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Calculul grinzilor

50

490

50

540

490

50

540

490

50

540

400

50

450

2070

Adoptam bgr=30 cm;


lom1=lgr.1lc=lgr.2-

50 + 50
=540-50=490 cm
2

50 + 50
=540-50=490 cm
2

lom2=lgr.4-

50 + 50
=450-50=400 cm
2

Calculul incarcarilor :
Nr.

Denumire incarcare

Incarcari normate

Incarcari de

(daN/m2)

calcul

crt.
1
2
3
4

Greutate proprie a grinzii


Incarcari transmise de placa
Incarcari utile
Total

(daN/m2)
495
592.8
420

450
456
300
1206

1507.8

q=1507.8*5.4=8142.12 daN/m2
C
A

q=8142.12 daN/m2

4.9

4.9

4.9

QdrB

QA

QstB

M1

4.0

QdrC

QstC

QstD

MB

MC

M2

QdrD

QE
MD

M3

M4

M1=

1
1
*q*l2om1= *8142.12*4.92=17772.02 daNm
11
11

M4=

1
1
*q*l2om2= *8142.12*4.02=11843.08 daNm
11
11

MB==MD=M2=M3=
MC=-

1
1
*q*l2om1=- *8142.12*4.92=-17772.02 daNm
11
11

1
1
*q*l2oc= *8142.12*4.92=12218.26 daNm
16
16

1
1
*q*l2oc=- *8142.12*4.92=-12218.26 daNm
16
16

QA=0.45*q*lom=0.45*8142.12*4.9=17953.37 daN
QdrB=QdrC=QdrD=065*q*loc=0.65*8142.12*4.9=25932.65 daN
QstB=QstC=QstD=-065*q*loc =-0.65*8142.12*4.9=-25932.65 daN
QD=0.55*q*lom=0.55*8142.12*4.0=17912.66 daN
Stabilirea inaltimii necesare a grinzii (ho nec)
Se impune p=1%
=

p
100
Ra

=* R =0.01*
c

2900
=0.3222
90

B=*(1-0.5*)=0.3222*(1-0.5*0.3222)=0.27031
r=

1
=
B

1
= 1.9234
0.27031

M
1777202
= 49.34 cm
ho nec=r* b * R = 1.9234*
30 * 90
gr
c
d
2

hnec=ho nec+ab+ =49.34+2+0.8=52.14 cm


respectind conditia 2

h
3 se adopta h=60 cm
b

Dimensionarea armaturii
bp

hpl

hgr

bgr

l1=0.8*lom1=0.8*4.9=3.92 cm
l2=0.6*loc=0.6*4.9=2.94 cm
l3=0.8*lom2=0.8*4=3.2 cm
1
6

b= *l1=

3.92
=0.653=65 cm
6

b=max(65;78)=78 cm
b 6*hpl=6*13=78 cm
bp=bgr+2*78=186 cm
bp=min(186;490)=186 cm
bp=

l om + l oc 490 + 490
=
=490 cm
2
2

Dimensionarea cimpului 1

bp

hpl

hgr
Aa

bgr

d
2

ho=h-ab- =60-2-0.8=57.2 cm
Mcap=b*hpl*Rc*(h0-0.5*hpl)=186*13*90*(57.2-0.5*13)=11033334 daNm
M1<Mcap x<hpl
M

1777202

1
B= b * h * R = 186 * 57.2 * 90 = 0.0324481
p
o
c

=1- 1 2 * B =0.032992348
Rc

Aa c1=*bp*ho* R =0.032992348*186*57.2*
a

?? cu Aef=???

90
=10.89 cm2
2900

Dimensionarea reazemului B si D

bp

hpl

Aa

hgr
x

bgr

1777202

B
B= b * h * R = 30 * 57.2 * 90 = 0.201178224
gr
o
c

=1- 1 2 * B =0.226925908
Rc

Aa c1=*bgr*ho* R =0.226925908*30*57.2*
a

?? cu Aef=???

90
=12.08 cm2
2900

Dimensionarea cimpului 2 si 3

bp

hpl

hgr
Aa

bgr

1
6

b= *l1=

2.94
=0.49=49 cm
6

b=max(49;78)=78 cm
b 6*hpl=6*13=78 cm
bp=bgr+2*78=186 cm
bp=min(186;490)=186 cm
bp=

l om + l oc 490 + 490
=
=490 cm
2
2

1221826

2
B= b * h * R = 186 * 57.2 * 90 = 0.022308062
p
o
c

=1- 1 2 * B =0.022562597
Rc

Aa c1=*bp*ho* R =0.022562597*186*57.2*
a

90
=7.45 cm2
2900

?? cu Aef=???
Dimensionarea reazemului A si E
bp

hpl

Aa

hgr
x

bgr

MA=0.6*Mmax=0.6*1777202 =1066321.2 daNcm


M

1066321.2

A
B= b * h * R = 30 * 57.2 * 90 = 0.120706934
gr
o
c

=1- 1 2 * B =0.129031498
Rc

Aa c1=*bgr*ho* R =0.129031498*30*57.2*
a

?? cu Aef=???

90
=6.87 cm2
2900

Dimensionarea cimpului 4
bp

hpl

hgr
Aa

bgr

1
6

b= *l3=

3.2
=0.53=53 cm
6

b=max(53;78)=78 cm
b 6*hpl=6*13=78 cm
bp=bgr+2*78=186 cm
bp=min(186;445)=186 cm
bp=

l om + l oc 400 + 490
=
=445 cm
2
2

1184308

4
B= b * h * R = 186 * 57.2 * 90 = 0.021623059
p
o
c

=1- 1 2 * B =0.021862034
Rc

Aa c1=*bp*ho* R =0.021862034*186*57.2*
a

?? cu Aef=???

90
=7.21 cm2
2900

Dimensionarea reazemului C
bp

hpl

Aa

hgr
x

bgr

1221826

C
B= b * h * R = 30 * 57.2 * 90 = 0.138309987
gr
o
c

=1- 1 2 * B =0.149482495
Rc

Aa c1=*bgr*ho* R =0.149482495*30*57.2*
a

?? cu Aef=???

90
=7.96 cm2
2900