCT. Jet diameter in the water jet of hydroentanglement process will be in the range of ____ m. a) Increased.Coimbatore-49. ____________ process uses fine. a)J/kg b)J/N c)J/g d)J/m 46. decreased 39. a) Increasing. Hydroentanglement is hampered by __________ stiffness and _______ specific surface.Specific Energy is expressed in ________. _______due to high kinetic energy reorientates fibers according to the shape of the support screen. large 50. The area ratio of the fibre plugs in the needle felt is in the range of ________.Question bank 38. Page 9 . a)increases b)decreases c) same d) increases and decreases 48._________ the fibre. R.Prof (SRG). a)Water jet b)air jet c) needle d) barb 45. increased d) decreased. The pressure of water jets _________ in hydroentanglement process.
a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 64.6 b)PP c) PET d) Nylon 6 59. R. Pressure inside the jet manifold in the hydroentanglement process will be in the range of ____ Mpa. _______spunbond fabrics are produced with weights as low as 10 g/m2 and with excellent cover and strength. Fiber diameters range between 15 and 35 um is preferred in ____________ process. ________products are employed in carpet backing. a)Isotactic PP b)syndiotactic PP c) Atactic PP d) Polyester 58. a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 60. a) spun bond b)melt blown c) needle punched d) spun lace 57. woven. Venturi tube is related to ___________ process. Spun bond web structures have high__________.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a)10-350 b) 1-9 c) 500 d) 1000 53. a) 25-60 b) 2. a) Nylon-6.Prof (SRG).5 -6.Question bank a)8-60 b) 80-800 c)10-70 d) 1-8 51. a) 10-200 b) 1-9 c) 2000 d) 5000 63. No chemical or melt binders used in ___________ process. High strength-to-weight ratios compared to other nonwoven. KCT.Senthil Kumar. __________is the most widely used polymer for spunbond nonwovens production. a) Opacity b) strength c) orientation d) air permeability 62. and knitted structures is achieved in __________process. Velocity of water jet the hydroentanglement process will be in the range of_______ m/sec. Asst. a)10-130 b) 1-9 c) 200 d) 500 54. Spun bond web structures are ___________. a) chemical bonding b)thermal bonding c) belt calendaring d)spun lacing 55. Typical GSM achieved in spun bonding process is __________. a) Isotropic b) anisotropic c) orthotropic d) quasi-isotropic 61. The typical range of the sieve wire diameter used in the hydroentanglement process is ___m. a) chemical bondin b)thermal bonding c) belt calendaring d)spun lacing 56. Page 10 .0 c) 250-600 d) 10-20 52.Hydroentanglement is also called as _________ process.Coimbatore-49.
The _______ and __________basically control the final fiber diameter. The __________ generally affects the openness of the fabric and fiber-to-fiber thermal bonding in melt blown process.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . 300 miles/hr c) 2300C. Asst. In the melt blown system. The ___________increases slightly with increase in die-to-collector distance in the melt blown process. Page 11 . 100 miles/hr 69.Coimbatore-49. fiber entanglements and the extent of zone of attenuation in the melt blown process.Senthil Kumar. Melt Blown microfibers generally have diameters in the range of ______ µm. a) die-to-collector distance b) polymer type c) die temperature d) air throughput 72. a) fibre diameter b) fibre crimp c) fibre strength d) fibre length 73. ___________is difficult to draw because of its melt elasticity in melt blown process. 300 miles/hr b) 1000C. a) 2300C. a) Polyethylene b) PP c) Nylon d) cotton R.Question bank a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 65. air throughput rate b) fibre. a) Polymer. _________ process is a one-step process in which high-velocity air blows a molten thermoplastic resin from an extruder die tip onto a conveyor or take-up screen to form a fine fibrous and self-bonding web. a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 67. ___________webs offer random fibre orientation. air throughput rate c) fibre. a) Spunbond b) melt blown c) spun lace d) needle punching 66. extruder 71. 100 miles/hr d) 1000C. molten polymers are forced through small slit openings and high temperature _________ air is impinged _________ at both sides of the exiting film. The ___________supply the high velocity hot air (also called as primary air) through the slots on the top and bottom sides of the die nosepiece. a) polymer/die and air temperatures b) polymer throughput rate c)air throughput d) polymer type 74. a) air manifolds b) extruder c) die nosepiece d) spinneret 70. The _______________in conjunction with air flow rate affect the appearance and hand of the fabric. KCT.Prof (SRG). a)2-4 b) 20-40 c)200-400 d)2000-4000 68. fabric uniformity and fabric defects in the production. polymer d) die.
a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 82. ______ are generally caused by excessively high temperatures or by too low a polymer molecular weight. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 79.3 87. a) 2-3 b) 20-30 c) 200-300 d) 0. The number of fibers and resulting surface area are greatly increased as _________decreases in the melt blown process. A typical melt blowing process consumes about _______ kWh/kg of polymer process. a) Polyethylene b) PP c) Nylon d) cotton 76. ___________ processing is more energy intensive because of compressed hot air is used for fiber attenuation.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . A typical spunbond process consumes _________ kWh/kg. KCT. Melt blown web structures are ___________. __________can be caused by too violent blowing conditions. _______ are small. Page 12 .Senthil Kumar.______________ fibre is having high Melt Flow Rate. but instead contaminates the surrounding environment.2-0.7-0. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 81. a) fibre diameter b) fibre strength c) fibre length d) fibre crimp 84. _________ is composed of very short and very fine microfibers not trapped on the drum or belt during lay down.Question bank 75.8 86. R.Coimbatore-49. __________ is more difficult to melt-blow into fine fibrous webs than is polypropylene. a) PP b) PET c) PU d) PVC 85. a) 7-8 b) 70-80 c) 700-800 d) 0. Asst.Prof (SRG). a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 83. spherical particles of polymer formed during the blowing operation. _________ is caused by uncontrolled turbulence in the air-stream and by movement of fibers during and after lay down. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 80. a) Roping b) shot c) fly d) neps 78. ________ is a defect that does not go directly into the web. a) Isotropic b) anisotropic c) orthotropic d) quasi-isotropic 77.
spun bonding c) needle punching. a) Smoothness b) strength c) lustre d) GSM 93. The minimum number of test samples required for testing mass per unit area is _____. Neps.____________ bonding is an example of chemical bonding.The size of the test sample for testing mass per unit area of nonwoven is _______ cm2. _________ bonding is used in conjunction with processes which require rapid binder addition. spun bonding d) needle punching. a) spun bonding. a) 200 b) 100 c) 20 d)10 98.The pressure level recommended for testing nonwoven with less than 20 mm thickness is _____. a) Vibrodyn b) Vibroscope c) CTT d) Sheffield Micronaire 99.___________ dyeing machine is preferred for processing low density nonwovens. AFIS is used to evaluate ___________ in the fibres.The recommended gauge length for testing tensile strength of nonwoven is _______ mm. KCT._____________ form is preferred for nonwoven fabric during coloration. Page 13 . Linear density of filament is measured by __________ tester.Question bank a) Melt blown b) spun bond c) spun lace d) needle punching 88. a) saturation b) calendaring c) needle punching d) IR bonding 91. a) 500 b) 50 c)100 d) 5 96. a) Open width b) rope c) tubular d) twisted 94. Trash b) Length. The production speed of __________ is inherently faster than that of _________. maturity.Coimbatore-49. Calendaring of nonwoven fabric improves_____________. a) saturation b) calendaring c) Foam d) IR bonding 92. a)0. a) Length.Senthil Kumar. a) saturation b) calendaring c) needle punching d) IR bonding 90. a) Beam b) Jet c) Jigger d) soft flow 95. Asst.Prof (SRG). ________ bonding is a means to apply binder at low water and high binder-solids concentration levels.02 kPa b) 2 kPa c) 20 kPa d)1 kPa 97. a) 2 b) 3 c) 10 d) 20 100. Strength c) Crimp. neps. melt blowing 89. melt blowing b) melt blowing. trash d) fineness R.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .
4. How do you calculate the Specific energy (K) in Spunlacing process? 23. 18. What are the causes of roping defect in melt blown process? 21. Mention any four mechanical finishing processes. Define melt blown process. Draw the cross section of barb needle and mention the parts. How do you calculate punch density in needle punching process? 6.Senthil Kumar.Coimbatore-49. Mention any four applications of nonwovens. 20. Asst. What is chemical bonding? 13. List the characteristics of needle punched fabric. What is depth of penetration in needle punching process? 5. Define spun bonding process. 24. Page 14 . R. What is spray bonding? 14. 19. Define Needle punching.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . What is area and point bonding? 10. 9. What is thermal bonding? 8.Prof (SRG). What is ultrasonic bonding? 17. 7. Mention any four mechanical finishing done in nonwoven fabrics. What are the two major differences between spun bonding and melt blown process? 22. Why nonwoven fabrics produce deeper shade in dyeing process compared to woven and knitted structure under controlled conditions? 25. What is contact time in thermal bonding? 11. What is mechanical bonding of nonwoven? 2. 3. What is print bonding? 15. What are the limitations of chemical bonding? 16. Mention any four thermal bonding techniques. Which thermal bonding technique is preferred for the delicate web which needs less or no contact? 12. KCT.Question bank Part-B 1.
4. 2. Number of nozzles per metre/spinning width = 1000 Filament velocity = 250 mpm. 3. Explain briefly the principle of working of various mechanical bonding processes with neat sketch.Senthil Kumar. 9. Explain briefly the various chemical finishing processes with neat sketch. Emerging Filament velocity = 220 mpm Density of polymer = 0.Question bank 26. 6. Explain briefly the principle of working of Spunlacing or Hydroentanglement or water jet needling process with neat sketch.Coimbatore-49. 27. Belt velocity = 25 mpm Also calculate the Filament fineness in dtex and mass per unit area of spun bonded fabric. Explain briefly the principle of working of various Thermal bonding processes with neat sketch. What are the tests performed for nonwovens used in hygiene applications. 28. What are the tests performed for nonwovens used in roofing applications. 5. Calculate the production of the spun bonding machine with the following details: Nozzle diameter = 3 mm. KCT. 7. Explain briefly the principle of working of Spun bonding process with neat sketch. 8. Asst. Explain briefly the various mechanical finishing processes with neat sketch. Explain briefly the principle of working of Melt blown process with neat sketch.91 g/cc. Page 15 . Part-C 1. Explain briefly the principle of working of various chemical bonding processes with neat sketch.Prof (SRG). Explain briefly the principle of working of needle punching process with neat sketch. 10. What are the tests performed for nonwovens used in geotextiles applications. R.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .
________coating is mainly used for fabric produced from smooth continuous filament yarns. impermeable coatings (as low as 7–8 g/m2) suitable for hot air balloons. sharp one and a blade angled __________ will tend to increase add-on compared to a perpendicular blade. Page 16 . smaller d) lower. __________consists of bonding a prepared polymer film or membrane with one or more textile substrates using adhesives.Senthil Kumar. on dry weight of goods in the foam finishing process. a) Direct b) transfer c) hot melt d) spray 6. __________ is the process of applying a viscous liquid (fluid) or formulated compound on a textile substrate. The _________ the viscosity of the compound. the _________ will be its tendency to force the web away from the knife. smaller 10. The actual add-on of the chemical finish is usually of the order of _______% or less. Resin add-on can be ‘fine tuned’ by _________of the blade. heat. a) Subtle angling b) sharpening c) profile d) tension 8. forward b) thin. lightweight. KCT. etc… a) Knife on air b) Knife on table c) transfer d) hot melt 9. a) thick. a) PU b) PET c) Nylon d) PLA 4. A _______ profile blade produces a higher add-on than a thin. forward c) thick. anoraks.Prof (SRG). a) Floating knife b) floating bar c) floating hook d) transfer 5. a) Coating b) Laminating c) carbonizing d) sanforisation 2.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . resulting in a higher weight add on.Coimbatore-49.___________ coating technique is useful for applying very thin. greater c) higher. backward 7. R. or pressure. The widely used polymer adhesive in the coating process is _________. Knife over air technique is also called as ___________ coating. a) Coating b) Lamination c) carbonizing d) sanforisation 3.Question bank Unit-3 Part-A 1. backward d) thin. a) higher. greater b) lower. Asst.
The Crumple-flex tester twists fabric samples made into a cylinder through ______ and stretches and crumples them at the same time.3 d) 10-12 11. The __________ technique. a) ‘Powder point’ b) calendering c) flame lamination d) gravure Part-B 1. The temperature in between the two substrates where the adhesive actually is termed as __________ temperature. What is Knife over table coating? R. Page 17 . a) direct b) transfer c) hot melt d)spray 12. a) rotary screen b) hot melt c)spray d) direct 15. Other term for fabric impregnation is__________. Extrusion coating is especially suitable for coating _______ on different substrates. The pressure on the nip roll during fabric impregnation determines the __________for any given fabric.Question bank a) 2 – 3 b) 20-30 c) 0. a) Direct b) transfer c) hot melt d) spray 13. The flame lamination process has come under environmental scrutiny in recent years. an extruder converts solid thermoplastic polymers into a melt at the appropriate temperature required for coating.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a) 87° b) 77° c) 67° d) 97° 18. compared to woven fabrics.Coimbatore-49. a) Polyolefin b) PET c) Nylon d) PU 14.22-0.Prof (SRG). Asst. In __________ coating process. a) Fabric ‘padding’ or ‘dipping’ b) spraying c) swelling d) dissolving 16. which applies compound to a fabric by forcing it through a cylindrical screen. because it produces potentially toxic fumes by the burning of ____________. a) glue-line b) machine c) fabric d) adhesive 20. __________ lamination is also known as the Intaglio Process.Senthil Kumar. KCT. is used mainly for textile printing. a) Expression b) strength c) shrinkage d) colour 17. a) Polyurethane b) PET c) Nylon d) polystyrene 19. _______ coating technique is used for knitted fabrics which.
Define coating. What is Knife on air coating? 3.Prof (SRG). 2. How do you evaluate the flexing of coated fabric? 15. 7. 18. Flexing. What are the applications of coated fabrics? 9. List the advantages of spray lamination technique.Senthil Kumar. 19. How do you evaluate the adhesion strength of coated fabric? 14. 4. Explain briefly the calendar coating and rotary screen coating with neat sketch. Asst. Abrasion resistance of the coated fabric with neat sketch. What is calender coating? 13. Define lamination. 3. Define flame lamination. 17. How do you evaluate the abrasion resistance of coated fabric? 16. Part-C 1. Explain briefly the hot melt extrusion coating with neat sketch. What are the problems associated with water based adhesives? 20. Define foam finishing. 8.Coimbatore-49. Mention any four hot melt lamination techniques. What is Knife over roller coating? 4. Explain briefly the foamed and crushed foam coating processes with neat sketch. Explain briefly the foam finishing processes with neat sketch. Define transfer coating. R. 7. What is hot melt extrusion coating? 11. 8. 5. Mention the various polymer adhesives used in coating process.Question bank 2. 6. What is ball licking roller technique? 10. Explain briefly the various types of coating by direct method with neat sketch.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . KCT. Explain briefly the ball licking roller technique and Transfer coating process with neat sketch. What are the advantages of crushed foam coating? 6. 12. 5. Page 18 . Explain briefly the coagulated polyurethane coating process with neat sketch. Explain briefly the Testing for adhesion.
Prof (SRG). Asst.5 3.Senthil Kumar. a) ribbon b) tapes c) airbag d) webbings 7. Three dimensional bands in __________ used for sports footwear. a) Kevlar b) cotton c) aluminium d) polyester 10. a) Polyester b) Nylon c) Cotton d) PP 9. a) 25 b) 250 c) 5 d) 2. a) 2/2 twill b) plain c) satin d) sateen 8.Coimbatore-49._______ weave is normally employed in ribbons.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . Wide_________ taffeta ribbons are used in blanket bindings.________ fibre is used for diagonal belts. Page 19 . disadvantages of various lamination techniques. Explain briefly the various hot melt lamination techniques with neat sketch. a) Satin b) sateen c) plain d) twill 6. a) Carbon b) nylon c) cotton d) PP 11._________ tapes used as support fabric for loud speakers. a) Nylon b) PET c)PP d) Cotton 5._________ inserts are used for producing racing footwear. Unit-4 Part-A 1. Narrow fabrics will have width less than ______ cm._________ weave is normally employed in safety belts.____________ fibre is commonly used in seat belts. R. 10.Question bank 9. An example for narrow fabric is ____________.________ tapes are used for lining tubes. Compare the advantages. a) Nylon b) cotton c) PP d) viscose 4. KCT. safety coverings on airline engines. a) Air bag b) geotextile c) seat belt d) canopy 2. a) Polyester b) Nylon c) Cotton d) PP 12._________ are used for variety of load bearing applications.
Define ribbons.__________ is the interior bottom of a shoe. Mention the constructional details of ribbons. 2. a) Fibre glass b) PET c) PP d) Nylon 16.___________ is responsible for shock absorption in the shoe.____________ is made up of Styrene butadiene rubber. a) Insole b) outsole c) Midsole d) upper 19. 4. a) Carbon b) nylon c) cotton d) PP 14.____________ fabrics are used as seat liners.___________ bands are used in conveyor belts for eggs. Mention the constructional details of tapes. 3. 8. Define webbings or belts. Define tapes. 9. Asst. a) Lace b) sole c) upper d) vamp 18. Define Narrow fabrics.__________ is a plastic shape that simulates the foot shape. a) Polyester b) Nylon c) Cotton d) PP 17. 10.Coimbatore-49. What are the requirements of foot wear fabrics? R. Mention the applications of narrow fabrics.___________ bands are used in first aid.Senthil Kumar. 7. KCT. Mention the constructional details of webbings or safety belts. a) Polyester b) Nylon c) Cotton d) PP 15.Question bank a) Carbon b) nylon c) cotton d) PP 13. a) Last b) Sole c) Upper d) Vamp Part-B 1. a) Insole b) outsole c) Midsole d) upper 20.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .Prof (SRG). What are the requirements of safety belts? 6. Page 20 .__________ ribbons are used as reinforcements for sports helmets. 5. substituting normal plastering.
Explain briefly the requirements of footwear fabrics. 10. raw materials. 8. curtain heading tapes. R. What are the raw materials used for midsole? Part-C 1. Define Midsole. Page 21 .Senthil Kumar. Explain briefly the production process of narrow fabrics with neat sketch. ladder tapes. Pile surfaced carpet weaves and their production. What are the requirements of Insole? 18. trimmings. Explain briefly the requirements. 9. raw materials. Define Upper. What are the requirements of Midsole? 19.Question bank 11.Prof (SRG). 15. Explain briefly the requirements. raw materials. flocked fabrics. Elasticated fabrics. Explain briefly the types and applications of narrow fabrics. functions of sole with neat sketch. functions of stiffness and laces with neat sketch.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . Define Insole. Asst. 6. raw materials. Define Outsole. 13. Felted fabrics: Manufacture of forming fabrics – raw material selection. seaming. What are the various components of shoe? 12. Explain briefly the various woven narrow fabrics and their constructions with neat sketch. 3.Coimbatore-49. nets. zip fastener tapes. Explain briefly the Shoe making Methods. heat setting. 4. laces. finishing. 5. Explain briefly the requirements. construction details and production process of socks. Explain briefly the requirements. 14. 16. functions of toe and puff with neat sketch. Explain the various requirements of sports shoes and socks. What are the requirements of Outsole? 20. braids. 17. Carpet: Non-pile carpet weaves and their looms. labels. 2. KCT. Define Sole. 7.
R. Forming fabrics are made up of _________ yarns. The important property requirement of zip fastener tape is _____________. The weave employed for the tape in zip fastener is _______._____________ fabrics are fabrics that stretch and recover to their original length. a) Stringer b) slider c) zip d) stop 9. Axminister carpets are made up of ___________. a) Compressed bead bulk b) elongation c) impact strength d) temperature resistance 11. a) 500 b) 50 c) 5 d) 5000 8. _________ is made by covering a cotton core. with several fine continuous-filament yarns—often as many as eight. _________ is formed by covering one or more parallel-laid condenser-cotton yarns. Cloth tapes in the Zip fastener are made from _________.Question bank Unit-5 Part-A 1.Prof (SRG). The width of the forming fabrics will be in the range of _______mm. a) Wool b) nylon c) cotton d) polyester 6. The Pile in the carpet is made up of ________ fibre.Senthil Kumar. ____________ is a textile tape having a corded edge to which is attached a row of metal members designed to interlock with a similar row similarly attached to another tape. a) Cotton b) polyester c) wool d) spandex 3. a)monofilament b)multifilament c)staple fibre d) split film 7.Coimbatore-49.____________ fibres have better resistance to deterioration by perspiration. Asst. a)Gimp b) slub c) corkscrew d) Cover 12. of similar type to the gimp core. Page 22 . KCT. a) Elasticated b) forming c) flocked d) felt 2. a) Plain b) 2/2 twill c) 3/1 twill d) sateen 4. a) Cotton b) polyester c) both d) nylon 10.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . a) Cotton b) polyester c) silk d) viscose 5.
Asst. a) Belts b) ropes c) composites d) apparel 19. a) Gimp b) Bullion c) corkscrew d) Cover 15.Prof (SRG).Coimbatore-49. What are ladder tapes? 8. Mention any two fibres used in zip fastener tapes? 5. __________ is a yarn knitted by the circular-weft-knitting method with one feeder and usually on four or six needles (normally latch needles) only. a) Plain-weave b) twill weave c) satin weave d) herringbone twill Part-B 1.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . ________taffeta ground weave is used for most labels up to 37-mm (1 -875-in. ________ is used as the main constituted of the woven structures which are used for the edging of furniture.) width. What are zip fastener tapes? 4.___________ is used in heavy theatre curtains. a) Gimp b) Bullion c) corkscrew d) Cover 14. Page 23 . a) Intertwining b) interlooping c) interlacing d) interlocking 18. Mention any two fibres used in curtain heading tapes? 7. a) Viscose rayon b) cotton c) polyester d) nylon 17. _______is used extensively for knitting chainette. Mention any two fibres used in ladder tapes? R. What are elasticated fabrics? 2.Question bank a) Gimp b) Bullion c) corkscrew d) Cover 13.Senthil Kumar. a)Flocked b) forming c)felt d) lace 20.__________ fabrics are widely used in upholstery. Braids are commonly used for making __________. Mention any two fibres used in elasticated fabrics? 3. KCT. A braid is a complex structure or pattern formed by __________ three or more strands of flexible material such as textile fibres or wire. What are curtain heading tapes? 6. a) Gimp b) Bullion c) corkscrew d) Chainette 16.
raw materials. 4. 6. Explain briefly the requirements. raw materials. trimmings. Explain briefly about the raw material selection. 5. construction details and production process of braids. Mention any two fibres used in laces? 11. What are labels? 12. What are flocked fabrics? 14. construction details and production process of Curtain heading tapes. raw materials. Part-C 1. Mention any two fibres used in carpets? 17. 7. Why heat setting is essential for forming fabrics? 20. What are trimmings? 10.Coimbatore-49. What are carpets? 16. construction details and production process of Elasticated fabrics. Mention any two fibres used in forming fabrics? 19. seaming and finishing of forming fabrics. Mention any two fibres used in labels? 13. raw materials. Explain briefly the requirements. 9. 10. raw materials. Asst. nets and flocked fabrics. Explain briefly about the non-pile carpet weaves and their production. construction details and production process of Ladder tapes.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics . and laces.Prof (SRG). Explain briefly the requirements. Page 24 .Senthil Kumar. Mention any two fibres used in flocked fabrics? 15. construction details and production process of Zip fastener tapes. Explain briefly the requirements. List the properties required for forming fabrics. 8. Explain briefly the requirements. heat setting.Question bank 9. KCT. Explain briefly about the pile surfaced carpet and their production. Explain briefly about the Manufacturing of forming fabrics. R. Explain briefly the various non-pile and pile surfaced carpet constructions. What are forming fabrics? 18. 3. 2.
Question bank R.Coimbatore-49.Nonwovens and Specialty Fabrics .Senthil Kumar. Asst.Prof (SRG). KCT. Page 25 .
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