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Twenty years ago, nearly all the worlds nations agreed to significantly reduce the loss of biodiversity by 2010.

Well, it has already been 2010 and we are nowhere near that goal. While the Convention on Biological Diversity is currently meeting to update its targets for 2020, a new study released by Science says one-fifth of the worlds vertebrate species are threatened with extinction. But the good news is things would be a whole lot worse if we had done nothing at all.

Some new numbers come from the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which has added a swathe of animals and plants to its Red List of Threatened Species. Simultaneously, Zoological Society of London has released a report titled Evolution Lost, which integrates the Red List with other data to paint a broader picture of the state of the vertebrates: everything from eels to elephants. In total, 19 per cent of vertebrate species are threatened. Some of these are critically endangered

The gray wolf is an excellent hunter seeking

animals and preying on them using their scent.

The main threat to the survival of the gray wolf was mainly due the hunting and trapping of the wolf because it was thought of as a nuisance and habitat loss due to human encroachment into wolf territories. The gray wolf population was almost completely wiped out, but the gray wolf is now legally protected and is said to be thriving and may even be taken off the endangered species list.

Polar Bears are found throughout the arctic region, often covering hundreds of miles in their range. They have heavy white fur which camouflage them against the white landscape in which they live in.

Besides that, the leopards were poached illegally for their valuable skin and body parts. In the 1980s and 1990s, the demand for their skins increased sharply due the furs popularity in fashion. Due the conservation efforts, these leopards are now a protected species in Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and most parts of the world. Efforts also have been made to hand breed them and then be released in the wild or enclosures are being made.