ur fUk nkhopf;nfhs;iffSf;fika Kk;nkhopfspYk; Gifapuj epiyaq;fspy; mwptpj;jy;fis Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd typAWj;jp gpujpg; Nghf;Ftuj;J fz;fhzpg;G mYtyfk; 2012-02-28 Mk;

jpfjp Xu; Rw;wwpf;ifia ntspapl;Ls;sJ. yady; FUNf cl;gl gy Kiwg;ghl;lhsu;fs; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FOtpw;F nra;j Kiwg;ghl;bd; (HRC /3463/2011) tpisthf ,r;Rw;wwpf;if ntspaplg;gl;Ls;sJ> vd Gifapujg; nghJ Kfhikahsu; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FOtpw;F vOj;J %yk; mwptpj;Js;shu;. ,r;Rw;wwpf;iff;F Nkyjpfkhf Kk;nkhopfspd; cr;rupg;igf; nfhz;l rpq;fsj;jpy; vOjg;gl;l vl;L mwptpj;jy;fspd; vl;L khjpupg; gpujpfs; rfy Gifapuj epiyaf; fz;fhzpg;ghsu;fSf;Fk;> gpujk Gifapuj epiyag; nghWg;ghsu;fSf;Fk;> Gifapuj epiyag; nghWg;ghsu;fSf;Fk;> cjtpg; Gifapuj epiyag; nghWg;ghsu;fSf;Fk; mwptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,ijj; jtpu mur fUk nkhopfs; Mizf;FOtpd; mDruizapd; fPo; Ik;gJ Gifapuj nkhop cupik njhlu;ghd kw;WNkhu; ntw;wp Copau;fs; Kk;nkhopfspYk; mwptpj;jy;fis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F gapw;rp toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mtu;fs; gy;NtW Gifapuj epiyaq;fspy; Nritapy; <LgLj;jg;gl;Ls;sdu;. nfhOk;G> mEuhjGuk;> ehtyg;gpl;b gpuhe;jpa Nghf;Ftj;J fz;fhzpg;Gg; gpuNjr Nghf;Ftuj;Jg; gpupTfspy;> khtl;l Nghf;Ftuj;Jg; gupNrhjfu;fspd; fz;fhzpg;gpd; fPo; Kk;nkhopfspYk; mwptpj;jy;fisr; nra;tjw;fhd gapw;rpia toq;Ftjw;F Gifapuj epiyag; nghWg;ghsu;fs; gapw;wg;gl;L tUfpd;wdu; vdTk; kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FOtplk; Gifapuj nghJ Kfhikahsu; fbjk; %yk; mwptpj;Js;shu;. ,jw;F Nkyjpfkhf gpd;tUk; tplaq;fSk; ,f;fbjj;jpd; %yk; typAWj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. rpj;jpiug; Gj;jhz;bw;F Kd;G ² mwptpj;jy; eltbf;iffspy; <LgLk; Copau;fSf;Fg; gapw;rp mspg;gjw;fhf ,Wtl;Lf;fs; mKy;gLj;jg;gLk; (CD) gad;gLj;Jtjw;fhd eltbf;if Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sd. ,t;tpWtl;Lf;fis mur jpu;tUk; Vg;uy; 13k; jpfjpf;F Kd;du; ehL fUk nkhopfs; Mizf;FO jahupj;J toq;Ftjw;Fk; eltbf;if vLj;J tUfpd;wJ. g+uhTk; Nghf;Ftuj;Jf;fhf gad;gLj;jg;gLk;. ² vdNt njupTnra;ag;gl;l Gifapuj epiyaq;fspy; mwptpj;jy; eltbf;iffs; rfy jdpahu; Nghf;Ftuj;J g]; tz;b NrUk; ,Wtl;Lf;fspy; gjpTnra;ag;gl;L Kk;nkhopfspYk; mtw;iw mwptpg;gjw;F eltbf;if ,lj;ij mwptpf;Fk; ngau;g;gyiffs; rpq;fsk;> vLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

Gifapujk; Gwg;gLk; Neuq;fs; gw;wpa mwptpj;jy;fs; Kk;nkhopfspYk;-Rw;wwpf;if ntspaplg;gl;lJ m
jaTnra;J ftdpAq;fs;

tpgh\h 2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;

|

khw;Wf;nfhs;iffSf;fhd epiyaj;jpd; ntspaPlhFk; |

kyu; 2 |

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g]; tz;bfspd; ngau;g;gyiffs; Kk;nkhopfspYk;

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nkhop %yk; vr;rupf;if....
q;F fhzg;gLk; ,uz;L vr;rupf;ifg; gyiffSk; tTdpahtpy; fhl;rpg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sd. Xu; vr;rupf;if mwptpj;jy; %yk; fy;ntb ntbf;f itg;gjpdhy; Vw;gLk; mghaq;fs; Rl;bf;fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sd. ,uhZtj;jpdu; Kd;Nd ,Ug;gjpdhy; Ntfj;ijf; Fiwf;FkhW kw;iwa mwptpj;jy; vr;rupf;if tpLf;fpd;wJ. ngUk;ghd;ikahf jkpo; r%fk; thof;$ba tTdpah Nghd;w gpuNjrq;fspy; rpq;fs nkhopapy; khj;jpuk; mghaq;fis mwptpg;gjw;fhd mwptpj;jy;fs; fy;ntb ntbf;f itg;gijtpl Mgj;jhdJ vd;gij nghWg;Gf;$w Ntz;batu;fs; mwpe;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

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jkpo;> Mq;fpyk; Mfpa Kk;nkhopfspYk; fhl;rpg;gLj;Jtjw;F eltbf;if vLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd jdpahu; Nghf;Ftuj;J mikr;Rr; nrayhsu; jpU. tpf;lu; rkutPu rfy Nghf;Ftuj;J gazpfs; Nrit fz;fhzpg;ghsu;fSf;Fk; mwptpj;Js;shu;. ,jw;fika vjpu;tUk; rpq;fs> jkpo; Gj;jhz;L gpwg;gjw;F Kd;du; ,yq;ifapd; rfy jdpahu; g]; tz;bfspYk; NrUk; ,lj;ij mwptpf;Fk; ngau;g;gyif rpq;fsk;> jkpo;> Mq;fpyk; Mfpa Kk;nkhopfspYk; fhl;rpg;gLj;jg;gLk;. khw;Wf;nfhs;iffSf;fhd epiyak; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FOtplk; nra;j Kiwg;ghl;il tprhuiz nra;j re;ju;g;gj;jpy; ,t;Tld;ghL fhzg;gl;lJ. ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO Kd;Nd Nkw;gb Kiwg;ghL rk;ge;jkhf elj;jg;gl;l tprhuizapd; NghJ Njrpa Nghf;Ftuj;J Mizf;FOtpd; gpujpg;gzpg;ghsu; rl;lj;juzp jpUkjp. v];.v];.[P. vjpupkhd;d mtu;fs; Nkw;gb jPu;khdj;ij mwptpj;jhu;.

2

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;

,yq;ifapy; ey;ypzf;fk; kw;Wk; tifg;nghWg;ig Nkk;gLj;Jjy;

n[dPth khehl;by; mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;l gpNuuiz

If;fpa mnkupf;ff; Fbaurpdhy; rku;g;gpf;fg;gl;l gpNuuiz n[dPth efupy; mike;Js;s If;fpa ehLfspd; kdpj cupikg; Nguit mku;tpy; 2012 khu;r; 22k; jpfjp mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;lJ. ',yq;ifapy; ey;ypzf;fj;ijAk; tifg;nghWg;Gf;$wiyAk; Nkk;gLj;Jjy;" vd;w jiyg;gpd; fPohd gpNuuiz gpd;tUkhW: If;fpa ehLfspd; rhrdj;jpdJk;> ru;tNjr kdpj chpikfs; gpufldj;jpdJk;> ru;tNjr kdpj chpikfs; rkthaq;fspdJk;> Vida nghUj;jkhd nghwpKiwfspdJk; topfhl;lypd; fPo; kdpj cupikg; Nguitapd; 5{1 kw;Wk; 5{2 gupe;Jiufisf; Fwpj;Jiuf;Fk; mNj Ntis> ,yq;ifapy; ey;ypzf;fj;ijAk; tifg;nghWg;gGf;$wiyAk; ,yq;if Nkk;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; muRfs; gaq;futhjj;jpw;F vjpuhfg; NghhpLifapy; >ru;tNjrr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; nghUj;jKila tifapy;>Fwpg;ghfr; ru;tNjr kdpj chpikfs; rl;lj;jpw;Fk;>mfjpfs; kw;Wk; kdpj Near; rl;lq;fSf;Fk;> cld;ghlhfTk; fl;Lg;ghl;LlDk;>ele;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd kPs

cWjpg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. ,yq;ifapy; fw;w ghlq;fSk; ey;ypzf;fKk; gw;wpa Mizf;FOtpd; (LLRC) fz;Lgpbg;GfisAk; ghpe;JiufisAk; ftdj;jpw; nfhs;Sk; mNj Ntis> ,yq;ifapy; Njrpa ey;ypzf;f topKiwf;F Mw;wf;$ba gq;fspg;igAk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;wJ. fw;w ghlq;fSk; ey;ypzf;fKk; gw;wpa Mizf;FO mwpf;ifapy; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;s Mf;fg+u;tkhd ghpe;Jiufis tuNtw;fpd;Nwhk;. mNj Ntis ePjpj;Jiwf;F mg;ghy; ,lk; ngw;wjhf kpfg;gue;Jgl;l Kiwapy; Fw;wQ;rhl;lg;gLk; nfhiyfs; gw;wpAk;>gyte;jkhd fhzkw;Nghjy; gw;wpAk;> Gydha;T nra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,yq;ifapy; tlkhfhzj;jpy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;s ,uhZtkakhf;fiy ePf;f Ntz;Lk;. fhzpj;jfuhWfisj; jPu;g;gjw;fhd gf;fr; rhu;gw;w nghwpKiwfs; mKyhf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. Ml;fs; jLj;Jitf;fg;gLk; nfhs;iffis kPs kjpg;gha;T nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Kiwrhu; Rje;jpur; rptpy; epWtdq;fs; tYt+l;lg;gl Ntz;Lk;. khfhzq;fSf;F mjpfhug; gfpu;it toq;ff; $ba tifapy; murpay; jPu;it

vl;Ljy; Ntz;Lk;;> midtuJ fUj;Jr; rje;jpu chpikfisg; ghJfhj;J Nkk;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. rl;lr; rPu;jpUj;jq;fis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;fhd rl;lq;fis ,aw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk; vd fw;w ghlq;fSk; ey;ypzf;fKk; gw;wpa Mizf;FO ghpe;Jiuj;jNghjpYk;;> ru;tNjrr; rl;lq;fs; ghuJ}ukhf kPwg;gl;lik Fwpj;J Nkw;gb Mizf;FO mwpf;if NghjpasT eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhs;stpy;iy vd mf;fiwAld; Fwpg;gpl Ntz;bAs;sJ. 1. fw;w ghlq;fSk; ey;ypzf;fKk; gw;wpa Mizf;FO mwpf;ifapy; ghpe;Jiuf;fg;gl;Ls;s Mf;fg+u;tkhd ghpe;Jiufis eilKiwg; gLj;JkhW ,yq;if muirf; NfhUk; mNj Ntis nghUj;jkhd rl;lhPjpahd flg;ghLfis epiwNtw;Wtjw;Fj; Njitahd Nkyjpf eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhs;SkhWk; midj;J ,yq;ifaUf;Fk; ePjp>rkj;Jtk;>vd;gtw;iw cWjpg;gLj;Jk; tifapy; midj;J Nkyjpf

2.

3.

eltbf;iffisAk; vLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. fw;w ghlq;fSk; ey;ypzf;fKk; gw;wpa Mizf;FOtpd; ghpe;Jiufis eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; ru;tNjrr; rl;lk; kPwg;gl;ljhf Kd;itf;fg;gLk; Fw;wr;rhl;LfSf;F chpa eltbf;fiffis Jhpjkhf Nkw;nfhs;tNjhL xl;Lnkhj;jkhd eltbf;ifj; jpl;lj;ij ,yq;if muR rkh;g;gpf;f Ntz;Lk;. Nkw;gb eltbf;iffis mKyhf;Ftjw;F ,yq;if murhq;fk; Vw;Fk; tifapYk;> mjw;F MNyhrid toq;Fk; tifapYk; kdpj chpikfs; cau; ];jhdpfu; mYtyfj;ij Cf;Ftpf;Fk; mNj Ntis nghUj;jkhd tpNrl topKiwfis gpd;gw;wTk; MjuT toq;fTk; Ntz;Lk;. mNj rkak; kdpj chpikfs; Nguitapd; 22tJ mku;tpw;F Nkw;gb Vw;ghLfisg; gw;wpa Xu; mwpf;if rku;g;gpf;fg;gl Ntz;LnkdTk; kdpj chpikfs; cau; ];jhdpfu; mYtyfj;ij Ntz;Lfpd;Nwhk;

mur fUk nkhopf; nfhs;ifia kPWjy;

vjpu;fhyj;jpy; jtiwj; jpUj;jp gz Nehl;Lf;fs; tpepNahfpf;fg;gLk;
epjp mikr;R $WfpwJ.
gz Nehl;Lf;fis tpepNahfpf;Fk; NghJ epjpj; jpl;lkply; mikr;R mur fUk nkhopf; nfhs;ifia kPwpAs;sJ vd khw;Wf;nfhs;iffSf;fhd epiyak; Xu; Kiwg;ghl;ilr; nra;jJ. ,jw;Fg; gjpyspf;Fk; Kfkhf Nkw;gbg; gpur;rpidiaj; jPu;g;gjw;F jhd; vjpu;fhyj;jpy; eltbf;if vLg;gjhf kj;jpa tq;fpapd; epjpj; jpizf;fsf; fz;fhzpg;ghsu; mur fUk nkhopfs; Mizf;FOtpw;F mwptpj;Js;shu;. epjpj; jpl;lkply; mikr;R 2010-01-01k; jpfjp ntspapl;Ls;s &gh 5000> &gh 1000> &gh 500> &gh 50> &gh 20> ngWkjpahd gz Nehl;Lf;fspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s ',yq;if murhq;fj;jpd; rhu;gpy; ntspaplg;gLk; ,g;gzNehl;L ,yq;ifj; jPtpw;Fs; ve;j xU nfhLg;gdtpw;fhfTk; gad;gLj;j rl;lj;jhy; mjpfhuk; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ" vd;w rpq;fs trdj;jpw;F mika jkpo; thrfk; ,y;yhik gw;wp Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l Kiwg;ghL njhlu;ghf kj;jpa tq;fpapd; epjpj; jpizf;fsf; fz;fhzpg;ghsu; mur fUk nkhopfs; Mizf;FOtpw;F jkJ mtjhdpg;Gf;fisr; rku;g;gpj;Js;sJ. ',yq;if kj;jpa tq;fp Gof;fj;jpy; ,l;Ls;s gz Nehl;Lf;fspy; nra;a Ntz;ba khw;wq;fisg; gw;wp gz Nehl;Lf;fis mr;rpLk; fk;gdpapd; gz Nehl;Lf;fisr; rpU\;bf;fpd;w njhopy;El;gg; gpuptplk; fye;jhNyhrpf;fg;gl;lJ. mjw;fika nra;a Ntz;ba khw;wk; gw;wp mtu;fSf;F MNyhridAk; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. vdNt> vjpu;fhyj;jpy; gz Nehl;Lf;fs; cUthf;fg;gLk; NghJ vjpu;Nehf;fpapUf;Fk; gpur;rpidia jPu;j;J itg;gjw;F eltbf;iffs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;. vd;Wk; Nkw;gb mtjhdpg;Gfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ.

ld kf aOd %;sik m
2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;
MfpNahu; gq;Fgw;wpdu;.

ñI

3

Clftpayhsu;fSld;......
nkhop cupikfisg; gw;wp Clftpayhsu;fSf;F tpopg;Gzu;it Vw;gLj;Jk; nrayku;TfSk; ,f;fhyfl;lj;jpy; ntw;wpfukhf eilngw;wd. mk;ghiw> kl;lf;fsg;G> jpUNfhzkiy> kd;dhu;> kw;Wk; tTdpah Mfpa khtl;lq;fspy; Nkw;gb khtl;lq;fisg; gpujpepjpj;Jtk; nra;j Clftpayhsu;fSf;F ,r;nrayku;Tfs; ele;jd. ,tw;iw Vw;ghL nra;tjw;Fg; gpuNjr kl;lj;jpyhd gy mikg;Gf;fs; xj;Jioj;jd. mNj rkak; kd;dhu; kdpj xj;Jiog;G kd;wk;> tTdpah fpuhkpa mgptpUj;jp kd;wk;> fpof;fpd; If;fpa ngz;fs; mikg;G> ru;Nthja rpukjhdr; rq;fk;> khtl;l kPdtr; rq;fq;fs;> nghj;Jtpy;> kl;lf;fsg;G> ghdk Mfpa gpuNjrq;fspy; fpuhkpa nghUshjhu mgptpUj;jpr; rq;fq;fs; ,r;nrayku;Tfis xOq;F nra;jd. 2011 xf;Nlhgu; 27>28>29 Mfpa jpfjpfspy; ,r;nrayku;Tfs; ,lk;ngw;wd.  brk;gu; 19 fhiy 9.00 kzp 2011 Kjy; fhiy 12.00 kzptiu xU nrayku;T eilngw;wJ. ,jid kdpj xj;Jiog;G kd;wk; Vw;ghL nra;jJ.  brk;gu; 19k; jpfjp gp.g 3.00 2011 kzp Kjy; 5.00 kzp tiu tTdpah khtl;lj;jpd; nkhopr;rq;fg; gpujpepjpfSld; mr;rq;fq;fspd; Kd;Ndw;wk; gw;wpa fye;Jiuahly; ,lk;ngw;wJ. fpuhkpa mgptpUj;jp kd;w Nfl;Nghu; $lj;jpy; ,r;re;jpg;G ,lk;ngw;wJ. ,r;re;jpg;gpy; 14 Ngu; gq;Fgw;wpdu;. fpuhkpa mgptpUj;jp kd;wk; ,r;re;jpg;ig xOq;F nra;jJ.  tTdpah khtl;lj;jpd; nkhopr;rq;fq;fspd; gpujpepjpfSf;fhd re;jpg;G 2011 brk;gu; 28k; jpfjp myfy;y rdr%f kz;lgj;jpy; eilngw;wJ. 10 gpujpepjpfs; ,jpy; gq;Fgw;wpdu;. tTdpah fpuhkpa mgptpUj;jp kd;wk; ,jw;fhd xOq;Ffisr; nra;jJ.  UNfhzkiy jp khtl;lj;jpd; nkhopr; rq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;fhd re;jpg;G 2011 brk;gu; 20k; jpfjp ,lk;ngw;wJ. fhiyapy; fe;jshapy; ,lk;ngw;w ,r;re;jpg;gpy; 28 Ngu; gq;Fgw;wpdu;.

gy khjq;fshf nkhop cupik gw;wp xU Gjpa Gj;Jzu;r;rp gy gpuNjrq;fspy; Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. ,g;Gj;Jzu;r;rpapd; gpd;Gyj;jpy; ehL g+uhTk; gue;J tpupe;j rptpy; r%f mikg;Gf;fspd; xw;WikAk; cz;L. khw;Wf;nfhs;iffSf;fhd epiyak;> fpof;fpd; If;fpa ngz;fs; mikg;G> [dehaf cupikfis ntd;nwLg;gjw;fhd ,af;fk;> Njrpa kPdtu; xj;Jiog;G ,af;fk;> kd;dhu; fpuhkpa mgptpUj;jp kd;wk;> tTdpah fpuhkpa nghUshjhu mgptpUj;jp mikg;G> ghdk kw;Wk; jpUNfhzkiy ru;Nthja rpukjhd ,af;fk; vd;gd ,r;rptpy; r%f mikg;G tiyg;gpd;dypy; nraw;gLfpd;wd. ehL g+uhTk; Rkhu; 150 nkhopr;rq;fq;fis mikg;gjw;F ,t;tiyaikg;G ntw;wp fz;Ls;sJ. nkhop cupikfs; njhlu;ghf mwpTWj;jg;gLk; Rkhu; 600 epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lq;fs; nraw;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sd. mNj rkak; Clftpayhsu;fSf;F tpopg;Gzu;it Vw;gLj;Jk; epfo;r;rpfSk; mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;F mwpt+l;Lk; nrayku;TfSk; nkhopr;rq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;F mwpt+l;Lk; epfo;r;rpfSk; ,lk;ngw;wd.

nkhop cupikfSf;fhd Nghuhl;lj;jpd; rpy Fwpg;Gf;fs;
'nkhop cupikfs; gw;wpg; Gjpa Mu;tj;ij Vw;gLj;j rptpy; r%f tiyg; gpd;dy; ,t;thwhfr; nraw;gl;lJ"
mgptpUj;jpr; rq;fk; vd;gd ,r;nrayku;TfSf;fhd Vw;ghLfisr; nra;jd. kl;lf;fsg;G 2011 brk;gu; 08k; jpfjp kl;lf;fsg;G khtl;lj;jpd; mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;fhd tpopg;Gzu;Tr; nrayku;T kl;lf;fsg;G 'Nfhg; ,d;" N`hl;lypy; ,lk;ngw;wNjhL Rkhu; 30 mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; ,e;epfo;tpy; gq;Fgw;wpdu;. khtl;l kPdtu; rq;fk; ,e;epfo;r;rpia Vw;ghL nra;jJ. jpUNfhzkiy 2011 etk;gu; 28k; jpfjp jpUNfhzkiy khtl;lj;jpd; mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;fhd tpopg;Gzu;Tr; nrayku;T jpUNfhzkiy ru;Nthja rq;ff; Nfl;Nghu; $lj;jpy;,lk;ngw;wJ. Rkhu; 55 mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; ,e;epfo;r;rpapy; gq;Fgw;wpdhu;fs;. ,r; nrayku;it fpof;fpd; If;fpag; ngz;fs; mikg;Gk; ru;NthjaKk; ,ize;J Vw;ghL nra;jd. tTdpah 2011 etk;gu; 29k; jpfjp tTdpah khtl;lj;jpd; mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;fhd tpopg;Gzu;Tr; nrayku;T tTdpahtpy; ,lk;ngw;wJ. Rkhu; 40 mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; ,r; nrayku;tpy; gq;Fgw;wpdu;;. tTdpah fpuhkpa mgptpUj;jp kd;wk; ,e;epfo;r;rpia Vw;ghL nra;jJ. mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;fhd tpopg;Gzu;Tr; nrayku;tpd; tsg;gfpu;thsu;fshf rl;lj;juzp v];. [P. GQ;rpN`th> fyhepjp rapg;jPd;> yady; FUNf> v];. rptFUehjd;

mur Copau;fSf;fhd tpopg;Gzu;T
mk;ghiw 2011 etk;gu; 15k; jpfjp mk;ghiw khtl;lj;jpd; mur Copau;fSf;fhd tpopg;Gzu;Tr; nrayku;T mk;ghiw nkhd;up N`hl;lypy; ,lk;ngw;wJ. Rkhu; 35 mur Copau;fs; ,e;epfo;r;rpapy; gq;Fgw;wpdhu;fs;. khtl;l kPd;gpbr; rq;fk;> ghdk nghj;Jtpy; fpuhkpa nghUshjhu

4k; gf;fk; ghu;f;f

4

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;

,yq;ifapy; kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO Kiwg;ghL nra;af;$ba Kftupfs;
nrayhsu; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO ,y.165 fpq;]p tPjp> nfhOk;G 08 mtruj; njhlu;GfSf;F 011 2689064 (24 kzp NeuKk; nraw;gLk;) gpuNjr ,izg;ghsu; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO ,y.23> Gjpa tPlikg;Gj; njhFjpf; fl;blk;> fy;Kid. njhiyNgrp: 067-2229728 hrckalmunai@sltnet.lk gpuNjr ,izg;ghsu; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO ,y.167> tpfhu khtj;ij> Ky;fk;nghy> fz;b njhiyNgrp: 081 2234600 gpuNjr ,izg;ghsu; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO ,y.15> fhypjhr tPjp> khj;jiw. njhiyNgrp: 041-2226533 hrcmatara@sltnet.lk gpuNjr ,izg;ghsu; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO ,y.167> tpfhu khtj;ij> Ky;fk;nghy> fz;b njhiyNgrp: 081 2234600 hrckandyl@sltnet.lk gpuNjr ,izg;ghsu; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO ,y.150> Gifapuj epiya tPjp> itutg;Gypaq;Fsk;. tTdpah. njhiyNgrp: 024-2222029 hrcvavuniya@sltnet.lk gpuNjr ,izg;ghsu; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO ,y.227> gpujhd tPjp> jpUNfhzkiy. njhiyNgrp: 026-2222607 hrctrinco@sltnet.lk gpuNjr ,izg;ghsu; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO ,y.D 768/1 > gz;Lfhga khtj;ij> mk;ghiw. njhiyNgrp: 063-2222340 hrcampara@sltnet.lk gpuNjr ,izg;ghsu; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO ,y.19{1gP> gJSgpl;ba tPjp> gJis. njhiyNgrp: 055-2223030 hrcbadulla@sltnet.lk gpuNjr ,izg;ghsu; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO ,y.1>3tJ FWf;Fg; ghij> aho;g;ghzk;. njhiyNgrp: 021-2222021 hrcjaffna@sltnet.lk

nkhop cupikfs; kPwg;gLk; ,lj;J mjw;fhd epthuzq;fisg; ngWk; epWtdq;fspy; xd;W kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO MFk;. ,jw;F Kd;du; mjidg; gw;wp ehk; tpgukhf vLj;Jf; $wpNdhk;. 2011 etk;gu; brk;gu; tpgh\h rQ;rpiffspy; ,t;tpguq;fs; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. nkhop cupikfs; kPwg;gLjy; gw;wp ,j;jifa Kiwg;ghLfis nfhOk;gpYs;s jiyik mYtyfj;jpw;Fk; Vida gpuhe;jpa kdpj cupikfs; mYtyfq;fSf;Fk; Kiwg;ghL nra;ayhk;. mtw;iwg; gw;wpa jfty;fis ,q;F rku;g;gpf;fpd;Nwhk;. cq;fs; Kiwg;ghLfis rku;g;gpf;ff;$ba jiyik mYtyfKk; Vida gpuhe;jpa mYtyfq;fSk; gpd;tUkhW:

nkhop cupikfSf;fhd....
mLj;j re;jpg;G jpUNfhzkiy ru;Nthja rpukjhdr; rq;ff; Nfl;Nghu; $lj;jpy; khiyapy; ,lk;ngw;wJ. nkhopr;rq;fq;fisg; gpujpepjpj;Jtg;gLj;jpa 17 Ngu; ,r;re;jpg;gpy; fye;Jnfhz;ldu;. ru;Nthja rpukjhdr; rq;fk; mjd; Vw;ghLfisr; nra;jJ.  lf;fsg;G khtl;lj;jpy; kl; mike;Js;s nkhopr;rq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fspd; re;jpg;G brk;gu; 21k; jpfjp kl;lf;fsg;gpy; ,lk;ngw;wJ. ,r;re;jpg;gpy; 25 gpujpepjpfs; gq;Fgw;wpdu;. ,r;re;jpg;ig khtl;l kPdtu; rq;fk; Vw;ghL nra;jJ.

3k; gf;fj; njhlu;r;rp...

kzp Kjy; gp.g. 5.00 kzptiu eilngw;wJ.  nghj;Jtpy; khtl;l kPdtu; rq;fk; ,jid Vw;ghL nra;jJ.  tpopg;Gzu;T nrayku;Tfs; ,t; FWfpa fhy ePz;l fhy mbg;gilapy; ,yq;ifapd; nkhop cupikfis cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;F kpf Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. Fwpg;ghf ,r;nrayku;TfNshL njhlu;Gnfhz;l Clftpayhsu;fsplk; ,Ue;J fpilj;j gy;NtW gpujpgypg;Gfs; ,jd; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij vLj;Jf; $wpd. nkhop cupikfisg; gw;wpa gpur;rpidfis Ma;T

mk;  ghiw khtl;lj;jpd; nghj;Jtpy; Guhz tpfhiuapy; ,lk;ngw;w nkhopr; rq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; re;jpg;G 2011 brk;gu; khjk; 22k; jpfjp fhiy 9.00 kzp Kjy; gp.g 1.00 kzptiu ,lk;ngw;wJ. ,r;re;jpg;gpy; 30 gpujpepjpfs; gq;Fgw;wpdu;. mk;ghiw fpuhkpa nghUshjhu mgptpUj;jpr; rq;fk; ,jid Vw;ghL nra;jpUe;jJ.  ghiw khtl;lj;jpd; ml;lhisr; mk; Nridapy; jkpo; nkhopr; rq;fg; gpujpepjpfspd; re;jpg;G Njrpa ghlrhiy kz;lgj;jpy; ,lk;ngw;wJ. ,r;re;jpg;gpy; 23 Ngu; gq;Fgw;wpdu;. ,f;fye;Jiuahly; 2011 brk;gu; 30k; jpfjp khiy 3.00

nra;tJ Kjy; ,g;gpur;rpidfis mwpf;ifapLtJ tiu ghupa topfhl;ly; ,jd;%yk; fpilj;jJ. mNj rkak; ,f;fhy vy;iyAs; Clfq;fs; %yk; nkhop cupikfs; gw;wp mwpf;ifaplg;gl;lJ. vt;thwhapDk; 'tpgh\h" rQ;rpifapy; ehk; typAWj;jpaijg; Nghy ,e;ehl;bd; nkhop cupikfis ntd;nwLg;gjw;Fk; cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; ehk; $l;L Kaw;rpapNyNa <Lgl Ntz;Lk;. vdNt $l;lhfr; nry;y Ntz;ba gazj;ijNa ehk; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;bapUf;fpwJ. mJ ,e;ehl;bd; nkhop cupik gw;wp Mu;tk; nrYj;Jk; midj;J rf;jpfspdJk; gazkhf ,J mika Ntz;Lk;.

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;

5

fw;f Ntz;ba nkhopg; ghlq;fspy; xU rpy...
fw;w ghlq;fSk; ey;ypzf;fKk; gw;wpa Mizf;FO mwpf;ifapypUe;J
(Kd;ida ,jopd; njhlu;r;rp)
,Uf;Fk;. ehl;bd; gy gFjpfspy; fy;tp trjp rkepiy mw;wpUg;gij gbg;gbahff; Fiwj;J> ,Wjpapy; ,jid Kw;whf mfw;wptpl Ntz;Lnkd;W Mizf;FO tpje;Jiuf;;fpd;wJ. 9.253 gyjug;gl;l ,dq;fs; kw;Wk; kjq;fisr; rhh;e;j gps;isfs; fyg;Gg; ghlrhiyfspy; fy;tp fw;f Ntz;Lnkd;w cd;djkhd nfhs;ifia murhq;fk; filg;gpbg;gJ mtrpankd;Wk; Mizf;FO tpje;Jiuf;;fpd;wJ. ,J njhlh;ghf murhq;fk; gyjug;gl;l ,dq;fs; kw;Wk; kjf; FOf;;fisr; Nrh;e;j gps;isfis ,e;jg; ghlrhiyfspy; Nrh;j;Jf; nfhs;tjw;fhd trjpaspf;Fk; nfhs;iffis newpg;gLj;jp mtjhdkhf mKyhf;f Ntz;Lk;. ghlrhiyfSf;F gps;isfisr; Nrh;j;Jf;nfhs;Sk; NghJ ,d> kj> mbg;gilapy; ghlrhiyapy; Nrh;j;Jf;nfhs;tjw;F jFjpapy;iy vd;W kWg;gJ ey;ypzf;fg;ghl;Lf;F cjtf;$bajhf mikahJ. ,j;jifa eltbf;iffis Mjhpf;fyhfhJ. 9.254 gy;NtW r%fq;fspd; ey;y ngUikf;Fhpa fyhrhug; ghuk;ghpaq;fis> gu];guk; Ghpe;J nfhz;L ghuhl;lf;$ba kNdhepiyia ghlrhiyg; gps;isfs; kw;Wk; ,isQh;fs; kj;jpapy; cUthf;Ftjd; %yk; ey;ypzf;fg;ghl;L eilKiw vq;fs; ehl;bd; r%f mikg;gpy; tYthd mbj;jskhf mikAk;. vdNt> rfy gps;isfSf;Fkpilapy; ey;ypzf;fg;ghl;il Vw;gLj;Jtjw;F mth;fs; $Ljyhf xUtNuhL xUth; neUq;fpg; goFtjw;fhd tha;g;Gf;fSf;F Cf;fkspf;f Ntz;Lnkd;W Mizf;FO tpje;Jiuf;;fpd;wJ. ntt;NtW khfhzq;fisr; Nrh;e;j ghlrhiyfis xd;wpizf;Fk; eilKiwiaf; filg;gpbj;J khzth;fisg; ghpkhwpf;nfhs;Sk; epfo;r;rpfs; ghlrhiyfspy; ey;ypzf;fg;ghl;L fofq;fis mikg;gjd; %yk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,tw;Wld; ,isQh; kl;lj;jpy;> ,t;tpjk; rfy gpuNjrq;fSldhd ,isQh;fSf;fpilapy; gu];gu re;jpg;igAk;> el;GwitAk; Vw;gLj;jf;$ba epfo;r;rpfis Njrpa ,isQh; Nguit xOq;F nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

nkhopj; jilfisj; jfh;j;njwpaf;$ba fUtpahf jfty; njhopy;El;gj;ijg; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sf;$ba Kiwiaf; fz;lwptjw;F Kf;fpa ftdk; nrYj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,jd; nghUl;L ePz;l fhyf; nfhs;iffis mwpKfg;gLj;jp eltbf;if vLf;Fk; tiu xU nkhopapypUe;J ,d;ndhU nkhopf;F nkhopngah;g;Gr; nra;tjw;fhf fzpdp nkd;nghUl;fisj; jw;fhypfj; jPh;thfg; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s KbAk;.
fw;w ghlq;fSk; ey;ypzf;fKk; gw;wpa [dhjpgjp Mizf;FO mwpf;ifapd; Kf;fpa mtjhdpg;GfSk; gupe;JiufSk; gw;wpa rhuhk;rk; 2011 brk;gu; 16Mk; jpfjp ghuhSkd;wj;jpy; rku;g;gpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mjpy; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;s Kf;fpa mtjhdpg;Gfs; gupe;Jiufspy; xU gFjp fle;j tpgh\h nra;jp klypy; gpuRukhfpaJ. kpFjpg;gFjpia ,j;Jld; ,izj;Js;Nshk;. 9.249 nkhopj; jilfisj; jfh;j;njwpaf;$ba fUtpahf jfty; njhopy;El;gj;ijg; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sf;$ba Kiwiaf; fz;lwptjw;F Kf;fpa ftdk; nrYj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,jd; nghUl;L ePz;l fhyf; nfhs;iffis mwpKfg;gLj;jp eltbf;if vLf;Fk; tiu xU nkhopapypUe;J ,d;ndhU nkhopf;F nkhopngah;g;Gr; nra;tjw;fhf fzpdp nkd;nghUl;fisj; jw;fhypfj; jPh;thfg; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s KbAk;. 9.250 nghyp]; epiyaq;fspy; ,U nkhopj; jpwDila Xa;Tngw;w nghyp]; mYtyh;fis ciungah;g;ghsh;fshf epakpg;gJ njhlh;ghf jdJ ,ilf;fhyr; rpghhpRfspy; Fwpg;gpl;lij Mizf;FO ftdj;jpy; <h;f;f tpUk;Gfpd;wJ. rkepiyg;gLj;Jtjw;F murhq;fk; Nkw;nfhz;L te;j jug;gLj;jy; eltbf;ifapdhy; gy;NtW ghjpg;Gfs; ehl;by; Njhd;wpd. vdNt> vjph;fhy re;jjpapdhpd; ey;tho;Tf;fhf ,e;j fy;tpj; Jiwapy; eilKiwapYs;s 'Nfhl;lh Kiw" Fwpj;J mtjhdkhf kPsha;T nra;a Ntz;ba fhyk; ,d;W Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. jpwik mbg;gilapy; khzth;fisr; Nrh;j;Jf; nfhs;Sk; eilKiwia mwpKfg;gLj;Jk; Nehf;fpy; fy;tpj; Jiwapy; epGzj;Jtk; ngw;wth;fs; ,lk;ngWk; xU FOtpD} lhf ,jid kPsha;T nra;a Ntz;Lnkd;W Mizf;FO rpghhpR nra;fpd;wJ. 9.252 ,e;jj; jpl;lj;ij kPsha;T nra;Ak; NghJ murhq;fk; fy;tp trjpfis epahakhd Kiwapy; gfph;e;jspj;J> rpWghd;ik kf;fspilNa jhq;fs; fy;tpapy; ghFghl;L nfhs;iff;F ,yf;fhfpNwhk; vd;w czh;itf; Fiwf;f eltbf;if vLf;f Ntz;Lk;. 2011Mk; Mz;by; ehnlq;fpYKs;s Mapuk; ,uz;lhk;epiyg; ghlrhiyfis juk; cah;j;Jtjw;fhd jpl;lk; Kd;itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jd; %yk; ,Wjpapy; fy;tpj; JiwapYs;s Vw;wj;jho;it Mff;Fiwe;j mstpw;F Fiwj;JtpLtjw;F top gpwf;Fk;. r%fj;jpy; gjll; epiyia Vw;gLj;jhj Kiwapy; kpfTk; mtjhdkhf ,e;jf; nfhs;ifia mKyhf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,e;jg; ghlrhiyfis ,dk; fhz;gjd; %yNk murpay; kakw;w njhpTnra;Ak; eilKiwnahd;iw ntw;wpfukhd Kiwapy; epiwNtw;wf;$bajhf

rkhjhdf; fy;tp
9.255 xU kjpg;gpw;Fhpa rh;tNjr rl;lNkij ,e;j Mizf;FOtpd; Kd;dh; rhl;rpakspf;ifapy; rkhjhdf; fy;tpapd; %yk; ehl;bd; If;fpaj;ijAk;> ey;ypzf;fg;ghl;ilAk; Vw;gLj;jyhk; vd;w Nahridia Kd;itj;jhh;. ,jdbg;gilapy; rhj;jpag;ghlhd ghl tpjhd khw;wq;fs; gw;wpa Mizf;FOtpd; fUj;Jf;fs; mwpf;ifapy; fhz;gpf;fg;gLfpd;wd. 9.256 Kk;nkhopf; nfhs;ifia eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf gyjug;gl;l r%fq;fisr; Nrh;e;j khzth;fSf;F kw;wth;fSld; neUq;fpg; goFtjw;fhd tha;g;Gfisg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. xNu tFg;gpYs;s khzth;fSf;fpilNa neUf;fkhd ey;Ywit cUthf;Ftjw;F Cf;fkspg;gjw;F KbAkhdsT rfy Kaw;rpfisAk; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk; ntt;NtW nkhopfspy; ghlq;fisf; fw;gpf;Fk; NghJ gps;isfs; ntt;NtW tFg;giwfspy; ,Ug;gJ ey;yJ. 9.257 %d;W nkhopfspYk; elj;jg;gLk; rfy ghlq;fisAk; fw;Wf;nfhs;sf;$ba tifapy; murhq;fk; gy;fiyf;fofq;fspy; gy;ypd khzth;fs; fye;J fy;tpiaf; fw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;fhd tha;g;Gf;F cj;juthjk; mspf;ff;$ba eltbf;iffs; vLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. rkPg fhyk; tiuapy; jkpo; NgRk; gl;ljhhp khzth;fs; tlf;fpYk;> fpof;fpYk; khj;jpuk; fy;tp fw;whh;fs;> rpq;fsk; NgRk; gl;ljhhp khzth;fs; njw;fpy; fy;tp fw;W te;jhh;fs;. 9.258 kPspzf;fj;jpd; eilKiwapy; mj;jpahtrpakhf ,Uf;fpd;w NtWgl;l rdr%fq;fspd; kf;fs;; kj;jpapy; gu];gu njhlh;Gfis tpisahl;Lf;fs; fl;bnaOg;Gnkd Mizf;FO fUJfpd;wJ. ,jid kdjpw;nfhz;L tpisahl;Lr; Rw;Wg; Nghl;bfs; khfhzq;fSf;fpilapy; elj;jg;gLtJld;> gpujhd Njrpa tpisahl;L Nghl;bfs; ehl;bd; gy gFjpfspy; Fwpg;ghf tlf;fpYk;> fpof;fpYk; elj;jg;gl Ntz;Lnkd;W Mizf;FO rpghhpR nra;fpd;wJ.

fy;tp rktha;g;Gf;fs;
9.251 If;fpa ,yq;ifapy; rpq;fsth;fs; kw;Wk; jkpoh;fSf;fpilapy; ey;ypzf;fg;ghl;il Vw;gLj;Jtjw;F> Xhpdj;Jf;F ghFghL fhl;lg;gLfpwJ vd;w czh;it Kjypy; mfw;wptpLtJ mtrpakhFk;. gyjug;gl;l r%fq;fspilNa fy;tp Vw;wj;jho;it

6

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;
ez;gdhd cghypapd; 'fupr;Ruq;fk;" vd;w E}Yf;Nf ,g;gupR fpilj;jJ. mtNuhL ,yq;if jkpo; K];ypk; vOj;jhsu;fs; tUif je;jpUe;jdu;. Mdhy;> fiyf;Fk; ,yf;fpaj;jpw;Fk; nghWg;ghd cau; mjpfhupfs; cghypia mwpe;jpUf;ftpy;iy. rpq;fsg; gj;jpupiffSf;Fk; mJ xU rpW mwptpj;jy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. Mdhy;> yq;fhjPg rpq;fsg; gj;jpupif %yk; khj;jpuk; mjw;F xU gug;Giu toq;fg;gl;bUe;jJ. ,yq;ifapd; epyik ,JthapDk; ,e;jpahtpd; jkpo; Mq;fpyg; gj;jpupiffs; ,r;nra;jpf;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; toq;fpapUe;jJ.

ttdpa+u; Mu;. cjad; cs;ehl;bYk; ntspehLfspYk; gy guprpy;fisj; jl;bf;nfhz;l gpugy ,yq;ifj; jkpo; vOj;jhsu; Mthu;. jw;NghJ yz;ld; khefupy; trpj;J tUk; jpU. cjazd; rpq;fs jkpo; ,dq;fSf;fpilNa ,d If;fpaj;ij typAWj;Jk; gy E}y;fis vOjpAs;s rpU\;b vOj;jhsu; Mthu;. cjazdpd; ,yf;fpa gzpf;fhf> mtu; ngw;w gy;NtW tpUJfSf;fpilNa 2009 mur ,yf;fpa tpUJk; 2011 nfhlNf ,yf;fpa tpUJk;> jkpo; ehl;bd; rpd;dg;gg;ghujp kd;wj;jpd; nfsutj;jpw;Fk; Mshdhu;. mtUila ,yf;fpag; gilg;GfspilNa 'gd;dpyT" ehty; rpq;fs nkhopapYk;> `pe;jp nkhopapYk; nkhop khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. ,yq;if jkpo; ,yf;fpa E}y; xd;W `pe;jp nkhopapYk; nkhopngau;j;J ntspaplg;gl;l Kjy; re;ju;g;gk; ,JthFk;. nfsutj;jpw;Fg; ghj;jpukhd ,g;gilg;gpyf;fpathjpNahL fhkpdp fe;Njnghy vd;w Clftpayhsu; elj;jpa Neu;fhzy; 06-03- 2012 yq;fhjPg gj;jpupifapy; gpuRukhFk;. (tpkq;rh) vd;w ,yf;fpa Vl;bYk; gpuRukhfpAs;sJ. rpq;fs jkpo; ,dq;fSf;fpilNa rf;jptha;e;j ,izg;ig Vw;gLj;Jtjw;F Xu; ,yf;fpa fu;j;jh Nkw;nfhs;sf;$ba nraw;gzpfs; gw;wpa gy ngWkjptha;e;j fUj;Jf;fs; ,f;fye;Jiuahlypy; cs;slf;fg;gl;bUe;jd. Fwpg;ghf rpq;fs-jkpo; nkhopngau;g;Gfisg; NghyNt jkpo; - rpq;fs nkhopngau;g;Gfs; %yKk; ,yf;fpaj; Jiwapy; ghupa nraw;gzpfis Nkw;nfhs;s KbAk; vd;gJ tTdpa+uhdpd; fUj;jhFk;. Nkw;gbf; fye;Jiuahlypy; jpU. tTdpa+u; Mu;. cjazd;. ntspapl;l fUj;Jf;fspy; ,Ue;J Kf;fpakhdtw;iw gpd;tUkhW Nkw;Nfhs; fhl;LfpNwhk;. 'ehd; ntspehl;by; tho;e;jhYk; ,uz;L %d;W khjq;fSf;F xU Kiw vdJ jha; ehl;Lf;F te;J NghNtd;. mt;thW> tUif jUk; re;ju;g;gq;fspy; Kjypy; ehd; vdJ fpuhkkhd tTdpahtpw;Fr; nry;Ntd; . mq;F ehd; fhz;gtw;iwAk;

nkhop ngau;g;G ,yf;fpaj;jpD}lhf rpq;fs jkpo; el;Gwit Nkk;gLj;JNthk;
rpq;fs jkpo; ,dq;fSf;fpilNa rf;jptha;e;j ,izg;ig Vw;gLj;Jtjw;F Xu; ,yf;fpa fu;j;jh Nkw;nfhs;sf;$ba nraw;gzpfs; gw;wpa gy ngWkjptha;e;j fUj;Jf;fs; ,f;fye;Jiuahlypy; cs;slf;fg;gl;bUe;jd. Fwpg;ghf rpq;fs jkpo; nkhopngau;g;Gfisg; NghyNt jkpo; rpq;fs nkhopngau;g;Gfs; %yKk; ,yf;fpaj; Jiwapy; ghupa nraw;gzpfis Nkw;nfhs;s KbAk; vd;gJ ttdpa+uhdpd; fUj;jhFk;.
Nfl;gtw;iwAk; vdJ ehty;fspd; njhdpg;nghUshff;nfhs;Ntd;. Aj;jk; fhuzkhf jkpo; kf;fspd; tho;f;if ghupa khw;wq;fSf;F cs;shdJ. gy Mapuf;fzf;fhd capu;fis mtu;fs; ,oe;jdu;. ,t;thwhfg; ghjpf;fg;gl;l jkpo; kf;fisg; gw;wp Muha;e;J> cz;ikfis ehk; gilg;Gfs; thapyhf ntspf;nfhzu Ntz;Lk;. jkpouhapDk; rpq;fsthuhapDk; ,tu;fs; vy;NyhUk; ,e;ehl;L kf;fs;. gu];gug; Gupe;Jzu;T> nkhop mwpahik> xUtiu xUtu; re;Njfj;Jld; Nehf;Fjy;> ,e;j Aj;jk; ePbg;gjw;Fk; xU fhuzkhf mike;jJ. ,jid ,d;W mwpQu;fSk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;fpd;wdu;. Aj;jj;jpd; gpd;du; jkpo; kf;fspd; tho;T vg;gbg;gl;lJ vd;gij rpq;fs kf;fs; vg;gb ,Ug;gpDk; mNefkhd rpq;fs vOj;jhsu;fSk; mwpakhl;lhu;fs;. rNfhjuj;Jtj;Jld; xd;wpize;J tho;e;j rpq;fs jkpo; kf;fs; xNu tifahd nghUshjhug; gpur;rpidfshy; f\;lg;gl;ldu;. ve;jtpjf; FiwghL ,Ue;jhYk; ehk; rNfhjuj;Jtj;Jld; tho KbAk;. vdJ fUj;jpd;gb vdJ gilg;gpyf;fpaq;fs; cl;gl Vida jkpo; vOj;jhsu;fsJ gilg;Gf;fSk; rpq;fs nkhop %yk; rpq;fs r%fj;ijr; nrd;wile;jhy; ,d;W epyTk; mNef tpupry;fis ehk; Fiwf;f KbAk;. ntspehLfspy; thOk; ,yq;ifj; jkpo; vOj;jhsu;fSk; gpwg;gpNyNa ntspehLfspy; thOk; jkpo; K];ypk; vOj;jhsu;fSk; ,d;W ,yq;ifj; jkpo; ,yf;fpathjpfSld; xd;wpize;Js;sdu;. ,yq;ifj;jkpo; ,yf;fpaj;jpd; rpwe;j gilg;Gf;fs; rpq;fs nkhopapYk; rpq;fs nkhopapYs;s rpwe;j gilg;Gf;fs; jkpo; nkhopapYk; nkhop ngau;f;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd ehd; epidf;fpNwd;. Gyk;ngau;e;J thOk; ,yq;ifj; jkpo; vOj;jhsu;fSk; cau;e;j gilg;Gf;fis rpU\;bj;jpUf;fpd;wdu;. ,yq;ifapypUe;J cUthf;fg;gLk; vOj;jhsu;fisg; gw;wp ntspehLfspy; fUj;Jj; njuptpf;Fk; NghJ ,yq;ifapy; nghWg;G tha;e;j gjtpfspYs;Nshu;> fhuz fhupaq;fSld; fUj;Jj; njuptpg;gJ mtrpak;. kNyrpa ehl;ilr; Nru;e;j 'gPu; Kfkl;" vd;w vOj;jhsUf;F mtUila ,yf;fpag; gilg;Gf;fhf ,e;jpahtpypUe;J 10>000 &gh gupRk; xU tpUJk; fpilj;jJ. ,ij mwpe;j kNyrpa muR jkJ jha; ehl;bw;Fg; ngWik Njbj; je;j gPu; Kfkl; mtu;fSf;F xU ,yl;rk; &gha; toq;fp nfsutpj;jJ. Mdhy; Jujp\;ltrkhf ,yq;ifapy; ,g;gbahd Cf;Ftpg;Ngh my;yJ mq;fPfhuNkh fhzf;fpilg;gjpy;iy. xU ey;y cjhuzj;ij ehd; nrhy;fpd;Nwd;. jkpo; ehl;L ,yf;fpa tuyhw;wpy; Kjd; Kiwahf rpq;fs E}y; xd;wpw;F tpUJ xd;W fpilj;jJ. vdJ

,yq;ifapd; jkpo; ehtypy; Xu; tsu;r;rpiaf; fhz KbfpwJ. Kd;diu tpl E}y;fs; gpuRukhfpd;wd. jkpo; ehty;fSf;F tpUJfs; toq;FtJ kpfTk; gaDs;s xU eltbf;if. mjd; %yk; vOj;jhsu;fs; Cf;Ftpf;fg;gLfpd;wdu;. mNj rkak; jkpo; E}y;fis mr;rpl;L ntspapLtjw;Fk; 'rpwpRkd nfhlNf" mtu;fs; Kaw;rp vLj;Js;shu;. ehk; mtUf;F ed;wpAilatu;fshNthk;. mNj rkak; jkpo; ehty;fis rpq;fs nkhopapy; nkhop ngau;j;J jkpo; kf;fspd; ,jaj; Jbg;ig rpq;fs thrfu;fSf;F mwpKfg;gLj;jTk; ,J cjtpAs;sJ. ,d;Dk; rpyu; ,g;nghWg;ig Gupe;Jnfhz;Ls;sik kfpo;r;rpf;FupaJ. vt;thwhapDk; ,yq;ifapy; gy ,yf;fpa tpUJ toq;Fk; itgtq;fs; ,lk;ngWfpd;wd. mur ,yf;fpa tpUJ tpohitj; jtpu jkpo; E}y;fSf;F nfhlNf tpUJ toq;Fk; tpohtpy; khj;jpuNk tpUJfs; toq;fg;gLfpd;wd. '];tu;z G];jf tpUJ" toq;Fk; itgtj;jpy; rpwe;j Ie;J rpq;fs ehty;fSf;F Ik;gjhapuk; &gha; gb toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ,e;j Ie;J E}y;fSs; kpfr; rpwe;j ehtYf;F Ie;J ,yl;rk; &gh toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ. Gj;jf ntspaPl;lhsu; rq;fj;jpy; jkpo; ntspaPl;lhsu;fSk; ,ize;Js;sdu;. mJkhj;jpukpd;wp Mz;LNjhWk; eilngWk; ru;tNjrg; Gj;jff; fz;fhl;rpf;Fj; jkpo; ehl;bypUe;Jk; ,e;jpahtpypUe;Jk; gy ntspaPl;lhsu;fSk; tUif je;J jkJ Gj;jfq;fis tpw;gid nra;fpd;wdu;. vdNt> Gj;jf ntspaPl;lhsu;fspd; rq;fj;jpy; tpUJ ngWtjw;F jkpo; vOj;jhsu;fSf;F cupik ,y;iyah? 'jpU. nfhlNf"> jdp kdpjd; vd;w tifapYk; ,g;nghWg;ig mKy;gLj;Jfpwhu;. vdNt '];tu;z G];jf" ntspaPl;lhsu;fs; jkpo; E} y;fSf;F Vd; tpUJ toq;f KbahJ? xUtNuhL xUtu; re;Njfj;Jld; thOk; ,uz;L ,d kf;fspilNa rNfhjuj;Jtj;ij fl;bnaOg;Gtjhapd; fiy ,yf;fpak; fy;tp vd;gtw;wpD} lhfNt mij rhj;jpakhf;f KbAk;. rl;lq;fs; %yk; khj;jpuk; mjid mKy;gLj;j KbahJ.

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;

7
jpUj;jj;jpd; %yk; kpfTk; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;j nkhopf;nfhs;ifia mKyhf;Ftjw;fhd eltbf;iffs; vLf;fg;gl;L tUfpd;wd. ,k;khw;wk; rpy Jiwfspy; Kd;Ndw;wj;ijf; fz;l NghjpYk; ehk; ntw;wpnfhs;sNtz;ba jilfs; njhlu;e;J epyTfpd;wd. Ra Ml;rp njhlu;ghfTk;> epyg;gug;ig ghJfhg;gJ njhlu;ghd Njit fhuzkhfTk;> fpsu;r;rpfukhd epyik cf;fpukile;jjhYk;> ,yq;ifapy; gy jrhg;jq;fshf epytpa rptpy; Aj;jj;jpw;fhd mbj;jsj;ij cUthf;fpaJ nkhop cupik gw;wpa rpf;fy; vd;Nw mNefkhf $wg;gLfpd;wJ. nkhopg;gpur;rpid vkJ neUf;fbapd; mbg;gilf; fhuzp vd ,g;gpur;rpidf;Fj; jPu;T fhz;ifapy; ftdpf;f Ntz;ba kpf Kf;fpakhd mk;rkhFk;. nkhop cupikfs; gw;wp rl;luPjpahd eltbf;iffs; vLf;fg;gl;bUe;j NghjpYk; Fwpg;gpl;l khw;wq;fis ehL g+uhTk; mKy;gLj;Jtjw;F muR eltbf;if vLf;f Ntz;bAs;sJ. mur Copau;fs; jkJ flikfisg; gw;wp mwpe;Jnfhs;s Ntz;ba mNj Neuj;jpy; mtu;fs; mf;flikfisg; Guptjw;fhd Mw;wy;fisAk; toq;f Ntz;Lk;. jkJ cupikfisAk; nghWg;Gf;fisAk; gw;wp gpui[fSk; mwpTWj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW tpopg;Gzu;T ngw;W mur fUk nkhopfis eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjw;F mtrpakhd r%f khw;wq;fis Vw;gLj;Jtjw;F mtu;fs; ciof;f Ntz;Lk;. Kk;nkhopf;nfhs;iffs; vOj;J tbtj;jpy; ,Ue;j NghjpYk; mjid eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjw;F xU Fwpg;gpl;l fhy mtfhrk; Njitg;gLtNjhL ghupa Kaw;rpAk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;Lk;. Vida kf;fl; FOf;fs; mtu;fSf;Fg; ghjfkhf Kiwapy; topelj;Jtjw;F ,dj;Jtg; ngUk;ghd;ikapdu; mbf;fb Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw murpay; uPjpapy; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wdu;. ,jd; tpisthf r%fj;jpy; Nt&d;wpa Kuz;ghLfSk; mOj;jq;fSk; mjpfupf;Fk; tha;g;Ng Vw;gLk;. ehl;bd; ve;jnthU gpuNjrKk; xU Fwpg;gpl;l ,df;FOkj;jpw;F khj;jpuk; tiuaWf;fg;glf;$lhJ. ed;ik gaf;Fk; gy;ypd fyit ehl;bw;F crpjkhd mNj Ntis mjid Nkk;gLj;jTk; Ntz;Lk;. xU Fwpg;gpl;l gpuNjrj;ijf; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l ,dj;jpw;F khj;jpuk; gyte;jkhf kl;Lg;gLj;JtJ ,aw;iff;F khwhd xU nrayhFk;. mj;jifa xU nraiy ehk; mq;fPfupf;fTk; KbahJ. ehl;bDs; xU gpuNjrj;jpypUe;J kw;iwa gpuNjrq;fSf;fhd FbNaw;wq;fs; jdpg;gl;l KiwapYk; re;ijapd; topelj;jy; fhuzkhfTk; mika Ntz;Lk;. FbNaw;wj; jpl;lq;fis cUthf;Fk; NghJ xU Fwpg;gpl;l gpuNjrj;jpd; ,dj;Jt cs;slf;fj;ij khw;Wk; Nehf;fj;NjhL jpl;lkpl;l tifapy; muR jiyaPL nra;af;$lhJ. rpq;fsKk; jkpOk; mur fUk nkhopfs; vd;w tifapy; ehL g+uhTk; mKy;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;. Xu; Fwpg;gpl;l msT Mq;fpy nkhop mKyhf;fKk; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jJ. gpuNjrr; Rahl;rp my;yJ rk\;bthjk; ,g;gpur;rpidiaf; Fiwg;gjw;fhd rpwe;j cghakhFk;. ,jD}lhf Nkhjiy Fiwj;Jf;nfhs;s KbAk;. cjhuzkhf kl;lf;fsg;G fy;Kid Nghd;w gpuNjrq;fspy; mbg;gilahf jkpo; nkhop %yk; epu;tfpf;f KbAk;. mNj rkak;> ,ilapilNa jdpikg;gLj;jg;gl;l rpq;fsg; gpuNjrq;fspy; khfhz mjpfhuk; rpq;fs nkhopapy; fUkkhw;Wtjw;F eltbf;if vLf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,jw;Fr; rkkhf khj;jiw khtl;lj;jpy; mbg;gilapy; 8k; gf;fk; ghu;f;f

ehL g+uhTk; Kiwrhu; nkhopf; fzf;fha;T ,lk;ngw Ntz;Lk;
fyhepjp NjtNerd; Neirah
fyhepjp NjNerd; Neirah> aho;g;ghzk;> kd;dhu;> kl;lf;fsg;G Mfpa khtl;lq;fspy; murhq;f mjpguhff; flikahw;wp epiwe;j mDgtk; ngw;w Kd;id ehs; epu;thf Nrit cj;jpNahfj;ju; Mthu;. tlf;fpy; fpsu;r;rpfukhd epiyik tsu;r;rpaile;J> rptpy; Aj;jk; Muk;gkhfpa 80tJ jrhg;jj;jpd; Muk;gf; fl;lj;jpy; mtu; aho;g;ghz murhq;f mjpgu; vd;w tifapy; rthy; kpFe;j gzpfis nra;J Kbj;jhu;. ,Wjpapy; Rw;whly; mikr;rpd; nrayhsuhfg; gzpahw;wp Xa;T ngw;whu;. jw;NghJ xU fy;tpkhdhfTk; rptpy; r%fr; nraw;ghl;lhsuhfTk; nraw;gl;L tUfpd;whu;. r%fj;jpy; rpwg;Gupik mw;w FOf;fSf;F ed;ik gaf;ff; $ba epu;thf kw;Wk; rl;l Vw;ghLfs; gw;wpNa jdJ fyhepjpg; gl;lj;jpy; Muha;i;jhu;. 'tpgh\h" nra;jp klYld; mz;ikapy; elj;jpa Neu;fhzypd; NghJ fyhepjp NjtNerd; Neirah ,yq;ifapd; nkhopf;nfhs;ifia mKy;gLj;jy; gw;wpa jdJ mDgtq;fis vLj;Jf;$wpdhu;. mtu; fye;Jiuahlypd; NghJ Kd;itj;j rpy fUj;Jf;fis mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L ,f;fl;Liu tiuag;gl;Ls;sJ.

'Ra Ml;rp njhlu;ghfTk; jkJ epyg;gug;ig ghJfhg;gJ njhlu;ghd Njit fhuzkhfTk;> fpsu;r;rpfukhd epyik cf;fpukile;jhYk; ,yq;ifapy; gy jrhg;jq;fshf epytpa rptpy; Aj;jj;jpw;fhd mbj;jsj;ij cUthf;fpaJ nkhop cupik gw;wpa rpf;fy; vd;Nw mNefkhf $wg;gLfpd;wJ. nkhopg;gpur;rpid vkJ neUf;fbapd; mbg;gilf; fhuzp vd ,g;gpur;rpidf;Fj; jPu;T fhz;ifapy; ftdpf;f Ntz;ba kpf Kf;fpakhd mk;rkhFk;"
,yq;ifapd; nkhop cupikfisg; gw;wpa rupahd tpsf;fj;ijg; ngWtjhapd;> ,J njhlu;ghd gpur;rpidfs; tsu;r;rpaile;j tuyw;Wg; gpd;dzpiaAk; murpay; #oikitAk; Gupe;Jnfhs;tJ mtrpakhFk;. 1956 mur fUk nkhopf;nfhs;iff;F Kd;ida Afj;jpy; ePzlfhykhf ,yq;ifapy; nkhop cupikfs; Nghjpajhf mikatpy;iy mur fUk nkhopr;rl;lj;jpw;F mika rpq;fs nkhop cupikfs; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;ld. ,jw;F Kd;ida fhyfl;lj;jpy; gpupj;jhdpaUila Mjpf;fj;jpd; fPo; Mq;fpy nkhopf;F mur fUk nkhop me;j];J fpilj;jpUe;j mNj Ntis mjd; fhuzkhf rpq;fsk; jkpo; Mfpa ,U nkhopfspd; me;j];J Mgj;Jf;Fs;shdJ. 1956k; Mz;bd; nkhopr; rl;lj;jpd; jhf;fk; fhuzkhf jkpo; nkhop NgRk; kf;fspd; cupikfs; Xuq;fhl;lg;gl;ld. rpq;fsk;> jkpo; Mfpa nkhopfSf;F mur fUk nkhop me;j];J toq;fg;gl;l 1978k; Mz;L murpayikg;Gf;fhd

8

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;
7k; gf;fj; njhlu;r;rp

ehL g+uhTk; Kiwrhu;.....
rpq;fs nkhop %yk; epu;thfk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba mNj rkak; mq;Fk; jdpikg;gLj;jg;gl;l jkpo; gpuNjrq;fspy; cs;s kf;fs; kj;jpapy; jkpo; nkhopapy; fUkkhw;wyhk;. kf;fs; xU gpuNjrj;jpy; ,Ue;J kw;WNkhu; gpuNjrj;jpw;F Fbngau;tjw;F trjp nra;jy; kw;WNkhu; cghakhFk;. ,jd; %yk; jdpikg;gLj;jg;gLk; Nfhyj;ij Kwpf;f KbAk;> Mdhy;> mJ me;egu;fspd; jdpg;gl;l tpUg;gpd; NgupNyNa ,J ,lk;ngw KbAk;. NkYk; mJ Rje;jpukhdjhf mika Ntz;Lk;. murpay; fhuzq;fis mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L muR mjid nraw;gLj;jf;$lhJ. 1998k; Mz;L nkhop uPjpahd fzf;fha;T xd;W Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;lNjhL mjpy; mKypYs;s nkhopfs; Ntw;W nkhopfs; %yk; Nrit toq;fy;> epu;thfj;jpw;F ,Uf;ff;$b a Mw;wy; vd;gd ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl;ld. ,q;F kpfg; ghuJ}ukhd FiwghLfs; mk;gyg;gLj;jg;gl;ld. KO ehLk; cs;slf;ff;$ba tifapy; xOq;fhd nkhopf; fzf;fha;T ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mNj Neuj;jpy; mq;Fs;s FiwghLfSk; milahsk; fhzg;gl Ntz;Lk;. mg;NghJ mf;FiwghLfis jPu;f;f eltbf;if vLf;f KbAk;. mNj rkak;> gy Mz;Lfshf xd;W Nru;f;fg;gl;l gpur;rpidfSk; gpur;rpidfisj; jPu;g;gjw;Fk; ,J top tFf;Fk;. jkpo; kw;Wk; K];ypk; r%fj;ijg; NghyNt rpq;fstu;fisg; nghWj;jtiuapy; ehL g+uhTk; Rje;jpukhf elkhLtjw;Fk; jkJ md;whl nfhLf;fy; thq;fiy rpf;fypd;wpr; nra;tjw;Fk; nkhop Mw;wy; ngWfpwJ. kf;fs; midj;J nkhopfisAk; fw;f Ntz;ba mtrpak; ,y;iy. Mdhy; kf;fs; xUtNuhL xUtu; njhlu;Gnfhs;tjw;Fk; mur epWtdq;fNshL njhlu;Gnfhs;tjw;Fkhd trjpfis muR ];jhgpf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjhtJ> ngUk;ghd;ikapdupd; rpq;fs nkhop gad;gLj;jg;gLk; gpuNjrq;fspYk; Vida Njrpa nkhopfspy; fUkkhw;Wtjw;F trjpfis Vw;gLj;JtJ Kf;fpakhFk;. ,U nkhopg; gpuNjrq;fspy; ,U nkhopfspy; fUkkhw;wf;$ba trjpfs; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mNj rkak; Nrit toq;Fk; epiyaq;fspy; mtrpakhd ve;j re;ju;g;gj;jpYk; cjtf;$ba tifapy; mYtyfg; gzpahsu;fs; my;yJ ,Utupd; fUj;J epiy mtu;fSf;Fj; njupag;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. kf;fs; f\;lj;Jf;Fs;shfhj tifapy;

jkJ Ntiyfis jkJ nkhopapy; nra;tjw;fhd Mw;wiy mtu;fSf;F toq;f Ntz;Lk;. xU LLRC gupe;Jiu %yk; ghlrhiyfis xd;wpizf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W $Wfpd;w mNjNtis ,U nkhop Kk;nkhopf; fy;tpf;fhd #oiy rpU\;bf;f Ntz;Lk; vd 1920fspy; jpU.n`d;wp Ngupd;gehafj;jpd; jiyikapy; ,aq;fpa aho;g;ghz ,isQu; fhq;fpu]; fUj;J ntspapl;lJ. Muk;gg; gupe;Jiufspy; ,f;fytd; ghlrhiyfs; gw;wpa fUj;J epytp te;jJ. ,g;ghlrhiyfs; fytd; ghlrhiy vd;W Muk;g gupe;Jiufspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l NghJ xU ehl;bd; ePbj;J epiyf;ff;$ba jd;ikia Vw;gLj;Jtjw;fhd tha;g;G ,Ue;jnjd xU rpyu; $wpdu;. muR Ml;Nru;f;Fk; guPl;irfspy; ,uz;lhtJ %d;whtJ nkhopia mwpe;jpUg;NghUf;F tpNrl ed;ikfis toq;fpdhy; mJ nkhop Mw;wiy Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;F Cf;Ftpg;ghf mikAk;. gd;ikj;Jt ,df;FOkq;fspilNa ,yf;fpaj;ijAk; tuyhw;iwAk; gfpu;e;Jnfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. nkhopfspd; tuyhw;iw kjpg;gJk; Nkk;gLj;JtJk; Xu; cghakhu;f;fkhff; fUj Ntz;Lk;. E}y;fis mtutuJ nkhopfspy; nkhopngau;j;J gfpu;e;Jnfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. rpq;fsk; kw;Wk; jkpo; ,yf;fpa E}y;fs; ghlrhiy kl;lj;jpy; gupe;Jiuf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,jd; %yk; xt;nthUtUila fyhrhuj;ijg; gw;wpa Mu;tj;ij Vw;gLj;Jtijg; NghyNt ,U nkhopg; ghtidia Nkk;gLj;Jk; tifapy; epfo;r;rpfs; ,lk;ngw Ntz;Lk;. ghlrhiyfspy; khztu;fSf;F nkhopiag; Nghjpf;Fk; NghJ mk;nkhopia tsu;e;Njhu;f;Ff; fw;gpg;gij tpl ,yFthdJ. Cf;Ftpf;Fk; Kiwfis mwpKfg;gLj;Jtjd; %yk; ,g;gpur;rpid kpfr; nraw;jpwd; nfhz;ljhf mikAk;. fy;tp kPJ mf;fiw nrYj;Jtjd; %yk; re;Njfj;jpw;F ,lkpd;wp Xu; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jf;$Lk;. nkhop cupikfs; nkhopr; rq;ffq;fs; kw;Wk; Kk;nkhopf; nfhs;iffs; vd;gd gw;wp Kd;itj;j Gjpa Nahridfs; kPJ rpwe;j mq;fPfhuk; fpilj;Js;sJ. kpfr; rpwe;j ngWNgWfisg; ngWtjw;F NkYk; gzpahw;w Ntz;ba flik vkf;F cs;sJ. NkNy fye;Jiuahba eltbf;iffisAk; nkhop cupikfis tYt+l;Ltjd; %yKk; ,yq;if g+uhfTk; gue;J tpupe;Js;s Njrpa If;fpaj;jpw;Fk; ,J mbg;gilf; fhuzkhf mikfpwJ.

mur fUk nkhopf;nfhs;ifia mKyhf;Fk; nghWg;G
gd;ikj;Jt ,df;FOkq;fspilNa ,yf;fpaj;ijAk; tuyhw;iwAk; gfpu;e;Jnfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. nkhopfspd; tuyhw;iw kjpg;gJk; Nkk;gLj;JtJk; Xu; cghakhu;f;fkhff; fUj Ntz;Lk;. E}y;fis mtutuJ nkhopfspy; nkhopngau;j;J gfpu;e;Jnfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. rpq;fsk; kw;Wk; jkpo; ,yf;fpa E}y;fs; ghlrhiy kl;lj;jpy; gupe;Jiuf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,jd; %yk; xt;nthUtUila fyhrhuj;ijg; gw;wpa Mu;tj;ij Vw;gLj;Jtijg; NghyNt ,U nkhopg; ghtidia Nkk;gLj;Jk; tifapy; epfo;r;rpfs; ,lk;ngw Ntz;Lk;. ghlrhiyfspy; khztu;fSf;F nkhopiag; Nghjpf;Fk; NghJ mk;nkhopia tsu;e;Njhu;f;Ff; fw;gpg;gij tpl ,yFthdJ. Cf;Ftpf;Fk; Kiwfis mwpKfg;gLj;Jtjd; %yk; ,g;gpur;rpid kpfr; nraw;jpwd; nfhz;ljhf mikAk;. fy;tp kPJ mf;fiw nrYj;Jtjd; %yk; re;Njfj;jpw;F ,lkpd;wp Xu; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jf;$Lk;. gd;ikj;Jt ,df;FOkq;fspilNa ,yf;fpaj;ijAk; tuyhw;iwAk; gfpu;e;Jnfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. nkhopfspd; tuyhw;iw kjpg;gJk; Nkk;gLj;JtJk; Xu; cghakhu;f;fkhff; fUj Ntz;Lk;. E}y;fis mtutuJ nkhopfspy; nkhopngau;j;J gfpu;e;Jnfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. rpq;fsk; kw;Wk; jkpo; ,yf;fpa E} y;fs; ghlrhiy kl;lj;jpy; gupe;Jiuf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,jd; %yk; xt;nthUtUila fyhrhuj;ijg; gw;wpa Mu;tj;ij Vw;gLj;Jtijg; NghyNt ,U nkhopg; ghtidia Nkk;gLj;Jk; tifapy; epfo;r;rpfs; ,lk;ngw Ntz;Lk;. ghlrhiyfspy; khztu;fSf;F nkhopiag; Nghjpf;Fk; NghJ mk;nkhopia tsu;e;Njhu;f;Ff; fw;gpg;gij tpl ,yFthdJ. Cf;Ftpf;Fk; Kiwfis

mur fUk nkhopf;nfhs;ifia
mKyhf;Fk; nghWg;G
,yq;ifapd; mur fUk nkhopf;nfhs;ifia mKy;gLj;Jk; nghWg;G xg;gilf;fg;gl;Ls;s gpujhd epWtdq;fNshL njhlu;Gnfhs;s Ntz;ba Kftupfs;
Njrpa nkhopfs; kw;Wk; r%f xUq;fpizg;G mikr;R Kftup - ,y.40> Gj;fKt tPjp> uh[fpupa njhiyNgrp ,yf;fk; - 011 2883926 011 2883927 011 2882928 /gf;];- 011 2883929 kpd;dQ;ry; - info@lanintegmin.gov.lk ,izajsk; - http://www.lanintegmin.gov.lk mur fUk nkhopfs; jpizf;fsk; Kftup - 'gh\h ke;jpua"> ,y. 341{7> Nfhl;Nl tPjp> uh[fpupa. njhiyNgrp ,yf;fk; - 011 2888934 /gf;];- 011 2883928 kpd;dQ;ry; - comiaddin@sltnet.lk ,izajsk; - http://www.lanuagesdept.gov.lk mur fUk nkhopfs; Mizf;FO Kftup - 4k; khb> 'gh\h ke;jpua"> ,y. 341{7> Nfhl;Nl tPjp> uh[fpupa. njhiyNgrp ,yf;fk; - 011 2871378 /gf;];- 011 2871379 kpd;dQ;ry; - olc@sltnet.gov.lk ,izajsk; - http://www.languagescom.gov.lk Njrpa nkhopf;fy;tp kw;Wk; gapw;rp epiyak; Kftup - fNy tj;j> mfytj;j. njhiyNgrp ,yf;fk; - 034 3942692 034 3942683 034 3944352 /gf;];- 034 3944351 kpd;dQ;ry; - nilet@sltnet.gov.lk ,izajsk; - http://www.nilet.gov.lk

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;
nkhop cupikfs; kPwg;gLifapy; epthuzk; ngWtjw;F ,yq;ifapy; nraw;gLk; nghwpKiwfis mwpKfg;gLj;Jk; fl;LiufSs; %d;whk; fl;Liu ,q;F gpuRukhfpwJ. murpayikg;G %yk; ];jhgpf;fg;gl;Ls;s ,yq;iff; Fbaurpd; mjpcau; ePjpks;wkhd cr;rePjpkd;w nraw;ghL ,f;fl;Liu %yk; njspthf;fg;gLfpwJ. jkJ cupikfs; kPwg;gLifapy; ,e;epiyikia rPu;nra;tjw;Fg; gpui[fSf;F mtrpakhd tpopg;Gzu;it Nkk;gLj;JtJ ,f;fl;Liuapd; Nehf;fkhFk;.

9

nkhop cupikfs; kPwg;gLifapy; vt;thW epthuzq;fisg; ngw KbAk;?
cr;r ePjpkd;wk;
2. 3. 4. mur fUk nkhopfs; njhlu;ghd Rw;wwpf;if kPwg;gLjy; jkJ nkhop %yk; nraw;gLtjw;fhd jilfs; mur fUk nkhopf;nfhs;iff;F khwhf eltbf;if vLj;jy;

murpayikg;G %yk; ];jhgpf;fg;gl;l cr;r ePjpkd;wk; ,yq;iff; Fbaurpd; mjpcau; ePjpkd;wkhFk;. cr;r ePjpkd;wj;jpd; flikfisg; gpd;tUkhW rhuhk;rg;gLj;j KbAk;. ² xU Fwpg;gpl;l rl;l %yk; (rl;l tiuG) my;yJ mjd; xU gFjp murpayikg;gpw;F Vw;Gilajh ,y;iyah vd;gij jPu;khdpf;Fk; jdp mjpfhuk; ² murpayikg;ig tiutpyf;fzk; nra;Ak; mjpfhuk; ² mbg;gil cupikfs; gw;wpa epahahjpf;fk; ² ,Wjp Nkd;KiwaPl;L ePjpkd;wkhfr; nraw;gly; ² [dhjpgjpj; Nju;jy; kw;Wk; kf;fs; mgpg;gpuha thf;nfLg;Gg; gw;wpa kDf;fis tprhuiz nra;Ak mjpfhuk; ² ghuhSkd;wr; rpwg;Gupikfis kPWif gw;wpa Kiwg;ghLfis tprhuiz nra;Ak; mjpfhuk; ² ePjpkd;w eltbf;iffis xOq;FgLj;Jtjw;fhd rl;lq;fisj; jahupj;jy; kw;Wk; crhj;Jiz ePjpkd;w mjpfhuq;fs; cr;r ePjp kd;wj;jplk; rku;g;gpf;fg;gl KbAk;. 1. mbg;gil cupik kPwg;gLifapy; murpayikg;gpd; IIIk; gpuptpd; fPo; mbg;gil cupikfSs; ,uz;L nkhop cupikfs; gw;wpait. ² 12k; cWg;Giuapy; Fwpg;gplg;gLk; rk cupik ² 14(1) (C) cWg;Giuapy; Fwpg;gplg;gLk; jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; my;yJ VidNahuplk; ,ize;J my;yJ jkJ fyhrhuj;ij mD\;bf;fTk; Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;Fkhd Rje;jpuKk; jkJ nkhopiag; gad;gLj;Jtjw;Fkhd Rje;jpuk;. ,t;Tupikfs; murpd; epiwNtw;W my;yJ epu;thfk; eltbf;if fhuzkhf kPwg;gl;lhy; cr;r ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F KiwaPL nra;a KbAk;. ,j;jifa eltbf;iffSf;fhd cjhuzk; 1. ghtpf;fg;gLk; nkhop fhuzkhf NtWghL fhl;ly;

,jw;fika mbg;gil cupik kPwg;gl;l FiwtUkhdKila xU egu; Nkw;gb cupik kPwy; gw;wp gpujk ePjpaurUf;F vOj;J %yk; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa re;ju;g;gj;jpy; mf;Nfhupf;ifia mbg;gil cupik kPwy; kDthff; fUjp> cr;r ePjpkd;wg; gjpthsu;> rl;lj;juzpfs; rq;fj;jpw;F rku;g;gpg;ghu;. mjd; gpd;du; rl;lj;juzpfs; rq;fj;jpd; kdpj cupikfs; ikaj;jpd; rl;lj;juzpfs; vJtpjf; fl;lzKk; mwtplhky; Nkw;gb tof;ifj; njhlu;e;J Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;tu;. ,t;top Kiw %yk; tWik fhuzkhf my;yJ rl;lj;juzp xUtiu mku;j;j Kbahj xU egu; jkJ cupikfisg; ghJfhg;gjw;fhd kpfr; rpwe;j re;ju;g;gkhFk;. tof;Fj; njhlu;tjw;fhd fhy vy;iy. mbg;gil cupikfs; my;yJ nkhop cupik kPwg;gl;L xU khj fhyj;jpw;Fs; cr;r ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F xU Nfhupf;if tpLf;fyhk;. fhy vy;iy njhlu;ghd ,r;rl;l epiyik mz;ikf;fhy tof;Fj; jPu;g;Gf;fs; %yk; ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F tUif jUtjw;fhd jifik ngw;w jpfjp Kjy; xU khj fhyk; tiu vd tiutpyf;fzk; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. xU khj fhyj;jpw;Fs; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FOtpw;F Kiwg;ghL nra;ag;gl;bUg;gpd;> Mizf;FO ,k; Kiwg;ghl;il tprhuizf;F vLf;Fk; fhyk;> cr;r ePjpkd;wk; xU khj fhyj;ij fzf;fPL nra;Ak;NghJ> fzf;fpy; vLj;Jf;nfhs;skhl;lhJ. cr;r ePjpkd;wj;jpd; mbg;gil cupikfs; kw;Wk; nkhop cupikfs; gw;wpa ePjpkd;w topKiw 1. tof;if Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;tjw;fhd mDkjpiag; ngwy; 2. vjpu;thjpfSf;F jkJ jug;gpypUe;J tplaq;fis vLj;Jf;$w re;ju;g;gk; toq;fg;gLk; 3. kD tprhuizf;F vLj;Jf;nfhs;sg;gLk; 4. jPu;g;G toq;fg;gLk; tof;Fj; jPu;g;gpy; cs;slf;fg;glf;$ba epthuzq;fs; ² jFepiyf;F cl;gLj;jy; ² rPuhf;Fjy; ² mePjpahd xU nraw;ghl;il epWj;Jjy; ² e\;l <L toq;Fjy; ² tof;Fr; nryTfis nrYj;Jjy;

nkhop cupik kPwg;gLjy; murpayikg;gpd; ivk; mj;jpahak; nkhop cupikfSf;fhf xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,q;F Fwpg;gplg;gLk; cupikfs; kPwg;gl;lhy; mj;jifa re;ju;g;gj;jpy; cr;r ePjp kd;wj;jpy; tof;Fj; njhlu;e;J epthuzk; ngw KbAk;. ,j;jifa cupik kPwy;fs; njhlu;ghd rpy cjhuzq;fs; ² epu;thf eltbf;iffspd; NghJ rpq;fsk; my;yJ jkpo; nkhopg; ghtid gpui[fSf;Fupa cupikia kPwy; ² nkhopg; ghtid gw;wpAs;s nfhs;iffSf;F Kuzhf eltbf;if Nkw;nfhs;sy; ² nkhopg; ghtid gw;wpAs;s nghJepu;thf kw;Wk; mur fUk nkhopfs; Rw;wwpf;iffSf;F Kuzhf eltbf;if Nkw;nfhs;sy; ² rpq;fs nkhop %yk; khj;jpuk; mur epWtdq;fSld; njhlu;Gnfhs;s Ntz;Lnkd epu;g;ge;jpj;jy; ² jkpo; nkhop %yk; khj;jpuk; mur epWtdq;fSld; njhlu;Gnfhs;s Ntz;Lnkd epu;g;ge;jpj;jy; Nkw;$wg;gl;Ls;s VjhtJ xU re;ju;g;gj;jpy; nkhop cupik kPwg;gl;lhy; cr;r ePjp kd;wj;jpy; tof;Fj; njhlu;e;J epthuzk; Nfhu KbAk; vj;jug;gpdu; cupikfis kPWk;NghJk; cr;r ePjp kd;wj;jpy; tof;Fj; njhlu KbAk;? 1. epiwNtw;W eltbf;if %yk; cupik kPwg;gLk; NghJ 2. epu;thf eltbf;if %yk; cupik kPwg;gLk; NghJ epiwNtw;W uPjpahfNth epu;thf uPjpahfNth mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; jkJ cj;jpNahfg+u;t flikfis epiwNtw;Wk; NghJ Nkw;nfhs;Sk; cupik kPwy;fs;. vdNt> jdpahu;

2.

Jiw %yNkh> jdpegu;fs; %yNkh my;yJ ePjpj;Jiw %yNkh Nkw;nfhs;Sk; eltbf;iffs; %yk; mbg;gil cupikfs; my;yJ nkhop cupikfs; kPwg;gl;lhy; cr;r ePjpkd;wj;jpy; tof;Fj; njhlu KbahJ. cr;r ePjpkd;wj;jpy; tof;Fj; njhlUk; topKiw mbg;gil cupikfs; kw;Wk; nkhop cupikfs; kPwg;gLk; NghJ cr;r ePjpkd;wj;jpy; tof;Fj; njhlUk; topKiw murpayikg;gpd; 126 Mk; cWg;Giuapy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jw;fika tof;Fj; njhlUk; cupik gpd;tUNthUf;Fz;L. 1. Nkw;gb cupikfis kPwg;gl;likahy; ghjpg;gpw;F cs;shd egu; 2. Nkw;gl egupd; rl;lj;juzp mbg;gil cupik my;yJ nkhop cupik kPwg;glhJ tpl;lhYk; kPwg;gLtjw;F mz;kpj;Js;s re;ju;g;gj;jpy; cr;r ePjpkd;wj;jpy; tof;Fj; njhlu KbAk;. cupik kPwy; rk;gtk; fhuzkhf ghjpg;gpw;F MshFk; egu; my;yJ me;egupd; rl;lj;juzp khj;jpuNk tof;Fj; njhlu KbAk;. vdNt> ,J tplakhf Mu;tk; fhl;Lk; NtW egNuh my;yJ mikg;Ngh Nkw;gb cupik kPwy; Fwpj;J tof;Fj; njhlu KbahJ Mdhy;> ,t;thwhf tof;Fj; njhlu cr;r ePjpkd;wk; mDkjp toq;fpa re;ju;g;gq;fs; cz;L. cr;rePjpkd;wj;jpd; xOq;F tpjpfs; %yk; tpNrl epthuzq;fs; toq;fpa re;ju;g;gq;fs; 1990 ,y; cr;r ePjpkd;wk; %yk; Fiwe;j tUkhdKila rl;lj;juzpfis mku;j;j Kbahj egu;fSf;F tpNrl xOq;F tpjpfs; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sd.

Kiwg;ghL nra;a Ntz;ba Kftup khz;GkpF gpujk ePjpauru;> cr;r ePjpkd;wk;> cr;r ePjpkd;wf; fl;blj;njhFjp nfhOk;G - 12

10

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;
gps;isfs; ghlrhiyapypUe;J rPf;fpukhfNt tpyfpr; nry;fpd;whu;fs; vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;L epyTfpd;wJ. 5k; tFg;G tiu khztu;fSf;F gfy; czT toq;Fk; jpl;lnkhd;iwAk; ,g;ghlrhiy eilKiwg;gLj;jp tUfpd;wJ. njYq;F gps;isfSf;fhfNt xJf;fg;gl;l xNu ghlrhiy ,Jntd;whYk; epakdk; ngw;W tUk; Mrpupau;fs; mtru mtrukhf ,lkhw;wk; ngw;Wr; nry;tjdhy; mJ ghlrhiyapd; ,Ug;Gf;F ngUk; mr;RWj;jyhf cs;sJ. ngz; gps;isfs; rPf;fpukhfNt ghlrhiyia if tpl;Lr; nry;tjw;fhd fhuzk; mtu;fs; Fiwe;j tajpy; jpUkzk; Kbg;gNj vd;fpwhu; rpq;fs ghlj;Jf;Fg; nghWg;ghd Mrpupau;. Fiwe;j tajpy; fUj;jupf;Fk; Nghf;F ,g;gFjpf; FLk;gq;fspy; gutyhff; fhz Kbfpd;wJ. NkYk; FLk;g Rfhjhu epiyaq;fSf;F nry;tjpy; $l Fiwe;jsT Mu;tj;ijNa fhl;Lfpd;wdu;. ,J njhlu;ghf fUj;Jj; njuptpj;j Flhfk FLk;g Rfhjhu Copau; 'ehd; ngUk; ghLgl;Nl fu;g;gpzpg; ngz;fis fpspdpf; epiyaj;Jf;F mioj;J tUfpd;Nwd;. mtu;fSk; njhopYf;Fr; nry;fpd;whu;fs;. fu;g;gpzpg; ngz;fSf;Fk; rpW gps;isfisr; Rke;J nry;NthUf;Fk; ftdpg;G fpilg;gjhfNt mtu;fs; epidf;fpd;whu;fs;. 25 ehl;fSf;F Nkyhf ngw;Nwhu; tPl;Lf;F ntspNa ,Ug;gjdhy; ngz; gps;isfs; Fiwe;j tajpNyNa Mz; Jizia Njbf; nfhs;fpd;whu;fs;. rpy tajpy; %j;j ngz;fSk; mjw;F cWJizahf ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. N[hrpak; nrhy;Yk; njhopYf;Fr; nry;Yk; NghJ rpW gps;isfis Rke;Jr; nrd;why; tpN\lf; ftdj;ijg; ngWtjdhy; rPf;fpukhfNt gps;isfis ngw;Wf;nfhs;SkhW tw;GWj;jg;gLfpd;whu;fs;. Njitaw;w fUj;jupg;Gfis jLg;gjw;F ehk; toq;Fk; mwpTWj;jy;fshy; cupa gyid ngwj; jtWtjw;F fhuzKk; mJNt MFk;". ,g;gpur;rpidf;F ,d;ndhU tbtKk; cz;L. FLk;gj;jpy; taJ te;jtu;fs; njhopYf;fhf ntspapy; nrd;w gpd;du; rpWgps;isfSf;Fk; eyd;Fd;wpa KjpNahu;fSf;Fkhf czT rikj;Jf;nfhLf;Fk; nghWg;Gk; ,sk; taJg; gps;isfs; kPNj Rkj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. "mk;kh njhopYf;Fr; nrd;w gpd;du; jk;gp jq;iffSf;F ehNd czT rikj;Jf;nfhLf;fpd;Nwd;" eluh[h ehky; kN`]; vd;w f.ngh.j rhjhuz ju tFg;gpy; fy;tp fw;Fk; khztd; jd; epiyia njspTgLj;jpdhd;. FlhfktpypUe;J jk;Gj;Njfk efuj;Jf;fhd J}uk; Rkhu; 4 fpNyh kPw;wu;fshFk;. gy;NtW Njitfs; fUjp jpdKk; 100 jlitf;F Fiwahky; efuj;Jf;Fr; nrd;W tUfpd;w NghjpYk; Flhfk fpuhkj;Jf;F Ng&e;J Nritnahd;W ,af;fg;gltpy;iy vd gyUk; Fw;wQ;rhl;Lfpd;whu;fs;. Flhfktpw;F kl;Lkd;wp ,uh[hq;fid Fsj;jpy; kPd; gpbj;njhopypy; <Lgl;Ls;s gy FLk;gq;fSf;Fk; ,Nj jiytpjpf;F Kfq;nfhLf;f Ntz;bAs;sJ. Flhfk FbNaw;wthrpfs; vjpu;nfhs;Sk; gpur;rpidfs; njhlu;ghf ,f;fpupntt fpuhk

'jkpo; kw;Wk; rpq;fs Mjpthrp kf;fs; Kfq;nfhLf;Fk; gytpjkhd nkhop kw;Wk; fyhr;rhu gpur;rpidfs; njhlu;ghf fle;j tpgh\h rQ;rpiffspy; ehk; fye;JiuahbNdhk;. ,k;Kiw gpuRupf;ftpUg;gJ ,yq;iftho; kf;fsJ gy;ypdj;ij Gyg;gLj;Jk; ,d;DNkhu; ,df;FOthd njYq;F kf;fs; njhlu;ghd fl;LiuahFk;"

Cu;tpl;L Cu; khWtjhy; tho;it ,oe;j

njYq;Fr; r%fj;jpdu; !
'vkJ guk;giuiar; Nru;e;jtu;fs; ghk;ghl;bahfTk; Fuq;F tpj;ijf; fhl;LgtuhfTk; ,Ue;Js;shu;fs.; N[hrpak; nrhy;tijAk; nra;Js;Nshk;. Mdhy;> vkJ gps;isfs; mj;njhopy;fis tpUk;gtpy;iy. mtu;fs; ntspg;gpuNjrq;fSf;Fr; nrd;W Gj;jfk; tpw;fpd;whu;fs;. mt;thW nry;Yk; NghJ fhjy;tag;gLfpwhu;fs;. Mdhy;> njYq;F vd;gij mwpe;j gpd;du; mj;njhlu;Gfs; Kwpfpd;wd. mDuhjGuj;ijr; Nru;e;jtu;fs; vk;ikg; gw;wp mwpe;J itj;Js;sikapdhy; vk;ktiuj; jpUkzk; nra;tjpy;iy. vk;ik Xuq;fl;Lfpwhu;fs;." ,yq;ifapy; njYq;F kf;fs; trpf;Fk; kpfg;ngupa FbNaw;wkhd Flhfktpy; trpf;Fk; Kd;gs;sp Mrpupiaahd mfl;lhdNf Njtpfh (taJ 29) njuptpf;Fk; ,f;$w;whdJ njYq;F r%fj;jpdu; jw;nghOJ Kfq;nfhLf;Fk; r%f uPjpahd Xuq;fhl;liyg; Gupe;Jnfhs;tjw;F xU Eiothapyhf ,Uf;Fk; vd;W $wyhk;. kfhtyp FbNaw;wj;jpl;lk; Muk;gpf;fg;gLtjw;F Kd;du; FlhFk;Gf;ntt fpuhkj;jpy; trpj;J te;j njYq;F kf;fs; mjidj; njhlu;e;J tptrhaj;Jf;fhd fhzpfs; toq;fg;gl;L jk;Gj;Njfk nge;jpntttpw;F mUNf mq;Fs;s Flhfk fpuhkj;jpy; Fbaku;j;jg;gl;ldu;. mjd;gb> jw;nghOJ 350 njYq;F FLk;gq;fs; Flhfk fpuhkj;jpy; trpj;J tUfpd;wd. FbNaw;wj;jpw;F Kd;gpUe;j guk;giu tho;tpay; Kiwia mNj milasq;fSld; nfhz;L elj;Jtjpy; fhzg;gLk; rpukq;fs;> fkj;njhopYf;F jk;ik gof;fpf;nfhs;tjpy; fhl;Lk;mrke;jg;Nghf;F> fy;tpapy; Fiwe;jsT ehl;lk;> r%f uPjpahf Xuq;fhl;lg;gLk; epiyik vd;gd fhuzkhf gpw;Nghf;fhd rpe;jidAld; nraw;gly;> tWikf;Nf cupj;jhd Fiwe;j taJj; jpUkzq;fs;> Fbg;gof;fKk; #jhl;lKk; gutyhf fhzg;gly; Nghd;w gy r%fg; gpur;rpidfis Flhfk fpuhkj;ijr; rhu;e;j gpuNjrj;jpy; fhz KbfpwJ. 'vkf;F Fbf;f ePu; ,y;iy. Foha; fpzw;wpypUe;J ngWk; ePiu Fbg;gjhy; Rfhjhuf; NfLfs; Vw;glyhk; vd murhq;f mjpfhupfs; $Wfpd;whu;fs;. Foha; ePu; ngw;Wj;jUtjhff; $wpdhYk; ,d;Dk; jug;gltpy;iy MfNt FbePu; ngw ePz;l J} uk; nry;y Ntz;bAs;sJ." ,r;r%fj;jpd; jiytuhf ,Ue;j Kj;Jrhkp Muhr;rpapd; Ngj;jpahd vk;. tduf;fhtpd; (taJ 65) fUj;Nj mJ. ,f;FbNaw;wf; fpuhkj;jpd; FbePu; gpur;rpidia jPu;f;Fk; nghUl;L 3 Foha; fpzWfs; mikf;fg;gl;bUe;jhYk; xU Foha;f; fpzW kl;LNk ,aq;Ffpd;wJ. mjpypUe;J ngwg;gLk; ePiug; gUFtjpy; Rfhjhuf; NfLfs; Vw;gLk; epiy fhzg;gLtjdhy; ,k; kf;fs; ngUk; gpur;rpidfis vjpu;nfhs;fpd;whu;fs;. "vk;ik tptrhaj;jpy; <LgLkhW $wg;gl;Ls;sjhy; tptrhak; nra;af;$ba ehl;fspy; tptrhak; nra;fpd;Nwhk;. Vida ehl;fspy; guk;giuj; njhopiyr; nra;fpd;Nwhk;. rpy gpuNjrq;fSf;Fr; nry;Yk; NghJ mq;F VNjDk; jpUl;Lr; rk;gtk; epfo;e;jhy; vk;ikNa gpbf;fpd;whu;fs;. rpyu; ehk; jpUlu;fs; vd;W epidf;fpd;whu;fs;. jk;Gj;Njfk nghyp]; epiyaj;Jf;Fg; gy jlit 'nkNr[;" mbj;J ,uz;L %d;W ehl;fSf;Fg; gpd;dNu vk;ik tpLtpg;ghu;fs;. ehk; jpUlu;fs; my;y vd;gJ jk;Gj;Njfk nghyprhUf;Fj; njupAk;" mfl;ldhNf gpauj;d (taJ 33) jkJ [PtNdhghaj;Jf;F Vw;gl;Ls;s xU

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,ila+iw mt;thW thu;j;ijfshf gjpT nra;ayhdhu;. rpWtu;fspd; cyfk; Flhfk njYq;Fg; gps;isfis rpq;fsg; ghlrhiyfSf;Fr; Nru;g;gjpy; Vw;glf;$ba gpur;rpidfis jPu;f;Fk; nghUl;L Flhfk tpj;jpahyak; Njhw;Wtpf;fg;gl;lJ. mq;F 11k; tFg;G tiu fw;gpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. cau;juj;jpy; gbg;gjw;F jk;Gj;Njfk my;yJ mDuhjGuj;Jf;F nry;y Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwhd re;ju;g;gq;fspy; jkJ njYq;F milahsj;ij kiwj;Jf;nfhz;L fy;tp fw;f Ntz;ba rthYf;F Kfq;nfhLj;jhf Ntz;Lk;. mj;Jld; 7> 8 k; tFg;GfSf;F Nky; gbg;gjpy; gps;isfs; Fiwe;jsT Mu;tj;ijNa nfhz;Ls;shu;fs; vd Mrpupau;fs; $Wfpd;wdu;. Fwpg;ghf ngz;

12k; gf;fk; ghu;f;f

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;
nkhopg;gw;W vDk;NghJ rpq;fsk; jkpo; vd;w Ngjk; fpilahJ. rpq;fstu;fs; rpq;fs nkhopiaAk; jkpou;fs; jkpo; nkhopiaAk; xNu Kiwapy; jhd; Nerpf;fpd;wdu; fle;j tpgh\h nra;jp kly; xd;wpy; gpuRupf;fg;gl;l jkpo; thrfu; xUtupd; fl;Liuia ,jw;F cjhuzkhf vLj;Jf;fhl;lyhk;. tPuNfrup gj;jpupifapypUe;J vLf;fg;gl;l xU fl;Liuia eh.nk. FkuNtyd; vd;w thrfNu vOjpapUe;jhu;. rk];fpUjk; cl;gl Vida gpwnkhopfspd; jhf;fj;jhy; jkpo; nkhopj; J} a;iknfl;Ls;sJ. rpq;fs nkhopiag; nghWj;jtiu rpq;fs nkhopg; gw;whsu;fs; ,f;Fw;wr;rhl;il ,Nj Kiwapy; Kd;itf;fpd;wdu;. jkJ nkhopapd; J}a;ikia ghJfhg;gijj; jtpu mtu;fs; nkhopapd; ,zf;fg;ghl;bw;Nf $ba Mu;tk; fhl;Lfpd;whu;fs;. ',zf;fg;ghL" gyUila tpthjq;fSf;F cl;gLj;jg;gl;l xU njhdpg;nghUshFk;. nkhopj;J}a;ik gw;wpa tpthjk; mbf;fb vOfpwJ. ,t;thz;L khu;r; 11k; jpfjp nfhOk;G nghJ Eyfj;jpd; Nfl;Nghu; $lj;jpy; ,lk;ngw;w nkhopg;gw;whsu;fspd; mikg;gpd; Mz;Lf;$l;lj;jpy; gpujhd njhdpg;nghUshf ,J fye;Jiuahlg;gl;lJ. ',zf;fg;ghL nfhz;l rpq;fs nkhopf;fhf Kd;dzpg; ghj;jpuk; vLg;Nghk;" vd;gJ kw;WNkhu; jiyg;ghFk;. ,f;fye;Jiuahlypd; NghJ rpy Kf;fpakhd fUj;Jf;fs; Kd;itf;fg;gl;ld. ,q;F ciuahw;wpa nfhOk;Gg; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpd; rpNu\;l tpupTiuahsuhd fyhepjp re;jNfhkp Nfhg;guN`th Kd;itj;j xU rpy fUj;Jf;fis ,q;F Nkw;Nfhs;fhl;l tpUk;GfpNwhk;. eilKiwapy; cs;s ve;jnthU nkhop njhlu;ghd ,t;tpzf;fg;ghL gw;wp ehk; vkJ ftdj;ijr; nrYj;j KbAk;. ,zf;fg;ghLila rpq;fsk; vd;w Nfh\k; ePz;lfhykhf epytp tUfpwJ. rpq;fs nkhopiag; nghWj;jtiu FkhuJq;f Kdpjhr vd;w rpq;fs mwpQupd; nraw;gzpia mtu; Qhgfg;gLj;j gpd;dpw;ftpy;iy. ,d;W nkhopapd; ,zf;fg;ghL gw;wpa Mu;tk; mjpf mstpy; tsu;e;NjhupilNa Kd;itf;fg;gLfpwJ. 1939k; Mz;L Kjy; RNjr nkhopfspd; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; gw;wp Mu;tj;Jld; nraw;gl;l xU FOtpduhNyNa ,f;fUj;J Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;L 1941 ,y; n`y`Ty vd;w ];jhgdk; cUthf;fg;gl;lJ. md;W 'n`y`Ty" mikg;G ,zf;fg;ghl;Lr; rpq;fsk; gw;wp ghupa

11
Ntz;Lk;. Mq;fpy nkhopap;d; ntw;wpf;F ,j;jifa ifE}y;fSk; mfuhjpfSk; topfhl;ly;fSNk fhuzkhf mike;Js;sd. re;jNfhkpapd; fUj;Jg;gb ve;jnthU nkhopf;Fk; xU epakKk; ,zf;fg;ghLk; Njit. Vw;gLk; gpur;rpidfisj; jPu;j;Jf;nfhs;tjw;fhd topfhl;ly;fSk; epGzj;Jt MNyhridAk; mtrpak;. mNj rkak; ve;jnthU nkhopf;Fk; gy;NtW rpe;jidg; Nghf;Ffs; ,Ug;gjw;fhd rhj;jpaf;$Wk; cz;L. ,jw;F mtu; Mq;fpy nkhopia cjhuzkhf vLj;jhu;. mjhtJ gpupj;jhdpa Mq;fpy kuGk; mnkupf;f Mq;fpy kuGk; ,jw;fhd cjhuzq;fshFk;. gy;NtW epWtd kl;lq;fspYk; ,j;jifa ,zf;fg;ghLfs; Vw;glyhk;. vdNt nkhop ,zf;fg;ghL vd;gJ nkhopr; ru;thjpfhukhf mikakhl;lhJ. Mdhy; xU nfhs;if ,Uf;f Ntz;bajd; mtrpaj;ijAk; re;jNfhkp typAWj;jpdhu;. epWtd kl;lq;fspYk; ,j;jifa nkhopf; nfhs;iffs; mikayhk;. cjhuzkhf murhq;f mr;rfj; jpizf;fsk; jkf;Nf cupj;jhd gjpg;ghrpupaupd; jpwikfisf; ifahsyhk;. gy;NtW Clf epWtdq;fs; kw;Wk; gpuRu epiyaq;fs; jj;jkJ gjpg;Gf;nfhs;iffis itj;jpUf;fyhk;. ,Wjpahf fyhepjp re;jNfhkp Kd;itj;j fUj;Jf;fis rhuhk;rg;gLj;jpdhy; ,yq;ifapy; rpq;fsk; jkpo; Mfpa ,U nkhopfs; njhlu;ghf mDrupf;f Ntz;ba epakq;fisAk; ,zf;fg;ghLfisAk; gw;wp rpy eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhs;syhk;. 1. nkhopapd; eilKiw gw;wp topfhl;Lk; ifE}y;fis Rygkhf toq;Fjy; 2. nkhop gw;wpa jpl;lq;fis cUthf;Fjy;. ,J gw;wpa nghWg;ig mur epWtdq;fSk; gy;fiyf;fofq;fSk;> ];jhgdq;fSk;> mwpQu;fSk; nghWg;Ngw;f Ntz;Lk;. 3. nkhopg; ghtidapy; gpugyk; tha;e;j epWtdq;fs; jkJ nkhop E}y;fis gjpg;gpj;jypd; NghJ nkhopf;nfhs;iffis cUthf;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. mur Jiw epWtdq;fisg; NghyNt jdpahu; Jiw epWtdq;fSk; ,r;nraw;ghl;by; cs;slf;fg;gLk;. Clfq;fSf;Fk; gpuRu epiyaq;fSf;Fk; ,t;tplaj;jpy; ghupa nghWg;G cz;L . 4. Nkw;gb nghWg;G tha;e;j epWtdq;fspy; jkJ nkhopf;nfhs;if gw;wpa nghWg;ig tfpf;Fk; nkhopg; gjpg;ghrpupau; gjtpia ghuhkupj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

nkhopg;ghtidapd; ,zf;fg;ghl;bw;F

Gjpa gpuNtrk;
gzpfisr; nra;jJ vd re;jNfhkp vLj;Jf;$wpdhu;. vdpDk; xU nkhopapd; ,zf;fg;ghL vd;gJ ,ay;G epiyf;F khwhf rpU\;bf;f KbahJ vd;Wk; mtu; NkYk; $wpdhu;. mtiug;nghWj;jtiu nkhop ,zf;fg;ghL njhlu;ghf nry;thf;Fr; nrYj;Jk; ,uz;L fhuzpfs; cz;L. 1. eilKiw 2. jpl;lkply; ,q;F eilKiw vd;gJ nkhopg;ghtidapD}lhf ,ay;ghfNt Vw;gLk; ,zf;fg;ghlhFk;. mJ nraw;ifahfNth gyte;jkhfNth Vw;gLk; ,zf;fg;ghL my;y. MfNt nkhop ,zf;fg;ghl;bd; gpujhd fhuzp eilKiwahFk;. jpl;lkply; %ykhfTk; ,zf;fg;ghl;il Vw;gLj;j KbAk; vd fyhepjp. re;jNfhkp njspTgLj;jpdhu;. mJ nkhop mwpQu;fspd; nraw;ghlhFk;. ,jw;F cjhuzkhf rpq;fs nkhop gw;wp FkhuJq;f Kdpjhr mtu;fspd; ghj;jpuj;ijNa re;jNfhkp vLj;Jf;$wpdhu;. rpq;fs nkhopiaj; jpl;lkpl;L mikg;gJ njhlu;ghf mtUila gq;fspg;G kpf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jJ. Mdhy; ,j;jpl;lk; nkhopapd; ,zf;fg;ghlhf khWtjhapd; mJ eilKiw %yk; khj;jpuNk rhj;jpakhFk;. eilKiwapy; gad;gLj;j Kbahj my;yJ ghtidapy; ,y;yhj jpl;lq;fs; ,zf;fg;ghlhf khwkhl;lhJ. mNj rkak;> ,J Vw;fdNt nkhop gw;wp ,zf;fg;ghL nfhz;Nlhu; nkhopg;ghtid gw;wp tpsf;fkpd;wpNa cs;sdu;. nkhop eilKiwg;gLj;JNthuplk; fhzg;gLk; xU gpur;rpidahFk;. nkhopg;ghtidapy; mr;R Clffq;fs; Kf;fpa ghj;jpuj;ij tfpf;fpd;wd. vdNt kf;fs; kj;jpapy; nkhop ,zf;fg;ghl;il gpugy;ag;gLj;Jk; gpujhd Clfkhf mr;R Clfq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. Clfq;fs; gad;gLj;Jfpd;w nkhopeil ,zf;fg;ghL nfhz;l nkhop eilahf rhjhuz kf;fs; Vw;Wf;nfhs;fpd;wdu;. vdNt> nkhop ,zf;fg;ghl;il fl;bnaOg;Gtjw;Fk; mij Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;tjw;Fkhd ghupa nghWg;G mr;R Clfq;fSf;F cz;L. vdpDk; nkhopg; ghtidapy; Vw;gLk; midj;J jtWfSf;Fk; Clfq;fNs KOg;nghWg;G vd;gJ epahakw;wJ vd;Wk; fyhepjp re;jNfhkp Fwpg;gpl;lhu;. ,jw;Fj; Njitahd jpl;lq;fisAk; topfhl;ly;fisAk; mikf;f Ntz;ba nghWg;G nkhop epGzu;fisNa rhUk;. mjw;Ff; fhuzk; eilKiw nkhopg;gad;ghl;Lld; <LgLk; midtUk; nkhop epGzu;fshf ,Uf;f khl;lhu;fs;. cjhuzkhf ,d;W Clfj;Jiwapy; gpuNtrpf;Fk; midtUk; nkhop gw;wp Muk;g mwpTlNdNa Clfq;fspy; flikahw;Wfpd;wdu;. vdNt> muR> gy;fiyf;fofq;fs; fy;tp epWtdq;fs;> mikg;Gf;fs;> fy;tpkhd;fs; Mfpa midtUk; nkhop gw;wp nghWg;Gf;$wNtz;batu;fs; Mtu;. md;W FkhuJq;f Kdpjhr ,g;nghWg;igNa epiwNtw;wpdhu;. Mdhy;> ,d;W mf;flik mtNuhL Kbe;Jtpl;l xd;whfNt ,Uf;fpwJ. MfNt> Nkw;gb epWtdq;fSk; mwpQu;fSk; ,f;flikiar; nra;tjw;F cjt Ntz;Lk;. Gjpa vOj;jhsu;fSf;Fj; Njitahd eilKiw mfuhjpfs;> ifE}y;fs; Mfpa midj;ijAk; jahupj;J toq;f

12

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;

[_d; 30k; jpfjpf;F Kd;du; ,.Ngh.r g]; tz;bfspd; NrUk; ,lg; ngau;g;gyiffs; Kk;nkhopfspYk;
vjpu;tUk; [_d; khjk; 30k; jpfjpf;F Kd;du; midj;J ,.Ngh.r g]; tz;bfspYk; g]; tz;b NrUk; ,lg; ngau;g;gyiffs; Kk;nkhopfspYk; fhl;rpg;gLj;Jtij cWjpnra;J ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO Kd;Nd ,yq;if Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; rig cj;juthjg;gLj;jpaJ. khw;Wf;nfhs;iffSf;fhd epiyak; ,yq;if kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FOtplk; Kd;itj;j Kiwg;ghl;il tprhuiz nra;j NghJ Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; rig ,e;j cWjp nkhopia toq;fpaJ.

kq;fsfk Fbkf;fSf;Fk; nkhop cupik kPwg;gl;Ls;sJ
kl;lf;fsg;G khtl;lj;ijr; Nru;e;j kq;fsfk cl;gl rpq;fs r%fk; $Ljyhf thOk; fpuhkg; gpuNjrq;fshd Vwht+u;gw;W> gl;bg;nghiy gpuNjrr; nrayfg; gpupTfspy; rpq;fs nkhop %yk; flikfisr; nra;af;$ba ve;jnthU cj;jpNahfj;jUk; ,y;yhikahy; ,g;gpuNjrq;fspd; rpq;fs kf;fs; gy f\;lq;fis vjpu;Nehf;Ffpd;wdu;. ,f;fpuhkthrpfs; mz;ikapy; Xu; nkhopr;rq;fj;ij mikj;Jf;nfhz;l gpd;du; Nkw;gb rq;fj;ij gjpT nra;tjw;fhd eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;Fj; jkJ gpuNjr nrayfj;jpw;F nrd;wr; NghJ Nkw;gb nkhopr;rpf;fy; fhuzkhf gjpT nra;tij mtu;fspdhy; Nkw;nfhs;s Kbatpy;iy.

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cj;jpNahfj;juplk; tpdtpa NghJ mtu; gpd;tUkhW $wpdhu;. 'kfhtyp jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; Nkl;Lepyj;jpy; 1{2 Vf;fUk; tay; epyj;jpy; 2 1{2 Vf;fUk; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. MdhYk;> ,g;NghJ 3k; jiyKiwapdu; trpg;gjdhy; fhzp gpur;rpid Njhd;wp vk;kplk; te;J fhzp Nfl;fpd;whu;fs;. kfhtypj; jpl;lj;jpy; nfhLg;gjw;F fhzp ,y;iy. mNjNeuk; mtu;fSf;Ff; fz;l fz;l ,lj;jpy; fhzp toq;fpg; gadpy;iy. ehk; ,jw;fhd jPu;itj; NjLfpd;Nwhk;. jw;nghOJ gy FLk;gq;fSf;F rKu;j;jp cjtpj;njhif fpilf;fpd;wJ. gpwg;Gr; rhd;wpjio ,y;yhNjhUf;F taij Cfpj;J taJr; rhd;wpjo; toq;Ffpd;Nwhk;. ,tu;fs; vt;tsT rk;ghjpj;jhYk; gadpy;iy. xNu ehspy; cz;L Fbj;J mjid Kbj;J tpLfpd;whu;fs;." mypfk;Ng thrpfs; r%fj;jiytupd; jiyikapy; r%ff; $l;lk; elj;jp Kbj;j gpd;du; Cu; Cuhf gazj;ij Nkw;nfhz;Lr; nry;Nthu; gps;isfisAk; mioj;Jr; nry;tjdhy; ,d;iwa epiyapy; Kd;gs;spia elj;jpr; nry;tJ ngUk; rthyhf tpsq;Ftjhf Kd;gs;sp epu;thfp ml;ld;dhNf Njtpfh (taJ 33) Rl;bf; fhl;Lfpd;whu;. Flhfk njYq;F kf;fs; nghJthf vjpu;nfhs;Sk; gpur;rpidfs; mt;thwpUf;f me;je;j gpuNjrq;fSf;Nf cupa gy gpur;rpidfis ,dq;fhzyhk;. mk;ghiw khtl;lj;ijr; Nru;e;j mypfk;Ng njYq;F FbNaw;wkhdJ mjw;nfhU cjhuzkhFk;. 1947k; Mz;lstpy; jk;Gj;Njfk Flh Fk;Gf;ntt fpuhkj;jpypUe;J te;j njYq;fpd kf;fs; FOtpdu; ,g;gpuNjrj;jpd; Muk;gfhy Fbfshf fUjg;gl;lhYk; 1942k; Mz;by; ,lj;Jf;F ,lk; gazk; nra;Jf;nfhz;bUe;j njYq;F r%fj;jpdu; fy;Xah mgptpUj;jpj; jpl;lj;jpd; ngWNgwhf mypfk;Ng gpuNjrj;jpy; Fbaku;e;jjhf tuyhw;Wr; rhd;Wfs; $Wfpd;wd. jw;NghJ mg;gpuNjrj;jpy; nkhj;jk; 263 FLk;gq;fs; trpj;J tUfpd;wd. njYq;F tk;rhtopapdu; vd;whYk; mtu;fs; jkpo; nkhopiaNa NgRfpd;wdu;. MdhYk; mJ jkpo;> rpq;fs> njYq;F kw;Wk; `pe;jp Mfpa nkhopfspd; fyitahd xU nkhopahFk;. ,e;J rkaj;ij gpd;gw;Wk; xU jug;gpdu; ,Uf;fpd;w NghjpYk; fpwp];jt rka kj;jpa epiyaj;jpd; eyd;Gup Ntiyj;jpl;lj;jpd;gb fpwp];jt rkaj;jtu;fspd; vz;zpf;if gbg;gbahf mjpfupg;gijf; fhz KbfpwJ. $yp NtiyfSf;Fj; jl;Lg;ghL FlhfkTld; xg;gpLifapy; ghuk;gupa njhopypy; <LgLNthupd; vz;zpf;if ,q;F FiwT> fkj;njhopYk; $ypj;njhopYNk ,q;F gpujhd njhopy;fshf tpsq;Ffpd;wd. Flhfk r%fj;jpdupd; gpujhdp Muhr;rp vd;w NghjpYk; mypfk;Ng r%fj;jpdupd; gpujhdpahf jiytNu tpsq;Ffpd;whu;. 'Muk;gf; fhyq;fspy; N[hrpak; ghu;g;gijj; njhopyhfr; nra;Njhk;. Mdhy; 'ghju;" mjid tpUk;gtpy;iy. vkJ gps;isfSk; tpUk;gtpy;iy. $yp Ntiyfs; ,y;iynad;why; tho;tjw;F topapy;iy" tduf;fh (taJ 65) $wyhdhu;. fj;Njhypf;f mUl;je;ij fLk; mjpfhug; Nghf;Filatuhf ,Ug;gjhfTk; guk;giu njhopypy; <LgLtij fLikahf vjpu;g;gjhfTk;> rpy re;ju;g;gq;fspy; ghk;G ngl;lfk; kw;Wk; igfSf;F jPapl;L nfhOj;jpAs;sjhfTk; mypfk;Ngthrpfs; gyUk; njuptpj;jdu;. guk;giu njhopy;fspy; <LgLtjpy; Vw;gl;Ls;s ,ila+Wfs; fhuzkhf NtW njhopy;fspy; <Lgl Neupl;lhYk; mypfk;Ng thrpfspd; gpujhd Fw;wr;rhl;lhf ,Ug;gJ tho;thjhuj;ijf; nfhz;L elj;Jtjpy; cs;s rpf;fy;fNs MFk;. "vkJ ciog;G ,Ue;j fhyj;jpy; $ypj;njhopypy; <Lgl;Nlhk;. ,g;nghOJ Kjyhspkhu;fs; l;uf;lu;> ,ae;jpuq;fshy; jkJ tptrhaj; njhopiyr; nra;tjdhy; vkf;F kTR ,y;yhky; Ngha;tpl;lJ. fhzpfSf;F cupkk; ,y;iy. fhzpg;gpzf;FfSf;F jpUNfhzkiyf;F nry;tJk; f\;lkhd fhupakhf cs;sJ" mypfk;Ng r%f jiytu; uh[;Fkhu; (taJ 36) $wpdhu;. gaq;fu epiyik Aj;jk; GiuNahbg; NghapUe;j fhyj;jpy; gy re;ju;g;gq;fspy; mypfk;Ng thrpfs; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;Ls;sdu;. 1986 ngg;utup khjk; 19k; jpfjp $yp Ntiyf;F (tay; Ntiy) cLk;gd;Fsp gpuNjrj;jpw;Fr; nrd;wpUe;j 8 Ngu; taypy; itj;J vupj;Jf; nfhy;yg;gl;ldu;. md;iwa jpdNk Nfhkhup> jhz;bab> jpUf;Nfhtpy; jk;gpYtpy;> mf;fiwg;gw;W kw;Wk; fhiuj;jPT Mfpa

10k; gf;fj; njhlu;r;rp
gpuNjrq;fSf;F $yp NtiyfSf;fhf nrd;wpUe;j 131 Ngu; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;ldu;. 1990 Mk; Mz;by; mypfk;Ng thrpfis jhf;fp tPLfs; jPf;fpiuahf;fg;gl;L mWtu; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;ldu;. Aj;j epiyia KbTf;F te;Js;s NghjpYk; ,k;kf;fspd; tho;thjhug; gpur;rpidfs; KbTf;F tutpy;iy 1960 Mk; Mz;L 'Ff;" vd miof;fg;gl;l mUl;je;ijapdhy; ,g; gFjpapy; jkpo;g; ghlrhiynahd;W epWtg;gl;lJ. MdhYk; ghlrhiyf;F khztu; tUifahdJ Fiwe;Nj fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. NkYk; rpWtu;fs; kj;jpapy; njhw;W Neha;fs; guTk; mghaKk; mjpfupj;Jf; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. FbePu; gpur;rpidahdJ jPtpug; gpur;rpidahf cUntLj;Js;s epiyapy; mypfk;Ng thrpfs; ePiug;ngWtjw;F gy iky;J}uk; ele;Nj nry;y Ntz;bAs;sJ. mj;Jld;> g]; tz;b trjpfs; ,y;yhikapdhy; fu;g;gpzpj;jhiaf; $l Nkhl;lhu; irf;fpspy; itj;Nj nfhz;L nry;y Ntz;bAs;sjhf ,k;kf;fs; $Wfpd;wdu;. mypfk;Ng kf;fspd; nghJ trjpfs; njhlu;ghd gpur;rpidfs; gw;wpa jd;gf;f epiyg;ghl;il mg;gpuNjr fpuhk cj;jpNahfj;ju; gpd;tUkhW tpgupf;fyhdhu;. "fk; cjht jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; 95 tPLfs; toq;fg;gl;ld. 83 NgUf;F fhzpfSf;fhd rl;luPjpahd cupik cz;L. ju;kg; gzk;> rKu;j;jp njhif Nghd;witAk; fpilf;fpd;wd. fuplh]; epWtdj;jhy; kyry$lq;fs;

mikj;Jf;nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. fpwp];jt Njthyaj;jpd; cjtpfs;> kf;fs; cjtpfs; fpilf;fpd;wd. ,it vd;djhd; ,Ue;jhYk; Rj;jkhf ,Uf;fkhl;lhu;fs;. Mz; ngz; ,U ghyhUk; rhuhak; Fbf;fpd;whu;fs;" mypfk;Ng fpuhk cj;jpNahfj;ju; njuptpf;fyhdhu;. rthy;fs; Flhfk kf;fisg; Nghy mypfk;Ng njYq;F kf;fSk; jkJ ghuk;gupa tho;tpaiy ,oe;J epw;fpd;wdu;. etPd r%fj;Jf;Nfw;g jk;ik tbtikj;Jf;nfhs;Sk; rthy; mtu;fSf;F Kd;dhy; cs;sJ. Flhfk ghlrhiy Njrpa kl;l fgb tPuhq;fidfis cUthf;fpAs;sJ. NkYk;> fpof;F gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; gl;lk; ngw;w ,isQnuhUtUk; mypfk;Ng fpuhkj;jpy; trpf;fpd;whu;. kj;jpa fpof;F ehLfSf;Fj; njhopy; Njbr; nry;jy;> kw;Wk; rhujp njhopypy; <Lgly; Nghd;w JiwfSf;F jk;ik ,izj;Jf;nfhz;ltu;fSk; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. MdhYk; rthy;fis ntd;w mt;thwhd cjhuzq;fs; kpf mupjhfNt cs;sd. gue;Jgl;l r%f kWrPuikg;nghd;wpd; Njitia Flhfk kw;Wk; mypfk;Ng kf;fspd; rkfhy tho;f;if KiwahdJ giwrhw;wp epw;fpd;wJ. ,yq;ifapd; Xuq;fhl;lg;gl;l xU rpy r%fq;fis mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L vOjg;gl;l Ma;T mwpf;ifapy; cs;slf;fg;gl;l Mjpthrpfspd; jPu;f;f Kbahj grp vd;w jiyg;gpyhd ,f;fl;Liu ,q;F kWgpuRuk; nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ. khw;Wf;nfhs;iffSf;fhd epiyaj;jpd; r%f epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lj;jpd; gpuRuj;jpypUe;J

Fwpg;G: jpk;gpupahfk gz;lhu

Cf;Ftpg;Gf; nfhLg;gdT ,y;yhtpl;lhYk; Kk;nkhopfspYk; nraw;ghL
jpUNfhzkiyapy; mike;Js;s ePu; toq;fy; rigapd; fpof;F khfhzg; gpujhd mYtyfj;jpd; midj;J eltbf;iffSk; rpq;fsk; jkpo; Mfpa ,U nkhopfspYk; ,lk;ngWfpd;wd. tpz;zg;gg; gbtq;fs; tpepNahfpg;gJ Kjy; Kiwg;ghLfisg; gjpTnra;J mtw;wpw;fhd gjpiy toq;Fjy; tiu midj;J eltbf;iffSk; rpq;fsk; jkpo; Mfpa nkhopfspy; ,lk;ngWfpd;wd. Mdhy; nkhopj;jpwid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L mur Copau;fSf;F toq;fg;gLk; Cf;Ftpg;Gf; nfhLg;gdT ,t;t+opau;fSf;Ff; fpilg;gjpy;iy. mjw;Ff; fhuzk; mur epWtdq;fSf;F toq;fg;gLk; Cf;Ftpg;Gf; nfhLg;gdT $l;Lj;jhgd { rig Copau;fSf;F toq;fg;glkhl;lhJ vd;gjhFk;. Mdhy; ePu; toq;fy; rig Copau;fSk; ,U nkhopfspy; gzpahw;Wtjhy; vjpu;fhyj;jpy; ,f;nfhLg;gdT toq;fg;gLk; vd mtu;fs; vjpu;ghu;f;fpd;whu;fs;.

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;

13

nfhOk;G gy;fiyf;fofj;jpypUe;J| fye;JiuahlYf;fhd mtrpak;

fyhr;rhug; gd;ikj;Jtj;ijg; Gupe;Jnfhs;s Ntz;Lk;
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ghlf;Fwpg;Gf;fis toq;Fjy;> E} y; epiyak; ,Uf;Fk; ,lj;ijf; fhl;Ljy;> nfhOk;G efupy; iftplg;gLjy; vd vz;Zjy;> ,tw;Wf;Fr; rpy cjhuzq;fshFk;. Gjpa khztu;fs; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; Nru;e;j re;ju;g;gj;jpy; mYtyf rPUilfs; mzpa Ntz;Lk; vd vkJ %j;j khztu;fshy; fl;lhag;gLj;jg;gl;ldu;. gy;fiyf;fof khztu;fs; Xu; mYtyfj;jpw;Fr; nry;y Ntz;ba Kiwiag; gapw;Wtpg;gijNa ,e;eltbf;if Fwpf;Nfhshff; nfhz;lJ vd %j;j khztu;fs; ,e;eltbf;ifia epahag;gLj;jpdu;. mtu;fs; vjw;Fk; fhuz fhupaq;fis Kd;itg;gjpy; ty;ytu;fs;. khztu;fspilNa rpwe;j fye;Jiuahly; ,d;ikf;F eilKiwapYs;s xNu khjpupahd fy;tpKiwr; rl;lfk; gpujhd fhuzpahFk;. mNj rkak; jk;khy; r%fj;jpw;Fr; fpilf;f Ntz;baijg;gw;wpr; rpe;jpf;fpd;w khztu;fs; kpf kpff; FiwT. vdNt> jkJ ed;ikia khj;jpuk; fUj;jpw;nfhs;Sk; khztu; r%fNk cUthfpf;nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. ePq;fs; ,t;t+lfj;jpD}lhf eilKiwapYs;s epiyikfisg; gw;wp vk;kplk; Nfl;lwptijapl;L ehk; ngupJk; kfpo;r;rpailfpNwhk;. Mdhy; ,jidf; Nfs;tpf;Fl;gLj;JtJld; epd;Wtplhky; Nfs;tpfSf;F tpilfhZk; muq;fhf ,J khw;wg;gl Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy;> ,t;tplak; gw;wp Nfs;tpf;Fl;gLj;Jtjpy; khj;jpuk; jpUg;jpailahky; tpdhf;fSf;F tpil mspf;Fk; muq;fhfTk; khw Ntz;Lk;. ,J K];ypk; khztu; rq;f mikg;G vd;w tifapNy vkJ vjpu;ghu;g;ghFk;. nfhOk;Gg; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; ,j;jifag; gpur;rpidfs; cz;L vd ehk; midtUk; mwpNthk;. Mdhy; vkf;Fj; NjitahdJ tpilahFk;. ,J njhlu;ghd cq;fsJ Kaw;rpiag; ghuhl;LfpNwhk;.

kuG uPjpahd gpuRu kugpypUe;J tpyfp Gjpa tifapyhd gpuRunkhd;W mz;ikapy; vkf;Ff; fpilj;jJ. ' uPl; khtj;ij" vdg; ngauplg;gl;l ,g;gpuRuj;jpd; Fwpf;Nfhs; nfhOk;G gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; capNuhl;lk; cila xU fye;Jiuahliy cUthf;FtJ vd Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUe;jJ. 2012 ngg;utup 06k; jpfjp ntspaplg;gl;l uPl; khtj;ij gpuRuj;jpd; KjyhtJ ,jo; jkJ FOit mwpKfk; nra;tjw;Fk; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; fye;JiuahlYf;fhd NjitiaAk;> gy;tif jug;gpdu; VidNahiu Gupe;Jnfhz;Ls;s Kiwik gw;wpAk;> tpyf;FtNj ,r;rQ;rpifapd; Nehf;fkhFk;. mtu;fSs; ,U gpujpepjpfs; jkJ fUj;Jf;fis ntspg;gLj;Jifapy; nkhop> gz;ghL vd;gd gw;wpa gpur;rpidfisapl;Lf; $ba ftdk; nrYj;jpapUe;jdu;. Fwpg;ghf K];ypk; khztu; rq;fj;ij gpujpepjpj;Jtg;gLj;jpa eprhKk; jkpo;r; rq;fj;ijg; gpujpepjpj;Jtg;gLj;jp N[.rP. NldpaYk; jkJ fUj;Jf;fisj; njuptpj;jpUe;jpdu;. Vida gpujpepjpfSf;F khwhf ,g;gpujpepjpfs; Kd;itj;j fUj;Jf;fs; nghJf; fye;JiuahlYf;F kpf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;j fhuzj;jpdhy; mtw;iw ,q;F Nkw;Nfhs; fhl;Lfpd;Nwhk;

rpq;fs khztu;fNshL nfhLf;fy; thq;fy; nra;tJ vdf;Fg; Gjpajy;y. Mdhy; fpof;F khfhzj;jpypUe;J tUif je;j xU rpy khztu;fspd; elj;ij tpj;jpahrkhdJ. mtu;fSila mDgtq;fSk; NtWgl;lit. fpof;F khfhzj;jpy; jkpo;> K];ypk; kw;Wk; rpq;fsk; Mfpa fpuhkq;fs; NtWgLj;jg;gl;Nl mike;Js;sd.

nkhop jilahf ,Uf;ff;$lhJ
N[.rP. nldpay; gjpg;ghrpupau; jkpo;r; rq;fk; rpq;fs> jkpo;> K];ypk; khzu;fs; xd;wpiztjw;F nkhop jilahf cs;sJ. nfhOk;ig mz;kpj;J thOk; khztu;fs; mNefkhf Kk;nkhopfisAk; NgRk; Mw;wy; nfhz;ltu;fs; Mtu;. aho;g;ghzj;jpy; ,Ue;J ,q;F te;J NrUk; khztu;fSf;F mj;jifa Mw;wy; fpilahJ. gy;ypd khztu;fspd;

re;jpg;ig Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;F Kjy; rpy khjq;fSf;F Nkyjpfkhf rpy nraw;ghLfis cUthf;f Ntz;Lk;. tpupTiufisg; Gupe;Jnfhs;tjw;F cs;s f\;lq;fisg; Nghf;Ftjw;F khztu;fs; kw;iwa khztu;fSf;F fw;gpj;jy; Kf;fpakhFk;. el;ig Vw;gLj;Jtjw;F xUtu; gpwe;J tsu;e;j FLk;gg; gpd;dzp> r%fg;gpd;dzp vd;gd jhf;fk; nrYj;Jtjhy; ,r;nraw;ghl;bw;F fhy mtfhrk; Njit. Rkhu; 19 Mz;Lfs; gof;fg;gLj;jpa elj;ijiaf; nfhz;l khztu;fis gfpbtijapy; <LgLj;Jtjd; %yk; $l;Lr; nraw;ghl;ilNah my;yJ kw;wtu;fNshL xd;wpiztijNah Vw;gLj;j KbahJ. ve;jnthU fyhrhuj;jpYk; ed;ik jPik Mfpa ,uz;Lk; cz;L. fyhrhug; gof;fq;fis cldbahf khw;wpaikj;Jtpl KbahJ. jtWfisj; jpUj;j Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy;> gyte;jkhf mijr; nra;a KbahJ. Milfisapl;L mt;tsT J}uk; ftdk; nrYj;j Ntz;ba mtrpak; ,y;iy. mjhtJ khztd; tUif jUk; fyhrhuk; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpd; ,yF fyhrhuj;jpw;F mz;kpj;jjhapd; gpur;rpidapy;iy. gfpbtij %yk; ,jid rPuhf;f Kaw;rpg;gJ jtW. Gjpa khztu;fs; gy;fiyf;foff; fy;tpiaf; iftpLtjw;Fk; ntWg;gjw;Fk; gfpbtij fhuzkhf mikfpd;wJ. ve;jnthU tplaj;ijAk; ntspg;gLj;Jk; xU Kiw cz;L. Aj;jj;jpy; rpf;Fg;gl;ljd; %yKk; rNfhju rNfhjupfis> ngw;Nwhiu ,oe;J tUk; Gjpa khztu;fisAk; ehk; ghu;f;fpd;Nwhk;. gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; khztu;fspilNa Gjpjhfr; Nru;e;j xU khztpNah ,uz;L ehl;fSf;Fs; gy;fiyf;fofj;ijf; iftpl;Lr; nry;tjhapd; mJ vt;tsT NtjidahdJ vd rpe;jpj;Jg; ghu;f;f KbAk;. xg;G Nehf;fpy; nfhOk;G gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; Nkhjy;fs; kpff; FiwT. mz;ikapy; Gupe;Jzu;T ,d;ik fhuzkhfTk; fl;Lg;ghL ,d;ikahYk; Nkhjy;fs; Vw;gl;ld. khztu;fspilNa Mokhfr; rpe;jpf;Fk; Mw;wy; ,y;yhj gytPdKk; Vida gytPdq;fSk; cz;L vd;gij ,J vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfpd;wJ. ve;jnthU tplakhapDk; cld;gly; my;yJ cld;glhky; ,Ug;gij tpl fye;Jiuahly; %yk; rup gpioia tpku;rd uPjpahf Kd;itf;Fk; kdk;jpwe;j fye;Jiuahly; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. xU tplak; rupahf mikahtpbd; mJ gpioahFk; vdf; $WtJ epahakw;wJ. Xu; gj;jpupiff;F ve;jnthU tplak; gw;wpAk; mwpf;if rku;g;gpf;f KbAk;. mJ cz;ikapy; xU ghupa mwptpj;jy; gyifahFk;. mwptpj;jy; gyifapy; cs;slf;fg;gLk; tplaq;fs; rupahdit my;yJ gpioahdit vd;gij tpl mtw;iw thrpj;Jg; Gupe;Jnfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,g;gpur;rpidiaAk; mt;thW Gupe;Jnfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. fy;tpf;fhf khj;jpuk; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpw;F tUif jUk; khztu;fSf;Fk; ,r;nra;jp kly; Ngha;r;Nru Ntz;Lk;. ,jd;%yk; jhk; ,Uf;Fk; ,lj;ij khztu;fs; Gupe;Jnfhs;thu;fs;. mjhtJ gy;fiyf;fofj;jpw;F ntspNa nfhOk;Gg; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpd; khztu;fshfj; jhd; ehk; jpfo;Nthk;. Mdhy;> gy;fiyf;fofj;jpd; cs;Ns mt;thW nra;tjpy;iy. ,jid ehk; jpUj;jpf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. eilKiwapYs;s gy jtWfisj; jpUj;jpg; gy;fiyf;fofj;ij Xu; KOikahd ,lj;jpw;F ,l;Lr;nry;y 'uPl; khtj;ij gpuRuk;" %yk; nraw;gl Ntz;Lk;.

14

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;
,yq;ifapy; ,U nkhopf;nfhs;ifia mKy;gLj;Jtjw;F mur JiwAk; mur rhu;gw;w JiwfSk; gy;NtW epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lq;fis mKy;Lj;jp tUfpd;wd. ,e;epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fs; gw;wp r%fj;jpypUe;J ngWk; gpujpgypg;Gf;fs; gd;Kfj; jd;ik nfhz;ld.,e;ehl;bd; mwpQu; r%fj;jplk; ,Ue;Jk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fsplkpUe;Jk; gy;NtW gpujpgypg;Gf;fisg; ngw;W tUfpNwhk; mt;thW fpilj;j xU rpy gpujpgypg;Gf;fis ,q;F Rl;bf;fhl;l tpUk;Gfpd;Nwhk;.

ehk; $l;lhf khw;wk; mile;Njhk;
vk;.v];. [hdf
gpuNjrr; nrayhsu; tTdpah njw;F gpuNjrr; nrayfg; gpupT
ehd; ,g;gpuNjrr; nrayfj;jpd; flikfis Vw;w NghJ jkpo; nkhopapYk; Ntiy nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;w czu;T vdf;fpUf;ftpy;iy. ,g;gpuNjrr; nrayfj;jpw;F te;j gpd;du; jhd; ,U nkhopfspYk; gzpahw;w Ntz;bajd; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij ehd; mwpe;Njd;. tTdpah khtl;lj;jpy; ,uz;L gpuNjrr; nrayfq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ngUk;ghd;ik rpq;fs kf;fs; jkJ flikfisr; nra;tjw;F tTdpah njw;Fg; gpuNjrr; nrayfj;jpw;F tUif jUthu;fs;. mNj rkak; jkpo; nkhop NgRNthUk; jkJ NjitfSf;fhf ,g;gpuNjrr; nrayfj;jpw;F tUif jUtu;. ,Unkhopf;nfhs;if Vl;Lr; Riuf;fhahf mikahky; eilKiwapy; nraw;gLj;jg;gLk; mur epWtdkhf tTdpah njw;F gpuNjrr; nrayfj;ij mwpKfk; nra;a KbAk;. jw;NghJ vkJ mYtyf tshfj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk;. midj;J mwptpj;jy; gyiffisAk; rpq;fsk; jkpo; Mfpa ,U nkhopfspYk; fhl;rpg;gLj;jpAs;Nshk;. ehk; Xu; Kd;Djhuz epWtdkhf ,Unkhopfs; vd;w vz;zf;fUit vkJ epWtdj;jpy; ehk; mKy;gLj;jp tUfpNwhk;. jkJ NjitfSf;fhf ,q;F tUk; rpq;fsk;> jkpo;> K];ypk; Mfpa midj;Jr; r%fq;fspd; rhu;gpYk; mtu;fspd; Njitfis jkJ jha;nkhopfspy; eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjw;F vkJ cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; vg;NghJk; jahu; epiyapy; ,Uf;fpd;wdu;. vkJ epWtdj;jpd; midj;J Mtzq;fisAk; ,U nkhopfspYk; toq;fp tUfpNwhk;. ,Unkhopf;nfhs;ifia mKy;gLj;Jifapy; fpuhk cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs;> fs cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs;> rKu;j;jp cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; cl;gl midj;J cj;jpNahfj;ju;fspdJk; KO xj;Jiog;Gk; vkf;Ff; fpilf;fpd;wJ. tTdpah njw;F gpuNjrr; nrayfj;jpDs; ,Unkhopf; nfhs;ifia eilKiwr; rhj;jpakhf;fp Kd;Djhuzkhd epWtdkhf;fpAs;Nshk;. ,jw;F midj;J cj;jpNahfj;ju;fspdJk; xj;Jiog;G vkf;Ff; fpilf;fpwJ.

kdg;ghq;fpy; khw;wk; Vw;gl tpopg;Gzu;T mtrpak;
fyhepjp r`pg;jPd;
rpNu\;l tpupTiuahsu; mur mwptpay; Jiw Nguhjidg; gy;fiyf;fofk;
jw;NghJ ,Unkhopf;nfhs;ifapd; mKyhf;fk; gw;wpa mwpt+l;liy Fwpf;Nfhshff; nfhz;L gy;NtW epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fs; murhq;fj;jpdhYk;> mur rhu;gw;w epWtdq;fspdhYk;> NtW epWtdq;fspdhYk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;L tUfpd;wd. ,j;jifa gy epfo;r;rpfspy; ehDk; tsg;gfpu;thsuhf fye;Jnfhz;Ls;Nsd;. mr;nrayku;Tfspd; mDgtq;fspD} lhf ,q;F ehd; rpy fUj;Jf;fis Kd;itf;f tpUk;Gfpd;Nwd;. Fwpg;ghf gy;NtW Jiwfisr; rhu;e;j mur cj;jp;Nahfj;ju;fspd; nkhopf;nfhs;if gw;wpa mwpT FiwthfNt fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. cjhuzkhf> fk;gisapy; jhjpkhUf;fhd xU epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lj;jpy; ehd; gq;Fgw;wpNdd;. mtu;fs; gzpahw;Wk; gpuNjrj;jpd; gpuNjrr; nrayfk; ,Unkhopg; gpuNjrr; nrayfkhf gpufldg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sij mtu;fs; mwpahjpUe;jdu;. 10 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;du; ,g;gpuNjrr; nrayfg; gpupT ,Unkhopg; gpuNjrr; nrayfg; gpupthfg; gpufldg;gLj;jpapUe;jij nrayku;T eilngw;w ehspNyNa mwpe;jdu;. ,t;twpitg; ngWtjw;F mtu;fs; Rakhf Kd;tUtjpy;iy. ,t;twpitg;ngWtjw;fhd epjp trjpAk; mtu;fSf;F ,y;iy. Fwpg;ghf nkhopj; Nju;r;rp toq;Fgtu;fSila nfhLg;gdTf; fl;lzj;ij cau;j;j Ntz;Lk;. ,Unkhopf;nfhs;ifia mKyhf;Ftjw;F muR xJf;Fk; nrytpdk; khj;jpuk; NghjhJ. ,jw;F mur rhu;gw;w epWtdq;fspd; gq;fspg;Gk; mtrpak;. 1994 -2006 tiuapyhd fhyfl;lj;jpy; Rkhu; %d;wiu ,yl;rk; mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;F ,Unkhop mwpT toq;fpapUf;f Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy; murhq;fk; ,Ugj;J <uhapuk; mur Copau;fSf;F khj;jpuNk ,Unkhop tFg;Gfis elj;jpaJ. vdNt ,Unkhop mwpit toq;Ftjw;F mur mur rhu;gw;w epWtdq;fs; ,ijtplf; $Ljyhf mf;fiw nrYj;j Ntz;Lk;. Fwpg;ghf gy;NtW gpuRuq;fis mr;rpl;L tpepNahfpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 'tpgh\h" Nghd;w nra;jpklypd; gq;fspg;G ,q;F kpf Kf;fpakhdJ. xt;nthU epWtdq;fSf;Fk; jdpj;jdpahd gpuRuq;fisAk; jahupf;f NeupLk; cjhuzkhf Xu; mur epWtdj;ij vLg;Nghk;. Nkw;gb epWtdk; ,U nkhopfspy; gzpahw;w Ntz;Lk; vd Cfpg;Nghk;. ,e; epWtdj;jpd; flikfspd; NghJ mbf;fbg; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; nrhw;fs; >nrhw;nwhlu;fs; vd;gtw;iw ,g;gpuRuj;jpy; cs;slf;Ftjd; %yk; Nrit toq;FeUf;F mtrpakhd Nritia toq;Ftjpd; NghJ ,yFthf mikAk;. Nkw;gb epWtdj;jpw;Nf cupj;jhd nkhopg;gpuNahfq;fisf; nfhz;l gpuRuj;ij toq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj ,jd; nghUshFk;. ,J kpfTk; ghuhJ} ukhd xU nray;. ,jid jahupg;gjw;F Kd;du; Nghjpa msT Ma;itAk; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. Fwpg;ghf nkhopf;nfhs;ifiag; gw;wpa jfty;fis ntspapLk; nra;jp kliyg; NghyNt Vida Mtzq;fisAk;> nkhopj;Nju;r;rpf;fhfNth my;yJ ,Unkhop mwpit ngWtjw;Nfh ,J NghJkhdJ my;y. Fwpg;ghf ,j;jifa gpuRuq;fs; %yk; kdg;ghq;fpYk; xU khw;wj;ijf;nfhz;L tuNtz;Lk;. ,q;F nkhopf;nfhs;if> tuyhW> Vida ehLfspd; mDgtq;fs;. nkhopf;nfhs;if mKyhf;fj;jpd; %yk; Vw;gLk; ngWNgWfs; vd;gtw;iw tpgupf;f Ntz;Lk;. mNj rkak; kdpju;fspilNa kdg;ghq;fpy; khw;wk; Vw;gl;L 19k; gf;fk; ghu;f;f

cjhuzkhf 30 tUlq;fshf vkJ ehl;by; ,lk;ngw;w Aj;jk; Kw;Wg;ngw;Ws;sJ. vdNt midj;Jg; gpur;rpidfSk; jPu;f;fg;gl;Ls;sJ vdTk; midj;Jk; Kw;Wg;ngw;Ws;sd vd;Wk; rpyu; ek;Gfpd;wdu;. Mdhy; mbg;gilg; gpur;rpidfs; njhlu;e;Jk; ,Ue;J tUfpd;wd. ,jid ed;F Muha;e;jhy; vkf;Fj; njupAk;."

mNj rkak; tTdpah fpuhk mgptpUj;jp kd;wk; (RDF) kw;Wk; khw;Wf;nfhs;iffSf;fhd epiyak; xd;wpize;J mKy;gLj;Jk; ,U nkhopf;nfhs;iffs; epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lj;ij ehd; ngupJk; kjpf;fpd;Nwd;. ehk; Vw;fdNt mwpahky; ,Ue;j gy tplaq;fis ,e;epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lj;jpd; %yKk; gy;NtW gpuRuq;fs; %yKk; ehk; mwpe;Jnfhz;Nlhk;. mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;F nkhop cupikfisg; gw;wpa mwpT mtu;fSila flikfis ,yFgLj;Jtjw;F cjTfpwJ. ,J kpfTk; ghuhl;LjYf;FupaJ. ,j;jifa tpopg;Gzu;T eltbf;iffs; midj;J cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;Fk; mtrpakhdJ. vjpu;fhyj;jpYk; ,j;jifa nrayku;TfSk; gpuRuq;fSk; vkf;Ff; fpilj;jhy; mJ kpfTk; gpuNahrdkhf mikAk;;.

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;

15

nkhop cupikfSf;fhd.... Clfq;fs;
mz;ikapy; ,yq;ifapd; ,dg;gpur;rpidapd; tuyhW gw;wp fUj;Jj; njuptpj;j Xu; mwpQu; ,g;gpur;rpid ,t;tsT J}uk; cf;fpukile;jjw;F ,uz;L Kf;fpag; gpuptpdNu fhuzk; vd Rl;bf;fhl;bdhu; 1. murpay;thjpfs; 2. Clftpayhsu;fs; ,ijj;jtpu NtW rpyUk; ,g;ngau;g;gl;baypy; ,Uf;fyhk;. mNj rkak;> Nkw;$wpa fUj;Jf;F khWgl;l fUj;JilNahUk; ,Uf;fyhk;. mJ ahuhf ,Ug;gpDk; ,g;gpur;rpid kPJ Clftpayhsupd; nry;thf;if ehk; Fiwj;J kjpf;f KbahJ. ,yq;ifapd; ,dg;gpur;rpid tuyhw;iw MuhAk; NghJ> ,jd; tuyhW fhyk; KOtJk; Clftpayhsu;fs; gy;NtW tiffspy; nry;thf;Fr; nrYj;jpaij ehk; fhzKbAk;. ,r;rk;gtq;fspilNa mjpf mstpy; nry;thf;Fr; nrYj;jg;gl;l fhyk; 1950 fspd; jrhg;jk; vd;W $wyhk;. Mdhy;> mjw;F Kd;dUk; gpd;dUk; Clfj;Jiwapy; ,r;nry;thf;F njhlu;r;rpahf $bf;Fiwe;J ,Ue;jjij ehk; mtjhdpf;f KbAk;. Fwpg;ghf ,j;jhf;fk; nkhop cupikfs; gw;wpNa $Ljyhd jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpaJ. ,U nkhopf;nfhs;if gw;wpa tpthjk; Kd;itf;fg;gl;l rfy re;ju;g;gq;fspYk; ,yq;ifapd; ngUk;ghd;ik Clfq;fs; ,e;epiyg;ghl;bw;F vjpuhfNt nraw;gl;ld. gy;NtW f\;lq;fSf;Fk; mr;RWj;jy;fSf;Fk; kj;jpapy; ,Unkhopf; nfhs;iff;fhf jk;ik mu;g;gzpj;j Clfq;fSk; ,y;yhky; ,y;iy. Mdhy; mit ,yq;ifapd; nkhop cupikf;fhf nraw;gl;l xU rpy murpay; ,af;fq;fspd; topfhl;ly; %yNk ,r;rpWghd;ik Clfq;fshy; nraw;gl Kbe;jJ. Mdhy;> ,t;t+lfq;fSf;Fk; gy;NtW mr;RWj;jy;fs; Vw;gl;ld. md;iwa epyikNahL xg;gpLifapy; ,d;iwa epyik mt;tsT Nkhrkhdjhf mikatpy;iy. ,d;iwa gpur;rpid vd;dntdpy; nkhop cupikf;F Vw;Gila nra;jpfs; NghjpasT MokhdjhfTk; jukhdjhfTk; ntspaplg;gltpy;iy vd;gjhFk;. vdpDk; fle;j rpy khjq;fshf Clfq;fspd; Nghf;fpy; xUtpj khw;wj;ijf; fhz Kbfpd;wJ. ,jw;fhd gy fhuzpfs; ,Uf;fyhk;. Aj;j Nkhjy;fs; Kw;Wg;ngw;wJld; Aj;jj;jpw;F VJthd fhuzpfisg; gw;wp r%fk; jdJ ftdj;ijr; nrYj;JtJ

,jw;Ff; fhuzkhf mikayhk;. ,Unkhopf;nfhs;ifia mKyhf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w Gjpa Kaw;rp murhq;fj;jhy; gpufldg;gLj;jpaJ kw;WNkhu; fhuzkhFk;. ,ijj; jtpu ehL g+uhTk; gy;NtW r%f mikg;Gf;fs; nkhop cupikfisg; gw;wp Gj;jhu;tj;Jld; nraw;gLtJ kw;WNkhu; fhuzpahFk;. ,q;F ,d;DNkhu; ,lj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;lthW khw;Wf;nfhs;iffSf;fhd epiyak; cl;gl gy rptpy; r%f mikg;Gf;fspd; $l;bizg;G ,yq;ifapd; nkhop cupikfis Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhd Kf;fpa tfpgq;fhFk;. mNj rkak; Clfq;fs; kPJ NghjpasT jhf;fj;ijAk; Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ. cjhuzkhf nkhop cupikfs; gw;wp gpuhe;jpa Clftpayhsu;fSld; elj;jpa fy;tp epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lkhFk;. ,jd; ngWNgwhf gpuNjrj;jpd; nkhopg;gpur;rpid gw;wpg; Gjpjhfr; rpe;jpg;gjw;Fk; mJ gw;wp jkJ Clfq;fs; %yk; njspTgLj;Jtjw;Fk; jkf;F xU Gjpa cw;rhfk; Vw;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gij mtu;fs; Ngr;rstpy; $whky; nraw;ghLfs; %yk; epWtpAs;sdu;. ,yq;ifapd; nkhopg;gpur;rpid gw;wpa jfty;fs; Clfq;fs; %yk; mbf;fb ntspaplg;gLfpd;wd. 'tlf;ifAk; njw;ifAk; jiyfPohf khw;wpa nkhopg;gpur;rpidia ,g;NghjhtJ rPu; nra;Nthk;". vd;w njhdpg;nghUspy; jpUNfhzkiyg; gpuNjr Clftpayhsuhd jpU. Mde;j ruj; fhy;yNf vOjpa fl;Liu ,jw;Fr; rpwe;j cjhuzkhFk;. murpayikg;gpd; 13tJ jpUj;jj;jpd; cWg;Giu 18(1) kw;Wk; 18(2) Mfpatw;wpd; %yk; gpufldg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sthW. rpq;fs nkhopAk; jkpo; nkhopAk; ,yq;ifapd; mur fUk nkhopfshFk; Mdhy;> eilKiwapy; mJ kpf mupjhfNt nraw;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. my;yJ vd;d elf;fpd;wJ vd;w gpur;rpidia ,f;fl;Liu ftdk; nrYj;Jfpd;wJ.

15 i

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murpay; gpur;rpidiaj; jtpu fyhrhug; gd;ikj;Jtk; kPJk; ,f;fl;Liu jdJ ftdj;ijr; nrYj;jpAs;sJ. rpq;fs nkhopf;Fk; jkpo; nkhopf;Fk; ,ilNa cs;s neUf;fkhd cwit tpsf;fp kpfr; rpwe;j xU fl;Liuia 2012-01-29 'uhta" rpq;fsg; gj;jpupifapy; xU fl;Liu ntspahfpAs;sJ. ,f;fl;Liu Mrpupau; FzNrfu FzNrhk fpof;F khfhzj;jpd; rpq;fs ehl;lhu; tof;fpy; jkpo; ehl;lhu; tof;F Vw;gLj;jpa jhf;fq;fisg; gw;wp ,f;fl;Liu tpupthf vLj;Jf; $WfpwJ. fpof;F khfhzj;jpd; rpq;fs ehl;lhu; tof;F jkpo; nkhopapd; ehl;lhu; tof;ifAk; cs;thq;fp Nkk;ghL milfpwJ> vd ,e;j Ma;Tf;fl;Liu $WfpwJ. fpof;F khfhzj;jpd; rpq;fs{jkpo; ehl;lhu; tof;fpd; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij fl;Liuahrpupau; gpd;tUkhW vLj;Jf; $Wfpwhu;| vkJ ehl;by; gpuhe;jpa rpq;fs ehl;lhu; tof;F gd;ikj;Jtk; nfhz;lJ. mNj Nghy jkpo; ehl;lhu; tof;Fk; gd;ikj;Jtk; nfhz;ljhFk;. ,g;gpuhe;jpa jkpo; ehl;lhu; tof;fpd; gd;ikj;Jtj;ij fpof;F khfhzj;jpy; fhzyhk;. jkpo; nghJ tof;fpy; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; jr;rd;> kzpaf;fhud;> rpj;j itj;jpau;> nghq;fy;> Xiy> cwT> Mfpa gjq;fs; fpof;F khfhzg; gpuhe;jpa jkpo; ehl;lhu; tof;fpy; gpd;tUkhW gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. mit KiwNa Xlhtp> Nghbahu;> gupfhup> Gf;if> fpLF> nrhe;jk; vd;gdthFk;. Nkw;gb cjhuzj;jpy; Rl;bf;fhl;lg;gl;l> fpof;F khfhz jkpo; ehl;lhu; tof;fpy; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; nrhw;fs; ,g;gpuNjrj;jpd; rpq;fs ehl;lhu; nkhop tof;fpYk; fhz KbfpwJ. ,q;F guk;giu guk;giuahf thOk; rpq;fsf; fpuhk thrpfs; 'tLth" vd;w rpq;fsr; nrhy;Yf;Fg; gjpyhf 'Xlhtp" vd;w nrhy;iy rpq;fsj;jpy; gad;gLj;Jfpd;wdu;. gzf;fhud; vd;gjw;F 'Nghbahu;" vd;w nrhy;iyAk;> fpuhkj;J MAu;Ntj itj;jpaiu 'gupfhup" vd;Wk; gad;gLj;Jfpd;wdu;. ,f;fpuhkj;J $iufspy; Ntag;gLk; 'fpLF" vd;w jkpo; nrhy; nghy; mj;j vd;w rpq;fsr; nrhy;Yf;fhf gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. fpuhkpa fhiy czit 'Gf;if" vd;Nw ,tu;fs; $Wfpd;wdu;. fpuhkpa kf;fs; ,ilNa nrhe;j cwTfs; ,ilNa jpUkzk; elf;fpd;w NghJ 'nrhe;j" kr;rhd; kr;rhs; jpUkzk; vd;Nw Fwpg;gplg;gLfpwJ. ,q;F Nridg;gapu;fis fhf;Fk; guz;fhtyhspfs; 'fhty; fhuah" vd miof;fg;gLfpd;wdu;. mq;F epj;jpiu tpopj;J fhty; nra;jhy; td rPtuhrpfsplkpUe;J gapu;fisg; ghJfhf;f KbfpwJ. fhty;fhud; vd;w gjk; ,q;F rpq;fsj;jpYk; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. Nghbahupd; fhzpapy; fhty;fhud; mWtil nra;Ak; gapu;fs; fsQ;rpag;gLj;Jk; ,lk; fpl;lq;fpapy; ghJfhf;fg;gLfpwJ. fpl;lq;fpapd; ghJfhtyu; 'fpl;lq;fpf;fhuah" vd rpq;fsj;jpy; toq;fg;gLfpwJ. fpuhkj;jpd; Fbirfs; 'Fby;y" vd gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. GJ kid GFjy; rpq;fsj;jpy; 'Fbadth" vd rpq;fsj;jpy;

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;

gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. xU rpWkp g+g;gilAk; NghJ mq;Fs;s gof;f toq;fq;fspd; gb rpwpJfhyk; tPl;by; ,Ue;J ntspNa ,wq;fhJ rpWkp tPl;bNyNa jq;f itf;fg;gLfpwhu;. ,jid 'Fby;yl ntdth" (Fbypy; jq;Ffpwhs;) vd;W fpuhkthrpfs; gad;gLj;Jfpd;whu;fs;. g+g;gile;j rpWkp vjpu;fhyj;jpy; jpUkzk; nra;tjw;F rPjdk; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. rPjdk; ,y;yhj NghJ jpUkzk; nra;tJ fbdkhFk;. ,q;F rPjdk; vd;w nrhy; rpq;fsj;jpYk; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. jdJ rfghbahd ez;gid $l;lhsp vd;Wk; rpq;fsj;jpy; miof;fpwhu;fs;. neUq;fpa ez;gd; (Fl;Lf;fhud;) vd miof;fg;gLfpd;whd;. xUtu; el;GwTnfhs;tij '$l;lhsp ntdth" vd rpq;fsj;jpy; miof;fpwhu;fs;. ehl;lhu; tof;ifj; jtpu rpq;fs ehl;lhu; ,yf;fpaj;jpYk; jkpo; ehl;lhu; tof;F nry;thf;Fr; nrYj;jpAs;sij fl;Liuahrpupau; tpsf;Ffpwhu;. fpof;F khfhzj;jpd; rpq;fs ehl;lhu; tof;fpd; kPJk; jkpo; ehl;lhu; tof;fpd; nry;thf;F Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. ghdk;gj;Jitapy; ehl;lhu; ghlypilNa fhzg;gLk; xU ftpijia fPNo Fwpg;gpLfpNwhk;. jiyAk; jiy KbAk; fpj;Jy; kuj;jpd; g+itg; Nghy cilAk; eilAk; gQ;rtu;zf;fpspapd; nrhz;L Nghy ,uTk; gfYk; epj;jpiu ,y;iy vdJ gof;fg;gl;l rpWtu; guhak; ePAk; ehDk; xU fl;bypy; fplg;Nghk; 'jiyAk; jiy KbAk;" vd;gJ jiyiaAk; jiy kapiuAk; Fwpg;gpLfpwJ. ,jid fpj;Jy; kuj;NjhL xg;gpLk; ftpQd; cilAk; eilAk; vd mtspd; MilfisAk; eiliaAk; gQ;rtu;zf; fpspf;F ctkhdkhff; $Wfpwhu;. mts; mzpe;jpUf;Fk; Milfs; jq;f epwj;ij xj;jJ. mJ fpspapd; nrhz;ilg;Nghy nre;epwkhdJ. ,uTk; gfYk; vJtpj khw;wKk; ,d;wp jdJ kdj;Js; mtisg; gw;wpa czu;Tfis kwe;Jtplhky; itj;jpUf;fpwhd; vdg; Gytu; $Wfpwhu;. vdNt ePAk; ehDk; xU fl;bypy; Japy; nfhs;Nthk; vd mf;Fbirapy; tho;;tjw;F mts; miof;fg;gLfpwhs;. mNj rkak; jdJ tPl;bw;F tUk; jkpo; tpUe;jpdiu tuNtw;gjw;F Jupjkhfr; nraw;gLk; rpq;fsj; je;ijAk; kfSk; gw;wpf; $wg;gLk; mUikahd ehl;lhu; ghliy ,q;Fs;s ehl;lhu; ghly;fspilNa fhz KbfpwJ. rpq;fs ehl;lhu; ghly;fspYk; ,j; jkpo; ehl;lhu; tof;F vt;tsT nry;thf;Fr; nrYj;jpAs;sJ

ii

2012 khu;r - ;fs y; vd;gij gpd;tUk;; rpqVg;uehl;lhu; ghly; vLj;Jf;$WfpwJ.
c]; gpy gpl;l Ff;FYuhy gha; nfhz;Lth gha; nfhz;Lth kfNs gha; nfhz;Lth nrk;Gtf;fl;l tj;Ju jkh jz;zp nfhz;Lth jz;zp nfhz;Lth kfNs jz;zp nfhz;Lth gpq;fhdfl;l gj; ngjyh NrhW nfhz;Lth NrhW nfhz;Lth kfNs NrhW nfhz;Lth. Fs;sfl;l ney;Y jkh RsF nfhz;Lth nfhz;Lth kfNs nfhz;Lth ...........................................{{ 'gha;> nfhz;L th> kfNs> gPq;fhDf;F NrhW> kfs;> NrhW> RsF> ney;Y> vd;w jkpo;g; gjq;fSk; ,r; rpq;fs ehl;lhu; ghlypy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sd. je;ij jdJ kfSf;F gPq;fhdpy; NrhW Nghl;L tpUe;jpdUf;F toq;FkhWk;> muprp ,y;iyahdhy; Rsfpy; ney; nfhz;L te;J cuypy; ,;l;L ,bj;J Rsfpy; Gilj;Jf; nfhz;LtUkhWk; jdJ kfSf;Ff; $Wfpwhu;. fpof;F khfhzj;jpd; ghuk;gupa rpq;fs tptrhapapd; ehl;lhu; ,yf;fpaq;fisAk; kuGfisAk; Ma;T nra;Ak; NghJ rpq;fsg; gpuhe;jpa ehl;lhu; tof;fpy; jkpo; ehl;lhu; tof;F vj;jifa nry;thf;ifr; nrYj;jpAs;sJ vd;gijAk; ehk; njspthfg; Gupe;Jnfhs;s KbAk;. ,t;thwhf gpuNjr ehl;lhu; tof;fpYk; ehl;lhu; ,yf;fpaj;jpYk; gpujpgypf;fg;gLk; nkhopg;gd;ikj;Jtk; cwTfs; vd;gtw;wpw;fpilNaahd nkhopf;nfhs;ifAk; mjNdhL xUq;fpize;j rl;lr; rpf;fy;fs; kPJk; ftdj;ij <u;j;J gy fl;Liufs; fle;j khjq;fspy; gpuRupf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. ,tw;wpdpilNa mur fUk nkhopf;nfhs;ifia kPWNthu; ahu; vd;w jiyg;gpy; rl;lj;juzp v];.[P. GQ;rpN`th vOjpa fl;Liu 2002 ngg;utup khjj;jpYk; khu;r; khjj;jpYk; QhapW tPuNfrupapy; ntspte;Js;sJ. ,yq;ifapd; mur fUk nkhopf;nfhs;iff;Fk; mjd; eilKiwf;Fk; cs;s Kuz;ghLfis ,f;fl;Liu tpsf;FfpwJ. rl;lj;juzp v];.[P.GQ;rpN`th jdJ fl;Liuia gpd;tUkhW epiwTnra;fpwhu;. rl;ljpl;lq;fs;> nfhs;iffs;> Rw;wwpf;iffs;> mikr;ruitj; jPu;khdq;fs; Mfpa midj;J Mtzq;fSk; ,Ue;jNghjpYk; mur fUk nkhopf;nfhs;iffs; Vd; kPwg;gLfpd;wJ ? mur fUk nkhopf;nfhs;ifia mKy;gLj;Jtjw;fhf rl;ljpl;lq;fisAk; Rw;wwpf;iffisAk; ntspaplj; jPu;khdpj;NjhNu> mikr;ruit jPu;khdq;fis Nkw;nfhz;NlhNu nkhopf;nfhs;ifia vt;thW kPwpAs;sdu; vd;gjw;F cjhuzq;fs; Vuhsk;. mur fUk nkhopf;nfhs;ifia rfy jpizf;fsq;fspYk; mKy;gLj;Jtjw;fhd nghWg;igr; Rl;bf;fhl;b 1620/27 Rw;wwpf;if 2009 -11 -25k; jpfjp ntspaplg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,J njhlu;ghf 2009 - 09 25 Mk; jpfjp mikr;ruitj; jPu;khdKk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sJ.

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nkhop njhlu;ghf gj;jpupiffspy; ntspahd nra;jpfs; rpytw;wpd; jiyg;G
tlf;F> njw;if jiyfPohf khw;wpa nkhopg;gpur;rpidia ,g;NghjhtJ rPu; nra;Nthk; - Mde;j ruj; fhy;yNf. 19-01-2012 'mj" gj;jpupif – gf;fk; 4 fpof;F khfhzj;jpd; rpq;fs kf;fs; thOk; gpuNjrq;fspy; rpq;fsg; Ngr;R tof;fpy; jkpo; nkhopapd; Mjpf;fk; - FzNrf;fu FzNrhk 29-01-2012 'uhta" gj;jpupif – gf;fk; 23 nfhOk;G tho; kf;fspd; nkhop cupikf;F ,lkspg;Nghk; - rP. njhlhtj;ij 24-01-2012 jpdkpd gj;jpupif – gf;fk; 10 vy;yhf; Foe;ijfSf;Fk; Kk;nkhop mwpit toq;fNt Kk;nkhop Ntiyj;jpl;lj;ij Muk;gpj;Njhk; – [dhjpgjp 30-01-2012 uptpu gj;jpupif – gf;fk; 06 ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpduhf ,Ue;j ehd; 71k; Mz;by; $wpaJ Nghy; rpq;fstu;fSf;Fj; jkpOk; jkpou;fSf;Fk; rpq;fsKk; fw;gpj;jpUe;jhy; gy gpur;rpidfs; jPu;f;fg;gl;bUf;Fk;. – [dhjpgjp 30-01-2012 jpdkpd gj;jpupif – gf;fk; 5 Foe;ijfSf;F Kk;nkhop mwpit tsu;g;gjw;fhd fy;tpj; jpl;lk; cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.- fy;tp mikr;ru; ge;Jy Fztu;jd 31-01-2012 'jptapd" gj;jpupif – gf;fk; 14 mur fUk nkhopf; nfhs;ifia kPWNthu; ahu;? – v];.[P. GQ;rpN`th 06-02-2012 mj gj;jpupif – gf;fk; 08 mur fUk nkhopf; nfhs;ifia rupahd Kiwapy; eilKiwg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; - rpNu\;l tpupTiuahsu;> mEUj;j gpujPg; 12-02-2012 'rpYkpd" gj;jpupif – gf;fk; 09 ,isa jiyKiwapdu; ,Unkhopf; nfhs;iff;F mjpf Mu;tk; fhl;Lfpd;wdu; - rl;lj;juzp epky;. Mu;. uztf;f 14-02-2012 'jpdkpd" gj;jpupif – gf;fk; 11 nkhop njhlu;ghd Ntiyj;jpl;lk; xd;iw mwpKfk; nra;j xNu jiytu; [dhjpgjp k`pe;j mtu;fNs. mikr;ru; ly]; myfg;ngUk 01-02-2012 'jpdkpd" gj;jpupif – gf;fk; 07 murhq;fk; nrhy;Yk; Kk;nkhopf;nfhs;if vd;gJ vq;Fk; fpilahJ – Mde;j rq;fup 26-02-2012 'jptapd" gj;jpupif – gf;fk; 11 nkhop vd;gJ MAjk; my;y mJ Mguzk; Nghd;wJ – [arpup mytj;j 22-03-2012 'jptapd" gj;jpupif (tl;lkly) – gf;fk; 2 rpq;fs nkhopapd; vjpu;fhyr; rthy;fs; 20-03-2012 'yq;fhjPg" gj;jpupifapd; tpkq;rh mDge;jk; - gf;fk; 01 fUj;Jj; njuptpj;jy; Nguhrpupau; Nf.vd;.X. ju;kjhr Nguhrpupau; tpdPtpjhuz Nguhrpupau; jp];] [atu;jd Nguhrpupau; jp];] fhupatrk; Clftpayhsu; FUtpl;l gz;lhu Language, then Now, and in the Future by C.de.Silva -2012.03.16 Ceylon Today ( 9 Pg) Tamil Language Rights in Sri Lanka by Devanesan NesiahPart 01 The island the Island 2012.03.07 Part 02 The island 2012.03.08 Part 03 The island 2012.03.09

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....Kd; gf;fj; njhlu;;r;rp

18

National Language Policy to boost ethnic harmony by P' Krishnasamy Sunday Observer 12.02. 2012 pg 9 The language of Sri lanka: A model for national Unity by Devanesan Nesiahjkpo; gj;jpupiffspy; ntspahd nra;jpfs; rpytw;wpd; jiyg;Gfs; 1956 rpq;fs nkhopr; rl;lk; ehl;Lf;Fr; nra;j ngUk; mePjp Mq;fpyj;ij ,oe;Njhk;| r%f ey;ypzf;fj;ij ,oe;Njhk;. – Nguhrpupau; jah vjpuprpq;f – 28-03-2012 'tPuNfrup" gj;jpupif - gf;fk; 12 murpd; Gjpa Kk;nkhop Ntiyj;jpl;lk; - aho; efupy; [dhjpgjp 09-02-2012 'jpdfud;" gj;jpupif kl;lf;fsg;G nkhopg;gapw;rpr; nrayku;T 28-02-2012 tamilmirror website nkhopr; rq;f nrayku;T 08-03-2012 'Rlu; xsp" gj;jpupif - gf;fk; 05 mur fUk nkhopf;nfhs;ifia kPWNthu; ahu; ? v];.[P.GQ;rpN`th 02-02-2012 'tPuNfrup" gj;jpupif (njhlu;r;rp 11-03-2012 tPuNfrup) fy;Kidapy; Njrpa nkhopr; rq;fq;fs; jpdfud; 12-02-2012 ,e;jpa tk;rhtsp kf;fs; vjpu;Nehf;Fk; rthy;fs; jpdfud; 12-02-2012 tPjpg; ngau;g; gyiffspy; jkpo; ,lk;ngw Ntz;Lk; 16-02-2012 tPuNfrup gj;jpupif - gf;fk; 27 nfhy;yg;gLk; jkpo; 16-02-2012 Rlu; xsp gj;jpupif rpq;fs nkhop %yk; my; Fu;Md; ntspaPL 16-02-2012 Rlu; xsp gj;jpupif - gf;fk; 05 nkhop mKyhf;fr;rq;fk; mikf;f eltbf;if 19-02-2012 jpdfud; gj;jpupif Kk;nkhop mwptpd; %yk; rpwe;j r%f mikg;igj; Njhw;Wtpf;f KbAk;. – tlNky; khfhz Kjyikr;ru; mj;Jy tpN[rpq;f 19-02-2012 jpdfud; gj;jpupif Kk;nkhopg; gapw;rpg; ghlnewpf;F mur Copau;fsplk; tpz;zg;gk; Nfhuy; 08-02-2012 jpdf;Fuy; gj;jpupif kPz;Lk; Aj;jk; tuf;$lhJ vd;gNj ,e;j ehl;L kf;fs; fw;Wf;nfhz;l ghlk; ,isQu; guk;giu Kk;nkhopf; nfhs;ifapy; mjpf Mu;tk; 19-02-2012 jpdfud; gj;jpupif - rP. njhlhtj;ij nfhOk;G tho; kf;fsJ nkhop cupikf;F ,lk; nfhLg;Nghk; 29-01-2012 jpdf;Fuy; gj;jpupif - rP. njhlhtj;ij Nrdhehaf;f Kk;nkhopf;nfhs;ifia Muk;gpj;jpUe;jhy; Aj;jk; ,lk;ngw;wpUf;fhJ. 01-02-2012 tPuNfrup gj;jpupif – lf;s]; Njthde;jh fhyk; Muk;gpj;J itj;j Kk;nkhopr; r%fg; gazk; 27-01-2012 jpdfud; gj;jpupif ey;ypzf;fj;jpw;F Kk;nkhopf;nfhs;if rpwe;j mbj;jhskhFk;. 25-01-2012 jpdfud; gj;jpupifapd; gpujk Mrpupau;

mjhtJ mur fUk nkhopf;nfhs;khu;r; - Vg;uy; 2012 if murpayikg;gpd; %yk; mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;L 22 Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpd;G mjid mKy;gLj;Jtjw;fhd nghWg;Gf;fis xg;gilf;fj; jPu;khdpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. [dhjpgjp cl;gl mikr;ruit ,j;jPu;khdj;ij Nkw;nfhz;L %d;W khjq;fs; fle;j gpd;du;> 2010 -01-01k; jpfjp ntspaplg;gl;l 5000{- &gha;> 1000{- &gha;> 500{- &gha; > 100{- &gha; > 50{- &gha; > 20{- &gha; ngWkjpahd gz Nehl;Lf;fspy; rpq;fsj;jpy; khj;jpuk; gpd;tUk; thrfk;; nghwpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ' ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpd; rhu;gpy; ntspaplg;gLk; ,g;gz Nehl;L ,yq;iff;Fs; ve;jnthU epjpiaAk; nrYj;Jtjw;F rl;l g+u;tkhfr; nry;YgbahFk;." ,e;j thrfk; Nkw;gb Nehl;Lf;fspy; jkpo; nkhopapy; fhzKbatpy;iy. ,g;gz Nehl;Lf;fSf;F epjp mikr;ru; vd;w tifapy; [dhjpgjpAk; kj;jpa tq;fpapd; MSeUk; ifnahg;gkpl;Ls;sdu;. mt;thwhapd; nkhopf;nfhs;ifia kPWNthu; ahu;?" * ,j;jifa fl;Liufisj; jtpu ,yq;ifapd; nkhop cupikfs; gw;wp gpuRupf;fg;gLk; nra;jpfis Ma;T nra;ifapy; milahsk; fhzf;$ba xU gytPdj;ijg; gw;wpAk; ,q;F ftdk; nrYj;JtJ gaDs;sJ. ,r;nra;jpfspy; ngUk;ghyhdit nkhop cupikfisg; gw;wpa mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fspd; my;yJ murpay; mjpfhupfspd; gpufldq;fshFk;. ,r;nra;jpfs; %yKk; rhjhuz thrfUf;F tpopg;Gzu;T Vw;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. vdNt ,tw;iw ftdj;jpy; vLg;gJ ey;yJ. Mdhy; ,e;ehl;bd; rhjhuz gpui[fs; jkJ md;whl tho;f;ifapy; vjpu;Nehf;Fk; eilKiw nkhopg; gpur;rpid gw;wp Clfq;fs; jkJ ftdj;ijr; nrYj;jpdhy; ,ijtplr; rpwe;jJ. Mdhy;> mJ ,ay;ghfNt ,lk;ngWk; vd vjpu;ghu;f;f KbahJ. ,jw;nfd ,yq;if Clfq;fs; Xu; Gjpa fye;Jiuahliy Muk;gpf;f Ntz;Lk;. fle;j rpy khjq;fshf ,yq;ifapd; Clfq;fs; ,jw;Nfw;w tifapy; Gjpa fye;Jiuahliy Vw;gLj;Jtjw;fhd gpd;Gyj;ij Clfq;fs; Vw;gLj;jpj; je;Js;sd. rpq;fsk;> jkpo;> Mq;fpyk; Mfpa Kk;nkhopfspYk; ntspaplg;gLk; gj;jpupifr; nra;jpfs; %yk; ,e;j Cf;Ftpg;ig ehk; fhz Kbfpd;wJ. me;jf; fl;Liufs; midj;ijAk; Ma;T nra;tjw;fhd Neuk; ,Jty;y. Mdhy; nkhop cupik gw;wp rpwe;jnjhU fye;JiuahlYf;fhd re;ju;g;gk; Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. vdNt ehk; ,f;fye;Jiuahliy Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;Nthk;.

iv

* ,it njhlu;ghf khw;Wf;nfhs;iffSf;fhd epiyak; Nkw;nfhz;l eltbf;iffSk; mjw;Ff; fpilj;Js;s jPu;TfisAk; tpsf;Fk; nra;jpfs; ,uz;lhk; gf;fj;jpy; gpuRukhfpAs;sJ.

2012 khu;r; - Vg;uy;

19

thrfu; fUj;Jf;fs;
tpgh\h nra;jp klypy; ,Jtiu ntspahd tplaq;fisg; gw;wp thrfu;fspd; fUj;Jf;fis fle;j nra;jp kly;fspy; ntspapl;Nlhk; nra;jp kliyg; ghuhl;b tho;j;Jj; njuptpj;Js;sNjhL gy thrfu;fs; ,jid Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; fUj;Jf;fisj; njuptpj;jpUe;jdu;. ,k;Kiw fUj;Jj; njuptpj;jtu;fs; tpNrlkhf mur epWtdq;fisr; rhu;e;jtu;fshf ,Uf;fpd;wdu;. vkf;Ff; fpilj;j xU rpy fbjq;fspypUe;J njupTnra;ag;gl;ltw;iw ,q;F gpuRupf;fpd;Nwhk;.

njd; khfhzg; Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; NritAk; Kk;nkhopfspy;
njd; khfhzj;jpd; gazpfs; Nghf;Ftuj;J mjpfhu rigapd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; ,aq;Fk; g]; jupg;gplq;fspy; Kk;nkhopfspYk; g]; Nritfisg; gw;wpa mwpTWj;jy; fhl;rpf;F itf;fg;gLk;. Nkyjpfkhf ,k;khfhz rigapd; g]; Nritfs; gw;wpa jfty;fs; gazf; fl;lzq;fs; nra;jpl;lj; jfty;fs; kw;Wk; mjpfhu rigf;F cupj;jhd rfy jfty;fSk; njd; khfhz rigapd; ,iza jsq;fspD}lhf gfpuq;fg;gLj;Jtjw;F eltbf;if Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sjhf Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; rig $Wfpd;wJ. njd; khfhz rig kPJ mur fUk nkhopfs; Mizf;FO Nkw;nfhz;l tprhuizapd; NghJ ,j;jfty; ntspaplg;gl;Ls;sJ. khw;Wf;nfhs;iffSf;fhd epiyak; Nkw;nfhz;l Xu; Kiwg;ghL fhuzkhfNt ,t;tprhuiz Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jw;Fg; gjpyspf;FKfkhf njd;khfhz Nghf;Ftuj;J mjpfhu rigapd; jtprhsu; Nkw;gbj; jfty;fis mwptpj;Js;shu;.

gaDs;s xU fUj;J
,yq;ifapd; ,U nkhopg; gpuNjrr; nrayfq;fspy; xd;whf NgUtisg; gpuNjrr; nrayfg; gpupT> nfrl; %yk; gpufldg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,f;nfhs;ifia ehk; mKy;gLj;jp tUfpNwhk;. tpgh\h nra;jp klypy; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;s midj;J tplaq;fSk; kpfg; gpuNahrdkhdit. nkhop cupikfs; gw;wpAk; eilKiwg; gpur;rpidfs; gw;wpAk; mwpKfk; nra;jik gaDs;sJ. 'kiwe;J NghFk; kuGupikfspd; epidTfs;" vd;gtw;iw mwpKfg;gLj;jpaijg; ghuhl;LfpNwhk;. jpU.jk;gpf;f uh[gf;\ gpuNjrr; nrayhsu;> NgUtis

gk;igf;Fsk; nghyp]; epiyaj;jpd; flikfs; rpq;fs nkhopapy; khj;jpuk;
,e;jpa mfjp Kfhk;fspy; ,Ue;J Aj;jk; Kw;Wg;ngw;w gpd;G kPz;Lk; ,yq;iff;Fj; jpUk;gp te;j jkpo; kf;fs; mjpf mstpy; FbNawpAs;s tTdpah khtl;lj;jpd; gk;igf;Fsk; gpuNjrj;jpw;F cupj;jhd nghyp]; epiyaj;jpy; jkpo; nkhop %yk; flikahw;wf;$ba xU nghyp]; cj;jpNahfj;jUk; ,y;iy. ,jdhy; ,f;fpuhk kf;fs; gy;NtW f\;lq;fis mDgtpj;J tUfpd;wdu;. ,q;F flikahw;wpa jkpo; nkhop %yk; fUkkhw;wf;$ba xNu xU nghyp]; cj;jpNahfj;ju; ,lkhw;wk; ngw;W NtW xU gpuNjrj;jpw;Fr; nrd;wjhy; ,g;gpur;rpid Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. ,f;fhuzj;jpdhy; gk;igf;Fsk; nghyp]; epiyaj;jpw;Fr; nry;Yk; jkpo; kf;fs; ciungau;g;ghsiu mioj;Jr; nry;yNtz;ba epu;g;ge;jk; Vw;gl;Ls;sJ.

vkJ eltbf;iffs; tYt+l;lg;gLfpd;wd.
tpgh\h nra;jp kly; rpwe;j tbtikg;igf; nfhz;lJ ftu;r;rpfukhdJ. vkJ mikr;rpd; %yk; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;l nkhopr;rq;f eltbf;iffisAk; nkhop cupikfisAk; ghJfhg;gjw;fhd epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lq;fSf;F cq;fs; nra;jp kly; tYt+l;LfpwJ. cq;fs; fUj;Jf;fs; vkf;F kpfTk; gaDs;sit jpU.[P.tP.B. jpyf;frpup nfsut mikr;rupd; jdpg;gl;l cjtpahsu; Njrpa nkhopfs; kw;Wk; r%f xUikg;ghl;L mikr;R> 40> Gj;fKt tPjp> uh[fpupa

kdg;ghq;fpy; khw;wk; ...

14k; gf;fj; njhlu;;r;rp

ghuhl;lj;jf;ff; fye;Jiuahly;
tpgh\h nra;jp kly; %yk; ,yq;ifapy; Kk;nkhopg; gad;ghL gw;wp cUthf;fg;gLk; fye;Jiuahliyg; ghuhl;LfpNwhk;. ,yq;ifapd; mur fUk nkhopfis rpwg;ghf eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjw;F ,r;nra;jp kly; NgUjtpahf mikAk; vd ehd; ek;Gfpd;Nwd;. vkJ jpizf;fsk; mKy;gLj;Jk; tpNrl epfo;r;rpfisAk; eltbf;iffisAk; gw;wp cq;fs; rQ;rpif %yk; kf;fSf;F mwpaj; jUtPu;fshdhy; ehd; ngupJk; ed;wpAilNad;. jpU.N[.rP.uNzGu mur fUk nkhopfs; Mizahsu;> mur fUk nkhopfs; jpizf;;fsk;>

rfy nkhopfisAk; kjpf;f Ntz;Lk; nkhop vd;gJ mbg;gil cupik vd;gij Gupe;Jnfhs;tjd; %yNk ,k;kdg;ghq;fpy; khw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;j KbAk;. ,t;Tupikfis toq;Ftjw;F kdg;ghq;fpy; khw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;Jk; fl;Liufs; cs;slf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. cjhuzkhf 30 Mz;Lfs; ePbj;j Nghu; ,d;W Kw;Wg;ngw;Ws;sJ. vdNt jw;NghJ midj;Jg; gpur;rpidfSk; jPu;f;fg;gl;Ls;sd vd xU rpyu; ek;Gfpd;wdu;. Mdhy; epyikia ed;F Muha;e;J ghu;j;jhy; gpur;rpid ,d;Dk; jPutpy;iy vd;gJ GupAk;. ,g;gpur;rpidfSs; kpf Kf;fpakhdJ nkhopf;nfhs;if rupahd Kiwapy; mKy;gLj;jg;glhikahFk;. ,j;jifa NtW gy gpur;rpidfSk; cz;L. ,g;gpur;rpidfisj; jPu;j;Jf;nfhs;tjw;F kdg;ghq;Ffspy; khw;wq;fisf; nfhz;LtuNtz;Lk;. mjw;F gy;NtW fy;tp eltbf;iffisAk; tpopg;Gzu;Tj; jpl;lq;fisAk; gpuRuq;fisAk; ntspapl Ntz;Lk;.

vkf;F vOJq;fs;
,q;ifapd; nkhopf;nfhs;if mjpf mstpy; fye;JiuahlYf;F Mshd xU njhdpg;nghUshFk;. tpgh\h nra;jp kly; %yk; ,f;fye;Jiuahliy NkYk; Ngh\ pf;f tpUk;Gfpd;Nwhk;. ,f;fye;Jiuahliy fl;bnOg;Gtjpy; thrfu;fshfpa cq;fs; gq;fspg;G kpf Kf;fpakhdJ. cq;fspd; gy;NtW fUj;Jf;fs; jfty;fs; juTfs; vd;gtw;iw vOJq;fs;. tpgh\h nra;jp kly; ,yq;ifapy; nkhop cupikfs; Fwpj;J Mo;e;j mf;fiw nfhz;Ls;sJ. cq;fs; fUj;Jf;fis vOJq;fs;.
gjpg;ghrpupau;> 'tpgh\h" nra;jpkly; khw;Wf;nfhs;iffSf;fhd epiyak; 24/2> 28tJ xOq;if> /g;stu; tPjp> nfhOk;G-7 njh.Ng: 0112370801 4 /gf;];: 0112370802

nkhop cupik gw;wpa
cq;fs; fUj;Jf;fisAk; NahridfisAk; gpur;rpidfisAk; vkf;F vOJq;fs;

nfhOk;gpypUe;J tTdpah tiu

tTdpah nghJ E}y; epiyak; gpwUf;F ,ila+W nra;a Ntz;lhk; vd;gij jkpopYk; Mq;fpyj;jpYk; khj;jpuk; fhl;rpg;gLj;jpAs;sJ

fhjyu;fs; cs;Ns nry;tJ jilnra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. tTdpah nghJ E}yfj;jpy; cs;s ,t;twptpj;jy; jkpo; nkhop %yk; khj;jpuNk cs;sJ.

tPjpg; ngau;g;gyiffs; NtW ngau;g;gyiffs; mur nkhopf;nfhs;iffSf;fika jahupf;Fk; guhkupf;Fk; mtrpak; gw;wp ,e;jg; gf;fj;jpy; ehk; njhlu;r;rpahf vLj;Jf; $wp te;Njhk;. gy;NtW mur epWtdq;fs; ,yq;ifapd; nkhopf;nfhs;ifia kPwpaik gw;wp ,q;F ehk; mk;gyg;gLj;jpapUe;Njhk;. ,r;rk;gtq;fs; nfhOk;gpYk; mz;kpj;j gpuNjrq;fspYk; fhzg;gl;ld. Mdhy; mur fUk nkhopf;nfhs;iffs; nfhOk;gpy; khj;jpuk; kPwg;gltpy;iy. ,q;F fhzg;gLk; epow; glq;fs; ,jw;Fr; rhd;W gfu;fpd;wd. tpgh\h gpujpepjpfs; tTdpah gpuNjrj;jpy; Nkw;nfhz;l tp[aj;jpd; NghJ mtjhdpj;j xU rpy nkhop cupik kPwy;fis ,e;j epow;glq;fspy; fhz KbAk;.

vypf;fha;r;ry; gw;wpa vr;rupf;if tpsk;guk; jkpopy; khj;jpuk;

kNyupahf; fha;;r;ry; gw;wpa vr;rupf;if tpsk;guk; jkpopy; khj;jpuk;

tTdpahtpd; mur fhy;eil mYtyfj;jpd; tpsk;guk; rpq;fs nkhopapy; jpupj;J vOjg;gl;Ls;sJ.

tTdpahtpd; ghj;Njdpak; jhtu Neha; tpsk;guk; rpq;fsj;jpy; khj;jpuk;

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