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Hng dn son nhc trn Cubase 5 - Phn 01 Cubase l mt chng trnh chuyn nghip cho thu thanh, son

nhc ca hng Steinberg (c). y l phn mm mnh m v d s dng v c nhiu phin bn. N l mt phn mm ch (host) v h tr nhiu phn mm, hiu ng, nhc c o... Cubase 5 (C5) c mi kh nng cho chng ta thu thanh v son nhc mt cch chuyn nghip. N c cc tnh nng mix v chnh sa v lm vic tt i vi a dng phn cng. ng thi n h tr chun plugins VST3 v cc rnh nhc c o mi. C5 cn c kh nng thay i tc ca audio loop thi gian thc. Thm na C5 c thm cc amply o cho guitar v gi lp loa, cng nh nhc c o HALionOne c cc mu m thanh (samples) t n Motif ca hng YAMAHA. Chi tit xem gii thiu phn mm Cubase 5 ti son y: Phn 1; Phn 2; Phn 3. 1. Khi ng v cc thao tc iu khin. 1.1. Khi ng Ta m chng trnh bng cch nhn biu tng Cubase trn mn hnh hoc Start Programs Steinberg Cubase Essential 4 - Cubase Essential 4. Sau khi khi ng chng trnh, ta s thy cubase gm 3 phn chnh c b tr lm 3 ct. Nu khng thy ba ct ny ta c th nhn nt Show Inspector trn thanh cng c.

Cc cng c trn thanh Di chuyn (transport pannel): Thanh di chuyn trong cubase c chia lm nhiu phn, ta s xem xt chng ln lt t bn tri qua bn phi.

a. Mc s dng CPU v a cng Bn tri ngoi cng l ti nguyn m my tnh s dng. Nu ta dng nhiu hiu ng m thanh hay s dng nhiu nhc c o, thanh bo mc s dng CPU s tng ln. Bn cnh l tn hiu khi ta truy cp cng my tnh. b. Menu chn ch thu thanh: C ba ch : Thng thng, ghp, thay th.

c. Kiu thu vng lp: Kiu thu vng lp ny c cc ch sau: - Thu trn, ch p dng cho thu thanh MIDI, khi ta chn ch ny cc p thu khi thu lp li s chng ln nhau, ta s vn nghe c tt c cc p thu cng lc

Nu ta chn Keep Last th p cui cng khi thu thanh s c gi li, cc p thu trc s khng c lu. Trong Cubase 4 cn c thm ch thu lp Stacked. Nu ta chn ch Stacked th cc p thu s xut hin thnh tng ln ring bit trn cng mt rnh. Ch ny rt c ch nu ta mun thu nhiu p v sau s xem hay chnh sa p no ng mi ly. Ta cng c th ghp tt c cc ln li vi nhau. Ch Stacked 2 cng tng t nh ch stacked nhng tt c cc p thu s u c pht cng lc, kt qu ta s nghe thy tt c m thanh ca cc p thu. d. Phn t ch thu v. Phn ny c cc cng c t nhp thu v nhng cu ht hng. Ta t nhp bt u v l 5.1.1.1.0 v nhp cn ngt on v l 7.1.1.0 v kch hot nt I v O trn bn phm my tnh. Khi ta bt u pht li t u, chng trnh s pht v n nhp th 5 s t ng nhn thu v n ht nhp th 6 s t nh ra.

e. Phn thu, pht v nh v thi gian. y l phn chnh ca thanh di chuyn, n gm cc nt: thu, tua i, tua li, tua v u bi, nt dng, nt pht...

f. Phn tc v my nh nhp. Phn ny c cng c my nh nhp, nhn vng nt sx chuyn mu sng, v khi thu thanh, s c my nh nhp. C th s dng phm tt C trn bn phm bt hay tt my nh nhp. Bn phi, pha trn ta thy nt Precount/Click l nt cho php trc khi thu cubase s m trc nhp ri mi bt u thu thanh.

Nt Tempo cho php chng ta kch hot tc ca bn nhc. Nu bn nhc ch c mt tc t u ti cui th ta nhn chuyn l FIXED, nu bi c nhiu on thay i tc ta bt sng nt Tempo ln. Di cng l cc nt ng b cc thit b ngoi vi vi Cubase thng qua kt ni MIDI.

g. Phn nh du cho d n (marker). Phn ny gip ta c th di chuyn nhanh trong khi lm vic. Ta c th t tng im nh du bt k ch no trong d n. Chng hn ta t s 1 cho on do nhc, s 2 bt u on vo ht, s 3 cho on ip khc, s 4 cho on do gia.... t cc im nh du ny, ta nhn chut chn nhp cn nh du ln vch ch s nhp, sau nhn nt Insert trn bn phm. Lc ny im th nht s c thm vo d n. Nhn Insert ln na t im tip theo. Khi mun di chuyn n im nh du, ta ch cn nhn SHIFT+s ca im nh du. V d chun n on bt u vo ht, ta nhn SHIFT+2. Chng ta vn c th dng chut nhn trc tip vo s im nh du trn thanh di chuyn ny.

h. Phn hin th tn hiu Phn ny hin th tn hiu vo, ra ca MIDI v Audio. Cui cng l thanh iu chnh mc tn hiu ra tng. Nu tn hiu ra qu ln n s hin th v ta nn ko xung n khi no n tn hiu audio bo mu vng. y l mc m lng tt nht.

- Nguyn Mai Kin