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What are they?

Barometers are instruments used to measure atmospheric pressure and it measure the pressure exerted by the atmosphere using water, air or mercury.

How do they work?


The barometer works by balancing the weight of mercury in the glass tube against the atmospheric pressure. If the weight of mercury is less than the atmospheric pressure, the mercury level in the glass tube rises. If the weight of mercury is more than the atmospheric pressure, the mercury level falls.

The Gas Law - Equation


As the pressure increases the volume decreases because P1 x V1 = P2 x V2. E.g. If 60cm of air at a pressure of 100kN/m is squeezed until the volume is 20 cm at the same temperature, what is the new pressure? P1 x V1 = P2 x V2 100 x 60= P2 x 20 P2= 300kN/m

Barometers up a mountain
If barometers are taken up a mountain, the reading shows a reduced pressure because it is going nearer to the top of our sea of air.