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Alpona, the form of Rangoli practiced in Bengal is usually done by the womenfolk of the state.

Even though the basic designs are more or less same, new forms and new colors are being tried on a large scale. The changing moods of the seasons are also very much reflected in the Alpona designs of India. The patterns are made with the help of a small piece of cloth drenched in a blend of powdered rice. Alpana designs are drawn with the help of rice-powder, diluted rice paste, powdered colors (produced from dried leaves), charcoal, burnt earth, etc. Materials like colored chalk, vermilion, flower petals, grains, etc, are also used to decorate the designs. The motifs usually comprise of sun, ladder, leg of goddess Lakshmi, owl, fish, betel, rice stem, lotus, plough, sindur box, etc. Presently, Alpana patterns seem to be influenced by Santiniketani style of art. Making of Alpana patterns is a part of the rituals in the numerous vratas (fasts) kept by the Hindu women of Bengal. They beautify the whole house and paint the floor with Alpana art, drawing designs passed on from one generation to the other. Bengalis also make use of the Circular Alpana as a holy pedestal while worshipping a deity, especially at the time of Lakshmi Puja.
Bengali traditional art - Alpona for floor design
Alpona is a a Bengali art form that originates from villages which is believed to bring good fortune to our homes .It can be seen in most of the Bengali homes during festivities, ceremonies and celebrations. Alpana is a term that has been derived from the word in the Sanskrit language, alimpana, meaning ornamental plastering. This art is basically a style of decorating and designing the floor with beautiful patterns. The medium used for these patterns is the staple food of Bengal that is rice paste. But nowadays some other mediums are common too like acrylic, paste of chalks and so on. The designs are symbolic and common to the entire country and can include geometrical. The drawing is spontaneous and the art is passed on to the women folk from their elders.
They are conscious of the changing moods of the seasons and their creativity thus marks the changing cycle of the year.It is done in black or white color only. However, traditionally in

Bengal, alpana is strictly white since the liquid paste used for alpana is rice powder mixed in water.