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Crossed fields: Discovery of the electron What is crossed fields?

Both an electric field E and a magnetic field B that produce a force on a charged particle (electron) are perpendicular to each other.

1. Charged particles are emitted by a hot filament at the rear of the evacuated tube and are accelerated by an applied potential difference, V. 2. After they passed through a slit in screen C, they form a narrow beam. 3. They then pass through a region of crossed E and B fields headed toward a fluorescent screen S, where they produce a spot of light.

The crossed fields allow us to measure the ratio m/|q| of the particles moving through cathode ray tube where as : m= mass of particle q = charge of particle B = magnetic field E = electric field y = deflection of particle L = length of the plates

m/|q| measurement is considered to be the discovery of the electron. References: Jearl Walker.Fundamentals of Physics 8th Edition.2007.John Willey & Sons,

Group members: 1. Ili Syuhada Mohd Daud 2. Khuzaimah Md Zainudin 3. Nur Hanisah Hamidin 1110148 1110149 1110143