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High School Chemistry Grade 10-12

High School Chemistry Grade 10-12

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Published by Todd
The Free High School Science Texts: Textbooks for High School Students Studying the Sciences Physics Grade 12 Copyright c 2007 “Free High School Science Texts” Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front- Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License” Webpage: http://www.fhsst.org/
The Free High School Science Texts: Textbooks for High School Students Studying the Sciences Physics Grade 12 Copyright c 2007 “Free High School Science Texts” Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front- Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License” Webpage: http://www.fhsst.org/

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Published by: Todd on Dec 18, 2008
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07/04/2015

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When an alcohol reacts with a carboxylic acid, an ester is formed. Most esters have a charac-
teristic and pleasant smell. In the reaction, the hydrogen atom from the hydroxyl group, and

an OH from the carboxlic acid, form a molecule of water. A new bond is formed between what
remains of the alcohol and acid. The name of the ester is a combination of the names of the

alcohol and carboxylic acid. The suffix for an ester is -oate. An example is shown in figure 9.23.

H C

H

H

O H + H O C H

O

H C

H

H

O C H

O

+ H2O

methanol

methanoic acid

methyl methanoate

Figure 9.23: The formation of an ester from an alcohol and carboxylic acid

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